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THE NEW NORTH-WEST.
TAMES IL MILLS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER. The Offial Paper of Deer Lodge County ENTERED IN THE DEER LODGE, MONTANA, PosTOFFICE rFO TRANSMISSION AS SECOND CLAss MAIL MATTEa. TaHI s "greatly improved" week for the Emperor Frederick and Dom Pedro. Each is so much improved that the physicians are removing them to summer resorts. SUPT. GILDERT Informs the Missoulian that he expects to have trains running through Mallan tunnel again by June 20. The delay on the overhead line is only tri fling. ASSAYER SPRUILLE BRADEN reports the preelous metal out-put of Montana for the year 1887 at between $23,000,000 and $24, 000,000. It will be largely increased this year. TUE Inter-Mountain states that Major John M. Burke, prominently named as can didate for Delegate to Congress on the Dem ocratie ;ticket, has withdrawn, the hostile policy of the Cleveland administration and party toward the lead industry being such that he cannqt consistently go before the.peo pie on the issue. THE Cascade tunnel was opened for pas senger trains last Sunday, the first train of eight coaches going over the 9,800 feet in 20 minutes. The tunnel is lit with electricity, and in thettial test everything proved highly satesfactory. It takes Nelson Bennett to fin Ishup abore thoroughly in a short time. He ought to have been a newspaper man. EASTIN, of the Independent, a few days ago, dug up an old forgotten quarrel between the editors of the Herald and NEW NOBTE WEST-something that may have been said ten, fifteen or twenty years ago, if it was ever said at all, to distract attention from the pun ishment he is getting for his infamous con dact of the Independent. And so be is a grave-robber, too f A SERIES of heavy storms struck Western 1ennsylvania and neighboring states Monday evening. Immense damage was done in the vicinity of Pittsburg, Titusville, Sharpsville and Newcastle, Pennsylvania, Cleveland, Canton and Millersburg, Ohio, Wheeling, West Virginia, and all the inter mediate country. The storm destroyed orehards, wrecked buildings and a number of people were killed. TaE Helena and Livingston Smelting Company has filed its articles of incorpora tion with the Territorial Secretary. The eapital stock is $5,000,000; shares $5 each. S. T. Hauser, John T. Murphy, A. J. David son, A. J. Seligman, H. M. Parchen, A. M. Holler, Otis R. Allen, W. W. Rossiter and T. Haberman are named as Trustees for the first three months. The definite location of the works is not yet made public, but it is said by the Herald the operations of the company will be carried on at Helena and in the vicinity. TaHE exposition of the Russian prison and exile system now appearing in the Century Magazine, from the pen of George Kernan, is so severe on that government that the magazine is excluded from Russia, or if ad mitted all the Kernan papers are cut out before it cas be delivered. It is one of the most interesting series of papers ever pub lishbed, the material having been obtained by personal observation under the authority of the Russian officials when Mr. Kernan was deemed friendly to Ruasla. He claims yet he acted in good faith, but the facts as they became known to him were so revolting and inhuman that he cannot do else than con demn the government that permits and con tiones them. A NEw YOaK special says: "The Free Masuons of the Consolidated Exhebange are being worried a good deal by the non-Masons of that organization. The Chairman of the Exchange. Mr. Peters, is also the Worshipful Master of a Masonic lodge. He was sitting on the Exchange rostrum when a member of his lodge entered, and advancing to the mid dle of the floor, saluted Peters in true Ma sonice style. It appeared that the new comer had attended a lodge celebration the previous night, and his brain was still a bit foggy. In vulgar parlance, he "had been on a jag." Seeing Peters with gavel in hand, he thought he was in the lodge. The individual with the foggy brain was rapidly hustled out into the street and into a cab. Otherwise he would have given the whole secrets of the lodge away. ON the death of Mr. Joseph E. Hendry, the much esteemed and lamented editor of the Independent, the Montana Press Associa tion set on foot a commendable project to erect a memorial monument in Helena as a token of their fraternal regard for their de parted brother. The committee appointed to communieate with the members and re ceive their contributions toward the project, anticipating the Association meeting would be held in August, designated July 1st as the time subscriptions should be made to enable them to report to the Association, but as its meeting is to be held June 28th a11 subscriptions should be made by June 20th. A considerable number of the mem bers have not yet responded. We trust now that they will do so promptly, and believing further that many of his friends outside the fraternity will be glad to contribute, we feel assured their contributions would be tbank fually received. This memorial will be erected. It is desirable it should be one of good design, durable material and fair pro portions, worthy of the man and creditable to the liberality of his friends. All remit tances should be addressed promptly to "Business Manager Independent, Helena, Mont.," and they will be duly reported to the Association. EASTIN, of the Independent, driven from pillar to post, is now off on the sympathetic tack, claiming he is a poor, lone pilgrim, and that there is a combination against him in Montana. Why not? Do not families, com munities, cities, States and the Nation com bine" against mental and physical lepers ? Does not America, while inviting and wel coming wholesome, clean and honest immi gration, endeavor to exclude or expel pau pers, pariahs, contract laborers and persons physically or mentally tainted with foul and contagions disease that would work ruin to their fellow "pilgrims" or any with whom they come in contact? Is it not kindness, mercy and justice to the better that the worse have no welcome, and that when discovered the iron bhand descends on them ? Do not the States, Territories and municipalities en deavor to exclude, expel or incarcerate them, or make them unhappy and "lone P" And is it not best for all whose welfare is at stake ? Are we to cease condemnation of them that they complain? It is their fashion. Nine men out of ten who are imprisoned for crime claim innocence and that they have been "'combined" aganlost: "No rogue e'er felt the halter draw With good opinion of the law." No criminals in America ever so denounced American Institutions or American sentiment athe Anarchists did, and none ever rode higher horses, launched louder curses against better men or were more worthily punished. The "pilgrim" dodge won't work. Rotten meat is none the better of being shipped t-w from St. Paul. BLAINE CLINCHES HIS DECLINATION. It would hardly be fair to suggest that after reading Jamns G. Blaine's letter from Paris be has any friend who still thinks be might be induced to accept the nomination for the Presidency. And yet, had not a few close and prominent friends who were sac credited with 'being better informed than the people generally of Mr. Blaine's attitude, sedulously and persistently encouraged the idea that he might be induced to accept if a very complimentary nomination were given him, the Florence letter would have been accepted as quite as positive as the one writ ten from Paris -an unconditional with drawal. They apparently had his assent to the course they pursued or acted on the theory "We will make him take it," but Mr. Blaine says again, pointedly, he will not, and they will now necessarily drop the pro ject. Mr. Blaine has established himself more firmly in the estimation of the country by reciting precisely the attitude i1 which he would be placed should he now accept, and declining to be placed in that position. Only the day before Blaine's Paris letter was pub lished in the Tribune, Whitelaw Reid said at Pittsburg, "If the nominktion were tendered Mr. Blaine I think he would accept it." The Philadelphia Times said he would accept. So Mr. Blaine is a more sincere man than even some of his friends gave him credit for being. That his avowed candidacy would have been almost as solidly supported as Mr. Cleveland's, and that be would have polled a larger vote proportionately than four years ago, there is little room to doubt; but there are several other candidates, either of whom, if nominated and supported by the Republi can party with deserved and certain unanim ity, can do all that Mr. Blaine could have done-defeat Clevaland. Just who that person will be is now a knotty and pressing problem. Who will the Blaine votes go to? Of course they cannot all be delivered to one candidate, even if It were known Blaine had a preference, and notwithstanding his wishes would have weight and his active support of the nominee be desired. Much of it would go cheerfully to Morton or Depew, but a large proportion of the Blaine support has other second choice. Sherman's support was obtained in the face of Blaine's supposed candidacy, and the situation at present leaves him in the lead with more delegates than any other can didate, and a fair probability of gaining largely by the breaking up of Blaine's forces. During the past few days a foray has been madeegainst Gresbam's "protection" record; his boom assuming proportions that necessi tated some obstructions thrown in its way, but it was not sufficient for the purpose, and the sentiment is growing stronger in his fa vor. If Allison or he are acceptable to New York, one of them can probably have either first or second placion the ticket, if the other place is filled from east of the Allegheny mountains. One thing appears clear now : It is not going to be a "stampede" convention, and its balloting is likely to be quite protrac ted. No candidate can now approximate even the 411 votes necessary to nominate, and although their friends will work like beavers now, it is doubtful if any candidate can be pulled in sight before the Convention meets. Mr. Blaine's letter has put his friends into warm work while he goes coaching leis urely through Scotland. NEARING CONVENTION TIME. The Democrats meet in Convention at St. Louis next week to nominate their candi dates for the Presidency and Vice Presidency. The name of the party who will contest with Mr. Cleveland has not been mentioned yet; neither, in fact, has there been any particular mentIon of any one to go on the ticket with him. Thurman's name was sprufg up last week as one willing to accept, and the Dem ocrats swung their hats and vowed he was their choice first, last and all the time, when lo, the old gentleman said he had not been consulted about the use of his name, and he very positively declined. The Democrats, to have a real harmonious ticket, should nomi nate Cleveland and Dan Lamont; or, better still, Lamont and Cleveland. Then, if elec ted, they could take turns going a fishing, and if not elected they could both go. President Cleveland will he re-nominated despite his deprecation of the second term business when he nas so anxious to get the first. But it is the best judgment of the country that, unless the Republicanus make some grievous blunder, Mr. Cleveland, not withstanding his hundred thousand ofiice holders and all the machinery of government working in his interest, cannot be elected. His free trade, or rather anti-protection, the ories, will defeat him. He has made thatthe issue and the platform, he has lashed the ad ministration Democrats to it, and the coun try will not have it. It is a wrong principle, anti will be overwhelmed at the polls. Whether the Mills billpass or not, Cleve land is personally committed to the Mills bill sentiment, or rather the bill is a formulation of his sentiments. The theories and purposes of that bill are hostile to American welfare, and the country will not trust in the Presi dential chair the man who favors and advo cates them. No matter what the resolutions may be, Cleveland and Cleveland's message constitute the platform, and they will be tried before the great jury in November with out regard to the irrelevant testimony offered at St. Louis. With a well-selected Republican ticket and a clear expression of the principles of the party, there will be at most only four doubt ful Northern States this year-New York, New Jersey, Indiana and Connecticut. If the Republicans carry New York and lose the others, they win. If they can carry In diana and Now Jersey, or Indiana and Con necticut, they can lose New York and win. It is not even certain the Democrats can carry all the Southern States, and one or more of these lost would still further lessen Cleveland's chances. He appears to have at last wholly ignored the demands of the Mug. wumps, as was necessary for him to keep his party in the traces, and if the Republicans make a wise nomination, New York will al most certainly go Republican. The condi tions, however, assure a very closely con tested campaign. Neither party dare blunder badly. TnE Missoula Gazette Is troubled about a supposed deal at Livingston, and thinks Col. Estes was the victim of a bargain and sale. On the contrary the 39 votes for Col. Estes was a high compliment. The fact that his friends desired his name presented was not made known to the Deer Lodge county dele gation until a few hours before the Conven tion met. That delegation was not instructed or pledged for anybody. Judge Galbraith had desired it distinctly understood that be was in favor of Allison. The Convention was strongly in for Blaine if he should be a possible candidate. The Madison county delegation, which were instructed for Gal braith and Waters, was not represented, and Waters had withdrawn. The Deer Lodge delegates were primarily favorable to Eaton, and made no trades with anybody for any body or anything, then or thereafter. When it was known Col. Estes would go if elected they went to work for him and-did pretty well. It was too late when his candidacy was made known, as most of the delegations were committed before, and Missoula, which under ordinary circumstances would have been expected to vote with Silver Bow and Deer Lodge, had made up its ticket. The question of candidate for Delegate to Con gress cut no figure in the actions of the West Side delegations, ancd neither of the three persons mentioned by the Gazette will be canlidates. Anaconda, Billings, Bozeman, Butte City, Deer Lodge, Helena, Livingston, Miles City and Missoula will be privileged to have a government postofice building if the new bill becomes a law.-Bozeman Chronicle. XcKINLEY ON PROTECTION. Ailusions to Blankets and the Cheap Woolen Clothes Maj. McCormick Desires. Our friend, Maj. McCormick, of the Ga zette, who has admitted the timber policy of the administration is wrong, adheres to its policy of "free wool" because he wishes to buy his clothes cheaper. As there would be perhaps five pounds of wool in a suit of clothes, and the tax thereon is 8 cents per pound, even the full forty cents saved would not cut much of a figure if he got all the benefit of It, which he would not; and on the two suits a year, which is the maximum for Montana editors, he probably would, under most favorable circumstances, save less than his cigars cost for one day. As there may be many who regard the abolition of the wool tariff from the same standpoint of personal benefit in the purchase of woolen goods, we give below a couple of extracts from the masterly speech of McKin ley, of Ohio, in the House the other day, which cover an episode in which the "cheap clothing" racket was knocked out, to the in finite amusement of even the Democrats: Mr. McKinley said that the country was ready for free trade the moment European producers would bring their labor up to the American standard. That was the free trade the country wanted. The gentlemen on the other side talked about cheap clothing. Cheap clothing was too narrow for a National issue. It was not big enough to run a Na tional campaign upon. He had never had any complaints from men in his district that their clothes were too high. Mr. Morse, of Massachusetts: "They did not buy of me." [Laughter]. Mr. McKinley: "If they had bought of the gentleman from Massachusetts it would not have made any difference. The gentlemen will know his own goods. [Producing a suit of clothes from his desk]. The Chairman of the Ways and Means committee talked about the laboring man who worked ten days for a dollar a day and then went to buy a suit of clothes for $10. He finds he could have bought it for $10, but that the robber manu facturers have been down to Congress and had a hundred per cent. put upon the suit, and he had to go back for ten days more of toil and the use of his muscle to earn the extra $10 with which to buy the suit of clothes. A gentleman who heard that speech sends me a suit of clothes. Here it is, rob ber taxes and all, and the retail cost is just $10, so that the poor fellow does not have to go back for tew days' more toil after all. In order to be sure of the goods (knowing the honesty and honor of the gentleman from Massachusetts) the gentlemen went to his store and bought the suit. I hold in my hand the bill: 'J. D. Williams-Bought of Leopold Morse & Co. To one suit allwool clothes, $10.' [Applause and laughter]. And I never before knew of a gentleman engaged in that business selling without a profit. This is the very ten-dollar suit of all-wool, described by the gentleman from Texas, which can be bought in Boston, Chi cago, New York and other cities for $10 at retail, forty per cent. cheaper than it could have been boughtin 1880 under a low tariff and low wages. Now you have not so much sympathy with that fellow that went back to perform ten days' labor." [Laughter.] Continuing, Mr. McKinley said that the ~tna of the gentleman's speech was reached when he got to the American blanket and the enormous burden the tariff was upon the poor man's blanket. He quoted copi ously from the books of a blanket manufact uring firm to show that blankets to day sold for much less than they did under a Demo cratic tariff. A blanket that sold in 1800 for $10 could be bought now for $5.85, and that which sold in 1860 for $13 could now be ob tained for $6.80. This was true all down the. list. In 1860 the spinner got $6 a week ; to day he got $15. The weaver in 1860 got $4, the unskilled finisher $4.50 and the skilled finisher $6 per week; to-day they got respec tively $10, $9 and $16 per week. The weekly earnings of a spinner in 1860 would buy three pairs of chea) blankets; the spinner of 188S could buy fifteen pairs of blankets for a week's work. [Applause]. We had free trade-more than any country in the world. We had free trade among our thirty-eight States and Territories, and with sixty millions of people extending from ocean to ocean and from the lakes to the gulf; free trade among ourselves, within our own borders. Free trade in the United States was based upon a community of equal ities and reciprocities. It was like the recip rocal obligation of a family. He requested his honored friend from Kentucky (Mr. Breckenridge), who was to follow him, to tell him why the foreign producer should be admitted to an equality with our own pro ducers upon our own soil. He paid no taxes, performed no civil duties, he was not amena ble to our laws, he was subject to no civil obligation. He was with ns neither in war nor peace. He was an alien to us. He cared nothing for us beyond what he could make out of us. [Applause on the Republi can side]. We put a tariff on the competing foreign products to protect ourselves, to pre serve ourselves, to defend ourselves, and those who are always with us in adversity and in sunshine, in sympathy and in purpose, and in sacrifice if need be. [Applause]. It w*as about all we could do as American citi xens to look after our own people. The above should convince Major McCor mick as thoroughly on the wool question as he is convinced on the timber question. It is not the 8 cts. apound on wool that makes his clothes come high, nor, as shown, do woolen goods come high, while the duty protects the grower and renders profitable a vast industry that would he par lyzed by removing it. THE NATIONAL PARK. Vest's Scheme Knocked Out in the House. WASHINGTON, May 20.-The house com mittee on public lands has made some changes in Mr. Vest's bill, passed by the senate some weeks ago, to change the bound aries of the Yellowstone National Park. The bill, among other things, extended the eastern boundary twenty-five miles further east. Mr. Vest's purpose in this was to take into the park certain mountains at the head waters of Clark's Fork and Rocky Fork to which the game generally retire in the sum mer time. There are In the foot hills of these mountains extensive coal beds, to which railroads have already been surveyed, and are in process of construction. To take these lands into the park would be to take considerable private property in with it, and ofcourse prevent the building of railroads to the mines. Toole of Montana has there fore secured from the House committee an amendment to the bill reducing the exten sion of the boundary, so as to exclude the coal mines at the head-waters of Clarke's Fork. George Should Come West. NEW YORK, May 29.-Henry George was expelled last night from the twenty third assembly district of the central labor party. Charges were preferred against him to the effect that he had visited Washington and immediately afterwards advocated the affiliation of the united labor party with the democratic party. The .ollowing was passed: "Resolved-That we consider the course pursued by Henry George as a member of the united labor party as unmanly, void of the principle of a gentleman, his action that of a traitor, and not desiring his fellowship any longer, we declare him expelled from the organization." CHICAGO, May 28.-The executive com mittee of the United Labor party of Chicago decided to-night that owing to the multi plicity of labor tickets in the field, separate action by laboring people would not be effec tive in the present campaign. It was there upon voted to throw the strength of the organization to the democratic state ticket, particularly to the nominee for governor, General John M. Palmer. Wouldn't Stay Redeemed. ATLANTA, May 25.-A white man stained his hands, face and hair and presented him self to the negroes in Green County as "Abidigal," the colored Saviour, and told them of the promised land to which he would lead them if they would put all their money in his care. They sold their cabins and cattle and gave him their coin and he de camped, but was caught by the.negroes, tied to a tree and fatally flogged. . OUT OF¶ THE RACE. Blaine Construes His Florence Letter and Would Not Accept if Nominated. Some Unwise Friends Gently Rebuked. NEW YORK, May 29.-The Tribune tW day publishes the following letter from' - r. Blaine: PARIS, May 17.-WHITELAW REID, Esq.: MY DEAR SIR: On my return to Paris from Southern Italy on the 8th lost. I have learned (what I did not before believe) that my name may yet'be presented to the Na tional Convention as a candidate for the Presidency of the Republican party. A single phrase of my letter of January 25 from Florence (which was decisive of every thing I had a personal power to deci!-e) bas been treated by many of my most valued friends as not absolutely conclusive, in ulti mate and possible contingenicies. On the other hand, friends equally devoted and disinterested have construed my letter (as it should be construed) to be an oncondi tional withdrawal of toy name from, the National Convention. They have in con sequence given their opinion to eminent gen tlemen who are candidates for the Chicago nomination, some of whom would not,-I am sure, have consented to assume that posi tion if I had desired to represent the party in the presidential contest of 1888. If I should now by speech or sllence,comwpissin or opl silon, permit my name in any event to come before the convention, I should incur the re proach of being uncandid with those who have always been candid with me. .I speak therefore because I am not willing to-remain in a doubtful attitude. I am not willing to be the cause of misleading a single man among the millions who have given me their suffrages and their confidence. I` am not willing that even one of my faithful supporters in the past should think me capa ble of paltering in a double sense with my words. Assuming that the Presidential nomination could by any possible chance be offered to me, I would not accept it with. out leaving in the minds of thousands of these men the impression I had not been free from indirection, and therefore I could not accept it at all. The misrepresentations of malice have no weight, but the just dis pleasure of friends I could not patiently endure. A Republican victory, the prospect of which grows brighter every day, can be imperilled only by lack of unity in council or by acrimonious contest over men. The issue of protection is incalculably stronger and' greater than any man, for it concerns the prosperity of the present and the genera tions yet to come. Were it possible for every voter of the Republic to see for him self the condition and recompense of labor m Europe, the party of free trade in the United states would not receive the support of one wage-worker between the two oceans. It may not be directly in our power as philanthropists to elevate the European ladorer, but it will be a lasting stigma upon our statesmanship if we permit the American laborer to be placed down to the European level and in the end the rewards of labor everywhere will be advanced if we refuse to lower the standard at home. Yours very sincerely, 'JAMES G. BLAINE. "ALL BROKEN UP." The Tariff Bill Tore Up Till Its Friends Cannot Recognize It. WASHINGTON, May 28.- [Special to Salt Lake Tribune-Copyright, 1888, by the Call fornia Associated Press.]-Mr. Mills, of Texas, was exceedingly wroth last night. He woke up yesterday morning to find that the great Mills bill had been so slaughtered by amendments at Saturday night's caucus that it was scarcely recognizable. That caucus showed up the condition of the Dem ocratic party. Instead of harmonious and united action about which so much has been said, the amendments offered and insisted upon demonstrated beyond a doubt that at no time could the Mills bill have been passed as it stood. All so-called can vasses of the House which Mills and his compatriots of the Ways and Means Com mittee are alleged to have made and which it was claimed showed a majority in favor of the bill, appear now in the light of mere surmises, and very poor surmises at that. As Vance, a Protection Democrat from Con necticut said, the Mills bill would pass, but when it came out of the fire no one who bad had a band in its forming would be able to recognize it. But Mills is not the only member of the Ways and Means Committee who is mad. Each and every member of the Committee is up in arms at the rough way in which the caucus handled the work about which they had taken so much pains, and this, too, when the caucus was enabled to get through less than one half of the pro posed amendments, and when all the im portant amendments about which there was reason to expect a serious difference of opinion were passed over till the next meet. ing. Cotton, wool and salt were not touched upon, as the friends of the bill were afraid of the caucus which failed to display any mercy for their pet measure. An injunction of secrecy was placed on the members, but It did not prevent many from talking. None of the amendments proposed by the California members of the House to the Mills tariff bill were reached at the caucus. When the caucus reassembles to-night the question will be brought up. Saturday night the -following articles were taken from the free list and restored to the existing rates of duty: glue, gelatine and all similar preparations, fish clue, or isinglass, liquorice juice, nitrate of sods, boneblack, wavy dropblack and bone char, hbatters fIrs not on the skin, plaster of Paris, wjen ground or calcined, plate glass of sizes larger than twenty-four by sixty inches was re stored to the present rate of duty; marble in the rough was made dutiable at forty-five cents per cubic foot, it was on the free 'list of the bill and now pays a duty of sixty-five cents. Liquorice paste or the rolls as raised from four cents, as in the bill, to five cents per pound. It was also resolved to fix the duty on slabs or billets of steel at $17.50 per ton, the existing rate, instead of at $11 per ton as fixed by the bill .. On motion of Mr. Fords, of Michigan, German looklun-glass* plates were added to the free list. Mr. Raynor succeeded in hav ing window glass and bottles restored to the existing duties. Encaustic tiles not glazed or enamelled were reduced in duty from thirty to twenty per cent., and jute bags for grain were placed on the free list. Confederate Monument. JACKSON, Miss-, May 25.-More thantr10,000 persons witnessed the ceremony connected. with the laying of the cornerstone of the Confederate monument here. Eight military companies, a number of benevolent associa tions, about one hundred war veterans and a large Masonic representation were in line. Upon arriving at the States Capitol building, Miss Winnie Davis was conducted to the 11 brary chamber and formerly introduced to the large crowd by Governor Lowery. The ceremonies at the monument followed and were opened by the reading of a letter from Mr. Davis explaining his absence. Col. Chbas. E. Hooker delivered the oration, and at the close presented Miss Davis with a silver crown, to be given by her to her father. The crown is the gift of three Mississippi gentlemen. Its presentation waso unexpected, not having been announced in the pro gramme. The laying of the corner-stone with Masonic ceremonies closed the exer ciaes of the day. . NEWS NOTES AND MENTION. The Secretary of War has isulaned orders prohibiting regimental bands from playing outside of the posts at which they are sta tioned. This would have been sad news for those who attend the Helena Fair if the Fort Shaw. band bad not already departed. T. F. Oakes, Vice President and General Manager of the Northern Pacific road, re turned yesterday from New York, where he has been fog the past six weeks. He says that the following new rolling stock has been ordered by the Northern Pacific com pany: For delivery in 1888, 50 heavy loco motives for freight service, 500 stock cats, 500 coal cars, 10first class passenger coaches, 6 baggage and mail cars, and 50 furniture cars. For delivery in 1889, 1,000 box cars, 25 freight locomotives and 500 coal cars. Pioneer Press 26th. The Montana wholesale and retail dealers in wines and liquors and other "cheering beverages," are just now pushing forward an organization among themselves to be known as the "Free Citizens' Union, and which has for its avowed object a square-toed war upon prohibitionists. Politically they will make no special or distinctive nominations, but will support those candidates of either party who are in sympathy with and adhere to the principles of their order. In this at titude the Union would undoubtedly exer cise the balance of power as between the two leading parties in the Territory.--Town send Tranchant. Charles Dickens, "the son of his father," has been giving, the past few evenings, in town on the Northern Pacific railroad, read ings from the works of the great novolist. Much of the interest in the readings arose from his relationship to the author, and his audiences were large. He was accompanied by his daughter, and under the management of Major Pond, who a few years ago con ducted Henry Ward Beecher through the West. THE LATEST BLAINE PROGRAMME. The Dark Horse Blaine Men to Support Levi P. Morton. WASHINGTON, May 25.--[Special to the Salt Lake Tribune-Copyright, 1888, by the Calfornia Associated Press.]- The latest Blaine programme talked about here is that while his name will not be presented to the Convention as a candidate, he really does not think the other plan of the members of the different delegations voting for him as first choice, thus trying to force his nomina tion, will succeed. The dark horse Blaine men are to support Levi P. Mcrton, of New York. One of the delegates from Louisiana is authority for the statement that the delega tion will not be stampeded for Blaine. Sherman may have five and possibly six votes from the first. The majority of the sixteen votes will be cast for Mortjn. The explanation of the programme is that while Blaine does not really believe it expedient for him to receive the nomination he is reported as saying that he has gone as far as it is possible for him to go. No man is au thorized, no man will dare in the face of the Florence letter, to present his name. He does not believe he has the right to say in advance that he will not accept the nomina tion if tendered him. That would in his judgment be dictating to the party from which he has thrice sought the honor; but if Morton be nominated he would be entirely willing to give him his earnest support and rest confident of recognition and influence under the administration. THE POSTAL SERVICE. Its Inefficiency and Insufficiency Discussed. WASHINGTON, May 24.-The House went into committee of the whole on the post office appropriation bill. On motion of Blount, of Georgia, the appropriation foi more messenger serf ice was increased from $900,000 to $950,000. Perkins, of Kansas, speaking to the verbal amendment again entered the complaint of the people of the West against the insufficient mail service, which he asserted was now being given to that section. He had read extracts from various letters and papers received by him In support of his assertions. Toole, of Montana, and Voorhees, of Washington Territory, voiced the wishes of the people of the territories for a more efficient mail ser vice than they were now receiving Cannon, of Illinois, attributed the inefficiency of the service in the West, not to a lack of sufficient appropriations, but to the fact that competent men have been discharged and incompetent men put in their places. Blount said the record would disclose the fact that changes in the mail service had been gradual, and to-day the rate of merit was higher than it has ever been before. Symes, of Colorado, criticized the postoffice department for Inade quate management in the Star Route services. He declared that they had been deceived about the latter. He wanted the responsi oility placed where it belonged, and he was satisfied it should rest upon the back of the "picayune second postmaster general." After further desultory debate the commit tee rose and the bill passed. ALLEGED MINING FRAUDS. Whereby Consolidated Virginia stockholders Were Worsted. SAN FRANCISCO, May 27.-John Nelson filled suit yesterday against the Nevada Bank, John W. Mackay, James C. Flood, J.I P. Jones, the Comstock Mill & Mining Company, and the Consolidated California and Virginia Mining Company et al, where in he alleges that Mackay, Flood and Jones, .who own a controlling Interest in Consoli dated Virginia, entered into a combination and conspiracy to defraud the other stock holders, includjng the complainant, in pur suance of which they had all the Consoli dated Virginia ore crushed at the mills of the Comstock Mining Company, organized by themselves. On this ore they charge from $2 to $3 per ton more for milling than the other mill companies would have done, thereby defraudlng the stockholders, it is claimed, out of fully $880,000. In addition It is claimed defendants as directors of the Nevada Bank charged commissions for the sale of bullion, whereby they again swindled the stockholders out of over $80,000. Other charges are laid, and the complainant asks that defendants be compelled to account for these sums; that all contracts between the Consolidated Virginia and the Comstock companies and between these companies and the Nevada Bank be declared void. TERRITORIAL DELEGATES Those Who Will and Will Not Run Again. WASHINGTON, May 25.-The Delegates from the Territories are discussing the prob ability of the return of various of their mem bers of the house, Mr. Toole of Montana has distinctly asserted that he will not be a candidate for renomination and the same declaration has also come from Mr. Voorhees of Washington. Mr. Dubois of Idaho states that he is not a candidate and does not de sire to run again, but the Republicans of his Territory are decidedly anxious that he should again make the race. He will confer with the leaders of his party at Chicago as to his acceptance of the proposed renomina lion. Mr. Carey of Wyoming will be a can didate and will be renominated without boubt. Mr. Gifford of Dakota has not dis tinctly asserted himself to be a candidate, but he has announced himself as to make the race if his people desire it. SHERIDAN VERY ILL. Almost at Death's Door, But Still Battling Bravely. Early last week the telegrams announced the serious illness of General Phil Sheridan, who had just returned from an extended western trip, having been several nights on the cars. A day later the seriousness of the attack was contradicted and his convales cence asserted, but by Friday it appeared there was really occasion for alarm, the trouble being imperfect valvular action of the heart. Succeeding dispatches relate the details. WAsnINeTON, May 25.-General Sheridan is a very sick man, and his physicians are in constant attendance upon him. His trouble is vascular affection of the heart, and he has had several alarming sinking spells, from which he rallied with difficulty, the last one being the most severe of all. The failure of the heart's "action has brought him near to death's door several times, and the fear Is that a recurrence of the trouble may take him away suddenly at any moment. WASHINGTON, May 26.-General Sheri dan's condition is extremely critical to night, and his death at any moment will not be unexpected. He had a recurrence of heart trouble about 5 o'clock this afternoon, ac companied by a serious sinking spell, which gave great alarm to the physicians, who im mediately took prompt and powerful meas ures to remedy them. These measures only gave partial relief anti at 10:30 to night the four physicians who have been in attendance are at his side closely and anxiously await ing every symptom. The action of the heart is still very feeble, and has responded but imperfectly to the remedies administered. Everything possible was done for the pa tient, but with only imperfect success. Dig italis and whiskey were administered and finally a blister was put over the heart. These applications stimulated the heart to increased action, though not to the extent it was desired. The blister was not intended so much to counteract the present attack as to prevent a subsequent one. The nature of the disease precludes the possibility of the patient lying in bed and be is forced to get what sleep he does sitting in a chair. WAsaINGTON, May 27.-Mrs. Sheridan, the General's mother, will not come to Washington, as has been stated. She is very old, in feeble health, and it is thought would be unable to stand the journey here. The General's strength kept up remarkably well and he was able to walk across the floor without assistance and to move from his bed to an easy chair with little apparent effort. He took considerable nourishment, mostly peptonized milk, though a dish of chicken broth was also given him in the afternoon. The trouble with which General Sheridan is afflicted is due to a chronic im perfect closure of the valves of the heart, thus allowing the blood which has been dis charged from that organ to be forced back, thereby imposing additional burdens upon it. The immediate danger lies in the fact that in one of his weak or fainting spells the heart refuses to act, and this spell is always to be apprehended. It is on this account that the presence of the physician is con stantly needed in order that- some powerful heart stimulant may be immediately admin istered to lead the patient over any attack which may occur. It is said that General Sheridan has been troubled with this affec tion of the heart for at least three or four years, and that he must have known of it for one or two years. It is further said to be a disease with which many men who are actively engaged in business and have clear heads and apparently good health are af flicted. They may live a long time, and go about their ordinary avocations, while in other cases the disease quickly runs its course and causes the death of the person troubled with it. In nine cases out of ten it is said to be caused by acute rheumatism, and it is not at all improbable that General Sheridan may have contracted this beart disease in exposures incident to his military duties. Bulletin-10 p. m. General Sheridan is not so strong or well this evening as he was early in the day. There has been no recur rence of the heart trouble, but the efforts of the physicians to rally him from the attack of yesterday evening proved unavailing. At this time (8:15 p. m.) the doctors are even less hopeful than before. Bulletin-10:30 p. m. All hope has been abandoned, and it is not believed that Gen eral Sheridan can live another twenty-four hours. Bulletin-midnight. To an inquiry made at 11:30 p. m. as to General Sheridan's con dition the answer rturned was: "He is hov ering between life and death." One of the physicians in attendance said this evening: '"General Sheridan has great vital powers, butt I do not think think he will be alive thirty hours from now, and certainly not in two days unless there is a great change. He has no pain and 1 think he will sink away easily. A recurrence of the heart trouble may come, the heart will cease to beat, and all will be at an end.'' At the General's house all is quiet and con versation is carrried on in subdued whispers, so as not to disturb him should he be able to sleep. There was a steady stream of callers at the residence during the day, and many telegrams were received asking for in formation as to his condition. The callers include many persons well known in Wash ington life, and a considerable number of them were ladies. The President sent a basket of flowers and a note of sympathy to Mrs. Sheridan. He asked to be informed of the General's condition, and expressed the sincere hope that his life would be spared. General Sheridan has always been a great favorite with the President, who admires his frank, open manner of expressing his opinion upon current topics and his pecu liarly pleasing way of emphasizing his state ments by little annecdotes. The General appeared to gradually grow weaker as night fell, and this change was noted in the doc tor's bulletin, which was prepared at 8 o'clock and issued later. It read as follows: "8 p. m.-Repeated attacks, partial failure of heart and its continued feeble action have induced a condition of the lungs which pre vents proper action of the blood. This condition has.hitherto been measurably con trolled but it shows such a tendency to re currence as to justify the most serious ap prehensions. It is critical. He is free from pain and distress and so expresses himself." Two hours later another bulletin was issued. It simply said: "No change for the better." Succeeding the above Sheridan strength ened, and although dangerously ill there was still hope at the latest advices. BLAINE denies having written any letter to Conkling in 1884 asking his support, or any letter whatever. There had been no communication between the two for twenty. two years. Hence his son Walker, Reid, Elkins and others did not suppress any letter as stated. He had freely given his estimate of Conkling in his "Twenty Years in Con. gress," but otherwise bhd not mentioned him. McOlynn is Sarcastic. NEN YonY, May 27.- Dr. McGlynn in his speech to-night said that while the Irish fools are sending thirty or forty ihousand pounds per annum to the Pope, hbe sends them in return his blessing. Is it not strange that while the money is being collected In New South Wales and other places for Ireland, she sends this much to the Pope. The Civil Service Law. Naw YoRK, May 24.-Senators Spooner and Blackburn of the special committee ap pointed by the Senate to investigate the working of the Civil Service law. met this morning and began the task of investigating the operation of the law in the Custom House in this city, and especially in Sur veror Beattie's department. Several employees of the Custom House testified regarding removals without cause for political reasons of contributions to cam paign funds, and the doubtful character of many of the present employees. One man testified that half a dozen men from Broome County, who were employed at the Custom House, took an active part in home politics whenever they wished to. A. D. Wales, of Binghampton, a Demo crat, testified that when Congress appropri ated $150,000 for a public building lI his town, Deputy Collector Davies, of the New York Custom House, came up there and bought options on eligible sites, and finally sold to the Government for $25,000 a tract which is frequently overlfowed, and which is not worth over $4,000. Wales declared that the Democrats of Broome County are greatly dissatisfied with the rule of Davies and the Federal administration. Where Randall Draws the Line. WASHINGTON, May 24.-There has been no little rejoicing among the Democrats in Congress over the result of the Harrisburg Convention. The endorsement of President Cleveland and tariff reform is halled as a good omen. Chairman Mills was in an un usually happy mood yesterday morning and rubbed his hands together gleefully. "We are knocking them out," he said, 'all along the line. Talk about passing this bill, why, it will go through ,ike a breeze, and scarcely without an amendment, too." Congressman Randall was the center of a group of Democrats. When approached by your correspondent and asked his opinion on the result of the Harrisburg convention he replied tartly: "Harrisburg don't bother me at all. If I thought for a moment that the Convention voiced the sentiments of the great body of the Democratic voters in Pennsylvania, I should be bothered. But it does not. It does voice, hbswever, the senti ments of the great body of Pennsylvania Democratic office holders. Therefore I say Harrisburg don't botlher me at all. Having heard from the office holders, wait a bit and hear from the voters on election day." Blaine's Private Papers Stolen NEW YORK, May 28.-An Augusta, Me., special says: One of Blaime's prominent friends states that Blaine's home was broken into some time ago during the family's ab sence, and all of his political and business correspondence and private papers, including financial, which were in his library, were overhauled and carefully examined and a portion of them abstracted. Matters have been kept secret in hope that the thief might be discovel ed, but he has never been. The supposition is that the robbery was perpe trated in the expectation of obtaining some thicg among Blaine's private papers which might be used to his political injury if ever wanted. The character of the papers stolen is unknown. A Magnetic Well. LEIBANON, Mo.-[Speci al]-One of the most remarkable phenomena ever seen In this section of the country exists in a well which has been driven near this city. The water is heavily charged with electricity. All the machinery and tubing connecting with the sinking of the well has become strangely magnetized, when rubbed on the pipes. If a circuit is formed by touching two pieces of pipe a shock is felt. The water also has the property of magnetizing any steel substance which is placed in it while hot. The water retains its magnetic qurlity well. People are taking the water away by the barrel. A Perilous Voyage. (LENWOOD SPRINos, Colo., May 25. (Special to the Salt Lake Tribune--topy right, 1888, by the California Associated Press.--John C. and Matthew D. Carr started last night in a torpedo boat from the crest of the Rocky Mountains for a pleasure trip of 3,000 miles down the Grand and Col orado rivers to the Gulf of California. The boat is as round as a barrel and sharpened at both ends. It was built by the voyagers, who made some money in Aspen mines. Tihe boat has no rudder. The oars are used through holes in Ile side. The men ,ee through manholes. The boat is twenty feet long and three and a half feet in diameter. A big crowd saw the voyagers off. NEIGHBORHOOD NEWS. The Mail is urging Incorporation for Phil ipsburg. The wife of Col. Shaughnessy died in Salt Lake City last week. She was a lady of ad mirable character. Patsey Clark says that reports about zinc in the L'oorman is all moonshine. The mine is improving all the time. The Montani Central is to be completed to Butte between the 25th and 30th of June. So says President Broadwater. There is better grass now on the ranges of Eastern Montana than ever before since the buffalo were gathered to their fathers.--Yel lowstone Journal. An argument was made in the United States Court, Butte. Saturday, for a new trial in the Hesperus case, which was tried here. Decision reserved. An event of the 4th of July races at Butte is announced to be a balloon ascension by an acrobat and lady, the former jumping from the balloon at 1,000 feet altitude and descend ing by a parachute. Mayor Hamilton, of Butte, issued a pro clamation for the observance of Memorial Day that is notable for its patriotic thought and beauty of expression. It reads like a paragraph from Ingersoll. The jewelry store in the Lent & Co. furni ture building at Missoula was robbed of 8500 worth of jewelry Sunday night. The Mis soula National Bank was running it as re ceiver with Ed Wisemiller in charge. Bids for the construction of a 7000-foot trestle on the Columbia River bottom, oppo site Vancouver, Washington Territory, a 80 foot span bridge across Columbia. slough and 9,000 hewn ties have been advertised for. The contract for the public school building in Boulder was secured by J. S. McKenzie, he being the lowest bidder. His bid was $8,400. The building will be a two-story brick on a two-foot stone foundation; it will be sixty-three feet square and will contain seven rooms.-The Age. It is almost a certain fact that the people of Corvallis will have a depot opposite town. Of course we had much rather have a depot right here in town, but if the railroad people will give us a depot on the west side and we can get a good wagon bridge, it will be about the same thing.-New Idea. The Army and Navy Journal of last week contains the information that Gen. Sheridan is making an effort to have Fort Ellis re occupied with twelve companies, and has the sanction of the Secretary of War in this plan, which commends itself to all sensible military men -Bozeman Chronicle. The Missoula & Bitter Root railroad civil engineers have orders to run a preliminary line as far as Mineral Hill. This is glorious news to the people of the Valley. When the read is built to Mineral Hill and the mines are worked it will give us a home market for all of our agricultural products.--New Idea A curious result of the discussion of the wool tariff is noted in Eastern Oregon. It isi said that cattlemen, wishing to annihilate the sheep of the conntry and have the range for their cattle herds, will vote for the Dem ocratic policy of free wool. The quest the general voter is whether this oicyof destroying the sheep of the State w .oul be good thing for the State at large. The Big Hole Lumber Company filed ar ticles of incorporation with the Couaty Re. corder yesterday. The incorporators are W A. Clarke, E. M. Trask, Henry William Alex. J. Johnson and Frank Miles. Otj ets to manufacture lumber, etc The term of existence of the company is twenty Years and the capital $50,000, divided into 10,000 shares of a par value of 55 each, non-asse. able.-Miner 25th. - The annual salaries of the Butte City or. ganization foot up $30,000. The Water Com. pany is to make a proposition to-night to supply the City with an abundant supply of pure water. The following police officers were elected in the Council by acclamation: James Layden, Joseph Paulin, Con Hayes, Adolph Werner, Frank Murray, W. F. Jor dan, Ed Carl, Alex Carleton, Ed James, Lou P. Smith, Tom Waters and lJame Dwyer Jailer. A society of the Pioneers oi Madison county was organized at Virginia City last week, as we notice by tile Mudisonin. The following officers were elected: Richard 0. Hickman, President; Mortimer H. Lott, Henry H. Mood, George J. Wickham, Ethel A. Maynard and Alexander Metzel, Vice Presidents; Eugene Stark. Secretary. Al residents of the county who came there prier to Jan. 1, 1865, are eligible. The Association is to meet again July 4. President Gibson, of the Ye llowstone Park Association, is in Washington for the I r. pose of getting his lease from the govern ment properly adjusted. Several of the hotel buildings of the Association are not on leased grounds, and changes will have to be made to carry out the terms of the agree ment. The formal transfer of the property was made last week by E E. Thorne, of New York, to the syndicate, he having purchased it as trustee for the Northern P'acific and the present Association at the sale by tl e re. ceiver of the old Park Improvement Cur. pany, effected through the courts of Wyo. ming two years ago.-Licingston Eterprise Last Friday Theodore Bernard land Her man Hutter, of Missoula, in company with' another gentleman, started down the Mis. soula river on a prospecting expedition. The party camped at Six-Mile Creek that even. ing and Bernard took some giant powder and went down the stream to kill some fish for supper. Just how it happened will never be known, but it is supposed the powder exploded in his hands, blowing both arms off and mangling his body and face in a shocking manner. When his companions reached him he begged them to kill him and relieve him of his suffering. He lingered ten hours, when death occurred as a result of his wounds.--Missouhan. Apostle Erastus Snow, of the Mormon church. died Sunday evening at his residence in this city, from kidney trouble, aged 70 years. He was born at St. Johnsbury, Ver. mont, the same State that turned out Joe Smith, Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball and other noted Mormons. He was con verted at 14 with his whole family, except the father, from Methodism by Luke John. son and Orson Pratt, and after three years as a home missionary, joined the "Saints" at Kirkland, residing with Joseph Smith him self for several weeks. On July 21, 1847, he entered the Salt Lake valley, subsequently being appointed President of this Stake of Zion, and in February, 1849, was made an Apostle.-Salt Lake Tribune. COLLECTION NOTICE. All persons knowing themselves indebted to the undersigned are requested to settle their accounts with Gus Zosel or myself, at my old stand, on or before June 4. 1818, MIr. Zosel being authorized to receipt for mne. All accounts unsettled at above date will be put in the hands of an attorney for collection, with costs. JAMiEs W. ESTILL. Deer Lodge, May 22, 1888. 985 tt BOTTLING ESTABLISHMENT! Soda, Sarsaparilla, Orange Ienionade, GINGER ALE, ETC., VAN GUNDY & MILLER, - - Deer Lodge. IIAVIN I BOUGHT AND PUT UP MACHINERY for generating Socla, Sarsaparilla, Ginger Ale AND ALL CARBONATE D)RINKS, with experinced workmen ih chlarge, we ce pre pared to afurnish them Bottled or in Charges for Fountains, promptly on notice, and as low as any House in the Territory. Address orders to Van Cundy & Miller, 985 tf Deer Lodge, MIontana. J. W. GILBERT. W. T. ELLIIOTT. GILBERT & ELLIOTT,' W1agoking Blicksithin, DEELL .LOI)GEI, M. T. Having secured the services of the mo:t competent workmen in Montani, we feel satisfied that no other shop in the Territory can excel, or even compete with us in the way of fine and durable work. All we ask of the farmers and others having occasion to patron ize a blacksmith shop ,is to give us a trial to verify the statement. Cauriag Work and Lorne Shoeig a epcialt, Mowing machines, bindars4, reapers :ad all other kinds of machinery repaired on short notic', and s5t isfaction guaranteed. We respectfau Ivr ak afair share of the trade. 984.-n CILBERT &, ELLIOTT, ------_ _-.---. Notice to Co-Owner, To George Hankins, his heirs and assigns: You, are hereby notified that the undcrsiilnedl, yo"i co-owner in the UNCLE SAM quartz lode mnlini claim, situated on the Little Blackfoot, ahout eight miles south of Elliston, Deer Lodge county and Terrt tory of Montana, has expended in labor and improve ments on said quartz lode mining claim during the year ending December 31, 1887, the si r of one hun dred [$100] dollars, being the amount of labor and improvements required to hold said mini"g claim under Section 2324 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, for the said year, and it within ninetyf [9.0] days after the publication of this notice yott tail or refuse to contribute your prolxrtion of such expen diture, amounting to Fitty [i$50 Dollars, heiiltec costs and expenses of this notice, then yolr intertset in said quartz lode mining claim will hecome the property of the nndersigued, under said Section ;.;a of the U. S. Revised Statutes. JOHN T. ,IEFFERI . bated May 16, 188 8. First publication, May 25, 1888. !' 9Slid Notice of Final Entry. U. S, LAND OFFICF, Helena, M. T., May :I, iP.. " Notice is hereby given that the foiowing namedl settler has filed notice of his intention to mia.ke Il proof in support of his claim, anil that s id 1:niot will be made before the Judne of the l'rol.te ('a.ot of Deer Lodge county, M. T., at his ofticn In Deer Lodge, M. T , on Saturday, July 7,. A. 1). l.8, to-wit CHARLES T. STARK, Of Drummond, Deer Lodge county, .L T., hlo made Homestead Application No. 1:6U3, for Lot No One  of Section 19, in Township 10 North of, flan..' 11 West. and the E3 of NESS, and NE's of Et of Section 21, in Township 10 North, tf l,(a it" . .: and he names the tollowing witneeses to pro, hid continuous residence upon and culttVation ot id tract, to wit- lrii Washington A. Shatzer. Joshua Bear lan Jo, King, all of New Chicago, Deer Lod"'e corlt ty. d and Godfrey lIollenoack, of Gold Creek, I)s'eL erLg county, M. T. 986 6t S. W. LANGIIORINE, Itigi.-tr. O. B. O'Baunnon, Att'y for Claimnant. Notice of Final Settlement. In the Probate Court of Deer Lodge 'ousldy, Terri tory of Montana In the matter of the estate of Michail DfLffy de ceaset. the Notice is hereby given that John W. 1)0i-f, a re Administrator of the estate of Mlichlcl Ietlff, tih ceased, has r..uderer nltd eserited toar tit oft his ment and tiled in said Colrt, Iris tlfl i(acc'Ittio administration of said estate lirdn for dlisti Jbtiin thereof; and that Saturday, the li6' d:J " Jl if:1 1888, being a day ot a t-erum of said ('uret, 1. '1 of the March term, A. D. 1855s, at ten o'crt I o''e at the Court room of said Court. t drt Ih r ( tory of in the town and County of Deer Lodge i.rit.r .art Montana, has been duly appoinlted by the rl-d Couti ftr the settlement of said account and the d. .r.n of said estate, at which itimn ruin p!ace ra, ,V crx interested in said estate lltay ai)pear anid fille fsct ceptions in writin g to the said iecount ali: c0Oute same. IT cerk. WM. H. Tirt0T, 1lrkt Mas 31, 1888. Marriage, Birth and Death Notices oinle. free, if information thereof is sent to thi offce Obituary Notices, Resolutions of Cond for le Notices of Meetings, etc., will be char'd t advertising rates.