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•VOL. 20, NO. 4. DEER LODGE, MONTA, JULY 20, 1888. WHOLE NO. 99.
--~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ I 19 . ..l .. .. . mo n.---Im n , mm ' i RATgS OFp ADVBRTBI IO. I i 3 a 5 97 88 910 1c0 S( 3 5 6 10 1 12 5 S8 1420334 8 16 5 3883 1 u 12 18 24 85 .0 71 : ..... .. 12 15 22 30 50701( S 11 125 3330 7B 100 6 0 70 90 14025 lear advertising payable quarterly, as due. Uladvertising payable In advance. s Notices are 50 per cent. more than rg ia~etv ertg, 15 cents for the first insertion l ecut per line for each succeeding insertioar .m ! in Nonpariel measure, 1 Wt paable on deUlver. I80FESSIONAL CARDI. ATTORNEYS. Wg. J. G6AIRAITH, ArrORNEY AT LAW, so NS 5 AND 6, VAN GUNDY & MIsLUI BLOCK, neer Lodge. 3Montana. gil WELLING NAPTON, ATTORNEY AT LAW, [COURT SQUARE], DEER LODG.I Vgspecial Attention Given to Collections. F, W. COLE, Butte I1. B. WITZunLL, Deer Lodge. COLE & WHITEHILL, ATTORNEYS AT LAW Butte and Deer Lodge, MoLtana. 0. B. O'BANNON, AI lent al Alltrney Deer Lodge, - - Monl ana. IS.RY B. DAVIS. C. E.-County and U. 8. Deputy Mioeral Surveyor. MAGHUS BANSON. C. E.-Draughtsman and No tary Public DAVIS & HANSON, Ci l ald MInit Elin l ers, Procurers of U. S. Patents. Township and Mineral Plats on Pile. O6icestCoortBHouse. DEER LODGE, M.T. PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS. C. F.- REED, DENTIST O1Ece Over Kleirechmidt's Store. DIEER LODGE, MOlONT. 9513m J. A. MEE, PHYSICIAN & SURGEON, Deer Lodge, M. T. Diseases of W ,men and Chil dren a Specialty. Oce on the corner, south of the McBurney House. JOHN H. OWINGS, M. D., Physician and Surgeon Mffce-Kleinschmidt Building, formerly oc cupied by M. M. Hopkins. Deer Lodge, - Montstnsi Calls in town or country will receive prompt at kntion. 648 BANKS AND BANKER8. W. A. CL.ARK, S. E. LARABIEB LEARK I LARABI'N, B A.J . E . S, DEER LODCE, M. T. Do a General Banking Business and Draw Exchange on All the Principal Cities of the World. NEW YORK CORRESPONDENTS. fint National Bait, Now York. B Y. First Hational Bank RELENA, - MONTANA. Paid up Capital...... 500.000 Surplus and Profits 8825,000 8. T. HAUSER, - - President. A. J. DAVIS, - - Vice-PresIdent. I W. KNIGHT, - - Cashier. T. H. KLUrINSHMIDT, - A.a' Cash. bSUIGNATED DEPOSITORY OP THE UNITED STATLS. Wetranuact a general Baning business, and b ,at Iheatrates, Gold Dust, Coin, Oo14 and Silver bil ea, and Local becurities; Sell Exchange and Tele rphic Transfers, available in all parts of the United trtes,the Canadas, Great Britain, Ireland and the Catinent. Corl nsorons made and proceederemltted promptly. Direotors. 8. T. HAUBER, JOHN CURTIN. A. M. HOLTER, R. 8. HAMILTON. JOHN H. MING, C. P- BHIGGINS, I W.KNIGHT, A. J. DAVIS. T. C. POWER, H.M. PARCHEN, T. H. KLEINSCHMIDT. 6508 E. H. IRVINE & SON, -eal Hltate, Mining AND COLLECTION AGENCY, East Cranite St, BUTTE, M. T. We solicit the business of any who desire to buy o0 .ell improved or unimproved ranches; city property either in Butte or Deer Lodge; or who may have lotes and accounts for collectiof. Our extensive ac tealta4nce throughout Deer Lodge and Silver Bow Eountlee rives us a superior advantage in our line of besines. re refer by permission to Clark & Larabie. Deer Lodge, .T. 960 TELEPHONE 86. P. PATTERSON, C RPNT!IR AND BILLDER, DEER LODGE, MONTANA. Deigns furnished and close estimates made on BDas ness, Dwelling and other Houses. Do all Kinds Job Carpentering. BASII AND DOORS IN STOCK. 0hop next door north of Murphy, Higgins A Cu's Store. 980 Exchange Saloon, One Door South of Scott House, Deer Lodge, - Montana. BAILEY & PETTY, Froprietors. -aln the Very Finut L.qrsn and Ciyrs Over the Exchange Bar. A Shre of Public Patronage Respectfully Solidcited. 8i etf kims'Tonorinl Parlors AND BATII 00MS, ai Udy & Ml:er Deer Lode. Building , M uoutanal" AIVINI JUST OCCUPIED MY SPLENDID .n.Parlors in the above building, I am pm d. o all work in my limne to suit the most fa l5 iaths are Inest nickle.plated and complete in Srerpert, with hot and cold water, receplion .ad private entranorce. ats r uue arred Entire Satisfaction. " ~ JORN II. ARMS, Proprietor. CAMPAIGN BANNERS. THEIR MANUFACTURE A THRIVING BUSINESS THIS SUMMER. How the Glegantic Prtralts of the Candl dates That Ado Them Are Made. Their alnters Do a Deal of Good Work for ltepubleiasm and Democrats Alike. u. " N campaign year o U varlops new and extensive industries spring up for the furnishing of party badges, banners, bills and buttons. There is a good deal of fun in them, . . for the men em ployed are "for revenue only," and many a bit of sly humor, thought by - the enthusiastic partisan to be the invention of a wit +C1 of his party, is merely the by-play of an artist who serves one side as freely as the other. lian ufacturing big banners is quite an art, too Every large city has one or more big estab lishnaents for the business, and hundreds of men and boys are employed. The first thing that strikes the customer on entering the display room of one of these shops is the sublime indifference of the dealer. On one wall is stretched a mammoth banner bearing Democratic legends, flanked by the colossal portraits of Cleveland and Thurman; on the opposite, Harrison and Morton beam down from silk or muslin, while elsewhere Fisk or Cowdrey or Streeter, or even Belva Lockwood, may shine in chrome and oiL The work room is a comical sight. Here, Cleve land in mere outline shines in a picture just commenced; there Harrison faintly looms out of a cloud, and yonder is Thurman with one eye and a "gamey" look. As a rule the big banners are made in sets, twenty or thirty at a timae. The "easel" is all one side of a room, which reaches up through two stories; the "canvas" (if it is for the common article) is of unbleached muslin, which has had one "sizing" of oil and lead, and before that are half a dozen men and often as many boys standing, kneeling or perched on step ladders, each working according to his own capacity, and all doing some part of the same picture. The satirist of the other party often points a joke by referring to the mammoth portrait as done with a hose orasquirtgun, or daubed on by a sign painter. In reality, the por traits, even on the cheapest banners, must be painted by fairly good artists, and the pro cess is as follows: Suppose there are orders in for a mam moth banner 30 by 20 feet, to hang from a rope stretched across the street from "head quarters:" on the left, of course, is "our gallant standard bearer," on the right his vice, above the party legend, and all around the emblems of industry, agriculture, peace, fortune, or any particular goddess the ex uberant fancy of the committeeman may suggest. The muslin is stretched and "sized" with lead and oil; then the boss designer makes the letter outlines in faint crayon, and the boys, apprentices or unskillful hands, go to painting them in. If in colors, there is a different painter for each color. The artist then tackles the portrait, and soon the cloudy profile of the candidate shows in faint crayon lines Then come the tinters, and very often thirty different colors are used, rarely less than twenty. Each tinter has a "scheme" much like the mapped out head one sees on a phrenological chart, only instead of being marked "Amativeness," "Philoprogenitive ness," etc., the little sections of his "scheme" head are marked "Pink," "Deep Flesh," "Florid," etc. - Suppose it is a bust, "Grover Cleve land," four feet high; when the crayon man has finished his work there is a ghastly, barely recognizable outline, and he proceeds to his "Thurman" at the other end, or to a "HarrisOn" or "Fisk" elsewhere. Then comes the heavy tinter, and bright red spots glow here and there on the presidential simulacrum, after which the picture looks as if it had been bombarded with chunks of raw liver. Next comes the first artist in hair, and when he is done the presidential head is dark brown on the top. Then another tinter adds the neck shading, another the cheek variation and still another the pink, vermilion, etc., and last of all the finisher who does the "blending." And now there is a faceand head without eyes, perched on a frame, which is to beacoatand shirt by and by. The eyes are put in by a skilled workman, thecoatand shirt rapidly "brushed on" by boys, and last of all the "blue sky" is poured around the portrait by an apprentice with astonishing rapidity. And each one of these workmen can go over twenty or thirty portraits a day. Last of all the muslin strips are firmly fastened on an immense netting, just like a rectangular section of a coarse fish seine; stout rope isreefed inalong the borders, and to be fastened to the main supporting rope, and so the mammoth ban ner is ready for the committee at a cost of from 870 to $100 according to the complexity of the design. wuIca WILL IT Bb1 Such is the ordinary big banner. But now and then a wealthy or very enthusiastic club want something superfine in floss and em broidery, with silk cord and tassels; and of course they can have it for money. In that case the cost may run nto the housn The nmnufacturers report an unusual amount of this extra work this year. The Republi cans want elaborate designs representing factories, furnaces and commerce; the Demo crats, in like manner, want their strong points set forth. In the banners of the first party the log cabin of 1840 and pictorial mnementoes of ."Tippecanoe" have already begun to appear, while on the other the red bandanna defiantly waves. Of course the eagle and the American flag, George Wash ington and the constitution are the common property of all parties. Of course the manu facturers will work to any design ordered, but it is not one time in a hundred that the customer gets what he first. Intended. The cxperienced manufacturer is able to suggest much obvious improvements that they are nc oepted at once; and many a club or com mittee is hugely tickled at the cre tive talent of their agent, who has, in fact, thrown away thelr dsign one reac-ed the shop with and accepted an "original" of the manufao turer. A Warnlng t'o reddlers. "mAre you married, ladyF asked an inno e nt and unsuspecting peddler of a woman who answered the bell cf a Michigan avenue house in Chicago. oWhy--h--l--ye, I am," she said, eyeing him sharpl. ."ut, then --l--you're not more'm 40, are youl Pletty well fined As I was saying, I-l--that is, the man who g etsmy divorces for me has hisoffice just around the corner, and I"- She took down a shawl and hat from the hal rack, put them on, seized the poor innocent by th, arm and dragged him down the steps and around the corner. An hour later she re turned, a bride for the ninth time. "Come on in," she said gayly to thesom what timid victim- "I s'poet nebU find uw ber eight at home eatin his diter but he won't say anything. " intends getting a bi ll himsetomorrOw.TI Bits. MINISTER FROM PERU. Hle to a earned Diplomat and His Name Is Felix Ciprian C. Zegarra. The new Peruvian envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to the United States, the Hon. Felix Cipriano C. Zegarra, is a diplomat learned in the law, well versed in belleslettres, a scientist and an author not unknown outside of South America. Senor Zegarra was born in the town of Piura, in one of the provinces of northern Peru, some forty years ago. He began early to travel with his father, who was a diplo mat and Peruvian envoy and minister to the United States during the administration of President Buchanan. The greater part of his early education was acqcired under the gray domes of the ancient Georgeo town college, Dis trict of Columbia, where he took the regular course in the academic de partment, and was graduated there from in 1864 with the highest honors and the degree of A. B. The follow ing yearthe faculty conferred on him the degree of A. M. Returning to the land of the Incas . c. 'zGARERA. and Pizarro, .- Senor Zegarra entered the National university of Peru, began the study of the law, at the same time writing for the press, being attached to the staff of The Comercio, the oldest newspaper in Peru. ' He was admitted to the bar a few years later, and has ever since been engaged in the active practice of his profession. In 1809 he was appointed secretary of the Peru vian legation at Santiago, Chili, and was subsequently charge d'affaires. He was for a time the Peruvian secretary of the treasury, besides ably acquitting himself in several other positions of responsibility, and his recent appointment as envoy and minis ter to the United States has received the un qualified indorsement of the government, or the party in power, and alsoof the opposition party. Senor Zegarra is theauthor of an elaborate and standard treatise on "The Legal Status of Foreigners in Peru," of an interesting vol ume on "Public Education," of a biblio graphical essay on "The Rose of Lima," which obtained the first prize in public com petition, and of sundry papers-literary, his torical, political and scientific-contributed by him to leading periodicals. He is a cor responding member of the Royal Spanish academy, the highest and most exclusive literary body in the dominions of Spain. Binghamton's Soldiers' Monument. The national holiday witnessed the unveil ing of a Soldiers' monumentat Binghamton, N. Y. The monument stands 50 feet high. At the base it is 11 feet 8 inches. This, the first base, is composed of three pieces of stone, all of which measures I foot 10 inches; the se cond, composed j of two blocks, is 1 foot 5 inches; the third block, form ing he base of the die, stands 2 feet 4 inches, and is cov ered with a molded , belt and cap 2 feet - . 4 inches high. S ,j Upon this is the p following in raised , letters: "Bingham Ston to Her Brave Sons, the Defend - ers of Our Union. " 1861-1865." Then come the pedestals for the bronze figures -- a soldier and asailor. Upon the central section of the shaft is a belt bearing in raised letters: " Fredericksburg," "Lookout Mount ain," "Mission Ridge" and "Chan cellorsville." Upon the next belt is an other column block of the same height. This band contains the inscribed words s o a on either side: "Wilderness," ," 4 "Malvern Hill," I ""Winchester" and "Gettysburg." BINOHArrTON SOLDiERS' The third block MONUM ENT. supports a third band with the names of battles: "Peters burg," "Fort Fisher," "Bull Run" and "An tietam." Above stands the figure of the "Goddess of Liberty." The names of these battles were selected from a large number in which the soldiers of Broome county were engaged. .. . . . REV. P. J. CONWAY. He Was Vicar General of the Chicago Di ocese and Ills Death Occurred Iecently. The late Father Patrick Joseph Conway. vicar general of the diocese of Chicago, whose death was lately announced, was known to thousands of Roman Catholics in various parts of the United States as a man of executive ability, learning and magnet ism. His life was, like the lives of most Roman Cath olic priests. quiet and uneventful. ie was born in Ferns, County Wexford, Ireland, in 1838. and came to Amer ica as a boy of 14, settling in Chicago. He went into busi ness for himself at an early age, not with any intention of sticking to it, mV. P. J. coxwAY. but simply to earn the money to fit him for what he felt to be his vocation-the priesthood. In 1859 he entered the University of St. Mary's. in Chicago, and commenced the study of the classics. During the years of 1860-61 he was a fellow student of several men who have since distinguished themselves either in the priesthood or the secular professions. He next entered the University of Notre Dame, Indiana, where he taught several classes and at the same time co ppleted his own course. Upon the completion ýof a thorough course of philosophy and theology he was ordained a priest July 7,1860. l1e was placed in charge of several unimportnt parishes in Chicago, and in the fall of 1863 he was appointed pas* tor of St. James' ch rch. Here he found a poor church and a catterd congregation, but he immediately set to work to build up his parish, and in a s ort time Le had erected a school and placed his district upon a most respectable footing. He was then appointed to another'parish, St. Patrick's, and hero again he found everything in a chaotic state. His efforts soon placed the parish in a flour ishing condition, schools were soon erected, and several institutions of charity were founded, lie was made vicar general in 188H. JHe was spoken of as a successor of Bishop Foley when he died, and there was much surprise a year ago that he was not appointed bishop of the newly created diocese of Springfield. The last sermons which he preached were a series in opposition to an archy and communism. Variations of the Game. Every man when he takes up his cards at a game of whist holds oneout of 635,015,559,600 possible hands As for the total umber of variations possible among all players, it is so enormous as almost to exceed belief, Mr. Babbage calculated that if 1(000,0th0 men were to be engaged dealing cards at the rate of one deal every m-inte,day anot ie for iste all the f pos vwiti f the cards, but only ,00.Woth p.rt of them--o." ton Budget, JAPANESE AT YALE. THEIR CLASS STANDING AND THEIR FAVORITE GAMES. Little "shig" of Imabari-Zad'Presrie and His Protege-The Sen of a Mur dered Premier-Other Japanese Student. All of Them Good Scholars. For many years Japanese students have attended American colleges. Michigan uni versity and Yale are their favorites. Of late, however, the German universities are taking the preference. Of those at Yale Shiukichi Shigemi, of Imabari, Japan, is one of the. brightestand most popular with his. fellow,. students He is barely five feet high and, weighs ninety pounds. He is called "Shi,"' for short by his chums His history is an entertaining one. His father, who was a wealthy merchant, failed, and the boy was taken from Dorshesha college and put to work. To this he objected. Accordingly, he shipped on the sly for America, without money or friends. After a voyage of over three months, dur ing which time he suffered terrible cruelties at the hands of the cap tain, he lanud-d in New York in poor health and penni less. In some way he reached New Haven and hunted out President Dwight, that grand old man, ever the SHICKICHI SHIGEML friend of the needy collegian, to whom he told his story. He said he wanted to go through Yale university and must do so, although he hadn't a cent and didn't know where to get one. Such an appeal touched the generosity of the pro fessors and others, and as a result of their assistance and his own hard work he grad uated at the last commencement with honors. He mingles in society with all the grace and freedom of his most cultured companions, and besides is a great ladies' favorite. He is a pleasing conversationalist, with a liking for journalism as a profession. Another Jap at Yale is Kikizo Nakashima, who has spent eight years at American col leges. He has been under the especial care of the venerable ex-President Porter, the great metaphysician, and no one ever re ceived as much of the celebrated doctor's friendship and personal instruction as Mr. Nakashina. The two have been almost constant companions. They frequently are seen on the streets arm in arm or out riding together. Their discussions over their pet ideas and differences on certain philosophical problems are fre quently very heat ed. Dr. Porter has repeatedly s a i d that Nakashima had one of the fin est and most acute minds of any stu dent who ever studied in his de partment. He thinks him quite a - phenomenon, and_ the two are called "ex-prexie and his zsO A~AsHInMA. 'protege" by the students. Mr. Na kashima will probably return to his native town, Kiyota, expecting to take a professor ship in the Japanese university at Tokio. Seikichi Iwasaki is a native of northern Japan. He puts his residence at Tokio, as do most of the Japanese in this country, it being an easy name for them to tell Ameri cans. His father is a wealthy merchant at this place and the business will probably be turned over to the son after the completion of his education. Mr. Iwasaki is in the law school and a man of much promise. After two years' study at Cornell university in the academic department he went to the Yale Law school He will not enter the profes sion, but is endeavoring to get a broad edu cation. Besides his regular class room work he does much general reading. Toshitake Okubo is a nobleman, as his every appearance indicates. He is scrupu lously neat in his attire and thoroughly up in all the novelties of the typical young man of fashion. His father, who was premier of Japan, and practically ruled the empire, was assassinated on the morning of May 17, 1878. The tragedy was the outcome of the difficulty at that time with Cores. Mr. Okubo, who was a man of great travel and fine legal ability, opposed a war, which the ministers of the war department and his followe:.s were anxious to have take place. Considera ble feeling arose among the factions As a result, the war advocates employed six assassins, who waited for Mr. Ukubo anod brutally murdered him with daggers while on his way to a session of the court, held ju.t at daybreak. The chief assassin was appre hended and beheaded, and the other five will have worked out a sentence of ten years in a few months. In view of the great influence of his father the younger Okubo came to America to be educated, and will graduate next year. He will receive a governmenat appointment upon his return. He comes from a royal family, is very bright and will make a keen lawyer. Kojiro Matsurgata and Soichi Tsuchiya are both good scholars. Mr. Matsurgata is a nobleman, his father being at present min ister of finance of Japan. He returns to Japan to accept a responsible s:ate position. He is of a literary turn of mind, doing considerable miscellaneous writing. Mr. Tsuchiya has studied at Yale under the direction of his guardian, the newly elected minister of foreign affairs of Japan, Oquama, of Tokio. He is a very hard student, and stands away up in his class. Taken all in all, the Japs are among the best students at Yale. They work very hard and still find time to go into society. Tennis is their favorite game, the exerciseo being about as violent as their constitution will permit. This climate doesn't agree with them and is their worst enemn. They possess fine liter ary and artistic taste, and patronize all strictly classical entertainments. An Indian Actress. Miss to-won-go Mohawk is one of the few Indians who have adopted the stage. Her father, who was a medicine man, stood sit feet two and a half in his stocking feet. Miss Mohawk is said to be a direct descend ant of the famous led Jacket, and she Ie longs to the Mohawk tribe of the Seneca na tion. She was born on the reservation in Gowanda, N. Y., where she remained until 10 years of age. She was taught when a child all the arts of woodcraft and horse man ship, and is an expert in the useof the rifle and throw ing the lariat. She invariably rides without saddle or other support than a tnere tether to guide the animal. At the solicitation of the Indian agent she was sent to school at Pain ville, O., to be ed ncated. There she soon, showed a de sire for study and became one of the brightest pupils in the school Last ss o-WO-O season she playcd uonwl. angerre, the Gyp sy, in a "Michael Strogoff" company. Her latest dharacter is the leading role in a pl:v written for her entitled "The Indian Mail There are albout seventy kin'lergnar'-ns in Philadelphia., fourteen of which nre frctr being supportedl by charity. twenty ix liar under the public school system. and thirty are privata KANSAS CITY Y. M. C. A. 1lne New Buildig Is Nearly Con pleted, ant Is Hee Pseuresd. ~ Young Men's Christian association of Wn City have progressed far enough th fuieir fine new building to open the con dihatl This was recently inaugurated by .oncert, In which the Young Men's Chris. asion orchestra led off and was wlo y ~ eminent individual performers. Th Interior of the building is still in an un hedstate, the concert hall alone being d mpleted; but when the last touch shall have been given the buImlding will be one of tge fnest in the country I/ KANSAS CITY Y. ..C. A. BUILDING. It occupies ground 132 by 62 feet. It is bai:t of pressed brick, with trimmings of sandstone and terra cotta, and is exactly 82 feet high. In the basement is the gym nasium, 00O feet square and with a ceiling height of 1S feet. Then there are three bowling alleys, a swimming bath 16 by 83 feet, dressing rooms, bath rooms, shower baths and a running track. The concert hall, which has been so auspiciously opened, t on the second floor. The auditorium contains 750 chairs. There is a stage, back of which are dressing rooms, well lighted and ventilated. On the same floor is the main reception roam and the chapel, capable of containing 200 persons. On the third floor are the library, parlors, directors' room, dining room and kitchen, besides rooms for the use of persons for spe cial purposes, one being for the meetings of the Ministers' alliance. The fourth and fifth floors are for offices. The building is to be lighted by electricity. SPAIN'S PRIME MINISTER. Senor Sagasta, Who Has Had a Very Eventful Life. Don Praedas Mateo Sagasta, who has just been made prime minister of Spain and head of a Liberal or progressive cabinet, certainly should be able to rule the warring elements there if experience can qualify a man, for he was born in the midst of a revolution and educated in a civil war, and has twice been driven into exile by the triumph of reac tionists. He was born at Torrecilla de Cameros, July 21, 1827, and at an early age became professor of engineering in a school at Madrid. In 1847 the then young Queen Isabella pro claimed a general amnesty and named a ministry of "Progresistas," promising many reforms, and soon after Bagasta be gan to take an ac tive part in politics. Civil commotions followed. In 1856 the enemies of re form obtained con trol, and Sagasta had to leave the P. X SAGASTA. country. After returning and gain ing some favor with the queen he was again driven into exile in 18660. Then came the revolution and the short lived republic, for which he was minister of state. Another revolution followed, and Sagasta filled the same office for King Amadeus When that monarch was dethroned and the Bourbons restored Sagasta again retired to private life, frea which he is once more'recalled with the promise of grant reforms, liberty and progress He is but 01 years old, in firm health and of fine presence; so much is hoped from his administration. He no longer has the Carlists to deal with in a military way, and there is aprospect that all existing issues may be settled by peaceful discussion. LONDON AND CHICAGO. The Steamer Rosedale Has Just Made a Voyage Between These Points. The citizens of Chicago recently welcomed the first steamer that ever came to that city direct from transatlantic shores. The Rose dale, loaded with cement, left Gravesend, London, May 25, and arrived at Chicago on June 29. After striking American shores the route lies through the Gulf of St. Law. renco to the mouth of the St. Lawrence -- .-j. STEAMER ROSEDALE. river; thence-up the stream In a southwesterly direction to MontreaL Here the rapids are encountered, and the cargo of the Rosedale was transferred in "lighters" to Kingston. From Kingston she proceeded over the length of Lake Ontario: through the Welland canal; thence along Lake Erie; through the Detroit and St. Clair rivers and Lake St Clair; along Lake Huron, entering Lake Michigan through the Straits of Mackinaw. Once on Lake Michigan it is plain sailing straight up the lake to the mouth of the Chicago river, on which the city of Chicago is built. The Rosedale steamed into the river, past the system of swinging bridges common in cities through which small navigable rivers pass, and landed at her dock, about two miles and a half from the river's mouth. Here she was visited by large numbers of Chicagoans who flocked to see the first steamer that had ever cleared from a Euro pean .ort and come direct to Chicago. The Tobaco of Havana. It is needless to lay down a setof rules for the guidance of tobacconists. They know that the soil of Cuba will not produce light cigar tobaceco any better than any other. When nature produces a tobacco light in color it is unsuited for cigars, is a well known fact the world over. This is the rule that nature herself has made, and when you get a pale color you may know that the to bacco has been doctored and unfit in richness and aroma for a delicious smoke. The great crop of Havana tobacco is dark; the coming crop will, in all probability, be dark also; and if the dealers do not bestir themselves and enter into the work of converting their misguided customers they will imperil their trade in bhe fliner grades of cigars. The Ha vana tobaccoexcelsall other forcigars. The Mexican and Manilla weeds are favorites for cheroots. The Kentucky tobacco is inter mediate in character. The tobacco of Vir ginia is the best for pipe smoking, while that from Maryland is used for the cheaper grades of eigars.--New York Mail and Express. Domestic Econosy. Minister (dining with the family)-So youear mother doesn't want you to eat more than one piece of pie, Bobbyl Bobby-No, sir; except when we are visit ibg. Then I can have all I want.-New York Sun A MODEL LIBRARY. CO BE ATTACHED TO THE UNIVER SITY OF PENNSYLVANIA. Its Plan Is somewhat Novel and its Architectural Design Is Majestic and Simple-The Building and Its Arrange ments Fully Described and Illustrated. Plans for a new building for the library of the University of Pennsylvanisat Philadel phia have been prepared by Mr. Frank Fur ness with suggestions by Mr. Justin Winsor, of Harvard, and Mr. Melville Dewey, of Columbia, all librarians of great experience The structure is to be of the Fre;cHtgotdhi style of architecture The hasement will be of Nova Scotia red sandstone, while the rest of the building will be of brick, with terra cotta moldings A striking as well as use ful feature will be the porch and tower The building is intended to hold 500,000 volumes. One of the main dificulties in storing so many books so that they may be easily accessible is in a proper admission and distribution of li;ht. The books being stacked in such a fashion as to form long tunnels, it is impossible to introduce light from ordinary windows that will enable one to read the titles to the books except those near the windows This difficulty will be obviated in the new library building by making the entire roof of glass and by let "ting down light wells. But a glas3 roof, THE LIBRARY BUILDING. especially in the climate of Philadelphia, would make the interior of the building in summer too hot for occupation. This objec ti. n is overcome by the use of glass diffusers The library will be constructed so as to be especially adapted to the three neces sities of a library-the storing, the catal guing and recording and the dis tribution of books. The space will be so arranged that those who desire to con sult books in silence may have an oppor tunityto do so. These areof different classes. hSome only occupy a few minutes; others, pro fesmsional bookmakers, use the library for weeks or months or even years. Then there are parties of students who come for instruc tion and consultation. The University library will hbe arranged for three different classes There is a "conversation" room with access to the distribution desk, in which such work as requires speech may go on without dis turbing readers. The reading room is di vided by pillars into two compartments, the one for casual visitors, the other for students and bookmakers There is room for 16,000 volumes especially classified and set apart for these investigators. There are also suites of professors' rooms that may be used separ ately or thrown together, and one room is in. tended for the Assyrian collection, which it is intended shall be devoted to a seminary for Semitic study-the largest special pro vision for this branch in the United States This feature of having professors' rooms right in among the books is a very convenient and desirable one, and will enable instructors to elucidate subjects by refererge which would be impracticable in a class room elsewhere, while such instruction can be carried on with out disturbing the quiet of other parts of the building. ARVADIC ouM .s rMaIG I .CO A *IU BOOI STACK ±AN RPLOOR PLAs [AA Reading alcoves.1 The system of receiving books will also be very convenient. This is provided for oppo site the main entrance. The books are re ceived, passed through the cataloguing de partment and placed in their proper stack, and then go to the reader. In some libraries much greater care is taken in cataloguing than in others. The Boston libraries, when they receive a book giving only the initial letters of the author's name onthe title page, send him a note asking for his full name, and inclose a postal card with a space left for him to write it. Thus he has only to write his own name and drop the card in the mail box. This prevents confusion where there are books in the library by authors of the same surname and the same initials to the Christian names. It is safe to say that the new library at Philadelphia will be complete in every re spect, and, when finlished, will doubtless be one of the finest, it not the finest, of library buildings in the country. Its books at pres ent number but 50,000 volumes, but with such a splendid receptacle doubtless endow ments and books will pour in, and the natural pride of Pennsylvania in such an institution will soon fill the shelves. The Merchants' Bank at Omaha. A handsome new building has been recently completed in Omaha, the property and the business place of the Merchants' National bank. It is seven stories high and fire proof. The material is Massachusetts brown stone, St. Louis pressed brick and iron. The architecture is the ancient Flemish. The basement story is of stone, while the super structure is of brick. The girders are of iron and the floors of tiling, so that there is nothing but the furniture contained in the building to furnish food for fire. MERncHANTrs' BAK AT OxAIA. The main story is occupied by the bank, and the other stories are occupied by tenants for offices. One feature is a tile roof, which is the only one in Nebraska. The erection of tall fire proof buildings in Omaha is an in dication of the increased value of property on account of the growth and the conse quent rowding together of buildings in the heart of the city. When Smoking Is Pleasant. "Is smoking offensive t3 you, sirF' he said toa stranger. "Well--er-- don't like it second hand." "Have a cigarl" "Thanks!"-New York Sun. THE DANGER SIGNALS THAT TELL OF TROUBLE AHEAD. We Are Loath to Face the Fact That the Human Machine is Wearing Out-A Weary Heart-Gray Hairs-Other W.ara lags. Nature is one of the kindest of mothers. She is ever on the affectionate alert to let her million children know of the ills that menace them and to hoist the danger signal that tells of trouble ahead. For years you have been accustomed to read an hour or two or three hours at night without your sight being in the least affected. You can still see the de talls of the Oakland hills and make out where the few redwoods are left back of San Mateo No type bothers you and you have no particular focus of vision. Latterly, how. ever, you have begun to notice that toward the end of your seances your eyes become a trifle blurred, that the black of the ink grows grayer and that you require another gas jet or the lamp a little nearer to your elbow. There is your warning, and he alone is wise who heeds it. You have received a pointer of the most valuable description. It means that you are wearing out your eyes and that the blessed gift of good sight is be ing trifled with. To let this warning go by unheeded is criminal, both in intent and action. The trouble with us is that we will not prepare for the tornado until it is upon us; that we want a clubbing to find out that our skull can be cracked. We are loath to bring ourselves face to face with the fact that the machine is wearing out, and we almost take it as an insult when told that we are not as young as we might be So it happens that we find we cannot run up a hill with the same degree of elasticity that we were wont to have, and that when we arrive at the top we have bellows to mend, we ascribe these facts to a heavy dinner, the state of the at mosphere, tight boots, or to any. other case except the right one-increasing years. BETTER AVOID A tRUS. That heavily beating heart that thumps against your ribs when the run is over is one of nature's pointers, and one given with a good deal of seriousness, too. It indicates that the heart stock is weakening; that there is too much fatty debris in the cardiac dis trict, and that unless you want a smash in the market you had better avoid anything like a rush. Physiologically, the heart is only a big muscle, but it is also the great clock of the human system. Its tick tick goes on from the cradle to the coffln, and it beats off the seconds of our lives, tangibly, audibly and ceaselessly, so long as our horoscope permits. But most of all should we remember that it isan alarm clock, its warnings being varied, but unmis tekable. There is the intermittent beat, the flutter, the rattle and the wild throb-all pointers offered us by nature. Something is wrong. Perhaps it is only a case of indi gestion, or the lack of a little iron in the blood, or the presence of an extra amount of stimulant, but whatever it is, we are hero afforded an opportunity of finding out whether the trouble is temporary or perma nent, The one with care can be removed, the other with care can be alleviated. Fail to heed the warning, and some time when you are making an after dinner speech you will fall forward on the table and never read your obituarjnotice. Your barber one day sends the cold shivers down your back by telling you that your hair is getting thin on the top of your head. You had known it already; you had noticed for very many weeks past that your brushes carried off a sad lot of your crop in its bristles every time you used them, and by the use of your hand glass and the mirror you had found out that the scalp on the crown was beginning to show through, that the parting was getting very broad and the forehead very high. All this you had known, but you had thought it a secret between yourself and your mirror, so that when the barber brutally tells you that the effects of the thinning out process are plain to every ono, you cannot help being shocked. When you ge; home you put yourself in a strong light and go in for a regular inspection of Time's ravages. The result is deplorable There in the temporal locks, cunningly hid ien away under the darker hair, are two or three threads of gray, while, as though the gentleman with the hour glass had struck you in the back of the neck, in the short hairs of the nape two or three more white nLes are seen. PUT AWAY FOOLISH THINGS. It is, perhaps,. impossible to imagine any one of nature's pointers that is more unwill ingly received than this Unwillingly re ceived because it means that the time has come when you must put away foolish things, muit the frivolities-not the pleasures, neces sarily-of youtr; give up the assumption of juvenility and settle down to the serious things of middle age. Fortunately middle age has its pleasant as well as its serious things. In fact it is aquestion whether that soberer time when the leaves ass beginning to turn; when the noon heat is over; when the paseslone are subdued and when the quiet twilight is coming on is not after all the best portion of a man's life andof awoman's, too. Especially is it likely to be so if we pay proper attention to nature's pointers and he careful without coddling ourselves. The schedule of these pointers is by nc means exhausted, however. The tailor has one or two of them in store for us. When, for instance, he tells us that we are adding to our girth below the waistband and not above it; that the legs of our trousers are growing shorter and that the flap of our vests had better be made a little longer to look well-these are a few pointers that are full of meaning. Then there is the fact that we can't stand getting our fct wet as we used to; that we have to be careful when coming out of a warm room into the cold air; that we want our meals at regular hours; that we cannot stay up at nights without sleeping correspondingly later in the morning; that the birds do not sing quite as bonnily as in lang syne; that we begin to think of slippos anu dressing gownsas the pleasures of an evening, that our feet grow cold if we sit too long; that we buy a thicker quality of socks; that our daughter'sb head is beginning to reach our watch pocket; that there are little creases settling into the corners of our eyes; that the lines from the base of the nose to the angles of the mouth are growing heavier; that we do not look as fresh in the morning as formerly these are a few of tho tips which Mother Na turo gives us to remind us that her gen:tle but irresistible laws are in operation an l that the machine we call ourselves is surely running down.-San Francisco Chronicle Episode in Natural History. A rather curious episode in natural history occurred the other day on board the French steamer Abd elI ader during the passage from Marseilles to Algiers. Just as the ves sel was about two hours out the sky became quite black with swallows. It was then about 6 o'clock in the evening. The birds alighted on the vessel in thousands, on the sails, ropes and yards of the Abd el Kader. After a perky survey of the deck from their eminences aloft they descended coolly on deck, hopped about among the sailors and passengers, and eventually found their way into the cabins both fore and aft. The birds were evidently fatigued after a long flight, and allowed themselves to be caught by the people of the ship, who gave them a welcome reception and provided them with food, which they enjoyed heartily. The little winged strangers remained all night on the vessel, and in the morning at 7 o'clock the head lookout bird no doubt cited the Balearic Isles, for the whole flock made for land, after having spent a confortable and refr shing night onboard ship.--Boston Transcript. A Grave Question. Little Nellie, aged 4 years. was out rid ing one day While passing a cemetery she looked up to her mother and said. **Mamma. how long after they bury any one before their gravestone comes uanl-Rnston (llrn TERMS--INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. One ,ear ........ ....................4 00CO St Months ................................... 1 0 Thee Moaths......................100 When not paid in advance the rate will be Five Dollars per year. i8WPAP~IRR DUCIBIONS 1. Anyonewho takes anaperreularly from tii Pootome-whether directedto his name or another or whetherhe has subecribed or not-is responsible for the payment. 3. If a peron orders hi paper discontinued, b. matpay allarrearages, or the publisher will cone timue to sed ituntil payment is made and collect tb wbole amont, whetherthepaper is taken from the Offce or not. 8. Tbecourtahavedecided that refodns? to take thnewapaper or pa tt.ctl from the Poetofce, or remoin nd landeav them nucalled for, Is primte ladle evldence of intentional fraud. Paper erdered to any ddres can be cbhanged to another ddresat the option of the subscriber. Remittances by draft, check, money order, or regi. taredletter. may t snt at our risk. All Postmaster are required toregister letters on application. . _ ·- .. .. "MASHERS'" PASTIME. A TEST FOR THE SELF POSSESSION OF TIMID FEMININITY. A City Club Theory Concerning a Cer tain Facial Phenomenon-An Impolite Experiment for Ladies and Their Es eorts to Look Out For. The questidn whether every woman is obliged to act in a certain and peculiar way if she is looked at exercises many men in town. Who originated the idea of putting the problem to a test is toouncertain to make it worth while to name any one of those who claim the authorship. The most likely story about it is that the idea originated in the brain of a well known politician, and was first broached in the New Amsterdam club. The new discovery is quite as much a matter of contemnporaneous human interest as the red haired girl and white horse miracle, but affects the fair sex alone. It is embodied in the qu.~ation: "\Why do women moisten their lips whien they are looked atf' The subject is usually brought forward in the shape of a positive declaration, some men going so far us to declare that they and their friends have been experimenting for over a year upon the unconscious ladies of the city, and that the test never fails. "All you have to do," says one of these, "is to sit opposite a lady in a car or a 'bus and lou k at her intently without rudeness, and as sure as you do so, out will come her tongue and she will moisten both her lips. She must be some one you are not acquainted with, and when she catches you looking at he, it had better be with a slight expression of interest or curiosity. Gazing with ad miration upon her is not a sure way, because if it is done at all badly she resents it and will simply look away; but if you seem to be curious about her, as if you were studying something about her hair or eyes or hat, or as if you were trying to see who she was lilce. she will be positively certain to perform this queer operation." Apparently thousands, in ever widening circles, who have heard positive statements of this sort are devoted to investigating the phenomenon. They pursue the subject in the streets, office elevators, hotel parlors, churches, and wherever ladies are to be found. Those who have yielded to the influ enuce of the queer study declare it to be very fascinating. They are mainly young men. They say it is like a form of hunting or fly fishing. A man singles out a lady of attract ive face and figure, dressed to the supreme notch of fashion and evidently enjoying complete satisfaction with herself as she arranges her drapery and seats herself in a horse car. If any one were to tell her that the man across the car had made up his mind to bend her to his will, and oblige her to perform an undignified act while she sat there, she would bail the bare suggestion as preposterous. And yet, ten to one, she would project her tongue, and roll her lips inward to moisten them on Its surface as soon as she looked over to the stranger to petrify him with an indignant g!ance-at least so these impolite experiment ers assert. But she would know nothing about it, and would get out her pocketbook, find what change she needed for the conductor, and once again settle herself as ladies and birds are accustomed to do, all oblivious of the fact that the gaze of the man opposite is concen trated upon her face with a look of quick, curious interest. It will napt bemany minutes before she does perceive this by reason of that subtle influence that is said to enable us to awaken men and women from a deep sleep by fixing our eyes upon them. Then she will look up and meet the man's gaze. It will startle her, and, if the rule be true, she will indulge in the peculiar performance ac credited to her sex This action of the lips and tongue is not mysterious. It is merely one of a score of ways in which human beings, especially the more self conscious ones among us, testify to momentary embarrassment and make an in voluntary mechanical movement in reassert ing our self possession. An equally familiar and more noticeable unconscious trick of the same kind is that which European peasant men and women have and bring to this country with them-a movement of the back of the hand across the mouth. Another action of the sort is the biting of the under lip. The reports that some have made of their experiences divide the ladies into classes. Some men positively assert that no matter who she may be, any woman will wet her lips if she is taken off her guard by a stranger. Others say that if a man looks at a lady in a certain way, it does not matter whether she is a friend, a relative, or even a wife, she will follow this queer rule. Still others say that high bred, proud women cannot be relied on. Once in a while one of these haughty ladies will be taken by ,surprise and make the movement, they say, and then again a man may spend half a day in the Fourth avenue cars above Thirty-fourth street, and never succeed in producing the action once. One deep student makes a closer division, and says that it is only the married women among the fashionable of the sex who resist the impulse, but that all single ladies, young and old, no matter how proud or self pos sessed, succumb to the novel influence. It is only fair to say that some men declare as positively against the new craze as any do for it. They say that there is nothing in it, that no woman ever under any circumstances performs the alleged operation. There are not enough of these skeptics to make any headway aguinst the pastime. They are met with the critfeism that they are clumsy or btr.ld or stupid or uninteresting to women, and in other ways are made to regret that they have tried to oppose the new craze. There is another class of men, still fewer in numbers, who grow angry, and insist that the whole idea is gotten up as a practical joke. These are the fellows who know so little of art and illusion as to get into trouble whenever they try to experiment by staring so hard and so offensively at the ladies that there is a constant danger of their being called to accouut by the other gentlemen who happen to be present. There is great fun in watching a clever young fellow at it. He selects his victim w-ithout seeming to look at her. He takes a seat opposite her, opens a newspaper, and pretendls to read it. Suddenly, perhaps, he drii;s it, and with an expression of surprised andi lively interest fastens his gaze on the roots of the lady's hair above her brow or on her eyes or her neck pin. She has been look ing in another direction, but seeing the move ment of the paper, turnsand meets the full, muexpected gaze of the man. Then the in stant hIas arrived. If the experimenters speak truly, she is certain to fall a prey to his design. She is most likely to project the dainty tip of her coral tongue and curl it up and down over both lips. But if she fails to do this and simply pulls in her upper lip and curves her under lip outward and upward over the other one, the tormentor of her sex will know that he has succeeded, for differ ent women have several different ways of behaving at such junctures. Some pucker their mouths, draw in their lips, some roll the under lip over the upper one, but "it all "as the club men pus it--New York An Example of Free Agency. E.'s mamma having been very ill in the spring, I presume some one had told him that God had sent the illnei, for, in the summer, after partaking a little too freely of water melon, he came and stood by my side and, looking very uncomfortable, said: "God didn't send this stomachache, did he? That's my own business, 'cos I ate too much water melona."-Babyhood. Called Out o? Town. Citizen (to little' boy)--Is your father in, Bobby? Little Boy-No, sir; pa's out of town. Citizen-Gone on business? Little Bey-I dun know. I heard him tell ma that he wouldn't be back until she had got through cleanin' house. MLebby it's bus ness, an' mebby it's pleasera I dan know. Barper's Baxar.