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Oxygen in Surgery.
Remarkable results are reported to have been obtained In England by treating wounds with oxygen gas. Two kinds of micro-organisms are found in wounds, one kind being beneficent and 'the other injurious in its effects. Oxy gen causes an increase of the former and a decrease of the latter, so that, according to a writer in the British 'Medical Journal, wounds treated with oxygen heal more rapidly and with less pain than by any other form of treat ment. The Earliest Men. Dr. Ranke, of the German Anthrop ological Society, recently undertook to describe the physical characteristics of the earliest men, as ascertained from the examination of prehistoric graves. They were of a yellowish colo', he said, and had coarse hair. Their heads were peculiarly shaped, the part of the skull which contains the brain being large relatively to the face, while the face was small. They had other pecu liarities, among which was the rudi mentary or undeveloped condition of the third molar, or back grinder tooth. The Doctor believes that the first men originated in Asia. Strawberries as Food. In an address on "Horticulture and Health," before the American Associa tion for the Advancement of Science, Prof. W. R. Lazenby discussed the nu tritive value of various fruits, and showed that an average man who should undertake to live on strawber ries alone would have to consume eighty-eight pounds of them in a day in order to obtain a sufficient quantity of one of the most important elements of food, protein. But while he was get ting the proper amount of protein from the strawberries, they would give him seven times too much of another neces sary compound, namely, carbohydrates. Forty-four pounds of tomatoes a day would supply nearly the right quantity and proportion of protein, carbohy drates and fat, the three most essential constituents of food. The chief value of fruit consists in its acids, which are important to health. Strange Things on IMars. The planet Mars has recently (Decem ber 11) been again in apposition to the sun and consequently favorably situ ated for telescopic observation. In fact, astronomers have been studying it for some months as it approached appo sition, and have once more discerned those curious lines on its surface called "canals." They have also seen again the round, or oval, spots that appear at points where many canals meet, and to which Mr. Lowell has given the name of "oases." One of the latest and most interesting observations relates to an "oasis" called "Trivium Charontis." On November 10 this spot, at which nine "canals" meet, was seen, at Monsieur Flammarion's observatory near Paris, to be double, or cut in two. Five days earlier, at the same observatory, the spot had appeared dark, broad and single. The Lost Arts. If Wendell Phillips were living to-day he would find :nany fresh illustrations of ancient ingenuity for his celebrated lecture on the "Lust Arts." Mrs. Le Plogeon lately showerd In Appleton's Popular Science Monthly that the old Peruvians must have under.tood the laws of atmosphereic pressure .i order to construct the very curious jars 'nd vases that they have left. One of these pieces of pottery was ornamented with the figures of two monkeys, and when water was poured into, or out of, the vessel, sounds like the screeching of monkeys were heard. Another similar vessel had the figure of a bird which uttered appropriate notes; another was ornamented with a cat which mewed, and another with snakes which hissed. A most Ingenious water-jar bore the form of an aged woman upon whose cheeks tears were seen to trickle, while sobs were heard, when water was pour ed from the jar. Worn by the Sea. Astonishing effects are sometimes produced by storm billows tearltog away beaches and bluffs on the soea. coast. But, upon the whole, the steady wearing effect of the ordinary sea waves striking, or swooping along, a shore-line exposed to in-driving winds is even greater, although, being distrib uted over a comparatively long interval of time, it attracts less attention. Some statistics recently publi.shed show that on the eastern coast of England, be tween Flamborough Head and Spurn Head, along a distance of ,hirty or forty miles, the beach has been retreat ing before the onslaught of tile ocean, for the last thirty-seven years, at the average rate of nearly six feet a year. The same publication shows that man sometimes unintentionally assists the sea in destroying the bulwarks of the land. This has occurred at the great chalk cliffs near Dover, which have suf fered from the withdrawal of a part of the drifting sand accumulating at their feet and shielding them from the direct assault of the waves. Long piers con structed at Dover and Folkestone have diverted the sand and it has been found necessary to construct heavy sea-walls to protect the cliffs. Freaks of Two Cats. In a Philadelphia store there is a cat known as Jim. The other day a young wom'n entered the store for the pur pose of paying a bill. She was given a seat on a large settee while the office boy obtained the receipt. Now, the back of this settee rests against a rail nag which incloses the office. This rail ing Is very much like a back yard fence,, and for that reason is a favorite place for Jim. He was in this place when the lady took the seat and he cast admir JIng glances at her. She was neatly at tired in black and had .: large stuffed bird in her hat. Everything went well until Jim spied this bird, and with a jump he was on.her hat, much to the alarm and fright of the lady, who In ttaltly sprang to her feet, screaming z loudly. lim was quickly removed, but could not be driven away while the lady remained in the store. The clerks are going to give Jim a stuffed bird for a Christmas present. James Bell, also a resident of the Quaker City, owns a pretty maltese cat, whose only fault Is kleptomania. Madge is the cat's name. While Mr. Bell was eating his supper a few even ings ago he was startled by a funny noise on the stairs. Running in the direction of the racket he beheld the thieving cat coming down the stairs with his gold chain In her mouth, while the watch was bumping each step, evi dently much to the delight of the cat. Quickly seizing his timepiece, Mr. Bell made a lunge for the cat, but Madge escaped. Lately the family had been at a loss to know what Madge had done with her kittens. Their whereabouts were discovered by Mr. Bell, who found the tiny creatures cozily nestled in his new silk hat. "Mrs. Lincoln's Zonaves." Julia Taft Bayne, in St. Nicholas, de scribes the pranks of "Willie and Tad Lincoln" in the White House. The President's sons were playmates of her brother "Budd." Mrs. Bayne writes: About this time they formed a mill tary company called "Mrs. Lincoln's Zouaves." She gave them a flag, and they were reviewed by the President from the portico. The Secretary of War promised to furnish light (con demned) rifles, but I do not remember whether they were ever armed or not, for thie company dwindled until it was like Artemus Ward's-"all .officers." Willie was colonel, Budd major, and Hally captain, while Tad refused every rank but that of drum major. The ofil cers had old-fashioned swords, given them either by the Secretary of War or by Gen. McClellan. They spent a great deal of time on the flat copper roof of the White House. It was surrounded by a stone balustrade, and here they built a cabin. The roof was by turns a "fort" and a "quarter-deck." They used to raise and lower the flag with due ceremony, and look for "strange sail" through a spy glass. I remember once, when "Budd's sis ter" ascended to the stronghold with a stern demand for the scissors, she was received at the "side" with naval eti quette. They showed me a Confeder ate flag at Munson's Hill, I think, and Tad said some boats on the river were "pirates." The Demagogue's Bill of Fare. A certain candidate for a city otlice so the story goes-made it a rule that callers should be admitted to see him at any moment, even if he were at table. This rule, it is needless to say, applied only before election. The candidate was fond of the pleas ures of the table, and was aware that this was not counted to his (d:s'tlvant. age among a certain class of nis sup porters. Therefore, when he was seat ed one day at a meal of canvas-back duck and champagne, and his maid servant announced that a deputation of men from the ward was waiting in the hall to see him, he did not order these articles removed until he had foundl out who the men were. "They looks like workim'men, sii," said the maid. "Then, quick, Bridget! Take off the duck and the wine, and bring me some cold chicken and a cup of coffee." The servant did as she was bid. She had gone out of the room after exe cuting the order, and the politician was devoting himself in a soniewiat gin gerly way to the cold chicken, when the girl came rushing in again. "I've just tound out, sir," she maid, "that they's a dilegation of poor, half starved, shtrikin' tailors from the sweat-shops!" The politician gave a long whistle. "Ah, then, if that's the case, Bridget, take off the chicken and the coffee, and just hand me a cold potato and a glass of water, and show them inu!" The Death of Willie Lincoln. In the St. Nicholas Mrs. Julia Taft Bayne gives an interesting glimpse of "Willie and Tad Lincoln," who were playmates of her brother, "Budd." Mrs. Bayne gives the following account of the death of Willie Lincoln: On Feb. 1 Budd had a severe cold and was kept in for a few days, and Tad reported that "Willie had a cold, too." When Budd returned from a visit, lie said, "Willie Is dreadfully sick; he talks about me and the pony all the time." My motlher went to inquire, and Mrs. Lincoln told her they feared typhoid fever. Sometimes the President would come in, stand awhile at the foot of the bed, and go out without speaking. Once he laid his arms on Budd's neck as lie sat at the bedside, and leaning over, smoothed tWillie's hair. Although on Feb. 20, at noon, my mother brought news from the White IHouse that Willie was better, saying that lie had held Budd's' hand and knew him, Willie died at 5 o'clock of that day. Tad was overcome with grief, and was ill for some time after. A Tough Mushroom. While traveling in Switzerland the elder Dumias one day arrived in a lone ly village with only one inn, at whicil the famous novelist was compelled to put up for the night. When the landlord, who only spoke German, came to inquire what lie would take for supper, Dumas tried, but in vain, to make him understmail that lie wanted some mushroomns, and was oin the point of giving up with a bad grace all hope of enjoying his fa vorite dish, when lie hit upon the idea of taking a piece of charcoal and tr:c ing on the wall what pur'ported to bhe the correct outline of a mushroom. The landlord went out, and Dumas was congratulating himself on the suc cess of his happy expedient, when a few moments afterward he hlard ihe Swiss coming up the stairs. Thlie nimsh rooms could hardly have been prepared in so short a time, but this thought did not occur to our great novelist. The footsteps came nearer, there was a knock, and in walked the landlord- with an umbrella!-Boston Traveler. It Was. Dobson-That was a somewhat pre vious joke Witticus got off, wasn't it? Smiley-Yes; previous to the flood.- New York Herald. A woman knows as little about a man as she knows about a horse. t RECOVERING SUNKEN TREASURE Y Remarkable Achievement by Twc Australian Divers. The perils of a submarine diver are freshly brought to mind by the recent remarkable achievement of two Aus tralians named Arthur Briggs and Michael May. In 1809, two English divers recovered a treasure from a ves sel which had been sunk in twenty three fathoms-138 feet--of water. At that depth the pressure is enormous. and it has been thought that no one would have the courage to go lower, or _ going, be able to survive. Briggs and May established a new "record," how ever, their work being done at a depth of twenty-seven and a half fathoms, or 165 feet. The brave Australians sought the treasure of a steamer which, about a year ago, struck on a submerged reef, the night after she left Sydney. In her specie-tank were ten boxes of gold. Equipped in diving-suits specially made to bear an extraordinary strain, the two men took turns in descending. Their first act was to carry a guide-line from their steamer, moored directly overhead, to the wheel-house of the wreck. Another line was made fast to the chart-room, from which the specie tank opened. To descend to the wreck, hand over hand, down the guide-line, took from six to ten minutes. If the slightest "sea" was running, the line swayed so violently with the motion of the steamer that it was almost impossible to maintain one's hold. A diver was exhausted by the time the wreck was reached. Even then he had to tight the ocean currents, which were there very strong. At times he would have to hold on to something with both hands, to keep from being swept away. A big shark had taken up his home on the steamer's deck. He was neither vicious nor timid. Unfortunately, though, lie was curious, and Brlggs says that he often had to kick the great fish to make him move out of the way! It was May when the divers located the wreck. Not until August, so un friendly was the weather, did they up proach the object of their search. They blew open the door of the chart-room with dynamite-much to the eonsterna tion of the shark-and thus gained ac cess to the specie-tank. But this was dark, and the boxes containing the gold could not be found. Briggs procured an electric light in closed in a strong, water-tight globe. He was so unwise as to turn on the current before he started. By the time he had reached the wreck, he was sur rounded with myriads of fish, attract ed by it, and could not see more than a foot in any direction! After that the light was not turned on until the diver had entered tile chart-room. The fish would not pass the doorway, and the diver escaped their company. On a memorable day, late in August, Briggs succeeded in lifting four of the boxes of gold from the specie-tank to the chart-room floor. It was on that occasion that the "record" dive was made. Ilriggs remained at the bottomn for fifteen minutes and nineteen sec onds. As soon as Briggs came to the sur face May went down, and succeeded in netting the La-igest box, which contain edl 5,000 sovereigns, so that it could be drawn up. On the following day, Briggs sent up four more of the boxes of gold. In all seven boxes were recovered, containing nearly 75,000 sovereigns, about $37.000. A Classic River. The Ilissus Is a small Greek river with a great name. The story is told that the late President Felton, of IIar yard, declared that on his first reaching Athens lie made his way to tile banks of the Ilissus, stooped down, and drank it all up. Many a Jest has had that river for its theme. Nature, however, lias a way of asserting herself in a terrible fash loll ill unexpected Illaees, and thils little streaml was turned into a destructive torrenllt by a ra'lill, nllexalll ed ill Attica within tile memory of living men, whleh fell in Novembller last. Prof. Richardson, director of the American school at Athens, has supple mented the press dlspatches with an account which shows that the destruc tlon of life andl property In AthenIs alone will nmake the year just closed memorable as the year of tilhe great flood. One source of hlumlnor is thus, for thll time at least, unavailable, anil the Ilissus ranges itself with the rivers whose fury makes and unmakes his tory. The Star Pow rder. The sedate man--I'n afraild you are about to be dethroned. The star boarder-Whlly? The seldate nan--Rilngle had poached eggs on toast this morning and I no ticed that you had to eat hash witil the rest of lus. The star lboarder-HIush! Don't give it away. ingile has just paid up, after being behind two lmonths. If you want to fare well stop paying in advancel for a while. and when you settle they'll treat you like a king.-Cleveland Leader. C'a-i' of Ilis Death. "What shall we Iput on his to1mb stone?" asked the iann who dealt in snch thllilngs. "Well," said the head of the typo gralphic'al union, thounghtfully, '"I think all that is. IlceC.sa ry undell r the cirlculn slnllcl:.s is a simpnlle announll elneut thllat he let the 't' drop out of tile word 're lict' and failed to corr'ect it in tile llproof. Ev'er'y onle will lunow at (oneo that lie died of I'esultinlg conplica tionus."-Chicago Post. O'd Father TInimt. 'Adornments. "\\'ell," :said the Casual ('Cller, re itiectvely, "trainls land lpeop,.e imay ble late frequently, bullt there are somne things always 1on time." "Name tllhell," rilhied tlle snake edit or. "W'ell, the hour glass and the scythe, for examplle."--Pittsburg Chronicle. Telegraph. A Knotty Problem. Fond W'ife-W-hat are you worrying about this evening? Husband (a young lawyer)-An impor taut case I have on hand. My client is charged with murder andl I can't mallke li) my mind whether to try to prove that the deceased was killed by some other man or is still alive.-New York Weekly. 'REFORMING BAD BOYS. Preaflh Government Does Th!s by a New System of Isolation. An effort along new lines is to be made by the French Government in the direction of remodeling vicious tenden. cies in boys. The scene of the experl. ment is the Institute Le Peletier at Montesson, in the department of the Seine. Youngsters who have already become criminals will not be treated, the design beinhg to restrain and tone down criminal inclinations in boys whose parents have found them to be unmanageable. Two hundred cells at the institute have been set apart for the purpose. Youngsters received for treatment are examined as to their tal ents for acquiring knowledge or learn ing some sort of trade and are instruct ed in those branches for which they show a leaning. To curb the young sters' inclination to cruelty they are al lowed to have pets and each one is given a patch of garden to cultivate. They may keep birds, cats and rabbits. Each boy is subjected to a special course of treatment, his individual THIE OYS WEAR JMASICS. weaknesses and inclinations being taken into careful consideration. Only one boy is admitted into a cell, and un der no circumstances are the inmates allowed to converse unless in the pres ence of an official of the institute. They have plenty of outdoor exercise, but neither in the grounds nor in the gym nasium nor in the schoolroom or chapel have they occasion to talk to their com rades. They are known by numbers only, and though not subjected to cruel ty in any form the discipline governing their management is most severe. The discipline even goes further. It directs that boys must wear masks whenever they leave their cells, either to go to the gymnasium, the play grounds or to school. The schoolroom, which at the same time serves as the chapel, is fitted with a row of cells or boxes forming a semi circle. The boxes, or stalls, are open at the top, so as to permit the free cir culetion of air, and their doors are ab ,reviated below and above, so the in mate (all see the teacher on the plat form opposite. The teacher can watch tilhe boys thoroughly, burt the latter can not see their neighbors nor make any signs to them. MOISIN KHAN., Recently Appointed Minister of For eign Affairs for Persia. Mohsin Khan, the newly appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs for the em pire of Persia, Is an able statesman, who was highlly valued by the late Shah Nasr-eddin. The new Shah, Muz affer-eddin, decided to continue the favor to Mohsin Khan which had been shown by his father to the diplomat, and the latter's elevation to the Shah's ca.hinet-if the royal advisers can be so called-is a reward for long-continued service. Mobsin Khan received a good European edueation, and speaks Eng lish and TFrench fluently. For many years Ihe v1as trained In diplomacy at th(e minis ry of foreign affairs in 'T'ebe ]IOIISIN KlliAN. ran and at various Persian embassies abro'ad. IIe was ambassador to Con stantinople under Nasr-eddin, anll dur ing the sixteen years he occupied that post lie successfully maintained the most cordial relations between the two great Oriental cillpirls. Three years ago the Shah called him back to Tehe ran to assulme the post of nlinister of justice, which he tilled with much abil ity until more recently lie was made minister of foreign affairs. Millsin Khan is a Persian with all the polish t:f the Oriental. IIe is shrewd, observ ing, and lerfectly competent to fill a ipost involving great capacity for diplo lnacy. lie belongs to a powerful family in Teher'a n. Three Old Maids. Miss Nancy Olier died near Still more, (.a., last Friday lit the ripe old age of )S andl a few months. She was olne of a family of three old mlaids, who iived dn\\ll otilln .lk's Creek, near the tOhoopee river, for oveur half a century in ia snmlll log holluse of but one room. They lived by carding, spinning and weaving by hand for peolple living near them. Aullt Nancly is the seconld one to die. iecr sister Sallie died a few years ago at the age of 98. Only one melber of the family is living now, Aunt Milbry, who is the oldest of the t!lree sisters.--Atllanta Constitution. It is a rare lllall wiho gets anything iut bills and kicks in his letters thtse days. THE WORLD'S GREAT PORTS, European Cities Going Ahead While New York Is Standing Still. Some German merchants, bankera and imperial officials have found great encouragement in the fact established by figures that, while during the last ten years the commerce of the city of Liverpool has increased 40 per cent., the tonnage of vessels arriving at or de parting from the German port of Ham burg has increased 70 per cent in the same period. The geograprhical posi tion of Liverpool Is highly favorable to shipping, and the docks of Liverpool, it is well known, have at large expense made the harbor a most desirable one in the facilities which it gives to ves sels of all dimensions. But recently Liverpool has had to contend with the serious industrial and mercantile.rival ry of the city of Manchester, and the business of Manchester has been great ly promoted by the Manchester Canal. The German Government, in the con struction of the new Baltic Canal, has discriminated in favor of Hamburg, which has increased its shipping bust ness very largely of late years at thile expense of the other North German port of Bremen. At the close of the Franco-Prussian war the tonnage of vessels arriving in and departing from Hamburg was 2,000,000, aid of Bremen in the same year 800,000. Since then the commerce of Bremen has increased about 75 per cent. and that of HIam burg 300 per cent. Notwithstanding these great gains the city of London still retains Its re markable distinction of being the great est port in the world for sea-going ves sels, New York following not very far behind, but showing comparatively little increase. The number of ships, steel, steam or sail, which leave the port of New York in a year is about 2,000, and more than two-thirds of the total number of such vessels are reg istered under foreign flags. New York has gained of late years in respect of the amount of business done with Eu ropean ports, but there has been no corresponding increase in the volume of business done with domestic ports, and moreover the city of New York has had to meet very strong competi tion from Baltimore and New Orleans, a considerable portion of the shipments of Western grain having been diverted to these ports and away from New York. The business of the port of Lon don is very largely of a local character, London being a mart of a consumption and interchange of articles arrlvin'g from other parts of England. The four cities of London, New York, Liverpool and Hamburg stand at the head of the ports of the world, but there are others at which a very larn:o mercantile business Is done-some de creasing, but a larger number failing to keep up with the ratio of growth in mercantile business. Antwerp in Bel gium stands fifth among the coulmer cial ports of the world and very ne:ar It, with a volume of tonnage nearly as high, is Marseilles, in France, the chief port of the Mediterranean. Ilavre, in France, does a considerable busines, chiefly with foreign countries, In the shipping line, and Stettin, in Germany, a large business, chiefly coastw!ise. The development of the railroad and canal systems of each port has much to do with Its growth in cominercial busi ness, and it Is a fact usually to be ob served that a city which is the terml nus or a canal retains longer and better Its shipping trade than a railroadl ter minus. At least this is observable in the United States.-New York Sun. Found a Hard Problem. A tired tramp on the Bowery was be wailing the free-lunch clause of the Rtaines liquor tax bill, when his atten tion was called to an ornate poster In red and blue ink, on white paper, rep resenting with full regalia and accou trements an American soldier In the cavalry service and an Amerlcan i n fantryman saluting his superior officer, the latter carrying a large sword. Un der the two pictures were printed the conditions under which the United States army accepts volunteers for its service on the frontier in the military service. The applicant must be more than 21 years of age and less than 30. It is essential that he be unmarried and either a citizen of the United States or an alien who has legally de clared his Intention to become a citi zen. He must enlist for five years, and the United States government gener ously agrees to pay him for his services ill field and flood $13 per monlth. Other inducements are held out. If sick, lie Is given free admission to a hospital. If lie dies, he is buried at the public expense. If in the camp in which hie is stationed there is a library, lie is permitted to read the books contained in it without extra cost, and if out of his income of $13 per month he provi dently saves a portion, the United States pays him 4 per cent. interest on the amount, unulss In the mean while he deserts, In which case 'lle money is forfeited and he is liable to be imprisoned for life, or perhaps be shot. The tired tramp was In front of a "re cruiting office" on Third avenue, and he ejaculated as lie shambled away: "What stumps me is that they had to pass a law to keep the United States army front ever getting larger than 25,000."-New York Journal. Locomotive Without a Fire Box. In the city of Ma.seilles, France, a railroad has recently been completed which possesses the origilnal feature that its motive power consists of steani locomotives without firebox. Tiis ope culiar engine was adopted inl order to effect the passage of a tunnel, half a mile long, without development of smmloke. Tell locomotive consists of a cylindrical boler, which is filled with hot water under a nmaxilmum pressure of 227.5 pounds per square luch. At the end of the line the pressure decreas es to 13 to 70 pounds. The water Is then heated again to 203 degrees, corre sponding to a pressure of 227.5 pmnunds by imeans of stmcaln lproducled by the generators at tie central station. ''iThe boiler is 10 feet long, 3.S feet inu diam eter and holdls besides 550 gallons of water and 21 cubic feet of steam. The steam frotm the generators Is uniformumly distributed through the water by suit ably arranged piples. After having been used in the cylinders, the steam is condensed In a condenser, consisting of 1,154 pIipes, provided over the boiler. When a man settles down to do his duty, and quits wasting time in idle talk, he gets a reputation for being either cross or bigotld. Mr. and Mrs. Cronwright-Schreiner are on their way to England, where they will remain during the year. Two volumes of Dr. David Masson's edition of De Quincey are ready for the press. There are to be six alto gether. A monument to the brothers Grimm, the popularity of whose fairy tales has eclipsed their philological work, has just been erected at Halnau. The inhabitants of Saeckingen, in the Grand Duchy of Baden, intend erect ing a monument in honor of Victor Scheffel, who madfe their town famous. William Watson's powerful poems on the Armenian situation have been pub lished under the title, "The Year of Shame," with a strong introduction by the Bishop of Hereford. The Rev. Charles Cuthbert Hall, D. D., who has just been called to the Presidency of Union Theological Semi nary, New York, is to edit the Ameri can edition of the Expositor. J. B. Lippincott Compapny are the American publishers of Wilson Bar. rett's novel, founded on his popular play, "The Sign of the Cross." The Bishop of Truro has written an Intro. duction to the book. Dr. Nansen is giving all his time to the preparation of his book, intending to finish it before going to London to deliver his promised series of lectures on arctic exploration. It is certain to be the paramount book of the year. Prof. Georg Ebers has written a his torical romance called "Barbara Blom berg." Charles V. plays a prominent part in the story, and the heroine is the mother of Don John of Austria. An English translation will appear. According to the St. James' Gazette, Queen Victoria will personally dictate and revise a biography of herself. which will appear in 1897. The story of the longest reign in the history of England from the Queen's own stand polt cannot fail to be of great interest. The stamp duty on newspapers, which in Austria has greatly impeded the development of the press, is to be abolished at the beginning of next year. Those papers which are not published more frequently than thrice a week will be exempt from stamp duty next March. The Critic boasts that It reviewed 1,635 hooks during 1890. The best of it is that the reviews were good ones -none better anywhere. The new en terprise of the editors, called the - Month, is a monthly magazine, on the same lines as the Critic, and certainly deserves success. The newest accession to the Acade mie Fraucaise is Anatole France, and his otlicial reception as the successor of Ferdinand de Lesseps was the chief literary event of recent weeks in Paris. The real name of the new immortal Is 1Anatole Francois Thibault. He was born in Paris in 1844, and made his lit - erary debut in 1873 with a volume of - verse entitled "Poemes Dorces." His - beautifully phrased prose, for which he is chiefly noted, places him on a lev el with the French Stevenson, Pierre Loti. Dr. Conan Doyle tells in the London Strand about a seven-months' cruise that he took in the arctic seas in 1880 as the surgeon of a whaler: "As I was only 20 years old when I started. and as my knowledge of medicine was that of an average third year student, I have often thought that it was as well that there was no very serious call upon my services." One day a stew ard challenged him to bout with tile gloves. Later on he heard the stew ard snying to the mate, In loud tones of conviction, "So help me, Colin, lie's I the best surgeon we've had! lie's blackened iny e'e!" This, says the author, "wans the first, and very nearly the last, testimonial that I ever re ceived to my professional abilities." How Muskrats Breathe Under Ice. W. Spoon, the naturalist, asserts that the muskrat when obliged to go be neath the ice from one side to the other of a pond lhas a curious mode of taking along his air supply. Instinct teaches him to take in a deep breath before starting, but even this he knows will be insufficient for the trip. According y lie halits occasionally and exhales the exhausted air from his lungs. This air, being confined by the ice in the shape of a bubble, and in full contact with the icy water, becomes almost Instantly re oxygenated. When the transformation is completed the wlse rat again takes in his old breath, which is now a fresh inspiration. Thus rejuvenated lie again dives out of sight and begins swim ming for the other side, only coming up against the ice as often as it is nec essary for him to refreshen that valu able little breath of air. But few hunt ers and trappers are aware of the muskrat's odd plans of changing his poisonous breath into a fresh inspira tion, but those who are take a mean ad vantage. By striking a heavy blow on the ice the air is dispersed, and tlhe lit. tie animal dies of asphyxia. Queer Search for a Brother. While unlpacking a sample order of chinaware fromn Germuany the other day Frank C. Young, a Second street importer, discovered a blue envelope tucked away in a vase. On opening it a letter written in German was dis closed. Being an expert German scho! ar, Mr. Young translated the missive, which read as follows: "To whom it may concern: My brother, Wilhelmn Bletzner, left Carlsbad, Germany, two years ago for America, where he in tended to engage in the china buas ness. After a short time his corre spondence abruptly ended, and after that all our letters were returned un claimed. I am a packer in - china house, and have been placing these notes in every order to America, in hopes that they might be seen by my brother or some one that knows him. Trusting that the person who finds this will convey any information which would aid me, I remain, very truly, Cora Bletzner, Carlsbad, Germany.- Philadelphia Record. Compliments may be silly, but that i man or woman never lived who did not I like them. IN AbJOSS-HOUSE. The Chinese Celebration of New Yearr: in Ban Prancisco. Theodore Wores, the artist, has a story of Chinese life in San Francisco in St. Nicholas, under the title of "Ah Gau's New Year's Celebration." Mr. Wores says: The procession-for some queer reason the Chinese always seem to Walk in single file-was headed by the father, carrying the baby brother proudly in his arms. The mother and sister carried baskets, filled with offer ings to the gods; while Al Gau had con tented himself with parading his finery only. The interior of the Joss-house was but dimly lighted; and when the eyes once became used to the mysterious and smoky atmosphere that filled the place, strange and weird faces of gods and demons showed through the darkness and gazed solemnly down from rich al tars upon the visitors. A priest, seated at the entrance, had a supply of painted candles, sticks of incense made of san dalwood, and packets of papers con taining printed prayers. Having bought a supply of these helps to worship, Al Ganu and his fam ily had entered the inner room of the pagan gods. In the presence of these images, with hideous, painted faces, dimly looming out of the darkness and mystery of the incense-laden atmos phere, most American boys of Ah Gau's ago would have been terror-stricken. He, on the contrary, seemed to be quite at ease among these strange things and went near to the. uncanny idols with quite an air of familiarity. He boldly walked up to a large drum standing in one corner and, seizing a drumstick, pounded on it with all his might, for the purpose of drawing the attention of the gods to the worshipers. He then joined with the family in placing a large number of lighted can dles and smoking incense sticks upon the altar; after which they had bent themselves in prayer before the princi pal image in the temple. A number of offerings-cakes, fruits, and various ar ticles of food, as well as rice wine were next piled up before this deity. Their devotions ended with the burning of a lot of printed prayers in a little brick furnace erected in a corner of the Joss-house for that purpose. As they left, a pack of firecrackers was set off; and then, thoroughly satisfied with themselves, and with minds at rest, they had gone homeward. The Telephone and Competition. Teleplhone competition in this country has been very brisk during the last tw( or three years, but a large proportion oi the new companies have gone to tht wall. F. De Land explains how this hai come about. IIe shows how at firs1 thought it appears i)erfectly feasible t( make a complieting telephone exchang( profitable property, yielding good re I turns on the investmenrt, and during tin first few months nearly all competing exchanges flourish financially. The unhealthy public sympathy stimulate! for sellish ends enables town couucibl to grant franchises containing very lib oral provisions, while the Interest taker by many citizens insures a large numu ber of subscribers from the start. In spite of these lnitial favorable auspices, the records prove that one by one the competing exchanges sunspend opera tions, and the plant is sold for what it will bring-often for old junk. Mr. De Land says the cause is found in the "inability to secure an income from low rates that would warrant the ex penditure necessary to secure the talent requisite to maintain and operate the plant in a manner that would insure prompt and efficient telephone service." This is the whole story in a nutshell. The company first in the field has set a very high standard of service, and tile expectations that a superior service would be supplied at half the rates for merly charged have not been realized. When the quality of the service began to fall off, one after another of the sub scribers refused to continue renting the new instruments, and the end soon camenlo. Marbles. Marbles are manufactured from the materitl wiich gives them their name. At the marble quarries the refuse stone is broken by hand into small cubes. A bushel or more of these is poured into. a great revolving cylinder, whlich is supplied with water from a faucet. The cylinder is revolved at a high rate of speed, and the cubes, by attrition, are ground down to the tiny spheres which g.ve such delight to the hearts of the boys. From one to two hours are usual ly required to finish a lot of marbles, and they are afterward sorted accord ing to size and painted by hand. The crockery marbles, or "potteries," are molded of the same material as ordin ary earthenware, and are then glazed and baked. The glass marbles contain, ing images and flowers are molded. The Sioux Way. Among the Sioux Indians, when one family borrows a kettle front another, it is expected, when the kettle is re turned, that a small portion of the food that has been cooked in it will be left in the bottom. Should this cus tom be disregarded by any one, that person would never be able to borrow again, as the owner must always know what has been cooked in her kettle. A white woman on one occasion returned a scoured kgettle, Intending to teach a lesson in cleanliness; but her act be came the talk of the camp as a fresh example of the meanness of the whites. In Bed Rooms. Oil stoves and gas stoves should nev er be kept burning In a bedroom, for, being burned In the roomn and having no connection with a chimney, they throw the poisonous Iproducts of com bustion into the air of the apartment and make it unfit for respiration. Even an oil lamp is dangerous if left burning all night; but the evil effects of an oil stove are worse, inasmuch as stoves, having a larger flame, consequently consume more oxygen and give off more poisonous gas. A Frightful Blunder. SuItor (seeing flower on the table) May I take this as a token of your friendship? Fashionable Miss-Good gracious, no, sir! Why, that's my new bonnet. Spare Moments. X Rays on a Mummy. The genuineness of an Egyptian mummy having been questioned its British owner subjected one of its hands to the X rays, when the perfect outline of the human bones was shown.