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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, March 15, 1899, Image 3

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Work, work, work.
In meadow and mill and inait,
Work, work, work,
TIU tbe dews of labor start.
Where the sailors launch their ships,
And plow the waves apart,
Work with a HOUR on the Hps,
rAnd work with a prayer in the heart.
Let the dreamer lie at ease,
'Ajid gaze at the bright blue sky.
Lulled by the murmuring bees,
While the summer winds go by.
Though Its skies be cold and gray
Be this thy heart's content,
That thine is the sweeter day ...
In a or
Better to delve all day
With the blessing of peace at night,
Vhan to fritter the time away,
.\^tth fingers idle and white. ju
For labor is God's good gift.
Though It be the curse of the fall
And the hands that struggle and lift
Are th« noblest hands of all.
—Ola Moore, In Youth's Companion.
Gugusse, the favorite of the Winter
Cirque, which stood in the shadow of
the Kremlin, in Moscow, Russia, was
uot a handsome fellow. lie had
neither the wit of the clown, the grace
of the chariot driver nor the versatile
!ty of the ringmaster, yet he was
more popular with the Muscovites
than all tlie three together, lie owed
his popularity a good deal to nature,
Who liad sent him into the world,
equipped with an euormous head,
large, fanlike ears, and a hunchback
balanced upon slender legs, which
bowed beneath their weight. He was
the king of the dwarfs and the idol
of the mob—for. to a mob, grace, wit
and strength arc nothing compared
with hideous deformity.
Vet lie was a man. He had pas
sions like other men. He had a heart
within his bony body as capable of
human affection as that possesssed by
uuy of the public who applauded his
tricks. And this heart he had thrown
at the feet of Mile. Nina, daughter of
Adolphe, the equilibrist, the hand
somest horsewoman in the circus.
When she appeared at the circus for
the first time he was dazzled by her
beauty. She danced into the ring in
ft cloud of gauze, among which span
gles glittered like diamonds. A white
rose, suspended from pearly teeth,
contrasted with the rich red of her
cheeks and coils or jet black hair,
which streamed luxuriantly down to
ber waist. She was proudly, inso
lently beautiful, and the dwarf—
whom the whim of a circus manager
had taken from the cobbler's lapstone
—was completely dazzled by the sight
of such radiant loveiinesss.
As time went ou the star dropped
from the sky. The distance between
them grew less and less as the illusion
faded from Ills eyes, livery morning
he used to see the dazzling beauty of
the previous night, iu a dirty morning
wrapper, patchiug her scanty ward
robe as she watched the pot boil in
the open air. He began to talk with
1ie*, and then he began to dream, and
In Ills dreams he saw Nina walking
by, his side radiaut with happiness.
Nina laughed at his gibes, screamed
at his jokes and shotlted "Kncore. Gu
love-stricken dwarf
Jj!^*TjjjtoK|£^Wnje grotesque movement,
Which, he hoped, would bo Interpreted
lis an exhibition of an'ectlon. The fair
horsewoman occasionally caressed
him as she would have caressed a dog.
He was less than a li in the eyes of
tbe. circus people. Jealous or liis pop
ularity, tliey eufl'eil him whenever
tlioy met him, and the ilwavf found it
useless to protest.
One evening he told Nina Unit lie
loved her. The girl stared at him a
moment as if slic had not heard arisht
anil then burst into a lit of laughter.
Gugusse frowned, and dre himself
up to the full height of his little tig.
lire, hoping perchaure to impress her.
Then he told her how he had loved
her from tin? moment lie first saw her.
and- how life was impossible without
her regard.
Every word tile dwarf uttered was
like a jest to the merry-hearted girl.
She sat In her chair anil shook with
the exuberance of mirth. (lugnsse
stepped forward and took one or her
white, plump hands in his horny palm.
Nina jumped up with a gesture' of dis
gust, drew her hand away, anil .struck
the dwarf a blow iu the face.
A few hours later the circus rang
with cheers as (iugusse entered. Hut
the dwarf hail no heart for ids work
that uight, and lie was hissed from
the ring.
The next day the circus bills bore
tlie imposing announcement:
"Unparalleled Novelty. Stupendous
Attractions. The Tragedy of Usande
or, the Martyred .Maiden. Mile. Nina
nud Gugusse."
At 7 o'clock the house was crowded.
The usual exercises took place—light
rope, trapeze, horizontal bar—but
they passed almost unnoticed. The
people were waiting for the promised
tragedy. They wanted to see the
white-robed maiden devoured by the
At last Gugussse and Nina entered
the ring, and tlie pent-up excitement
of the crowd found vent in cheers.
Nina was witchingly beautiful Iu her
white toga, over which fell tresses of
rich, dark hair. She looked like the
wlilte-souleil martyrs of old, for
whom the stake bail no terrors. She
advanced to the center of the ring,
ftntf (tugussse, looking as hideous a^
the headsman of the restoration,
bound her securely to the post. Nina
clasped her hands together, and lifted
her large eyes skyward 111 an attitude
of prayer.
Gugusse disappeared anil reentered
the ring with a tame bear, which had
been his playfellow since lie left his
Polish home. lie held tlie animal by
the ear, and as the brute struggled
and growled menacingly, the people
applauded to tlie echo.
They watched (iugusse approach
tbe maiden, anil heard some words
uttered, which they took to be au ap
peal for her recantation. In reality
Uiigusse was murmuring a passion
ate declaration.
"NIUB, I love you. Have pity on
me. Can you not hear me? llave pity
on me or I will let lilska lly at you. I
have made him drink brandy, I have
beaten him, aud this morning 1 stole
his meat from him. lie is hungry: he
is mad he will tear you to pieces. Will
you be mlueV"
Nina shook her head with a gesture
of Impatience.
"Nina: Nina! I am a man I have a
light to love you. 1 love ,vou wlili
my whole soul. I cannot live without
your lot*, i'e mine! Ho not make me
desperate. Ah! you shake your head.
You will not! You despise me. 1
know it. l'ou shall pay dearly for it
As he finished speaking the dwarf
bent down and unmuzzled tbe furious
brute which pawed the ground vicious
ly at his feet. Nina turned pale.
There was desperation in the dwarf's
face—there was murder in ids eyes.
Her cheeks blanched with terror, anil
from her lips came the cry:
"Help! help! help!"
With a rapid movement (Iugusse
unmuzzled the bear, and the famished
animal ilasheil past him, spraug upon
the helpless girl aud rent her with Ills
The scene was so realistic, so strik
ingly rendered, that the audience ap
plauded until the circus was filled
with a deafening roar. They little
kuew that a tragedy was being enact
ed, aud thought It was part of the
"business" when a beautiful head
dropped down and blouil spurted from
the white, unclothed arm.
What passed just then in the mind
of the wretched crenture who stood
wateliing tlie horrible sight? Was he
conscious of his Infamy Was he seiz
ed with pity at the sight of so much
youth aud beauty beiug ruthlessly
torn to pieces? Did he wish to undo
what lie had done?
No one can tell, but just as the bear
was planting his cruel claws upon llie
white shoulders of tile half-conscious
girl tbe dwarf sprang forward and
seized the brute iu Ills muscular arms.
With a mighty effort he pulled the
bear off his victim and tiling him to
the ground.
The passion which famine and ex
citement had aroused in tlie bear
caused him to turn with furious force
upon his master. As they rolled over
together iu the sawdust the bear
caught the dwarf In a terrible em
brace. There was a cracking of
bones, and before the people belong
ing to tlie circus had time to run to
Ills aid tlie infuriated beast had plant
ed Ills fangs Into Ids neck.
And the crowd, little suspecting
that a glim tragedy had taken place
before their eyes, jumped on their
seats and howled out, amid a storm
of applause:
"Kncore, Ciugusse! Kncore, C!u
Grapes that Bird's Pecked at, and a Curtala
that Deceived Zcuxis
In a chapter oa "Grecian Painters,"
in ids St. Nicholas Serial, "Bright
Sides of History," Mr. K. II. House
lets one of his characters tell lids I'll
mous story In his own language:
"Well, uncle, I may Uot 1'enlentbei
everything, but I will tell It to yoil
as well as 1 can. y.puxls was llie one
to start the business. He went nrouini
..thens 'wiiii Ids chin In the nliV as
Mr. Hcsnnt says, telling folks lie could
make better pictures iliau all the oth
er fellows put together, rariiiasius
didn't think lie could stand that, ou
any terms: so they challenged each
other, mid it was arranged that each
of them must get up as good a piece
of work as lie could, and let the public
decide which should hold the cham
pionship. Zcuxis led oil' with a man
carrying a basket of grapes, life-size
and 1'ariiiasius followed with only a
big curtain. When the show opened,
a lot of birds flew to tlie grapes and
tried to nibble tiiein. The people went
wild over that, and Zeuxis felt sure
lie was going to win in tlie tirst round,
lie called out to Tan-basins to hurry
and lift ids curtain, if there was any
tliing worth looking at behind it and
then the match came to a quick finish,
for the curtain was tlie picture, you
see, and there was nothing at all on
the other side. As soon as Zexula
saw how the tiling stood, lie owned up
that lie wasn't in it. lie had only
fooled a (lock of birds. 1ml I'arrhasins
hail caught a lirsl-class painter, who
ought to have known all tlie tricks of
the trade. Then Tan-hashis hel his
chin In ihe air, and walked off Willi
the belt, ltut Zcttxls behaved very
decently after It was all over. He
admitted that his man carrying the
grapes must have been badly done, or
else the birds wouldn't have dared to
go near him so for that alone he de
served to be counted out. That's all
there is of It. 1 believe. What are you
laughing at, uncle. Haven't 1 told it
"Oh, yes," said I'liele Claxton. as
soon as 1m could get his face straight:
"right enough, after a fashion: though
I never heard It just that way before,
aud I didn't expect you to report it as
if it were an Athenian prize-tight."
A Chinese Woman's Unamerlcsn Ways.
Tlie Chinese woman in America
lives generally on the top lloor ol' her
husband's dwelling, his business being
on the ground tloor. lie is an exceed
ingly good husband and secures for
her comfort aud all that her little
mind can wish for. Her apartments
are very tidy, clean and neat and are
furnished with American goods in the
American style, with the exception of
a few rugs and ornaments on the ta
bles and walls. In the center of au
other room can be seen her incense
vase, au ancestral table, kneeling
stool, a pair of candlesticks aud her
private chapel. She will show you all
her pretty ornaments, her jewelry
and Hue clothing, admires yours or
even says that it is prettier thau her
own will show you her chapel but
will not invite you to enter it.
She seldom goes out and docs not
receive visitors until she has been a
wife for at least two years. Kven then
if she has no children she is supposed
to hide herself, but after one is born
she begins to wander about, and is
then the hostess of many conslus and
friends, who drop in occasionally to
see the "family." Now and tlieu* the
women visit one another, ami when
they come together such chatter is
heard that one would readily thiuk
that two American women had come
together after enduring such a fate as
not seeing each other for twenty-four
hours. They laugh at the slightest re
mark and scream at a joke of any
kind. They examine each other's
dress, hair, feet and hats, talk about
their husbands, their babies, about
the house and about their food, ami
liually depart by shaking their own
hands in each other's faces. I'hiia Icl
phla Times.
Peeled Chickens.
A party of visitors to the country
weru very much interested last sum
mer by the remark of sonic New York
childreii, Kent out by the fresh air
fund for a week or two in the country.
Tin re were unite number of them
playing about the pretty farmhouse
one day. when some passer-by stopped
aud began to talk to them.
Organized liy Gen* Pom Houston, In
1830, They Have Fought Mexicans,
Indians and Jiamlits Their Grout
Servlcc In the Civil War,
Few bodies of men have had more
thrllllngly Interesting experiences thau
that unique and picturesque organiza
tion—the Texas Rangers. The organi
zation of the Hangers dates back to
183G. The hardy Texans were then at
war with Mexico for the freedom of
the republic of Texas from Mexican
rule. When the Alamo had fallen aud
the frightful massacre there had occur
red, Gen. Sam Houston organized
among the settlers in the territory a
troop of 1,000 mounted ritlemen. They
were the original Texas rangers. They
did wonders in the face of the army
under Gen. Santa Ana iu the battle of
San Jacinto. When the republic of
Texas was organized hi December,
1837, the rangers were rctaiucd as a
sort of standing army for the frontier
of the unique republic. During the
seven years before Texas was admit
ted as a State in the Union tlie rangers
repelled a horde of murderous Mexican
marauders from beyond the Mo
Grande, fought Into submission the
fierce Apaches, Comanches ami Klowas
dozens of times, and administered jus
tice on a wholesale plan to a great
number of the red-handed outlaws and
ruffians who flocked Into the new re
public from all parts of the United
he Texas rangers became so much
of an institution for the protection of
life and property of the settlers ami
lonely ranchmen of the territory that
when Texas became a State 1,200 of
the rangers were retained as mounted
police along the Mexican border and
for holding in check the almost Intract
able Indian tribes of the Southwest.
I.ntll the civil war broke out the Texas
rangers were kept constantly in the
Held. At times there were reserve
ever see any chickens before?" asked
one lady, as a Hock of fowls came
strutting down the lawn. "Oh, yes,"
said one of the eldest, wisely, with a
knowing shako of his head, we've al
ways seen "cm lots-only generally
it was after they were peeled."- The
The population of Palestine is in
creasing rapidly. Ten years ago there
were only 15.000 residents in Jaffa
to-day there are.nearly G0.000.
There are 1,240,28-1 cattle, 7.57S.948
sheep aoa 134,110 pigs in Scotland.
h?, A
tlon. The desperate chance was ac
cepted. With a whoop of defiance to
the Indians the Texans rode forward.
Exactly KVT men fell dead in the
charge, Hut the hill was taken and
held until the United States troops
came a few hours later to take the
brunt of the battle.
Conditions had so far changed in
Texas by the year 1880 that the rang
ers were no longer needed for defense
agalust hostile Indians, as Indian raids
had ceased. But the force, now re
duced In numbers, was still active In
the suppression of desperadoes along
the border, some of them raiding Mex
icans, others native products, and all
mote troublesome from the fact that
Increased vigilance on the Mexican side
of the ltio Grande tended to conHne the
operations of such persons to Texas
The rangers made, in the years 1889-'00
570 arrests, mostly of desperate crim
inals, among them 7G murderers, 100
cattle thieves, and 23 robbers and bur
glars. Although Mexican outrages had
decreased in numbers, and the Indians
had entirely disappeared from the
State, the rangers, from December,
1800, to November J10, 1802, made more
than 000 arrests.
Any unmarried man over IS years of
age is eligible as a ranger, but it Is an
exceedingly difficult matter to get into
the organization. Courage, physical
soundness, first-class horsemanship,
precision with Hrearms and steady
habits jire the requisites for member
ship. Tlie term of enlistment is one
year. The ranger furnishes his horse,
accoutrements and arms, and the State
furnishes food for the men, forage, am
munition. medicine and medical attend
ance. The pay of tlie captains Is $100
a month, of sergeants $30 a month, and
of privates ?:u a month. The force
is made up of young men, sober, well
ordered, and. as a rule, fairly well edu
cated. The rangers of to-day attend
to business in the same thorough fash
Ion as their predecessors, and in small
bands of six or eight men they pursue
and capture the worst despcnidnn* nf
the border counties.
KflTcet of an H."
A cockney whose uame was ogtnn.
which he, following the usage of his
rangers to the uumher of 'J.U10 among
the frontiersmen, who were called oat
many times to aid in quelling an In
dian outbreak and to drive out or slay
a band of Mexican marauders. After
the war the rangers were gradually re
duced from l. uo to :jno men. Tor sev
eral years there has boon no regular
force in service, though the Hangers at
times turn out to round up some law
less band.
There is still, however, in the ufiice
of the adjutant general of Texas at
Austin a list of 1.8 equipped and ex
perienced men who are amenable to
calls for immediate duty as rangers by
the Governor. The list is revised every
year, and only the most hardy may
serve, 'ihcre is also a list of reserve
rangers to the number of r».uou. The
stock men and owners of the big Texas
ranches all employ stone men belong
ing to the rangers on their account.
When the civil war broke out (Jen.
Con Terry, an old ranger, organized
the famous body of men known as Ter
ry's Texas Hangers, composed almost
entirely of former rangers ami fron
tiersmen. They fought from Hull Hun
to Appomattox, and lost 73 percent, of
their muster roll. Gen. Sherman's me
moirs comment upon the bravery of
the rangers at Shiloh. Soon after the
close of the civil war the Texas Legis
lature piovided for calling out 1.1M0
rangers to protect the frontiers against
hostile ludians.
In the summer of 1817 the rangers
followed the Comanches. numbering
over :i.4)00. ceaselessly for two months.
Several times there were engagements
of several hours' length. Then when
the Comanches had been temporarily
subdued the even more hostile Apaches
on the west had to be attended to for
three months more, but iu this tlie Uni
ted States troops were the leaders. In
October a half dozen bauds of Mexican
bandits, who had burned, murdered
and marauded along the Hio Grande
while the rangers were engaged with
the Indians :j0i miles away, had to be
searched out amid vast stretches of
arid wastes and trackless foothills aud
fought under all imaginable hazardous
circumstances. In one week twenty
two rangers were killed by the In
trenched half-breed bandits to the
number of 300. Altogether the cam
paigning against Comanches. Apaches
jud marauders lasted ten months, and
there was not a rest day—no time when
the rangers felt secure from danger—
iu ail tho:e mouths. In that campaign
of IK'17 fourteen out of every 100 rang
ers were killed. Seventeen per cent,
more were wounded by poisoned ar
rows aud bullets, so that they became
invalids for Ife.
A I-opcratc hargs.
Statistics in the office of the Adju
tant General of Texas give some idea
of the coustaut dangers and tne almost
constant campaigning that these hardy
men have experienced along the Texan
frontier. In 1832 r,oo rangers were en
gaged in a tight with over 2,OIM Chero
kces. Tin' latter were intrenched near
where Denisou, Texas, now nourishes.
Scouts reported tin* size of the Indian
body to the rangers, and said lhat if a
certain hill seven miles off to tlie left
could be gained iu the face of the ter
rible odds against such a movement
the ranger? would master the sltua-
CIJSS, pronounced Uogtown, settlfd at
tin* beginning of the present centuty
in tiie city of New York, where he did
business as a trader. Ills prefixing of
the "h" was the occasion of a post
office story, which Dunlap. the author
of the "History of the Arts of De
Mgn." tells.
l'/cfore the clerks of the postoHLe
knew Ogton. he called day after day to
inquire if there were "any letters for
.John Hogtown."
-None, sir," was tlie invariable an
"Very strange!" said he. feeling un
easy about the goods he had ordered
from Kngland. and the bills of ex
change he had remitted.
One day after the usual question.
"Any letters for John IlogtowuV" his
eye. following the clerk, noticed that
he was looking among the letters be
ginning with H.
"'Olio!" cried he, "what are you
looking there for? 1 said Joint liug
"1 know it. sir, and I am looking for
John Ilogtown and there's nothing for
"Nay. nay!" shouted John "don't
look among the haitches, look among
the hoes." And among the O's were
found a pile of letters addressed to
I John Ogton, which had been accunni
la ting for many a week.
An Imlrx of ivlMv.ittinn.
There is tin i|uestion Unit dh't has
mlu-ti to do Willi eirilixntinn. if
\v:is rmle ami violent in early eoni
initiities, the kind of food eaten aud
tlie way of ealliiR it made it even mo
so. llow eould one goifie 1111 ox roasted
whole. enrviiiK It up with rude weap
ons. or even like l-'alstaff, 011 rut capons
and 1111 intolerable deal of saek, with
out being heavy, earthy, and proiialily
from our point of view, noisy and ifl
iiredV The line manners of the Kliza
liethan court are problematical they
certainly would not pass muster now*.
Food is both an index of tlie civiliza
tion attained aud a factor in the attain
ment. A singular Instance of both is
.'id'ordcd by the rapid growth of man
ners in ltussia. Less than two eeutu
lii-s ago Peter the Cireat gnawed meat
like a wild beast and drank brandy
like a savage. To day tile elegant meth
od of dining "a la Uusse," Is admire
over the civilizcd world.
IMg Saving.
"Vex, I'm going to save money
enough at the start to iusure the linaii
clai success of my extravaganza the
"How will you do tliatV
"Ky leaving the ballet behind."
"But you'll need a ballet."
"Yes. and I can pick 11 native ballet
right off the streets with absolutely no
expense for costumes."—Cleveland
riain Healer.
American Ijoeoniotives.
tireat Itritain evidently appreciates
the excellence of American machinery.
A number of the great engines called
Moguls are soon to be used on Kuglish
freight trains.
The dowu of a peach Is preferable to
tbe "dowu" o£ a baunua-skiu.
4,-fc1- J* O ^s
In paying his compliments to tlie
President in tlie House of Representa
tives, Mr. Johnson, a Republican from
Indiana, explained that it mattered not
to him whether his views wore popu
lar. lie was only concerned as to
whether they were right. Mr. Johnson
says that the leading Republican news
papers, instead of fiercely attacking
Secretary of War Alger, should "lay
their ax to the root of the evil and cen
sure the gentleman who. to reward him
for his political services and disburse
ments in tlie campaign of IS0('», appoint
ed him to his present position and has
maintained him there ever since, not
withstanding ills incompetency and
against the righteous complaints lhat
have been made against him."
With regard to the famous Hoston
speech, Mr. Johnson think* it the most
disingenuous thai ever fell from the
lips of an American President. "Tills
address." lie said, "divested of its verbi
age. considered apart from its plati
tudes and the ostentatious profession
of virtue with which it was interladen.
was nothing more or less than a care
fully devised and studious misstate
ment of the issue between the chief ex
ecutive and those of ids own party who
are opposed to his wretched policy iu
the Philippines."
Having compared the President with
Mr. Pecksniff, who was accustomed to
roll his eyes piously to heaven and ex
claim, with great ostentation. "My
friends, let us lie moral." and who was
the father of two daughters, one of
whom he named Charity ami the other
Mercy. Mr. Johnson addressed himself
to the "open door." He said:
"What else is upon tlie program of
these gentlemen? Tlie open door in the
Philippines, tuakius it totally impossi
ble forever to discriminate iu tarilT du
ties I here in favor of the products of
the American farm and the American
shop. What is the other sacrifice that
Is icquired? That the annexation of
Cuba. Porto Rico and tlie Philippines,
absolutely sine to come at an early clay,
for they have registered it in their
vows, shall precipitate the sugar, to
bacco and hemp and other cheap pro
ducts of these islands anil Hawaii upon
the American market in free and unre
stricted competition with the agricul
tural anil laboring elements of our own
country. This policy, sir. would have
been free trade iu William Jennings
Bryan. What is it in Mr. McKinley?"
The elaborate and exhaustive treatise
of the Republican Johnson upon the life
ind character of tlie great and moral
Imperialist has left the Democrats but
little to say. lie has done their work
for lliem and done it thoroughly and
well.—New York New**.
Aljrer I* Stubborn*
Alger says lie wi:i not resign. It does
Hot follow lhat lie will remain Secre
tary of War. Rumors of the Presi
dent's dissatisfaction with Alger are
prevalent at Washington and there is
talk of offering the portfolio to Roose
velt. It is not at ::il certain that Roose
velt would accent Alger's position. The
Governor of New York is ambitious and
has the presidential bee buzzing loudly
In his bonnet. P.ut Alger is making a
tot of trouble for McKinley and will be
a great hindrance in the presidential
?ampaign of luoo.
Alger is a stubborn man. lie cares
not how much trouble he makes for ids
friends. He heeds not the protests of
the people and he will hold on to his
position until he is absolutviv kicked
Concerning the rumors of his resigna
tion, Alger says: "The constantly recur
ring reports of my purpose to resign
from the portfolio of tlie War Depart
ment are baseless. There Is not a word
of truth in such stories. I have
no intention of resigning and w|li not
resign. I shall serve out the remainder
if tnv term of four years as Secretary
jf War. I will make the Inspection trip
to Cuba, which 1 believe to be in the
Interests of the tJovernment. The de
tails of the journey have only been ten
tatively arranged. I may add that no
iniount of newspaper comment and
criticism iu regard to the trip to Cuba
will deter me from carrying out my
These remarks may be considered as
it notification by Alger to McKinley
that he is not going to be shoved out of
the cabinet as was Sherman. It is a
declaration io both friend ami foe that
he is in the cabinet to stay, and that
there will be it merry war when his res
ignation is demanded. Hut it looks as
though Alger would have to go.
fontrottiuu labor's Puy.
John Locke said: "The lessening the
quantity of money makes an equal
quantity v?f it exchange for a greater
quantity of any other thing." Hume
said: "It is the proportion between
the circulating money and the com
modities in the market which deter
mines tlie price." Uicardo said: "That
commodities rise or fall in price iu pro
portion to the increase or diminution
of money, I presume to be a fact that
is Incontrovertible." Mill said: "That
an increase of the quantiy of money
raises prices and a diminution lowers
them is the most elementary principle
iu the theory of currency, and without
it we should have no key to any of the
others." Sir Robert (Jillin said: "View
ing a long period dynamically, it is be
yond all question that commodities are
comparatively steady tin value), ami
only the money changes." This is quite
enough to establish the fact that the
quantity of money in circulation fixes
the value of labor and its products
and, as I have already shown, the
Rothschilds now exercise that power
in the Tinted States. The Dcmocraiic
party, iu the Chicago platform, propose
to place that power In
hands of the
people. Aud they propose tu do this
by reinonetizing silver, thus more than
doubling the amount of primary mon
ey. and by retiring il«c haul notes and
replacing them with greenbacks.
Cause of Financial Distress,
Or course, every fall in prices is not
au evil. A fall which results troin Im
proved methods of production, or from
improved and cheapened transporta
tion. is a blessing and brings prosperity
to producers, while it showers its
blessings upon consumers. There Is.
however, one commodity which, when
affected in its value, uecessaril.v affects
all other things in the wnrhi. in all
countries, and nm«nu all i' iii/.cd peo
ple to wit: money. Suppnse money to
be doubled in value suddenly, it would
take', ilieu. just one-hail' as much to
buy any given article as it would have
taken beiore th«« rise iu Us value. This
rise in the value of money, then, would
find its expression, its visible mani
lestation, a tall of aeneral prices to
50 per cent, ot their former scale, while
money would remain nominally just as
It was before and the superficial ob
server might think, and a modern gold
bug would be sure to think, that this
change in price had resulted from over
production and Improvements in meth
ods of production and transportation,
and not in the change iu tlie value of
money. The volume of money, lessen
ing uot absolutely but in proportion to
the volume of trade, lias of necessity
continually increased the value of
money: and by this hidden, unseen,
and covert means, confiscation of the
property of the masses for the benefit
of these individuals has been, and is
being, accomplished, and this condi
tion of tilings must and will continue
so long as the laws remain as they are
now. The causes which have operated
to produce the present results will con
tinue their operations In the same line.
Prices which have been iu the last
twenty years reduced, say 30 per cent,
will in the next twenty years be re
duced 3o per cent, more.—James K.
Doubtful Credit to Gold Dcmocratf*
The Republicans in lSOtl did not de
clare for tlie gold standard they said
lhat the gold standard must be main
tained tun 11 other nations would join
wiiii us in restoring bimetallism, and
then pledged themselves to do what
they could to get other nations to help
us to get rid of the gold standard, and
if men voted that platform because the
platform did not express their desires
six end a half millions of people voted
for independent bimetallism, thirteen
and a half millions voted for the double
standard and against the gold stand
ard, and a hundred and thirty-two
thousand voted for the only party that
•in all tlie history of this nation ever de
clared the gold standard io be a bless
ing: that is political history. The gold
Democrats shall have either llie credit
or discredit, the fame or infamy, of
being the only party that in twenty
three years of experience under the
gold standard ever declared that that
standard was good. And if you test
the gold standard sentiment of tlrs
nation by the votes received by that
party, then, my friends. I want you to
remember that the gold Democrats
carried just one precinct in the United
States, and lest you may give them too
much credit. I want you to know that
was a small precinct iu Western Kan
sas, where they only had six voters.and
It was not unanimous there, because,
my friends, the gold ticket received
three voles. Mr. McKinley received one
and I received one that was tlie only
precinct in the United States, aud I
lulleve the papers said that in honor
of that distinction that one of the gold
candidates on the Presidential ticket
sent to Unit precinct a jug of whisky,
ami one little jug of whisky was
enough to give seveial drinks of whisky
to all the gold men of the precinct.
Now. you see. my friends, upon what
a foundation the Republican stands
Nvhcu lie tells you of the Indorsement
thin the gold standard received in this
country. It was uot indorsed, and. as
1 said, as soon as the election was over
Mr. McKinley recognized the mandate
of tiie people by sending a commission
to Kuropc to ask other nations to help
us get rid id* this blessing, which they
describe the gold standard to be.—
Prom W. J. Bryan's (Jrand Rapids
h.v 1'titles Arc Ketter.
They tell us that the times are better
in this country, and after iliey get
through Jelling us that times are better
they tell us of* the increase in exports
and by the tlow of money to thrt UtiLLud
States. Now. Republicans, if yci: are
going to try to prove that the rise in
priecs aud In prosperity based upon
such a rise Is due to Republican legisla
tion, yo.u must not admit that It is due
to the Increase in the volume of money
—whether it comes from new gold
mines or whether an Increase iu export
of products and an increase in the im
portation of gold—because according to
our theory, no matter where the money
comes from, whether It comes from
across the ocean or whether it conies
out of tlie gold mines of the Klondike
or out of the sliver mines of the United
States, an Increase of money will make
times easier and prices higher and peo
ple more prosperous, ltut, my friends,
the difference between us and Republi
cans is that they praise a dear dollar
Io the laboring man ami tejoice in
higher prices to the producers of
wealth, and after tilkiug advantage of
every accidental circumstance, and
claiming that it grows from Republi
can legislation, content themselves with
temporary and accidental benefits, re
jecting a permanent restoration of the
level of prices by the restoration of a
double standard of money throughout
the world.—From W. J. Pryan's Urand
Rapids speech.
Iicnchiitw the Pubi I'nr.
Doubtless it is a very grave infrac
tion of military discipline for soldiers
or officers to ventilate their military
grievances in the newspapers Instead
of submitting them to their superiors
and seeking redress In the regular and
appointed way. There Is something to
be said, however, ou the other side of
the question. When the channels of
communication from rank to rank are
closed, or when complaints presented
In due form to the proper authorities
lead to no action of any sort, the ag
grieved soldier or officer turns to quar
ters -where he can secure immediate
and often effective consideration. He
knows that this is insubordination, and
that he r.sks punishment more or less
severe, but the original wrong is usual
ly righted.—New York Times,
Tbe Tiixpnycr Pays the I'rciulit.
We "needed" the Hawaiian Islands
to "protect" the Nicaragua canal. We
"need" the Nicaragua canal
a*®*1 V^J
«^nr i-r*'
"t 1
tfive us
quick access to our Hawaiian posses
sions. We "need" the Philippines to
make the Hawaiian islands available
to us as a half-way station. We "ueed"
a eablc to connect us with our Ha
waiian and Philippine possessions. We
"need" an army and navy to take care
of these distant possessions of ours.—
Torre Haute CJazette.
Disgraceful Doings at ^priuutlcld.
It is becomiug apparent to the most
superficial observer that all the ener
gies of tlie Republicans in the Legisla
ture are being devoted to the strength
ening of the Tanner machine. The
thing is so transparent that there is
hardly a denial of it. The interests ot
tlie people count for nothing. There
mav have been Legislatures that were
equaliv corrupt or even more so, but
there has never been one that was wore
$ba molests.—l'eorui Herald,
Col. Ftinstoii) Who LeJ Charge (it
ManildtlffiB Hod Many Kxpericnces,
Col. Frederick Funston, who led the
three companies of the Kansas regl
meut in their gallant charge against
the Filipinos at Manila, is one of the
youngest colonels In the United States
army. He Is 28 years old.
Col. Funston was born In Kansas
aud is the son of an ex-Congressman
from that State. He was graduated
from the State University of Kausas,
and then became a newspaper man at
Fort Smith. Ark. AYhile there he saw
hard fighting during the Indian out
breaks, joining tlie troops on several
occasions and remaining with them
through a winter campaign. After
leaving Fort Smith he joined a govern
ment expedition to Death Valley, In
Southern California, sent out to make
a geological investigation. Death Val
ley is said to be the most desolate
waste iu this country. Tlie expedition
suffered every kind of privation for
nine months, iu which time Colonel
Funston took the record of the highest
temperature ever measured by any
government, which was 1(53 degrees
Returning from this expedition, he
took a commission from the govern
ment to explore Alaska, and for two
years he wandered about alone. After
a rest of several months he went to
Mexico and Central America on a pri
vate venture. It being his object to get
options on land for coffee plantations.
The project needed more financial sup
port than he could secure in the West,
and for this reason lie visited New
York. The support, however, was not
forthcoming, and Funston became as
sistant secretary of the Topeka and
Santa Fe Railroad.
The routine of this post was monot
onous to liini, ami three months later
he surprised his friends by enlisting as
a private in the Cuban army. His pro-
Things the KuKlittli Schoolboy Learns
About the devolution.
Tlie American -liool history has beer,
the main bar to friendliness with Kng
land, by reason of its comments on the
wars of our Independence and of lMj.
I was very curious when I first visited
Kngland in 1SS0 to see how the revolu
tionary war was treated iu Kuglish
school histories, but the only history I
found, in a little village school that I
visited, dismissed the matter wiih a
mere statement that in it certain year
we separated from the mother country
and set up a republican form of gov
ernment. The geographies paid scarce
ly more attention to our country, and I
came away with the impression so
ma ly Americans have, that the Kug
lish schoolbov is taught far less about
our country than its importance should
warrant. Within a month 1 have com.'
across a "School History of Kngland"
for boys of what we would call high
schdol age, and have been more that,
astonished at the manner in which tin.
writer, Cunningham t.eikie, treats the
subjects which have so long remained
open sores with us. largely, because we
have supposed that the Kuglish were
cither willfully ignorant of the wrongs
we suffered at their hands or at least
were unrepentant. I found that this
history, one of a well-known series of
school books, condemns the policies of
Kngland's governments, at the times of
our ruptures with them, more severely
aud in harsher lauguage than I remem
ber ever to have seen In an American
school book. After enumerating the
burdens, just and unjust, which (»rcn
villo forced upon us. the historian goes
on to dc hire the iusanity of the king
and the illness of Pitt at a later date
motion In that service was rapid. Soon
he was made lieutenant, then captain,
then major, and llnally lie was put In
command of all the artillery force east
of Havana. During the eighteen
months he spent in Culm he was in
twenty-three battles, had his left arm
mutilated by a shell, received a Mau
ser bullet in his left lung, and was sick
of the fever for two months. Once
while leading a battery to a point of
vantage he had his horse shot under
him. The horse rolled ou Funston's
right leg. crushing the thigh. His cam
paigning had by this time rendered
him a physical wreck, and not feeling
able to continue iu the service he
asked to be retired. His request was
granted. On his way to the coast, how
ever. he was captured by the Spanish.
He was condemned to die, but later, be
ing put on parole, escaped aud came to
New York.
When war was declared against
Spain he was commissioned by «»ov
ernor Leedy, of Kansas, as Colonel of
the Twentieth Kansas Regiment. Later
General Miles sent for him io take a
place on his staff. Colonel Funston in
sisted on keeping his regiment, but he
spent several weeks with tJeueral
Miles at Tatupa. giving him tiie bene
fit of his knowledge of Cuba. His regi
ment was Mationcd at San Francisco
for two months. Six weeks before it
sailed for Manila the Colonel met a
beautiful young woman of high social
position in Oakland, whom he married
the day the transport sailed for the
He says that the members of
the government' were ill fitted to take
Pitt's place, and one especially, Charles
Townshend, chancellor of ihe ex
chequer, "wanting in prudence and self
restraint, was destined to lie the evil
genius of Kngland at this crisis."—
From "Anglo-Saxon Affinities," by Ju
lian Ralph, in Harper's Magazine.
Great Brita n's Seao st Line.
Great Itritain has a longer seaeoast
line than any other country in Kurope.
It measures 2.TT3 miles, with Italy sec
ond. 2.-172 miles. Russia ranks third
and France fourth.
I'otfuarly Aniieuce.
Theatrical Star ilooking through the
peephole) What a beggarly audience!
Manager -That audience, sir, is com
posed of our best people, it's the ar
rav of empty benches that beggarly.
Always provide for the worst—-the
best is able to provide toi: Itself.
Variations of I'ntio*
It is quite true that the ratio at
which gold and silver coins have circu
lated has varied at different periods of
the world's history but such variations
have usually been slow, and have oc
curred at periods widely separated.
Max Mueller has shown that for cen
turies, aud extending back beyond
written history, the ratio at which gold
nud silver was used as money Iu Egypt,
in ltabylon and in India, was from 13V4
to 1!«{.. There was never any such dis
turbance in the value of the two metnlq
iu ancient or modern times as hnf
taken place In recent years, for the rea
son that no such disturbing cause eve*
operated before as the legal debarment
of one of them from monetary use am)
it corresponding extension of the use ol
the other. Such cause would at any
time necessarily produce great disturb
ance in their relative value.
Tlie relative value of the metals at all
times must be determined by the sum
of the detuauds upon each, as compar
ed with the supply of each. Hut the
chief source of demand Is for money,
and, consequently, the chief source of
value for both gold and silver has been
for money. It is Impossible flint the
value of either should be the same with
the demand limited to the arts as it
would be with demand for money add
t*d to the demand for the arts and, as
there never was a time since gold and
silver came into use as money when
the demand for money was not the
dominant demand, it follows that there
never was a time when there was a
"commercial ratio" Independently of
the money ratio. As tlie value of each
metal at all times depends upon the
demand for it for all uses, acting upon
a given supply, the ratio of one to the
other depends necessarily upon the rel
ative demand for each. Whether one
or both metals shall be admitted to use
as money Is a matter of law, and hence
the demand for them for money Is a
demand created by law, whether statu
tory or derived from custom.
If, then, both metals can by law be
endowed alike with tlie uiouey func
tion. so that either could be substituted
for the other In all money transactions,
the coining ratio at once becomes the
commercial ratio. It is the money ra
th*, under conditions of free coinage,
that makes the commercial ratio and
not the commercial ratio that deter
mines the money ratio hence, there Is
no insurmountable difficulty In the way
jf having a money standard of two
metals, leaving the supply to depend ou
the same general law that would
govern the supply of one. If one alone
were used. Indeed, the experience of
ages in the use of both metals as stand
ard money ought to be enough to settle
that question as a practicable one. The
question, then, of the desirability of
standard composed of two metals be
comes largely one of money supply.
Currency of Banks.
All forms of currency to the extent
that they receive free acceptance and
general circulation by the people of a
uatiou are factors in determining price
levels in such couutry. But the issues
of- banks and bank credits, so far as
they do money work and thereby tem
porarily advance or uphold prices, aro
pernicious influences iu the business
world. They constitute an unfailing
source of panics, and are the origin of
great disturbances In the commercial
world, always resulting in wrecking
the fortunes of those engaged lu legiti
mate industrial pursuits, and enriching
the classes that deal exclusively in
money and money futures, such as
mortgages and bonds.
Iu the domain of commerce the con
trolling factor Is price levels. Money
always seeks the market where prices
are lowest. Commodities with equal
certainty seek tlie market where prices
are highest. The Instinct of galu com
pels this movement with a regularity as
unerring as the magnetic needle points
to the pole of the earth.
The precious metals distribute them
selves among the nations and people
of the earth, automatically, through
the movements of commodities to such
markets as will afford the venders the
largest return. Under the operation of
this law each nation is said to receive
its distributive share of the gold and
silver of tiie wotid. Knch nation'*
share cau only be just sufficient to price
its products at a point that does not
admit of similar products from other
nations being brought into its markets
aud sold at a profit, because \Vheti this
can be done such nation will be com
pelled to yield up its gold and silver un
til prices are reduced to a point that
will no longer yield a profit to outsid
ers. While prices remain at this point
the nation can retain its gold and sil
ver, having only its distributive share.
Therefore, It will be seen that any form
of cttrreucy receivlug free acceptance
and general circulation and operating
to advance prices that is not a legal
tender, the free acceptance and general
circulation of which depend upon con
vertibility upon demand Into legal ten
der money, is a delusion aud a snare.
Such currency aids in making a level
of prices, but it is absolutely powerless
to sustain the price-level after it is
Silver Night chool Leaflets,
Campaign workers will find nothing
better for explaining the ir» to I ques
tion that the silver night school leaflets.
The cause of low prices, the misery and
suffering which has followed among
workingmen. the foreclosures of houses
and business failures, all are shown
step by step, by the familiar rules of
the common school arithmetics. No
campaign worker should be without a
number of these leaflets to be used In
his meetings.
^.An Alderman's Value,
An Alderman in a Western city of
about three thousand inhabitants, hav
ing made arrangements to remove to
another city, resigned his office.
Such a thing as the resignation of au
Alderman was entirely new in the his
tory of the place, and at the next meet
ing of the City Council one ol the hon
orable members introduced a resolu
tion, with a long preamble, setting
forth the new condition of tilings that
confronted the municipality, aud pro
viding for the calling of a special elec
tion to fill the vacancy. This was dis
cussed with much fervor. At last the
Mayor, as presiding officer, asked the
City Clerk what the expense ot a spe
cial election would be.
"About S?1S," answered th" lci.-,
"Gentlemen," said hi* Honor, solemn
ly. "an Alderman isn't worth •'.
And the resolution failed to pass.
If any foreign subsiauce is su al
lowed which is sharp-a nocdle, lor
instance- do not give au euntic. but
confine the diet to mashed potatoes for
two days.

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