Newspaper Page Text
VOL. 20, N. 22. DEER LODGE, MONTA , NOVEMBER 28, 1888. WHOLE NO. 1011.
RATbn yF , nJr *'. ownu" $2 $3 5 7 $S o 111 0 i ne ...... 3 5 6 10 12 15 25 40 .2 .. ... 4 7 l8 12 4 0 4 3" ....... 5 8 10 14 16 25 38 1. antl .. ..... ... 12 1. IO l 24 3. 60 ....... 9 2 15 22 30 50 70S ilo " ..........::::: 5 5 35 :0 75, 100.., o ... 116 25 40 5. 70 90 140. .cllnar advertising payable quarterly, as due. TnsnCient advertising payable in advance. epecial Notics re 50 per ct. more than reg. el per li5 A ne for each suqceding MILL nserton tcoltd in Lonpadgel measure. pROFESSIONAL CARDS. ATTORNEYS. WM. J. GALBRAITH, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Bo)IS 5 £vn 6, VAn GUNYD & MILLER HI OCX, i)eCr Lodge, Montena. WELLING NAPTON. ATTORNEY AT LAW. [COURT SQUARE]. DEER LODGE. pSpecisl Attention G!ven to Collertions. 852 F, W COLE, Butte I. R. WHITE. ILL, Deer Lodge. COLE & WHITEHILL, ATT oRIINEYS AT LAW Butte and Deer Lodge, Montana. 0. B. O'BANNON, Sad AElet anl AHoey )oor Lodg-,. - Montana. E.NRY B. D AVIs C. . -County and U. S. Deputy Mhler. , surveyor. t(AG 'S BAN11 ON) C EL.-Draug~tsman and No tary Pulbie DAVIS & HANSON, Clvil anld Minill Eieers, Procurers of U. S. Patents. Township and Mineral Plats on File. ffice at Court Bonuse. DEER LOIDGE, M. T. 965 tf PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS C. F. REED, I) ENTIST Office Over Kleinschmidt's Store. IºEER LODGE, MONT. 951 3m J. A. MEE, PHYSICIAN $j SURGEON, Deer Lodge, M. T. Diseases of WL,men and Chil dren a Specialty. Office in the n~w Kleinschmidt Building. JOHN H. OWINGS, M. D., Physician and Surgeon Oftce-Kleinschmidt Building, formerly oc cupied by M. M. Hopkins. Deer Lodge, - Montana Calls in town or country will receive prompt at tention. 648 BANKS AND BANKERS. W. A. CLARK, S. E. LARABIB. CLARK LARADIN, B A.1T E 'GIi:8, DEER LODCE, M. T. Do a General Bankinl Business sad Draw Bzchange on MIl the Princlpal Cities of the World. NEW YORK CORRESPONDENTS. Fint National Bank, New Yort.N Y . 776 Firt National Bank! BELENA, - MONTASA. Paid up Capltal·......500.000 Surplus and Profits 825,000 S T. HAUSER, - - President. A. J. DAVIS, - - Vice-President. E. W. KNIGH.. . - CasOhier T. H. KL.ENSCOHMIDT, - Ass's Ca. DIESIGNATED DBPOSITORY OP TH UNITBD STATfS. We;ransact a general B-ankng bulsness,sndbdy,at "t eat rates, Gold Dust, Coin, Go!d and Silver B!l as, and Local becurities; Sell Exchange and Tele raphic Transfers, available in all parts of the United rates, the Canadalae Great Britain, Ireland and the Continent. Cosz.Lsrzo.s made and proceedsremlitted SromptlVy. L)ireotore. I. T. HAUSER. TOHN CUBTIN. .. M. HOLTER, R. S BAMILTON. IOHN H. MING, C.P. HIGGINS, t W.KNIGIIT, A. J. DAVIS. . C. POWER. H. M. PARCHEN, . KLEINSCHMIDT. 1508 E a. IRVIN E & SON, Real Zztate, Mining AND COLLECTION AGEhCY, East Granite St, BUTTE, M T. We selicit the business of any who desire to buy o0 sell improved or unimproved ranches; city property either in Butte or Deer Lodge; or who may have -OLts and accounts for collection. Oar extensi.Veac -ountie es us a superior advantae id or line ot We refer by permission to Clark & Larabie, eer Lodge, M. T. TELEPHONE 8. TELEPHON/g 85. P. PATTERSON, CARPENTBIR AND BIIIDBR, DEER LODGE, MONTANA. Designs furnished and clove estimates made on Busl nees, Dwelling and other Houses. Do all Kinds Job carpentering. 1ASII AND DOORS IN STOCK. hop next door north of Murphy, Higgins & Co's store. Exchane aloon, One Door South of Scott Hoase, Deer Lodge, - Mo ntslna BAILEY & PETTY, Proprietors. Only the Very Finest UIors a Cigars Over the Exchange Bar. A Share of Public Patronage RespectfUlly olicited. 8T7 tf ilms' TonsOrial Parlors AND BATE ROOMS, Van Oundy & Miller aeer d Pt HAVING JUST OOC'UPIED MY SPLENDID II new Parlors in the above building. I an pre pared to do all work in my linb to snit the most fae tdions. The Baths are aes net ckle-plated and complete In every respet, with hot and cold water, -eceptiO 100m and private entrance. Patrons are aesured Entire 8 atisfaction. 0O JOHN H. ARMS, Proprletor. OU' 'NEW YORK LETTER A VISIT TO THE STALE BREAD STORES OF THE METROPOLIS. Scenes There Enacted Daily That Cannot Fall to Set the Observer Thinking Over Some of the Most Knotty Problems of Human Existence. [Special Correspondence.] EW YORK, Nov. 12. -Never before in the history of the United States has the feel ingless action of the machinery of trade been better exemplified than by the late corner in wheat in Chicago. The four millions made by Old Hutch, and the five or six millions by his followers, are now being paid cent by cent from the pock ets of the working people of the land. Not long ago one large organization of New York bakers agreed to raise the price of bread one cent per loaf to meet the increased cost oc casioned by the Chicago "September deal." A day or two afterwar~ s the German Boss Bakers' association, a large and powerful union. met and passed similar resolutions. The great wholesale bakers, such as Schultz and Friedman, had taken action in the mean time and reduced the size of loaves to the extent required by the increased cost of flour. In other large establishments both courses have been adopted, the price being increased one. cent and the size decreased from a sixth to a quarter. The result of these movements has been a great increase in the demand for stale bread -a demand which of late years has become a portentous feature of New York life. Prior to 1S70 the stale bread, cut bread and frag "ments of the hotels and restaurants were either given to the poor or thrown into the garbage pail With the increase of pQv erty in the Empire City and the wholesale immigration of ignorant and underpaid foreig~ers, stale bread quickly became a commodity, where prices rose and fell like everything else in the market. The extent to which this change has grown may be esti r TA mated from the fact that on three blocks in the Sixth ward there are ninety dealers in the article and 105 on Hester street from Allen to Division street. Before the "September deal" stale bread was cheap, ranging from 234 cents to 1 cent for a small loaf. The stuff sold at the latter price is more easily imagined and described. It is more than stale-it is moldy, decayed or full of insect life. In front of Nos. 35 and 37 Mulberry street are three old women, bread peddlers, who employ a scrubbing brush, sand and water to remove the mold from their goods. At No. 59 is another stand where the same business is conducted. Here the bread is contained in old gunny bags, which have been discarded in other trades and which reek with filth. They are placed directly on the sidewalk or, wors^ still, upon the damp and noisome steps which descend from the street to the vaults and cellars be low. This variety of the staff of life is found in the Itglian, Hungarian and Bohemian quarters; something a trifle superior obtains on the stands in the Russian, Polish and Boemanian districts. The best stale bread is sold by the great bakeries from the stock which is left on the shelves for twenty-four hours or more after baking. The rise in the price of bread increased the demand for that which is stale. The hotels and restaurants which supply food peddlers raised their rates, the bakers followed ex ample and the stale bread dealer was com peled to do likewise. Hardly a week had elapsed after the action of the bakers' trades unions before every peddler and standkeeper, as it by a preconcerted move ment. raised the price of stale bread Just a trifle more in proportion to the value than was the increase in rate of fresh bread. At a stand on Baxter near Leonard street the dealer had made a specialty of 2 cent loaves and built up a large trade among the poor of that neighborhood. When be in creased his price, a storm of indignation was aroused. At one time it looked as if he would be mobbed, but either quieter coun els or else the police prevailed and riotous spirit subsided. One of the women who was loud in her denunciation said: "My husband isa laborer who earns a dollar aday. We've got five children and have got to pay our reat. I've got orly so much money to spend, CON S s and if you make me pay 3 cent a loaf I cant buy six loaves, but only four, and then me and the old man must suffer" Then came burst of curses at the "'American devils" who speculated in wheat, flour and human lives. On the east side similar scenes were wit nessed The dearness of wheat bread had an effect which no one had apprehended. It caused a vastly increased demand for the cheap rye, oat and corn breads of the Rus sians, Hebrews and Hungarians Theso ucly and unpalatabls loaves are nevertheless ceap and hounplesom. They retail at two and three couts a pound, and probably contain more nutriment to theire Theight are sany .tlsir~kloW1I article of diet. Theyarstale bread par excellence, seldom being used by the peoples who make them until they are as hard and dry as wood. On a street stand in Essex street was a.pile of bread which resembled varnished black walnut. Thouigh very unsightly, it seemed very popular. In a half hour no less than forty loaves were sold to the poor R a and Slovaks who populato that district. The proprietorof the little establishment, a hort, wiry, black bearded son of Wallachil, said: "It doesn't blook very good, but It is vry srengthening It is madeoutof yellow corn meal, rye, salt molasses and yeast. h Thewo meals should be cheap, coar.e and a little sour or spoiled. When they a'. sour they make better bread and they are much cheaper. The b.ad i very solid being more than twice as heavy as the white bretd you mericans make from wheat flourIt. price Is two, two and a half and three cents a pownd. Onepound and a half per day is what a workingman will eat, and it keeps him in good health and strength. Most of my cus tomers use two kinds in their daily diet, the one plain and the other flavored with anise seed or caraway seed. Generally they use skim milk cheese with it. The people around here are too poor to use anything else. For merly they bought a good deal of stale white bread, but since that has grown dear and hard to get they have changed to this." To appreciate the poverty and suffering of life in the great cities one should visit a large bakery on the east side. At an appointed hour the place is devoted exclusively to the sale of stale bread. The regular stock is moved out of the way and the counters and shelves piled high with the bread which has not been sold within twenty-tfour or forty eight hours from baking. Long before the hours crowd` cllects 4r f ront thepl asa Men 466 a Tittle children mass before the window or, on those rare occasions when the police interfere, form a line that reaches beyond the next street. At the hour there is a mad rush into the store, more the movement of famishing wolves than of human beings. There is a confused flow of loaves in one direction and of cents and nickels in another, and before the on looker can realize the fact the sale is over. The salesmen are mopping their brows and a little crowd who have failed to obtain their day's food are standing here and there mut tering imprecations upon luck, fate or provi dence. To him who thinks, the scene brings up the mobs who behaved in similar wise be tore the bakeshop. of Paris just previous to the Reign of Terror. WILLzAM E. S. FALES. RAILROADS OR SMALL BOATS? Shalt the Former Be at the Merey of the Latter Always ? [Special Conrrespondence.] NEWAUn, N. J., Nov. 12.-There is an old unwritten English law--o old that it was given to the British by the Romans-that the right of way shall always be with vessels on navigable streams. The law was wellenough when the more important vehicles for trans portation of people or goods were on the water. It was proper that an English ship or a barge should not be stopped by a bridge for crossing, a coach loaded with half a dozen passengers, or a huckster's cart filled with cabbages. But in these days the condi tions are changed. The more important ve hicles are mostly on the land, and many of the smaller streams have become obstacles on great routes of traveL WAITING FOR THE SMALL AT. The illustration here given presents a scene of frequent occurrence on the Hackensack river, which is crossed by the Pennsylvania and the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western railroads. Over this river is a drawbridge through which only the smaller vessels pass, and for which long trains loaded with passen gers have to wait. The two approach the draw together. The train is signaled to stop. The vessel, probably a sloop loaded with oys ters, struggles along with its sails flaplkng, and against the tide, to the draw, only to get stuck there and keep the train waiting till it has been put through. Sometimes trains have been delayed several hours in this way, and the railroad has been blocked by half a dozen trains on either side of the river. Of course the proper right of way could not always be given to railroads. On such rivers as the Hudson and the Mississippi there are often as important interests float ing as are hauled by the railroads that cross the streams. But it would seem that such laws could be framed as would give the right to the more important vehicle and prevent trains of steam cars loaded with hundreds if not thousands of passengers from being de layed by a couple of men carrying a load of oysters to market. The ditfBculty on the coast comes from the fact that the United States has maritime jurisdiction over tide waters. Of course the state cannot interfere in such cases, and the United States cannot surrender a preroga tive which is vested by the constitution. Americans usually distance Englishmen in cutting such knots, and it is to be hoped be fore long some way may be discovered to -ive the right to the more important route. M. R. S. WARM TIMES IN AY. I . Capt. David G. Compton, WTho Was rTe cently Seized by the Government. They are having a hot time in Hayti and whooping things up generally there. The population consists mostly of negroes. The navy consists of three vessels, and if a man o'-war--even from the United States-should go down there she would make things sick. There is no danger of that, however. The Haytian authorities-that is, the party now in power-of course don't want to let the in surgents get the better of them, and they therefore don't propose to let them have any more arms than they can help. Now, that is just what has made the trouble between Hayti and a line of steamers from Boe ton and New York. Boston used to have considerable - trade with Hayti, but it has fallen off of late years so that it only takes one steamer to do the business. This steamer is called the Haytian Re DAVID O. COMPTOx. public and is com manded by Capt. David G. Compton. She was recently seized by the Haytian govern ment, at Port-anu-Prince, under the charge of carrying armed insurgents. Capt. Compton is accompanied by his wife, and probably will be mighty glad when he gets out of the scrape. They say in Boston that the captain has got too much sense to get caught insuch a trap, and that he is not guilty of the charge. But noone knows what those excited fellows down in Hayti may do. Capt. Comp ton will probably be glad to pcet back to Bos ton again. But the funny part of the thing happened, or father didn't happen, to the steamer Saginaw of the Clyde line, running out of New York. She started from New York with some arms and ammunition on board, and the Haytian officials in New York, getting hold of the information, and supposing, of course, that the Saginaw was going to help on the Haytian insurgents, went to the collector of the port and he sent a revenue cutter after the Saginaw. But the Saginaw didn't get caught. The Clyde .line declare that the Saginaw is not going to IHayti, and they are real mand that such a thingo would be charged against the. The Hayti business may develop into a big thing, but it is not probable. At present it is more of a joke than anything else, although these fellows down in Hayti don't think so. A unique milk case is established in Nor snandy. The cows, being made to drink fer. ruginous water, give medicated milk which nourishes end strengthens the system at the same time. Milk in France has become the 0ana o all irsases .epetuating yout ;t~ raerrrcrio~olC-Cba~o Heald. ItUNNING A PAPER AT SEA ABOUT THE TWO YOUNGEST GIRL EDITORS IN THE-WORLD. Cape. Nichols and His Two Little Daugh ters Who Have Been Pablishlag a Bright Newspaper at Sea-Our Correspondent Calls on the Editors. (8pe-al CorespAdience] BBoorLnr, Nov. 12.-Ipilcked up n inter esting bit of sea history theotherday. I was wandering about South street, New York, looking at the various vesels as they lay at the wharves with their nosea.sticklngup into the street and their jibbonms: e:'gged in,' Shen I came acuroi t est. p trs dleton.. -3h ' al 1e. ou oit the s rei r and as I went down in the dock to go aboard, I saw the workmen tearing the copper off her bot tom. I don't suppose you ever heard of her captain before, but I had, and I knew he was the proprietor of one of the most unique sheets in existence; so when I stepped over the ra I asked if the editor was in. He was and he was glad to see me. His name is E. P. Nichols and . he is the publisher of The Ocean Chronicle. Capt. Nichols con ceived the idea of printing a paper at sea some years ago. He got some type, rigged up a press on board and started in as an ocean editor. He had never been in a printing office and he hadn't learned the case. He started out on his own hook, arranged his type to suit himself and has been publishing a paper which is full of good things and a credit to the craft. The Ocean Chronicle hasn't a guaranteed circu lation, its advertising rates are low, and the price per copy is only a letter to the editor. It is probably published at a slight pecuniary loss, but it has accomplished a mis sion in the world, and is, without doubt, a moving enterprise. After a while Editor Nichols made up his mind that he would go into the stereotyping business. He didn't know anything abaut it, but in plain slang he got there just the same. He got several layers of thin paper, pasted them together and laid them over his type. Under pressure the paper got a perfect impression of the type. Then he melted up some old type he had on hand, put this mold into a casting box, poured his hot metal on it, and there he had an exact reproduction of the type. From this plate he printed his paper. He hadnever been in s stereotype shop in his life, but his native ingenuity carried him through. He tells of his first visit to a newspaper office in his paper of Feb. 14,1887. "We still have in use some of the type that was given us by Mr. Bennett of The Sydney Evening News. We should like to be able to go over his es tablishment once more. As it was the first printing we ever saw we were much inter "Forty-three years ago today," he prints in his paper under date of June 5, 1887, "we gave our first yell." The captain was born in Searsport, Me. He started out on his sea faring career when he was 1l years old. He has had twenty-eight years of active service. "P'm getting tiredof it," he said to me, "and I am going to lay up for a year. I haven't been ashore for six years for any length of time." The captain's wife and two daugh ters have been going to sea with him, while his third daughter, a little girl of 10, has been left at home. t The captain invited me down into the cabin and I was introduced to his family. His two little daughters are as bright as two dollars, and as they are the youngest pair of girl editors in the world they deserve some consideration. Nancy is now nearly four teen and Maud a year younger. The first number of their paper, The Rolling Billow, bears the date of February 6, 1887. It is a four page paper, and the size of one of its pages is six by four inches. Captain Nichols presented me with a copy of the flrst num ber, and I send a fac-simile of it with this letter. In addition to this paper each girl had an individual enterprise of her own. I quote the following extracts from the pen of Editor Nancy: "This is a proper printing office when we all get to work. I print The Spray and Maud prints The Wave and papa is printing The Ocean Chronicle for himself and The Rolling Billow for us." "As 1 have not neen to sea for nve years everything-did I say everything? No, some things seem odd. The most important thing I can remember of my last voyage is when we were wrecked. I can remember that very plainly, and I think I shall never forget being hauled on shore in a basket. After that I had no wish to go to sea until lately I have wished to very much. * * * We are busy most of the time, for, with our 0 H'RON I0LE. PUBLtISED BY E. P. NcuCfLS ther i, c .eouea studies, music and working on the type, we do not find much time for anything else. Our studies take about three hours, and we practice when the ship is not rolling. When there is a calm we tryto catch birds." Here is a little girl only 12 years old and yet she has been wrecked once, and is one of theeditorsof a pper! Editor Maud, in her department, tells of her father's experience buying type: "We are now a long way by the Cape of ood Hope, and I shall have to finish so papa can set it up and print it before weget to Melbourne. He bought some type in New York for his paper and when we got to sea he found it all mixed with different sizes and not so good as his old type." Here are some more taken at random: "The fles are all the time biting me, but never think of touching Nancy." "Steward slipped down on deck, and all the nice potatoes went outthrough the scup perhole." "Three editors and four papers in the same building and allin harmony." "The steward is very careless. He lost the ham bone we have been using to flavor the soup." Nancy explains in some lines of verse why the fleas have a preference for her sister: The reason is they like you best, For fat they have a fancy, And that explains why they don't bite Your little sister Nancy. I got a number of copies of The Ocean Chronicle from Editor Nichols and have been reading themallthe afternoon. The editor's wife contributes to the paper occasionally. Hero is an extract from one of her letters which throws some light on the life of a sec captain's wife: 'It seems almost incredible that fourte~i - years have passed since starting on my first voyage. -ell do I remember the 14th of March. 14, when we sail.d from New York in the Claram, bound for Buenos Ayres. I was not going to be afraid of a gale or timid; oh, no! the only fear was that there would not be gales enough, and as to being seasick, well, if I did feel a little squeamish no one was to be allowed to know it; if I choose to pay an occasional tribute to old ocean that would be a secret between ourselves. As for gales and rough weather, it is msaid 'those who know nothing fear nothing.' Ohl that I had always maintained that blissful ignor ance. How many anxsios hours I should escaped during all these years at sea. * The Clara carried us around safely Nov. 0, 1880, when I went on shore her in a basket by aid of the Life Sav Rocket line at Al-goa bay, leaving the a total wreck on the beach. I have in many pleasant places and formed y pleasant acquaintances, all of which e been very enjoyable. The question has been asked me, 'of all the places you seen which would you choose for a el' My answer is now as ever, in our dear state of Maine." paper is full of bright things. I give a fo# of them taken at random: have no platform, but claim to have rv on enough to see through a ladder the rungs are over ten inches apart." ., ebless the man that sold us our piano T r. -L.Ta for him daily. - "We find it is almost impossible to print between the equator and 10 degas. north. Our second page shows it." 5 s;- m"stera erl f,sirt . ,i 'Y·sw ir116LsI aI ltLfs'a ia. L s h t wrfie w xrs rinwt . we e tr Irite an articl toi iper and rea i ovel r asne i.w, -r cmpoii, o .-edsr I, u .m emm e an 1t Artn as i ow mr V aehink ay.. Wf w te- e S3 I i ~iýll sr ti l s.v me -emle argethat b"ahn isno "anyet helh w We do notwite.r wf r wfe t p r bath ' e r hae trnd hai e been wite thin arwt e n ar im t hae amone •rinng nerer the soth and b thae a timer rm. Johnson ones.gaid ha a ship rd it ove r three times we are disgusted and tearitup. Whe n ilwe set it up itomesto mind, is printed, rend over, e phare dis irijust thes same, but the li amount of neas in oar composition exceeds disgustA . nd it remaius as it is." "Some people argue that hathing is not we took a bath a year ago and have been healthy ever mince." rnting nearer the south pole than any other person, having done It in "0 degs. south." "'other half of us Is building a rug."itewhat Dr. Johnson onarticle off on paper and re ia shipover once we do notas like being int, a ndail, but Capt. Nicholsme we reand his family sthreem to have a philosophyted stedwhich rises abovebut the solitude of a lonelyt of and it..remains it is. ocean voyage. Tom MASSOsov. ELI SAULSBURY. Who Will Succeed Him as United States Senator from Delaware? Forty years ago Eli Saulsbury was a very handsome man. He is by no means homely now, though his features are much wrinkled, and his strong opinions about a good many things h.v caused his under lip to protrude until it is fixed in an expression of great sternness. Senator Saulsbury has been in public life for many years. He is a very hard worker, attends personally to his correspondence, and you will see him at his desk in the senate chamber, plodding away, his hands all inky, when all of his colleagues have fled to build fences, make speeches, and do a lot of other things peculiar to sena tors. Senator Saulsbury is not a hard man to inter view, but he takes a tremendous satis faction in trying to scare you out of a year's growth be fore he will com mence to talk. In your most persuas ELI SAULSBURY. ive tone you will EI BAULSU1 say to him: "Good morning, senator," and he will very slowly search around in his pockets for his specta cles, pull them out of the case, wipe them, laboriously adjust them over his nose and look you all over for about thirty-seven sec onds, when he will say, so shortly and sepul chrally as to almost startle you: "How are you!" Then, after observing the effect, he will smile good naturedly and talk all night if need be. Senator Saulsbury was born in Kent county, Del., Dec. 29, 1817. He attended common and select schools, and had an irreg ular course at Dickinson college. He studied law, and was admitted to the bar when quite a young man. He was elected to the state legislature in 185I. He was elected to the United States senate as a Democrat to suc ceed his brother, Willard Saulsbury. He has been in the senate for seventeen years. His term of service will expire March 3, 1889. The election of a Republican majority to the legislature of Delaware will give the Re publicans the election of a successor to Mr. Saulsbury in the United States senate. Among the candidates who have already announced themselves is Anthony Higgins. He was born in Red Lion Hundred, Newcastle county, Del., Oct. 12, 1841. He received the usual common school education; after which he entered Delaware college, from which he graduated in 1857, and thereafter Yale college, from - which he gradua ted with high hon ors in l61. In his +.s class were Seere- , tary William C. Whitney, ex-Gov ernor Daniel . S. Chamberlain, Hon. Horace Fowler, Hon. Franklin Mc Veigh and other ANTHONY HIGGINS. notabilities. Upon the breaking out of the war he volunteered on the Union side, and began military life as a private in the Eighth Delaware infantry. He won distinction by his bravery and enjoyed a singular immunity from wounds and casualties. In the second term of Grant's administration he was ap pointed United States district attorney, and held that position for eight years, displaying great ability as a jurist and orator.. He attained prominence in political circles at an early age by opposing the Delaware law which imposes a property qualification upon suffrage. From the closing of the war he has been an active politician, and has come to be the Republican leader of the state. He has been a delegate to every na tional convention, and is a warm friend of Blaine and Harrison. The present year marks the first break in the Democratic su premacy in Delaware since the time of John 11. Clayton, in 1852. Beginning of Iron Making. The first iron made in New Jersey was at a place just south of Trenton, from the limo rite or bog ore that abounds in that section, and the first forgemaster was Governor Lewis Morris, who came to Monmouth from Barbadoes before the year 1680. When the revolution came ca the iron men had grown skillful enough to make cannon and shells for the Continentals; also big shallow pans in which to evaporate se water and supply salt when the foreign article was cut off. Chicago Herald. The export of diatnonds from South Africa for 1887 were 3,598,930 carats, worth £4,40, 00, against 3,135,000 carate, worth £3,500,000 for the previous year. COMING SOCIAL QUEENS. THE WIVES OF THE PRESIDENT AND VICE PRESIDENT-ELECT. Sirs. Harrison intellectual and .eliglus. DMrs. Morton, of New York Society-How They Are Likely to Affeet Social Life at the Capital: It is natural that at this time the nation should be thinking about the woman who is to be the next mistress of the White House. From the young Mrs. Cleveland, who has made so many friends, and who won the ad miration.,4f both Demawats .aed Raptibb cans, the nation's eyes are to turn to Mrs. Harrison, a matron more than a quarter of a century older. " Both are marked women, however, though of different styles and ages. When Benjamin Harrison was a student at Oxford, 0., he met Miss Scott, the daughter of the professor of chemistry at the uni versity. Professor Scott, who is now a very old man-he is over 80-has a position in the pension office at Washington. There was a love affair, with the inevitable result in those days in the west, when wealth was not a factor in such matters, and they were soon after married. In her youth Mrs. Harrison lived in an at mosphere of study, and the influence then ex periencedaffeeted herwhole life. She isawo S. HBARRISON. man of rare culture. She has long been a prominent and active member of the Ladies' Literary society of Indianapolis; she is fond of the fine arts, especially painting, and has done some dainty work herself on china. But the influence of study is not only refining; it stimulates the better feelings as well; and Mrs. Harrison not only devotes herself to her literary society and her painting, but is an earnest laborer in the field of the poor. A great deal of her attention is given to the In dianapolis orphans' home. Mr. and Mrs. Harrison were married when very young. Thoe husband was only 20 and the wife was younger. With only $200 on which to begin the world, beside Harrison's theoretic knowledge of the law, gained by a study of his profession, the youthful couple went to Indianapolis. They settled in a one story frame cottage, and commenced a career that has never since known a check. While Mrs. Harrison has never known great iealth she has never known poverty. Her husband has been sufficiently prominent to give her a position socially to which she is in every way fitted by nature. Her polish is, however, rather intellectual than that of the woman of fashion. Beth Mr. and Mrs. Harrison are also prom inent in church circles. For years they have been in regular attendance at one of the Presbyterian churches in Indianapolls, and active in the Bible classes and Sunday schools. Doubtless this will have its effect in Wash ington society. The influence of the White House is all powerful there, and social circles during the winter of 1889-90 may, perhaps, wear a more subdued complexion than dur ing the social administration of Mrs. Cleve land. Mrs. Morton, who is to be the second lady in the land, partakes more of the type of New York's more brilliant social circles. Mrs. Morton, as her maiden name-Anne Livingston Street-indicates, comes from among the aristocratic families of the Empire state. She was born at roughkeepsie, on the Hudson, a town as noted for its educational tone in Now York as Oxford is in Ohio. It is there that Vassar college flourishes, and as Mrs. Morton is still a young woman, Vassar was founded not too late to bring to bear upon her through the society of Pough keepsio something of the same influence brought to bear by the atmosphere of learn ing of Oxford upon Mrs. Harrison. But Mrs. Morton has had other influences. She passed some time in New York society, where she met Mr. Morton. Their marriage followed. He is very rich, and his wife had always been accustomed to wealth. She is described as a woman of medium height, w.ith large bluish gray eyes, white com ple=ion and gray hair. She is the mother of fre daughters, the oldest of whom is 14. MRS. MORTON. Mrs. Morton's influence will be felt in Washington society less than that of Mrs. Harrison. Whatever be the coming influence of these two women, there is doubtless as much speculation about it among the women of Washington society as there is about the future cabinet among the men. Time will show; but it is quite natural that the tone given to Washington society by each of these women who are so soon to be its leaders, will be a blending of the individuality of both, as shaped by education and previous social surroundings. To Clean Ivory Ornaments. Ivory ornaments are quickly cleaned by brushing them with a new, not very sharp toothbrush, to which little soap is given; then ripse the crnament in lukewarm water. Next dry the trinket and brush a little, and con tinue brushing until the luster reappears, which can be increased by pouring some al cohol upon the brush and applying it to the trinket. Should this have become yellow, dry it in a gentlo heat and it will appear as if new.-V-anufacturing Jeweler. Special Thanksgivings. During the civil war President Lincoln issued proclamations recommending special thanksgiving for victory in 1863 and 1863, and a national proclamation of the annual Thanksgiving day in 13863 and 186.L Since that time such a proclamation has been issued annually by the president, and custom has fixed the time for the last Thursday in No. vember. WESTERN FOLI LORE. ETYMOLOGY, SIRAMMAR AND IDIOMS OF THE "HOOSIER LANGUAGE." Educeated Indiana Makes Poetic Material of Her Early Experience-Stories, Leg ends and Noted Places on the Wabash. Sources of the Hoosier Phrases. [Special orrespondence.] CRAWFOPRDSVILLE, Ind., Nov. 13.-The Hoosier dialect- is almost extinct. The folk lore of the early days is so nearly forgotten that it has become matter of myth and po etic misrepresentation. I know of but one small neighborhood within a day's drive of this city, in which one may still hear the old phrases: "Gwynetodo it;" "Well, I reckon;" "Don't know nothing about it;" "Disre member," etc. Our distinctive local traits are fast fading away. The railroad, the newspaper and the common school are re ducing us all to one type, and the fine hu mor of racy provincialism is almost gone. The country boy who picks up a crinoid fragment does not now call it an "Injun bead." My grandchildren cannot see, can not be made to see, the man in the moon who was "put there for burning brush on Sunday night." They know nothing about the big "clearings," the log rollings and the great heaps of brush around which children of my time danced and yelled at night in im itation of Indians, and which lighted the woods far around. The drumming of a pheasant on a log is no longer explained to them as the uproar of witches and fairies; they, alas! have never seen a wild pheasant and never heard his drumming, and if one should tell them of witches and fairies they (the boys, anyhow) would ask, derisively: "Do you see anything green in my eye"' In all this city I don't believe there is one 8-year-old who believes in Santa Clans. No doubt it is better that all should be ed ucated; and we may now say with truth and pride that Indiana has few native illiterates. But there was a great deal of fun in the old times and the old ways, when every vicinity had its odd local talk, every wild hollow its appropriate legend, and every village its re markable and eccentric characters. In those days (1830 to 1850, let us say), it was a com mon thing for all one side of a county to be in the backwoods state, while the other was fairly advanced. In my native county, for instance, all the townships bordering on the Wabash were cut by deep and often rocky hollows, and the separate sections and ham lets thus marked off were popularly known, from the north to the south border, as "Hell's Half Acre," "The Barrens" (a sandy rldge), "Sand Town," "Buzzard Roost," "Arabia," "Mecca," "South Raccoon" and "Silas Bow ers' Den." In those days the traveler who went "up the river road" from Terre Haute with a well informed native had every stage of the journey enlivened by a blood curdling legend-fact and fiction delightfully mixed. Here, first, was Fort Harrison prairie, where Cop. Zachary Taylor "whipped the Injuns;" next, the sand hill where "Dutch Jake," the murdered peddler, was buried, and next the ravine where the "Bowers gang" was sup posed to conceal stolen horses. A little fur ther on was Armiesburg, where Harrison's army camped on their way to Tippecanoe, and near it the Dazenay town, where the last Weaw Miami Indians lingered till 1836. Not far above was "Harrison's Crossing," where the army forded the Wabash, and net far above it the Vermilion creek, which we all firmly believed was so named because the blood of Indians, slaughtered in a great bat tle there, colored the water. As often hap pens in mythology, the name gave rise to the legend, for the creek was really named for the soft red keel found in its banks, with which the Indians used to paint themselves. On the east side of the Wabash, some miles away, was the "Devil's Den," a wild. rocky ravine, where "8,000 rattlesnakes had been killed." And on a neighboring stream one may still see the rock from which "Johnny Green," the last Indian, fell dead into the pool. He had taken too much fire water at the neighboring distillery a few days before, got up an extempore war dance and boasted of taking part in a massacre in which several women and children were killed. He gave a dramatic representation of the women kneel ing and begging for mercy while he toma hawked the babies. On a fine Sunday morn ing soon after he was sitting on this rock fishing when a bullet fired by an unknown man in the opposite woods struck him in the breast and he went suddenly to his place. Imagine how many strange legends would grow up around these interesting facts. In those days, indeed down to.tho beginning of the war, a country party was the occasion of unlimited good nature, of fun and feasting and merry plays in which the movers kept a sort of time to songsin which all joined. Not to speak of "Chicky, my chicky, my craney crow;" "O, Sister Phebo, how merry were we, that night we sat under the juniper tree," and others common to the whole country, there were certain pieces relating to the war of 1812-15, mostly brought from Maryland and Virginia, which I have not heard in any other part of America. One, to which the boys '"choosed partners" for a march, ran somewhat as follows: We are marching down to old Quebec, Where the drums are loudly beating; The Americans have gained the day, And the British are retreating. The wars are all o'er, and we'll turn back To the place where we first started; So step up to that ring and choose a couple in, And cheer the broken hearted. I suppose you've all heard of Jackson, the great, And Perry, the brave man fighting on the lake, How they beat the British boys by land and sea, And made them know their places; How many a battle has been fought, How many a brave mar has been shot: So step up to that ring and choose a couple in; Now show your lively paces. And then some of the older ladies told how they had got up in the night to see the light of Washington burning in 1814 (for in our immediate neighborhood were settlers from Maryland and a doleful ballad was sung about British devastations, after which came the exulting song about Jackson and New Orleans, of which the refrain was: 0 Kaintucky, the hunters of Kaintucky, It is not often that you so-"-e-o A-a-a hunter from Kantucky. And very often the old fellows would shake their heads and express a fear that if another war came the young men would not be as brave as their forefathers. But they were all the same, and proved it not many years later. Nineteen-twentieths of the first set tiers were from five southern states-Mary land, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee and Kentucky-and most from the last. A real Yankee was a curiosity. Even a "Penn sylvania Dutchman" was received with some misgivings. He could establish a character in time, but the presumption was against him. And this gives me the etymology of that Hoosier dialect which is now heard only on the stage or found only in Eggleston's books and James Whitcomb Riley's poems. 1: was derived from three sources: the ne groisms brought from the border states, the local phrases of the mountains of Tennessee and adjacent states and a number of literal translations from the peculiar German once spokea in the valley of the Shenandoah and the adjacent part of Maryland and Pennsyl vania. Thus the Hoosier descendant of those people said: "What for a crop did you make?" a literal rendering of the German "Was fuer ein," etc. Add the natural tendency of un educated people to drop the g in the present participle, to change the sound of e into that of short i and to shorten phrases often used, as "ain't" for all the persons and both num bers of the present tense of "to be," and you have the Hoosier dialect. A funny peculiarity of the dialect was that the more negatives one used the more em phatic the sentence. Thus the stranger looking for work asked: "You don't know o' nobody as don't want to hire nobody to do nothin' nowhere about here, don't your' And the farmer answered: "No, I don't." An ingenious native of Posey county, where the dialect was spoken in all its mnl TERMS-.I AKR:AIELY IN ADVANCE. DnYeer ...... ... ............... ......14 00 i Month .................................... to h elee Months ................... ...... .. 1 ( When not raid in advance the rate will be Five sollars per year. N KIt b PA FER DECISIONIsb 1. Any one who takes a paper resularly from the Postotllee-whether directed to his name or anotl er. r whether he ha subscribed or not-is responeiblet or the payment. 3. It a person orders his paper disconttnued, be austpay all arrearages, or the publisher will con lane to send it until payment is made and collect the whole amount, whether thepaper is taken from the fee or not. 3. Thecourtshavedecided that lefusian to take henewapapersor periodicalsfrom thePostoffice. cr smoving nd leaving them uncalled for, is prime 'ad evidence of intentionalfraude, P s ordered to any address can be changed to motheraddress at the option of the sabecriber. Remittances by draft, check, money order, or regis. wed letter, may re aent at our risk. All Postmasters te required to register letters on applihcation. - ulous Impurity, once attempted to ii- a grammar of it, and here is his version of the verb "to do:" Present tense: Regular in the affirmative. In the negative all forms reduced to "don't." Imperfect: I done it, you done it, he done it; we 'tns done it, you 'uns done it, they 'nns done it. Perfect: I gone done it, etc. Pluperfect: I been gone done it, etc. First future: I gwine to do it, etc. Second future: I gwine to gone done it, you gwine to gone d"-ae it, he gwino to gone done it, we 'uns gwine to gone done it, you 'nns gwine to gone done it, they 'uns gwine to gone done it. This is scarcely an exaggeration of the lan guage as I often heard it in my boyhood. For "yes" and "no" two sounds were used which no letters can represent. They were made in the nose mostly, the lips being closed; "yes" sounded a little like "uh huh," and "no" like "ooh ooh." "I reckon" was and still is used just as the Yankees use "I guess." The various stages of intoxication were graded thus: "tight," "high," "tipsy," "full as a goose," "drunk," "dead drunk." As a man neared the last stage his friends would remark that he could neither "walk, waller nor stay where he was put." "Tight" also meant "stingy." "Tight as the bark on a beech tree" was the superlative of stingi ness. Such were some of the Hoosier idioms. But the dialect is obsolete. The old games have passed away, and with them, I am sorry to say, a great deal of genuine fun. Ai.EN FARMER. THE ALGONQUIN CLUB. It Has the Finest Habitation of Any Club in America. Boston is one of the most clubal 'e cities in the United States, but all of the clubs-and there are many of them-have a certain fixed purpose and represent a certain class or sect. There is a certain spirit of gravity pervading the clubs of Boston that cannot be found in any other city of the United States. The clubs are all eminently intellectual. PRIVATE DINING ROOM. The members take off their hats. In New York and Chicago they don't. The clubs are profound. The Somerset is the club of those who have a- genealogical tree, and the permeating at mosphere of deep solemnity which is notice able at this club is positively awe striking. The Union is the solid club of lawyers, doc tors and merchants; you can form a picture of its gloominess. The St. Botolph is the literary and artistic club, where long hair and Byronic collars are the proper thing. It is the same with all the clubs of Boston. They all represent classes. Such a club as the Knickerbocker or Racquet, of New York, where you cani put your feet on the window sill and smoke (although the clubs named are very ultra) was, until a few years ago, al most unknown in Boston. There years ago, however, the Algonquin club was organized. The Algonquin differs from other Boston clubs in this, that its pur poses are very liberal indeed, and that its membership is confined to no class or classes in the community, as any man who is respon sible and honorable and acceptable in the best sense is welcome as a member, provid ing, of course, there is a vacancy. Descent from colonial times, wealth or occupation have no bearing upon candidacy in this or ganization. The club recently built a new club house It is the largest and finest club building in the United States. The style is that of the Italian renaissance. The building is six stories high, with a frontage of 82 feet and a depth of about 125 feet. The interior decora tion is of an elegant order, although, while the effect is rich, the treatment Is simple. The main entrance is direct from the side walk and in the center of the building. One first passes a splendid pair of ornamental iron gates and then massive doors of English oak, and enters upon a long hall floored with marble and ornamented with dados and pil lars of alabaster. The rooms are magnifl cently finished and furnished. Some of the walls are covered with painted French sills in different colors, and others are covered by decorated leather and velvets of various colors. The most splendid apartment in the club house is the dining room, the largest room in the building. It is flnished in mahogony of rich tone and high polish. It is lighted by a colossal chandelier, an antique Dutch cande labra dating from 164', and ingeniously ar ranged for gas. It weighs nearly half a ton. There are apartments for ladies also-read ing, dining, reception and toilet rooms. The private dining rooms are gorgeously fur nished. One of the marvels of this building is the woodwork. It is mainly of oak and mahog any, and it everywhere affords delight to the eye. It were a tedious task to describe in do IN THE READING ROO3. tail the multitude of apartments in the new club house; suffice it to say that nothing has been left undone that art could do to beautify the building. David Hostetter. David Hostetter, the millionaire "bitters" manufacturer, who died in New York city the other day, was a striking instance of how a man may prosper by industry and atten tion to business. lHe was once a clerk in a dry goods store, earning a few dollars a week, but he had the faculty of making money. When he was 23 years of age he went into the dry goods business on his own ac count. In 1853 he nssociated himself with Gen. W. Smith and began making bitters. I (/ Thenceforward he S met with entire y, success. Mr. Hos , tetter was said to be worth from $5,000,000 to $15, DAVID HOSTETTER 000,000, and he held a large interest in the much talked of South Pennsylvania; railroad. At a recent exhibition of paintings a mlay and her son were regarding with much !hter et a picture which the catalogue designated as "Luther at the Diet of Worms." Having desmanted at some length upon its merits, the boy remared: "Mother, I ee Luther and the table, but where are the wormal"