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THE NEW NORTHWEST
-BY TIE Populist 31ntual Publislling Company ISSUEI) WEEKLY. Entered in the oeer Lodge, Montana. Postoflice for transmission as Second-class mail matter. Subscription Price SO Per Yearin Advance FRIDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1804. DlE LESSEPS. The death of De Lesseps, which occur ed last week, hardly created a sensation, because lie had been dead to the world for many years. Few men of the nine teenth century have won so great a rep utation and lost it so suddenly. Napoleon was nothing after the battle of Waterloo. De Lesseps was nothing after tihe failure of the Panama canal. Both not only wounded national pride, but the latter wounded the pride of the civilized world. After the construction of the Suez canal, D)e Lesseps then in his latter prime, could have retired with the honors which many nations heaped upon him, with a great. fortune, titles antl nearly everything that an ambitious man could covet. The construction of the Suez canal was the greatest undertaking of modern times. The civic celebration which followed the completion was one of thie most splendid known in a century. hings, nobles and great men assembled, not only to celebrate a great event, but to honor the inan through whose constructive agency it hadl been accomplished. lie had led in the work of cutting a ship canal across a sandy desert for about eighty miles and had created the short mouritime route to India by practically connecting the waters of the Mediterranean with the Indian O(cean by way of the IRed Sea. lie had turned the dream of centuries into reality. Something of the glamor associated with the name of De Lesseps would inevitably disappear when it was more closely seen that the canal had cost vastly more than the otriginal estimates and that but for the Khedive of Egypt the enterprise would have been a failure before the work had been half accoin plished. De Lesseps was not a practical engin eer and was never able at any time to make a close estimrate of the cost of his work. lie had been rassured by French engineers that the Suez canal could be made. The Kihedive of Egypt had given assurance that there would be the requir ed financial backing. De Lesseps lent his name and all the executive ability he possessed to the accomplishment of the work. lie was fortunate in the choice of Iris great enterprise; fortunate as to the time, and even more so in his asso ciation with men fitted for the great un dertaking. Viewed now, with a greater perspective, the digging of a ship canal through a sandy desert at the cost of more than a $1,000,000 a mile does not seem so great a work as it did on the day of the enthusiastic celebration at Suez. But it still remains one of the greatest enter prises of modern times. Yet, relatively to the times, it was not a greater work than the construction of tile Erie canal through which a steamship has never been floated. De Lesseps after the construction of the Suez canal, seemed to) live in another world. His name and his reputation were capitalized by himself and by those asscoiated with him for a greater work than he had ever accomplished. The new conquest which he proposed to make would be so great that it would astonish the world. He was at the zenith of his fame. His name alone would command more money than had been poured into his Egyptian enterprise. Extravagant as had been the outlay at Suez, the shares advanced so that at one time they could have been sold for an aggregate of more than double the cost of that great work. Of the amount required to construct the Panama canal De Lesseps practically knew nothing. He trusted to others for surveys and estimates. There was the wildest guessing. American engineers were the first to expose the fallacy of De Lesseps theories. The engineering dif ficulty was far greater than had been as sumed. The cost would be greater by three times the original estimates DeLesseps indorsed the original estimates He published them to the world as his own data. He made them the basis of credit and of international confidence. The story of these operations reads like a romance. It was fiction with only tihe color of truth. At the age of seventy-five De Lesseps pledged his great reputation. all that he had gained in one of the most splendid achievements of modern times, to the construction of another great ship canal, the physical and financial difficult ies of which he had no clear conception, and probably never had to the day of his death. He poured $300,000,000 into this job, or rather that amount was raised and wasted before the final collapse. Private fortunes disappeared, families were beg gared. No individual in time of peace in all the century had collected so many millions and squandered them with such beggarly results. When the confidence game was played out and the exposure came, the glory of the Suez canal was displaced by the scan dal the Panama fiasco. Private reputa tations were ruined, the pride of the whole nation was wounded, and De Less eps passed under the cloud, never again to emerge from it. The pity of it is that he could not have died as full of honors as he was full of years; for then a great name would have been embalmed in his tory. But as long as ships go through the Suez canal his name will be associat ed with that great water-way, while the fiasco of the Panama canal may be less obtrusive with the lapse of time, "SILTER DICK" ON DECK. Dick Bland's term as congressman ex pires next March, but the fact does not disconcert the efforts of that valiant champion in the interest of bimetallism. Wednesday morning Washington dis patches brought the gratifying informa tion that when the Carlisle currency bill comes up in the house, Mr. Bland will move to strike out all after the enacting clause and substitute a measure for a currency system based on coin and coin notes. Bland's plan does not interfere with the existing national bank system, but instead of allowing the banks to issue the notes, Bland proposes that the gov ernment issue the notes, calling them coin notes. These are to be redeemed in gold and silver coin and the government is to coin both metals. The Bland bill provides for the free coinage of silver and for the deposit of gold and silver bullion and the issuance of legal tender notes upon it. The bul lion is to be subsequently coined and the coin notes are to be redeemed in gold and silver without discrimination as mayt be most advantageous to the government. Provision is also made for issuing coin notes on standard silver coin. All out standing gold and silver certificates are to be retired and coin notes are to be sub stituted therefor. A provision is also made for the re demption of the outstanding greenbacks and treasury notes in gold or silver coin without discrimination. An emergency fund is created so that in the case of a I panic or money stringency the secretary of the treasury may, on the deposit of United States interest-bearing bonds, issue to the depositors of the bonds coin notes. The interest on such bonds is to go to the government while they are on deposit, and should they mature while one deposit they are to be cancelled. SENATOR IPOTEIR'S BILL. TIIE NEW NORTHrwEST has received a copy of the free coinage bill introduced by Senator Power at the present session of congress. The text of the bill is as follows: Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the tiUnited States of America in congress assembled: That from and after the passage of this act all holders of silver bullion to the amount of one hundred dollars or more, of standard weight and fineness, shall be entitled to have the same coined at the mints of the United States into silver dol lars of the weight and fineness provided for in the second section of this act. SEC. 2. That the silver dollar provided for in this act shall consist of four hun dred and twelve and one-half grains of standard silver; said dollars to be a legal tender for all debts, dues and demands, both public and private. SEc. 3. That the holder of the silver dollars herein provided for shall be enti tied to deposit the same and to receive silver certificates in the manner now pro vided by law for the standard silver dollar. THE reports come pretty straight now about Chinese negotiations for peace. There are other reports about steps that have been taken to organize a Chinese army on European lines. Possibly a hitch may occur in the long-drawn nego tiations about' the time that the army is ready for service. Mll. CARLISLIE's borrowed gold is run ning out of the treasury at the rate of nearly a million of dollars a day. At that pace another loan will be necessary in side of two months. Cleveland and Car lisle should be popular with the money lenders. TIIE Paris Temps fears that the United States may become the seventh great European power. It need not worry. We do not want to run Europe, but neither do we want Europe to run America. That is the American policy. THERE is a movement in Michigan to restore the death penalty for murder. Since October 1 there have been six mur ders in the state and almost innumerable murderous assaults. THE new senator from Texas, succeed ing Senator Coke, who resigns, will be Horace Chilton, a strong free silver man. He was in the senate awhile after lea gan's retirement. DETROIT Democrats, headed by ex Congressman Whiting, will issue an address declaring in favor of free silver. The Voice of the Silence. The hills are piled against the sky, The valleys snowy white, Reflect a glory half concealed By the shadows of the night. There is a voice which speaks to me From the rippling streams and rills. To the vernal pines that tell their tales In whispers from the hills. The lazy, pacing clouds which hang Like curtains from above, Reveal the sweetest truth divine Of pure efnlcient love. The sombre garb of eventide Bespeaks in solemn tone, Of moments when the soul retires Within itself alone. When nature lends her soothing charms In tranquil murmurs sweet, The garment loosens from the soul, And falls beneath her feet. Sweet chords of nature how they blend In reveries sublime, Transporting thoughts from earth away To the far serener clime. -GODFREY ]JUGrlES. THE PENITENTIARY. Synopsis of the lrecent Report of the toarld of Prison Colmmisisioners. According to the report of the board of state prison commissioners, recently filed with the secretary of state, there are now 290 prisoners confined in the penitentiary. Of the counties, Silver Bow has the largest represent:ition, having sent forty seven convicts to the prison; Missoula and Deer Lodge counties come next, each with twenty-four, and Lewis :nd Clark and Custer follow with twenty three. Granite and Meagher have the least number of convicts, each having sent but one. There are sixteen convicts serving life sentences; two have forty-year terms, ansd from that they range down to one year, there being forty convicts in for that time. Of the 290 prisoners, sixty-five were laborers, twenty-seven miners; sixteen cowboys and cooks each; fourteen farmn ers, one school teacher and one journal ist. Almost every trade and profession has at least one representative,. However, there are no lawyers or doctors serving sentences at this time. Eighty-two prisoners are in for burg lary, sixty-six for grand larceny, twenty two for mnrdler in the second degree, and fifteen each for manslaughter and mur der in the first degree. Eighty-nine of the prisoners are be tween the ages of 30 antd 40 years; sev enty-seven between 20 and 25, seventy between 25 and 30, twenty-two between 15 and 20, and two between the ages of 10 and i5 years. One hundred and seventy-two prison ers were released during the year, sev enty-six by expiration of sentence, sixty seven discharged by diminution of sen tence, twenty-one by pardon, two escaped and two died. Thie amount expended for tools, sup plies, rock, work and material used on the western prison during the year ended )December I was $28,000, which princi pally represents the cost of constructing the prison wall. The total expense of keeping prisoners for the year was $48,642. CHARGED WITH CATTLE STEALING. A Trio of IButte Butchers Nabbed For a Very Bold Theft. A trio of Butte butchers were brought to Deer Lodge by the authorities, Mon day, and lodged in jail, where they now await trial on the serious charge of cattle stealing, the alleged offense having been committed in the southern portion of Deer Lodge valley. The following from the Inter Mountain embraces all the essential particulars of the case: Louis Byers, his brother Fred Byers, and Tom Jones, who are all interested in a meat market on South Main street are under arrest on the charge of cattle steal ing. The complainant is Spencer John son, who resides near Warm Springs in Deer Lodge valley. Mr. Johnson alleges that on last Wednesday night, seventeen head of cattle were stolen from his ranch. The next morning he followed the trail to Miles' ranch and the same evening he came to Butte and informed Sheriff Rey nolds of his loss. The matter was turned over to Stock Inspector Collins on Satur day. Mlr. Collins assisted by Johnson trailed the cattle to Byers ranch near the Divide and yesterday morning a warrant was issued for the arrest of the three men and Under Sheriff Young and Haus wirth went down to the ranch yesterday morning and found twelve hides with Johnson's brand and five live cattle also bearing Johnson's trade mark. The Byers brothers were placed under arrest and Jones, who attempted to make his escape, was captured after a short chase. The prisoners together with the hides and live cattle, were brought to the city last evening. The men were locked up in the county jail land will be taken to Deer Lodge for trial. The hides were removed to the sheriff's residence and the cattle to the Butte Butchering com pany. The evidence is very damaging against the men as a quantity of hides were discovered some weeks ago cached in the vicinity of Byer's ranch with the brands cut out. It is said that the Czar will soon par don three members of the imperial family who are in exile., The revenues of China, most of which have long been precarious, are less than $75,000,000 a year. CHRISTMAS - dren's day and Santa Claus theirpatron saint. This enjoyment by chidren is one of the supreme de lights of life. It can be ma .t. terially increased by the purchase of your Christmas presents at Headquarters. We have always been in the lead on Christmas goods, as well as everything else in _ I our line. The happiest day of all the year to the little ones is Christmas, and few ever entirely outgrow the del;ghtful associations of that day. Make them happy and yourself, too, by a purchase of the latest Christmas novelties. We have something for everybody, either old or young. A CHARMING myth is old Santa; or, rather, he lives in that spirit of love which delights in ad ding to the pleasure of others - on Christmas day. If you .. .. A will take a look through our n Ch our IfyouO mammoth store it will oISPLA .~ greatly add hapdiness to the :, . ones you are going to re- "E ' _ memember. We have the reputation of keeping the best assortment as well as a '..EPUTAB tL the best goods in Fruits, Nuts and Candies and are constantly receiving fresh goods. We solicit outside mail orders and will give them prompt and careful attention. Very Respectfully, Wm. COLEMAN Faster! Faster! Faster! On And After December 16th You can come from St. Paul to Butte Over the Northern Pacific And save 'ive hours and Forty five minutes In time Over any competing line. Boys and Youths' Suits at 50 cents on the dollar until Jan. 1, at lBonner's. 24 Pants at 50 cents on the dollar at Bonner's. 24 Look at Bonner's 50-per-cent-off adver tisement. 24 Kleinschmidt &- Bro. have a fine line of felt shoes and slippers for ladies and gents at some astonishing low prices. 23 THE republic of IHonduras has adopted the gold dollar of the United States as its standard coin. Don't forget that Kleinschmidt & Bro. are selling overcoats at less than cost. Call and see them. 23-tf Awarded Highest Honors-World's Fair. PO"DIR MOST PERFECT MADE. A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powde-. Free from Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant. AO YEARS THE STANDARD. SEO. COCKRELL, Farm Implements, Wagons, Buggies, Harness a Saddles. DEER LODGE, MONTANA. MIGNEIREY & RODGERS, -DEALERS IN Books, Stationery, Candy Tobacco and Cigars, Fancy Goods, Etc., Fruits in Season. r-1Orders left with us for books. newspapers, magazines, etc. will have our prompt and care ful attention. ;"-Just received, a fine line of canldies; also a shipment of fresh California nuts. -Leave orders with us for fresh roasted peanuts. Very Respectfully, BIIGNEI:EY & RODGERS LARABIE BROTHERS & CO., ---BANKERS Deer Lodge, Montana. Do a General Banking Business and Draw Exchange on all the prin cipal cities of the world. Careful Attention given given to Collections, and Remittances Promptly made, New York correspondent, importers and Traders' National Bank, New York City, N. Y. S.E. LARABIE. C. X. LARRABEE. H. S. REED. BOTTLING WORKS. J. E. VAN GUNDY. Deer Lodge, Mont., having bought and put in the most approved machinery for generating Soda, Sarsaparilla, Ginger Ale, Lemonade and all Carborate Drinks, with experienced work men in charge, I am prepared to furnish them bottled or in charges for fountains, promptly on notice, and as low as any house in State. Address orders to J. E. VAN GUNNY, Deer Lodge, Mon CLASSICAL AND SCIENTIFIC COURSES. COLLEGE OF MONTANA. Normal and Prel aratory Courses. Splcial Courses in Art, Music, Typewriting, Steno graphy, Bookkeeping and School of Mines. Department of Engineering and Chemistry, including Mathematics, Surveying, Mechanical, Civil and Mining Engineering, Metallurgy, Min eralogy, Assaying, General, Analytical and Ap plied Chemistry, Blowpipe Analysis, Etc. Open to both sexes on equal terms. For terms, etc., apply to Rev. Geo. F. Danforth, President, Deer Lodge Mont.