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U w '---I 1 Time......-............ $3 i. 5 7 58 . 10 2 " .......... 3 5 6 10 12 15 25 40 1 Month................. 8 10 14 16 2.5 38 . 1 18 6 24 510 63015 ............... 7 10 12 18248560 5 S " ..................I 9 12 15 22 80 50 70 1o 6 ....................11 15 25 35 Q 75 100 10 1 Year..................... 16 25 40 55 7(1 90 140 25u Regulnr advertising payable quarterly, as due. T'ransient advertising payable in advance. Special Notices are 50 per cent more than reg ' ular advertisements. Local advertising, 15 cents for the firat insertion;j 10 cents per line for each succeeding inertion; lines counted in Nonpariel measure. Job Work payable on delivery. PROFESSIONAL CARD8. ATTORNEYS. WM. J. GALBRAITH, A rTORNEY AT LAW, Ro xs 5 AaD 6, VAN GUNDY & MILLEJ Biocx, )e er Lodge, 3iontana. WELLINg; NAPTON. ATTORNEY AT LAW, [COURT SQUARE]. DEER LODGE. FS pecial Attention Given to Collections. 4452 F. W. COLE, Butte. H. R. WHrTmILL, Deer Lodge. COLE & W~HITEHILL, A I'Ti)IRNEYS . LAW Butte and Deer Lodge, Montana. O. B. O'BANNON, LIand Aent and Attorloy ISoer Lodge, . - Montana. II ERY B. DAVIS, C. E.-County and U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor. MAGNUS HANSON, C. E.-Draughtsman and No tary Public. DAVIS & HANSON, Civil and. i11g al18 eers, Procurers of U. S. Patents. Township and Mineral Plats on File. Office at Court Hlonse. DEER LODGE, M.T. 965 tf PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS C. F. REED, DENTIST Office Over Kleinschmidt's Store. DEER LODGE, MONT. 951 Sm J. A. MEE, PHYsI;IXtN [ ,URGEON, Deer Lodge, M. T. Diseases of Wmen and Chil dren a Specialty. Office in the n-w Kletnechmidt Building. JOHN H. OWINGS, M. D., Physiclan and Surgeon Office-Kleinschmidt Building, formerly oc cupied by M. M. Hopkins. Deer Lodge, - 1Montana Calls in town or country will receive prompt at t ention. 643 BANKS AND BANKERS. W. A. CLARK, S. E. LARABIEB OLiARI LABADIA, BAlŽ~ KT~,,R8, DEER LODCE, M. T. Do a General Banking Business and Draw Exchange on All the Principal Oities of the World. NEW YORK CORRESPONDENTS. First National Bank, Hew York. N Y. 776 First National BankI BELENA, - MONTANA. Paid up Capital ..8500.00 Surplus and Profits 8325,000 5. T. HAUSE, - - President. A. J. DAVIS, - - Vice-President. E. W. KNIGHT, . - Cashier T. H. KLEINSCHXIDT, - Ass' Cash. DESIGNATED DEPOSITORY OF TN UNITED STATES. Wetransact a general Banking bsiness,andb eat n est rates, Gold Dust, . oin, Gold and Silver atu1 na, and Local Securities; Sell Exchange and Tele rsphic Transfers, available In all parts of the United .tvs. the Canadas, Great Britain. Ireland ant the ,)ntinent. o',LLncrows made and procecdpremitted ,')mptlv. lI reotors. S. T. HAUSER, JOHN CURTIN. A. M. HOLTER, R. S. HAMILTON. IOHN H. MING, C. P. HIGGINS, S W. KNIGHT, A. J. DAVIS. T. C. POWER. .N. PARCHEN, T. U. KLEINSCHMIDT. 1503 E. H. IRVINE & SON, Real Istate, Mining AND COLLECTION AGENCY, East Cranite St, BUTTE, M.T. We solicit the business of any who desire to buy or sell improved or unimproved ranches; city property either in Butte or Deer Bor who , notesd ll Kiaccounts for colletionb urpentin qint.nce throughout Deer L STOCdge counties ives us a superior avantae in our ino e CU busness. Door Soth o Scot We refer by permission to Clark & Larabie, Deer Lodge, .odT. TE MEPHONE 85. P. PATTERSON, CARPENTER AND BUILDER, DEER LODGE, MONTANA. Designs furnished and close estimates made on Busi Onl the welr Fing and oer Houses. Do all Kinds Job Carpentering. SASII AND DOORS IN STOCK. hop next door north of Murphy, Huggins & Co's store. Zxchango Saloon, One Door South of Scott 110"cc, Deer Lodge, - MontImve BAILEY & PETTY, Proprietors. Only the Very Finest Liqi0ors and Ciars Over the Exchbage Bir A Share of Public P-.tr-_.iZ , ..p.ýctfully S,lic.ited. 877 if Alms' Toisorial Parlors AND BATE R~OOM, Van =uand! & Miller sGeer L ntdo :i.nl Building, AVIO JUST OCCUPIED NY SPLENDID I1 new Parlors In the hov-e int!doing. I em pfa pared to do all work in my line to suit the most fa tieBaths . are finest aie.P...e..d and complete i every respect, with hot and cold water, reepl, Patrons and privatesured Entire Satisfaction. Sr rJOHN H. ARMS, ProFritor. VOL. 20, NO. 25. DEER LODGE, MONTANA, DECEMBER 14, 1888. WHOLE NO. 1014. OPENED ONCE MORE. THE LAST SESSION OF THE FIF TIETH CONGRESS. Scenes on the Floor of the House-Tom Geed and Sunset Cos Telling Yarns-The Gallerles and Their Fair Occupants-Hew the Lobbyists Arrange Things. i . "WAKE again. Congress is open and Washington has rubbed her eyes after the slumber of the short vacation. The rousing was sudden; to a stranger even startling. The noiseless and concrete paved streets, shaded by tall trees still displaying their autumnal tints, became infused with rapid, rushing life. For a time the national capital was quite Chicagoish. The spot where Pennsylvania avenue runs into the superb Soldiers and Sailors' monument, and the granite promenade to the vast, shining white Capitol itself, were crowed with hundreds, thousands of magnificently dressed people the men displaying tall hats.and any amount of shirt front, the women with sealskins and Worth bonnets. In fact, Pennsylvania avenue as far back as the treasury and the White House is jammed with fashionable people, all strolling in the same direction. Whither and where fore? To the Capitoll To the reopening of con gress! Of course! It is made a holiday, a gala gay in Washington. The people of the national capital attend an opening of con gress in much the same spirit, excepting the element of blood, in which the Romans flocked to the frays of the circus, or in which the Spanish and Mexicans to this day re ligiously atte.:l the bull fights. For, truly, it is a remarkable show. Who would care to go to the theatre to see Florence play the Honorable Dardwell Slote, M. C., when he eant wal: into the Capitol and see many Bard well Slotes in real lifel Not to insinuate that our congressmen of nowadays have any of the worse attributes of that fictitious cun ning statesman. By no means. But there are many who bear a laughable resemblance to him. Congress has convened. The gavel has fallen sharply on the speaker's desk, the prayer has been impressively recited by the aged chaplain, the roll has been called, the speaker declares regular business to be in order-and the grind commences. Not that any work is done on the first day, or the second, or the third. Who could look up statistics on the durability of government mules when Tom Reed, massive and good natured, is telling an inimitably grotesque yarn, as only Tom Reed can, to the up roarious group surrounding him? Or what member has any use on earth for the river and harbor bill when: Sunset Cox, as young now as he was thirty years ago, is telling of an experience he had with some guides in Constantinople when he was Turkish minis terl Not one. They don't even make a pretense, as they afterwards do, of being im mersed head over heels in business. Some of them walk aimlessly around, their hands plunged deep in their pockets, thinking about nothing at alL They are too full of sup pressed excitement to think. They shake hands with each other, unconsciously, four or five times. They work cif on their suffer ing colleagues, each and every one of them, the joke they have been rehearsing all summer. But the old heads, the members who have sat in congress for a quarter of a century or more, are not in the least excited. They have seen too much of it. To them it is quite trite, commonplace. They have seen presi dent after president sworn in in that very Capitol building; they have seen the ivory gavel wielded by many a dignified speaker dead-not a few of them; they have heard bursts of rare eloquence from men long since forgotten; they have seen young congress men, newly elected, full of bright hopes and high endeavors, succumb to the almost irre sistible temptations of a legislator's fascinat ing life in Washington, and become total, irreclaimable wrecks; is it any wonder that these men look with amusement upon the en thusiasm of a man who has only been in con gress for one session, or with indifference upon the surroundings that have wrought in younger men a fiery excitement that will takle months to efface? Hardly. For instance, W. D. (Pig Iron) Kelley is laboring under no very intense excitement. IN TII LOBBYISTS' UAkDS. He is quite cool and comfortable, thank you. He sits in the same place that he has cecu pied l! these many years. In the last tvo years his bushy gray hair lhas whitened con siderably, the furrows in his fine old face have visibly deepened. Yes, there is i:o denying the fact that the old man has aged a good deal. they r Many of them have aged. ut they ae all good natured, politics are for the time forgotten, partisanship is shelved in the glow of good fellowship. Bat the galleries! Look ye the galleries al as interesting as the floor itself. More especially the ladies' galleries. IV here will you see such beautifUl women as the women of Washington TheY are the pick, the cream of tie beauties from all parts of the country. Where else ill you see such furs, such costuaes? And such nattiness, such grace withal! If this were a d3scription of Washington lifo in general their inagnificet diamonds might be men tioned. But it isn't. The lobbyists are always thick on the opening day. Suave, oily tongued fellows, too, these lobyists. They are usually some where about 50;r well groomned; dressed ex quisitely; keep their teards well trimmed, their hair well cut. and their hands are ex amined by the nmnicure twice a week. Dainty fellows, all. [But it is part of their busiyes. And then they give such jolly stag dinners-to congressmen. (They only give nlets to c~ln es5fORL) The terrpil is dinners to can gva-s bes done to a turn, the nides ncompan able, the Roman punch perfectlY mixed-and so are its imbibers. ''ohen the lobbyists have some N t.4 which they tell on these occasions very graphically. Clever lot, these lobbyists. Well, congress is assembled again, anyhow. JOHN WANAMAKER Will He Be a Member of Mr. Harrison's Cabinet? John Wanamaker, of Philadelphia, the proprietor of the Bon Marche of America, is prominently mentioned for a portfolio in the cabinet of Benjamin Harrison, president elect. John Wanamaker is celebrated through the United States as a great merchant, a tender hearted, able man and a philan thropist. His gifts to the poor of Philadelphia have been generous and many. His munificence has been excelled by few Americans of this emtury. He was born in Philadelphia about fifty one years ago. His parents were poor, and his father, a bricklayer, was unable to give John anything more than a rudimentary education. He was a close student, how ever, and though compelled to go to work in a small clothing store at the age of 14, he had given promise of business sagacity and enterprise. His wages at first were $1.50 a week, yet at the end of five years, having become one of the firm's best salesmen, he had saved the snug sumi of I2,00(. All his spare hours were devoted to editing, publishing and so `liciting advertise ments for an ama tour paper called Everybody's Jour nal. The commer ' cial instinct was the dominating feature of his na JOHN WANANAKER. I t ud tur:e, and he was invariably successfel in his business ven tures, even in his youth. His many plans for making money were never at the expense of his honesty. He first thought of entering business for himself in 1861. His friends warned him not to do it. All sorts of discouraging things were predicted. He went into business. His suceess was great. His dry goods house is today the largest in the United States-per haps in the world. Years ago, when Wanamaker was starting a little tailor shop, he found it absolutely necessary to existence to command some credit. He and one of his partners went to New York to secure it. They were unknown, and you know the hearts of New York whole sale cloth men are very, very hard. They tramped round all day, waiting not even for lunch. But all vainly, vainly. Not a dollar of credit could they command. They went to their hotel at night feeling as dismal as an owl in sunshine. They had only one room between them for economy's sake. But Wanamaker's partner felt so blue that he grew reckless and hustled back to the bar room to save at least one drink of whisky from failure. Of course it would have been useless to ask Wanamaker to accompany him. Wanamaker wouldn't save a glass of liquor if he saw barrels of it going to disas ter. So the worldly partner drank alone, a good big, dejected being's draught. When he went back to the bedroom he tumbled over a form on the floor: it was Wanamaker, "What's the matter? What are you doing there?" he cried. "Praying," was the calm reply. "Praying for what?" "For credit, William." Add the next morning they struck a firm that agreed to let them have goods to any reasonable amount on fair time. The firm was a new one and piously inclined itself. It isn't in business any more. It failed the next year. This the partner-though he really isn't a partner any more, John having set up for himself alone-often tells to the children at John's Sunday school Dlr. I V. Wlllamson's Philanthropy. Mr. L V. Williamson, the aged philan thropist, who has decided to devote $12,000, 000 for the establishment of an industrial school for boys, will have given more money en bloc to found an institution when his plans are consummated than any other American except Leland Stanford, who gave $20,000, 000 to the Leland Stanford Univer sity in California. These colossal sums are in strange con trast with those lit tle amounts which, in colonial days, de termined the name which should apply to colleges. Nearly all American uni versities establish ed before the revo lutional'y war L v. WILLIAMSON, which bear the names of individuals, con fesred the honor from the gift of a paltry sum which would in some cases now scarcely serve to endow a professorship. Mr. Williamson has placed his gift in the hands of trustees, who will have the man pgemeut of the institution. It will be known as the Wilin.amison Mechanical Free School of Trades, and will be open to white boys, who will be taught the trades. There are to be no religious restrictions. The school is to be located in Philadelphia or the immediate vicinity-Montgomery, Bucks or Delaware county. Training schools for boys have of late years been springing up all over the country, but they have been built largely by subscription. Mr. Williamson, in devoting so great a sum to the purpose of teaching boys in skilled labor, has laid the foundation for a great benefit. WENT BACK ON PAlFN1L.. Capt. O'Shen, Who Has Been Playing thUe Role of Informer. Capt. O'Shea, who was once the object of the misplaced confidence of Mr. Parnell and, in fact. of many of the most prominent mem bers of the Irish party, has made a greatt esn sation by testifying against P'arnell in the celebrated Times suit, and playing the dis graceful role of the informer. It is assumed that be is well paid for taking the part of the traiter. .ie is an extremely adroit and un serepulous manl, an4 one who would hesitate at nothing tlhat would te!nd t the acecors plishment of his own ends. CAPT. O BHEA O. Tag ITE.-?SS 80o. elaborately, strilkes ttituade b exhibitio of his nuusenlar physique, constantly pu!l chief witb a blue border, toys with splendid 1ohi glasses, and acts the exquisite to per= gctiou. But all the same by his trnitorous action ieo has probably brought contumely upon himself a long as he lives Tho electri: light is making its way in Condon slowly but surely, notwithstanding jts cauonsivenes OLD OCEAN'S WRATH. IT HAS LATELY BEEN SOMETHING TERRIBLE TO WITNESS. Some Notable Wreclks in the History of Modern Sea Sailing-How the Reeent Storm Affeeted Some Localities on the Atlantice Coast. At certain intervals the wind swoops down on the Atlantic coast and shakes thingsup. If you will take up a map of North America you will notice how uneven the coast is all the way from Maine to Florida. A cape will jut out from the land twenty or thirty miles, CRESCENT BEACH AFTER THE STORM. then there will be a curve inland, forming a hay. Many a vessel has been wrecked trying to weather one of these points of land when the wind was blowing hard from the north east. To this irregularity of the Atlantic sea board, and also to the fact that the Atlantic is the stormiest sheet of water on the globe take it all the year round-may be attributed so many shipwrecks reported along the coast every year. The wind blows up and down the Pacific coast, but on the Atlantic easterly and northerly winds aro prevalent at certain periods. The recent gale, which did so much damage, was from the northward and east ward. When you walk along the beach at a seaside resort on some fine summer day, when the sun is out and a light breeze is blowing and everything is lovely, it is hard to conjure up from your imagination the op posite picture-a sky black as ink, the sea running from twenty to forty feet high, the waves rolling up on the beach, the spray fly ing landward and all the terrors of a storm. The recent storm was worse than any which has visited the Atlantic coast for years. Houses were blown down, a hotel went float ing out to sea, a lightship got adrift and a pile of wrecks was strewn all along the coast. Of all the watering places, perhaps ,ltlantio City suffered the worst. Almost every cot tage on the beach was damaged, and the Half Way house, which has been such a familiar object to visitors, was completely demolished. All along the New England coast wrecks were reported, and the d-maga to life and property can scarcely be esti HALF WAY HOUSE, ATLANTIC CITY. mated. Crescent and Nantasket beaches, near Boston, after the storm represented a disastrous picture-cottages blown over, piers wrecked, bath houses destroyed and a scene of general devastation. In a storm of this kind which is so general in its pature the mind centers not so much on the loss of property as the loss of life. In the various kinds of disasters which occur to mankind there is scarcely anything more ter rible than a shipwreck. Death itself is a simple act, but the hours of anxiety and sus pense, which in a shipwreck always precede it, can scarcely be imagined. If one could take a journey down to the bottom of the sea and look upon the count less number of wrecks which lie there, he would be appalled at the sight. From 1S54 to 1879-just one-quarter of a century-the number of wrecks on the British coast alone was 49,000 odd, with a loss of 18,319 lives, In the years 1876-77 there was the enormous number of 4,164 wrecks, but a loss of only 770 lives. The first great disaster at sea oc curred as far back as 1120, when the Blanche Nef was wrecked and 303 persons were drowned. In this disaster perished the chil dren of Henry I, and as William, the heir to the throne, perished with the others, it may be said that the whole course of English his tory was changed by this accident. The dis aster led to the accession of Stephen. Among the great disasters of the earlier part of this century may be mentioned the wreck of the King George, a packet running from Park gate, on the Dee, to Dublin, with a loss of 125 lives; the Prince of Wales, the same year, with even a greater loss of life; the loss of the steamer Ellsmere (the first steamer lost), with a loss of four lives, and in 1841 the Governor Fenner and Nottingham off Holyhead, with a loss of 1)2 lives. In 1853 Asbury Park, N. J., was the scene of a terrible wreck. The ship New Era, bound from Liverpool with a load of immigrants, went on shore in a dense fog. Beside the ship's crew and officers, there were 800 immli grants on board. Only 405 lives were saved from the wreck. The next morning the beach for miles was strewn with dead bodies pCEAN FRONT, ATLANTIC CITY. There are some who remembesr th. wreck to this day, and they say that the bowlipg iil.y at Hathaway beach was packed full of dead bodies on the day after the disaster. The ponderous bell frame of the vessel is now hanging over a doorway in one of the hotels at Deal Beach, just north of Asbury Park. The vessel had a large sum of money on board. Only a small portion of it a-ns recovered. In September, 1SSO0, the stenr:er Vera Crus was lost in a hurricane olf the coast of Florida. Of seventy-nin pe rsou. on bioard only ten succeeded in reaching land. In 1S3) the steamer Bohemian was lost or the Irish coast. She was one of six steamers of the Gayland line, plying between Boston and Liverpool. The vessel was a total loss, and thirty-five persons were drowned. In 1888 thp British bark Oswingo, on the voyage Sfrom Syduepy, Anustralia, to Wj!n~ingto.n, foundered off Opa'ro Islgnd, in 28 degs. south longitude. The captain and crew of the ves el remained on the island from the 4th of September to the 14th, when they were taken off by the French gquboat Volage and car ried to Tahiti. The treatment shown tIy poor unfortunates by the master and oflicers of the gunboat was shameful The captain was compelled, with his officers, to go into the forecastle with the sailors, and was fed on the vilet kind of food. On their arrival at Tahiti they were sent to Sen Fra4oioe, where they arrived in safety. The number of shipwrecks which have beenattended byloss of life isgreat. Two of the most terrible disasters of the last twenty-flve years and which will be remem bered by many was the loss of the Huron and the Metropolis. O: the 24th of November, 1877, the steamer Hluron went ashore near Nagshead, N. C., five mi'cs cast of Manteo. .Ninety-eight persons cr::-bel. Two months later than this the steamer Metropolis, bound from Philadelphia to Brazil, loaded with railroad iron and 245 sailors anml passengers, went ashore on Currituck Beach and eighty lve lives were sacrificed. 'ºa terrible dis asters of the Cimbria and the t lhoten are still fresh in our minds. The disasters mentioned are but a few instances of the terrible power of the elements. The strongest vessels go down hke chips before the relentless fury of the raging sea. But it is gratifying to notice that, owing to the many appliances for saving .life which have been invented and put into - se during the last twenty-five years, the loss "ife at seI has notably decreased. THE LATE MRS. SHERMAN. Her Death Took Place Recently in the City of New York. On the 1st of May, 1850, a wedding took place in government circles in a house on Pennsylvania avenue, at Washington. The daughter of Thomas Ewing, secretary of the interior, was married to a young officer of the army, Capt. W. T. Sherman, who had been adopted when a child by the bride's father. President Taylor, Daniel Webster, Henry Clay and Thomas H. Benton were at the wedding, but doubtless no one of the company thought that the young groom was to achieve a fame that would equal that of any of the distinguished guests. Ellen Boyle Ewing was 20 years old when she was united to Capt. Sherman. A married life of thirty-eight years was before her, and the happiness of seeing sons and daughters grown up about her. After her marriage she went with her husband to California, where he soon resigned from the army and engaged in bank ing. Then their residence was in the south, where Sher man was principal of a military school When the civil war broke out Shnerman took his family to the home of his wife's father, at Lancas ter, O. A brief residence at St. LLEN BOYLE SHERMAN. Louis followed, and then the civil war came. After the war Mrs. Sherman's residence was at St. Louis, at Washington, and, lastly, at New York. Mrs. Sherman was a devoted member of the Roman Catholic church, and as such has been prominent for many years. Gen. Sher man himself is not a member of the Roman church. Mrs. Sherman's services were re cognized by Pope Pius IX, from whom she received tokens of his regard, among which was the "Golden Rose," an order of the church confirmed usually only on a sovereign. Mrs. Sherman was also one of the trustees of the "Peter's Pence" in America. Gen. Sherman's war record is in singular contrast with the inclinations of his family. The children were educated in the mother's faith, and the older son, Thomas Ewing Sherman, is a Jesuit priest at Woodstock, Md. There are two sons and four daughters living. Mrs. Sherman, with several of the children, visited the general when he was on the Mis sissippi river after the capture of Vicksburg. One of them, Willie, who was then 9 years old, took a great interest in army matters. He was a favorite with the troops and used to ride beside his father at reviews. He was called a "sergeant" in a battalion of regulars, learned the manual of arms and regularly at tended parade and guard mounting of the Thirteenth United States regiment near his father's camp. The boy died soon after at 3emphis of typhoid fever. Gen. Sherman his said in his "Memoirs" that of all his children, this one seemed the most precocious and more than any of the children to take an interest in his father's profession. This is Dne of the few cases, perhaps the only case in this country, where a child was given a military funeraL The body of Willie Sherman was escorted to the steamer which was to bear it north by the battalion of the Thirteenth United States infantry in which he had been called "sergeant." Over his grave in Calvary cemetery at St. Louis, the officers and soldiers of the battalion placed a marble monument. It is in this cemetery that the boy's mother has been laid beside him. Mrs. Sherman, besides the loss she will be to her family, will be greatly missed by the poor for whom she spent a lifetime of labor. JOHN J. O'BRIEN. The .an Who Is Causing Trouble Among New York Politicians. Mr. John J. O'Brien, who has excited a commotion in New York political circles, having been accused of "trading," is said to have "ruled the political roast" in the metro polis for many years. His sway is auto cratic, and his orders are promptly obeyed. There have been several efforts to do away with Mr. O'Brien's services, but without success. Th. boys bare always an swered roll call to Johnny O'Brien and it has never been found possible to break his power. He regards those opposed to his me thods "fair weath- '~i er" and "parlor house" politicians, as he calls thenm. He was born in the city where he has so much "in- JOHN J. O'BUDEN. flooence," and was for years a bookkeeper in A. T. Stewart's drygoods: house. He went into politics after the civil war closed. In 1867 he resolved to capture the machine of the Eighth district, controlled by George W. Farmer. O'Brien enlisted the young fellows in his cause and they made a successful *ttack. Farmer ran for sheriff and opened soup houses for the poor. lIe was badly beaten, and, as O'Brien puts it, "Farmer was beaten on the strength of the soup." O'Brien, on taking control of the Eighth district organization, began at once to strengthen it and showed that he possessed abilityas a leader. In 1870 Collector Murphy made him his secretary. He afterwards was a weigher in the custom house, and resigned in 1877 to become chief of the bureau of elections. Although he has been in politics for a long time ie is not rich. He will spend his last cent to gain an object in politics. His race in 188S for county clerk cost him a great deal of money. Mr. O'Brien wears a perennial smile, while his ruddy cheeks are the very incarnation of freshness. He is always ready to take you cordially and confidentially into a corner for conference, even if you had just landed from the Hague and wero making your first in spection of the building. O:Brien's genial presence at Albany, the capital of the Empire state, is alwaysinsured when there is a prominent New York city bill affecting the great corporations or poll tipp before the legislature for consideration. He never seems to be very much interested, but the boys say he is "always on deck" and there. is "something in the wind" when Johnny O'Brien exhibits his handsome anat omy to the admiration of the members. (atehlng a I'ats Snake, When you come upon your cobra, make him rear up and expand his hood. He gen erally does this quickly enough, but should he delay, whistle to him, imitating the snake charmers. He will then cert(nly raise his head. Then, with a. mal cane op stlpk, or the ramriod of a gun, gently press his head to the ground. The snake will not object; he seems rather to like it. When you press his head lightly to the ground with the stick in your left hand, you shoiuld seize the snake with your right, close behind the head, hold ing his neck rather tightly; then let go the stick and catch hold of the tail The snake is powerless, and you can do what youlike with it.-Popular Science Monthly. AS TO .JOHN BliIGIIT. THE STURDY CHAMPION OF FREE DOM AND HIS UFE WORK. His Abiding Love for and Faith in the Unlted States-Some Notes of His Home Life and His Personal Peculiarities. His Strength of Claracter. The prolonged sickness of John Bright, the Quaker gentleman, the man of the people, the British friend of the United States, has drawn to him once more many hearts that had been partially estranged by recent politi cal divisions. To Americans his personalityis specially interesting, for he was ehiet of that stalwart band which included Richard Cob den, John Stuart Mill, Milner Gibson and other great intellects who stood firmly by the United States during the late civil war, reso lately resisted all projects to aid in the disso lution of the Union, and befriended Henry Ward Beecher during his remarkable mission in England. John Bright's home is at Rochdale, in Lancashire, and he is a thorough "Lancashire lad" by birth, training and instincts. Though a Quaker, and occasionally holding forth in their meetings, he does not wear their dis tinctive garb, but dresses in black broad cloth of the conventional cut, and with great neatness, as becomes a leading member of parliament. He is, or rather has been, a broad faced, ruddy, stalwart Englishman, fond of fishing and all proper open air sports. He knows no language but English, but he is perfect master of that. His majestic figure commands attention; his clear, bell like voice enables him to address the largest audiences any hall in England will hold, and his keen, incisive sentences are the delight of the hearers. In parliament no other speaker could hold the house so long or so com pletely; and the words, "Bright's up!" would cause art immediate rush of members from hall and restaurant to their seats. Glad stone is a more ornate speaker, a Latinist, but Bright holds the audience best. Rochdale, his home, is a typical Lancashire town, with rather close and dirty streets; there is, of course, much poverty and the peo ple speak the most pronounced dialect now heard in England. But it is noted as a place where many social experiments have succeeded, and the "Rochdale Co-op erative Pioneers" have a world wide fame as the largest trading concern of that sort in the world and the first to make a decided success Near it is the stately old fash ioned, red brick N house called "One Ash," which is the home of John JOHN BRIGHT. Bright. Every thing about it is plain and comfortable. The most notable adornments are cups, busts, cabinets, etc., presented to the owner by va rious societies and by bodies of workmen. Mr. Bright's daily life has been one of ex. treme simplicity. He never was a "society man," and having been a widower for many years has lived somewhat secluded. He is senior partner of a firm of carpet makers which has a world wide reputation, and has made the partners immense fortunes. With his employes his relations are those of strict business; he pays the market price for labor and exacts good work in return. But in all local improvements he is remarkably liberal. His son John now controls the business, and is an active politician as well, but lacks the eloquence of his father. Jacob Bright, brother of the old statesman, and long a member of parliament for a district of Man chester, is also a noted man; but he is physi cally much weaker than John, and therefore lacks his aggressive energy. He is an advo cate of woman suffrage, which John stoutly opposes. The appearance of John Bright in his days of health was very striking and impressive. His leonine head, lofty forehead, straight clear cut nose, firm mouth, bold chin, strong neck and flowing light hair, like a lion's mane, made him a marked man in any as sembly; and no doubt much of his power be fore the people was due to his immense physi cal advantages. Politically, he has had a wonderful, and on the whole, a very success ful career. Aided by the famine in Ireland in 1846, he and his coworkers overthrew the British "Corn Laws;" they then framed the free trade policy of Great Britain, which is claimed by her economists to be such a great success. They next proceeded to sweeping measures for the relief of labor; acts were passed forbidding the employment of women and children in coal mines, and all that series of laws known as the "Factory Acts," redu cing the hours in factories and compelling the education of children. The life of work ing people has been so much ameliorated in the last forty years that the British laborer now has but one evil to dread-less of em iloyment-and that much leathan in 1845. Mr. Bright acted in political harmony with Mr. Gladstone, till the latter projected his scheme of a separate parliament for Ireland; since then he has determinedly opposed his old friend. He maintains that the place to right all wrongs, no matter in what part of the United Kingdom, is in the British parlia ment. But it is idle to inquire into the justice of his views oil this subject; for his advanced age and feeble condition indicate that his day of political strength is past. Switzerland's President Dead. President W. F. Hertenstein, of the Swiss Federal council, who has recently died in Geneva, was born in 1825 at Kyburg, near Winterthur, in Switzerland. His father was a district forester, and sent his boy, between the years 1837 and 1843, to the School of In dustry in Zurich, where, during the last few years of his studies, he attended lectures mainly of a scien tife character. Af terwards he served as forester in differ ent parts of Ger many and Switzer - - land Soon after S 1846 he passed a civil examination, S. and then served the required time in the army, where he obtained the rank I of liet.Wnant of ar tillery, and subse b quently took part in the so called PESIDET HERTENSTEISonderbund war. PBESIDENT IIRTENSTIgINY From 185$ till 1869 he was a member of the cantonal council In the army he became the commander of the artillery and cavalry of his canton. During the entice year IS87 be was vice pres ident of the Federal council, and since the i.tS of January, 1888, has been president of the fe.eration. and at the same time chief of the military department of the government. The Work of a Watlch. The average watch is composed of 1T different pieces, comprising upward of 2,400 separate and distinct operations in its manu facture. The balaned has 18,000 beats or Vibrations per how-, 12,900,080 in thirty days, 157,680,000 in one year; it travels 143-100 inches with each vibration, which is equal to nine and a half miles in twenty-four hours, 2924 miles in thirty days, or 3,58s% miles in one year.--New York Telegram. luraaln Money. A citizen of Eatonton, Ga., smokes about twelve pounds of tobacco yearly in a pipe that he decliaes is over 200 years old. This leads a mathematical person to calculate that if that were the average ramount used in the pipe since the first day 2,400 lpounds of weed have been burned in this bowl, and if the first t12 had been put out at the rate of 10 per cent it would now have grown to the mum of $1,755,443,20. BISHOP LOUGHLIN'S NEW HOME. It Is a Cr, Lt t .:L t :a a P..na Catholic Chi:re, in I;rooklyn. ' Bishop Joihn Loulhlin of s.e Romtan Cath olic church, pres.dins; over the diocese of Brooklyn has recently taken possession of a $100,000 episcopal palace, just completed. It is said that the bishop being a man of simple tastes, and 73 years old, moved into his splendid abode with reluctance, preferring that it should await the coming of his suc cessor for an occupant. NTW BISHOP'S HOUSE, BROOKLYN. Bishop Loughlin was born in County Down, in Ireland, 1810, and coming to Amer ica when a mere boy settled with his parents near Albany, N. Y. The finishing of his education was derived from Mount St. Mary's college, Emmittsburg, Md., where he taught for several years. He also studied in Canada. Ordained in 1842, he became rector of St. Patrick's cathedral, New York, and vicar general of the diocese in 1848. Hero he remained until he was consecrated vicar general of the new diocese of Brooklyn in 1853. The residence was built for the bishop by subscriptions of the wealthier Roman Catho lies of Brooklyn. The architecture is gothic, the building is four stories and basement high, sixty feet front by ninety feet deep. Besides the bishop's rooms there are apart ments for the priests of the cathedral. On the first floor there is a marble vestibule and to the left is the bishop's study, and on the right a parlor. Across a corridor is the bishop's bed room, with a private bath room. On each floor, in the clergy house, are accom modations for.priests; a bed room and sitting room for each, and on every floor there is a bath room. On the third floor is a splendid library. FLORVIL GELAN HIPPOLYTE. He Is the Man Who Is Leading the Hay tian Insurrection. The people of Hayti are still busy with their quadrennial revolution. Gen. Florvil Ge lan Hippolyte, recently minister of police and public safety, is in arms against Gen. F. D. Legitime, president of the republic. There are more claimants to the presidency of Hayti than there are to the throne of France. The late President Salomon, Gen. Leg itime, Boisrand-Ca nal, Manigat and others, have during the past few years kept the country in a ferment. Gen. Salomon being ill, and feeling that his death was near, proposed to abdi cate in favor of IManigat. The peo ple were not only GEN. HIPPOLYTE. weary of Salomon's rule, but did not relish being placed under that of Manigat, who was immoral, arrogant and bloodthirsty. They rallied around Legitime, who seems to be a statesman and a well wisher for his countrymen. Legitime was elected senator. When, on the 24th of May last, the people took up arms against Salomon, Legitime was arrested and Manigat was banished, both by Salomon's order. On the 4th and 7th of July last, large portions of the capital were burned by the followers of Manigat. The people, in censed, called upon Boisrand-Canal, ex-presi dent, to defend the city from the outrages, and under his leadership the whole country was ready for revolution. Salomon abdicted in favor of Thelamacque, who governed Cape Hayti. Thelamacque, feeling that Salomon's power had vanished, concluded not to accept the chief magistry from him, but to take it by force. Boisrand-Canal, however, made himself master of Port-au-Prince, and Salo mon was obliged to leave the country. The people then called on Gen. Legitime. Gen. Thelamacque meanwhile entered the city, a provisional government was formed, with Boisrand-Canal president, and his rivals in the cabinet. On Oct. 10 an election took place and Legitime was elec:ed president. It was in the cabinet of Boisrar.d-Canual that Hippolyte was chief of police. Slow Actor Coquelin Studies. "When I have a roletocreate," my brother once said, "I begin by leading the play through from beginning to end five or six times, with the greatest attention. I lirst endeavor to decide upon the scope of my part andl its place in the piece. I next study its psychology. Having found out what the character thinks and what is his moral con clusion, I conclude what he must be physi cally-his carriage, his words and his ges tures. When these poin:s are settled, 1 learn my part without thinking any more about it. Then, Ihaving got it all by heart, 1 take up my character again, and, closing my eyes, I say to him, 'Now, speak your piece.' Then I see him in my mind's eye getting off the tirades and phrases demanded of him. He lives, speaks and gesticulates before me. I bave now simply to imitate him. "People exclaim sometimes, 'How real! How well observedl' Observedi Nonsense. An actor doesn't observe; he sees, and what he sees gets fixed in his head, simply because the human brain is made after that fashion it is a photographic apparatus. An actor does imitate. But to what degreul As much as Moliere does, who has not painted a miser, a misanthrope, a hypocrite, but the miser, the misanthrope, the hypocrite, torrowing right and left the traits that are united in the character which he thus creates. So it is with the actor, who copies differ:'ent manner isms of gait, speechl and gesture which have become tixed in his mind. Thle: t.he puhlio exclaims,'Thats itexactlyl' And th s ij true, because what they see is teo resume of the different types that everybody Ihas seen. '';last is all there is of it."-Coquelin Cadlt in lios ton Transcript. The Key to ePopulntar Writing. It is not given to any one man to cover successfully the whole rango of literary work, and as an essayist Mr. Robert Louis Stevenson is a failure. Of course anything dressed in the garment of his perfect Eng lish is pleasant reading, but for a man to successfully write critical monologues he must have something in them beside the beauty of style. Mr. Stevenson, in his esti mate of popular writers, does not seem to touch the peculiar power of this class at all. He wholly fails to notice the one thingwhich is common to all of them, be their methods what they may. There is a gentleman in New York, Mr. Harlan P. Halsey, who is the author of the Old Sleuthseries of stories. These are so popular that he makes an income of about $20,000 a year by his pen. His own statement about his work is worth qnoting, therefore, as that of a man who knows how to reach the world of readers spoken of by Mr. Stevenson: 'I have a set rule," he said upon one occasion; "I manko something happen within every thousndt wo: ds." I:ncident, then, is the key to popular writing, not a description of whant the reader "believes he would Lo were he in the here's place," as Mr. Stevenson puts it. If Mr. itevenson will again examine the stories of S\ylva::us Cobb, Jr., Mrs. South worth, Dracebridge Hemyng, Pierce Egan, or any of the popular writers, he will find that they are but a succession of incidents, incidents, incidents There is always some thing happening within each thousand words.-Current Literature. TERMS-INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. OneYear ...................................... o Si Months................................... 2 to Three Months.................................. I CO When not paid in advance therato will be Five Dollars per year. NIWSPJPIR DECISIONS 1. Anyonewho takes apaperregularly from tbbhe Poetofaiee-wbether directed to his name or another. or whether he has subecribed or not-is responeible for the payment. 2. If a person orders his paper discoumnund, he mast pay all arrearages, or the publisher will con tinue to send ituntil payment is made and collect the wboleamount, whetherthepaper is taken from the office or not. 8. Thecourtshavedecided that refusinr to take thenewspapersor periodicals from thePoetofflee, r removing and leaving them uncalled for, is prime ftci evidence of intentionalfraud, Papers ordered to any address can be changed to another address at the option of the subseeriber. Remittances by draft, check, money order, or regis. teraedletter, may tesent at our risk. All Postmasters ar required toreglster letters on application. LOVE'S LITANY. lelpless! alone I stand! Give me your hand! Lead me across life's turmoil and despair! Take me away to Love's sweet blossom land, Out of this darkness into light and air! Give me your hand! to wander thro' my hair. To pass across my forehead; let it touch My lips, just once, that murmur you are fair And tender, Sweet! I do not ask for much Give me your hand! Midnight has closed me round! Give me your eyes That I may wake to see life's loveliness, And gaze into a mirror'd Paradise, Where we may wander on, no less! no less! Give me your eyes! that I may look you through, Unfold your soul, discover how your heart Trembles at love's awakening Al! you You will be merciful! Ere I depart Give me your eyes! Behold your suppliant! Give me your heart! All that is in it that is very pure, Your woman's sanctity; the counterpart Of gifts the angels gave you that endure! Give me your heart! that I may set it round With pearls of prayer, and rosaries recite Of deep thanksgiving! Let me feel I've found A way to peace out of life's dark night! Give me your heart! -Clement Scott in America. PRICELESS AND PEERLESS. Something About Violins-Famous Instr ments and Cheap Fiddles. "Anything new in the way of discoveries?' inquired the amateur. "Nothing. You know that Giottos, Vero neses, Rafaels, Titians, da Vincis are always to be found at New York auction rooms, and in similarly convenient places violins by all the illustrious makers are to be had. The pawnbroker myth, of the priceless, peer less instrument, ticketed '85,' bow included, bought for that price, and worth thousands. still embellishes the pages of the newspapers with the name of the clever man who se cured it. I have made many useless trips to strange places always within New York, to garrets, to lager beer cellars, to drawing rooms, and have offended an endless lot of people. professional or otherwise, by telling them that their violins were not as repre sented. Mine has been a thankless task, for once a man is crazy over the merits of his violin, he is like Bottom in the play. It is a hallucination which no amount of argu ment will overcome. I don't argue. What is the use? "But some of these violins were good?' "Certainly. I have heard some instru ments giving out tones which delighted me just as good as those made by the early Italian makers-only they were not Cremo nese or Tyrolese. If these violins were just as capable of producing fine sound as those made by the old masters what then? That is what the public asks about and never can understand, Well, a Harper's last publica tion is more legible than the first work issued by a Caxton, and a Harper's book may be worth say V2 and a Caxton $2,000. Men search for the earliest types of things because they are sometimes rare, but not necessarily beautiful. A violin that has lived 300 years and escaped all accidents becomes a remark able thing. Think of floods, fires, and that frail thing, a box of thin wood! The proba bilities of chances still hold their sway. A violin has lived on for three centuries through miraculous intervention, but its time has come. The owner of the violin, with his instrument, is in the cars. There is a smash up. It is only the baggage car, but a Magini has been ground into filaments. I could cry over It," and here the expert did seem distressed. "And what is it?" asked the amateur. "News that two of the most famous violins in the world, through carelessness or ignor ance or accident, have gone to ruin. Poor, poor things!" "Is it annihilation?' inquired the amateur. "No; they were saved just at the last mo ment, when dissolution was near. There was a flicker of life left in them. There are hopes of restoration. It will be a long, an arduous undertaking. They are row here in the United States, sent from abroad, and in the hands of the most skillful man in the world. Their drowned out and mangled bodies he now has. All he hopes is that lhe can put their bones together and maybe still throw a soul into them. He will attempt a resurrec tion. Those two violins were of the close of the sixteenth century, and of a rarissime maker.--New York Times. Feasts of the Uindoo Family. If a marriage, a death, cr a birth among their kindred were the only landmarks in English ladies' lives, we should soon have these occasions erected into as lengthy family ceremonies as they are in India. If the ob servance of Ash Wednesday, Shrove Tues day, Candlemas, Michaehunas, Lady day, May day, and what not of our standard re ligious and secular feasts were the main op portunities for breaking the monotony of an imprisoned life, how carefully they would be kept, and how anxiously looked forward tol This is why all the innumerable shankrants, ekadshis, asthamis, naumis, and other queer fasts and feasts are so regularly attended to in India. Indeed, female ingenuity has there long ago seized upon the many other opportuni ties for diversion afforded by occurrences in cidental to human existence, and the:-e are ceremonies to be gone through on every possible excuse. No phase of life escapes childhood, puberty, pregnancy, maternity, widowhood, all come in for a share. The first tying of a rag round a boy's loins occa sions a family feast, and so does the first time his hair is cut; the first time hoe pats on the janen, or sign of caste; and co on all through life. Before he is a nan he has gono thrcygh sixteen sacraments, each a notable oocasion in the eyes of his women folk. Babies are put through all sorts of ceremo nies, on the first, the fifth, the seventh, the fortieth, and other days after birth. They cannot even see the sun for the first time, and, of course, cannot be given a name, without a feast being held over the fact. As to the women's special ceremonies, they are just as numerous.-Capt. R. C. Temple i: Journal of The Society of Arts. The Climate of California. To undertake to photograph the character istics of our population would be as futile as to attempt to portray the geographical features of the state, which comprehends within its boundaries a diversity of climate and of sceYlery partaking of every continent and every zone. It i. only natural that casual sightseers, with imperfect vision an'l short perspective, should be guilty of egro gious errors. It is the fable of the blind men and the elephlant again .iepeatct , the blind man who touched the elephant's tail declared that the great and mighty elephant, about which s:o much had beoe said, was nothing more or less than a rope. The blind man who ran against one of the great brute's legs, at once pronounced him to be a largo tree of the forest. The blind man who bumped his head against the elephant's side likened him to a wall; the one wlho touched his trunk shrank from him in horror, as from a great serpent. So, in turn, has California been judged. The visitor to the north or to her mountain ous regions complains of her Arctic cold. One who encounters a week of warm weather in the interior or coast valleys declares her a region of torrid heat. The man who sees an irrigating ditch assumes that all her crops are grown by irrigation. He who is drawn into the whirl of a real estate boom judges that the whole state is for sale in parcels, and in the hands of eager venders. And our in habitants have fared no better, having been measured by a few of the most conspicuous types encountered in our cities, or by self as sertive examples of western citizenship who have gone abroad.-San Francisco Cur. New York Post. A Loug Legged Word. The cable says: "The Germans are hard at work digging French out of their language. One of the latest results of this purifying pro eess can hardly be commended. The word 'patrouille' is to be cut out of the list of military terms, and in its place is to be sub stituted 'truppentheilennachtigspadergang.' If this is really to stay the army will need an extra supply of ambulances.'--Detroit Fret Pp-~g