•VOL. 20, NO. 4. DEER LODGE, MONTA, JULY 20, 1888. WHOLE NO. 99.
--~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ I 19 . ..l .. .. . mo n.---Im n , mm ' i
RATgS OFp ADVBRTBI IO.
3 a 5 97 88 910 1c0 S(
3 5 6 10 1 12 5
8 16 5 3883
1 u 12 18 24 85 .0 71
: ..... .. 12 15 22 30 50701(
S 11 125 3330 7B 100
6 0 70 90 14025
lear advertising payable quarterly, as due.
Uladvertising payable In advance.
s Notices are 50 per cent. more than rg
ia~etv ertg, 15 cents for the first insertion
l ecut per line for each succeeding insertioar
.m ! in Nonpariel measure,
1 Wt paable on deUlver.
Wg. J. G6AIRAITH,
ArrORNEY AT LAW,
so NS 5 AND 6, VAN GUNDY & MIsLUI BLOCK,
neer Lodge. 3Montana.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
[COURT SQUARE], DEER LODG.I
Vgspecial Attention Given to Collections.
F, W. COLE, Butte I1. B. WITZunLL, Deer Lodge.
COLE & WHITEHILL,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
Butte and Deer Lodge, MoLtana.
0. B. O'BANNON,
AI lent al Alltrney
Deer Lodge, - - Monl ana.
IS.RY B. DAVIS. C. E.-County and U. 8. Deputy
MAGHUS BANSON. C. E.-Draughtsman and No
DAVIS & HANSON,
Ci l ald MInit Elin l ers,
Procurers of U. S. Patents.
Township and Mineral Plats on Pile.
O6icestCoortBHouse. DEER LODGE, M.T.
PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS.
C. F.- REED,
O1Ece Over Kleirechmidt's Store.
DIEER LODGE, MOlONT.
J. A. MEE,
PHYSICIAN & SURGEON,
Deer Lodge, M. T.
Diseases of W ,men and Chil
dren a Specialty.
Oce on the corner, south of the McBurney House.
JOHN H. OWINGS, M. D.,
Physician and Surgeon
Mffce-Kleinschmidt Building, formerly oc
cupied by M. M. Hopkins.
Deer Lodge, - Montstnsi
Calls in town or country will receive prompt at
BANKS AND BANKER8.
W. A. CL.ARK, S. E. LARABIEB
LEARK I LARABI'N,
B A.J . E . S,
DEER LODCE, M. T.
Do a General Banking Business and Draw
All the Principal Cities of the World.
NEW YORK CORRESPONDENTS.
fint National Bait, Now York. B Y.
First Hational Bank
RELENA, - MONTANA.
Paid up Capital...... 500.000
Surplus and Profits 8825,000
8. T. HAUSER, - - President.
A. J. DAVIS, - - Vice-PresIdent.
I W. KNIGHT, - - Cashier.
T. H. KLUrINSHMIDT, - A.a' Cash.
bSUIGNATED DEPOSITORY OP THE
Wetranuact a general Baning business, and b ,at
Iheatrates, Gold Dust, Coin, Oo14 and Silver bil
ea, and Local becurities; Sell Exchange and Tele
rphic Transfers, available in all parts of the United
trtes,the Canadas, Great Britain, Ireland and the
Catinent. Corl nsorons made and proceederemltted
8. T. HAUBER, JOHN CURTIN.
A. M. HOLTER, R. 8. HAMILTON.
JOHN H. MING, C. P- BHIGGINS,
I W.KNIGHT, A. J. DAVIS.
T. C. POWER, H.M. PARCHEN,
T. H. KLEINSCHMIDT. 6508
E. H. IRVINE & SON,
-eal Hltate, Mining
AND COLLECTION AGENCY,
East Cranite St, BUTTE, M. T.
We solicit the business of any who desire to buy o0
.ell improved or unimproved ranches; city property
either in Butte or Deer Lodge; or who may have
lotes and accounts for collectiof. Our extensive ac
tealta4nce throughout Deer Lodge and Silver Bow
Eountlee rives us a superior advantage in our line of
re refer by permission to Clark & Larabie. Deer
Lodge, .T. 960
C RPNT!IR AND BILLDER,
DEER LODGE, MONTANA.
Deigns furnished and close estimates made on BDas
ness, Dwelling and other Houses.
Do all Kinds Job Carpentering.
BASII AND DOORS IN STOCK.
0hop next door north of Murphy, Higgins A Cu's
One Door South of Scott House,
Deer Lodge, - Montana.
BAILEY & PETTY, Froprietors.
-aln the Very Finut L.qrsn and Ciyrs
Over the Exchange Bar.
A Shre of Public Patronage Respectfully Solidcited.
AND BATII 00MS,
ai Udy & Ml:er Deer Lode.
Building , M uoutanal"
AIVINI JUST OCCUPIED MY SPLENDID
.n.Parlors in the above building, I am pm
d. o all work in my limne to suit the most fa
l5 iaths are Inest nickle.plated and complete in
Srerpert, with hot and cold water, receplion
.ad private entranorce.
ats r uue arred Entire Satisfaction.
" ~ JORN II. ARMS, Proprietor.
THEIR MANUFACTURE A THRIVING
BUSINESS THIS SUMMER.
How the Glegantic Prtralts of the Candl
dates That Ado Them Are Made.
Their alnters Do a Deal of Good Work
for ltepubleiasm and Democrats Alike.
u. " N campaign year
o U varlops new and
spring up for the
furnishing of party
bills and buttons.
There is a good
deal of fun in them,
. . for the men em
ployed are "for
revenue only," and
many a bit of sly
humor, thought by
- the enthusiastic
partisan to be the
invention of a wit
+C1 of his party, is
merely the by-play
of an artist who
serves one side as freely as the other. lian
ufacturing big banners is quite an art, too
Every large city has one or more big estab
lishnaents for the business, and hundreds of
men and boys are employed.
The first thing that strikes the customer on
entering the display room of one of these
shops is the sublime indifference of the dealer.
On one wall is stretched a mammoth banner
bearing Democratic legends, flanked by the
colossal portraits of Cleveland and Thurman;
on the opposite, Harrison and Morton beam
down from silk or muslin, while elsewhere
Fisk or Cowdrey or Streeter, or even Belva
Lockwood, may shine in chrome and oiL The
work room is a comical sight. Here, Cleve
land in mere outline shines in a picture just
commenced; there Harrison faintly looms
out of a cloud, and yonder is Thurman with
one eye and a "gamey" look. As a rule the
big banners are made in sets, twenty or thirty
at a timae. The "easel" is all one side of a
room, which reaches up through two stories;
the "canvas" (if it is for the common article)
is of unbleached muslin, which has had one
"sizing" of oil and lead, and before that are
half a dozen men and often as many boys
standing, kneeling or perched on step ladders,
each working according to his own capacity,
and all doing some part of the same picture.
The satirist of the other party often points a
joke by referring to the mammoth portrait
as done with a hose orasquirtgun, or daubed
on by a sign painter. In reality, the por
traits, even on the cheapest banners, must be
painted by fairly good artists, and the pro
cess is as follows:
Suppose there are orders in for a mam
moth banner 30 by 20 feet, to hang from a rope
stretched across the street from "head
quarters:" on the left, of course, is "our
gallant standard bearer," on the right his
vice, above the party legend, and all around
the emblems of industry, agriculture, peace,
fortune, or any particular goddess the ex
uberant fancy of the committeeman may
suggest. The muslin is stretched and "sized"
with lead and oil; then the boss designer
makes the letter outlines in faint crayon, and
the boys, apprentices or unskillful hands, go
to painting them in. If in colors, there is a
different painter for each color. The artist
then tackles the portrait, and soon the cloudy
profile of the candidate shows in faint crayon
lines Then come the tinters, and very often
thirty different colors are used, rarely less
than twenty. Each tinter has a "scheme"
much like the mapped out head one sees on a
phrenological chart, only instead of being
marked "Amativeness," "Philoprogenitive
ness," etc., the little sections of his "scheme"
head are marked "Pink," "Deep Flesh,"
"Florid," etc. -
Suppose it is a bust, "Grover Cleve
land," four feet high; when the crayon
man has finished his work there is a
ghastly, barely recognizable outline, and
he proceeds to his "Thurman" at the
other end, or to a "HarrisOn" or "Fisk"
elsewhere. Then comes the heavy tinter, and
bright red spots glow here and there on the
presidential simulacrum, after which the
picture looks as if it had been bombarded
with chunks of raw liver. Next comes the
first artist in hair, and when he is done the
presidential head is dark brown on the top.
Then another tinter adds the neck shading,
another the cheek variation and still another
the pink, vermilion, etc., and last of all the
finisher who does the "blending." And now
there is a faceand head without eyes, perched
on a frame, which is to beacoatand shirt by
and by. The eyes are put in by a skilled
workman, thecoatand shirt rapidly "brushed
on" by boys, and last of all the "blue sky" is
poured around the portrait by an apprentice
with astonishing rapidity. And each one of
these workmen can go over twenty or thirty
portraits a day. Last of all the muslin
strips are firmly fastened on an immense
netting, just like a rectangular section of a
coarse fish seine; stout rope isreefed inalong
the borders, and to be fastened to the main
supporting rope, and so the mammoth ban
ner is ready for the committee at a cost of
from 870 to $100 according to the complexity
of the design.
wuIca WILL IT Bb1
Such is the ordinary big banner. But now
and then a wealthy or very enthusiastic club
want something superfine in floss and em
broidery, with silk cord and tassels; and of
course they can have it for money. In that
case the cost may run nto the housn
The nmnufacturers report an unusual amount
of this extra work this year. The Republi
cans want elaborate designs representing
factories, furnaces and commerce; the Demo
crats, in like manner, want their strong
points set forth. In the banners of the first
party the log cabin of 1840 and pictorial
mnementoes of ."Tippecanoe" have already
begun to appear, while on the other the red
bandanna defiantly waves. Of course the
eagle and the American flag, George Wash
ington and the constitution are the common
property of all parties. Of course the manu
facturers will work to any design ordered,
but it is not one time in a hundred that the
customer gets what he first. Intended. The
cxperienced manufacturer is able to suggest
much obvious improvements that they are nc
oepted at once; and many a club or com
mittee is hugely tickled at the cre tive talent
of their agent, who has, in fact, thrown
away thelr dsign one reac-ed the shop with
and accepted an "original" of the manufao
A Warnlng t'o reddlers.
"mAre you married, ladyF asked an inno
e nt and unsuspecting peddler of a woman
who answered the bell cf a Michigan avenue
house in Chicago.
oWhy--h--l--ye, I am," she said, eyeing
him sharpl. ."ut, then --l--you're not
more'm 40, are youl Pletty well fined As
I was saying, I-l--that is, the man who
g etsmy divorces for me has hisoffice just
around the corner, and I"- She took
down a shawl and hat from the hal rack,
put them on, seized the poor innocent by th,
arm and dragged him down the steps and
around the corner. An hour later she re
turned, a bride for the ninth time.
"Come on in," she said gayly to thesom
what timid victim- "I s'poet nebU find uw
ber eight at home eatin his diter but he
won't say anything. " intends getting a
bi ll himsetomorrOw.TI Bits.
MINISTER FROM PERU.
Hle to a earned Diplomat and His Name
Is Felix Ciprian C. Zegarra.
The new Peruvian envoy extraordinary
and minister plenipotentiary to the United
States, the Hon. Felix Cipriano C. Zegarra,
is a diplomat learned in the law, well versed
in belleslettres, a scientist and an author
not unknown outside of South America.
Senor Zegarra was born in the town of
Piura, in one of the provinces of northern
Peru, some forty years ago. He began early
to travel with his father, who was a diplo
mat and Peruvian envoy and minister to the
United States during the administration of
President Buchanan. The greater part of
his early education was acqcired under the
gray domes of the
town college, Dis
trict of Columbia,
where he took the
regular course in
the academic de
partment, and was
from in 1864 with
the highest honors
and the degree of
A. B. The follow
ing yearthe faculty
conferred on him
the degree of A. M.
Returning to the
land of the Incas . c. 'zGARERA.
and Pizarro, .- Senor Zegarra entered the
National university of Peru, began the study
of the law, at the same time writing for the
press, being attached to the staff of The
Comercio, the oldest newspaper in Peru. ' He
was admitted to the bar a few years later,
and has ever since been engaged in the
active practice of his profession. In
1809 he was appointed secretary of the Peru
vian legation at Santiago, Chili, and was
subsequently charge d'affaires. He was
for a time the Peruvian secretary of the
treasury, besides ably acquitting himself in
several other positions of responsibility, and
his recent appointment as envoy and minis
ter to the United States has received the un
qualified indorsement of the government, or
the party in power, and alsoof the opposition
Senor Zegarra is theauthor of an elaborate
and standard treatise on "The Legal Status
of Foreigners in Peru," of an interesting vol
ume on "Public Education," of a biblio
graphical essay on "The Rose of Lima,"
which obtained the first prize in public com
petition, and of sundry papers-literary, his
torical, political and scientific-contributed
by him to leading periodicals. He is a cor
responding member of the Royal Spanish
academy, the highest and most exclusive
literary body in the dominions of Spain.
Binghamton's Soldiers' Monument.
The national holiday witnessed the unveil
ing of a Soldiers' monumentat Binghamton,
The monument stands 50 feet high. At
the base it is 11 feet 8 inches. This, the first
base, is composed of three pieces of stone,
all of which measures I foot 10 inches; the
se cond, composed
j of two blocks, is 1
foot 5 inches; the
third block, form
ing he base of the
die, stands 2 feet 4
inches, and is cov
ered with a molded
, belt and cap 2 feet
- . 4 inches high.
S ,j Upon this is the
p following in raised
, letters: "Bingham
Ston to Her Brave
Sons, the Defend
- ers of Our Union.
Then come the
pedestals for the
bronze figures -- a
soldier and asailor.
Upon the central
section of the shaft
is a belt bearing in
Ridge" and "Chan
the next belt is an
other column block
of the same height.
This band contains
the inscribed words
s o a on either side:
," 4 "Malvern Hill,"
BINOHArrTON SOLDiERS' The third block
MONUM ENT. supports a third
band with the names of battles: "Peters
burg," "Fort Fisher," "Bull Run" and "An
tietam." Above stands the figure of the
"Goddess of Liberty." The names of these
battles were selected from a large number in
which the soldiers of Broome county were
engaged. .. . . .
REV. P. J. CONWAY.
He Was Vicar General of the Chicago Di
ocese and Ills Death Occurred Iecently.
The late Father Patrick Joseph Conway.
vicar general of the diocese of Chicago,
whose death was lately announced, was
known to thousands of Roman Catholics in
various parts of the United States as a man
of executive ability, learning and magnet
ism. His life was,
like the lives of
most Roman Cath
olic priests. quiet
and uneventful. ie
was born in Ferns,
Ireland, in 1838.
and came to Amer
ica as a boy of 14,
settling in Chicago.
He went into busi
ness for himself at
an early age, not
with any intention
of sticking to it, mV. P. J. coxwAY.
but simply to earn
the money to fit him for what he felt to be
his vocation-the priesthood. In 1859 he
entered the University of St. Mary's. in
Chicago, and commenced the study of the
classics. During the years of 1860-61 he was
a fellow student of several men who have
since distinguished themselves either in the
priesthood or the secular professions. He
next entered the University of Notre Dame,
Indiana, where he taught several classes and
at the same time co ppleted his own course.
Upon the completion ýof a thorough course of
philosophy and theology he was ordained a
priest July 7,1860. l1e was placed in charge
of several unimportnt parishes in Chicago,
and in the fall of 1863 he was appointed pas*
tor of St. James' ch rch. Here he found a
poor church and a catterd congregation,
but he immediately set to work to build up
his parish, and in a s ort time Le had erected
a school and placed his district upon a most
respectable footing. He was then appointed
to another'parish, St. Patrick's, and hero
again he found everything in a chaotic state.
His efforts soon placed the parish in a flour
ishing condition, schools were soon erected,
and several institutions of charity were
founded, lie was made vicar general in
188H. JHe was spoken of as a successor of
Bishop Foley when he died, and there was
much surprise a year ago that he was not
appointed bishop of the newly created diocese
of Springfield. The last sermons which he
preached were a series in opposition to an
archy and communism.
Variations of the Game.
Every man when he takes up his cards at a
game of whist holds oneout of 635,015,559,600
possible hands As for the total umber of
variations possible among all players, it is so
enormous as almost to exceed belief, Mr.
Babbage calculated that if 1(000,0th0 men
were to be engaged dealing cards at the rate
of one deal every m-inte,day anot ie for
iste all the f pos vwiti f the
cards, but only ,00.Woth p.rt of them--o."
JAPANESE AT YALE.
THEIR CLASS STANDING AND THEIR
Little "shig" of Imabari-Zad'Presrie
and His Protege-The Sen of a Mur
dered Premier-Other Japanese Student.
All of Them Good Scholars.
For many years Japanese students have
attended American colleges. Michigan uni
versity and Yale are their favorites. Of late,
however, the German universities are taking
the preference. Of those at Yale Shiukichi
Shigemi, of Imabari, Japan, is one of the.
brightestand most popular with his. fellow,.
students He is barely five feet high and,
weighs ninety pounds. He is called "Shi,"'
for short by his chums His history is an
entertaining one. His father, who was a
wealthy merchant, failed, and the boy was
taken from Dorshesha college and put to
work. To this he objected. Accordingly,
he shipped on the
sly for America,
without money or
friends. After a
voyage of over
three months, dur
ing which time he
cruelties at the
hands of the cap
tain, he lanud-d in
New York in poor
health and penni
less. In some way
he reached New
Haven and hunted
Dwight, that grand
old man, ever the SHICKICHI SHIGEML
friend of the needy
collegian, to whom he told his story. He
said he wanted to go through Yale university
and must do so, although he hadn't a cent
and didn't know where to get one. Such an
appeal touched the generosity of the pro
fessors and others, and as a result of their
assistance and his own hard work he grad
uated at the last commencement with honors.
He mingles in society with all the grace and
freedom of his most cultured companions,
and besides is a great ladies' favorite. He is
a pleasing conversationalist, with a liking
for journalism as a profession.
Another Jap at Yale is Kikizo Nakashima,
who has spent eight years at American col
leges. He has been under the especial care
of the venerable ex-President Porter, the
great metaphysician, and no one ever re
ceived as much of the celebrated doctor's
friendship and personal instruction as Mr.
Nakashina. The two have been almost
constant companions. They frequently are
seen on the streets arm in arm or out riding
together. Their discussions over their pet
ideas and differences on certain philosophical
problems are fre
quently very heat
ed. Dr. Porter has
repeatedly s a i d
had one of the fin
est and most acute
minds of any stu
dent who ever
studied in his de
thinks him quite a
- phenomenon, and_
the two are called
"ex-prexie and his
zsO A~AsHInMA. 'protege" by the
students. Mr. Na
kashima will probably return to his native
town, Kiyota, expecting to take a professor
ship in the Japanese university at Tokio.
Seikichi Iwasaki is a native of northern
Japan. He puts his residence at Tokio, as
do most of the Japanese in this country, it
being an easy name for them to tell Ameri
cans. His father is a wealthy merchant at
this place and the business will probably be
turned over to the son after the completion
of his education. Mr. Iwasaki is in the law
school and a man of much promise. After
two years' study at Cornell university in the
academic department he went to the Yale
Law school He will not enter the profes
sion, but is endeavoring to get a broad edu
cation. Besides his regular class room work
he does much general reading.
Toshitake Okubo is a nobleman, as his
every appearance indicates. He is scrupu
lously neat in his attire and thoroughly up
in all the novelties of the typical young man
of fashion. His father, who was premier of
Japan, and practically ruled the empire, was
assassinated on the morning of May 17, 1878.
The tragedy was the outcome of the difficulty
at that time with Cores. Mr. Okubo, who
was a man of great travel and fine legal
ability, opposed a war, which the ministers
of the war department and his followe:.s
were anxious to have take place. Considera
ble feeling arose among the factions As a
result, the war advocates employed six
assassins, who waited for Mr. Ukubo anod
brutally murdered him with daggers while
on his way to a session of the court, held ju.t
at daybreak. The chief assassin was appre
hended and beheaded, and the other five will
have worked out a sentence of ten years in
a few months. In view of the great influence
of his father the younger Okubo came to
America to be educated, and will graduate
next year. He will receive a governmenat
appointment upon his return. He comes
from a royal family, is very bright and will
make a keen lawyer.
Kojiro Matsurgata and Soichi Tsuchiya
are both good scholars. Mr. Matsurgata is
a nobleman, his father being at present min
ister of finance of Japan. He returns to
Japan to accept a responsible s:ate position.
He is of a literary turn of mind, doing
considerable miscellaneous writing. Mr.
Tsuchiya has studied at Yale under the
direction of his guardian, the newly elected
minister of foreign affairs of Japan, Oquama,
of Tokio. He is a very hard student, and
stands away up in his class.
Taken all in all, the Japs are among the best
students at Yale. They work very hard and
still find time to go into society. Tennis is
their favorite game, the exerciseo being about
as violent as their constitution will permit.
This climate doesn't agree with them and is
their worst enemn. They possess fine liter
ary and artistic taste, and patronize all
strictly classical entertainments.
An Indian Actress.
Miss to-won-go Mohawk is one of the few
Indians who have adopted the stage. Her
father, who was a medicine man, stood
sit feet two and a half in his stocking feet.
Miss Mohawk is said to be a direct descend
ant of the famous led Jacket, and she Ie
longs to the Mohawk tribe of the Seneca na
tion. She was born on the reservation in
Gowanda, N. Y., where she remained until
10 years of age. She was taught when a
child all the arts of woodcraft and horse
man ship, and is an
expert in the useof
the rifle and throw
ing the lariat. She
without saddle or
other support than
a tnere tether to
guide the animal.
At the solicitation
of the Indian agent
she was sent to
school at Pain
ville, O., to be ed
ncated. There she
soon, showed a de
sire for study and
became one of the
brightest pupils in
the school Last ss o-WO-O
season she playcd uonwl.
angerre, the Gyp
sy, in a "Michael Strogoff" company. Her
latest dharacter is the leading role in a pl:v
written for her entitled "The Indian Mail
There are albout seventy kin'lergnar'-ns in
Philadelphia., fourteen of which nre frctr
being supportedl by charity. twenty ix liar
under the public school system. and thirty
KANSAS CITY Y. M. C. A.
1lne New Buildig Is Nearly Con
pleted, ant Is Hee Pseuresd.
~ Young Men's Christian association of
Wn City have progressed far enough
th fuieir fine new building to open the con
dihatl This was recently inaugurated by
.oncert, In which the Young Men's Chris.
asion orchestra led off and was
wlo y ~ eminent individual performers.
Th Interior of the building is still in an un
hedstate, the concert hall alone being
d mpleted; but when the last touch shall
have been given the buImlding will be one of
tge fnest in the country
KANSAS CITY Y. ..C. A. BUILDING.
It occupies ground 132 by 62 feet. It is
bai:t of pressed brick, with trimmings of
sandstone and terra cotta, and is exactly
82 feet high. In the basement is the gym
nasium, 00O feet square and with a ceiling
height of 1S feet. Then there are three
bowling alleys, a swimming bath 16 by 83
feet, dressing rooms, bath rooms, shower
baths and a running track.
The concert hall, which has been so
auspiciously opened, t on the second floor.
The auditorium contains 750 chairs. There
is a stage, back of which are dressing rooms,
well lighted and ventilated. On the same
floor is the main reception roam and the
chapel, capable of containing 200 persons.
On the third floor are the library, parlors,
directors' room, dining room and kitchen,
besides rooms for the use of persons for spe
cial purposes, one being for the meetings of
the Ministers' alliance. The fourth and fifth
floors are for offices. The building is to be
lighted by electricity.
SPAIN'S PRIME MINISTER.
Senor Sagasta, Who Has Had a Very
Don Praedas Mateo Sagasta, who has just
been made prime minister of Spain and head
of a Liberal or progressive cabinet, certainly
should be able to rule the warring elements
there if experience can qualify a man, for
he was born in the midst of a revolution and
educated in a civil war, and has twice been
driven into exile by the triumph of reac
tionists. He was born at Torrecilla de
Cameros, July 21, 1827, and at an early age
became professor of engineering in a school
at Madrid. In 1847
the then young
Queen Isabella pro
claimed a general
named a ministry
reforms, and soon
after Bagasta be
gan to take an ac
tive part in politics.
followed. In 1856
the enemies of re
form obtained con
trol, and Sagasta
had to leave the
P. X SAGASTA. country. After
returning and gain
ing some favor with the queen he was again
driven into exile in 18660. Then came the
revolution and the short lived republic, for
which he was minister of state. Another
revolution followed, and Sagasta filled the
same office for King Amadeus When that
monarch was dethroned and the Bourbons
restored Sagasta again retired to private life,
frea which he is once more'recalled with
the promise of grant reforms, liberty and
progress He is but 01 years old, in firm
health and of fine presence; so much is hoped
from his administration. He no longer has
the Carlists to deal with in a military way,
and there is aprospect that all existing issues
may be settled by peaceful discussion.
LONDON AND CHICAGO.
The Steamer Rosedale Has Just Made a
Voyage Between These Points.
The citizens of Chicago recently welcomed
the first steamer that ever came to that city
direct from transatlantic shores. The Rose
dale, loaded with cement, left Gravesend,
London, May 25, and arrived at Chicago on
June 29. After striking American shores
the route lies through the Gulf of St. Law.
renco to the mouth of the St. Lawrence
river; thence-up the stream In a southwesterly
direction to MontreaL Here the rapids are
encountered, and the cargo of the Rosedale
was transferred in "lighters" to Kingston.
From Kingston she proceeded over the
length of Lake Ontario: through the Welland
canal; thence along Lake Erie; through the
Detroit and St. Clair rivers and Lake St
Clair; along Lake Huron, entering Lake
Michigan through the Straits of Mackinaw.
Once on Lake Michigan it is plain sailing
straight up the lake to the mouth of the
Chicago river, on which the city of Chicago
The Rosedale steamed into the river, past
the system of swinging bridges common in
cities through which small navigable rivers
pass, and landed at her dock, about two
miles and a half from the river's mouth.
Here she was visited by large numbers of
Chicagoans who flocked to see the first
steamer that had ever cleared from a Euro
pean .ort and come direct to Chicago.
The Tobaco of Havana.
It is needless to lay down a setof rules for
the guidance of tobacconists. They know
that the soil of Cuba will not produce light
cigar tobaceco any better than any other.
When nature produces a tobacco light in
color it is unsuited for cigars, is a well
known fact the world over. This is the rule
that nature herself has made, and when you
get a pale color you may know that the to
bacco has been doctored and unfit in richness
and aroma for a delicious smoke. The great
crop of Havana tobacco is dark; the coming
crop will, in all probability, be dark also;
and if the dealers do not bestir themselves
and enter into the work of converting their
misguided customers they will imperil their
trade in bhe fliner grades of cigars. The Ha
vana tobaccoexcelsall other forcigars. The
Mexican and Manilla weeds are favorites for
cheroots. The Kentucky tobacco is inter
mediate in character. The tobacco of Vir
ginia is the best for pipe smoking, while that
from Maryland is used for the cheaper grades
of eigars.--New York Mail and Express.
Minister (dining with the family)-So youear
mother doesn't want you to eat more than
one piece of pie, Bobbyl
Bobby-No, sir; except when we are visit
ibg. Then I can have all I want.-New
A MODEL LIBRARY.
CO BE ATTACHED TO THE UNIVER
SITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.
Its Plan Is somewhat Novel and its
Architectural Design Is Majestic and
Simple-The Building and Its Arrange
ments Fully Described and Illustrated.
Plans for a new building for the library of
the University of Pennsylvanisat Philadel
phia have been prepared by Mr. Frank Fur
ness with suggestions by Mr. Justin Winsor,
of Harvard, and Mr. Melville Dewey, of
Columbia, all librarians of great experience
The structure is to be of the Fre;cHtgotdhi
style of architecture The hasement will be
of Nova Scotia red sandstone, while the rest
of the building will be of brick, with terra
cotta moldings A striking as well as use
ful feature will be the porch and tower
The building is intended to hold 500,000
volumes. One of the main dificulties in
storing so many books so that they may be
easily accessible is in a proper admission and
distribution of li;ht. The books being
stacked in such a fashion as to form long
tunnels, it is impossible to introduce light
from ordinary windows that will enable one
to read the titles to the books except those
near the windows This difficulty will be
obviated in the new library building by
making the entire roof of glass and by let
"ting down light wells. But a glas3 roof,
THE LIBRARY BUILDING.
especially in the climate of Philadelphia,
would make the interior of the building in
summer too hot for occupation. This objec
ti. n is overcome by the use of glass diffusers
The library will be constructed so as to
be especially adapted to the three neces
sities of a library-the storing, the
catal guing and recording and the dis
tribution of books. The space will be so
arranged that those who desire to con
sult books in silence may have an oppor
tunityto do so. These areof different classes.
hSome only occupy a few minutes; others, pro
fesmsional bookmakers, use the library for
weeks or months or even years. Then there
are parties of students who come for instruc
tion and consultation. The University library
will hbe arranged for three different classes
There is a "conversation" room with access
to the distribution desk, in which such work
as requires speech may go on without dis
turbing readers. The reading room is di
vided by pillars into two compartments, the
one for casual visitors, the other for students
and bookmakers There is room for 16,000
volumes especially classified and set apart
for these investigators. There are also suites
of professors' rooms that may be used separ
ately or thrown together, and one room is in.
tended for the Assyrian collection, which it
is intended shall be devoted to a seminary
for Semitic study-the largest special pro
vision for this branch in the United States
This feature of having professors' rooms right
in among the books is a very convenient and
desirable one, and will enable instructors to
elucidate subjects by refererge which would
be impracticable in a class room elsewhere,
while such instruction can be carried on with
out disturbing the quiet of other parts of the
ARVADIC ouM .s rMaIG I .CO
BOOI STACK ±AN RPLOOR PLAs
[AA Reading alcoves.1
The system of receiving books will also be
very convenient. This is provided for oppo
site the main entrance. The books are re
ceived, passed through the cataloguing de
partment and placed in their proper stack,
and then go to the reader. In some libraries
much greater care is taken in cataloguing
than in others. The Boston libraries, when
they receive a book giving only the initial
letters of the author's name onthe title page,
send him a note asking for his full name,
and inclose a postal card with a space left
for him to write it. Thus he has only to
write his own name and drop the card in the
mail box. This prevents confusion where
there are books in the library by authors of
the same surname and the same initials to
the Christian names.
It is safe to say that the new library at
Philadelphia will be complete in every re
spect, and, when finlished, will doubtless be
one of the finest, it not the finest, of library
buildings in the country. Its books at pres
ent number but 50,000 volumes, but with
such a splendid receptacle doubtless endow
ments and books will pour in, and the natural
pride of Pennsylvania in such an institution
will soon fill the shelves.
The Merchants' Bank at Omaha.
A handsome new building has been recently
completed in Omaha, the property and the
business place of the Merchants' National
bank. It is seven stories high and fire proof.
The material is Massachusetts brown stone,
St. Louis pressed brick and iron. The
architecture is the ancient Flemish. The
basement story is of stone, while the super
structure is of brick. The girders are of
iron and the floors of tiling, so that there is
nothing but the furniture contained in the
building to furnish food for fire.
MERncHANTrs' BAK AT OxAIA.
The main story is occupied by the bank,
and the other stories are occupied by tenants
for offices. One feature is a tile roof, which
is the only one in Nebraska. The erection of
tall fire proof buildings in Omaha is an in
dication of the increased value of property
on account of the growth and the conse
quent rowding together of buildings in the
heart of the city.
When Smoking Is Pleasant.
"Is smoking offensive t3 you, sirF' he said
"Well--er-- don't like it second hand."
"Have a cigarl"
"Thanks!"-New York Sun.
THE DANGER SIGNALS THAT TELL
OF TROUBLE AHEAD.
We Are Loath to Face the Fact That the
Human Machine is Wearing Out-A
Weary Heart-Gray Hairs-Other W.ara
Nature is one of the kindest of mothers.
She is ever on the affectionate alert to let her
million children know of the ills that menace
them and to hoist the danger signal that tells
of trouble ahead. For years you have been
accustomed to read an hour or two or three
hours at night without your sight being in
the least affected. You can still see the de
talls of the Oakland hills and make out
where the few redwoods are left back of San
Mateo No type bothers you and you have
no particular focus of vision. Latterly, how.
ever, you have begun to notice that toward the
end of your seances your eyes become a trifle
blurred, that the black of the ink grows
grayer and that you require another gas jet
or the lamp a little nearer to your elbow.
There is your warning, and he alone is
wise who heeds it. You have received a
pointer of the most valuable description. It
means that you are wearing out your eyes
and that the blessed gift of good sight is be
ing trifled with. To let this warning go by
unheeded is criminal, both in intent and
The trouble with us is that we will not
prepare for the tornado until it is upon us;
that we want a clubbing to find out that our
skull can be cracked. We are loath to bring
ourselves face to face with the fact that the
machine is wearing out, and we almost take
it as an insult when told that we are not as
young as we might be So it happens that
we find we cannot run up a hill with the
same degree of elasticity that we were wont
to have, and that when we arrive at the top
we have bellows to mend, we ascribe these
facts to a heavy dinner, the state of the at
mosphere, tight boots, or to any. other case
except the right one-increasing years.
BETTER AVOID A tRUS.
That heavily beating heart that thumps
against your ribs when the run is over is one
of nature's pointers, and one given with a
good deal of seriousness, too. It indicates
that the heart stock is weakening; that there
is too much fatty debris in the cardiac dis
trict, and that unless you want a smash in
the market you had better avoid anything
like a rush. Physiologically, the heart
is only a big muscle, but it is also
the great clock of the human system.
Its tick tick goes on from the cradle
to the coffln, and it beats off the seconds of
our lives, tangibly, audibly and ceaselessly,
so long as our horoscope permits. But most
of all should we remember that it isan alarm
clock, its warnings being varied, but unmis
tekable. There is the intermittent beat, the
flutter, the rattle and the wild throb-all
pointers offered us by nature. Something is
wrong. Perhaps it is only a case of indi
gestion, or the lack of a little iron in the
blood, or the presence of an extra amount of
stimulant, but whatever it is, we are hero
afforded an opportunity of finding out
whether the trouble is temporary or perma
nent, The one with care can be removed,
the other with care can be alleviated. Fail
to heed the warning, and some time when
you are making an after dinner speech you
will fall forward on the table and never read
Your barber one day sends the cold shivers
down your back by telling you that your
hair is getting thin on the top of your head.
You had known it already; you had noticed
for very many weeks past that your brushes
carried off a sad lot of your crop in its
bristles every time you used them, and by
the use of your hand glass and the mirror
you had found out that the scalp on the
crown was beginning to show through, that
the parting was getting very broad and the
forehead very high. All this you had known,
but you had thought it a secret between
yourself and your mirror, so that when the
barber brutally tells you that the effects of
the thinning out process are plain to every
ono, you cannot help being shocked. When
you ge; home you put yourself in a strong
light and go in for a regular inspection of
Time's ravages. The result is deplorable
There in the temporal locks, cunningly hid
ien away under the darker hair, are two or
three threads of gray, while, as though the
gentleman with the hour glass had struck
you in the back of the neck, in the short
hairs of the nape two or three more white
nLes are seen.
PUT AWAY FOOLISH THINGS.
It is, perhaps,. impossible to imagine any
one of nature's pointers that is more unwill
ingly received than this Unwillingly re
ceived because it means that the time has
come when you must put away foolish things,
muit the frivolities-not the pleasures, neces
sarily-of youtr; give up the assumption of
juvenility and settle down to the serious
things of middle age. Fortunately middle
age has its pleasant as well as its serious
things. In fact it is aquestion whether that
soberer time when the leaves ass beginning
to turn; when the noon heat is over; when
the paseslone are subdued and when the quiet
twilight is coming on is not after all the best
portion of a man's life andof awoman's, too.
Especially is it likely to be so if we pay
proper attention to nature's pointers and he
careful without coddling ourselves.
The schedule of these pointers is by nc
means exhausted, however. The tailor has
one or two of them in store for us. When,
for instance, he tells us that we are adding to
our girth below the waistband and not above
it; that the legs of our trousers are growing
shorter and that the flap of our vests
had better be made a little longer to
look well-these are a few pointers
that are full of meaning. Then there
is the fact that we can't stand getting our
fct wet as we used to; that we have to be
careful when coming out of a warm room
into the cold air; that we want our meals
at regular hours; that we cannot stay up at
nights without sleeping correspondingly
later in the morning; that the birds do not
sing quite as bonnily as in lang syne; that
we begin to think of slippos anu dressing
gownsas the pleasures of an evening, that
our feet grow cold if we sit too long; that
we buy a thicker quality of socks; that our
daughter'sb head is beginning to reach our
watch pocket; that there are little creases
settling into the corners of our eyes;
that the lines from the base of the
nose to the angles of the mouth are
growing heavier; that we do not
look as fresh in the morning as formerly
these are a few of tho tips which Mother Na
turo gives us to remind us that her gen:tle
but irresistible laws are in operation an l
that the machine we call ourselves is surely
running down.-San Francisco Chronicle
Episode in Natural History.
A rather curious episode in natural history
occurred the other day on board the French
steamer Abd elI ader during the passage
from Marseilles to Algiers. Just as the ves
sel was about two hours out the sky became
quite black with swallows. It was then
about 6 o'clock in the evening. The birds
alighted on the vessel in thousands, on the
sails, ropes and yards of the Abd el Kader.
After a perky survey of the deck from their
eminences aloft they descended coolly on
deck, hopped about among the sailors and
passengers, and eventually found their way
into the cabins both fore and aft. The birds
were evidently fatigued after a long flight,
and allowed themselves to be caught by the
people of the ship, who gave them a welcome
reception and provided them with food,
which they enjoyed heartily. The little
winged strangers remained all night on the
vessel, and in the morning at 7 o'clock the
head lookout bird no doubt cited the Balearic
Isles, for the whole flock made for land, after
having spent a confortable and refr shing
night onboard ship.--Boston Transcript.
A Grave Question.
Little Nellie, aged 4 years. was out rid
ing one day While passing a cemetery
she looked up to her mother and said.
**Mamma. how long after they bury
any one before their gravestone comes
TERMS--INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE.
One ,ear ........ ....................4 00CO
St Months ................................... 1 0
When not paid in advance the rate will be Five
Dollars per year.
1. Anyonewho takes anaperreularly from tii
Pootome-whether directedto his name or another
or whetherhe has subecribed or not-is responsible
for the payment.
3. If a peron orders hi paper discontinued, b.
matpay allarrearages, or the publisher will cone
timue to sed ituntil payment is made and collect tb
wbole amont, whetherthepaper is taken from the
Offce or not.
8. Tbecourtahavedecided that refodns? to take
thnewapaper or pa tt.ctl from the Poetofce, or
remoin nd landeav them nucalled for, Is primte
ladle evldence of intentional fraud.
Paper erdered to any ddres can be cbhanged to
another ddresat the option of the subscriber.
Remittances by draft, check, money order, or regi.
taredletter. may t snt at our risk. All Postmaster
are required toregister letters on application.
. _ ·- .. ..
A TEST FOR THE SELF POSSESSION
OF TIMID FEMININITY.
A City Club Theory Concerning a Cer
tain Facial Phenomenon-An Impolite
Experiment for Ladies and Their Es
eorts to Look Out For.
The questidn whether every woman is
obliged to act in a certain and peculiar way
if she is looked at exercises many men in
town. Who originated the idea of putting
the problem to a test is toouncertain to make
it worth while to name any one of those who
claim the authorship. The most likely story
about it is that the idea originated in the
brain of a well known politician, and was
first broached in the New Amsterdam club.
The new discovery is quite as much a matter
of contemnporaneous human interest as the
red haired girl and white horse miracle, but
affects the fair sex alone. It is embodied in
the qu.~ation: "\Why do women moisten their
lips whien they are looked atf' The subject
is usually brought forward in the shape of a
positive declaration, some men going so far
us to declare that they and their friends have
been experimenting for over a year upon the
unconscious ladies of the city, and that the
test never fails.
"All you have to do," says one of these, "is
to sit opposite a lady in a car or a 'bus and
lou k at her intently without rudeness, and as
sure as you do so, out will come her tongue
and she will moisten both her lips. She
must be some one you are not acquainted
with, and when she catches you looking at
he, it had better be with a slight expression
of interest or curiosity. Gazing with ad
miration upon her is not a sure way, because
if it is done at all badly she resents it and
will simply look away; but if you seem to be
curious about her, as if you were studying
something about her hair or eyes or hat, or
as if you were trying to see who she was
lilce. she will be positively certain to perform
this queer operation."
Apparently thousands, in ever widening
circles, who have heard positive statements
of this sort are devoted to investigating the
phenomenon. They pursue the subject in
the streets, office elevators, hotel parlors,
churches, and wherever ladies are to be
found. Those who have yielded to the influ
enuce of the queer study declare it to be very
fascinating. They are mainly young men.
They say it is like a form of hunting or fly
fishing. A man singles out a lady of attract
ive face and figure, dressed to the supreme
notch of fashion and evidently enjoying
complete satisfaction with herself as she
arranges her drapery and seats herself in a
If any one were to tell her that the man
across the car had made up his mind to bend
her to his will, and oblige her to perform an
undignified act while she sat there, she would
bail the bare suggestion as preposterous. And
yet, ten to one, she would project her tongue,
and roll her lips inward to moisten them on
Its surface as soon as she looked over to the
stranger to petrify him with an indignant
g!ance-at least so these impolite experiment
But she would know nothing about it, and
would get out her pocketbook, find what
change she needed for the conductor, and
once again settle herself as ladies and birds
are accustomed to do, all oblivious of the fact
that the gaze of the man opposite is concen
trated upon her face with a look of quick,
curious interest. It will napt bemany minutes
before she does perceive this by reason of
that subtle influence that is said to enable us
to awaken men and women from a deep
sleep by fixing our eyes upon them. Then
she will look up and meet the man's gaze. It
will startle her, and, if the rule be true, she
will indulge in the peculiar performance ac
credited to her sex
This action of the lips and tongue is not
mysterious. It is merely one of a score of
ways in which human beings, especially the
more self conscious ones among us, testify to
momentary embarrassment and make an in
voluntary mechanical movement in reassert
ing our self possession. An equally familiar
and more noticeable unconscious trick of the
same kind is that which European peasant
men and women have and bring to this
country with them-a movement of the back
of the hand across the mouth. Another
action of the sort is the biting of the under
The reports that some have made of their
experiences divide the ladies into classes.
Some men positively assert that no matter
who she may be, any woman will wet her lips
if she is taken off her guard by a stranger.
Others say that if a man looks at a lady in a
certain way, it does not matter whether she
is a friend, a relative, or even a wife, she will
follow this queer rule. Still others say that
high bred, proud women cannot be relied on.
Once in a while one of these haughty ladies
will be taken by ,surprise and make the
movement, they say, and then again a man
may spend half a day in the Fourth avenue
cars above Thirty-fourth street, and never
succeed in producing the action once. One
deep student makes a closer division, and
says that it is only the married women
among the fashionable of the sex who resist
the impulse, but that all single ladies, young
and old, no matter how proud or self pos
sessed, succumb to the novel influence.
It is only fair to say that some men declare
as positively against the new craze as any do
for it. They say that there is nothing in it,
that no woman ever under any circumstances
performs the alleged operation. There are
not enough of these skeptics to make any
headway aguinst the pastime. They are met
with the critfeism that they are clumsy or
btr.ld or stupid or uninteresting to women,
and in other ways are made to regret that
they have tried to oppose the new craze.
There is another class of men, still fewer in
numbers, who grow angry, and insist that
the whole idea is gotten up as a practical
joke. These are the fellows who know so
little of art and illusion as to get into trouble
whenever they try to experiment by staring
so hard and so offensively at the ladies that
there is a constant danger of their being
called to accouut by the other gentlemen
who happen to be present.
There is great fun in watching a clever
young fellow at it. He selects his victim
w-ithout seeming to look at her. He takes a
seat opposite her, opens a newspaper, and
pretendls to read it. Suddenly, perhaps, he
drii;s it, and with an expression of surprised
andi lively interest fastens his gaze on the
roots of the lady's hair above her brow or on
her eyes or her neck pin. She has been look
ing in another direction, but seeing the move
ment of the paper, turnsand meets the full,
muexpected gaze of the man. Then the in
stant hIas arrived. If the experimenters
speak truly, she is certain to fall a prey to
his design. She is most likely to project the
dainty tip of her coral tongue and curl it up
and down over both lips. But if she fails to
do this and simply pulls in her upper lip and
curves her under lip outward and upward
over the other one, the tormentor of her sex
will know that he has succeeded, for differ
ent women have several different ways of
behaving at such junctures. Some pucker
their mouths, draw in their lips, some roll
the under lip over the upper one, but "it all
"as the club men pus it--New York
An Example of Free Agency.
E.'s mamma having been very ill in the
spring, I presume some one had told him that
God had sent the illnei, for, in the summer,
after partaking a little too freely of water
melon, he came and stood by my side and,
looking very uncomfortable, said: "God
didn't send this stomachache, did he? That's
my own business, 'cos I ate too much water
Called Out o? Town.
Citizen (to little' boy)--Is your father in,
Little Boy-No, sir; pa's out of town.
Citizen-Gone on business?
Little Bey-I dun know. I heard him tell
ma that he wouldn't be back until she had
got through cleanin' house. MLebby it's bus
ness, an' mebby it's pleasera I dan know.
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