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W. H. BUCK, - Editor and Proprietor.
J. J. HEALY, Local Editor and Business Manager. The silliest of all bugbears is that of danger from Communism in the United States. A.subscriber asked a: St. Louis paper "How to scald a goose," and the editor who had been scalded, essayed to inform him. Every steamer that leaves the, United States for Europe carries away a load of tourists who go to see the wonders of the old world' without ever having seen the ,much greater wonders of their own coo atry. It is quite likely that a new ter ritory will soon be born to us, and its name will be Oklohama. The bommittee on territories have been along time hatching out that name, and it is worthy of them. The arrival of steamboats at the head of navigation on the Missouri river is making business quite live ly in that thriving town. Ihe large increase of shipments by the,.river this season has necessitated addi tonal storage room, and the prici pal merchants there have prepared themselves in advance for it. It requires no great amount of pene tration to predict that in the near future Benton will rank among the most populous ai:d prosperous cit ies in Montana.- Independent. An agent for the Brazil railroa contractors, who is now in this country for the purpose of ootain ing colored laborers, did'not meet with success. An idea seemed to have gained ground that the color ed men would be consigned to slav ry on entering Brazil, and they very naturally were averse to such a fu tuire. It is indeed true that the laws of that couutry forbid the set tlement of colored people within its limits, but the laws have been mod ified in favor of the railroad em ployes, who will be supplied with 1 passports by this government. Up : tbhrtip;t&,lz&,!y sixty laborers It is stated to be a predominent idea now with many prominent men on the east side of the range' t that railroad connection with Ben ton or Carroll on the Missouri , River is a better thing to secure 8 than railroad connection with the a Union Pacific. As the Unioi, r Pacific combination has presented , its claimis this,season we tre rather i disposed to concur with the east I side neighbors cited above. What 9 Montana wants is compensating " benefits, quid pro quo, for any fa- b vors extended and the Jay Gould combination does not seem to ap- t preciate the situation and Mon tana's relations to it.--[New North. west.] s1 It is a strange tragedy that was enacted in the lunatic asylum on Blackwells Island on Saturday and a Sunday. An insane woman steals a bottle of Chloroform, thinking it gin, mixes it with ale which she is allowed by prescription of the vis iting physician, and shares the coin °coction with another lunatic and a pApper. The two. latterdiein con sequence while the generous giver of,.th,.treat, who helped her friends sliberally that little was left for e herself, survives. ,The chloroform was taken from the asylum dispen sary, to which the involuntary B8 poisoner, notwithstanding her in sanity, was allowed free access. i Either the dispensary's door should b( be closed against lunatics, or the t ale prescribed to them should be kept in a safer place.-[Sur.] In nearly all the supplementary is elections held in France since the of meeting of the Chambers, the Re- is publicans have been steady. gain- ca ers. On the dissolution of the of Chamber last summer by the De wi Broglie regime the party vote was th three hundred and sixty three. At ev the pre.ent time there are nearly nm four hundred Republicans in the National Assembly. The dissolu fo' tion was simply a reactionary wl measure, from which President mi MacMahon and his Ministry ex- th pected an increasetof Conservative ea tiength that wonhd wainet e-- in treme measures expressive of lini eral tendencies. The result has been the very reverse of this, as was predicted .by Gambetta. France is becoming essentially Re publican. Hitherto its tendencies. toward a free government have been regarded as spasmodic, but year by year the hopes of the Le gitimates and Imperialists are de parting. Fourteen professional pedes trians are walking for dear life in the Rink. They started at 11 oclock this yesterday, and he who covers the greatest distance by 11 this evening is to be declared the victor. This forenoon a pak of amateurs are to be started on a twelve-mile tramp for prizes, and the title of champion. While these men from all over the United States are trying their legs. Mrs. Giles, vocalist is to test the staying qualities of her voice by attempting to sing continuously for three hours in four different lan ruazes. Some of these modern feats of en the durance are novel, but none of r'i them approaches in sublimity that ve- of Hayes's beer-buzzing minister to rge Germany, who emptied at a sitti"g ver three hundred glasses of foaming idi- lager.-N. Y. Sun. rci led THE RIVER ROUTE. rte ar T e success attending the rivet he route this season has elicited many it- complimentary remarks from the patrons of steamer trau portation. It is, of course, gratifying to know a that the efforts of the Benton, is 1Coulson and Baker lines to give in- satisfaction to their customers are ei appreciated, and that, through the to able management of the proprie ,r tors of these lines, the river route v- is rapidly growing into favor. ry But we regret to find that, while [u many of the business men of the le Territory are willing to accord full "t credit for the energy and enter Lts prise that has caused the arrival of ; id nearly a dozen steamers at the n- head of navigation before the first h th day of June, there are others who TI' still lack faith in the boasted su rs 'rei routes roand 'rom on-m tana. "You have no certainty of a at season of high water." "The stage i at of water depends upon the quanti- t e ty of snow in the mountains, or the t - chance of heavy spring rains." a ri I" Your freighting seasons are too I*e short. They commence too late n le and end too early. "The Benton l , road is liable to be washed out." V d "The river route is now as good as r it can be made, and it does not ful- d 3t ly supply the transportation re t quirements of the Territory." g These and similar assertions have been made within our hearing. There is, doubtless, some truth in r the remarks, but not sufficient to warrant their expression by anyp 'person well acquainted with the subject. We have shown, in .a former article, that the river is not regulated by the mountain snows, and, while spring rains undoubted ly increase the volume of water, they are not necessary to make the ý river navigable. It is true that our freighting seasons are short, but this is not the fault of the river. We had a boat at the head of navi gation this year before the first of May, and there has been no year within the recollection of the old est resident in which a boat could not reach Benton at a date equally early. Further than this, if the Steamer Big Horn had started for Benton a m¶ith earlier, she would not only have reached her destina tion without difficulty but found a better stage of water than was in the river at the time she came. re The bad condition of the Ben ton road during the rainy seasn Ie is the great obstacle to the success of the riv er route, and until Benton is connected by railroad communi cation with the commercial centres of the Territory, this disadvantage id will always be severely felt. Still, hi this is no fault of the river, and t. even without a railroad the trouble at may to a great exteat beovervome. S The rainy season rarely set in be- b fore the latter part of Mayi and m when the freighting seasoi n om meances in April in-sead of ay there will be .mplr time to t er of j early freight while the roads arep in goijod trvln e·tO. fu Some three weeks ago, says an S exchange an old man by the name s of Miller was brutally murdered at . Norris, near Detroit, Michigan. The murder was for money, a small s. amount of which it was known the e old man had in the house. A lib t eral reward we believe $1,000, was offered for the apprehension and conviction.of the murderers. Six young men or lads, ranging in age from fifteen to twenty years, were soon after arrested by the police I who had taken the matter in hand. I The prisoners had given an ama teur musical entertainment on the night of the murder at Armada, thij ty-two miles distant from Nor f ris. The concert had closed at 10 o'clock and at 11 o'clock the boys retired to bed. At the usual morn inlg hour they were on hand for their rations. If they were guilty of the murder they had driven 64 miles in the night with a team of two old horses and a heavy wagon, and the horses had no appearance of having been taken from the staible during the nig*h, The boys were taken to different station houses in Detroit. - . . 1 1 .- . . :at Detective Moore who had been to instrumental in making the arrests .ng and was working for the reward, ing visited the lads in their cells and succeeded in procuring a circum stantial confession from two of them. By representing to McKee that Aldus had given the party away, and that if he didn't confess rer I:kewi.e he wou!d get ten or fifteen ny yeats in the penitentiary, he was ,he after repeated denials induced to )n. sjin a statement that implicated )W the whole party in thecrime. T'he n, same tactis was resorted to with ve the lad Aldus, with the additional Lre promise of $200 in cash if he would ie confess. There was an indentity ie- ,,but ti e story of the two boys that te gave it the appearance of being )r. truthful. le A brief investigation of the case he on the 8th inst. satisfied the Pr:s ill ecuting Attorney and the Magis r- trate that the lads could not have of committed the murder, and that le th!e two confessions had been pro st cured by unfair means. Detective on Moore had framed the plot and 1- procured the assent of the prison -- reward. By skillfully working up a on the fears of each of the boys that Stihe other had entered into the plan 1- to send him to the penitentiary, ie the nefarious job came near being . a success. On the discharge of I o ihe boys, Detective Moore com- 1 e menced harvesting his reward c in He was at once arrested, together with the lad Aldus, and the pros- E s pect is good that his career as ar detective is at least temporarily closed. Many a. innocent party has been e convicted under the inspiring influ. ecace of large rewards, but this is t n the most remarkable ease of par- i 0 ies accusing themselves of the 1 ;Y ighest crime known to the law, e without the existence of a single f suspicious circumstance pointing t to them. The "LHusbandman" made a des perate effort to prevent the remov al of troops from Camp Baker by reporting an imaginary Indian in vasion of the Smith river valley. A party of peaceably disposed In dians were fired upon by a few t' cowardly herders, whereupon the 0 garrison of Camp Baker, accom Spanied by a number of citizen vol unteers, pursued the luckless reds " and cliastised them unmercifully for daring to run away, while the t Diamond "Gimlet" kept up a short lived excitement with its sensation t extras. We learn firom parties re cently arrived from the scene of d repolted hostilities that there was a no foundation whatever for the alarm except the bare fact that a " tew Indians appeared in the valley i probably without any hostile inten- d !ion. q s New York proposes to lock up li Sthe tramp and make him work for A his own living. On the other hand the tramp proposes to move on ntnd take up his march through c States that will foster him and kl build soup houses for his accom-i ci Smodation. N SOne of the strongest indications of peace in the growth of: the i pea# porty in England. The ti made up of the best elements of the population. The. scum of society is always for war, and is the easiest stirred up by any un usual excitement. The English press lis pandered to this class and given us its hootings as the opin ins of the people of Great Britain Not only in this particular, but in almost all others, the English press has shown itself unable to rise to a great occasion like that which threatens the peace of Europe. We are told that the Govarnmnent all along had knowledge of the inten tion of the Russians so far as their present movements in this country are concerned. No one can believe it. If the British Government had really such knowledge it would have certainly prepared public opinion in its country for the un pleasant news. The native rebel lion in Roumelia and portions of Bulgaria, it now turns out, is a very insignificant affair, and was formidable duly in the letters of English newspaper correspondents. These stories are invariably refut ed after the lapse of a few days, when fresh ones are coined to tickle the palate of the British war party. A significant fact is that the peace party in England is evidently gaining in strength and courage. The war party has not only been beaten at the Parlia mentary elections in some of its fobrmer strongholds, but a monster address, among the signers of which appear the names of many of the most eminent Englishmen, has been forwarded to Queen Vic toria, urging her not to aid in plunging the country into a gigan tic war that might prove most disastrous to it. 11 the Queen shall heed this request and allow her feeliigs to be enlisted in the in terest ot' peace, so that the Czar's efforts are met in a friendly spirit t in England, we may look for an end of the Eastern quarrel. It is evi dent that both Englai.d and Rus sia are much' nmor peac, fully in cined than formerly. ai~d it may be attributed as much us anythinh else to the growth of the peace( parties in the two countries. The adventurers and the rabble cr\ Fbr war, but the solid elemenet, peace. I am inclined to tihink that the Diamond R. Co. have a pretty big job on their hands and that thl, j erchants of Montana will he -come what disaiapointed as to the tint, ol receiving their goods. Freigh' will be a long ways behitnd thi. spring to what t t usually is. Ber rymian zi& ogers' outfit started out on the 2d with Walker Bros.' machinery, but as thev had a special contract with Walker Bros., the Diamond R. Co. had nothing to do with it. The teams belong ing to the Diamond R. Co. were loaded, but the freight they were able to load was replaced by other freight before they had started. Col. Shoup, of Salmon City, came and made a private contract for his freight and stayed until he saw it on the road.-[Correspondence New Northwest.] Amid the general abuse of Alas ka, our ttussian purchase, and all who brought it about, it is pleasant to hear a single word said on the other side. A correspondent of a San Fran~cisco paper says it, and does so with an apI'areLt array of important facts to hold him up. The fisheries he declai es are among the most prolific. As many as sev en thousand salmon have often been taken out at one haul of the seine, some of them forty-five to one hun dred pounds apiece. Those caught at Crook's Inlet are said to be the largest in the world. The quartz mines eight miles from Sitka are highly spoken of. Already ten well defined ledges of gold bearing quartz have been discovered and eight mines located. These ledges have been traced for three miles. A Russian Etigineer gives as his opinion that these ledges will aver age '$32 per tpn throughout and Califor, i i miners pi elict that Alas ka will ultimately yield more pre cious metals than California and Nevada. The great strikes now going on in the cotton manufacturing dis triets dfEngland are indicative of a materiaI c.ag ia: the fi er cial po ition of that country. Here tofore for generations England has held the ascendency as a manufact uring country. It has been aptly called the "workshop of the world," as the peopib cf all other lands' were her customers, and were con tent to buy their goods were they could get the best article for the least money. England for years was able to meet these demands. She found a market in every habit able part of the globe, and in many wares she enjoyed a monopoly. The strikes .dw in progress, which have thrown over ninety thousand cotton operatives alone out of em ployment, are not for an advance of wages, but in resistance to a proposed reduction. Strikes for the former cause are indicative of a rising market. and prosperous business,. while for the latter cause we must look to a falling market and a steady loss of capital. The employers can not carry on their business at a loss. The facts are that there has been going on for years past a radical change in .he relative positions of the different nations of the world as regards domestic manufactures. Year by year each country has been increasing -its mechanical forces until many of them have ceased to be purchasers in the English markets. The colonial trade has largely fallen off and Australia and Canada provide for their own wants. American prints undersell tlie English goods of the same grade. In cutlery, carpets, machinery, agricultural imple ments, etc., this country's pi'oiucts succe~sfully compete with those of Great Britain, or in fact any other nation. It is evident that the commercial supremacy of England is on the decline, and that these strikes are not the result of tem porary eaushs butof one of those revolutions in trade under which tie fate of nations is decided. . I e late Rev. Dr. H- , of New York had a large body and short lower limbs. He said that when in the cars one day a lady bad around her so many children that lie did not know' wihat to do with them. He asked her to let one of the little gills ,it with him, as she had her hands fall. The -hild. after a short stay, reiu. ned :o not sit longer in the genileman's lap. "M)a." she replied, "he hain'c got any -ap." A Captain in the Sixty-f ,. ih P, ussi.i, Regiment had been payvi::g alttention t,, he young wife of the Adjutant of the regi ment, and had allowed himself to sp)edal4 publicly in a cynical manner of his intim any with her. The remarks having bre: repeated by his brother officers to the hus band, the latter laid the matter before the t ourt of honor of his regiment, and wil the sanction of this tribunal a duel be :ween the officers was arranr't. The Lieutenant, being the challen..r, demai.. ed that the duel should be 'fought wi;h pistols, the first shots to be fired at fif:ee, paces distance, the opponents then beinii at lib,,rty to advance to within five pac'-s of one at other, and the firing to be con tinued until one or other of the opponents should be so severely wounded as to be unable to fire any longer. The meeting took place in an open space in a wood near the town. At the first exchange of shots the bullet of the Lieutenan. gr:;zed but did not seriously injure the Captain; and at the fourth round the latter s.,ot his adversary through the right lh"g and heart. The corpse of the Lieutenant was taken to Angarmunde, where the usual inquest was held, and thence to Pteuziau' where the deceased officer, who was only 2l) years of age, was buried with milita- v honors. In an order published by the commander of the regiment it was an nounced that Lieutenant W. had died sod denly and blamelessly. Some of the b':ench jokes conne-ed .vith the Russo-Turkish war are not bad thesr, for example: A Russian general rides forwa A to thi Grand Duke. "I. have the honor, your ii. perial highness to announce a great victo ry." "Very well. Go and congratulate yo, troops." "There are done left." Another : A Turkish pasha is surveying the fie':. with his glass. An Ai:;-Je-camp rides up: "All our artillery has been captured." The pasha strokes his head philosophic ally, and says ':Fortunately it was not paid for." WOLF CREEK HOUSE., Prickly Pear Canyea, Benton Road. Accowiodations for transiint guests. Good stabling andt feed f-r animals. Huantin and excursion piaries wmill find this one of the amost desiaWe SEcpping places on the BentotB Road. The aons. Is beantifuliy situ ated in thei moh attractiV*Mrto conyon, witinu asydietac At te best pei frn is rtimting andflshing _-- 3WKmls'i.;thbrtsirt~ LfQUCI DR. W. E. TURNER, IPHIYSICIAN & SUfRG E(oNý PRACTICAL PHARIACEUTIST. Dr. Turner hus opened a 1AT 3IW TAZT It. !t PM a 3m T at adjoining Tingley's Market, with a full assortment of Fresh DTIhgs, Pesat Medicines, Confectionery, Per~umery, Notions, Etc. PRESCRRPTIO.YS COdREF LL 1" PREfPJHas J, W. TATTAN, J" J. HEALY OVERLAND HOTEL. FORT BEN1TO2T, - -MONTANA TATTTA.N & HEALY, Proprietr.,. Ne PonsW o, Now R s, New Fnartllr$, Httivelats Excellent Accommodations for Ladies and Families. THrE aHELEz'gvs sTJGm TOPS .cT Tlr NB eR The Superior aecetadaUtions -aid snvenieSt location of the Overlantd hsbk it do ameet deIable iep piag place is town hr STEAMBOAT PASS NGDIS. X0. A. FLANA.Ar, BENTON DRUG STORE .ru , jjttt 0 - b .dnn.. tl laf .' . ,• iftiuns Confectihonry, Paints, Oils, Yarnish:., Br8sh ss , Tla 8:s rs, t::, ,ff, Eia I4 SOLE AGENTS FOR TER CELEBRATED UNIVERSITY MFDICIN3E. G-. EO. STEELL'~ STEAM SAW WV L L. Wolf Creek, Prickly Pear Caunon, Beniton Road BOARDS, SANTLfiNG, SIfEJNL , Et Etc. Assortment oLumabkr Constaztfly ;.n i££u at the Sun rIiver Lumnnber Yard. "" O'L.D .=Lu_...A_~L-,,I COULSON LINE. FORT BENTON AND BISEIAROK ICon pisintg the following Firt-~lass .' .senger a#d Freight &'teamers : KEIY WEST, ROSE. BUD, FAR WEST, BI-. HOIRN, WESTERN JOnsHHI2E. THROUGH BILLS OF LAEAST TO THE EAST AND NORTH-WEST Por Fr ght or Passage Apply at the Ofiace of te cm .pay, T Aqent, IPOar IPtoN, I. T