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s V CsE o 2 1 ........ 5 6 10 12 16 25 40 2 ........ 4 7 8 12 14 20 31 48 S7 10 2 18 24 35 60 75 2 .912 15 22 80 50 70 100 .......... 1 15 2 5 35 50 75 100 160 S ...... 2 40 5 7 90 140 -e.ularr advertising payable quarterly, as due. Tr.nsient advertising payable in advance. pecial Notices are 60 per cent, more than regb nlcr advCrtisements Icl ad(vctifsing, 15 cents for the first insertion; 10 cents per line for each succeeding insertion inels coted ill Noonparic. measure. Job Work payable on delivery. pROFESSIONAL CARD8. ATTORNEYS. WM. J. GALBRAITH, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Ro )no 5 a.n 6P, VAN GUNDY &c MILLER BLOCK, )ccr Lodge, Mtontana. WELLINGI NAPTON, ATTORNEY AT LAW, [COURT SQUARE]. DEER LODGE. 'special Attention G!ven to Collections. F. W. COLE, Butte. H.R. WiTvun.LL, Deer Lodge. COLE & WHITEHILL, ATTORNEYS AT LAW Butte and Deer Lodge, Monrtana. 952 O. B. O'BANNON, an Aenlt andll Attorney Deer Lodge, - - IMontana. HENRY B. DAVIS, C B.-County and U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor. MAGNUS HANSON, C. E.-Draughtsman and No tary Public. DAVIS & HANSON, Cul al lin' ng Ellinears, Procurers of U. S. Patents. Township and Mineral Plats on File. Office at Court House. DEER LODGE, M. T. 965 tf PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS C. F. REED, DENTIST OfSce Over Kleinschmidt's Store. DEER LODGE, MONT. 951 3m J. A. MEE, PHYSICIAN & SURGEON, Deer Lodge, M. T. Diseases of W.men and Chil dren a Specialty. Ofice on the corner, south of the McBarney House. JOHN H. OWTOGS, M. D., Physician and Surgeon Office-Kleinschmidt Building, formerly oc cupied by M. M. Hopkins. Deer LodIje, - ~Iontana Calls in town or country will receive prompt at tention. 648 BANKS AND BANKERS. W. A. CLARK, S. E. LARABIE* CLARK W LARABIN, BADET OEM.,T DEER LODCE, M. T. Do a General Banking Business and Draw Exchange on All the Principal Cities of the World. NEW YORK CORRESPONDENTS. First atioal Bat, Ne York. N Y. 776 First National Bank! BELENA, - MONTANA. Paid up Capital ...... $500.000 Surplus and Profits $825,000 S. T. HAUSER, - - President. A. J. DAVIS, - - Vice-President. . W. KNIGHT, - - Cashier. T. H. KLEINSCHMIDT, - As's Cash. DESIGNATED DEPOSITORY OP TO E UNITED STATES. We:ransact a general Bankng bunsiness,and buy, at Rh est rates, Gold Dust, Coin, Gold and Silver Bul un, and Local becurities; Sell Exchange and Tele raphicTransfers, available in all parts of the United ratee,the Canadas, Great Britain, Ireland ana the Continent. CoLLorvoE imadeand proceedsremitted promptly. DLrootors. S. T. HAUSER, TOHN CURTIN. A. M. HOLTER, R. S. HAMILTON. JOHN H. MING, C. P.BIGGINS, C W.KNIGRT, A. J. DAVIS. T. C. POWER. H.M. PARCHEN, T. H. KLEINSCHMIDT. 1508 E. H. IRVINE & SON, Real Zstate, Mining AND COLLECTION AGENCY, East Cranite St, BUTTE, M. T. We solicit the business of any who desire to buy ot 'ell improved or unimproved ranches; city property either in Butte or Deer Lodge; or who may have notes and accounts for collection. Our extensive ac tqaintance throughout Deer Lodge and. Silver Bow counties gives us a superior advantage in our line ot bueines,. We r.fer y permission to Clark & Larable, Deer Lodge, M.T. T' TELEPHONE 85. P. PATTERSON, CAkPINTER AND BIIIDR, DEER LODGE, MONTANA. Designs furnished and close estimates made on Busi ness, Dwelling and other Houses. Do all Kinds Job Carpentering. bASII AND DOORS IN STOCK. Shno next door north of Murphy, HigginEs Co's store. 930 Exchange Saloon, One Door South of Scott House, Ueecr Lodge, - Montana. BAILEY A PETTY, Proprietors. Only the Very Finest Igqors ani C ha. Over the Exchange Bar. A Share of Public Patronage Respectfully Solicited. 572 tf ms' Tonsorial Parlors AND BATH RCOMS, Ba hundy & Miller Deer L.odge Building lo t 3autaa.Pa . RAVING JUST OCCUPIED MY SPLENDID ,ew Parlors in the above building, I am pre tidieo do all work in my lint to suit the most fas The Baths are Snest nickle-plated and complete in respet, with hot and cold water, reception sa'. private entrancre. are assured Entire Satisfaction. JOHN I. ARMS, Proprietor. L o. -O r r. r--T VOL.0, NO.. DEER LODGE, AUGUST 17, 1888. WHOLE NO. 997. AUSTRALIAN EPOCHS. THE SIX COLONIES: CELEBRATING CENTENNIALS. The Tale of a Comiet' Settlement,.-Crim nals and Outcast Women-Their "Larrl kin" Descendants-Wonder.fl Growth of Victoria and New South Wales. Australia now enjoys her centennials. The celebrations opened in Sydney, New South Wales, in January; but the colonies are still in the confederation state of development, and there is as yet no."United States of Australia." Melbourne, metropolis and cap ital of Victoria, comes next, and the other colonies next f llow on their regular days. Sydney hal a glorioustimeia January. A OOVERNMENT ROUSE. MELBOURNE. statue of the queen was unveiled, there was a grand free feast for the poor, horse races, picnics, trade demonstrations, illuminavions, arches and no end of macic. Among the distinguished guests were the Grand Duke Alexis of Russia and the Earl and Countess of Carnarvon, while Lord Carrington, the present viceroy of New South Wales, and Lady Carrington, and the cardinal arch bishop of Sydney took active parts in the celebration. Australia remained until 100 years ago in possession of a distinct race of aborigines, found only in the Australian and adjacent islands. The natives are black, with a vari ety of shade from brown-black to jet. Their hair is curly, but is not the wool of the negro. They are not muscular, but pos sessed of great endurance. Their dwellings usually consist of a strip of bark, or a large bough, to protect them from the wind. In the wild districts they still go naked. It is the Australian who is so expert in throwing the boomerang, an implement whose name has been adopted into English to express acts which recoil upon the perpetrator. One hundred and seventeen years ago Capt. James Cook landed on the flat shore of Bot any bay, hoisted the Union Jack, and pro claimed the whole island British territory. It had been discovered in 1540. but was thought to be a worthless desert of rock and sand, inhabited by monsters and cannibals. There was more truth in this than in most popular ideas of distant lands, for the native animals of Australia are literally "monsters" in the anatomist or medical use of that term -that is, creatures with organs totally di verse from the common, creatures capable of surviving long droughts and forest fires; the "Australian devil," an amphibious animal, with seven rows of teeth, because it could burrow in the mud while the fire passedover; the "dingo," or bush dog, because it could find safety and moisture in th3 green dells; the kangaroo, because it could leap over the line of blazing grass with its young in its pouch, and a few other creatures who sur vived because they were the fittest. On the 25th of January, 1788, Capt. Phellip, who had been sent out from England with transports bearing 850 convicts, under a guard of 200 soldiers, arrived at Port Jackson and landed at the present site of Sydney. The convicts were told off into gangs and forced at the point of the bayonet and under the lash to do the work of clearing. Each man worked with a ball and chain to his ankle, after the manner of the "chain gangs" in vogno in America thirty or torty years ago. It is said that in those days the Australian summer was so hot that when the dry winds came birds would fall to the ground dead. What must have been the sufferings of the convict forced to work at felling trees and opening roads in thisintense heatl Whatever of pain the climate failed to inflict was sup plied by the "cat o' nine tails." . The landing of these unfortunates was the birthday of New South Wales, and the pecu liar manner of that colony's birth cast a blight upon it for many years. There were no women in the colony, and many outrages were perpetrated upon the natives. The English governor recommended thata cargo of women of the lowest class b; sent out. Five hundred and twenty of these creatures, refuse from the lowest quarters of London, were shipped to the new colony to become wives for the convicts. They were called "red rovers." Children wero born to them. The third and fourth generation of their descend azELDOURVE IN 1840. ants are found in Australia today, and too often, true to their ancestry, they have all the characteristics of the convict-virago class who were the first unwilling settlers. They are loafers, jail birds and idlers. Among the citizens of the country they are called "Lar rakins." The early governors were so tyrannical that the soldiers rose and deposed Bligh, the last of the kind; then England granted a more liberal government, and about fifty years ago a rapid improvement began. Large colonies of honest English, Irish, Scotch and Welsh arrived; they found the upper country favor able for sheep, and so immense fortunes have been made in flock raising as in other pur suits Thomas Walker died worth $10,ZO, 000. Anthony Hardin began life as a com mon workman, and built up a business amounting to $3,000,000 annually. James Tyson landed with fifteen shillings, and is now worth $15,000,000. In 1835 Victoria was settled, and is now more populous than New South Wales. Vic toria has the largest city, Melbourne, con taining about 350,000 people. Sydney is the next largest, with over 150,000. The rapid growth of Victoria is on account of gold having been discovered near there, in 15, since when more than a thousand millions of dollars have been taken out. Immense silver fields also ceist in Australia, and it is said that what has been taken out is but a tithe, of what is s:ill to be mined. Queensand is also coming to the front with an annual pro duction of treasure averaging $5,000,000; and South Australia, besides her productive copper mines, is said to posse the larges silver fields in Australia. Another important feature of Australia production is wooL' The great sheep runs, occupying immense districts, are attract ive to the young British capitalist as nr Texas and New MexicotoAmericans. The merine and other ine breeds Imported into Australia ohave increased rapidly, and the export of wool, from ordinary to best qual ityis enor mo us. mn rich In mannfacturo Her older sister colony, New South Wales, looks with envy upon Victoria's 2,000 mn factories, odig woolens, carpets, cam bris andoherfabris. New South Wales is also hamperd somewhat by a heavy debt. a s traap is jrust about as large as the United test excluSive of A and contains soame exclus0 peple, with 1,100,000 horses, ý 000o cattle and at least 80_,000,000 .K .... . ! .i.. . -i. ... ind the wool of the lra namedaverages the finest and most valuable in the world. But these millions have only filled in a few an gles around the southeast and northeast coastis; all the interior is unoccupied, and to the northwest it is one vast sunken desert with an iron floor and walled with yellow cliffs which scorch the hand. Only a few persons have penetrated this awful basin of half a million square miles; they report that but a little wayfrom the border there is not a drop of water, a blade of grass or a sign of living creature, while the mercury often rises to 150 dogs. in-the shade. When first settled Eastern Australia often suffered terrible heats and droughts; the mercury rose during the summer to 105 degs. daily, and when the dry wind blew to 185 degs. But man has modified the climate wonderfully by cultivation and irrigation; and now there are not many oppresive days near the coast. Towards the interior heat and drought increase rapidly; dry channels at one season filled with raging tor rents at. another, and for ten months at a timoe there is neither rain nor dew. But as the white man advances and plows and clears, so as to stop the forest fires kindled by the blacks, new vegetation appears, the rain fall is more regular and the country proves to be very fertile. The Englishman takes his climate with him; but the native dies as the white advances. The "dingo" flees be fore the British bulldog, and even the native rat is exterminated by the imported "Nor way," as in the United Sthtes. THE MELBOUaB OF TODAY. Each colony has its own parliamentary government: Victoria, New South Wales, South Australia, Queensland and Western Australia on the main land, and the island of Tasmania, once known as Van Diemen's land. All the capitals are on the sea board, and nearly all transit between them is by water. Australia has developed far more rapidly than the American colonies did under British rule; and now that the vast capabilities of the island are known, we may expect a speedy advance from the confederation sys tom to the United States of Australia. MASONRY'S POET LA'JREATE. The Late Robert Morris, of La Grange, Kentucky. Rev. Dr. Robert Morris, the poet laureate of Freemasonry, began to lecture in 1837. He was 70 years old at the time of his death, which occurred recently at La Grange, Ky., and he is sincerely mourned by tens of thou sands of Freemasons upon three continents who knew him personally during the two score years and more he was connected with Masonry. Robert Morris was initiated into the craft on March 5, 1840. He became at once what is known as a "bright" Mason, and his prog ress in the order was steady until his election as grand master of Kentucky in 1558. Very shortly after his entrance into the order he began to write upon its mysteries, and at the time of his death he had con tributed over 300 articles upon them. This made him very popular with Free masons, and during all his later years his lectures were confined exclusive ly to subjects of " interest to his be loved order. -In 1868 he made a trip through the Holy - Land, and after wards published the results of his observations in a b book which he en-4 titled "Freemason- - ; ry in the Holy Land." In 1873 he onBERT MORRua was chosen first master of the Royal Solomon lodge at Jern salem. In 1883 he visited Ayr, Scotland, where he studied the home of Bobbie Burns He was an ardent admirer of the Scotch poet, and many of his poems are written in a style very similar to Burns. Dr. Morris made poet laureate of Masonry Dec. 17, 1884, in the grand lodge room of the Masonic temple, New York city. The occa sion was a memorable one to Masons, and many prominent members of the order were present. Grand Master William A Drodie, who made the coronation speech, alluded to the fact that Mr. Morris was the only Mason since the time of Burns whose poetical pro ductions had been of sufficient merit to en title him to be called the laureate of the craft. Dr. Morris was a tall, broad shouldered man, with a bush of silver hair crowning a massive head. His eyes were clear and gray, and looked out from under a prominent forehead with a kindly expression. He was as popular with those who knew him, outside the order, as with his Masonic brethren. BISHOP COLEMAN. Delaware Is His Diocese-Something of His History. The Rev. Leighton Coleman, Protestant bishop elect of Delaware, as his portrait in dicates, looks out of his eyes in a fashion that bespeaks earn estness. Ho has rather a thin face upon which is a mustache and S flowing beard. Bishgp Coleman succeeds Bishop Lee, who was, by seniority, presiding officer of the house of bishops of the United States. The new presiding bish op was born in Philadelphia, Pa., May 3, 1S37, his iISHOP COLEMAN. father having been aprominent clergyman. The son was edu cated at the Episcopal academy at Philadel phia, and in 1853 entered the General Theological seminary at New York. While studying he was ordained deacon, and during his senior year acted as missionary at the public institutions on Blackwell's Island, N. Y. In 1861 he was graduated in theoogy, and became the first rector of St. Luke's church, Bustleton, Philo adelphia, and the same year was married to a daughter of the late Alexis I. Du Pont, of Delaware. Two years later he took St. John's church in Wilmington, and in 1866 went to Mfauch Chunk, Pa., and became rector of a church there. In 1874 he accepted a call to Trinity church in Toledo, O. The next year be was elected bishop of Fond du Lae, but declined. Since 1877 he has been a great deal abroad on account of his wife's health. in 1887 he returned to the United States, and too. the parish of Sayre, Pa. Bishop Cole man has received several honorary degrees from different colleges Work Too rdulous. French Maid-It's meast, mum, what wed give yez a wake's notice. )distre55-Wby, Mule, you gst good wages and you have only to assist me with my tFeh Macd--YIs, but it' the lacing, mum, that's beyant me arinth.-N-ew York Sun. ALAS! POOR BARTLEY. HIS FAME CAME TO HIM IN A SINGLE NIGHT Story of the Acceptance of His First Sue cessful Play, "My Partner"--H Was Always Erratic and for Years Very Poor. A Friend in Need. Bartley Campbell, author, journalist and playwright, had a career full of strange vicis situdes from the cradle to the grave. He became famous in a night and wealthy in a month; yet pecuniary troubles prostrated him and he died in the Middletown (N. J.) Asylum for the Insane. He was always "queer," and some of the most affecting and exciting passages in his "Galley Slave" and other emotional dramas have an uncanny tone in them-a tone not at all pleasing to a healthful mind. He was of such a sanguine temper, and always so enthusiastic in talk about his fu ture, that for a long time his friends could not decide whether he had passed the shadowy line. between mere excitement and actual insanity; and some of his latest productions contain contrasts proving the sad fact that Great wit to madness closely is allied, And thin partitions do their bounds divide. Campbell first formed the design of being a great lawyer and studied some months in an office in Pittsburg; but did not like law, tried reporting for a daily paper, failed at that, went to New Orleans and served as re porter of the legislature. While there he married Miss Willlams, of Pittsburg, who survives him. He established a magazine in New Orleans which failed, and bought a newspaper in Pittsburg, which did the same; then slaved wherever he could get work till the Pitts burg riots of 1877 roused his dramatic in stinct. "Through Fire" was the title of his play, and it proved a disastrous failure. He reconstructed it, named it "The Lower Mil lion" and brought it out in Philadelphia; it was denounced by the press as Socialistic and hissed by the audience as too luridly sensa tional, and was withdrawn. About this time he produced a few sensa tional stories for cheap pamphlets, and on these he and his family lived. On one oo casion he secluded himself for a week, with barely food enough to sustain life, and pro duced a "penny dreadful" story for which he received $100. He then secured a place as manager of Hooley's theatre in Chicago, where he wrote "Peril," which was almost a success; "On the Rhine," a disastrous fail ure, and "Fate," which Miss Carlotta Le Clercq did her best with, but could not make the public accept it. The darkest hour of his life came just be fore a brilliant dawn. One hot day in 1879 Campbell was on Broadway with a ragged coat but toned to his chin to conceal the morti fying absence of a shirt. He met a friend who pre tended that he was just going to lunch, and invited Camp bell to go with him. He paid his enter tainer the compli ment of eating a tenderloin steak as if he were hungry. As they separated BAaTLEY CAMPBELL. Campbell's friend said: "I suspect your ship hasn't come in, Bartley, and I want you to take this to remember me by." The "this" was a $5 bill. Campbell took it with easy grace, smiled, declared he would return it with interest, and he did. He afterward said this 5 bill was the turning point in his for tune. With it he bought some paper and a couple of lead pencils. The paper was of the cheapest kind of white wrapping paper, and on it in two days' time he wrote that act of "My Partner" which made his fortune. Louis Aldrich had won fame by raising a minor part in Joaquin Miller's "Danites" to be the chief attraction; so Campbell sought him and read the play to him. Aldrich was captivated, advanced some money and sent him to Manager A. M. Palmer, then at his summer residence at Stamford, Conn. Ho was captured at once and put his best ener gies to work; the piece was brought out at the Union Square theatre, Sept. 10, 1871, was enthusiastically received and often repeated, and in one week thereafter he received propositions for plays at rates that, could he have written all of them, would have given him $40,000. In the meantime, too, some of his former productions began to obtain some standing. From "My Partner" he netted $15,000. He had now reached the summit, and while on the heights produced the "Galley Slave," "Siberia," "The White Slave" and somo others not so well known. Then the brain trouble began to show too plainly, and '*Paquita," his last play, was evidently written by an insane man. The death of John McCullough precipitated the fate of Bartley Campbell. His friends noted a similar ity in the decline of the two men; some hints of it got into the papers, and Campbell heo came violent at times, threatening to shoot any one who criticised him. He had invested his money in real estate, could not convert it readily into cash and was exasperated there at. Yet in the intervals his mind seemed perfectly clear and more than usually bril liant, and then his talk was delightful. It was noticed that he grew even more sanguine and confident of brilliant successes in the future. "My friends will be sorry," he would say, "for saying that I was insane. That is the way they treated John McCullough, but they will soon find that 1 am a different sort of a man." The sad, sad ending of it all is known to the world. LYMAN U. HUMPHREY. He lHas Been Named for Governor by Kansas lepublicans. Lyman U. Humphrey was but 17 years of age when the civil war broke out, but he promptly left his home in Stark county, 0., and went to the front as a private in Com pany 1, Seventy-sixth Ohio infantry. And he was so good a private that promotions crowded upon him fast. Before the year was over he was a lieutenant, and at the close of the struggle he was captain.of his company. Now he is the Republican candi date for governor in Kansas. Lyman. U. Humphrey was born in Ohio in i~S4, attended the public schools till he was 15, when . he entered the acad emy at Massillon, whence the sounds f of the fray called him to the LAsttle field. 1 o was twice wounded during the war, and served the full four years. When the war was over he entered the Uni versity of Michi- .' gan at Ann Arbor, LYMAN U. nuuPnr.EY. was graduated there, studied law and was admitted to the bar. Iie shortly after removed to Missouri, and in 1871 to independence, Kan. There he practiced law and established The inde pendence Tribune. In 1875 he was made a member of the Kansas legislature, and a year later he was chosen lieutenant gov ernor to fill a vacancy, and was re-elected in 1873 In 1SSI he was sent to the state senate. Didn't Like Browning. Mr. Senior Graduate-Miss Daisy, do you like Browningi Miss Daisy-Oh, you mean tani No, Iean't say that I do. It's terrible unbecomini to me, anyhow.-Once a Week. EX-GOVERNOR CARNEY He .as. the Seeed Chief Executive of the State of Kansas. Carney, who has just died in earv enw Kan., had held many positions of with that state's.government, and all at periods in her career when he was called tpon to struggle with grave dificul ties and meet momentous events half way. He w*anot anativeof Kansas, but wasborn in Delaware county, O., in 1824. His first nineteai years of life were spent on a farm, but hawas ambitious, and in 1848 began to atten4~s Berkshire, O., school, intending to eventually take up the study of law. In less than a year, however, he was obliged to give up his studles and become a clerk in a Colambus dry goods store at a salary of $50 a year and board. The house finally moved ', to Cincinnati, where Mr. Carney's ,_sit sifacrie and sound business judg ment secured him admission as a partner under the firm style of Car ney, Swift & Co. I'in 1852. Toosteady attention to busi ness undermined his health, and in 1858 he purchased a farm in Illinois and began stock raising. A year \ later he returned to the dry goods THoMAS CARNEY. business, opening a wholesale house in Leavenworth. In 1861 Mr. Carney was elected to the Kansas legis lature from Leavenworth county, and in the following year was chosen, by a large ma jority, for the second governor of the state of Kansas. The state govern ment at that time was in a desperate condition. It was without credit or means of supporting itself, and was unable to pro tect the interests and persons of its citizens. Mr. Carney left no method which could bring the state to a sound financial basis untried, and soon had restored its credit. He even advanced his own private means to pay the interest on the public debt and sup port the state troops Mr. Carney was in January, 1864, made commander-in-chief of the state militia, and a month later was elected to the United States senate He served two terms as mayor of Leavenworth, and Jan. 22, 1867, was elected to the United States senate for the short term. In 1868 he was again a candidate for nomination for governor, and polled a large vote in the state convention. When Mr. Carney began his political career he withdrew his personal attention from the business of his house and did not again enter upon an active business life. HE WILL GO TO IDAHO. lion. Hugh W. Weir, of Pittsburg, the New Chief Justice of the Territory. Pittsburgers are particularly happy just now at an honor conferred on one of their number. Hon. Hugh W. Weir, of Pittsburg, who has been appointed chief justice of Idaho, was born in 1831 in Indiana county, Pa. His father was one of t-he original sur veyors of the county. The son was educated at the Blairsburg academy. He studied law and ^ - was admitted to the bar in 1852. He H w wxLa. was subsequently admitted to practice at the supreme bar of Pennsylvania, and the supreme court of the United States in 1861. In 1870 he went to Pittsburg, where he has practiced law ever since. Mr. Weir has for many years been inter ested in politics. He was a delegate to the Charleston convention of 1860, and to the con vention at Baltimore which broke away from the Charleston gathering and nomi nated Stephen -A. Douglas for president. In 1866 Mr. Weir was a candidate for con gress, but was defeated. He was afterward offered the nomination for presiding judge of Indiana county by the Democrats, but declined. Since then he has not been a can didate for any office. Having been ap. pointed chief justics of Idaho his residence will be at Boise City. BROOKLYN'S GOVERNMENT BUILDING It Is Now in Course of Erection and Wlla lie a Handsome Structure. The city of Brooklyn, which until the past five years was never much noted for its fine buildings, has undergone a remarkable change within that time, and it is surprising to observe how thoroughly the building craze has taken hold of a city which was erst while principally noticeable for the low, squatty character of its structures. These unimposing buildings are being rapidly re placed by beautiful business houses, and of recent years some very splendid public build ings have been erected. BROoQ.LYN GOVERXMENT BUILDING. One of the latest additions to the list is to be a massive granite postoflice and court house, now in course of construction on the plot of ground bounded by Washington, Johnson and Adams streets. The cost of this building, including the site, will be consider ably over $1,000,000, and the New York city postollic2, which, in point of architectural beauty, lins heretofore held the palm, will sink into the background compared to this magnificent building. The style of airchitecture of the new build ing will'be what is known as themodern Romanesque. The government buildings erecting at Troy, Springfield, Williamsport and Now Bedford are of this style. The building will be eighty feet high to the cor nice, and above that will be a mansard roof At the corner of Washington and Johnson stree:s a square top will rise to the height of 108 feet above the pavement. It is proposed to fit up the interior of the building in splen did style, although it is said to be doubtful whether the present grand plans of the build ing are not on too largo a scale to fit within I':e appropriation. Will Blake No Difference. Guest (registering, to hotel clerk)--I am Editor Styggles, of The Buckville Gazette, but I haveu't-er-any baggage with me. Clerk (hospitably)-Glad toee you, editor; that won't make the slightest difference. Guest--My not having any baggagel Clerk-No, your being Editor Styggles, of The Buckville Gazette. Two dollars, please. -The Epoch. Catalogues and Correspondence. A New York house which ten years ago employed 100 traveling salesmen now does Its business entirely by illustrated catalogues and correspondence, and its trade is ahead of what it used to be Others are moving the same way, and in a few years hence the drummer will drum less numerosly.--De troit Free Press THESE TWO SHALL WED BISMARCK HAS SAID IT AND IT MUST BE. The Czarowits of Russia and a Daeghter of [the Late Emperor Frederick to Be Married in the Interests of Peace in Europe. Last spring there was a flutter In the hearts of many maidens who read the ac counts of the alleged love affair between Alexander of Battenburg and the Princes Victoria, daughter of the late Emperor Fred erick of Germany. The stern front pre sented by Bismarck against the marriage, the efforts of the father and mother of the princes to bring it about, and their final yielding to Bismarck's will, caused many a frownto come to many a pretty brow as the details of the contest came from Germany and were perused by the young people of America Now comes the sequel. Bismarck, whose cast iron countenance and gray hairs seem to cover not a whit of romance, has pro posed to the czar of Russia to marry the younger sister of the princess, whose mar,. riage with Alexander he refused, to the Grand Duie Nicholas, czarowitz or heir ap parent to the throne. The cause of the op position of the chancellor last spring to the Princes Victoria's proposed marriage is now O~AND DUKE mci- PRINCESS BOPHr - OLAS. DOROTHEA. manifest. Bismarck undoubtedly had the present alliance in his mind at the time, and had he consented to the nuptials between Alexandria and Victoria his present scheme would have been impossible; Russia would have been offended at the Battenburg mar riage and would not have consented to take the Princess Sophia-Dorothea as a wife for her czarowitz. The Grand Duke Nicholas is 20 years of age and tall, as are all the Romanoffs. He has been educated in true military fashion. By virtue of his position as czarowitz, he is ataman of the Cossack troops and wears the Cossack unifcrm. The princess whom he is to marry is but 16 years old, having been born in 1872. She is not called pretty, but is attractive. She was the Emperor Frederick's favorite daughter and has been much petted. Some thirty years ago "Vicky," as the queen of England called her eldest daughter, went away from the comfortable and com paratively bright haunts of her girlhood, Buckingham palace and Windsor castle, to the formal, aristocratic court of the Hohen zollerns. So chilling was the effect upon the young princess, and so disappointing a dis covered intrigue of her young husband, that she tried to run away, but was brought back by the strong will of her father-in-law, as an escaped convict is returned to prison by the strong arm of the law. And now the young est daughter, the pet of this same "Vicky," is offered as a sacrifice to the Russian bear, that Germany may have an ally instead of an enemy. It is not that Nicholas proposes for Sophia-Dorothea, for he does no such thing. Bismarck offers the young girl as a wife. The usual form is set aside, and instead of the czarowitz asking the hand of the princess he is put in the leap year position of accepting or declining her. It remains to be seen if the daughter will imitate her mother's example in trying to escape. . WEAL'TH IN A STRANGE LAND. A..m ! W f-r 11na he nhricitnnt Ptr 1TAarT How It Was Gained by Christopher Meyer, Lately Deceased. Half a century ago a German lad came to the United States without a penny. He died recently worth 815,000,000. Christopher Meyer, a prominent citizen of New York, was a magnate in the rubber trade and in railway circles. At 21 he had saved $250. He was employed by a large concern and by his energy and ability attracted the attention of men of means. Not content with the routine of his ordinary business he dipped into vari ous schemes. He started a bank and projected a rail road. Fortune smiled on all his enterprises, and he became a million airs Mr. Meyer was manager and chief owner of the Meyer CHRISTOPUER MYEYa Rubber company at New Brunswick, N. J., and the North British Rubber com pany of Scotland. Some time ago the rubber manufacturers of the United States attempted to establish a rubber trust. Mr. Meyer had sufficient strength to break up the plan and he did so. He was interested in many other enterprises, mostly in the rubber manufac-. turing business. Mr. Myer was, 70 years old, having been born in 1818 in Hanover. Having in 1836 secured employment in a Newark machine shop, in two years he was placed in charge of the Ramapo mills. He soon made up his mind to work for himself instead of others. He borrowed $300 and set up a mill, sold it and set up another. Securing a site with water power near New Brunswick, he erected a factory. It was successful and is now a very large affair. Some time ago Henry S. Ives began a career of speculation in Wall street. New York. He succeeded in involving Mr. Meyer, and it is supposed that Mr. Meyer's fortune was thereby cut down 25 per cent. A New Jersey Sensation. Quarryman Amos Penn, of Bridgeton, N. J., has succeeded in mystifying New Jersey very thoroughly by his curious find while getting out stone at Ireland's mill. The an nexed cut represents the thing in outline, and there are many differences of opinion as to its origin. It is supposed by the credulous to be the petrified remains of some prehistoric animal; by the in credulous to be a pure and unadult erated "fake," as was the Cardiff giant, while the conservative are o uncertain, many inclining to the~ ' opinion that the curiously shaped mass of stone was cut in its present shape by the pro- Aos PNNs FIND. historic dwellers iu Jersey. Thu state geolo gist has been investigating the matter, and the curious are going to see it by the thou sands. It now lies on its side in the quarry, and is surrounded by a high board fence. The Cardiff giant, by the way, now re poses in Fitchbrxg, Mass. Where It Comes From. Russia leather is made in Connecticut; Bor deaux wine is manufactured in California; Italian marble is quarried in Kentucky; French lace is woven in New York; Mar selles linen is produced in Massachusetts; Engush cassimere is made in New Hamp. shbire; Parisian art work comes from a shop in Bostoi; Spanish mackerel are caught on the New Jersey coast, and Havana cigars arerolled by the million in Chicago.-Chicago Herald. M .unmltsa and Ame. Mutas. Munimitsu Mutsu, the new Japanese min ister to the United States, is a statesman of high standing in Japan. He has served his country with distinguished success as gov ernor of Yokohama and vice president of the imperial senate. In 1880 he was assigned to the political bureau of the foreign office as a minister resident in reserve-that is, as a minister without a post-and the ngxt year he was promoted to the rank of envoy. He has visited the United States twice before this time, in 1870 and again in 1884, on special governmental missions. M. Mutsu is like an American in appear ance-tall, slender, animated in manner and he speaks the English language fluently. He is aEable, most agreeable in conversation, courteous is /p· demeanor, and is well equipped for a most suc cessful career in Wash ington diplomatic circles. MUTSU. Mme. Mutsu, the wife of the minister, is in this country for the first time, and is much delighted at being here, although she misses the society of her friends in Tokio. She is one of Km Uv.Ts. the favorite ladies at the mikado's court, and the empress of Japan intrusted to her a special message and compliments that madame delivered in person to Mrs. Presi dent Cleveland. Madame is a most agree able and pleasing lady. She is petite and slender in person and gentle in manner. She has the dead black hair, clear olive comn plexion and kindling black eyes of the Ori ental She dresses with a refined taste and has all her gowns from Paris. She has an only daughter, who is 14 years old. STAMP CANCELING MACHINES. Iagenious Appliances Used in the Boston Postolice-Labor Saved. These canceling machines are very in genious devices indeed, and remarkable labor savers. Each one of them does work equal to that of four of the quickest men in the de partment. It is their business to cancel the stamps of the letters as they are received. And thereby hangs a tale. The Boston office is the only postoffice in the United States that has the canceling machine. These in genious appliances were invented and per fected some three or four years ago, and they were placed in the postoffice for the purpose of demonstrating their practicability and their powers as labor savers. As his been said before, each of these machines does the work of four men, and, consequently, a great saving is effected for the public service. Letters and postal cards, as they fall upon the table aforesaid-Niagaras of them are continually streaming through the aper tures-are taken by the men and "faced" di rectly into the hopper of the machine, where they are automatically adjusted, stamped, packed and propelled toward the sorting cases, ready for distribution to outgoing mails, all by one continuous mechanical operation. These machines are speeded to run a little faster than the fastest operator can "face" letters into them, the average speed being from 100 to 150 letters per minute. The ma chines, of course, save all the time and-space necessary by the old hand processes. The Boston postoffice pays a yearly profit of nearly $1,500,000 to the government. The people who contribute to this profit, and are thereby entitled to quick service, will see that here is the vital point in the transmiss ion of mails, of greater importance even than the increased speed of fast mail trains, because fast mails trains are not especially valuable if the mails are left behind through the inability of the clerks to prepare such vast masses of matter for transportation. The demands upon the postoffice department for more rapid transmission of mails are fre quent and pressing. The working forces have been doubled and the speed of fast trains quickened, but the demand for still greater haste increases. Vast quantities of mail matter are deposited in postoffices only a few moments before the closing of mails, and upon each separate letter the stamps must be canceled and the postmark im pressed before it can leave for its destination. The work when done by hand is a source of great delay, and often is so imperfect that it is difficult to read the postmark. The postoffice department has accepted the ten machines in the Boston offce at a yearly rental of $300 each, including care, repairs and renewal Ten more machines are about to be placed in position, and 2,500 more will probably be required to supply all the large postofiees in the country. Strange as it may seem, the postoffice, although of the greatest importance to the public, is, perhaps, thelast field in which labor saving machinery has been adopted. It may be well to say that these canceling machines were invented bysa Bostonian, Mr. Etheridge, and that they are owned by Boston parties. The machines have now become absolutely indispensable, and the ten now in operation save the labor and salaries of forty men. Their operation is amazinglyquick, and they will cancel 1,000 letters in the time it takes to write this para graph-Boston Herald. Correspondent's Work in Washington. But the present value of his acquaintance is that which tells most on their daily work. Is that which tells most on their daily work. Its relation to the amouut of news gathered is not a difficult one to express-a simple ratio between growth in numbers of men on one side, and hints, suggestions, "inside" points on the other. But it is not always the more men, the more news; it is the more high officials, experienced legislators, the more news. It is quality that tells, as ever.' The man w.ho has not the intimacy with men in power and in possession of secrets may run his legs off and wear his tongue out, yet get not half as much important news as will the moderate, quick eyed man of address, who knows half a dozen men who are constantly in possession of the knowledge of what is to be dcs. Assiduity and tact in placing one's self on a secure footing is the thing, then. Whue once in direct connection with such sources one may, as a California friend of mine did the other night, go to the telephone and ask a certain senator to write him a report of the action of the senate in executive session on the Chinese treaty. The senator was in terested in the treaty both for himself and his constituents. But it needs no long ex planation to show that the acquaintance which enabled the correspondent to request by public telephone aid in such an instance was not only well worth having, but the out growth of years and attention to the point. -HerbertS. Underwood in The Writer. Ralroading in the Air. In some mountain locations, galleries have been cut directly into the rock, the cliff overhanging the roadway, and the line being carried in a horizontal cut or niche in the solid wall. The Oroya and theChimbote railways in South America demanded con stant locations of this character. At many points it was necessary to suspend the per sons making the preliminary measurements from the cliff above. The engineer who made these locations tells the writer that on the Oroya lines the galleries were often from 100 to 400 feet above the base of the cliff and were reached generally from above. Rope ladders were used to great advan tage. One G4 feet long and one 100 feet long covered the usual practice, and were some times spliced together. These ladders could be rolled up and carried about on donkeys or mules When swung over the side of a cliff a-d secured at the top, and when practicable at the bottom, they formed a very useful in strument in location andconstruction.-Johe Bogart in Seribner's Magazino. , . .. :c,~urr -,.,,- . li* . ,,: ~l ,.=,.= ..... TERMS-INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. O-eYeo ............................ »....... 00 Yoat - ... ............................. - 00 ,es onth ........................... " 00 Whbn notpaid in advance the rate will be Five Dollars per year. N.WSPAPlR DUCISIONb i. Anyone who takes eper renularly from the Posta.e-wbether directed to his name or another. ae whetherhe has saubscrbed or not-is responsible for the payment. . Ifa rsonorders his paper disconatnued, be a tpe o irage, or the publisher will con tnue to en ý ttunt pay lent is made and collect the wboleamo t, whther tepaper is taken from the 8. Thecourtsbavedecidea that refusinr to take the nespepers or perJodicales f thePoetofee, or o nd leaving them uncalled for, is prime f/sevidence of lntentionalfrand, another ddrss at the option of the subscriber. Remittances by draft, check, moneyorder, or reRis. teredletter, may te sent at our risk. All Poetmaters ae required toregister letters on application. THE OFFICE BOY. About the Moswt Necessary Adjunct of a Daily Newspaper-His Worn About the most necessary and at the same time least appreciated adjunct of a daily newspaper is the office boy. The duties of the office boy are many, varied and perplex ing. He comes to the editorial room at half past 7 or 8 in the morning, and after remov ing his coat, collar and tie, proceeds to wres tle alternately with broom and duster until the room begins to lose its crazy appearance, and to once more resemble an abode of civ ilized beings. Then, after an interesting in terview with soap and towel, he prepares to jump around like "a cat on hot bricks," an swering the ever noisy telephone and the never silent desk bells, which the editors seem to consider their sacred duty to be forever pounding. In the meantime visitors are crowding into the office and firing the craziest kind of questions at the office boy. One wants to know if the office cat is a real animal or a Treatlon'of the editor's:baln. Another asks if the prisoner puzzle was ever found out. Some want to pay their respects to the edi tor. Others want to pay him an old debt, etc., etc. Above all, the boy must do his work quickly and carefully. This requires an expenditure of nerve force which is sel dom without its effect. As a result of his efforts to meet the requirements of his posi tion the boy frequently becomes nervous and absent minded. He may often be seen try ing to unlock the reporters' letter box with a broom, putting a two cent stamp on a postal card, etc. But the drawbacks of the position are out numbered by its advantages. In the first place, in his daily routine of work the youth comes in contact with all sorts of people who have alls sorts of dispositions, so that he ac quires a knowledge of human nature the like of which could hardly be got outside a news paper office. He learns a great deal of the manners and personal appearance of our country's great men whose cards he carries in to the sanctum sanct. Again, in getting answers from the editors to the many inter esting quieries made by the more intelligent of the everyday visitors, he is storing up a little private fund of information which will render him valuable service when in after years he has attained a higher position. Finally, if the youth be bright and quick he will "catch on" to lots of little incidents in his daily life, which, by "writing them up," will not only swell his pocketbook, but pave the way to his future success and prosperity as a journalist.-James J. Smith in The Journalist, Majillton, the Man Monkey. The original of the character of "Jocko, the Brazilian Ape," was Henry Leech, an Englishman, whose professional name was Otto Motti. His body was of the size of an ordinary man's, but his legs were only a foot long, yet such was his agility that he could outrun, on all fours, a very fair runner. His skeleton is in Mme. Tussand's exhibition in London. The Ravels afterward introduced the character in their pantomimes, but it was left to Majilton to bring it to perfection. He had wonderful strength in his hands and could walk with his hands hanging under an ordinary floor joist, his whole weight de pending upon the grip between his thumbs and their ogposing fingers with perfect ease; and he occasionally astonished a braggart of the profession by walk ing on his hands on a slack rope, or on the hawser with which the circus was towed by a steamer. This singular fa -culty made him an expert climber, and he would run up and down the interior of the circus and leap the rail of the tiers and run along them with an agility that no ape could excel. He fairly rolled with laughter when he told how he frightened the colored people on the Mississippi. On one occasion, when he leaped among them, chattering and grimacing, many juminped in their fright through the windows of the circus into the river and were rescued with difficulty. "For God's sake, stop this," said Spalding afterward, "or we'll have dead niggers to pay for." In December, 1854, while playing in Charleston, he created al most a panic in the theater. One of the scrub women was stationed in the third tier with a stuffed baby, and Majilton, in his Jocko act, snatched it from her and, jump ing to the side of the proscenium boxes, beat its head against the wood and thean threw it to the stage and jumped on it, the woman yelling all the while and the audience in ater rible uproar of terror and indignation.-De ,roit Free Press. Taken for a Waiter. In reading a few days ago of the ruinous condition of the old palace at Versailles I re called a curious incident that occurred to me at the grand ball given there some ten years ago, the last time it was opened for a public occasion. You will remember that the re publican government has neglected the place until now it is said to be unsafe. The last great ball given there drew an enormous throng of some 12,000 people, and every ce lebrity then in Paris was present. It was ostensibly open only to invitation, but the usual means of entering a state ball obtained admittance. I was in Paris:at the time, and in company with two companions went to the palace. By judiciously feing the door keepers we were readily admitted. Once within the great palace we were bewil dered, and did not know which way to go. Everybody was in the regulation evening dress, and the horde of paid attendants could not be distinguished from the guests. In pushing from one room to another, looking for the coat room, I fell upon a weazened, small man, whom I took to be an attendant. He was standing in the room taking in the crowd, and I supposed he was there to serve the guests. Walking up to him, I asked, briskly, which was the way to the dressing room. Gazing at me an instant, he bowed politely and pointed to a door, without say ing a word. I thought no more of the mat ter until two days afterwards I was at a public ceremonial, where who should be the central figure but the man I had taken for a waiter. He was the king of Spain.-Elliott C. Jewett in Globe-Democrat. The Roat to Success. A commercial traveler tells the story of himself. It was in his early traveling days; in fact, he had been taken out of the office to make his first trip on the route of the regu lar traveler, who was sick. He visited two or three cities on his route, not meeting with much success, which he attributed to the fact that two or three other salesmen carrying the same lines of goods were just ahead of him. LBeing afraid the house would be dissatis lied, and a little doubtful of hisown abilities, he telegraphed his employer, "Better call me in. There are three rival salesmen ahead of me." Instead of calling him in, the head of the house telegraphed, "Push ahead. There are a hundred other fellows behind you." So be went ahead, satisfied that lie could at least hold his own with the fellows that were behind, with the result that he made such a good trip that he was kept on the road, and his salary increased. He said the idea that there were a lot of fellows following served to stimulate him, and he determined to go ahead and push things to the best of his ability, and he succeeded.-Jewelers' Review. Clubs of London. It is reported that several of the oldest and most respectable London clubs are in want of both money and members. The new clubs are so numerous and possess so many fresh attractions that the old ones find it difficult to compete.-New York Sun. At the Casino. fo-What charming scenery! Look at those flowers, Miss Rougepotte; arethey not beautifull They remind me of you. She-Howl They are artificial. He-Ah, yes; but no one would ever know it.-Truth. Thinks It Lucky. Mr. Lazybones thinks it lucky we are not centipedes, because it would be such dreadful work to button on fifty pairs of boots every time we wished to take a walk-Youth's Comnanlon