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VOX POPULI, VOX DEL
VOL. I. Benton, M. T., March i, 1875. No.s. -- --. . . III I I Il[ I I .lnnllII lll l l i~ a l l nnndllallnlU •l Ill mlnmnl l naun lmesi m-a a nem ai mNe Im diaNm om e m an lmmm amme ll n Inunn nna ll n mm enmunnl u mii Ilne Im I fmen n, a mu . nn A SEMI-MONTHLY JOURNAL, DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF BENTON AND SUN RIVER VALLEY. W. H. BUCK, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER. RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION. (In Advance.) One copy, one year, - - - $4 00 One copy, six months - - - - 2 50 One copy, three months - - 1 50 Postage, - - - 10 cents per annum NOTE. In order to avoid complications, the above sub acription rates will remain unchanged during the first year of publication; although, at an early (late, the RECORD will be changed to a weekly journal, and tri-weekly editions will be issued during a portion of the summer season. Under this arrange muent the REcoRD is the cheapest journal published in Montana. Until further notice, address all communications. W. H. BUCK, FORT SHAW, M. T. Til ARiMY, P The army is at present receiving ser i,1us attention through the reports of the dlift'crnt commanders, all of whom com plain of the manner in which our legis lators deal with the mnilitary organiza tions, and prove to the satisfaction of mny reasonable thinker that instead of a gain, a serious and unnecessary loss is *occasioned by repeatedly arranging and re a:rranging the standard, reducing and re reducing the strength, and thereby injur ing the effective condition of the service. As this treatment of the army has been i)~-titnued under protest of its ablest and most oxperienced officers, it is evidently nothing more than a cloak used by so called reformers to withdraw public at tention from flagrant abuse of power and uscle(ss squander of tile Nation's wealth. But whether the present system of organ ization is effective or not, or whether de i'c:ts are more easily remedied by other lmethods, is not at present our concern. The interest attached to the army by our l)eople, may be said to have begun with tihe first military estab)lishment in the Territory, and will never b)e lessened un til the very pressing demand for settle nment has been fulfilled. Let the reports be what they may, or let Congress as sume any attitude it pleases, no lack of interest will be occasioned thereby in this Territory towards those who protect the frontiers and preside over the safety of otherwise exposed homes. There are many reasons for this feeling towards the army-not the army of distinguished Generals, however well versed in consti tutional, law they may be;. not the army of fashionable aides, whose experience of military life does not extend beyond street parades or ball-room tactics; but the army of officers and soldiers, rank and file, who perform the arduous duties re ,tuired of frontier commands. The Ter ritory must profit by even a temporary addition of such men to its population; our merchants, freighters, and farmers would be substantially benefited by the increase; an additional demand for labor would consequently follow, and thus the laboring people would also share' in the profit. Beside these important consider ations, we require more troops for pro tection-protection for our frontier trade, protection for the advance guard of our future State Militia. The immigrant who believes in the boasted liberality of our government thinks that our frontiers are guarded in the interest of humanity and for the safety of adjoining localities. Alas! how far from correct is this sur mise. Only when to recede would be at tended with greater difficulties than an attempt to advance does the pioneer dis cover his mistake. The few scattered forts where mere handfuls of soldiers are maintained afford little or no protection to the homes Qf the settlers, and only when the savage crawls stealthily up and stampedes his herds, leaving him, per haps, without a vestige of his hard-earned property, does the frontiersman realize that he has no protection from the gov ernment whose duty it is to make his home secure. Every military station along the skirts of our Territory is an incentive to adven ture and an inducement to immigration; and it is the duty of government to en courage the enterprising spirit of the people. The increase of population where but a short time ago the inhabitants could not be numbered in the second score, the scenes of husbandry along the rich and fertile valley of the Sun River, andi the thriving settlements that have sprung up wherever troops have been stationed, afford the strongest reasons for the es tablishment of more advanced posts. The country surrounding Benton offers every inducement to the farmer and the miner, and undoubtedly every acre of ground would soon be occupied, if the people were afforded that protection for life and property which is their due, and which they have a right to expect. But the Indians in our vicinity always have been and always will be a drawback to the settlement of our lands; for even the peaceable tribes, which refrain from com mitting serious outrages, are always ready to convert to their own uses any loose property that they may happen to fancy. If this readiness to grab were only occa sional with Mr. Lo, the failing might be overlooked, but unfortunately it is prac ticed almost daily to the sorrow and dis comfort of some poor hardworking ranch man. To check this stealing propensity a different method from the one now on trial must be enforced. No matter how honest or earnest those may be who en deavor to civilize or Christianize the In dian, after the present fashion, failure must attend the attempt. Coax him or tease him to be honest, pay him or feed him to the same end, he is still the same, or if any improvement is noticed, it will1 be in the wrong direction, for he will steal with more aptitude and vigor than ever. There is but one way to check this habit in the Indian, where it affects the white settler, and that is to cause him to fear to commit the offense. We hope ere long to see the Democrat, Republican, and Reformer unite in home matters, cast party and party-issues aside, and battle together in the interests of the public, for the security and prosperity of our immigrants and settlers. The peo ple of Montana want more troopsscatter ed along the frontier, for the protection of life and property, and to encourage the speedy development of vast natural resources. THE CENTEN.NIAL. We are in receipt of a communication from the Montana Centennial Commis sioners, Messrs Joseph P. Woolmhnan and P. A. Largey, requesting us to inform the residents of this and other localities that sub-agents have been appointed in every county of the Territory to receive and forward specimens, curiosities,. &c., for the coming Centennial Exposition. As we have in common with all true Mon tanians a natural pride in the rich and varied resources of our favored land, it affords us pleasure to assist this laudable enterprise, and we trust that the Com missioners may obtain such a cabinet of minerals as will reflect credit upon them selves and the famous Territory they rep resent. Where there is such an abundance of material, perhaps the only difficulty will be found in selecting the rarest and most suitable articles for the collection. The mines, of course, will yield an unlimited number of the richest specimens of min eral wealth, while the Yellowstone region will furnish an inexhaustible supply of the most interesting curiosities. The Sun River and Missouri Valleys are also rich in fossils, shells, petrified woods, &c. Indian trophies and relics, we presume, will be acceptable, and if anything in the agricultural line is desired, our farmers can furnish a few specimens that will make .the Quakers stare. The name and address of the contribu tor should accompany each article intend ed for exhibition, and parties contribu ting samples of ore should state the assay value, when known, of each specimen, and also the name of the locality from which the article is taken. The Exposi tion will open at Philadephia, on the 19th day of April, 1876, and will continue until the 19th of October, 1876. As no con tributions will be received in Philadelphia after the 30th of March, 1876. all articles to be sent from Montana must be deliver ed to the Commissioners before the close of the freighting season next fall. We trust that the people of Montana will give this matter the earnest attention it deserves, as the interests of our Territory demand that we should make a good dis play at the great International Exposition. As there is no scarcity of material., there is no reason why we should not have one of the finest mineral cabinets the world can produce, and every person who values the good name of Montana, or feels the slightest interest in her future welfare, will contribute something to attract at tention and excite the curiosity of our Eastern friends. The following named persons have been appointed by the Commissioners to re ceive and forward all contributions: Choteau County--T. C. Power & Bro., Fort Benton. . Lewis & Clarke County--J. P. Wool man, Helena. Deer Lodge County-W. A. Clark, Deer Lodge. Madison County-P. A. Largey, Vir ginia City. Missoula County-D. J. Welch, Mis soula. Beaverhead County-Wm. Peck, Ban nack ; Messrs Dahler & Armstrong, Glen dale. Jefferson County-J. A Harding, Ra dersburg. Gallatin County-Mrs S. P. Bowen, Bozeman. Meagher County---T. E. Collins Dia mond City. =---- rr,------- x-- f1or the RECOnD. TRUE TALES OF MONTANA. BY CAVALIER. I. THE CACHED TREASURE. Once upon a time there was a chief of the Piegan Indians, known to the whites by the name of Little Dog. He was a great brave, and though at peace with the employees of the American Fur Corn pany, was accustomed to lead his warriors on far distant forays into the country of the many Indian enemies of the Blackfeet, and sometimes against parties of white traders, trappers, and hunters, or trave lers not connected with the trading-poste of Fort Benton. In one of these hostile excursions, probably about the year 1845, After penetrating the territories of several =iostile tribes, he found himself with his band well down on the waters of Snake River, on the trail to Oregon by way of Fort Hall. Tales had come to him in his own land,. of the numerous trains of pale faced emigrants who. far to the south ward were incessantly wending their way across the continent to the Pacific Coast; and he had undertaken this long and haz ardous journey expressly to measure wea pons with these famed wayfarers, who possessed such a store of goods: and so many wagons and cattle. Disposing his warriors in a situation favorable for attack, Little Dog awaited with impatience the coming of a train. At last, far over the 'prairie, the white tops of the wagons are seen creeping slow ly forward. On they come; the cattle jog lazily; the drivers straggle listlessly, rous ing up now and then to discharge a vol ley of yells at the easy-going;beasts, and cut the air with their huge whips; the monstrous boxes move nearer on their slowly turning wheels; and at last the caravan, all unsuspicious of the lurking foe, is in the midst of the ambuscade. A rattle of musketry, a terrific yell from the up-springing savages, a rush by the paint ed host, and Little Dog is victorious-not a man is left to tell the tale of the butch ery. Doubtless in the general sack of the wagons that followed, much was found that delighted the hearts of the merciless victors. Tradition, however, is silent upon this point, and deigns to preserve the recollection of but one small box found by Little Dog bestowed with extraordi nary care in one of the wagons. This box was found to be well filled with what Little Dog pronounced to be brass but tons without eyes Brass buttons com plete would have been regarded a very desirable acquisition by Little Dog and his savage followers; they often bought them at the fort on the Missouri, and paid good prices for them too ; but without eyes what could they do with them? They were very heavy, and how should they carry them to their villages since they could not be strung. on sinew like the ordinary button? Alas! handsome and glittering as they were, they must be left behind. But though deciding thus, Lit tle Dog would not have them thrown away as entirely valueless, and they were consequently cached with much care in the rocks overlooking Snake River, at a point where- a rocky proniontory juts in to the valley close to the foaming waters. Perhaps, in after years, Little Dog's thoughts sometimes reverted to the hid den buttons, but he did not esteem them of sufficient value to warrant the hazard.s and fatigues of returning for them; and so there they remained for twenty years without exciting any particular interest. But at last population flowed by the -thousand into Montana, and gold coin,. unknown to the fur trade at its remote posts, began to circulate in the Territory. Little Dog saw the gold, saw how the white men prized it, how a small piece would buy pound upon pound of sugar, coffee, or tobacco, and wonder grew within him at the discovery that a brass button without eyes possessed such mighty power. Thea he remembered his box of such buttons biwried far away on the banks of Snake River, and bewailed his folly. Oh, that he had that box now! Hlow wealthy it would make him; what digni ty he could maintain; what treasures he could buy; it would lift him to a height of grandeur such as had never been dreamed of. HIe could think of nothing else but those marvelous buttons, could do noth ing but lament the fatuity that had in duced him to let such a treasure slilp through his fingers. He told the story at Fort Benton, and pronounced various gold coins exhibited to him to be exactly like the brass but tons; and, like Captain Kidd's hidden treasure, it caused many a man to burn with eager desire to possess himself of the buried wealth. Little Dog believed that he could still find the locality, and often was he entreated to lead the way thither. At last the urgent solicitations of Mr. Dawson-then~the American Fur Company's agent at Fort Benton-backed by the promise of a large reward, induced him to. engage to do so, although his medicine had ever been adverse to the enterprise. He started, but conscience stricken at his sin, halted after proceed ing a short distance, and could never after be persuaded .to:tenew the attempt. Little Dog is now dead, and still the brass buttons without eyes repose in con cealment upon the banks of Snake River, whose waters rush with boisterous laugh ter.to the sea, bearing. their story of a hidden treasure, to swell- the mighty list already in the records of the waiter-spirits who keep the- tally of man's unwilling contributions to the coffers of the deep. Carlyle has declined to be a Grand Cross of the Order of the Batih, and, Tennyson has declined to be a baronet. This is a sort of modesty which is really an evidence of pride. -It is saying in effect that Mr.: Carlyle and Mr. Tennyson are beyond the rearch:bf any honors which the fGviernnent can bestow u.poi them.