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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, July 05, 1899, Image 3

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One Who Ft lleA.
Bo Stalled out to make his name
A household word
He has not won the bauble fame,
And few have heard
That there is such a ninn as he
Upon this twirling sphere
He failed, but it were well if we
Had more such failures here.
He missed the gonl he had in view
And grieves to-day
The grave lies just beyond him, too—
He's bent and gray
Yet though he failed in winulng fame,
He's won a greater prize:
Few men have ever heard his name,
But they'll weep when he dies.
*, —S. E. Kiser.
The dark, heavy clouds were drift
ing slowly across the sky, driven by a
steadily rlslug wind. The moon, shin
ing through the rifts, lit up for a mo*
ment- the grim. Siberian prison be
low, throwing the low buildings into
strong relief, then leaving everything
blacker thau before as auother mass of
clouds obscured its face.
Here and there around the place, a
light flickered feebly, showing the po
sition of the sentries and they, but
toned up tightly to keep out the biting
wind, paced slowly to and fro. Inside
the prison all seemed still, and to the
iinsuspectlug guards was so but in tho
outer block of buildings nearest tho
river, a scene of sileut activity was
taking place.
"Have you got your cursed irons
off?" inquired a voire, in a whisper.
"Almost, Ivan. Hut do not linrry
the guard will not be round for an hour
yet What a lucky thing it was you
managed to secrete these files. Now,
our comrades can escape with us.
Give the signal gently, Ivan."
Ivan silently went to the wall of the
cell and tnpped three times, almost in
audibly. A moment later two similar
taps were heard from the other side.
"Yes, they are ready, Cliakoff, and
will await our signal. What a grand
night it is for the attempt!"
"Providence is helping us to escape
from this awful horror," said Oba*
"Escape—freedom!" broke in Ivan.
"Oh, what thoughts does freedom con
jure up. Back to Moscow, whether in
danger or not, to try and win a wo
man for my wife."
"What? Then that Is another tie to
bind us. Although wo never met be
fore being imprisoned here, we aro
joined by ties of friendship that noth
ing can break. Let me tell you my
story," i'outinued ChnkofT.
"Five long, weary years ago, when I
was a free man in Moscow, I loved a
woman who loved me in return, aud
is still true to me.
"But I had a rival, whom I never
saw, nor even learnt his name, and ho
determined to rid me from his path
"One night, while at my society's
meeting, the police broke in and I was
arrested. From what was said, I gath
ered that the information must have
come from one who could bo no other
than his rival."
For a moment the men were silent:
only their heavy breathing telling of
their emotion. A strange recognition,
Indeed, to take place in the darkuess
of a prison cell—each to have been the
cause of the other's imprisonment: to
be taken to a Siberian hell to live
together for many years, and then,
just at the time they intended at
tempting escape, to suddenly discover
each other's identity.
"And you were my rival?" said
ChnkofT. "And I told you my story,
never thinking it—"
Clank! clank! clank! The guard was
"To your place—quick!" lie hoarsely
continued, forgetting in a moment the
exciting climax through which they
hod just passed* and only thinking
of the promised liberty.
All unconscious of the danger which
threatened, the guard walked slowly
to the door, and, unlocking it, looked
into the cell. A deep groan smote his
"Shamming again." lie muttered,
with a Russian oath. "A taste of my
knout will do him good!"

Stepping forward, he was about to
carry out his brutal iutention when
the figure on the lioor, which the light
of the lamp he carried reveal, sudden
ly sprang up, aud seized him in a
terrible grip round the waist. Simul
taneously another sprang from the
darkness, and stified the cry for help
which was rising. The lamp dropped
to the floor and went out, and a rifle
luckily fell on the rough bed of straw.
To and fro the meu staggered, uo
sound being uttered. The emaciated
frames of the convicts, desperate as
they were, proved more than a match
for the hcmilcan strength of the
guard, and slowly they gained the
upper hand. A few moments later he
was lying bound', hand and foot ou the
floor of the cell.
"So far, so good," said Ivau, taking
the bunch of keys. "Take his great
coat, Chakoft it may be very useful
to us."
Proceeding cautiously into the open
wind-swept square, Ivan arrived un
seen at the next cell, and. selecting
a key from the buueh, he liberated
the overjoyed men inside.
A few moments served to release
about twenty, who armed themselves
with pieces of the chains they had so
lately worn.
Suddeuly a loud cry for help, in
stantly answered by the nearest
guards, fell upon their ears, and they
realized that iu some way the cap
tured man had eluded the vigilance of
Chakoff. Instantly a scene of wild
confusion began. The prisoners, some
of tlioin there for a very little offense,
were determined to make the most of
the opportunity offered them for es
cape, and seelug they could not leave
the precincts of the prison without
fighting the soldiers, they rushed to
meet them. A hand-to-hand conflict
followed for the soldiers dare not
use their rifles for fear of hitting one
of themselves. This put them at a
disadvantage, and. being taken by
surprise, and also outnumbered, the
convicts made short work of them,
and at a signal from ChakofT, rau to
wards the river, and. plunging in, all
safely reached the other bank.
The officer iu command had been
stunned by a blow from the butt
end of a rifle in the bauds of Ivan,
which the latter had wrenched from
the clasp of a wounded soldier, and,
therefore, uo instant chase was given
but the deputy governor was quickly
on the scene, and lie taking the com
mand, a strong force set out Iu pursuit
three hours later.
A baud of fifteen hungry and weary
men rested the night following the
escape in a clump of woods. Seven
meu had succumbed to the horrors of
the day's march through the broken
country, and the remainder were sleep
ing. not caring whether they were re
captured or not.
Ivan was keepiug guard over the
cump, aud. fiudlug it a difficult matter
ty keep his eyes open, ho walked to
the edge of the wood, and lookufe out
into the darkness. A tremor shook
his frame, and he muttered a startled
exclamation. In the distance, per
haps not a quarter of a mile away, he
saw the camp of Cossacks!
He returned and awoke his com
"What is the matter?" asked Cha
koff, standing up.
The soldiers are here," was tho
low reply. "They have ridden to the
north of the wood, and, knowlug we
are here, wll» attack us to-morrow.
Then we may expect no mercy we
shall be shot down like dogs."
For a moment Cliakoff did not
speak. He was thinking of Clarissa,
the woman who held such a place iu
his heart. Ivan seemed to know what
was passing in his mind.
"You are thinking of—of her," he
muttered, brokenly. "And It was I
who parted you. I. who in my blind
hatred, spoilt two lives. And yet she
was so beautiful that I would havo
done anything to win her for my
wife. Chakoff, say you will forgive
"What did I say when I told you
my story last uiglit? It is I who must
beg for that. But why talk iu that
manner? We shall contiuue at once
through the woods, where those brutal
Cossacks with their horses cannot fol
"You do uot know the country," was
the reply. "This wood only extends
a few miles south, and If we followed
it we should get to the mountains,
where death would be slower, yet
just as sure as from the bullets of our
enemies' rifles! No, the only way is
to vanquish the soldiers!"
"Which Is impossible," said Chakoff,
with a sigh "and, therefore, we die at
break of day. Friends," he continued,
to those around, for the conversation
had awakened the sleepers, "the
soldiers are very near to us, and are
only waiting a while before attacking.
There are about forty of them, well
armed aud strong fifteen of us, un
armed and weak. If we become the
attackers and do not wait for day
light, one or two might escape in
the confusion and darkness."
"There is another way," said Ivan,
stepping forward, "by which nearly
all of you may escape."
"What Is it? Tell us your plan," said
one standing near.
"The dawn is near, therefore my
plan cannot wait. So to the edge oi
the wood and watch. Then if a num
ber of the Cossacks detach themselves
from the main body and after an bout
do not return, follow ChnkofT
8 plan."
"But what do you intend to do?" in
quired Chakoff, anxiously.
"You eau watch w|tn the others,"
was the low reply. "Bui if you escape
and ouce again se—see her"—he added
brokenly—'tell her I begged for for*
glveness. You can take care of her
better than I. Give me your great'
coat, Chakoff, it is neccessary. If yoii
are successful you will get another
if not—well, you won't need one.
Good-bye, and forgive me."
"Come back, Ivan! come back!" cried
Chakoff. But too late. He had dis
appeared lu the darkness.
As the first rayn of light broke from
the horizon the watchers beheld a
strange sight.
A figure crept toward the Cossack
camp, was challenged by the sentry
and taken before the commander. An
excited Interview followed. Ivan was
pointing towards the wood.
"Is he a traitor?" the watchers won
dered. No, that could not be but it
was evident something strange was on
The camp became a scene of bustle
and activity, and a few minutes later
three parts of the men were mounted.
They formed in charging order, and
with a wild cheer, dashed along the
edge of the wood in a southeasterly
direction. The sound of beating hoofs
grew fainter in the distance, and at
last died out altogether.
Suddenly one of the anxious watch
ers started up and declared he heard
a wild cry. of terror but lie was* tho
only one, and his statement was dis
An hour passed, aud no sigu of a
return. The suu began to rise, and
the remaining soldiers were becoming
Suddenly from out the wood dashed
a baud of wild-looking men, armed
with chains, clubs and the one who is
leading with a rifle.
They fell upon the unprepared Cos
sacks, and, after a stubborn and dead
ly conflict, scattered them in all di
Then the visitors, after eating of the
food they found, followed in the path
of the company of soldiers led by
For two miles they journeyed on,
when they came to a stop before a
deep chasm, at the bottom of which
they dimly discerned the mangled re
mains of horses and men.
Descending, they searched among
the gruesome mass, aud at last found
the body of a man, which they regard
ed with 'great tenderness And they
reverently burled him just as he was,
in Ills large, gray coat—a look of in
finite peace on his face.
In a cozy little room, iu an English
household, a man and woman were
seated. On the knees of the former
sat a little child.
"Aud why did your brother Ivan
jump over the precipice, father?" he
A tear came to the man's eye, and
he looked tehderly at his wife.
"When he went to the officer, Ivan,
he must have convinced him in some
way that we were escaping round the
far end of the wood. He let him lead
the men there, and, going at full speed,
they jumped straight over the chasm.
Clarissa, is it nrft ills bedtime?"
(fcttver Prnctlcc of Mexican Miner*.
A recent traveler in Mexico, who
visited the mines there during his
journey, says that he was much aston
ished at seeing the men who carry the
ore come out of the mine each with
one eye shut.
The foreman, seeing his surprise,
explained the matter. He said the
caudles belonging to the tnruteros (who
drill and blast) do not give sufficient
light in the drifts, where it is conse
quently quite dark, but where, never
theless, the tarateros see well enough
not to run their heads against the
rocks. But on emerging into day
light they would be blinded did they
not take precautionary measures.
For this reason, as they approach
tlie mouth of the shaft, at the point
where they catch the tirst glimpse o!
light, they drop the eyelid of one eye.
and keep this down while they arc
discharging their ore and until the
have redescended -the shaft.
When they are agaiu in the dark
they open the eye kept hitherto it
reserve, and at once see everything
distinctly while the other eye, prevl
ously open aud somewhat blinded bj
the daylight, perceives nothing at all
—Cincinnati Enquirer.
The entire membership of the pi|i
Bion churches \t\ Chin* le 80,QI&
pippmp smiiispmpiiw ...
UST seventy years ago something
In the nature of a "boom" struck
Chicago, gave It a start towards
the great metropolis it has become.
Before that, its history was practical
ly that of a frontier village, a trading
point. In 1830 a canal connecting the
Illinois River with Lake Michigan was
under consideration. Congress set
Began to "Feel Its Oats,"
By 1836 the "Garden City" began "to
feel it3 oats!" The first vessel built
In Chicago was successfully launched,
and ground was broken for the long
talked of Illinois and Michigan Canal.
The Galena railroad was chartered.
Speculation became rife, and real es
tate reached figures that discounted
the wildest previous speculations. Chi-
apart land to aid the project. A por
tion of the allotment fell within the
limits of Chicago. An auction sale was
made, the lots bringing au average of
$34. Deals in the same became brisk.
A "boom" was started, settlers cauie
in, Chicago began to make metropol
itan history, and the years since then
have been simply forward strides of
majestic progress.
It Is pleasant and interesting to note
what occurred to bring all this about
Finsr uuiiTiiofSK, 1832.
prior to 1830. The lirst permanent
settlement was made iu 1803, when a
sturdy Seotch-Amerieau named Klnzle
followed lu the tracks of French mis
sionaries and explorers, and took pos
session of a rude squared hut, erected
by a San Domiugnu negro named
Jean Baptlste, who had drifted Into
the northwest twenty-six years pre
vious. Kinzie established an Indian
trading post, and as the pioneer mer
chant and business man laid the
foundations of the greatest commer
cial city in the West. The government
at once built Fort Dearborn, and here
arriving visitors and settlers sought
cago was now the largest town in the
State, the question of incorporation
was constantly agitated, and in the fol
lowing year a charter was secured from
the Legislature. The population had
risen to 4,ISO souls, there were 4 ware
houses, 30S dwellings, 20 dry goods
stores, 5 hardware stores, 10 groceries,
17 lawyers' offices, and 5 churches.
The young city, orgauized and ready
for business, prepared for an Immedi
ate influx of population and wealth,
but was doomed to suffer serious dis
appointment A great panic presented
itself, and waves of disaster and col
lapse swept over the entire land, from
which Chicago suffered in common
with other cities. A passion for In
vestment had carried the people aw&y,
and a lack of money now led to no
end of business failures. "Hard Times"
held the city In Its grasp. Retrench
ment was necessitated, nud 1S3S fol
lowed gloomy as a continuous funeral.
A severe drouth and a most serious
epidemic visited the city.' Amid this
gloom the first theater was built.
Strange to say, it was a success and
was patronized by many who were
unable to pay their debts.
For fully ten years the effects of the
panic acted as a caution upon citizens.
Legitimate trade was nurtured, and
the marine Interests of the city slowly
built up. Newspapers were started,
municipal buildings erected. In 1848
the Pioneer, a locomotive, arrived on
a brig from the East, and pulled the
first train out of Clilcago over the
protection, and the Indians exchanged
skins aud pelts for trinkets, general
merchandise and whisky. In 1812 the
savages practically destroyed the fort,
and massacred fifty-two persons. Iu
1816 It was rebuilt. Within the next
ten years-churches, ferries, stores, ho
tels of a primitive character appeared
on the scene, and the settlement be
came a town. Nearly all the new ar
rivals came to start in business. Com
petition became an immedlute element,
and as early as 1825 there was evi
dent that keenuess and foresight which
made commerce the keynote of one of
the greatest manufacturing and dis
tributing cities In the world. In 1820
the government rewarded a resident
for services rendered in negotiating
peaceful relations with the Fottawat
tomles by building for him free the
first frame house erected iu the dis
trict Chicago's most lordly cloud-
grazer does not to-day attract such
universal attention as did tho owner
of this princely structure. Up to that
time everything was Imported, aud
some Idea of the progress attained dur
ing the past seventy years may be
gleaned from the circumstance that the
clapboards, sash, uails and brick used
In constructing this modest little house
were all brought from Cleveland, then
a much larger city than Chicago. Four
years later the first bridges across the
river were constructed—one of these
was made of floating logs tied together,
nnd the Indians in its vicinity volun
tarily contributed one-half of its cost,
which was In the neighborhood of
The Saugatiash was the grand hotel
in those early days. Here a half-breed
kept a tavern, now within the nii'iimry
of many a living patriarch of tlx- West.
He was the town's great musician, and
Just as Nero tlddled while Home burn
ed, he played for his guests while Chi
cago grew up. it is related that in
those days such tilings as white sheets
and table linen were a rare commodity,
and that after a guest was asleep the
specious landlord would Invade his
room witli a hideous yell, suggesting
"Iudlausi" whip away the sheet from
tlie frightened stranger-who would
prudently burrow in tho lilauketa—
while the trophy was smoothed out to
(to iirYlw a table-cjotb.
Galena road. On Nov. 20 of that year
the first wheat ever transported by
rail arrived, and the locomotive begau
to make regular trips over the teu
miles of the road then completed.
From this Insignificant beginning the
most magnificent railway system in
the world has been built up tu half a
century. It was the railroads that
made Chicago the metropolis of tlie
West, and it is the railroads that will
ever keep the city In frout, each now
tributary line adding to its greatness.
In the same year tlie canal was com
pleted, and a board of trade was or
ganized, with a total membership of
Fome City Improvements.
Gas came to Chicago in 1SS0, aud the
Illinois Central Railroad began to plan
out Its line. In the following year the
drinking water system of the city was
put ou a progressive basis, obviating
the buying of smnll quantities from
two-wheeled carts," which dispensed
the same at the rate of from 5 to 10
cents a barrel. The rule now seemed
to be the organization of a new rail
road couipauy about every two years.
The Fort Wayne, the Michigan South
ern, the Burlington aud Qulncy, the
Alton, and numerous other-linos sprang
into being, but only at the behest of
careful capital and hard, energetic la
bor. Some' idea of the way these roads
were built up may be gained from the
fact that the Chicago aud Northwest
ern Rallrond of the present day con
sists of a consolidation of no less thau
forty-live separate and distinct lines.
By 1835 eleven trunk Hues centered at
Chicago. Iu 1857 panic again struck
Chicago, and a great many banks fail
ed. Duriug tills year Chicago's lirst
great lire occurred, thirteen persons
losing their lives In the conflagration.
Two years later the tirst street rail
way made its appearance—a single
track affair, quite primeval. A strong
disposition was now evinced "to lift
Chicago out of the mud," aud paving
was the order of the day. Now the
city begau to be the center of import
ant political events. It was iu the Chi
cago Wigwam that Lincoln and llaui
llii were nominated, and at the same
structure many momentous war meet
lugs were held. The city became tlie
recognized center of the West. Its
progress was now all along the line of
rapid advancement, balked only by the
great tire of 1871. a conflagration over
shadowing any iu the history of the
world. Then came the years of reorgan
ization aud rebuilding. With lSllll the
prospering metropolis had reached the
1.000,000 mark. Tile most imposing
structures iu the world were designed
and constructed. The year ISO.'i saw
the World's Fair open and close, after
scoring a brilliant success. Great
crowds came to view the city for the
first time from all quarters of the
world, enormously swelling the already
great population of the city. lOlee
trielty was advanced In its highest
form In nil the industries. Mecliaulcs
of every class here found the Ideal
fold for progress. The social, literary
and commercial interests bad reached
the highest typical plane. The city
entered $899 with a marvelous history
behind it. The wonderful metropolis
not only astonished the world, but sur
prised Its own people.
It To-day a Wonder.
To-day Chicago is a wonder to sur
vey. Its vast area, immense popula
tion, magnificent buildings and enor
mous industries are known to and ap
preciated by all. The city comprises
In its limits about 100 square miles of
territory. It is twenty-tlve and one
half miles from Its extreme north to
its extreme south limit.
From absolutely nothing to a city of
2,000,000 people within tho narrow
limits of a single century, It has come
to lead the world in many things—as a
railway center, port, lumber market,
grain market In live stock of all kinds
Chicago takes the preference. All tills
not the result of chance or fortune.
Good luck seldom has a ruu of sixty
one years. Chicago's present and
prospective greatness rests upon her
location at the gateway of a fertile
country as large In extent as Europe.
All outside territory has been tribu
tary and helpful to Chicago, aud the
Iowa farmer, the Michigan miner, the
Indiana merchant, the Wisconsin lum
berman, have all helped to build up
tlie metropolis In a way. A century
ago the advantages Chicago utHlzed
were counted trivial, but close appllca-
replied the painter promptly. 'I thiuk
I shall leave it just as It is. I rather like
that red.' The banker was astonished
aud very angry, and while he paid for
the canvas he never huug it. Of course,
the incident raised a laugh and the
artist's obstinacy was admired in bo-
and probably invests In bulk as fast as
it comes to her. This income of itself
since she has been upon the throne,
with interest, would aggregate $40,
000,000.—Philadelphia Tress.
A Surprise for Hubbj
She was a young wife just married
from boarding school—one of the lovey
dovey order—nnd although highly edu
cated didn't know beans froip any
other vegetable. Hence this dialogue
with the cook:
"Now, Biddy, dear, what are we to
have for dinner?"
"There's two chickens to dress,
"I'll dress them the first thing.
Where are their clothes
"Dear me, mum, they're in their
feathers yet."
"Oh, then, serve them that way. The
ancient Romans always cooked pea
cocks with their feathers on. It will
be. a surprise for Hubby."
"It will that, mum. Sure, if you
want to help, you could be parin* the
"Oh, how sweet! I'll pair them two
and two iu no time. Why, I had no
idea cooking was so picturesque."
"I think, mum, that washing the
celery do be more in your line."
"All right. Biddy, 1*11 take it up to
the bath room, and I've some lovely
Paris soap that will take off every
tion and shrewd enterprise have an
nihilated distance, bridged rivers, and
tumbled mountains, until, for all prac
tical purposes, Salt Lake City is nearer
fo Chicago than Boston was to Phila
delphia the year Fort Dearborn was
lie Painted Ked Kar oil the Karon de
"A portrait painter can't afford to be
entirely independent unless he lias a
tremendous vogne," remarked an ariist
who has speut a number of years lu
study abroad to a correspoudeut of the
New Orleans Times-Democrat. "I re
member when I first went to Paris,
Sergeant, who is probably the greatest
master lu his special field that America
has ever produced, was just beginnlug
to attract atteutlon. lie had paiuied
a portrait of his preceptor, Durow, taut
was generally applauded, and the &tlr
it created led to his getting a commis
sion from the Barou Rothschild. It
was his first big job. but he went
about it with exactly the same non
chalance that characterizes him at
present. During the last sitting, wheu
the picture was receiving its finishing
touches, it chanced that one of the
Baron's ears became unusually red,* a
circumstance probably due to the heat
of the room. Sergeant seized on it at
once as a good bit of color and made
the painted ear redder, if anytliiug.
than the original. Wheu Rothschild
Inspected the portrait lie was greatly
pleased. 'But of course,' he said, 'you
will tone dowu that left ear.'
"Thank you, mum, would you mind
telling me the name of the asylum
where you were eddieated? 1 think I'll
have to take some lessons there my
self if we be going to work together."
Carving Done by Kernels.
There is a curiously carved frame
around a picture recently hung in the
office of the Pendleton, Ore., board of
fire commissioners by Secretary Weid
ler. 11 is made of a board of Oregon fir,
but tlie carving, which In places Is
nearly through the board, Is of such a
queer pattern aud in such a strauge
and peculiar style that no one who sees
it cau imagine how it was doue. The
nearest guess anyone makes is that it
is Japanese work. The fact is, the board
was part of a grain chute, nnd the
quaint and curious carving as well as
the polishing was done by kernels of
wheat passing down the chute. Just
why tlie wheat cut such curious curves
is difficult to imagine, as the wood does
not appear to be any softer where the
cuts are deepest.—San Francisco Ex
The Population of tho World.
The population of the earth is about
1,500.000,000, it beiug estimated in 181)1
at 1,458,703,U00. The Statesman's Year
Book (a British publication) for 1807
estimated that four-fifths of the world's
population, or 1/273,284,403 human be
ings, were under the sway of ten pow
ers. as follows: China, 402.080,000
British Empire, 383,4SS,4t 9 Russian
Empire, 129,545.000 France, 70,407,775
United States, 02,920,700: German Em
pire. 02.879,901 Austria-Hungary. 41.
358,380 Japau, 41,818,215 Netherlands,
38,852,451 and the Ottomau Empire,
39,212,000. The estimate of the popu
lation of China is really guess work,
nothing more. It may exceed the fig
ures given, or it may fall vastly below
hernia, but it really did Sergeant a
great deal of harm, and was one of the
things that eventually determined him
to move to Loudon."
Victoria's Income.
From tlie time that she was crowned,
Queen Victoria has been iu receipt of
au lucouie from the Government
amounting to about $3,000,000 a year.
From this she pays all the expenses
and salaries of her household, charities,
pensions aud other charges imposed up
ou the sovereign, be they more or less.
She has $300,000 per annum for pock
et money, of which no accouut is ever
The salaries of her household amount
to about $000,000, and the other ex
penses to about $750,000 per year $00,
000 Is given her for "bounties and
alms." and $90,000 for auuuitios and
In addition to this, the other members
of the royal family receive annuities
amounting to $805,000.
From Hie Duchy of Lancaster the
Queen receives about $450,000 year,
she lifts no uced to touch at all,
theui. In fact, some authorities put
China's population as low as 225,000,
000. Tlie population accorded Great
Britain, Erauce and Germany, Is large
ly composed of Asiatics aud Africans.
This is especially the case with Great
Britain, about 275,000,000 of the people
under her sway beiug inhabitants of
Tho Great Pyramid of Cheops.
The great pyramid of Cheops is the
largest structure ever erected by the
hand of man. Its origiual dimensions
at the base were 704 feet square, and
its perpendicular height iu the highest
point 448 feet. It covers four acres,
one rood, and twenty-two rods of
ground, and has been estimated by an
eminent British architect to have cost
not less than $105,000,000.
Mosquito Bile Pain.
The pa iu of a mosquito bite is
caused by a tlulu poison iujected by
the Insect iuto the wound in order to
make the blood thiu uoougb to float
through tlie aietquUo'g ibro»t,
Corydou ....
DyersvlUe ..,
Farmingtou ..
(iladbrook ..
Change in State Postofficea—An Unex
pected Marriage—Ptomaine Fed to
Wedding Guests- Suicide Found in a
fchoolhouae—Williamsburg Votes.
The Postofflce Department has made
the following changes in Iowa postotHces
and postmasters' salaries:
Ceiitervllle, Manchester and Marlon ad
vanced from third to second class.
Increase* to-
Increases to
Lauorte City.. .$1,400
Lemurs ....
Maiveru ...
Mason City
Marion ....
Maxwell ...
Montezuma ..
Mt. Pleusuut.
New Shurou..
Nora Springs... 1,400
Northwood .... 1,500
Oakland 1,200
Oehvelu 1,700
Ogdeu 1,300
Onuwa 1,000
Grange City.... 1,'tOO
Aines ........
Anuuiysu ....
Hedfurd .....
ltelle i'laiue..
Kounpurte ...
Hrooklyn ....
Ceut«*rvlHe ..
diaries City..
Charter Ouk..
Clurksvllle .... 1,400
C'Pbus Jet 1,400
Cooti Huplda.. 1,300
.. 2,300
.. 1,300
.. 1,500
.. 2,200
.. 1,300
.. 2,000
.. 1.500
.. 2,000
.. 1.100
.. 1.100
Ottumwa ....
Pomeroy ....
Prairie City..
Rock Valley... 1,300
Rockwell City.. 1,400
Huthven 1,300
Sanborn 1,300
Sioux Rapids... 1,400
Spencer 1,000
Spirit Lake 1,500
Storm Lake 1.700
Strawberry Pt. 1,100
Tipton ....
Vllllaca ....
Vluton ....
Wapello ...
Waitkon ...
Webster City... 2,300
W. Liberty.... 1.000
West Union.... 1.700
W'nisburg 1.200
G. Junction.... l,2(v*
Iledrlek ...
Ilolstein ...
Iowa Fails
Keosauqna ...
Lake City
Lake Mills....
Wilton Jnc.... 1,300
Wluterset 1,800
No decreases.
Wedding a Hurprise.
The announcement from New York of
the marriage there of J. J. Richardson
and Miss Emma Adclia Rice was receiv
ed with great surprise because no formal
announcement had preceded the event.
Mr. Richardson Is the publisher of the
Davenport Democrat and was formerly
the Iowa member of the Democratic na
tional committee. lie is promiueut in
Kpiscopalian church circles and lias been
leading supporter of St. Katherine's
Hall Diocesan, the boarding school for
young ladies at Davenport. Miss Rice
has been the principal of the school for
the last twelve years and it has pros
pered greatly uuder her directiou.
Wedding Guest* Kat Poison*
Forty persons who attended a wedding
at Rollins the other night suffered from
poison, partaken of at supper, and it was
not until late next day that ail were pro
nounced out of danger by attending physi
cians. Of the number nearly twenty were
from Cedar Rapids. George .1. Prescott
of Cedar Rapids and Miss Myrtle Me
Ciain of Robins were married and a large
number of guests were invited. After the
ceremony a wedding feast was spread and
part of the menu consisted of pressed
chicken and ice cream, both of which con*
taiucd ptomaine poison.
Williamsburg Special Klcctiou.
Williamsburg voted ou two propositions.
First, the most importaut, was oue pro
viding for the purchase and coustructiou
of a gas plant, to be owned by the city.
There has been some opposition, but ftie
proposal carried by a large majority. The
second proposition, to grant a telephone
franchise to a local company, was also
A Deliberate Sulcldc*
The body of David A. Barron, a pros
perous farmer, was found hanging iu a
country school house near Dewar. He had
taken his owu life, and evidently with de
liberation, judging from the preparations
made. lie was said to have been engag
ed to be married soon. Overwork and
overheating is suggested as a cause.
Drowned While Fishing.
Graut Stickler, a farmer living near
Farragut, while fishing in the Nishn'a
botuu river, was drowned, lie got caught
ia a "suck hole" and went down iu fifteeu
feet of water. The deceased was a young
man well thought of. about 25 years of
age. He leaves a wife aud oue child.
Brief State Happenings.
A flour mill is projected at Bloomtieid.
It is estimated that Fort Dodge has a
population of over 12,000.
The button factory at Davenport is
now working seventy hands.
Joe arret, a young man of Monticello,
has made two attempts at suicide.
John Siunit, formerly of Gilmore City,
was killed by the cars near Anaconda.
Davenport iCiks will attend the St.
convention'costumed as Filipino
The St. Anthony Catholic Society of
Dubuque will build a $15,000 church this
William Willhoilr of Latimer had sev
eral ribs crushed by being caught between
a wagon and corn crib.
The citizens of Mason City are discuss
ing the question of building a large hall
for public gatherings.
George C. Cook, instructor in IOuglish
in the State uuivcrsity at Iowa City, has
sent ill his resignation.
The C. & N. W. will erect a depot at
Mrs. Leevalley of Carson attempted sui
cide by taking strychniue, but the prompt
action of physicians saved her life.
Capitalists in Ies Moines are consider
ing the advisability of organizing and es
tablishing a wall paper factory.
The Supervisors of Story County have
let the coutract for the construction of au
iron bridge over est Indian creek.
A large number of colts have died
throughout Blackhawk County from kid
ney disease within the past few weeks.
William D. Jaeobsen has beeu appoint
ed postmaster at Lyons.
Herman Dement, a Dubuque clothier,
fell off his bicycle and was killed by
street car.
At a special election the citizens of
Hudson voted to bond the town for $5,000
for the purpose of erecting a system of
water works, there being only seventeen
votes cast against the proposition.
The postottlce at Melbourne was entered
by burglars. .A window was pried open
from the outside. Postmaster Corbett's
desk was rilled of a small quantity of
stamps and less than $1 in cash was
cured. The burglars are presumably
tramps. No clue.
Two flue standard bred horses wore in
stautly killed by a stroke of lightning uud
another permanently injured in a barn
at the Home Driving Park at Waterloo.
At Fort Dodge. Adam Rough attempted
to swiui his horse across the swollen Des
Moines river, was swept from the saddle
uud drowned. The alarm was given by
the animal's return. Rough was a young
The Dubuque Light aud Tractiou Com
pany's property was receutly bold to sat
isfy 000 of tirst mortgage bonds. The
Ueubin) Electric Company, controlling the
bonds, purchased it for $30,000. Consoli
dation with Holmiborg lino Is io prog*
V^""^ *. ^^p-y -V,
2 x.&
Davenport talks of holding a street
Warren County has thirteen candidates
for sheriff.
CenterviUe has definitely decided to
hold a street fair.
The Modern Woodmen are erecting
new hall at Stanley.
Four new teachers have been added to
the list at Burlington.
Ants have destroyed a large quantity
of corn in Grundy County.
Life-saving fenders are being tested on
the street cars in Davenport.
Fifty-two students were graduated
from the Council Bluffs high school.
A class of twenty-one has been gradu
ated from the Dubuque high school.
Ten students composed the graduating I
class at Simpson College, Indianola.
Work has been commenced on the sup
erstructure of tiie opera house at Elgin.
The Farmers' Savings Bank of Roland sx
has been incorporated. Capital $25,000.
There were 123 deaths, 371 births and
140 marriages in Cedar County last year.
The Citizens' State Bank of Washing
ton has increased its capital from $25,000 1
to $35,000.
The debt of Western College, Toledo,
has been reduced $15,000 during the past\
school year.
The May enrollment of the prison
school at the Anamosa penitentiary reach
ed 154 pupils.
Horace Bailey, a farmer living near
Debnar, was run down by a Milwaukee
train and killed.
The colored Odd Fellows of Iowa will,.
hold their grand lodge meeting at Dav
enport July 18-20.
For destroying flowers, in the public
1 1
park at Burlington John Kline was given
thirty days in jail. I
Plymouth County does not owe a dol
lar and the treasurer has a cash balance
on hand of $00,070.
Meno Staufer of Dallas Center was se
verely scalded by the explosion of the
boiler of a traction engine.
Tlie labor unions of Des Moines will so*
licit subscriptions for the erection of a
labor temple in that city.
State Auditor Merriani has appointed
T. J. Wilcox of Des Moines to be build- 'v
iug and loan commissioner.
Seventy-three applicants for embalm- 7s
ers' certificates were recently examined
at Des Moines and all passed.
Rural mail carriers have been selected
in Marshall County and tie service will
bo inaugurated about July 10.
State Auditor Merriam has been ap
pointed a committee to look after the vex
ed question of statehouse towels.
Albert Morgansen, a 9-year-old boy, si
living near Grundy Center, had his left i7
hand crushed in a feed grinder.
Herman Demft, a Dubuque merchant,
while riding a bicycle, collided with
street car and was instantly killed.
The Postal Telegraph Company it to^v
build a line into Burlington, with a
branch of Keokuk nud Fort Madison.
For the fourteen events at the Dubuque
race meet tliere are 544 entries, or an av»
erage of about thirty-nine to each race.
Charles Schoening of Durant wa«N^f
struck by a train and instantly killed. Hit
wagon was smashed and one horse killed.'
Herman Dement, 17 years old, wat
struck and thrown beneath the wheels
of a street car at Dubuque and instantly
It is thought that the Fourteenth
Street Church and the First Methodist
Church of Davenport will be consoli
Worth County will issue $12,000 in
bonds for the purpose of taking up and
paying off all the county's outstanding
Mrs. Geo. S. Campbell, the first white
child born within the limits of what is
now Des Moines, is still living in New
York City.
The Daveuport health authorities have
uot relaxed their vigilance in watching
for smallpox, though no new cases have
The seventeenth annual camp meeting
of the Mississippi Valley Spiritualists'
Association will be held at Clinton July
80-Aug. 27.
Preparations are being made for the
erection of several additional handsome
monuments iu Chlcknmauga Park by the
State of Iowa.
Alarmed by the frequency of severe
storms people in the vicinity of Clarion
are generally arranging for the construc
tion of cyclone caves.
The Board of Supervisors of Clinton
County has ordered a remission of taxes
o.f those persons who suffered damage by
the cyclone of May 18, 1898,
The Auditor of Grundy County has
been authorized to Issue warrants for
bounty of 10 cents each for scalp and
tail of pocket gophers killed in that coun
Belknap has been the scene of another
suicide. Jesse L. McCormick ended his
life at his home by sending a 32-ealiber
revolver bullet through his heart, dying
instantly. The cause of the rash deed is
The Mayor of Dubuque has been in
structed by the Council to sign no con
tract for street or other improvement
unless there be first a writteu agreement
on the part of capitalists to take the
bonds issued therefor.
A son of William Teeters of Monda
min was drowned iu the Soldier river
while spearing fish. The father, two
sons and another youth were out on the
stream iu a cattle feed trough. The boy
caught in an overhanging limb and was
pulled overboard.
Three little girls were driving near Ox
ford, when a young man by the name of
Newkirk passed tlieni in a rig, scaring
their horse, which was blind, and caus
ing it to run away. It plunged into the
timber, throwing them out and breaking
the neck of the 14-year-old daughter of
George Cook of Oxford.
The Federal grand jury in Fort Dodge,
after hearing the evidence in the case of
Fred Rees, charged with robbing the
United States mails, refused to return an
indictment and dismissed the case.
Seven hundred delegates and strangers
attended the State Sunday school conven
tion at Oskaloosa. The Rev. O. S.
Thomson of Cherokee presided. A devo
tional and song service was followed by
Charles I). Meags of Indianapolis, Ind.,
iu au adifress upon "Teachers and Their
Work." Prof. Hamill of Chicago ad
dressed the convention on "Normal
**My name is Adolph Kreuger I live
at Creston, Iowa." That was the simple
message left by Adolph Kreuger before
he tired the shot that euded his earthly
existence. The corpse of the suicide was
found lying on the lawn in front of one
of the principal residences of Council
Bluffs. Excessive drinking is given as
the cause.
Prof. Abel Beach was found dead in
bed at Iowa City, lie was the last but
one of the founders of the Theta Delti
Chi fraternity in America. Prof. BeacL
taught Latin and Greek in the State Uni
versity at Iowa and was deputy State*
Auditor of Iowa, lie was a college mate
of former President Chester A. Arthur.
The otticers of the insaue hospitals oa
tin"? State advocate the establishment oi
laboratory, with a skilled chemist iw
charge, where all pharmaceutical prepara
tions needed can be compounded.
Iowa voters will this fall vote on the
question of establishing in Iowa system
of bieunial elections. There are but nine
States in the Union, of which this is one,
which now have elections every year. In
Iowa the Slate and enmity tickets are di
vided, the ottt««rs being elected for two
years, but about hall' of them beiug chos
en each year The Legislature voted to
submit a constitutional nuKuiJiueutpro
viding for biennial elections, nnd it will
appear 00 the ballots ip November,

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