Newspaper Page Text
14* -. VOL. 20, NO. DEER ~M ON AACUYI7 88 LO G ,WH L O.9 4 OP ADVERTISINGa ý tý.U U ) 0' 0 .~ N' c ' t c $ s: $5 $7 $8 $10 I$20 $10 1 ie..... 5 6 10 12 15125 40 Iie: ..;4 7 8 12 14 20 83 43 S,, 5810 14 16 25 88 55 Mnotb...h 7 10 12 18 24 85 60 75 1 12 15 22 30 50 70 100 1115 25 35 50 75 100 100 16025 40 55 70 90 140 250 draertisiing payable quarterly, is due. 3R ,dyertising payablo in advance. 9'rl lct are 50 per cent, more than reg. s sug 15 cents for the first insertion; line ibr ch lsuceeing insertion; Iwokp,,yable on delivery. gOFESSIONAL CARDS. ATTORNEYS. ~i7. GALIRAITH, JArORNEY AT LAW, SAND6 5 ACD 6, VAx GUNDY & MILLas B: oco, jºevr Lodge. Sfontana,. WELLING NAPTON. ATTORNEY AT LAW, [COURT SQUARE], DEER LODGE. Special Attention Given to Collections. '. g. CoLs, Butte U. R. WUimHITLL, Deer Lodge. COLE & WHITEHILL, ATTORNEYS AT LAW Butte and Deer Lodge, Montana 0. B. O'BANNON, i A1llt a~l Attorley seer Lodgo, - - Monl ana. jg'IiY B. DAVIS, C E.-County and U. S. Deputy MALrHANSON, C. E.-Draughtsman and No ury Public. DAVIS & HANSON, Cld aid IIII illiers, Procurers of U. S. Patents. Township and Mineral Plats on File. oge at Court House. DEER LODGE, X. T. 065 if PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS, C. F. REED, DENTIST Ofice Over Kleinschmidt's Store. IDEER LODGE, MONT. ill 3m J. A. MEE, PHYSICIAN ( SURGEON, Deer Lodge, M. T. Diseases of W.,men and Chil dren a Specialty. Olice on the corner, south of the McBurney House JOHN H. OWINGS, X. D., Physician and Surgeon ifice-Kleinschmidt Building, formerly oc cupied by M. M. Hopkins. Deer Lodge, - 3Monta nH Calls in town o- autry will receive prompt at tkntien. 648 BANKS AND BANKERS. W. A. CLARK, S. E. LARABIK. OLARK g LABADIN, U `.1 B EDE '8 BAEýKEJ)ý, DEER LODCE, M. T. Do a General Banking Business cad Draw Exchange on All the Principal Cities of the World. NEW YORK CORRESPONDENTS. first National Bait, New York. B Y. 7711 First National Bank! hELENA, - MOlNTANA. Paid up Capital......8600.000 Surplus and Profits 6825,000 S. T. HAUSER, - - President. A. J. DAVIS, - - Vice-President. I. W. KNIGHT, - - Cashier. T. H. KLEINSCHXIDT, - Ass' Cash. DESIGNATED DEPOSeITOR OF TsE UNITED STATES. Wetransact a general Bankin business,and buy, at gheot rates, Gold Dust Coin, 4o~ and Silver But ea, and Local Securities; Sell Exchange and Tele raphic Transfers, available in all parts of the United atesthe Canada., Great Britain, Ireland ana the Continent. CoLLsoTeols made and proceedsremitted promptly. Directors. S. T. HAUSER, JOHN CURTIN. A. X. HOLTER, R. S. HAILTON. JOHN H. RING, C. P. HIGGINS, S W.KNIGHT, A. J. DAVIS. T. C. POWER, H. M. PARCHEN, T. a. KLEINSCHMIDT. 158 E. H. IRVINE & SON, Real Zstate. Mining AND) COLLECTION AGrENCY, East Cranite St, BUTTE, M. T. We solicit the business of any who desire to buy 01 5Cl imroe oruimprve races; city poet notes 5usd accounts for collection. Our extensive ac q saint.,nce ihroughout Deer Loslge and silver Bow coanties elves no a superior advantaae in our line oi We rer by permission to Clark a Larabic. Deer Lodge, N. T. TELEPHONE 85. P. PATTERSON, CIIPIIThR AND BUILDBBI DEER LODGE, MONTANA. D esigns furnished and close estimates snide on Dusi ness, Dwelling and other Houses. Do all Kinds Job Carpentering. SASII AND DOORS IN STOCK. Shoup next door north of Murphy, HIggEins A Co's Zxchange Saloofl1 One Door South of Scott House, ')eer Lodge, - Mlontana. BALLET A PETTY, Proprietors. Oily the Very Fiast lsqurso ai Cigan Over the Exchange Bar. A Share sat Publc ParessoRspectfolly Sollcited. 072 if Iris' oidorial ~arlorS AND BATH 800MS, Van (and a Miller Deer o H AVIN(IJCST COCXUPIED Ny SPLENDID naewPttdaloreo Inte abov bullitn, I aus pee The Baths are finest nlckle-piatedi and compeeIn every resp.ert with hot and cold water, receptisn Patrons are assured Esatire SatlsfactioO. 970 IOiN lb. AusS, Fropriertt. THE BASTILE RESTORED. THE GLOOMY PRISON SET UP FOR VISITORS TO PARIS. Why the Capture of the Dastile Is a Great Epech -Several Dlastiles-Tragedles in the Stain One-the I rench .evolution. Fotrelg, Interlereocc- hionaparte. tt 77YY[Iý;rr lot ~i N the 8xteenth century the Dutch achieved their wonderful revolu tion, which first made a Federal re public a success; in the Seventeenth century the British had their revolution, and in the Eighteenth century the Ameriuans-these three revolutions being simply the three sic cessive stages in a serial development of con stitutional liberty. The Latin races followed at a great distance, though the American revolution communicated the impulse; and between 1787 and 18t7 occurred in a sur prisingly e rgular srt cession the French, Spanish, Portuguese, Spanish-American and Italian revolutions. The same year, 1787, witnessed the construction of the United States constitution and the assembly of the notables for reform in France; in the same year, 1789, the first American president was inaugurated, and the French people stormed and captured the Bastile, an event celebrated by all our French born citizens on the 14th of July. The revolution thus happily begun was soon extended to Spain, and this gave occasion for revolt to all Spanish America: so one by one the provinces on this continent became republics. Thus the fall of the Bastilo is justly regarded as the central point of all modern revolutions-a sort of international Iudependence day. In the enthusiasm of preparation for the centennial exprsition of next year, the French have reconstructed the Bastile and a portion of the Rue St. Antoine adjoining, and it is apparent that the structure was not THE SASTILE AS BEBTORED. so imposing, in fact, as it appears in historih imagination, for it was but sixty feet high, sixty feet wide, and varying in length from 100 ieet apwards, by the projection of towert The building was begun in 1369, under orders of Charles V, and by an odd coincidence the man who designed it and laid the founda tions, Huguo Andriot, was the first prisoner. His alleged crime was love for a beautiful Jewess, and yielding to her so far as to re ject some tenets of the established religion. The word "bastile" or "bastide" was applied to many prisons in France, and there were t0o Bastiles in Paris; but the noted one was the Bastile of the Stg Antoine quarterr Its strength was enormous. There were eight round towers, connected by walls of inassive masonry, making the quadrangle; the walls were nowhere less than twelve feet thick, and around them was a deep ditch twenty-five feet wide, tooded from the Seine, and in turn protected by a lower walls In this gloomy fortress were fifty solitary cells for state prisoners, besides the great "herd ing rooms" for common criminals, the quar tess for oficidals and guards, mid many dark cells and dungeons. These last were nine. teen feet below the surface level of the prison, and consequently below the bottom of the ditch, and each dungeon was lijhted by three narrow gratings two inches wide. And to these secluded cells year after year the monarchs and favorite nobles of France consigned their personal enemies-some. times a real conspirator against the govern ment and sometimes a man of rank who had actually committed a crime; but as often a husband whose wife was taken by some lord of the court, a creditor, a rival or other un fortunate. There was neither habeas eorpus nor Judicial inquiry; the process was by "lettre de cachet" from the minister of jus tice or the king, and once imprisoned the fate of the unfortUtiate hung upon the caprices of despotism. The Imagination can faintly conceive of the awfu tragedineso ted asid. ow gentlemen literally rotted in damp and aark P-ORTZ sT. AwTOINE. nsad men of educationi and social natures wear yearsn wshidden that mysterious victim knowrs wasthe "Man in the Iron Mask " hetim thnpople of Pai at last~ forced their a no thefrrTess t2 the on sen pris th ne resh, i whotegvrr said thoad been Toelohd-Oe wassMihe qounstid onleaste whoe hadee amrisoned sirernc is1tho year; manocathe Taelulr, thirtyrannay a prisondersa nbl otl wh y, asres all his peautlied aperdt him r ike aopo sleeind theareshs airpland sushn beidred him Ig snieefthlem durn g the mexp tioie n h finances were in iuch a bad condition tuibt Iin 1787 King Louis XVI convened an assembly of notables to consider them. Then the states general was called-a sort of old par liament, which had not met for 175 years. In June, 1789, the representativesof the com mon people in this assembly organized sep arately, and swore never to adjourn till a general reform was secured. This was the _ beginning of the French revolution. On the 12th of July the king refused to aid the reform movement. On the 18th the peo ple rose and a natioqM guard was formed, under command of our own Lafayette. On the 14th they stormed and captured the Baa tile. Revolution and reform then proceeded regularly for two years, till the exiled no blemen induced Austria, Spain and some minor powers to make war on the revolu tionists. Then the French people rose as one man and the long war with the rest of Eu rope -began. Aug. 1, 1792, the monarchy was abolished; Aug. 9 and 10 the people stormed the palace and massacred the Swiss guard. Still the king's supporters contin ued to intrigue with foreigners, and the Austrian and Prussian troops continaed their advance; so, the first week in Septem ber, the maddened people rose and massa cred some 1,400 priests and nobles and their retainers. Jan. 20, 1798, the king was condemned to death; on the 21st he was guil lotined, and the noted. "Reign of Terror" began. In 1795 comparative order was re stored, and soon after Napoleon Bonaparte obtained control Nearly all candid men now agree that the interference of Austria and Prussia was a great blunder, if not a crime; and the later adhesion of England was equally bad. Those nations did in fact turn the orderly revolution into q fierce and unreasoning current of fury. In these days of comparative justice and peace American visitors will find much to interest them in the restored Bastile. MANSFIELD AHEAD NOW. But Bandmana May Have New Surprises in Store for Him. Theatrical people are a good deal amused over the recent coup of Mr. Richard Mans field, who suddenly departed from New York with his theatrical company for Europe, in order to head off Herr Bandmann, who in tended to produce "Doctor Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" there ahead of him. Mr. Mansfield was born in London thirty-one years ago, and his great artistic gifts came to him by the laws of heredity, for his mother, Mme. Er minia Rudersdorff, was one of the rarest lyric artists of her time. Sixteen years ago Rime. Rudersdorff and her two sons came to America, the mother then being under en gagement to Mr. P. S. Gilmore to sing at the Boston Peace jubilee. He was in his 20th year when Mme. Itudersdorif decided that he should enter upon a commercial career, and secured him a position in the great dry goods house of Jordan & Marsh, in Boston. He did not continue long at this, however, and when he' was 21 went to London to study art. He acquired a reputation for mimicry rather than art, which brought him to the attention of the German, Reeds, and he was regularly engaged at a good salary to appear with Corney Grain. On the first night, worn out by exhaustion and frenzied with the excitement of his new position, which meant either a career or abject failure, he fainted and failed. But he was given an other trial, made a success, and got what was more valuable-his name before the prgs and publie in a way that attracted the attention of the London managers. UANDMANN. MANSFIELD. Then followed a time of upward work. He played Brigard in "Frou-Frou,"the Admiral and other leading parts in Gilbert and Sulli van operas. Under D'Oyley Carte's manage ment he appeared to New York six years ago. At the end of his first season on the American stage Richard Mansfield found himself a star. Mr. Mansfield's recent achievement in his presentation of his marvelous psychological studies of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is uni versally conceded to be among the few really remarkable stage creations contem poraneous history has afforded. Daniel E. Bandmann, who was a star when Measfield was in his swaddling clothes, be came a rival to Mr. Mansfield In this wise: Bandmnana sent a request for tickets for him self and friende to Mansfield's performance. Mansfield'replied that he didn't give tickets to dime museum peopleBandmnann has of late played at "popular prices"-whereiipon Herr Dandinann determined to play the part himself. Bandmann was born at Cassel, Germany, and made his debut at the age of 18 at the Court theatre of New Strelitz. After making reputation in the Shakespeareani drama in Germany he came to America, and, for the first timo played in English, as Shylock, at Niblo's Garden, New York, Jan. 15, 1863. For about five years he starred. He pleased Edwin Forrest, and was selected by him to play Hamlet 15 the tercentenary birthday celebration at Philadelphia. Feb. 17, 1889, he appeared at the Lyceum theatre, London, and created a strong Impression in "Nar In 1877 he played Hamlet and Othello In Berlin. In 1884 Bandmnann began an engage ment at the Thalia theatre, New York. Some seasons ago he adopted the circuit of cheap theatres. Bandmnann, having made arrangements to play the celebrated double character in Eng land, secured a London theatre In order to open ahead of Mansfield, who was to have opened at Irving's Lyceum theatre on Sept. S. Mansfield's going sooner is to outwit the outwitter. A HEBREW ORPHAN ASYLUM. It Wais Recently Dedicated at Cleveland. 0., and Is a Grcat Institution The new Jewish orphan asylum at Cleve lead, 0., which was erected and recently dedicated by the B'nai B'rith society, is ono of the muost imposing buildings of the kind in the country. Its cast was 8000,000, and It aBEBRW ORPRaaz ASTLI31, CLBVELAM)D stone, and is topped with a handsoumc cu~pohx, at the base of which are two' lionas l owia 1mm stone bearing the shieldsof theorde' .. I.'men B rith. Beneath the lions and abo'e the main entrance is a baa relief repreeentait)io In stone picturing the finding of 51 irs ly Pharaoh's daughter and her attendants. There are three main entrances to the build -ing, two on o~ther side, east and wet led up to by flights of stone steps. culminatinig in cntvered arhs and the Tmain o niemo-al building is susatally sa lgntl fin cofrtad msement of the children, 'in Brni B'nrt witomnsty ainteretingce BOULANGER-FLOQUET. SOMETHING OF THE MEN WHO FOUGHT LATELY IN FRANCE. Theatrical Politles-Uoulanger's Extraor dinary Rise-From Second LIeutenant to General in Twelve rears-Miniater of War. Then a Wild Politician. The French riddle is in a fair way to be solved by death. For once at least in a dozen years a French Auel has resulted seriously, and M. Floquet's rapier has put an end to the headlong career of Gen. Boulanger. For ten this-man has been the great enigma. 'earsa devoted partisana .ape.' frdtuittenemnies, th6e conservative masses of France were never quite sure whether he was a cheap charlatan or a misunderstood patriot, whether they should make him virtual dictator or send him to prison. Early in 1887 he was under arrest for a month and in serious danger of severe punishment; a little later he was the idol of the populace, the terror of the con servatives and new ly elected member of the national as sembly by an al most unanimous vote. His next move was to pro pose constitutional changes which would have prao tically overthrown - the present govern ment, a move which unitedtheassembly against him; in his rage he resigned in N a speech full of fu- ~*BOLXE nous denunciation, i z. BO G shamefully insulted 3. Floquet. A duel shortly followed, and Boulanger received a wound which leaves him at the point of death. Boulanger's first appearance was as a fop pishly theatrical military student; his fel lows laughed at him till he went to the oppo site. extreme, and as a second lieutenant he affected, as far as allowed, the dress and style of a common soldier. The war in Italy (1850) gave him a chance. His bravery brought him wounds and glory, for he was shot clean through the body and gained the Sardinian cross of St. Maurice and Lazare and the rank of first lieutenant Two years later he led a battalion of Algerian tirail leurs against the Annamites in Cochin China, and co-operating with the Spaniards won a brilliant victory. He was again terribly wounded, receiving a lance thrust in the left side, just below the heart. He here gained the cross of Isabella the Catholic. He was made a captain and came back to Paris a hero even among old generals. He reverted to his early style, and became so foppish that respect for his bravery even could not restrain the laughter of satirists. His wounds distorted his body so that he had a lateral movement in walking, the left side being advanced. Over his heart he wore the cross of the Legion of Honor, with its red ribbon; next came the red and white of the '59 campaign; the green Italian cross came next, contrasting with the yellow of the Spanish decoration. This tunic had a horizontal cutting, which silk strings ena bled him to tighten or slacken at will. This, his friends said, was done from the necessity of letting air in upon his wounds and pre venting too great a compression by his clothes. His enemies said it was done to complete the mise-en-swen, He became captain of the military school, and he systematically began studying the future officers of the army and perfecting the plans by which his ambition was to be realised. His rule was rigorous, but there was not a man in the school who would not have followed him to death. When 1870 came he was made a major at the age of 39. The siege of Paris helped him in four months to four of the highest steps of the military system and the Legion of Honor. He was successively made lieutenant colonel, colonel and finally commander of the Legion of Honor. Even when the revision of rank was instituted his record saved hip, and at 89he became a general. Then the politician appeared, and he used his knowledge of his compatriots to put each in the position where he would best serve the purposes of Boulanger. As minister of war he carried out his pet scheme of a mobilization of the army. He astonished Europe by his success. In fact, he had the department troops (in America we should call them militia) in such a perfect state of preparedness that at the click of the telegraph they could have donned uniforms, taken up arms, seized the farm horses and carts, and been at the central stations In a few hours, ready to be hurried by railway to any desired point. Then strange and contradictory ru mors began to agitate the French. One was that he desired to imitate Monk, who restored the Stuart kings after Cram well; another that he was organizing a great European war In which he was to enact the role bf Bonaparte; and still another, to wh ch his free expressions of contempt for the old families gave strength, that he thought the time had conmc to set up a new dynasty in France, and that a successful soldier in the pr~me of life, a Boulanger in fact, was the man to start it. And while they wondered, President Jules Grevy and all his cabinet fell with a great ruin, carrying Bioulanger with them. N. Wilson, Grevy's son-In-law, had been selling decorations and military honors; he and several others were disgraced, and President Grevy was drive,' from office for attempting to shield them. The final ant. come was the choice as president of H. Sudi. Carnot, a rather neutral character, who, these who voted for him were very sure, would not interfere with their various schemes. And, on sober second thoughts, the pco ple decided that in the line of corrup tion, at any raite, [loulanger was guiltless. Of course, there was a tre mendous popular reaction, and liou langer became the -idol of the people. Fronm that position he bas fallein - '~ through his own headlong folly. .contass raoqUr. oThis last was duel, and his personal quarrels have bweci many. While In Africa he had a violent eontroversy with H. Camnbon, the French -ainsul general at Tunis; but the latter pin ulently declined to puli the matter to a light. last year his quarrel with Jules Feiry led to a challenge; but Ferry, whio knows niuth ing of either sword or pistol, wanted a regis lar "lParlsiaii 4uel," one of the kind Murk Twain describes, a single shot at a safe 'iii *tance, while the bloodthirsty Iloulanger insisted on continued exchange of shots till one or the other fell. and so tbere was rno meeting. This year II. Floquet accommo dated him with a fight to the finish. Floquet has long been quite as active in his faction as Boulanger, and to an American observer far more reasonable. When the Bepublicans held their preliminary meeting to decide an to whom they should support for successor to Jules Grevy. II. Floquet re ceived lot votes, leading the poll, and Basil Carnot but 49; nevertheless the former warmly supported his successful rivaL Hits apparent conservatism In opposition to Doulanger is comparatively a new thing; for at his entrance in public life he was ac counted rather radieal, and in 11107, when the czar visited the Paris exposition and entered Ithe law coups in company with Napoleon Ill, N(. Floquet offered a gross insult by shouting: 'Vive la Polognel" (Long live Poland.) A little later, Berezowaki, a Pole, fired at the cmar in the Wood of Beulogne, pud N1. Flagnet headed a subscription fqr his When the car was finallyclown zo in St. Petersburg, U. Floquet exulted When, therefore, he was made of the cabinet in 1888, by President , every one looked for a radical min i radical measures, and perhapsa rapt Russia. But as often happens with the responsibilities of office made bhlinore conservative Since the Grevy a~ s~tration went to pieces and M. Flo qait"-eturned to his seat in the national as sei~i~y, American visitors have often re mar ed on the general resemblance of his a slid manner to those of Charles Seamer. DIWty and benevolence appear united in hih otenance, he looks every inch a and the last man to be suspected of s thy with assassins or violent men of any: Early in 1887 the Prussian am baseidor at Paris met 1. Floquet socially, thes ' being president of the chamber of dipuaes, d cordial relations we re.r rod, the eommon ground being tha feeling both entertain towards Germany. In conclusion. it can only be said that French politics are so theatrical that in a few days we may learn that M. Floquet is the idol of the people or that he is in exile to avoid the popular wrath for his having killed the popular idoL THE SOCIAL CHRISTIANS. Plans and Work of a Rapidly Growlag Orgsalsatloa. When the author of the "Hoosier School master" presented cud Means and his teacher as organizing "The Church of the Best Licks," It was plain to the reader that the writer was setting forth his own senti ments, and hence it was no surprise to learn soon after that Rev. Edward Eggleston was preaching in Brooklyn to a congregation calling itself the "Church of Christian En deavor." Its only creed, or requisite of membership, was that one should sincerely and earnestly "endeavor to lead a Christian life." It was only one of many attempts about that time to found a church which should be Christian without a creed; but the realization of that idea came some years later in the form of what is called the "Young People's Society of Christian En deavor." REV. F. E. CLARK. S. W. ADRIANCE. DEACON BURNHAM. W. I. PENNELL. C. A. DICKINSON. In February, 1881, the Rev. F. E. Clark conducted a very successful revival in the Williston Congregational church of Port land, Me.; and in devising means to main. fain a religious Interest among the young, thought out the plan of a society of young people, of what might be called social Christians. It proved a remarkable success. It began in an ordinary "church social,"and on the first evening fifty-three young gentle men and ladies enrolled their names. By degrees a constitution was formed; the or ganization extended and has just held its seventh annual convention in Chicago. In 1881 the second society was formed, and from that time to the present the member ship has increased to 310,000. The cause of this rapid growth seems to be that the organizers hate completely solved that problem which long puzzled so many good people-how to make the social in stincts and activities of young people har monize with the church life and powerful for Christianity. The new movement seems to effect this. "Father Endeavor" Clark, as he is jocularly called, his initials being F. E., is a genial young man of 36, with a clear blue eye and attractive face, born in Canada of Massachu setts parents temporarily residing there. 13e is a graduate of Dartmouth and of Andover Theological seminary. Since the national constitution of the new society was adopted he has been president. Closely associated with him is Deacon Choate Burnham, the patriarch of the society. "The originalcon stitution," says he, "left us old folks out. Well, 1 got hold of the boys, read the consti tution over to them, and got 'em to rope us In. And the missing link was found, the deacons were admitted, the young and the old were one, and the old became young Mrlurnham Is the oldest member of Phillips' church, Boston. Other workers in the organization are Revs. S. W. Adriance and C. A. Dickinson. These and many more attended the convention held in Chicagodur ing the first week of July, among them Rev. Janies L Hill, of Medford; N. Boynton, of Bosto:; Dr. Wayland 11oyt, of Philadelphia, and Dr. II. A. Stinson, of St. Louis. George B. Wood, of Boston. is the general secretary of the society. "The Golden Rule" is its official organ. The motto is "For Christ and the Church," and the general method of work about as follows: Committees are appointed to care for alL The shy, the bashful, the stranger, these are taken under the wing of the social committee. The lookout committee -thc outside conscience of the society-rallies the faltering, encourages the timid, strength ens the weak, and reclaims the wayward and wandering ones back to their fold. There are committees for prayer meeting work, for temperance labor, for Sunday school, for labor among gorelgn born people in the large cities, and for scores of other objects all tending to the advancement of the great work of the church. lilian san NatalIe. King Milan and Queen Natalie of Servia, who separated some time ago, have been dis turbiig the world of late as to the possession of t'heir son, the crown prince. The king is -4 years of ake. He wns at school at Paris a. e;, his second cousin, the prince of Servia, from whom he inherited the throne, was nmundercd in 1868. Milan returned to Servia andli ni 1S72 was crowned as Prince Milan IV. In 1870 he joined the Montenegrins and Bos nians in a campaign against his suserain, the enlian. During this time he was proclaimed king, but was not recogn:zed as such till 1882. Queen Natalie is a Russian, and is five years younger than her hurband. Being at W~ies KING AND Q(WE OW SERVIA. baden when the demand was made for the Icrown prince, the P; .issian authorities found themnseTies in a position to become involved ina marital quarrel, which was doubtless anything but desirable. he desired the queen either to submit to mgseia author ity cr leave Germany. Th aetdevelop ment in the play wvas the kidusping of the crown prince by thirty soldiers for King lislan. A uell ujescrvei iae.. Countryman (to dentists-The tooth next to that 'un aches too. doe. Dentish-Yes. It aches in sympathy Countryman- Yank it out; durn sock sympathy I-New York Sun. IIIRAM SIBLEY DEAD. HE HAD MUCH TO DO WITH THE FOUNDING OF WESTERN UNION. In His Early Days He Was a Shoemaker. but He Beeme a Farmer on a Grand Snale. Was an Intimate Friend of Russia's Murdered Czar, and Died Very Rich. Hiram Sibley, practically the founder of the Western Union Telegraph company, who died at Rochester, N. Y., recently, was born at North Adams, Berkshire county, Mass., in 1807. His youth was passed in the region where he was born. He early displayed evi dence of a natural mechanical genius. Ban tering oue day with a: howlnaker, he under 'took to-make a shoe Wfithout any training for the work. He was so successful that he was at once placed on the shoemaker's bench. When he was 16 years of age he went to the Genesee valley and entered a machine shop. Before he was of age he had learned five different trades. He finally established him self at Mendon, fourteen miles south of Rochester, N. Y. Here he had a machine shop. - Mr. Sibley gradually grew prominent. In 1843 he was elected sheriff of Monroe county, but other matters occupied his attention and gave him no time to pursue a political ca reer. Three years before this election he went to Washington and assisted Professor Morse and Ezra Cornell in procuring an ap propriation of $40,000 from congress to build the first telegraph line-from Baltimore to Washington. Other companies were formed and the business was so cut up as to be un profitable. Mr. Sibley conceived a plan for uniting all the patents and the companies under one organization. He worked for several years buying up the stock of the different companies, some of which he se cured as low as two cents on the dollar. After three years spent in this effort he had succeeded in getting hold of the majority of the stock of the different corporations and organised the Western Union Telegraph company. Mr. Sibley was its first president and held the office for sixteen years. Under his management the business grew rapidly, and the telegraphic offices increased from 132 to over 4,000, the value of the property at the same time swelling from $220,000 to $48,000,000. - It was in 1860 that Mr. Sibley began his attempt to build a transcontinental line. There were a good many predictions that the line would be found impracticable, and that it would be destroyed by Indians if it should ever be completed. To these objections Mr. Sibley replied that he would build the line if he had to build it alone. He went to Wash ington, procured the necessary legislation, and alone took the contract from the govern ment to do the work. Of this contract, however, ho was afterward relieved by the Western Union m Telegraph compa- 1 ny. Under Mr. Sibley's manage ment the Western Union company built the line ten , ) years before the completion of the railroad. After finishing this enterprise Mr. Sibley turned his attention to a line between the United States and Russia via Alaska, Behr- i' lug's strait and Si- ESEaM siuLEY. herrs. He had been prominent in entertaining Admiral Lusoffski when the Russian fleet visited New York in 18683. This secured him recognition of the ezar of Russia, and during a stay at St. Pe tersburg he was the recipient of great atten tion. At an important ceremony held by the emperor Mr. Sibley was honored with the second place on the list of guests. The Rus sian government agreed to co-operate with him, and build the line between Irkootsk and the Amoor river. Fifteen hundred miles had been put up, when the successful laying of the Atlantic cable caused an abandonment of the enterprise. After Mr. Sibley discontinued active opera tions in building telegraph lines, he took up railroading and a number of other enter prises. He was for several years connected with the management of the Southern Mich igan and Northern Indiana railway. After the civil war, guided by a desire to restore amicable relations between the north and the south, he made investments in the latter section. He went into salt at Saginaw and into storing seed at Chicago. At Chicago he tore down a comparatively new building and erected on its site an Immense seed ware house. The seed business Mr. Sibley com menced at Rochester thirty years ago. Ho was an Innovator even In this, and instituted many experiments Tor the improvement of plants with reference to their seed bearing qualities. He cultivated the largest farm In the state of New York. He was the owner of fourteen other farms in New York state. besides estates in Michigan and Illinois. Mr. Sibley's philanthropic Investments kept pace with his other enterprises. Ho founded the Sibley College of Mechanical Arts at Cornell university, Ithaca, N. Y., on which he spent at different times 8150,000. At Rochester he built and presented Sibley hall to the University of Rochester, at a cost of $120,000, to be used for a libraryand cabi net. _________ A. Y. P. GARNETT, M. D. Death of a Doetor Who Was en Intimate Terms with Jeflertn Davis. Dr. Alexander Y. P. Garnett, the famous Washington physician who recently died at Rehohoth Beach, Del., where he had gone In the hope of recovering his shattered health, was horn in ksesa county, Va., Sept. 19, 1820. Ho was graduated from the medical department of the University of Pennsylva niain 1841. He se -'cured an appoint ment as assistant surgeon in the nyand for five years crnised all - r over the Pacific ocean. Ho was or dered to the navy yard at Washing ton, but soon re signed from the navy and began -the practice of his %\YO .profession there. DIL A. Y. P. GARNEYW.he eitonv Daisy, a daughter of Henry A..Wise, one of the famous governors of Vilrginia. He ac quired a large and lucrative practice, and numbered among his patients W. W. Corco ran, the late celebrated philanthropist, and Jefferson Davis, who was at that time secre tary of war. His sympathies were with the south, and when, the war broke out lhe went to Richmond, where he was made surgeon general of the Confederacy, and was the fam ily physician of Mr. Davis. His property in Washington was confis cated, but he was able to recover a portion of it at the close of the war when he returned to the capital and resumed his practice. His friendship for Jefferson Davis and his belief in the righteousness of the cause which Davis represented always enlisted his pen and voice in the controversies which arsee from time to time in later years. He was a man of strong convictions and never hesn tated to express them. Socially he was one of the moat agreeable of men. He was a cul tivated man, fond of books, and had the re-' spect and esteem of his professional brethren. He was president of the American Medical association last year, and was a frequent con tributor to thi. medical periodicals. A French savant. I. de Beec, says that the ness is losing its function among civilired people. When the sense of smucl ranishes the nose will have to go, too Alaska was purchased Irons [iusslp fqg UO,80.000. Junt 2O. 8411? THE MOORE-NORTON SCANDAL It I. Interesting the Whole Country as Well as St. Louis. The Moore-Norton scandal of St. Louis con tinues to be interesting. How Mr. Norton was informed of his wife's infidelity; how he convinced himself of the truth of the infor mation; how he struck his wife's paramour, who had long been his intimate friend-the flight, the arrest-has been fully given to the public. Mr. Norton has long been a resident of St Louis. He was formerly a member of the stock company of Ben De Bar, the promi nent St. Lou:s theatrical manager, and has for a long time been man ager and proprietor of the Grand Opera house in St. Louis. The wife was edu cated to the stage. She and was well known as one capa -- ble of fill ing leading parta. Mr. Norton be B. W. MOORE. came, it is said, insanely in love with her, mar ried her and took her off the stage. kas. Mr. Moore, the aoQ bosom friend of the in jured husband, has for many years been connected with the St. Louis Post Dispatch. He is an Eng. J. W. iCoRoP. lishman, but went to St. Louis from Phila delphia, where he married his wife. He rose through different grades to be managing editor of the paper, and held this position at the time of his flight. It is said that the woman who has caused all this trouble. Mrs. Norton. is a good actress on the domestic as well as on the mimic stage. She is described as a blonde with "a childish expression of innocence in her feature, and is such an admirable mis treus of facial disguisement, besides has re duced the 'baby stare' to perfect control, that she has never failed when occasion re quired to pass herself off on husband and friends as the most guileless and unsophisti cated of womankind." THE WORKING GIRLS' FRIENDS. Flowers and Untrds-They Take the Places of Homes and Society. "What class of persons are your best cus tomersf' asked a reporter of a bird fancier recently. "Shop girls, seamstresses, milliners and other working women," was his unexpected reply. "Rich folks buy the parrots, edu cated canaries, the rare foreign birds and the expensive aquaria, but the pretty working girls are the best and steadiest buyers of the common varieties, and without their custom we should fare badly. We are one with the florists in that respect" "How do you meant" "Well, just ask the florists-I mean the cheap sidewalk florists of the market and street corners-who are their best customers, and you will get the same answerthat I have given you. I can't understand it, either." "These pets and flowers," said a modest working girl to the reporter a half hour later, "they cheer and we should feel lost without them. Why, we can almost always tell when one of our companions is going wrong-that is, coming home late, becoming bold and gay and entertaining longings for dress and ornaments-by giving away her pets and plants or neglecting them." The canary is by long odds the favorite pet with working girls. The little sky blue non pareil birds, as they are called, love birds, Java sparrows, and others are well repro sented. Guinea pigs and white mice also occasionally receive their share of fostering attention in these humble homes. As to flowers, the hardier, cheaper and prettier of pot plants are the most popular. The gera nium is the most popular; then comes the heliotrope, then the fuschia, and they also cultivate the wall flower, daisy, the gilly fower, the primrose, several varieties of the pink, the oxalis or wood sorrel, and whatever will thrive in circumscribed quarteas with limited care. The working girls are often put to their ingenuity to have their pets and and flowers attended to during their absence from home in the pursuit of their vocation, especially in cold weather, when the more delicate specimens are apt to suffer severely in the lofty, unwarmed tenements if not properly cared for. Sometimes one who is too ill to seek her daily work, but able to be about within doors, will minister to the wants of a dozen or more of such possessions on behalf of companions lodging in the same house. Sometimes a kind hearted landlady will volunteer similar offices for a trifling reciprocation in the way of stitching, mend ing, or of some cheap but pretty worsted or cardboard ornament for her vacant walls New York Mail and Express. The Influence of Diet. The intimate interaction of body and mind is most strikingly illustrated in- the moral influence of diet. Modern science has re vealed the fact that the various ingredients of the fuel feeding the fire of a conflagration can he tested by the spectrum liaes of the flame, and with the same certainty a search ing analysis could trace every change of diet to Its effect in a modification of our mental disposition. "Der Mensch 1st, was er lsst," says a German proverb; "Man is what he eats.,' The maxims of dietetic hygiene thus gain a moral signifiance, a fact recog aimed in the principle of the temperance movement, and, indeed, in the ethics of all health loving nations. The moral influence of habitual surfeits contrasts, indeed, most suggestively with the effect of abstemious habits. Gluttony torpi fles the mental faculties. The "after dinner lassitude" finds its physiological explanation in the circumstance that the vwork of diges tion monopolizes the energies of the organism, and that transient torpor may become a chronic aversion to mental efforts. The bonbommie of epicures cnn be traced to a similar cause. Yielding in argument is easier than controversy; the indulgence of a generous impulse is more pleasant than its suppression, and the liber-ality associated with thu after effect of a full meal may ho founded on indolence as much as on philan thropic principles, plethoric gluttons being notoriously subject to fits of brutal passion. The same gourmand, who, in the enjoyment of his siesta, will grant the request of an insolent petitioner to obviate the annoyance of further importunities, may, before niglht, kick his wife and half kill his child for a trifling offense.-Dr. Felix L. Oswald in Open Court._ _____ Making. Love in l'ehlic. A young couple devoted to each other sometimes fall into the error of showing their affection too plainly in company. People of tact and taste never make thisi mistake. Husband and wife should not take much notice of each other in public; both should he devoted to their guests. "Making love in public" is a great offense against good manners, as it puts every one else at a disadvantage. Still less should they quarrel in public; that puts them and the guests and the hosts and everybody else in a very bad box-the witness box, possibly, if it goes far enough. Let no young couple he ashamed to receive attention from older aad richer people than themselves which are joyfully extended, but which they cannot for the moment return. The time will coine when they can. A young married couple owe it to themselves to be fastidious asto the charecter of all their ac quaintances. It is of the greatest Impor tance in every new departure to begin well. A young married woman, if she he pretty and unknown, is exposed to one dange2- which her husband must guard her against. Some faded beau of fashion may find her out and promise to jntroduce her into society If she will flirt with lem. This succeeds wondier flywlatfrt, an all empirical remedies aresai todo utis apt toie fatal in the *n&.-tL l. W'. Skerwood in New York Sun. TERMS--INYARIABLY IN ADVANCE. One~ear .................4 00 Slx nr...................................a so Six xoaths....... .............................. to00 Three Months.................................. 1 00 Wheo not paid ia advance therate will be rive Dollars per year. NUWIPAPUR DUCISIONb 1. Aoyoaewho takes avaperrenalarly from the Postolce-wbether directed to bhs name or another, or whether he has subscribed or notdls responsibl! for the payment. 2. If a person orders his paper discontinued, he must pay all arrearagea, or the publisher will con tinue to send Ituntil payment is made and collect the whole amount, whether the paper Is taken from the office or not. 8. Thecourtshavedecided that refusing to take thenewspapers or perlodicalsfrom thePostoflce, or removing and lavIng them uncalled for, is prime fceevIdence of Itentonalftraud. erdered to address can be changed to address at the option of the subscriber. Remittances by draft, check, moneyeorder, or regis teredletter, may t saent at our riak. All Postmasters ar required toregister letterson application. LOVE'S INFINITUDE. Will time, you ask, my heart from thine estrangel The quality of loving do not mocki Can hearts that love find time in Time to change? That one tick of the great celestial clock The angels hear, wherein we can but clasp The thing we love and lay it on the tomb That breathing space, wherein we can but grasp The key to Heaven, and lot the gates uploom, And we stand trembling on the outer side. Ask, rather, can a breeze fan out the sunt Love is eternaL Heaven Is Its throne. Infinitude its 'imit, God its guide, And Time can only teach to thee and me A golden prelude to a love to be. -Orelia Key Bell in Detroit Free Press A Week's Supply of Stamps. That popular actor, IV. J Florence, was once an employe of a bank note company in this city. He was talking about it recently as he was licking a postage stamp fur service on a letter which he held in his hand. Said he: "The firm was Itawdon, Wright, Hatch & Edison. They were bank noto printers, and had contracts from the government. They printed and gummed the postage stamps. It was my duty, as office boy, to spend half an hour twice a week with a brush and my hand in spreading the gum prepara tion over the stamps. The amount of labor on my part supplied the entire amount re quired for a whole week. Just think of the difference between that time and now. I presume it would take me three months to gum by hand a week's supply of stamps for the government. This old experience of mine was in 1840 or '47. The printers had their offices on the top floor of what is now the custom house, It was then the Merchants' Exchange."-New York Tribune, A Plea for Hotel Life. And so we come to the question of hotel or home life. If a man is here today and a thousand miles Prom here to-morrow, of course he seeks accommodation where he may pay his bill and be gone at any moment. And if the pater families foresees that the most fashionably situated houses of today will be passe and uncomfortable next year, he declines to put money into any house, but will use the interest of that capital in paying his family's charges at a hotel or boarding house. This is one of the main reasons why in our great cities the palaces take the style of hotels, and many of our best citizens find their homes in them. A purely transitory arrangement of life suits a nomadic people a people who constitutionally bate to feel themselves bound to anything but their own will.-Mrs. Frank Leslie in Philadelphia Times. One Use of tihe Parasol. There is a new phase of the plate glass show window study. The ladies have ap parently found out that they can't stop to ad mire themselves, under pretense of examin ing goods, without everybody knowing it, and have adopted another plan. As soon as one of the fair ones reaches her favorite pub lic mirror she throws her parasol or sun um brella over her shoulder in such a manner as to completely hide her figure from the top of her hat to her waist, or thereabouts, accord ing to the size of the umbrella. Then, hav ing thus placed a screen between herself and the unregenerate starers of either sex, she proceeds to survey her charms, real or al leged, of face, figure and costume. Five la dies were seen thus occupied before one large show window at onetime.-Courier-Journal. Why Gentlemen Wear Black. Buiwer's "Pelham" became so popular Im mediately after its publication as to change the fashion of gentlemen's coats In those days gentlemen wore, for evening dress, cats of brown, or green, or blue, according to their fancy. In the novel1 Lady Frances Peiham says in a letter to her son: "Apropos of the complexion, I did not like that blue cont you wore when I last saw you. You look best In black, which is a great compli ment, for people must he very distinguished in appearance to do so." Every gentleman who read "Pelham" took to himself the "great compliment," and from that day black has been the color of gentlemen's full dress.-The Argonaut. Better Than a Pen Wiper. On the sergeant's desk in the Twenty-third sub-precinct police station, at the Grand Central station, an excessively inky potato is always to be found. "It makes a new pen as good as old and an old one as good as new," aaysflergt. Haradon, and when his pen troubles him in any way as he tries tc write he jabs it into the tuber. He claims that it is the sovereigu remedy. It takes off a brand new steel gloss in a jiffy, and lu au equally satisfactory way it eats off the rusted and corroded surface of a pea long in use,-New York Evening World. A Seat In the House. The seats in the house of representatives are drawn by lot at the beginning of the session. The first man whose name is called takes his choice, and so onL But a member can get a particular seat In this way: Ho enlists the help of a page, or If the page in too youthful looking he geta some door keeper or other attache of the hail to fill t1b desired chair. The luckier congressman does not notice that the good seat is not really drawn, the more experienced one, however, goes and takes it when his name is called.-Now York Preas. _ _ Destruction of Antlqultle-s. Owing to the stringent law against selling antiques in Greece, many objects are broken when found by peasants or thrown Into the sea. A similar move in Egypt under Said Pasha produced similar results. A new de cree makes it unlawful to deal in antiquities, and will make the Arabs who find tombs and scattered antiques yet more secretive, and lead them to destroy objects rather than allow their existenca to be known.-Bcston Budget. ________ Could Shsake Hands All Day. "Hello, Jake, what are you doing herel" said a well dressed man to a gateman In the New York entrance of the Brooklyn bridge during the homeward rush last night. "I thought you were stil in politics." "So I am," was the reply: "I am practio) Ing for the presidency, "and he worked the handle of the ticket chopper up and down with renewed vigor.-New York Sun. Amserican Werkmnense Clothees. A correspondent writes us: "The English travelers' talk about the ragged and dirty clothes which American workmen wear re minds me of the advice my father used to give me: 'Don't wear your best clothes every day, if you do you will soon have no best clothes to wear.' The Englishman had non been properly Instructed in clothes wearing.3 -Boston Transcript. Bug Proof Fences. A Kansas man told nme r'ecently that an in genious individual in southern Kansas had invented a fence to keep out chinch.bugs. He takes a strip of flooring and sets it on the ground with the groove side up. in the groove he puts candle wick and saturates it with coal oiL The chinch hug, when it crawls up the side of the board anid gets a sniff of the kerosene, retreats iin disgust. Lima Rtepublisan. Thae Latest Egg Problem, Country readers are puzzling themselves over the following egg problem: f a hen and ahalf lay an egg and a half in a day and a half, how many eggs will six bees lay It' seven daysi The solutions are divided pretty evenly between 28 an 42. but both these figures happen to he wrong.-lew York Tribune, A Trana-Paclae Cable. The British goverumentis advised by mili tary authorities to lay a cable across the Pa cific from New Zealand, via the Fiji Islands and Sandn- wieh islands, to V'ancouver and through Itritish America. That would give themi two lines of communication with the esss-N4ew York Sun.