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tPr ' , 1 ,.J. 4ý' I ` IIIIt Wil 'BCi & Bdq'_Ii '"". ;,. .,.. o ........... .......... ..... ................................... . .. . . .. .. . ". . . . . . ... . +M . C F O T 33 1. T \J T L a t 1 1 it iBlei rt1'--'y ·-- ,} TIHE BENTON RECORD, Fort Benton, M. T., 4 PUILISI E1D) EVERY SAT URD.LA.Y. W. I '. 0K, - - Editor & Proprietor. RATES (OF SUBSCRIPTION. (IN AI}VANCE.) One copy, one year, - - - 4 0() One copy, six imonths s,. 2 50 )One Copy, tir' monitls, - - - - 1 30 C SINO.LE COPIES, FIFTEEN CENTS. AD'YERTISING RATE S. sPACE 11 w. 2 "2. 81w. 4. 13w.4w. 3 2w.' I inch. $2 S:u ; 00 : 0(0 5 00 $10 o00 1 00 $24(; O C 2 " 4 '.° . U 6 ;O 8 ( 00 14 00 20 00 ;(0 00(t 3 " 6 Cu 7 )0 0 10 (. t 16 00 :'4 00' ( 4o 00 4 7 . I t () 1 f) 0 12 00) 24 00 5( 00 52 (00O oS i) o ) C) J2 (' 14 00 30 00 4J0 00,o 634 30 6t " 9 0i) 12 (00 i4 00 16t (.( ;36 00 ,O 0( 8o (j00 ' 1 L (,ti 20 )00 4 _ 0 i 8 0 50 00 (0 () 120 (0 I coulu'1 t 20 :003:o O ;. U42 U[ 2( 010 U0 O U 00 1,ocal ,oticcs 1, c(i0nts pJer litre for first inscrtion and .0 ce:nts for t :lea :] .ubsequ,, ltt ilnsertion. Legal a(dv trisc.:, lt, of not more than 10 lines; solid I nojpareil, $1.50 for i r'.t insertion, and 75 cents for cach a(d(itioIal in.t1..rtion. i OTIS. As a rule the ariAy inspectors tl perform their duties to the best in terest of the service and the p)uli'-.l at large. In examining into the affhirs o[ the several posts which comprise their circuiits, and in con sideriL :;i .e sIsefulniess of those sta- ti tion.s as meals of protection to the immediate locality, the officers, es- di peciully those in command of the lposts, are generally conceded to be SO the best aunhiority on the su!)ject. te. And indeed the general and preva- hi lent rule is. t: at inspectors will on l;I! occasions heed the opinions and recol n mend ations of thlose officers which are fourndcd upon experience of the locality, its requirements, I &c. No officer of the U, S. army, co nor citizen of Montana, is as well off qualified to illustrate the necessi ties of this section, or to represent the position of the troops in relation to tlhe same, than is the Command ant at Fort Benton. Neither can any other company or suballern eiI oricrs in this Territory show aco like amount of duty performed sul within the same time as can those bef stationed at this post for thie last see three years, during which time tlie sen depredations of Indians almost con- tihe stantly kept the little garrison on me the qui vive. The n.Lture and he amount of duty performed by Co. tor " B," 7th Infantry, should entitle nu the opinions of its officers regard- For ing the needs of this locality as un- has a nsweirable arguments and thie most disi reliable information that can be abL obtained on thesubjectL Contrary ter to all rule, howe.er, we understapd and Col. Otis not only refused to con sider the recommendation~ .nd T suggestions of the o~fficers of this calli po4t, but even denied them a pbce ub lD, in his report. T'Ihe qtestionr tlhere iore naturally occurs, upon what gLroun:s then did he make his re Sport of the situatiol of tllis vicinitv? oor. Col. Otis arrived hlere b! coach on Saturday eveniig, and proceeded to inspecttlhe books and stores of4 4 o thle post, staff, and. company, and I )o continued the inpectioi: until Sun Sday evening. Thlie troops were not pi araded, Ifor the simple reason that S.. tlhe four or five menl wlho at pres co itet compose the garrison were un io C=,,i ier orders to escort the0 inspector 42 U00 4 o to meet the steanler. On Mondav So00J rrl(rning t he Col. started for C2ow island, and by dclivintg the bao'aoge wagon lohilmself mnancaged to reach Uohir that point in fifty hours. Now, is u:acd l it possible that an Inspector (Genr al could conscientiously base a re port of the situation of this post in regard to usefulness in protecting' .rs this vicinity, in his lightning tour e social confab with designing ene ie mies of this section? Such seems oh hL t he tlh case. In discussing the t , military situation witl a party at n a- thlis place Col. (Htis admitted the Ke necessity of two companies of sol Sdiers being stationed here. On reaching Cow i land, no doubt soured by the incapacity of the teamster, through which he was a- himself compelled to drive the wagon, he recalls the opinions ex-I ' pressed here and says no troops are rs needed around Benton. If the I)e t e tl partInert receives this report of d Col. Otis, we desire that it may be ' compared with the opinions of any ti officer in this Territory founded on a more substantial basis than a 2-40 t gait through this district. ' rjThe Commandinog Officer at this post is of long military experience, n which inicludes the Indian question Sin all its phases, and though not ta a cognizant of' his opinion on the d subject, we are willing to accept it Sbefore that of one whose ideas are Sseemingly formed upon the repre-of sentations of the prejudiced and the envious. And if the Depart- th ment is desirous of conforming to the general welfare of the Terri- th tory, they would do well to com te Smunicate with the Commandant at Fort Benton on the' subject-if it has not done sO already-whose disinterested experience will en- e able him to represent the true in qu4 terests of Benton, both in its local and Territorial character. The tlenstion of our readers is Og culled to a letter from Sun River in ° publish on 2d :npage. our ;. : . - 4 Rkcent exposures of the Iilndia rinlg Must lead the public to believe that there is sometling " rotten in Denmark," and that Delano and his followers are not as saintly as they would have the people suppose. From the many letters and arti -c!es that lhave of late been publish ed. in regard to the robberies of the Indian clique, we must conclude that there is good ground for these assertions and complaints. The !latest exponent of the Indian Peauce " to ourselves while we divide thei 1 spoil 7 game, which has been going on for some years in the peaceful advocate rin'g,isa gienl temari of hi iht standing in the city of Philadellphiar both in business and social circ!les. 1 His letter to Prof. Marsh, who also c knows a thin-g or two about the t same subject, will undoubtedly re e ceivet thl.a ttentiofo of' the Qrammis- . sion lyow in sessio:. Butn we may n. ask, suppose the present outfit of i thieves were ousted from their posi- P tion, and a strictly honest Depart- s, ment organized or selected, what it would be the difference inl the end? The policy is a failure, and the most o honest or upright men in A mncrica to-day can make nothing else of it. There is but one way of treating the fi Indian question, so far at least as relates to the frontier Indianlls, and that is to turn the subject over fa to the War Department. Give the military complete control ofIn- tI dian affairs, build a line of posts l along the blorder of each reserva tion, garrison each post with Infan- cc try and Cavalry, allow no Indian th off' his reservation, or if found off, c drive him back again-do this, and sty you have the Indian question sol edl. Anrd ye journals who cry f "abo!islh the arnmy, 'educe thie mnili- to tary force," 4hile at the same time of upholding:the present robbing peace ia] policy, which could not maintain its worthless existence without the aid sp 7f the troops, turn this matter in i rour mind and come out boldly with :he demand to transfer the Indian 4uestionl to the military. Enforce his demand and you will to. an ex- cli ent have done penance for the o rimes youhave committed, through our former course, against the it eace and welfare of the frontiert ettlements where alone the Indian uestion becomes one of deep study abi ud intense importance. e, We have received 'o. 18 of the the gden "Freeman," and take pleas- ca adding this valuable journal to a ur li4t 6f echanges. <I' DOES CHOTEA.U. COUNTY NEEl) MORE We were in hopes that the Sec retary of War would visit this sec tion before he had completed his tour through the Terlitory. In deed we had the strongest reasons to believe that he would no- return I to Washington until he had (een for himself the position of this vi cinity, which must be conceded the most favorable and effective point of concentration for troops in the Territory, and which at the present time is the most neglected andt least protected portion of the Ameri can Continent. It i imipossible to realize the true situation of the Territory, without an accurate knowledge of the nature of the country, and it is absurd to think that a proper estimate can be form ed of the relations of any section to I the Tetritory at -large o; cf th~lf th needs of any Iccality, irom a few t moments Ihurried conversation with I persons of a different locality whose t sole desire and aim is to serve the r interests of their own neighborhood t iregardless of the general welfare c or the sufferings that may be entail- t ed through their conduct. In re- s viewing the records oft lie Territory \ for the past'few years, we plainly r perceive that local prejudice has c severely injured the general wel- ti fare of Montana. Most peculiarly tl unfortunate has this section been in e, this respect. With a powerful in- A fiuence directed against our inter- t( ests have we struggled; against " commercial enemies, backed by all 13 the influence of politicians, have we t( contended. Barely have we with- ir stood the shock of this powerful al 'ontention, and bravely have we cE ought and gained every inch, and o-day the standing of the County at ,f Choteau, its local and Territor- fa al advance, is beyond question. In e pite of this prevailing opposi ion, we have proved that our posi- e iAn is one of Territorial advantage be ad that any decline from this se rominence in th.e: commercial th arte must necessarily, entail a de- 2 line in the business and commerce f Montana. fiC But outside of our ctommercial ca ituation other grounds,.present Ca: iemselves, upon which the friends ris f the Territory must base a favor- r ble conhclusion of the necestity of ri -couraging all attempts connected pr ierewith.I The borers of our n xxnty encompase some of the t St grkicltural awd.io th T itz : f9~ ory tha d tie fi trange fattl in the Vworlk. Settlements are spring ing, up in oiur Fmidst. immiiriv'ation is teanding this way, alnd hither will iit wend its welcome course until every acre has an occupant. To facilitate this flow of population, to I'render the settler secure from depreda tions such as have prevailed in our vicinity, and such as will again be, come the bane of settlements unless proper protection is afforded, wo ask the interference of the authori ties. Threatened on the north and east, by Piegans, Assinaboins Yanc tonai, Santee Sioux, and other hos tile tribes, and infested on the south by Crows, Gros Ventres, the attendent dangers of the farmer can only be realized by experience Within a f~ew years over thirty murders have been committed by Indians in this vicinity, and in the' same period one thousand head of. horses have been stolen by Indians from "whites in this locality. So that whether the hostility of the Indians has abated, or whether they are friendly to the whites or not, the consequence is the same to the farmer in the absence of suffi cient troops to check the depreda tions of the savages. It may be said we have a post in our vicinity. We have a post, but the little gar rison cannot perform miracles;they cannot prove themselves ubiqui tious. To show the ineffectiveness of the handful of troops that is station ed here, one instance may suffi-e. A few days ago word was brought to this place that a party of Indians were on the Teton River, about thirty miles up the valley from Benton, that they were supposed to be Sioux, and that the falrmers in the immediate vicinity were alarmed for their safety and had to ease work. The Commandant at his post, though willing to ascer ain the exact condition ofaffairs nd relieve the anxiety of the armers,was obliged to turn a deaf ar to the request that he. would end out some troops to disperse he Indians, on account of the limit d number at his command. At the eginning of the Sioux raid this eason the first attack wasnmade in his vicinity. Fortunate-y a cornm any of cavalry had been stationed or a short time on the Tenon and heir presence turned the Sioux rom their course. Now that the avalry has gone tov whee they an be of little serviceand the gar ison at this place ie 4de leted cond ition the hinesdi sutlts may be in sftorefr us. Ws re not alarmists. We .flly corn .rehed the situation, whtir isbi1 eians favorable to th~~ pee. ieent of thias County or Terri. ry; iand for <this reason ge ask 4o re