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VOL I. Benton, M. T., February 15, 1875. NO \ E:EMI-MONTHLY JOURNAL, DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF BENTON AND SUN RIVER VALLEY. \V. H. BUCK, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER. RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION. (I,& Advance ) one copy, one year, $4 00 One copy, six months - - - - 2 50 ()ne copy. three months - - - 1 50 P'uotage, - - - 10 cents per annum NOTE. In order to avoid complications, the above sub rcription rates will remain unchanged during the iirst year of publication; although, at an early date, tle, I'ECORD will be changed to a weekly journal, iid tri-weekly editions will be issued during a portion of the summer season. Under this arrange ment the RECOxRD is the cheapest journal published in M ontana. itntil further notice, address all communications. W. H. BUC K, FORT SHA W, M. T. THE 7.Gl C OR]). Ip presenting our second issue, we take -:cciasio;f to render acknowledgements (fo;r the very hearty reception of the first ,u number of the RECORD. However un worthy of praise, we of course expected iiime favor from the residents of Benton ;nM( vicinity, but for obvious reasons we l),iked for little support or encourage mie1nt from the public outside of this conm munity. That we have been agreeably i is:, 'poilited in the latter respect, is part ;l owmingY, no doubt, to the characteristic ;enerosity of the Montana people, and heir well-known disposition to favor nw enterprises. There can, however, be .,) c uestion that the RECORD'S success is iprincipally due to a general chnmge of ,pl'inion in regard to that Utopian enter pre.e called the Carroll Route. The busi ness men of the Territory' are no longer iII favor of sustaining an institution which has alreauvl y caused them to suffer heavy l pc(u:niary losses, and which, even if suc ,e.ssful, could never possess one half the :adva nta..'es of the oid and reliable river route. The very journals that advocated ile enterprise suffered irreparable loss by lite delay of printing stock, which they foolishly expected to receive by way of .;Carroll before the first boat arrived at !Benton. It is not strange, then, that l!~cre should be a complete revolution of f'eein-, towai'ds a Tidiculous venture whViclr has resulted in nothing but injury to its patrons, and which has lost for its ,owners the reputation they once posses sed as faithful, trustworthy freighters. Nor is it wonderful that the RECORD'S just censure of the road should meet with public approbation, since the views it ex pressed are not alone the sentiments of the residents of this' c mmunity, but those of every sensible business man through out the Territory. The miserable experi ence of the merchants who patronized the Carroll Road last summer, and the rich harvest reaped by those who, with commend able foresight, concluded to re main with a route that never has and never will fail them, points to the fact that, until Montana can boast of a rail road, the Missouri River, via Benton, is the only cheap, safe, and sure channel through which freights can be brought to the business centres of the Territory. We are also under obligations to the Montana Press for nunierous favorable notices of the first appearance of the 1tECORD, and while acknowledging our ndebtedr ess for these favors, let us ven ure a hope that our relations with cotem toraries may ever remain of the most 'fiiendly nature. We do not, of course, 4ipect to escape an occasional criticism, iit if we should unhappily incur thn dis Aeasuare of neighboring journals, through or advQcacy of local iLterests, or other Wse, we earwestly trus that censuire may '6 meted to us sparingly, and in the w rds prescribed in Webster's & U'na badged. The English togue is gener al sufficie'ant to convey Ithe moslt (astics 'bse without the aid of prize-ring phra seology, or even the slang expressions in common use; and while the hostile con troversies in which Eastern local journals so freely indulge may be very entertain ing to the editors of those papers, they are very rarely either interesting or in structive to the reader. Personal quar rels and slang expressions are only occa sional with Montana papers, and we promise our readers that they shall never become characteristics of the RECORD. THE KANSAS S UFFERERS. 'The suffering in Kansas and Nebraska from the fearful ravages of the grasshop pers is terrible indeed. Thousands of families are on the verge of starvation, and unless help can be afforded without delay, they must perish. Those of their cattle that escaped starvation were sacri ficed to keep life in their owners, and they are now without a remnant of pro vision against an unusually severe winter, and no chance for getting away. The whole nation throbs with sympathy, and contributions are being sent for their re lief from all parts of the country. Wells, Fargo & Co. have offered to forward all supplies free of charge, and Messrs Mc Knight & Co., Post Traders at Fort Shaw, agents for Wells, Fargo & Co., are author ized to receive money subscriptions. The residents of Montana should deem it a Christian privilege and duty to give of their liberal substance to these needy . members of our common family. A correspondent tells the following sad story of his father's family: Less than two years ago, his father, who own a handsome estate in the suburbs of a prosperous Eastern city, concluded to sell out and go to Kansas. He did so, at a <great sacrifice, invested a large amount of cai)ital in stock and moved West. On arriving at their journey's end, a good, comfortable house was put up, and the family took possesion of their new home. r one day one of those fearful hurricanes i that are so very prevalent in Kansas, r swept over that part of the country in - which they lived. The mother, unsus picious of danger, ran out to gather some r clothes from the line, when the storm I burst in all its fury, and in a twinkling r the house was a heap of shattered ruins. r Thile family escaped as by a miracle, with f the exception of the mother, who was t crushed by the falling timbers, and ren t dered a helpless cripple. Ere they had f in a measure recovered from this heavy e blow, the grasshoppers came in clouds, r and devoured every vestige of green; s not a stalk or leaf remained. They were more fortunate than others in having a blarge lot of cattle and hogs left, but s doubtless ere this many of them have 1 died from starvation. - It is difficult to realize that such a f state of affairs can exist in our favored e land, but so it is. Let us give liberally - and cheerfully of our means. - -.------ . ·-·9w a- A PLEA FOR FORT BENTON. BY CAVALIER. In the year of our Lord 1850, a joyous party assembled on Christmas evening, in a recently constructed adobe building at the trading post of the American Fur Company, on the upper Missouri River, known as Fort Lewis. In the gathering there was a two-fold object: to celebrate the advent of Christmas by suitable rejoic ings, and to dedicate to its ultimate uses the first adobe building erected within the present limits of the Territory of Mon tana.- Major Culbertsdn--then in the prime of life-was there as chief of the establishment, and gathered around him were his sixty or seventy white subordi nates, who constituted the garrison of the fort, with their wives and children; and the reader needs only to be told that the great mgiority of the former were Cana dian and Louisiana French, of the. class calledoyagqu8r, to know that merriment and jolifty reigned supreme. Several violins were in active operation. and to the flow of sweet sounds, scores of nim ble feet tripped merrily, and joyous voices mingled in the bursts of jovial song. At last, in the midst of this rousing carnival, the tall form of Major Culbert son was seen to rise and signal silence. When the uproar had subsided sufficiently to permit his voice to be heard, he ad dressed the assembly in a little speech, in which he recounted the noble qualities of one of America's distinguished sons; dwelt particularly upon his services a few years before in behalf if the American Fur Company, when he rescued it from a ruinous litigation that threatened its complete overthrow; and proposed that in his honor the post, then in process of construction in adobe, should from that time forward be known as Fort Benton. With loud cheers his audience signified their approbation, the violins struck up a lively air, the dancing was renewed with increased vigor, and, passing from lip to lip of the hilarious assembly, the name of Fort Benton went forth to the world, and is now recorded in millions of maps from one end of civilization to the other. This was the first christening of the embryo city at the head of Missouri River navigation, and so well was it done that it was reasonable to expect that no other would be deemed necessary. But, pres to, change! No more do we see Fort Benton a remote, isolated trading post in a' broad wilderness wholly possessed by the red savage. Gold has been found in Montana, thousands of stalwart men gather in her gulches, and the vast sup plies thus rendered necessary find their way to the mines mainly through the Missouri River. A new and extensive business is created at Fort Benton, and under the walls of the old fort a town begins to spring up; and presently comes hband of surveyors, who trail their chains awhile in the river valley, and then, by a silly trick of words, call the few scat tered buildings, and the many vacant squares they have laid out, "'Benton City." Ye gods! what an outra'ge was tilS: What an insult to the old fort that for years had looked down grimly upon the ground thus desecrated, sole lord of it all! How could propriety stop short of preserving the sonorus old name, the centre of so much interesting history, in this new-born village-this city, if you will, but still desperately cramped in the confining limitls of its swaddling clothes? This was the second christening, but the good sense of its population caused it to meet with little favor. The town is still known as Fort Benton, the post office is Fort Benton, freight is still con signed to Fort Benton, and when some times cut short in the pronunciation by its inhabitants, it is always done as an an abbreviation, with the whole symme trical name in the. background of the speaker's mind. But now we come to the consideration of the most formid able attack upon the old name that it has yet received. We now boast a newspa per. The initial number is before us, and it is a creditable production. It is pleasant to reflect that our town now has a worthy champion against all future "ad verse journalism." Can this paper, this champion, this advocate of our interests, ble a robber in disguise that would deprive us of aught valuable? It would seem so, for is it not despoiling us of our good name. even in the sense we use it, one of the first of measures? We find by the paper itself that it is the Benton RECORD, pub lished in Benton, M. T., and every time it alludes to our town it is as Benton not once as Fort Benton. Oh, Mr. Editor and proprietor of the RECORD, would that you had looked in to Lipplncott's Gazetteer of Geography before you did this thing! Let me tell your readers what you would have found there. You would have found that, within the limaits of the United States, there are alreay fifty-two geographical localities in possession of the name of Benton, while there is but a single one called Fort Benton, and that is our town. And now you have despoiled us of all the advantages of our singleness of possession, and humbled us ruthlessly into such a nest of Bentons that it is bew dcring to try to identify ourselves. Thus lhave we been three times named, and there is no guarantee that we have reached the end of it yet. Permit my indulgence in a little speculation as to where the thing seems tending. Fort Benton, Benton City, Benton, Bentown, Bungtown, Bunghole! That sounds ridi culous, but truly, it is scarcel in ad vance of what has already happened. But let us halt here and retrace our steps. Let us go back to the first and best namel of them all, and forever hold fast to it. Benton is truly a good name, but it vio lates our early traditions, and there are, in all conscience, enough Bentons in the Fcountry already. Fort Benton is a bet ter name, it is in keeping with our tra ditions, it perpetuates our fur-trading and military history, and it is a name that really makes us a pequliar people, since the world over we have no partici pants in its possession. Missouri has developed an unconscious humorist. He is in the Legislature, rep resenting a proud constituency in St. Louis. A- number of the boys subscribed some seven hundred dollars, which, in the form of silverware, they proposed to present to their representative, M. K. Mc Grath. Hie was asked to be at home on a certain Saturday evening, but replied by telegraph that he would rather not come, since he understood that it was the intention to "'' make me a present of something appreciative. I am," added this singularly li.igh-minded public ser vant, "and always have been opposed to public displays to officials in the way of presents, addresses, etc. If you have conclud:ld1 to do anything of the kind., give it to my wf'e. Whitelaw Reid has been called to ac count for deeds done in the Tribune; and in admitting the charge of giving cur rency to mere rumor, which implicated Dawes and Wood in the Pacific Mail, he makes the significant statement that great injustice is done to journalists in supposing that they must have personal knowledge of everything they write, which in the nature of things is not 'pos 'sible, pei haps, once,in a thousand times. Mr. Reid has been honored (luring his Washington visit by two arrests for libel made at the instance of Ex-Governor Shepherd. Some sensational rumors were current last week to the effect that we were on the eve of a war with Spain. There ap pears to have been no authority for these .rumors except that Spain has made a de mand to be compensated for the value of the Virginius. As the Attorney General decided that the Virginius had no right to carry the U. S. flag at the time of .her capture, it would seem that it would re quire all Mr. Fish's ingenuity to evade the demand. The Centennial managers, in spite of the distinct understanding to the con trary at the inception of the project, will yet coax and wheedle and lobby further appropriations out of Congress. The President has at last succumbed to the pressure and recommended an appropri ation of $1,000,000. John Bright, in the English Parlia ment, is striking heavy blows for the dis establishment of the Church. Church matters in European politics bid faireto be the leading questions for some time to come. ----- !- - ~;8 _--- ' . . Chinamen voted at the last elec t'n for members of Parlitmnet in r~itish o~un.· bia, having been inatithraliz4 and reig tered.