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BRONSON & CABR, Publishers. MANCHESTER, IOWA. Franco has got si crisis and never iuis she can have a a nun). A Now York man shot himself be cause his house leaKcd. lie assuredly had trouble in his upper stor.v. A hov was poisoned from cat ins: a newspaper. This again proves this business should be 1 'll to ihc guats ii too much for kids. A dispatch from Iloilo savs that the rebels burned all the records before evacuating the town. W ell. what of it? Gen. Miller had broken them all In the first place. The old Romans who patronized gladiatorial combats were savage enough, but their consciences were clear of any complicity in the support of slx-dav bicvcie races. Now that the United States copyright cannot be made effective ill our expan sion territory, pirate publishers have an excellent opportunity for educating the Filipinos in a taste for modern fictiou. Internal laughter is the very latest thing recommended to give health and beauty to all who indulge therelu. Pre sumably vou may be expected to swal low a fenther and feel immensely tickled. Mothers' congresses are conducted on progressive modem lines. Fathers' congresses will still be held iu the woodshed in the old-fashioned way. with a slender withe of hickory as the only sigu of formality. A Western man has tiled as a cross petition to a divorce suit brought by his wife a declaration that she care fully concealed from him during the courtship that she had a glass eve. Didn't he dare look her in the eye be fore marriage? Mrs. Elizabeth Jordan lias written a weird article on the newspaper woman In the Ladies Home .lournal. in course of which she remarks: "Of the so-called 'perquisites of the protcssion —passes and gifts— the less said the better. The best type of newspaper woman never accepts these." There Is no best type, Elizabeth. There is a woman in New York who has solved the servant problem. It has taken bor 105 years to do it, and the solution will hardly commend itself to the majority, ns It consists iu dismiss ing the servant and doing the work one self. At 105 this arrangement may be practicable, but it could not safely be urged upon women of less mature judg ment. Five hundred clerks iu Havana have started a movement to close the stores at 7 o'clock, that they may study En glish at the night schools. "Will the boy from the country spend bis even Ings at a dime museum.*' asked Dr. Edward Everett Hale, recently, "or at a business school?" The result in either case is not limited to the English or bookkeeping learned: It concerns the future destiny of the man. It may even concern the future destiny of Cuba or the United States. Hypnotism and its effects were the subject of a paper read recently before the British Medical Association by its writer, Doctor Milnes Bramwell, who has used this mysterious [tower pro fessionally in his practice. Ju the dis cussion which followed, the inajoritv of the physiclaus present recognized the remedial effects of hypnotism in mental diseases, or in the various ills arising from Insomnia or depression. They were, however, positively of the opinion that Its geueral application should not be encouraged, since Its various and varying phenomena are only partly understood bv physiclaus themselves. On this point the opinion of the celebrated Doctor Benedict. pro fessor of neurology at the University of lenna, Is worth remembering. lie has had thirty years' experience in hyp notism, with exceptionally favorable opportunities for correct Judgment. He declares that It may become dangerous to the nerves, to the intellect, to the strength of will, and to the general character of the patient. Are teachers more Inclined to be im patient and Irritable with their pupils as they grow older In the service? This Is the inference to be drawn from the condition of affairs in the Minneapolis public schools at least The other day Dr. C. M. Jordan, the Superintendent of the Minneapolis schools, called a meeting of all the teachers and lec tured them severely for losing their tempers with children. He said: "There are sitting In front of nie teach ers who lose their tempers and apply the most abusive language to their pupils. Such words as 'liar,' 'wretch/ iazy little rascal,' and other equally opprobrious epithets have no business to come from our teachers." Before he ^concluded his talk Dr. Jordan made N the following surprising statement: "I wish to say for the comfort of the younger teacher:? that they are not in cluded in my censure. These com plaints are made exclusively against the older teachers, whom length of time has given the Impression that they own their building." Assuming that Dr. Jordan kuaw what he was talking about, is it a condition peculiar to Min neapolis schools, or does it exist else where? Of course It was prearranged that the keel of the new battleship Maine should be laid on the anniversary of 'the destruction of the lirs.t and truly historic battleship of that name. This occurred in Cramp's yards in Phlladel phia. In reviewing the year-It appears that the war cost us over $1,000,000,000, v75and of Ijvea about 5.000. Spain's loss is greater in battleships alone it readies $36,000,006. She loses also 10,000,000 of her subjects and cpases to be a col .* gonial power. The writer in the Chicago Times-Herald tersely sjp's: "Mediev realism met Progress and succumbed." poutinuJng in his review i*ud referring again to tin. «jacnltce of the Maine, the same writer eloquently sums up the historic lessor as follows: •••Hint over the bodi ol 1/uu dead American sailors in nisf one year tune, clvilizntlou. lib erty. the will of the Anglo-Saxon should have passed to that point where the hand ot the President ol the United States guides the destinies of 03.000, 000 and not 8".000.000 (as a twelve month iijioi people is as remarkable as it Is true. That out of the crucible of such a Abort period of time should come but one porteutouslv great hu man character—that of George Dewey -is still more remarkable Hut above these two salient points is the greater nlfleant one—the undying 1 That new paper trust should Iwwarc of the fate of the paper bag In the hands ot the smalt bov. and not try to do too much Inflating. A lecturer said recently that every color worn liar, an tilted on the health. 'J his is certainlv true of a dark-brown taste in the mouth next morning. .While Spain's defeat mav have been a great check to its hopes and ambi tions, one for $20,000,001) is rather tbc nature of a consoling substitute. According to an Eastern contem porary a policeman committed suicide "by shooting at Ills board-house." Marksmanship like tills Is rare in po licemen. and more si lesson taught through the agency of the Maine—that from ocean line to ocean line, from pole to pole, where the sands are and where the peaks rise, meu must within the scope of the next quarter of a century know the inasterv of one tongue—the speech of Cromwell, of Washington and of Lincoln.' -.v Suppose .vou had a box containing 75.000 silver dollars, savs an editorial writer in the Saturday Evening Post, and you knew that this money would have to support vou for the rest of your life. Suppose there were no possi bility ot investing it at interest, or of earning any more, but that you had to dip into the box to meet .vour dally ex penses. and that, when vour last coin was gone, you would starve to death. If you were 35 years old. you would be able to spend about six dollars a day until you were 70. What should you think, in such circumstances, of the policy ol spending two or three dol lars apiece for ten-cent novels, paving the price of opera seats tor continuous performance shows, and allowing ev ery chance acquaintance to help him self to your coins as lie would to your matches.' It is said that "time is mon ey.' It is something more than that It is life itself. If vou are 35 years old and expect to live to be 70. and if you have six leisure hours a da v. which is quite as many as most people can count upon, you have just 70.050 hours ahead of you for all the culture, recrea tion, enjoyment and usefulness to vour sell and others that this world holds for you. And yon have not the cer tainty. as .vou would have in the case of the dollars, that your hours are all in the box. Perhaps the one to which a bore is helping himself just now may be your last. When that bore drops In at eight in the evening and stavs until eleven he has pocketed at least the one-twenty-tlvo-tliousnndtli part of your life. When you upend ten hours in readiug a worthless book vou have thrown away more than the one-eight thousandth part of vour leisure exist ence. If you have to spend an hour a day on the cars, when an improved system of rapid transit would take you to and trom your work in half an hour you are saeriheing one-twelfth of your llfeto the backwardness of the corpora tion that carries vou. It you hare so neglected the art ot living that you drift along aimlessly for three hours a da.v, you are practicallv arranging to die seventeen years before vour time the I There is nothing so precious as life when it is gone, notliiug so cheap while it is goiug. DESIGN FOR A STABLE. The Building bhown Here 1 Wuh Erected as a Model of Its Kind. A well-planned and carefully con structed stable as an adjunct to a hand some residence is often the exception Instead of the rule. Iu situations where the stable aud house are seen at the same time the former should match the latter and be Iu every way in the same geueral style. It ought to be a pic turesque. pleasing design, adding to the charm ol the landscape. When a nice house is erected and it is necessary to have a private stable in close prox imity, it Is often difficult to know just how to plan to meet all requirements and still have a combination of stvlc and effect that will be in keeplug with the residence. Another very import ant thing In a study of this kind, which is olten lost sight of. is the great de sirability ot the building being rat and vermin proof as near as possible. First, the site should be a level one and the foundation so built that onlv a few inches will be out of the ground. Then fill the inside ground level with the wall with good, solid dirt, free from loam or vegetable matter. Study the needs of vour stable just as yon would those ol your kitchen. Be Mile to embody in it everything that, can be of use to you. Let it be a labor saving building in econoniv of mater ials used as well as in the other re quirements Involved. I lie more thought you expend in (his direction the more ot a success vou will have. Be sure to plan so that vou will have a drv base and plenty of air under the floor. Ciood ventilation is the life of all good work, and without it decav will quickly ensue. Cood drainage is also neces sary. Carefully graded and construct ed stall floors, with drain connections which can be washed out readily, are important from a sanitary point of A NEAT STABLE. view especially. In fact, the occupants of a house or stable lmve most to gain froui first-class drainage and ventila tion. This building was erected as a model of its kind, and has proved to be so. It is in every way desirable for its uses and is a good example of what a prop erly equipped stable should be. There Is one large box stall with hard dirt floor. The carriage room is floored with tongued and grooved plank two inches thick second story with ordin ary flooriug. Tin? foundation is of stone. The structure above the founda tion is strongly framed the first story finished with drop siding second story aud roof, shingled. The roof is left uupainted all other wood work Is painted two coats. The width of the building is twenty-two feet, aud the depth eighteen feet. The height of the first story is eight feet, and the second story up to the rafters. The cost of a structure of this kind would naturally vary with the market as Influenced by local conditions, but it could probably be built in most places for about $300. IS. A. Payne. *rave Jtobbery a Capital Crime. Bobbins graves is a crime under Chi pege law for which the thief may bo justly killed on the spot by nuyone finding him out. David Glasgow Furragut. hrst admiral of the United States now. was born in lemiessee. Ho entered the navy as a midshipman nnd fought his first battle on the Essex in 1S14. lie served in the navy fifty-eight years. He was 0 .venrs of age when the civil war came. His first orders in that conflict wore to capture New Or leans, which he did under heroic circum stances in 18t2. In this battle he de stroyed forts carrying 120 guns, twenty armed steamers, four ironclads and a multitude of fire rafts. He was made a rear admiral for this in 1802. In 1803 his fleet aided in the capture of \icksburg and Port Hndson, and one year later cap tured Mobile. It was at Mobile that he was lashed to the rigging of his tlagslup, the Hartford, while under fire. For his bravery Congress made him a vice-ad miral the fall of 1804, and in 18U0 the olUce of admiral was especially created for liim. After his elevation he was placed charge of the European squadron of this Government. He died at the Ports mouth navy yard unexpectedly in 1870. PIGMIES OF AFRICA. Mr. Alfred B. Lloyd Sees nnd Talks with Mnny of Them. The English traveller Mr. Alfred B. Lloyd, made the journey from Victoria Nyauza to the mouth of the Congo in three mouths, the quickest time oil rec ord. using the Congo steamboat service and railroad for two-thirds of the way. traveling through the great equatorial forest of which Stanley gave so vivid a description. His route was a little to the south of Stanley road, and lie saw much of the dwarfs who luhablt the forest region. ••I was three weeks crosslug the great forest, he said. "Olten the dark ness even at midday is remarkable. Sometimes 1 was unable to read at noon, when as you know the sun near the equator is almost directly over head. One da.v I tried to photograph my tent, but failed on accouut of the dimness of the light. I walked through out the forest journcv. though I had a saddle ass with inc. I could not use liim without constantly exposing my self to the danger of being unsaddled by the vines that hung over the path. We sometimes narrowly escaped being killed b.v the fall of enormous trees, some of whose trunks measured over 20 feet in circumf erence. The silence of death reins Iu this forest unless broken by animals or the fall of trees.'' Mr. Lloyd saw many more dwarfs than Stanley met iu the same region and thus described them: "I saw a great many of the pigmies, but. generally speaking, they kept out of the wav as much as possible. At one place in tbc middle of the forest, called Ilolenga. I staved at a village of a few huts occupied by so-called Arabs. There 1 came upon a great number of pigmies who came to see me. "CZAR" AMERICA'S THREE GREAT ADMIRALS—FARRAGUT, PORTER, DEWEY. David Dixon Porter, second admiral of the United States navy, succeeded Farra gut iu that office. Ins commission dating from Aug. 15, 1S70. He was born in Penn sylvania and entered the navy as a mid shipman when he was lu years old. He was a lieutenant in 1841. In the first eighteen years of his service he was ten years in the Mediterranean service and the remainder of the time on duty with coast surveys. He was In command of the mortar flotilla at the capture of New Or leans, and in 1803 was made an acting rear admiral and assigned to command the Mississippi river squadron. For his services reducing ickshurg he was made a rear admiral in 181*3. In the spring of 1804 he fought with Banks on the Bed river expedition. The North At lantic squadron was placed in Ins charge in 1804. and he attacked aud captured Fort Fisher, protecting Wilmington. The light lasted twenty days and was very bloody. He was made vice-admiral in •joOO and soon after was placed in charge of the naval academy at Annapolis. rJ told me that unkuowu to myself they had been watching me for live days, peering through the growth of the primeval forest at our caravan, They appeared to be very frightened, nnd even when speaking covered their races. I slept at this village, and iu the morning I asked the chief to allow me to photograph the dwarfs. He brought ten or fifteen of them together, and 1 was enabled to secure a snapshot. I could not give a time exposure as the pigmies would not stand still. "Then with great difficulty I tried to measure them, and found not one of them over four feet In height. All were fully developed. The women were somewhat slighter than the men, but were equally well formed. "I was amazed at their sturdiness. Their arms and chests were splendidly developed, as much so as In a good specimen of iu Englishman. These men have long beards half way down the chest, which imparts to them a strange appearance. They are very timid, and cannot look a stranger in the face. Their eyes are constantly shift ing, as iu the case of monkeys. They are fairly intelligent. "I had a long talk with the chief, aud lie conversed intelligently about the extent of the forest and the number of his tribe. Except for a tiny strip of bark cloth, men and women are quite nude. They are armed with bows and arrows—the latter tipped with deadly poison—and carry small spears. They are entirely nomadic, sheltering at night in small huts two feet to three feet in height. They never go outside the forest. During the whole time I was with thcui they were perfectly friendly." REID, NEWFOUNDLAND. lie lesplc Reld 5.000.300 acres, were they even hi Ireland, would possess the value which that extent of territory promises to possess In Newfoundland. For since the colony, tired of ofliclal inertia and the lack of capital, decided to turn over its assets to a private cap italist bv means of the measure knowu as the Bcid contract, it has been dis- *CZA!t" Will) OF NEWFOUNDLAND. covered that Newfoundland Is not onlv a rich country, but one of the richest on earth. Everyone must remember Gilead P. Beck in that entertaining work, "The Golden Butterfly.' and of his marvel lous discoveries of oil iu a certain waste territory In Canada. Mr. Reld is said not only to have 'located nine teen oil wells on his land, but enormous MR. LLOYD RECEIVING VISITORS IN CAMP. quantities of coal. iron, copper and as bestos as well. "Czar" Reld. as tills quiet, unassuming man has already come to be called, has already refused several millions sterling for his prop erty. and in spite of the agitation in the colony to rescind the bargain there seems every reason to believe that Mr. Reld will live to enjov one of the larg est private fortunes of the period, and to acquire a European reputation for his sagacity in exploiting a huge island which was barren when he appeared on the scene. hey But this singular man has had. in a measure, to pay the penalty which for tune so often exacts froui the success ful. Ills career from the day, forty years ago, when he left his native Scotland to seek Ills fortune, has been full of many of the rough spots of the earth aud hard work aud exposure, especially In Newfoundland and Can ada, have obliged liim for a time to re lax his energies. Rut even while be Is thus forced to seek an Algerian re treat, the mighty work of developing so vast a property goes unceasingly on. Reld possesses pluck as well as ability, for upon a recent occasion he ventured Into a mine whence no one of his work men would follow him, and in the sub sequent explosion sustained severe In juries—especially to his eyesight. A Bank of Brides. Simla, the summer capital of the In dian Empire, is a pretty pine-treed place well up In the foothills of the Himalayas. A feature of Simla life Is tlie annual fair held by the native hills people, an attractive item of which is a "Bank of Brides" in an amphitheater, where sit numbers of young women who thus calmly announce that they are candidates for hymeneal honors. Some of these aspirants to matrimony so patiently awaiting a choosing are quite pretty, and have intelligent faces but those of Mongol caste must needs linger long for a partner, If per sonal beauty enters into the equation.— Woman's Home Companion. Land Is One of the Greatest Owners in the World, At the preseut moment, when New foundland and the Newfoundland dif ficulty with the French are on every one's Ups. it Is interesting to recall that tills islaud—the ••tenth island" of the world, as Rockies Wlllsou has remind ed us in his recently published work is to all intents and purposes in the bauds of a single man, aud that man, by birth at l.»a«t, Is a Scotsman. To convey tin Idea of the real size of Newfoundland it may lie as well to state that it is il sixth larirer than Ire land. But it Is doubtful if Robert Gil- City of Bridges. Ghent, Belgium, is built on twenty six Islands, which are connected with one another by eighty bridges. Three hundred streets and thirty public squares are contained In these islauds. Moderating a Nulsmiee. In Cai'lsruhe, the capital of Baden, a law is in force fining any persou who plays the piano with opei) vludowi. a? ticorgc Dewey, third admiral of the United States navy, is a Vermonter by birth. He is in his sixtv-hrst vear of age. He graduated from the academy at Ann apolis before the civil war and immedi ately sought active duty with the Union Heels of Foote and Farragut. then press ing the Confederate navv in the South He served with such gallantry under Far ragut that he was especially commended in writing h.v that eminent commander. At the end of the war lie cruised in European waters and was with the Asiatic squadron for a time. Beturuing to the United States, he was given shore duty, which was not to his taste, and be returned to the sea. In January, 1808, while on land duty at W aslungton. he requested to be sent to sea again. The Secretary of the Navv decided to place him in command of the Asiatic squadron, with little thought as to what that would in the end mean for this country. Dewey on taking churge of the Asiatic squadron was a commodore. For the battle of Manila, May 1, 1898, he was made rear admiral. USUAL METHOD OF ACTION. Hniilitiil Youth's Explanation of Snl den An&umption of Seat He is an extremely diffident fellow, this South Side youth, but is also en amored of a fair maiden. She likes him right back and is uot averse to giv ing liim help in emergencies. But she fiuds it a difficult matter to get her ad mirer to respond to the calls of society, for he sinks into a condition of too many feet and hands when In the whirl social. But she has her hopes- Not long ago, when the chill winds had reduced the previously deposited snow into glaring ice, tliey set forth to walk to a near-by home to engage In the attractions of progressive euchre and chocolates. lie was very tender and solicitous lest she tumble, slip and fall upou the Icy sidewalk. Not being endowed with the certainty of footing of the patient burro himself, fate over took him and he smote the earth with a crash heard blocks away. Thereupon a look of lutcnse anguish sped over his face, for his spine seem ed shortened. The "girlie" was iu tears of pitv. She clasped her hands and loved him for his woes. '•Oh. Charlie." she murmured broken ly. "does it hurU' "No.' he gasped with a sickly grin "Of course not. \ou see, I always sit down that wav." Now she loves him for his courage and ability to tell a fib to extricate him selt from a painful and unpleasant po sition.—Chicago Chronicle. Sl MACHINE KEEPS BOOKS- Ingenious Device in aNew York Bank Is Operated by Klcctriclty, An adding machine In use in the Union Dime Savings bank, New York City, is operated by electricity. It marks In a depositor's book the amount of his deposit, and makes a duplicate of the entry on a tape locked in a box attached to the machine. At the same time the amount of the deposit is au tomatically added to the total of the bank's transactions, so that a glance at the latter would tell just how much money the bank bud received sinco Its organization. The machine Is placed on a table at the teller 6 right baud. In front of It Is a keyboard with rows of figures ar ranged like the letters on a tvpewrlter. ben a deposit Is made tlie teller places the depositor's uook under a cylinder filled with movable figures on the side of the machine. Then he pulls the figures on the keyboard that rep reseuttheamount of tlie deposit. These figures are connected by wires with the figures on the cylinder. The teller next moves a lever and that sets the ma chine in niotiou. The amount of the deposit Is printed on the book and at the same time on a tape locked In a box placed Just above the cylinder, so that a double entry is made. Should the teller make any mistake there is an Ingenious contrivance attached to the macniue that would prevent it from working and thus notify him of the error. After the entries have been made In the depositors book and on the bank's tape another cylinder Is set In motion Phis is in the middle of the nrichlnc THIS MACHtXK KKKI'S HOOK8. aud contains ftiovable figures running up Into the millions. These figures tell tbe total of the bank's receipts since it was organized and the ainouut thut has just been deposited is added to it. At the end of a day's business the officials of the bank add together the totals registered oil the two recelviug machines, deduct from them the total registered on the paying out machine and strike a trial balance In :i moment. Tbe machines are inclosed in glass cases, so that every part can be readily seen. Artistic Arithmetic. Customer—How much will you charge for coloring and fluishing these two photographs? Artist—Ten dollars apiece and twen ty-live dollars for the two. Customer—Is not that rather queer arithmetic? Artist—Oh, yes that's artistic arith metic. Customer—Does It often win? Artist—Always. The patron Is always persuaded that such eccentricity In mathematics is sure evidence of artis tic genius.—Judge. Matches Without Phosphorus. Koblmann Rosenthal, an English man, uud Dr. Von Komocki, a Berlin chemist, assert that they have Invent ed a match that will strike anywhere and no phosphorus is used in it. This invention, they say, will do away with tbe horrors of necrosis, to which em ployes in match factories are subject. It sometimes happens that a divorce 18 the part of wisdom, THE FILIPINO CHIEF. HE'S THE BEST MALAY SPECI MEN IN HISTORY. Of Doubtful Parentage* tlie Filipino Leader Is Well Kdncated, a Lover of Freedonif a Great Organizer and a Canning Diplomat. Aguinaldo is a highly interesting character. He has had a remarkable career for so young a man, and events seem to point to him from the first as a man of destiuv. His complexion is about half way bctwccu the reddish brown of the Malay aud the olive of the Spaniard. There is a yellowish tinge about it which, taken in connec tion with his forehead, would lead one to infer that a modicum of Chiuese blood (lowed in bis veins, and that In his pedigree was some Individual of Igorrote-Chinese or of Tagalo-Cblnese characteristics. Upon this point It will be difficult, if not Impossible, ever to learn the exact truth. So deep has beeu the moral mire of the Philippines under Spanish rule, so universal the Immorality of the dominant race, that neither the civil nor religious authori ties have ever cared to keep any record of the alliances and misalliances, the births legitimate and illegitimate, the wives, concubines and mistresses, slaves and abducted women who have tilled the long years of Spanish rule. In his features, face aud skull Aguin aldo looks more like a European than a Malay. Ho Is handsome, according to Spanish standard of masculine beau ty. Friends and enemies agree that he is Intelligent, ambitious, far-sighted, brave, self-controlled, honest, moral, vindictive, and at times cruel. To those who like him he is courteous, polished, thoughtful and dignified. To those who dislike him ho Is Insincere, pretentious, vain nnd arrogant. Both admit liim to be genial, generous, self-sacriflcing, popular and capable of the administra tion of affairs. His friends say that he was the son of a Spanish general his enemies In Aguinaldo was an apt scholar. He waB precocious like- tbe Malay, ambi tious like the Caucasian, and had a memqry like the Chinaman—the great est memory possessed by man. At the age of seven he was the equal of most half-breed boys of 12. At 10 he was mentally the superior of most of the half-brccdB of his district. When he KMILIO AGUINALDO. was 11 or 15 lie was enrolled In the medical department of the Pontifical University of Manila, under Profs. Nalda aud Buitrago. He was a bright student, but nothing is knowu of bis college career. Shortly after this time lie committed what Is an unpardonable sin, both secular and religious, in tbc Philippines by joining the Masouic or der. Masonry was a prohibited thing in tbe Philippines uuder Spanish rule, and any mau joining the organization might under an ancient law be tortured ami executed. About this time (in 1888) he got into some trouble with tbe Span ish authorities and went to Hong Ivong to escape their tortures. While here he took advantage of all the educational privileges that came Iu bis way. lie attended the drills and parades of the British garrisons, frequented the gun shops on Queeu's road, purchased fire arms for his owu use, and In every pos sible way iucreased bis fund of prac tical knowledge. He entered the Chi nese army and learned all he was per mitted to learn there. Then he joined the navy and gained all the knowledge he could of naval warfare and equip ment. He studied tbc lives and cam paigns of Bonaparte, Wellington, Von Moltkc and Grant. He also picked up at least a smattering of English, Freucli, Latin and Chinese. At the outbreak of the great insurrec tion iu 1800 he held some political posi tion in a provincial town. He was very popular with ail sections of tbe people except the order or DomiuScan friars, whose tyranny he opemy denounced^ He gradually came to tbe front as leader of a section which willing to exhaust diplomacy In dealing with Spain before resorting to arms. He ex hausted diplomacy completely and then prepared to fight. As an organizer of the natives he was a wonder. Like Bonaparte, he seemed to exert a strange fascination upon his people. Wherever he went lie was followed by troops of admirers, and while other generals suffered at times lie nnd his camp were always supplied with the choicest supplies and comforts. Nor was the feeling of more than admira* tlon confined to the Tagals, stolid Igor rotes, and half-naked Negritos. Cun ning and skeptical half-breeds, and even Spaniards themselves, seemed to share In this odd hero-worship. FRANCE'S NEW PRESIDENT. He la a Poor Man and Will Have to Practice kconomy. The new President of France Is far more democratic and less Inclined to ostentation than was his able but some what ridiculous predecessor. M. Faure courted the friendship and mimicked the ways of royalty and otherwise con* ducted himself as though ruling by di al. LOUBET. vine right rather than by the will of the people. His chief pleasure was to kiss the hand of royalty, and he es tablished a rule at the Elvsee, the Paris residence of the President, that no one should presume to address the chief executive without being first spokcu to by the latter. ILOILO, THE FALLEN FILIPINO STRONGHOLD Manila that he was the offspring of a dissolute but learned .lesult. At the age of 4 he was a house boy in the home of a Jesuit priest In Cavitc. A house boy in tlie Philippines, as iu China, plays the part of a house dog rather than that of a domestic servant. If the head of the house Is cruel he is kicked and cuffed by everybody and lives on short commons !f his master is kiud and affectionate he enjoys about the same attention as one of the chil dren of the family. The only work which he does is to run trom one part of tbe house to the other or from the house to auv part of the grounds with in the compound or space inclosed by the walls around the entire establish ment He helps the table boy to clean the silver, to scour the knives, and to set and unset the table. Agulnaldo's master was a very kind man and took a deep Interest in tbc welfare of his little protege. He dressed him well, so much 60 as to excite the notice and even the wrath of some neighbors. More Important still, be gave the boy an education, which, though unequal to what every child receives in the Uuited States, was a hundredfold better than what Is bestowed upon tbc little Tagals of Luzon. M. Loubet Is just the reverse of M. Faure in habit and Inclination. He Is a man of the people. Faure came up from the ranks, but his immense for tune and political power led him to for get his origin. Loubet Is comparative poor. Tbe Paris monarchical press cartoons Loubet as wearing felt slippers and tucking a corner ot his napkin Into his shirt collar. But Instead of this ren dering the new President ridiculous In the eyes of the masses, it only Increases his popularity. The common people think no less of him because his aged mother still lives on a farm aud wears peasant garb. M. Loubet has no large private for tune and he will have to practice econ omy and conduct his office on a far dif ferent scale from that of bis predeces sors. Fraucc pavs her President $125. 000 a year iu salary, and fully as much more lu allowances of one kind or an other, and yet this enormous income of a quarter of a million dollars has never been sufficient to meet tbe expenses of the French chief executive. Every one of the Presidents, from Thiers to Faure, was Immensely rich and all but one drew largely from Ills private fortuue. President Faure is known to have spent in the neighborhood of a quarter of a million dollars over and above his official income in doing the honors to the Emperor and Empress of Russia ou the occasion of their visit to Paris, while Marshal MacMahon found his salary and allowances so Inadequate, especially during-the exhibition of 1878, when ho was called upon to welcome all sorts of foreign royalties to the French metropolis, that when be finally retired into private life he found that more than half of his large fortune had been spent at the Elysec. Mmc. Carnot, who was a most careful manager, made no secret of the fact that her husband was obliged to dip heavily into his pri vate Income each year that he remain ed In office, nnd Indeed the only Presi dent who managed to make both ends meet was the rich Grevy, who, like Loubet, was fond of wearing felt slip pers, and who, more than once, was seen promenading in the gardens of the palace looking exceedingly comfort able, the aforesaid slippers being com pleted by a much worn jacket and a velvet smoking cap. THE CITY OF NEWSPAPERS. Paris Has Over 2»500 of Them and More Coming. Paris publishes a new newspaper at every fresh sensation. The population of the city of Paris at the last ceusus was 2,500,000, and, according to the recently published Presse Annualre for 1800, the newspapers of the city now number 2,587. There are in Parte at present 140 daily political newspapers, but how mnny there will be next week or how many tbe week after Is practically impossible to state. If public occasion demanded there might be another dozen. Of the political organs In ex istence ninety-seven come under the category of republican, thirty are con scrvative and thirteen arc socialist. The maintenance of so many social ist newspapers in one city is strongly Indicative of the extent to which Frcuch papers take up and consider politics. The price of French newspapers Is high and the reading matter is.small In amount. French newspaper readers do not require much news and are per fectly satisfied to depend upon the post office ns an ordinary channel of com munication whenever the telegraph fails. More importance Is attached to liter ary style than to exact details In local ncws-gatheilng, and it is, therefore, possible to publish with entire pecuni ary success a Paris newspaper from tbc columns of which all items of ex pensive news are omitted. Every young girl who pays a good deal of attention to "society." will be found to be extremely dull gt school, Debtor and Creditor Nations* Blmetalllsts have again nnd again pointed out the difference between the monetary conditions existing here and ,. those which obtain In England. This being tbe greatest producing and debtor nation, the great creditor of the world, It necessarily follows that a system highly favorable to the latter might be almost ruinous to us. It is to England's advantage as a creditor to make money dear, because It Increases the value of her outstanding claims. The Interests of the United Stntes require cheaper money, because It enhances the money value of our products, nnd thus eases up the burden of our ever lncreaslug debt Perfect equity requires neither "dear" money nor "cheap" money, but money that Is simply "honest." That is to say, money that can be acquired by the expenditure of a Just nnd reason able amount of labor. That the ^old standard does uot supply such money Is conclusively proved by the almost uni versal distress prevailing among our producing classes. Talk of cheapened production by mechanical Improve* ments and the like is utterly fallacious and misleading. No matter what Im provements may have been made In productive methods, It does not follow that the average purchasing power of money should Increase. The gold standard Idea upon this point Is that whatever mechanical or other Improve ments may be made whereby produc tion becomes easier, the men who con trol the money supply should have all the benefits. For example, some Indi vidual Invents a new fertilizer. The owners of farms, the soil of which has become somewhat impoverished, pur- ... chase the fertilizer In great quantities. Thus they enrich the soli, and produce larger crops. It would seem as a sim ple matter of justice that these farm ers should have, at least, a portion of the benefits of their own enterprise and thrift, but the gold champion says4 No." The farmer has produced a larger crop, and therefore he must sell more cheap ly. As a matter of fact, the larger crops of recent years have actually brought less money than the smaller crops of former times. So the producers have actually been Impoverished by Increas ing their production. The miser nnd the money lender has not only raked In all the benefits, but he has accom plished a great deal more. .-•:••• •••,*?•'' J6 Our Foreign Debt. The gold standard means absolute ruin to all but the moneyed classes In the United States. To maintalu it we must sell our produce so much more cheaply thau other countries will sell it as to enable us to pay for everything we buy abroad, besides the interest upon our forelgu debt, amounting to perhaps $400,000,000 a year, aud still have a balance in our favor. But it must bev remembered that the cheaper our prod ucts become the more It will take of them to settle this vast foreign demand for gold. If prices should fall one-half from their present figures, we would have to sell twice as many products to realize the same amount of money and If we could spare such a quantity. It would probably glut the market. In fine, the more we sold the worse we would be off. There Is nothing In eco noiuic history to compare with the nb-«.' surdities and contradictions of tlie ar-:^' guments made on behalf of the gold standard. In one breath we are told that the cause of low prices Is 'over production," In the next we are In formed that we must produce still more* nnd sell at still lower prices In order to undersell all other nations lu the Euro pean market. There Is but one remedy for the unnatural com! oi:s which n3W exist. That is the complete remonctiza tion of silver. Such a measure will not 3 only increase the money volume of the Western world, thus giving a healthy stimulus to prices, but it will deprive silver-using nations of the tremendous.v advantage which they now have bv rea son of the difference In exchange. Itd^l will give the producer some of tbe bene fits accruing from his own labor, and start the republic upon a new and brighter career of prosperity in which all classes may share. The Small epomtor. The plea for the small depositor wbo has his !00 dollars In tbe savings bank^ Is sheer hypocrisy. The interests of those people arc on the side of business activity and general prosperity, not on^ the side of dear money. Three hundred^yhi dollars Is a very small Item In tbe econ omy of any man's life. If, ns a result of falling prices, which means rialng-y,^^ money, one of those depositors finds hls^tv^ employment gone, he can very easily exhaust Ills $300 In a single year. Tho:.v cases In which the remonetizatlon of^.x-P silver would work a hardship are ex-" ceedlngly rare, If In fact there be any vp at all. During the war manv debiBW^tf were paid in greenbacks that bad lwenvj#%w contracted on the basis of coin, butr^^v very few people were-ruined thereby. On the contrary, the rising prices pro-6 duced a condition of well gh universal prosperity. There are, lu truth, hufi"'^ an Infinitesimal number of persons who are benefited by the gold staudard.^ These are the few great bankcrB who: control nearly the entire stock of the^i" world's money, and who are scparated^jJV by an almost Impassable gulf from the^pS vast army of toilers and producers. Value of Money. WThatever affects the demand for money, the supply remaining the sauie/'.^Jf affects Its value. The demand for money, It should be remembered, mainly to pay debts and to exchange for commodities. The enunclatlou of this law may also be put In a single form, as follows: Whatever cause or causes affect the relation of supply of money to the demand for money—that is, debts to be paid and things to be bought and sold—affects the value of money or, which is the same thing, affects prices generally. If the quan tity of money be lncreased,other things remaining the same, the value of each unit will be lessened or, to put it the other way, If the quantity of money Is Increased the same quantity of com modifies will bring more money. In other words, prices will rise and tnouey will fall. When prices rise money nec essarily falls and when money rises grows dearer—prices fall.—A. J. War ner. -sv Some years ago in France there died a maiden lady who had been for many years a habitual snufftaker. She left directions in her will that her coffin was to be filled with tobacco, that the mortuary chamber was to be carpeted with It, and that tobacco was to bo scattered before the hearse that con veyed her to the cemetery. There has been no religious census In France since 1872. All religions are equal before the law, and have allow ances from the public treasury lu prty portion to their uumbe^.