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- : __ _ - -+ "........... ........ .......... .. ,...U..GUS. 7 1 8 7 .. " "ý ... N oT 1 6,- 1 . tn tAe ;-:4ýý t N . o .ON ý UU 1 Vol 1 I OT BNT'N A . [G ý 7 U(D -- . . ý .t ý:- -- h c taac r rýý e:r ns":rrt. a e eýar..----"...- -" ý ..n.. 'ktHE BEN TOBN RECORD, Fort Bejnton, M. T., PUIBLISHED EVERY SAT UD Jt) ;AY. iL. -. C.-- , - - - .itoc & -...-roprieo." RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION. (IN ADVANCE.) One copy, one year, - - - - - $4 00 (One coO'py, six imonths, - - - - - 2 50 One Copy, three months, - - - - 1 50 SINGLE COPIES, FIFTEEN CENTS, 'ADVERTISITNG RATES.. SPAC; 1 w. 2 w. 3 w. 4w. 13 w. 26 w. 52 w. [ inch. S- $ .3 00 $4 00( 5 00 $10 00' 16 00 $24 (00 2 " 4 50. 5 00 6 50. 8 00 14 00 2u 00( 39 00 6 00 7 00 8 00,10 00, 16 00t 24 00i l0 00 " 7 00 8 0010 0012 00 24 00 36 00; 52 0) S0(0 10 0) 12 0014 Oe 3( 00 40) 4 ;ct: 6-04 0) 0" 00 12 00 14 00'16 00 ;36 00 50 (,t 80 00 : 1 " 1 0(.0 00J24 (100:28 (00 5 00' 8( i0 1 00 ,lum.n ' i 20 ,(0 00 36 00;42 0u 80 00 120 0)( 0) 00 I.ta noitices 15 cents per line for hrst insertion and i, c.? :raut i;,r each subsequent insertion. Le.gl 8V) ise.t ,1 o not mole ithani 10 lines solid n inl , , 1.50 fonr lirst insertiin, and 75 cents for each ,l; iti ioal insertion. RItETRA('TIO N. Since the publication in a recent issuec of the REC.ORD of some re marks not particularly compliimen a few faets have been brought to ouri knowledge, of which we 'were uiot aware at the time of writing tlhe article. We are informed that lion. MAartili Maginnis did make i! eiffort to procure an an appropria tio0n for the imlprovsmemement of the UJI pper Missouri, thalt he 'beseeched the committee and the eiigineei's ,hice in speeches and letters, and r',,'maiined in Washington nearly two months after Congress adjouried, lo ,et the matter in shape for next if' we desired to do Major Ma 12nis1 a injustice, jO e 'Irght here endeavor lo show that his efforts were purposely delayed until near or after the adjournment of Con gress, or rather that they were the:n made for the purpose of obtaining credit without deserving it. For tunately, however, we are no slave to political prejudice, and no tool of yealthy corporations and would be nmonopolists. We have no in terests to serve beyond the general welfare and prosperity of our con stituents, the humblest of whom have the same claims upon us as the wealthiest firms in this commu nity. We have therefore no object in doing Major Maginuis an injary, and if the facts are as stated by our informant, we are free and willing to confess that, our remarks were unjust and should nat hav been made. We claim, hogwever, that our ignorance was excusable on the ground that the Major's ef forts on behalf of the fi'eigtitin~ iP terests of. this c..unty were nei - made public, and we believe at the time the article .in question wasl written. but one person this side of .eelena% was acquainted with the tacts above given, and that one had no kllnowled re of the article until it appeared iln a)rilt. Our attention hias also been di 50 rected to the facts that when Major M.aglinnis went to Conilgress, ' Cho teau County was blotted from the map of the 'Territory and converted a into an Iiidian reservation; that lie Sfound the authorities, botih of the War and In terior Departments, de termined to wipe Benton out c0 tirely, and for a ,on01 time the only mnodifica ti n1 of' the reservation 1 whichl they would consent to was to remove the line up to the foot of the aflls; and t[hat if'lenton and Choteau is to -ay a prosporous part of Montalnn, it is due to the ef fobrts of Iolo. Martin MIag'innis against, a decided opposition." But . of all this we had a fall knowledge 3En- `+ W tfl ieel 0. 7tf -~JU app ecit u tn-.1 o But we have yet to learn fitat the e faithful performance of one duty or set of duties, by a public of-icer, t can excuse the neglect or abuse of e another. When the people of this - County gave to lion. Martin Ma e ginnis their unanimous vote. they 1 had a right to expect that hle would s use his very best efforts in their I behalf duringo his entire term in D Congress, but the fact that he has partly fulfilled this duty, does not t relieve him. f'o from further olbliga tions to thi people, nor entitle him to treat with indifference whatever f future demands may be made upon him. The immediate growth and pros perity of Choteau County now al most entirely depends upon the improvement of the Uyper Mis souri, and if Major Maginnis can and will procure an appropriation for the work, he will do the County even a greater service than when le rescued it from the Indian Ring; and an earnest effort in tlhis direc-i tion, v;hetlher successful or not. - would entitle him to a re-election j in 1876. I I t CARROLL ROUTE. Helena merchants are offering a bonus of from three to five -dollars per ton to freighteis, over and :above the freight rates, in order to secure the arrival of their goods in time for this year s market. What does th is mean? Are the business -. ien of .:elena afraid to trust the Carroll roQto, after all the boasts that institution has made, abount late f'e cil'ht? vWhy, it is ofn iy a short tilme sice that a "Herald" r correspo)ldeniit irop ,ecid that all Sthe IBenton late fle'is:ht would come lIby way of Carroii, because t,;hat Iroad ~~sfo 1~t 1 itl safer and i Oetter. The present Carroll rate is ten dol tars per ton more than the Ben toll rate, and yet an additional five dol lars per ton is to he added,. Of course, itf Helna mnerchants prefer to p -y fifteen doll ars extra to lihave tleir goods come b1 ay ay of Carr1ol because the proprietors of the Car roll route !.i)pp to resido at the Ca pitol, t~hey have a pcrft:i r.'lit to do so; but if t11e prices of mtluci I goods s1louild .e uInusual.ly 1higi du'r ink; the coirng winter, it wiil not Ie (iifficult to S-ulrni e the cause. Beenton 1a0e, 1 F-4 cents; Carroll rate, 4., cents plus tihe bonus given to t e flreighters on the reliable route. ()ur !o:rwarding merclinants would like to take advantage of this offer if circumstances permnit z-e(t rt,- -. Frciv . io . - iL .i supremacy of this route, and the advanta ges of shipping via Benton. r In this con:nection we desire to ask, what right has the Carroll enterprise to the sympathy and support of the people of M ontana? y Has it reduced freight rates? No. Has it broughlt goods to the Terri tory in less time and in better con a ditioii than they have been deliver ed by the Benton roate? By no means. Can it deliver later freight. than. the Beitton route? Decidedly not. Has it not obtained special rates from the NP.P. without allow ingr its })atrons any benefit there from? In fact, has it not failed to I perform one and all of the many promises made for it by its proprie tors and its hired newu.paper advo cates? It has without a doubt. If the Diamond R Line and Cou!son steamers were the only rivals to the U. P. Railroad, then indeed would it be the duty of Montana merchants to sustain the Carroll i oute ; but, as. the rival of Benton, it has no just claims for support. If Ben toii forwarders can now give lower rates than ,are. allo wed on the Carroll route, certainly they could do still better if they had the advantage of a special arrangement with the N. P. Railroad; and if the Coulson and all other upper river steamers were to ply between Benton and Bismarck, the Diamond R and our own: freighters run beteen Ben- B on and Helena, our merchants would soon have u route thai e ve a railroad could Iha rdly ~compet with I The i:ozmeinanri "T',i...es" still be lieves inll tlhe Yellowvstone r ve'r. ii a recent article it, says ''Capt. G rant Marsh in a letter Ito ,Ir. Alderson, proposes not only to bui!d a stearmer ada.!ted to that river, but expresses such coifti dence in its navigability, that he desires to obtain onle-haif interest in t.ie undertakingQ upon the basis of a personal iV., Et,:t ý`to that extent." This wouldu Ile )a safe inlvestmien t foi the Capt. or any othetr lman. Of course when completed the steamer will run to Bentoin. Capt. M..arsh, in a late letter to one of our mei chants, says: " The Yellowstone isa good river to freight govern inenit stores oIn, by the day, but as an individual enterpl.rise it is not to be co.,lsi derCd-it would break Co imodore \'oanderbilt." Tho "Tim es'"'u rthenr remarks; "Cant. Ma rsih guarantees la:ding of freight at Pompey's Pillar any 1X17 '.V_1 L Wit] mu.wi _ 1 ¬. i tiel 1.oiil1 . Clark's Fork, and it mnay be at the Old Agency tHe asserts positively that the river is a better one than the Missouri, and that a small Iamount of impnrovement will render it the high way to M.ontana." " Without much doubt and may be" are poor arg.ments to show that it is possible, especially \vwhen the log of the steamer Josephine, itself, states differeutly. A nd then C1apt. Marsh told us positively that he would as soon run up the Mis souri to Benton as any other river he knew of, and that he intended to build a steamer to transport late freight to this point. Itis pro> ably this craft to which the "Times" has reference. Again the Bozeman journal says. Gen. Forsyth expresses the opin ion that the head of navigation will be found at the mouth of the Big HJorn. We can but cling to the conclusions of Capt. Marsh as more nearly correct-his greater expei' ence in such matters renders his verdict unquestionable. Gen. For syth states that the channel is un changing, for it passes over a gray el bed, from its head to its mouth, and there are no snags." And we also cling to the conclu sions of Capt. Marsh as being sounder and more correct than Gen. Forsytih's, Thie log of the Tosephine expresses the opinions of her captain, and the log distinctly and repeatedly states that "the channel changes: with diffiernt stages of water." Very likely tt log reqm res changing, butis ratlher late now for Capt. Marsh to rectify tlhe error, into which Gen. Forsyth has fallen, and it o niid be iripoli tic to do it i y starting new lmi - takes of v\hiichtlhe public may b,. cognizant. However, we hope the Bozeman people will subscribe lilb erallv towards the steamboat enter prise, for, as we have s;iid, it is a safe i11vestmicnit, and we hieed t1he( boats on this river. As the Secretary oi Wat'r is at 1 present in this military district, we resnume that it is by his ordersc that Geii. Gibbon proceeds to the L uss!elshcll couvtryv. Thie force at his comnnand on this expeditioi, amounts to about two ihundred meln drawn firom the garrisons in the t eri tory, besides the ftorce already jalo.ig the Carroll route. Therej1 are at. present ten companies of in fantry-and six of Cavalry on duty in Montana. Where are they all stationed? Beside the large escort, with the distin~uished visitors now iii Jthe Territory, all or nearly all - of Montana's insufficient comple mient of troops are guarding the interests of Messrs Maclzy & Co., along the Carroll route. T!he cry was raised a short timne since of " where's our cavalry? " And the important fict was discovered that one compnany of cavalry was sta tioned on the Teton, ostensibly to prevent illicit trade, but their pres ence there was really our sole pro tection from a Sioux massacre. We are presumed to have one conm pany of soldiers stationed here for the protection of settlers, wher.eas not more than ten men could be mustered for immediate service it' occasion required. If any portion of Montana has reason to demand more troops, we think that it is that, of the North. Endangered on all sides, tho very first to suffer from Sioux depredations this year, we are left to'protect ourselves at the very time when news oftnurder and rapine reaches us from every quar ter. If in self:defense we use the rights of the military, we render ourselves liable to chains and im prisonment,. while if we are willing that the government should alone do the fighting, We are treated with indifference, our demands for more troops and proper distribution are unheeded, and in fact all our efforts to make this country habitable are defeated bthe enemies of Ben ton's posper~-ity The few soldiers noW in Montnt a were snt .herec for the -e sttont.d uitpon a utr to iserve a ew- gre-4- ..p.