Newspaper Page Text
IT'S THE TRUTH THAT HU&T8.
VOL. VIII. WESTON, W, VA., MONDAY, APEIL 12, 1875. NO. 40. ?(]? gcntnrrut. Published Y.yerj Monday, it WESTON, LEWIS COUNTY, W. VA. J. W. WOPimDIN & CO., EDITORS AXD PBOPMKrOBU. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION: rhreo Months. , f .R) 3ii Months 1.00 DnoYear 100 CJTLs'VAnLiDLI Uf Aotajcob.^ I Jut 04 of Old. I uv my lovo in drcanu laet night I'mm up tho Bleeping moon-lit lands, Tho lore beams in her dear eye# bright, A roAbud in her io?o-Icikf hand*. And round me, aa I ne* or stepped, I felt her soft arm* steal and fold, Wbilecloae itgahiat my heart ihe crept, Juat as of jld. The gay dawn broke, niy love *M goue, The goldon dream wm pant and dciul; I got mo to the churchyard lono Wherein my lore lay buried. I found a hoadstono gray with yean, I bowed me t; tho mora mints cold, I wept, and know Bho mv my tears, Juat aa of old. Oat ever whilo I Uvo alone Thin comfort come# and aoothos my c&ro Wo two may moot, when all is dono, Par off in hoavou'a garden fair, And by iho light above, beyond, Chastened, each other1* face behold, 8taiulesa, more pure, bat trne and fond, Juat aa of old. FETCHING AXD CARRYING. "You 8oo," sold mygreafc-auntjaddress iug oh girls, "it was well-nigh thirty yearn that I followed sowing for a living. I could do tailoring ami dressmaking and inouding aud quilting, and such, an woll as tho bosfc, and so I was sout for far and near. Nowsupposol hadallowodmysolf to fotch aud carry from house to houso whatever I might happen to hear of poo pie's a Shirs, like bouio folks, I should Jiave got myself iuto n muss ninny's tho time. My mother taught mo better. t 'Now, Sally,' nayn nho, whon I first wont out to work, 'bo mighty careful how you carry nowafrom house to house, or toll what you know of peoplo's private matters, ovou whon it doesn't soom as if it could do the least mite of liarm.' And sho went on to nay that somo pooplo novor likod to havo n tailoroso or uenm stress or ovou a wnalior-womon around, bocauso somo of thorn aro apt to bo full of go?ip, and to fotch nnd carry from house to houao. Evon whon there isn't a single thing tliey nro ashamed to liavo knowi pooplo Uko to foGl tliat they can So my mother said, nnd *1 found it to be exactly so. I thought all tho moro of it after my mother waa dead and gono. Most peoplo ooemod to liko my way of kooping myself to myself, and again thero woro others who acted as if tuoy woro really provoked Imcauso tliey couldn't got any woro out of mo, nnd they postered mo to death, hinting round to soo if by putting that aud that to gether they couldn't mako out something without asking rao outright. Thero woro tho two Snuffer girls, Lyddy Anu nnd BotsyJano; thoy ranted to know ovory body's business, anil wcro always trying to llnd out something. And nuch ridi culous things!?how many table-cloths tho Snowdons uood in a woek (that was our miuiflter's family), and how much thoy-paid tlioir hirou girl a wook, and if sho ato at tho tablo with iho family. If a strunger onmo to church with any of tho girls, thoy couldn't listou to tho sor mou until thoy had found out who and what ho was, aud tho noxt day they mado a business of collocting informa tion about his family, his property, and all such. " I always hatod to go thero to work whon any -of tho girls in Shrews bury or in tho towns round woro to bo married. Thoy moat gonornlly sont for mo to holp a Bi>cll, nnil of courso I knew protty much tlioir aiHurs. But I wasn't going to tell what thowodding-dross was to bo, or just how much it cost a yard, or whether thoy bought it hi Boston or nearer homo, nor how many pounds of cako thoy woro going to mako, nnd all such. Tlio girls Bniil it kind of took tho odgo off to toll everything boforohnnd; thoy lmd rather coino out now. Woll, whon it camo titno for Deacon Goodman's daughter to bo mnrriod, thero was n groat stir among tho girls. Matildy had lived in Boston considerable with her Undo Joshua, who was rich and livod in a great deal of stylo, and bo tho girls all expected that her outfit would bo Bomo tliiug pretty handsomo; and bo it wns. Why, her wedding dross, with hor gloves and slippers and fittlo notions, cost woll nigh thirty dollars I Matildy said hor self thnt sho thought a part of tho monoy ought to bo given to tho missionaries, but thon it was a present from her uncle, and so thoro wns nothing to bo Bald. I was going thero to holp. about aomo mat tors, and so I happonod to say that there would bo a great curiosity tunong tho young pooplo to know tho portion lore of tho woddlng. ?? ? Lawful Bakes f says Mrs. Goodman,, ? do, dear, toll thorn all thoy want to1 know;' and Matildy Baid tho samo, for sho wasn't in tho least stnok up. Thoy were only waiting for Spring to got homo from Ohio. That was a cousin of Matildy's who was going to stand up with hor. Ho was named Aminadab, aftor his grandfather; bnt as pconlo that had known him from a baby would koep on calling bim Minny, and tho youoR mou called him Dab, his folks ooncludod | to call him by his hut namo?Spring. 1 said to Mrs. Goodman that sho would miss Matildy whon sho como to go away for good. Oh yos, of oourses but sho wont on to say that sho and tho deacon might go with tho young folks to Bos ton, and that would mako it seom not qnito bo suddou. Matilda was very anxious to liavo thorn go and stay until after Thanksgiving. The deacon in Bisted that his wifo should go, but he ?aid, what with his rhonmotism and noma chores ho had to do on tho farm, ho thought ho had hotter bUv at home and soo to things. His wife would hardly agroo to this. She said it would be the first time they had boon separated for thirty yoors, and, as Uie doaoon laid, the ftrBt timo they over bad a "orjous disagreement} and ho laughed as if it was uncommon go<Hl joke. ?? Well, as I loft tho doaoon ? with ?noli a budget of nows that I waa at libortv to tell, think* I to myself I shall be quite a welcomo visitor at Homo house* I know of. As it happonod, I was going to work for tho Snuffers tho very noxt day, and so I should havo a clianoA to make np, In ? manner, for be ing so closod-mont|iod? as thoy called mo, by speaking ont for onoe as froo as 6ther foliw. , "I got thoro iho next morning rather before ibey oxpoclod me, and as I atood roidy to knock at tho lido door I heard my name, anil waited a moment. A window was open, and as ono of the girU Wiis laying tho tubloin tho kitchen, and tho other out iu tho back room iron ing, thoy Bpoko pretty loud to each other, and I could hear evory word they said, though they didn't hoar mo knock and knock. Ono of thorn said: ' Don't tell mo about Sull Barker's prudence, and her beiug so mighty conscientious and all that. I warrant you she is m glud to poko that great long now of here >to other people's business as anybody, and it is only because sho is so contrary that she likes to keep tilings to herself. She fcols so imp irtant when sho has some groat sccrot thnt sho can keep from everybody olsol It is the way sho takes to pestor folks.' And sho wont on about old maids in a way that was scandalous. But I am not going to ro poat it You may bo sure that I folt protty well riled up, and I had linlf a mind to go straight home; but I had sent my gooso and lap-board aloug, for I had a jacket to press off for itoubon Snuffer, aud so I concluded to put down the old Adam, and go right iu. I ought to explain that wlrnt set Lyddy Ann out so fierce wus that her mothor hiul been taking her to do for letting out somo secrets that had made mischief, and she had hold mo up as a pattern. Every body knows thnt nothing makos somo pooplo disliko you moro than to havo somo other peoplo always praising you. Well, I went iu and sat down to break fast, and thoy had a buttermilk cako that Lyddy had innde and baked on a board boforo tho fire on purposo for mo, bocauso sho know I liked thorn so much. There aro somo folks that always like to havo you eat their victuals, oven if thoy liato you. I nto it and prnized it, though I hadn't so much appotito as commou, for I kopt thinking about my groat long uoso, aud of being called an old maid. " Wo sat protty much without speak ing for a spell, for tho girls mistrusted that I overheard them talk; but boforo long Botsy Jano guvo u little hem to clour hor throat, and observed tliat thoy must bo middling busy down at Doacou Goodman's if Matildy was to bo marriod inn week or two. I said: ?Shoisu't to bo married till Spring comas;' and I was going on to tell tho rest; but they didn t givo mo timo to finish. M 'Not till spring! What on oorth could that moony' Now wlrnt possossed mo I couldn't tell. I don't protond to say that I did right; but you must ro moinlwr thnt it was ouly half an hour siuco I had heard myself nicknamed aud called nn old mmd, just l>ecauso I wouldn't toll all I know. ? Woll,' says I, ?strango tilings happen sometimes. You haven't heard tliut tho deacon and his wifo huvo had a disagreement, aud aro talking of a separation.1 Now, mind, I didn't tell thorn that I had hcurd so; I only said that thoy hadn't hoard it Of courso thoy wcro amazod boyoiul all account They couldn't say much but 'Didlovorl' aud 'If thatdoosn't boat all I over did hear iu my born days!' Their mothor wasn't a talking woinnu, und sho asked mo if I didu't think there must bo some mistake. I said timo would show. But tho girls said that thoy had noticed for somo timo how rod Mrs. Goodman's oyes had looked, and now it was all oxplninod. 41 It wasn't long nftor, as I sat by a window at work, I Bpicd Lyddy Ann, with a shawl over her head, slipping across from their side gato into Miss i Jones's, and in auothor half hour I saw ono of tho Jouos girls, with a shawl and capo bonnet, going across tho road; and ) beforo dinner I counted half n dozon capo bonnots going hither and yon. Woll. tho long and tho short of it wns, that by tho end of two days thoro wasn't n mau or a wouinn iu Sllrowsbuiy that hadn't hoard that Deacon Goodman aud his wifo had had a great quarrel, that Mrs. Gooduum had criod hor oyes out, aud that tho match betweon Josiuli and Matildy was all broken up. " Old Deacon Walkor was greatly cx orcisod iu liia mind whou ho found thoro was no such tiling as putting down tho rumor, for he was a peaceable man, aud ho aud Dcncou Goodumu had Borvod tho Bamo commuuion-tablo for many a year. Ho couldn't boar to go to his brothor about such unpleasant business, though ho didn't boliovo tho stories. After making it a subject of pravor, ho con cluded it was bettor thnt tho minister should talco it in haud, nnd so to tho minister ho wont Parson Suowdon didn't boliovo tho stories. It wasn't long sinco ho had called at tho deacon's, and all was plcasaut enough at tliat timo. Still, he hated rumors and ho hated misunderstandings, and ho would go nud put a stop to such goings on in his parish. So in tho afternoon tho par son's old yellow chaiso went joggiug and tootoring along tho road to Deacou Goodman's nousc. Ho hitched his horse, and then rappod at tho front door, instead of going to tho sido porch as usual, and Nancy-?that was their hired girl?supposing that ho muBt lmvo como on somo solomn business, took him into the grcut Bolemu parlor, whoro, I ven ture to say, not ono of tho family sat down six tunos in a year. Tho doacou was out doing somo fall planting. His wife brought out his other coat and holpod him spruce up a little, and then ho wout, with a littlo cough aud hom or j two, and feeling very stiff, into tho great stiff room. ' How d'yo do, Parson Snowdou ? Glad to boo you. And how is your wifo?' Tho parson and his wifo wero both pretty smart, and how was tho | deacou ana his wifo ? Woll, both clov erly, oxcopt that tho deacon's rhouma tism hold on in Bpito of liia good wifo's groat caro of him, and sho herself was troubled with weak ovos. Thoy looked rod and watored all tho time, and pained her considerable. Tho parson had no ticed along back that her ovos had look od red, and ho was afraid that she was taking on, ranybo, abont losing Matilda so Boon. ' Woll, no ; it waan t oxactly that, for Matildy was going to wait a while till hor cousiu Spring got homo, and thon, very likoly, his wifo wotdd go to Boston to stay with hor whilo alio sot up housekeeping.' And ho told tho roflt, abont hor wishlug him to go with her, and about their novor liaving boon sopamted slnoo thoy wero marriod, and ho ropoatod his littlo joko about thoir never liaving liad a dUagrcfomout boforo. "Tho parson's face grow broader nnd shorter, and presently, ns the full light broko in, ho brought down his foot with a stamp, and throw back; his head, and laughed so long and loud tliat Nancy doolarod If Parson Suowdon wasn't a I master-liand to langb, then ?he didn't know; aud Mrs. Goodman ventured to show horsolf to oak him not to gp homo without taking along a few uotious /or his wifo. Tim ohauto box was with fall sweetings, a pair of chickeiw, half a peck of doughnut*, imd cheese to go with them; and soon the purson, in tlio best of humors, went teetonng homeward. "The *holo matter was soon oxpluiu ed, aud the stories tracked to the Snuffer girls. They were dreadfully out up, aud laid the whole ou my should ers; but nobody elso blamed mo; aud as for Betsy Jane and Lyddy Ann, they know it wouldn't do a mite of good to keep put out with me. It was only cutting off their own noses, for they couldn't do without mo, anyway. The best of it was when Lyddy Auu camo to be getting ready all of a sudden to marry a widower with flvo children, and didn t want a soul to know of it till tha last miuute, especially as sho luul al ways declared that sho never would marry a widower?no, not if sho had to livo an old nrnid till the day of her death?and tho girls would nevor bo done hectoring her I " Now, girls, lot me givo yon ono nieco-of advice: nover bo telling beforo nand who you will or who you won't marry. According to my way of think ing, it is more prudent and moro modest to wait until you are asked. 14 As for Lyddy Ann. she owued that I was all right in keeping things to my self, aud that bIio had been ugly in ruuuiug out so against mo; aim sho went on to say that she luul learned ono good lesson from me, and ono that sho would try to indoctrinate hor stop children with, and that was, not to fotcli and carry from bonne to houso what thoy might happon to see and hoar.' A Mexican's Weapon. A correspondent, referring to tho Mex ican weapon used with such deadly re sults in tho religions murders iu Mexi co, says: Tho inaclioto, whon wielded by tho hands of a powerful Mexican, is just as much to be dreaded in this coun try as tho Spaniards have foiuul it in Cuba. It is liko the Irishman's shilollah ?an arm that nover missos firo. And then, tho multiplicity, of nsos to which tho Mcxicau dedicates hiB mnchino are somothiug wonderful to tho uninitiated. It sorves as his weapon offensive and de fensive; it clears the ground of brush wood and tho forests of timber for him; in tho streams, rivers and arms of tho sea ho tlshes with it; it helps to build hiB jacal, or hut; aids liim in numerous do tails of his duties as a muleteer, serves in tho capacity of a universal tool iu car pontering about tho houses; cuts his um blical cord whon ho is ushered into tho world; occasionally shaves him wheu his razor (if ho has ouo) Is dull, aud is his closest companion at all hours of tho day aud night How that machetc, with its saber-liko curvo, horn liandlo, broad blade and koou odgo is hugged by the ownor can only bo understood by those who for years liavo soen tho tornblo in strument of many purposes wiolded in ovory imaginable way. Somo of the peo ple manifest a good deal- of tasto in tho manner of kooniug their favorito ma chete. Tho blade is frequently woll pol ished and inlaid with initials or designs hi gold aud silvor; tho leatliorn sheath and bolt aro ornamented with quaint chasings or cmbroidorcd in threads of tho precious metals;, while tho bucklo fastening it to tho wnist is nsnally of ma rive silver. Sat tho moro numerous portion of tho mon, being thoso tilio cannot reach tho ologancies jnst men tioned, aro content to sheathe their ma chetes in a homo-made scabbord, or let it rest, bare, with tho liilt in their hand and tho blado embraced in tho hollow of tho arm. Over tho steely surfaco of tho sharp aud trusty cleavor a wing of tho omnipresent sorapo is thrown, and your Moxican gentleman of tho unpolished classes is ready for anythiug from cock fighting to manslaughter. Tho tough worsted folds of his well worn sorapo af ford an cxcellont substitute for a shield; and thus rmod tho half Indian peasant of Moxico is as tough a customer as ono woidd wish to encounter. His machete aud scrapo remind mo strongly of the targe and claymoro that onco mado old Scotland famous. Tho Apopleello. Stroke. A middle-aged physioian said ono day to the writer: As I was walking down tho street after dinner I felt a shock in tho back of my hood, as it somo ono had struck mo: I have not felt well since. I fear I shall die, just as all my ancestors luivo, of paralysis. What snail I do ? Tho answer was: " Diminish tho tension on tho blood vessels, and thero need be no fear of tearing thom in a weak placo." Now, this oxnrcssoa iu plain terms tho catiBO of apoplexy in the great majority of instances; and it is ouo, too, which ovory ouo lias it in his powor to prevent. A blood vossol of tho brain, from causes which will presently bo mentioned, has lost some of its olastio strength; food is abundant, digestion is good; blood is inndo in abuudanco, but uttlo is worked off by oxerciso; tho tension on ovory artery and vein is at a maximum rate; tho even, circuitous flow is temporarily impeded at somo point, throwing a dangerous pressure on another; tho ves sel which lias lost its elastic strength gives way, blood is poured out, a clot is formod, which, by its pressuro on tho brain, produces complete unconscious ness. This is tlio apoploctio stroke. It will bo percoived that thero aro two lead ing conditions upon which tho produc tion of tho stroko depends; a lessened strougth in tho vessel, and an incroased tension on it. Want to ray It l)ack. Tho Now Jorsoy Senate passed a reso lution, offerod by Senator Hill, of Mor ris, directing tho Representatives of tho State in Congress to urgo tho sottlomont of a certain class of olaims against tho sovornl States. In 1830 tho United States geuornl.govornmoht fonnd itself in possession or 828,000,000 of surplus rovouuos, and redistributed it nmong tho States, with tlio understanding that should it over be wanted it would bo callod for aud must bo restored. In most if not all of tho Statos it was used as a school fund. Mr. Hill's resolution is for tho ropaymontof the moneys. Tho araountMneifrom tho Stato of Now Jer sey is #64,070.44. i Tho Slavery or Prosperity, Tito London f/lnbc print# the toliow ing readable article: Xu the full awing of modioli practice, it M*y?, tho pwu is tremendous. When once tho iudutiuablo stamp of fasliion is not upou a doctor I every ono waits to cngago his wrvioes. You may go to the great man's housfl ! ogam and nguin, and tho great mail will , not be able to wo you. You may write to hia secretary, and the secretory may make an appointment for the week after "?xtt! buf?l>y no means follows that ho will bo able to keep tho appointraout. As boou as tho clock strikos two ho inakoa a dash from the consulting room, i swallows on apology for a lunch, andyou presently observo him driving post tho windows. In vain the unpunctuulity is notorious, in vain tho consulting fee is doublod. Poople are determined to liavo tho great man, and tho great man thev accordingly get; they will.bring him down two hundred rndes, though they havo to iniv two hiuulred guineas for tho journey. Thoy will have him, though tho patient may bo in art huh morii*. i-or thoro aro circumstancos under which somo rich men tiiiuk that no consultation is too costly. They will have him and no ono else, although the ease, nciontili cally consideml, may bo as simplo as a cut finger. Sometimes thoy resort to liim becauso the case has really baffled tho average skill of tho average practi toner, ond it not unfrequently happens that tho colobratod pliysiciau makes a diagnoshi and suggests a rernody tlrnt sets his brcthrou to rights. Hut when tho fnshionablo physician has really ob taiuod this immeuso practico, tho cliarm o tho practieo must dopart. Tho great physician Incomes a great slave. Ho 08 in n state of gilded captivity. Ho cannot call his house his own, or Ids hours his own, or hia. family his owu. Ho in at tho beck and call of tho public. Ho takes his meals with his loins girded; or, rather, ho may bo obliged to exist on Liobcg s extract for want of time to par take of solid food. Whon tho tide of fashion steadily seta in ho is almost sub merged beneath thowavo. He bidsfare weU to loisuro, friends, private life-oil that makos oxistonco endurnblo. Tho guineas accumulate, tlio chocks, tho bank-notes; thoro aro plethoric invest ments, o lordly income. Hut a man's in come for nil purposes of onioyment is not what ho gots, but what ho spends. Many mon who imogino that thoy aro in tho onioymont of a statoly incomo nro often, liko children, playing with little bits of paner that como in and littlo bits of paper tlrnt go out. Thoro is not so voiy "inch uso in a man getting ?15,000 a year if ho can hardly spend XI,600. But ns a rulo wo acquit great physicians of any mean lovo of lllthy lucre. Thoy hardly know tho sums which roll out of their pockets whon, worn out nnd harassed, thoy tumble into tho uucortain bod from which tho night-boll may orouso thorn. They would willingly tako leas of lucro for moro of leisure. The Washington Monument, n ft ^ SS^f,18 uo,r boiu? to liulali tlio Washington montunout, n fow items relativo to tho monumont may bo of interest. Tho plan of tho momunont is an obolisk 517 feot high, with a colon nado surrounding tho baso. Thoosti ?nJed oost of tho wholo work was 81,222,000. Iu six years from tho layinir of tho corner stone the obolisk had beon rniaod 170 foot and $230,000 had been oxpondod. After an ineffectual effort, III1 OoagtOBB to appropriate tho $200,000 originally votod, in 1859 tho Notional Wnahington Monument Association was incorporated by act of Congross. ? In 1847 contributions to ward the monument amouuted to moro . 'S.M10'.1848 S".0?. i" U1185110 WOO, ill 1852 to 831,000, 111 1803 to 830,000, fa 1854 to p mrnlptoW.MO.fa 18C1 to81),000, in 186i. to 810,000. Since tiint tJmo tbo luwoointiou lms received about 81,000 per nuiium. In 1872 iui oflbrt wm mjifa *mn?rvv? tg?.i lo appropriate 8200,000 to tlio monument. It wok re ferred to tlio committco on appronrin UOflH, but Irnfl nover been nctod upon. AlUiougb each Stato, two of tbo Terri tonca nutl different mvoruinouts nud nv socnitioiM nil over tbo world linvo eou tnbutcd blocks to gointothomonnmont, it is now only 17i foot high. In this, ns iu many oflior ontorprises ??rt? the pertinent quoation is, What has bocomo of tho monoy t" In this caso tho answers aro uuraoious. In tho first place, mnch of it wns colloctod by ogont*, each of whom recoived a per centago on tho amount collected. For oxamplo: Mr. A. is appointed township ogont; ho collocts some monoy, nnd in handing it in ho doducta five i>or cent, for collecting. Mr. B., who is county agont, hands in tho money collected by tlio township agents, deducting llvo per oout for his trouble. Mr. G\, who is State ogont, hands in whatovorho ro coivos, agnin doduoting flvo per cont. for his labors. Tims, of ovory dollar five couts goes to tho object intoudod, and tho other ninoty-avo to collectors, nironts. clorks, secretaries, etc. About a Wifo Whlpper. Jnsticos of tho ponoo do not liko wifo wrappers, nnd whon ono of thoso follows npjHjared boforo a Detroit juatico ho was sentenced nftor tho following fashion: It s mighty good for somo of theso old grizzlies that I hain't a womnu! Do you know that if I wero a fond wifo nnd mother, nud ray darling husband should como homo from his doily toil and black my oyo tlrnt I'd hit hiin with tho wholo 1 woodshed nt onco 1 Yes, I would. About tho tirno ho struck mo he'd think n meoting-houso hod tumbled over on him I Yes, it's n good thiug for thoso old wifo-ponndors that my fothor wasn't a woman I (And ho wnlkod up nnd down bronthing hnrd nud olonching his cont collar.) I wish I oould novo you whipped, ho said to tho prisoner. I wish I could havo von Hod to a grating oud whipped round tho iloet, until thoro wns not a sound pioco of flesh ns big ns ahaselnqt on your wholo body, ido. But I can't do tlmt, ond so up you go to tlio county houao for sixty days, and if you don't como away from tlrnt place outiroly satisfied with wifo wlilpping, then I inistnko tho ohnrnotor of tho pioco whom you nro to spond your next two mouths. Apoploxy Is less froquont with womon than with mon. I THE MAMA FOR STUIKKS. Tie lunoreut Prople who MutTrr by TbrUl ?Home UclliTiloiit un Nirlkra In General. Oao of tho most interesting facts iu the history of tlio loug period of depres sion and disaster through which the business community has boon passing, says tho Now York Timet, is tho num ber of Btrikes that havo taken placo. Those illustrato very forcibly tho tinaat isfoctory condition of the relations be* tween employers and employed. At a timo wheu tho intorcttts of both classos Arc, in reality, jjeculinrly conndCfot)/ anil when it is not ouly desirable but ueeefl sary for both that there should bo tho least possible friction, tho employed have felt impelled to resort to. tho most ex treme of all measures to protect thorn solves from their share of the general distress. Tho consequence, in nearly overy caso, has been that they liavo not only failed in carrying out tuo immedi ate purpose of their coorcivo measures, but thoy havo inflicted groat injury on their employers, on themselves, auil oil thousands who were involuntarily and helplessly involved with them. It is estimated that tho strike of tho Pitts burgh puddlers, some soveutcon hun dred in number, compelled tho idleness of nearly twenty thousand laborers, and produced a loss in tho business of ten millions of dollars Supposing that this estimate is an exaggerated one?of wliicli we havo no certain knowledge?it must still bo obvious that tho loss to iuuocout porsons must havo been very great. Tho striko in tlio coal mines along tho lino of tho Heading railroad is a caso still more remarkable. This began on tho 1st of Janunry. Is is still in force. It has already reduced many families to tho vorgo of starvation. It must either fail of its immediate purpose, or it must produco an advancc in tlio prico of coal, that will satisfy tho operators that they can afford to comply with the terms of tho strikers. In tho former case, tho loss in wages will bo very great, but will only cover a small part of tho loss ac tually inflicted. Tu<) striko lias been so strict and general, that in many collieries tho operators havo been unable to nro euro tho labor necessary to keep their mines froo from water, or to protect thorn against tho injury, which is not only immensely expensive but very dan gerous. It will coot largo sums of luonoy, and, in all probability, a number of human lives, to bring thoso initios into a condition whero general labor can bo resumed in them at any prico. If tho strikers succeed, not only tho dilTorenco thoy claim in wages, but tho cost of these repairs will liavo to bo borno by tho consumers. Who are tho consumers? Directly or indirectly, thoy aro laborers liko tho miners themselves. Every dollar added to tho prico of tho manufacturer's coal, must, in tho present condition of business, bo mostly deduct ed from tho wages of lalwr. Demand for manufactured goods is dull; competi tion is not only active but desperate. Both tlioBo influences tend to lower wages, niul if this is resisted in tho cool mines, tho difference must bo mado up elsewhere. 4How certainly this is tho caso can bo seen from tho returns of tho coal trado itself. Tho supply sent for ward tliis year is loss by more thou lialf a million tons (073,222) thou it was last year, which is a falling off of nearly twelvo per cent. This is an approxi mate indication of tho falling off in tho domiuid for labor iu manufactures, but tlmt lias been greater rather than loss tluui lioro indicated, because tho severe winter has increased tho domestic con sumption of coal, and so far compensated for the reduced consumption in manu factures. Wo need not hero rocito the strikes tlmt liavo taken placo in othor trades during tho post winter. Our readers aro sufficiently famdiar with them. As a rule thoy liavo l>ocn failures, and tho authors of them liavo suffered sovoroly. Wo wish that wo wcro able to say that thoy alone luul suffered. Theso strikes show, as wo liavo remarked, how very crudo, unsatisfactory, and costly aro tho relations of labor and capital. Instead of co-operation there is practical war. It may bo, and intelligent men know that it is truo, that labor and capital havo at bottom a common interest, and tlmt there iu a common policy which thoso who control both could profitably pur sue. But on tho surface and for tlio present, nothing but a continual, irrita ting, costly conflict scorns to bo possible. Thero in, of course, tho oncouragiiig reflection in this case that tho cxperionco of nil parties to tho conflict tonds to ulti mate harmony. Tho first condition of that harmony is that it shall bo plain ou both Rides that self-interest demands it, and tho only way in which this can bo accomplished is by exporienco. Dis mission, bosod on recognised facts, will go a great ways, but tlio chief itisf mo tion must como in tho time-honored school. Iu this light it cannot bo do uiod tlmt tlio recent Btrikes may prow lessons as vnluablo as thoy havo boon oxpeiisivo. Tho Cities mid tho Working People. Thero is hardly a city in tho Unitod States, says tho Boston Transcript, which docs not contain more people than can got a fair, honest living by labor or trodo, iu tho best times. When times of business depression como, liko thoso through which wo havo nassod and nro passing, thoro is a largo class that must bo holpml to koon thom from cruel suffering. Still tho citios grow, whilo wliolo regions of tlio country?eniMioially its older portions? aro depopulated year by year. Yot tlio fact is patont to-day that tho only pros nerotui class is tlio agricultural. Wo liavo now tho anomaly of thrifty fanners and starving'tradesmen. Tlio agricul tural class of tho Wost are prosporous, Thoy had a good crop last year, and liavo recoived good prices for all tlioir tiro ducts; and whilo tho cities are in tronblo, nnd manufactories are funning on half timo, or not running at all, tho Wostora farmor has monoy in his pocket, and a ready market for ovorything ho lias to soil. Tho country must bo fod, nnd ho foods it. Tlio city family may do with out clothos, and a thousand luxurious appliances, but it must havo bread nnd moat. Thoro is nothing that can prevent tho steady prosperity of tho American farmor lint tho combinations nnd "corners" of middlemen, that forco un natural conditions upon tho fluoucos and markets of tho country.- 1 A Mammoth Sheep Farm. Tho Victoria stock farm is in tho heart of Kansas, and is already an immense esiiiU*, and Mr. Grant is now in treaty for the purchase of tho wliolo oountv of Ellis, comprising about nine hundred square miles or G70,000 acres. This would b? larger, with one uScoption, than any estate held by any dukedom in Europe. It is the intention of tho owners of the farm to devote tliemwlve* to stock raising, much of tho stock now being sheep. Tho Hook Humbert* 10,000, and the success in wintering stock has determhied Mr. Qraut to in crease his flock, his aim being to liavo a flook of 100,000 of improved breeds wi th in five years. Ho lias also largely im proved his stock ol cattle, having Upward of flvo hundred young cows, which havo l>oen crowed with imported hulls of the higheat jwdigreo. Mr. Grant bolioves in sheltering cattle through the winter and feeding thorn when necessary. Many of tho sheep aud cattle owners of tho West, during the past winter, lost nearly o'uo-half of their , stock, throngh exposure and cold, whilo Mr. Grant lias not lost moro thau one prrcent. Tho cost per head for food averagod about thirty cents. II is feed for slicop on stormy days is an allowauco of crushed corn, which C03ts about one cent per day per head. Iu deferonco to his head shepherd, who was an advocate for hay, Mr. Grant divided a Hook of '2,G00 young shoep, feeding ono-holf on hay and tho other on crushed corn. The death rate was twenty-four to ono, in favor of Ihoso fed on crushed corn. In stormy weather, ho now feeds on crushed cora idtogcther, which can bo done at a great saving of labor. One man can <>asily provide tho crushed cora and put it iuto tho biusfor 10,000 shoep por tiny, while it requires Ave men to feed hay. Mr. Grant has experimented success fully with alfalfa clover, and intouds to sow three hundred acres this season, l>o lioviug it to bo tho best feed for cattlo and sheep. Convincod that prevention is better than euro, ho has a Hhoop-bnth iu which ho dips his sheep twico a year, immediately after shearingand at tin end of tho summer, and by his arrangements ho can dip 8,000 sheep per day. A solu tion of twontv pounds of tobacco and (Ivopounds of sulphur to tho ouehuudred giUlons of water is prepared by beiug boiled for two hours in two tanks, hold ing each 1,000 gallons, and used in the bath at a temperature of ono huudrcd and twouty degrees Fahrenheit. The solution is then run into a trough twenty four feet long aud six foot doep, and tho sheep aro driven up to it in singlo ttlo, through a namw pacwigo on a level with tho top, aud fall into tho water. After swimming through the water, tho sheep ascend from tho lmth by steps to a dripping corral or inclosure, wnero they remalu uutil tho wash rtuis back into tho bath, so that nothing is wasted. Tho cost is about two cents per head for oach bath, and yiolds to tho owner a re turn iu wool, from tho unproved condi tion of tho sheep, of nt least half a poiuul, and worth twontycouta per head. This bath also keeps out scalw, tick, aud other vermin to which sheep aro sub ject. Scvornl interesting experiments iu crossing imported stock will bo mado this summer, and tho results carefully noted. 1 Fashion Notes. Tho prottiost overskirts for wash dresses of linen, gingham, muslin, or batiste, says a fashion journrd, have all their fullness held by shirring on tho sides, nud this shirring is arranged in drawing cases that can l>o loosened and easily lanndriod. Gray undressed linen in perform! to buff, but ccru batisle will still bo worn, and associated with black volvot bows aud skirts, also with shir rings of black silk let in tho sleeves, and sot on tho corsago iu vest shapo or as a pompadour squaro; in tlio latter coao the lower skirt should also lie of blapk silk. Ecru muslin wrought all ovor iu open Hamburg patterns is also offered again for polonaises and overdresses. This will be worn, oven during midsummer, over a brown or block velvet skirt. Later hi tho summer suits of fine Scotch gingliam will bo worn at tho watering-places, in tho country, at pic nics, and for traveling Bhort journeys. Theso fabrics aro sent to Paris in tho piece, and onr merchants import cos tumes of them as elaborately and with as nmch attention to stylo as are tho handsomest dresses of camel's-hnir or silk. Irregular plaids of browu or black with whito aro largoly imported, whilo striped suits show gay contrasts of blue with roso or with ccru, or olso brown and buff with black, or almost nny color with white. Tho Madras colore and combinations aro well represented. This gcuuino Scotch gingliam costs soventy nvo cents a yard, and is very different from much that is offorod under that namo and sold for thirty or forty ceuts. Tho objection to imported suits of wash materials is tliat they aro so often ramlo with closo-fltting basques, and this is tho caso with the fresh and protty gingham suits. Tho basques of plaid giugham aro cut to show tho plaid bias, and this has a very pretty effect, but does not wash well. Tho overskirt has a deep apron, either pointed, round, or square, aud there aro loopod tabs behind. Stripod gingham suits are similarly made, but aro trimmed with kuifo-iilaited rit files arranged to mako a particular color up permost on each plait A Victim of 1lio Measles, Tho measles aro visiting tho Upton (Mass.) famines now, and tlio latest vic tim is a pot dog in the lamilv of Goorgo Walker. Major was a valuablo New foundlander, who rognlarly " took " tho disenso from tho children, lmviiig a cough aud ovory symptom that attends this sickness in tho human faniilv. Tln-y doctored 1dm and ho got along nlcoly for a fow days, but ho perversely ran out in tho buow, which npparontly gave him a chill, tho measles struck iu, and death , closed tho sceno. Terriblo Death. A boy in Now York went to tlio eleva tor ontranco of tho third story of tho Union Tolegranh bulldiug n:;d thrust Ills head through tho oponing at tho sido of tho door to look down to tho biso raeut Tho car, wliloh was rapidly de scending, struck tho toy's head at tho i baio of tho skull and out off kLi head nbovo tho ears and eyebrows. ' Cjje gcmanat. HATES OP ADVB1?^It5JuCJo One Urn lin#e or Uw.one Uwertion M.w Pur each inbMquent ituenum M JiieStyuaro, 12 Bwntitf....?????,no 'tie-fourth of a oulutiio, 13 months ? ^ a column, 12 months -.'qq One column, 12 montlm.......-???? ?????' " "xr&S < M?S?SBSVSS!SaS SHoUT Length* Obltmrt mu>t be itilil for. WAU lrRftl ncJJ1J aro chargoJ to U>o attorney yrwienUng fyxUUratu to parts* during more than or* I jo's PRINT XKTCr I Neatly and TrompUy Exocutod at this Office. Items of Merest. Always marry tho girl you lovo boat? that iB, if sliaLll lutvo you. There are two hundred and sixty in ilea of street railways in Pennsyl vania. ? ,, , Olo Bull is sixty-flvo years old, ami lio has a colloctiou of twenty-four fiddles. Every husband thiuks that ho can tamo a shrew except tho poor fellow that has hor. If a mau is insana upon tho subject of money, is his disease monomania, or monoymania ? An ontire family in Harrison, Ohio, has been made insane by a Btroko of lightning which hit their house. An impudont adveuturer having mar ried an heiress, a wit romarko I that tho bridegroom's brass was outshono by tho bride's tin. # Mr. Moody, tho American revivalist, who is now making so many converts in Loudon, was a colonel ui .tho Umtud States army. Mysterious Littlo Johnny?"1 heard somebody crying in there, aud it wnm t ma nor tho doctor." SiBsy-" Maybo it was tho kitten." A veteran shopkeeper says that, al though his clerks aro vory talkative dur ing tho day, they aro always ready to shut up at night. When a Detroitor was asked tho other day by a traveler if ho had oyer been in Brooklyn, ho hastened to reply : Do I look liko onu of that sort of mou, sir f Tho Vancelmrg Kcntuaklm remarks: A farmor lives on tho uverago sixty-llvo years, a printer thirty-throe. Hio former should pay tho latter promptly. Now Zealand prohibits females from attending public schools, holding tlint ft woman does not need book learning to onablo her to split wood and hoe "So paper makers say tlint tho rags they have received this year aro more threadbare than usual, which thov ut tributo to tho general provulouco of liard tunes. , , It is estunntod tluk 00,000,000 bushels u( wliunt will l?> marketed iu tlio United Status within the next m;ict.T J" present prices here, thia wuiilu bring 878,000,000. A II vo hundred pound ParroU she, lately used for brooking iron in 1 oolukill, wiw tilled willi water wlileli frozo solid and hurst tho shell into three picocs,nl though tho iron WHS upwnrd? of llirco inches thick. Tho Lowiston Journal snys tlint tlio word " mosquito " vanquished?, ?oc?l gathering in that city, m wllich th spelling mania hnd hrokou out. It ww too much lor n doctor of dW^'JV" judge, n professor of language, to say nothing of lens lcnruod people. "Jack in tho ruli.it," in SU XM>ola? for April, says: For llvo yenrs past n rich farmer ill our noighto^oiKl ha" mado n stamlilig offer of 810,000 in gold for a double let of cows tooth-that is, tho upper nud lowor rows coraplote. Yet his offer has never been taken up. A captain in tho navy, ? ?'.;tiiir " friend as ho lauded, Iwnsted that lio lind left his whole ship's oommny the happi; oaf fallows in tho world. "How urn ?Aed his friond. "Why, Ihavojust Hogged seventeen, and they an> hnpi y it is over; and all tlw nut aro happy that they have escaped." Cowdon Clark Wis a story of a,gou tleman who, lately, in making sin?' of hU income to the tax commUrioi ora. wroto on tho paper : For tlio last threo years my iucoino 1ms boon somewhat under ?150; in futuro it will bo mow precarious, as tlio mau is dead of whom I borrowed tho monoy. A Pittsburgh critic remarked that " Miss Boldeuo'a mouth wiw ??'W0'1'? of tho Mammoth cave, and th? next night, when ho presented hunsolf for nd mlttanoo, tho French busmess mnnagoi told him: "Sot lit nil, ?ir; you no soo Mo Mominotli onto to-night ?nder?iny zoerkoomntnuces. Vo vill till you uo teokets," . . Jckvll told Mooro of a man who lmd mid his eating cost nlmc?t " on Sunday," said he, " I always with an old friend, ami then rot somuch tlmt it hints until Wednosdny, J lniv somo tripe, which I hato ww wio ol/boy, nud which accordingly makes moiw sick tlint I aumoteat anymore nutii Sunday again. It takes a Pittsburgh paper togrMpa problem and wring tliojiuoeoltofit. Says tlio Under: If nn ico bridge thirty-llvo miles iu diameter were built from the earth to tho moon and pro tfctod from dissolving till ?w^'i'g was roiuly, tho beat of tho mn Jirniwl on suddenly would melt it, Ml tho walor nnd dwsipnto the wholo business iu vapor in ono socond. Tho contents of the stomach of n troiit weighing forty pounds lately sent from Michigan to SiVnshIngtou in Uii? Btate, wero found to consist of ciglit dlstiuct llshes six of which mensnrcd twelTO inches In length each, and tlio other two eight inches each, making n tohduf soven feet and four inches of Ml in n trout forty-tliree Inelios long. Iho oight lay sldo liy side, tho heads nnd tails being partly digested. The lUtlle of Life. A nowsboy arrested iu New York testi fied. nnd to tho ratisfsclion of the wort, that sineo he was seven yearsi old he had mado his own liyiug During tills timo, his mother, mnilyx?l, ZiuVho^ital, mahto /?who was blind, mis under chargo of tho county. Tlio littlo fellow hw ^Ued manfully for life, nnd most of the to had nahl tlirco dollars a week for his lioariF, besides sending liui mother atid father dollcocios frequently. Ho wnH discharged. Keep Awny. Tlio son of n subscrilwr of? Now York paper rcceivos tho following in reply to a lettor asking wluit chanoo thoro was for him to got work in tho city: If y0" wiso you will not think of coming to Now "tork nt this timo to work at your So Jinny tkou?d,of,rrK of stiuration.