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^^>ubliebad Every Monday, U WESTOH, LBWIS COUBTK, W. 7A. J. W. WOFFOJDIN * CO., EDITORS AND MorMErOlia. TEUM3 0? BUB8CHIPTI0N: Ritm Month*. .W i Jix Month*........ LOO j JdcImt.....' 100 i criarinuoLt a Adtikctljb The 014 Story. * By the pleasant path* wo know All familiar flower* would grow, Though we two were gone 5 Moon and aUra would riae and eat. Dawn tlio haggard night forget, And tfia world move on. Spring woitfd carol throngh the wood, Life be 0 juiited eweet and good, Whilo the aeanouH aped; WlHtur Uonua would prore thelrmfghfc, Wintor front* mako bold to bite, Cloud* lift overhead; Still tbo Hiincet light* would glow, Htlll tho heaTou-appointed bow In it* place be hung 5 Not ono dower the lee* would bloom, Though wo two had met our doom, Not one aong the lee* be *ung. Other lorer* throngh the dew Would go loitering, two and two, When tho day was douo, Lip* would pan* tho kiaa dirine, Heart* would beat like jour* and mine? Heart* that beat a* one. OX TUB MISSISSIPPI RITBR. Hoir Ike ntot.' Aiaorlntlon wu Orjranlzrd mill Urewto bn n.Highly Power. Mark Twain in his mugazino skotohcs, "Old Times on tho Mississippi," givoa us An interesting sketch of tno organiz ins of tlid pilots into an association. The pilots hid grown nnmcrotxs, each one liaving an apprentice to do his work for him, and wages had run down from very high figures to about $125 per month. A dofcon of tho old pilots who had been receiving m much as a oool thousand dollars a month oould not stand this. They goto special charter, with largo powers, under the namo of the Pilots' Bonovolont Association; oloctod their oflloers, completed their organization, contributed capital, put "association" wages up to two hundred and fifty dol lars nt onco?and then rotirod to their homos, for they were promptly dis charged from employment But there were two or three unnotiood trifles in their by laws which had the seeds of , propagation in them. For inatanoe, all ldlo members of tho association, in good standing, were entitled to a pension of twonty-flvo dollars per month. This bogim to bring in ono strngglor after nn othorfroni the ranks of the now-fledged pilots, in tho dull (summer) soason. Hotter Iiavo twenty-five dollars than rtarvo; the initiation fee was only twolve dollars, and no dues required from tho unomplovod. Also, tho widows of deoeasod members in good standing could draw tweuty-flvo dollars per month, and a certain sum for each of their childron, Also, the said doceasod would be buried at the associ ation's oxpense. Tlieso things reaurroct od all tho snperanuuated and forgotten pilots in tho Mississippi valley, Thoy enrao'from farms, they camo from inte. rior yiUuce*, they camo from overy whoro. .Thoy came on crntchos, on drays, in ambulances?any way. bo they got thoro. Tliev paid in' thoir twelve dollars, and strniglitway began to draw out twenty-five dollars a month aadcal culato their burial bills.' By nnd-byo, all tho useless, helpless pilots, and a dozen first-class ones, woro in tho association, and nine-tenths of tho bost'pilot8 oat of it and laughing at it It was a laughing-stock of the wholo river. Everybody was derisively grate ful to tho association for taking oQ the! worthless pilots out of tho way and loav-, ing the wMo field to tho ezcellont and | dosorving ; and everybody was not only jocularly grateful for that, bnt for a re sult which naturally followed, namoly, tho gradual ndvanco of wages as the busy season approached, wagoa.hnd gone up from tho low figure of one hun dred iollara a mbnth to one hundred and twenty-fivo, and in some oases to ono huudrodaqd fifty ; and it was great fun to onlargo upon tho fact that this charming thiug bad been accomplished by < body of mon not one of whom re* ooived a porffclo of benefit from it Sprno of the jokers used to call at tho as sociation rooms and havo a good time chaffing'tho members and ofleriug thorn the charity of taking them as steersmen for a trip, so that thoy could see wjiat the forgotten river looked like. How* ovor, the association was content; or nt least it gavo no sign to tho contrary. Now and thon it aapttued a pilot who was "oat of luck/' and added him to its list; aud theae later additions wero vory valuable, for they wero good pilots; tho incompetent ones had all been ab sorbed before. As business freshened, wages climbed grndually up to two hun dred and fifty dollars?tno association figuro?ftudbecame firmly fixod thoro: aud still without benofitlug a mornber of that body, for no member was hired. Tho hilarity at tho association's expense burst all bounds, now. There was no end to the fun which that poor martyr had to put up with. Winter approached, business doubled and trebled, and an avalanche of, Mis souri, Illinois, and Upper Mississippi river boats camo pouring down to take a chance in tho Now Orleans trade. All of a suddon, pilots wero in great de mand, and woro correspondingly scaroe. Tho time for rovongo was oomo. It was a bitter pill to have to acoept associa tion pilots at last, yet captains and ownors agreed that there was no otlior way. But nBne of theso outcasts offer ed I 80 thore was a still bitterer pill to be swidldwed; they must be sought out and oskod for their services. Captain ? was tho first man who found it noooMuy to tako tho dow.and he lad born th. londoat tlrrijcr of tho organi Brttion, Ho huntod up ono of the boat of tho aaaoriation pilot, and aald: "Well, yon boy? ham rather ipt tho beat of u. for ? Uttlo while, no I'll giro In with aa good a gram aa I owl Ire oomo to hire Yon; get yourtrnnk aboard right away. 'I ? ?ot to at twelve o'clock." "I don't know abont thai Who 1> your other pilot I" r "I'TOgoil. 8. -Whjrl" "I can't go with him. Ho don t be long to tho annotation." "What I" "It'.M," "Do yon moan to tell mo that yon won't turn a whool with on. of tho Tory b?t and old?.t pUoto on the rlra bocauM h. don't Wong to yonr aaaooto Mr ??Yes,Ldo." ?? Well, if that isn't palling on airs! I I supposed I *m doing you a.benoVo lonoe; but I begin to think that I am I tlio party that wants a favor done. Are you acting under a law of the oon 1 corn!" ??Yea." ??Show it to me." So they stepped into the association roomB, and tho secretary soon satisfied the captain, who said: ??Well, what am I to do? I have hirod Mr. 8. for tho eutire season.." "I will provido for yon," said tho I secretary. ?? I will detail a pilot to go with you, and he shall bo on board at twelvo o'clock." ??But if I discharge S., he will come ou mo for tho vrholo season's gCH. . ? Of course that is a matter between you and Mr. S., captain. Wo cannot meddle in your private affairs." Tho captain stormed, but to no pur pose. In tho ond ho had to discharge S., pay him abont a thousand dollars, aud take an association pilot in his place. Tho laugh was beginning to turn the other way, now. Every day, thenceforward, a now victim fell; ovory day some outraged captain diKfoarged a non-association pet, with tears and profanity, and installed a hated associa tion man in his berth. In a very little while,idlo non-associationists began to bo pretty plenty, brisk as business was, and much as their services wero desired. Soon all tho laughers that were left wore tho owners aud crews of boats tlmt | had two non-assooiation pilots. But their triumph was not very long-livod. For this reason: It was a rigid rule of I the association that its members should never, undor any circumstanoes what ever, give information about the channel I to any ?? outsider." By this timo about | half tho boats had none but association pilots, and tho other half had none but outsiders. At tho first glanoo one would supposo thut whou it came to forbidding information about tho river those two parties could play equally at that game; ; but this was not so. At evory good sized town from one end of the river to tho other, there was d " wharf-boat' to Und at, instead of a wharf or a pier. Froightwus stored in it for transporter tiou, waiting possengers slept in its cab ins. "Upon each of these wharf-boats tho association's officers placed a strong box, fastenod with a poouliar look which was used in no other servioo but one? the United States mail servioo. It was tho letter-bag lock, a sacred govern mental thing. By dint of much beseech Every association man carried a key whicn would open theso boxef. That key, or rather a peculiar way of holding it vx the hand when its owner was asked for river information by a Btrauger-for tho buocobs of tho St. Louis and Now Orleans association had now bred tol erably thriving branches in a dozen neighboring steamboat trades?was tho ansociation man's sign and diploma of membership; and if tho stranger did not respond by producing a similar key and holding it in a certain manner duly pro scribed,his question waapolitely ignored. From tho association's secretary each member rooeived a package of more or leas gorgeous blanks, printed like a bill head, ou handsome paper, properly ruled in columns. Theso blanks wore filled'np, day by tart-jnoe,o? = Ear instanoo, ns ?<>ou M the ilrst cross ing, out (torn Bt. lotus, to orfmpleted, tho items would bo entered upon the blank, under tho appropriate bonding, Louis. Nine and a half (feet); Stem on court house, hmdoudead Cottonwood abovo woodywd, until you d(me'Xt who dopoeited m tho Cairo box (alter adding to it tho do tails ol every erasing all the wav down from St Louis) took out and read hafa dozen fresh reports (from upward bonnd ?steamers) consenting the mer be'*""1 SuS^Sd MemplSs, iPo.ted Wmrff thoroughly, rotnruod them to the boi, and weut back slKXml boot agnin M armed a^aiiM wddent th.t he,could "thSSTbSn^g the most Ingenious iwonty-fonr hours old. If r.T in tho last boi chanced to leave any misgiiings on his mind .oon iwriinir a treacherous crosmng, ho had IdTromedy; ho blow his steam whisilo ? .. .iiar way M ?oon as Uo saw a ">? Pgg?l.3 tto signs! wna an ^PtoTt".di?r way?Wbopi TuiTwiro association men i ?nd then K'T.osSaSranged alongside and iSl unoertsintiee wore swept W by fresh information furnished to the in Sr by word of mouth and in minute Kta i? taf iS MR of ">? ri?r tat SfiMi i themselves with brag and laughter. be gan to foel pretty uncomfortable. Still, they mado a show of koeping np the brag, until one black day when every cor&iid of the lot was formally ordered immediately to discharge his outsider* andtako association pilots in their stead. And who was it that had the gaudy presumption to do that t Alas, it come from a power behind tho throno that was greater than the throne itself. It was tho underwriters! Tho latter ha. I come to oomprehend the excellonoeof the "re port " system of the association and the safety it secured, and so they had made their decision among themselves und upon plain business principles. There was weeping and wailing and gnashing of teeth in the camp of the outsiders now. But no matter, there was but one courso for them to pursue, and they pursued it They oamo for ward in couples and groups, and prof fered their twelve doflarsand asked for membership. They were surprised to loarn that several new by-laws had been long ago added. For inBtanoe, tho initi ation feo had been raised to fifty dollars; that sum must be tendered, and also ten percent, of tho wages whioh the appli cant had received each and every month sinco tho founding of tho association. In many casos this amounted to throe or four hundred dollars. Still, the associa tion would not entertain the application until the monoy was present. Even then a single adverse vote killed the ap plication. Every member had to vote yos or no in person, and before wit nesses ; so it took weeks to decide a can didacy, because many pilots were so 16ng absent on voyages. However, tho repentant pilots scraped their savings together, and ono by one, by our tedious voting proocss, they wero added to the fold. A time came, at last, when only about ten remainod outside. They saia thoy would starve before they would ap ply. Thev remained idle a long while, because of oourso nobody oonld venture to employ thorn. By-and-bye tho association published the fact that upon a certain dato tho wages would bo raised to five hundred dollars per month. All the branch as sociations had grown strong now, and tho Bed river ono had advanoed wages to seven hundred dollars a month. .Re luctantly tho ten outsiders yielded, in viow of theso things, and made applica tion. Thore wns another new by-law, by this time, whioh required them to pay dues not only on all the wagos they had received sinco the association was born, but also on what they would liavo received if they had continued at work up to the time of their application, in stead of going off to pout in idleness. It turned out to be a difficult matter to elect thorn, but it was accomplished at Inst. The association had a good bank ac count now, and was very strong. There was no longor an outsider. A by-law was added forbidding tho reooption of any morooubs or apprentioos for five years; after which time a limited num bor would bo taken, not by individuals, but by the association, upon theso terms: the applicant must not be less than eighteen years old, of respoctablo family and good character; ho must pass an examination as to education, pay a thousand dollars in advance for tho privilege ofbocomingnn apprentice, and muHt remain under tho commands of tho association until a great part of the membership (more than half, I think) should bo willing to sign his application for a pilot's license. All previously-articled apprentices wero now taken awav from their masters and adopted by tho association. Tho Si resident and secretary detailed them or servico on ono boat or another as they chose, and ohanged thorn from boat to boat according to certain rules. If a pilot oould show that ho was iu in firm noalth and neoded assistance, one of the cubs would be ordered to go with him. Tho widow and orphan list grew, but so did tho association's financial re sources. Tho association attended its own funernls in state, and paid for thorn. When occasion demanded, it sent mem bers down tho river upon searchos fer the bodies of brethren lost by steamboat accidents; a search of this kind some times cost a thousand dollars. Tho Association procured a charter and went' intq tho insuranoo business also. Si' not only insured the lives 'of its members, but took risks on steam boats. It oontinuod to growuntil the railroads and tho war broko up tho steam boat business on the .river, and some goniusfrom tho Atlantic coast introduood the plan of towing a,dozen steamer cargoes down to Now Orleans at the tail of a vulgar little tug-boat, when the glory bf the pilot was at an end. A Dangerous BnilnAs. Tho shark fishery of the northern ice sea in tho bay of Terdborekya and tho peninsula Kola has recently beon re vived. Two kinds of shark are found in this region, tho Greenland shark and tho basking slioVk. They frequently assem ble in shoals, and boats engaged in the fishery are often surrounded by a hun dred or more of these sea hyenas greedy for prey. Tho Russians fish near tho coast with small boats holding four mon. Anchoring at a certain distance from the land, ,tHey sink a vessel pieroed with holes, containing oil, tallow, or other fat, which tho sea currents distribute in tho neighborhood. This attracts the sharks, and they are caught with baited hooks attached to iron chains, as thoy could instantly bite through tho strong, est rope. Throo of the mon pull the fish toward the boat, and tho fourth Btands ready with a woodon hammer weighing twonty pounds to striko with all his foroe the moment the head appears. The shark is then cut open, tho oil taken and its swimming bladder inflated. It is then cast adrift to float, as if allowed to sink the other sharks would eat it and not care, for other bait Sometimes tho sharks surround a boat so thickly that it oonnot escape, and tho crow are killed. In Franoe cheap wood" is now mtfle to perfoctly imitate mahogany. The but face Is treated with nitrous add. Then a mixture of an ounoo and a half of dra gon's blood, a pint of aloohol, and some carbonate of soda is put on with a soft brush. Furniture thus prepared cannot be distinguished from gonuine ma* hogany. UNDER THE SKA. Au Knrly Uny Flood In Itollimd?Not ft IMeiumut l'luco id Uve. A Write* Itt MbiW** AtoillM}) lifts boon giving Bomo very interesting and instructive articles on Holland, ita poo-1 plo, auil tholr peculiarities. Holland, it in known, in lite tho lower Mississippi bottom lands, lower than tho level or the soa wliicli surrounds it, aud nothing bnt extonsive and costly dikes or levees keep tho waters from ponring in upon the laud and its people. Breaks in the , dike, mil innncUttoM baro ooenrrml with great low ot lllo and property. The inundation of November, '1870, is i thus described: A continued and violont gale from the northwest had long boen sweeping the Atlantic waters into tho North sea, and had now piled them up on tho frngUe coasts of tho provinces. The dikes, tasked beyond their strength, burst in every direction. The cities of Flanders, to a considerable distance inland, wore snddonly invaded by tho waters of the i ocean. The whole narrow peninsula of North Holland was in imminent dangor of being awept away forever. Betrnen Amsterdam and Moydon the great Die mer dike was brokon through in twelve oUoes. I The Hand-lx*, a bulwark form od of oaken piles, fostenod with meUd clamps, moored with iron anchors, and secured by grovol and granite, was snapped to pieces liko packUiroad. The "Sleeper,"adiko thus colled, because it was usually left in repose by the ele ments, oxcopt in great emergencies, ftlono held firm, aud prevented the consummation of the catastrophe, BtiU the ocean poured in upon tho land with terrible fury. Dorp, Rotterdam, Mil many othor citios wero, for a time, al most submerged. Along tho coast, fish ing vessels, and even ships of larger alzo, woro floated up into tho country, whero they entangled thomselvos in groves and orchards, or -beat to pieces tho roofs and walls of houses. The de struction of life aud property was enor mous throughout the maritime ?prov incos, but in Friesland the dosoktion was complete. Thero nearly all the dikes and sluices wero dashod to Irog monts; tho oouutrv, far and wide, con verted into nu angry sea. Tho Btoeplos and towors of inland cities becamo ialands of tho ocean. Thousands of human boings wero swrot out of exist enco in ft fow hours. Wnolo districts of territory, with their villages, farms and ohurches, were rent from their places, borne along Jiy the foroe of . tho waves, sometimes to- l>o lodged to another port of the country, sometimes to bo ontirely ingulfed. Multitudes of mon, women, children, of horses, oxen, Bheep, and every domestic animal, were struggling in tho wovoS in ovory direction.- hvonr boot, aud every nrtldo which could sorve as a boot, was osgerly seised upon. Every houso was inundated; even tlie gravoyahls gavo up. their dead. Tho firing infant in liin cradle, and tbo long buriod corpiw in lib cuffln. floated ?!ilo by side. Tbo imciont flood lyemwl about to bo renewed. ETmywliore upon tho top* of troM, npon tbo steeples of churches?human boings wore clus terod, praying to Ood lor mercy, and to their follow men for assistance. As the storm ot last was subsiding, baits began to ply in ovoir direction, saving those who wore still struggling in the water, picking fugitives* from roofs and troo tops, and collocting the'bodies of those already drowned. ? Colonel Bo bles, Seigneur de Billy, formerly much liated for his Spanish and Portuguese blood, made himself very ftotiye in this humane work. By his exertions, and tlioso of tho troops belonging to Gronin gen, many lives wero resouod, and grati tudo replaced the ancient ouimosity. It was estimated that at loast twenty thou sand persons woro destroyed m the 1 provinco of Friosland alone. Through out tho Netherlands, ono hundred thou sand porsons perished. Tho damage done to property, tho number of animals ingulfed in the sea, wero almost incalcu able. . "' ; ' Col. Jim Bowie. A correspondent of the Now York Tri bune relates tho following: I remember a story I hoard forty or fifty years ago. A stage ooach was going along an Arkansas road. On tho back seat wore tliroo women; on tho middlo ono, two men. tall and muscular; while tho for ward seat hold only ft small man, wrap pod up completely in a blanket, After a timoonoof the powerful mon on tho middlo seat lit a cigar and srnokod. Tho smcko went full in the face of one of tho womeu, who wns both young and timid. Sho sickened, and then requested tho man to Btop smoking. Tliis aroused tho ruffian in him, and lie roughly declared: "I havo paid my fare; it is customary to smoke, and I will smoke as much as I have a mind to." Aooordinglv he took out a fresh cigar, and started the smoke cloud again. The woman could only add that "Smokers ought not to forget to bo Sntlomou." This suggestion excited o man's rage to whito heat. At this | point the small man on the front seat laid aside his blankot, put his left hand on the knoe of tho onraged ruffian, in order to withdraw his attention from the woman and to himself, while with Ills right hand ho drew a bowio-knife from its case between his shoulder-blades. Pointing tho weapon at tho heart of tho brute, and lookfng him square to the eves, tho littlo man quickly said: "I am (jol/Jamos Bowio. and unless you throw that cigar away in ono minute, I will put this knifo into your heort, as truo as there is a God." The ruffian oompro hended in an instant with whom he hod to deal, and throw his cipTir out of tho window without adding a word. to. Bowio renlaoed his blanket about him, and relapsed into a condition ofupparent indifference. Some of tho restaurants In Carson, ?hoU??d*Sdwid ? mr'njwM b?nde<l on? larger ono. '1 How Urgo. a one do you A FAMOUS STKASHOl'Rd DISH, littoao liltthi fwi* flMi Hero is how (joiwo aro cooked at Htras bourg, as described by a visitor; Thoir proprietor explains that they aro all uiiio mouths old, rind have cost him, lean as they are, about two francs (fifty cents) apieco; lie then makos a sigu to half a dozen barb-armed girls, who iipcak no French, and, amid considerable commo tion and protest from tho remaining ninety-four, six geeso are collared and marcliod away to a collar Imlf under ground, whero wido and sloping stone tables are arranged in tiers an far as the eyo can see. In the murky light by some twenty air-holes, ono can at first distin guish nothing; but by-and-byo it be comes apparent that hundreds of geese are already lying strapped on their backs on tho upper tiers, and gasning hysteric things-^Jrobably words of lovu and en couragement?to ono another. Oar business being for tho moment at the lower tables, tho sis girls take each hor goose, lay it gently but firmly on the stone, so that its tail just projoots over tho ledge, aud then tie down its wings, body and legs tight with plaited whip cord?tho legs and wings being woil spread out, to paralyze anything like vigorous gymnastics. The bird's nock is left free, and it seems that during the lirst throe dap it makes a violent uso of it; but toward tho fourth day it arrivos at tho consciousness that by tho strug gling and croaking it does nothing 'to amend its lot, and from that tlmo it may be trusted to lie still for tho next seven weeks; that is, to tho hour of release and killing. Without pausing to boo all tho hundred goeso tied down, we may go at onoe to the.upper tiors, whero the birds that havo been lying for tlireo, flvoorsixweoks, respectively, aro taking their oase, and waiting to be fed by half a dozen othor Alsatian girls laden with largo wooden bowls. Each of theso is filled with a thick, white paste, mado of parboiled maize, chestuuts and buckwheat, most nourishing, and tho mode of administer ing tho dinuor is for tho girl to catch tho gooso by tho neck, open its bill with a little snneeze, and then ra\p three or four balls of the pnste down its throat with her middle flngor. Tho goose, liaving thus refreshed, resumes its slant ing position and digests till tho uezt timo of feeding, which arrives about two hours after, tho meals boiiig about six a Jhit now wo aro dono with tho womon; for a ponsivo mau?a connoisseur in tho obesity of goeso?breaks upon tho scene, climbs upon tho topmost tier of all, and proccocls to oxamiuo the birds that may be '' ripo." He lias an eyo as judicious as that of a gardener inspecting-melons; and his is the responsible tank of pro* nonncing what birds would ilio a nat ural death within twonty-fonr hours, if not dispatched beforehand. If a goose dies a natural death, it is good for nothing. It must bo unstrapped aud exeouted at tho precise psychological moment when naturo is growiug tired of supporting it; and tho Knack of dotoct iug that moment can only coroo of long practice, and fetches the possessor wages as large as thoso of a diamond valuer. Our pensivo functionary has not been a minute on the tablo before ho cortiflos four geeso ready for the slaughter. All four of thom have stomachs of tho size of pUmpkins, and from what ono can gather of their broken remarks, it is n sincere relief to theso when a oonple of malo acolytes climb up, looso their bonds, and bear them out of tho cellar to a pent lionso across the yard, full of knives aud chopping-blooks. A click with the chop per in tho nock of each, a rip with the knife, and in loss than live minutes after their transfer, tho carcasses of tho four victims aro lying in a heap, while their livers are being convoyed with all respect and caro to the truflling-hoiue. Tho carcasses, shriveled out of all taowledgo, aro sold for about eight penco apieco to peasauts, who mako soup out of them; tho livers are first cloaned, then put to scalo, and our four geoso aro docmrod grand birds, all of them, for their livers weigh from two and a half to throe pounds eaolu The noxt step is to tako each liver and laid it with trufllos, iu tho propor tion of half a poUnd of truffles to ono ponnd of liver, and thon to convoy it to an icerhonse, whero it remains on a marblo slab for a week, that the truffle perfume may thoroughly permeate it. At tho ond of a week each livor, being removod, is out into tho sizo required for the pot it in to fill, and introduced into that pot between two tliin layera of mince-moat, mado of the finest veal and bacon fat, both trnffled like the livor it self, and one inch depth of tho whitish lard is then sproad ovor tho whole, that nono of the savor may oscapo in tho baking. Tho baking takes about flvo hours, and absorbs all tho energies of four intelligent Frenchmen in white, who relay each othor tosoo that tho fire never bhutefl too high or sinks too low. When tho cooking is ovor, nothing re mains but to pack tho dainty either in tin, or earth, or wood, according as it may bo required for homo or foreign consumption, and to ship it to the four points ox tho compass. On Hoard the Schiller, A passengor on the ill-fated Bohiller in his statement to a London paper said: All wont well until Friday, and wo had a pleasant passage. On thnt day wo had cloudv woathor which, clearing nn before night, Was almost immediately followed by a thick fog. Wo wore thon near the shoro; but wo did not know wo woro. I wont to my borth about nino o'clock, and foil asleep. I was awakoned sooti by a bumping sound, which I thought was caused by tho anchor going. I was at onoe apprised that this could not be the canso of the noise by tho shouts and screams I heard, and putting on my olothos, J rushed on deok and soon found that tho ship was ashoro. I had heard tho ordors for tho onginos to bo rovorsed. but tho ship went on bumping sovoral times bofore she finally stopped. Tho result of this bumping was to break iu her bottom. Thero woro vorv fow in bod, and thoso who wero to (tliwmburk at Plymouth wero vcady to do so. The captain ordorod tho pumps to bo sounded, and tho report which camo to him was that water was making rapidly. At this annonqoemont, as may bo imagined, thero was great ooniternaUon, Men, womon and ohildren rushed about weam ing for help. The captain ordered gtlllH to bo fired as signals of distress, and rockets were sent up, the gnnH continu ing to be tired until the powder became damp and Useless Up to this time wo did not know wero we were, and it was not until after midnight that wo dis covered our position by one of the pov sengeft fleeing the Bishop's lights. I got into a bout which was hanging at the davits, and two others got in with me. Immediately we gut in ? lurgo wave struck the boat, knocking her from the davits on to the deck, and fill ing her with water. So scared wero my companions at this occurring that they jumped out, but I stuck to her. Boon after the boat was washod against tho side of tho ship and I was thrown out, but I got in again. Directly after I was washed against the mast anil onco moro knocked out, but I roguined tho boat ouoo more, and was glad to see that she was now rid of a quantity of the wnter which she had been filled with by tho waves. Just afterwards, to my horror, I found that tho boat with mo in hor had been washed right ovor into tho sea. I row Baw thot toy only cliauco was to stick to tho boat, and 1 clnng to hor for some hours, and was at last rewarded for so doing by being picked up by a fishing boat and carriod into Scilly. THE DARK DAYS. .Hrttiariklt Hny? In Ike Hillary of the foiinlrv?Whnl Cnimrd Thrni. May 10,1780, is known in the history of New England as tho dork day. Be tween tho hours of ten and cloven in tho morning tho sky became obscured with dense clouds of a smoky lrao that drifted from the southwest. In most parts of Now England tho gloom that en-' suod was so great that it was impossible to read oommon print, to dotormine tho time of day by watchos and docks, or to Sursuo any sort of work indoors without 10 aid of artificial light. In somo places common print could not bo read out of doors for sovoral hours iu succes sion. Tho fowls went to roost, the birds sang their evening songs and settled themselves to sloep in their hiddeu re treats, candles were lighted in all the houses, while, a silenco and dimness as of night rested upon tho face of all nature. For several days preceding this tho atmosphere had boen uuuBually thick and hazy, and the sun and moon looked didl and red as they rodo through tho heavens. On tho morning of tho 18th thoro wero slight showers in certain lo calities, accompaniod with thunder, whilo at different intervals through tho doy thoro was rain in varions places. Tho water tliat fell was thick, dark, and sooty, and a scum ns of ashes appeared on the surface of rivers and reservoirs, while, wheu the tido wont out, it left a liuo of tho smut along tho shoro at tho width of four or five inches. On ex amination this surface matter seemed to bo nothing more than tho ashos of burnt leaves. This extraordinary darkness lasted for a period of about fourteen hours. In the transactions of tho Philosophi cal Socioty of Philadelphia, printed prior to 1785, there is a comment on a similar darknoss that was experienced October 21,1710, 0. S. " Tho dAy was so dark tliat people wero foroed to light candles to eat their dinners by. "Winch could not l>e from any eclipso, tho solar eclinso being tho fourth of that month." Nothing is said iu this account of tho causo of the darkness, nor are any par ticulars given. On October 10, 1702, a remarkable dark day was obsorvod at Detroit, and described in the Philadel phia Transactions for 1708. The writer says: "Tuesday last, being tho 10th iust (i. c., of October), wo had almost total darkness for the most of tho day. I got up at daybreak. About ten min utes after I observed it got no lighter than before. The same darkness con tinued until nine o'clock, whou it cleared up a little. We then, for' tho space of about a qnarter of an hour, saw the body of the snu, which appeared as rod as blood, and more than three timoe as largo as usual. Tho air, oil thin time, which was very dense, was of a dirty yellowish color. I was obliged to light candles to soo to dine, ot ono o'clock, notwithstanding the tablo was placed close by two large windows. About throo the darkness bocomo moro horri blo; which augmented until half-post throo, when the wind breezed up from tho southwest and brought on somo drops of rain, br rather sulphur and dirt; for it appeared likotho latter than the former, both in smoll and quality. I took a loaf of clean papornnd field it out in tho rain, which rendered* it black wherever the drops fell upon it; but, when hold noar tho fire, it turned to a yollowish color, and, when burned, it fizzod on tho paper like wot powder. During this showor tho air was almost bu(locating, with a strong sulphurous smoll. It cleared up a little niter tho rain." An officer stationed at Dotroit describ ed tho same day in a letter to a friend. In his words: "Tho 10th of this month (October, 1702) was the moat extraordi nary dark day, perhaps, ever soen in tho world." Tho cause of tho unnatural darknoss prevailing on three sovoral days was probably tho extensive burning of Western promos and woodlands. ' The Newspaper. The newspaper is the chronicle of civi lization-tho common reservoir in tojwhich ovorv stream pours its living waters, and ot whioh every man may oome to drink. It is a nowspaper that gives to liborty its tinrolaxing activity. Tho nowspapor in forms legislators of nnblio opinion, and informs tho pooplo of legislation. And this is not all. The newspapor teems with most practical morality; in its re port of crimes and punishments yon find a daily warning agidnst temptation; and not a case in a police court, not n singlo trial of a wretched outcast or a trembling folon, that does not proaoh to us tho awful lesson how imprudence loads to error, conduots to guilt; how guilt reaps its bitter fruit of anguish and degradation. The newspaper Is tho bond that binds togother man and man?no matter what bo tho distance of tho cli mate or the difference of race. The newspaper is a law book for the indolent, a sermon for the thoughtless, a library for tho poor. It stimulates tho most in different, its instructs the most pro found. ffifrt jfmgrrnt. rates op advbhtisino. One Bquare, Uij 11dm or lees,ou? Insertion <1.00 Por each subsequent insertion 60 On# Squv., 12 month. 10.00 One-fourth of a oolnmn, 12 mouths 23.00 - One-half ? column, 12 month* ......45.00 One column, 12 months 75.00 Local notice* 20 oents per Uus, which mtt?t U paid hi ?Jvftnce. Fi?e doling will be > ch trued for announcing candidate* foe ooutiIt, at id ten dollars for State and U. 8. tiiHcee. Length* Obitnorr ooticc* must be paid for. fi|"All logsl iv.tlc?* sre charged to the attorney presenting them. Special rates to parties deilrinn more than ot+ column. JT?XJ PHITffTIXG. Voatly and Promptly Executed at this Office. Items of Interest. ' A patent medicine agent recently stuck handbill* on all the gravestones in the ceraetcry at Melrofle, Mass. In Ilolyoko, Mass., tramps aro mado to pay for lodging and breakfast with three honrs work on a now sower. It is reported that eight hundred per sons, chiefly children, havo died of woa sles and malignant sore throat at Bogota, Now Grenada. A French critic says that American holies display many tunes a day toiloU "sufficient to ruin twonty husbiuids." They get them from Franco, though. A tornado which swept through Geor gia on May 1 is shown by full reports from all the countries to have killed tlfty-four parsons and wounded sixty tlirco. A boy is a blessing until ho puts on "pants." From the poriod of thofirst rent in his trowaers dates a feeling in tho maternal breast that is not wholly I affectionate. ?? I don't caro much about the bugs," I Baid Warmloy to the head of a genteel botmV'ng-houae, "but tho fact is, madam, i I haven't tho blood to sparo; you sco that yourself," A Cuban woman at Pinar del Rio, who was under the hallucination that tho spirits ordered hor to do so, toro out tho oyes of hor son, and then tried to toar out her own. George Cory Eggleston argues tlmt it does not puy as a business vonture to morry a rich wifo. His observation leads him to believe that the expenses of maintaining such a wifo is usually greater than tho income which hor prop erty can bo mado to yield. So famous is the town of Concord, Massachusetts, with its twenty-three hun dred people, tnat Senator Boutwoll onco told a friend, who asked him what wis tho chiof mercantilo staple of tho town, that tho pooplo of Concord supported thomselves by writing for tho Atlantic Monthly. It is officially announced in Paris that, tho vexed question of how tho rostorcd Vendome column shall bo crowned has been sottled. Tho Btatue of Napoleon, as it was before the Commune, will bo replaced, anil tho complcto restoration of tho wholo monument will soon bo ac complished. William E. Kissolburgli describes in tho Troy Time* tho strango sight of an telopes keeping company with a Pacific railroad traiu. There werea hundred or moro of tho fleet, graceful auimalo, aud for two miles they ran parallel with tho cars, as though interested in tho race. Thou ono of tho passengers fired at them with a rovolvor, scaring thorn away. Philadelphia is eallod tho " City of Homes." It oontains 00,000 moro dwell ing houses than New York, and 04,000 more than Boston. Many of theso resi dences havo been erected by building associations. There aro in Philadelphia about 78,000 dwellings owned by inou who without tho aid of organizations tlmt furnish tho means for building, could novor Itnvo emerged from tho condition of tonnncy to that of proprietorship. Samuel "White, a farmer of Ludlow, Mass., went into a largo hog pen to food a number of the beasts confined thcro. A largo and very savago boar attacked him without wnrniug, and a dosporato encounter ensued, tho man striking with n heavy club, with which he had armed himself Wore entering, and tho boar biting with ghastly effect. At length a deep bito in White's thigh severed the fomoral artery and ho bleu to death. Ono day liwt week a railing infant toddled iwnj from its home near Viola, Iowa, on tiio Dnbnquo boutllwoUrli railroad, and lay down between' tho rails to sleep. A few moments later a train camo along, and the engineer, seeing ho oonld not stop in time, pulled hor wido open wido and banged the whole tram over tho sloeping cherub before it woko, and never touched a hair of it. Had tho litUo ono attempted torisoit would havo been instantly killed. Tho London JauiccI, discussing of Captain Doyn ton's recent twuidlo across tho British ohannol, says that ho could havo borno easily a much greater fatigne, and that the paddling do?i not weary him half as much as would be Supposed, tho only fatigue being in tho wrist. After ho was asleep in bed at Boulogne ho was observed to ptuldlo a littlo in his dreams, but thcro was no sign of exhaustion, and the next morn ing ho was out early smoking hia cigar. Fnn from Scrlbner's. Here are tho bonds of a sermon onco preached by a quaint old minister on tho text, "Adam, whero art thou?" "1st. All men are somewhere. 2dly. Somo men are whero thoy ought not to be. 8dly. If thoy don't tako caro, they will soon find themselves whero they had rather not bo." Tom Sheridan onoe told his fathor that when he got into Parliament ho would not pretend to greater virtuo than ho possossed,' but would at onoe writo upon his forehead "To be lot" "That won't do, " replied his father, "unless yon add unfurnished." Meeting tho author of a oelebratcd poem, after ho had been seriously injured by a railroad accident, a friend remark ed: "Yon (lid not find 'riding on tho rail* as pleasant as yon pictured it." "Oh, that wasn't riding on tho rail, but riding off it. Don't you see?" "What kind of a man is Squire Sim mons, any way!" "Well, you'vo seen thom snowstorms along early in tho winter, when there's a good deal of wind but not much sloighing? That's tho sort he is." The Loss or the t'adlir. Details of the wreok of tho steamship Cadis and the loss of sixty fivo lives aro at hand. Only one of the crow was saved, and the only other survivors were throo Portuguese seamen. The snrvi vors say that the vessel struck on the Wiwird rook about three o'olock in thq morning. Boats were at once lowored. bnt they swamped in the hoary sea, and those in them were loti The men saved succeeded in olinging to the bottom of the capsized boats and drifted to the shore. The steamer ran between Lon don and Oadii.