OCR Interpretation


The Weston Democrat. [volume] (Weston, W. Va.) 1875-current, January 04, 1875, Image 1

Image and text provided by West Virginia University

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84038198/1875-01-04/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

IT'S THE TBUTH THAT HDET8.
WESTON, W. VA.. MONDAY, JANUARY
?{re gemffrrat.
RATES OP ADVBRTXBZZTO.
Ooa Square. fo llaaa or U?,one inaarttoo 41.00
Fur each auUequaat Insertion.. M
On# Hqtura, 13 month* 10.00
Una-fourth of aoolamn, 13 mouths 83.00
Oi.A-iuif b oolnmn, 13 nymH"* ?????4&00
One column, 13 mootha ...76.00
Local uoUom 30 oeata per line, which moat
l? pud in adranoe. Fi*e doll*? will t?
charged for announcing candidate* for
county, and tan dollara for 8U(a aad U.
8. ofnoea. Leugtliy Obituary uotioea
? ~ ^TAll legal t'u~~
mu?t ba for. C#*A11 legal _____
are charged to the attorney protesting
them.
Sptci,il ralti to partim detiring vu>ri l\nn on*
column,
JOB PRINTircrG
Neatly and Promptly Executed at tlxL* Oftloe.
?|]? gcmocrat.
Pnblillml Erety HmAij, u
WEST0H, LEWIS OUOHTy, W. VA
J. W. WQFF1NDIN & CO.,
KDIV>lip AXD PKOl'UlUTOHl,
TERMS 0? SUBSCRIPTION:
rhree MouUtJk.....,.^,.t?....,
Six Jlontlw.... 1.00
One Year...;;......; 2.00
CTbhusuiu a Ao7i?oi. ?
VOL. VIII.
NO. 20.
The Tiro Lovers.
The love thai will seonest decay,
The lovo that ia surest to die,
The lore that will soon fly away,
lntholovo
That in told by a sigh.
The love that ? surest to last.
The lovo that a woman'# heart needs,
The lqvo that will be Kept last,
Is the lave
Thai is spoken ia deeds.
THE flOLBBH RULE.
"Bridget, liandine myhandkerchiof."
41 Yob, ma'am,'the one with tho laoo
bonier?"
" That's nil, Bridget j you needn't
So Bridget obeyed this order, too, go
ing down tlio tlireo pairs of stairs to the
basement kitchen, and back to her tajik |
of polishing the silver,
"Oh, dear, how forgetful I am! giv
ing mwelf the trouble of ringing twioe.
I think hull pull*; if thoy are old-fash
ioned, aro a great deal more cojivoniont,
than knolw, Cousin Augusta,''
The good-natured face looked in at the 1
bodroeni door again, flushed with hurry
ing up the stair,* tho llfth time within on1
Knnr. "
hour. . . t . .. ; I I
" O Bridget, my work box; it's in tho
end room on tho sofa.: Can't you find it ? i
Well, look in Cousin Augusta'e room ; I
had it there yeaterday morning."
Thorn ore two long halls and a flight of
stairs between tho rooms; butBridgot,
a young Irisli girl, with u slender figure,
showiug rapid growth, and not muoh
strength to sustain it hurries away, for
it is nigh. time the ulning-room was in
order.. Tho .'mantel clock warns her tho
luncheon-table must bo roudy iu threo
quarters of au hour-.
? "How loilgBridget is! I must have
left the. work-box there, in plain sight:
but tho Irish aro so stupid I" exclaimed
the young lady, with increasing impa
tience.
"I do not romember seeing it this
morning," Mrs. West Baid, quietly.
"Bridget!"
" Yos. ma'ani; I'm looking, but I don't
And it?
, ? ? Stupid o^oataro I It's almost one,. 11
declare. I' sliou't haVo ten minutes to
how ; buttJiebpx might as well bo foimd.
Bridget 1" Arid a stamp of tho slippered |
foot eniphasizod tho hat call ovor tho
banista*. ' i
"It isn't there, ma'am," said tho girl,
appoariug from below; "I've looked
everywhere."
Sho could not help thinking Miss Dim
forth unreasonable; and there was tho
silver lying on the kitchon-toblo, and tlio
mnrkotman, -and grooery boy, and dust
man, coming and going perhaps. But
ip have vented her impatumoe and un
easiness, as Hiss Danforth (lid, by oven
au altered tone of voice,would have been
considered as iinportinenco. and perhaps
led to dismissal. Yet Irish waiter girls
are only human, and have not high breed
ing.to help them coutrol their tempore.
"I declare, Bridget, you don't earn
yoilr salt I Look in tho blue chambor
somewhere, can't you'I Don't answer
mo back again; no hnpertinonco, miss !
What if you have looked ! Look again;
keep looking tUl you find it"
No wonder Bridget mutters a throat of
giving a warning, as tho clock strikes the
"Isu't this it . on the dressing-table,
Bridget f suggested Mrs. West looking
searchingty around the room herself.
"Thank you, ma'iim ; it is, indade.
And n gruteftd expression came into hor
largo gray oyos. "Moss 'Ginia towld
me the end room."
" Novcr mind what I told yqn, Twns
your place to hunt for it until it was
found somewhere. And don't let me
hear any more of your impertinence when
I tell you to do anything."
The scowl came back to the girl's faco
as sho hurried away to her work again.
"Bridget"?MissDonforth's head was
over the bauister now, the call arresting
tho girl in the lowor liall?"got Mrs.
Wo?t s lunch as soon as possible, and
bring mine up here. I haven't more
than time to urees beforo Miss Powell
comes." sho said, looking bock, applo
geticaUy>^to^hor cousin. "You won't
mind lunching alone, will you? I'vo
been so hurried all the morning. Callers
seem to put everything back."
"I? Oh, not In tho leant- I was only
thinking, Virginia, if you had not almost
as much time to go down for your lunch
as Bridgot'hns to bring it you."'
?1 Her timo's no oousequonco," returned
tho young.lady, carelessly. "Did you
see how Impertinent the creature was t
Servants All-are nowadays."
Mrs. West said no more in the defense.
Whilo tl)o toilet proceeded, tho luncheon
was dispatched, and then came a mes
,sugo from Miss-Powell, instead of herself
and carriago, saying she would not be
able'id keep hor engagement beforo Fri
day. , Miss Virginia was highly indig
nant, and vented her annoyance in uo
measured terms.
, I there .was anvthing she did hate,
it was-people who cud not keep thoir en
gagements! Why couldn't Caroline
Powell havo discovered sho should not got
away, and sent her word in time to nave
hor the trouble Of dressing and wait
ing half an hour ? Somo people did not
socm to hnvo the loast consideration! And
what on earth was sho to do with horself
in full dress the whole of tho afternoon ?
Tho sim was too hot to walk; there woro
throe honrs to dinner time; sho couldn't
take a nap. sndhavotho trouble of dress
ing her hair over twioe 1"
Mrs. West, as beforo, considered
sllonco tho wisest opposition. Sho read
away very ouietly until her young hostms
had laid vml* her flonnofd siJk and rich
laces, and Bottled into something like
composure, with tho work-box and 06trip
of cambrio oho was elaborating into a
heavy insertion of brodcrie Anylaiu.
Hor own sowing?a set of handkerchiefs
fer her Mbbaud?waathen rosumod, and
the" two ladies chatted on indifferent
topics very amiably, until Miss Virginia
camo round to tint favorito subject with
Now York housokoepere?prevalence of
bad servants.
"If I had only known what I was un
dertaking when I persuaded pajja to go
on like clockwork. Yoii hada ipocirasn
thfa morning of my troubles.'
" I don't seo why your servants should
be any woreo than onrr, thoy are of the
Hnmfl country, aud have the same amount
of education geuernlly." ?
u Why, you keop your servants so
long, they get into your way of domg
things. Hiiro I've change* our oook
three timoa in five mouths, and Bridget a
the soooud waiter-girl sinco tlie first of
May. Maria broke everything, and tho
more I eoolded the more careleaa she waa.
I did not know then that it was.cub ternary
to stop all breakage out of their wager,
and when Mrs/Hamilton told mo ho, I
found that it could not be done without
tho agreement waa made when the girl
was lured. The girl before Maria waa
only nioo al>out herself. Sho had superb
hair, and it was always dressedjib much
aa mine in for on evening party, oho
copied mo in everything, and I oould. not
stand that I admire tho English fashion
of servants wearing calico droases. aud
caps: don't yon ?" -.
" ily borviuita geiiornlly do drees plain
ly. No, I cau't say I ?to like caps on
young girls; so that their dress is suitable
to thoir work, I don't know tlrnt wo have
any right to interfere with it.', ... ,,
Ti Not if your Marianuo slioidd under-!
take to copy you ?"
" I dare say alio does in some measure:
I have never noticed particularly. All!
of us naturally oopy those we ?? ???-1
dated with constantly, if wo think their
tastooud judgmont superior to ours. |
"You take Uilngs vory ooolly, Coubiu
Augusta," Miss Hydo Raid, pausing to
pass her needle through an ernory
ennhion, sighing, as sho did so, that po
culiar sigh that seems to give out the
impresmon of much enduring, lpng-siu
foring patience undor unavoidable ills.
"I wisli I could. There's Jano; just see
what sewing she puts into papa's slurta
and it'u as much as I dare do to toll
hor of it, she Hies out so; and the cook,
yon must liavo notioed yestenlay tliat
thero was no broad Bauoo with tho game.
Papa would just as lief not have it at nil
as without She knows perfectly woll. We
had her sister last summer, and she was
the most wasteful creature you evor did
boo. I never should have known it; but
Aimt Lane paid mo ..rait, and under
took to set tliinga to rights. She found
hor lighting her Are with butter ouo
moruing to save trouble."
"Bnttor?"
"Yes ; sho rolled up a cone of paper,
aud filled it full of good pastry butter to
make tho wood kimllo in a hurry. Ob,
that's very common, I've heard sinoo,
with lard. Ann earned thiugs a httlo
farthortluui usual. Sho had very gen
tool ideas. We left her in care of tho
lioiuo wlien I went to Newport, anil
Mrs. Cnshlug, who lived opposite, you
know, HiUd she ni?<l tho parlors just aa
if I'll been at homo, and lighted tho gas
f.r her company. She must have en
tertained them well, too, for thoro wasn t
u thine in tho storo-room when, we conio
home. But thnt's nothing to the trouble
Mrs. Gushing had herself. Why, do yon
know, hor waiter man, and oook, and
French nurso, all gave warning in one
,lay I Mademoiselle had her dinner in
tho nunwiy when this oook cwn?; ono o!
the childrou was sick. So tho cook hail
tho head of tho second table, and ro
I fnsod to givo it up. John took Mane a
1 part, and wouldn't carve unless she sat
ippomte to him. Did yon over hear
anything so ridiculous?" ,
"' High lifo below stairs,' certainly,
said Mrs. West " Isn't Mrs. Gushing
tliat very fasliisnablo lady who called
Thursday, and talked so much about
Paris l>onnot3 and gaiters? I think sho
Baid sho sent out for all her glove*
"Yes, that's Mrs. Gushing. .Sup does
talk a little too much about4 whon I was
in Paris.' Papa ridicules hor for her
foreign airs. Marie was a most valuablo
sernuit, she got up muslins so beauti
fully; and tluit's a great deal nowadays.
She know Mrs. Cushing conld not re
place hor. That's another tliiug; if you
get a really good sorvant, thov presume
So. There's Bridget, I wouldI not koop
her a day, she lias such a habit of an
i sworing back; but slio's tidv, and I hate
to seo a sloven waiting at table, and
moves lightly and quickly; tw? Tery
good tilings in a waiter. Iho Irish aro
generally so stout andlieavy.
"Bridget is very dolicato looking. I
don't think she can bo vory strong,
Mrs. West said. " What wages do you
I (rive hor?"
"There's another thing about nor;
sho asks such low wages. Why, Maria
had six dollars i but llndgct ssk?l only
four whon slie came, and that s all I to
given her. I'm afraid overy day riioll
i S?k to have her wages raised. Papa
allows six yet, luid I should hato to givo
it to her. As it is, I can afford two pair
i of gloves a month but of what I save.
" How Is that ?" asked Mrs. West ? Sho
could not believe her young rolativo
guilty of so small a sating. Small to
' hor, but how much to a sorvant, who luid
Ke
I house allowanoo, for a waiter,, and na
montli ont
?^Md tho young lady, forcing
an eyelet hole with a gold-headedWkiu;
! and, as Bhe did not seo Mrs. West s ex
pression, concluding her economy was
1 considered laudable. ?, .
M Ib aho Protestant or Catholic? in
quired the other, after a momonts
Bilenoe. ^
"Oh, I fancy her religion dooant
trouble hor much any way. Thoy have
Sunday afternoon once a month; but X
fancy thore'B not much church-going.
It'B all the timo thoy have for visiting,
you know. I
1 (lid nor. tuww m uum ?m*? day you
oauld not go to Oermuitown, Imtoiwi
you woro takkig caro of tho children to
".Udlt
ever occur to yon that jour servant, hato
* ^H'lnot my* ffislnosa to lookaftor it,
if they have." A?d1 tho fcodklu was
nrnhi Insert#!, witlia half smUo at what
?rto<l, wiuia Jian.uiuu
lm (uuurbldeross consldorod a olover
?mm to hor questioner. ? ?
"I beg your pardon, Mrs. West, re
turnedfrnoro *5?
me yon have n great deal to dei init hi
mitter. I thought you woro vory strict
"What fort"
"What for? feoause it's right, of
course. How odd you are, Augusta!"
41 And you are four?let me see?oight
times as wiuked as Bridget."
"Why, what do-yon mean, Augusta?"
" If Bridget only needs ouo sermon a
month to toacli her, aud you need eight.
Do you sco?"
"But she can't bo aparod. Don't you
see how it is! The work muat be done
Sundays a* well as other days."
"80 von dress, and go to church, and
hear, ' thou, nor thy mau-servaut, nor
thy maid-servant,' must work on the
seventh day, and consider the whole
commandment observed because you
neither receive'visits nor walk with your
gentlemen frionda."
Miss Hyde looked up, not knowing
whether to Buiilo or bIiow hor real vexa
tion; but lier cousin wus perfectly sori
ous.
"Do you ever ask the girls if thoy
have been to church t"
" I don't think they'd stay very long, if
they were catechized as to how thoy si>ent
their afternoon out It's a pity if they
can't see their friends sometimes." Mim
Hyde, like oil only daughters, did not
know how to be found fault with gra-,
ciously.
" I.quite ugree with you, and that's tho
reason I give them ono afternoon bo
sides, evon with a little personal iucon
venieuoe sometimes; aud I don't soo why
your cook and cliamlieruiaid cannot
make the arrangement to relieve each
other, just us mine do. It would bo
easier in your family, for you luivo 11
seamstress."
Miss Hyde was too much annoyed at
huviug been Buared in hor own argument
to vouchsafo any answer.
1 'As long as wo do not treat our servants
as rational human brings, wo have lio
right to complain if they neglect their
duties toward its. How are they going
to know that 4 Servants, oboy your mas
ters, not With oye-oorvico,' is a command
of our Master mid theirs, if thoy nover
havo time to listen to any instruction ?",
"It's alloyo-servico," Miss Hyde said,
shortly?
" what elso can it be, whon you do not
take nuy interest in them or their affairs,
but to got as innch dono for as littlo
wages as possiblo ?"
" Why, you are alwnys so economical,
Augusta; I thought you would approvo
of that, I'm sure.
" I'm novup- economical about paying
for work?work of any kind, Virginia.
Think wliat very small wages they make,
at any rate, aud so fow of them liavo any
homes to go to, in enso of sicknoss or ao
cident. Thoro's imothor kind of wages
thoy like just as well?kind words?
whon yon see thoy'vo tried their bost t*
plcaso you. Kind words and a littlo con
sideration will got twioo as mnch accom
plished. Now. your calling Bridget np
stairs soven times this morning, whon
sho might havo done all you wanted in
coming twice, for instance."
"Why, my dear soul, she's paid for it;
it's her work."
"So it's hor work to swoop and dust
tho parlors and halls, and tho sidowalk;
to clean all that silver; to set tho table
three times a day, and wait on it; to an
swer tho door-bell evory half hour, and
Surs?wo won't say how often; to bo in
roo places at onoo; and novor to feel
fretted, if hor work is put back an hour
by unnecessary demands upon her timo.
I beliovo ono never can understand it un
less they have tried it themselves."
"You sown to." And a slightly scorn
ful oxpresBion passod over tlio young
girl's faco at tho Iocturo she was rcooiv
ing. ,
" I learned by experience.
" But you novor wore a Bervaut, Cousiu
Augusta V
"You are mistaken." And a half
smile ciuno to Mrs. West's face. "I know
all Bridget's troubles by most lamentablu
experience. No; I won't say that eithor;
it wus my own choico, and I had oxoel
lent wages hi tho end."
" But how ? I don't understand
you."
"Perhaps I will toll you all about it
some day. In tho mean time, hero's
Bridgot waiting for orders, and Master
Ally looking after mamma." '
Mrs. West camo to tho conclusion that
her venture in Bridget's beludf was not
all lost, whon sho saw tho pains Miss
Hyde took to remember all tho dinner
tablo instructions at once, and heard hor
say, in conclusion, " Novor mind going
to Miss Leo's alter dinner; you look
tired, and to-morrow will do just as
well.
Tho girl lookod not less astonished than
grateful, tho weary, listless expression
vunisliod, and Miss Hyde did not flud oc
casion for, fault during ? tho wholo meal.
It had novor oocurrod-to her before tliat
servants were to bo managed rationally,
or that consideration was as much hoi'
duty as theirs. Sir. Hydo thought sho
was very nlwent minded, and rallied hor
about a cortuin Mr. Abbott whou she
holped him twice to fish; but she was
thinking of what hor cousin had said,
and determined to remember her advice,
and protit by it So well did sho suo
oeod, that Miss Hydo's servants had,
henoefortht comparatively littlo cause
for oomplaint for her treatment
A Warning to Criminals.
Wo should imagino that the terrible
doath of Douglas and Mosher at Bay
Ridge, Long Island, and tho grisly sight
of their bodies lying in tho Brooklyn
Morgue, would liavo a depressing effect
upou tho goutlemen who lwloug to tho
burglarious profession. Mint undoubted
ly in east-side saloons, and especially in
tho bnoket shops along tho river front,
tho circumstanoo lias been discussed, and
bar-rooms hold entranced by tho rocital
of the dead heroos' daring dood. But a
sudden stoppago of a caroor of orimo as
theirs was stopped, is apt to rub tho
tinsel off the idea, if it over oxistod. And
there is no doubt that a iawilry fuscina
tion is excited over a oertain class of
poople by the storiosof felony written
with such rose-colored ink by Mr. Ainu
worth and othors of his ilk. Only tho
other day tho police of 'Philadelphia
mado n descent upon a cellar in which
were a dozen or flftoon lads, constituting
a juvenile gang of thioves, each of Whom
had been originally lod astray by tho in
lluonco of tho yellow covered romances
of crimo. Perhaps Modi?er and Douglas
bcirun in this* maimer. However t!iov
began, and however thoy havo lived. It w
certain that they havo given in tihoir
death tho most terriblo emphasis ta that
rather trite heading for a copy "book,
" Honesty is the best policy."
The Spread or Scarlatina.
At the present time, nays tlio Londou
Lancet^ tnore in a considerable amount of
xymotio disease provaleut^ and we have
been visited -witli a severe epidemic of,
scarlatina. Tbero is no mora infectious
iiuUhiIv than this, and very few, if any,
more dangerous or more likely to cripple
a young life by its immediate and remote
effects uu the health. Tho poison is, as
every one knows, of u very subtle and
infectious character, and there is no rea
soii?ut least no valid reason?for sup
posing that scarlatina arises spontane
ously, although its oocusiomd development
and recurrence as an opldemio are vastly
infiuenoedby certaiu conditions over which
wo can exercise uo control, and about
which our knowlodge is relatively inex
act. Of one thing, howovor, we are well
assured, namely, that our efforts must l>e
directed to limitiug tho spread of tlio in
fection by a rigid system of inspection,
isolation, and disinfection. Once scarla
tina is introduced, unless it be speedily
detected aud tho proper fenisures at once
adopted, tho results are very disastrous.
The authorities at most of our largo
schools are so well awnre of .tlio fact tliat
great care is taken to gunfd against these
occurrences, or to detect them aud meot
thorn as hook as possible. It is to bo
feared, howovor, now that education is
compulsory, that much unsuspected evil
arises from this sohrce in tho huge
schools of our towns mid cities. In
largo day schools it woidd probably bo
impracticable to secure u thoroughly
eftidont system of medical inspection, in
consequonco of the frequency of inac
tion und tho number of inspectors that
would bo required. Hut wo could wish
that all classes of tho ?ointnuuity wero
better acquainted than they are with the
power thoy possess of stamping out a
disoasolike scarlatina by a uniform tuid
systematic method of procoduro. Tho
suflforer should be isolated at once, his
.clothes disinfectod by dry heat in an
oven, or by being boiled, or disinfected
by, chemicals, anil afterward washed and
froely exposed to tho air. Tho measures
advocated by Dr. William Bndd luivo tho
merit of being founded ou a definite
knowledgo of the obioct in view, and of a
practical way of attaining it. The oiling
of tlio patient's whole body, Ibo provision
of receptacles containing disinfectants
in tho sick room for everything which
comes from tho pationt or which he lias
used, tho employment of disinfectants by
the attendants for washing thoir hands;
tlio 1190, in short, of tho most scrupulous
cleanliness?tho confinement of tlio pa
tient to bed until tho process of desqua
mation lias been completed, and tlio fre
quent uso of warm baths during and
subsequent to tlint process, aro all such
definite and comtnou sense measures that
no ouo should fail to pursue them.
Still, ho was not Happy.
An uncle of Michael Hogan, of West
Troy, N. Y., diod recentlv in Pennsyl
vania, leaving coal lands valued at 85,000, -
000, to a portion of which Michael is
heir. Forty years ago Michael Hogan,
thon twenty-one years of age, and iui
uncle, tho only Btirvivors of aouco nu
merous family, come to this country and
adopted it as their own. Michael, a
haru-working, industrious young man,
finally took up lijs residouco in West
Troy. Tlio undo weut to Pottsville,
Pennsylvania, or that vicinity, and after
laboring a number of years, purchased
with his enruiugs a largo tract of land.
Michael also savod money, aud in the
course of tilde laid by enough to start
liimself in tho grocery business, in which
it can be truthfully mud he has prospered.
Tho venturo of his undo turned out to
bo a most profitable ono. Tho lands
purchased by him were found to oontaiu
abunilanco of coal; and by judidous
management ho gradually increased his
earthly storo until at tlio time of his
death, which occurred a short time ago,
he was worth about 86,000,000. Michael
reooived information from an attorney
that his undo, with whom ho liad not
communicated for sixteen years, had
died, and that he was his only surviving
heir. Michael was net at all olatod at
this announcomont, and appeared rather
sorry in fact that such good fortiuio kad
como to him, says the Troy Time*. He
was getting old, ho said, and wotdd not
want so mudi money: besides ho had
enough for himself, wifo and daughter,
and tho ' possession- of tho immenso
amount mentioned abovo would only
bring trouble and disgraco upon his
family evoutually, as young people nowa
days did not know how to snonu money.
As wo havo stated, Midiocl is a sober,
industrious man, mid is ovory way worthy
of liis fortnno, which he intends to claim
immediately. If ho is sorry about this
little matter, ho can turn it pvor to us
and we'll sheerfully bear tho bnrden for
him.
A Terrible Encounter.
In 6'omptonville, California, two men
had a terrible personal onooanter. It ap
pears that thoy had had florae trouble, and
it was agreed that when thoy agjiiu mot
thoy should "meet fighting." The
desperado, armed with on. ax, shortly
after- came into a saloon, where he saw
Major Ferreud sitting in his shirt sleeves.
As ho advanced tlio major aroso, and
drew a largo knife. The man with' tho
ax movod cautiously forward, holding
aloof his terriblo woapon. Tlio major
stood perfectly motionloss, warily watch
ing the oyos of his approaching foe. Tho
oulymovoment ho mado was to constantly
turn tho wrist of the hand that hdd
tho knife, so that tho weapon was cease
lossly moving and Hashing back and
forth. Tho man advancing with tho ax
at last could no longer refrain from cast
ing a glance at tho .weapon thus flnsliod
before liis oyes, and "tlio moment ho did
so tho major sprang forward with tho
leap-of a tiger aud drove his knife, not
only through tho heart Of lus foe, but
through his whole body, tho point pro
jecting at his 'back, lint quick as lutd
been his movoment, liis opponent was al
most as alortr?.tho blows of both .mon bo
iug struck almost at tho same instant.
Tlio handle of tho ax struck tho major on
tho shdtUdor, whilo the wholo blado'of it
was buried in tho small of his book,
penetrating aud cutting one of his kid
neys. Both men fell to tho floor together,
and fer a time it was thought that both
wero dead | but contmry to the e^poota
tlous of all the major recovered from his
fcfttftd wound in duo tlmo.
The Mohacaaaodiui'i beliovo that old
paids have no chance of heaven.
I ' ' ? I
Prentice on Dueling.
Tho famous letter of the lato Oeo. 1). I
: Prentice ou duoling, and written iu re-1
Rponse to a challenge lie bad received, is
! now republished. In his letter tlio vet
| erau editor add :
| " Presuming tluit your notes ore writ
j ton to mo with a view to a duel, I may an
! well gay hero that I have not thu least
thought of accepting a challenge from
you. I consider my strictures upon your
writings entirely legitimate, and, at any
rate, tun disclaimer that I have mado
ought to satisfy you.
| "Iciunehero from a distant Htuto bo
I cause many believed 1 could do some
' thing to promote a great and important
| enterprise; and as I havo reason to think
i tliat my labors aro not altogether in vain,
II do not intend to lot myself bo diverted
j from them. There are some persons, and
nuuiy, to whom my life is valuable; aud
however little or much value I may at
tach to it ou my own account, I do nut
see tit at preseut to put it up voluutarily
against yours.
"You may, for aught I kuow, boa man
of reputable standing, and I disclaim any
refusal to uioet you on tlio ground of
yoHr not being a gentleman; but you aro
not of tho order of men whom I should
choose to tight, if I fought at all. If you
were to kill me, you would kill a man
who is tho support and stay of his family,
and who is extensively regarded as one
of tho stays and supports of his party,
and as the jxwsessor of some inllueneein
tho affairs of tho country; but I presumo
that it is of no great eousoqueueo to miy,
excopt your immediate personal friends,
whother you die or live.
" I am no believer iu tho dueling code.
I woidd not call a man to tho Held ludess
lie lirul done mo such u deadly wroiiff
that I desired to kill him; and I would
not obey liis call to tho field unless I bad
done him so mortal an iujuryas to untitle
him, iu my opinion, to demand nn op
portunity of taking my life. I havo not
the least desire to kill you or to liarm a
hair of your head, and I am not conscious
of having douo anything to entitle you
to kill mo. I do not want your blood
upon my lianils, and I do not want my
own upon anybody's. 1 might yield
much to the domauds of a strong public
seutiinent; but there is uo public senti
ment that either requires me to meet you
or would justify me in doing so.
" I look upon tho miserable code that
is said to require tw? men to go ?ut and
sheot at each other for what omf of them
may consider a violation of etiquotte or
piuictillio ui tho use of langiuigo with a
seem equal to that which is getting to be
felt by tho whole civilized world'of man
kind. I am uot afraid to express such
viows iu the enlightened capital of Ar
kansas or anywhero else. I am not _ so
cowardly as to stand in dread of any im
C" ition on my courage. 1 havo always
courage enough to dofoiul my houor
and myself, aud 1 presumo I always sliall
have. Yours most, etc.,
" Gbobub 1). PjiEjrncE."
A Sad Sight.
It was a sad, sorry Bjioctaclo which
tho passongors on tho train from North
Adams to Cheshire saw, tlio Springfield
UcpubUnau tolls us. and one not without
its lessons. Tho.early comers to tho train
woro met by a man at tho car entrance
who introduoed himself as "John 0.
Wolcott. of Cheshire. tlio clown, often
allied tlio fool." He was a direct de
scendant, he said, of old Oliver Wolcott,
one of tho.siguors of tho Declaration of
Indepeudouce, aud "I tun not," ho add
ed, "a Henry Ward Beochsr orn thief
or a roblwr; 1 am only John 0. "Wolcott,
the drunkard." Alas, tho poor fool?for
such ruin had mado him?and it was
true! This man in his patched trousers,
rusty coat uml eminently drunken hat,
with a naturally tine faco, drawn into a
silly pucker, was John 0. Wolcott, tlio
eccentric, talented member of tlio Berk
shire Bar, and ouco quite well known as
iui effective temperance orator, going to
his Cheshire homo from a North Adams
drunk. Alternately during thoriilo ho
played the clown, addressed an imaginary
jury, or made faoes at an indignant Irish
woman, who objected to his companion
ship when there wero many unoccupied
scats about her. A whilo ago there was
a demand tliat he bo expelled from the
Bar, but Wolcott very ably pleaded his
own ease at Pittsflold, aim the lawyers,
who aro loth to give up "eccentric John
Wolcott," refused to oast him out. Ouoo
a favorite student of tlio late Judge
Bishop of Lenox, John 0. Woloott daro
not now go out of town with more tlian
sovonty-nvo cents, 'tis said, nlxive his
railroad fare, lest tho temptation for
drink overcomo him. He lives in a
slovonly way, with only a boy for com
pany, on tho old "Woloott mace,"and
this young man for whom Mr. Bishop
predicted such a bright career, yeata ago,
cannot now bo trnstod with tho manage
ment of his own property. In his sobor
moments ho is yot a lawyer of mora than
averago ability, and in tlio little cases
which aro occasionally given him theso
days ho often displays much of his old
brilliancy and power. But " tho boys "
now liko to sco " Old John," ns they call
him, drunk, and if ho liasn't .got any
"inonoy it- is quite thb fashion to treat
'him. Especially is this true at North
Adams, where the train officials say they
havo seeu him lighting to got away from
his friends (?) who would porsundo him
to make sport for thom ovor anothor
train. And then John 0. Wolcott goes
home at last to act tlio clown to a car Toad
of disgusted, pitying strangers, rooling
off at Cheshire station to mako faoes from
tho platform till tlio train disappears and
shuts liim out, an unsightly nuisance.
English Sonoorj Law.?A compulsory
education law, similar to that wliich is
now in operation iu Now York State, is
enforced in England. Thoro is now a
novel difficulty in London in tho way of
exacting compliance with its provisions.
Tho holiday pantomimes and spectacles of
theaters employ hundreds of children,
and tlio pay is six shillings a wook. As
tho lino for parents who do not send
their children to school is usually but a
shilling, they pay it when brought into
oourfc, as tliey are about onco a wook, and
keep on brooking the law. Higher penal
tios aro proposed.
The question for discussiou at ft repent
mooting of scientists was: " Which
travels faster, heat or cold I' It was do
cided in favor of boat, as many present
had often been able to oatoh oold.
BUTTE It AND CHEESE.
luiormilug Hintlallm of (he l?nlr? Iuirrr?c?
of Ike L'nilrd Sinu-H.
At thn lust meeting of tho Diumnen's
Association of New York, Mr. Wilkril,
tliu chairman, made tho following state
I uiuut relative to the butter and cheese
| interest in tho United States. In 1863,
Haiti Mr. Willard, the associated system
> begun tu move forward in earnest About
1110 factories were erected tliat year, and
i the whole numl>er in operation wna ouly
1200. We were then exporting about 40, ?
I 000,000 pounds of cIdhwo and 23,000,001)
| pounds of butter. In 1859 our exports
; of cheese were ouly a trido over 9,250,
I 000 pouuds, and butter about 2,500,000.
1 Our choose exports from 1850 to 1803
; wore increased at the anuiud rate of 7,
I 500,000 pound*. At the end of 1878 tho j
! annual exports of American cheese to ;
I Great Brituin amouutedto 1W,000,000 1
; pounds, un inclose of tH,000,000 pounds
! in ten years. But of this, 20,000,000
: pounds came from Canada. In addition,
we exerted about 10,000,000 jwunds to
I other countries than Britain, making our
! total annual exports over 90,000,000
pounds. Tho Canadians up to 1800 pur
chased their cheese from tho United
Stat??s. Our bill on Canada for cheese,
in 1805, umouuted to $200,000, repre
senting about 2,000,000 pouuds. It is
now estimated that there are 1,200 and
upward of cheese and butter factories in
New York alouo, while tho system has
town curried into tho Northwest on a
largo wide, and of Into is gaining a foot
hold iu other sections, especially in
Maiuc, which offers a good field for its
operations.
Mr. Willard thought there was but
little cause for alarm from four of oyer
Ereduction. Tho increase of population,
nth at home and in England, together
with the barriers that limit the increase
of dairying, go to show tluit thero is no
good cause' for alarm tluit there will bo
an overproduction of prirao dairy goods
for Home years to como. Ho Baid tho in
crease of our export* since 1803 was 01,
000,000 bounds of choeso. At 400
pounds oi clioese to tlio cow, it wotdd
requiro 100,000 cows to make tliat qtuui-1
tity. But as our homo consumption had
incroaocd hi as rapid ratio, thoro wns
needed 320,000 more cows than in 1803
to supply tho iucreused exports and con
Hiunptiou of cheeso at li9mo during tho
time mentioned.
Statistics show that forty-oue per oeut.
of tho milk produced iu tho United
SUites is consumed directly as food, mid
tlfty-four i?er cent is usod for butter.
Tins leaves only live per cent of tho milk
to Im) mado into cheeso. Now, aooordiug
to tho United States census, tho milch
cows in tho cbuutry in 1850 wero 0,385,
094, in 1800 they numbered 8,581,735,
and iu 1870 thoy were 11,008,925, tho av
emgo increase being leas titan 2,500;000
cows for each decado. Iu other words,
the increaso of population is ut u greater
rate than tho increaso of dairy stock.
For tho purpose of showing tlio great
tix on our dairies to supply tho uoods of
home consumption, he gavo some statis
tics in relation to tlio butter crop. Tho
annual bntter crop has been variously es
timated at from 700,000,000 to 1,000,
000,000 of pounds. This, he said, ap
pears to bo a low efltiuiato if wo ore to
: take the figures sent out by tho New
York Butter and Choeso Exclinnge. A
I committee of eminent merchant* wns ap
I pointed by tho Exchange to consider the
subject of classifying and grading butter,
aud tlio committee, in their report, state
that tho census statistics of dairy pro
ducts are incomplete and defective. A
more reliable estimate is that mado by
! an exj?erieueed and careful statistician,
: wliich tho oommitto indorse, making tho
annual product of butter to l>o 1,440,
i 000,000 pounds, which, at thirty cents
i per pound, amounts to $432,000,000.
' At tho rate of 200 pounds to the cow,
' it would requiro 7,200,000 cows to make
1 the aunuul yield of 1,440,000,000
i pounds. If, as has boon estimated,
thoro are now 13,000,000 cowh iu tho
United States, then fifty-four per cent,
(tho proportion heretofore stated to havo
been omployed for butter) would mako
tlio number a little over 7,000,000 cows.
Ho spoke of tho rapid increaso of butter
consumption in this country, and at
tributed it, in part, to ule introduction
of tlio creamery system, and as a conso
quenco, tho general improvement in tlio
quality of butter. Ho naid tho nrico of
butter had l>een gradually auvjincing
abroad, and tluit, owing to scarcity and
great demand for it during tho past year
in Eugliuid, prices had advunoed to 170
shillings uterliug per cwt on tho finest
gnulos. This price, it would seom, offers
an inducemout to iu? to oxport Ho re
ferred to tlio demand in tho West Indies
and South Amorica for dairy goods, and
bolioved that Now York will bo more and
more the cliief distributing market of
tho world for dairy products, and will
largely coutrol tho pricoa in ull other
markets.
An allusion was mado to tho heavy
bunion which had accumulated on tho
' dairymen of Now York at tho commence
ment of tho present seasons'* operations.
This camo from tho low yield of the hay
crop hi 1873. Tho scarcity and conse
quent high price compelled many dairy
men to sell stock at a low price, whflo
tho early Know in fall, and tho minimal
length of tho cold weather loft stock in
thin condition; oonsoquontly tho yield
of milk oarlr in tlio season was below an
averngo. If all tho items of expenso for
carrying stock through the wiutorof 1878
-4, together with the oxpenso of filling
up tho liords hi spring, l>o taken into
acoount, tho dairymen of Now York will
not find a largo balanoo of profit for tlio
fmmmor's work. Still, prioes havo boon
more than were expected, wliilo tho im
mciiso hay crop of 1874 puts tho dairy
farmor in a satisfactory condition for
next year's operations. And ho luis
abundant reasou to feel onoouraged at
tho prospoct of 1875.
Tho Highest Lake.
Dr. Harknoss lias discovered, in Plu
mas county, California, a body of wator,
probably tho most elevated in tho United
States, the barometer registering a height
of 7,330 feet abovo tho boo lovol.
The lako is of triangular shape, having
its longest diamoter about ono mile and
three quartern in length. The watoi;
during last August wns intensely cold and
of a doop bluo color. The outlet is into
Woroor volloy, over a dodivity of tome
2,000 foet Tho California Acadomy of
Scionoes has named the lako, after itadis
ootor, Lake Harknow.
Items of Iutereat,
A Chicago plumbing firm advertises
" loud HiukH." As if everybody didn't
kuow that.
Tnrkeys who survived the holidays
appointed January 2d, 1875, as u day of
Thanksgiving.
In Londou houses are numberod con
secutively, up one aide of the Htreet and
down the other.
The eating of horseflesh by mon soems
retributivo when we conaidor how many
mon have been consumod by horseiloah.
They do Bay that the entiro crop of
miiHtard this year wouldn't make tho
Kentucky Library draw when it ugroed
to.
A young lady Bays sho longs for Augers
like tho prongs of a pitchfork, with dia
mond rings enough to fill them to tho
ends.
A Richmond paper has a plan for keep
ing a party in power. Tho party is to
give eveiy girl in the land a sowing ma
chine and a fellor,
A Now Haven man, while dredging in
the liarl>or at that citv, raised a numan
skull which was thickly covored with
mussels and oysters.
A strong offort to have the noxt col logo
regatta at Now London, Conn., will bo
made at tho meeting of tho CJollego Boat
ing Association in Hartford.
If there is ono thing moro than an
other that will thoroughly exasperate a
man, it is breaking a straw off when
cleaning out a dirty pipo-ntem.
An impertinent follow wants to know
if you over sit down to tea whoro
skimmed milk was on tho table without .
1 being asked " Do you take tho oroam 1"
It is tho tiling to import " indoor
| men," mid i>eople who como back from
| Kurort bring, with tho rest of their
"fixings,"a Gerunui or Italian "Major
domo, '
It is stated tlrnt of tholTiO.OOO.OOO tons
of coal annually dug from tho lwwels of
tho earth, Great Britain produces ono
lialf. Germany anil tho Uidted State
one-sixth each.
Of course, a woman doesn't want hor
plants to freeze, but still ono can't
I>lamo a man for raising a row wliou
ho hops out of bod iu tho morniug and
finds a geranium plant in each trousers'
leg.
It's truly astonishing how the papers,
while they jjersist in charging a man a .
dollaran inch for advertising when living,
cheorfully give up a whole column of
sjiaco for nothing, when his obituary
comes along.
Mrs. Esholman, of Shillington, Pa.,
will arrest tho fellow who poured coal oil
in her woll if sho can find him out. Tim
trick mado her think hIio had reallv
I " stmck oil," aud tho disappointment is
I aggravating.
"Madamo! tako this hundred-pound
| bill. Use it freely aud never say tliat I
suffer your purse to be empty, of poekot
money," said mi atteutivo spouse in
public, but added, * otto root, "if you
spend a penjiy of it I'll kill you."
President Lincoln, sitting at tho foun
tain-head of ofllcial patronage, usod to
say that it sometimes seemed to Ins dis
cwuniged mind tluit seven-eighths of tho
[ people of tho United States wero trying
i to live at the expense of tho other oiguth.
, Tho sheriff of Cuyahoga county, Oliio,
lately had the disagreeable duty to per
1 form of conveying to the ponitcntiory on
! a three years' sentence a " repeater,"
j whose offense consisted in luivinjr votod
j thr?e times for tho vary official who was
I couductiug liirn to prison.
Building in Italy would seem to bo a
I i?ef uliarly dangerous occupation. A now
; oflloe is being erected in Homo for tho
i Ministry of Fiiuuice. Tho other day a
workman fell from the scaffolding aud
| was killed, making the hundredth victim
i of accidents upon tho same building.
I A correspondent .of a Cincinnati
! naper writes from Cireleville, Ohio : 411
| liavo read with some degree of iuterest a
| Cirdoville telegram in tho Cincinnati
j press of to-day, reporting mo in a dyiug
I condition last evening. Judging sololy
i from my own knowlodgo of tho matter,
I hereby certify that I do not believe tho
! roport to 'be true." ?
' Tho Denver uYews records this inci
dent: A man was almut dying in this
city, aud an acquaintance sent tho fol
lowing tolognun to his wifo, who was in
Chicago: "Your husband is dying.
Como quick." Sho coolly replied:
" Can't go now. If he dies, hand him
over to the Masons, he's ono of them."
Tho man died. Tho wifo hasn't b?eu
heard from since.
A fanner, famous for his hogs, was
asked what was tho secret of his success.
Ho answered : " I id ways choose a good
natured pig.' Thoso tluit when they eat
are constantly runuiug from one trough
to anotlior, aud knocking their snouts
against tho next pig, I sell to my neigh
bors, who don't know better than to buy
such troublesome animals, whilo my oou
tentod pigs get fat."
Tho Troy Times relates this: " A
young lady in a noighboriig villago ac
cepted an invitation from u yoiing gon
tlomnn to ride, and when tho gentleman
came with his horso and buggy, tho lady
found it impossible to get m, so closely
jind sho adhered to tho prevailing fash
ion of drawing hor dress tightly about
her. Sho asked to be oxcused, and go
ing into tho houso, lot out two' or tlirdb
reefs in hor dross, when sho was enabled
to got into tho bnggy."
An aoddont lias occurrod oil tho Groat
St. Bernard in ' Switzerland. Eight
Italian workmen wero crossing tho moun
tain, and two monks aud a servant, fol
lowed by a dog, wont ont to mbet them.
Tho wjtolo party was overtaken by a
snowstorm mid buried In tho drift. Ono
of tho monks succeeded is extricating
himsolf, but was- only able to walk a
fow steps. Tho dog went back to tho
monastery and assistance wis sent, but
it was too late. Tho monk died half an
hour after being fouud; tho others will
remain buriod iu the snow.
?'NowIt's a Democuat."?Tho Jer
soy City Standard says: In ono of our
puklio schools a teaoher asked tho fol
lowing qnestion: " If tho United 8tatos
is a Bejmblio, why is it I" All the class
Gve up tho conundrum, bnt ono littlo
low of sovon years at last jumped to
his foot and said: "Iknow. It usod
to bo a Bopublio, bnt now it's a Demo
crat."

xml | txt