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THE NEW NORTH-WEST.
TAMES H. MILLS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER. The Official Paper of Deer Lodge County ENTERED IN THE DEER LODGE, MONTANA, POSTOFFICE FOR TRANSMISSION AS SECOND CLASS MAIL MATTER. REPUBLICAN CONVENTION. A Territorial Republican Convention will be held at Livingston on the 19th day of May, 188S, at 10 o'clock in the forenoon, for the purpose of electinr twoDel e-ates and two Alternate Delegates to the ReMpublican National Convention, to be held at Chicago, June 19, 1888, to nominate candidates for President and Vice President of the United States. The several co.n ties will be entitled to representatives as fo'lows: COUNTIEs. No.. or DEIL.ATaS. Beaverhead ... ......................... 4 Cascade.......... . . .......... .............. 8 Chotea.................................................. 8 C. ster .............................................. 5 Dawson........ .............................. 1 Deer Lode ....................... .............10 FePslw ., ......... .ooo............. . ltin .................................. " Jefferson........................................... Lewis h Clarke ....................................1 Madison .......................................... 4 Meagher .................................. 3 Missonla............................... .. 7 Park .................... ....................... 4 Silver Bow.......... .................... Yellowstone ..................... . ......... Total................... ...........90 The county Republican Committees o " v. counties [except Cascadel will the seve Conventions in their respectivu Con o call County Delegates and Alternate Delegates to es, and elect Convention as above designated. Territorial In Cascade countythe Cocnty C called by the member of the Terr . . e.. e that county. ial Oummittee of It is desired that ample notice o such Conventions be given c. Cneto The following rui b ee ern aent of thw l uilc for the coy the Territory of Montana- rlal Conventions in 1-Delegates and Alternate . . ted in the future to Territor legates shall be elec the event of the failure of a Conventions, and in Alternate Delegate shall 'aet telegate to attend. the whose Alternate he is. e vote of the Delegate a-In the absence of a Dele e a majority of the deleat and his Alternate cast the vote of the absent from that couny shall ,S-In the absence of all t" Delegates from any county, Delegates and Alternate such county. . o vote shall be cast for -cIn the county In whieC r ton shall be held, when the Territorial Conven nateDelegate are abawent Delezate and his Alter n their behalf. ere shall be no vote cast 5-Delegates and lte . residents of the county tes must be Republican By order of t .rjhich they represent. I. SALm a 1 r.Is Republican Committee. t y Isa D. MCucuso, eart.I Chairman. ThE Quick nat the Dead-Anaconda and Deer Lodge. -i eviewt. Sorry, but send n your funeral no, Sorry, bn t send s our funeanl ' ce and we will come up Quaick. MINIG aim owners will do well to watch the" action on Senator Stewart's bill relating to quarts locations, published in this Issue If it becomes a law it will ma terially cIýange conditions. DE.'u LODGE has very wisely resolved to incto rate and clothe herself with the dig nities of a municipality. Incorporation is a ondition precedent to the healthy develop ment of any growing and well ordained city. -Butte Miner. INGALLS and Voorhees had another set to in the Senate Tuesday, the former going over Voorhees' war record and the latter denying its correctness. Voorhees is no match for Ingalls as a satirist and he vented his grievance In calling hard names. The Bozeman Chronicle corrects us b. saying Chairman Clark did not himself fill the vacancies on the Democratic Territorial Committee, but asked the County Commit tees where vacancies existed to fill them. This correction, which should have appeared last week, we cheerfully make. GENERAL GRANT's birthday was celebrat ed last Friday evening by banquets and club meetings in several of the great cities, and there is little doubt the custom will become universalized. It is significant that the ex pressions at all were characterized by that grand expression of the old war chief which will survive till time shall be no more-"Let us have peace." EMPEROR FERDINAND'S condition was much improved a few days ago. It was an nounced that the crisis was past and there were hopes that his life might be indefi nitely prolonged. But on Monday he was worse again with serious symptoms. In one of these relapses, which will doubtless be repeated, his energies will be unable to withstand the drain of Death and Germany will be again in mourning. MINNEAPOLIS has perfected an appara tus which the Press designates as "the Lypo's successor," and which it says will limit the occupation of compositors mainly to the job printing houses." It is a device to impress a steel die on a matrix plate by elec tric power, and is to be so easily manipulated that type setting will be a thing of the past. All type setting machines have been expect ed to do this, but the compositor still holds the fort. THE suit of C. P. H. Bielenberg against the Montana Union Railway Company for a horse killed is one of public interest in that it is a test case and will be carried to ulti mate conclusions. There will be no com promise in lt after it has reached a certain stage, as has been the custom where other cases were going against the railroad com panies. This will be "fought to a finish,'" and its determination will establish a prece dent. It may take a long time, however, to get it through the courts. THE result of Republican conve ntions -held goes to show that it will take a third letter from Blaine to keep his name out of the National Convention. In that, to elim inate himself from the contest he, will have to say he would not accept the nomination if tendered him. He has more supporters than any other candidate, and they will seek soon after the complimentary ballots for "favorite sons" are cast to give him more than all combined. It rests with Mr. Blaine to end this if he will; if not his name will be used in the convention despite his former -letters, and it is not impossible he may be nominated yet. We do not believe he will permit it. THE FRENCH REPUBLIC IN DANGER. Those in sympathy with the efforts of France to establish firmly and maintain a government such as ours, and who recall with gratitude the services of eminent Frenchmen in our own struggle for national liberty, cannot but feel solicitous concerning the present situation in La Belle France. Minister Floquet seems not to have the sup port of either the Senate or Chamber of Dep uties and yet is pushing radical measures that are still further dividing the supporters of his administration in the face of one of the greatest dangers that has threatened the Republic since its inception-Boulangerism. These questions are the separation of church and state and the revision of the Constitu tion. Itis very likely to result in his over throw Just at a crisis when Boulanger, backed by the army, the Imperialists, op portunities and all opposition elements is a menace to the Republic. For all these ele ments are opposed to it, or doubtful in their loyalty, and should Boulanger's ambition incline him to a Dictatorship the Republic might not last a day and UsCzarism reign in its stead. The French are proverbially fickle in polities. Floquet has less than 200 support ers out of 884 In the Senate and Chamber, and yet with thisodds against him, and In face of the danger that menaces and should Indaee the greatest care. he pushes his ex trisme measures. It will be well if France tides- peacefully through the next few monfths. PLAINLY STATED: A prominent Republican is authority for the statement that a strong feeling of jealous rivalry has developed regarding the selection at Livingston of a Delegate to Chicago to represent the West Side. This feeling rankles with.more pronounced intensity in the bosoms of Captain Mills, of Deer Lodge, and the Hon. Lee Mantle, of Butte. Each a afflicted with aspirations, and, as "only one can be selected, there is a good deal of the "viewing with a jealous eye" business connected with the contest. There' i as yet no display of open hostility; but a good deal of quiet work is going on, the ultimate -object of which is the assassination of one or the other. At one time Captain Mills labored under the belief that he had a clear field and that Mantle would keep out of the Delegate bght and try for the Congressional nomination. But recent developments have dissipated this impression, and Mills has come to the conclusion that Mantle is-lay ing his wires to go to Chicago. This change in the situation has aroused Mills to realiza tion of the fact that le must haul down his flag of truce and make a straight-out fight if he expects to win. Mantle in the mean time-while Mills was laboring under this delusion--had, it is alleged, made consid erable headway in securing pledges of sup port, on the quiet, and the gentleman who ave the Information to the Independent. is con ent that the Inter Mountain manager has a w lead in the race. The fight is being waged so that the general public has had no suspicion of t; u pretty certain that Mantle has a tomahawk concealed about his person and Mills carries a scalping knife in his boot-leg. If one should hear of a hand-to-hand combat at any time he need not be astonished. At present the volcano is smouldering.-Inde pendent, 1st. Plainly stated, the above is a tissue of lies from beginning to end. Mr. Mantle was Delegate to the last National Convention. He does not desire to go again this year; neither does he desire the nomination for Delegate to Congress. We have Mr. Man tie's authority to say this. Mr. Mills is now the Montana member of the National Re publican Committee and as such Is entitled to a seat in the National Convention. He will not be able to present the credentials he now holds and would therefore certainly not-seek others. Beside, he is not now and never expects to be, in Montana or else where, an aspirant for any political office whatever. Mr. Mantle and Mr. Mills were mutually aware of these facts long before the Independent published the above; were friends and served each other long before Mr. Eastin ever set foot in Montana, and probably long before he ever heard of it, and are likely to be friends after he had quit Montana for Montana's good. We gave Mr. Eastin welcome to Montana, on hib recent arrival here, with cordial good will, and with other newspaper men of the Territory, have endeavored to treat him with fairness, courtesy and charity. He has thus, and with other fabrications of falsity and grossness, responded. For years the newspaper men of Montana have gen erally treated each other and the public with fairness and truthfulness; maintained their personal friendship and self respect and commanded that of the people even through the fiercest campaigns. This will not be the case, so far as Mr. Eastin is con cerned, if he pursues his present course of manufacturing falsehoods and sending them broadcast through a paper of which he happens to be the present ephemera, and he will perhaps find it better to discard the ward methods he has brought with him and adjust himself to the better conditions pre vailing here. A WASHINGTON special says: "the i'res ident is angered at the action of the Repub lican Senate caucus which decided that the fisheries treaty should not be ratified. He has threatened that if the Senate rejects the treaty, to put into effect immediately the Canadian .retaliatory resolutions adopted by Congress at its last session. Those reso lutions, by proclamation, can be made to prohibit all commercial relations between the United States and Canada. The Presi dent feels that in presenting the treaty for a settlement of the Atlantic fisheries dispute, he has made an offset to the retaliatory acts of Congress. He says if the Senate is not willing to consider the treaty, he is absolved from responsibility for retaliatory legislation and can conscientiously put the act into effect any moment. The v;alue of the fish eries trade in Massachusetts amounts to $3,000,000 per annum in round numbers. The total trade of the United States with Canada is about $100,000,000 per annum, but that does not include goods that come from the Pacific Coast via the Canadian Pacific and Michigan Southern in bond. If the retaliatory resolutions adopted by Con gress were put In force, all the railroad busi ness between the two countries, except that of passengers and mails, would be put at an end. No coal could be brought from British Columbia to the Pacific States. THE MINERAL LANDS. Senator Plumb Seems Not Well Informed on this Issue-What Delegate Toole is Doing. The following correspondence between Senator Plumb, of Kansas, and the Mineral Land Association, on the subject of North ern Pacific mineral lands, will be read with interest: UNITED STATES SENATE, WASHINGTON, D. C., April 4, 1888. Thos. G. Merrell, Chairman, Helena, Mon tana-Dear Sir: I am duly in receipt of your favor of the 30th ult., covering petition on the subject of the acquisition by the Northern Pacific Rai road Company of min eral lands in Montana Territory. 1 also note what Mr. Oakes, the Vice-President of the road, suggests in regard to this matter. I do not, however, quite comprehend what your people desire. Do they desire that the title may be held indefinitely in the govern ment, in order to have a final determination as to whether a particular section of land is mineral or not? It is, of course, entirely proper that the railroad company should. be prevented by all reasonable means from ac quiring title to land containing mineral; that is, that containing mineral in paying quantities, and the Interior Department has ample authority, under existing law, to pre vent the acquisition of such lands by the railroad company. Of course, it might be enacted that no lands in Montana should be certified to the railroad company for a num ber of years and I certainly should have no objection to this if it met with the views of your people, but meantime it would prevent settlement on the lands, -would prevent taxation, and it seems to me would retard the interests of the country; in fact, I do not see how it could be any disadvantage to your people to have the railroad company have mineral lands. Mineral lands are sold by the government at $5 per acre, and I have no doubt the railroad company would be very glad, indeed, to sell any of these lands in your territory for a less price. From the government standpoint, however, I think it would be exceedingly improper for the rail road company to have mineral lands, be cause it would thereby increase the value of its grant beyond what was originally in tended. Shall be glad to hear from you further upon this question. Truly yours, P. B. PLUMa. -Independent, 20. THE COMMITTEE'S REPLY. To this the committee responded they were glad to have such inquiries made of them; that the title to about 8,000,000 acres of probable mioeral land was in question; that it was desired to hold these open for prospect; that instead of all its minerals being discovered there were 30 per cent, more mineral locations made in Lewis and Clarke county in 1887 than in any preceding year, and that county had been prospected as much as any other in preceding years; that if Congress would or could not reserve these lands for prospectors and give to the N. P. R. R. Co. "lien" lands instead, it should re. quire the company to make non-mineral proof as citizens are required to do. They also ask a reservation of "minerals" in pat ents to the railroad company, uas they have 1 put into deeds for lands sold by them. They show how prospecting would be suppressed by the railroad company having the odd sections patented, and that it would pass title to third parties of its own syndicate at nominal figures for protective purposes and then hold them up to maximum against all others. The committee give Senator Plumb some valuable Information on the topic. A Washlingtn correspondent of the ifner also writes the following in a report of an interview with Delegate Toole, April 23d. Referring to mineral lands Mr. Toole said the matter was being thoroughly investi gated and was perfectly well understood by the Interior Department, which is lookinog after the interest of the settlers as against the railroads. Regulations area being con sidered providing for special ageots to ex amine lands and report whether they are mineral or non mineral. The railroad company is also to be required to make affidavit that lands selected are pot mineral lands and that afiant has made a personal examination of the same. A special to the Independent credits Dele gate Toole with saying: I think sufaicient power liep with the general land office before thes• lands are patented to the road, to inve tigate their character, and if they are found to be min eral to refuse to give them to tb~ road, and furnish them other lands in .11 of them. To make sure, however, I have offered bills gme- tht.qgep.er~ge c that ar now inthe hands of the house committii~ puolic lands; and in addition, I have offered an amendment to the pending gene al land bill, now in the house, thich I h pq to have adopted. It provides that befor the lands are patented to any land grant road, the Sur veyor General of the State or T rritory shall personally examine every tra and sub division of the lands and certfy they are not mineral, and valuable only for agricul tural purposes. He shall then advertise a description of these lands, and before they are patented any person, whe er a pro- pector or not, may challenge t e Surveyor General's decision, and the bur en of proof to show they are not mineral I ds shall lie upon the company. I thin with such legislation a railroad company c uld be pre vepted from securing mineral I s. ST IEROMAN CATHOLICCHUR H SPEAKS S"Boycotting" and "The Plan of C mpaign" Put Under Ban of the Chur h. SONDON, April 29.-The following is the teot of the Papal decree: "On veral occa Ssins the Apostolic See has give the people of Ireland, whom it has alw a regarded wlIh special benevolence, sul able admo nition and advice, when the el cumatances i rehuired as to how they might efend their i rights without injury to justice r the public , peace. Our holy father, Leo X II., fearing lest he inspire the warfare th t has been introduced among the Irish in contests be Stween the landlords and tenant , and which is commonly called the "Plan of ampaign," and in a kind of social interdict, called 'Boycotting,' arising from the same contest, a true sense of justice and charity might be prevented, ordered the suprem4 congrega tiop of the inquisition to subject the matter to serious and careful examlnatibn. Hence the following was proposed: Their emi nences, the cardinals of that congregation, were to find if it were permisbable in the dispute between the landlords and their tenants in Ireland to use the m~ans known as the "Plan of Campaign" and "Boycott ing!" After long and mature 4eliberation their eminences unanimously answered in the! negative, and their decision was con firmed by the Holy Father on Wednesday, the 18th of the present month. The justice of the decision will be readily seen by any onel who applies his mind to consider that the rent agreed upon by mutual consent cannot, without a violation of the contract, be diminished at the mere will of the ten ant, especial!y when there are tribunals appointed for settling such controversies and reducing unjust rents within the bounds of equity, after taking into account the causes which diminish the value of the land. Neither can it be considered per missable that rents can be extorted from tenants and deposited in the hands of un known persons to the detrime t of land owners. Finally, it is contrary to justice and charity to prosecute by socia4 interdict those who are satisfied to pay or those who in the exercise of their rights t@ke vacant far s. It will, therefore, be your lordship's duty, prudently but effectually to advise and exhqrt the clergy and laity not tol transgress the ounds of christian charity and justice whil they are striving for a remedy for their distr ed condition. (Signed), R. CARDINAL MONACO. Rome, April 20. LdjDON, April 30.-A dispaFch from Rome says the college of the holy Bffice was charged to examine Manager Per ico's re portsl and to ascertain whether Catholics be longing to the National league were guilty of sin and would be debarred from a solution. The congregation, the pope presidi g, replied in the affirmative and drew up a lecree to that effect. Cardinal Simeone, act ng under the pope's orders, forwarded the decree to Ireland with special instructions to Mgr. Perssco and the Irish Episcopacy i4structing the clergy to enforce it, and info m them that they must refuse absolution t. any one declining to renounce membershi in the National league. It is further at ed that neither the league nor political al s are ex plicity condemned by the holy oflic , which confines itself to declaring that the methods employed are contrary to the religio a duties of Catholics. The pope approved the de cision without in any way entiring Into the political questions pending between ngland and Ireland. Archbishop Walsh I still in Rome in compliance with orders f m the vatican. A meeting, composed of Irish en and Englishmen, held at Aldershot, co emned the pope's decree and resolved to ound a branch of the home rule organizati u, and to cease contributing Peter's pence. GOOD NEWS FOR MONTAN . The Northern Reservations Thrown Open as Agreed. WAsmrNGTON, May 1.-The Presid nt has approved the military academy approp atlon bills, also the act to secure the relin nish ment of the Indian title to portions of the reservation of the Sioux Indians; also be act ratifyling se agreement with the Gros Ventre, Piegan, Blood, Blackfeet and River Crow Indians in Montana. Earthquake Shocks. BIGos, Cal., April 28.-The heaviest earth quake shock ever experienced here occurred at 8:45 p. m., lasting 75 seconds. The vibra tions were from east to west. Plastered buildings cracked. STOCKTON, Cal., April 28.-Four distinct shocks of earthquake werd felt here at 8:40 this evening. UPGOES PEA NUTS. Now We Are "busted" by a Trust. NORFOLK, Vs., April 30.-A peanut trust " has been formed in this city, embracing the frms engaged in the peanat trade in New York, Cincinnati, St. Louis, Norfolk, Pitts burg and Smthfield, Va., in fact the entire b peanut interest in the country with the ex- I ception of three small factories. A presi- c dent and board of directors have been ii elected. - - He Took it Under Consideration. Minneapolis Tribune. Mrs. IMptana Polangus (to her husband)- "John, if our boy should behave like the ci Prodigal So118n, what would you do?" "Well, one can't really tell how he would g ct undeC provocation, but as I view the o0 matter now, I gaess I ahould kill the repro- .it bate and rse the calf." NEWS NOTES AND MENTION. The coldest spot on the face of the earth is Werchojansk, Siberia. The mean tem perature at that spot for last year was 2.9 degrees below zero, or 29.1 degrees Falren halt. For January and December is was 8.'91 below zero and in July it rose to 60.6 above zero. The lowest point in July was 89.2 degrees above zero, while in January the mercury at one time fell to 88.6 degrees below sero. Werchojansk is in latitude 67. degrees 34 minutes north, longitude 183. de grees 51 minutes east. Altogether it is not a particularly inviting spot at which to reside for a permanency, even in summer. San Francisco Examiner: "' have just got down from Sitka, Alaska, to day,"said John Williamson at the American Exchange yes terday. "It is a weird, wild place up there. It is not so awfully cold, but it is pretty nearly all the time night there. You can't see the sun till 11-o'clock in the day, and it goes down again behind the mountain almost immediately. There is just a nar row strip of day in a great big ocean of night. Lamps have to be kept burning most all the time, and men can't -accom plish anything .iuch trying to work. It is r..ner- worse seventy five miles farther north, at Killisno, where I was for a little while. Snow was about eight inches deep, and the lowest I saw the thermometer was 5 degrees below zero. There are only about 300 people now at Sitka, and nit more than 600 or 700 at Juneau. It is the same way at Fort Wrangle. The population has shrit eled a great deal. Many people have come away. They hate to spend the winter there it is so fearfully long and dark. A lot more people would like to get away, but they have not got the money to come on. The Northern Pacific has received a copy of a very handsome advertising lithograph, copies of which it may adopt. It is in col ors, and represents a family of children who have arranged the house furniture into a train of cars, and are surprised by the return of their parents. The youngest two are curled upon the sofa, as in a sleeping car, just ahead are two more of the little fellows eating at a table, the dining car, ahead of these is a larger boy with a long pipe and heels up enjoying the luxury of a palace smoker. Next in front is a high trunk pre sided over by the diminutive baggage-mas ter, and ahead of all is the engine, repre sented by the baby carriage, with a steaming teakettle on the seat. The design is one of the best ever seen.-Pioneer Press. General Boulanger to correspondent Pitts burg Chronicle- Telegraph: "I have said in my electoral letter that I shall stand up for the revision of the Constitution, as the form of government of the country under the present terms of the Constitution is all non sense, and I much prefer a Republic such as the United States of America, which is a model Republic and a real one. They call me a Dictator, a Caesar, an Emperor, and other stupidities. It is absurd. All I wish and all I work for is the grandeur of our country, and are my inspirations the less patriotic because I want them to be judged by public opinion?" While some professed Christians are quar reling over the amount of water it takes to wash away a man's sins the Devil is getting in his work at the rate of sixteen hours a day, Sunday included. -Nforth West Tribune There are 1,400,000,000, people live on the planet which we inhabit. And yet there is now and then a man who wonders what the rest of us will do when he dies. There are people in "society" who honestly think that all the world closes its eyes when we lie down to sleep. There are men who fear to act according to their own convictions be cause, perhaps, ten persons in a crowd of 1,400,000,000, will laugh at them. Why, if a man could only realize every moment what a bustling, busy, fussy, unimportant lit tile atom he is in all this great ant-hill of unimportant, fussy little atoms, every day he would regard himself less and think still less of the other molecules Inu the coral.-Bob Burdette. The author of "Forays Among Salmon and Deer" explains why the antlers of stags are so seldom found, even where thousands of deer are kept. He says that when they cast off their horns they either bury them or destroy them with their teeth. He has seen them in the spring trampling them down in the moist soil of the peat-bogs which are so numerous among the hills, and has often found the horns broken up, with the marks of the stags' teeth upon them. JOURNALS AND JOURNALISTS. The newspaper "boom" in Montana is assuming paralyzing proportions. The crop of new newspapers is large. Some of these Journals look as though they were issued once a week merely to save funeral expenses. -Dillon Tribune. The remains of the "lamented" Dillon Examiner have been removed to South Butte, where, it is reported, a resurrection is to take place. May the Lord have mercy .n the next gang that handles the ill-fated pewters. Quantum suficit.-Tribune. It makes us so all-fired mad we don't know what to do, to hear newspaper people always talking about money, just like there was nothing else in this world worth living ror but a few hateful dollars. We are con ent and happy if we get born steak and Feast powder bread. We have run our paper one year and have not been guilty of begging any one out of countenance]-or lowing a low-pressure horn-Newo Idea. Mr. J. S. Dickerson, the brilliant and ble journalist, who is the strongest infusion f enterprise and modern ideas Montana ournallsm has had in twenty years, has re urned from Spokane Falls and taken ditorial charge of the MJiner. Mr. Haig ias resumed charge of the city page. Our old time friend Mr. W. H, Todd, who as been business manager of the BRier Press he past to years, has purchased Mr. Jere. ollins controlling interest in that paper nd is now in possession of one of the best apers and one of the best pieces of news aper property, in Montana. We congrata ate him, and wish him abundant success. r. Todd was one of the owners of the In ependent'jin Deer Lodge in 1869 andli as sany friends here who join in our wishes. Ie stood by and gave us a hand when the saterial ofthe Naw NOBTH-WEsTpurchased nd selected in Helena in '69, but little either f us thought then that twenty years later re would still be editing and publishing ewspapers in Montana. How are you for C gray" now, Billy ? We notice by exchanges that the Missoula izette, with Hon. W. J. McCormick editor, as made its appearance and receives hearty elcome and approval. But no "X" has me to hand for us yet. You are not go g to deprive us of the pleasure are you ajor? A Popular Temperance Book. Mftheaukee Sentinel. They do not treat the book agent with in vility out in Iowa. He sells a book called The History of Prohibition," and it is in ceat demand. Some men have bought dozens copies. It is a peculiar book. Between a covers is a balf-pint bottle filled with the *t Milwatu:ee whisk y. NOT A BOOMER. The Oeniar Growler Considers Other toiats In the Case. Correspondence New NorthrWest. SAN FRANCISCO, April 28, 1888.-It is not an easy matter to "take in" the country through which you are passing with a stiff neck, unless you have a railway carriage on a pivot. Hence I am almost daily being swindled out of my money's worth; But this part of the booming State with plentiful irri gation is good so far as the soil is concerned. Eastern farmers selling and removing here for settlement will be sadly disappointed in trusting circulars intended to stimulate such action and relying on the clouds of heaven to mature crops of any kind. Already the wheat and barley crops are folding and turn ing with drouth and can only be utilized for hay for want of copious dews of heaven. DOWN ON MUD BATHS. The great remedy for all lfe's ills has at last been found, and a stampede towards first principles is in order. "Dust thou art and to dust shalt thou return." Most people are of the opinion that "dust" should have been translated "mud," as the dust requires sprinkling. However, mud is the compound now sought after by suffering millions. To see them from all parts of the country, rich and poor, on crutches, on all fours, in hand motors and on litters, approach a half-filled tub of steaming hot "slickens" and wallow around in it reminds one of the porcine that was wasted. Singular it may seem, but peo ple take to mud in preference to clean water and as penance for their folly try to lie them selves well after emerging from the dirty slough. There is no denying that virgin soil made of proper consistency with boiling water is a good application for many pains and aches, but that the drainage of the sur face, decayed vegetable and animal matter, is the proper compost to smother one's body in, getting his eyes, ears, nose, mouth and hair full, is a question. I notice a large number of ladies who naturally spend much time at their toilet beautifying their com plexion and eradicating all semblance of dirt, throw themselves with abandon into these mud troughs and enjoy its clinging, slimy filth with great gusto. CLIMATIC EFFECTS. There is, take it the year around, a prefer ence for California with regard to climate. But that all Californians are happy at "The Bay" is a great mistake. There are more murders, more suicides, and more rheumatic people than "The Old Man" ever saw in his travels before, and it is a cold day that one or two old grizzly beards is not out a young and frisky wife with the half or a good part of their fortunes. "'hese things all help to make things lively on the coast, whether hey assist the boom any or not. ABOUT FRUIT CULTURE. Speaking of the boom and the highly col ored representations of climate and soil, the facts and figures from the Fruit Grower, pub lished at Los Angeles, the mart of the citrus belt, are these: "In 1886-7 2,400 car loads of oranges were shipped East. In the following year this total had dwindled to 1,600, while in 1888 it is believed the outgo will not be over 1,000 at best." Hence the orange indus try seems rather on the wane. Grape cul ture, if there is a ready market at 818 to $21 per ton, the usual price, is thought to be more remunerative., The sight of fig trees, prunes, olives, walnuts, etc., are seldom met with, and their production very limited. OLD JAKE. TELEGRAMS IN BRIEF. Robert G. Ingersoll is to deliver the me morial address in honor of Conkling. Dr. Knotzer, editor of the German edi tion of Puck, died in New York Saturday morning. The Flint glass works at Pittsburg, which have been blown out five months, have re sumed, re-employing 1,800 men. L. L. Dorsey, the well known horseman and turf writer, fell dead at his farm near Louisville, April 26, aged 69 years. NEW YORK, April 27.- Jane Templeton Mills died last evening at the residence of her husband, D. O. Mills, last evening. Mrs. W. G. Noah, the retired actress whom many old play-goers remember with pleasure, died in Rochester, N. Y., April 26, aged 80 years. She played leading parts with the elder Booth, Edwin Forrest and Charlotte Cushman. PORTLAND, Ore., April 27.--Hen. John Gates, mayor of this city, died this evening of nervous prostration, aged 60 years. He was the inventor of the Gates steering gear for steamboats, one of the most im portant factors in the navigation of swift water. DETROIT, April 28.-A special from Wash nlogton says: Senator Stanford during an interview to-day said that all the talk about him as a Presidential candidate was absurd. He said he was not now and never had been a candidate and does not wish to be consid ered as such. Chicago to be Oiled. CHICAGO, Special.-It is stated that the Standard Oil company has completed all its arrangements for building a pipe line from Lima to Chicago for the cheap and rapid transportation of crude oil, which they think is destined to take the place of coal in the great manufacturing establishments in Chi cago. Work has already been commenced, and will be rapidly pushed. The pipe to be used is eight inches in diameter. The total length of the pipe will be about 210 miles, and the entire investment will aggregate about $2,000,000. The Standard Oil com pany practically controls all the oil territory around Lima, and it is intimated that for thee months it has had its agents out pros pecting and leasing all the oil-indicating pro perty in the vicinity of Montpelier, about thirty miles south of Huntington, Ind. THE NEW CHIEF JUSTICE. M. W. Fuller of Chicago Appointed to Succeed Waite. WAsHINGTON, April 30.-The President has sent the name of Melville W. Fuller of Illinois, to be Chief Justice of the United States, to the Senate. CHICAGo, April 30.-The nomination of Melville Weston Fuller of Chicago as Chief Justice of the United States, is regarded here with unbounded satisfaction by leading men of both parties. Fuller in every respect is fitted to fill that high office. He was born in Augusta, Maine, February 11, 1833; graduated at Bowdoin in 18583, Minis. ter Phelps being his classmate. After study ing law at Bangor and attending lectures at Harvard, Fuller came west to Chicago. His ability was speedily recognized and for thirty years he has won distinction among the foremost members of the bar. He has been prominent at several Democratic na tional conventions, and in 1860 was selected to deliver the address of welcome to Stephen A. Douglass. In his practice in the Supreme Court of the United States, Fuller has frequently come in contact with Ed munds, Thurman and other great lawyers, but has never failed to hold his own against any of the greatest of them. He is familiar with tbe decisions of the Court and especially on all constitutional questions. When Fuller was informed of the nomination he was overwhelmed with suprise and requested that he be not pressed for an extended inter view, simply stating that he would accept the nomination. -Great Bargaln for Anybody-Espeelally for Farmers. I will sell my Flouring Mill Machinery, now in Deer Lodge, everything complete and just as good as new, and which cost me about $2,000, for Four Hundred Dollars, cash. [offer it at this price because it is useless to me, but it will pay for itself in one season, as t is first-class, and the wheat of Deer Lodge valley is just as good as any in the country; and, having a flouring mill, the farmer can run it when no other work can be done. For rurther information, inquire of JOnSPUH RICHARDS, April 3, 1888. 978 tf Anaconda. Mont. SEND YOUR ORDERS TO ID J. HENNESSY.& CO,, BUTTE, FORT Dry gools, Cgets, Ladies au Cildren's Sil WRAPS AND UNDERWEAR. MEN'S AND BOYS' Clothing, ats, Shoes, Shirts and hnderwar, The Best Goods and Lowest Prices in Montana. Goods delivered free in Deer Lodge or any part of Montana. sCan be eturned at Our Expense if not Satisfatotory SEND FOR SAMPLES AND PRICES. D. J. HENNESSY & CO. 982 4t" FROM NEW CHICAGO. An Old Correspondent Resumes After Seven Years' Silence. Correspondence New North-West. NEW CHICAGO, May 1, 1888.-Since my departure from this place, seven years ago, I believe New Chicago has not had a corre spondeut for your paper, so I resume. There has been A DECIDED IMPROVEMENT in the construction department of New Chi. cago in the last few years. Where once we 4 had our "quarter stretch," a church has been B built. A jail has also been built, but as an evidence of our law-abiding and sober lives, t it has never been considered necessary to hang its doors or put in windows. D. Ding wall has erected a fine two-story house, but what he wants with it is a Phoebus. He has been east for three months, will return this week, and will then probably enlighten us in the premises. Miss Lutie Evans has been appointed principal of the Drummond school. The lady has been in charge of some of the best schools in the county. She is energetic, amiable, well qualified, and has given satis faction wherever she has taught. This has been THE FINEST WINTER ON STOCK ever known in the Flint Creek valley. The loss will not approximate one-half of one per cent. Stock raisers in this vicinity have paid more attention to providing for their cattle than to raising big herds, which is eminently proper. L. J. Hendrickson, after foeding his cattle all winter, has a hundred tons of hay left. He has baled it and will hold it until this fall. Just now New Chi cago is all EXCITEMENT OVER THE DUNKLEBERG MINES. The Hatta was incorporated a few weeks ago. McPhail Bros., Dingwall Bros., R. M. Ferguson, R. Conn, L. J. Hendrickson, Allan McDonald and John H. Featherman are the principal owners. If brains, money and en. terprise will avail, the Hatta will be the best property in this county. The lowest assay was upwards of one hundred ounces and the highest 420. It is down about 120 feet. The strata of ore runs from eight inches to three feet. The Forest Rose and other properties there are showing up proportionately well. Charlie Schott, an old Bear Towner, has good interests in Dunkleberg. Charlie is likely to wear diamonds yet. Last week Capt. Plummer, of the Grauite, and Other interested parties were here look ing for a site for smelting and reduction works. It is highly probable that such works will be erected by them at or near the mouth of Flint creek. The water power there is as good, if not the best, in the county. Wood is plentiful, and its conti guousness to the main line of the N. P. R. R. are evidently the reasons the company pro. pose building there. Other buildings, such as residences, will go up here this summer. Messrs. John A. Featherman and Louie Hendrickson have brick in place ready to commence operations at any time. In a few years I expect to see New Chicago overshadow Anaconda, like Mt. Powell does a mushroom. Then that division question will be agitated and pushed to consummation. POLITICAL CHAT. It is nearly time the festive candidate, with his pockets full of money and his mouth full of promises, was showing up. Come this way, boys. Rube Conn and Pete Fowler have just got in four barrels of Kentucky Bonrbon, and two faucets in each barrel. The Democrats want Wm. Wallace for County Commissioner next time. The Re publicans say Featherman, Morse or Ding wall will do just as well. Jerry McKay is on a still hun t for the office of Coroner. I see in your last issue where the Post master General had extended the franking privilege to the National Legislative De partment. This is as it should be, as our Senators and Congressmen are entitled to all the benefits that our Chief Executive is, and if I remember correctly, Mr. Cleveland has had a monopoly of the "Frank"-ing privi. lege for the last three years. Prediction: Democratic nominees-For President, Cleve land, New York; Vice President, Gray, of Indians. Republican nominees--For Presi dent, Depew, New York; Vice President, Allison, of Iowa. Territorial nominations- Democratic, G. W. Stapleton, of Butte; Re publican, W. J. Galbraith, of Deer Lodge. NoTNUoH. SECOND JUDICIAL DISTRICT COURT. April Term, 1888.-Stephen DeWolfe, Asso ciate Justice, Presidingy Frank E. Corbett, Clerk; Welling Napton, Deputy Clerk; Lew. Coleman. Sheriff. APRIL 26, 1888. 2489--James E. Marcum et al vs Lew Coleman et al; judgment for defendant for costs; plaintiff appeals to Supreme Court. 2511-Territory of Montana vs Edgar H. Stanton; for perjury; jury return verdict of not guilty. -512--Territory of Montana vs Job n Lan on; for defacing public notice; case on trial before ajoury;verdict of not guilty. 2331-G. W. Jackson vs Thomas Teraille case tried before the court without a jury; judgment for plaintiff. ABPnIL 27, 1888. 2341-Chas. P. H. Bieleaberg vs Montana Union Ry. Co; for damages- case on trial t fore a jury; verdict orpaifffoa r r8250 t 2472--Foster.Estes M-cantile Co. vs David 2506-Territory of Montana vs Wm. J. Martin; order of court that Sheriff convey sr defendant to Silver Bow County. 2387-John Caplice vs N B Ringeling et al; plaintiff" in defanlt; Court gives judgment for defendant. APRIL 30, 1888. 'I 2514-Territory of Montana vs Hiram S I Blanchard; for grand larceny; case on trial e by jury: motion by defendant for instruction e to bring in verdict of not gusty granted; jury return verdict of not guilty. 2575-Territory of Montana vs Hiram S Blanchard; for grand larceny; nolle proseque entered. 2576-Territory of Montana vs Hiram 8 te Blanchard; for grand larceny; nolle prosequi n entered. In MAY 1, 1888. s, 2448-Bonner Mercantile Co vs Moses Rob to erts; dismissed as settled. 2450-P A Schilling vs James Carter, dis missed as settled. at 2373-Arneax McAndreas vs John W Opp as et al; decree for plaintiff by consent. is 2374-Helen C Harper vs John W Opp et al; decree for plaintiff by consent. i 2498-Helen C Harper vs John W Opp et al; dismissed as settled. d 2385-John W Oup vs Black Pine Mining Co; dismissed as settled. e 2426-James A Murray vs City of Butte; st continued for the term. c, 2368-Jas B McMasters vs Board of County Commissioners of Deer Lodge County; dis missed without prejudice. The bonds of County Commissioners ex amined and approved. 2358-Frank R Miles vs Bullas Parrott et al; for breach of contract; case tried by jury; verdict by plaintiff for $94.50 and costs. Trial jury discharged for the term. MAY 2, 1888. r 2509-Territory of Montana vs E Ti s Stanton; for escape from jail; motion for new trial overruled and defendlant sentenced r to one year in penitentiary. d 2439-Territory of Montana vs John A I Rowand; for murder; motion for new trial overruled; defendant sentenced to peniten tiary for life. Territory of Montana vs Joseph Mackey; for defacing public notice; motion for new trial overruled. 2243-Chas DuBey vs D J Brownell; mo s tion for new trial overraled. Court adjourned sine die. a - e DEER LODGE PUBLIC SCHOOL. Principal's ltReport for ithe Third Quarter, 1888. The following is the report of Deer Lodge Public Schools for the third quarter, ending April 13th, 1888. Number of pupils enrolled to date....... 2:.3 First Primary ............................. 48 Second Primary......................... 46 Intermediate Department.............. 59 Grammar Department ................. 45 High School .............................. 35 PER CENT. OF ATTENDANCE. First Primary-Boys 95, girls 94. Second Primary-Boys 95, girls 93. Intermediate-Boys 85, girls 94. Grammar-Boys 97, girls 93. High School-Boys 98, girls 94. AVERAGE SCHOLARSHIP OF CLASSES. First Primary-B class 78, A class 80. Second Primary-B class 84, A class 80. Intermediate-B class 78, A class 80. Grammar-B class 83, A class 79. High School-First year's class 76, Second year's class 83, Third year's class 85. NAMES OF PUPILS ATTAINING THE HIGHIIEST GRADE OF SCHOLARSHIP. First Primary-B class, Emma Johnson, 80; A class, Eddie Estill, 85. Second Primary-B class, Willie Kohrs, 93; A class, Willie Galbraith, 95. Intermediate-B class, Maud Stevenson, 90; A class, Jessie Stuart, 90; Etta Bennett, 90; Amy Smith, 90, Christina Miller, 90. Grammar-B class, Evaline Van Gundy, 94; A class, Clara Bien, 87. High School - First year's class, May Banard, 93; Charlie Adams, 93; Second year's class, Lewis Coleman, 79; Third year's class, Norma Robinson, 87. ROLL OF HONOR. This is composed of pupils who have been exemplary in their deportment and applica tion, and who have been neither absent nor tardy without a valid excuse: FIRST PRIMARY. Those who have been neither absent nor tardy: Theo. Stackpole, Eddie Wilson, Emma Johnson and Claude Schroeder. Those absent for a valid reason: Hurt Mil ler, Berry Strauhal. SECOND PRIMARY. Those who have been neither absent nor tardy: Emily Douglas, Mary Cockrell, Eddie Estill, Willie Dunlap, Karl Peterson, Jessie Stackpole, Jimmie Estill, Fred Foster, Wil lie Galbraith and Eddie Ward. Those absent for a valid reason: Willie Mitchell, Henry Trahant, Henry Kantner, Eva Glass, Howard Blelenberg and Eflie Christofferson. To h INRTERMEDIATE. Those who have been neither absent nor tardy: Clara Galbraith, Pearl Hoffman Amy Smith, Tina Miller, Allen Williams, Mary Those absent for a valid reason: Etta Ben nett, Delia Estill, Ada Foster, Annie Han sen, John Reed, George Martz, Jessie Stuart, Minnie Christofferson, Arthur Ste venson, Exeos Richards, Percy Napton Britton Miller, Bee Hensley, Thomas Doo ley, Thomas Fahey, Joe Cosleman, Lewis Sawyer, Scynthia Nelson, Oleta Hensley. GRAMTrAR. Those who have been neither absent nor tardy: Oliver Olson, Allen Van Gundy, Maggie Wilson, Evalmne Van Gundy, Cor nelia Van Gqundyv, Jessie Humber, Nora Estill, Herbert Albee, George Thom"s, Fred. Trahant, James Beaton. Those absent for a valid reason: Ida O'Bnnon., .lice Coleman, Armidas Rich ards, Benie Golde, Willie Scblicting. HiGH SCHOOL. Those who have been neither absent nor tardy: May Woolfolk Jnhn Batterton Lewis Coletman, Retta Wardl May B.nar1°" Charie Adams, Morrel ..... Fre.d Those absent for a validl reason: Noa j Robinson, Maggie Evans, Ella Galbraith. BRULLETIN HOARD. The Bulletin Board takes cognizance of C the school room. m First Primary, 91; Second Primary, 92}; In- P termediate, 82; Grqmiar 82..High School, 91. - .... H. M ns. Prinnin1l AUCTION SALE Li ery Stable anl hEi mre Ranch, Residence, Stock, Eltc,, Etc,, A Deer h a Id , M! 5, 16, A Grand Chance for Bargains. WILL OFFER AT PUBLIC AUCTION, m front of my Livery Stable, Deer Lodge, at 10 a. m. Sat. u rdav, Iay 5, 1888, my Livery Stable and Lots. Aba sledded lots in rear, 4 Buggies, 1 Carriage, 1 Spring Wagon, 4 Farm1 Wagons, 3 Sleighs, 14 D'ble Sets Harness, 2 Single Sets Harness, 4ncd General Livery Oittfit of Saddles, Robes, Etc. ALSO 30 HEAD OF Heavy Draft or Road Horses, And 20 Smaller Carriage and Saddle Horses ALL WELL BRO(KE. Also my RANCH OF 400 ACRES of enclosed land-principally hay land, and produring 300 tons of hay annually-one mile soluth of Dcer Lodgte, withl Residence, Barns. Blacksmith Shto, and all other improvements thereon: also all ntachin.s, inlplements and tools thereon, too numerous to men. tion. Also 30 Head of Stock Cattle. All lIorses and Cattle being at the Stab'c when sold ALSO MY RESIDENCE and 4 lots of ground, corner of 4th and F tst., Deer Lodge, with all improvements thereon. TRRMS OF SALE.-For all sums under $100, cash, For all sunms from $100 to $500, six months bankable note at 10 per cent. interest per annum. All spms over $5 0, twelve months bankable note at 10 per cent. per annum. JAMES W. ESTILL, April 4,1888. 978 td Deer Lodge, Montana. ALBERT KLEINSCflMIDT, President, ADDISON SMITII, Vice Pres'r, JOIIN F. STRAUII. L, General Mlanager C. S. SCHROEDER, Ass't Gen' Manager. P. BADER, Sec'y and Treas'r. A, IMIEOMIWT Mco, Limited, Succesors.to A. Klellnschmidt & Co,. DEALERS IN DRY GOODS, CLOTHllG, CA PETS, oentlemllon's Furnishing ooDs, 3 OTIO . S, BOOTS 4 SHOES, Hats and Caps, GROCERIES AND CIGARS, A SPECIALTY IS MADE OF KEEPING First-class Coods Only. S. R. ANDRUS, S0uu0 an8 S911 Painting Main St., Deer Lodge, M. T, First-class Calsomining avd Tinting Dmol 1ne h ar Hsnging ucl Iarting apidy .Leave Orders at Deer Lodze Drug Co's nWar, or at Shop, just opposite. tf Notice of Sale of Rt~al and Per sonal Property. In the Probate Court of Deer Lole county, Terite rv of Montantia In the matter of the estate ot lola A. 3ller d: ceased. Is-eiece o1 an Notice is hereby ,iven that in p rtll "ue . order of the Probate Conrt of Deer Ld._ oll, I 'erritory of Montana, nlde on the 21t day ofi A.erl 1088, in the matter of the esate of Johiln A).illt d, deceased, the unlersigned administrator "li t bi.d ustate will sell at public lacltiol, t) the lnl'L- bhte' .cr, and subject to ronfirmtion by stidl r,.et l'ourt. on Sattlurday, the 19tb dao of yr. i l , il front of the dwellilne hons o of eceasetd a' 1.,oer. n. . of said day, all the rihlt. title anl iii t at 'td ertale of the said John A. Miller at tl i:nere, hiS death, and all the right, title IIsi ireet hat the said estate ha. by opretion of lIre e, i"t rwise, acqitiredl, other tllhan or in :la 1ili it t' Ill he said John A. M:lher at the t ne of h i ,.ejnll nd to that piece or ,, eel of I-l ei, a ri ti rhe s, lon .. heri-on. aitiuattd, lying . .. I ll .re.'in .i'' erritlll If Doer lodge and county of Deer lodll,', 'li hal if Moitana, as tol!orws, to-it: Ti rtriln'l "I3 If lots Nos. eleven [ll], twerlie [Id], thirtiti nd forltteen ,l il block No. ort. y r lrl , ordina to the oflitril pirtt hii urey o t itre owniti-. Andl also all of the h ....hi , .,d11 nd pri-t rty as desriled in the iLventury raiemcunt fliled hlerein. JOSEIl LODG d dministrator of the estate of John A. Miller, deC 981 4t