Newspaper Page Text
J H. MEYERS, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Will practice in all the courts of the state. Offic "ut side of Court Square. Deer Lodge. N & NAPTON, TORNEYS AT LAW, Offi.-Rood 12, over Kleinschmidt & Bro's store, teer Qe, Montana. S W. MiNS a, PHYSICIA ND SURGEON. Office Oyer Lansing's Store, Deer Lodge, Mont. Office hours from 11 to 12 a. m.; 2 to 5 p.m.; and from 7 to 8 p, m. C S. CRANSON, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Office over William Coleman's Store, Deer Lodge, Montana. ARMS & RUSKY'S TONSORIAL PARLOR. None but first-class work in their line. The finest baths in the city. EO. S. MILLER, NOTARY PUBLIC. Careful attention given to conveyancing. Office with N. J. Bielenberg & Co., Deer Lodge W . B. TRIPPET, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Office West Side Court Square, Deer Lodge. Mont. Practices in all the courts of thb State. Special attention to Conveyancing and Collections. GEO. C. DOUGLAS, M. D., PRACTISING PrHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, Prompt Attention at all Times. Office hours 9 to 10 a. m.; 12 to 2 and 7 to 8 p. m. 8-tf BOTTLING WORKS. VAN GUNDY & MILLER. Deer Lodge, Mont., having bought and put in the most approved machinery for generating :Soda. Sarsaparilla, Ginger Ale, Lemonade and all Carborate Drinks, with experienced work inen In charge, we are prepared to furnish them bottled or in charges for fountains, promptly on notice, and as low as any house in the State. Address orders to VAN GUNDY & MILLER, Deer Lodge, Mont. CLASSICAL AND SCIENTIFIC COURSES. COLLEGE OF MONTANA. Normal and Prel aratory Courses. Special Courses in Art, Music, Typewriting, Steno graphy, Bookkeeping altd School of Mines. Department of Engineering and Chemistry, Including Mathematics, Surveying, Mechanical, Civil and Mining Engineering, Metallurgy, Min eralogy, Assaying, General, Analytical and Ap plled Chemistry, Blowpipe Analysis, Etc. Open to both sexes on equal terms. For terms, etc., apply to Rev. James Reid, President, Deer Lodge Mont. LARABIE BROTHERS & CO., -BANKERS Deer Lodge, Montana. Do a General Banking Business and Draw Exchange on all the prin cipal cities of the world. Careful Attention given given to Collections, and Remittances Promptly made, New York correspondent, Importers and Traders' National Bank, New York City, N. Y. S. E. LARABIz. C. X. LARRABEE. H. S. REED. FIRST NATIONAL BANK, HELENA, MONT. ]Paid up Capital,JI00,000. Surplus and Profits, $700,000. Interest allowed on time deposits. General banking business transacted. Safety deposit boxes for rent. DIRECTORS. S. T. HAUSER, President. E. W. KNIGHT, Cashier. T. H. KLEINSCHMIDT, Assistant Cashier. GEo. H. HILL, 2d Assistant Cashier. GRANVILLE STUART, Stock-grower. Hox. T. C. POWER, U. S. Senator. J. C. CURTIN, Clarke, Conrad & Curtin. H. S. HAMILTON, Capitalist. O. R. ALLEN, Mining and Stock-grower. CHAs. K. WELLS, Merchant. A. M. HOLTER, Pres. A. M, Holter Hardware Co. ASSOCIATED BANs. Northwestern National. Bank, Great Falls. First National Bank, Missoula. First National Bank, Butte. 'THE THOMAS CRUSE SAVINGS BANK, HELENA,........ MONTANA. Incorporated under the laws of Montana. :tAID IN CAPITAL .....................$100,000 THo.as CRUSE ......... .............President. :FRANK H. CRUSoe.................Vice President. W, J. CooK...... .Secretary and Asst. Treasurer. 'W. J. SWENEY ........................Treasurer. BOARD OF TRUSTEES. 'Thomas Cruse, Prank H. Cruse, '- W. J.Cooke. John Pagan, * W. J. Sweeney. Allows 4 per cent. Interest on Savings Deposits, -coi.ounded January and July. Transacts a general banklng business, draws ,exzlli.e on the:princlpal cities of the United 8t4s e4ii Europe. '~pef money orders on all points in Europe •i~sc014 State, County. City and School bonds and warrants bought and sold. Loans made on real"estate mortgages at 10 per cent. Money for deposits can be forwarded by drafts. ohecks, money orders,, postal notes, registered malt or express. Omce hours from 19.a. m. to 4. p. m. Also on ,Satqrdpy andi Mopn everinkgfrom 7 to8 o'cloolrk. Zbe 1 ew Rotbet. VOL. 24, NO. 41. DEER -LOD-E, MONTANA, SATURDAY, APRIL 22, 1893. WHOLE NO. 1041. INEW DIPLOMATISTS. EMINENT SITIZENS TO REPRESENT UNCLE SAM ABROAD. Our First Embassador to Greet Britain, Unless You Count Those So Called In the Revolutionary Era-Ministers to Chill, Peru and Central America. It is taken by common consent that leading diplomatic positions are not sub ject to any of the so called principles of civil service reform, and that each ad. ministration should be represented at foreign courts by leading members of its own party. The American people there fore warmly approved the appointment of the eminent Thomas Francis Bayard as first embassador to Great Britain, and the senate, according to the usage of courtesy in case of one who has served in that body, promptly and unanimously confirmed the nomination without ref erence to any committee. Thomas F. Bayard was born in Wil mington Oct. 29, 1828, and was brought up with a view to engaging in mercantile pursuits. While, however, he was in a West India house in Philadelphia in 1848, his elder brother, the lawyer, died, and it was decided that Thomas should enter that profession. Since 1851 he has practiced law for the most part in Wil "-d.:'. .,• , THOMABS F. BAYARD. mington when not in congress. In 1853-4 he was United States district at torney for Delaware. In 1869 he entered the United States senate and remained there till 1885, when he entered Presi dent Cleveland's cabinet as secretary of state. He is a gentleman of fine pres ence, of dignity and winning address, and his general air and bearing are such as, according to popular opinion at any rate, to recommend him to the English. Next to the English mission, that to Chili, though not next in rank, attracts rather the most attention, and to this post President Cleveland has appointed James D. Porter, who was assistant sec retary of state to Secretary Bay1ard. He is about oz years old, and was born in Paris, Tenn., which is still his home. He was educated at the National college at Nashville and at the Lebanon law school, attained success as a lawyer, served two or three terms in the legis lature and was known as a "strong Union man." Even after the war began he introduced unionist resolutions into the legislature and tried to have Ten nessee follow Kentucky's first move and remain neutral, but yielded when beaten and .served through the war on General Cheatham's staff. Since the war he has been circuit judge and governor. At the same time James A. McKenzie of Kentucky was named as minister to Chili's neighbor and recent foe, Peru. The new minister was lmown in the Forty-seventh congress as one of the jolliest of a jolly and jovial coterie of Kentuckians which included Proctor Knott and Joseph Blackburn. In truth, he made such a reputation as a humorist and orator that he was thereafter in de mand as delegate to Democratic conven tions, and at St. Louis in 1888 he made a notable speech, in which he likened President Cleveland to a thoroughbred Kentucky race horse. He is 53 years old, a lawyer by profession, but a farmer and stockman by occupation. The missions to Central America are liable to become highly important at any time, not only because of the Nicaragua canal, but by reason of possible sudden revolutions and complications like that of the Barrundia affair. As minister to Nicaragua, Costa Rica and San Salvador, the president has named Lewis Baker, the popular editor and manager of the St. Paul Daily Globe. He was born in Belmont, O., Nov. 7, 18382, was left an orphan in infancy, and after getting the rudiments of an education at the "old log schoolhouse" did the rest for him self and chiefly in the printing office. He became an editor at 20, was for a time associated with S. S. Cox in The Daily Statesman at Columbus, and in 1863 founded the Wheeling Daily Regis ter. He ha- had a varied experience in the politics of Ohio, West Virginia and Minnesota. PIERCE M. B. YOUNG. JAMES A. M'KENZIE. JAMES D. PORTER. LEWIS BAKER. Pierce M. B. Young of Georgia goes as minister to Guatemala and Honduras. He was consul general at St. Petersburg muider the former Cleveland administra tion. He served with great distinction in the Confederate cavalry and for con spicuous gallantry was made a major general. He was representing the Sev enth. Georgia district in congress when appointed to St. Petersburg. • Jim Hall and Frankt .. Slavum have signed articles to fight for $1,000 a side. HE BUILT THE "'WHITE CITY." The MIan Whlo Solved the Greatest Archi tectural Probslems Ever Presented. Probably no single name will be longer remembered and more talked about in connection with the World's fair than that of Daniel Hudson Burnham, chief of the bureau of construction, to whom more than to any one other man credit is due for the concep tion and success ful construction o f the great "White City" by the lake. Mr. Burnham was ap o0 '\ :pointed superin tendent of con 'V struction in Sep tember, 1890, and DANIEL H. BUt.HITAM. sincethen has had the direction of the greatest mechanical enterprise ever known to man. Perhaps no man living is better qualified for +he work. This is no ':-ht praise, but since it is based upon what Mr. Burnham has actually accomplished it cannot be con sidered undeserved. As an artist and architect he had to sit in judgment on the work of his asso ciates in planning the buildings and grounds of the "White City," and as ex ecutive head of the department of con struction to see that those plans were carried out to the minutest detail. Many men doubted the possibility of complet ing the exposition buildings on time. The seeming impossibility did not daunt Mr. Burnham, who wasted no time in words, but went ahead and worked. The successful accomplishment of his great task places his name high on the list of those who have done great things in architectural and artistic lines. Mr. Burnham is a native of Jefferson county, N. Y., and about 47 years of age. He went to Chicago in 1855 and received his early education there. He has devoted himself to architecture since 1867, and many ef the largest and finest business buildings in the Windy City, and indeed in almost every big city in the United States, bear testimony to his genius and skill. THE AMERICAN COSTUME. Novel and Not Unpleasing Garments De signed by the Dress Reformers. A committee appointed by the Nation al Council of Women of the United States has recently recommended a new scheme of dress which "meets the de mands of health, comfort and good taste." This scheme has aroused the alert interest of women of all classes, and has excited a passive curiosity in mascu ! . THE AMERICAN COSTUME. line minds. The fact that it has caused considerable keen criticism may be taken as an indication that our wives and daughters do not propose to accept the dictum of the national council without protest. Four costumes are recommended. The first, called the Syrian, has a divided skirt which looks like a pair of baggy Turkish trousers reaching to a point just below the knee. Soft, lightweight ma terial is suitable for this skirt. An outer garment to wear over a scant Syrian skirt may be something like the Russian blouse made longer, an easy fitting princess gown, or something suggested by graceful ulster or sleeved cloak pat terns. There is a "modified Syrian" of which the report says: "In walking the divi sion is simply hinted at, not defined, as in the Syrian, and the upper part of the dress is more conventional and there fore attracts less notice. Any of the short costumes which do not demand leggings (and this does not) are improved by wearing extra high boots with them." A dress for the gymnasium and house wear is recommended which will be found a great relief from long skirts. On slender figures it is said to be really beautiful. This suit requires no special pattern. The fronts are cut in one piece from the shoulder to the knee and the dress buttons in front under the fullness. In the back the waist is separated from the trousers, buttoning together at the waist line under the girdle. The American costume, which is strongly recommended, is so easily made that it calls for no special directions. It demands leggings, which should be made of material the same color as the gown. There is also a street costume which looks very much like the American cos tume, except that it has a man's vest and a sack coat with balloon sleeves. It should be made of navy blue serge. It is suggested that the World's fair is a good place for women to try the expli ment of wearing these novel costumes. PITTSBURG'S PRIDE. The Newsboys' Home Reflects Great Honor on the Smoky City. Pittsburg has done herself great honor by building and endowing a home for the newsboys. It stands at the corner of Forbes and Shingiss streets on a lot donated for the purpose by Mrs. Mary Schenley, and is practically four stories high, as the basement floor is almost on a level with the street. The first story is ot rough faced stone and the other three are of line brick with trimmings of rough faced stone. It fronts 72 feet l inches on Forbes street and Old avenue, while the Shingiss and High street fronts are each 62 feet; the vestibule is toward Forbes street and in the colored tiles is the title beautifully wrought of "Newsboys' Home." PRESIDENT KEENAN AND THE NEWSBOYS' IHOIE. The inception and progress of the de sign make up a sort of romance, and to no one is more credit due than to Mr. T. J. Keenan, president of the home and a member of the boardof managers from the start, who has been a newspaper man some 15 years and is editor and one of the proprietors of the Pittsburg Press. The Press has contributed about $2,000 and served as the principal agent in col lecting the $830,000 needed to insure the construction of the home. Mr. Keenan was born in Pittsburg in 1859 and has been unceasingly active both as citizen and journalist in all good work for his native city. The plan for such a home had its ori gin at a meeting held on Sunday, March 15, 1885, at which Thomas P. Druitt, present superintendent of the home, pre sided, and just eight years later the building was dedicated with social pro ceedings and a so called house warming which an enthusiastic journalist de scribed as "the swellest society event of the kind since the famous sanitary fair during the war." This is not merely a home for the boys in the ordinary accep tation, but contains Sunday school room, bathroom, gymnasium, reading room, music-in short, everything to human ize and cheer the weary young fellows. AN ENTERPRISING NEWSPAPER. The San Franeisco Examiner Has Moved Into Its New Honme. The San Francisco Examiner has just completed and occupied a new building. The structure, as stated by its enterpris ing business manager, C. M. Palmer, weals nncrl lsee- r ox hoW thans for buoi ness convenience. It is on Mission street between Second and Third, and covers ground space 165 feet in depth by 45 feet in width. Four floors are occupied by the newspaper plant, editorial rooms, composing rooms, press rooms and other necessary convienences for a first clase newspaper home. By way of machinery the building has six engines and three boilers, aggregating 200 horsepower. It has 12 elevators, eight electric machines, motors and generators, and is in every respect admirably adapted to the manu racture of a great newspaper. The three Hoe insetting (double) presses have a ca pacity of printing 72,000 8, 10 or 12-page papers in an hour and twice that num ber of 6-page sheets. The newest press, which has just been put in, will print in two colors from a single plate at the rate of 24,000 per hour. Under the management of Mr. Palmer The Examiner has taken a front place in the ranks of great metropolitan journals of the day, and by indomitable energy and tact has made for itself an enviable reputation for hustle in the news and business world. Its editorial and local staffs contain the names of many of the brightest pen cil shovers in the country, among them Arthur McEwen, Ambrose Bierce and Tom Williams, now its Washington rep resentative. One of the characteristic enterprises of the management is a Wash ington bureau, through which it under takes to carry out commissions of what ever sort its constituents may have at the nation's capitol, except perhaps ob tain recognition at the White House for the army of office seekers. It does not assume to deal in office brokerage, but stands ready to give the public informa tion of what is going on in that line. Mr. Hearst, the owner, has been wise enough to put the right sort of men at the head of his paper and then go away to enjoy life without any fear as to the fate of his immense investment. MASTER OF THE HOUNDS. The Bloss of the Dogs That Hunt Tame Deer In Windsor Forest. The master of the buckhounds is an official of great antiquity and greater uselessness. The post was formerly hereditary in the Brocas family, but was made appointive in the seventeenth cen tury. At first the sovereign exercised the power of appointment, but the mu tations of politics finally lodged the power with the ministry, and the incum bent is now changed with each change of government. Lord Ribblesdale, who holds the office at present, is a Yorkshire peer and was appointed by Mr. Gladstone to succeed the Earl of Cov entry, who was Salisbury's ap pointee in 1886. Lord Ribblesidale was one of the lords in waiting to the queen dur ing Gladstone's former ministry. He is said to be a man of tact and diplomacy, qual ities in great de- LORD RIBBLESDALE. mand at Ascot, where he has to decide the momentous question of who shall be admittedto view the races from the royal inclosure, He came very near losing his job last year, when there was an ener getic agitation for tbo abolition of the nint, buckhounds and all, because of the cruelty of hunting tame deer, which were the only kind that could be hunted, as there were no others. The queen and prime minister did not view the agitation with favor, however, and some of the farmers and land own ers protested against the abolition of even a cruel sport that brought them ducats, so the matter died out for a time. The Humanitarian society is still interested in the question, however, and bids fair to keep it before the people. The secretary recently wrote to Mr. Gladstone asking if the report were true that the buckhounds were to be con tinued, and Mr. Gladstone very diplo matically answered that no decision on the subject had yet been arrived at. CHATS ABOUT MEN. Senator Allen of Nebraska used Ut manage a baseball club. The late M. Renan's name is to be given to a street in Paris. The Rev. Mr. Read of Hackensack, N. J., has located heaven on the star Al. cyone. Ashiel C. Beckwith, the new Demo cratic senator from Wyoming, is a Meth odist deacon. Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Quick, of Apple. ton City, Mo., it is said, have been mar ried 77 years. A county in Wisconsin has been named Vilas, after the senior senator from that state. Lord Winchelsea is about to found a weekly paper in England, which is to be the organ of the movement for a union of all classes of agriculturists. General George W. Jones of Florida, James W. Bradbury of Maine and ex Governor Felch of Michigan are the only living ex-members of the United States senate of 1848. General Schkopp, of the German army, says, "If his majesty draws his sword, it will never return to its scabbard until his last enemy is crushed, or he, with his people, is overthrown." General Dabney H. Maury, one of Beauregard's schoolmates and a fellow soldier in the Mexican war, lives in Houston. He is one of the few C;:,fed erate major generals of renown who sur vive, and is still a stout and rugged man. Rev. Joseph Cook, having been asked at what historic event he would have most wished to be present, replied, "The creation," whereupon the Boston Pilot remarks that had this desire been real ized the good parson would probably have wanted to superintend the whole job. Growth of Electric Traction. The growth of electric traction in this country is one of the most marvelous developments of the century. A leading street railway journal draws attention +., +l5 ..,.t that in the past five years the mileage of anne ..sr -.._. electricity has increased from 50 miles to over 6,000 miles, which is a greater mile sge than that of all the other street rail ways in the country operated by both animal and other forms of motive power. Of this large total nearly one-third was built in 18982. No estimate has yet been given of the aggregate increase in value in suburban property that has been im proved by the running of new electric lines, but the amount must be enormous, as a large proportion of late installations have been in suburban districts, partic ularly in the east. In July, 1890, the street railway mileage of the country was 8,650 miles. At the present time it reaches a total of 11,055 miles, or an increase of 8,000 miles in the past 21 years, During 1892 there was an additional increase of 1,066 miles. Some of these lines have been introduced in the most crowded parts of large cities, where it is admitted that cable traction would be more economical. The reason for this lies probably in the fact that it would be far less economical to change from electric to cable power simply for the short distance than to retain the sys tem already in operation. A New Flower. Mary D. Welcome, the Yarmouth (Me.) florist, says the flower that will be most wondered at and admired among the new fashions Dame Nature has intro duced this year is the entirely new type of zinnias, called the "crested and curled zinnias." They originated as a "sport" on the trial grounds of Henderson, among a multitude of varieties imported from Europe with those of home growth. They have petals curiously twisted and curled, after the style of some Japanese chrysan themums and are so unlike the well known zennia no one would suppose them to belong to that plebeian family, origi nally so unrefined as never to be intro duced into the aristocratic circle of the floral kingdom. Dame Nature took them in hand not many years ago to see what she could do to improve their habits and with marked success. The elegant Tom Thumb, Pig my Mexican, Zebra, in stripes of red, orange, pink, scarlet, white, etc.; mo saic, with foliage marbled and dotted green and gold--these were some of the new types introduced, and now we have them dressed in all colors, crested and curled for the ballrooml What next? Lewiston Journal. Byron's Joke on Hlls Publisher. Byron once sent his friend John Mur ray a present of a Bible; it was placed in the bookshelf and left there for years untouched, till at a dinner party, the verification of a text being required, the Bible was referred to. A page had been turned down, and it was found that in the verse, "Now, Barrabas was a rob ber," the word "publisher" had been sub atituted. The poor little pleasantry had lain hidden all those long years! Honing Pigeons at the Inauguration. An interesting incident of the inaugu ration parade which occurreddirectly in front of the grand stand was the setting free of a basket of homing pigeons. The birds as soon as liberated circled round and round in the air in front of the pres ident and then taking their bearings flew off to the southwest. Residents of the flats at St. Paul have been compelled to abandon their homes on account of the rising waters. THE ART OF ALL ARTS THE DEVELOPMENT OF PRINTING IN THE UNITED STATES. Bicentennial of the Establishment of Print ing In New York-The Tomb of William Bradford-His Worthy Successors-From Gutenberg to the Sextuple Press. Copyright, 1893, by American Press Associa tion.] In all New York city there is no more quaint and curious old place than Trin ity church and churchyard. Yet most of its charm to the contemplative man lies in the contrast with its surround1 ings. Only one short square east of it is the financial heart of the great metrop olis-the corner of Wall and Nassau streets. From that point one looks up at an angle of 45 degrees to the steeple of. Trinity, which exactly faces the center WILLIAM BRADFORD'S TOMBSTONE. of Wall street. Cross Broadway-and in the business hours you cross it at a risk-to the west side, enter the broad gateway, and you are in an ancient Dutch English colonial cemetery. The noise of the traffic is subdued to a continuous and not unpleasing roar. It is just the same as if we were in a quiet, rural graveyard, with a rushing river near by or a waterfall just far enough away for the murmur to afford a pleas ing monotone in harmony with devout or reminiscent thought. And here is the Westminster abbey of New York, if the state can be said to have such an institu tion. Scores of the old tombstones tell in quaint lettering of the men and wom en of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and to almost every one at taches a fascinating story. There is the slab bearing the name of Charlotte Tem ple, whose woes so often moved our grandparents to tears. There, too, is the tomb of Michael Cresap, most unjustly assailed in the alleged speech of Logan, chief of the Mingoes, who died a soldier in Washington's army at the early age of 33. There also are the stone memorials of Sidney Bruse, ancestor of S. B. F. Morse of the tele,-;rah, of Alexander Hamilton noted contemporaries; of James Law rence of the Chesapeake; Thomas Addis Emmet; Montgomery, the hero of Que beo, and many more, one of the latest being that of our own honored Phil Kearny. But just at present, when the two hundredth anniversary of the estab lishment of the printing press in New York city is exciting men of our profes sion, unusual interest attaches to a quaint old stone which bears this letter ing: Here lies the Body of Mr. WILLIAM BRAD FOlRD Printer who departed this Life May 23, 1752, aged 92 Years. He was born in Leicestershire in Old England in 1660; and came over to America in 1682 before the City of Phi'adelphia was laid out. He was Printer to this Government for upwards of 50 years and being quite worn out with Old age and labour, he left this mortal State in the lively hopes of a Blessed Immortality. Reader, reflect how soon you'll quit this Stage;: You'll find but few atain to such an Age. Life's full of Pain: Lol Here's a Place of Rest, Prepare to meet your GOD, then you are blest. Here also lies the Body of Elizabeth Wife to The said William Bradford, who departed This life July 8,1731, aged 68 Years. Such is the record in stone of this re markable man whose bicentennial now interests the New York Typothetms and all engaged in the art preservative, and when the rude appliances employed by him in 1693 are set alongside the great sextuple press of today, the latest mar vel of our art, which prints and folds 90.000 papers per hour, one is lost in amazemept at the progress of two cen turies. The story has been told ten thousand times, but still a few facts may interest the general reader as show ing how little had been done before the days of Bradford compared to what has been done since. It is scarcely an exag geration to say that civilization had but just begun and made very little progress before printing was invented, yet the art of printing progressed with amazing slowness for 300 years, or until demand forced invention. THEOD".RE L. DE VINNE. In the yea, 1i97 John Goensfleisch, a Hessian lad, went to service with Herr Gutenberg of Mayence (now Mentz), and according to the custom of those times took his master's family name. A few years later he convinced a well to do citizen named Fust (incorrectly written Faust) that manuscripts might be repro duced much more cheaply by types than bjry writing. They triedit first with hard seasoned wood, and delighted with their success proceeded to try the experiment with lead. Peter Schoeff~i entered' their employ and soon convinced them that tha lead could b haused much more satis ractorny t' lharmmened with' timony. It was done, and, lot printing as in. vented. In 1454 Schoeffer devised the -matrin system of'producing type. In 1462 May-' ence was stormed and sacked in the ter rible war of that time, the workmen in the new business were scattered, and in 60 years printing was known in every city of western Europe. In 1474 Wil liam Caxton set up the first pressin Eng land. And yet-it is almost incredible the old wooden press was used for 800 years, till the Earl .of Stanhope, late in the last century, with the aid of a ma chinist named Walker,. invented the screw hand press, and about the same time Mr. Foster, an English printer, in vented the common roller, made of glue, treacle, tar and isinglass. But this antedates the story of our William Bradfordf who came to Penn sylvania with William Penn, returned soon to England and got a small print ing press, with which. in Philadelphia in 1685 he printed en almanact The hext year he printed "Burnyeat's Epistle," a small 4-page quarto. In 1688 he issued a regular little 'book of essays called "The Temiple of Wisdom." Then the Quaker authorities took:him in hand for publishing without license a copy of the colony's charter. For four years he made a gallant fight for the freedom of printing and in 1693 received a pardon from the governor.and removed to New York. Governor Fletcher at once ap pdinted him governinent printer, and such he remained' for 50 years, though often in trouble and maintaining a des perate battle for the right of free print ing. Oct. 23, 1725, he issued the first copy of the New York Gazette, the first paper issued in the city. This paper he continued to edit till he was 81 years old. He also established the first paper mill in America, made bookbinding and copper plate engraving permanent industries, and it may be said that he established the freedom of the press. Who can calculate the effect of such a life in its bearings on our pres ent institutions? He has had many worthy successors, and among those who take the lead in celebrating his bicen tennial two deserve special mention. William C. Martin. long the president of the Typothetse, entered a New York printing office in 1822, being then but 11 years old, embarked in business for him self in 1835, and for over 30 years ranked as a leader in skill, taste and judgment among the city printers. Theodore L. De Vinne, now 64years old, is at the head of one of the greatest printing offices in the world and is by common consent considered the star printer of New York. It is in his office that The Century Magazine is printed, and there, too, was issued the Century Dictionary, the largest work ever turned out by an American house. A MODERN SEXTUPLE PRESS. Columns might be filled with the mere outline of improvements in printing since Bradford's day, and the subject is or tari stanhoie peifecte - his screw press George Clymer, a native of Maine, produced the Columbian, which is still the basis of the hand press. Then Mr. Hopkinson of London produced the Ruthven, and soon after came the Wash ington and Adams, still in use. All this time increasing demand was forcing manual capacity till there was a loud call for some method of using steam, and early in this century Herr Konig, a Ger man exile located in London, astonished and delighted the profession with a steam driven machine which turned out 1,000 impressions per hour. All London, all England indeed, broke into glad acclamations, and soon after the perfected roller was added and by combination the cylinder press. The rest is known. Next to the invention of movable types the application of steam to printing has done most to revolution ize the world, and to Germany belongs the honor of both. It is not possible to convey to the reader who is not a printer any clear idea of the marvelous combina tion of cogs, wheels, pinions, rollers, shafts and bedding which. working as though imbued with a conscious intelli gence, do the work of thousands of hand presses. There, for instance, is the Knickerbocker, printing 10,000 8-page papers per hour, and thence up to the quadruple, which turns out 48,000 per hour of the same size. But latest and greatest is that miracle of steel and steam, the sextuple stereo type perfecting printing machine and folder, which in one hour will print, fold and deliver in counted lots of 50 each 96,000 6-page. 72,000 8-page, 48,000 10-page, 36,000 lit-page or 24,000 24-page papers. At the same time the typeset ting machine has within a 'few years past been made a success, and now most of the New York daily papers are printed from type set by machinery. Can hu man skill go further? They claim that it can and soon will, but for the present one must pause and take breath. J. B. PARIE. Cotton Clothing Made From Wood Pulp. A Hungarian inventor claims to have made a discovery which will revolution ize the textile industry. He asserts that he is able to spin ordinary wood pulp or cellulose into yarn, from which all sorts of textile tissues can be made in the or dinary way, equaling in appearance, durability and fastness of color the best cotton goods. The method is not only applicable to cellulose, but also to every sort of short fibrous material-for in stance, rags, scraps of cotton and linen goods. The fiber, whether paper pulp or textile refuse, can be dyed before be ing spun into yarn, so that the dyeing of the woven material is not necessary. Moody's World's Fair tevitval Meetings. The arrangements for a series of evan gelical meetings to be conducted by Dwight L. Moody in Chicago during the fair have been completed. The evangel ist has surrounded himself with a staff of able Christian workers from every part of this country and Europe, and preparations have been made to hold meetings each night in every part of the city, beginning May. 1. Telegraph lines in the Zambesi terri torj have but a brief existence, accor ing to present experience. Elephan knock them down, the carriers steal t thick lines for mending purposes, an the Makalala ladies appropriate the fin wire for necklaces and bangles.