Newspaper Page Text
THE NEW NORTH.WEST
AMES II. MILLS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER. The Official Paper of Deer Lodge County ENTERED IN THB DEER LODGE, MONTANA, POSTOFFICE FOR TRANSMISSION AS SECOND CLASS MAIL MATTER. A CORRESPONEENT makes some good sug gestions in the Age of last week, relating to amendment of the Probate law. It Is worthy the attention of the legislators. THE Supreme Court ordered a special term of Court at Missoula to try the Heyfron Mahoney contest for Sheriff. Judge De Wolfe is expected to be present to day. No other business will be transacted. OuR opinion has been asked as to the Aborn House lottery, so extensively adver tised in Montana. We don't want any of it, and have declined to advertise it. Those desiring further Information are respectiully referred to publishers of newspapers who do. ALTHOUGH an article is going the rounds in which some reporter has written up the Keeley motor again, alleging marvellous power created by it from a spoonful or two of water, Capt. Zalinski, of the U. S. Army, who has investigated it, pronounces it a fraud, and we fear he is right. A LARGE number of Butte and Anaconda business men have published cards stating they will give no Christmas presents this year. We haven't seen anybody yet publish a card stating they would not receive any. And yet, B.e of the name that makes Christ mas sacred, taught it was more blessed to give than to receive. THERE have been 45 cases of small pox in Portland, Oregon, during the past year, and there are a number there now. It is a well known fact, however, that there is nearly always small pox existing in the large cities, and the Oregonian claims Portland, with her population of 42,000, has less than her pro portion of sickness at present. PRESIDENT CLEVELAND has extended the civil service rules to the mail service. If this is, as it seems to be, simply a scheme to permanently saddle inefficiency on the in coming administration, President Harrison's Postmaster General should promptly bring George William Curtis to Montana and bold his nose in the kind of railway mail service we have here until he squirms. SUPERINTENDENT DICwKINSON'S resigna tlon, tendered to the Montana Union Direc tory if they could find anybody more satisfactory, was not accepted, and he retains his position. Mr. Hickey, of Pocatello, only eaccepted the position of Master Mechanic temporarily, and at his own request has been succeeded by John Lindoff, of the same place. The Montana Union business is all running smoothly again. THE North American Revieto for Decem ber has articles from General Wolsely and a number of other eminent explorers, on the question, "Is Stanley Dead P" The general opinion is that he is not, and that he is the famous "White Pasha of the Nile," whom the natives have reported. The general opinion is also that he made a mistake in choosing the Congo rather than the Zanzibar route to relieve Emin Bey. THAT is a great scheme the agricultural papers have got up to settle up northeastern Montana. We are not familiar with the climate, or agricultural resources of that section, but if they are favorable, and a class of people are induced there who have means sufficient to establish themselves well, the Government can well afford to encour age the project to the extent asked in the bill presented by Senator Plumb. TaoMAS B. BAHRr, the recent Marplot of the Knights of Labor, has begun the estab lishment of the "Brotherhood of United Labor," which proposes to advocate the right of man to the use of the earth,.whlch is presumably Georgeism ; second, to take from usurers and Shylocks the right to con trol the currency; third, government owner ship of the means of transporting persons, freight and intelligence, and a lot of other Utopian or impracticable schemes. THar Central America Ship Canal business is getting interesting. De Lesseps actually had mere than the 400,000 shares he desired taken by subscription in France, and an nounced to his elated associates, "the canal is made." The tenacity of this Panama scheme is marvelous. In the meantime the ( United State Congress is putting the Nica- a ragua scheme on its feet, and it is certain to I be built. There is no question of the 4 American canal being built. But will there 4 be two? and is there liable to be internsa tional friction concerning it ? A REPO.I comes from Washington that the money necessary to complete the Rock, Fork & Cooke City R. R., some $500,00O has been raised, and that the road will nor be constructed and ready for business in the spring. The rumor is that Henry Villard and the Northern Pacific are backing up the movement now. If the coal fields of Rocky Fork are as good as represented on appar. ently credible authority, the Northern Pa. cific Company could well afford itself to construct the road, and all Mont*U would be benefited by it. The fuel question is becoming a very important one in Montana from an economic point, and if we have an abundance of good coal accessible, it is time it was being put on the market. A VERY unfortunate affair occurred at Birmingham, Ala., Saturday night. A man named B. R. Hawes had been arrested on the charge of murdering his wife and child, and was in Jail. A crowd collected to take him out and lynch him. Eminent citizens remonstrated with them. The sheriff and deputies notified the mob they would protect their prisoner, and warned them repeatedly to not make an assault. But they did, and when within a few feet the officers opened fire, killing three men, fatally wounding seven, and wounded some thirty. others, more or less seriously. Those killed included some of the best citizens who were -trying to restrain the mob. Sheriff Smith Justifies his act, and says his men did not fire until the mob began to burn the jail. Several com panies of State troops arrived the next morn ing and order was restored, although much excitement continued. The Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, of which Hawes is a member, have taken up the case for him, believing him innocent and that the murder was committed by Albert Patterson and a colored woman named Fannie Byant. Some feeling is cultivated against the officers be cause many of the mob killed were shot in the back, the allegation being that they had turned to disperse when fired upon. It is equally fair to assume that those in front only turned, and that the main body of the mob kept pushing on. The officers could not permit the mob to overwhelm them, even if those in front had turned. A Rebuke from the Pope. ROME, Dec. 11.-A sensation has been caused by the Pope's refusal to bless the medals sent to Rome by an Irish priest, who intended them for distribution in Ireland. The Pope sternly said: "I cannot bless them. The people of Ireland are disobed. 1 lent. They seem to prefer the gospel of Dillon and O'Brien to the gospel of Jesus Christ. THE *ATTEB OF STATEHOOD. The main question of Statehood, with some incidental questions, is being brought to the front again by a suggestion from the Dakota Convention, which recently met at Jamestown, Dak., that an inter-Territorial Convention be held by the two Dakotas, Montana and Washington, with a view to uniting upon some line of action that Will hasten the admisslon of the two Dakotas and the other two Territories named. The Hel ena Record endorses the project and.has interviewed a number of prominent citizens of Montana, calling out varied expressions on the advisability of Immediate Statehood in the abstract, the question of the old or a new constitution, and the scheme of the three Territories uniting to push the move ment for admission. The Record also sug gests Helena as the proper place to hold the convention, and a considerable number of those interviewed seem to be influenced by that consideration. If we may be allowed to express an opin ion, we think the projected inter-Territorial Convention worse than useless. The end sought is independent Statehood. We de mand it as a right of our own; not contin gent by any means on the rights of other Territories, and not to be hindered by any of their local obstructions. The Springer omnibus bill was objectionable in "lump ing" us all together-trying to smuggle in New Mexico, which Is unqualified for State hood, and compel Dakota to be admitted as a whole, when it desires to be admitted as two States. To be sure it was a political trick to keep out Dakota, Washington and Montana, but that will not avail after March 4, 1880. The new administration and new Congress will consider us on the ground of our separate deservings, as it should, and it will not require an expensive lobby to boost us in. If the Congress of the United States shall ask the representative of Montana, "On what grounds do you claim admission for Montana ?" he can satisfactorily present the statistics and facts to establish her right. Nothing that representatives of Dakota or Washington could 'say could kelp or harm us. Nor stould it. Nothing we could say would hel. or harm the prospects of Dakota or Washington. Nor should it. Let the question be determined in the abstract and absolute right thereto of every Territory, or half Territory, asking admission. This is one of the cases where in union there would not be strength, but weakness. We do not care for identical constitutions, or admission on the same day; nor should we complicate our claims with those of any Territory. ** Despite the rather favorable sentiments expressed by some of the members at the House Democratic caucus on Tuesday even ing, we do not believe any favorable action will be taken by the present Congress. If they consider the matter from the standpoint of rights, we are little better entitled now than two months ago, when our rights were ignored. If there is a reaction it is on polit ical grounds, in the hope some prestige may be gained, and that the Democrats may elect in the Territories recently giving heavy Re publican majorities some State officers; whereas, left as Territories, President Har rison will appoint all Republicans. If this game of political finesse is attempted, they will find Republican Senators also keeping the situation in view. It does not appear the matter is one of urgency. Incidental to this, the problem comes up of admission under the constitution adopted some years ago, or the adoption of a new one under an enabling act from Congress. We confess a preference for the old constitu tion and an apprehension that another con vention will not form one so desirable. Suc cessful pressure would possibly now be brought in the interest of corporations that did not then have controlling influence, to secure deviations from what were good principles then, and which are good now, and ever will remain so. The question is, would Congress admit us under the old con stitution, or require, as a prerequisite, the adoption of a new constitution under an enabling act to be hereafter passed? Our constitution has been formally ratified by the people. We could be organized into a State within a month if Congress and the President should so determine; but it will require many months, and perhaps years, to go over the entire work again. We notice in the interview with Nations Committeeman Warren, he thinks Homi Rule will give us satisfactory government it our Territorial condition, and is apprehen sive of heavy taxation under a State govern ment. It will be better, of course, to have officers from our own people, and undoubt. edly a State debt will be created with per. haps heavier taxation. 'But of the creatlom of that debt and of those taxes we will have control, and if, with the magnificent resour ces and products of Montana, we confess ourselves not able to establish and maintain an economical State government, we mani feat a lack of confidence in ourselves that has never characterized the people of any other Territory of equal wealth and popula tion. Beside, there is something more than a sentiment in Statehood. It will surely enough make us citizens again of these United States, Charley, that you shouldered your gun to preserve; but it will also give Montana the right to make her own laws; it will raise her above the instability of and restrictions upon Territorial enactments; it will give us power in Congress to oppose hostile and secure helpful legislation, in stead of begging for it; it will place us beyond a return to carpet-bag government; and the additional taxation under a Stat= government, if any there should be, will bE more than compensated in the eyes of capi. tal by knowledge that identity of interest will always prevent injurious legislation like that of the alien law, for instance. There are small States, with limited resour ces and small and decreasing population; but ask any citizen of any one of them if be would be willing for his State to revert to a Territorial condition. To remain a Terri tory after we can be rightfully admitted as a State, is like the man of twenty-one electing to remain at home rather than embracing joyously his privilege to meet the responsi bilities of his age and the world. It may bring cares, hardships and struggles, but with it there is the inspiration of manhood and freedom, and it is his inheritance worth all else beside: Let Montana, quickly as she may, have stricken from her the vassal bonds of Territorialism, and never brighter star shall shine in the grand galaxy of the Union, or ever a happier peo ple be than when these of "the shining mountains" hear the glad proclaim--" Mon tana is a State." THE ANACONDA RESUMED. The shut down of the Anaconda works and mine, which existed at the time of our last issue, fortunately ended in a day or two by instructions from Mr. Haggin to resume work, which was immediately done at all the works and the company's mines. The shut down till May would have thrown out of work directly 3,000 to 3,500 employees in the very teeth of winter, with many more thousands dependent on them, would have been serious to Anaconda in particular, and the entire west side at least indirectly, and would have been a public calamity, the ex tent of which cannot, be calculated. We believe the country is principally indebted ror the resumption to the efforts of Marcus Dasly, backed doubtless by the strongest in nuences that could be brought to bear, bat carried by his argent importunity. He has gone to Philadelphia now to spend Christ Lb mas with his family, and we trust it will be ht an enjoyable one. The peril is past for the present, but it is one tbat leaves a lesson at Anacondans will not forget. at The strike, or lay-off, or whatever it may , be called, of the engineers, was wholly un o justifiable; but perhaps they did not think 11 what might be its results. Of all men, as a d class, ralway engineers have our regard, I- respect and admiration. They are an army i of intelligent heroes that ceaselessly, intel Iligently and intrepidly, all over the civilized 'I world, have the responsibility of millions of d lives in their hands, and no record of any a army that ever moved under banners and e eagles, inspired by the surroundings and I nerved by high resolve, can show a brighter * record of manly courage unto the death than e they who, day after day, plunge alone along f the track, perhaps at terrific speed into I utter darkness, with hundreds of lives de pending on their skill and fidelity. But SWth all this they make mistakes, and the recent lay-off was one of them. It is not necessary to cite the details. We trust they may not make such another. r NEWS NOTES AND MENTION. r Some time ago the Chronicle stated that the NEW NORTH-WEsT had said that Mr. Carter would advocate division. "Admis sion" was the word we intended to use. Mr. Carter may be a bold, bad man from the a Chronicle's point of view, but it has n) rea son to even intimate that he would advocate d;vision.-Bozeman Chronicle. All right, Bro. Yerkes. If we were going to be hung for some offense, we would like to be sent through the mails to the scaffold under the present mail system. We think we could live out our natural life before we arrived at the place of execution, if the distance was more than four miles.--Newo Idea. Oar friend Dillard, of the Netw Idea,.is a Democrat after the strictest sect, but that is his opinion of the postal service which i President Cleveland last week commended as being in perfect condition. The Montana mail service is an unspeakable fraud. Sator arepo tenet opera rotas. The trans lation of the above Latin sentence is, "the Almighty holds the revolving universe in his grasp." It will be noticed that the Latin quotation reads backward and forward the same. Take the first letter of each word and it spells the first word; the second letter of each word spells the second word, and so on. you can also do this backward. The above is a genuine literary curiosity and should be preserved.-Exchange. An ordinary person is 5 feet 6 inches high, weighs 136 lbs., has 3,000 acquaintances, walks 7 miles a day, earns $10 a week, has 18J ounces of brain matter, breathes 8 times a minute, taking in a pint of air at each r breath, is good looking, can lift 150 pounds, g lives 50 years, lays by a small fortune, can l write 25 words a minute, can live but 5 min utes without air, 10 days without sleep, 0 tl days without water, and is subject to 2,000 f different diseases.--Exchange. The Boston Herald, in citing the strange bi methods of salutation in several countries, gi says: "The Australian natives practice the it singular custom, when meeting, of sticking w out their tongues at each other. The salu tation is seemingly inexplicable, this act pi with us being generally regarded as ex- Bi pressing derision." This seems one of the St most sensible of the many cited. Instead of fe awaiting the inquiry of "How are you ?" le and consuming time in telling, the Austra- or Ilan anticipates the question and allows his vi friend to look for himself. It is the ideali- of zation of frankness and confidence. When wi you call in your family doctor, in whom you trust your life, sometimes with mis- ce guided courage, the very first thing he will tal do, after sizing you up for the fee you will th stand, is to say, "Let me look at your At tongue." The Australian salutation is be philosophical, logical, confiding, and time saving. The Bushman is a sage, but not sagebrush by any means. - . ...1 .ID..-q. --ql I, . . .. by THE HAYTIEN MATTER. ia e It Looks, Unfortunately, as if the United States il Will Have to Intimidate Hayti. to WASHINGTON, Dec. 7.-Secretary Whit ney this morning admitted frankly that he al had ordered three naval vessels to get ready is as soon as possible to start from Hayti. He in added: "The Haytien authorities referred the case of the seized steamer, 'Haytien Republic' to this Government. We have reached a decis re ion and that in short is that they have got to t- give her up. Unfortunately the yellow fever r- broke out on the 'Boston' while she was at Port Aun Prince and compelled her to leave that climate, otherwise the matter might 'e have been settled before now." r- Secretary Whitney yesterday sent tele Is graphic instructions to Iear-Admiral Gheair n commandant of the New York Navy yards, - to have the ships "Richmond" and "Yantic" it prepared for sea as rapidly as possible. The Y idea is to'have them ready so they can sail -' direct for Hayti early next week. Orders n have also been issued for Rear-Admiral F Luce, commanding the North Atlantic e squadron, to transfer his flag from the "Galena" to the "Richmond," and use that e vessel as his flagship of the expedition. Orders were issued this afternoon to the I commandant of the Norfolk Navy yard to t prepare the U. S. S. "Ossipee" for sea service as soon as possible. She will be sent to Port Aun Prince unless something happens in the meantime to render it unnecessary. It is learned this afternoon that the action of Secretary Whitney in ordering a fleet of vessels to prepare for an expedition to Hayti is due not so much to the absolute refusal on the part of that Government to comply with the request for the release of the seized American vessels as to the dilatory tactics adopted by the Haytien authorities in deal. ing with the case. The position taken by the United States Government is understood to be that the Haytlen authorities referred an arbitration case to this Government. They are virtu ally bound by its decision, and that when they are informed by this Government that they had no legal right to detain or seize the c "Haytlen Republic," they should have ac cepted the situation and released the vessel. While they have not refused to do this, e they are acting in such a procrastinating ti way as to indicate a strong disinclination to a accept the judgment against them. b JUMPED DOWN A MOUNTAIN. h A Frightful Accident but Nobody Killed. ALRURUERQUE, N. M., Dec. 10.-The ci wreck on the Atlantic and Pacific Saturday 0 evening was at a point called Crockton, in ai Johnson's canyon, the wildest place on the di whole line. The engine jumped the track hi when near the head of the canyon approach- e' ing the tunnel and the engine, tender, mall, m baggage, express and one emigrant car hi rolled down the steep and rocky side of the hi mountain, a distance of a 150 feet, and were piled up in a confused mass at the bottom. IX Most of the other coaches were pulled off c the track, but did not go down the hill. The ly mail agent, F. B. Holts, baggageman Rode. d meyer, the engineer and fireman, with a lel considerable number of passengers, were ra badly injured, but no one was killed. do sh A branch of the Western Union Telegraph stf is being put through to Granimte, and the nll people of that town will soon enjoy wire bo connection with the outside world for the of first time-that is, for public use. Mr. Fusz has the honor of gaining the construction of 1 the line.-Mail. en SCIENTIFIC MISCELLANY. Notes of Advanoe In the Wonder Age of the World. INTELLECTUAL INFLUENCE OF THE NOSE. -Aprosexle Isa the name Dr. Guye, of Am sterdam, chooses for inattentiveness, and he quite singularly finds that the nose is one cause of it. A dull boy became quick to learn after certain tumors had been taken from the nose; and a man who had been troubled with vertigo and buzzing in the ears for twelve years found mental labor easy after a like eperation. In a third case, a medical student was similarly relieved. Dr. Guye supposes that these nasal troubles affect the brain by preventing the cerebral lymph from circulating freely. BOILERS EXPLODED BY GAs.-After pro longed official investigation, the most exten sive and complete destruction of steam boilers on record has been attributed to the sudden ignition of coal gas, mixed with air, that bad accumulated in the flues. The explosion occurred July 25, 1887, in Upper Silesia, Germany. Twenty-two boilers, each with more than 1000 square feet of heating surface, were instantly blown to pieces, buildings covering half an acre were destroyed, and three men were killed. WASTE OF ENERGY.-In the ordinary sizteen candle power incandescent lamp, according to Prof. E. Merritt, only from four to six per cent. of the energy actually ex pended is available as light, the remainder being wasted as heat. To lessen this loss is one of the greatest electrical probleaw&.ow awaiting solution. FUTURE SCIENCE.-.'What would one not give," asks Lubbock, "for a science primer of the next century ? for, to paraphrase a well known saying, even the boy at the plow will then know more of science than the wisest of philosophers do now." DELICATE MEASUREMENT.-The new radio-micrometer of Mr. C. V. Boys-a nhermo electric circuit suspended by a tor sion fibre in a magnetic field-shows a tem perature change of one ten-millionth of a :entigrade degree. A MECHANICAL NOVELTY.-The remark ible Mannesmann process of making seam. ess tubes is described by Mr. F. Siemens as _onsisting in passing the redbot bar of solid netal or glass between revolving conoidal olls. These rolls are so arranged that the rarying velocities of revolution with which he different parts of the bar are brought uto contact cause the formation of a hollow hrough the bar's centre. Tubes a foot in iameter, with a shell only a quarter of an ,ch thick, may be produced in this way, nd great strength is claimed for them. nubes with sealed ends may be made, the Iollow centre being a vacuum. THE ELECTRIC AGE.-Prof. Elisha Gray emarks that electrical science has made a reater advance in the last twenty years ban in all the 6000 historic years preceding. [ore is discovered in one day now than in a iousand years of the middle ages. We ad all sorts of work for electricity to do. fe make it carry our messages, drive our ogine, ring our door bell, and scare the urglar; we take it as a medicine, light our is with it, see by it, hear from it, talk with r oand now we are beginning to teach it to rite. ONE YEAR CLOCKS.-AnI important im- 1 Movement in clocks, has been shown the n ritish Association for the Advancement of t ,lence by Mr. W. H. Douglass. The new s ature is the torsion pendulum, which, with o ver and escapement, may be applied to h dinary works, and by its slow rate of b bration makes practicable the conversion r, an eight-day clock into one requiring ti inding only once a year. PHOTOGRAPHIC PROGRESS, -Among re- G nt camera achievements is a portrait copy Si ken by the light of a Cuban firefly in tl irty seconds, and a photograph of the irora Borealis. To obtain the latter had en declared an utter impossibility. THE SPEAKERSHIP. Entries Already Made for the Fifty-first Congress. CHIcAGo, Dec. 7.-A special from Wash ington : At a meeting of the Michigan Re publicans at the residence of Senator Stockbridge, last evening, where they were entertained at dinner, it was decided to formally place Congressman Burrows in the race for the Speakership of the Fifty first Congress. The Iowa men will favor the selection of General D. B. Henderson of that State for the same place, and they expect to have the support of the members from Minnesota and Nebraska to back them. The formal entry of these gentlemen in the race for the chief position in the next Con gress makes a very large field and compli cates the calculations of those who were avowed candidates before. The list now comprises the names of Messrs. Reed, Mc Kinley, Butterworth, Cannon, Burrows and Henderson. Mr. Reed's friends think that the fact that the Maine man has twice re ceived the caucus nomination before for the position, will have great weight in securing the support of other members who are not committed by neighborhood reasons or State pride to support the candidates of their various States, and that the supporters of several of the other candidates will vote for Reed after the first ballot. There is a de cided disposition among the members of the New York delegation to support Mr. Reed as against the others, but there is no unani mity of sentiment in this respect. Some of the New York members have a grievance against Mr. Reed. They assert that he has handled them with a "mailed hand" on sev eral occasions; that he is too much given to arrogance; and that be would be likely to run things to suit himself if placed in con trol of affairs. Mr. McKinley has numerous friends in every State delegationu. VALUABLE HORSE FLESH. Ormonde, the Stallion Derby Winner, Sold to an American for $85,000. NEW YORK, Dec. 7.-The Derby winner, Ormonde, has been sold to an American for $85,000. This is next to the biggest price ever paid for a stallion. The buyer is said to be John A. Morris of Throgg's Neck, L. I., who has made millions out of the lottery , business. The purchase of Ormonde is a I lottery business of the wildest sort. The horse of the century, the winner of the trip. J le crown, mighty successor of West Aus tralian, Gladiator and Lord Byron, the champion of the English turf, the invincible Ormonde, is a roarer. If he weren't, no r amount of American dollars could have in- | uaced the Duke of Westminster to part with c bim. All the resources of science have been t expended in a vain effort to cure him of hise " malady. But being touched in the wind, hls noble owner has no use for him and sells iim to an American for $85,000. Ormende c a five years old. He is not a perfect beauty lor is he a perfect horse to the eye. His 1 _olor is dark bay, with the black rising near- ti y to the bocks. There is a great deal of tI laylight under him. Some people call him FI eggy. He is over sixteen hands, a powerful, n angy and impressive creature. The shoul- ri lers are long, bold and sloping; the neck is si hort and thick; the feet and legs are firm as r teel; the quarters are superb. Late to- T right it was rumored that Mr. Morris had ought Ormonde for Senator George Hearst, f California. " p Elias Taylor is the oldest citizen of He!, fe na, ninety-one years Nov. 7, 1888. ti THE LAST KING ON THE CONTINENT. The Monarch whose Grandfather Called out "The Monroe Doctrine" Dead. WASHINGTON, Dec. 8.-It is stated that Parliment has been odfcially advised of the death of the only king upon the American hemisphere - George Frederick Augustus Handy. His subjects consisted of a few hundred Musquito Indians on the north coast of Nicaragua. His grandfather was the immediate subject of the "Monroe Doe trine," and it was his establishment upon i the throne that called out this celebrated I protest from President Monroe. George Frederick Agustus Handy, as well as his I father and gaandfather, however, was crown ed under the auspices of the British Gov ernment, and alway has been recognized by it as a genuine king. When the Spaniards conquered America, they were never able to subdue the Mosquito Indians, and in the days of the buccaneers, the Musquito coast, as it is called, was the favorite haunt of English pirates and free booters. The na tives killed all the Spaniards, but welcomed the Englishmen as friends, and in 1820, after the Central and South American colonies became independent Republics, England bad . Robert Charles Frederick Handy, hereditary chief of the Mosquitos, crowned as king with 1 a protectorate from Her Majesty's Govern- a ment. There were volumes of correspond- t ence between our Government and Great v Britain written on this subject, and the result was England withdrew her protectorate, and the Republic of Nicaragua agreed to pay the a King of the Mosquitos $2,000 a year perpet ually for the use of the harbor at Greytown, which is the only port Nicaragua has on the d north coast, and there the proposed Nicara gua Canal is to enter the Atlantic. The successor of Richard Charles Frederick Handy, the first king, was his son George t1 Anugustus Frederick, and the late king is his b nephew. He has been a drunken, worthless t1 fellow, and his government has been man- ti aged for him by an American from New r Orleans named Cuthbert. As the Republic a of Nicaragua has long ceased to pay the annuity, it is not probable there will be any strife over the successorship. SCHEME FOR SETTLERS. h A Novel Scheme to Induce Emigration to North ern Montana. el WASHINGTON, Dce. 5.-The Agricultural Press Association has a novel scheme in n view. The Association is composed of the ti New England Farmer of Boston, the Farm Journal of Philadelphia, the Ohio Farmer of Cleveland, Ohio, the Indiana Farmer of bi Indianapolis, the Rural World, the West- a] ern Rural of Chicago, the Orange Judd Far mer of Chicago, the Western Farmer of Madison, Wis., and Farm, Stock and Home a of Minneapolis. The Hon. Norman J. tb Coleman is President of the Association, be anod its papers claim to have 2,500,000 read- Ii era. A bill drawn by the Association pre. to sented In the Senate by Senator Plumb to- w day accompanied by a petition, gives the de th tails of a plan of some originality and ki probable success in the way of estab!ishing th Strade center for settlers in an entirely nn iettled country. A portion of the great .orthern reservation of Montana, thrown ha pen by the agreements ratified by Congress TI ast session, lies along the line of the St. tI Laul, Minneapolis & Manatoba, and for 400 on niles in the Milk river district there are no an owns or villages. The Association repre- mi ents that as five years residence is required etc if settlers before they get their lands, it is so0 ighly desirable that a trade center should m( ie established. The bill authorizes the Sec- pe' etary of the Interior to sell to the Associa- no ion one section of land at $1.25 per acre on be rhich a town may be laid out, and that the :overnment then establish thereon a United tates land office, the district to include all an be lands thrown open to settlement. Co the ad Blaine and Longstreet. WAsaINGTON, Dec. 7.-An intimate friend of Mr. Blaine says that he will not go into the cabinet. President Harrison will offer Mr. Blaine the position of Secretary of State, but it will be declined. This much, it is stated, has been decided upon. Mr. ,h- Blaine is not a strong man and does not de Le. sire to take upon himself the labor of an or executive office or to become the chief ob ire ject of interest to office seekers. His health to is not good and he desires to live in compar in ative quiet for the winter here. He will de ;y dline, therefore, Mr. Harrison's offer of the or Secretaryship of State, which is certain to be tendered. Another piece of Cabinet gos ey sip places Gen. James Longstreet at the rs head of the War department. It is stated n that Gen Longstreet was the recipient of le distinguished attentions from Gen. Harrison j o_ when in Indianapolis a few days since and 1 i. received the tender of the Secretaryship of re War. Gen. Barrison's reasons for the ten w der is given as follows: Gen. Longstreet is c. the most distinguished living ex-Confederate id to-day. Since Lee's death he has been the at recognized head of the old Confederate ser. e. vice, and has such the best fitted to write its - e8 history. That book he has written and, his rg book will go into print in a short time. It )t is understood that he will take the Secre .e taryship of War in March, and will resign It ir at the end of the fiscal year in July to give c )f the remainder of his time to the publication or of his book. Gen. Longstreet is the most 3. distinguished Southern Republican of Con e federate antecedents in the South, and it is F d believed that, recognizing him in this way, a i- Gen. Harrison will give the South greater ti f reasons for a more liberal estimate of the e Republican party in the North. It is be- a a lieved that Longstreet's selection will help ti both Democrats and Republicans in the p South, and start an era of better feeling. a' p It is not believed that Longstreet cares to hold office many months. He is over seven y ty years of age, and, beyond the honor at- ni tacbhing to the position, does not care to bold it. He would, therefore, be very wil. ling to give up the office early in the year, and allow some younger man to take it. TWO ROUTES TO BITTER ROOT. r Engineers Reported to be Surveying Both. S Missoula Gazette, Dec. 8th. 5, Night before last seventeen Union Pacific w surveyors were at the Rodgers House. They Al stated that they had orders from Supt. Bogue J to run a line from the Bitter Root valley to A Garrison Junction, and intimated that a ma- g jority of the levels on this line has already F been calculated. When construction will be C commenced is not known, but it is thought Ge that the opening of spring will be a signal J 1 for lively dirt throwing. The resources of D Missoula county are of such a character and Jo value that it would not be surprising to see r, other roads reaching out for the carrying R' trade of this rapidly developing community. JR The following from the Stevensville Tribune o0 may give an idea as to the intentions of the Pi incoming company: "A party of Union Pa- ol cific surveyors numbering twenty-two ar- 01 rived from Ross' Hole on last Fridayand are dc now camped near the old bridge, four miles Wr north of this place. They run the line D I through Fort Owen Monday, following up the old Ray survey. Chief Engineer E. C. D I Kinney, who was among the party, informed J M us that he had left 36 men on the Big Hole o ( range, running a line into the valley. The Joe snow at present greatly retards their prog- M, ress, and Mr. Kinney has ordered snow shoes R A and wooden shovels for the use of his men. cp They do not intend to stop work until bad Ro weather drives them in." a - Job The Missoula Item says: It was hoped that N pneumonia was dying out, but we are in- PC formed that there are several new cases in G the neighborhood. Fra IT. NEIGHBORHOOD NEWS. out Mr. A. B. Hammond, of Missoula, has re covered from his attack of pneumonia. John Daly, a resident of Missoula county since 1879, committed suicide Dec. 5th by selpoting himself with a rifle in his cabin. Tan he firm of Caplice & Smith, Philipsburg, Ihas been dissolved, Mr. M. S. Caplice retir ow ing from the firm and being succeeded by rt W. H. MacWilliams. V A Chinaman, a few days ago, struck with m a saw and killed a mamed Braden, who had on abused him, in Butte. The Chinaman had ed notbeen arrested at last accounts. To Tom Irvine returned last night from his bis hunting trip. He and Charley Anderson 'n- and Whit Longley spent two days in the hills iv- north of Forsyth, and bagged eleven fine by deer.-Yellowstone Journal, 8th. ds The twins of Mr. and Mrs. H. F. Clark )ie died within the last few days of scarlet fever, he aged four months. One of the little ones was buried yesterday and the other will be t, interred to-morrow.-Helena Herald, 8th. a- Mr. and Mrs. Lambert Molinelli, of Hel ena, were bereft of their only child, a son, named De Vee, aged nine months, by con er gestion of the brain, last Friday. They have lee the sympathy of all the fraternity in their ad great affliction. ry A fire broke out in the hay loft of John R. tb Davis's Star Livery Stable, Butte, Monday n- afternoon, and consumed it, with eight cut d- ters and two buggies, valued at $1500. There ,at was $1900 insurance. The fire is believed to It have been incendiary. d Deputy Sheriff John Dauterman started be for Deer Ledge on Thursday's coach. He was accompanied by Calvin J. Warren better known as "Whiskey Kline"-who e goes to the valley city for a ten years' resi dence at the instigation of Judge Liddell. a Warren's offense was manslaughter.--Madi he sonian. Ak All the veterinarians of Montana say that to there will be considerable disease among is horses next spring. Dr. Holloway says that as the malady which we have been wont to call _- the unknown horse disease, is epizootic pleu w ritis, and the Doctor predicts a general prev alence of the disease next spring.-Bozeman SChronicle. ly Judge A. J. Davis has begun suit against Harry C. Kessler, Treasurer of Silver Bow county, for recovery of $13,000 taxes paid by him under protest. Heclaims his bank stock was over-valued by the Assessor and Com missioners; that it was not listed when it should have been; that the tax was not au thorized by the U. S. laws, etc. lI Robert S. Ford predicts that this will be a n mild open winter. He bases this opinion on 18 the weeterly winds which ushered in Decem h ber. He says that the wind at that time is always the prevailing one throughout the winter. A mild winter will be welcome, but some snow to check the prairie fires is Salso desirable.-Great Falls Tribune. Ben Cline, Bernard Berger and Vital Tur cotte returned this week from a hunt in the e "bad lands," between the Judith range and the Missouri river. Their success has not , been equalled in Montana for many years. I- In twelve days they killed two buffalo, six teen black tail deer, four antelope, four wolves and two wildcats. They came upon three buffalo on Nov. 25th and succeeded in I killing two of them-a cow and a bull-the third making his escape.-Ferg.us Countg Argtis, 6th. t The Granite Mountain Mining Company has declared a dividend of 25c. a share, or $100,000, payable next Monday, the 10th inst. The cause of the dividend being so small this month-25c. instead of 50c. as usual-is on account of the enormous expense attend ant upon building the immense 90-stamp mill on Fred Burr creek. The fortunate stockholders, however, will have little rea son to grumble, as the probability of the monthly dividend being doubled-making $1 per month-is quite strong. It certainly can not be less than 75c. at the least when the new mill is in full operation, which will not be long.-Mail, 6th. W. E. Frederick, Clerk and Recorder of Lewis and Clarke Co., to-day submitted his annual statement to the Board of County Commissioners. The net indebtedness of the county on the first of December was I $157,81099. Bonds were redeemed during the year to the amount of 890,000. leaving thecourt house bonds the only ones now outstanding. The interest on bonds paid to Dec. 1st was $12,927.50. Warrants were issued during the year to the amount of 8106,825.39. Balance In the treasury Dec. 1st, to the credit of all funds excepting the school fund, which is not included, was $38,378.74. Gross indebtedness, $196,189 73. Herald, 10Lth. In addition to the thoroughbred stock brought from Kentucky, as reported in the Madisonian several weeks ago, Mr. C. X. J Larabie has recently purchased fifteen head of fine native trotters for his Ruby stock J farm Twelve are from the well known . herd of W. H. Raymond, and three were bought of O. B. Barber. Mr. Larabie pur. poses to raise the finest horses in the Terri tory ; and when a man of his experience, judgment and means returns from Kentucky to buy Montana horses, it is time to stop talking about imported stock as a recom- e mendation to purchasers and breeders. Mr. J. C. Newberry has charge of the horses for the winter, and is stabling them at his ranch on the upper Ruby.--Madlisonian. I Continued from 4th Page.] is FOURTH DAY. It Dzza LODGe. M. T., Dec. 6, 1888. Board of County Commissioners met in regular session at 11 a. m. Present-Commissioners Bat t terton and Walker, with Clerk Thompson. Absent rO Commissioner Evans. n Commissioner Batterton, Chairman pro tem. It Upon petition of Paul A Fusz et al, residents of Granite, T. C. Baker, John J. Ferrell and C. T. Ect strom were appointed viewers, to meet on Saturday, la February 9, 1889, to view out, locate and report upon r, a proposed public highway leading from Granite to ir the town of Ramsey. e Upon the resort of H. S. Showers, Salton Cameron and J. W. Ramsdell, viewers regularly appointed, the chance in the Anaconda and Philipsburg road, as pe P tioned for by W. E. Hargrave et al, was granted. e Upon the report of .lames Johnson, C. B. Smith and J. S. Bignell, viewers regularly appointed, the change in the Helmville and Avon road, as petitioned for by A. Hoepfner et al, was granted. The Board approved the-bonds of the following named elected county and township officers, viz SMiss M I Wolfe, Supt Common Schools. Magnus Hansen, County Surveyor. H. F. Titus, County Attorney. Josiah Shull, J P Philipsburg township. Frank E Barnes, Coast Phllipsburg twp. J M Hartwell, J P Cottonwood twp. Jo N Stone, J P Ophir twp. James C Barden, Coust Ophir twp. M J Fitzpatrick, J P Anaconda twp. J S Chamber.ain, J p Elk Creek twp. Bills allowed- CONTINGENT FUND. Wald, Lodge & Co, livery hire...........$ 109 I J H. Owings, mdse ....... "..................... 32 6 Sam Scott, meals for jurors ............. ... 09 Clark R Larabie, interest on overdraft..... 518 92 SW T Gilmer, 10 cords of wood.......... ..... 45 10 Aylesworth A McFarland, meals for jurors... 26 00 C J W Hathaway, sere Ty vs Sullivan.......... 36 70C F ECorbett, servClk Dist Court ............. 100 00 A P Winslow, rebate account taxes 16 40 V Geo S Miller, premium on insurance........ 227 50 A SScharnalow .......... 1 00 FRBill . . . . .. .. 0 C K Elliott, serv in Elliott case .............. 5 L B Tanner , • 3 00 Geo D Brnard & Co, book.. .......... 5 J H Laird, serv as special deputy............ 6 70 Si PC Patterson, carpenter work.............. ;2 J DO G Brownell, livery hire............ .. 49 00 P John Crowley, special deputy Alln case...... 80 00 C J H Lancaster 26, 6 Fred Russell . ......2000 RT Kennon, sal County Treasurer.... 625 0 R M B Tel Co, tolls, rents &c............. 95 7 M J H Mlls, books, blanks, c. ............ 53713 O Emerson, sal Probate Judge ............ . 587 50 Pioneer Press Co, stationery................. 920 J Peter Lansing, clothing, &c............... 178 75 D O B O'Bannon, sere on canvassing board.... 4 0 O Emerson, 24 00 Ct J Y Batterton 24 00 J C Shanbut ' * 24 00 Wm M Thompson ...24 00 W Napton, sal Dep Dist Clerk ........... .. 500 0 D H Evans, sal and exp Dep Sheri.......... 487 40 COUNTY FUND. D Durfee, leg ser Dist and Probate Courts 343 00 J M Iartwell, J P fees Ty vs Lovell..........9 00 A Anderson, witness GOCDouglas 1" Joe Larsen 2 1. 0 LO Larse 10........ Mrs Larsen ........2 10 a R Richards . 210 in. Joe Henault ......... 2 10 C P H Bielenberg' 1 50 ca Robert Stagg . . 1 50 po M Menard . . I 150 3I Jas O'Donnell ......... 1 50 toi John Hess . . .. 4 50 N Newman . 1 50 ee GW Carlton .... . 50 s FCBrown ........ 150 i G Harmn son .........1 50 Katie Lovel l 150 Frank Conley . . . ......... 1 0 150 ALL RIGHT!! HOW'S A. K. & CO., Limited7 OH! ""IHZY ARE ALL RI(;T!)" We intend making a few Presents to our Pa. trons, in the following manner: A GRAND GIFT ENTERPRISE. Every purchaser of FIVE DOLLARS worth of mer, chandise, FOR CASH, between now and the 15th day of January, 1889, from any department of our MAMMOTH INSTITUTION, will be entitled to a ticket, which is a chance to get any of the following prizes: FIRST .(RIZE. One No. 9 (ange, with reservoir and warming closet, handsomely decorated, extra heavy castings, valued at-........------------------------ o oo SECO-ND (PRIZE. One Beautiful Heating Stove, orw, namented' with .Nickel and Colored Tiling, base burner, for wood or coal, valued at.... --- ------- 40 co THIRD (PRIZE. One Gentleman's Suit of best Cali= fornia Clothing, valued at -.----- -_ -- -. FOU(.'H (P(RIZE. One Decorated Chamber Set, val= ued at................--------------.......-------------- $ FIFTH (P(RIZE. One nice warm (eaver Shawl, La= dies, valued at--. ---- __-- .. __. -- __--- d o S1XTH (P~RIZE. Embroidered Table Scarf very pretty and serviceable ----......... .-------------- co SEVENTH (P(RIZE. One set Gent's Cuff (Lutton- a 2 qS EIGHTH (P('IZE. One box of Handkerchiefs, in ani= oramic box, valued at.----------------------,---- I.NNTH. One painted Cake Box, valued at.---------., 50 TE-NTH. Ladies' Hand Satchel, valued at ----.---- - $0o The Drawi. will Taki le a Teoksay v'g, Jn, 15,18, at 8 o'clock, in our Hall over the store, and will be conducted in the simple way of drawing coupons of original tickets from a box by some blindfold child, every fifth ticket drawn taking a prize. OUR~r OBJECT in instituting this enterprise is prompted by an in .centive purely to advertise and give everybody anl opportunity to investigate our Grand Store, and convince all of our facilities, and show our CLEAN FRESH STOCK. Prizes are now on exhibition, and can be seen at any time. Your inspection is respectfully invi ted. Prices as usual: LOWEST!! 1012 td A. ILEINSCIMIDfT CO, L itl1d, his POOR FUND. nty 3 W Williamson. care indigent sick .......... ]S 00 of Chas Roulean, sal dep health officer.......... 1t 00 J M Hartwell, actg Coroner inq Parker et al. 6 i60 was M Menard, witness inq Parker .............. 1 50 i g Inglehart ' ' .............. I 50 H Tetreault ' ........ 150 ring Florence Topia ' ' ............. 1 50 ow J A Hyde, juror . 1 H F Titus ' 150 Sto Joe Lodge ' ............ 1 50 rereH Sheads . . .............. 50 e D Holland ' ... . 50 Of Simon Marks * ............. 1 50 1st, Dashiell & Miller, caring for remains Parker. 5 o) th D D Walker, cash and mdse to poor. ....... 210( 45 O Leiser, post mortem Mattimore............ 50 00 was Burns & Haupt. mdse to poor................. 01 23 H S Neal, deputy health officer.............. 80 00 Peter Lansing, care Jerry Reep............... 45 00 Wm Facer, care indigent poor.............. 38 50 ick ROAD FUND. the 8 Showers, serv as road viewer............ 500 S Cameron ... .. 5 00 X. J WRamsdell ' ........ . 500 Jas Johnson ............ 12 00 sd CBSmith 8 00 Jck JS Bignell ' 8 00 J Abasecal ............ 25 00 Board adjourned. are JNO. Y. BATTERTON, Ch'm pro tem. cur- Attest, Wx. M. THOMPSON, Clerk. rri Ce, FIFTH DAY. :ky DEER LODGE, M. T., Dec. 7, 1888. Board of County Commissioners mtt in regular session at 10 o'clock a. m. Present-Commissioners m- Evans and Batterton, with Clerk Thompson. Absent Ir. -Commissioner Walker. For Bills allowed .ch CONTINGENT FUND. JE Lloyd sere Ty vs Lannen. ..............$ 90 Zenor & Trask, mdse................... 33 10 SW Carlton, postage, &c................ . 41 28 POOR FUND. Jae Beaton, transp'n sick.................... 6 50 C G Glass, post mortem Parker et al......... 100 00 ROAD FUND. lar Chas Roulean, labor, &c, Dist No .......... 112 07 tt- Board commenced settlement with County Treasu rer and adjourned at 4.30 p. m. MORGAN EVANS, Cha'rman. Attest, Wi. M. TaoxPsoN, Clerk. of SIXTH DAY. DEER LODnE, M. T., Dec. 8, 1888. y Board of County Commissioners met in regular on session at 9.30 o'clock a. m. Preaent-Commision era Evans and Batterton, with Clerk Thompson. Ab sent-Commissioner Walker. n Bills allowed COUNTY FUND. e- AA McDonald. witness Ty vs Pardee ........$ 19 50 J G McLesn ........ 1 50 th Frank Cole ....... 19 50 Jos Wall ' ' 19 50 e W C Edwards ........ 19 50 ed T Glenn . 19 50 Geo Smith 19 50 Thos Lovell ' 19 50 Rg H B Ross, witness Ty vs Gallagher et al...... 15 50 Geo H Bell, ' ' Hunter et a........ 25 50 C G Glass, juror case Brandvold, insane..... (10 Wm Coleman' ..... 50 A Anderson ' 1 50 D H Evans, wit 1 50 H b Neal '1 50 John Mays, witness Ty vs Sullivan.... ...... 13 50 J A Mee, wit Douglas vs D L Co.... . :.... 1 . H DeWitt, witness Ty vs McMahon etal .. .. 1 5 Wm Shea 1 50 Frank Hatton' 1 50 Jos tein .. 1 50 Tom Watson '. 1 50 W N Berry 1 50 ) D Sheffield 1 . 0 15 Lew Coleman' ... 1 50 0) Jas Batterton' 1 ..1 50 2 N A Strand, witness Ty vs Elliott........... 11 44 0 P Burke ............ 11 40 ) Chas Dixon ..... 11 40 0 0 W James .. 11 40 0 R Brooks 11 40 0 WR Logan ............11 4-0 0 AM Swanson ............. 11 40 0 M Strickland 7 8o SR E Spurrier, Peters..:.. '... 510 0 BFBrown ,' 15 0 J Hettinlger . ' ..... 510 0 Carroll Smith ' 5 10 SW Heinman1 50 SJ W Estill, juror case Freeman, insane...... 1 50 P Lansing ,1 ' •. 1 1 50 C G Glass ' ' .... 3 1 00 POOR FUND. Peter Johnson, care Mrs Nelson 3 weeks..... 11 25 k , a urying Mrs Nelson..........8 4 0 Mrs Jackson, alowance for Dec., ...... 1 ROAD FUND. J H Cole, labor, &c, Road Dist No 8......... 41( 81 Dan Berry , ' ' and 15. 77 0 1 HB Nesl ' . .. ......... 5.3 75 Chas Maiden ......... 581 -3 Board adjourned to meet Thursday, Dec. 13, 1888. Co MORGAN EVANS, Chairman. tit Attest, Wx. M. Tuorson, Clerk. fro Yo CALL FOR PROPOSALS. OFFICE OF THE COUNTY CLERK, Deer Lodge, M. T. Dec. 5, 1888. Notice is hereby given that sealed propo. sals will be received at this office up to and including Monday, December 17, 1888 for the uj care, support and maintenance of the sick, poor and intirm of Deer Lodge County; Montana Territory, per Capita, by the week, for the year ending January 1, 1890; said pro. posals to include andi cover the entire cost of feeding, clothing and nursing of thie said sick, poor and infirm, and all burial expenses thereof. By order Board County Commissiones. b 1013 2t Wa. M. THOMPSON, County Clerk. 10lo ALBERT KLEINSCHIMIDT. President, JOHN F. STRAUIIAL, General Mlu,,rer. C. S. SCHIROEDE, Ass't Gen'l lIanser. P. BADER, Sec'y and Treas'r. a MIIISCHMIDT eO,, Limid, Successors to A. Klelnschmilidt & Co, DEALERS IN DRY GOODS, CLOTHmIG CARJPETS, enIllemen's Furishilln aols, ~TO TION TS, BOOTS; SHOES, Hats and Caps, GROCERIES AND CIGARS, A SPECIALTY IS MADE OF KEEPING First-class Coods Only. 932 PEOPLE'S MEAT MARKET, LODGE & BEAUMONT, Prop'rs. fail Street, Adjolmilln O'Ncill's Theatre HAVING OPENED A General Meat Market, At toe above stand, we will endeavor to furnish patrons with RESH KILLED 0 (OOD MiEATS of all kinds, including J-AME IN SEASON. And all articles usually supplied at a First-class Meat Market. ighest Price Paid for Pelts aid MIe, A Share of Patr uacle Sulolicitld. LODGE & BEAU jND'T" - Deer Lodge, Dec. 1, 18ti. in i PETER LANSING, STE1AMISI P AGIVN "! 'r three: of the best lines of Stcerncers., 'l Ia i leers to and from Germiany, 1)enma", Nior 1 Sweden--llaml bar Packt line, lin: i" t fil' e and Stettin line, taking I i: eei s at SiN' penllll cn, Gothenb lr, c'lritti:ali:i aln ilri nsand, and direct to New York. Tick t m all parts of Eu.rope to all pii ts of At r;, Ci vest rates. Emigrant Iailr d Tickets t rk to Montana, $.i RL,. t PETFR L.NSIN(G AgEt'nt. 007 e)er Lod g, I. '1' J. C. SHAUBUT & CO., ock Brokers E Real Estat till Miller's, Dr Itg, o al in Real Estate, Mrining Stocks, &C. Correspondents in Butte, Helena and St. tf Louis. WgrGive usa Call.