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L THE DREADED APACHE.
REASONS WHY THE MEXICAN FEARS THE WILY SAVAGE rew ess and Cruelty of the Arsa Iia-Te Story Told by a Major of CavsOry-Prssmers aeleased by Pank Strieken Guards. It was at the close of a recent Indian di. turbance that we first made a visit to the scene of war between the government's troops and the much dreaded Apache. Our first view of these savages was, therefore, of double importance. Since the construction of the railway through this interesting terri tory they are to be seen in numbers by the asual pasmenger on the trains. Though years have elapsed since the road's construo tion, its working 5t still a novelty to them. Their curiosity seems still unsated, and with their friends who may be visiting them from remote quarters they view the draw bridge at Yuma, explain how it swings, how the trains are switched from one track to another, etc During our stay here we had abundant opportunity for observation and reflection upon the operation and traits of character of the several tribes that infest these regions, and we finally came to reallie that our rude impression, founded upon the works of Feni more Cooper and others, must be consider. ably modified. OR IIDIAEu POLICY. The deplorable inadequacy of our so called "Indian policy" in dealing with these sav ages can be better comprehended from the fact that millions of dollars have been ex pended by the government since the acquisi tion of California in its efforts to reduce the Apaches and Navajoes who occupied the im mense highway for overland migration from the east to the west, and today possibly we are as far romscess as we w The more ignorant clases of Mexican set tiers we found were pervaded wit, a most abject dread and horror of the Apache. In earlier years, and in some instances at the present time, children from their earliest in Iancy are brought up to regard the Apache as some terrible ogre, against whom, even with odds in their favor, it would be folly to combat A well known major of a certain Califor nia volunteer cavalry, operating in Arizona some years ago, relates an instance in point which goes to show the terror with which these people are stricken upon the knowledge of a nesar approach of the dreaded Apache The major was dispatched with two others to discover .a frontier town and ascertain whether it could be reached with wagons. After a ride of some length they reached the town, but could perceive no inhabitants about the houses on the plain. Raising their eyes to the hill, however, they beheld the entire population of some 600 souls huddled together in evident alarm. They had taken them for Apaches and fled in dismay to the protection of the presidio, which was held by 400 soldiers Another and still more striking incident may be called here to show how completely the Apaches have control over the Mexicans on the frontier. At one time five Apache prisoners-two warriors and three women were brought Into town undera strong guard of soldiers, and lodged in jail to await their ultimate destination. Night came on ex ceedingly dark and stormy, and the rain de scended in torrents Peal after peal of thunder shook the adobean walls of the an cient village, and vivid flashes of lightning struck terror to the hearts of its inhabitants. The Mexican guards over the prison left their posts of duty and retired within, where they could smoke their cigarritos and escape the fury of the tempest. The doors were firmly secured, and preparations made to pass the watch as comfortably as circumstances would permit. PANIC BTRICrNa GUARDS. "About midnight,"said the narrator, "cer tain peculiar noises were heard about the prison, and were repeated with an emphasis that compelled attention. Instinctively the guard knew that these noises proceeded from Apaches who were in quest of their incar cerated friends, and the fact was quickly made apparent by the prisoners, who com menced a chant in their native tongue loud enough to be heard outside. Here was a dilemma. The Indians were undoubtedly watching the door with intense interest, and none dared go forth in that impenetrable gloom to face the savage foe. The force of the enemy was unknown. Thecitizens could not be relied upon for aid; no one would come to their assistance if attacked. They only numbered eight men and a sergeant and were panic stricken. Perceiving this state of afairs, the Apache prisoners boldly ad vanced and demanded to be let out, at the same time giving fearful yells to apprise friends of their designs, which were seconded by repeated strokes with heavy stones upon the door. In its overpowering terror the guard mustered its whole strength, opened the door slightly, and permitted its savage charge to go scot free. Of course they were never seen more. Nor is the Mexican's dread of the Indian in any measure without cause. The on slaught upon their people is simply appalling. The Apache is brought up to regard the Mexican as his natural enemy, and to rob and kill such enemy is an honorable achieve ment. His feelings are early embittered against all the civilised race. He is taught that the chief excellence of man is to outwit his fellows; that the highest honors are due the greatest rascal Again, the Apache of today is not the Apache of three-quarters of a century ago. That he has learned nothing from experience -is a biped brate, without judgment, skill, strategy or reflection-is where many err in their conception of Apache character. On tbohe contrary, he possesses all of these in an eminent degree. He has also adopted our im proved weapons, besides retaining thatsilent, death dealing engine of his ancestor, the bow and arrow. Though seldom given credit for it, they know what is right and proper as well astheir pale face brother. In all their "talks" with our military ofcers they urge justice and propriety, and profess to be guided by those virtues. Nevertheless, to rob andnot be robbed, to kill and not be killed, to take captive and not be captured, form the sum and substance of their educe tion and life ambition. The Apache who can perform these acts with the greatest suc ces is the greatest man in the tribe. In fine, to be a prominent Apache is to be a promi nent scoundreL-Yuma Cor. Ln Francisco Chronicla The Distinctively Ameriesan Hand. There is a distinctively American hand, Inst as distinctive as those of the Ethionian. JU V as uAisuauI'vrr p s uI vs 4u'a0 UZ. wyaou, the Chinaman, the German or the Hindoo. In his curious work, La Science de la-Main, D'Arpentigny quotes the strange description of "Le Yankee," contained in Michel Chev alier's Lettres sur 1'Amerique du Nord (of which a translation was published in Boston in 18S9) and concludes: "In a nation such as this there cannot exist any but hands which are spatulate and fingers which are square." He was partly right and partly wrong. The American type of hand has this signifl cance: The size of the hand indicates a capa city for synthesis combined with analysis, a capacity to seize the meaning of an entire subject, and analyze its details with equal rapidity; the palm gives sensuality and love of pleasure, the consistency gives great mental activity and love of exercise when other people are taking it; in a word, a love of the display of physical energy, which we do not ourselves practice. The thumb de notes an equal amount of will power and common sense, neither overriding the other. The fingers again show a love of pleasure and luxury, combined with intense order, regularity and arrangement, and a spirit of impulsive calculation (if I may be allowed the paradox), a tendency to act promptly on an impulse and analyze the cause and effects of one's actions afterward, so as to make one's action, however hasty, inure to one's own good. Dominating the entire character is a keen intuition, and a good natured spirit of criticism, shown by the long pointed or conic tips with the short, round nails.-America. The "Didn't-Know-It-Was-Laded" Plend. Here is a method which an ingenious friend suggests tome as the proper punish ment for the brainles individual who points a pistol at a relative, and after he has shot him dead says he "didn't know it was loaded." Let the ignorant ass who did the murder be placed erect with his back to a wall. Infrontof hin let therebea basket filled to the brim with revolvers, all alike in shape. Let him then be told that all those revolvers are empty but ase, which is loaded with ball, and let an execotioner then appear and pick out twenty et the revolvers one after another and snap them at the ignorant man's head. If theloaded pstol happens to be among the score picked out, and the ofRnder is shot dead, well and good; he can never so offend again; while if the loaded istol remains in the basket and he escapes will have received a leonof a kindcal culated to make him fight shy of firearms or the rest of his natural IIe."-Chiacgo WAY OUT IN ALASKA. A TENDERFOOT'S ACCOUNT OF HIS FIRST TRIP PROSPECTING. Reseate Romasnee of Beadless Wealth mad magifeaent eemery-eaested by a Hospitable ladian-His Claim to the Country-A Bad Indian and Family. On the morning of July 9 we left Douglas City on the favorite and fast sailing canoe Hiak, Capt. Jim (both well and favorably known in Alaskan waters), for a prospecting trip In Lynn canal. As the day was fine and the wind fair, the mal through Gastinesux, Stephens' passage and Lynn canal was de lightful, as each one is dotted with little islands, rising from- the water's edge to a height of a thousand feet or more, whilst the mountains on the main land are thousands of feet high, with ragged peaks not unlike the teeth of an old fashioned cros cut saw, the spaces between the peaks being filled with glaciers and the peaks themselves are covered with perpetual snow. As I am a chee-chaco Iathe country (that's what my chums call me), everything appeared wild and pic tu esque, and as I burst out in exclamations of admiration every once in a while at the scenery, they would say, "Oh, shacksl that ain't nothing; you had ought to see the scenery on the Yukon." The first night we camped on acreek about thirty miles from Juneau, where our native told us there was some quart,. We stayed 5 and examined it, but did not think enough of it to locate it. The next day we arrived at our native's illehee (as be called it), altuated 5 at Lynn Canal, and distant about forty miles from Juneau. It is a beautiful bay,. filled with many islands and teeming with fish, from the mighty whale to the tiny her. i ring, while the woods and mountains are futall The Indian who accomipanied s is a fine specimen of his race, as he stansi over six feet in his bare feet, and weighs over 200 pounds. He is a Mormon in proclivities, for he has a number of wives, who appear well satisfied with him as their lord and master, and I could see no sign of the green eyed monster. He is a bear hunterby occupation, an enthusiast in that line, and many were the stories and hair breadth escapes he re lated. I can well believe he is a good hunter, as his larder is well stocked With fish, esbh and fowl; his wives were brown, fat and greasy; his dogs, of which he had seven, were all in splendid condition, and that is more than can be said of most Indian dogs. He told us the peculiarities of each, and showed us the many wounds they had re ceived in the encounters with brain. He also showed us the hole where he buried the bears' heads, and there must have been twenty skulls in it. I inquired of him why he did so, and he told me,; "Bear all same In dian; and by he go to the happy rooting ground." As a host he is a prince, and right royally hetreated usto all kinds of game put upin Indian style. We had smoked poroupiaeput up in seal oil, and one of our crowd who pre tends , tbe an epicure said it was delicious; there were seal's flippers -eoked in grease, which were not dissimilar to pig's feet; baked ground hog stuffed with mutlels, which gave the hog a fishy taste and Im proved the flavor of the mussels. His bear's head cheese was actually immense, and there were many more dishes too numerous to mention. He showed many kinds of roota and herbs good for food and medicine. He also showed his canned halibut, hooks and all of his dancing outfit. His headgear and mask cost him $50; it was wild and uncouth, and was carved out of yellow cedar. It had a large nose like a parrot's beak, eyes made of mother of pearl, a mouth which contained the teeth of the only siwash doctor on Noah's ark, ears made from the hide of the ichthyo saurus, hair made from the sea lion's whis kers. His hunting knife had some unique carving on the handle that represented some Indian myth the bears were afraid oL As a prospector, like many more following that vocation, I do not consider him a success, as we examined many places that he showedus, but could see nothing except white and bar ren quartz. He had other places he wanted to show us, and we would have gone" with him, but one of the party had an acute attack of nflam matory rheumatism. The native told us the extent of his territory, and said he expected white-men prospecting on his domain to pay him $2.50 per day for his knowledge and services. He said the land and water be longed to his ancestors from time immemo rial, and he inquired itf white men owning a s.iilar amount of land would allow every body on it. His argument brought forcibly to our mind the "bloated bondholders" of America and the land question that is now agitating the British empire, where lords, I dukes and earls are holding hundreds of miles square that their ancestors acquired by might, while he claims his by right. The only diference I see between them and this Indian is that hewill be glad to see you hunt or fish on his supposed country, while it you caught a trout in their waters or shot a pheasant in their woods you would get about five years. So we parted with feelingsof regret,prom ising to return if the Hoonnh springs cared our companion. We ran across two men looking for fresh water. "Just think of itl" my chums exclaimed, "hunting for fresh water in Alaskal They must be pilgrims like yourself." The next camp we made was on a large stream, where we found an Indian and his family on a barren point, exposed to the elements from all points. He had to carry water nearly half a mile. We won dered why he built on such a bleak place, but he was not communicative, so we con cluded he had committed some depredation on his fellow Indians, and was continually on the lookout, as a ftoe could not approach him without being seen. The next day we traveled against a head wind and a terrible rain, and after get ting drenched to the skin we camped. It would be very pleasant prospecting in Alaska were it not for the rain, head wind I ad tides, thick brush and mausquitoes, ad a n few otherlittle incoa *nienes. Then, again, if I was lookingthrough a tourist's eyesm rom the deck of an ocean steamer, how romantio the majestic mountains and rivers, hundreds of miles of pine clad shores, and every now and then a vast glacierl Then in smooth, narrow channels can be seen the mammoth whale, forgig his way along nearly as fast I as the steamer, and every few feet can be seen the shining silvery sides of a beautifual salmon, disporting, or trying to escape from , some finny monster who is trying to catch 1 himfor a meal. I saw a seal gobble onein less than two seconds. To me the animals on such a trip remind one of a great me nagerie, without having to pay at the door, while the waters are a grand aquariam; and take it altogether, were it not for the stern reality of beans and bacon, a prospecting tour in Alaska is like visiting an everchang ing panorama. - Juneau (Alaska) Mining Record. Gas Explosoas on Stemash..s. With the object of reducing the danger of i exploons of gas in thebunkers of her ma - awe la sus usiz uumulauyn ave issue new J rules for the garernment of the steam re serves. According to these, directly after the t coalng of a sahp is fnished, the engineer ficer is to see that the coal huntes are quite clear of coal. Coal should not be taken on board wet, as moisture sometimes causes a rapid and dangerous generation of heat and gas. While the decksarebeing washed after coaln-g, the close bunker covers are to be reo p-eced to prevent water passing into the ankers, and the coal should always be kept asdryaspossible. The ventilating pipes to bunkers, when so fitted, should be kept clear. No light, except in a safety lamp, is to be c used inside the coal bunkers until it hasbeen ascertained that they do not contain em plosive gas; and special presations in this espect are to be taken for a few'days after coaling. Where coal bunkers are not pro vided with permanent ventilating fittings, the lids are to be taken off twice a week, and kept off at least ten hours during the week. Every precaution fk to be taken to ventilate such bunkers before men are sent to work in them. In order to render the ventilation efficient there must be at least two openings -one for the admission of pure air, and the other for the escape of foul air-and, where the two permanent ventilating flttings do not include both, the bunker lids are to be taken off periodically.-London Times. Wine from rues Leaves. Says a lady of this city, who is a good housekeeper: "1 visited a friend recently, and she gave me a glass of wine. It was of a pale amber tint, and had all the qparkle and delicacy of flavor of champagne, and when opened popped loudly. It was effect ive, though mildas a stimulant, and I thought it very fine, I asked what varietyof grape it was made from, and my friend told me that itwas made of rose leaves. 'Take the freshly picked leaves' she said, 'and put into a jar alternately a layer of leaves and sugar, and pour over all a little cold water. In four days strain let stand a week and then bottle for us.' he wine is a delightful beverage, Atlanta JournaL A CLAIM TO HUMAN GRATITUDE. Cherlottebad eday, led d tender headted.pelnt girl of Noi ndy made great history by one desperate act! Sickened by'the saturnaliaof theFrench revolution, and moved to desperation as Robespierre and Mairt were leading the flower of Frace to the guillotiae, she determined that she would put an end to Marat's bIbody reign. Marat had deminded two hundred thousand victims'for-the guilotine I He proposed to kill off the enemies of the Revolution to make it perpetual! Horrible thought I No wonder it fired the blood of this patriotic peasant maid ! Gaining access to his closely guarded quarters by a subterfuge, she found him in his bath even then inexorable and giving written directions for further slaughter! He asked her the names of the inimical deputies who had taken refuge in Caen. She told him, and he wrote them down. "'hat is well! Before a week is over they shall all be brought to the guillotine." Lt these words, Charlotte drew from *her bosom the knife, and plunged it with supernatural force up to the Iilt in the heart of Marat. "Come to me, my dear friend, come to me," cried Marat, and expired under the blow ! In the Corcoran gallery at Washington is a famous. painting of Charlotte, repre sented as behind.tbe prison bars the day before her execution. It is a thrilling, sad picture, full of sorrow for her suffering country, and of unconquerable hate for her country's enemies. =What a lesson in this tragic story ! Two hundredy,nay, five hnr ndP Marat have sacrificed to is unholy passion of power! Methods are quite us murderous and inexorable as men, andthey number their r,.uims by the milliotns. i page of history is full of murders anuthority and by mistaken ideas! in the practice of medicine alone how many hundreds of millions have been allowed to die and as many more killed by unjustifiable bigotry and by bungling! But the age is bettering. Men and methods are improving. A few years ago it was worth one's professional life to advise or permit the use of a proprietary medicine. To-day there are not two physi-ians in any town in this country who do not regularly prescribe some form of proprietory remedy! H. H. Warner, famed all over thejworld as the discoverer of Warner's safe cure, began hunting up the old remedies of the Log Cabin days; after long and patient research he succeeded in secur ing some of the most valuable, among family records, and called them Warner's Log Cabin remedies-the simple prepara tions of roots, leaves, balsams and herbs which were the successful standbys of our grandmothers. These simple, old fashioned sarsaparilla, hops and buchu, cough and consumption and other rem edies have struck a popular chord and are in extraordinary demand all over the land. They are not the untired and imaginary remedies of some dabster chemist intent on making money, but the long-sought principles of the healing art which for generations kept our ances tors in perfect health, put forth for the good of humanity by one who is known all over the world as a philanthropist a lover of his fellow man,-w'iose name is a guarantee of the highest standard of excellence. The preparations are of decided and known influence over disease, and as in the hands of our grandmothers they raised up the sick, cured the lame, and bound up the wounds cf death, so in their new form but olden power as Log Cabin remedies, they are sure to prove the "healing of the nations." Corday did the world an incalculable service in ridding France of the bigoted and murderous Marat,just as this man is doing humanity a service by re-intro ducing to the world the simpler and bet ter methods of our ancestors. She Missed Her Chance. "Dear! dear!" he said as he laid down his paper and looked around the car, "but a hundred million dollars is too much for any one man to have." "Who's got isl" asked the man on his right. "Jay Gould." Then, for a moment everybody was silent. An old woman with a bundle on the opposite mseat began to move about uneasily, some thing like a blush came to her cheeks, and she finally leaned forward and hoarsely whis pered: "And he isn't a widower, is hePt Everybody laughed, and she got huffy and left the car at the next crossing. Luck al ways runs against some people.-Detroit Free Press. Systematic Training for Babies. The president of a large orphan asylum in New York city, in which the children are unusually healthy,.asked a physician how he accounted for it. "It is very easy," he re plied; "the children have no mothers to look after them and spoil their little stomachs with candies and other improper food. Be sides, they are fed and trained systematically with you, which fond mammas often over look."-New Orleans Times-Democrat. Stains of fruit on good table linen can be removed without injury by using the follow ing with care: Pour boiling water on chlo ride of lime in the proportion of one gallon to a quarter of a pound, bottle it, cork it well, and in using be careful not to stir it. Lay the stain in this for a moment, then ap ply white vinegar and boil the table linen. Pallman Vestibuled Trains. It is universally conceded that, notwith standing the advent of old and new lines in to the field of competition for passenger traffic between St. Paul and Minneapolis and Milwaukee and Chicago, the Chicago, Mil waukee & St. Paul railway maintains its pre eminent position as the leading line, and carries the bulk of business between these points. It is not bard to account for this, when we consider that it was the first in the field, and gained its popularity by long years of first-class service. It has kept up to the times by adopting all modern improve ments in equipment and methods, the latest being complete Pullman Vestibuled trains running daily between Chicago and St. Paul and Minneapolis, and its route being along the banks of the Mississippi, through the finest farming country, the most populous and prosperous towns and villages, it offers to its patrons the very best service their money can buy. its dining cars are celebrated tbrougout the length and breadth of the land as being the finest in the world. Its sleeping cars are the best belonging to the Pullman com pany, being marvels of elegance, comfort and luxury; its day coaches are the best made, and its employes, by long-continued service in their respective capacities, are ex. perts-courteous and accommodating to all. It is not at all strange, therefore, that an In telligent and discriminating traveling public should almost exclusively patronize this great railway. 997 - . ,. _ Yellowstone Park In October. The Yellowstone Park Association have arranged to furnish transportation and hotel accommodations throughout the park during October at greatly reduced rates. Passenger trains will make the round trip, Livingston to Cinnabar and return, on Tuesdays, Thurs days and Saturdays, and a five days' trip from Cinnabar to the principal points of interest in the park can be made at an expense of not to exceed $30. The rail rate from St. Paul, Minneapolis, Duluth or Ashland on the east, and Portland to Tacoma on the west, will be $50, and from intermediate points one and one-fifth fares. But not to exceed $50. Tickets will be on sale up to and including October 25th. Parties going into the park should call on C. S. Hefferlin, agent N. P. R R., immediately on arrival at Livingston For full particulars inquire of your nearest agent or Charles S. Fee, General Passenger and Ticket Agent, St. Paul, Minn. 100535 0. R. ANDRUS, Roese aii Sid PiltliL Main St., Deer.Lodge, . T. Fst-clau Calsomnm ani Tintig Done. Fin h? hkaungig ud P DecK i aP!EiIty W"Lave Orders at Deer Lodge Drug Co's Store, or atShop, jutoppoeite. 97 .f hlM 8MINHC., hel aBuu a s . .m Klenz et Cg.. DBALEB8 IN DRY GOODS, CLOTHING, CA2REPETS, NOTIONS. BOOTS A SHOES, Hats and Caps, GROCERIES AND CIGARS. A SPECIALTY IB MADE OF KEEPING Flrst-class Goods Only. A. P. Watclnater ald Jvelr Dealer inWatches and Jewelry. Agent for Julius King's Celebrated Spectacle and Eye Glase Spectacles and Eye Glases sent on approval. Call and get your Eyes tested with the Optometer. Main St.. Opp, Postoffice, Deer Lodge. 991 tf CITY DRUG STORI J. H. OWINGS, Proprietor. DEER LODGE, MONT., -DEALER IN !N Dag:, Mediciues, Chemicals, FANCY GOODS, Toilet Articles, Perfumery, &c, Books, Fine Stationery, and School Supplies. ART MATERIALS In Oil, Crayon, Lustra and China Painting, Plaques, Paints, Easels and Canvas. ALSO DRAWING INSTRUMENTS. A Complete Stock of Paints, OILS AND VARNISHES. ."f'Phe Improved Champion Truss, with Water Pad, Sold and Fitted. Pures Wines and Liquors for Medicinal Use. Agents for Speers' Celebrated Communion Wine. Orders from the country will receive Prompt and Careful Attention. Prescriptions Accurately Compounded, Day or Night. [1004 tf CITY MEAT MARKET! I Proprietors. DEER LODG.E, MONT. Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Meats, Sausages (Game O Fish. Also all Kinds of SMOKED AND DRIED MEATS, &c. Shop on East Side of Main Street, One Door South of O'Neill's Hardware store. lO1000 C. J. KADING, [Successor to GILBERT & ELLIOTT,] Walon lalker Blackslth, [Next to Zenor & Trask's] D) EE It LO DG OE&, M. T. Having purchased the business of Gilbert & Elliott, Deer Lodge, I am pregared to do General Blacksmith ing, Wagon and Carriage Repairing, Machinist Work of all Kinds, and MAKE HORSE-SHOEING A SPECIALTY. Havlng been Foreman of the Silver Bow Mininr Co's Shops, Butte, for two jears, I refer to them as to my mechanical skill, and assure the people of Deer Lodge I will give them satisfactory work. "Pleass give me a call. C. J. KADING. July 5, 1888. 994. RIFLES AT COST. Wm. Coleman is clos ing out his stock of Sharp, Winchester and Marlin Rifles AT COST. Now is the time for Sportsmen to get a good, reliable gun almost at their own price. Call early and get your choice of the lot. $94 tf. LANDAU LINE To and From any Part of Deer Lodge and to and From all Trains. On and after MONDAY, AUGUST 6, I will keep a Landau Line running at all hours of the day, with stands AT CLARK & LARABIS'S BANK AND TIlE McBURNEY HOUSE, Carrying passengers to or from any portion of Deer Lodge, and to and from all trains. FARE, 25 CENTS. Orders for Landau left at the Kentucky Livery Stable, or given to driver, will receive prompt atten tion. The patronage of the public is respectfully soliecited. 996 tf H. F. WARD, Prop'r. THE FAVORITE SALOON THOMAS M. CONNIFF, Prop'r. Main & Second, DEER LODGE. Thoroughly Overhauled, Repaired and Renovated. All Drinks and Cigars, 12 1-2o Each. Ph. Best's Milwaukee Beer ON TAP. ALWAYS PLEASBD TO SEE OUR FRIENDS 889 IEW tHIU! B ewni! SG S-AT P., LANSINCG'S. I have just received a ccmplete lie of the beet CALIFORNIA CLOTHING Direct from MHanfacturers. Men's Worsted Suits and Caesimere Suits. Youths' Worsted Suits and Caisimere Suits. Children's Woratei, Casmimere and Corduroy Suite. Men's Berlin Ofee and Cardigan Jackets. Men's Fail and Winter Overcoats in Latest Styles and Colors. Blanket-lined SuBit and Overcoats, and a large assortment of Calii flanl Uninear ad Otuiit A FULL LINE OF Swiss Condee Celebrated Medicated Under wear. White and Scarlet Lamb's Wool Underwear. Heavy Wool Socks, Merino Socks, and Fine Camel Hair Socks. A large line of Blankets and Fine Quilts, and the best French Calf and Kip Hand-made Bootaf Shoe IN TOWN, Of which I will warrant W r PAi. Soifanythln does notlgve perfect Satisfaction.. bim thm be and I willlmake it good. I alo have a ompes line of MODDELL'B SOLAR TIP SCHOOL SHOES, with or without heel. and Hihb-cut Boys' and Misses' School Shoes, and an endless variety of Ladies' Frmench id, Pebble Goat and Calf Shoes, of the very bat mak. I havH t - teton's Fine Hats and standard Makes of Hand-made Bats, warranted in eolors and quality. Also hve a large line of CALIFORNIA BUCK AND BOAT GLOVES. All of the above Goods are bougaht direct from the Manufacturers,- are selected with great care for the needs of my customers. And as I am doing allot smy own work, and thereby saving a large expense of clerk hire, I am enabled to sell goods lower than anym one else. Call and see me when you need anythingin my line, and I will guarantee you square dealing and good treatment. 951tf PETE/ LANSING. PEOPLE'S MEAT MARKET, LODGE & BEAUMONT, Prop'rs. Street, A1iolhn[ O'NHill's Theatre HAVING OPENED A General leat Market, At.tae above stand, we will endeavor to furnish patrons with FRESH KILLED i GOOD MEATS of all kinds, including GAME IN SEASON. And all articles usually supplied at a First-class Meat Market. igh.t Price Paid f Peltse and Hihe, A Share of Patronage Solicited. LODGE A BEAUMONT. Deer Lodge, Dec. 1, 1886. 908 tf DEER LODGE DRUG C0., DEER LODGE. MON'1' DEALIEn IN PURE DUi1 AMND PllE CHERICALS, STANDARD PATENT MEDICINES. PAINTS, OILS, VARNISHES DYE STUFFS, HAIR- AND TOOTH BRUSHES. iMPROVED TU BULAR LANTERNS. SPIRIT THERMOMETERS, Prof. Tyndall's Celebrated LUNG PROTECTO iS. Toilet Article, Pifnry, ol gp, Spnge, and all varieties of Druggists' Sundries. CIGT-.RS. PU tE WI-Ead di LIQUORU, for Medical Uses. i[f1Physiceans' Prescriptions Carefully Corn pounded and Orders anstoered oith Care and Dispatch. 810 MV. BIEI1W, Upholstery and Furniture, [Opposite Scott House] Deer Lodge, - MHontana. Parlo0r Sets eIi Bed-ro00 ets An assortment o Wood and Cane Seat Chairs, WOVEN WIRE and all kinds of asPRING HMATTRESSES A No. 1 Feathers in Bhlk IlATTRESES OF HAIR, WOOL AND I08. SWUpholatery Jobbing promptly attended to. mS tf Weotern Breowery, VAN GUNDY & MILLER, Prop's. Deer Lodge, - Montana. Are now Manufacturing a Superior Article of Put up Expresly for EXPOR2 AdND FAMILY U8E. Dealerssupplied with Keg or Bottled Beer on alldorbyletter. Shipmentspromptly made. FIIIl LIQUORS Axd CIARS Ax xx Buz. VAN GUNDY & MILLER. THE COLLEGE OF MON1ANA. CLASSICAL, SCIENTIFIC, NORMAL MUSIC and ART. ; APPARATU. LABORATORY liNew ad Complete. OPEN TO BOrnTH SEXES ON EQUAL 8.ER . FOR TERMS, &c., apply to Rev. D. J. McMILLAN, D. D. President of the College, DEER LODGEE, Montana. 55s MCBI.uNEy iodse, - DEER LoDqE, AYLESWORTH & McFARLAND, Proprietors. Board and Room, $2 and $2.59~pr Day. Single Meal, 50 Cents. A Share of the Patrone of the Traveliu Palilic is Besctfully Solicited. SHERIFF'S SALE My Hong Dock [Chinaman], Plaintiff, vs. George M. Sargent, William A. Rogers et al, De fendants. fO BE SOLD AT SHERIFF'S SALE, on Satur Lday. November 8, A. D. 1888, at the hoer of * o'clock p. mi. of said day, in front of the Court House door, in the town and county of Deer Lodge, M. T., under and by virtue of ar execution in the above entitled cause, issued out of the District Court of the Second Judicial District In and foa Deer Lodge county and Territory of Montana, to-wit: All the rigiht, title, claim and interest of defendants, or which they had at the date of attachment, in and to the following described piroperty, viz : The Haparanda mill site, located on the 7th day of May, A. D. 1886, and recorded in Book J, on page 808 of Miscellaneous Records of Deer Lodge county, and to which records reference is hereby made for a more particular description of said mill site. Also the quartr mill and machinery in said mill, consistlng of ene engine, two boilers, pump and pipes, one rock breaker, one Huntington centrifugal roller quartz mill, four amalgamating pans, one settler, together with all shafting, belting, pulleys, etc., belonging to or in anywise connected with said mill and machin ery. Also one dwelllne house on said mill site. Said quartz mill, dwelling house and machinery being sit uated on the west bank of Moore's teulch, and op said mill site, about one-half mile in a soithwesterlv direction from what is known as oid Reynolds City, in Deer Lodge county, Montana Territory. LIw COLnxAN, Sheriff of Deer Lodge County. Dated Deer Lodge, M. T., Oct. 10, 1888. 1005 4t SHaERIFF'S SALE. Thompson Campbell, Plaintiff, vs. Joseph Hazelton, Defendant. To be sold at Sheriff's Sale on Saturday, November 10, A. D. 1888, at the hour of 2 o'clock p. m. of said day, in front of the Court House door, in thetown and county of Deer Lodge, M. T., under and by virtue of an order at sale in the above entitled cause, issued out of the District Court of the Second Judi-. cial District in and fur Deer Lodge county and Territory of Montana, all right, title, claim and in terest of the defendant in and to the following described property. to-wit: Being all that certain lot. piece or parcel of land situate, lying and being in the town of Granite, Deer Lodge county and Montana Territory, being that cer tain lot situate, lying and being on the north side of Main street, in said town of Granite. and also one hundred feet north of Galiick's saloon, the same fronting on said Main street thirty 830] feet and run ning back with an equal width, one hundred [100J feet, and upon which is situated a log house known au the Hazeltine house. LEW. COLEMAN, Sheriff of Deer Lodge Co., M. T. Dated October 18, 1888. 1006 4t Sheriff's Sale. James A. Murray, Plaintiff, vs Augustin Slaughter and Thresea Slaughter, Defen dants. rrO BE SOLD at Sheriff's Sale, on Saturday, No t vember 3, A. L. 1888, at the hour of 2.30 o'clock p. m. of said day, in front of the Court House door, in the tcwn and county of Deer Lodge, M. T., under and by virtue of an order of sale in the above entitled cause, issued out of the District Court of the Second Judicial District, in and for Deer Lodge county and Territory of Montana, all right, title, claim and inter eat of the defendants in and to the following de scribed property, to-wit : Lots numbered four , five [5., six , seven , eight , nine  ann ten , in Block No. thirty six . in the town of Deer Lodge, according to the official plat and survey thereof, now on tile in the Clerk's office of said Deer Lodge county, and the buildings and improvements thereon, with all rights and privileges and appurtenances thereunto belong ing or in anywise appertaining. LEW. COLEMAN, Sheriff of Deer Lodge county, M. T. Dated October 11, 1888. 1005 4t APPLICATION TO SELL PROPERTY. Order to Show Cause. In the Probate Court of the county of Deer Lodge, Territory of Montana. In the matter of the estate of James Laforcade, dee'd. Edward Scharnikow, the administrator of the estate of James Laforcade, deceased, having filed his peti tion, herein duly verified, praying for an order of sale of the whole of the real and personal property belonging to the estate of said deceased, at public auction, for the purpose set forth in his petition. filed herein: It is therefore ordered by said Court that all persons interested in said estate appear be fore the said Probate Court the 3d day of November, 1888, at 10 o'clock of said day, at the Court House, in the town and county of Deer Lodge, to show cause why an order should not be granted to the administrator to sell the whole of the real and per sonal property belonging to said estate, at public auction, for the purposes set forth in said petition. Dated Get. 2, 1888. ORREN EMERSON, Probate Judge. Attest, W. H. TBIPPET, Clerk. 1004 5t Notice of Final Proot. LAND OFFICE AT HELENA, MONTANA, I October 9, 1888. Notice is hereby given that the following named settler has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before the Register and Receiver, at Helena, M. T., on Saturday, November 17, 1888, viz DAVID JOHNSON, who made Pre-emption Declaratory Statement No. 7996, for the SEX of NW , the E3¢ of SW , and the NWX of SEX of Sec. 10, Tp. 11 N., R. 9 V. tie names the following witnesses to prove his con tinuous residence upon and cultivation of said land, viz Robert Tibbets, Thomas M. Davis, Lucius Lutz and James Barnden, all of Avon, Deer Lodge county, M. T. S. W. LANGHORNE, Register. Sterlinr & Dickson, Atty's for Claimant. 1005 at pd s rl - FNp ýonlmet as = ur. SCIEi0Sejj ýf ERICAi $ýRI t ýy SCITDSTS MisMARa EOR p icIlY -n ORANITE, (ýlHtCAG ILL'S. Having received from the AMERICAN WEITE BRONZE CO,, OF CBICAGO, ILLS., The Agency of the above, I am prepared to furnish GRAVE YARD MONUMENTS of this material at he lowest prices, and in any design they manufact nre. Price Includes Freight and Placing Monument in Position. It is one of the most enduring and beautiful mate rials known to science, and will give entire satisfac tion. All work warranted as represented. A full line of designs and samples of materials are in my bands. For particulars, call on or address JEFF VAN CUNDY, N.)3 tf DEER LODGE, MONTANA. FOR SALE-A BARGAIN. I offer for sale, for cashb, my property on Sthe principal avenue of Deer Lodge. The ground is 65 feet in width by 180 teet deep frame dwelling, sound in every part, with stone foundation, has 5 rooms, brick cellar cnnected with house, good wood shed, gbod stable and wagon shed, good well, and also hydrant connected with the water works. This is a good bargain. 1001 tf MRS. L. EMERSON. Estray Taken Up. Came to my ranch, 4 miles below Garrison, on or about September 9, 1988, one bay horse, branded i j S on left flank, one hind foot: W 1 white. Is about 7 or 8 years old, and will weigh 1,000 pounds or The owner is requested to call for him, pay charges and take him away. Garrison, N. T., Oct. 6,1888, 1. 64O N pd INING, APPLICATION No. 2119. U. 8. LAND OFFICE, IIHlLNA, M. T., September 10, 1888. i Notice is hereby given that Nicholas J. Bielen berg, Howard H. Zenor and Benjamin Franklin, whose poatoffice address, for each and all, is Deer Lodge, Deer Lodge county, Montana Ter ritory, have this day filed their application for a patent for fifteen hundred (1600 linear feet of the ATLAS lode mining claim, bearing silver, copper and other precious metals, situated in Oro Fino Mining District, Deer Lodge county, Montana Territory, the position, course and ex tent of the said mining claim, designated by an official survey thereof as Lot No. 43, T. 6 N., R 8 W., of the principal base and meridian for Montana, said Lot No. 43 being more particu larly described and set forth in the official field notes and plat thereof on file in this office, as follows, to-wit: Beginning at the northwest corner, which is a granite stone 86x7x6 inches, set 24 inches deep, marked 1 1426 in the official survey of the Empire State lode and 1-2232 on east face for corner No. 1, from which the 31 Section cor ner between Sections 19 and 20 T. 6 N., R. 8 W., bears N. 6 deg. 25 min. E. 1166 feet, run ning thence N. 89 deg. 15 min. E. 1500 feet, thence S. 1 deg. 45 min. W. 690 feet, thence S 89 deg. 15 min. W. 1600 feet. thence N. 1 deg. 45 man. E. 600 feet to corner No. 1 and the place of beginning, containing an area of 20.64 acres, from which the following area in conflict is excluded and not claimed by the applicants, in conflict with survey No. 200 ---- - 2.25 acres, leaving an area of 18.39 acres. all claimed by the above named applicants. Ma_. netic variation in all courses 19 deg. 30 min. East. The location of this mining claim is recorded in the office of the County Recorder of Deer Lodge county, M. T., en Book L of Lodes, on page 170. Conflicting claim is, on the southeast, survey No. 200, placer, Lot No. 38. William Prowse, claimant. Adjoining claim is, on the west, survey No. 1426, Empire State Lode, Lot No. 42, Charles P. H. Bielenberg et al applicants. Any and all persons claiming adversely any portion of said Atlas lode, mine or surface ground, are required to file their adverse claims with the Register of the United States Land Office, at Helena, in the Territory of Montana, during the sixty days' period of publication hereof or they will be barred by virtue of the provisions of the Statute. S. W. LANGHORNE, Register. Magnus Hanson, U. S. Claim Agent. First pnblication. Sent. 14. 1888. 1001 60d Minin Application No, 2162. U. S. LAND OFFICE., laaeNa, M. T., October 10, 1888. Notice is hereby given that Armistead H. Mitchell, whose postoffice address is Deer Lodge, Deer Lodge county, Montana Territory, and Charles F. Mussigbrod, whose postoffice ad dress is Warm Springs, Deer Lodge county, Montana Territory, have this day filed their application for a patent for fourteen hundred and ninety-five  linear feet of the GLINA lode mining claim, bearing gold, silver, lead and other precious metals, with surface ground 600 feet in width, situated in the locality known as Bauditmining district, Deer Lodge county, Mon tana Territory, the position, course and extent of the said mining claim, designated by an offi cial survey thereof as Lot No. 89, in Township No. 14 North, Range No. 11 West, of the princi pal base and meridian for Montana, said Lot No. 39 being more particularly set forth and described in the official field notes and plat thereof on file in this office, as follows, to-wit Beginning at the SE corner, a granite stone 24x12x10 inches, set 16 inches deep, marked 1-2215 for corner No. 1, from which the corner to Sections 25, 26, 35 and 36, T. 14 N., R. 11 W., bears S. 28 deg. 52 min. E. 4379.5 feet, and running thence N. 31 deg. 20 min. E. 1495 feet; thence N. 58 deg. 40 min. W. 600 feet: thence S. 31 deg. 20 min. W. 1495 feet; thence S. 58 deg. 40 min. E. 600 feet to corner No. i, the place of beginning. Magnetic variation in all courses 21 deg. 20 min E. Containing an area of 20.58 acres, all claimed by the above named applicants. There are no conflicting claims, and the adjoin ing claims, if any, are unknown. The location of this mining claim is recorded in the office of the County Recorder of Deer Lodge county, M. T., in Book M of lodes, on page 606, and in Book 3 of lodes, on page 443. Any and all persons claiming adversely any portion of said GLINA lode, mine or surface ground, are required to file their adverse claims with the Register of the United States Land Office at Heleria, in the Territory of Montana, during the sixty days' period of publication hereof, or they will be barred by virtue of the provisions of the Statute. S W. LANGHORNE, Register. Magnus Hanson U. S Claim Agent. First publication Oct. 19, 1888. 100610t Notice for Final Proof. U. S. LAND OFFICE, telena, Moi t., September 25, 1888. Notice is hereby given that the following named settler has filed notice of his intention to make final proof In support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before the Probate Judge of Deer Lodge county, M. T., at Deer Lodge, on November 5, 1888, to-wit JOHN A. PERRIMAN, who made Homestead Application No. 2707, for the 8Wi NE}, N% SEM, SEX SEX Sec. 19, Tp 10 N., R. 11 W. He names the following witnesses to prove his con. tinuons residence upon, and cultivation of, said land, viz Benton Hoover, Dennis,Mahoney and Lewis Trum bull, of Gold Creek, Mont., and William Wallace, of New Chicago, Mont. S. W. LANGIIORNE, Reeioter. O. B. O'Bannon, Attorney. 1003 it Notice of Final Proof. U. S. LAND OFFICE, Helena, M. T., .Stember 25, 188E. , Notice is hereby given that the following named settler has filed notice of his intentions to make final proof in snpport of his claim, and that said proof will be made before the Register and Receiver, at Helena, M. T., on Tuesday, Nov. 13, 1888, viz JAMES W. SIMS, Who made Pre-emption Declaratory Statement No. 9100 for the 8M of the SEX of Sec. 24, T. 13N., R. 11 W. He names the following witnesses to prove his con tinuous residence upon, and cultivation of, said land, viz: John C. Moore, Charles Smith. Nat. Peterson and Adolph Hoepfner, all of Helmvllle, Deer Lodge county, M. T. 1003 bt* S. W. LANGHORNE, Register. F P. Sterling, Attorney for Claimant. Notice for Final Proof. LAND OFFICE AT HELENA, MONTANA, I October 2, 1888. ' Notice is hereby given that the following named settler has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before the Register and Receiver, at Helena, Montana, on November 16, 1888, viz BENJAMIN F. HERRIN, who made Homestead Application No. 1850 for the 84 NEM, Sj NWM Sec. 2., Tp 14 N., R. 8 W. He names the following witnesses to prove his con tinuous residence upon, and cultivation of, said land, viz Harland Ierrin, Abel Dallas, Alexander Cameron, of Lincoln, Mont., and John Wood, of Helena, Mon tana. 100146t S. W. LANGHORNE, Register. Notice of I'lnal Jý5ntry. LAND OFFICE AT HELENA, MONTANA. October 9, 1888. Notice is hereby given that the following named settler has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that saite proof will be made before the Register and Receiver, at Helena, M.,T., on Saturday, November 17, 1898, viz THOMAS M. DAVIS, who made Homestead Entry No. 2253, for the NE? of Sec. 10, Tp. 11 N., R. 9W. He names the following witnesses to prove his con tinuous residence upon and cultivation of said land, viz David Johnson, Robert Tibbets, Lucius Lutz and James Bainden, all of Avon, Deer Lodge county, M. T. S. W. LANGHORNE, Register. Sterling & Dickson, Atty's for Claimant. 1005 tit pd Notice f.r IFinal Proof. LAND OFFICE AT HELENA, MONTANA. October 8, 1888. 1 Notiee is hereby given that the tollowing named settler has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before the Itegister and Receiver, at Helena, M. T., on November 27, 1888. viz - JAMES TREBILCOOCK, who made Preemption :Dee:aratorv 1tatemenr No. 75s9, for the S3 NEM, S3 NWW Sac. 32, Ti. 10 I., -.7 W. He names the following witnesses to prove his con tinuous residence upon and cultivation of said land, viz John A. Clifton, John Stewart, Elisha Poad, of I helena, Montana, and Hugh Reese, of Elliston, Y100 pt4d 8. W. LANGHORRE, Register. RAILROADS. GO EAS -VIA THlE Northern Pacific laihodI, THE DINRI A CAR POUTE AND GREAT SHOR! b1II TO ALL EASTERN CITIES. 200 lI3ILEs THE 1HORTEST ROUTE TO CIICAGO AND ALL POINS EAST, -AND TIlE ONLY THROUGH CAR LINE Low Rates, Quick Time, Pullman Palace Cars! For full information, address C. S. FEE, A. L. STOKES, Gen. Paee Ag't, St. Paul. Gen. Ag't, Belena. 901 4t READY FOR BUSINESS Between Great Falls, Fort Benton, Assinni. boine, Dawes and other Montana points, and Grand Forks, Fer9gus Falls, Fargo, Watertown, Aberdeen, Ellendale, St. Paul, Minneapolis, ard ALL POINTS EAST AND SOUTH. Through Sleeper between Great Falls and St. Paul. We are now prepared to handle all kinds of freight. Stock Yards have been completed at Great Falls, Benton, Big Sandy iBeaverton_ Poplar, Montana: Buford, Towner, Minot, Dakota; and Crookston, Minnesota-containing all the latest A improve ments. m ' 1 Gnood water ANITDU andhay Our ex- A I cellent Roadway and Equipment, with light glades, has made our lowest average time on stock trains 20) miles per hour. 1Sates always as Low as the Lowest, If you are going East or South, send to our nearest Agent, or the undersigned, for rates and other information, which will be cheerfully furnished. A. L. MOHLER, C. H. WAREN, Gen'l Frt. Agent. Gen'l Pass. Agent. W. S. ALEXANDER, A. MANVEL, Gen'l Traffic Manager. Gen'l Manager. ST. PAUL. MINN. Three Illaniflcent Canyons, C The iti ntrl hhi PAEIIS TH1OUGH THE UPPER AND LOWER PRICKLY PEAR AND THE MIresouR RIVER. CANTONS, Where the great convulsions of Nature have formed the primitive rocks into the most fantastic shales, with proportions of such immensity as to be at once awe-inspiring and beyond the power of language to describe, equalling in grandeur, it not in area, the finest scenery on the continent. TAKE THE SCENIC RCUTE El ST, Come and go by Nature's Gateway. Safety. ('omfort, Courtesy for our 'Patrons. This is the safest and most delightful Route for the Traveler to take from Montana to the East. It has no equal, owing to the absence of danger from the steep grades, high and dangerous trestles, or sharp curves along precipitous mountain sides which exist on other lines. No other line of Railway in Montana can afford its patrons the same comforts, conveniences, safety and economy of time to be had on the Montana Central and Manitoba R1ilways, A Daily Fast Passenger Train, equipped . ith lux urious Sleeping and Dining Cars, will commrn.e ione - ning between Helena and St. Paul about A; ril 1.,1 S. TICKET AND FREIGHT OFFICE, r970tf 15 NnRTlI MAIN ST., HE E.a. ZNHO & TRASZ,1 DEER LODGE, MONT., Keep the Best Brands -OF IN BTi l CO0gIII ITO IW, Tinware, Qneensware, Glas1swre Shelf Hardware, Iron and Steel, Blacksmith Supplies Canter anld Farmers' l T1s, TIN, COPPER, SHEET-IRON WARE. Iron Pipe Made to Ordc:. HORSE AND DMULE SHOES, NAILS, WAGON MATERIAL, ETC. 865 O'NZIL& MILLER, DEER LODGE, MONTANA. The Finest Line of Harllar STOV 1S, Tinlw , uenre, ilmu , SILVERWARE, ETC., ETC.. Ever brought to the City, and is sellin' it pricesthat DEFY COM PTITION. Call and exlanilte,,ood and Prices before Durchasing elsewhere. BOTTLING ESTABLISHMENT! Soda, Sarsaparilla, Orange Lenmonulde, GINGER ALE, ETC., VAN.GU DY & ILLER, - Deer Lcdge. HAVING BOUGHTT AND PT UT MACHINERY I for generating Soda, Sarsaparilla, Ginger Aie AND ALL CARBONATE I)RIINKS, with experienced workmen ih charge, we ate pre pared to furnish them Bottled or in Charges for Fortaiins, promptly on notice, and as low as any House in the Territory. Address orders to Van Cundy & Miller, I985 tf Deer Lodge. Montana. Metropolitan Saloon, HENRY HARRIS, Proprietor. Johnny Cerber's Old Stand, DEER LODGE, MONTANA. I have opened the ahove sALOON AND tII LIAID ROOM, stockd the bar with e t Ion and Cigars, and solicit a share of t. --eatt" age.