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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, March 15, 1899, Image 6

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®l)c SDcmoctat.
BRONSON & CABS, Publishers.
MANCHESTER, IOWA.
A writer in (lie Pall Mall Gazotle
trios to prove Pilate was a Scotchman.
Hoot, moil!
A man's idea of economizing Is to
ask liis wife how much she can man
age to save on family expenses.
•The man who set himself on tire
wlille lighting his pipe ami burned to
death is another horrible example of
how the use of tobacco shortens life.
The only overflowing State treasury
in the Union is that of New Jersey, anil
the overflow there is from money paid
by the trusts for the privilege of prey
ing on other States.
Two prisoners, duly sentenced, have
petitioned for liberty on the ground
that imprisonment does not agree with
them. There will be no hesitancy In
granting to this plea the merit of nov
elty.
A man who feared something might
happen to him took the precaution to
be baptized in an ley river, eontraefed
the pneumonia, and died. This is one
of the most pronounced cases of premo
nition on record.
Trolley cars are to run past the pyra
mids. Many other things could be
done to improve the pyramids, such as
lilting them up with elevators, electric
lights and restaurants at about every
sixth story. Admire the pyramids as
we may, the fact cannot be deuied
that they are much behind the times.
The gypsy moth problem in Massa
chusetts seems to be auotlier case of
the man who caught the bear by the
tail. It is costing $200,000 per year,
with no perceptible sign of eradicating
the pest. As long as the State is doiug
the work the farmers rcfosc to go to
the expense of doing it themselves,
Aud the State Is afraid to quit.
Milllouairc Letter lias gone Into the
milk business iu Chicago. Once our
liuancinl aristocracy spurned any con
tact with small trade, but now any
thing that will bring in money Is in
style. Doubtless we shall yet see mem
bers of our fiscal gentry laying up suug
fortunes out of the soap grease and old
bottle Industry. But after all it is a
good American sign when we see na
bobs who are not afraid of work.
Statistics demonstrate the fact that
during the last year our trade lucreased
with China, Japan and South America
In nratio that indicates the beginning
of the saiue commercial invasion of
those countries that we have made an
Accomplished fact in Europe, and there
would seem every indication of the fact
:hat the next few years will find the
(United States occupying the posltlou
[held so long by England as the trade
(center of the world.
Only once in a while, It seems, (lo the
ipeople wake up to the fact that they
are masters and not serfs. For much of
jthe time they go along bowing and
scraping to their magistrates and their
mayors and their Governors and their
legislators and their otilee-holdlng fel
jlows In general. For practically all of
the time they are under a sense of
'hopeless subserviency to the persons
#iot at all above their own status in citi
zenship whom they have themselves
Clothed with official authority.
Precept and practice do not go hand
In hand always and the Injunction to
'forgive the penitent sinner is some
times forgotten. An example to the
contrary has been set by the congrega
tion of the First Baiitist Church of
&aston, Ta. The young pastor of the
church confessed that lie had sinned
grievously and offered his resignation
It was voted unanimously not to accept
the resignation. This is practical Chris
tianity, sufficiently rare to be remark
able.
While the Legislatures of several
States were leisurely debating bills
making it a misdemeanor to deface by
advertising or otherwise the State or
National flags, a French garrlsou expe
rienced the mordant of practical appli
cation. A druuken soldier, having in
sulted the French flag, was reported,
Hid all the troops of Toulon were form*
ffd lo hollow square on the parade
ground, with the flag in the middle.
Then the geueral called the luckless sol
dier by name, lie fell out of the ranks,
marched to the flag, saluted it, and ut
tered a faltering apology. "It is well,"
wns the brief comment of the general
pnd even the United States, whose flag
defaced with such impunity by Its
nwn people, echoes "well."
Minnesota is the first State that has
succeeded in checking the rush of
young men from the country to the big
Titles. Tills result has been brought
about through the influence of a State
school that is agricultural in fact as
well as iu name. An institution that
can so impress its work on students
that an average of ninety-five out of
every hundred of them are willing to
return to farm life, and put iuto prac
tice the advanced methods practically
taught In the school, Is deserving of
high commendation. It is evident that
the secret of the Minnesota school lies
in its organization and management,
for there are many other Institutions in
the country of a supposed like charac
ter that cannot show anything near
such results. There are now sixty-five
colleges of agriculture and the me
chanic arts in the United States that
have been* endowed by Acts of Con
gress, and forty-eight States and Terri
tories received each $23,000 from the
Federal Treasury last year for the pro
motion of practical agricultural and
mechaulcal education. An examina
tion of the reports of these Institutions
leads to the belief that in many in
stances such schools have been created
as departments of existing colleges
more to secure the government appro
priation than to make practical farm
crs and mechanics.
Few features of Congressional work
are more interesting than the private
claims, of which hundreds are present
ed annually. These are the claims of
individual citizens for some alleged
debts of the government which caunot,
by law, be collected in the regular way,
and so a special act of Congress is nec
essary if the Secretary of the Treasury
Is to pay them. Many of the claims
presented are fraudulent, while others
are so meritorious that were Uncle
Sam an individual lie would blush with
shame to allow them to remain for any
length of time unsettled. But good ami
bad alike are usually kept waiting
11131)3' years, for Congress acts slowly.
Oftentimes these claims are so evenly
balanced that it takes a long time for
Congress to make up its mind whether
they should be paid hot. The iuter-
.-.iiisfcr
osting ease of John Veele.v, which has
lust boon settled in Ms favor, is one of
long standing. In lb(s, as a carpenter
employed I'.v (hi? Lools\ die ami Nash
ville Railroad, he found live one-liun
dred-dollar bills in the end of an old
box ear which he had been repairing.
The bills were badly torn, aud had been
used by the rats in building a nest.
Veeley made no secret of how he came
iuto possession of this money, and ap
plied to the acvernment to exehaugc
these bills for new ones. This was re
fused. lie then sold the bills to a
broker for three hundred dollars, who
sent them to Washington again, and
asked for an opinion of the Comptroller
of the Treasury, who decided that the
government had a right to keep the
bills without paying for them. The
broker came back to Veeley for the
three hundred dollars. As the poor man
had spent the money, he had great dif
ficulty in getting the sum together
again, and was only able to pay It iu In
stalments. A committee of Congress
recently Investigated the case and de
cided that as Veeley was the honest
Under of the notes, which were payable
to bearer, and no one else in the thirty
years had come forward to claim them,
he should he compensated. According
ly, a bill allowed him live hundred dol
lars lias been passed, and after long de
lay, he Is once more in possession of the
cash, in this case a patient waiter has
lost uothing but the interest on his
tuouev.
We Americans demand our laugh at
the expense of everything new or old
that we are called upon to consider but
in the end we measure coiiscieutlouslj
and carefully and what at first look
seems almost reckless jocundity turns
out to be but a blithe temper working
joyously at a serious task. This is the
opinion expressed by an editorial
writer in the Saturday Evening Post.
may be that our wonderful national
growth owes much to mere llght-heart
edness maintained under ilie most diffi
cult and depressing circumstances.
We have whistled merrily aud kept up
our courage through many a dark day
not for the sake of the whistling, but
because it was not in us to mope and
whine. A sense of humor purifies and
freshens every mental state into which
it Is projected, so that under its influ
ence one's view of adversities and per
plexities borrows wholesome colors,
and one's judgment harks back to reck
on with the original elements of happi
ness. Optimism is a badge of youth
health and vigor. We as a nation have
shown the world how to make a play of
work how to enjoy conquering a vast
wilderness and an abounding crude
ness how to crow great with a laugli
on your lips and a jest in every intona
tion how to chaff at science and yet
sieze upon Its every secret for the ad
vancenient of our purposes. Our incli
nation to laugh, to amuse ourselves
with crude yet telling humor, in the
midst of epic changes and powerfully
stimulating readjustments in the
world's attitude toward us, is not nec
essarily of the same nature as the in
stinctive gambols and grotesqueribs of
a well-fed and healthy young animal,
as some critics have thought for, al
though our diplomatic methods have
recently passed uuder the fiery test of
European experience, there has been no
failure in comprehensiveness, firmness
and efficacy. We sec the lines of carica
ture and travesty in everything but
behind all our lightness the alert bust
ness faculty stauds ready. The clear
sighted student of history sees that we
are, in the main, developing as England
developed, but incomparably faster.
Our jocund youth is similar to what the
mother country's was, but more clean
and of firmer moral tone, as any reader
may gather from Chaucer, Spenser,
.Tonson and Shakspeare, who reflected
England's morning freshness. Perhaps
the very rapidity of our progress, the
exceeding stress of our inner and out
ward development, and the surprises of
our practical inventions have occasion
ally shocked us Into undue hilarity
and at times we may guffaw in the face
of august and solemn presences, yet we
can point to the record. History is do
ing more than merely repeating itself
in our swift dash to the fore It is
adding anew meaning to Greek joyous
ness and Roman strength. The incre
ment speaks for more than the addition
of what may be called natural accumu
lation of experiences it Is racial, and
lias been enlarged and enriched by the
•forces of freedom and a true concep
tion of civilization. From the first we
have chosen to be happy, and so we are
sometimes almost jovial, but we are
mightily in earnest.
BEAT THE INSURANCE MAN.
Defeated in AKC-Gumiiis Contest by
Randolph Strcet.Ctcrk.
If there is one thing more than an
other in which the average life insur
ance solicitor prides himself It is his
ability to guess ages. lie has his ta
bles of life probabilities, Is accustomed
to estimating a mau's age when striv
ing to place a policy and seldom
Waste of foil by Mowing.
It is always a loss to leave sol! naked
through the wluter. especially If the
surface soil is friable. Unless snow
come as a covering, much of it will be
blown Into adjoining fields. Often when
snow conies it will be wind swept into
banks behind fences on its leeward
side, and so soon as the banks are
formed the snow will be darkened by
clouds of tine dust, which is deposited
on its surface. This wind-blown soil is
always extremely rich, as is shown by
the quicker growth and darker green
of the grass that grows up after the
bank has melted in spring. Always the
land on the lee side of fields that have
been much and long plowed is richer
near the fence on the leeward side than
it is nearer the center of the field. For
this reason.when plowing, turn the fur
rows as much as possible from the
fences towards the center of the field.
Doubtless there is much blowing of
surface dirt in summer showers,
though it is not so plain to the sight as
it is when the dark rim lies 011 top of a
white bauk of snow.
Protecting
Winter protection for shrubs is a mat
ter that requires considerable skill.
Cold is one of the things to be guarded
a a
weight of snow In
winter must be
foreseen and care
exercised lest the
shrub bo greatly
in red
make3
a bad break. But one of this kind
came to grief yesterday in a Randolph
street office. The clerk was too much
for him at his own game.
The solicitor was "saving a life,"
having just ordered the perfeetos for
a couple of friends. lie gradually
brought the talk around to estimates
of ages. Here is where the man behind
the counter got to work and made the
solicitor look like "2 cents." Two
clerks, one with a smooth, boyish face,
the other with a big brown mustache,
stood together. The mustache desired
the solictor to tell his partner's age.
The solicitor took a steady look, half
closing his eyes and seeming very wise,
"Thirty-eight," he answered.
"And how old am I'r" asked the
quizzer.
"Oil, you," was the careless rejoin
der, "you're easy. Anybody could see
you're a kid. I put you down aL 27."
"Bet you the smokes I come closer to
your age than you have to ours, or
either."
"Got you, me boy. I don't miss often.
This is my game."
"Well, you're 42," said the clerk.
"That goes," was the chagrined re
ply. "How did you get it so close?
That's my figure all right. By bow
much do you winV"
"Easy. I'm 34 and Mike's 32."
"That beats mo," said the solicitor.
"Notliiug easier," remarked the young
man, as lie drew forth a fresh box from
the case.
"How do yon make that out?"
"Oh, you're an Insurance man and
I'm only a guesser."—Chicago Chron
icle.
Tlie Spelling Reform.
Henceforth, in all the publications of
the Natioual Educational Association,
the reformed spelling is to be used iu
the following words: program, tho,
altho, catalog, prolog, decalog, dema
gog, pedagog, also iu thru and thro and
their compounds. Here's a pretty meets
for the conservative speller!
Spent 011 Silk lints.
It Is calculated that the men of Great
Britain spend at least §25,000,000 every
year iu silk huts.
I sr?y»
Another Paw Jack.
The saw jack shown in the accom
panying illustration is so easily con
structed that description Is unneces
sary. The material used in building
LAUOIt-SAVlXO SAW .JACK.
can be of any convenient size and of
almost any material, although hard
wood is preferred, so that the weight
will hold It firmly in place.—orange
Judd Farmer.
Maple £ug.ir Problems.
I anticipate no particular change in
methods of making and marketing ma
ple sirup and sugar the coming spring,
says a Vermont sugar maker In the
New England Homestead. I do antici
pate, however, that iu the near future
there will be Inaugurated a new process
of reducing maple sap without any ap
plication of heat, thus retaining the
pure maple llavor without any discol
oration. As lo deep or shallow tapping,
depth should depend on the size of the
tree, anywhere from one-half Inch to
two inches at the most. Tho deeper the
tap the more sugar I make, but at the
expense of quality and life of the tree.
Double Seeding of Clover.
The earliest seeding of clover general
ly grows the largest size by the time
the grain around it is cut. But some
times it starts too early, and is nipped
by frost just when its leaves start and
it lias very little root. At this time, jis
the clover leaf Is very tender, the youn
plant is easily killed. We know farn
crs who divide their seeding, sowing
some early In March, and delaying the
latest seeding until April. In tills way
they claim that a more even seeding of
all the grouud is secured than if al
were sown at once. The second seed
ing is always sown crosswise of the
first.
Muriate of Potash.
Where potash only is required it is
much cheaper to purchase It in the
form of muriate, which will yield no
per cent, of potash, than iu the kainit
or German potash salts, which have
only from 10 to 1." per cent, of tills min
eral. Wood ashes contain potash in
varying degree, that from fruit trees in
healing sometimes having as much
potash as 0 or 8 per cent. But the wood
ashes also contain some lime ami some
phosphate, which makes them more on
all-around manure than the potash
taken from natural deposits can be.
Parsuip-i for Cows.
There is no better root for cows than
the parsnip. It lias the advantage that
pari of the crop may. if need be, be
wintered iii tin? ground where it is
grown. The parsnip, unlike the bees,
makes a rich mill). h»Ms equal to the
|arrot iu this reswet, and undoubtedly,
,-fx
r&X
11
like that root, helps to color winter
made butter. Parsnips are a favorite
winter feed (if Jersey and Guernsey
farmers, who by its use have been able
to breed cows whoso high butter color
has become hereditary in these breeds.
No doubt the parsnip feeding Is in part
responsible for the color of Jersey but
ter.
1Ior8o-ltmliHh
It is usually said that liorso-radlsh
will grow anywhere, and it would al
most seem that this Is true, so difficult
is it to fully exterminate the roots once
they are (irmly established. But it is
not true that horse-radish will grow
as well without care and fertilizer as
with it.
I11
the
wrapping process
by the breaking of
111
a it 1
branches. There
or a Country
Gentleman corre
spondent proposes
the following plan
The cut shows
the proper way to
begin. Select a
Cucumbers.
Cucumbers generally do well, even if
conditions are only moderately favor
able, though it is better to plant them
In a deep, rich and somewhat retentive
loam, the planting to be done as soon as
the grouud becomes warm in the
spring. Five or six feet apart each way
isaboutthe right distance and a shovel
ful of well-rooted manure or compost
placed at the point where the seed are
planted, though the manure should be
covered with soil and the seed planted
in the soil. About a dozen seed should
be put in each hill, covered one inch and
tho soil packed over the seeds. As soon
as the plants come above the surface
the soil about them should be loosened,
and this repeated after each rain. Oc
casionally it maybe necessary to dust
the plants with parls green to protect
them from iusects. Thin the plants
down to three or four to the hill and
cultivate the land both ways until the
vines become too long.—Texas Stock
and Farm Journal.
starting a new bed the
crowns of old plants may be set, but
the newer melhod is to use small root
lets about as large around as an ordin
ary penholder. In planting these be
very careful to set them the right end
up. Bury these root It ts about two
inches deep in good, mellow soil.
wset Potatoes from Cuttings.
A Texas market gardener claims that
sweet potatoes grown from vine cut
tings are smoother and nicer than those
grown from slips or sprouts. His meth
od of securing early sweet potatoes is
to gather the vines before frost has lu
jured tlieni ahd hang them on a pole,
the ends of which rest in crotches or
forks some two feet above the ground.
Cover the ends of the vines with moist
earth and throw straw, leaves or corn
stalks over the whole and protect from
the rain by a good shed, with tlie north
side boarded up. As cold weather ap
proaches he. for better protection,
throws more soil upon the base of the
heap and more straw on the upper por
tion. leaving the south end, or, better
still, the top, partly open during warm
spells for ventilation. This plan (which
is similar to banking the tubers) will
keep vines alive all winter aud ready
for early planting In the spring.—
Farmers' Magazine.
stake, longer than
the height of the
shrub, and drive it
Well down in the center of the bush.
Now draw the branches all carefully
together and tie them to the stake with
a soft bit of cord, as shown. A layer
of straw can now be wrapped about
the shrui), bringing the bottom of the
straw well out upon the ground, to pro
tect the roots as much as possible. The
whole can now be covered with burlap
and tied or sewed tightly. The top is
then a point, on which snow cannot
lodge, while the stake supports the
bush when the winds blow.
To Keep raiux.
These directions, can-fully followed,
are said to keep bams from molding,
as well as from insect harm. "I have
tried various ways," said an expert,
"and there are several that will keep
hams sweet and sound, not only
through the year, but for two years. I
have packed them in clean casks, first
thoroughly sprinkling every ham with
hickory wood ashes pip tlieni in strong
muslin bags, sewed them up and hung
them to spikes in the attic, well ven
tilated. and they kept well. I have left
them iu the smokehouse, as dark as
Erebus, locked the doors and kept the
key, and never knew an insect to trou
ble them, and they were always In fine
condition. 1 have also put them in
bags, as before, imbedded in sweet cut
hay,and they came out whenever want
ed in the very best condition. In all
cases they should be hung up In a dry,
cool place."—Orange Judd Farmer.
Kconotity of Hornless Cows.
When it comes to putting up cowt
for winter, the cow that has no horns
will be found to take much less room
than her neighbor, who is tempted to
and generally does hook aud light all
those near her.
I11
the stable, of course,
each stall will accommodate its cow,
horns or no horns. Horned cattle are
often kepi in stables on bright, pleas
ant wintry days, to keep them from
hooking one another, when they would
be much healthier if allowed to run in
a small yard. Most barn yards are
made much larger than would be nec
essary if all horns were removed.
Tills wastes manure, as more surface
is exposed to rains, and the droppings
in a large yard are often so scattered
that they are never gathered Into heaps
and carried where they are needed.—
America
11
Cult va tor.
More Productive thin Clover.
In the localities where it succeeds,
which are mainly in the arid regions of
the West, alfalfa is nntch more produc
tive than clover. It has also the ad
vantage that once the ground is seeded
with it the plant will live for years. The
chief drawback Is that it takes longer
to get a start, the plant not making
much growth until late the first season.
It is very impatient of wet, and caunot
be grown where the grouud during
spring and late in winter is flooded.
After tho first year three crops of hay
may be cut iu a year, and as tlie plant
has the power of disintegrating air in
the sol) by the nodules grown on Its
roots, the soil increases in nitrogenous
fertility. But of course mineral fertil
izers must be supplied when they are
needed, as
110
Apropos of ilre:d.
If moulding is well done bread will
not stick to the board.
In moulding keep the grain of the
dough going one way.
Don't forget lhat ihe addition of lard
and sugar makes bread dough into cake
dough, and very poor cake dough at
that.
Grease the pans with suet.
Bake in small pans to kill the yeast
cake and get lots of goud crust, which
is not only delicious to taste, but good
exercise for the teeth. We lose our
teeth if we don't give theui something
to do.
Whole wheat bread should not be
soggy.
Kneading Is not the wild process
some women make it. You simply roll
ami roll and roll gently, then fold over
the back with the thumb. You must
keep it all going all the time to give it
elasticity.
The board should be simply washed
with a bit of sand soap.
Brush the bread with water before
putting it ii the oven.
One of the most treasured possessions
of the Duke of Fife is a little photo
graph-frame made by the Princess
Louise out of a pleee of her first court
train. Tho story go's th this pretty
present was secretly besiowed upon
the duke some three years before their
ollk'hil engagement was announced.
I
A wise man never questions a child
in public unless he la sure ot the an
swer.
1
1
1
1
-m
SEtSIBl^E SUBURBAN HOUSE.
Thislesign Makes Suitable Home
fo: tlie Well-to-do Worktngman*
Witiiu the last quarter century ar
chitecture has made great progress,
and tie American architectural talent
has loen greatly developed. We per
ceive the change in the appearauce of
the owns and cities here and there
over i|ic country. There is still much
to be tesired, but a beginniug has been
made, and great advances are observ
able. The architect's object should bo,
if hisgenius be equal to his task, to so
desigi a building as to give It an air
eithe of sublimity or beauty.
Noone who has not had the experi
ence can realize what a large amount
I11
the autumn, when housekeepers are
preparing pickles, there is a good de
mand for both roots and leaves. It Is
but little work to prepare the root for
market, as it can be run through a meat
chopper. Much of the horse-radish put
on tin* market has some white turnip
ground with it. and. indeed, many pre
fer this to the clear root, as the prepara
tion is not so strong. White wine vine
gar should be used.-Orange Judd
Farmer.
of vork is necessary in the prelimi
jUares of the erection of a good house,
andwhat a largo amount of hard thlnk
jingmust be done before the subject
jtnks the actual position of bricks and
jinoftar. Every man about to build
jshoild have a year's good solid think
lingon the subject He must first get
petted down to tho matter of site. The
[sub.ect of a site is the first importance.
:audtoo
much caution caunot be exer-
elsel In the selection.
We show herewith a design suitable
for such a home. Tho plans show a
ver sensible arrangement. There are
certtin features of planning that should,
ahvtys go with every well-regulated
sin ation, and a careful study of the
flu plans' here given will, from the
st: idpoint of living in the house, con
fir 1 anyone in Ills ideas of the care
an consideration given to this sub
jet Such houses as this are in de
ii!} tid all over the country and can be
lut It by the hundreds if placed in the
pr iper localities, especially suburb.? of
la ge cities.
'he convenience of the arrangement
of this design is appareut
011
0111
disintegration of the air
can furnish any of these.
Pcacli Trees on Heavy {-'oil.
There is a widespread belief tha,
peach trees will only succeed on sandy
l'ght soil. It is true they need always
a dry soil, but this can be secured,
where the soil Is nearly pure clay If it
be thoroughly umlerdrained. This is
better than putting Hie peach tree on
plum stocks, as is often advised when
the tree is to be ph.nlcd iu clay soil.
The plum, as well as the peach, abhors
wet feet, and both will do best 011 clay
soil, which is always rich iu potash, if
the clay soil has first been thoroughly
umlerdrained.
examiua-
ti«n of the floor plans. It all depends
the inmates of such a house whether
improves with age, or,
011
the other
hind, from carelessness and indiffer
et ee it is allowed to go to rack and
In. The principal architectural fea
re of the front hall, which is of good
'.0, is an ornamental staircase of neat
•sign. The parlor 011 the light Is quite
rge, and the hall, parlor, library and
$ulng-room are all connected by wide
idlng doors, to be thrown together
leight of ceilings: Cellar, S feet first
^tory, lb feet second story, 9 feet The
foundation is of good stone, eighteeu
inches thick. All outside work usually
ambei
maef
C- I«i#t
Chamber'
7?'
^)econcl floo
11
r*~ *4 sV
painted has three coats best, paint in
side filled and linishetl with hard oil.
The house is heated by furnace ami
lias b^eit built complete, including foun
dation. plumbing ami heating, for $•!,•
nijo. E. A. Payne.
Singing Classes.
Another notion which cannot fni! to
be of widespread benefit, is the people's
singing classes established iu Boston
and New York. They are an attempt,
says Listener iu Transcript, to bring
Lack the old singing schools, with the
popular spontaneity in song and music
making that they implied they are
capable, if they grow, of becoming as
good a foundation for a real national
music as the popular song-unions of
Germany have been. Everybody who
has looked at all deeply into the subject
is probably aware that the art of song
is not really dead, as it appears to be,
but only dormant, among the Ameri
can people. They
110
longer slug and
play together because they have been
made ashamed of their own simple
music. The persons who are trained to
some kind of degree of technical use
of voice and instruments which ordi
nary hard-working people cannot at
tain to, laugh at the spontaneous ef
forts of the people and gradually mo
nopolize the utterauce of musical
sounds, so that the natural function
of music is forgotten. It is this state
of things that the people's singing
classes will, at least in some measure,
correct. So far, the Interest in them
seems genuine. The enthusiasm of the
singing school may come again, with
all its attendant benefits.
CAN THIS BE TRUE?
Kvery Irving Heing Said to Be Par
tially Blind.
It will probably be a shock to many
to learn that, without any exception,
they are all partially blind and iusensi
blc to pain.
It has been clearly demonstrated by
exhaustive experiments that every
human eye is blind In one particular
part, varying in locality and size with
the individual. Tills cau be easily
proved by tracing 300 curved and par
allel lines on a large sheet of paper,
and passing up and down each merid
ian 1h turn a disc of black paper one
inch in diameter, until the white area
of the sheet of paper has been covered.
In following the movements of the disc
it will be found that at certain parts
of its progress it* cannot lie seen at all,
and tills Is when the "blind spot* iu
tho eye is focused 011 It.
This blind spot, which is irregular In
shape, is caused by the optic nerve,
which enters the retina, and thus ob
scures part of the picture photograph
ed (as it were) on it. The entire scene
looked upon is dearly depicted with
the exception of the part which should
appear on the point of the retina cov
ered by the optle nerve at Its point of
entry.
Similarly,scientificexperiment proves
that there are thousands of minute
hovso, no matter what the size or its parts of the body which are incapable
*XT
=^Fbyne Artht Car iba&
gjl/ls
PERSPECTIVE VIEW.
of feeling. You may touch them with
a hot needle, or even, to push the ex
periment further, you may thrust the
needle deeply into the part without any
pain being felt. All parts of the body
share this peculiar Insensibility to pain,
but tho unfortunate thing Is that these
"dead points" are so mixed up with
parts that are keenly alive that, unless
the point of contact Is confined to the
dead point, the paiu is till too manifest.
BROWN'S NEW PRESIDENT.
Prof. Taylor leaves Yaasnr and Goes
to Providence.
Since E. Benjamin Andrews resigued
the presidency of Brown University
and went to Chicago as superintendent
of schools, the institution at Providence
011
easion. The dining-room is connect
1 with the kitchen through a passage.
which the inside stairs go to the
tie!hir. The pantry, to the left of the
itchen.ls fitted with pastry table,flour
ijins and ample cupboards. A cellar
tyndcr the whole house fs fitted with
furnace room, laundry and other nee
•jssary apartments. The construction Is
6f the best throughout The timbers
Jire of sound pine, well-seasoned and
iree from damaging defects. The stud
ying of outside walls are 2xi, sheathed
^nd papered outside and covered with
iuilf-inch pine siding. Inside is plas
tered with cement plaster. The size of
flic building is
{|i/oxr)4/y
(•luding
feet, not in-
the front porth and stops,
PltKSiniCNT JAMKSM. TAVI.OK.
has been without a head. Tho vacancy
is now tilled, however, by the selection
of Hcv. James M. Taylor, president of
Vassar College. Dr. Taylor is a well
known Baptist preacher and scholar
lie is ,"W years old, and has been In the
Baptist ministry twenty-seven years.
II" was for four years pastor of the
leading Baptist Church in Providence
ami in 18-" went to Vassar to assume
the presidency of the famous woman's
college. He has made a strong reputa
tion for himself at Vassar, not only
an educator but as an administrator
As professor of moral and mental phi
losophy lie ditl the best work, but he
had his eyes open at all times to the hi
teres ts of other departments.
The Killing Passion.
Everything, even a magnificent ca
thedral, has to be regarded from the
point, of view of the beholder. A Lon
don paper says that two country girls,
who acted as If they might bo enjoying
a holiday from domestic service, wer
lately observed walking down the
aisles of St. Paul's Cathedral.
rnder the great douie one of them
stood and gazed around her with an
air of such wonder that her sllenc
conveyed the impression that her prob
ably limited vocabulary did not fur
nlsh her with words to convey her im
pressions.
"(h. dear, Sarah!" she presently 1
claimed, "wouldn't this place take
I long time to sweep out!"
I Evvry starving doctor cordially hates
the doctor who Is making success of
his profession.
Au appetite for pie, and a stoiuac
that will not stand pie, always gu to
gether.
,r
ww lisps*1 WK» mW*lFW!eWHEW8^IWIWi®S?KP!IH1SRS
AROUND A BIG STATE
INTERESTING ITEMS OF
IOWA NEWS.
LATE
Jury Seta Mrs. Hughei Free New
Railway Company Electa Officers—
Young Woman Shoots Herself for
Unexplained Reasons*
At Mason City, tho jury in the case of
Mrs. Lottie M. Hughes, tried on the
charge of murdering her husband, after
twenty-four hours' deliberation, returned
a verdict of not guilty. Tho judge ad
dressed the jury, complimenting them for
the hours they had spent together on the
case and the carefulness of their medita
tions. An effort was made by Mrs.
Hughes to thank each of the jurors, but
her strength would not permit, and she
sank in her chair exhausted. The trial of
Mrs. Hughes lasted nearly seven weeks
and attracted much attention, not only be
cause of the prominence of the persons in
volved, but for the reason that the woman
vas accused of poisoning her husband be
ause she loved another.
OfficerB of New Town Road.
Alio stockholders of the Winona, Mnr
slialitown and Southwestern Railway met
at Marshalltown and elected officers as
follows: President, N. S. Keteiinui vice
president and treasurer, George V. Ivirby
secretary, A. O. Click chief engineer, C.
C. Oilman. The completed survey starts
at Osage and runs almost directly south
through seven county seats—-Osage, Alli
son, CSrundy Center, Marshalltown, New
ton, Knoxville and Chariton. It passes
through the finest agricultural portion of
Iowa and taps the rich coal fields of the
southern portion of the State. Grading
will be commenced early in the spring.
Filicide of Young Woman.
At the home of her parents, near Hawk
eye, Nettie Hull, a young woman about 22
years of age, deliberately shot herself.
She was home with her sister, when the
latter stepped across the road to a neigh
bor's. When she returned she was horri
fied to find Nettie lying on the floor dead,
with a bullet hole through her heart. It
is said that the young woman left a note
111 explanation of her act, but its conteuts
have uot been given out.
Wou by Hmpson College.
The Iowa Collegiate Oratorical Asso
ciation held its annual convention and con
test at Mount Vernon. Representatives
from fourteen Iowa colleges were present.
Coo College of Cedar Hapitis took down
200 delegates. Iowa Wesleyan. Parsons,
Upper Iowa and Des Moines colleges also
had large delegations. The contest was
won by S. M. Holiday of Simpson Col
lege, Indianola. His theme was Twenti
cth-Century Politics."
Hank Robbery Frustrated.
A well-formed plot to blow open tho
vault in the First National Bunk of Fort
Dodge was foiled by the revelations of one
of the gang, who gave away 1 he story.
The plan was to overpower the police and
force an entrance to a room immediately
beneath the bank and blow open the vault
with dynamite.
Brict State Happenings*
The Catholic fair at Avoea netted the
church $82n.
The new Methodist church at West
Branch has been dedicated.
Cholera is affecting hogs in some por
tions of Woodbury County.
Thirty-seven pupils now attend the In
dian school at Toledo.
The new roundhouse aud turn tables at
Musserville are completed.
A farmer near Dows lost about thirty
head of young pigs through freezing.
A Waterloo grocer tilled a kerosene can
with gasoline. The customer will recover.
W. C. ITnrvey lias been appointed post
master at Mame, vice J. 11. Ilunn, re
signed.
Gail Bush, a wealthy fanner, attempted
to stop a runaway team at Creston and
was killed.
Contracts have been awarded for the
erection of the new Y. M. C. A. building
at Keokuk.
The canning compnny at Gilman has or
dered 1,300,000 cans for delivery in ho
near future.
The Vinton Telephone Company, with
a capital of $3,000, lias filed articles of
incorporation.
The corn crop in Woodbury County
promises to be larger the coming year
than ever before.
The Presbyterian Society at Audubon
has decided to erect a uew church to cost
not less than $8,000.
Jacob Dill, found guilty of manslaugh
ter at Burlington, has been sentenced to
live years' imprisonment.
The people of Cushtng are agitating the
question of bonding the town for the erec
tion of a new school house.
Nick lbive of Council Bluffs was seri
ously injured by a large rock falling on his
leg, breaking it in three phucs.
Humboldt will soon have electric lights.
The electrical appliances have ail arrived
aud will be put in position at once.
The investigation into the charges made
against the management of the school for
the blind at Knoxville proves them entire
ly groundless.
John W. Mclntyrc. a prominent and
well-to-do citizen of Ottumwa, suddenly
expired at his home there from paralysis
of the heart.
The City Council of Atlantic has au
thorized the treasurer to issue a warrant
for $4,000 to take up that amount of wat
er works bonds.
Mary Schlucter, nged IS, of Davenport,
committed suicide by shooting herself
with a revolver. The cause of her rash
act is unknown.
The school year of the State Agricul
tural College at Ames has opened with
over a hundred students more than in any
previous year.
E. O. McKelvey and Clunics Godley of
Ottumwa were knocked off a trestle by a
Rock Island switch engine to the ground,
a distance of twenty feet, but not fatally
iujured.
Miss Keer of Munroe is dead, said to he
011
account of her mother's faith In Chris
tian science. The .voting lady was ailing
for some time, but the mother refused to
get medical aid.
Over nine hundred citizens of Marshall
town signed the petition asking the School
Board to take the necessary steps for sub
mitting the question of adopting free text
hooks iu that city.
At Athintic, Arthur Barber was sen
tenced to live years iu the penitentiary
for highway robbery. Otto Hansen three
years for the same offense, Joe Sandberg
one year for the same ofTeuse, Lonis Fos
ter one year for emhez/.lement and Link
Eaton two years for forgery.
Commissions have been issued by the
Governor to two members of the Forty
ninth, now at Havana. Both go to men
who are raised from the ranks to posi
tions as commissioned ofiiccrs. One is
Frank E. Litis, commissioned second lieu
tenant in Company E. The other is Wil
liam C. Kaufftnau of Cedar County, com
missioned second lieutenant iu Com
pjiuy F.
In a quarrel on a cabin boat near Bur
lington "Shady" Martin had his shoulder
crushed and head cut open by a blow from
his brother. The injured man was sent
to the hospital and his assailant locked up.
Arthur lbirber Ims heen sentenced to
live years in the penitentiary for the
Thurnuin highway robbery it Athintic
lust fall, and his two companions, Joe
Sundberg and Ot to I Innsen, out? and three
years respectively.
Spurred by the recent declaration of the
chtiirman of the Republican State Com
mittee the promoters of the Des Moines
auditorium announce lhat the building
will be ready for occupancy in time for
tlie holding of the nest State couveutiou.
Elgin will have a new opera house.
A creatnory is heing erected at Saude.
Tho mill bridge at Algona has been fin
ished.
Petty thieves are epidemic in Green
township.
Funds have been raised at Postville to
erect a $0,000 hall.
An effort is being made to establish a
creamery at Laurel.
The number of inmates in all the State
institutions now is G,779.
The Christinn denomination will build
a church at Nora Springs.
The Presbyterian Society at Ottosen
is preparing to build a church.
The Methodists of Aurora are contem
plating the erection of a church.
Emmctsburg expects that the extension
of the M. & St. L. will touch there.
Prohibitionists will hold their State con
vention in Des Moines May 23 and 24.
Fire in the store of True Bros,, at
Avoca, caused a loss estimated at $1,000.
An effort was made to burglarize the
postofllee at Agency, but was frustrated.
The banks at Muscatine have reduced
their rate of interest from 4 to 3 per cent.
Mary Crawford of Newmarket, 20 years
old, committed suicide by taking lauda
num.
The creamery at Emmetsburg received
during the past month 347,158 pounds ot
milk.
The Glenwood State Bank has filed ar
ticles of incorporation. Capital given at
$2o,000.
The State Board of Health will here
after hold semi-annual examinations for
eiubalmers.
Company of the Fifty-second Iowa
is to remain at Emmetsburg and will be
reorganized.
The Dubuque Packing Company has re
sumed operations with a capacity of 000
hogs a day.
The independent school district of Iowa
Falls has decided to refund $7,000 of the
school bouds.
The Iowa Telephone Company has been
granted a franchise for a telephone sys
tem at Aeklcy.
Of the forty-six men mustered into the
Fort Madison company twenty-six served
in the Spanish war.
The City Council at West Union has
voted to erect a fire department building
at a cost of $3,800.
Rev. Father Daly, assistant pastor of
the cathedral at Dubuque, has been trans
ferred to Volga City.
A pickle salting house will be erected at
Washington if farmers will agree to raise
200 acres of cucumbers.
Fort Dodge is to put in another tele
phone company and between the two COO
instruments will lie in use.
It is understood that new buildings will
soon take the place of those destroyed by
fire recently at Ilumeston.
The people of Carnforth are talking of
building a church. At present there is
not a church in that township.
The First National Bank of Atlantic
has purchased $2,200 refunding bonds of
the school district at 4 per cent.
Joe Zero and Joe McGlinn quarreled at
Basset and in the fight Zero was badly
stabbed. McGlinn made his escape.
Of thirty-live persons who presented
themselves at Des Moines for examina
tion as pharmacists but four passed.
The school house at Quarry, together
with conteuts, was destroyed by fire. Loss
about $1,200. It originated from a stove.
Tho 2-year-old child of Mr. and Mrs.
Day of Union township fell into a tub of
hot water and was so badly scalded that
it died.
The final figures in the Johnson County
election show that the court house propo
sition carried by 1,402 majority aud the
new jail by 1,200.
The Chicago, Milwaukee arid St. Paul
will build a new freight house at Mason
City. Work will be begun as early in the
spring as possible.
Unless the State Board of Health
grants certificates to practice osteopaths
making application tho matter will be
carried into the courts.
A man named Collins, aged f»0, of Clear
Lake, eloped with a young girl of 15 of
that place. Tho mother of the girl will
resort to law to recover her.
The senior class of the Harvard law
scHool elected Charles O. Parish of Cla
riuda commencement day marshal. The
dectiou carries high social honors.
A man named Stephenson informed the
police of Keokuk that he had been assault
ed by a stranger giving his name as Ward
and severely stabbed. The assailant es
caped into Missouri before he could be
eapt urcd.
Rev. William N. Coffey was sentenced
to three and one-half years in prison by
Judge Bishop of the District Court at Des
Moines for grand larceny. Coffey, who
is a divinity student, stole $000 from Mrs.
Magart, a widow.
John Hickman was domiciled at Mercy
hospital, Dubuque, being in the last stages
of consumption. He sought to leave his
bed for a sunny spot, fell aud died before
help cou-id reach him. He was formerly
au alderman in that city.
The administratrix of the estate of
George Ahcarn is suing the Illinois Cen
tra! for $20,000 in the District Court at
Dubuque. Ahearn was a bridge builder
in the employ of the Central and was kill
ed while engaged in his work.
At Ackley, Mrs. I. Calender was burned
to death. She was au invalid aud was at
home alone. When her husband returned
he found her burned to a crisp. The
house was full of smoke and it is uot
known how tho fire originated.
At Council Bluffs, two men were in
stantly killed aud a third sustained a
broken leg and was otherwise injured by
the caving in of a bank of earth, near
which they were working. One of the
dead men is J. U. Black and the other is
Frank Kroner, who had applied and been
put to work but a few hours before. The
injured man is C. P. Reed.
The 3-year-old daughter of Mrs. An
ton Stuchon, living near Little Turkey,
was playing in the house alone when her
dress caught fire at the stove and she was
burned to death.
Louis Burke, working on the new bridge
near Lehigh, lost his footing and fell a
distance of twenty-five feet into a pool of
water, which had formed over the ice, and
this probably saved his life.
Thirty-three per cent of the applicants
to join the Fort Madison military com
pany were rejected because of what is
known as cigarette heart, caused by ex
cessive indulgence in the habit.
Three suicides within a week is the rec
ord as made up in Davenport when Fritz
Bratsch shot himself. Bratsch was an
old German. He left a note asking the
forgiveness of friends and stating that an
incurable disease drove him to this des
perate method of relief.
In his official report to Washington Di
rector Sage says winter wheat in Iowa
has suffered a severe loss by the extraor
dinary cold ami lack of snow. Some early
wheat still shows vitality, and with favor
able condition Ihe coming mouth, a por
tion of the crop may lie realized. In the
case of winter wheat the average in tlrti
State lie reports from 250,000 last year
to 300,000 this year.
The School Board of Davenport will
ask the citizens to vote $54,000 for the
erection of a school building aud the pur
chnse of a site.
A. T. Dawson, at present private secre
tary to Congressman Curtis, will in the
near future assume the same duties for
Senator Allison.
The first Spanish war pension claim for
the Iowa ami Nebraska district has been
allowed. Mrs. Madge Newsotue of Des
Moines being the beneficiary. Her hus
band, D. H. Newsonie, was a member of
the Fifty-first Iowa regiment and died of
typhoid fever while the regiment was iu
camp at San Francisco last summer. The
elaiui allowed was $12 per mouth*
Pre
vW

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