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"·s - M L. k"-L.- i- ~ r-YIIL I ----rs Cr-LLI u. _ I II Mll I I , .I _ '1 1 ' I, I~ fli I i n Il I I_ . ![ II_ _- L Vol.1. ORTBENON, . T, STTJ.I):Y, ~t[C[I25, 8i6 No 49 nm~ ~ ~~P mm:mm mln rnn mmma nm m-mmnmi mmmm· THE BENTON RECORD, Fort Benton, M. T., PUBLISHEI) EVERY SATURDAY. W. H. BUTC, - - - Editor & Proprietor. RATES OF SUBSCRI, ON-. (IN ADVANCE.) One copy, one year, - - - $4 00 One copy, six months, - - - - 2 50 One Copy, three months, - - - 1 50 SINGLE COPIES, FIFTEEN CENTS. ADVERTISING RATES. SPAC 1 w. 2 W. ,3 4W . 13 w. 126 w. 52 W. 1 inch. $2 50 $3 00 00 $5 00 $10 00 $16 00 $24 00 2 " 4 5n 5 00 6 50 8 00 14 00 20 00 30 0( 3 " 6 007 00, 8 00001 01 16 001 24 00 40 00 4 " 7 00 8 0010 0012 001 24 001 36 00 52 00 5 " 8 00 10 00 12 00 14 00 30 00! 40 0(1 64 00 6 " 9 00 12 0014 0016 00 36 00` 50 00, 80 00 8 " , 11 00'20 0024 00 28 00 50 00' 80 00,120 00 column 120 00 30 003(6 0042 00' 80 00 120 00 200 00 Local notices 15 cents per line for first insertion and 10 cents for each subsequent insertion. Legal advertisements, of not more than 10 lines solid nonpareil, $1.50 for first insertion, and 75 cents for each additional insertion.. . . . , . .. . .L -. ... - ' ' Ir , TRANSPORTING CATTLE. A cause of complaint among stockmen is, that thleyDlave not the proper means at hand for tran sporting their cattle to the markets abroad. This, it is stated, is one of the reasons of their being, favor able to a railrbad to the Territory. We cannot perceive the grounds upon which a complaint of this na ture could be based by the -stock men of this county, in view of the available mode of egress that is presented through the Missouri River. Nearly all of the stock ranges of Choteau are within easy drive of the head of navigation- Benton. To reach the point of shipment there need be no fear of loss through 1,ng and exhaustive journeys as would be the ease were *either of the railroads proposed to connect Montana with Eastern markets in running order and made the point of shipment. A long dis tance would separate the stockmen of this county from the benefit of railroad transportatIon. A large increase of the herds on the ranges of this s is anticipated this current ye ~W From adjoining States and Terri tories will this addition come, which no doubt will be the occasion of an arrangement being made with the Upper Missouri river boats for the transportation of cattle to Eastern markets. We are confi dent that such arrangement can be : made on easy terms for the shipper. The only objection that can be made at,, present by steam-boat t men to bippjng cattle at special I rates, is that the amnot t of trafl i would not j'stify the prar~ati necessary for the shipment of cat tie without reducing their mrarketa ble condition. Once the carriers can secure a reasonable traffic, shippers can rely upon being able to transport their cattle .from this point, at reduced rates, with con venience and without being com pelled to graze the animals on reaching their destination in order to get them in condition for the shambles. The shipment of cattle from Benton is destined to bear. an irn portant feature in river freighting, and we hope shortly to see the movement initiated. d RAILROAD. 1 he Utah Northern Railroad d Company having declined to ac cept the conditions of the bill pas sed by the Territorial Legislature authorizing tie granting of a gratu ity to aid the construction of the North and South road, the ques tion or railroad subsidy is confined to the bill for the relief of the North ern Pacific. The reasons assigned by the Utah Northern Company for allowing the bill to go by de fault, and their willingness to await the meeting of the next Legislature, are rather vague, yet sufficiently pointed to he intended to effective ly act in en'dangering any proba bility that might have existed of a favorable vote being cast upon the N. P. subsidy bill. No matter what doubts may be entertained, or in tended to be created, concerning the validity of the bill so far as re gards the right of the Territorial Legislature to authorize the issue of the credit of the Territory with out the approval of Congress, or whether the affirmative vote of the people would require the endorse ment of Congress to render the grant valid, these will in nowise change the nature of the expres sion that will be given through the subsidy vote on the 3d day of April next. A railroad to Montana is a de sirable event, a much needed im pulse to the opening of the riches of the Territory. Every section favors a railroad and anxiously awaits its construction. It is not then a question of the need or de sire for a railroad, the matter re solves itself into a few vital points solely relating to subsidy. Can this Territory afford to bear a heavy taxation, r would it be justi fled in sinking :itself.into an extrava; gad. indebtednessin lieu, !f the. benefit that may accrue from rail road conn;ection? Should any of our readers beof opiunidm that, in view of the increased prosperity that would ensue were a railroad running through a portion of its domain, this Territory could with justice create the enormous debt that would be requisite; they may well consider whether Montana would be justified even ender such circumstances in issuing its credit to the amount of three million dol lars upon the imperfect security of a railroad company, whose finan cial condition is so far impaired that even the fact thbt their pro posed line of road would tap the richest regions of the United States is not sufficientito indu e capitalists to aid their project ? IThis point must have a strong bearing towards disfavoring the N. P. subsidy bill. If Montana is to be en riched through the construction of tle Northern Pacific in the Territory; surely, and every unbiased personVill sce, the profits that would accrue to the railroad company through the pro cess of such enrichment should be of such importance as to justify outside capital being thrown in for the purpose of creating .his double object-beneficial to this Tei-ritory through the development of its mines, &c., and immeasurably bene ficial to the company over whose road the product of such develop ment would be transported. As part and parcel of Montana, this county must have interests in common with every portion of the Territory, and consequently the general advancement must have its measure of effect on Choteau. In its local position, however, the wel fare and advancement of this coun ty is drawn to a closer degree of identity with that of the Territory at large. It is reasonable to infer° that the iucreased prosperity, of the Terr'itory would prove a satis factory result to this section, on general grounds, and that for the special or local reason referred to every endeavor to promote this desirable result would be cheerful ly and effectively accorded and placed in the path of progress.- But it by no means follows that such assistance should be required, :: that it should be agreed to: be :roidered by the people of this ec:nty, when the consequences that would ensue 'thereby would prove disastrous to" their prosper ous advance:. It is claimed that the construe tinl of 'the N hre rn acific rail road through Montana would naturally enhance the prospects of a number of its promising unde veloped counties; that it would incalculably advance the mining industry of the whole Territory, upoii which many sectionls are al most wholly dependent; that it would tend ,towards forcing the flow of emigration to the Territory ; that the country contiguous to the line of road would in a very short time be converted into thickly in habited settlements, towns, and villages in shot, that it wou'd prove the means of effectnally opening up the Territory in every respect. Beyond doubt the pros pects of Montana would be material ly improved were the N. P. road in operation through the Territory, and consequently the welfare of this county would receive its share of this prosperous result. The settlement of the country along the line of road would tend towards the i ncrease-of setttement of the I southern and western portions of' this county, stockmen would drive their herds of cattle this way, and farming would take a more staple 1 foundation. This of course will be admitted. But what is required 1 of this county in lieu of such ac cruing benefit ? What will the consequence be if the people de- i clar3 their willingness to agree that this Territory shall render the assistance that is required to bring this state of affairs around ? A burdensome taxation. That this county is favorable to any project that will promote the general welfare of the Territory, there can be no doubt, but that the people can or will agree to saddle this county with an enor mous debt for the purpose of ex pressing this desire is beyond probability. The bill for the improvement of the Upper Missouri is receiving favorable consideration from Con gress. The HIouse Committee on appropriations favor the itemn of $200,000, and there is a likelihood that it will meet with no opposition in the Senate. The "Independent"1 says, "the appropristion is now looked upon as certain, and Mon tana may look forward to cheap freights for the future." We are not informed as to the detail of the bi: in rega to the s the bro the nature of tlie propose imnlprove ments. It roo however, thai they are to be confined to the tetv1 of the obstr uct.ions fi . . . ,.,. . . .( .. the mouth of the Yellowstone riv er to the Falls of the Missouri. ------------- That Montana is becoming an object of interest to capitalists is now apparent, and we may there fore look forward with security to the near period when its merits as a mining region will be heralded from end to end of the land. The following paragraphs from the "In dependent" are suggestive of this: "Two millions of New Yoi k capi ta:l will be devoted to developing the mining industry of the Terri tory in the spring. A large por tion of this will be expended in Lewis and Clarke and Deer Lodge Counties." "St.Louis merchants have agreed to take a hundred thousand dollars stock in the railroad from Helena to the head of navigation." The Chicago merchants will, we presume, be heard from next; and should busiuess rivalry be as promi pet~namong the and the St. Louis merchants as that displayed in gen eral between both cities, there is every reason to believe that two hundred thousand dollars worth of stock will be taken in the Uf. & B. Road. A resolution has been introduced in the Senate directing the Secre tary of the Interior to turnish for the information of the Senate a statement showing the annual ex penditures of the Indian Bureau since its organization, and also the. number of Indians provided for each year at the expense of the Government since the organiza tion of said Bureau., The II elena "Independent" thus pleasantly views the situation of the Territory: "The Yellowstone and the Missouri rivers cleared of obstructions, and a roilroad from Helena to the head of navigation, Will put a new aspect on the fiture of Montana. We can. then sit un der our own vine and fig tree." A paragraph relative to the pub licatio;a of Gen. HIazen's reports in. pamphlet form, etc., which origin. ally appeared in the RECORD, is repuQblished' by the Helena "Her ald'' and credited to the Bismarck "Tribune." Thanks to the newspapers of the Terriitory: th people of Mobt'na are recovering t rom the Black Hillf [:oi'er.