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RATIS OF ADVY BRIBlRG.
52 3 r 87 8 $ 20 1 Time ` 5 6 10 12 15 25 I4 47 8 12 14 20 33 s . ..814..1..........4 16 25 8. 8 5 ut . .. 71012 18 24 35 60 7 S 12 15 22 30 50 70100 S 11 15 25 37 50 75 0loo0 " ........40 55 70 90 140 R-elar advertising payable quarterly, as due. senpt a dvertising payable In advance. s eWNotices are 50 per cent, more than rag. ertsemug15 cents for theirst Insertion -nts per line for euch succeeding insezo; t cekts in Nouparlel measure.' ai4 payable on delivery., pgOFESSIONAL CAMD& ATTORNEYS. Wi. J. GALBRAITH, ATTORNEY AT LAW, 1o031s A0Do 6, VAN GuaDY A MILLaR BLocK, peer Lodge, Montana. WELLING NAPTON, ATTORNEY AT LAW, [COURT SQUARE], DEER LODGE. '~Special Attention Given to Collections. F,W. COLE, Butte. I. R. WHITnEILL, Deer Lodge. COLE & WHITEHILL, ATTORNEYS AT LAW 3utte and Deer Lodge, Montana. 0. B. O'BANNON, Au k 1nt anl Atorley )oer Lodge, - Montana. IIENRY B. DAVIS, C E.-Connty and U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor. OAGNUS HANSON, C E.--Draughtsman and No. tary Public DAVIS & HANSON, Ciil adl Ihill [ liloeers, Procurers of U. S. Patents. Township and Mineral Plats on File. Odice at Court House. DEER LODGE, M. T. Si5 tf IPHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS. C. F. REED, DENTIST Once Over Kleinschmidt's Store. D)EER LODGE. MONT. 9513m J. A. MEE, PHYSICIAN & SURGEON, Deer Lodge, M. T. Diseases of W.,men and Chil dren a Specialty. 0acc on the corner, south of the McBurneoy oose. JOHN H. OWINGS, M. D., Physician and Surgeon O~ice--Kleinschmidt Building, formerly oc cupied by M. M. Hopkins. Doer Lodge, - 1~ontana Calls in town or country will receive prompt at tentlon. 643 BANKS. AND BANKERS. W. A. CLARK, 8. E. LARABIE' OLARK I LARABIH, DEER LODCE, M. T. Do a General Banking Business mad Draw Exchange on Al tie Principal Cities of the World. NEW YORK CORRB8PONDENTS. Fint Nlationl Bask, ew Yort. Y1. 776 First National Bank BELENA, - fMONTANA. Paid up Capital ......500.0000 Surplus and Profits 8325,000 5 T. T USEB, - * President. A. J. DAVIS, - - Vice-Proesdent. . W. KNIGHT, - - Cashier. T. H. KLBINSCOH IDT, - Ass's Cash. OsIeGNATmD DsPOUITOeT OF TEN UNITED STATES. Wetransact a general Bankin business,andby,at ghestrates, Gold Dust, Coin Gold and Silver Bul oa, and Local Securities; sell Uxebange, and Tele raphic Transfers, available in all parts oq the United rates,the Canadas, Great Britain, Ireland and the Cjatinent. CoLnortvoas padeand proseedremitted promptly. Direotors. S. T. HAUSER, TOHN CURTIN A. M. HOLTER, R. S. HAMILTON. JOHN H. WING, C. P-HIGOINS, I W.KNIGHT, A. J. DAVIS. T. C. POWER, H.M. PARCHEN, T. H. KLEINSCHMIDT. 150 E. H. IRVINE & SON, Real Zstate, tining AID COLLECTION AGENCY, East Cranito St, BUTTE, M. T. We solicit the business of any who desire' to buy or seli improved or unimproved ranches; city property either in Butte or Deer Lodge; or who may bave note, and accounts for collection. Our extensive ac .taiatance throughout Deer Lodge and Silver Bow oantles gives us a superior advantseae in our line ot We refer by permission to Clark a Larabie, Deer Lode, M.T. 60 TELEPHONE 85. P. PATTERSON, CkIIPIIIR AND BUILDBB, DEER LODGE, MONTANA. Designs furnished and close estimates made on Buel ness, Dwelling and other Houses. Do all Kinds Job Carpentering. BASII AND DOORS IN STOCK. Shop next door north of Murphy, Higgins A Co's store. 93 Rxchange Saloon, One Door South of Scott House, Deer Lodge, - Montana BAILEY A PETTY, Proprietors. Oily the Very Finst Lipoqo an CigL Over the Exchange Bar. A S ire of Peblic Patronage Respoetfully Solicited. 8 Ttf kmrs'Tnsorial Parlors AND BATE ROOMS, Van fundy & Miller ( Deer lodge. Buildio,. f Moiaaf.blaa'. RAVING JUST OCCUPIED MY SPLENDID new Parlors in the above building. I am pre' tidiosto do all work in my line to suit the most fas The Baths are finest nickie.plated and complete in ey respect, with hot and cold water, reception a .rnd privateentrance. oe pare assured Entire Satletioton, JOHN H..ARUS, "*Wrlrp a,. ___ °`".".te-a.... ... VOL. 2 DEER LODGE, , JULY 1, 1888. WHOLE NO. 992. No. 113.--Enima. I may be either alive, dead, or inanimate, In the first case I can be either curved, straight, or led in the second I may be of any form, but especially hollow; In my last my appearance is rather eircumscribedJ but it Is the most pleasing of my forms I wear no coat, yet sonmetimes I have a but ton, and a cape is named after me. I have no head, but am possessed of a mouth, and sometimes of a tongue, and can give utter ane to sounds without the latter; and, truly, I must be a poor one my kind it I cannot speak. In one sense I am generally in pais, and in another never can appear in more than twenty-six weeks of the year. I can, when alive, inflict severe wounds; and when inanimate, in bad hands, can cause pain (to the ear). In one sense I give light, in an other I protect it. I am not aversetogayety, for I used often to appear at festive boards; no band is complete without me, and I am often mentioned in connection with plenty. But for all this, in my natural state I am sometimunes rough, always sharp, and have been the death of several people, and a place merely bearing my name seemed to have such terrors as to cause a gallant captain to desist from his voyage. No. 114.-Tramsrormations. [Change one letter each move, the substi tute retaining the same relation to the other letters in the word, and giving a legitimate word stilL Example-Change Wood to Coal in three moves. Answer-Wood, Wool, Cool, Coal.] (a) Change White to Black in eight moves. (b) Change Neat to Prim in eight moves. (c) Change Hate to Love in three moves. (d) Change Saxe to Pope in five moves. (e) Change Hand to Foot in six moves. (f) Change Blue to Pink in ten moves. (g) Change Hard to Easy in five moves (h) Change Sin to Woe in three moves No. ~15-Anagrams. (a) Spare him not. (b) March on. (c) Golden land. (d) Nine thumps, (e) Best in prayer. (f) Nay, I repent it (g) Rare mad frolic. (h) To love ruin. (i) Great helps. No. 11G.-A Transpostlion. A gentleman who was paying his addresses to a lady, at length summoned up sufficient courage to ask if they were agreeable to her, and whether he might flatter himself with a chance of ultimate success. The lady replied, "Stripes!" telling the gentleman to transpose the letters so as to form out of them another word, which word was her answer. The reader who can find out the word needs never fear being nonplused by a lady; those who cannot must either persist till they overcome the difficulty or may give up all thoughts of wooing. No. 117.-Easy Word Squares. (a) A narrow road; a plane surface; close to; parts of the body. ib) Not any; across; not far away; strays from the right. No. 1 1.-Floral Puzzles. * - LLBHPIE F LYELoIRNj I VBR I V/ ALETON I CNASULP - Spell the names of twelve flowers or plants by moving in any direction one square at a time, using the same square only once in each word. Varieties in Prose. The best kind of servants for hotels-inn experienced. If the doctor orders bark, has not the pa. tient a perfect right to growl! If a man who makes a deposition is ade positor, does it necessarily follow that the man who makes an allegation isanalligator) "That was very greedy of you, Tommy, to eat your little sister's share of cakel" "You told me, ma, I must always take her part," said Tommy. ""I swear by those tall elms in yonder park," he commenced; but she interrupted him "nSwear not by them," she said, im ploringly. "Why not?' "Because those trees are slippery elms," she said, simply. A Unique Bulsnes Card. A unfqne business card is that of a Frank fort (N.Y.) stove dealer. On one side is the following inscription: "How 2,OO0was made -$1,000 by attending to your own business; $1,000 by letting other people's business alone." A Slight 3fouiuderstandilg. New Boarder (in Wisconsin street boardlng bouse)-I say, waiter, is it customary toserve soup in a tumbler Waiter (in disgust)--Dat ain't soup, you jay, dat's water; de lake was rough last night. Wenaldn't Need Ary Cas. "Mamma, you left your pocketbook up stairs; don't you want me to get It for you?" Lady-No, I'll not need it today-I am only going shopping rey to the Pumoer. No. 107.-Enigms: Ear then wsar. No.'108.--alfa Square: PR.EBAORD REMOVED EMBLEM SOLAR AVER GEM ED D No 109.-A Riddle in Rhyme: Vowels. No. I10.-A Remarkable Monogram: Al. phalmt. No. 111.-Two Diamonds: N T HOE TEA NOUNS TENTS END ATE S a No. 112. -Conundrums: n, Dutcb--S; b Herein - he - I her - here --ere-rein-in; e Yes, unquestionably; d, It is deriding l riding', e, Ilnlnh. Drying Up the Zuyder Zee. The Zoyder Zoo association proposes to take seriously in hand the work of dryinguup this sea by building a mole between the i.ruods of North Holland, or between Medem blik, in Holland, and Stavorn, in Frieslnud, Spumping out the sea water by powe.eu. e pumpge. xperts have no doubt that-,the yder o can be drained; but many e lieve that the state ploioe s able to cope wth the meny cngiu'ering ad4 llneipcial difficul ties which must eovre.ro before the task ies completed. The drainage of Harlemlake in 18411M was a comparatively trifling un dertakin:g.--tiome JdOra He is a wine economist who dorn not wam t more than half an hour a day in idle geslpr f usele o ioi atiou. frlve m5 anms~neo, or ere vacuity. Many a Key Wet o.lr has a* y West -prwe odor. AS TO ATLANTIC CITY. A SUMMER RESORT THAT IS NOT DULL IN WINTER. But of Course the Heated Term Is the T;ime When the Plaee Is Crowded-The Board Walk-S-ome Interesting Natives. Other Matters. STLANTIC CITY dull in wintert - N6osir, not by a long shot. That's the way Sonee who has been theie during the "- ! - cold season of the north answers it, and he goes on to If anything, it is livelier herd in winter than it is in summer. It is not so hot; the town is not so crowded: and there is, of course; more room to have fun in than there is now whena hundred thousand visitors stuff every inch of space from basement to garret. I had im agined that, in January, February and March, when the northern world is wrapt in its winding sheet, this strip of Jersey waste must be the dismalest and lonesomeat spot cnder the sun. I had an idea that its multi tudo of cottages and its broad avenues were buried deep in snow; that its long, splendid beach was lashed with the cold and angry breakers of a winter sea; and that its inhabi tants had either fled to a more hospitable land or hibernated in some little corner be yond the reach of the roaring tide. But I was mistaken. Atlantic City is tem perate as to climate, and altogether delight ful in winter. To be sure, there are cold winds, and the mercury sometimes sinks pretty low; but, all in all, it is a good place to be in while the rest of the northern world is shivering, and there are a good many win ter visitors. To be sure, they are invalids; but as they walk up and down the beach in the bright, clear days in January or March we sit in the sun parlors up thereon the board walk, which fronts the ocean for two or three miles They are the healthiest and jolliest set of patients that you ever saw. They flirt and play poker and cribbage just as though they had no notion of dying, and, what is more to the point, they don't'die. I have a friend who is a Philadelphian, and he has all the amiable weaknesses of Philadelphians for Atlantic City. Maizy of them go there in winter, especially the queens of society, who, becoming wearied and exhausted with the social gayeties of the holidays, find Atlantic City free from the wiCked distractions of the Quaker metropo lis. A few young men, exhausted by work or fast living, seek rest there, and render possible those harmless flirtations that make life at a seaside resort endurable and often decidedly fascinating. Older and more seri ous minded people, usually suffering from some form of ill health, sit about the cot tages or hotels that remain open the year round, or wander up and down the board walk or along the beach when the tide is out. Sometimes they vary the monotony with I 'riding or driving, and one of the com mon sights is a splen did look ing girl, mounted onaspirited horse~ flying along Atlanitic avenue or over the gray sanl THE BOARD WALK. of the ocean front. Equestrianism in summer as well as winter is one of the favorite amusements there. "Atlantic City in summer is to us Phila delphians," said my friend, "what Coney Island is to the Now Yorkers. We rush down here by the thousands in the hot days of July and August. During these months every train from Philadelphia hero is crowded to suffocation The cottages and hotels can hardly contain the multitude thas flock here to escape the suffocating heats of the Quaker City, and to get a breath of the fresh air that sweeps in here from the cool and rolling bosom of the Atlantic. The beach and walk are literally, crowded with human beings, many sitting, some standing, and a few running hither and yon in the vain hope of finding 'fun.' The merry-go rounds, the shooting galleries, the eating houses, the drinking places, the Punch and Judy shows, the cheap minstrels, the curios Ity shops, and heaven only knows what else that find room along either side of the board walk, are in full blast. Here from early dawn till late at night, the 'worship of the world, and the flesh, and the devil are car ried on with a zest and enthusiasm that easily rivals that of Coney Island. Beneath NATIVES. the fiercely flaring electric lghts scattered at i .:rvals along the beach and walk emerge a hbc of men and women add children that is as compTat and unimpoeietrable as any that ever jammed a ferry boat or crowded a country circus. Above the chatter and din cf innumerable human voices, telling of love pr crying out the virtues of Absecon clams ip pink lemonade may be heard the bands of r.w 0J pt the iron pier at the north end of the island or tho ore;lestra and chorus at the comb opera being presented at Appleg~te's pier toward the southern end, cr the rhythmic tread of the merry feet that r.- glidin r.cross the splendidly illuminated ball rooms of the nr hotels, that rear their proud and lofty fronts along the streets and avenues away from the ceaseless roll of the surf upon the beach. It is, indeed, a dazzling sight and dazing din that goes up to meet the eyes s.d, ears of Capt. Wolf, the amiable keeper of the Absecon light, as he stands in the lanterr 230 feet above the ground, and surveys the thronged streets and blazing cottages so far below." As y friend did not take any interest in Agthing, being unable to swim, his eloquent recital of these fascinating featuresof Atlan tie City mado it necessay OF me to seek elsewhere for ntformation on this important "Asi you can see for yourself," said another Philadlph friend, "th e ere is one of the finest in the world It is nearly ten miles long and as smooth as a ballroom. The bathing here is unsurpssd. The bench @apes as gently as a woman's caress and the surf, while very perceptible, is not raOe, like a ruBian. The waves are so gentle here that even children and women who do not know hew to swim may venture out among them with perfect safety. The temperature of the water is as mild and genial as a day in June. Is it any wonder that bathing hereispopulari Where else can you go and see 10,000 people in the water at once? Where else can you go and see such beautiful bathing suits? I do not think that you ever saw anything more fascinating at Long Branch or New por." I had to confess to a pitiful unfitness to pass a comparative opinion upon the ar tistic bathing suits so abundant at At lantic City and those of other places where modesty is not more prevalent. So, to change the subject and thus to prevent an embarrassing exposure of my profoundignor ance, I asked if there was nothing there be sides f A-irting, bathing and riding to interest "Oh, yes. If youire a sailor` YO&Uaa, gratify your taste and skill to your heart's content. There are more yachts and sailing LOOKING OVER THE OCEAN. craft over in the inlet than shins in the United States navy. The fishing here is good. All those boats that you saw sailing to the east this morning were going to the fishing grounds three' or four miles out. Then, if you were here in the fall, the shoot ing in the salt marshes nortlfof the inlet will fill to overflowing the heart of any sportsman with joy. Snipe, mud hen, ducks and other birds are as abundant as the sands of the sea. Bushels and bushels of eels are also caught in those salt marshes too. But isn't it time to go to dinner?" We made our way through the crowd of spectators that were admiring the pretty bathers and were soon seated at our dinner table. The baked shad that was placed be fore us is the favorite dish of all Philadel phians, and nothing else will they eat when they go to Atlantic City. THE PARIS EXPOSITION. Gen. Franklin, the Commissioner from the United States. Gen. William Buel Franklin, whom Presi dent Cleveland has appointed to represent the United States at the Paris exposition of 1889, was a prominent general in the Army of the Potomac during the civil war. He was born at York, Pa., Feb. 27, 1823. He was graduated from the military academy at West Point in 1843 at the head of his class. This was the class in which Gen. Grant was graduated. He was assigned to the Topo. griphical engineers, where he served till the opening of the war, which found him in charge of the erection of government build. ings at Washington. In May, 1861, he was made colonel of the Twelfth United States infantry, and in the same month appointed brigadier general of volunteers. At the first Bull Run he comnmanded a brigade of Heintzelman's division. He was soon after promoted to the conmmand of a division, and on July 4, 1862, was made major general, about the same time receiv ing a brevet in the regular army for gallant conduct in the battles before Richmond, afterward receiving another brevet of major general. During 1862 he commanded the Sixth army corps. He fought in most of the battles of the Peninsula, and at Fred. ricksburg commanded the left grand divi sion, consisting of the Sixth and First corps. Gen. Burnside removed Franklin for disobe dience of orders during this engagement, but Burnside was himself soon removed and Franklin restored. In 1863 he commanded BOMERVILLE PINI;NEY TUCK. GEN. W. I. FRANKLIN. PRESENT STATE OF MACHINERY HALL, PARIS EXPOSITION. the Nineteenth corps. He was on the Red river expedition and wounded at Sabine Cross Roads in 1864. He was captured by the enemy while on sick leave in July, 1864, but escaped the next day. He resigned from the army in 1866 and has since been conncted with the Colt Firearms Manufacturimg com pany at Hartford. He superintended thg construction of the new state house of Con ppcticut, was state commissioner of the Cen tennial exposition of 1876 and was adjutant general of Connecticut in 1877 and 1878. Mr. Somerville Pinkney Tuck, who has been appointed assistant commissioner, be longs to New York city. Ho was graduated at the University of Virginia in 186~(, studied law, and was admitted, and went to New York in 1872. There he has since resided and practiced his profession. Mr. Tuck has spent several years in France, where he was engaged upon "Spoliation Claims," and speaks the French language fluently. He is a member of the Maryland Society of the Cincinnati. The portraits of Gen. Franklin and Mr. Tuck are accompanied by a cut of the present state of the machinery hall of the exposition. Manltoba's Lieutenant lovemno,. The new lieutenant governor of Manitoba, the Hon John Christian Schultz, is cf Dan ish descent. He was born at Amhm-st burg, Ont., on Jan. 1,1840. Twenty years later he was graduated in medi cine at Oberlin, O., and at Queens uni versity, Kingston, and at Victoria university, Co bourg. In 1860-70 he was the leader of the Canadian party during the rebellion of that ..... -- T time. He was Z. c. SCHULTZ. seized by Riel. the leaner of the rebellion, and sentenced to death, but escaped. In 187i2 he was appointed a member of the executive council for the Northwest territory. He has been a member of the Dominion senate from Manitoba, also of the Dominion house of commons from Lisgar. In pohlities he is a Liberal-Conserva tive. Mr. Schaltz's appointment dates from July. ppad l5ck. Stranger (to western citizen) - My friead. you are sadly bruised and bat tered. and parts of your ear seem to be missing You must have had some bad uInck SWestern Citizen - Bad lucki Great Scottl stranger, I got the pot.--UIfe. 7TIE HOME OF CALHOUN. .F T HILL, OCONEE COUNTY, SOUTH CAROLINA. St Is a Beautifal Place, and It Has Been JIAf to the State to Form the Site and pport of an Agricultural College. omething of Its History. I'mrt Hill, the plantation and home of John 0. Calhoun, near Pendleton. in Oconee diMty, S. C., has been left to the state, with secnrities of the value of about 860,000, for use as an agricultural college. It was the bequest of Thomas G. Clemson, formerly c.ge daffaires at Brussels and the son-in lwbf Calhoun. ....:t :lemnuaso dicuie on April>?, leaving to hislittle granddaughter and" only descend aint, Miss Floride Lee, of New York, 330 acres of land adjoining Fort Hill and $15,000 in cash. It was at Fort Hill, so named from being the site of a fort built for defense against In dians before the revolution, that Calhoun spent his time during the recesses of con gress, and here were written several of his best known works and public documents, notably the celebrated letter to Governor James Hamilton, of South Carolina, on the advisabllity and constitutionality of nullifl cation. CALHOUN AND HOUSB AT FORT HILL. .The place is beautifully situated at the point of intersection of Oconee, Pickens and Anderson counties. The Seneca river runs along the side for a considerable distance, and from the banks upward the place con sists of elegantly sloping hills and rolling lands, which are fringed with woodlands. Twenty miles distant are clearly visible the peaks of the Blue Ridge mountains, and the natural situation is one of the most pictur esque in the state. The house is situated on the summit of a gently rising hill, in the midst of a park of forest trees, beautifully laid out, through which runs an avenue of noble old cedars to the gate, about a thousand yards down tlhe hill. The house is of wood and brick, with two spacious porticos, supported by Doric columns, facing the north and east. It pre sents a striking appearance from the road and the valley of the Seneca river, but on closer inspection is found tobeunpretentious and to be built very much in the style of the houses of well to do South Carolina planters before the late war. Within the house is a fine collection of rare pictures and small bronze figures, which Cal houn especially prized. Perhaps the only pieces of household furniture of especial value are the escritoire of Calhoun,and a massive mahogany scellerette over which are two enormous black deer horns, a gift to Cal houn when he was vice president. The library is in a small building at a short distance in the rear of the house. The books are not of special value, many being damaged and in broken sets, and many having been lost or stolen. Perhaps the most interesting book in the library is a manuscript of the first volume of a life of Calhoun prepared by Mr. Clemson and the late Mr. Pinckney Starke. It is written in a peculiar shcrthand character, the invention of Mr. Starke, and it is feared that no one will be able to decipher it. Messrs. Starke and Clemson had the use of a number of manuscripts collected by the Hon. R. M. T. Hunter, of Virginia, who had gathered material for a life of his friend and political teacher, but was compelled to relinquish the task. A trunk of manuscript lettersand docu. ments of Calhoun, of great value to the future historian, has also been found in the library. The entire contents of the house, with the exception of family portraits, has been also bequeathed to the Agricultural college. The value of the real andpersonal property bequeathed the state for a college is esti mated at $100,000, exclusive of the furniture and relics of Calhoun within the house. The property is given to the state to be used as an institution for instruction in agri eulture. but the will directs that the college shall not be exclusively agricultural, and that proper attention be given to other studies and to a general collegiate course for students. Pendleto:n, the neighboring village, was once a popular resort for many wealthy planters front tidewater South Carolina, and many handsome residences were built in the vicinity. O: the summit of one of the highest hills adjoining Fort IHill is "Seneca," the ele gant country seatof the Ravenels, of Charles ton, and next adjoining is a once splendid residence "KLeowee," the property of another lranch of the Calhoun family. HIS SUMMER HOME Where Gen. Sherlda, WilI Pass the Heated Season. The cottage at Nonquitt, Mass., selected fo. (den, Sheridan's summer rpsidence, is very conveniently situated for the purpose of r1e ceiving an invalid traveler. Last summer Gen. Sheridan visited Non quitt for the first time as the guest of an old friend, D. R. Melee, Wmahington agent of the Associated Press. During this sojourn the general was so much pleased with the place that he determined to build, and at once let the contracts for the erection of his cottage. It was a very fortunate circum stance, for it now gives the general a quiet, healthy place of his own, and easy of access, in which to recuperate, or at least wait for better health. i. COTTAGE AT NOXQUITT. The cottage is a two story building with piazas nearly all around. The inside finish is in nat~ral wood oiled, with a stripe of terra cotta at the base. As in the case of the cottage at Marion where Mrs. Cleveland will summer, the windows overlook Bussards b.ay. The apartment inteuded for the gen eral is a large and elegantly furnished room, with a fireplace, half glass doors, a bay window, rattan furniture and the floor cov ered in Turkish rugs and blue and white straw matting. The room is furnished in California redwood, and over the doorway is a handsome piece of Japanese wicker work. There is a room intended for the general's ofce, if he is well enough to use it, located to the south. Upstairs are the sleeping rooms for the family. The house is furnished throughout'forsummer use. The furniture is not yet all in, but will be in a few days. At first the family will board at the hotel The Way That Never Fails, Western papera are discussing the vital question. "What makes a man a's trousers ag at the knees?" and no one has thought to advance the theory that it is becamise the man wears the trousers. We don't know of anything that will make a man's trosuers bag at the knees quicker than wearing them.-Norristown Herald SOME IOWA WOMEN. They Are Distinguished in Literature amd Journalism. A correspondent for The Chicago Tribune recently gave some interesting sketches of women of Iowa distin-guished in literature and journalism. The most notable of those mentioned is Octave Thanet, or Miss Alice French, of Davenport. Judge French, her father, left Boston many years ago and settledin Davenport His children, however, have all been educated in Massachusetts or abroad. Alice was graduated at the seminary at Andover and soon after began to write for magazines Godey's Lady's Book accepted an article and paid her in copies of themaga sine. She wrote upon economic subjects for a while and then sent a society sketch to The Century. Two of her stories, "The Bishop's Vagrant," and "Whitumn Harp," are widely known. She has recently been character studying in Arkansas. She is described as a brilliant and fascinating woman in conver sation. Her hair is brown, her complexion fair, and her eyes a deep gray and express. ive There are a great many women in journal Ism in Iowa. Mrs Pauline Swalm, with her husband, edits The Oskaloosa Herald. While at school she was offered a position on The Register, but decided to finish her course be fore accepting it. After being graduated, in 1871, she accepted the position, which she held till after her marriage. The husband and wife had jointly edited The Jefferson Bee and The Fort Dodge Messenger before entering upon the management of The Oska loosa Herald. Miss Rose B. Ankeny is a late addition to the force of women editors of Iowa. She left the Des Moines high school with honors in 1889, and the Iowa State university with first honors in 1887. She at once took a position on The Des MoinesLeader, and has since been regularly - ~employed for thatpaper, and a at the same time has been a spe cial corre spondent for other swvA i . papers. As she has only served for a year it is impossible to 7 estimate her future sue cess except by its prom- FRENCH so, which isof the bright est. Mrs. Gillette, of The Iowa Tribune, is the wife of one of its owners. At one time her husband and his partner were away, and the editor was taken ill with brain fever. The paper had to be run, and Mrs. Gillette deter mined to run it. That she did run it, and well, is evidenced by the fact that she now has entire charge of the paper. Then there is Mrs. Ella Hamilton Durley, of The Des Moines Daily News, who educated herself, taught and earned money enough to study abroad, returned and delivered lec tures. She soon, however, took up journal ism, and has besides served four years as secretary of the state educational board of examiners. Mrs. Mary J. Coggeshall has charge of The Woman's Standard, a monthly journal de voted to woman's suffrage. Miss Alice Busby from 1883 to 1884 had entire charge of The Belle Plain Independent. Miss Florence Miller is editor of The W. C. T. U. Messen ger. Mrs. Sue Claggett has served on her father's paper, The Keokuk Constitution, has been book reviewer for The New York Na tion, and has written novels. These are not all the Iowa women in jour nalism by any means. SThe Late Sidney Howara Gay. Mr. Sidney Howard Gay, who died re cently at his home in Livingston, Staten Island, was one of the anti-slavery writers and speakers of forty years ago. But few are left; they are now old men, and are rap idly passing away. Mr. Gay was born in Hingham, Mass., in 1814. He was entered at Harvard when 15 years of age, but his health failed him, and he was obliged to drop his books and travel in order to regain it. After a brief experience in mercantile pur suits he turned his attention to the }<' law; but when ready to be admit ted he found that his conscience ,h would not permit SIDNEY HOWARD GAY. him to swear al legiance to the constitution of the United States, which protected slavery. He joined the Abolitionists and became a lecturer for the Anti-Slavery society, and afterwards ced itor of The Anti-Slavery Standard. In 1857 he joined the editorihl staff of The New York Tribune, and from 1862 to 1866 was managing editor. In 1867 Mr. Gay went to Chicago, where he was managing editor of The Tribune, and after the great fire of 1871 was indefatigable as a member of the relief committee and wrote the report of its work. Soon after he returned to New York and was made man aging editor of The Evening Post. Mr. Gay's literary tastes and talents were inherited from his father and mother, who were cultivated people. His chief work out side of journalism was "A Popular History of the United States." It was intended that William Cullen Bryant should do the work, but be was unable, and suggested Mr. Gayto take his place. His other works were a "Life of James Madison," and when taken ill some time ago he was engaged on a biog raphy of Edmund Quincy for the "Ameri can Men of Letters." A New English Cruiser. England has another fine criser which was launched recently at Chatham dock yard. She is called the Medea. She is a twin screw steel vessel unarmored, and carrying six 0 inch breschloading guns, placed in sponsons built out from the sides of the hulL The vaUE EEIEA. guns are placed one on each side, at each end and one on deck amidships. The engines are of 9,000 horse power and are calculated to give a speed of twenty knotsan hour. She will also carry ten quick firing guns, pro tected by shields. Her length is 265 feet, breadth 41 feet and depth of hull 16 feet 6 inches. The Medea was begun April 5, 1887. The usual ceremony of christening, the breaking of a bottle Of wine at her launching, was performed by Miss Kelly, daughter of the admiral superintendent. A easonable Request,. "Papa," mid abeautiful girl, brightly, "dc you know that this is my 18th birthday?" "Why, bless me, so it is!" responded the old man "It doesn'tseem possible that my little girl has grown to be a young lady." "Well, she has, papa, and I want you to do me a very great favor," and the beautiful girl hid her blushing face upon the old man's shoulder. "What is it, dear." he asked fondly. "Pease sell Nero."-New York Sun. IHE WAS THE FIRST MASON. THAT 13, HE FOUNDED THE ORDER IN AMERICA. This Fact Has Led to the I'rection at Townsend, Mass., of a Monument to the Memory of Mr. Henry Price-His Per sonal History. A monument has recently been dedicated at Townsend, Mass., to Henry Price, the founder of Masonry in the United States. For more than a century the place of his burial was marked by a small slate stone, which has almost crumbled to pieces. Some years ago the grand lodge, learning of the condition of affairs, appropriated $500 for the erection of a monument, but only lately the memorial stone has been placed in the new cemetery in Townsend, and the remains removed and placed beneath it. HENRY PRICE AND MONUMENT. The monument is of hammered granite. It is plaid and simple of design. The base is 4 feet square by 1 foot 3 inches high, and from this the shaft rises, a cube 3 feet 6 inches each way. On the shaft is inscribed: HENRY PRICE, Founder of Duly Constituted Masonry In America. On the back is another inscription taken from the stone which has been so long over the original grave: Born in London about 1697; removed to Boston about 1283; appointed provincial grand master of New England in 1733, and in the same year a cornet in the Governor's Guards with the rank of major; removed to Townsend about 1763, and died there May 20, 178. His life was consistent with his duty as a Mason and a man. The structure was dedicated in accordance with the ritual prescribed' The founder of Masonry in America came over to New England about 1723. He was a tailor by occupation, but in 1733 Governor Belecher appointed him cornet of his troop of guards with the rank of major. His duties were to bear the standard. In 1750 he retired from the tailoring business quite well off in worldly goods. It was in 1733 that Price produced a com mission from Viscount Montague, grand master of England, and formed a provincial grand lodge. A number of men were con vened at the sign of the "Bunch of Grapes" In King street, namely: Andrew Belcher, Thomas Kennelly, John Quane, Henry Hope, Frederick Hamilton, John McNeall, Peter Hall, Matthew Young, John Waddell and Edward Ellis. Price was grand master, Belcher deputy grand master and Kennelly and Quane wardens. These original members with others newly made petitioned to be made a regular lodge. The prayer was granted, and the petitioners were constituted the first regu lar lodge in America. This petition is preserved among the archives of the grand lodge of Massachusetts. The original commission to Henry Price is not now in existence, but there is plenty of evidence that he was so commissioned, and the grand lodge of Massachusetts is recog nized as the oldest Masonic body in America. rtter the institution of this lodge Masonry became popular in Massachusetts. Governor Belcher had been made a Mason in 1704 in England and gave the newly instituted lodge every encouragement. His son, Andrew Belcher, was appointed the first deputy grand master. In 1734 the commission given to Price was extended to all North America. Benjamin Franklin the same year visited Boston and secured authg'ity from Price to establish a lodge in Philadelphia, which was soon after constituted. Franklin was much interested in Masonry. He was the first grand master of Pennsylvania and showed great devotion to the fraternity. From the grand lodge established by Price in Boston sprang lodges in Pennsyl vania, New Hampshire. Nova Scotia, Con necticut, Virginia and the West Indies. Price held his position for three years, when he resigned. JUSTICE SAMUEL F. MILLER. Though for Some Time Eligible for Re tirement. He Still Occupies the Bench. Justice Samuel F. Miller may truly be called a veteran of the supreme court of the United States. Though eligible for retire ment on full pay two years ago, he still re tains his seat. He has served on the supreme bench since its organization in 1863. He was appointed by President Lincoln and has never held any other office. He was born in Ken tucky in 1S81, his father having been a Penn sylvania German and his mother a North Carolina woman. Young Miller was brought up on a farm, but after leaving school be came a druggist's clerk. At this calling he served three years and then studied medi cine. He practiced as a physician for eight years, when he concluded to become a lawyer, from a fondness and proficiency in debate. When he was ."4 years old he went to Iowa, not being willing to raise his family in a slave state. His residence in Iowa commenced during the stirring times ,' attending the re peal of the Mis souri compromise, and Mr. Miller took an active part in " the stormy discus sions. Ho was prominent as a po litical manager, - but would never , consent to runfor S UEL forLE office. He soon also SAMUEL F. ILLE. rose to the position of leading lawyer of his state. The vacancies occurring in the su preme court at the time of the opening of the civil war enabled Mr. Lincoln to appoint Mr. Miller one of the justices. Having been on the supreme bench for a quarter of a century Justice Miller has of course taken part in many important de cisions, but perhaps the most important mat ter with which he has ever had to do was the electoral commission to decide between Hayes and Tilden for the presidency. Two Democratic and two Republican members of the supreme court were chosen to serve on the commission, and Justice Miller was se leoted as one of the Republicans, and was designated by his associates to prepare the report to congress, explaining the position taken by the majority of the commission upon each point decided by them. Though 72 years of age, Justice Miller is still hearty in mind and body. His step is light, his eyesight fair and his faculties un impaired. He is of good height, has a strong figure, a clean shaven face and a massive head slightly bald on top. His hair, which was brown, is now nearly white. The Boston Girl's Foot. "How about the feet of the woment" asked the reporter of the shoe dealer. "Growing smaller, too. We used to sell fours and fives, now we sell threes and fours, I think the average is about four. I know of at least a dozen good sized women who wear number twos. It takes less leather to clothe the Boston foot today than it did ten or tw&ty years ago." "How about corns?" "No more plenty now than years ago. The Boston foot is of good shape and per fect in every respect. It can walk as well and dance as sprightly as ever and looks much better. The superfluous flesh and bone has been eliminated and all the use fulness still retained."-Boston Globe. TERMS.-INVARIABLY LN ADVANCE. OneYear........................... ......$4 0u Stimonths............................ ....... too Three Months................................ 1 00 When not paid in advance therate will be Five Dollars per year. NIIW8PIFPER DECISIONb 1. Any one who takes a paper regularly from th Postolce-whether directed to his name or another or whether he ha cried or not-is responsible for the payment. S. It aperson orders his paper discoMtnuned, h maustpay allarrearases, or the publishler will cone tinme to send It until payment is made and collect tb whole amount, whether the paper is taken from th office or not. 3. Thecourts bavedecided that aefusinP to take thenewspapers or periodicals from thePostofice, or removin and leaving them uncallet for, is prime fees evidence ot intentional fraud, Paper ordered to any address can be changed to another address at the option of the subscriber. Remittances by draft, check, money order, or re.le. teredletter., may te sent at our risk. All Postmatert are required to registr letters on appliation. THE COMING OF LOVE. O Cupid, thou mad, Irresistible elf: Let my sleeping heart be, leave my thoughts to myself; I brave not thy fever of rapture and pale, O let me go bIack to anmy dreaming again! What is this vision that makes my heart beat With a passionate longing. so subtle and sweet! OCupid. thou madcap' see what thou hast done. What rare woman thoughts in any heart have begun Breathe forth,dainty wild rose, yourperfume so sweet, look up, little pansy, my lover to greet; Ring sweet, bonny bluebell, to rapture give tongue, For love is our life, and our life ever young! -Florence Evelyn Pratt in Home Journal. Wanted a Glass of Water. After a stay of some months in Vienna I went up to Nuremberg, and from there to the 8treiburg Wheycure, where I hoped to recuperate from the effects of the cholera which 1 had in Vienna. At this place you get nothing to drink but whey, except in the morning, when they let you have coffee and rolls. No water or milk or anything but whey is allowed, and I could not drink it. Every time I did it seemed as if I should die for an hour, and the worst thing was that you were always thirsty. I could not speak a word of German, and even if I could have donesoa Bavarian could not have understood it. The vice consul's daughter, who had come up with me from Nuremburg, had been my translator, but she went on a long walk, and when the man from the "Curhaus" brought the fatal glasses of whey I determined to have a drink of water, and so by showing him a florin, talking and by dumb show I made him, as I fondly hoped, understand that every time I even saw a glass of whey it created a revolution in my internal economy and I wanted a drink of water. At last he brightened and I felt that I had for once succeeded in introducing an idea into a Dutch head; but he sat down the glass of whey and disappeared, nodding his head reassuringly. I waited patiently for a long time, when he at last appeared, bringing with him, not a glass of water, but a carpenter's brace and bitl Thus hehad in terpreted my intelligent pantomine.-Olivo Harper in Philadelphia Times. A Hotel Clerk's Observations. I have been making one of the most pecul iar studies you ever heard of during the past two weeks, and I'm going to give you the re sults of my investigation. During the time I have mentioned I have put down 238 guests for calls in the morning; 113 of these guests were blondes and 125 brunettes. My object was to ascertain, if possible, the varia tion of the number of hours' sleep required by the types of the two complexions. Then I went a trifle further. I found 41 of the guests to be below the average height, 86 to beof about medium height, and 111 to be what might be termed tall men. Now, just look at this result: Calls for between 5 and 7 a. m.-Blondes. 98; brunettes, 65. Between 7 and 9 a, m.-Blondes, 8; brunettes, 32. Be tween 10 a. m. and 12 mn.-Blondes. 7; bru nettes, 28. You will see by this that the blondes are the earliest risers, and uphold their claim for activity and nervousness. Now, here are three peculiar facts of the whole investiga tion, and they open up a vast field for anat omical speculation. Tihe entire forty-one "shorties" were up all before 8 a. m. Those of average height slept a little later, but not one of them slept later than 9 o'clock. Every one of the "sleepy heads," who dallied in their beds until the sun had almost reached its meridian, were of the taller types of man hood. There's something. for study, and they are the actual observations I have taken. Hotel Clerk in Globe-Democrat. An Astronomical P'eszzle. Since Jupiter's satelktes were discovered by Galileo, in 1010, astronomers have been greatly mystified by the phenomena of their transits across the planet's disc. The fourth, or farthest, satellite grows rapidly and in creasingly fainter as it nears the edge of the disc, shines with moderate brilliancy for ten or fifteen minutes after contact, then disap pears altogether for a likeperiod, and lastly comes out as a dark spot which becomes darker and darker until it equals the black ness of its own shadow on the planet. The second satellite, however, seems never to have been seen otherwise than as pure white during transit. The appearance of the third and first is different stll, the former having been seen as perfectly white, and yet, even on the next succeeding revolution, so black as to be mistaken for the fourth, while the latter is sometimes a steel gray and sometimes a little darker. These singular anomalies, says Newcomb, are very difficult to account for except by supposing very violent changes constantly in progress on the satellites' surfaces. After a special study of some years, Mr. E. J. Spitta, R. A. S., reaches a different conclusion, at* tributing the apparent changes to idiosyn. crasies of our vision.-Arkansaw Traveler. The Carnage at Gettysburg. The expressions often found in battle ac counts of "heaps of slain" and "rows of dead" are food for ridicule in this skeptical age, but a few figures showingthe condition of things at Gettysburg will prove that in this case at least these terms are not mere extravagances of speech. The killed outright and mortally wounded were, in round numbers, 8,000. Of the 25,000 wounded and otherwise disabled, probably 12,000 more, at the outset, were prostrated, and the total number to be ac counted fallen is 20,000, an army that, if placed in four ranks as soldiers ordinarily march, would reach nearly four miles, or a distance equal to the whole front from Ceme tery Hill to the Round Tops. Of course these prostrate men did not all lie in unbroken lines, nor were they to be seen all at one time. But the heaviest losses were on open ground, where the fire had a clear sweep, and although there is much scattering of the ranks when those not killed outright are struck, the losses were so severe at the vital points on the several fields fought over that language could not paint the scene with milder words than "carnage" and "blood stained sod strewn with the dead and the dying, all mingled in ghastly heaps and rows." One Way of Getting a Drink. 'A neat trick was played on me by an old toper the other day," remarked an East Side saloon keeper. "The old soak brought in a black bottle and asked for 50 cents' worth of whisky. 1 drew it and hung on to the bottle while he went through his pockets after the silver. Presently he put on a look of dismay and said he had lost the money. 'All right,' says 1, and turned out the whisky and put the bottle on the bar. He took it and went away, saying he'd be back after the inebri ator presently. He didn't come, however, but five minutes later I found him sitting on a horse block around the corner poking something In the bottle with a stick, and after every poke turn out a thimbletul of whisky in a cup. I seized the bottle and made an investigation. What do you think I foundt Why, the old rascal had forced a sponge as big as my clenched fist into it, and this had soaked up a glassful of my whisky when I filled the bottle."-Buffalo Express. To Make Knee Breeches Comfortable. There are people who maintain that knee breeches are vastly "becoming" and "com fortable." Now, as to "comfortable," thatis stark absurdity, contrary to all experience and reason. The only way to make knee breeches comfortable is to imitate the now almost extinct Irish peasant breeches wearer and habitually forget to button them at the knee. As to the much abused steel pen coat, it is not beautiful, certainly. But properly constructed, as our grandfathers wore it, made double breasted and to button across the chest, it is a remarkably good garment. For any kind of bodily work or exercise it is absolutely unrivaled. It has no useless skirts to flop about and impede the movement, and the pockets, well out of the way, are only. in convenient when you sit down. It is the best walking coat everdevised, whereas the mod ern frock coat is about the worst and most cnombersome.-Lo Truth.