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E.-Dranghtsman and No. tar' Public. DAVIS & HAISON, Civil anid ili Elnilers, Procurers of U. S. Patents. Township and Mineral Plats on File. Offire t Court House. DEER LODGE, IM. T. 9115 tf PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS. C. F. REED, DENTIST Office Over Kleir~schmidt's Store. )1EERt LODGE, MONT. 9Il Sm J. A. MEE.., PHYSICIAN L SURGEON, Deer Lodge, M. T. Diseases of Women and Chil dren a Specialty. Office on the corner, south of the McBurney House. JOI~N II. OWINGS. M. D., Physician and Surgeon, Olfice-Kleinschmidt Building, formerly oc cupied by M. M. Hopkins. I)eter Lodt.., - 31ont snet. Calls in town or country will receive prompt at enltin. 648 BANKS AND BANKERS. W. A. CLARK, S. E. LARABIE. CLARKLK LARABIE, B AN1T TKZE1RS, DEER LODCE, M. T. Do a General Banking Business and Draw Exchange on All the Principal Cities of the World. NEW YORK CORRESPONDENTS. Firt National Bail, New York, . .Y, First National Bank! lELENA, - JIMONTANA. Paid up Capital ...... 600.000 Surplus and Profits $325,000 S. T. HAUSER, - - President. A. J. DAVIS, - - Vice-President. I. W. KNIGHT, - - Cashier. T. H. KLEINSCHMIDT, - Ass'; Cash. DESIGNATED DEPOSITORT OF TEN UNITED STATES. WVetransact a general Banking busineus,and by, at ghest rates, Gold Dust, Coin, Gold and Silver Bul on, and Local hecurities; Sell Exchange and Tele r.phic Transfers, available in all parts of the United "ates,the Canadas, Great Britain, Ireland ana the OCmtinent. CoLLsOTIows made and proceedrremitted promptly. Directors. t'. T. HAUSER, TOHN CURTIN. A. M. HOLTER. R. 8 HAMILTON. JOhIN H. MING, C. P.HIGGINS, r W.KNIGHT, A. J. DAVIS. T. C. POWER, H.M. PARCHBN, T H. KLEINSCHMIDT. [508 P PATTERSON, CARPENTER AND BIILDER, DEER LODGE, MONTANA. Designs furnished and close estimates made on Busi ness, Dwelling and other Houses. Do all Kinds Job Carpentering. SASHI AND DOORS IN STOCK. Shop next door north of Murphv, Higgins A Cu's store. 98) xchangoe Saloon, One Door South of Scott House, Ueer Lodge, - Montana. BAILEY & PETTY, Proprietors. Only the Very Finest Liquors and Cigars Over the Exchange Bar. A Share of Public Patronage Respectfully Solicited 817 tf TIlE FAVORITE SALOON THOMAS M. CONNIFF, Proo'r. Main & Second, DEER LODGE. Tho:oughly Overhauled, Repaired and Renovated. All Drinks and Cigars, 12 1-20 Each. Ph. Best.'s Mllwaul;ee Beer ON TAP. ALWAyS PLEASED TO SEE OUR FRIENDS RIFLES AT COST. 'Win. Coleman is clos ing uot his stock of Sharp, Vinchester and Marlin Rifles AT COST. Now is the time for Sportsmen to get a good, reliable gun almost at their own price. Call early and get Your choice of the lot. St9 tf. s; SI tom >3Ný ý iý / y M NT iiii[RH 18 " " " :I- " Iý -j ; ..74 F'ACTS ABOUT TORNADOES. THEIR HISTORY REVIEWED ROR THE LAST 100 YEARS. They Are as .requent Now as They Ever Were-w.hy They Are Common to Some ftegions-A Tornado Is Not a Cyclone. Precautions for Saving Life. HERE are three points regarding tornadoes in sisted upon by Lieut. Fin ley, the tor~ado author ity. Here they are, and they will be read with in terest in view of the recent storm that devas tate. Mt. Vernon, Ills.: 1. That the tornado is mdigenous to the United States, because there are no trans verso m.ountain ranges dividing the great central plain; they always have been fre quelit, and they always will be, and they only seem more frequent now because there are more people in the way of them to get Lurt. 2. A tornado can be foreseen from a few minutcs to a few hours in advance; and measures can easily be taken to reduce the danger to a minimum. 3. The tornado, hurricane and cyclone are radically different, though confused in the popular mind. The only cyclones known to the United 'States originate in the ocean southeast; they travel first northwest, then change gradually to north and northeast, whirling as they go. The tornado, on the other hand, invariably travels to the east and north. Now, the one astonishing fact to the reader who has not examined the subject, is that the signal service officer has a tolerably full account of every destructive tornado for 125 years; and that a map of their course and frequency is made, which is as easy of comprehension as a map of our rivers. Indeed, the reader may make a curiously interesting map for him self if he has the newspaper files for, say, ten years past. Let him note each tornado re ported in that time-and he will be amazed at the number, often as high as twenty in a year-and put a black mark on its location on the map. He will find this somewhat ominous result: The lines of black spots will run out like the arms of an octopus, nownar rowing and now widening; but from all sides they will concentrate toward the central sec tion of the Missouri valley-there is the rioting place of the tornado. But even near the center of the belt there are limited sections which enjoy a peculiar exemption. The people long ago came to the conclusion that a high bluff on the east side of a river had a tendency to "h'ist the harry cane" and make it safer for a few miles east ward, and Lieut. Finley's map confirms it. West Virginia, for instance, has entirely escaped, and nearly all of Piedmont, Va. But even on the hills some startling pheno mena have occurred. Some dozen years ago two tornadoes, each sweeping a narrow track and coming from the west and southwest respectively, crossed each other in western indiana; the result was a terrific and de structive "swirl" in a limited area, in which both were dissipated, but the timber in that area was reduced to splinters. MAP OP MT. VERNON. 1. Baptist Church. 2. Bank. 3. Postofle.. 4. Methodist Church. About 100 years ago (tradition records it and the timber showed its track long after the white settlement) a tornado from the west terminated in a "swirl" in what is now Putnam county, Ind.; the heavy primeval forest of oak, walnut, beech, hick ory and sugar tree (hard maple) was piled in twisted masses, as when the heavily headed wheat is "lodged" by a beating storm, and up amongthese massescamean immense and brushy growth of smaller timber. The re sult was an almost impenetrable jungle, in which the panther and wildcat survived long after the adjacent region was brought to a high state of cultivation. As late as 1845 it was confidently asserted that a single pan ther remained, and that he might often be heard "crying like a lost child in the night and making ready trtlevour all who came to his assistance." We need not believe all the legends that cluster about the forests which longest retain their wildness; but every part of the Missis sippi and Ohio valleys showed, in the native timber, traces of former tornadoesc The pioneer treading the dense forests would be surprised by entering on a belt of timber totally different from that on its borders; the trees were t'ickly set and slender, the solid walnut and or k were replaced by the softer bass wood, and the ground was spotted with shallow holes and little mounds, the latter of which were called "Injun graves." They were always east or northeast of the holes. Science has shown that such, a belt was the path of a prehistoric tornado; the holes were left where the heavy trees were up rooted; the mounds were made by the dis integration of the "root wads." Since the population grew dense we, un happily, have no need of conjecture, for the records are appalling. The season of 1887, for instance, opened with a fierce tornado it Belmont county, O., which swept a wide belt for ten miles, demolishing 200 houses and WASHINGTON sTREET, MT. VERNON. injuring many persons. Very few were killed. Sixty houses were wrecked in St Clairsllle. Only a week later (April 2`w a storm swept from Kansas through Missouri and into Arkansas, killing some forty per sons and doing immense damage. All through the season the tornado struck here and there, doing comparatively little damage, and the hot weather c1',:' appropriately with the gr'ai T.: tor::ado o: Septembel,. which dev -p.J Brownsvilleo sa or.d ato drove the waters of the gulf far up the Rio Grazde. causing immense overflows, destroyed so.uc 500 buildings and drowned thousands of cat tle and horses. Corn and cotton were liter. ally beaten into the muddy earth by the fierce wind and rain. This is the record of but one year. In conclusion we can only ery that the signal office gives admirable directions for escape, whichevery dweller in the tor nado lands should caresully observe It is not possible to prevent them, but it is possi ble to save the lives of one's self and family, though dwelling and other buildings must go. One dark feature remains for the phil osopher to study: What will be the effecton national character of these sudden and de structive phenomenal will future Ameri cans be timid, cowardy and superstitiousilie the dwellers in those regioens where deadly serpents lurk by every path or the earth' quake or hurricane may make havoc in an instant? Can we in such an environment maintain that cool courage and solid we inherited from. Saxon, Celt and man; or; is the present process to until nervous excitability becomes the con trolling characteristic of our race? MAIN STRE T, MT. VERNON. - A CLASS OF DETECTIVES OF WHICH THE PUBLIC KNOW LITTLE. Their Methods Described by One of the Profession-How Hidden Frauds Are Detected-Impossible for a Dishonest Bookkeeper to Cover All Traces. Murder isn't half so sure to come out as is fraud in financial transactions. There is a comparatively small but exceedingly indus trious and shrewd class of men whose business it is to run down such frauds. It is the class of so called expert accountants. A better name for them would be business ex aminers. In such eases as tie recent Ives collapse the whole responsibility of arriving at the absolute condition of affairs often rests with one or more of these accountants. On their investigations is based the whole action in much important litigation. They have framed the motto of the famous detectives, "We never sleep," to the more cogent phrase, "We never faiL" An old accountant, one who has been iii the business thirty years, recently gave me some interesting facts. One of the things about the discovery of fraudulent money transactions, such as embezzlemepts and forgeries by trusted employes, that strikes the unbusiness mind as peculiar, is that the swindler, himself having exclusive charge of the books and being adroit enough to steal for a considerable time and at the same time conceal evidence of his thefts on the books, should leave on them patent, to the expert, a record of his crime. "Why does he not destroy all evidence of the fraud, so that, when he is gone, it will be as undiscoverable as it was while he con ducted the swindle?" I asked the veteran ex pert, "Can he remove all trace of his criminal operations?" "No," said the accountant; "it is absolutely impossible for a dishonest bookkeeper, for in stance, and his opportunities are by far the best, to so cover up his thefts that an expert cannot discover them. That is, unless all the books and papers are destroyed, which is proof positive of fraud on its face." "Well, why is that true?" "To answer that question I must give you an idea of the whole business of expert ac counting. It is not diffcult to comprehend, but very difficult and very tedious to do some times. In the first place, there are only two methods of stealing: Method No. 1, abstract ing goods or money without record; No. 2, doing the same with record and falsifying the accounts by failing to acknowledge moneys received for goods sold or for stocks, or other wise. Let us take this case No. 2 first. The accountant being convinced that the accounts are falsified or a balance 'forced,' that is, made to appear where there is none, proceeds in this way: "He frst compares the cash on hand at the time of the examination with the balance shown on the books. If this balance is cor rect, the next step is to trace specimen entries by means of returned checks, which, of course, are never destroyed. For example, if a certain cashier receives from a debtor a check for $500 and no entry is found on the cash book, by applying to the debtor the ex pert finds whether the debtor received a re turned $500 check indorsed by the defaulter on the day when the swindle is supposed to have taken place. An affirmative answer from the creditor is, of course, a sure clew. But if the books have been kept so that the sash is right to all appearances and yet the accountant finds that some defalcation must exist because of the difference shown by the trial balance, he very frequently discovers that shipments have been made and no cop ies of blls retained, nor entries of them put down. He at once compares the original shipping receipt books with the original entry of sales, or checks them off, as we call it. Here again, of course, if there is any dis crepancy or omission, we have positive proof of sharp practice. "Swindling method No. 1, by receiving cash and keeping no,'entry at all, is generally practiced by bunglers, or men who become dishonest through force of circumstances. Nearly always such frauds are revealed in one or two ways; either by means of false ad ditions or by supplying fictitious accounts. False additions, of course, are easily dis covered. Where fictitious accounts are used the expert often has great difficulty in un raveling them. For instance, I frequently have found on ledgers the names of fctitious firms credited with money and charged with small amounts of goods, whereas the actual shipments were to some bona fide firm and for much larger amounts. In this case the expert can only find out by extensive letter writing to whom goods were shipped on that date. The firms can tell, of course, by their books, whether they received goods of the sort in controversy about the time of the fic titious shipments. Sometimes, however, it involves an almost endless amount of inquiry, running through all sorts of complicated dis honesty, to get the whole skein of such frauds in hand. But exposure is inevitable sooner or later. The swindler can falsify his trial balance so that to a casualobserver the books will appear straight. But he cannot so falsify all the books, vouchers and cash records in volved as to ultimately elude the detective ability of an expert accountant." "How long does it ordinarily take to straighten out books where there is a fraud?" "That depends altogether on the shrewdness with which the fraud has been perpetrated. Some accounts can bestraightened out in two weeks. Others take many months. I have worked nine months on a tangled set of ac counts. The work always involves an im mense amount of reference. It is necessary in many cases to go through several years of bookkeeping item by item. Great numbers of letters must be written. Banks must be called on for the records of checks and drafts. Incidentally, features requiring en tirely different procedure than any the ex pert has before met will arise. Then, besides the tedious examination of the books, he must resort to new and ingenious devices. This is what lends a zest to his researches." New York Commercial Advertiser. Foot Rot in Sheep. Foot rot in sheep is an exceedingly troublesome disease, as it robs the animal affected of its flesh and decreases its value, though not always, by any means, fatal. The general impression is that foot rot is contagious. The editor of The Massachu setts Ploughman says on the subject: "Perhaps the ordinary foot rot is not cop tagious, but the 'epizootic foot rot,' or 'murrain,' is eminently so. The 'foot rot' is found only on low or moist grounds, and probably arises from the hoof not wearing down, as it does on stony ground, but growing to an unusual length because of the warmth and moist ure of the soil. In Massachusetts the sheep are kept upon dry, rocky pastures, which are best for the sheep;so that cases of the 'foot rot' are very rare, if any ex *sta." Russia is awakening to the importance of inlprovi:ig her milling industry. The minis ter of a.riculture has called for a meeting in February of a congress of millers, agricultur ists a;d all others interested in grain and flour. The objectof thisnmeting isto discuss the present coudiitou and future prospeets of milling in Russia. THE TRIPLE ALLIANCE. GERMANY, AUSTRIA AND ITALY AGAINST RUSSIA AND FRANCE. The Armies of These Countries and Especially That of Austria-The Drill of the Austrian Infantry--Will There Be a European WVar USTRIAand Germayiny in case the Russian bear should wake up, after a long winter's nap, and come wandering down in a southweiterly direction in search of some thing to devour. Not long ago Italy was added to the Austro-German alliance, and now these three powers seem to think that as the spring is opening perhaps they may get a crack at the bear, and are cleaning their rifles for that purpose. Bismarck the other day talked to the Ger man reichstag about how to maintain peace by putting every one not a cripple in the ranks of the German army, and regarding the rest of the German people as a vast res ervoir from which to draw military supplies. Youth has usually been looked upon as a blessing, but in Germany youth simply means army service for the men and separation from husbands and sweethearts for the women. From 17 to 42 is the period in Ger many in which men are either serving in the army or have served. Three years of active service is first required. If the soldier learns easily he may get away at the end of two years, but if he is stupid and treads on the heels of the "file" he "covers," or stumblesor pokes him with his baysnet, he must serve three years. He is not entirely free for the next four years, for he must go back to service for about four months for each year. At 25 he goes into the landwehr, where he is let alone, except for some six weeks of each year. At 42 he is free, and may be con sidered in condition to stop drilling and be gin life. But beyond the landwehr is the landstrum, so it appears that even after 42 the German is not safe from Bismarck. This is the way they figure the German army: Active .................. .................. 400,000 Reserve of recruitment................ r70,000 Reserve of active army............ .. 0,000 Landwehr............ ............... 0,000 Landstrum .......................... 1,00,000 Total ................................... ,200,000 Then comes little Italy, where there is more poverty to the acre than in any country in Europe (not excepting landlord ridden Ireland), where the farm laborer is said "to contend with every species of privation from the cradle to the grave"-to join the alliance of her more powerful neighbors. Every Italian is liable to military duty from 20 ti 39. They cast lots for the privilege of sers , - MAGAZINE FIRE. ing King Humbert in Italy and then go to drilling. After completing their time in active duty they go through a progressive state toward age and peace, in some such fashion as the Germans. There is the terri torial militia and the mobile militia, the first consisting of some 370,000 men, the second numbering some 330,000,.exclusive of officers. Then Italy has one of the best navys in the world, and if some Italian citizen, reduced by adversity to keeping a peanut stand in the domain of the United States, should be con sidered to be wronged, the Italian govern ment could level New York with her iron clads before the president would have time to apologize. To Americans who are used to the diminu tive figures of the United States army-some 30,000 officers and men-these armies would seem quite sufficient to take care of any power whose citizens are not born at 'pre sent arms.' But Austria, the remaining power in the alliance, not only bristles with bayonets, but is adding to her force. The infantry of the Austro-Hungarian army comprises 102 regiments of the line, one regi ment of Tyrolese sharpshooters and forty battalions of rifles. This looks quite formid able, even considering a regiment, as with us, only about 1,000 men; but when we con sider that the Austrian infantry regim.elt consists of 4,915 men and officers, and that the single regiment of Tyrolese sharpshoot ers numbers 12,327 men, with 350 horses and 60 carriages, a citizen of the United States is liable to prick up his cars. The modest designation of "regiment" in the case of these Tyroleans, whom we have been accustomed to consider in this country only as warbLers, leads one to suspect that if the system is fol lowed out there must be more soldiers in Austria than there is population. But we see how a few are spared from the service when we notice the figures of the forty rifle battalions, which consist of only 1,229 men each. We are led back, however, to the former opinion by the news that Austro Hungary has lately added nine divisions to her effectual force, or nearly as many men as she had before. EXA.YINING THE TARGET. new weapon is now used among the Aus trians-the Mannlicher repeating rifle. It has a magazine or reservoir under the lock, containing five cartridges, which can be fired in quick succession. It has a rangeof nearly 8,000 yards; the bayonet is shorter than the old bayonet, and is really a big knife. Two army corps. consisting of 90,000 men, are armed with this weapon, while the whole Austrian army is being drilled in its use. The rifles, after being properly tested, are delivered to the men, who represent the en emy they are to slaughter by Egures drawn on targets. These are placed in the advance, and as the men move forward they fire into these figures, admirably adapted to practice, since they can't fire back. Then a suppositi tioils cavalry force suddenly sweeps down on the left flank. This force is pictured on a long white screen, which is made to rise in stantaneously from the ground. The officer calls out, "Cavalry from the left-nagazine!" and these "flerce huzzars" are riddled by the Austrians. Then the men are allowed to break ranks and run up to the screen to see how many have been killed. It It is a pity that international questions couldn't be settled in this wav: The two opposing armies might be drawn on neighboring fields and pepper these figures, after which the officers could nt the killed and wounded, and the gen whose army has received the most casu es could march up to the general of the rs, take off his hat and surrender his ord. Then the "powers" could sign a leary of peace in accordance with the mag de of the victory, and the armies could Shome. Such an arrangement would be more in accordance with Christian prin 1ples and the spirit of the age. At any rate, *hea the real figures come up todo the other t of the firing, many a poor fellow will wish that they were the old familiar target mures who received the balls so meekly, and So died for-their country without a mur Why these immense standing armies in Europe to drain an impoverished people why this present armament on the part of the powers? we ask in America, while we re member our own peaceful pursuit of the arts of peace and our forgetfulness of the art of war. The answer is plain. A territory no larger than North America is divided among a dozen or more peoples, each sprung from a different stock, speaking a different language and many of them with disputes on hand that they have inherited from the rob ber barons of the Middle Ages. It is useless for them to cry peace. Situated as they are, they must continue to play at "corners" for territory, and the disarmament of any one would be a signal for the others to fight over its carcass. PROGRESS IN SURGERY DURING THE LAST DECADE. Contagious and Infectious Diseases. Cases Lost from Blood Poison-Tuimors and Gunshot Wounds-The Need of Higher Medical Education. Apropos of the interest manifested by the general public in the proceedings of the in terlntional medical congress recently held in Washington, the following comprehensive remarks by a prominent New York phy sician, concerning the progress made in medical science during the last ten years, are not untimely: "Progress in the science of medicine during the past ten years has been perhaps as great as during any previous half century of its history. Formerly medicine was a system of almost pure empiricism. Its knowledge consisted of a large collection of undigested observations. But in recent years much has been done toward" laying a scien tific foundation for the study of medicine. Most of this progress is due to advances is our knowledge of the nature and causes of disease. This is especially true of contagious and infectious diseases. Here -the study of micro-organisms and bacteria in their rela tions to disease has done nmuch to advance medicine. This has placed in our hands the power to absolutely restrict the spread of epidemic diseases. It has become now only a question of the application of well known principles. And I may add, that it is espe cially in the prevention, rather than the cure of diseases, that in the future medicine is to fAnd its highest usefulness. ADVANCES IN SURGERY. "It is the knowledge of the relation of micro-organisms to disease that has rendered possible thegreat advances made in surgery. There is scarcely anything to-day impossible in surgical science. Some idea of this may bej.aieed from gscomparison of the results in surgelT a few years ago with those of today. Ten years ago three-fourths of all the cases of major amputation were lost from blood poi son. Today death from this cause after a surgical operation is almost unknown, and when it occurs can only be attributed to almost criminal carelessness or ignorance. In abdominal surgery greater advances have been made than in perhaps in any other branch. As regards the removal of tumors a writer of a few years ago said: 'I regard a recovery after such an operation as almosta miracle, and to be considered in the light of an escape rather than a recovery to be ex pected.' Today some prominent English surgeons in a series of cases numbering front 1,000 to 2,000 have had 96 and 97 per cent, of recoveries. "Recently wonderful success has attended operations for gunshot wounds perforating the abdomen where many openings have been made in the intestines. In a number of in stances portions of the intestines have been removed, or from eight to twelve openings have been closed after opening the abdominal cavity and complete recovery has ensued. "In brain surgery, also, much has been done recently. Abscesses of the brain have been opened and drained. The situation of tumors of the brain haI: been diagnosticated, por tions of the skull removed and the tumor cut out." OUR MEDICAL SCHOOLS. Speaking of medical education, the physi cian said: "In the condition of our medical schools, and in the general standard of medi cal education, great advances are still to be made. In the past our medical schools have been almost without exception practically private institutions, without endowment, and supported entirely by the fees received from their students. In this country all kinds of educational institutions excepting medical schools, and perhaps law schools, have been abundantly endowed; but medical colleges have been left to work out their own future as best they might. This seems strange, since there are are no men who come so near to all classes of the people as the physicians. I suspect that the cause of it lies with the phy sicians themselves. There is no philanthropic question that, if properly presented, would appeal so strongly to the reason of an intelli gent man as this of the endowment of medi cal schools. The difficulty is that many med ical men are not loyal to their schools or to their profession. After graduation their en ergies are devoted, not to the advancement of the science of medicine or the elevation of medical education, but to acquiring a compe tency. For medicine in the abstract they care not at all. They would be very chary about giving any information that would ad vance scientific medicine, if at the same time it would advance any other medical man to a more profitable practice. "A few generous gifts to medical schools have been made. More will be soon. Twenty five years hence our medical colleges, I be lieve, will be as finely endowed as the literary colleges are to-day. The result will be to el evate the standard of medical education, and we shall have a profession all of whose prac titioners are broad, freely educated, intelli gent men."--J. I. H. in New York Commer cial Ad vertiser. THE REV. THOMAS S. HASTINGS. The New President of tile Union Theo logical Seminary, New York. The Rev. Dr. Thomas S. Hastings, who has been elected to the presidency of the Union Theological seminary of New York, is a man who is universally esteemed, and his appoint ment gives great satisfaction. Dr. Hastings was born in Utica, N. Y., in 1827. In 1848 he was graduated at r Hamilton, and in 1851 at the Union Theological college at New York. In 1852 he accepted the pastorate of the Presbyterian church at Mend I ham, N. J., and in 1856 he became the REV. T. S. HASTINGS. pastor of the West Presbyterian church in New York, whose pastor at present is the well known Dr. John R. Paxton, his successor. He then became professor of sacred rhetoric in the Union Theological seminary, which post he has held up to the present time. He is a fine pulpit orator, and was very popular in New York during his long residence there. It is estimated that 500 boys and girls in New York and Brooklyn arc engaged in sell ing lozenges on the surface cars and ferry boats, and in the public parks. STORIES OF CORCORAN, The Peerless Phlilanthropist, wVho Ias Just Passedl Away. Many years ago W. W. Corcoran, the Washington philanthropist, whose death was recently announced, said to a friend: "I mean to be selfish about my money. It shall be all for my own enjoyment during my lifetime. I shall give and enjoy the hap piness of those to whom I give. I shall not leave much behind me." How well he carried out the benevolent ideas outlined in these few words many grate ful beneficiaries could tell, and the Louise home and the Corcoran Art gallery are mon uments of his broad liberality for all the world to see. But thatthis kindly oldesan m nevero. quite satisfied his desire to give is shown by a re mark he made some years later: "People tell me," he said, "I am generous. I have tried to be, yet I never wake up in the night that some case which I might have relieved does not come to me. After all, the part of my fortune which I have most en joyed is what I have given away." The following incident was recently re called by a New York Tribune correspond ent: "At the beginning of the war Mr. Cor coran's southern sentiments were well known, and the government seized upon the art gallery building and used it for the quar termaster general's office. Secretary Stanton also gave orders for the occu pation of Mr. Cor _ / i. Mi. CORCORAN AND HIS LIBRARY. coran's private residence for hospital pur poses, but the old gentleman succeeded in thwarting the great war secretary by a neat artifice. Through a friend he heard of the order, and at once drove to the residence of Count Montholon, the French minister, to whom he told the story and proffered the use of his residence, free of all expense, as long as the war should last. The count called one of his secretaries, and with his legation flag entered Mr. Corcoran's carriage and drove immediately to the house. Just as they entered the building and unfurled the flag in the hall, two officers from the war de partment came up the steps with an order to take possession. The count calmly informed them that it was now the residence of the French minister and that Mr. Corcoran was his guest. There were some pretty sharp words, but the flag of France floated there and had to be respected. Although Stanton was a deeply religious man, it is said that he fell from grace when the officers returned4o the department and made their report. But here the matter ended. Seawall Sydney, in a letter to The New York Mail and Express, told this story of the manner in which Mr. Corcoran discouraged the attentions of a foreigner to Louise Cor coran, afterward Mrs. Eustis: Louise Corcoran was regarded as legiti mate prey by all the designing members of the diplomatic corps in Washington. Mr. Corcoran bitterly opposed her marriage to a foreigner, tlthough professing perfect will ingness for her to marry any deserving young man she fancied, no matter how small his fortune, only he must be an Ameri can. But the young lady was full of life and liked admliration, as young things of her sex do. One day, when she was entertaining a forbidden admirer, who was a member of the Span ish legation, she heard her father's step in the hall. The young grandee turned pale, as did the heedless girl. The step approached nearer-a hand was on the knob of the door -when Mr. Grandee, forgetting all about his dignity, scampered under the grand piano in the corner. Mr. Corcoran's eyes were too quick, though. Going back into the hall, he reappeared with a buggy whip, which he used vigorously on the shins of the grandee, who got out of the house as fast as his legs could carry him. That cured Miss Louise of foreigners, and shortly after she married Mr. Eustis, of South Carolina, then a young member of the house. Her married life was very happy, but she did not live many years. In 1870 she died of consump tion, leaving two sons and a daughter behind her. Her husband did not long survive her. The loss of this beloved child was an over whelhing blow to Mr. Corcoran. Years after he could not speak of her without tears. Only a little while ago, in speaking of Gen. Lee, with whom he was on terms of great in timacy, he said: "I have the last letter he ever wrote. It was upon the occasion of my child's death." He stopped and said no more, overcome with emotion. Mr. Corcoran was an ardent Democrat, and for many years has announced his in tention of living untl a Democratic president was elected. His delight at Mr. Cleveland's election was boundless. He and Mrs. Cleve land were great friends, and on hislast birth day he showed with pride a splendid bouquet of La France roses, sent him by the lady of the White House. BISHOP OF ALTON. The Rev. James Ryan, Who Was Re cently Appointed from Rome. The new bishop of Alton, the Rev. James Ryan, came to AmeriCa whenl lie was 6 years old, and since then he has devoted him self to the Catholic church. His work has been very suc cessful, and heels highly esteemed by his conferes. He was born in Thurles, Tipperary county, Ireland, in 1848. He received his education in i the seminaries of St. Thomas and St. Joseph,Bardstown, - Ky. He finally became a teacher in the St. Joseph seminary. He af- . terward became BISHOP RYAN. identified with the Kentucky mission, and for seven years he was located at St. Mar tins, Meade county, and at Elizabethtown, Hardin county, Ky. About ten years ago he changed the field of his labors and went to Peoria, Ills. He served on the diocese of Illinois at Watega and Danville, and in 1881 he went to Ottawa, where he filled the vacancy caused by the transfer of the Rev. Patrick Terry to Chi cago. Dr. Terry's successor filled his place very successfully, and the church prospered under his administration. His appointment as bishop of Alton was recently announced from Rome. The Switzer Apple. The Switzer apple, one of the "Govern ment Russians" imported by the United States department of agriculture in 18609 70, has, according to as high authority as Vick, shown itself a thorough ironclad and a remarkably fine grower both in the nursery and orchard. It is a large and handsome red apple, and the tree is a heavy bearer. With Vick, on a light soil, it drops a good deal of its fruit in the course of the season, but carries a fair -rop to maturity. Grown in northern Vermont and Quebec, it keeps until the holidays or later. NEW YORK'S SOUTHERN SOCIETY. otmnelit ing Councernin: Tt ned Its lRecent -NewYork city is the mecca of American talent and ambitio:n outside of politi.s: so the city has a society for almost every state and nation. Prominent among these are the New England and the Knickerbocker so cieties, and of late years the New York Southern society. This last' has its annual dinner on some day signalized by a promi nent southerner; and this year Washington's birthday was the date. The southern char acter of the gathering is illustrated by tie officials. John C. Calhoun presided at the banquet, and Francis S. Rives is president for the ensuing year. The former is grand wnn of the noted nullifier A- . J. C. CAALHOU. F. s. RP.ES. H. L. COIE. THE SECOND ANNUAL DINxER OF THE SOUTH ERN SOCIETY. All the speeches were of an intensely patri otic character, and in the music "Dixie," "Hail Columbia" and "The Star Spangled Banner," following in the order named, elicited loud applause. Some 500 persons were present, including Gen. Horace Porter, who made the most humorous speech of the evening, and many other prominent Yan kees. Mayor Abram S. Hewitt made the welcoming speech, which was responded to by Mr. Hugh L. Cole, who touchingly alluded to New York as the city of refuge to which many ruined southerners turned their steps after Appomattox. Edward Atkinson de livered a very elaborate address on the growth of southern industries, and Ballard Smith spoke on the "Southern Press." The object of this society is to bring into close social relations the many southerners resi dent in New York, and to make a welcome for others wh;' may come, and to cultivate friendship and patriotism; an I the addresses at the late banquet showed that the object was being accomplished. ROYALTY SCORNED FOR A WOMAN Prince Oscar, of Sweden, and His Ap proaching Marriage. The marriage of Prince Oscar, second son of King Oscar and Queen Sophie, has stirred. the romantic feelings of the European edi tors; and so they give us an extremely touch ing narration, along with some biats not so flattering t( the parties. Qneenl ophie has lately visited Paris (it will not be forgotten that the Bernadotte royal line of Sweden be gan with the French Bernadotte of the Bona parte era), and remained there some days as Countess Ifager, according to the monarch ical custom of traveling incognito when it is desired to avoid official honors. Her account of the young couple's betrothal is as follows: Mlle. Munck, the prince's intended, is of a very ancient and noble Swedish family, but entirely without fortune. For her beauty and grace she was made a lady of honor in the suite of the Princess Royal of Sweden, and while in that position was betrothed to a young officer of artillery, the possessor of a large fortune. Learning, however, that her betrothed really loved another, she with drew from the engagement, giving offense to her titled friends by the act, and went into retirement. She was soon forgiven, how ever, and recalled to the court; and about this time Prince Oscar, who is in the marine service, returned from a voyage around the world and at once fell deeply in love with Miss Munck. Knowing that he could not marry her without renouncing his rank, she went into retirement once more, this time concealing her identity under the garb of a nurse in a Stockholm hospital. After a period of grief and anxiety the prince found her there, and at length pre vailed upon her to accept his hand if his parents would consent. Queen Sophio was easily prevailed upon to assist the happiness of her son, but the king long remained inex orable. He yielded only to the tears and en treaties of the queen, and she at once devoted her thoughts to preparing for the marriage. OSCAR AND HaS FIANCEE Ill natured gossips insist that spite had something to do with Queen Sophie's action; that it had been the intention to marry Prince Oscar to a near relative of Queen Victoria, and that the legislative assembly of Sweden refused to appropriate the money needed for settlement and for the celebration of the marriage, upon which his mother determined that he should renounce his rank and marry a commoner. Be that as it may, the queen has charmed all hearts in Paris by her sweet and gracious demeanor. The marriage has some grave consequences for Prince Oscar. By the terms of the Swedish constitution he must renounce for himself and his heirs all rights to the crown of Sweden and Norway. In Norway he loses the title of royal highness and Duke of Gothland, and hereafter he is only plain Lieut. Bernadotte. All this he does cheerfully for the love of the fair Miss Munck, and his royal mother not only ap proves the step, but goes to Paris to assist in preparations for the grand wedding. So it seems that queens and princes have a deal of human nature in them as well as other folks. Suggestion to Newspaper Men. "Why (1do newspapers persist in the prac tice of printing an article, which a man may want to paste in his scrap book for referenco, on both sides of the paper, so he .can't use it, when they insist that correspondents and contributors shall write only on one side of the paper ?" was a question asked by John Mattocks, the lawyer and politician. "It makes me mad, just a little, to find a presi dent's message or Bismarck's speech to the reichstag, printed in that way. Perhaps the editors never thought of it, but they should. Why, a few years ago I asked my tailor why he put colored batting in my vest, which, in case I should perspire or be caught out in a rain storm, would discolor my linen. He didn't know why he did it; it was d matter of habit. He said the entire cost of the neces sary batting for a vest was one cent, and white was as cheap as colored. He had never thought of it before, but at once concluded that my suggestion was a good thing, and decided to act upon it. That is why 1 make the suggestion about newsr)usr.=."-Chicago Times. The Only Fat Villain. * The appearance of the only fat villain in fiction, Count Fosco, is explained by Wilkie Collins. He says that "he made him fat be. cause a lady one made the remark at a din ner party that no novelist could make a really life like fat villain."-Chicago Herald. TERMS--INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. Oneear ............................ ... ..$4 00 s Months................................ 2 00 Thee Moaths................................: 1 CO Whennotpaid in advance therate will be Fi Dollars-per year. NEWBPE FER DCISIONb 1. Anyonewho takes aopaperreeularly fromt t! Poetoiice--whether directed to his name or another or whether he has subscribed or not-is responsible for the payment. . If a person orders his paper diseontnued, b. mustpay allarrearages, or the publisher will cone tinue to send it until payment is made and collect th wbole amount, whether thepaper is taken from the office or not. 3. Thecourtshavedecided that refusina to take thenewspapersor periodicals from thePostoffle, or removing and leaving them uncalled for, is prime feci evidence of intentional fraud. Papers ordered to any address can be changed to anoter address at the option of the subscriber. remittacn.e by draft, cbeck, money order, or rels tredietter. may rtem at our risk. AU Postnlster, are required to register letters on application. THE CASE OF MRS. AMMON. The Cleveland Woman Who WVent to Jail IBecause She Wouldn't Tell. Mrs. Josephine H. Ammon, of Cleveland, 0., recently imprisoned for contempt of court, is a wealthy woman living on Euclid avenue. Her jail experience was the result of her ability to keep a secret. A certain Mrs. Blum and her daughter, Josie, some time ago took shelter under Mrs. Mrs. Blum died,leaving her daughter an heiress. Mrs. Blum foresaw MRS. AM MON AND HER CELL. trouble for her daughter, and exacted cer tain promises from Mrs. Ammon, the exact nature of which does not appear. True enough, trouble arose at once, it be ing claimed by interested parties that the daughter is incompetent to manage her estate. Josephine left Mrs. Ammon's house the day after her mother's funeral and her whereabouts is unknown. The case came up in the courts, and Mrs. Ammon was asked to state whether she had communicated with the person whom she might suppose had the girl in charge. Mrs. Ammon refused to an swer the question. She was given till the next morning to consider. The next morn ing she again refused and was fined $100 and sent to prison until she should answer. There she remained for several weeks, and it-appeared at one time that her term of dur ance might last as long as that of Miss Re becca Jones did in New York. Miss Jones, it will be remembered, refused to testify and was shut up for many months. But Mrs. Ammon has now been released on bail, and she and her friends are correspondingly happy. THE LATE GEORGE H. CORLISS. The Inventor of the Ant matie Cat Of for Steam Engines. Mr. George H. Corliss, the inventor and mechanical engineer, died at his home in Providence, R. L, on the 21st of February last. It frequently happeng that a man toils for many years to accomplish results without being widely known among his fellow men, until some especial work, either by itself or coupled with some marked event, suddenly causes his name to become familiar. Such was the case with Mr. Corliss. For more than forty years he labored in the work of perfect ing and constructing steam engines, practi cally revolutionizing their construction, but it was not till he erected the great Conrlin en gine at the Centennial exposition in Philadel phia that his name became generally known. Mr. Corliss was born at Easton, New York, on June 2, 1817. In 1825 he moved to Green wich, R. I., where he attended school and afterward opened a country store. His first manifestation of mechanical ingenu ity was in the con struction of a tem porary bridge which had been washed away by a a~ freshet, and after such a structure // had been pro nounced impracti cable. Then he con- GEORGE H. CORLISS. structed a machine for stitching leather, be fore the invention of the Howe sewing nma chine. From 1844 he was engaged in develop ing improvemsents in steam engines at Provi dence, R. I., by which uniformity of motion was attained. In 1850 the Cor iss Steam En gine company was organized. In 1872 he was appointed centennial commissioner for Rhode Island, and the next year subnitted a plan for a siiG;lc engine of 1,400 horse power to move all the machinery of the exhibition. It was predicted that his engine would be noisy and troublesome, but Mr. Corliss gave it his personal attention, spent $10,000 upon it be yond theappropriation of congress, and made it a success in every particular. Mr. Corliss received numerous testimonials of the appreciation of different governments and associations for the benefits conferred by his inventions. At the expositions at Paris in 1867 and at Vienna in 1873 he received awards, and the Rumford medal by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1870. In 1873 he lwon the French Montyon prize for that year, the highsest honor for mechanical achievements. He made nio ex hibit, but was awarded the prize because the foreign engine builders who exhibited claimed that their engines were of the Corliss type. lie was also made an officer of the Order of Leopold by the King of Belgium. In Rhode Island Mr. Corliss was highly esteemsed. He served in the state senate, and was urged to run for mayor of Providence and governor of the state, but declined. Niagara Falls in WVinter. If the ice which forms the huge bridge over Niagara river, just below the falls, could be saved until next summer it would make a very big pitcher of iced water, and the American iceman would feel extremely dubious. The shrubbery around the falls has taken on a coat of ice and assumed a thou sand fantastic forms. There is ice every where, and it is truly a grand and magnifi NIAGARA ICE BRIDGE. cent sight. "Any one who has not sees Niagara falls," says Macauley, "has no con ception of a cataract." We might add, that any: one who has not seen Niagara falls in the winter has but a small idea of the sublimity with which they are clothed. The sunlight plays through the green transparency of ice, and the mist which rises up makes many a rainbow. Niagara in winter is a sight never to be forgotten. The Conductor's Bad Coin. I don't see why everybody who gets a chewed up or battered coin wants to foist it off on us. We get more scaly money than any other class of people in the city, and we have to take it at face value, which the banks and merchants won't do. I wonder if people ever stop to think that ecery tough piece we take can be thrown back on our hands at the company's option. Often we have to submit to lose fares given us by cranky customers who hatre influence with the company, simply because if we should decline to take it we would soon be out of work. And sometimes, when money isn't so very rotten, the cashier returns it in our pay envelopes. This always means that we're not to turn it in again with our fares, and in such cases I give it to my grocer or butcher with a little more good money. But in spite of all our pains we get stuck sometimes. Car Conductor in Globe-Demoerat.