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2 ---- s3 65 I7 .8 ' 61) 80 _ am. "'° 3 5 6 10 12 15 25 S7..... · 8 12 1 20 48 .... 8 10 14 16 25 88 55 1 ............. 7 10 12 18s 24 5 60 75 a 9 12 15 22 SO 50 70 3 .1.. 1 15 50 2 5 3 0 7 100 100 Regelar advertlsi1g payable quarterly, as due. reansient advertlising payable in advance. eeial Notices are 50 per cent. more than reg Ualr a dvertiiug 15 cents for the first insertion; aetl per line for each succeeding insertion; 10 en t.on d in Nonperiel measuse. Sl, I Work payable on delivery. pFOFESSIONAL CARDS. ATTORNEYS. WA. J.GALBRAITH, OI'()RNEY AT LAW, R8 a,45 A' 6, VAN GUNND & MILltR BLOCK, l)ear Iuode. Mtontana. 989 WELLING NAPTON, ATTORNEY AT LAW, [COURT SQUARE]. DEER LODGE. rg-Spccin, Attention G'ven to Collections. S. COLS, Butte H. R. WUHITYILL, Deer Lodge. COLE & WHITEHILL, A'TO .RNEYS AT LAW Butte and Deer Lodge, Moxtana O. B. O'BANNON, La1 A nt all Attoriin y tpeer l.odWe, - Monlana. IIEIRY U. DAVIS. C. E.-County and U. 8. Deputy ,I'tlu IIANSON. C. E.--Drauehtsman and No tary Pau.blc DAVIS & HANSON, Ciil 11nd1 Mllh[ lngileers, Procurers of U. S. Patents. Township and Mineral Plats on File. Ofice at Coutrt hlousa. DEEIR LODGE, M.T. 915 tf pHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS C. F. REED. I)ENTI ST Office Over Kleinschmidt's Store. tI.; IE I LO DG 0. MONT. 951 am J. A. MEE, PHYSICIAN i 'URGEON, Deer Lodge, M. T. Diseases of W.men and Chil dren a Specialty. Office in the ngw Kleinschmidt Building. JOHN H. OWINGS, M. D., Phy.ioian and Surgeon Ofice-Kleinschmidt Building, formerly oc cupied by M. M. Hopkins. Deer Lodge, - Montana Calls in town or country will receive prompt at tention. 848 BANKS AND BANKERS. W. A. CLARK, S. E. LARABIE OLAIKE LARABI, DEER LODCE, M. T. Do a General Banking Business and Draw Eachange on All the Prlnclpal Olties of the World. NEW YORK CORRESPONDENTU. Firt National Bant, loew Yorkt. i Y. 776 First National IBank HELENA, - MONTANA. Paid up Capital.. ..5 00,000 Surplus and Profits 8325,000 s. T. HAUSE, - - President. A. J. D &VI 3, - - Vice-Presdent. . W. KNIGHT, - - Cashier T. H. KLEINSCHMIDT, - Ass't Cash. DESIGNATED DUPOSITOBY OP TN UNITED STATES. Wveransact a general Banking buelness, andby.at guest rates, Gold Dust,Coin, Gold and Silver Brul on, and Local eencritiea; Sell Exchange and Tele raphic Transfers available in all parts of the United rates,the Canadas, Great Britain, Ireland and the Continent. Com.UzOIOE made and proceederemitted promptly. Drreotors. S. T. HAUSER, TOHN CURTIN. A. M. HOLTER. R. 8. HAMILTON. IOHN H. MING, C. P.HIGGINS, R W.KNIGBT, A. J. DAVIS. T. C. POWER, H.M. PARCHEN, T. H. KLEINSCHMIDT. 1508 E. H. IRVINE & SON, Real Zztate, Mtnin AND COLLECTION AGNCY, East Cranite St, BUTTE, M.T. We solicit the business of any who desire to buy or ell improved or unimproved ranches; city property either in Butte or Deer Lode; or who may have S.otes and accounts for coliletion .Our exten ve 4 suintofce throughout Deer Lodge and Slver Dow counties gives us a superior advantase in our line ot business. We refer by permission to Clark & Larabie. Deer Lodge,.T. TELEPHONE S5. p. PATTERSON, CARPENTER AND BIIIDBR, DEER LODGE, MONTANA. Designs furnished iand cloe ecta " made on Busi ness, Dwelling and other Houses. Do all Kinds Job Carpentering. SASII AND DOORS IN STOCK. hup next door north of Murphy, Higgins C Co's Ftore. Exchange Saloon, One Door South of Scott House, seer Lodge, " .o arnnay BAILEY & PETTY, Proprietors. Only the Very Finest LnorS anll Cigars Over the Exchange Bar. A Share of Public Patronage Respectflly Solicited. 877 tf Arms'Tonsorial Parlors AND BATHE 2BOS. Van oundy & Miller v eeer j,nodgoe, Buildlng, o ' HAVING JUST OCCUPIEDMY PLENDID new Parlors in the above building, I am pre' pared to do all work in my linu to sit the most fas The Baths are leot ickle.plated and Mopretr i every respect, with hot and cold water, receptim room and private entrame. Patrons are assured Entire Satlsfaction 97O JOHN H. ARMS, rrorietor. 1. VOL. 20,1NO. 19 DEER LODGE, MONT A, NOVEMBER 2,1888. WHOLE NO. 1,008. TIIE LONG CONGRESS. SKETCH OF THE LONGEST PRE VIOUS SESSION, 1849-S0. The F.xelting Tears 1848. "40 and '50--How the Question of Slavery In the Territories Was Isetbaed-Clay. Webster, Calhoun, lenton. Cass. Foote, Davis and Houston. The longest session of congrea ever held under the constitution has just closed, senate and hotse having slowly dwindledforweeks, until there were barely members enough present to go through the formal motions. The session held some two weeks longer than the ever memorable session of 1849-80, the longest previously held, but in brilliancy of talent. In popular interest and in the im portancee of the subjects discussed there is no comparison The congress of 1849-t0 was the most important in American history, not yielding place to any during the war; and for the nulmaner of talented men who took part in is discussions there is probably none other to equal it In that congress the venerable and silver tongued Clay, the massive Webster, theschol arly Calhoun and the rugged Benton had their last mutual struggle, the last of earth for the first three. In the house there was a galaxy of greatness, almost every name of which has since become famous. Nearly all the old and worn political lssues were laid aside by that congress; nearly all the new questions, to be fought over for the next twenty years, were started there; the terri torial system received its final shape, Cali fornia became a state, the Texas boundary question was settled, the fugitive slave law passed, and after long and heated debate the slavery question was settled by a compromise which both the great parties indorsed, and which, it was fondly hoped, would endure for a century. The Union was nearer to a disso lution then than it ever again was before the war began. President Taylor died in the hottest stage of the controversy, and Vice President Fillmore succeeded. -.s " 4 WEBSTER CALHOUN. BENTON. CLAY. It appears in the retrospect as if every possible event to excite or embarrass the government and the people was crowded into the time of that one session. Kossuth fired the American people to a frenzied sympathy with the Hungarians. Lopez invaded Cuba, was driven away, and returned in 1851 with a band of American filibusters. They were captured and condemned-those who were not shot-to a life of labor in the mines; and this led to peculiar complications, till Queen Isabella pardoned all the survivors. There were constant rumors of other expeditions against Cuba, Mexico and South America. A convention of "fire eaters" met at Nash ville and discussed a dissolution of the Union. There was much talk of the Gulf and South Atlantic states withdrawing from the Union, combining with the countries south of them, and thus forming a "golden circle" around the Gulf of Mexico. And while congress de bated what to do with California a rush of gold seekers took the matter out of their hands. The region jumped at once from a conquered province to a state, with no terri torial childhood, and Senators W. M. Gwinn ...A _Thn V. Frhmont took their official seats but a few days before the close of a session which had opened ten months before with an inquiry as to whether California had a gov ernment. The first session of the Thirty-first congress began Dec. 3, 1849, and ended Sept. 30, 1850, and, except in the few closing weeks, was one continuous and angry storm of debate. The Twenty-ninth and Thirtieth congresses had been stormy enough; for the first dealt with the Mexican war, and the second with the close of it and resulting complications. President and senate were Democratic, but the house, elected in 1840, was Whig, and chose Robert C. Winthrop speaker over Linn Boyd, of Kentucky. Owing to the di vision between the houses, the whole terri torial question was passed over to the Thirty irst congress, and the whole of 1849 previous to its assembling was distracted with news paper articles and popular discussions on the Wilmot proviso, the old Missouri compro mise line and l:indred matters. In this temper the Thirty-first congress met, and was at once precipitated into an angry contest over'the speakership. The par ties stood: Democrats, 112; Whigs, 105; Free Soilers, 13. For three weeks the members balloted once a day or oftener, and devoted the rest of the time to furiously sectional speeches. The Whigs supported the last speaker, Mr. Winthrop; the Democrats, Howell Cobb, of Georgia; but neither had a majority. On the22dof December the mem bers decided to allow a plurality to elect, and Mr. Cobb was at once chosen. On the 4th President Taylor's message was received, and astonished the nation. It not only evinced far higher talent than the country had given him credit for, and a familiar knowledge of the disputed questions not exceeded by that of any congressman, but was very short and plain, containing affecting appeals for the Union, and on the slavery question went almost far enough to satisfy the Free Boilers. It was plain that he would favor the early adminsiOn oi VA"AA - - - A month's debate followed, with many propositions of a novel nature-one by Sena tor Henry Foote, of Mississippi, to form the state of Jacinto out of a part of Texas. Jan. 9,1850, Henry Clay brought in his noted rslight resolution," the first form of the celebrated "omnibus bill" and foreshadowing the compromise which finally became a law. His speech of Feb. 5 on these resolutions read to the peop:e like a gospel of peace and union, and popular opinion soon showed itself strong n his favor. On the 13th of February the president sent in the constitu tion adopted by California, which was de bated with unusual acrimony. On the th of March John C. Calhoun ros in the semlt f" his lat speech, but was so wea. that he oiad It read by lSenator James )L Mason, of Vir gia. It clearly indicated a disolution f the Union as the only hope for peace to the south but ere the angry denncatious people reached Wahington he was too feb ltohr then. ie died on the 8lt of feeblearch, after nearly forty- yearsof continuous political service. Webterma On the -th of March Dan.el antc14aver the memorable speec which, iar men used to say, ruined his fame forever. This was the speech that drew from Jobhn 0. Whittier that curious poem called "Icha bod." Yet history has fully justified all that Mr Webster said about Utab and New Mexico. The list of young members who took pt in that debate reads now like a roll of prophecy. Stephen A. Douglas was but thirty-sixl, while William h. Seward was forty-nine and Salmon P. Chase forty-four. The venerable Lewis Caa represented Michi gan in the senate. Mr. Clay, in the same body, was In his seventy-third year. Uen. James Shields was the colleague of Dougla S. Foote. John Bell represented Tennessee, William i. Ring Alabama. andformerly annil Hamlin Maine. John P. Bale, ormerly a Democrat, had entered ie lenate Soiler, from New Hampshi.e,, I , after lnnia'i seiaitor were J"- am - -_ .ards of note In the Mason-Slidell nifssun, and Robert M. T. Hunter, who ranks with Yancey and so many more who were active in bringing on the civil war, but sank into obscurity soon after It began. The speeches of that long, hot summer ses sion read now like extracts from ancient his tory. They have no more bearing upon live issues than if they had been delivered in the Roman senate or the Athenian Areopagus. On the 8th of May Mr. Clay brought in his noted "omnibus bill." On the 9th of July President Taylor died, and his suceessor favored the other wing of the Whig party. During August and early September the measures of compromise were separately passed through congress, the noted fugitive slave law exciting most criticism in the north. Utah territory was organized by the act of Sept. 9, 1850, and President Fillmore appointed Brigham Young governor on the solemn assurance of Mormon representatives that "plural marriage" was neither a doctrine nor a practice of that church. At the very time his commission as governor was written Brigham Young had eight "wives'i Out of this long session two men came with !eculiar honor, Senators Houston and Rusk, of Texas They managed with such adroitness as to induce the government to pay Texas $10,000,000 for "consenting to the separate organization of New Mexico," atthe same time leaving to Texas the ownership of all lands within her borders and securing the payment of that state's debt by the general governmentl They certainly de served well of their constituents. Yet neither was conspicuously "southern" in his views, and Houston, in particular, openly ridiculed the claims of Calhoun and Davis. The Texas men were in congress "for business," as Houston said, and they certainly made the business a success. No sooner had congress adjourned than the mass of the peop!e north and south ac quiesced in the compromise measures and testififed their gratification in public ad dresses and rejoicings. Both political par ties in 1852 indorsed the acts of the long session as a "final settlement of the slavery question," yet only two years later the set tlement was unsettled, and seven years after that the civil war began. J. IL BEADLE. PRINCETON COLLEGE. The lustitution Is Shortly to Have a New Art Museum. The present is a period of building art museums and galleries, and of general, and growing interest in everything pertaining to Art, with a big A. This being the case, of course no self respecting institution of learn ing can afford to be without an art annex of some sLrt. Princeton is the latest college to acquire an art museum, and they have been at work on the building which is to hold it for some time. It is expected that the structure will be completed by next summer. The new building stands on the high ground back of Whig hall toward the president's house. It will be the first of a new quadrangle. The art museum owes its erection largely to the energy of Allan Marquand, son of Henry G. Marquand. Allan Marquand is the professor of archaeology, and lectures on art. Most of the subscriptions were raised by hin . The building committee are Moses Taylor Pine, Professor Marquand and Dr. Mo Cosh. The architect is Mr. A. Page Brown, of New York. He has done most of all the recent work on the Princeton campus, in PmNcOTON'S ART MUSEUxL eluding the biological laboratory and Dr. McCosh's new house. When he set out to design an art museum at a cost of about $150,000, he decided to make it thoroughly classic in the style of architecture, and, as far as possible, to make it present the beau ties of the Italian school The front is 150 feet long. The depth varies, for at each end there is a wing, and in the middle, at the rear, there is an extension. The house is three stories high, the art gal lery proper being on the third floor, with an immense skylight at the top. The second Soor will be used for the collections. Here will be placed the William C. Prime collec tion of ceramics, which was presented to Princeton on condition thata fireproof build ing should be built in which to store them. Other eollections also will be placed on the second floor. On the first the chief display will be of bronzes. The top story, where the pictures will be hung, is 25 feet high; each of the others is 15 feet. The building is fireproof. It is built of brick, a soft brown in color, and speckled with iron filings. The cornice is of cut stone and the roof of tile. The entrance is through a broad arch. I doorway, which is approached by an imposing double stone stoop. A stone terrace wall runs the length of the building, and before the doorway there is a circular roadway. You may see in the shade on each side of the broad stone step a figure like that of a man. The one on the left is Michael Angelo's "David," that on the right is Done tello's "St. George." The original of each is in Florence. Above the arch of the entrance are two Florentine lamps. Mr. Brown will some time later have some old shields from Italy on the now vacant space above the doorway. The facade is not a copy of any particular building in Italy, but is thoroughly Italian in tone. The face of the structure proclaims the purpose of the hall--a home for art. The two statues on the steps strengthen the idea and the two Florentine lamps will illn minate it. Chief, however, of these feat ures is the frieze which surrounds the front and the two sides. You may see where it runs, just beneath the tiled roof. This is an exact copy of the Parthenon frieze. The casts came from the British museum. The frieze itself will be cast in terra cotta. The model casts will be placed in the museum. Among all the figures on the two sides and the one front wall there is not a duplication. The strip of terra cotta will be a little more than three feet wide, and will injiself be a study in art. Preahe~ r Pascal Porter. There is an infant prodigy in Cincinnati in the shape of a 1:-year-old boy preacher. His name is Pascal Porter. He was born at Volga, near Jefferson, 0., in 1876. Hisfather Is afarmer of no especial piety; his mother is dead. The boy has been preaching in a church opposite Lincoln park in Cincinnati. He is described as sitting before the sermon behind the pulpit and the big Bible, surveying the con gregation with per fect composure. In his sermons he does not attempt to be either coherent or logical, but con trasts the pleasures of sin with thepure joy of the Chris tian in vigorous terms. He has preached two and a PAscAL pOrTEZ half years. He goes through his sermons without any hesitation and faces an audienae while he is delivering it, without the slightest evident fear of criticis. Manyr of these child prodigies fade into obscurity as they grow older. adtill there haove been so- remarkable excep tions, such as Dr. Watts, Spurgeon, Dryde and Chatterton. If new calicoes are allowed to lie in strong saalt water an hour before lirst the washing the colors are less likely to fade. LONDO'S DISGRACE. 81R CHARLES WARREN AND HIS PACK OF HOUNDS. After Be Tried Them by letting Them Loose on His Own Trail He Turned Them Out to Follow Other Trails, and They Got Away-A Horrible Letter. London had begun to forget all about the horrible Whitechapel murders, when one morning not long ago the great metropolis was shaken from the innermost recesses of the city to the elegant suburbs that have been lately built for the occupation of the wealthy and cultivated by the announcement that Sir Charles Warren's dogs were loose Sir Charles had for some time been train ing these dogs, with a view to hbain them track and tree the human fend who has been operating in Whitechapel, whenever that shrewd ghoul should kill another victim. All the world remembers how much Sir Charles banked upon his bloodhounds and how he made himself the laughing stock of everybody by letting them chase his august person one very early morning not long ago. One would imagine that his experience on that occasion would have shaken his faith in the wisdom of the scheme, for, so the ao count runs, they only succeeded in making even a fair showing one time in three. The fact is, as almost any one conversant with the employment of hounds for tracking persons will tell you, it is quite a different matter for a dog to take up and follow a scent across a sparsely settled country, and through the intri cate mazes of a ý densely populated city. It is not at all uncommon for a dog to quite lose the scent in the for mer instance be- BaW cnHAmzs w.Rama. cause of one cross ing track. In a crowded metropolitan dis trict like Whitechapel, where any given track would be criss-crossed by tens of thou sands of other tracks inside of an hour, the task of following the murderer by the scent would be altogether beyond the power of even the keenest nosed dog. And even if Sir Charles' experiments had been successful to a marked degree, the re salts would have justified no sanguine ex pectations. For the experiments were made early in the morning when few people would be stirring, and the chance of obliteration by subsequent trails was at the minimum, whereas the search for the murderer would, very likely, have to be made at a busy time of the day. When Sir Charles lost the dogs he was try ing them in the open country. They had been taken to a common in the suburbs and there "laid on scent after scent." Whether they showed any progress in the noble art of man hunting is not stated, but when let loose on what proved to be'their last run they were "lost sight of altogether," and "the men in charge were frantic." Certain carpers at Sir Charles'method of running the police department have suggested that "per haps some smart dog fancier has made a grand haul of the prize hounds." It is quite possible that this last exploit of Bir Chartle Warren will move the London publications that sail under comic colors to the printing of cartoons bearing upon the subject. Punch has already devoted consid erable attention to the Whitechapel matter, and here is a reduced reproduction of one of it. anrtoons. headinr and all: THE NEMESIS OF NEGLECT. There floats a phantom on the slum's foul air, Shaping, to eyes which have the gift of seeing, Into the specter of that loathly lair. Face it-for vain is fleeing! Red handed, ruthless, furtive, unerect, 'Tis murderous crime-the Nemesis of neglect! Sir Charles Warren is a most extraordinary person, if we may believe the English news paper stories about him. He doesn't seem to have the slightest qualification for the posi tion of chief of police, and the office came to him only because he was born with patrician blood in his veins. He has been a soldier, and a fairly good one, too-serving abroad-and therein, per haps, lies much of the secret of his ill success. If he had been willing to act simply as a figure head, letting other and more capable men attend to the c- .cutive part-the real work of the departmett--matters would prob ably have never reached such ,a pass as to render the Whitechapel murders possible. But, having won some reputation as a fighter of savages, he felt that he knew just how to preserve order in a city largely com poed of civilized people. Brooking no in terference with his plan of conducting the affairs of the office of chief of police on the lines of a military campaign, and fully im bued with the idea that the chief end of the police is to suppress free speech and all sym pathy with the rmsn, wuu uu terly, he devoted his energies to closing public places to speakers who are dissatisfied with the existing order of things in England INSPECTOR BEISTONE. COBONER BA -ER. and the following and arrest of Americans and others supposed to have a friendly feeling toward Erin's green isle. Of course it was not long before the Scotland Yard:men and the "bobbies" alike expended whatever abili ties they possess in these directions, and what are in other counties considered the most hateful classes flourished unhurt and plied their criminal callings unmolested. In this connection are presented portraits of Inspec tor Belstone and oroner Baker, two offcials who have ably seconded Sir Charles Warren a policy of marked incapability. The excitement over the loss of the dogs had hardly begun to diminish when another and a greater sensation arose. At the risk of offering it to some readers the second time. the cabled account thereof is here presented: Mr. George Lusk, a builder, is the head of a Whitechapel vigilance committee. Late on Tuesday night the parcel post delivery left a box at his house. Upon opening it he discovered a meaty substance, which he judged to be the half of a kidney belonging to some animal Inclosed in the box was the following letter: "I send you half of the kidne I took from one of the women. I preserved it for you. lTother piece I fried andate. Itwas very nice. I may send you the bloodyknif that > ook it out if you only wit a- wihtI nger." Mr. Lusk at frst regarded the whole thing a jolke But, remembering that such an a had been taken from the Mitre square .victim, he took the box to the London hoe pital. Dr. Opeshwaw examined the inclosure and said that it certainly came from a fall grown woman and had been. divided ongitudinally. The box and the letter were 4ken to Scotland Yard. The handwriting et the letter in the box bore no resemblance 1 the handwriting of the letters of "Jack the iipper," found some weeks ago. THE MARTIN FUND. Newspaper Men of the United States Are Raising It. The terrible yellow fever which for twelve weeks has desolated Jacksonville, Fla, has stricken no braver, nobler man than Edwin Martin, the late managing editor of The Times-Union, of that city. S. ..- A .a.a.aths than wasbis Hefell at the poest of duty when not far iast the beginning of an honorable and useful career in the higher walks of journalism. Edwin Martin was bern in Winchester, Tenn., Oct. 4, 1848. His father was a native of South Carolina, and his mother of Patrick county, Va. Owing to the breeing out of the war between the states at just that time, when a boy of his age is generally en gaged in laying the foundation for an educa tion, young Martin's opportunities were lim ited to the common schools and the academy, and active hostilities broke up the latter in the early months of the contest. His father, therefore, placed him in the office of The Winchester Home Journal, where his educa tion was greatly improved, and where he acquired a practical knowledge of the typo graphic art. This was in 1862 In 1868 his parents removed to Georgia to seek a more quiet home during the dark days when the Old Dominion and eastern Tennessee were overrun by the Federal armies and bands of marauder. In the following year, at the age of 16, he entered the service of the Confederacy as a special courier for Gen. B J. Hill (a friend of his father), who held a cavalry command in the Army of Tennessee during Gen. Hood's campaign to Nashville, and afterward did arduous service with the "corps of observa tion" in north Alabama. Just before the close of the war young Martin, while on auty as a courier, was cap tured by a detach ment from Crox ton'scommand, but being youthful in appearance and un armed, he had the address to escape by a ruse. He was riding at the time a mare with a young colt, and thus he easily passed off as a citi zen of the country thereabouts, es - pecially as he had EDWIN MARTIN. no written dis patches on his person to betray him. Re joining his command the same day he re mained in the service until the close of the war. After the surrender young Martin returned to his parents' home in Perry, Houston county, Ga., where he devoted himself to study and the reading of the standard Eng lish authors. He taught for a year or two, reading law at the same time, and at the age of 19 was admitted to the bar. For eight years he ed ited and published a weekly paper and prac ticed law. In 15 hbe was elected, without opposition, a meinber of the Georgia legisla ture. His inclination for newspaper work was stronger than his taste for law, and in 1883 he removed to Savannah to become an edi an...in -itor nn The Mornin2 News of that city. In 188 he was oliered the managing editor's chair on The Jacksonville, Fla., Times-Union. He accepted and so ably filled the position that the opposition daily, The News-Herald, determined to secure him and did. When the papers were merged he con tinued in his position. At the outbreak of the epidemic he bravely resolved to face the pestilence. He felt that it would be shirking duty to goaway him self, and chose to risk his life rather than to join the refugees and leave his work and the responsibilities of his position to others. The heroism shines out conspicuously in the quiet firmness of the man; in the fact that his de cision was not prompted by a spirit of bra vado. He was noJ courting the bubble rep utation, and from the first felt that the chances of living through the epidemic were against him. So he sent his family to a point of safety and remained at his desk night after night. He was a man of the finest traitsof char acter, and by example as well as by written precept made his influence felt daily through out his state. His private correspondence showed that from the first of the epidemic he calculated that the chances were against his living through it. On the thirdday after he was stricken he had the fatal.black vomit. The next day he died. Bishop Weed, of the Episcopal church, conducted the funeral ser vices, which were attended by the most prom ipent men left in the city. Mr. Martin left a widow and three children. For the benefit of these the newspaper men of Savannah, Ga., have undertaken to raise a memorial fund. Every newspaper worker in the United States is requested to contribute something to this fund, and the city editor or some man on every paper is asked to take charge of the subscriptions in his office. All remittances should .be made to J. H. Estill, chairman Martin memorial fund committee, and all other correspondence to A. B. Myre, secretary, Savannah, Ga. New York's Mayoralty Contest. The mayoralty contest in New York city is one of the most interesting of recent years. There are four candidates in the field, and the fight waxes hotter and hotter each day. The four candidates are: Abram 8. Hewitt, the present mayor, nominated by the County ,Democracy; Hugh J. Grant, sheriff of New York city, the nominee of Tammany Hall; Joel B. Erhardt, the Be GRANT. COOGAI. HEWITT. ZRBARDT publican candidate, and J. J. Coogan, the Labor candidate. Mr. Hewitt is 66 years of age, and has been before the publio for many years. Mr. Grant is a young man of 14 years. Mr. Erhardt is a local politi cian of considerable influence and abil ity, and Mr. Coogan has been prominent in labor circles for some time. All the candi dates are men of weight and standing, and the result of the contest is awaited with great interest. In the spring let the child take his outdoor walks in the afternoon; in the autumn let him go out in the forenoon. The spring morning partakes of the preceding season; the afternoon of the coming season. In au tumn the morning is more like summer; the afternoon like winter. "LONG JOHN" WENTWORTI A CHARACTER IN THE EARLY HIS TORY OF CHICAGO. A Native. of New Hampshire's Rockbound Hills He Drifted to Illinois When but a Young Man and Became a Potent Factor In a New Civilization. Everybody has read of him. It was an off week when the papers failed to print some good story about, or amusing recollection of, "Long John" Wentworth. John Wentworth was one of the most noted pioneers of Illinois. He was born in the quiet little town of Sandwich, N. H., on March 5, 1815, and was a descendant on both sides from the earliest settlers of New Eng land. His paternal grandfather was John Wentworth, Jr., member of the Continental -- from Yew Hampshire, whose name friguadtoa the orglmlC cua-rc - 4.a. ation. CoL Amos Cogwell, d distinguiihd officer of the revolutionary war, was his maternal grandfather. John Wentworth, after having been grad nated from Dartmouth college, began to feel. a great yearning to see the boundless west The desire finally grew into a decision. On Monday, Oct. 8, 18386, he left the paternal roof tree with the general ideaof going some where, and $100 in his trousers pocket. He was a strapping youth of six feet six inches, though he did not then weigh 800 pounds as he did during his later years. Upon his journey be traveled by post coach to Con cord, N. H.; thence across the Green Moun tains to Troy, N. Y.; thence to Schenectady; thence, for the first time, on the cars to Utica, N. Y.; thence, for the first time, on the canal to Tonawanda, N. Y.; thence by stage to Niagara Falls; thence on a steamboat, for the first time, to Buffalo; thence on another steamboat to Detroit. arriving there Oct. 13. He didn't think he was far enough west then, so he sent his trunk on a sailing vessel to Chicago, took stage for Michigan City, Ind., and on the ensuing day set out on foot for Chicago. Several old residentsafter ward remembered seeing Wentworth en route to Chicago, tall, dusty, gritty and independ ent as he strode toward the goal where he was to win fame and fortune. He arrived in Chicago on Oct. 25. It was then a straggling frontier village, with a transient popu 1 a tion of 2,500. Went worth put up at the old Sanganash tavern. It was kept by a Mrs. Murphy, who still lives. On the 25th of October for the fiftieth time Wentworth cele brated the anni versary of his ar rival in Chicago by dining with Mrs. Murphy. Theysat and talked of the old days over spring chicken, doughnuts and hard cider-though "Long John" was always very fond of something con siderably more po tent than hard cider. It has been said that "Long LONG JOniN WsnTWOTL. John" and the old lady were the only relics of ancient Chicago, excepting the lake and the river, that were not destroyed by the big fire. Wentworth resolved upon pursuing the study of the law, but as he was a breezy, clever young fellow he attracted the atten tion of the managers of The Chicago Demo crat, and he was induced to take editorial charge of the paper. He at once plunged into politics in a small way, making speeches and advocating popular measures. In 1839 Governor Carlin appointed him an aide-de camp, with the rank of colonel. The Chicago Democrat, of which by this time Wentworth was the owner, was changed to an afternoon publication in 1846. Wentworth had found time during his early journalistic career to study law. In 1841 he left his paper in capable hands and went to Cambridge, Mass., intending to attend a yearly course of law lectures. His name, however, had been prominently mentioned as a congressional candidate, and before completing his studies he returned to Chicago and, passing a success ful examication, was admitted to the bar. He was elected to the Twenty-eighth congress in 1843, when but 28 years of age. He was re-elected in 1844, his first term having been a short one, and during this year served as a delegate to the national convention at Balti more which nominated James K. Polk for president. He declined a renomination to congress in 1850, and retired from the house March 4, 1851. In 1852 he was again nomi nated and elected, and, declining further con gressional honors, he retired March 4,1855. He was elected mayor of Chicago in 1857. He retired at the end of this term, but was re-elected in 1860, and while serving this term he received in trne western style the Prince of Wales, who was then touring the United States. Long John was police com missioner in 1863, and took part in some ex citing events of that troubled time. In 1864 he was again elected to congress. He was not renominated at the close of his term, but in 1870 ran against Charles B. Farwell and was defeated. From this time he took no active part in public affairs. He devoted himself to agricultural pursuits at his beau tiful farm of 4,000 acres. He published a very interesting work entitled "Early Chi cago," and also compiled the genealogy of the Wentworth family from the days of Richard de Wynterwade, who in 1066 was proprietor of the flef of Wentworth in the West Riding of Yorkshire, to the present time, Of his five children but one, Roxanna Atwater Wentworth, is now living. His estate is estimated at about $6,000,000, which he acquired by indomitable energy and industry, and judicious purchases of rapidly improving real estate. Hundreds of stories were told about therareold man. One rather good one runs as follows: In the panic of 1873 there was a run on Sol Smith's bank. At the height of the excite ment a tall form was seen moving down the street carrying an immense roll of bank notes. It was Wentworth. To every one he met he made the remark that "I sin't afraid, be gosh, and I'm just goin' down to make a deposit with SoL" The news spread like wildfire. Arriving at the bank, Long John towered above the heads of the clamor ous depositors, pushed men out of his way with his gigantean arms, and called out: "You fellers want money. Stand back an' give me a chance. I want to make a de posit of $20,000, be gosh." In five minutes the "run" was over and the bank saved, though its rescuer afterward confessed that in that rollof bank notes there was just one good bill, the outside one, all the others being Confederate notes from his museum of curiosities He was a great lover of high bred cattle, hut he did not like to pay fancy prices for them. He was once Induced to enter Into competition with a rival farmer at a cattle sale. On the catalogue was a fine bull with a record that wasunimpeachable, and "Long John" wanted him. To his surprise his rival started the bidding at $3,000, and Mr. Went worth bid up to $6,000, all the while increas ing his temper. Then the opponent bid $7,000, and "Long John" nearly fainted. Not to be outdone, he bid $8,000, when the other man immediately went him $1,000 better. "Long John's" anger here got the best of him. "I bid $12,000 for that bull," he cried out, and it was knocked down to him. He was fighting mad when a few minutes later he heard the man who had bid against him say to a friend: "I didn't want the bull, anyhow. I only wanted to draw the old man on. I bought his full brother this morning for $2,000." _jng Johnn neyer go his price for that .,., ,....,is neighbor laughed at him for many a day for allowing himself to be taken in by a farmer over the river. ..Jr. Wentworth once related that he got his ilM me tr the followingmanner: "When," he said, "I was going to school down in Connecticut, I was the longest, skinniest boy you ever saw. I was 14 years old. I used to have a habit in those days of getting my heels up on the seat, so that my knees tow ered above my head. I was sitting that way one day in school, when one of the exami ners came around. He said to the teacher, 'What's that boy doing standing up on the bencht Why don't you make him sit down? The teacher said I was sitting down. 'That's the way he sits,' said the teacher. 'Who is he i asked the examiner. 'John Went worth,' said the teacher. 'He's a pretty long John,' said the examiner, and ever since then it's stuck to ma" The Virginia Exposition. Richmond, Va., is just now crowded with "traneaer. -o are visiting the great fair of the Okl Do iost. o spluda «+ are chabrmed with iiw Tthrey find to see. Folly 9000 people are reported to have been present at the opening ceremonies, which were presided over by Governor Lee. The main buildingis 650 feet long, 820 feet wide and 66 feet from floor to ceiling. The structure is traversed by a railroad, and can accommodate a whole IRGI IA IOI OPENING THE EXPOSITION--ASHTON STABKE. train of cars at a time. It is given up to floral displays, domestic manufactures, tex tile products, etc., and is supplementedby an art hall, a music hall, dog, poultry, stock and other shows, race tracks, etc. Of course, the Indian weed-tobacco-occupies a prominent place in this exhibition, and the place may be said to be a paradise for the user of the plant in its divers forms. Ashton Starke, presi dent of the exposition, is one of the happiest men in the Old Dominion, because of the suc cess of his pet enterprise. CAT DRIVING IN FLORIDA. -ow Fifty-Pound Fowlers of the Swamps Furnish Sport for Hunters. Chatting over their cigars, a few gentle men passed a pleasant hour at the St. James hotel exchanging personal experiences of the chase. Mr. M. N. Bryan, of Madison county, Fla., told, with much interest to his listen ers, stories of the hunting of the wildcat. He said: "The Florida wildcat, when fully grown, weighs about fifty pounds, and is as large as a good sized fox hound, and when in full chase of a pack of fox hounds is an object to startle and bewilder a northern hunter. With fur thrown back, claws extended, leaping with great springs through forest or swamp, the ordinary sportsman, at the first sight of the animal, turns pale and wants to leave instanter. The cat will attack sheep, lambs, young hogs and poultry, but the human fam ily, except young and unprotected children, need have no fear of him. I know of no sport so exciting and demanding effort so hard and long continued asa cat drive. The hunting party having been agreed upon, they meet an hour and a half before day light, mounted on their best horses and at tended by hounds, often to the number of forty. The wildcat is generally found for aging at this hour, and, being surprised, runs quickly totthe cover of the nearest swamp or climbs a tree. If he seeks a tree he is not shot, but the tree is cut down, or he is other wise dislodged. "The hounds are held in leash until he gets a good start, when the leader blows his horn and the pursuit is resumed. If the catenters a swamp the hounds follow him there, and ultimately drive him out, and the hunting party, guided by the noise of the dogs, is ready to take up the chase near the point where the game emerges. And so we go! Over the hills, through the farms, jumping fences, leaping ditches! No English fox hunt can compare with the Florida 'cat drive,' and few are the farmers who can resist leav ing team a-field and running to the house for a saddle when the baying of hounds and the blowing of horns tells that a 'cat drive' is on. The hounds of every farmer hearing the din leave their kennels, and are found loudest mouthed in the pursuing pack. At last comes the end, as all sports must end. "After an all day's chase the wildcat at 4 O'ClOCt in une aiLeruoou, or . v wn a.. the latest. can go little further. The snap ping jaws of the hounds come closer and closer. He turns his glaring eyes a moment behind him and staggers on. The pack of dogs that had been in full cry in the morning is now broken. Only the hardy ones have kept up with the long chase. Horses and riders are worn and jaded. The cat can run no more. He prepares to battle for his life. He turns on his back, raises his feet, and strikes his long claws viciously at any hound that dare attack him. The battle islong and bloody, and before it ends hounds are fright fully scarred, and often lose an eye. Many a time after a cat chase hays I sewed up the ears of my dogs. The cat drive is the Florida man's favorite sport. It is not pursued with the purpose of exterminating the animals. Indeed, by a state law, a hunter who will shoot a cat in front of his dogs is fined $25, and by a rule of the Hunters' association he is fined again for the same offense. You see if a cat is killed by a bullet the hounds that have followed it are forever spoiled for the chase. Their proper discipline and future usefulness require that they should kill the cat. On this account shotguns and rifles are usually left behind.-St. Louis Globe-Demo crat. A gaeen of the Congo. Dr. Wolf says that while he was ascending the great Sankurn affluent of the Congo a number of the wild Bassongo-Mino, who had never before seen a white man, suddenly popped up out of the bushes one day, and aimed their arrows at the visitors as their steamer was approaching the shore only about a rod away. He says he has no ;doubt that the next instant a volley of arrows would have poured into the little crowd on deck had not a woman in the dress of a native queen suddenly leaped among the throng of savages, struck to the ground the bow of one man who was just ready to let his missile fly, and in a tone of authority bade the rest of the crowd to unbend their weapons and also their warlike front. The brief command and cautionary gesture of this picturesque female had a magical effect upon her warrior subjects, who relaxed their bows and grinned sheepishly at the pale faces, who were nervously beginning to finger their revolvers.-Boston Transcript, To Be Expected. A Connecticut firm is making ink out of green apples. We suppose. of course, it will make a man's writing look cramped.-Yonk ers Statesman. When making a dress of new cloth, select a pattern to your fancy, but when remaking an old one piik out a style in the fashioning of which you can use the pieces to the best advantage TERMS--.I t1 'AELY IN ADVANCE. OneTear.................................. 4 00 Six Months ................... .............I 2 Thiee Months.......................... .... 1 (4 Wheonot paid into advanc therate will be F.ve Dollars per year. NIW SPIPER DECISIONb 1. Asy one who takes a paperreealarly fronm the Posteoce-whbether directed to his name or another. or whetherhe has suB.acrbed or not-is responsib'e for the payment. 2. It a person orders his paper disco.maned, he mastpay allarrearaes, or the publisher will con. tinue to bend it until payment is made and collect tb whole amonnt, whether thepaper Is taken from the offee or not. 8. Thecourtshavedecided that refusing to take thenewspapers or periodicalafrom thePoetoflee, U r removing and leaving them uncalled for, is prime jao. evidence of intentlonalfraud, Papers ordered to any address can be changed to another address at the option of the sabecriber. Remittances by draft, cheek, money oder, or relts taredletter, may le sent at our risk. All Poetmasters ae required to riltor letterson applcation. THE MONKEY TRIBE. EX-CONSUL NICHOLAS PIKE GIVES PASSAGES OF EXPERIENCE. He Talks About Baboons-'Their Clever ness and Almost Human Traits-Shoot ing a Thlef-Freaks of a Pet Baboon-A Sad Fate. I was calling on CoL Nicholas Pike one evening recently, when, our conversation turning on the peculiarities of the monkey tribe, he gave me the following bits of his experience gained While United States con sul at Mauritius in the Indian ocean: "When on the voyage to my post of duty in the United States steamer Monocacy," said the colonel, "we called at the Cape of Good Hope. I made a pedestrian trip down the coast, covering thirty to forty miles. While traveling along and making observa tions which would in any way aid me in the study of natural history I came across a Scotch missionary named Capt. Miller, who who the only white man for many miles, his neighbors being all Hottentots. He showed me about the place, and when he came to his garden said that it was unfortunate that all the vegetables and fruit had been carried off by the baboons. He made up his mind at one time to put a stop to their depredations, and so he erected a thatched hut overlooking the garden and placed a man in it wih a loaded rifle. CARELESS THROUGH SUCCESS. "The baboons, however, were very cute. They would watch until the man went to dinner, and then they would post sentinels while others of their number would seize as many ripe vegetables as they could carry and make off with them to their mountain retreats. One day the baboons, having be come careless by success, were filling their cheek pouches with pumpkins when the man crept back to his lodge and, firing, wounded one which stood about four feet high. Capt. Miller told me that the scene which followed the shooting was so painful to him that he made up his mind that he would never let another one of the animals be killed if they ate all his vegetables. "He said that the death agonies of the creature were exactly like a human being. 'He looked up pitifully into my face,' said Capt. Miller, 'while his cries for help were so pitiful that I felt as if I had been a party to the commission of a murder.' A short dis tance from the house was a high bluff, and at tone requess us ue uanuunary a walked over there to witness what he termed a wonderful sight, which truly it was. At a distance we could see a company of baboons at play. By looking through our glasses every movement was distinctly discernible. The little ones were sliding down a chute like those madeby passing logs down a mountain side. They would slide down on their posteriors, while the older animals, probably their parents, would stand with big sticks in their hands, apparently enjoying the sport hugely. I saw in this same country a monster baboon be longing to a soldier in an English regiment. He had been taught many tricks by the sol dier, one of which was to draw a cork from a wine bottle and drink the contents. They provided a uniform for him, in which he was usually arrayed. He lived too high, how ever, became very bloated and died of an affection of the liver. A PET BABOON. "R ,ile I was stationed at Port Louis a French officer gave me a baboon which we considered quite a pet. lie was silver gray in color and very glossy. I never could as certain the exact species to which he be longed, and he was certainly a great curios ity. He was quite young when captured, but grew to be about four feet high and very stout. As he became older he became a dangerous fellow to have around; for in stance, he would go up into the bread trees and pelt people whom he didn't know with the bread fruit. He would also take up large stones and hurl them with great force and accuracy. I could always control him by merely shaking my flinger at him and calling his name, which was Jean Louis, but for safety's sake I placed an iron band around his waist and tied him up when I was not on hand to watch him. He would feel in my pockets for fruit when I came home, and when he found any the least hit bruised or dirty he would reject it. IHe was a great imitator. Sitting by my side while writing, he would take up the pen when I had gone, dip it in the ink and scratch the paper, mak ing a sorry mess of whatever came in his way. He, too, would draw a cork and drink the contents of the bottle, be it wine or brandy, but he was especially fond of the lat ter. He saw me bore a hole with a gimlet, and immediately imitated nme, and the same with driving a nail "I had a suit of clothes made for himn, in tending to bring him to America with me had not a sad fate overtaken him. One day he took a stone and hammered the links of his chain until they were broken. He then wandered forth upon a marunding tour. Coming to the cathedral, which was a frame building, he loosened the clapboards and commenced to rip them off one by ono. Get ting inside the building, he went into the chancel and proceeded to tear up the bible. The sexton came in, intending, if possible, to save the property from destruction, but the baboon picked up hymn books and pelted him with such force that he was glad to re treat. Finally Mr. Baboon got upon the roof and began to tear off the shingles. The police at this juncture leveled their revolv ers at him, and poor Jean Louis fell to the earth a dead baboon. They sent me word that he was committing depredations, but I could not get to him in time to bring him under subjection. His dead body was brought and laid upon my veranda, and it looked like a human corpse. I was sorry to lose the animal, and I had to provide a new bible for the church and several hymn and prayer books. He was skinned and stuffed, and can now be seen in the Museum of the Royal Society of Arts and Sciences at Port Louis.-"C. D. B." in Brooklyn Eagle. flesults of Jenner's Discovery. When the beneficent results of Dr. Jenner's discovery are contemplated, indeed, a feeling of wonder arises at the perversity which can ilnore all the cumulative evidence of the prophylactic virtues of vaccination. Ieroro it was introduced the ravages of smallpox were so terrible that in the Seventeenth cen tury it was difficult to find, in London, a per son unmarked by the disease. Of those who were attacked by it, a fearfully large per centage died, while the convalescentsborethe scars to their graves. It then killed white men as quickly as in later days it has killed Indians. Vaccination has unquestionably drkwn the poisonous fangs of the disease. Today smallpox, even in its most virulent forms, is never the scourge it wadformerly, and ordinary attacks are as easily treated as measles. Vaccination has been proved in the most conclusive way, and, by the longest and most extended trial, to be an invaluable pro phylactic. It may be said that it has practi cally put an end to the epidemic form of variola, and to call it an "infliction" is about as irrational as to denounce life and fire in surance or the use of .naesthetics.--New York Tribune. Silk must never be ironed, as the heat takes all life out of it, and makes it seem stringy and flabby; but if you wish to press out old bits of silk and ribbon for fancy work use an iron only moderately hot, and place two thicknesses of paper between that and the silk. When any person finds it easier to sit or stand or walk or sleep in a crooked position than a straight one, such person may be sure his muscular system is badly deranged, and the more haste that man or woman makes to hold the spine straight the better. Never tickle a child. It is dangerouas, and reduces vitality. Any unnatural emotion must be avoided. The more quiet and free from excitement a little child is kept the better for the child's health, strength and mental vigor.