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"" 9 12 15 22 3O 50 70 100 eg........r advertising paabl quarterly, 2 due14 Transient advertising payable in advance. Special Notices are 60 per cent. more than ragl slar advertisements. Local advertising,15 cents for the first insertion; 10 cents per line for each succeeding insertion; lines counted in Nonspariel measure. Job Work payable on delivery. PROFESSIONAL CARDS. ATTORNEYS. WM. J. GALBRAITH, ,ATTORNEY AT LAW, Rors 5 AND 6, VAN GuxND & MILLUn BlocKs, 8eP I Lodge, bMont ann. 969 _ WELLING NAPTON, ATTORNEY AT LAW, [COURT SQUARE], DEER LODGE. u"Special Attention Given to Collections. 916 F, W, COLE, Butte. H. R. WassT.sLL, DeerLodge. COLE & WHITEHILL, ATTORNEYS AT LAW Butte and Deer Lodge, Montana O. B. O'BANNON, [aud Aleut and Attoriey Iseor Lodge,. - Montana. HENRY B. DAVIS, C. E.-Connty and U.S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor. MAGNUS HANSON; C. E.-Draughtsman and No tary Public. DAVIS & HANSON, Civil andl liill[ -nljeirs, Procurers of U. S. Patents. Township and Mineral Plats on File. office at Court House. DEER LODGE, X. T. 'R5 tf . ------ - .. PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS C. F. REED, DENTIST Office Over Kleinschmidt's Store. DEER LODGE, MONT. 951 3m J. A. MEE, PIYSICIAN $ SURGEON, Deer Lodge, M. T. Diseases of W,.men and Chil dren a Specialty. Office on the corner, south of the McBlrney House. JOHN H. OWINGS, M. D., Physician and Surgeon Office-Kleinschmidt Building, formerly oc cupied by M. M. Hopkins. Deor Lodge, - Montana Calls in town or country will receive prompt at tention. 648 BANKS AND BANKERS. W. A. C.LARK, S. E. LARABIE. OLARK LARABI , BAŽTITEJRS, DEER LODGE, M. T. Do a General Banking Business sad Draw Ezchauge on All the Prlnelpal Cities of the World. NEW YORK CORRESPONDENTS. First National Bat, low York. N Y. Firzt National Bank! BELENA, - MONTA NA. Paid up Capital...... 500.000 Surplus and Profits $.25,000 S. T. HABUE - - President. A. J. DAVIS, - - Vice-Presdent. 3. W. KNIGHT, - - Cashier. T. H. KLEINSCHxIDT, - Ass' Cash. DESIGNATED DEPOSITORY OF TWS UNITED STATES. Wetransacta general Banklng business,andbay,at hest rates, Gold Dust, Coin Gold and Silver Bal ua, and Local becaritles; Sell Exchange and Tele raphic Transfers, available in all parts of the United rates,the Canadas,Great Britain, Ireland ana the Continent. Coz.z.ortoxs made and proceederemltted promptly. Directors. S. T. HAUSER, JOHN CURTIN, A. II. BOLTER, R . . HAMILTON. JOHN H. MING, C. P-HIGGINS, B W.KNIGBT, A. J. DAVIS. T. C. POWER, H. M. PARCHEN, T. H. KLEINSCHMIDT. f508 E. H. IRVINE & SON, Real lstate, Mining AND COLLECON AGENCY, East Cranite St, BUTTE, M. T. We solicit the business of any who desire to buy o0 sell improved or unimproved ranches; city property either in Bntte or Deer Lodge; or who may have notes and accounts for collection. Our extensive ac qsaintance throughout Deer Lodge and Silver Bow counties gives us a superior advantage in our line of business. We refer by permission to Clark & Larable. Deer Lodge, M. T. 96 TELEPHONE 88. P. PATTERSON, CARPENTER AND BUIDE R, DEER LODGE, MONTANA. Design, furnished and close estimates made on Busi ness, Dwelling and other Houses. Do all Kinds Job Carpentering. SASH AND DOORS IN STOCK. Shop next door north of Murphy, gIIggins & Co's store. Exchange Saloon, One Door South of Scott House, )eer Lodge, - Montana. BAILEY & PETTY, proprietors. Only the very Flint laers atl Ciars Over the Exchange Bar. A Shire of Public Patronage Respectfully Solicited. 817 tf Armfs'oT0nsrial Parlors AQD BATH ECOMS, Van Gaudy & Miller Deer Lodge, Bulldiung, j iontanw" HAVING JUST OCCOUPIED MY SPLENDID new Parlors in the above building, I am pre pared to do all work in my line to suit the most fas (idious. The Baths are finest lckle.plated and complete in every respet with hot and cold water, reception s and private enturace. atrons are assured Entire Satisfaction. 970 JOHN H. ARMS, Proprietor. e ".: 11 r5 ",i. VOL. 20, NO DERiOGEMNANiUUS 88HO TWO GREAT MEETINGS. PRESBYTERIAN$ AND EPISCOPALI ANS IN LONzoN. Sosnet.ig of the Sgnlacance of the Two Pan Counels-portraits of Angulian -Bishops sad Ministe of the Prebby. terlan Church. The contemporaneous session 1 I o:l.on of two of theo greatest religious I: - in the 'world naturally attracts the at .on of all Intelli-ent Christians These bL.o..+ are the 'Du-..nglican council and the I '.n-Presby. I I PA-ArOGILCAWS IN SESSION. terlan conference, representing the two dis inctivo types of the great division as to ehurch government-that by bishops, episco pal, and that by elders or presbyters. The division da'es from the earliest ages of the church, and the researches of scholars often conduct them to local churches of the Second sad Third centuries, in which it is impossible to decide whether the simple superintendent or caretaker was more a bishop or an elder. It is not easy to trace the establishment of the Pan-Angellcan council, as it has been some twenty years in taking form; it had its origin in a sort of general missionary move ment, was powerfully stimulated by the action of American bishops, and is now rec ognized as the great representative gathering of the church. But it is not a legislative body, like the late Methodist quadrennial conference or a maker of standards, like the once famous copvention of Canterbury; it is merely an ad iisory body, and though the views there expressed carry great weight, as those of eminent Christian scholars naturally would, yet there is no power in the council to alter old decrees, set up doctrines or pre scribe rights. A glance at the roll of delegates excites as tonishment; the whole world is there, by its Episcopal representatives, and the scene in a.no o 1 a.no. PrCm DI o t CASrERBIUR. A. CLWTEK. D Coss. wsmrrL * sWICsagoaaCaS. D. s. Turns. the great hall of iambeth, where the bishops joined in the ceremonies connected with the g;enral allocntlon, was most sublime and inpr vew All the western continent is represented, and from the United states --e present Bishops Whipple, of Minnesota; 1)aniel 8. 'Iattle, of Utah and Montma; ..alekerbacker, of Indiana; A. Cleveland soxe, of New Yor, and many others, who take promainent parts in the dicesionps Canada is specially well represented by able men; among al em Judge Taylor, of Mand tobrs and Principal MecVicar, of Montrealt rom all the British colonies the delegations e quite furll, as well as from India, Africa Cheina, and amost all sections of the ori ent. As the Protmstant Episcopal s the estacblished sharch of England, the archbishop of Canter bary is practically the head of a government department; and his palace at Lambeth, on the upper verge of London, is in a sense an dl center, and there the council holds its aesionM To the American visitor every foot of Mnbeth it of intEest, as it is the great his t hcr centgr of British Christianity from buaon times till now, ad has been the home ad oelcial mat of more than fifty primates ofthe British Church. The present palace -asy be said to have been begun late in the Twelfth centery, and ever since, nearly 700 years, the place has been the oficial property of ae Arbbishop of Canterbery. It is p tiac nchurch and library in one; arond it spread lovely grounds, and a little distance in froat hlows the Thames. not yet contamin oted bythe wash of London, and there bor deayred bIy the noted terrace known as the & Embankment. In this stately pile lnd amid these lovely surroundings the bishops meet to advise on the care and cul tre of the Christian wor.ld. The Pan-Presbyterian conneil is indeed sperld relregentrtine, contdanmig ailestaes - n f rveon corner ot the earth, reptrentamin tedb of-. LondomnCt S and all boe dverted bythen..ed , thee koat church. brth Unet states are present th eminentand teeloqelt Dr. Joningall ti hRev. Jmi cClellan Holmes of Albrny, Dr. i.haff of hew York, Dr. Talbot W. Chai bet, and many other Dr C D. Jn n of _Ioustoa, Tea was elected American trea er. The delegstion from Canada is large Sable, an. d soaIetho fromall H Britih worlonies, Africa and Indiai from _ ever .. c .Oeer of the e orlth s r eprs ntg ovhristian commo . .ca-hls among the seps of all brchhes for the greet c h F_ importantisubtedttes ae peent the e!inent aendeloq t,,,r. Jn ail onhaf f RmvJof mclsioe la , sHowes of lbany Houson, Te~s w as eltedl a edr was wtamly Thes.rist of the -di o ir o ath Spresented for a-coniin rdisnion of al yterian denomination The sessions are held in Exeter hall, which, Is central to many polina of great bitorie Interest to Presbyterians Indeed, the his. tory of Presbyterianisn in England and its development for the world are architectur ally presented in the many old and noble structures about Westminster and other places adjacent. 8. J. FLICKINGER. He Is Managing Editor of The Ohio State Journal and a Stirring Journalist. S. J. Flickinger, managing editor of The Ohio State Journal, is in many particulars one of the foremost men in his profession. IIo was born in Millville, Butler county, O., Feb. 14, 1848. After attending the public schools at Dayton he spent three years in Hamilton as clerk in a book store. He after vrd sntered Otterbein ipnversity at West erville, O., fmrwhich Institute teSgraduated in 1873. After three years spent in teaching he devoted a year to poet-graduate studies at Cornell university. He comes from one of the oldest and best known families in the Miami valley, his father being Bishop D. K. Flick inger, of the United Brethren church, who was an itiner antministerduring the boyhood of his brilliant son. The bishop has devoted thirty-three years s. of his life to mis- J. ruct roGR sionary work, as foreign worker, secretary of the Missionary society of his church, and latterly bishop. Most of this time has been spent away from his family, but all his chil drena have been given the advantage of a college education. "Sam" began his news paper career as news editor on The Dayton Journal in 1876. Ne went to Columbus early in 1878, and took a position ay reporter on The State Journal, and since that time, with the exception of about three years as corre spondent for Cincinnati papers, he has been connected with The State Journal, serving in all its editorial departments, and succeed ing Gen. B. t. Cowen as managing editor in 1884. He is a graceful, logical writer, a broad, liberal thinker, and a man of phenom enal activities in the collection of news. It is probable that in the latter field he has. few equals in the profession. Upon assuming editorial charge of The State Journal, he im mediately set about to perfect the news ser vice, developing the plans and purposes of the management, which was to make "a dis tinctive Ohio paper," in addition to its general news service. Located at the capital and at the geographical center of the state, with fourteen lines of railroad diverging in every direction, with the prestige of being estab lished in 1811, and always the central organ of the Republican party, the field of The State Journal was most opportune for the activity of Mr. Flickinger's peculiar genius, Results being always the best proof of theories, it will be sufficient to say that since 1884 the papei has been twice enlarged, the last time to a standard sise quarto, and has increased steadily in its influence and circula tion at home and abroad. It is safe to say that no man in the state knows Ohio politics and politicians on both sidesmore intimately than Mr. Flickering. He is the very personi fcation of the "hale fellow well met," and will go to almost any length of personal in convenience to serve his friends. Naturally the latter are very numerous, without regard to party affiliations, though he himself is an ardent Republican. Under his direction the editorial utterances of The State Journal have always been fair and inclined to conserva tism, though never compromising its rigid Republicanism; the idea being that no per sonal partisanship should mar its usefulness as the organ of the whole party. In personal appearance Mr. Flickinger is rather under the "standard" size, has a strong face, and is quick and rapid in his movements. He is a bachelor and gives but little attention to social life, having apparently merged every other ambition in his journalistic impulses COL. JAMES P. EAGLE. Nomialted for Coumress by the Arkansas Democrats.. Col James P. Eagle, who has been nomi nated by Arkansas Democrats for governor, was born in Maury county, Tenn., in 1887. His father soon settled in Arkansas, in what was then Pulaski county, now Lonoke. His childhood and early manhood were spent in herd and unremitting work on a farm. Is his sixteenth year his father moved to Rich mond. In 18 OMr. Eagle was madi deputy sheriff, and at the beginning of thelate war he en listed in the state's serviceasaprivate. He was a bravesol V dier. When hesur rendered at James town, N.C., in 1885, it was with the rank of lieutenant colonel His per sonal losses by the war were except ionally heavy, but JA.Es P. ZAGLUo . by following the plow, scraping cotton, and doing all kinds of farm work, he finally regained his lost fortunes. He keenly felt the lack of educa tion, and in 1870 entered a school in Lonoke, from which he went to a Missisippi college. His health failed, and he continued his studies at home. He was elected to the stats legislature in 18t9from Arkansas and Prairie counties. He was also a member of the ex traordinary session that called the oonstitu tional convention. In 1885 he was chosea speaker of the house of the legislature. He successfully led the little band from Lonoke during the troublea between Brooks and Baster. Mrs. Eagle, whose maiden namer was Mary 1L Oldham, is spoken of as the Mrs Logan of Arkansas NAMED IN VERMONT. William P. Dilllngham, the Republiea Nominee for Governor. Hon. William Paul Dillingham, the Repub lican nominee for governor of Vermont, has, from the time he left the office of Senator Matt H. Carpenter, of Wisconsin, a full fedged lawyer in 1867, successfully practiced his profession in Waterbury, where he was born in 1843, and now lives. In the mean time he has hold several positions of trust connected with the government of his native state. In 1874 Governor Peck made him secretary of civil and military - affairs, and he has acted as commis sioner of state taxes since the of- / flee was created by the passage of the corporation tax law in 1882. He has been a member of both branches u x nSA. of the state legisla ture, and for four years has attended to the prosecution of the criminal cases in Wash ington county as state's attorney. Mr. Dil lingham is not the first of his family to be honored by Vermonters, as his father is ex Governor Paul Dllingham. He is now liv iag at the advanced age of 89 years A Gentle Hint. It was .early midnight.and she wea "A penny for your thougs.e ,Ms - e o veorth. e mont of lastmonth'sg hew the menv.--JIw Po.- Rn DEATH OF E. P. ROE. THE MOST POPULAR STORY WRITER IN AMERICA. How He C-me to Be a Novelist-The large Sums He Received for His Works. His Success a a RBaser of smal Fruits. Rev. E. P. Roe, the novelist who died re oently, was probably the best remunerated writer of American fiction. Hit novels sold by the tens and the hundreds of thousands. They appealed directly to the hearts of those who read them, without attempting to win the admiration by careful workmanshlip Edward Payson Raiu was boi' t at Ye. Windsor. N..Y., on the Hudson river, in' 188. He studied at Williams college, and spent a year at the Auburn Theological seminary. In 1862 he became chaplain of the Second New York cavalry, and spent two years in the field with his regiment. He was then assigned as chaplain at the Fortress Monroe hospitals; but immediately before this lie joined the raid led by CoL Ulric Dahlgren in 1864, intended for the liberation of Union prisoners at Richmond, and in which Col. Dahlgren lost his life. After the war Mr. Roe become pastor of the Presbyterian church at Highland Falls, N. Y., about a mile below West Point. In the spring of 1874 he removed to Cornwall, about seven miles further up the Hudson river, and near his birthplace. fere he devoted himself to the cultivation of small fruits, at which he met with considerable suc At the time of the great Chicago fire of 1871 he was much impressed, and the idea oocurred to him of writing his novel, "Barriers Burned Away." So he took an early train to the destroyed city, and studied the ruins and the people. The result was a remarkable pecuniary suc eers. This decided Mr. Roe's vocation. At his quiet home at Cornwall he wrote a series of novels, which have had an aggregate sale of '150,000 copies. Of "Barriers Burned Away" 69,000 copies have been sold; of "Opening a Chestnut Burr," 08,000; "With out a Home," 60,000; "From Jest to Earnest," 60,000; "Near to Nature's eart," 58,000; "A Knight of the XIX Century," 58,000; "A Day of Fate," 50,000, and the sale of other works from his pen ranges from 25,000 to 45,000. Mr. Roe's latest work, "Miss Lou," is in the printers' hands, and will be issued by Messrs. Dodd, Mead & Co., of New York, early in September. Mr. Roe was a man of about 5 feet 7 or 8 inches in height, rather thick set, with black eyes and hair, the latter being mixed with gray, and bald on the forehead. His face was extremely kindly, and rather expressive of gentleness than strength. Mr. Roe's novels particularly commend themselves to the popular taste. They are published in so cheap a form as to be readily attainable. He wrote one novel a year from the time he began till his death. He was very methodical, having certain hours for writing and never changing them while ,at home. He would write his "or y" on small sheets and then have it rewritten by a type writer. He never strained for literary ex cellence, preferring torelysolelyon the purity of his works and their excellent moral tone. He will be regretted by thousands who are accustomed to look for a new novel by him, as meeting an old friend amid new scenes. THE LATE CAPT. COFFIN. le Was a Famous Yachtsman and Jour nalist. Capt. Coffin, well known among yachtsmen as the jovial Capt. Coffin, who died recently, Immediately after finishing a race from New London, Conn., to Shelter Island, Long Island sound, was of Nantucket stock. Row land Folger Coffin was born in Brooklyn in 1826. His father at the time was running a line ship from New York to LiverpooL He attended school kept by his aunt, and afterwards went to Nantucket and studied at the Coffin school, founded by Ad miral Sir Isaac CofBn returned to Brooklyn and made an unsuccessful ef. / fart to make a dry S' goods man of him self. But the in stincts of lis an cArP. CorFIn. cestors for the sea were strong within him, and in 1846 he gave up trade and shipped before the mast on board the ship Yorktown, plying between 1w York and Liverpool. But CofBfin's father afterwards took the lad on his own ship, the Senator. Afterthat, he became second mate on a merchantman, and rose to be first mate. When the civil war came on. Capt. Cofn enlisted in the United States navy, and was made a master. He was present at the battle between the Merrimac and Monitor. After the war he was made master of the Ericson, an experlment intended to revole tionini naval architecture. Then he went again into the merchant service. Capt. CofBfin had an infinite fund of sea tales at his command, and has also written stories, some of which have become very popular, among wbich are "Archibald the Cat" and "Old Sailors' Yarns." Among the yachtsmen and newspaper men of New York there are many stories told of the jovial cap tain and his experinnces at sea. Sailor Boys of Italy. These young boys serve for a period of seven years, beginning at a pay of three shillings a month, which is increased every year until it becomes nine shillings a month in the last year of their apprenticeship. They are brought up in an extremely hard manner; only those who are in the last year of their time are allowed to live below. The other poor little wretches sleep anywhere, two or three of them in the galley during their watch below at night. They have no proper mess, but the cook used to gpive them a great ian of food from the remnants of our mess and the cabin. It was generaldly a mixture of nmcaroni, boiled beans, boiled cort meal, stock, fish1, olive oil and scrapings from every other dish of the day. The five youngest boys would find the dryest place on deck and then sit round it, with one spoon among them all. Each one would takeL one spoonful and hand the spoon to his right hand neighbor; so the spoon wouli go round until the food all disap peared, each one having taken the saEInt numberof spoontfuls--Mr. Keane The Coaching Fad Spreading. "How the taste for and interest in four-in hand driving," said a member of the Now York Oocahing club to a reporter recently, "Uhave increased is suffciently demonstrated by the number of coaches owned in Boston, Philadelphia, Chicago, Cheyenne and San Franolsct At the last agricultural fair and horse show of the Genese valley, held last autumn at Mount Morris, in the western partof this state, a prize was offered for our.in-hands and it drew nine entries All of them presented a most excellent appear ance and would do credit to any city."--New York Mail and Express FamilIarity Not Attemnrpteel. A Washingtonian. whoenjoydd th frwiend ship of the late Mr Conkling. av- r.'nt among all the friends and acquaintiantl. ' ias the ex-senator formed after he reahucil :tan hoodnot one ever addressed him rs "1oe ma.--Mew York World. HRONEK, THE BOHEMIAN. ' nto Is One of the Men Charged with the Latest Dynamite Conspiracy. The new developments in the plans of the Anarchists in Chicago bring to the front Frank Hronek, a young man only about 5 feet 4 inches high. He is a native of Bohemia, and by trade a wood worker. He was a per. sonal friend and ardent admirer of Lingg, HnONSEK AND a3HIS HOs. the man who succeeded in committing sui cide in the Chicago jail Just before he was to have been hung. As the telegraph has already told Hronek is alleged to have or. ganized a "group," and its members were to avenge the death of the men executed for the Haymarket massacra He is said to have been joined by Chapek, also a Bohemian, and Chelbowa, who later weakened and turned informer. The story of the arrest and subsequent proceedings are well known. Hronek lives in Farrell street, Chicago, and a view of his miserable dwelling is here shown, together with his portrait. Here are portraits of the men charged with conspiracy to blow up a Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad train, together with cuts of the informers . I GODDIXO. AILVREISE. BRODERICL BOWLES. wILSON. S SNITr. KELLY. Few trials have excited more interest than the one in which these men have been di. reetly interested, and it is highly prob. able, Judging from the latest reported de velopments, that the public is still to be treated to many startling developments in the matter. THE HERO OF NIAGARA. Blondin, the Man Who Does WVonderful Things on the Tight Bope. The return of Bloadin, the tight rope walker, brings remembrances of his cele brated trips across Niagara river many years ago. Blondin is a Frenchman, having been born in Bordeaux. When he first came to this country he was a member of the Marti nettis, an offshoot from the famous RBvel tronoe that delighted so many people of New York with their pantomime during fifteen years, say from 1845 io 1980. But Blondin finally made a world wide reputation by walking a tight rope over Niagara, and that, too, with a man on his back. It would seem that more difficulty would be met in finding the man to be carried over such a path than in finding the carrier. The latter's facul ties would be nat urally absorbed during the perilous journey by his work, while those of the former would have plenty of time to survey the scene and med itate on the dan . gers. The man who agreed totrusthis life to B3londin's s Iomrx. nerve and skill was Henry C(olcord, and is now, or was afew years ago, an artist inl Chicago. Colcord ran away from home and went to sea, but he seems to have had more taste for brushes and paint than fos salmt water, for in 1558 he joined the Martinettis, at Boston, as a seemn painter. The troupe soon after disbanded, and Bllondin concluded to do his Niagara feat. Coleord accompanied him to the falls, and together they were five montht in getting the rope stri.-hed and the guys established. There were 2,000 feet of ma nilla rope three inches in diameter. They first put a small cord across in a boat, and then by means of a windlass the big rope w'rm got into position. The tight rope was not so very tight aftear all, for there was a curvature of-fifty feet at the center. It was 2t0 feet above water at its lowest point, and the curvature made a descent of fifty feet to the center and a rise of fifty feet from the center to the other shore. There were .5,000 feet of guy lines, each weighted with a sandbag to drop the line out of the way of the balance pole. Colcord has described an incident of the passage: "When we had gone about tena feet on this middle span, somebodyon the Ameri can side pulled the outer guy line. We ast terward found out it was done intentionally, and the rope was stopped in its swing. Blon din stopped, and his pole went from side to side in a vain effort to enable him to secure his balance. At one time it was up and down on the right side, at another up and down on the left, and I recall now with wonder that I was only curious to know whether he would succeed in getting controlof himself or not. Ididn't feel any fear. Failing of getting his balance, he started to run across the horrible span, and we safely reached the point where the guy rope came out from the American shore. Then to steady himself Blondin put his foot on the guy rope and tried to st3p, butthe guy line brokeand with adash of speed he ran swiftly twenty-five feet further to the next point, where the guys met the main rope. Thent hbe recovered his balance, and whispered rather than said: 'Decendez vous.' ''The per siiration stood out on his neck and shoulders in great beads and we balanced ourselves on the swaviun r In. Prentlv he said. 'Al. tl.e swaying rope. Presently he said, 'Al los,' and I raised myself to his shoulders and we went on in safety and without inei dent toward the shorea" The Round Trip. Tourist-My physician has advised me to locate where I may get the south wind. Does it ever blow here? Native-Well, sir. I may say as you're lucky to have come to this place. The south wind always blows here. Tourist-Always? But it seems to be blowing rom the north now. Native-Oh, it may be coming from that direction, but it's the south wind. It's coming back. you know.-Binghamton Republican. Natural Gas Pipe. At the close of 1Sm8 there were 83,00 miles of gas mains, exclusive of the Mall pipes, used for conveying the gas into dwellingt and factories. It is probable that there are now double this number of miles, or enough to span the continent on its longest parallel of latitade--New York un. SAMUEL J. IRANI)LL. HIS QUIET HOME LIFE AN, ACTIVE PUBLIC CAREER. Regret for the Prostrated Statesman-His Early Blas Toward Politics-Josiah Rane dal in 1855-Seric in the War-Rapid Subsequent Rise-Trials as Speaker. The absence of Samuel J. Randall from his old seat in the house of representatives is noted with regret by every visitor to the Capitol at Washington and his colleagues as well, regardless of politics In 1868 he was first elected to represent the Third district of Pennsylvania, a Philadel -- sine, having ieved continuously fo twenty-five years, and always with honor and fidelity to his constituents As a. rule, the ready speaker in the house Is not the best worker in committee, and vice versa; but Mr. Randall has united both faculties In a rare degree. He was born in Philadelphia, Oct. 10, 1828; and it Is scarcely an exaggeration to saythat he was born fpr political life. His father, Josiah Randall, was one of the aetive Demo rats of that city, and the son accompanied him to political meetings and con ventions as soon as he could under stand any part of theproceedings. In 1858 he was a co worker with his father at the Cin cinnati convention which nominated James Buchanan, . and since that date he has been con tinuously an active Democratic work er. He received the a ItumL . r"nxrDL ordinary academic education in the city schools and was placed in the counting room of a mercantile house; but his bias towards public life was too strong to be resisted, and he obtained an election to the city council, in which body he served four years. In 1858 he was elected to the state senate, in which he was a conspicuous member. When the civil war began he took strong ground in favor of maintaining the Union, and while differing with the administration on points of policy; was a steadfast supporter of the Union to the end. Being a member of the First troop, Philadelphia City cav alry, an organization which dates from 1774, he volunteered with his command under President Lincoln's first call, and served ninety days, for which the first troops were enrollled. - In congress be was from the first a "grow ing man," and served in turn on every com mittee of importance, at length becoming the recognized Democratic leader on the com mittee on appropriations and chairman thereof when his party was in power. In December, 1875, the party caucus hesitated between him and Michael C. Kerr, of In diana, for speaker, that being the first Demo eratic house since 1860, but finally chose Mr. Kerr, who died within a year. Then came what was probably the most trying period of Mr. Randall's life. He was chosen speaker for the short term of 1878-7, at a time when the dispute about the presidential election excited congress to fury and brought the country to the very verge of civil war. Sus picion was so keen that common courtesy to a political opponent was cause of party criti cism, and for the last month of the session the speaker had to exert all his parliamentary abilities and strain to the utmost his Influ ence with his party. Through that ordeal he passed with signal success. He remained speaker till 1881, whenthe Re publicans held the house for a term. The division on revenue issues led to the election in the succeeding congresses of Hon. John G. Carlisle ; but Mr. Randall retained his com manding position, and grew in reputation. Outside of polities he has not been very pro minent. His intimate friends are few, and while with them he is quite genial; but his preference is for his home, which is one of the happiest in the country. He lives in a modest house on C street, east of the Capitol, probably the quietest section of the city; and his home life is quite simple. Mrs. Randall is a daughter of the late Gen. Ward of New York, and his daughter, Miss Annie Randall, partakes of the quiet and studious tastes of her father. It is Jocularly said that sll their amusements are of the Philadelphia kind: a quiet drive through the submrbs in a plain family carriage, a quiet evening with's few friends and a quiet time with books and music. When questioned about his amuse ments, Mr. Randall dryly remarked that his biggest amusement was to be returned each election from a district which In other re spects gives a Republican majority. He is greatly devoted to his wife, and yields im plicitly to her requests in all social and s ligious matters. A New Stairway at Bedloe. The great statue of Liberty at Bedloe's Island, New York, is to be provided with a circular iron staircase, by which visitors may ascend·and descend between the base of the statue and the top. A double stairway will be builtaround a shaft 100 feet high and 18 inches in diameter. One flight will be for those ascending,the other for those de scending. There will be twelve land ings for resting places, and in eq.h landing there will be seats The number of steps will be 180. The interior of the statue, in which there are no win dows, will be light. e5 by incandescent lights. At the top of the circular stairway there will be steps leading to - the "arm plat form," or the plat form from which the view is ob tained. Another flight will lead to the crown. THE NEW BTAIRWAY. This iron stair way will be a vast improvement on the tem porary wooden stairway originally erected inside the statue at Paris and brought over to America with the statue. This staircase has been in use ever since the goddess was set up on her ptulestal in New York harbor. Warning to the Fair Sex. Although we have not the elixirs of youth and beauty which were sold in bottles of rock crystal, stopped with gold, the scalpel and electricity erase the worst foes of comeliness with a surer touch. The ugliest moles, wens and warts are removable with safety either by the knife or galvanic current. The "'mothers' marks" and "port wine stains" re sume healthy vascnularity and color under steady treatment by the battery, and care of the general health. There is a risk, however, of sympathetic injury to the nerves of other parts of the face if these operations are not very delicately and intelligently done. I knew a lady who had a delicate shading of hair on her upper lip removed by the usual electric process of piercing the root of each hair with a very fine needle through which the current was given, killing the bulb in the skin The operation was painful, so that it could only be completed in several sittings. It removed the hair perfectly, but the effect on theb Se facial ierves nearly cost the lady her eyes, and she lost the useof them forover a year. Always avoid painful processes if possible.a Pain means injury to the nerves, and directly or indirectly to the whole sys team, and is far from being the insignificant or neeesmryfactorin our livesthat amasno ajan souls make it--Shirley Dare's Letter. A WONDERFUL POSTOFFICE. The French Are Proud of It. and Well They May oe. Paris now claims to have the most com plete and handsome postofece building in the world, and this is a matter of general concern, inasmuch as a vast bulk of the mall from America to the eastern countries is handled in that city. The building stands three very high stories and a raised roof above the surface, and with the addition of the cellars there is a depth of eighty feet to be utilised in distributing mail matter. This gave occasion for putting in a novel system of rapid transmission which is thought to be the most perfect in the world. The cut here given represents fully that part at it in which. the hoisting is by regular m er , but owiun . themallBo e.alat.. s- . p n o l atietr ise'"are not well shown. These are both for steam and hot air, and by their operation packages are PARIS POSTOPPICE ELEVATORS. transferred from any one story to another as easily and promptly as by a wave of the hand. A famous engineering firm devised and completed the entire apparatus and put it in place and in working order in five months from the time they first received the order. The work was expedited by the use of the old steam and heating machinery, over which they raised the pneumatic and hoisting structure. It is to be noted that the rapid transfer is for letters and the slower for packages, and it is estimated that with this machinery all the mails from all sections of the world may be distributed and boxed or reshipped so rapidly and easily that there will be no delay or accumulation, even if the amount should suddenly be quadrupled. RUBIES MADE BY HAND. Artificial Gems that Would Deceive the Keenest Expert-Facts About Them. The latest sensation in the jewelry trade has been caused by the appearance in this market of a wonderfully beautiful imitation of the ruby or, as it is called, the artificial ruby. Thus far the spurious gem has not been masquerading as the genuine stone, but has been sold in small numbers for what it actually is. At present the only artificial rubies in the city are the importations of one of the most prominent Maiden lane jewelers, who saw several specimens during a recent visit to Switzerland, where they were origin ally produced and brought several of them with him to New York. "It is next to impossible," said the jeweler in question -to the reporter, "for even an ex pert to tell the difference between these new productions and the genuine stones." "How are these gems madelP asked the re porter. "I would not be at liberty to answer that question even if I knew myself," was the re ply; "but it is saidthat they are not spurious or artificial in one sense, being the fusion of many small stones in one. If that be the fact, you see that although this particular stone may not be natural, yet it may becom posed of several natural stones by the new fusion process. To all outward appearance, the gem is genuine and will stand the test of the natural stones, being of the same color, hardness, luster, specific gravity and chemi cal composition. Toall intents and purposes it is a ruby. "It was only very recently that this new process was discovered, although chemists have been working at the problem in Europe for a long time. Two French chemists, it is said, have been partially successful in pro ducing rubies like bubbles, but nothing has yet been done to equal those I have shown to you. The largest thus far produced weighs two carats, but it is expected that a three karat specimen will be forthcoming soon." "How do the artificial stones compare with the genuine as far as price is concernedf' "A two carat ruby would be worth not less than $1,500, while this one in my hand would probably be sold at retail for $300. A per feet three carat stone, and there are but few in existence, is worth at least $10,000, but one of these of the same would sell for perhaps $1,000. "These manufactured gems, therefore, are not cheap like paste dianmonds, for instance, and would not be worn by people altogether poverty stricken, as pastediamonds are. The ruby is the most valuable of all precious stones, and has, up to the present time, de fled the skill of chemists to imitate it. Whether the beautiful counterfeit will find favor among buyers of costly gems it is now too early to say."--New York Mail and Ex press The German In New York. The German gets a great deal of pleasure out of life. A young man of any standing at all belongs to half a dozen organizations, and has friends in many more, so that he can choose between three or four excunrsions every Sunday through the summer. Mean while the grave, steady fathers and mothers sit around the edges of the dancing floor and beam soronely on the festivity, while the children sit with them or play around among the tables. For absolute enjoyment, "ge muthlichkeit," free and hearty, yet entirely innocent, there is nothing like a festival of the Germans. Their American fellow citi zens might well take a leaf out of their book, and learn to re!ax reasonably on occasion, and to take the wife and children along. There are plenty of things to do to keep the German youth out of mischief. There are the singing societies of all degrees and kinds, and if there is any better glee singing by male voices than may be heard often on a summer night floating out of the open win dows of some little hall on one of the cross streets, it would be hard to convince the pco pie that sit on the steps around and listen to it of the fact The German is born with the love of music innate, end he cultivates it to the utmost. SMany and many a family break loose from their usual steady economy and squander the savings of a month in a night of German opera. Then there are the turnvereins, that teach all sorts of accomplishments in their schools, and supplement them by the most wonderful gymnastic and calisthenic exer ciseas. The better class of Bowery theaters are also much resorted to. Of these the Thalia has led the list in popularity. The German is not a solitary animal when he seeks pleasure. On the contrary, he has the excellent idea that the more of his relatives and friends he can have around him enjoy ing the spectacle simultaneously the better time he will have himself So all his amuse ments partake of a family character.-New .York Press Oldest Shoes in the World. In the British Museum, in London, care fully guarded in a glass case, are some of the oldest shoes in the world. They are sandals taken from very ancient Egyptian tombs. The soles are made of palm leaves, and they ae provided with bands made of the stems of papyru. The papyrns is a speciesof very tall reed which grows on marshy river banks in warm countries--Chicago Herald. In doing up sateens do not use any starch. TERMS--INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. Oneear ........... ..** ....... .......... 400 BT onth ..*........ .." ........... ...... : 00 Thee Moaths......................... ..... 1 ( When not paid in advance therate will be Five Dollars per year. NsWSPAPRB DECIBION8 " L. A.yonewbho takes anaparreaularly from the Postoce-whether directed to his name or another. or whetherbe ha subberibed or not-is responsible for the payment. . Ifap ersoorders his paper discontinued, heo mast pay all earsrea , or the publisher will con. tinUe to send ituntii payment is made and collect the woeamount, whether thepaper is taken from the ofice or not. 8. Thecourtshavedecided that refusinc to take thenewspapers or perodicals rom the postoffce, or removing and leaving them unealled for, is prims fa.er evidence of intentionalfraed. Papers ordered toany addres an be changed t another addres at the option of the subscriber. Hemithtane by draft, check, money order, or regis terdt letter may rto sent at our risk. All Postmasters are required toregster letters on apphcatlon. TWENTY BOLD MARINERS. Twenty bold mariners weot to the wave, Twenty sweet breezes blew over the main; All were so hearty, so free and so brave- But they never come back again! Half the wild ocean rose up to the clouds, Half the broad sky scowled in thunder and ran; Twenty white crests rose around them like shrouds, And they stayed in the dancing main! ThWs is easy to sing, and often to mourn, And the breaking of dawn is no newer today; But those who die young, or are left forlorn, Think grief is no older than they! -Rose Hawthorne Lathrop. The Wit of an "Immortal." M. Labiche, who died in Paris not long ago, was a member of the Fr ]h acanwev- one or"1n'6-TC't. literary imtnortals of France. M. Labicho originated the saying, now not unfamiliar in characterizing a per son who, though ignorant, insists upon mak ing a great show of what he thinks he knows. "He is a man of vast and varied misinforma tion." Labiche expressed the thought in this way: "He has a great and varied ignor ance." Not long after Labicho had used this expression, and had embodied it in a literary work, Prince Bismarck said of some one: "That man possesses a perfect encyclopaediac ignorance." Labiche insisted that Bismarck had borrowed the phr.tse from him. But it is more probable that the repetition was a mere coincidence, as Bismarck himself is a man of genuine wit. At the marriage of his son, Labiche gave a little party, and, as he was quite unacoustomed to ceremonies of a social sort, he was at first puzzled to know what he should say in greeting and parting with so many people. "I have it! I have it!'" he exclaimed finally; "I wi;l simply say to each person as he arrived, 'At last! and to each as he goes away, 'Already? " He car ried out his programme, and all his guests felt very much flattered.-Pittsburg Bulletin. Starvation and Red Tape. Once when I was in London a woman ap plied to a hospital for food for her babe, which was dying of starvation. The com mittee of gentlemen called her in and asked her a string of questions, and finally said they could not give her anything unless she had a written application from the secretary. She thanked them, gathered her dying child in her arms and started off to look for the sec retary. He called her in, asked her ques tions and said he could not make out the ap plication without an order front the doctor. She thanked him and went back to the hos pital to the doctor. Hq gave her the order, and with thope in her heart and hugging the precious burthen to her breast, bidding the little one wait just an hour more, the poor mother hurried away to the secretary, and from him to the hospital again. But when food was brought and she drew the ragged end of her shawl away from the baby's face, the little one lay dead in her arms. It was dead of starvation and red tape.-Catharino Cole in New Orleans Picayune. Ireland's Novel Industry. Recently an entirely novel industry has sprung into .eistence. Ir the genial climate of southwest Ireland, warmed by the prox imity of the Gulf stream, many varieties of colored ducks are seen in the farm yards of the peasantry. These ducks are cross breds -ordinary white ducks with a strain of the numerous wild fowl which frequent this neighborhood, mallard, migrating ducks de tained from crossing the channel by storm, etc. The plumage of these cross breds is bril liant and varied; magpie wings, green heads and blue wing feathers, pheasant breasts and indefinable tints are to be obtained. An asso liation called the Bandon Duck Eggs com pany has lately been formed at Bandon, the center of this favored district, with the ob ject of exporting to England the eggs and also broods of ornamental farmyard ducks. -Boston Transcript. How India HaI Advanced. Men in middle life are scarcely likely to realize the fact that |in 1858 there was in all only twenty and a half miles of railway in India; that in 1878 there was 5,095 miles of railway, while in 1887 there was 13,886 miles. Telegraphic communication with India was first opened in 1865, and the opening of the Buez canal in 1869 was scarcely of less im portance in developing her trade, first by shortening the passage and second by miti gating the risk from wheat weevil Another agency has been the development of Irriga tion works. We read that "only" 3000,000,000 acres have, up to date, been artificially irri gated, but the appropriateness of the quali fying adverb is rendered evident when it is employed in contrast with the total area of 00,000,000 acres of cultivated ground, and the vast track of 808,314 square miles which include British India.-Public Opinion. The Idiotic Topieal Song. The impression that all "topical songs," which form a prominent feature of the comic operas, so called, are written in asylums for idiots is not quite correct, though the qual ity of most of the songs certainly gives color to it. The nursery rhyme is had enough, perhaps, but in comparison with the average topical song it is a gem of purest ray serene. Every time I attend a comic opera I want to go out when the topical song begins. In the first place the alleged singer has no more voice for melody than an old crow, and in the second place the words he pretends to sing are either idiotic, or, in a literary sense, mere rubbish. It is a rule to smake new verses for every new.thing that comes up. New York Cor. Detroit Free Press. A Charming Bridal Chamber. The most beautiful bridal chamber ever seen was one recently fitted up by an English duke for his bride. Her favorite flower is the daffodil, and it predominates in the decora tions. The ceiling and the walls are of a pale grayish green and gold. The fringe and dado are of dull gold canvas silk, hand embroided in white daffodils and narcissi. The chande liers have for globes opaline glass on the same flower designs. The velvet carpet is gray green, sprinkled with golden flowers. The furnltFne Is uf he.vy English oak, carved with winged love's heads, and the draperies and window hangings are of Span ish lace, in conventional designs of daffodils. -New York World. Indians and Whisky. It is true that the Indian will drink whisky, but the reason he gets so uproariously drunk is because, unlike the white man, he does not know how to use the drink. An Indian may not take one drink of whisky in five years; then some white man will give him a pint flask of rye or bourbon, which he doesn't know how to take in moderation, but drinks at one sit ting, Lhe co::_cuence being that the Indian becomes very drunk. He is like a child in this respect, and knows no more than does a child as to what the effect of the liquor will be.-W. F. Cody in The Epoch. About the Same. "Say," said Alpha, "my son is learning to play the violin. Come around this evening and hear him practice." "What is he em ployed at during the dayf' asked Omega. "He works in a saw filing factory." "Well, I have another engagement for this evening, but I will call around at the factory to morrow and remain a few minutes."--Nor ristown Herald. The Unmounted Cavalry. It appears that besides having ships with no guns, England has cavalrymen with nc horses. For example, the Third regiment of Household cavalry has but 800 horses for 1,300 men, and 17,000 dragoons and hussars have but 10,000 horses. In the German army the usual proportion is 1,000 horses to 70( men.-New York Sun. The twentieth birthday of the czarewitcb was celebrated by a ball at St. Petersburg, at which all the ladies appeared in white, and all the men in red. The champion fat lady at the dime museum owes most of her success to her wianing weighs.