Newspaper Page Text
J H. MEYERS, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Will practice In all the courts of the state. Oltic west side of Court Square. Deer Lodge. NAPTON & NAPTON, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Office-Room 12, over Kleinschnlidt & Bro's store, Deer Lodge, Montana. S W. hINSHALL, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Office Over Lansing's Store, Deer Lodge, Mont. Office hours from 11 to 12 a. m.; 2 to 5 p. m.; and from 7 to 8 p. m. C. S. CRANSON, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Oliffe over William Coleman's Store, Deer Lodge, Montana. ARMS & KOSKY'S 'TONSOIRIAL PARLOR. None but first-class work in their line. The finest baths In the city. GEO. S. MILLER, NOTARY PUBLIC. Careful tattention given to conveyancing. Office with N. J. Blelenberg & Co., Deer Lodge W . t. TRIPPmT, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Office West Side Court Square, Deer Lodge, Mont. Practices in all the courts of the State. Special attenltion to Conveyanlcing and Collections. GEO. C. DOUGILAS, MI. .. PIiACT'ISINt PiIYSICIAN AND SUHtGICOIN, Promipt Attention at all Tilimes. Office hours 9 to 10 a. In.; 12 to 2 inlll 7 to 8 p. Im. 8-tf B OTTLING WORKS. VAN GUNDY & MILLEIR. Deer Lodge, Mont., llhavilng bought and put in the most approved machinery for generating Soda. Sarsaparilla, Ginger Ale, Lemonade and all Carborate Drinks, with experienced work men In charge, we are prepared to furnish them bottled or in charges for fountalins. prompntly on notice, and as lows al illy house In the State. Address orders to VAN G(UNDYy & MILs..IE, Deer Lodge, Mont. CLASSICAL AND SCIENTIFIC COURSES. COLLEGE OF MONTANA. Normal and Prel Iratory Courses. Special Courses in Art, Music, Typewriting, Steno graphy, Bookkeeping and School of Mines. Department of Engineering and Chenmistry, Including Mathematics, Surveying, Mechanical, Civil and Mining Engineering, Metallurgy, Minl eralogy, Assaying, General, Analytical and Ap plied Chemistry, Blowpipe Analysis, Etc. Open to both sexes on equal ternss. For terms, etc., apply to Rev. James Reid, President, Deer Lodge Moot. LARABIE BROTHIERS & CO., -BANIKERIS- Deer Lodge, Montana. Iso a General Banking Busliness and Draw Exchlange oin all the pril elpal cities of the world. Careful Attention given given to Collections, and Remittances Promptly lade, New York correspondent, Importers and Traders' National Bank, New York City, N. Y. S. E. LARABIE. C. X. LARRABEE. H. S. REED. FIRST NATIONAL BANK, HELENA, MONT. Paid up Capital, $500,001. Surplus and Profits, $700,000. Interest allowed on time deposits. General banking business transacted. Safety deposit boxes for rent. DIREC'I.)Is. S. T. HAUSER, PresIdent. E. W. KNIGHT, Cashier. 'T. H. KLEINSCMIDnT, Assistant Cashier. GEO. H. HILL, 2d Assistant Cashier. GRANVILLE STUART, Stock-grower. How. T. C. PowEn, U. S. Senator. J. C. CURTIN, Clarke, Conrad & Curtln. . S. S. HAMILToN, Capitalist. O. R. ALLEN, Mining and Stock-grower. CHAs. K. WELLS, Merchant. A. M. HOLTER, Pres. A. M. Holter Hardware Co. ASSOCIATED BANKS. Northwestern National Bank, Great Falls. First National Bank, Mlssoula. First National Bank, Butte. THE THOMAS CRUSE SAVINCGS BANK., HELENA, ....... ONTANA. Incorporated under the laws of Montana. PAID IN CAPITAL ......................$100,000 TaOMAS CRUSE.......................President. FRANK H. CRUSE..................Vice President. W. J. COOKE...... .Secretary and Asst. Treasurer. W. J. SWEENEY....................... Treasurer. BOARD OF TRUSTEES. Thomas Cruse, I Frank H. Cruse, W. J. Cooke. John Fagan, W. J. Sweeney. Allows 4 per cent. interest on Savings Deposits, compounded January and July. Transacts a general banking business, draws exchange on the:principal cities of the United States and Europe. Sell '-money orders on all points in Europe irst class State,.County. City and School bonds and warrants bought and sold. Loans made on real estate mortgages at 10 per cent. Money for deposits can be forwarded by drafts, checks, - money orders, postal notes, registered mall or express. Oficehoursfrom 19 a. m. to 4 p. m. Also on Saturday and Monday evenings from to8 o'clock. i-, S--- ---- ,ter ------ - *Zbbe iew lRortbwest. VOL. 21, NO. 43. DEER LODGE, MONTANA, SATURDAY, MAY 6, 1893. WHOLE NO. 1013. Upon my eonivh one surmnler morn I lay Lazily r'iadinltg, and with li latslet rmight Have cried, "Wiords, wordsl" and flung tsN book away. But my boy camne and to mny face pressed tight His own sweet chiiek, trelending with delight He would read too. Antd 1, tototcross for play. Pushed im t aside -said ihe was ill rny way And dared, alas! to send him frol Inmy sight. Poor child! A fate I cannot understand Has snatched thee froml Inme. I am since un When I1ellltlry recalls the scene and place, Thy tear and thy grieved look. Ah! I would give My books, mly knowledge--all--couldst thou but live. And could I feel thy sweet breath on my face. -E. W. Latimer. There Is No I)eath. There is no deatrh! The stars go down To rise nllton vsome earthly shore, And brightt in heaven's jeweled crown They shine forevermllore. There is no death! The dust we tread Shll clhange bene:th the sinluier showers To golden grlin, or mellow fruit, Or rainbow tillted flowers. The granite rocks disorganize To feed tie hungry moss they bear:; The forest leaves drink daily life Froms ollt the viewless air. There is no dleath! The leaves may fall; The flowers imay fde antd pass away They only wait, throughl wintry hours, The coming of the May. There is no dea.th! An angel form \VWalks o'er the earth with silent tread; He ltars our blcst lovedl things away. And then we call Ithell "dead." Ho leaves our hearts all desolate- Iie plltucks sour Iairest, swovtest flowers; Transplantted into bliss, they now Adorn ismmlortal boweIrs. rThe lirdlilke voice whose joyous tones MAade glad this scene of sin and strife Sings now in everlasting song Amid the tree of life. And where lie sees it smile too bright Or hearts too pure for taint and vice He bears it to that world of light To dwell in lparadise. Born into that undying life, They leave us but to come again;s With joy we welcome them--the same, Except in sin and pain. And ever near us, though unseen, The d:ear itmmortal spirits tread, For all the boundless universe Is life--thtere is no tlead. In Town. They hind no "parting in the wood," No "meetings in the hawthorn lane:" "l-'esid t olsea" they never stood Nor "wa'ltched the sunset after rain." Their pathway was the busy street; Their trysting place the office stair, Yet well I know joy msore complete Did never visit mortal pair. And why should rustic love alone Be decked wsit'h all poetic art? These dull, gray city walks have known The beating of nation's Iheart. The weary workers comeno and go; The secret of each soul is dumtb: Yet. still at times a railiant glow A.cross their wayworn lives may come. And these, my happy lovers, knew Ilard toil, smIll \wage, and scanty faro; The skies they saw were never blue, Bnt love tsnis:de urlaness evoerywhere. Bis otep tspon the 1silo tluur \Was s\oet to her lis thrush's song; tier flice that passed the open door For hintim Imade sunshine all day long. -Londoin FigarO. Heart's Hunger. We let tlhmi be just for a little while; We antnot bear to put themtn yet away The vacant high chair of a little child, The lore hat, but worn the other day, Or t li low footstool where our dear one's feet lIad rested, or tile lathelr's easy chair, That never nore will hold the mnlllly form W\e lt them stand; the room would look too halre. We ga/ze lint in the wttiintg, fading light; 'The Iooks and millic oiluck us ill tile room; Our hearts are with that new mnade grave In the night, All dart;k td shadow hilaulted ill the gloom. God pily tlhoe cwlho wait ill \ain to hear 'Tie boltllll of fi't that nIe'r will tread again, Or long to kiss white l'aceis hlid away In theilr ti cI beds beneatl thelu snow and rain. The winld 'lroi Oit the harpt of tatlure chants A Ilirgeahve the L isL it passes by; The dead leaveis, tears of au tllnl, siladly fall 1po)11 our111 sleeping ones as still they lie. Oh, ye 'hlo never o'er dead loved ones wept, WIho nte'er kissed cold hands and faces white And held out empty arms and hearts to God. Can never know the pain we feel tonlght! -San Francisco Examiner. Fight the Battle Out. What if the currents of your life Are foiled and vexed and go amiss, And trouble your whole portion is? Faint not; all victory comes tlhrough strife. What if dark clouds make up your sky, And every wind's and tide's attack Is pushing hard to beat you back? Court not despair-still harder try. What if you friends keep out of view, And whrile you sorrow seem like those Who wear the livery of your foes? Fret not, but battle on anew. What if a thousand shafts of wrong And grievous obstacles and hate Pursue you early, long and late? Yield not, but keep your courage strong. What if the world seems simply made To sweep your dearest hopes away And balk your efforts day by day? Care not-move onward unafraid. What if your best work brings but pain, Perplexity and loss and doubt? Faint not, but fight the battle out. No worthy life is Lived In vainl Stand to Your Work. Stand to your work as a man who loves labor. Come, fear not to toil with a vigorous arm; Heed not the sneers of an eye serving neighbor, Or a coward skulk's hate, which can never do harm. Man is but man when he glories ill duty: Work is the heritage given to all: High is the soul in its measure of beauty When proudly it answers to labor's roll call What though your labor is granite stone break ing, Turning or fitting or wielding the spade; Add to your laurels of manhood ly making An honest day's work as the soul of your trade. Sayl are they heroes in life's rugged battle Who will tint with fervor their day weapons wield? Behold theml They stand as poor somnolent cattle That crouch in the shade of the sun lighted field. Experience. So fares it since the years began, Till they be gathered up; The truth, that files the flowing can. Will haunt the vacant cup; And others' follies teach us not, Nor much thelt wisdom teaches, And most of sterling worth is what Our own experience teaches. Wet and Dry Sweetening. "Wet sweetenin" is what sorghum mo- 1 lasses is called in some parts of West Virginia when used to sweeten tea. Ma- 1 pie sugar is called "dry sweetenin." Mr. McMillan, authority in such mat ters, does not think much of ash and beech trees for street planting, except I the white and European species. TH E PEOPLE'S SONGS. WHO WRITES THEM AND HOW THEY BECOME POPULAR. Most Popular Bnallads Have a Very Brief but Violent Vogue-Patriotic and Senti mental Airs Live Longer Thsn the Others. Some Famous Song Writers. The English-Irish author of the once very famous song called "Lilibulero" boasted that he had sung James II "out of his three kingdoms," and grave his torians have conceded that there was some foundation for the boast. And this furnishes us with a most apt illus tration of the immense powet of a ring ing popular song. "Lilibulero" is a wretchedly poor production. In truth, "Ta-ra-ra Doom-de-ay" is wisdom com pared with it. But there was something in it which caught the popular ear, and tens of thousands of Englishmen grew wild with enthusiasm as they marched to the measure and sang or shouted the refraim of "Lilibulero! Lilibulerol Lili bulero! Bullen a la!" MONROE H. ROSENFELD. It is much the same with the original 'Yankee Doodle." Not one American in ten thousand knows the words or the name of the author, and as a matter of fact it is extremely doubtful whether any one man did write the piece as it inally appeared in Isaiah Thomas' "Au thentic Collection," printed in 1813. The literary style is much better than that of "Lilibulero," and there is a vein of humor in it, but that is not the thing. There is some mysterious force in the ring of it which suited the popular genius of the rising nation, and it "took at once." The writers of such songs ac cidentally do a thousand times better than they intend. Contemporary or nearly so with "Yankee Doodle" was a little ballad of 37 verses, each ending with "America," the word accented on the last syllable to suit the rhyme, thus: Americans givo car; Of IBritains fading glory You presently shall hear; I'll give a true relation, Attend to what I ray Concerning the tlaxtion Of North America. The first of this was written in 1765 by Peter St. John of Norwalk, Conn., and a verse or two was added from year to year as events called for them, as thus: Surely we were your betters Hard by the Brandywine, And we laid himt fast in fetters Whose lunone was .ohn iBurgoyn.e; We made your Ilowe to troeblel With terror and dismay. True heroes we resemtble In North AmernIcU. Next in wide sweeping popularity was "bHail, Columbia," which was in effect an EFFIE ISORAH CANNING. appeal to the parties to unite. Then came the "Star Spangled Banner" and in I due time the poetry of the Mexican war and the great civil war. And now we have to consider two radically different classes of popular poetry. First is the class including "Kaiser, Doan' You Want to Buy a Dog?" "Sboo, Fly, Don't Bodder Me!" "Annie Rooney," "McGinty," "Maggie Murphy's Home," "Dot Gre cian Bend." "Comrades" and a thousand more such. And it is a most interesting fact that each of these is popular for just about one year. First the song is sung to crowded houses by some popular comedian or soubrette till the untaught public catches the air. Then it is "all the rage." It is sung and whistled and hummed and "executed" in all sorts of ways for, say, six months. Then it is taken up by the fashionables and played in parlors or it is parodied for political purposes, and thereafter its decline is rapid. Thus rose, reigned and fell "O Susan nah," "Lucy Long," "Jim Crow," "Dan dy Jim of Caroline" and scores of others. A popular song in the concert halls just now is "My Sweetheart's the Man In the Moon." The author is James Thornton, i who also wrote "I'm the Man That Wrote Ta-ra-ra Boom-de-ay" and other tuneful but idiotic airs just now popular. Of course there is no moral or patriotic sentiment in any of those, but there is another class, combining all the fun and I fire and vivacity of the soubrette's song t with some deep and abiding feeling, and these songs live. f Among these is "Rock-a-by, Baby," t by Miss Effie Isorah Canning of Boston, who composed it while swinging a weary 1 child in a hammock and wrought out I the music little by little while strum- e uing her bacjo. When she sang and played it for her teacher on the banjo, I he was astonished and urged its pub lication. His advice was followed; Ana 800,000 copies were sold in a short time. She is now studying music energetically and hopes to do much better work. Of a far different order, and yet immensely popular, is the song, "Nearer, My God, to Thee," by Albert J. Holden of Brook lyn now, but a native of Boston. He-com posed it especially for Emma A. Abbott when she was soprano in the choir of Dr. Chapin's church, and it has gained a wonderful pre-eminence. Another writer of popular songs is Monroe H. Rosenfeld, and he has recent ly given his experience in a letter from which this is an extract: "Johnny, GOt Your Gun" is too absurd a work to be regarded seriously, and I think that the song. "With All Iler Faults I Love Her Still," should simply rank as an impulsive freak. I wrote it merely to offer a gentle de fense for woman-fair, frail, beautiful woman -not any one woman in particular, but the dear sex in general, of whom I have always been quite fond. The song fitled my expecta tions. It made me more than ever a friend with the fair ones and made some gold for my publisher, and thus my object was attained. Undoubtedly Will S. Hayes of Louis ville has written more of those higher class popular songs than any other per son, among them "Evangeline," "Dixie," "Wandering Refugee," "Union For ever" and imany war tongs, "Mollie Darling," "Driven From Home," "Nora O'Neill," "Write Me a Letter From Home," "Take This Letter to My Moth er" and others too numerous to ;mention. He gives this account of himself and his methods: The S in my name is for Shakespeare, but I never use the full name. I was born in Louis ville in July, 1837. Song and ballad writing with me is a gift. I write songs from heart to the heart. I believe the ear to be the best crit ical judge of good, homelike, sweet songs and music. Since my success song writing has been and is still a pleasure, not a m(tter of business with me. I have written and published more successful songs than any man living and am one of the few, if not the only man living, who writes his own words and music. A man who has no love for poetry has none for music, and be must have a heart and soul for both if he ex pects to write a sweet song that will be popu lar with the masses. Very feV songs were ever tuccessful where one person wrote the words and another the music. To be successful they must be wedded by sympathy in one common tong of heartfelt sweetness and harmony. I don't know how many songs I have written. I never kept copies nor an account of them, but -. 9 SFPTI3.US WINNIER. they exceed 800, and the sales both in this and foreign countries have exceeded 3,500,000 copies. "JMollio Darling" sold over 1,000,00(l copies beptimus Winner, another very popu lar song writer, was born in Philadelphia in 1827 and began his musicalcaareer is teacher of instrumental music and in I preparing the well known instruction books. He gives the following interest- r ing account of his most popular song: About this time there was it street character in Philadelphia known as Whistling Dick, an acconmplishment in which he excelled, really making some beautiful music, to which he t strunnecd an idliffercnt accenilaninient on the guitar. One of his specialties was the inl itation of ar mocking bird, which suggested to me the composition of ra ballad of that charac ter, and "Listen to the MIocking Bird" was the result. It was written to suit the small comr pass of Dick's whistle, to whom I taught it, and this whistling genius did much to start the song on its successful career. The song won its greatest popularity in the southern states, where it was taken up by the colored people e and sung far and wide. There are numerous young ladies in the United States today bear Ing the name of "HIallie," which was first used I In this ballad. As the song was first published I in the year 1855, it will be seen that it is now nearly 40 years old. He also wroto "What Is Home With out a Mother?" "HI-ow Sweet Are the Roses," "I'll Sail the Seas Over," "Ten j Little Injuns" and many others, and yet j for all his songs he has received less than t 15,000. Of the song writers very few e possess any knowledge of musical nota tion; hence the writer often gets very poor pay, but Will S. Hayes has never got less than $100 for a song, and often much more. Other song writers are Harrison Millard, author of "Under the Daisies," and Thomas P. Westendorf, author of "I'll Take You Home Again, t 9 WILL S. HAYES. Kathleen." Of purely religious songs, Fannie Crosby has doubtless produced a more than any other person living or dead. S. P. RossELL. The Pipe Cl'rae In the East. h Upper Broadway and Fifth avenue in h New York swarm with men whose at tire indicates that they are in Ollie s Teale's "4.000." These perambulating S fashion plates bite the anmber tip of a s5 truly English sho;rt briarwood pipe with v a tenacity worthy of tihe prince himself. V It's English to smoke a pipe in public ti places and also on the street, and that a: settles it. But it is in New Haven and ti Cambridge that the fever has broken out Br like smallpox pustules. Thin. concave u uhested student chamuies tntlllu 'e airer, S Church and State streets, or hold up the front walls of Treager's or Huebleins', every blessed one of 'em nursing a pipe, the shorter and stumpier the more the chappie thinks he's in it. It's really comical to observe the deal boys in couples, trios and squads, pipe in mouth, trousers rolled up, with the most killing Piccadilly swagger, march along like children from a nursery school. The pipes bite their tongues, give them bron chitis, disgust everybody else, but they are in the swim, and that's enough foi chappie, deah boy.-Cor. Washington Star. lHE STATUE O01 INDIANA. It Will Be Poised Upon the Soldiers' Mon ament at Indianapolis. The state of Indiana is pushing rapidly toward completion a structure which it fondly hopes will rank among the very i. finest martial memorials in the world. It stands in Circle park, Indianapolis, near the new and beautiful state house, and on its summit, 300 feet ry- in the air, will be poised the mag nificent bronze "Indiana" re - cently cast at Chicago and pro nounced by ar tistic experts a creation without equal in its line in America. The artist of this fair creation is George T. Brewster, a na tive of Kingston, STATUE OF INDIANA. Mlass., and a resi dent of Cleveland, and though he was educated in Paris and has already done some remarkably fine work he is still not quite 30 years old. The design is grand from its very simplicity. A heroic female figure holds aloft a torch in one hand, in the other is a sword, and on her head is the eagle. The general pose suggests the highest ideal of maj esty and heroic action. The history of the Soldiers and Sailors' Memorial, as it is called, is well known on account of the heated discussion ex cited by the inscriptions. The veterans claimed that the original design was to make it a memorial of the heroes of the war for the Union. When dates for the Indian wars in the state and the Mexi can war were added, there was a vigor ous protest. Nevertheless the design has been beautifully carried out. On an im mense base, embellished with historical groups and artistic decorations, will rise, when completed, a shaft 250 feet high, tal at the terrace floor is 52 feet. Sixty feet above it recedes to 86 feet 6 inches. Here the pedestal is united with the shaft, 25 feet in diameter. Ascending, the shaft diminishes to 12 feet 6 inches at the line beneath the capital, which is 20 feet 6 inches in diameter and is sup ported by eagles 7 feet high carved in stone. A balustrade of stone projects four feet above the platform or floor of the capital. This platform is reached by an elevator and stairway from the inte rior of the shaft, and from it the sur rounding landscape is seen. On it stands the turret, an iron frame lfeet square and 10 feet high covered with copper. Upon this a bronze globe 8 feet in diameter will be placed, and on this the statue "Indiana," 30 feet high, will stand. TO RIDE WITH THE DEAD. An English Funeral Carrlage With a Ilearse Attachment. "The old, old fashion, death," as Dick ens called it, is as prolific a cause of new fashions as the whims and needs of a popular princess. Not only do "'the trap pings and the suits of woe" change their shape, ornamentation and material, and everything except their somber color, but the coffins for the dead have as fre quent and as radical changes of style as the garments of the living, and the very hearse in which a father's corpse is borne to its last resting place will be too anti muated for use at the funeral of his son. THE SHELIBERE. The English have a queer sort of com bination hearse and coach for mourners that is very much used by the working people in the large cities. It is called a shelibere, after the inventor, an English undertaker, who patented it about 40 years ago, though the vehicle on which he obtained his letters was very different from those now in use. The modern vehicle is made to contain a full sized zoffin in the forward part and to carry from 6 to 12 persons behind, though fe ' f the larger sizes are made, as the small er ones are in greater demand. They are ftted up like private carriages and lined inside with cnorocco and are used with either one or two horses. In the large English manufacturing towns they are used four or five times as often as hearses. The forward compartment of the orig nal shelibere was made in a telescopic fashion, so that after the coffin was re moved it could be shut up to one-fourth if its full dimensions. This arrange nent was soon abandoned, however, as iothing desirable was gained by it, and since then improvements inl the shelibere cave kept pace with those on coffins, ceadstones and other things funereal. An attempt was made to introduce a Similar funeral coach into the United 3tates some years ago, but it did not seem to become popular, and few of them were ever manufactured. Those that were made were only intended to obviate he necessity for putting the coffins of small children in the coach with the rela yives. A sort of shelibere is in use in some of the large German cities, partic lnarly in Leipsic, where they are often sen. A MODERN CRUSADE. NEW MOVEMENT TO RECOVER THE SEPULCHER OF CHRIST. How tihe Army of the Holy Cross Will Operate - Not Sword and Spear, but Jingling Gold to Be the Weapon Em ployed. A new crusade for the rescue of the sepulcher of Christ and all the other holy places in Jerusalem from the grasp of the unbeliever is now being preached by the Catholic church. The pope has given it his sanction, and the Army of the Holy Cross is organizing throughout all Catholic Christendom. Not with sword and lance, however, will its great battles be fought, nor with the modern "arms of precision" that have taken the place of those ancient accouterments of the soldiers of Godfrey de Bouillon. Neither will there be clash of arms and bloodshed, nor boom of cannon and pow der smoke. No armed mass of moving men will attack the infidel in his strong holds; neither will hungry hordes of zealots attempt the impossible task of crossing a hostile country in pursuit of a chimerical but sublime idea. Children may join the new crusade as they joined that preached by the youthful Stephen in France and the young Nicholas in Germany and as thousands of them have no doubt joined in spirit the gayly panoplied throngs that followed Frederick of Bar barossa, Richard of the Lion Heart or St. Louis when they read the doings of those doughty heroes in the chronicles of olden days. And in joining the new crusade the children need not dread the dangers of shipwreck and the horrors of Saracen slavery, to which their youthful prototypes were condemned, nor the sometimes unpleasant results of the gal lant hand to hand encounters so often engaged in by their favorite heroes. The new crusade is not being con ducted on the same lines as those of Pe- ter the Hermit and St. Bernard. It is being preached with equal fervor, no doubt, but the methods proposed are en tirely different. It is pre-eminently a nineteenth century idea and will prob ably have the usual nineteenth century effectiveness. The leaders of the new movement intend to rely upon the power of gold rather than upon force of arms or strategy to win their battles and will try to purchase with accumulated wealth what so many lives and so much treas ure were vainly sacrificed to win. The duties of the modern crusader will be confined to furnishing the means where with to make this possible. There is but one condition imposed upon those who join the Army of the Holy Cross, the payment of the prescribed fee-25 cents annually or $12 for a life member §hiUh0<P. Tlbt auenlsxwloJluhjll2e'seArde.L f world and already counts its member ship in America by the thousand. Its headquarters in the United States are in the city of New York. With the contributions furnished the army has already purchased the Turkish hovels that surrounded the ancient basil ica of St. Joseph, the first church ever dedicated to the foster father of Jesus. said to have been erected on the site of his workshop, and at Nazareth a house for Catholic pilgrims is being crected with these funds. But the grand idea of the army is to raise sufficient money to purchase all the shrines, including the holy sepulcher, which is now, as it las been since the year 1808, under the joint control of the Orthodox Greek priests and the Franciscans fathers, who have charge of it on behalf of the Roman church. The Church of the I-Ioly Sepulcher is a very large building and includes be neath its roof, besides the traditional tomb of Joseph of Arimathea, wherein Christ was laid, many other spots made sacred by association with the passion and death of the Redeemer. The holy sepulcher stands right under the cupola, and about 90 feet away from it is the rock of Calvary, whereon the cross was raised. Just across the rotunda is an altar marking the spot where Christ ap peared to Magdalene, and farther on is the prison of Christ. Another altar is at the spot where the Roman soldiers di vided Christ's garments, and just at the foot of the steps which lead to the chapel of Calvary is the stone on which Christ sat when crowned with thorns and mocked in the pretorium. On the rock of Calvary are the place where Jesus was stripped of his garments, the spot where he was nailed to the cross, the place where the cross was planted and the spot where his lifeless body was placed in his mother's arms after being taken down from the cross. Here also is one of the rocks that were split across at the time of his dissolution. The Chapel of the Holy Sepulcher, the center of all the sanctuaries, is divided into two parts. First is the Chr pel of the Angel, wherein the angel appeared on Easter morning, and where -here is shown a piece of the store that closed the tomb, on which he sat, and then comes the sepulcher itself. The en trance to this is so low th:t a person can only enter in a stooping position or on bended knees, and there is barely room within for three persons at a tilne. The original rock is covered over with white alabaster to preserve it from profana tion, ard the slab now there is said to be the identical one put in place by St. Hel an, mother of Constantine the Great. On panels behind the tomb are two repre sentations in relief of the resurrection, one belonging to the Greeks and the oth or to the Romans. The latter is a beauti Eul solid silver reproduction of Raphael's famous painting. H. T. WmIT. Hatching Fish Under Hens. Chinese fishermen collect with care from the margin and surface of water ll those gelatinous masses which con :ain the spawn of fish, and after they oave found a sufficient quantity they ill with it the shell of a fresh hen's egp which they have previously emptied stop up the hole and put it under a sit ing fowl. At the expiration of a cer sin number of days they break the shell n water warmed by the sun. The roung fry are presently hatched and are rept in puro, fresh water till they are arge enough to be throve into the pond. ENGINEERS THE AUXILIARY. Charles C. ~onney Prepares Plans PeFor the World's Congresses. Chicago is making many and rapid strides in the direction of that intellec tual pre-eminence which should undoubt edly be hers and is not attempting to make them se cretly. Her citi zens give liberal ly of their wealth to endow educa tional institu tions and pur chase for them equipments that shall surpass 'those of similar institutions any where, and the Windy City may be said to have CHARLES C. BONNEY. given the world fair warning that she expects before many years to have the same cinch on intellect and its products that she now has on pork. Few people have suspected it, but this was the real object of the strenuous ef forts to secure the World's fair, and this has been the main idea underlying all the herculean efforts to get things in shape at the White City. The incidental wealth that may accrue will count as nothing when weighed in the balance with brains and will probably all be spent for educational purposes. Why else was the World's Congress auxiliary to the exposition formed? Read here of its aim and object in a few words from one of its prospectuses: "To bring all the departments of hu man progress into harmonious relations with each other in the exposition of 1893; to crown the whole glorious work by the formation and adoption of better and more comprehensive plans than have hitherto been made to promote the prog ress, prosperity, unity, peace and happi ness of the world, and' to secure the ef fectual prosecution of such plans by the organization of a series of worldwide fraternities through whose efforts and influence the moral and intellectual forces of mankind may be made domi nant throughout the world." It seems like the irony of fato that a New Yorker should be doing all this for Chicago, but Mr. Charles C. Bonney, who originated and is in charge of the auxiliary and has formulated all its plans, hails from the metropolis and does not work any the less on that ac count. He is a broad minded lawyer and came very near being a United States supreme court judge in 1877, and he probably cannot afford to narrow his views by any question of vicinage. At any rate he has not, as the programme he has arranged will show. The con gresses are divided by months about as follows: May--Woman's Progress, Public Press, Medicine and Surgery. June-Temper, ance, Moral and Social Reform, Com merce and Finance. July-Music, Lit erature, Education. August-Engineer ing, Art, Architecture, etc.; Government, Law Reform, Political Science, etc.; General Department, Science and Phi losophy. September-Labor, Religion, Missions, Church Societies, Sunday Rest. October--Public Health, Agriculture. The United States Treasurer Gives Hieavy Bonds and liHas Great Reesponsibilities. Daniel Nash Morgan of Bridgeport, Conn., has succeeded Enos Hi. Nebeker of Covington, Ind., as treasurer of the United States, and his assistant is Con rad N. Jordan, who was once succeeded as treasurer by the man whom Neboker succeeded. Verily, it is a time of over turning and returning, so it is quite in keeping that Conrad N. Jordan, ap pointed United States treasurer on April 22, 1885, should eight years later be made assistant treasurer. The new treasurer, Mr. Morgan, is about 50 years old and is one of the lead ing citizens of his state. He has beeCn mayor of Bridgeport three terms, has served in the legislature and for ten or a dozen yoers past has been president of ai national bank. His present place is one for which great experience is a needed qualification, for so far as mere money obligation goes it is really the most re sponsible office of the government, Even the assistant treasurer, who is scarcely more than lieutenant to his chief, has to give bond for $400,000. TREASURER MtORGAN. The treasurer is not only custodian of all public moneys as such, whether pal into the main box at Washington or the nine subtreasuries, but lhe is responsible in a somewhat complicated way for the moneys placed in national banks as spe cial Unltted States depositories, and on two or three occasions peculiarly deli cate questiol:s have arisen as to his pow ers and du:ies. He is also trustee for bonds deposited to secure national bank circulation and of Indian trust fund bonds and is agent for paying the in torest on the public debt, thls salaries of members of congress and for several similar duties. In short, the office is one of far higher dignity and importance than the salary of 611,000 would indicate to .the reader and has been filled by many of the most eminent ment in American histor' A Gem From Confu',ius. "There are three powers--heaven, earth and man. There are three lights -the sun, mnoon and stars. There are three bonds-between prince and minis ter, justice; between father and son, affection; between man and wife, con cord." Nothing For Langtry. NEW YORK, April 24.-A morning paper says it is now absolutely certain that the late Mr. George Alexander Baird, known to the sporting world ias "Squire" Abingdon, did not bequeath any money to Mrs. Langtry.