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THE NEW NORTH-WEST.
TAMES H. MILLS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER. The Official Paper of Deer Lodge County ENTERED IN THE DEER LODGE, MONTANA, POSTOFFICE FOB TRANSMISSION AS SECOND CLASS MAIL MATTER. REPUBLICAN CONVENTION. A Territorial Republican Convention will be held at Livingston on the 19th day of May, 1688, at 10 o'clock in the forenoon, for the purpose of electing two Del egates and two Alternate Delegates to the Republican National Convention, to be held at Chicago, June 19, 1888, to nominate candidates for President and Vice President of the United States. The several coun ties will be entitled to representatives as fo'lows: Corrnas. No. or DzLxoAvTs. .saverhead...................................... 4 Cascade..................................... 8 Chotea......................................... Datwso ..... ........................... ... o Deer Lod a ....................................... 10 eleaterson ........................................... i CLewti n a Carke...... ...........................1 Madison e . ................................ 4 Palr ... ................................. 4 Mea her .......... ....... ........................ 8 M itaula ......................................r.. 7 bilver Bow......................................16 Yellowstone ............................. a Total.......................................190 The county Republican Committees of the several counties, [except Cascade] will proceed to call County Conventions In their respective counties, and elect Delegates and Alternate Delegates to the Territorial Convention as above desigsated. In Cascade county the County Convention may le called bythe memer of the 'erritorial Committee of It is desired that ample notice of such Conventions be given. The following rules have been adopted for the gov ernment of the Republican Territorial Conventions In the Territory of Montana- 1-Delegates and Alternate Delegates shall be elec ted In the future to Territorial Conventions, and in the event of the failure of a Delegate to attend, the Alten ate Delegate shall cast the vote of the Delegate whom Alternate he,-. w-In the absence of a Delegate and his Alternate, a majority of the delegation from that county shall cat the vote of the absentee. 8-In the absence of all the Delegates and Alternate Delegates from any county, no vote shall be cast for such county. 4--In the county in which the Territorial Conven tlon shall be held, when any Delegate and his Alter nate Delegate are absent, there shall he no vote cast in their behalf S-Delegates and Alternates must be Republican reldents of the county which they represent. By order of the Territorial Repubilcan Committee. l. Sainshena, IsaAc D. McCrvc.aoxa Secretary. 99l Chairman. SENATOR Voounuzs on Tuesday apolo gized to the Senate for the unparliamentary leanguge he used n his debate with Ingalls. TEh Republican County Convention will be held here to-morrow, beginning at 10 a. m. A fall delegation was regularly elected here last Saturday.. THE Mullan Tunnel ire seems to be ex tinguished, and the damage is estimated as low as $10,000. It will requre some time, however to clear it for operation. TE. Pope's Rescript was not kindly received by members of the League in Ire land, and there has been considerable back talk. But it will be obeyed all the same. FOR the fifth suceeasive term S01 Star was elected Mayor of Deadwood, Dakota, May 4th. J. K. P. Miller was his opponent, but was absent during most of the campaign. A TOW-BOAT with barges in tow collided with three United States war vessels at an chor in front of New Orleans during a heavy storm Monday afternoon. Two of the barges were sunk; loss $80,000. The damage to the U. S. Navy is not stated. DR. BLISS, who attended President Gar field after he was shot by Goiteau, is consid ered fatally ill with an affection of the heart, and Dr. Douglas, who attended Gen. Grant, is also reported dangerously ill. They who ward death from their patients are alike vulnerable to the Insatiate foe. TEE trouble between Rev. W. A. Shan non, who held the credentials, and Rev. F. A. Riggin, who was contesting member for a seat in the Methodist Episcopal Conference in New York, resulted in a majority report favoring Riggin and a minority report favor ing Shannon, the latter being adopted. There has been as quite bitter feeling over the matter. 1T 18 stated on apparently competent au thority that the Manitoba and NortLern Pacific companies have agreed on ito further extensions of their re-spective systems in Montana thisyear than to complete work J now in progress. This will be a disappoint ment to Madison County especially, but] these feeder lines will prove so profitable [ that further extension will not be lone ,le layved. NELSON BENNETT completed the Cascade Tunnel last Saturday. It is 9,850 feet long -only exceeded in the United States by the Hoosac Tunnel. Tacoma had a great glori fication. Mr. Bennett has been very success ful in the Cascade Tunnel contract, and has broken all previous tunnel records during the two years' work. He presented his brother, who had immediate charge, with $25,000 in addition to his salary. The tun nel cost $2,000,000. '"VESTIBULE TRAINS" are all the go. And they are good things to go, or go in. The cars are connected with flexible material something after the nature of the bellows of an accordeon, and instead of being exposed to furious storms or sudden cold in passing from one car to another, as is possible now, the platforms are safely enclosed "vesti bules" where one may pass without the dan ger or annoyance of gales, dust, smoke, ice or rain. A year ago they were an idea, or a name; to-day all the first-class roads are adopting them. Now, if they only would fire out the car stoves, instead of firing them up and routing passengers, the American people, that haven't been burnt up yet would be ever so much obliged. REFERRINGa to the "triple leaded" sensa tion published in the Philadelphia Times that the friends of Blaine in New York had received the latter's assent to an aggressive movement for his renomination, the New York Tribune says "It is merely goose food" -nothing in it; Stephen B. Elkins had not heard of any such message and did not be lieve it; Chairman Jones, of Pittsburg, did not believe it, but believed Blaine meant every word he said in his letter of declina tion. The trouble with the Times and its ilk is that as long as Blaine is a possible candidate they have to keep their guns trained upon him constantly, and they want to force an iron-clad expression of refusal from him so they may turn their guns on others. THn act of Congress which the President approved the other day affirming the agree ment as to opening northern reservations to settlement adds 17,500,000 acres to settle ment and title by actual settlers in Montana. It will add vast areas of excellent land to the cultivable domain of the Territory, and from what we learn of it will quickly be populated more densely than the lands east of Livingston on the Northern Pacific. The Manitoba Railroad Company has worked energetically and at much expense to secure I this consummation to build up local traffic and travel along several hundred miles of I its line, but the result will inure as well to the benefit of the Territory, adding largely i to Its population and wealth and peacefully I so)ring the Indian question in one of the I dsangerous strongholds. There has never I been a better thing done by Congress for Moltana, for all concerned, than this open- i ins of the northern reservations. And yet t President:Cleveland deferred its approval to a the last day of his limit. ] THE PR EBri3fT DEMB" *OI C The Masuousia of last week was in formoeby Mr. A. S. Caldwell, Government Timber Agent, that any person or assoeiatlo has a fight to cat timber from public mine ral lands and dispose of it in, any manner, except that they must not sell it to the rail road or transport it out of the Territory. A to timber on non-mineral public landst pc one can remove-it or purchase it from the government. It may be removed by setual settlers in order to clear the land or raise mogey for makingnecessary improvements. This is ln substance the present policy of the Department. As to what lands are main eral or non-mineral, the person cutting the timber must determine, and if the Govern ment prosecutes the question is decided by jury. If this is the "plan of campaign" and the "boycott" the Government proposes to work on Montana it Is a fine administration our Democratic Central Committee has just endorsed. There is practically no timber on the mineral lands of Montana as they are now shown on the Government maps to work one in ten of the producing mines of Montana. Timber for them is necessarily obtained from what are classed as non-min eral lands, and any man is, under Mr. Cald well's interpretation, if he is correctly quoted, indictable and punishable unless he is "clearing the land" or "raising money for making necessary improvements." We ven ture to say there has never been an acre of timber land "cleared" in Montana for culti vation. The author of those instructions was off his base. "Raising money for mak nlog necessary improvements" on timber lands is absurd, because the land is not sur veyed so actual settlers can get title, and'no improvements are needed on timber lands. if there ever was a question affecting citizens of the United States handled with conspicu ous and zealous ignorance by the nterior Department It is this question of timber in the mineral regions. If timber cannot be cut and utilized by those who supply the miners and mill men, from any but what are classed as "mineral lands" by the Govern ment, then mining and reduction must cease and every industry In Montana will be para lyzed. We are pleased to see the Missoula Ga zette, edited by W. J. McCormick, Esq., Montana member of the National Demo cratic Committee, than whom -there is no editor in Montana more intimately conver sant with the facts as relates to this "timber question".ln Montana, come squarely and earnestly to the front in behalf of right and justice and the Territorial welfare, and con demn the policy of the Interior Department on this important question. This condem nation of persistent wrong to Montana does not tally with the approval of the Cleveland administration by the Central Committee a week or two ago. bhould there not have been an exception as to his views on timber, lead and wool? THE GEITYSBURG ANNIVERSARY. The world has never seen a re-union such as that which is proposed to be held at Gettys burg on the 1st, 2d and 3rd of July next. There, on the 25th anniversary of the great battle, the Society of the Army of the Po tomac, (composed of survivors of that army,) will meet, and have invited the survivors of the Army of Northern Virginia to meet with them as their guests. It will be such a meeting as has never been, such an one as can never be again, and so, one that will not only be historic, but sublime in its senti inent, influences and memories. Gettysburg was the battle that decided the war for the union; the oalance turned when Pickett's charge was repulsed never to swerve back. There two great armies, pitted against each other for four years, met in one of their greatest combats, on almost equal terms and stubbornly fought it out. The Army of the Potomac won the victory from as brave a foe as ever carried the standards of battle. That field has been written about as no other ever was save Waterloo, and has been preserved, embellished and defined by monuments as no other field ever was. And jow the two armies, what is left of them and such as can go, are to meet there againii peace and good will. Congress has heen askr-d to appropri ate $25,000 for the occasion, but whether it bhall or not, whether they shall have shelter or lie under the beatir'g rains as tlhey did a juarter ofa century ago, the survivors cf he great battle and multitudes of others, will gather by tens of thousands to partici pate in the great anniversary, unexampled n all the annals of time, look again on the Seightsthat were sheeted with the flame of thundering cannon, on the valleys that were :rimsoned with death arnd in the now friend y eyes that were then seen only behind the nurderous rifle and musket of angry men. What days they will be for the veterans oj hat field who have lived through five and wenty years to see them, and who before mother twenty-five will be "Under the sod and the dew Waiting the Judgment Dn.y." MA.OB McConMIcK, In the Missoula Ga zette, enters into an explanation in extenso, in I reply to a paragraph in this paper, of why a Dr. Mitchell was not appointed four years I ago as a member of the National Committee f and why Major McCormick was, and why he I held on to it. We have been thoroughly conversant with the facts all the time, Major, and believe they were published soon after the convention. What a bad man that Bar num was, and what a pity you couldn't run him and his "mules" into the brush, and how sad it was that he held the fort so you couldn't resign in favor of Mitchell, and well, what a wicked world this is, anyhow! IF he hasn't let go of hia interest in it our old friend Samuel Wilkinson, Secretary of the N. P. R. R. Company, may be happy yet. An exchange says: "Henry Ward Beecher's "Life of Christ" will be issued in two large volumes some time next fall by Charles L. Webster & Co. Each volume will contain over 600 pages. Of the 28 chapters in the work Mr. Beecher, at the time of his death, had completed 25. The remaining three chapters will be the work of Dr. Lyman Abbott, now the tem porary successor of Mr. Beecher in the pul pit of Plymouth Church. In the volume of this work published before the trouble with Theodore Tilton there were printed 18of these 28 chapters. It was this celebrated work the genial and gifted Secretary remarked during the Beecher-Tilton trial would "be knocked higher than a kite" by the disagreeable situ ation affairs were assuming. A STATEMENT was published in the east ern press immediately after Conkling's death that Senator Chaffee, during the early part of the last Presidential campaign, realizing that Conkling's assistance would be a great help to Blaine, sought out the former, who promised that if Blaine would write him a personal letter asking his assistance he would reply in an open letter pledging his active support; that Blaine promptly and gladly wrote such letter; that it was placed in the hands of his son, Walker Blaine, for delivery; that the latter went to New York, fell in with certain Republicans who did not want Conklhng in the campaign and the let ter was suppressed and never reached Conk ling, who became indignant at the repulse 1 and stood aloof during the campaign. This inside history Is now vouched for as correct by A. M. Hughes, Jr., Chairman of the State Republican Executive committee of I Tennessee. It will neither help nor harm I Conkling now, but if these statements are a true the defeat of Blaine rests on other I shoulders than those of the alliterative I Burchard, and the facts should be known. I CHAFF AID COMMYYT. But people thaven't got mhob time for and one man these days-eespecially the one whc considers his person sacred-and fossilized a gods are at a diseont, The free and bnde peandent American don't recognize the right of anybody to see up a piece of antiquarlam re statuary that takes up all the room in the ar . gallery. Bit hie does reserve the right to crack anybody or anything, as suits hib fancy, yet, at the same time, concedes the o right to anybody to crack back, either with or without gloves.-Independent. SSo this is your grievance, is it, Mr. Eastln e You found a few newspaper men in and about Montana on your recent advent who, through personal good will, occasilonally said a perhaps undeserved kind word ofone who is not an office seeker, and who has been in the newspaper business here some time, who had always a welcome for new Smen with better methods, and whom some of the late comers had not found it necessary to bate. The facts riled you, excited your petty animosity, and you concluded to throw mud at him. You are offwrong,'and if you r have average sense you know it. You were throwing mud and malice at a great rate. It was becoming habitual and a nuisance to the public generally. We trust the rebuke will do you good. We snubbed you princi pally as a precaution against your spreading an infectious disease in Montana, the Legis lature not having apprehended your coming with your methods when it passed the gen eral quarantine act. And you are off wrong f again when you think the "free and inde pendent American has a right to crack any body or anything." He has no right to crack a safe; neither has he a right to assas sinate character. Please learn these things; yop may not feel so "free and independent," bu you may be a better man. He (Mr. Waters.) is sensible enough, too. to idistinguish between jocular pleasantry and deliberate ridicule. Ibid. 4nd that Is just where the editor of the rIndependent falls. The line of distinction between malicious buffoonery and "jocular pleasantry" is broad enough and strong enough that it need not be crossed by any sensible man except with intent. Everything that has been said by the Inde pendent was based upon information gleaned from a sourcethat was considered reliable one of the most prominent Republicans in the Territory. If he maliciously misrepre sented the facts-which there is no evidence of his having done-no great harm has re sulted from it, and there is no occasion for the belching out of a lot of bile. ibid. Tien you must have suckled your misin formation from some one with a grievance, or encountered a humorous Montana Mephis topheles, who, seeing you bound into Mon tana politics with cap and bells, gave you his tarred stick for your jester's wand. Be ware of "sich." He is likely to hand you the other end of the stick when he gets oc casion. At one time he (the editor of the NEW NORTH-WasT) when he had no newspaper competition, posed as a great man. But the conditions have changed very radically. He has retrograded while everything has grown away from him. Ibid. That time never existed. If you shall ever be the peer of such men in the Demo cratic ranks as Maginnls, Ronan, Wilkeson, Bruce, Rogers, Woolfolk, Johnson, Hendry and a dozen others who have occupied Dem ocratic editorial chairs and are gone, you will have to change hats or wear a bandanna on your brow. We should say the condi tions have changed radically. Shades of the departed have mercy on you! Don't inflate. The frog bursted, you know, before it reached the proportions of the ox. Be truth ful and sincere. Take your conscience up Mount Helena for exercise and develop it a little. If you "come to the country with one lung and two galls," as the saying goes, give your galls a rest. And don't throw mud in an alkali country. It might irritate your cuticle. Don't imagine that a big town or a big city will make a big man of you. The town is not the measure of the man. There are plenty of idiots in big towns, who some times accidentally get into too big places. Don't destroy a paper that good editors have built up. And don't take any of this advice unless you wish to. You may prefer your baths real hot, you know. Ta, ta. THE Helena independent, barring a slash at us, which is legitimate if it sees proper to take that line, was remarkably improved this week over preceeding issues. The ab sence of ribaldry and contemptible dispar agement of prominent men whom it sus pects oe political ambition is conspicuous and commendable. A man is not less entitled to fair play and respectful mention that he is a candidate. Slanders and lies and "dirty work" are just as disreputable in politics as in any thing else. Newspaper men are sometimhes misled, and in the heat of cam paigns pmay get off wrong, or say things af- : terward regretted, but they can always endeavor to avoid these things, and should. If we can draw the fire of our erring brother quill until besbhall have exhausted his maga zine of mistakes, so that henceforth others will have immunity, we will be content, and we trust our readers, who have not been imposed upon much in that way, will be in dulgent while we "digress." The Indepen- I dent has been our special admiration as a newspaper for some time, and we do not want to see it go down without some effort to save it. IPUH iPS opportunely, comes the startling information that Wm. T. Coleman & Co., one of the largest, and considered one of the soundest mercantile institutions on the Pa clfic Coyt, has gone down in a financial wreck beyond redemption if the Mills tariff bill shall prevail. Mr. Coleman is one of the most eminent business men in the United States, honest, sagacious and wise. His house has been established nearly fifty years and has been a synonym for integrity and solidity. Yet a little item, placing a relatively unimportant commodity on the free list in a bill as yet not passed, has broken this great commercial institution like a reed. iWhat, then, may we expect to see result w en thousands of industries and in vestmentd, involving infinitely greater inte rests and the occupation of millions of Americat citizens, are enveloped by the crushing and killing boa constrictor with a free trade head and an English tall known as the Mills Tariff bill? The country, and especially California, will sorrow that Mr. Coleman, around whom the better element of that State rallied and won victory when crime an' corruption threatened its very life, is overwhelmed in his old age with so great a ruan, but it may, perhaps, be oppor tune to at y the wild partizan folly that Is now thre euing half the industries of the country, a d grateful hands may again place the house n its old firm basis. Coakling's Will Discovered. Nuw Y~sK, May 5.-[Special to the Tri bune-Co yright, 1888, by the California Associated Press.]-Roscoe Conkling's will has been discovered and will be filed for probate nest week. It is dated Utica, New York, Msa1867. All his property is left to his wife wo is made sole executrix. The estate is vluned at $150,000. 1one but American Flags. Nuw YO~, May 4.- A' large meeting to express ea lsfaction with Mayor Hewitt's policy of displaying none but American flags on public bpildings was held at the Cooper Union to. ight. The bhall was profusely decorated ILth the national emblems. Peter Forrester presided, and Col. J. H. Pierce was secretary. Sanford E. Church was the first speaker. He said foreigners were wel- I come, but after they were here they could not I remain foreigners. The band played "Rally 1 Bound the Flag," and the audience joined in the chorl. Col. J. H. Pierce and Judge I R. H. Hannpn also spoke. I A STARTLISG FAILURE. wumleaT. Coleman co. sofa Franeseo,, .Assign. The Mills Tarif Bill a Cause. SAw BAxcCsco, May 71.-The whofesale emmplosion house of William T. CMian & Co. assigned to-day to L. L. Lker and Lewis Sloan for the benefit of theircredo tors. Frank D. Johnson, managing part ner of the firm, submitted a statement to the effect that the firm was unable to real ize upon its assets immediately, and in view of the pressing engagements of New York, where calls unon them for money were urgent, they had decided to make an assignment to prevent the dissipation of their property. Johnson places the assets of the arm at from four to four and one-half millions and the lia bilities at two millions. The indebtedness in California, with the exception of a num ber of small amounts, is confined to four banks and two individuals. Johnson further states that among the most valuable assets of the firm is borax property, which is valued at two million, and that the negotia tions for the sale of which were in a fair way to be consummated, when the an nouncement of the tariff bill placing borax on the free list tended to make abortive all efforts in that direction. The firm feel con fident that the resources are sufficient to more than meet all engagements. The banks mentioned as creditors are the Bank of California, the Bank of British Columbia, the Nevada Bank and the Bank of British North America. The firm is indebted to the Bank of California $190,000, of which $130,000 are secured. It is estimated that the firm owes the Bank of British Columbia $100,000, the Nevada Bank $220,000 and the Bank of British North America $100,000. It is stated that of the whole amount of in debtedness one-half is In this State and the other half in the East. The house was founded by Wi. T. Coleman in 1840. Since that time it has taken the foremost place in business places in the East. It has agencies at Astoria, Oregon; New York, Chicago and London; also acts as agent for a large number of manufacturers and produc ing establishments and for the principal salmon canneries of the Pacific Coast. The shipping department is agent for several lines of clippers to and from Australia, China and other ports. Wm. T. Coleman, in an interview, states as the direct cause of the assignment: "I needed $300,000 to meet obligations in New York to-day and could not raise it without making promises and assuming obligations I saw no possibility of meeting." v SUICIDE OF GENERAL MARTIN BEEM. 9 Domestic Infelicity the Alleged Cause. CHICAGo, May 3.-Gen. Martin Beem of this city shot himself dead yesteday at Stan. I ton,Neb., whether from accident or design is not known. It is said that the deed was done because of family trouble, but this is not believed by his friends. Mrs. Beem's maiden name was uase, and her father Ra cine's millionaire horse owner and mann facturer, J. I. Case. She was living with her father at Nenah and Menasha, where she met Gen. Beem, nearly seven years ago. Their marriage followed shortly afterward. The General at that time was forty-six and Mrs. Beem was only twenty-six. Gen. Beem was a member of both the Illinois and Union League clubs. His title of General was one that was given him by his friends, and not one that he won in the army, wheze his rank was captain. OMAHA, May 4.-Further particulars con cerning the suicide of Gen. Martin Beem of Chicago at Stanton Neb., were received hereto.-day. The vrrdict or the July is that B)eem came to his death by a pistol shot from some unknown source. Gen. Beem arrived in Stanton last Sunday from Chicago, and hiring a livery rig drove out to the ranch of Case, his wife's father, several miles from Stanton. On Monday it was noticed that he was acting very strangely. He wanted togo ont into the valley to shoot wild geese with a revolver, and also wanted the family to leave the house. He was apparently on good terms with his wife, whom he came to visit on Tuesday evening. After supper he told his wife that she ha:1 better go to her room and lie down and take a nap, which she did. Mr. Case and son went to the barn to attend to the stock. Mr. Beem said he would go to his wife's room and tell his wife he would read awhile before lying down and she in a few minutes fell -asleep. She testi fied before the jury that she did not hear either of the two shots. There were two shots fired three or four seconds apart. The first shot did nottake effect. The second entered Beem's body just above the heart, killing him instantly. The noise of the falling body and of others coming into the room awakened his wife. Her father Mr. Case found her standing at the head of the stairs with her hands pressed against her ears. She seemed to be almost out of her mind. Her husband had fallen face downwards across a chair. He made two or three gasps when turned over by Mr. Case and expired. Mr. and Mrs. Beem had not lived together for some years, their married life not being a pleasant one. The body will be sent to Alton Ill., for interment. Gen. Beem was a prom nent lawyer and politician of Chicago. CHICAGO. May 6.-The Times will print a statement to the effect that the Veteran Union League of Chicago, of which the late General Martin Beem was a member, will probably hold a meeting to discuss measures for investigating the mystery of his supposed suicide in Nebraska. Mrs. Beem arrived here to-day from Alton, where she attended the burial of the dead soldier. A new feat ure of the case is her statement that the General attempted to murder her before he shot himself. This does not correspond with previous versions of the tragedy re= ceived in Chicago and supposed to have been derived originally from Mrs. Beems. They were in effect that the two shots fired I were both direeted by the General against himself. Mrs. Beem's statemeht here is that she was awakened by feeling a pistol In the hands of the General being pressed against her and that the discharge was, de fleeted by her throwing up her arm, the ball cutting a hole in her dress at the shoulder. I General Beem, she says immediately turned the weapon upon himself and died almost instantly. c CHICAGO, May 7.- The Union Veteran L Club at a private meeting to-night appointed r a committee of four to solve the mystery c surrounding the death of Martin Beem, who ti was reported to have committed suicide in P his wife's presence at her father's Nebraska - ranch. Instructions were given the com-. b mittee to spare neither cost nor effort. The ' club will co-operate with the Grand Army t post at Alton, which has also taken an in- i terest in the matter. a n A Tragedy Without Spectators. u ARINGTON, Neb., May 4.-At 6 o'clock IT this morning fire was seen on the farm of is Widow Freeze, one mile out of town. A aI posse of citizens went out and were horrified o o find the remains of seven human beings, sat nly identified by their stature as follows: tL Jid lady Freeze, Fred Gratelaschen, hls ti wife and three children and Fred's brother u houis, scattered in different parts of the barn t imong the horses and cows, some ffteen of te which were also burned. One theory is at oul play; another Is that each member of di he family aimed to save the animals. All o0 iiled and were suffaocated suddenly. The at lsaughter, who is away visiting, Ia the only to arrivor of tbe family, but it Is reported that sa he hired man canano befound.n . ; TELEGRAMS IN BRIEFs . 'Dom Pedro, Emperor of Brazil, is serious Sly ill at Milan. Lord Stanley, of Preston, is gazetted gov ernor general of Canada. Johl P. Donner knooked out Paddy Byan a in Dulutha few nights ago. a Hon. James Birney, died at Bay city, J1ich., Wednesday, aged 70 years. SCharles Lyman, chief of the Dead Letter office, died in Washington; May 4th, aged 80 years. Mrs Paran Stevens, of New York, warned the American News Company against circu r lating last weeks issue of Truth which con tained a scandalous story in which she and the Duke of Marlborough figure. A Philadelphia dispatch says General Jo t seph E. Johnson, highest in the rank of liv ing officers in the Confederate Army, has been unanimously elected an honorary mem ber of E. B. Baker Post No.8 G. A. R. of this city. He is the first ex-Confederate sol dier who has ever been received into the ranks of the Grand Aroy Post. r PASTORAL SPORTS. r I The Favorite Diversion of Native Califor 5 ialas. r The carrera del gallo, next to horse racing, was one of the most popular sports among c the native Californians. A live cock was I buried with the head above ground. At a signal a horseman would start at full speed s from a distance of about sixty yards, and if a by a dextrous swoop he could take the bird t by the head, he was loudly applauded. , Should he fail, he was greeted with derisive Slaughter, and was sometimes unhorsed with violence, or dragged in the dust at the risk i of brdaking his limbs or neck. Another t amusement was to place a rawhide on the a ground, and riding at full speed to suddenly a rein in the horse the moment his fore feet struck the hide. There was also the running or coursing of a bulls. For this sport a large space of ground was enclosed by a stout fence, outside of which were erected stands for the spectators. The bull was turned loose in the arena i among a hundred or more mounted men, while on the outside were an equal number of horsemen. Those within the enclosure, who were the best horsemen and generally I the most prominent of the ranchers, baited i the bull with their mangas or serapes. The I animal was occasionally pricked by an iron pointed lance of about four feet in length. When the bull had become tired, and conse quently less mettlesome, the gate was [ opened and he was driven forth at full speed. Behind him came those in the en closure, joined by those on the outside, and the whole mad crowd strove to seize the animal by the tail and throw him. In dis puting this honor there was much jostling and coming together of horses; it was fright ful to behold such a mass of men and horses tearing out of the enclosure at the risk of life and limb. On these occasions there were always men and horses more or less injured. Several bulls in succession were thus coursed. Another diversion also on horseback, was known as the game of rods. The players formed in a ring, the horses facing inwards. One of the Cumber then rode around the circle, having in his hand a stout rod of quince, or other similar wood, and he passed the rod behind him to one of the other play ers. Whoever received the rod pursued the giver, directing blows at his shoulders, which the latter, by the exercise of skilful horsemanship endeavored to elude, auntil gaining a vacant place in the circle he was exempt from further persecution. This sport was continued for hours, and whoever was not a skilled horseman received a good drubbing. A bull and bear fight after the Sabbath services in church was a happy occasion in deed. IN, was a soul-refreshing sight to see the mad beasts tied together with a long riata made fast to a foot of each. The fight usually took place inside a strong wooden fence, behind which was erected a high platform for women and children. Most of the men were on horseback outside the ring, with riatas ready and loaded guns, in case the bear should leap the barrier or other ac cidents occur. The diversion was kept up for hours, or until one of the animals suc combed, and it often happened that both were killed. - Hubert Howe Bancroft's California Pastoral. "NEARER.TO SWEET EDEN'S SHORE." Is It Btst to Burn or to Bury the D"bead? PHILADELPHIA, Special.-The body of r Damon Y. Kilgore, the Spiritualist, was yes a terday cremated at the Philadelphia crema t torium. The services were conducted by I Spiritualists. Mrs. Kilgore, accompanied g by her two little girls, descended by a spiral g staircase to the cremating room, followed by n the rest of the party, except the speaker and a choir, who remained around the opening s through which the coffin had descended. The long, coffin-shaped iron pan called the crib was laid on the floor by the coffin, and was lined with long strips of muslin soaked B in alum. The body was then laid in the crib and completely covered with another r layer of soaked cloths to prevent the clothes t from taking fire. All this time Mrs. Kilgore and the little girls attentively watched the preparations. The crib was then caught up with iron handles and hung on an iron bar projecting from a truck at a height even with the furnace door. The truck was then wheeled to the furnace, when the air-tight door was opened with a patent wrench and as it swung back disclosed a long, narrow brick retort, glistening with red heat. The crib gently slid froth the arm of the truck and as it struck the red-hot floor of the re tort a bright blaze flashed around the feet. and before the door could be closed had en veloped the whole body. The choir stood around the hole above and sang, "Nearer to Sweet Eden's Shore." The family and friends of the dead man then took their last look at his burning body through a little glass peep ho:e in the door and the funeral was over. THE INTERSTATE LAW. Admendments Proposed by Senator Cullom. WAsaINGToN, Special.-A long series of amendments has been proposed in the sen ate for incorporation in the interstate com merce act. Among the important changes contemplated is one which requires that three days' notice shall be given in cases of reduction of rates. This is, of course, to se cure greater stability of rates and to prevent the cutting, which is so disastrous to the public as well as to the roads themselves. Another important change relates to under billing. The amendment makes shippers who are guilty of fraud in connection with their shipments, and who misrepresent the amount of their rates to the railroad officials, amenable to the same penalties which are now provided for the railroad officials who wilfully violate this provision of the law. The penalty for the violation of the act now is a fine not exceeding $5,000. The new amendment provides in addition that any one convicted of violating the law shall be subject to imprisonment for not exceeding two years, or be fined, or both, in the discre tion of the court. Members of the com mittee believe that these changes will make the law much more effective. The at tempt to agree upon any amendment which shbould prevent the competition of the Cans. dian Pacific and the Grand Trunk with our own trunk and transcontinental roads, was abandoned. The Canadian Pacific does not t touch our territory, and no means have been suggested by which the interstate law' cin be made applicable to it. SEND YOUR ORDERS TO O, J. ,HENNESSY & CO*, BUTTE, Dry Gods, Carpets, Ladies and Cildn's Suts WRAPS AND UNDERWEAR. MEN'S AND BO Y S' Clothing, Hats, Shoes, Shirts and Vnderear, The Best Goods and Lowest Prices in Montana. Goods delivered free in Deer Lodge or any part of Montana. an be Returned at Our Expense if not Satisiactory. SEND FOR SAMPLES AND PRICES. D. J. HENNESSY & CO. Chairman Jones Regarding Blaine. PITTSBuRG, May 5.--In an interview to day Chairman Jones, of the national Republican executive committee, said so far as Blaine's health was concerned be was as well as he ordinarily is. He said: "Blaine has not decided to be a candidate; he has not asked his friends to make an aggressive movement in his behalf; he has not written any letters declining the nomination the second time, and it is not true that he will be on the ocean and out of the reach of telegraph when the Chicago convention is in session. Blaine said he desired to remain aboad two years, but feared he would not be able to do so. I would not be surprised to hear he was com ing home next month, or that he would stay until next year. There is no denying the fact that ever since the declination there has been a growing sentiment among Repub licans that Blaine should accept the leader ship of the party in the ntext great battle. This movement has great strength and will be powerful if not the most powerful element in the convention. I do not think that it is the intention of Blaine to come out squarely for any candidate. He is only human, and may of course say so, and as my friend I would like to see him nominated, and such expression would have great weight." A Present for France. WAsaHNsToN, May 5.-The National theater was crowded to-night with a notice able, distinguished and brilliant audience. The occasion was the performance given under the auspices of the President and Mrs, Cleveland, and a committee of ladies very prominent in the social life of the capital, for the benefit of the fund with which it is proposed to procure a statue of George Washington for presentation to the French Republic. The stage attraction was Steele Mackaye's drama of "Paul Kauver," ad mirably performed under his personal di rection by the entire New York company Among the occupants of private boxes were the President and wife, Senator and Mrs. Jones, of Nevada, with Miss Bayard and the French Minister as their guests; the Chinese Minister and suite, Postmaster General and Mrs. Dickinson, Senator and Mrs. Hearst, of California, and General and Mrs. Sherman. The body of the house was filled with people of fashion and official distinction. The theater was draped with American flags fur nished by General Sheridan and French flags sent from the consulate at New York at the request of M. Houston, the French Minister. Another Chaska. ST. LouIs, April 27-Miss Ada Belle Rich ards, daughter of the late Capt. S. C. Rich ards of this city, acousin of President Arthur, was married here last night to Dr. Wright of the Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory. The groom is a quarter-blooded Choctaw Indian, son of the late Gov. Wright of the Indian Territory. He is a well-educated phy sician, thirty eight years old, and handsome. The couple became acquainted while Miss Richards was doing missionary work in the territory. A Good Will and Good Bye. EVArNSVILLE, Ind., Special.-Eugene De ford, a negro preacher, disappeared from Vincennes some time ago, just after making a will disposing of $1,000,000 worth of prop erty in Washington, Boston and New York city to different charitable institutions, in cluding the orphan asylum at Washington, Wayland seminary, and Orangeburg college. He has not been heard from for months, and leaving so mysteriously while suffering with a fatal malady he is thought to have been murdered. - -- I--- Powderly's Position. PHILADELPHIA, May 4.-General Master Workman Powderly has written a letter in which, after quoting from letters from all sections of the country, as well as from ar ticles in various labor papers, giving him advice as to what should be done at the coming election he says: "As the campaign warms up I will be annoyed still more, and take this opportunity to say that I am not a candidate for anything. I don't favor the turning of the Knights of Labor into a party and will have nothing to do with parties." Notice of Sale of Real and Per sonal Property. In the Probate Court of Deer Lodge county, Territo ry of 'ontana. In the matter of the estate of John A. Miller, de ceased. Notice is hereby given that in pursuancee ot an order of the Probate Cort 'of Deer Lodge county, Territory of Montana, made on the 21st day of April, 1888, in the matter of the estate of John A. Miller deceased, the undersigned administrator of the said' estate will sell at public auction, to the highest bid der, and subject to confirmation by said Probate Court. on Satnrday, the 19th day of May, 1888, in front of the dwelling house of deceased, at 11 o'clock a. in. of said day, all the tight, title and interest and estate of tee said John A. Miller at the time of his death, and all the riglht, title and intereet that the said estate has, by operation of law or oth. erwise, acquired, other than or in addition to that of the said John A. Miller at the time of his death, in and to that piece or arcel of land, and dwelhne onuse thereon, situated, lying and being in the town of Deer Lodge and county of Deer Lodge, Territory of Montana, as follow, to-wit: The undivided half f lots Nos. eleven , twelve , thirteen (13] tnd fourteene , in block No. forty.nine , ac cordlng to the ofleilal plat and survey of Deer Lodge wLnsitc. And also all-of the household furniture .ad prop':rty ea described In the itventory and ap ra lsetent filed hereoin. dm trat thetate JOSEPH LODGE, tdminlstrator of the estate of John A. Miller, dec'd. m-i. 41 COMPANiONSHIP. After some thought that leaped life's boundary Unto that icy night that broods afar, Beyond the gleam of the remotest star, The night from whence we came and whithe flee, A gulf of darkness and vacuity; Ultimate dread and doom of all that are, With which the throbbing pulses are at war, As sacred child affrighted by the sea; With what a shuddering speed we seek again The living contact of our own home fire, Whose ruddy comfort bickers higher and higher, Round which the dear, familiar faces stand, Clasping the warmth of reassuring hand, Happy to be aware of even pain! -Cornhill Magazine. In the Comstock Mines. Then when you think of the great depth of these mines; the gigantic, incomprehensi ble weight of the mass resting upon the timbers, and the traveling mountain in which are the mines and on which is Virginia City, you involve propositions that have stumped the deepest thinkers. For instance, queer polished sticks, as smooth as mahogany, and no thicker than my cane, are every once and a while taken out of the old workings. They are as hard and as heavy as iron, and a knife will not make a mark on them. Now, what are they? Originally they were twelve by twelve inch solid timbers, and the millions of tons bearing upon them in all directions, perpendicularly as well as laterally, for it is only in this way that mines can be timbered, haveeompressed them to this shape. They are found sometimes in bits, sometimes in long pieces, taken out where caves have oc curred and the workings displaced. No known mechanism at present, nor in any age of the past, so far as history recounts, has such power to compress and work marvels with wood.-San Francisco Examiner. Chew Your Food More. I am not much of an advocate of prepared foods for dyspeptics. They may spare the stomach some extra work, but it is better to do that by thorough mastication of the food before swallowing it. Let the teeth earn their board, and they and you will be all the better for it. The fellows in the army who ate "hard tack" had the strongest and best preserved teeth. What if they did knock off a piece of enamel occasionally, they gave their teeth pretty lively exerciso and strengthened the roots. In many cases of dyspepsia there is nothing whatever the matter with the stomach. The furnace is all right, but it is not given a chance' to draw properly. Coal is piled on too fast and the fire becomes choked up. Be a little easy with it, and it will work all right.-Physician in New York World. St. Petersburg's N'ovel Ceremony. The spring break up usually occurs about the middle of April, when all crossing upon the ice is stopped by the police, and the cere monies of opening the river take place. No boat is allowed to be launched till the gover nor of the city has passed up and down the entire distance and taken a goblet of water with his report to the emperor, who drinks it, and fills the silver cup with gold coins for the poor. Then the governor rows over the course again, declares the Neva-open to navi gation, and all the inhabitants who have boats or can hire them follow him with bands of music by day and fireworks by night, great festivities occurring in their houses and the places of public resort. A state ball is some times given to celebrate the opening of the. river.-William Eleroy Curtis in Chicago Raising Buffaloes as an Industry. A writer from Manitoba says it seems to him that the raising of buffaloes is an im portant question for the farmers of the north west. The national government ought to take measures for the encouragement of the rais ing of the buffalo stock. A cowhide is worth $2, but it is useless as a robe, while an aver age buffalo hide is worth $10, and as a robe is almost indispensable in the northern climate. The buffalo sheds its woolly hair once a year. This wool is easily gathered and works up well into a coarse yarn. One animal will yield from ten to twelve pounds of raw wooL-New York Tribune. Old Enough to Feel It. A girl of 10 slipped and fell in front of the Detroit opera house yesterday, and a kind hearted gentleman who assisted her to arise thought to comfort her by saying: "Never mind, sis, you ain't old enough to lose any dignity by it." "Yes, but I'm old enough to know that it loosened the whole top of my head, and that I bit my tongue almost in twol" she tear fully answered.--Detroit Free Press. A "Free" Translation. The Springfield Union the other day puz zled its classical readers by asking for a translation of the Latin sentence: "Quis crudis enim lectus albus et spiravit." Of course nobody could make anything out of it; and so The Union gives the following elucidation: "Quis (who) crudus (raw) enim (for) lectus, (read) albus (white) et spiravit (and blew)-Hooraw for the red, white and blue!-New York Tribune." The Young Bonsekeeper's Mathematiecs Young Housekeeper (to butcher)-What is the price of mutton? Butcher-Fourteen cents, mum. Young Housekeeper--And lamb? Butcher-Eighteen cents, mum. Young Housekeepe (surplised)-Is it possi ble? Why, a lamb isn't more than half the size of a-er-muttonl-Harper's Bazar. Where Moeccasins Come From. "Moccasins, the genuine article made by Indians, are not found in eastern trade to any extent," said a traveling salesman for a New York firm to a reporter. "They can only be found in the west; but even there the supply is limited and quickly exhaux.tecd.l "Don't the red men make moccasins for sale to consumers directr' "No, not as a general thing. The Indians avis a peculiar process of tanning the leather, which makes it ery pliable and soft. It is quite different from the stock found in factories, and is much tougher and finer in quality. nNew. York Evening Sun. ........ . . --_ - - r'- ".-?' Reward of 81.50. Deer Lodge Rod & Gun Club, It having come to the notice of this (1ub that some person or persons are engag.dl in unlawfully obtaining fish in this county uand disposing of the same, this club hereby otfers a reward of 8150, which will be paid by the treasurer thereof on evidence convicting any person or persons of trapping, seining or using powder for the destruction of ti.h in any of the lakes, streams or waters in I)eer Lodge Count, M. T., emptying into the trib. and nuaries of the Columbia river. PETER VALITON, Presidlnt. JOHN F. STRAUHAL, Sec'y. !r82tf .NOTICE TO CO-OWNERS. To Georee Chapman and James Butler, their heirs nth or assigns: You, and each of you, are hereby notified that the ua- undersigned, vonur eoowners in the Elizabeth A.n ;he quartz lode muining claim, situated on the rwestide ich of Clear creek. 2X miles above Medhurst. in Boulder district, Deer Looge county, Montana Territory, have ty expended on the said claim, in labor, in the year end ed ing December 31, 1886i, $100, and in the year endir, er Dcemkcr 31, 1887, $Io, said sum being tie requeired amount of labor necessary to hold said q!lartz lode md iningr claim, under Section 2324 of thellu Revi.Std nd Statutes of the United States, to Decemier :1, I17. .ey And it, within ninety  dlays after the Iuhlcatiaiun ifs of this notiye, you fail or reluse to contribute your respective proportions of such expenditure as re lat quired by law, amounting to Fifty  )allars for by each o- you, your respective interests in said quartz lode muting claim will become the property u- tihe S undersigled, under said Section 23124 of the U. S. is, Revised Statutes. is Dated Feb. 15, 1888. A. Hl. MITCIIELL. , 971 10d A. HEATH. F!rst publication Feb. 17, 18SS. ey Order to Show Cause. o In the Probate Court of Deer Lodge county, Terri. ge tory of Montana. as In the m .tter of the estate of Patrick IIaurley, de. John R. Quiley, the Administrator of the estate of Patrick Hanley, deceased, having tiled his petition herein. duly veritied, praying for an ordter ort ~alt of the wrhole or the real and personal propertry ber!ou, ing to the estate of said deceased, for the ptrposaes fd mentioned in said tetition filed herein.-I- t i there ho tore ordered by said Court that all persons iltereted in said estate appear before sadt Court on Satlr'day to tie l9th day of May, 18S8, a: 10 o'clock a. cr of said d day, at the Court Hlouse, in the town and collty of rn Deer Lodee, to show cause why an order shoioad L0t De granted to the said Administrator to sell the whole of thereal and personal property belonging to 10 tihe estate of said deceased, at public auction. at Dated April 17, 1858. ORItEN EMERSON, 980 5t Probate Judge. re ALBERT KLEINSCIIMIDT. President, id ADDISON SMITH, Vice Pres't, JOHN F. STRAUHJ L, General Manager. C. S. SCIO1SDEOI, Ass't Gen'l IManager. 11 P. BADER, Sec'y and Treas'r. 10 A, litI ll lM lT I CO., Limited, &u1cessors.to A. Kllenlschlmit & Co, DicALERS IN DRY GOODS, LOTHING, e CAR.PETS, t ntlemen's Furnislil -ood, NOTIONS. BOOTS SHOES, Hats and Caps, GROCERIES AND CIGARS, A SPECIALTY IS MADE OF KEEPING First-class Coods Only. S. R. ANDRUS, H0n18 and 81i1 Paling, Main St., Leer Lodge, M. T. First-class Calsomining soll Tinting Dolle, Fine Paper an~ing an idcchatin. a [.cialtY WfLeave Orders at Deer Lodt.e Dr:ug C. a sr, or at Shop, just opposite. 74 tt • EVENINC STAR I- RESTAURANT! A JLHN MlUNKER, - Proprietor. In Rear of Van Gundy & Miller's Union Block. Board by the Week. Day or Meal. !l"Will serve first-class Mr-rl* at all lItU-r ofl the Day or Night GIVE ME A CALL. [t3] JOHN L \NKtE1 RIFLES AT COST. VVm. Coleman is clos ing out his stock of Sharp, Winchester and Marlin Rifles AT COST. Now is the time for Sportsmen to get a good, reliable gun almost at their own price. Call early and get your choice of the lot. 894 tf.