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, . ... .....I... 7re 0 12 1 2o 1 h3 40 gular andvertsingnfo payable quarterly, s due,. .ob Work payable on delivery. "pOFESSIONAL CARD8. ATTORNEYS. WM. J. GALBRAITH, SNIEY L0 AW, S1.. s GU:x & MIL an R Oc, '. 9 t.1dte 1i tInt sna 969 WELLI'G NAPTON, AT O(RNEY AT LAW, [COURT SQUARE], DEER LODGE. Npospecial Attention Given to Collections. F. W v COLErii, Btt e nt H.. for heT , Deer Ldge. COLE & WHITEHILL, A rT rRNEYS i LAW S.'.. ad Deer Lodge, Monitana. , cli Akitll io Alltoriy r -l".(dae. - Ratlin'taa. ..T ; L. D EVIt . . It.-- ounty and U. 8. Deeput Mi " I l nur 0 evor vAGCNUS HAN ON C. E.-Driuhtsman and No tary '.u - ) iV33 ,1, li i1l ad Ig lii llloiRers, Procurers of U S. Patents. Township and Mineral Plats on File. 0 fEire ,it Court ilonsn. DEER LODGE, M. T. .HYSICIANS AND SURGEONS C. F. RHEED I )ENTIST Office Over Kleinschmidt's Store. I .4* LO1)G fE. MONT. 951 3m J. A. ME .. PHIYSll t.N . I(JRGEON, Deer Lodge, M.,T. Diseases of W.,men and Chil dren a Specialty. Ofice in the n~w Kleinachmidt Building. JOHN H. OWfINGS, M. D., Physician and Surgeon ofrfce-Kleinschmidt Building, formerly oc cupied by M. M. Hopkins. Deer Lodge, - Mlontana calls in town or country will receive prompt at t eltion. 648 BANKS AND BANKERS. W. A. CLARK, S. E. LARABIB. OLA K L AABIE, BA lTK2 E1 R, DEER LODCE, M. T. Do a General Bankinlg Buliness and Draw Bxchange on All the Principal Cities of the World. NEW YORK CORRESPONDENTS. First National Bank, le York. II T. 776 First National Bank! HELENA, - MONTANA. Paid up Capital ..M500.000 Surplus and Profits O325,000 S T. HAUSUEB., - President. A. J. DAVIS, - - Vice-President. E W. KCIGKT. - . Cashier .. H. KLHEINSCH IDT, - Ass'Cash. O$SIGNATED DPOSITOPTY O TH UNITED STATES. We .ransact a general Banking bunsiness, andbny,at gh eat rates, Gold Dust, Coin, Gold and Silver Baol ina. and Local becurities; Sell Exchange and Tele rtphlc Transfers, available In all parts of the United -ate', the Canada', Great Britain, Ireland and the Continent. ConcLorlosa made and proceedrremitted promptly. Directors. S. T. HAUSER. TORN CURTIN. A. M. BOLTER, R. S HAMILTON. IOHN H. WING, C. P- IGGIInS, K W.KNIGRT, A. J. DAVIS. .T. C. POWER . PARCEN, E ITT. C. POWE . KLLINSCHMIDTC. 1503 E. t. IRVINE & SON, Real Istate4 Mining ADl COLLECTION AGNCY, East Cranite St, BUTTE, M.T. We solicit the buniness of any who desire to buy ot sell improved or unimproved ranches; city mropeaye either in Butte or Deer Lodge; or who may have note and acount' for celleation. Our extensive c Q uintanqce throughout Deer Lodge avrd Silver Bow counties lives us a superior advantate in our line o. Ousine. D.e We refer by permission to Clark & Larahie, Deer Lodge, M. T. TELEPHONE 5.. p PATTERSON, CARIPENTER AND rUILDER DEER LODGE. MONTANA. Designs furnished and close etimates made on Bnsi nIes, Dwelling and other Houses. Do all Kinds Job Qarpentering. SASII AND DOORS IN STOCK. hop next door north of Murphy, Ihggils A Co's etore. Zxchang aaloon, Oue Door South of Scott House, i)eer I[rod e, - Mo ntPJos BAILEY A PETTY, Proprietors. Only tTe Very Finest Liquors atdl Ciars Over the Exchmnge Bar. A Share of Public Patronage Respectfully Solicited 87 tf krms'Tonsorial Parlors AND BATE ECOLS. Van Gandy & Miller eer L odge' Bilding, Montan HAVINOG JUST OCCUPIED KY SPLENDID new Parlor. in the ahove building, I am pre pared to do all work in my lin.. to suit the moat fal The bahs are eat ni leplated and cmpler in ectr), respl, with n ld t er, reception Patrons wasureod Entir ,Sl tiof. 10 JOHN H. ARMS, Proprietor. o-w VOL. 20, NO. 20 DEERLODGE, MONT A, NOVEMBER 9, 1888 WHOLE NO. 10 &flnfi'w' u 'a " • v, "w, "E ABOUT HIALLOWEEN. THE FATEFUL EVENING THAT PRE CEDES ALL SOULS DAY. some of the Charms and Speels Which Be long to It-Old Superattlon and Modern Mihief he- Maidens Who Try to Read Tjeir Future. HE festival of All Saints comes on the 1st of Novem ber. Sometimes it is called All Hal lows, or All Holy, for "hallow" comes from "holy," and has the same sig ni ication. The L4 evenlng, preceding this, which is the last evening in Oc tober, is called Hallow even, or Halloween. About it originally clung many poetical su perstitions, which have mostly degenerated into burlesque. These had their origin in tuotland, land of the weird and uncanny. At midnight certain ineantationsand charms would disclose to her who performed them her future matrimonial partner. And it was also believed by the rustics that any one who would watch in a church porch on All Souls night, the night following Halloween, would see the ghosts of those who were doomed to die in that parish within a year. One by one the grewsome procession would troop by to wards the graves, foreshadowing their last trip to the churchyard. Many an over curious maiden tried this dismal means of learning something about the future, only to be rewarded by the cruel pranks of the youths who masqueraded as ghosts in order to bring their sweethearts to terms. Halloween has long taken on a merry col oring. In England arose the fashion of duck ing for apples in a tub of water. Nuts were named for the lasses and laddies and placed in the front of the fire to see whom each should marry. Cabbages have always figured effectively in Halloween practices. Why, it would be diffi cult to tell, just what occult power a cabbage possesses has never been defined; but certain it is that these innocuous plants usually have a rough time of it on Halloween. In Scot land the girls went forth at midnight and each pulled a cabbage from the earth. If' it came up without breaking and brought with it a goodly portion of earth she would be married within the year to a husband of en viable wealth. :Superstitions change with.the years. They' either grow in intensity or lapse into bar lesque. The one pertaining to cabbage was finally translated to mean that no thrifty persons permitted their cabbages to stand in the ground as late as the last day of October. When any were found ungathered on this particular night it was considered quite proper to rebuke the carelessness and shift lessness of their owners by pulling them up IN TEN LIGHT o. THE MOON. and throwing them at the doors of said owners. This practice still obtains in villages and towns which are blessed with lads who class cabbage pulling and throwing as humor. Certain other attempts at being funny are indulged in by cabbage throwing brigades. They think it enough to set the whole town roaring when they transfer the undertaker's sign board to the doctor's office. Hiding gates and painting dragons on the minister's house is also a high order of mirth to them. To put a stuffed donkey at a professor's desk or in the mostiron clad preacher's pulpit is a feat for which they will labor heroically and consider themselves rewarded by the anger and scandal it arouses. - Indeed, instead of being a hallowed or holy e'en the last evening of October has been almost universally given over to pranks quite the reverse of holy. Formerly, when a belief in elves and witches existed, this was the night on which they chose to go abroad on baneful midnight errands. It was sup posed that the fairies then held a grand an niversary, and fairies were always supposed to be in sympathy with the young, particu larly with those who were in love. Since witches and fairies have vanished their Halloween tricks have been kept up by able bodied fairies of full growth in strong sympathy with the spirit of mischief sup posed to belong to the little brown people. Halloween has been the source of much ex eit:ng fiction, which proves highly fascinat ing to people who like tales with spells, 1to18 O onuavn ROAMSTING CuSTiUTe. charms, prophecies and their fulfillment in them. Stories of maidens who recklessly peer,-l into the future on that fateful night ean.l iw what they wished not to see come forth every year and make the rounds. They Ar read, of course, or they would not Lo written It is hinted that they are even read by those who pretend to be greatly superior to the superstitions these tales promulgate (On hlae l Der gll like to gather about a Onr teal the ta g ey have heard abnoun te pcphecies which came true. Their elders smile pityingly. They remember whenr they, too, tried spellsadcha.... with aocer tain foolish faith I n them. And sometimes they sigh as they look back over their own Octobe r is a grve, almost mournful, month, full of an unspoken .sadness and the m melancholy brightness of dying leave It is fitting that its last hours should be dedicated to weird and strange fancies. It has in it some of the warm splendors of the summer and the dumb despair of the winter. Dickens thus describes a lateOctober even inA moment, and ts glory was no more. The sun went down beneath the long dark lines of hills wend clouds ich iled up In the west an airy and cloudsl heaped o ll, and battlement on bat ity, wallemnt; the ight wall withdrawn; e shining church turned old an da n the g strelm forgot to smile; the birds were silent, nd egloom of winter dwelt on evern. alow gverybOdy knows Brn poem, "llo be," which plicesra se ever as It was and obbly still is on Scotch soil There are books devoted to old customs and supersti tions which set forth the proper thing to do on Halloween. The old fashioned almanac paid some attention to this day and helped out the young people by giving various methoof their reading the future. The mode almanac is too frequently a stunted thing, shorn of all information that would be pleasing to romantic young souls Yet tradition will continue to dispense the lore of Halloween, the young will crack nuts, pull up cabbages and try spells until the un romantic realities come so thick and fast upon them that they have no more hours for happy foolishness. MRS. GORDON BAILLIE. She Will Be Imprisoned for Five Years for Pause Pretenses. The dwellers in cities nowadays have fre queneaase to omplainh t .than.e isye- tem is entirely too complex. Early this year Mrs. Gordon Baillie ap peared in Edinburgh as a land owner from the Scottish highlands, engaged in a benevo. lent scheme to provide for the crofters lately expelled from their tenancies. She took rooms at a fashionable boarding house, pre sented letters from eminent people, was soon on a friendly footing with the belt people, and so mightily won upon the renowned Pro fessor Blakie that he gave a dinner in her honor. The papers gave detailed accounts of the recherche affair, and one journal noticed the lady thus: "Mrs. Gordon Baillie'sappearance isremark able, reminding one pleasantly of Sir Walter Scott's portrait of Helen Macgregor. Her bust and build may be styled Flaxmanesque and her power of dress is amazing. * * * Added to this Mrs. Baillie has proved her self a competent journalist, and even now is a regular lady correspondent to many Amer Ican journals." This was accompanied with the portrait which is here reproduced. The London Pall Mall Gazette also published this por trait, with a hzghly ' eulogistic article on her work for the Crofts. But, alas for the gifted lady, the "sleuth hounds of the press," as an unfortunate Amer ican politician called them, were on her track. The reporters got all the facts of her life before they whis- eBs. GORDON BAnILLr. ,0red their suspi clons; and one fine morning Edinburgh was horrified with a history of which the main points are these: Mrs. Gordon Baillie is Mary Ann Suth erland, daughter of a Dundee laundress, and (as is alleged) of a Scotch earl From her father she inherited a very aristocratio ap pearance, and from her mother no small share of personal beauty. Following her mother's example she early became the mis tress of a wealthy old man, and learned enough of fashionable life to fit her for a thorough adventuress. She is, in truth, quite accomplished and intelligent; has traveled extensively, and speaks two or three languages. She was once impris oned nine months for defrauding trades men, and thereafter devoted herself ex clusively to "benevolence." She has collected large sums for various "missions," but she herself was always the "mission" that en joyed the proceeds. In Australia she was the guest of an Episcopal bishop, got in debt to many people, was "suddenly called home by the death of a relative," and left the good bishop a fine accounttosettle with the trades men to whom he had introduced her. When all this was published, the woman fled with her "husband," the creditors seized on what little she had left, the papers chewed the cud of mortification and "sassiety" was pros trated. She will no doubt figure in America ere long, as the brood of "gulls" is as big as it was last year. Professor Blakie, in an interview on the subject says, "She would ha' taken in the deil himsel'," and many other people agree with him. A STATUE OF A SAINT. It Is the Work of an American Woman. Studying Art in Europe. Miss Edmonia Lewis, a clever young Amer ican woman now pursuing the study of art in Rome, has just finished and sent to the United States a beautiful statue of St. Charles Borromeo. St. Charles Borromeo was one of the most notable saints on the Catholic calendar. His family was one of the noblest and most pow erful in Italy. St. Charles was born in 1538. He studied civil and canon law at Pavia, and took his degree in 1559. At the close of the same year his maternal uncle, Cardinal de Medici, became Pope Pius Iii, and success ively made him archbishop of Milan, a cardi nal, grand penitentiary and president of the Roman council. He lived in the midst of great splendor, but in his own habits was tem perate, studious and devoted to the duties of his station. On the death of his elder brother he was urged, even by the pope him self, to leave the church and take his position at the head of his family. This he refused to do, and he went to Milan to devote -3 an himself altogether r7 . to the interests of r hisdiocese. Hewas recalled by the death of the pope, and his influence had much fect in securing the elec tion of Pius V. He 4 h en returned to Milan, where he did some vigorous and / effective work in reforming the man OBmOO TuT. ners of priests and people. He met with considerable opposition, and the Humiliati attempted to have him assassinated. In consequence the order was abolished. The cardinal's charities were munificent, not only his ecclesiastical reve nues, but his personal fortune and the works of art of his palace being devoted to the relief of the poor and suffering. Hisgreat exertion during the plague of 1570 was too much for his physical strength, and his health became completely broken. His death was regarded as a national calamity. He was buried be neath the high altar in the cathedral of Milan, and his tomb became a shrine visited by pilgrims from all parts of the world. He was canonized by Paul Vin 1610. His statue was erected at Arona, his birthplace. Miss Lewis' statue represents him standing in an attitude of silent prayer, a crucifix in his right hand, the rope of penitence around his neck, and his eyes raised to heaven in elo quent supplication. The surplice over the purple cassock is exquisitely wrought; so is the short Roman stole, with the crown and motto "Humilitas," which St. Charles substi tuted everywhere for the family arms. This first statue is the property of Mr. Richard Dixon, of Broo'l . A larger copy of the statue will probably be ordered by Father W.ard. rector of the Church of St. Charles Borromeo, in Brooklyn. The Tobaeeo Chewing Iabit. There is one old time habit that used to be widely prevalent in the Unitcd States, espe cially in the west and south-the tobacco chewing habiti-that h. certainly declined in the present generation t he muad c tUrrasof chewing tobacco my that the tradeip i it ras not greww with the growth of our popu latioh, but that in many states it is less than a~fa s largo as .t used to be before the war. In the New Egland states it has become of veryslight account We think alloldtime New Yorkers will aree i saying that the New nYork abit has fallen off greatly nt city andsta teanthabt farfewarwor for are addicted to it In shams days thanhafo merly. The states in which it now has the greatest ly hold. e tattstkyi , Missouri, Ten abesoe nd v I i -an unwholesome habit, offensive to ladj 'L and ought todis. appar.-Ne' lor Sun. ACROSS :ASIA BY RAIL THE GREAT SCHEME OF THE R SIAN BEA?.L He Will Unite RaEsa with the Padu Oeaen withBands of Steel sad Open;5 the World Vast Tertori. Now Oa.t Remeb. From the time when John C. recommended a railroad to the Pacife to 180., when ground was broken at Oms ' for the Union Pacific railroad, Americais looked forward to the uniting: of the lantio and Pacific by rail. And now, a qilr ter of a century after the laying of he spike of the road which brought about. desired result, the Rumians are t road which will also join the Atti from west to east. When the Russian roas through Siberia is built the globe will be cir.led, so far as its land will admit, by rails. The tourist starting from New York may go west by rail to San Fran cisco; thence by sea to Vladivostock on the east coast of Siberia; thence by rail through Irkutsk, Perm, Kasan, Moscow, Warsaw, Dresden, Paris and Liverpool, where he may ship for New York. Thus the circumnavigation of the globe will be com pleted by traversing two oceans by ship and two continents by rail. If we look far enough into the future we may fancy a branch of the Northern Pacific railroad running through British Columbia and Alaska to Behring straits, and meeting the Russian road on the opposite side of the strait. This would leave for water naviga tion around the earth only about 3,000 out of, say, 22,000 miles. A connection between Russia, in Europe, and the Pacific ocean has long been dis cussed, and recently steps have been taken to build at least a part of a road which may eventually make the desired connection. Siberia, over which the road will lay, is capable of being made very productive, and there is no better means of opening any coun try than by building a railroad through it. In Siberia there are lands for agriculture, for stock raising and for the production of min erals, besides her supply of furs and fish. The portions of the Siberian road which will doubtless be built first are those which will supplement sections open to river navi gation. This requires the building of the sections from Vladivostok to the mouth of the Usuri, from Chita to the Selenga, and from Irkutsk to Jomsk. The last section is necessary, as the Upper Tunjuska would not be available without considerable pains to make it so. It is expected that even this opening of communication will have a marked effect. The territories of Tobolsk and Tomsk con tain the principal portion of the manufac tures of Siberia. They have 2,300 factories and employ 12,500 hands. The coast pro vinces are so remote as to be entirely cud off from Russia. They constitute a rich country, and it is desirable to the Russian government to unite it with Russia. The railway when completed will also be a benefit in the transportation of goods which come from China. A considerable amount of Chinese merchandise is at present trans ported from China, overland, of which tea is the most important. This trade isjncreas ing. The expense, hpwever, is very great, ROPE -" i ASI C, XAP Or THE ROAD THROUGH SIBERIA. and will be cheapened and facilitated by the railroad. The present method is by drome daries, which are dependent on the grass crop of the Mongolian pastures. When the grass crop fails this method of transporta tion fails. In 1885 the crop failed, and im mense numbers of dromedaries died for want of sustenance. There is also a political feature connected wi.. the building of the railroad. The Chi nose boundary is at present unprotected, and. it would be impossible for Russia to place an army at any point east of Semi palatiuslk. Vladivostok is the only harbor Russia possesses on the Pacific coast, and f, at present of very little value. The railroad will not only follow the boundary, but will unite the coa@t station with the Russian cap ital. It is a question, however, if the road would not be better for Russian military purposes it built further north, inasmuch as on the boundary it will be exposed to: the Chinese. The engineering difficulties in the way are the bridging of the large rivers of West Siberia and passing the great swamps. But the country is level, therefore there would be no steep grades. The distances are very great. From Tynman to Vladivostok the distance is 3,950 miles, while the whole dis tanco from St. Petersburg is estimated at 6,C00 miles. The time for accomplishing the jouruiey would be from si-teen to seventeen days. The journey, therefore, from Asia to Europe instead of occupying thirty-five days, which are now required for steamers to go from China to Englmand, might be effected in twenty-one days. The length of the road, however, is so great, and Siberia is such a wild country that it is questionable whether the road would for a time take the carrying trade from the steamers going by the Sues canal route. One disagrecable feature in Russian policy would doubtless be abandoned by the build ing of this railroad. For years Biberia has been known only as a place of exile for po litical prisoners. Many who have been used to hearing of the territory in this connection regard it as a region perhaps as large as a single American state. Siberia is larger than all of Europe. Being under the con trol of the Russian government, unlike China, whose people are so jealous of Euro pean influence, this vast territory may be developed at any time government sees fit to open it as a through route. The great tide of civihzation has rolled from Europe west ward until it has reached the western coast of North America. There it is stopped by an ocean broader than the Atlantic. Doubt less now it will roll from Europe eastward, and in the next century there may be the be ginning of a new empire in a quarter of the globe hitherto neglected, as a hundred years ago there was the founding of a new world in Australia. If the present czar of Ruzsia succeeds in effecting this great work, he will do as much for Russia as was done by h:s reat ancestor, Peter the Greet. Ico Hills of the Arctics. Advices from the fishing village of uirsch karanza, in the Kola Peninsula, on the White sea, describe a wonderful phenomenon new in Arctic annals, which toolk place on Jan. 5 last. At 4 o'clock in the mormng the inhabitants were awakened by a series of heavy, dull detonations likedistant artillery. Shortly afterward a great ice wall to the northwest, several hundred feet high, was seen to be moving toward the village, doubt less in consequence of the pressure of ocean ice outsidca The ico hills came slowly but irresistibly onward and passed over the village, which they completely erased, and kept onward for a mile inland. The ice traveled a mile and a half in four hours. The villagers saved their lives, bat little else...-Iome Journal The cost of pubhce education in ussia is l5 cents per head. LA CROSSE'S PUBLIC BUILDING. UnCle Sam Pays l150,000 for His OMees in That City. Among the numerous public building ap propriations pissed by the Forty-ninthcon gress, was one of $150,000 for La Crosse, Vis., and the -building is now well along toward completion. When it is finished it will compare favorably with the public buildings in many larger cities. It will be a decidedly handsome structure, and is being GOVEENXENT BUILDING, La C0BO31. very substantially and thoroughly built from the concrete foundation to the top of the handsome tower which adorns one cor ner, looming 120 feet in the air. According to the architect's plans, the building will consist of three stories, a base ment, and the tower, from which will be visible a magnificent view of La Crosse and the surrounding country. The walls of the first two stories are of massive granite set oif by polished columns at the entrances and windows. The upper stories are of pressed brick, relieved by freestone trimmings. The interior is quite as attractive as the exterior, being finished in hard wood and tile. The building is absolutely fireproof, and conve niently located near the center of the city. The structure will be occupied, when com pleted, by the postoffice, the internal revenue and land departments, United States courts, and the offices of the surveyor of customs. Exclusiveof the heating apparatusthe build ing contracts amount to $93,000. La Crosse is acity of 28,000 inhabitants, has eight railroads and two lines of steamers to St. Paul and St. Louis while navigation is open. The Late Britton A. 111 In the death of Judge Britton A. Hill, of St. Louis, which recently occurred in that city, the legal profession and literature loses a shining light. Judge Hill was born in 1810 at Milford, Hunterdon county. N. J.; was educated at Ogdensburg, N. Y.; studied law and was admitted to the bar at Albany in 1839. After practicing at Albany two years he removed to St. Louis. Ten years later came the epidemic of cholera, and Judge Hill, who had some knowledge of the science of medi cine, devoted him self with noble self sacrifice and fearlessness to those suffering from the disease, and for tunately escaped without taking it himself. In the meanwhile he built up a large law practice. Io was an intimate friend of President Lin URrTTON A. ILL, con, and during the days d 1861 when new plans fs- the management of the national finances were put in operation Judge Hill proposed the scheme based on national legal tender notes. He was afterward en gaged with Oliver H. Browning and Thomas Ewing, of Ohio, in prosecuting cases before the United States supreme court. Judge Hill wrote largely on politics, eco nomic and financial questions. His chief work is "Liberty and Law Under Federative Government." In 1875 appeared "Absolute Money," and in 1876, during a season of busi ness depression, he wrote a reply to Professor Newcomb's "A 1D C of Finance" and a pamphlet called "Specie Resumption and National Bankruptcy Identical and Indivisi ble." In 1877 he published "Gold, Silver and Paper." Judge Hill was one of the founders of the Greenback and Union Labor parties, and was once a candidate for congress from Missouri on the Labor ticket. For some years past he devoted himself to literary work and the study of political economy. He possessed one of the largest and one of the best libra ries in the country. IN HUMAN FORM. The Great Leek Chief of the Colambai River. Towering high above the rushing waters of the Columbia river, on an island in the stream at the place called Hell Gate, 1(07 miles from Portland, Ore., and twenty-one miles from the Dalles, a great rock has reared its nature sculptured head for count less ages. Its front presents a most startling resemblance to a great, grim, human face, and when the white man first trod the wild region over which it keeps watch and ward, the Indians who followed the chase there did it awe struck reverence. They called it the THE GREAT CH~E· OF TMB COLUMBIA. "Great Chief of the Columbia River," and attributed to it the most wonderful powers This great and cnrious rock, of which thesc companying cut is an excellent representa tion, undoubtedly served as a model for the gl gantic "totems". which the Indiausused to carve with wonderful patience from enormous tree trunks. Like many objects of worship among uncivilised races, however, the Great Chief of the Columbia River was not supposed to be altogether good in his intentions; on the other hand his influence seems to have been more generally regarded Ias baleful Among the traditions which clung round the greatrock was one to the e iect that in a moment of anger at some terrible deed of a gigantic chief of days so far remote that no one knew their chronological location, the Great Spirit turned the refractory one into stone and condemned his petrifed fgure to forever breast the fury of the elements, an eternal monument to the folly of man's op posing his strength against that of the int finite. Centenra nhs In seeat. The French enrsas reported l80 persons who were 100 years old or over, ctlnM. Irvounm who has been investigating the matter, m ports to the Academy of Science that sixty seven of these were only "believed" to be ec by their relatives, and that there were only sixteen whoe age could be provenrr to be over 100 years by anthentio dorm ntre He esti matesthatthereare over fraty cetenarIan sne andcontdr.-ChisaptrHielgu t MY LORD SACKYVILLE. HE IS THE BRITISH MINISTER TO THE UNITED STATES. And He Has Kicked Up a Great Row by Writing a Letter Glving His Opinion of American Institutions-History of His Lordship. At the head of the diplomatle circle-one of the most exclusive of the innumerable ir clesof Washington-stands the British min ister. The present British minister is now known as Lord Sackvilla. He was called Sir Lionel Backville West until about a month ago, when his elder brother conveniently died in England, and he became Lord.Backvlll . - Hisoerdhidp madea good deal a sensa tion not long ago by airing his political views in a letter to an inquiring Englishman of California. His letter indicated that he had no partio ular fondness for the institutions of the United States. Lord Sackville is the son of the fifth Earl of Warr, and was born July 19,1887. He entered the diplomatic service In 1847 as at tache to the legation at Lisbon. In 1058 he was appointed first paid attache at Berlin, and secretary of legation at Turin in 1858; was charge d'affaires from August to No vember and for some months during the years 1859 and 1863. He was then transferred to Madrid, and in 1867 promoted to be secre tary of embassy at Berlin, and minister plen ipotentiary at Paris during the absence of the ambassador in 1868 and 1869. He was charge des archives for a short time in 1871,. and was again minister plenipotentiary from Sept. 19 to Dec. 6, 1871, and from Aug. 20 to Nov. 7, 1879. Promoted to be envoy extra ordinary and min ister plenipotenti ary to the Argen tine Republic in September, 1872, he was transferred to Spain in 1878 and to Washington in 1881. tHe was made% a . C.M. .in 1885 He isaman of wealth, and when his brother died the estate, which is very val uable, of course de- LOD SACVLLE. volved upon Lord Sackville. This brother, by the way, was a curious sort of a fellow in many ways, and one of the last things he did before shuffling off the mortal coil was pecu liar, as things go nowadays. He bequeathed in his will $50,000 each to five of the queen's maids of honor. Lord Sackville is allowed $50,000 a year by his government for entertaining. Nearly all the ministers to the United States are allowed a certain amount to keep their end up in the whirl of Washington society. Minister Roustan, the French minister, for instance, gets $20,000 a year for this pur pose solely--and ho doesn't spend a e-nt of it. He banks it. He wines and dines at other people's recep tions. Lord Sackville spends every cent of his allowance-probably more. His receptions and balls are grand affairs. They are at tended by people from New York, Philadel phia, daitimnore, and Overybody that is any body in Washington. The residence of the legation is one of the flL.st buildings in the city. The ballrooms are vast. The favors of the balls are from Paris; the wines are half a century old; the flowers are cut from the hothouses of the legation; the music is furnished by the artists of the country. And yet a ball at the British legation, grand and impressive though it may be, is not half so comfortable or jolly as a ball at most any place but the British legation. This is on account of a certain air of snob bery that seems to prevail over the whole thing. A young clerk tooneof the secretaries of the legation will treat a justice of the su preme court or a United States senator superciliously, offering him a finger to shake. They seem to be intensely bored on account of their obligation to attend an offcial re ception to an American herd-the herd be ing a congregation of the finest people in the United States, and the clerk being usually the son of a butcher or shrimp seller in Eng land. Funny, isn't it? Lord Sackville has three beautiful daugh ters-Victoria, Flora and Amala. They are all charming girls. Victoria is the eldest, and has presided over her father's house for five years. Miss Flora was married last June to M. Gabriel Salanson. Miss Amala made her debut last winter, and is the most popular of the three. UNCLE SAM IN AUSTRALIA. The American Court at the Melbourne Exhibition. In 1788 the great island of Australia-the largest island of the world-began to be opened up to civilization. One hundred years have rolled round, and Australia is one of England's greatest colonies. In Melbourne last summer the Australians celebrated the centennial of the settlement of the country, though unfortunately those who first landed were convicts, and Australia suffers to this day from this fact. The event is celebrated by a world's fair, and in this fair the United States is repre sented. Its court is designated by stars AXEBICAN EXHIBITION IN MELBOURNE. painted on the columns, and by the name in gold letters under the side lights. Here are Singer sewing machines, and Edison phonographs delight the curious British colonists who attended the exhibition. The machineryspace is divided between America, Great Britain and Germany, which indicates how far ahead these countries are in the me chanic arts. The exhibition was remarkably successful. Australia has for some years pst been making rapid strides, and doubtless when her people come to celebrate her next centennial she will be one of the great powers of the world. Seattering Votes in New York. In New York state previous to 1888 the tables as published lump many votes together as "scattering." Of these ,1,974 in 1882 were cast for Howe, Greenback candidate for gov ernor, and 7,221 in 1883 for the Greenback candidate for secretaryof state. In the latter year the Prohibition ceadidate for secretary had 18,816 votes In 1884 two judges of the court of appeals (the court of last resort, as the supreme court Is lsewhere) were re elected almost nantmimousrly, receiving 1,089, 414 votes against 81,56 for all others. These were Judges Andrews and Enallo. Average Time. The average running timo of passenger trains on all the railroads of the United States is probably not over twenty miles an bour. "Limitdtrains" make an average of thirar mie., andon particular rumforty . and tjrew alesaan iar. The St. tials Grant. They do things on the American plan in St. Louis, and in their monument of Gen. Grant, recently unveiled, they have not for gotten to employ an American artist to do the modeling. Mr. Robert P. Bringhurst was the man who secured the order, and he has made his design, the statue has been east and has been placed in position. The St. Louisans after Gen. Grant's death organized an1 association for the purpose of erecting a monument which would be asuitable testimonial from them to the great commander. Gen. W. T. Sherman l was made prelro , dent, himself a former citisen of - St. Lols, andthe work. was begun. Some $10,000 or s$1,000wereraised, and this was found sufficient to place in position a very creditable mon u- GANT STATUE, ST. LOUIS ment. The pedestal is 10 feet high. It is surrounded by a stone coping, within which is a grass plot. On this figure is the statue, which is of bronze. It is9 feet 6 inches high, and is said to be an excellent likeness of the general. "U. S. Grant" is engraved on the front, and underneath there is a bhas relief, on which is a war scene. The total height is 19 feet 0 inches. Omaha's New Bridge. For many years there was but one bridge between Council Bluffs, Is., and Omaha, Neb., and that was the Union Pacific's rail road's structure. One of the strangest sights to the eastern man visiting the two cities on theBig Muddy was the long train of box cars without ends, coupled close together and with their ends removed into which the man •-x Naw BBIDGE AT OMAHA. who wished to cress the river with a wagon must drive and be taken across by a loco motive. Now all this ischanged. The hand some new structure here pictured has just been opened and is located half a mile to the south of the old bridge. It is fitted with foot ways, driveways and a line of rail on which electric cars travel swiftly and almost noiselessly back and forth. Both Omaha and Council Bluffs hope for great things from the new bridge. Lucy Lare.m's Teaching Days. "What i sii p he most reniarkable thing that happened in the log school?" "I am afraid you will scarcely believe it," she answered, with a merry shake of her head. It was the flight of a girl up the chimney. I had made her sit on the empty fireplace as a punishment, and to put her so far away from the other children that she could not make them partners in her un timely frolics. She sat demure and shy at first. But there was a magnificent imp spirit in her. It snapped in her black eyes, and rippled in faint twitches at the ends of her red mouth. She gradually drew herself nearer the open flue, and before I could catch my breath she had seized some jutting bits of timber, lifted herself up, and a pair of Sy ing heels disappearing through the chimney hole was the last we saw of her that day." "Did you make her come back the same way, a la Mephistol' inquired Mrs. Sher man. "On, no. We were glad to get her back anyway we could. We could not spare a girl of such possibilities." "Had you any difficulty with the boys the big fellows?' Miss Larcom's face clouded. "Not serious trouble. I-yes, it is too bad to have to own it-made them go and get the rods that helped teach them. I had to make one strap ping rail splitter acknowledge that I was his master, and he was a good friend ever after ward." "I suppose you underwent a severe e.-ni nationi' "I had to raise my right hand and swear that I was able to teach the three R's and a good many other things. There was an ex amination also, but the swearing went a long way. It did not amount to much, however, in getting the salary promptly. It was nec essary to go to another county to get it. The amount was E40 for three months."--Chicago 'Pribune. Are Athletes Good Students? Much prejudice is often manifested against intercollegiate contests, as it is claimed that they are detrimental to good scholarship. In order to discover the real state of the ease, a thorough examination was recently made at Cornell university of the records of all the men who had engaged in intercollegiate contests since the opening of the institution. The result showed that the average scholar ship for the year of each man who had rowed on the crews was 70 per cent, that of the ball players 73, and that of thetrack ath letes76, a standing of 70 per cent. being nec essary for graduation. Fifty-four per cent. of all these men graduated, which is 7 per cent. above the university rate of gradu ation The baseball and track athletes grad uated 34 per cent cf their number, with an honorable standing (S80 per cent), which is about in the same proportion as the uni versity rate. Very few of the crew men, however, graduated with honors. In physical development the reverse order was found to hold, the crew men coming first, the baseball players next and the track athletes last. The total average was consid erably above that of the university. The re* sults would seem to show that intercollegiate contests, when kept within reasonable limits, do not interfere with the general scholarship of educational institutions, and this is the at titude which the presidents of Cornell have always held toward the subject.-New York Tribune. A Livelihood In the City. In a great metropolis like New York, the methods by which people earn a livelihood are immensely varied. An old man who goes about from house to house begging for old tin cans says he makes a very good living by rolling out the sheets and then printing small signs on them. A New Yorker makes anincomeof $10,000 to $15,000 a year asa broker of manufacturing buildings and sites. Perhaps the oddest trade is that of the man who goes around to the ragpickers and buys from them all the perfect paper bags which they gather. Paper bags are so cheap when new that it would seem impossible that any one could make a living from buying and selling second hand ones. The demand for them, however, is very great among the small fruit stands which are to be found in all of the principal streets. These fruit dealers, by the way. generally have a secret arrangement with employes in the bag stores, by which they get a generoassupply of paper bags in exchange for fruit This accounts for the fact that on almost every fruit stand can be seen an assortment of bags bearing the imprint of drygoods, grocery and other houses.-New York Tribuna Considering how much easier it is to tell the truth than itis tolie, we cannot help be ing astonished at some of the thingswe her. • . omerville Journal. TERMS.INVAR:AB:Y 1N ADVANCE. OneYear ....... .............................4 00 BiS Monltb................................I I '0 Th.ee Month .................................. 1 to When uot paid in advance the rate will be F.ve Dollars per year. NEWSPJ PER DECISIONt. 1 Anyone who takes a saper reularly from th Po-tolmce-whether directed to hiM name or anotLer. or whether he bas asubcribed or not-is rceponsib!e for the payment. !. It a person orders his paper disconunced, be must pay all arrearages, or the publisher will con tinue to send it until payment is made and collect the wholeamouat, whether thepaper is taken from the office or not. 3. Thecourt havedecided that refusing to take thenewspapers or perlodicalsfrom the Postoffce, or removing and leaving them uncalled for, la prime fadsl evidence of intentlonaltraud, Papers ordered to any address can be ehanged to another address at the option of the esubsceriber. Remittances by draft, check, money order, r regia. teredletter, may rosent t our rink. All Postmasters are required toregister letters on application. OUR ENEMY THE COW. DIrCUSSION "OF HEBREW METHODS OF SLAUGHTERING CATTLE. Provistels of the Jewish Law as Em bodied in the Yoreh Desh-The Differ ence Detween "Kosher" and "Tres." Selling "rrefa" Meat to Christians. "Our great enemy is the cow. Against her and her brother, the ox, the great preventa tive is always to boil your milk thoroughly, and eat your meat well done." So said President Chauveau in his speech at the First International Tuberculosis con gress at Paris, as reported by cable. In view of the discussion by medical men on both sides of the Atlantic as to whether tuberculosis is communicated from the bo vine to the human race, a reporter talked with Dr. Frederick de Spls Mendes, of the Gates of Prayer S. ogo e, and Chief Rabbi Joseph, on the Hebrew manner of alaughter ing cattle. Dr. Mendes said: "The idea that tubercu losis can be propagated in the human species by the consumption of the flesh of animals suffering from disease is an old one to the sanitary legislation of our people. The pro visions of the Jewish law, as embodied in the Yoreh Deah,jare minute and cover the details sufficiently to enable the slaughterer to decide whether the animal he has just butchered is free from all taint. "I eompiled a chart of sixty different ap pearances in the lungs of cattle-some malig nant, some harmless-and which are all described in the accompanying text. It is the duty of the butcher who slays the animal to closely examine the lungs of the carcass and from their appearance decide whether it is free from tubercular and other taints. It would be Impossible for the carcass of an in fected animal to pass the inspection of a con scientious slaughterer and be pronounced ft for use. "I know nothing of any enaements of the Jewish law which compels an examination of the milk of animals suspected of tubercu losis. Having no knowledge of the statistics as to whether Hebrews, who observe the rules, are less liable than Gentiles to tuber culosis, I can give no opinion. I should judge that, other things being equal, the observ ant Jew has the benefit of his fidelity to the law in greater immunity from tubercular dis eases. The questions of kosher meat were discussed at length in Chicago some months ago." CImEP RABBI JOSEPI. Chief Rabbi Jacob Joseph, at his residence, said: "I have been too busy with my mani fold duties to examine the slaughter houses of our people yet. I have examined some of the knives to see that they have no jagged edges and are as sharp as possible so as to avoid unnecessary suffering by the cattle. The law book Yoreh Deah, section 85, dq scribes the lungs of cattle--the lobes and the rose lobe. "If the lobes are radically malformed we call the animal 'trefa,' or unclean, and there fore uneatable. If the external or surface tissue of the lungs has holes in it it is a dis ease, but may be cured, but if the underly ing skin has holes also it is 'trefa.' Some times the holes are very small in both integu ments. We place the lungs in water and inflate them through the windpipe. If there are air bubbles that shows perforation. The lobes of the lung must not be adherent to the body of the animal or each other; that shows that there are holes and pus has gen erated, thereby causing this sticking to gether. This is 'trefa.' If the outer skin is hard and leathery it is 'trefa.' If the lungs cannot be easily inflated and fall together, that shows inflammation and consequent fill lng up of the bronchial tubes. This disease is curable." "After death how can you tell whether the sickness was curable?" asked the reporter. "We put the lungs into water in all doubt ful cases for twenty-four hours. We then inflate them, and if they come up as in nor mal condition the animal was curable and therefore eatable. If there are watery pus tules on the outward skin it is curable, but in the case of confluent pustules it is 'trefa' and not 'kosher.' If there are black stains on the outer skin of the lung it is 'trefa,' but if white stains, 'kosher;' if yellow stains, 'trefa;' if blue, 'kosher.' "Now as to milk. While the cow is alive it cannot be discerned whether the milk is unhealthy except the animal has the foot and mouth disease. The milk of such cow is forbidden; also the butter and cheese made from her milk. Dropsy as a result of dis ease is chronic in cattle and in man. If the flesh of such cattle be consumed the infec tion is naturally absorbed." THE HEALTH BOARD RESPONSIBLE. "What becomes of the animals that are slaughtered and are not kosher?" "As long as the board of health permits the sale of the cattle we can sell it to Chris tians and others. If Christians want to buy 'kosher' meat of us we are bound to sell it to them. The law says so. If the Christian asks for 'kosher' meat and is given diseased meat the Hebrew commits a sin." "Do you think that Hebrews suffer more from tuberculosis than Christians?" "Universal statistics show that the He brews suffer less from lung disease than-any other race. They certainly suffer less from lung disease than any other race from sick ness caused by eating diseased meat. The general health of the Hebrews is excellent. Our law does not designate any disease which comes from cattle that man can be inocu lated with. "As a rule Hebrews soak meat in water for half an hour after purchasing it, and then salt it for an hour. This is considered a san itary measure. Shell fish--oysters, crabs, lobsters-are not eaten by the orthodox Jews." Dr. M. G. Dadirrian, a native of Asia Minor, but now practicing in New York, said to a reporter: The subject of tuberculosis is one of great interest to me, as it must be to every medical man. After receiving my education in the University Medical college in this city twenty years ago, I returned to my home and prac ticed in Asia Minor three years, and in Con stantinople twelve years. I may say that I had a very large practice, but being a Chris tian I had some trouble with the Greeks, so four years ago I packed up my belongings and brought my family to New York. "Now, during all those years in the East I rarely came across a case of tuberculosis, and I have formed a very strong opinion on the cause of the absence of the disease in that part of the world. The Parisian congress found that by cooking meat well and boiling milk there was less danger of catching the disease. And this conforms with the result of my experience in Asia Minor and Con stantinopie. There the natives eat generally mutton and drink goat's and sheep's milk. They scarcely touch beef or cow's milk, but if they do they cook the meat well and always ferment the milk. Hereo the mistake seems to be that people imag~pe that there is more nourishment in rare meat and milk from the cow, but this is a fallacy, and I am glad that the Parisian congress reported it as such." New York Herald. radkIg Butter in Uruguay. One of the curious customs of Uruguay is the method of making batter. The dairy man pours the milk warm from the cow into an inflated pig or goatskin, hitches it to his saddleby a longlassoand gallops fiveorsix miles into town with the milk sack pounding along on the road behind him. When he reaches the city, his churning Ls over, the butter Is made and he peddles it from door to door, dipping out with a large wooden spoonthe quntitydaesired by each family. Though all sorts of modern agricultural ma chinery are used, the natives cannot be in duced to adopt the wooden churn. Fresh milk is sold by driving tows from door to door along the princlpal streets and milking into the Jars of the eustomers.-William Eleroy Curtis. Birds Withbeut Witsg. The most unhappy feature about being a ja bird is said to bhe its inability to fly. Binghamtoan Republican.