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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, March 29, 1899, Image 6

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m)t iDcmocrat.
BRONSON & CARE, Publishers.
MANCHESTER, IOWA,
The same* bluntmss which is not
,morse to calling a spado spado often
uses it to give others a dig.
Talking of France, a nation tnat can
ho deprived of a President one day and
elect another the next, is not likely to
lose Its head for very long.
A dispatch from Boston announces
that the "fertilizer combine grows."
Nothing strange about I lint. Any trust
will grow if properly fertilized.
A missionary saved his life by sing
ing "Hock of Ages" lo a lot of canni
bals, who incontinently fled. This il
lustrates the moving power of music.
It is said that in getting out a new
English dictionary in London the let
ter that gave the most trouble was
"II." And they couldn't droi) it,
either.
In justice to the poet who wrote of
"the white mail's burden," it should be
said that he could not possibly have
foreseen the ffect it was going to have
on the parodists.
At a performance of "Roineiri' aud
Juliet" in a Hungarian town recently
it was announced that the author would
take part in tin representation. If this
is true, the railroads could sell excur
sion tickets from all parts of the world.
In the year cuded Dec. J)l, 4,880 new
books were published. To have read
them all a person would have had to
read thirteen a day for every day in the
year. This would leave no time for
the poeketbook, which though an old
volume is one of the most interesting
of any age.
From the books written by the real
Cyrano de Bergerac It is shown that he
foretold the phonograph and the incan
descent light. Now that the investiga
tion has started along these lines we
shall expect to see the Chinese robbed
of much of their reputation for origi
nal discoveries.
The "methods" of the Salvation army
are objected to by some good people,
and by other people who are not so
good but methods whleli succeed in
rescuing the social outcast bring help
nnd hope into the abodes of poverty
and sin feed the hungry and clothe
the naked—are not the methods which
civilization should reject or prejudice
condemn.
The dread of prenmture burlnl injects
misery iuto the life of many person.
Modern civilization should remove this
dread. A law should be passed com
pelling the retention of the subject iu
a proper place for a certain period until
the fact of death is established by un
mistakable signs. Every man alive
now should have the assurance that the
awful death that follows premature
burial will not be his.
Now the critics have begun their
technical discussion of the late war,
and some of them superciliously de
clare that It taught us little in its prog
ress or in Its effects that is of value.
TbeBc facts, at least, contradict the
assertion. Ittaiightnstluit we are again
a uatlon, united as one man. It taught
other nations that iu armed conflict, as,
well as In industrial competition, we
are to be reckoned a serious factor.
And It lias again shown our people the
often-taught but never fully learned
lesson that war is wasteful, cruel ami
abhorrent.
The Euglish language does not suf
fer In the test of muslcalness wheu
compared with the speech of the
Douklioliortsi, who have just come
from their homes in the Caucasus to
settle In Manitoba. Some of the col
onists linve been married since landing.
'J'lielr names are not adapted to rapid
utterance, nor do they suggest nielodv.
Yassily Ilibin lias taken a IWalaehof io
wife, and other surnames of the newly
wedded are Slastouchiu, Obeilkova,
(iridcliln, Chliachova, Ziberova, J.cge
bokof. Nevertheless, the people be
hind the names have some excellent
iiuallties in common with the rest of
the sect.
A young woman was recently asked
by a young man to become his wife,
lie was a bright fellow and was ac
cepted in general society because "f the
wealth and official position of his fath
er, but his habits were known to be
bad. There were no evasions in her
answer. "Yon tell me," she said, "that
I possess qualities that you must have
in the woman who is your wife. 1 can
not say that I have then—but I can
speak of habits that 1 do not have, and
that I could not accept iu a husband
who did have them. I do not smoke. 1
never swear. I do not indulge in wine.
I aiu not in debt. Not a moment of my
nights is spent with questionable asso
ciates, and my days are not given to
Idleness or to walking the streets with
Hilly, unthinking girls. Most women
avoid the indulgences 1 have men
tioned, and do not welcome them in
men who ask to become their husbands.
As you have them, or most of them, I
am not willing to become your wife. 1
am sure nothing but wretchedness
could follow from such a union." The
answer was sharp ami decisive. It is
a pity all girls tinder the same circum
stances are not as frank and sensible.
That amusing genius, Frank Stock
ton, declares in all seriousness that all
brain-workers should claim a second
Sunday iu the week. His plea is that
while Sunday, with its sermon ami re
ligious meditations, is a change and
holiday for the manual laborer, it is
neither for the men whose brains are
at work during the other six days of
the week. He suggests that they shall
set aside another day iu the week,
when they can go fishing, or work iu
the garden, or at their hobby, whatever
that may be, or play golf or tennis.
There are few thoughtful men who are
not convinced, like Mr. Stockton, of the
necessity of giving seasons of rest ami
play to their brains if they would keep
them healthy and sane, it is difficult
to find these seasons in our heated,
struggling life, and there are various
devices to obtain them. One over
worked professional man in New
ork, It is said, goes to bed for one day
in each month. His door is barred
against all comers, and lie sleeps for
most of the twenty-four hours. Many
lawyers, brokers and merchants es
cape their work by crossing the ocean,
sometimes returning 011 the same
steamer. In the Memoir of Mrs. Sut
ton we are told that when she mar
ried a widower and found herself In
control of nine children and many
servants, she began the habit of lock
lug herself Into her chamber for on
hour each day. No emergency ever in
terfered with this habit. "Do you
pray la there?" her husband once
asked. "Not always. Hut I find my
self," was her reply. We all, if we
choose, can command the rest and si
lence into our lives iu which to, "find
ourselves."
The Conservative, a Nebraska City
weekly paper edited by J. Sterling Mor
ton, contains in a recent issue a long
pica for the addition of bird day to the
school calendar. The article first ap
peared among the departmental reports
at Washington in lSDfi and is reprinted
for the purpose of directing attention
anew to the subject. C. A. Babeoek,
superintendent of schools at Oil City.
I\a., is credited with being the origina
tor of the idea of bird day. He wrote to
Mr. Morton in ISD-J urging the estab
lishment of such a day on the same
general plan as arbor day, and his sug
gestion met with the hearty approval
of the then Secretary of Agriculture,
who was himself the founder of arbor
day. May -i of the same year Oil City
gratified the wishes of its school super
intendent by giving effect to his idea.
This was the first bird day. A similar
movement was started In Iowa, and in
other States th«To was an awakening
of interest on the subject. It engaged
the sympathies of the crusaders, who
deplore the sacrifice of birds to mii
linery, and of those who would check
the murderous and predatory instincts
of small hoys, but there has as yet been
no such general support of bird day as
has been accorded to arbor day. Time,
however, might well be spared to it,
both because of the instruction and the
pleasure it would bring. We note a
stimulus that is a real inspiration to
study. Tiresome routine makes way
for a series of object lessons in the
preparation for which the youthful
demonstrators have had their faculties
of observation exercised to the utmost.
In larger cities the study of bird life
might be made in the parks and in
those delightful books of which pub
lishers are so lavish nowadays. Never
was there a time before when children
could get at so many charming and at
tractive volumes on any branch of nat
ural history, never a time wheu so
much was done iu literature to correct
the Ignorance that has attacked the
feathered allies of men in field and for
est as if they were enemies. It is a
good work that deserves the general es
tablishment of bird day to further its
object.
fed
Eight of the ten casualties upon the
American ships in the battle of Santiago
were ruptures of the car drums. One of
the cases was that of Lieut. Harrison of
the Oregon, who stuck his head out of a
turret just as a thirteen-incli ritle was
fired, and had the full benefit of the noise
of the explosion. The drums of both ears
were lacerated, and for a time lie was
totally deaf. The gunners jji the battle
ships are accustomed to plug their ears
with cotton to protect them, hut they
were out for the usual weekly inspection
on a peaceful Sabbath morning when (Vr
vera's licet appeared, and rushed to their
guns without thinking of cotton or any
thing else.
Lieut. Frank 1\ Hayes of Troop of
the rough riders, which was commanded
by the gallant ("apt. ('apron, is a resi
dent of Oklahoma and enlisted at Fort
Sill. lie i.s of small physique, but is grit
to the backbone, knows what to do in an
emergency, and talks as he shot, to tln«
point. In camp before Santiago, nl'te
every excuse for a meal, Hayes would
got up murmuring "and BenjHinin
Franklin." At first nobody understood
this curious "grace after meat," but at
last an explanation was fortheomin..
"You know, hoys. Itcnjainiu Franklin wa.
the old duffer who used to .say that you
ought always to got up from a meal 'feel
ing as if you could eat a little more.'
Thai's what we do."
The luck of war is a queer thing, says
a member oT the band of the Thirty-third
Michigan. We used to talk about that in
Cuba before the lighting began, figuring
out what chance a man had to get killed.
Well, there was another chap in the baml
he played the trombone, and he used to
laugh and say that tin* Spaniard* couldn't
spoil his business, anyway they might
shoot his legs off, or shoot his arms off,
or shoot all through his body, no long as
they didn't kill him and wiien he came
out of the war he'd be able to go on play
ing tin? trombone just the same. All he
needed lo do that was his mouth. Well,
sir, when we got into the lighting Mau
ser bullet came along and struck Mr.
Trombone Player right in the mouth, and
he'll never blow another note on a trom
bone as long as he lives.
A certain old colonel, who had served
all through the civil war and who had lost
one of his eyes at the battle of Gettvs
burg, was very indignant because he was
put aside as physically incapacitated.
Filled with wrath, ho journeyed to Wash
ington, and tin- President, after listening
to his plea, said kindly: "Hut, my good
Col. .1 you have only one eye." "Just
so, sir," was the prompt rejoinder, "but
can't you see the great advantage of my
having only one oycV When I aim my
gun I will not have to close the other."
lie fought at Santiago.
Miss Nerves—Doctor, I'm iu constant
dread of getting into a trance or some
thing. and being buried alive. In*. Pylls
Nonseuse! You lake what I prescribe
and drive such foolish notions out of
„vour head. Such a tiling as being buried
aiive never happens to my patients!—
Baza r.
"1 wish I was a wurtfhip," he said, re
gretfully, after opening and examining
his salary envelope. "Cause why?"
they asked, with natural curiosity. "I
wouldn't mind being docked then," he
answered.-Chicago Post.
Gilgal—Mr. and Mrs. Markham are to
give a house-warming at their new Hat
to-night, (.landers-That is much bet
ter than depending upon the janitor for
the bent.-Town Topics.
No man should be elevated to the
otlice of ruler unless he Is perfectly
straight
(iSeaSsb*
^F-THE:
One rnin.v night in Cuba four mush
riders had gathered tinder a tree for shel
ter. They had iiad nothing to eat all day
and were sympathizing with one anuther
over their ill-fortune. "It's tough luck,"
said one, "hut we'll just have to grin atid
hear it. I am about starved all the
same." A trooper from one of the West
ern companies happened to be passing the
tree, and he heard the last remark. Going
up to the speaker he shipped him on the
hack and, opening his blouse, pulled out
some hardtacks. "Sony ycr in sieh lough
luck, pard," he said. "I ran in a streak
of luck to-day and got ten hardtacks.
Here, you take half of 'em." "Thanks,
old man," was the grateful rejoinder. "I'll
only take four. I guess that will do!'
As the Westerner walked off the other
rough rider turned around and gave each
of his companions a hardtack. The next
morning Hie Western man was surprised
to receive a visit from Col. Roosevelt, and
still more surprised when the colonel
thanked him for the hardtack he had giv
en hiui the night before.
2MI
How to 1'ult Pouts.
Take two pieces 2x0, 5 feet loiig, and
holt together as shown spread at bot
tom feet, at top (5 inches, and round
cut the angles so that the chain will
not slick or get fast in pulling. Take
a good strong log chain with large
hook and slip-noose it around the bot
tom of the post as shown in the pictine
tind draw snug so it will not slip, place
•Uir 2x0 triangular fulcrum at an
»gle. against the post (experience will
tell yon when you are right), pass the
chain up the post and through the
notch, give the horses S or 10 feet of
chain and let them go. If you have
many to pull, commence at one end of
the line and pull toward the next post
this will bring the horses about right
for the next 110 turning or backing.
Two good men can pull as fast as they
rio. 1.—rosT rui.t.KR.
can move the puller and make the
hitch.
A correspondent of the Ohio Farmer
asserts that he has- pulled 00 posts in
no minutes, that were (5 to S inches iu
diameter and 55 feet in the ground solid
and with no digging. 'Che triangle is
much better than a single plank a foot
wide and to -I feet. long, often used
in a similar way. The single plank is
apt to slip or wobble when the post is
partly out.
A Coop for Furly Chicks.
The cut shows a desirable coop for
very early chickens. The coop Is long
and sloping and has a hotbed sash
hinged to the top. The higher half of
the coop has a light bottom with slats
FIO. 1. COOP WITH GLASS TOP.
at its outer edge, as seeu Iu Fig. 2.
There is no bottom to the rest of the
coop, ami the lower end has a hinged
door, and is also covered with one inch
mesh of wire netting.
When very cold, the door can be shut
up tight and the chicks will have a
warm run 011 the ground outside the
slats. When it is warmer the end door
can be dropped, giving a protected run,
but plenty of frtsh air. The hen can be
let uit Into this run when desired. A
cloth can lie thrown over the glass at
I'll*. 2. insiok of coop.
night when the weather is cohl.-Amer
ican Agriculturist.
Growing Sweet Potatoes.
Place potatoes in hotbed the last
week in April and keep bed dry until
slips begin to show, then water well
every evening. A mellow soil Is best.
After the ground has been well culti
vated, open furrows four feet apart, till
with stable manure, and with a turning
plow make a small ridge over the ma
nure. After ihe ridge has been
smoothed with a rake it is ready for
the slips* Plant in dry dust when there
is a prospect of rain, and set them just
as they are pulled from the bed without
heeling iu. They should be set eighteen
inhes apart. Open ridge with a trowel,
set slip in before removing trowel, pour
half pint of water around slip, and af
ter water has settled cover with dry
soil, placing it. around the slip. After
they begin to grow, plow the patch, re
peating in about two weeks, after
which the soil is raked up nnd placed
around the vines to choke out the crab
grass. They are much easier to raise
than corn and are excellent for fatten
ing hogs the meat made from tliein is
very sweet.—Practical Fanner.
A New Tear.
The Seckle pear has been a favorite
and the standard of excellence in qual
ity for nearly a century. The chief
objection to it has been its size and
color. Mr. Worden. of New York, who
produced ihe Worden grape, has
recently given lo the public a seedling
of the Seckle pear, which lie has named
"The Wordcn-Seckle." This pear, while
equal in quality to ihe parent variety,
is larger and of liner color. But while
the Seckle is freest of all pears from
blight, tile Wordcn-Se( k!e seems to
blight very badly. It is sa,!d to lie a
strong grower and au early bearer.
Kowing Clover Seed on Snow.
A light fall of snow in March makes
an ideal condition for sowing clover
seed on winter rye and wheat. A man
who sows by hand or with the seeder
can see as he goes along, by the seed
011
the snow's surface, how dose the
seeds are. and whether In? Is making
any balks to be filled w'th weed
growth. The timothy seed should have
been sown iu the fall. Any way, if
sown now, it hould not In? mixed with
clover seed, as the timothy seed la
lighter and cannot be thrown so. far.
The Kuhhit Pest in North Carolina.
The legislature has had to deal with
a large number of game laws during
Its present session, and in the proceed
ings pf each day's session a law pre-
&
venting hunting without permission In
certain counties is passed. Such laws
are, of course, enacted as a protection
to the land owner, but they are likely
to do more harm than good in a few
years, on account of the great increase
in the rabbit crop. Even now the
laruiers in sections of Western North
Carolina are glad to see the hunters, as
the rabbits are seriously injuring the
wheat crop, amounting to a recrnlar
pest in some communities.—Cliarloite
(X. C.j Observer.
Thoroughbred He
A farmer who discarded his out Tarm
yard fowls and started afresn wnn a
few thoroughbreds says thaL no aver
agts as many eggs a year now from
his twenty and thirty first-class chick
ens as he formerly did from his old
flock of seventy-live to 100, says a cor
respondent of the Bangor iMe.) Com
mercial. That was the average size of
his dock when lie pinned his faith to
the old mongrels which had descended
to him from a long line of mixed an
cestors with no particular variety of
blood in them. They were the common
barnyard chickens which we see on so
many farms. The owner kept the flock
up between fifty and 100 year after
year, selling or eating about lifty every
fall nnd winter.
In the summer time the entire flock
laid enough eggs to keep the basket
moderately full, and sometimes a few
could be sold at prices that left very
little prolit. One year the owner tried
to keep account of the cost of feeding
them, and the result was that he de
cided to kill them all off. They did not
pay for their keep.
After that he purchased a few fancy
breeds, lie' fed them carefully and
regularly, and gave them good quar
ters. lie started in with a dozen and
gradually raised the number to twen
ty-five, and every year lie raises a few
more, lie fells a few when anybody
wants a few thoroughbreds, and he
gets good prices for them.
l\orlv fpraying of Apple Orchards,
Most farmers delay spraying theli ap
ple orchards until after they are in
leaf. This is much too late, as what
part of the leaf has been destroyed
cannot be replaced 110 matter how
effective the spraying may prove in
preventing further spread of the dis
ease. The tree is consequently weak
ened all the season, and its ability to
perfect fruit or form fruit buds for next
year's fruiting is impaired. There
should be at least one good spraying
before the buds burst into leaf. This
may lie made much stronger than
would be safe after the tender foliage
lias put forth. It will need to bo
stronger so as to destroy tin? spores of
fungus while they are dormant. The
bud moth larva so soon as It hatches
makes for the nearest bud and eats its
way in. If the spray has fallen on the
bud, the first mouthful it. eats is its
last. Spraying before the buds open
will also destroy many coddling moths
which often hatch out some time be
fore there sire any young apples to de
posit their eggs in.
Kccpin Apples in Pits.
It is rather surprising that more
farmers do not winter their apples un
derground in pits, such as they use
for storing potatoes and rots. These
pits are much better than keeping the
fruit in cellars under the house where
temperature often changes very rapid
ly and is usually most of the time too
warm. But the pit for fruit should not
he just the same as for potatoes or
roots. These growing underground
are not injured by contact with soil
even in winter. Any kind of fruit
would be spoiled by such contact. It
should be enclosed in paper or straw
or in a box. so that there will be no
chance for soil to touch it. Nor should
the fruit be placed where water lead
ing through the soil can readily reach
it. as that will spoil it the same as
would the soil itself.
Foe'» About Cotton Feud Oil.
To every bale of Don pounds there are
generally about SOU pounds of seed, and
a ton of this seed yields about thirty
five gallons of oil valued at -10 to 50
cents per gallon. This part of the in
dustry lias sprung into existence only
in the past ten years, but it is already
an enormous business. In INS!) the ex
port of cottonseed oil amounted to
t5,250.niin gallons, and in the next year
reached l-i.J124.ooo gallons. In 181
over 1,200,000 tons of cotton seed were
crushed and about -12,(1110,000 gallons of
oil were obtained. Besides furnishing
oil, the cotton seed, after it has been
crushed, supplies the cattle with good
food in the form of meal and cake,
which is claimed to be only a little less
nourishing than corn.—Empire of the
South. .... ,.
Pec Hints,
Bees left to thcim-elves are likely to
build too much drone comb. This Is
not built for the purpose by the bees,
as they build it for storing honey in,
but if not filled the queen will Jill It
next spring with drone eggs and the
hive will be overstocked with idlers.
The way to prevent this is to use all
foundation comb workers size and then
the queen will fill it with worker eggs
and the colony will be built up when
hatching begins in the spring. If there
i.s too much drone comb in the hive re
move it and replace with worker comb.
By doing this the supply of drones Is
easily regulated by 1 he apiarist, and the
bees become more profitable than they
would be if left to
1
heir own devices.
Poultry Poinlf*.
takes about three months to grow
a broiler.
Broilers shrink about a half pound
each when dressed.
From J{5 to -10 ducks and drakes are
allowed in a pen.
Forty dressed ducklings are packed
in a barrel for shipment.
The duck averages 10 dozen eggs lu
about seven month*' laying.
Build the house 10 by 10 feet for 1C
fowls, and the yard 10 limes larger.
Ducklings are marketed at five
pounds' weight, which they attain in
ten weeks.
Thirteen eggs are considered a sit
ting, though many breeders are uow
giving In.
Ten dozen eggs a year is the aver
age estimate given as the production
of the hen.
About four dozen eggs are given us
an average for 1 he annual output of
the tu.rk.e».
Duck feathers sell at 40 cents per
pound goose feathers bring double the
amount.
Between 40 and CO degrees is the
proper temperature to keep eggs for
hatching during the winter.
THE HAWKEYE STATE
NEWS OF THE WEEK CONCISELY
CONDENSED.
An Important Test Case—Railroad
I.abor to Be Better Paid—
State Will
Have a Surplus—Accident to a Fire
man—Horrible Outrage at Duulap,
An interesting lest case is to be brought
at Fort Dodge, involving the legality of
the use of gasoline in buildings for illumin
ating purposes. The new code prohibits
its use except in the Welsbach burners,
nnd this, according to the opinion of At
torney General Reinley, is also illegal, so
that its use in any manner is prohibited.
A certain gasoline lamp has boon sold
there. Deputy Oil Inspector C. F. Gul
lixon has ordered its discontinuance, and
upon the merchant's refusal the oil in
spector has decided to bring a test case
against him. as he uses the lamp in his
own house. The case will probably go bo
fore the Supreme Court, and will lie es
pecially important from the fact that it
will be the first case of the kind to he
tried under the new Iowa code.
tnte Out of Debt.
The State of Iowa is out of debt. By
July 1 there will be a surplus in the treas
ury. The income for July and August is
so small, however, that the surplus will
he dissipated until after October. By
Jan. 1. ItHMi. the Slate will have a big sur
plus. State Treasurer Ilerriott has issued
a call for the last of the outstanding war
rants. Then* are about $400,000 of tliein.
They will he redeemed as soon as present
ed after April 20. Among these warrants
are those amounting to $140,000 issued by
the State for war expenses, which will bo
paid to the Slate by the national Govern
ment.
WngC3 Go lip on a Railroad,
An announcement of a rise of wages for
the trackmen employed by the Chicago,
Milwaukee and St. Paul Railroad Com
pany has been made. The 5,000 111011 who
arc affected will hereafter receive $1.25 a
day, instead of $1.10 as in the past. Labor
will also be benefited through construction
plans of the Chicago Croat Western Bail
way. The company intends to begin work
at once on additional sidetracks, buildings
and other improvements, the cost to aggro
gate $500,000. The otliciajs of the road
say the tratlic is the heaviest ever known.
A llarbarous Affair.
Three young men of Dutilap are under
arrest ami held in bonds to the next grand
jury for a brutal attack upon an old farm
er named Schrivalier. The follows, who
were ail under the influence of liquor,
came upon tin* old man while he was iu a
livery stable seeking his horse to return
home. Without provocation they beat and
kicked him into an insensible condition.
They then threw a blanket over him iu the
barn. lie was found the next morning,
still unconscious and almost frozen to
death.
Fireman** Head Is Crushed.
Fireman .1. .J. Henley of Burlington was
instantly killed on the Burlington fast
mail engine while going into that city. He
was leaning out of the cab looking at a hot
box on the engine, when he was struck by
a bridge and his head crushed. Engineer
Pills did not know af the accident till his
steam began to ruu low, nnd he looked
around to the fireman's side and found
Henley's lifeless body hanging out of the
cab. Iloaloy loaves a widow and three
children in Burlington.
Hot Fire at Pralriftliurg:
Slikcr's wagon shop and blacksmith
shop burned at Prairieburg. The firg was
discovered shortly after 11 o'clock, both
buildings being ablaze on the insWc at the
time of the discovery. They wore of
wood and adjoined each other. There is
no idea as to how the tire may have start
ed. Mr. Sliker had insurance to the
amount of $800 on the two buildings and
the goods in the blacksmith shop, but the
insurance will not nearly cover the loss.
Victory for Cornell.
The annual debate between Coryell nhd
Grinnoll colleges was a victory for Cor
nell. The qnestii debated was: "Grant
ed that a single monetary system for the
entire world is desirable, resolved that the
best results are attained by gold mono
metallism." Cornell had the affirmative.
Cornell's speakers were Ileald. .layne and
Betts. The negative was sustained by
Douglass, Dcnison and Roberts.
Heavy Fines Assessed.
At Mason City, Judge Shorwin fined
the three violators of the liquor laws who
pleaded guilty a few days ago, as follows:
A. E. Miller, $-100 Pete Finnegau, $lOO
II. Vcnnard, $125.
Brief State Happenings*
Electric lights are being agitated for at
Strawberry Point.
Authon voted favorably to the building
of a new school house.
The schools in LaMoillc have been clos
ed on account of measles.
The postotlirc at Pierce has been discon
tinued, mail going to Decatur.
Guthrie is the only comity iu the State
that supports a county high school.
Bohort Canty of Danhury died of heart
disease while driving into tin* country.
The Yining Creamery Company hopes
sowi to be the biggest industry in that
city.
Hi
The M. E. parsonage fit Hunioston was
destroyed by fire. The loss was fully in
sure!
I.
Sons of the Revolution of Iowa will hold
their annual banquet at Dubuque April
10.
It has been decided at Dcnison to sub
mit a proposition for a .$20,000 high school
building.
The Commercial Exchange of Colfax
has been organized to advance the inter
ests of that town.
The quarantine is being raised on most
of the families alHictcd with scarlet fever
at Grand Mound.
The wages of the employes of the Dav
enport Pearl Button Company have been
raised 1 cent per gross.
Ottumwa will build a bicycle track in
order to secure the annual meet of the
Iowa division. L. A. W.
J. M. Schmoll has been sent to jail at
Fort Dodge for stealing coal from the
cars of the Illinois Central.
('. F. Wennerstrum, a prominent boot
and shoe merchant of Fort Dodge, has
filed a petition iu bankruptcy.
The proposition to ism- $(15,000 j'fi bonds
for building a new high school at Council
Bluffs carried by a large majority.
John N. Yount of Dubuque attempted
suicide by taking "Hough on Bats." Dis
sipation given as the cause of his desire to
die.
Mrs. Ed W. Duncan, a former resident
of Dubuque, was clubbed iuto uncon
sciousness at her home in Salt Lake,
I'tah.
John Gaihorg of Whiting was seized
with an attack of heart disease and ex
pired just as he reached the door of his
home.
Edward E. Fee, a laborer at Des
Moines, was run over by an engine in the
Burlington yards in that citv and instant
ly killed.
Polk County real estate dealers say
there arc but few calls for farm lands 011
account of the high prices at which they
are held.
Articles of incorporation have been filed
by the Havens & Brockmann Coffee Com
pany of Davenport, with a capital stock
of *50,000.
Dr. Oscar Clute of the Unitarian
Church at Des Moines has tendered his
resignation, having accepted a pastorate
at Pomona. Cal.
At the school election at ISmmetsburg
the people voted lo issue bonds to the
amount of $20,000 for the purpose of
building a school house.
The new high school at Ottumwa will
be occupied April 3.
The high school site is the burning ques
tion at Council Bluffs.
Phil Moloy of Silva Switch has just lost
his fourth wife by divorce.
Davenport Turners held a military ball,
at which $500 was cleared.
Ottumwa Presbyterians have selected
a site for their new church.
Chariton, after paying the year's bills,
has a balance of $2,350 in the city treas
ury.
Fire in a mine near Oskaloosa did great
damage to property and burned forty-live
mules.
Diphtheria has appeared at Iowa Falls
and strict quarantine measures are being
taken.
The Indian school at Toledo is being
connected by telephone with Toledo and
Tama.
Sigourney is without a saloon, it hav
ing complied with the decree of court and
closed.
Frost broke two of the copper columns
in front of the new Masonic Temple at
Waterloo.
The canning company at Oilman has
disposed of its .»ntire output for two years
to come.
A. W. Townsend, aged -15, of Marshall
town, dropped dead. Heart disease was
the cause.
A tramp stole a garment worth 75 cents
at Grand Junction and was sent to jail
for fifteen days.
John M. Banmati has been appointed
postmaster at Osgood, vice C. H. (lid
dings, removed.
Seven cars of large walnut logs have
been loaded at Chariton, to be shipped ft)
London, England.
The Milwaukee now lias three lines sur
veyed in a northwesterly direction through
Buena Yista County.
The annual Central Missouri confer
once of the M. E. Church will be held
May 30 at Oskaloosa.
A postofllco has been established at
Schley, Howard County, with Sylvester
Barnes as postmaster.
The East Side Baptist Church in Des
Moines is raising funds for the erection of
a new church building.
Keokuk is making an effort to secure
the band for the Fiftieth regiment of the
Iowa National Guard.
A Gorman beet sugar manufacturing
concern is considering Marshalltown as
the site for a factory.
Twelve converts of the Baptist Church
at Keokuk were immersed iu the Missis
sippi on a recent Sunday.
Ames has been having a soft coal fam
ine, on account of failure of local mines
to produce the needed amount.
Evangelist Sunday has dosed a series
of revival meetings at Emerson, which re
sulted iu 130 conversions.
Navigation on the Mississippi is likely
to be delayed bt"*ond the usual •ime, ow
ing to t«he very thick ice.
A Hook company has purchased the
opera hous:«at Campbell and will convert
it iuto a modern playhouse.
At the meeting of the directors of the
Iowa Telephone Company at Davenport
the old officers wore re-elected.
The biennial convention of the State
Federation of Women's Clubs will be hold
iu Burlington the first week in May.
Ja*«ies Poweshiek, the Indian policeman
of Tama County, has had his wages ad
vanced $5 per month for good service.
A committee of ten men has boon chos
en at Dos Moines to w^.k for the estab
lishment of a military post at that city.
The farmers of Keokuk township are
petitioning the supervisors to construct a
wagon bridge across the Des Moines river
at Clillhuid.
Waterloo ice consumers have coached a
satisfactory agreement with dealers and
will not put in a house of their own, as
contemplated.
Ed Hamilton, a negro who has already
servod three terms in the penitentiary,
was caught while burglarizing a Daven
port meat market.
Bohort Nelson of Des Moines was bit
ten on the thumb by a rat a short time
ago. Blood poison s»t iu and the member
had to be amputated.
William Martin of Adair was shot in
a quarrel with a saloonkeeper at Casey.
The kneecap i.s shattered so that anqiuta
tion may bo uoecssary.
Tile young people's societies of the va
rious churches at Ottumwa have organiz
ed an association to bring them together
in good work and charitable effort.
The 0-year-old child of Mr. and Mrs.
B. Anderson of Seymour vas playing with
matches when it accidentally set its cloth
ing on tire and was burned lo death.
F. J. Baughmau, a brakeman, while
standing on the top of a train at Yan
Meter, was struck by a water pump and
knocked to the ground, fracturing his
skull.
The coroner held au inquest over tin*
remains of the unknown man found dead
in the Milwaukee sand house at Ottum
wa. The verdict was that death was due
to natural causes.
J. B. Knoll, a stock raiser of Haverhill,
sues the Western Union for $000. He
alleges that through failure to deliver a
telegram he lost that amount 011 a ship
ment of sheep to Chicago.
The free text book proposition carried
by good majorities in three districts in
Des Moines, including the West Dos
Moines district, the largest iu the city.
Three-fourths of the city of Des'Moines
will now have free text books.
The indications are that the convention
of retail grocers to be held in Dos Moines
during the first week iu April for the or
ganization of a State association will be
one of the largest gatherings the city has
entertained in many months.
Secretary Yan Houten of the State Ag
ricultural Society said tin* other day that
from his limited personal observation he
was of the opinion that the wheat was
badly injured. There has been no cover
ing. The changes of temperature have
conic rapidly and often. With hare ground
the wheat has been unable to withstand
the cohl.
The board of trustees of the Iowa Stale
Agricultural College of the State board of
control plans for several new buildings to
be erected 011 the college campus. Tin?
most notable of these are the president's
residence, new electrical engineering
buildings and a new barn for the experi
ment station.
Stale Superintendent Barrett lias is
sued a circular addressed to the school
directors of the State, in which he urges
several changes designed to improve
schools, especially those in the rural dis
tricts. One change which he presses
strongly is the election of rural teachers
for an entire year, instead of for a single
term.
The Western Normal College, located
at llumoston, was sold at sheriff's sale.
The property cost $20,000. and brought
under the hammer only $2,500. E. F.
Pumphrey, cashier of the Home State
Bank, bought the property. It will prob
ably be redeemed.
M. J. Chambers of Chicago, represent
ing a cigar house of that city, was slug
god and robbed of a large sum of money
at Council Bluffs. The robbery occurred
on the principal street of the city. Cham
bers was knocked senseless, and when he
recovered consciousness three hours later
he found himself lying In a hallway a few
doors from the Grand Hotel, where he
was stopping.
GREAT-GRANDFATHER OF MAN.
Monsieur Tarsler» a New Acquisition
in the Philippine Islands,
Along with Tngals, Ygorottes and
other queer humau beings Uncle Sam
has annexed In the Philippine Islands
is the ftirster, an animal which Is now
declared to be the grandfather of man.
The tarsler Is the ancestor of the
common monkey, who is the ancestor
Df the anthropoid ape, who is the an
cestor of man.
Monsieur Tarsler Is a very gifted ani
mal. He derives his name from the
MOXSIKUU TAUS1KK.
enormous development of the tarsus, or
ankle boues of Ills legs. His eyes are
enormous, so that he can see in the
dark. They even cause him to be call
ed a ghost. Ills tlugers nnd toes are
provided with large pads, which en
able him to hold on to almost anything.
Professor Ilubrecht, of the .Univer
sity of Utrecht has lately discovered
that Monsieur Tarsler is 110 less a per
sonage than a "lluk" connecting Grand
father Monkey with his aucestors.
Thus the evolutionary scale would be
changed by Professor Ilubrecht to run:
Man, ape, moukey, tarsier nnd so on,
tarsler appearing as what may be popu
larly termed the great-grand fat her of
ma nkitul.
Tarsier may best be described as hav
ing a face like an owl and a body,
limbs and tail like those of a monkey.
Ills sitting height Is about that of a
squirrel. As his enormous optics
would lead one to suppose, he cuts ca
pers In the night and sleeps in the day
time, concealed usually in abandoned
clearings, where new growth has
sprung up to a Height of twenty feet or
more. Yery often lie sleeps In a stand
ing posture, grasping the lower stem
of a small tree with his long and sleu
der fingers and foes. During his night
ly wanderings he utters a squeak like
that of a moukey. During the day the
pupils of his eyes contract to fine lines,
but after dark expand until they til',
most pf the Irises. From his habit of
only upon insects
bat-like odor.
feed
stron
There is a possibility that the question
of a site for the new Polk County court
house will be again submitted to the vot
ers.
Wolves are playing great havoc with
flocks arouud Lewis nnd some farmers
•tfay up all night to keep them away from
their yards.
Mr. Yngoe, a Danish gentleman living
at Exira, was thrown out of his buggy in
a runaway and so severely injured that
he died.
Counsel for the Defense—'1 lie lad\
talks about honorable dealing, but let
her look to herself. M.v client tells mi
that she promised to burn every lottet
she got from him as soon as she had
read it. The Court—What has the wit
ness lo say lu reply lo the defendant's
counsel? Plaintiff—I thought the.\
might be useful some time, aud as 1
didn't want to break my word, 1 didn't
read the letters. -vVv^vA-
I11 reminiscences of the early Mlnno
sota bar Judge diaries E. Flaudran
tells in the Minnesota Law Journal ol
an argument before the Supreme Uour.
in 1.S53 by ex-Chief Justice Goodrich,
on behalf of an Indian convicted oi
murder. The Indian's name wa
"Hu-ni-za," but. as the counsel eoub
not pronounce it, he always referred to
hi 111 in his argument as "my client.
Ahasuerus."
Some peculiarly suggestive conibina
tions of names iu the titles of cases an
these:
The name of "Dr. Physick," which
might be looked for in some allegory,
appears as the name of a real person
iu a recent law report.
The name of an adopted citizen of the
Chickasaw nation, whose adoption was
canceled and who was thereupon ex
pelled, was "Kuti Hannah."
People against Kaiser. Priest againsi
Lackey, Kick against Merry, Protected
Home Circle against Winter, Gram
against Lookout Mountaiu Company.
In an old Indiana case a man named
Shallcross undertook to live up to his
name by running an unlawful ferry,
but the decision of the court said to
him, "yon shall not cross."
A California woman who said in her
will, "1 have 110 fear of the hereafter.
0 my Lord, teach me lo live right then
in dying there is sting"—bore the
prophetic Christian name of "Euthana
sia."
Meal and Fruit.
Prof. Slikblle says: The majority of
people eat more meat than they require.
Meat eaten once a day Is sufficient for
a person not engaged in manual labor,
or who does not lake too much strong
outdoor exercise. A large number of
complaints contracted owe their origin
to the consumption of food whiclf en
tails a greater drain on the gastric
juices than the system is able to with
stand. The cures attributed to the
grape occurs for the most part with
those who are accustomed to high liv
ing. and are really owing to the fact
that the organs of digestion are given
a uiuch-needed rest. Seinl-starvation
would answer the purpose almost as
well. For the person whose work lies
chiefly indoors a mixed and varied diet
is most conducive to goud health.
A Great Man's Difficulty.
"When I made a joke the other day,'
remarked Senator Sorghum, "nobody
laughed."
"That's true."
"And when I made a serious speech,
1 awoke the hilarity of a nation."
"It seeuis so."
"Well, I give it up. I don't know
which Is harder trying to be funny, 01*
trying not to."—Washington Star.
Pruyn—Have you heard that horrlblu
story ubout old Stiffo belug buried
ailre? Dr. Bolus (hastily)—Burled
alive? Impossible! Why, ho was one
of my patients.—Exchange,
How to Remove Stains*
Ink.—-Dip in boiling water, rub wlth^
salts of sorel and rinse well.
Blood.—Soak la cold water. For
ticking and thick goods make a tliick.
paste of starch and water. Leave till#.:
dry and blush off.
Scorch.—Dip in soapsuds and lay In
the sun. If fibers are not much in
jured, dip repeatedly in saturated- solu
tion of borax and linsc.
Paint.—Turpentine for coarse goods,
benzine or naphtha for fine. r
Grease.—Moisten with strong ammo
nla water, lay blottiug paper over and
irou dry. If silk, use chloroform to re
store color or cover with powdered
French chalk and iron.
Fruit.—Boiling water as above. If
Ineffectual, rub with a solulltm of
oxalic add and rinse in warm water.
Coffee.—Lay the stained portion of
the cloth over a bowl and pour bolltng
water through it.
To Wutth litanUet**
It Is not compatible with sanitary
principles to have blankets that nro
constantly slept under dr.v-cleaued
they should be washed. Cut in fine
pieces some good soap aud boil to a
jelly with soft water. Put some of tho
boiled soap In warm soft water, to
which add two large tablespoonfuls of
borax, this being to every tub of water.
Tills makes good lather, In whlclj glvo
the blankets two washings, after
which rinse them In plenty of warm
water, slightly blued. Wrlug out thor
oughly, giving a vigorous shaking and
hang out lo dry. Take them lu if
weather is Inclement, place them In the
clothes basket, cover with a cloth and
stand in kitchcu. They should bo given
four or live days of suushlne that they
may be thoroughly dried.—Epltomlst.
Oatmeal ifcones.
has a
The foreman of a jury in a recent
murder trial reported: 'The proba
blllty, or even possibility, of this jury
ever agreeing Is Impossible, In my
opinion
These are largely used by the Scotch
peasantry in place of bread, and are
baked ou a griddle suspended over an
open fire. A frying pan over a slow
tire may be substituted for a griddle.
Take two pounds of oatmeal, a table
spoonful of salt, a tablespoonfui of
lard ami enough water to make a stiff
dough. Hub the lard into tho oatmeal
and add the salt and water. In roll
ing, the palm of the hand should be
used Instead of a rolling pin. Press tho
dough into a round cake about a quar
ter of au inch thick, cut Into segments
and cook on the griddle until a light
browti. Oatmeal scones properly pre
pared will keep for weeks.
Stuffed Cubtmcc.
Scald the cabbage until the bones
lose their crlspn^ss. Open the heart to
the very center. Have uearly a cupful
of rice add a cupful of chopped meat,
and season with salt aud pepper. Put
a teaspoonful of this mixture in the
center of the cabbage fold over the
first little leaves, then add another
layer of the mixture and fold over the
second leaves aud so 011. Tie lu a piece
of cheese cloth aud throw in boiling
waU»r (with a little salt), simmer gen
tly one hour, remove the cheese cloth,
drain dish and pour over a pint of
ream sauce or dralu butter sauce.
OyMtcr.4 a la Poulctte.
Put three dozeu freshly opened oys
ters in a saucepan, with a pint of their
own liquor carefully strained. Add one
ounce of butter, half a teaspoonful
salt aud the same quantity of black
pepper. Parboil for three minutes,
gradually stirring in a half-pint of
Hollandaise sauce, and stew for two
minutes, being careful not to allow It
to boil. Before removing the oysters
from the range, put in a teaspoonful of
chopped parsley and the juice of half
a lemon. Then stir slightly and serve.
»Uc:l Prima Pudding.
Stone half a iound of prunes or dates
and chop line. Add half a cupful of al
monds bleached and chopped, and the
crumbs of a quarter of a loaf of bread.
Beat one egg,.well, soften a heaping
tablespoonfui of butter, and add sweet
ening as desired. Put In a butered pud
ding dish and till it up with milk, stir
ring carefully. Cover aud bake three
quarters of an hour, then let it brown
and serve with sugar and cream, or
any kind of pudding sauce.
Home Made (linger Ale. -Vr
A simple way of making plain ginger
ale is to boil fresh ginger root in water,
one ounce of the root to each gallon of
water. Just as yon take it from tho
tire, and after it is quite spicy, add the
graded yellow rind of half a lemon.
When cold, strain add to each gallon
a pound of sugar and the spice of two
lemons. Dissolve half a yeast cake,
add it to the mixture and let it ferment
for about three hours. Bottle, cork, and
tie down the corks.- Ladies' Home
Journal.
To Make on Omelet. ..
There arc many omelets, but here Is
the best I have tested in a long time:
One cup sweet milk, one cup cracker
crumbs. Soak the crumbs in the milk,
beat three eggs to a froth, stir cracker
and eggs together, adding a little salt.
Turn all into a hot frying pan that con
tains a Utile melted butter. When the
omelet is brown ou one side, turn and
brown the other side. Tins is sufllcientM
for four or live persons.
(Pudding Sauce,
A simple pudding sauce (hat is not
too rich or good for human beings'
daily food is made by first beating to a
ream two cups of powdered sugar and
two rounded tablespoonfuls of butter.
Then add the beaten yolk of an egg
with any flavoring desired—giuger,
cinnamon, nutmeg, lemon or vanilla.
Lastly, add the white of the egg beat
en to a stiff froth, aud stir In lightly.
Ftcuk Smothered with Onioua. v'
Have ready a sufficient quantity of
sliced onlous, aud when the steak Is re
moved from the spider turn the onlous
into it at once, covering it closely to let
the vegetables cook In the grease and
their own juice. Set the platter of meat
into the oven to keep warm. The onions
will cook in five minutes aud may then
be turned over the meat on the platter.
Send to the table at once.
l-'ut Hpinacli.
It Is claimed that spiunch Is the most
healthful of all vegetables, and pos
sesses great medicinal aud strengthen
ing properties. The salts of potassium
in It give It emollient and laxative vir
tues. It Is said to be excellent for the
liver, and freshens the complexion.
Spinach is also used as a part iu some
of the uioderu popular tonics.
tiapped i'uud-t.
One drachm of camphor, 1 drachm
of good wood naphtha, 1 ounce laud
anum aud 2 ounces of glyceriue. Mix
well. This is an effectual remedy, and
may also be used as a preventive.
The Moa, tho extluel wingless bird
of New Zeahtnd, was ilfteen feet high,
and used to lay eggs ten inches long.

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