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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, July 26, 1899, Image 6

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BRONSOH ft CAKE, Publishers.
That molasses trust otfght to furnMh
whole lot of people with "pulls."
Whoever the parents of the trust may
be they are backward in coming for
ward and claiming their child.
New cures for old ailments are being
^discovered every day, but people con
tinue to die of the latter just the same.
f. How would it do for the housewives
{to invite the tramps who call at their
back doors to come in and wash the
Judging from the numbers of people
who have beeu run down and killed or
-1 maimed by it, the bicycle is not going
a out of fashion.
A graphophone has been used to con
vict aJiinn of murder. Perhaps Justice
imay yet be brought about by other
trumpets than Gabriel's.
The Kaiser may do queer things, but
he keeps the world talking about his
empire, which is good and free adver
tising for Germany.
The Sampson-Schley controversy
still rages, but it can't pull Cervera's
fleet up from the place whore the man
behind the gun sent It.
The scientists have about fiuisbed
their study of cyclones. They know all
about them now except how to predict
and how to prevent them.
"Do the dead deteriorate?" asks a
Spiritualists* journal. The concensus
of opinion of the undertakers is to the
effect thatlrU.not embalmed, they do,
A mile has been made on the wheel
in sixty-five seconds. At this rate the
air won't be needed for the wings of
flying machines. It will do very well
In bicycle tires.
A man has been discovered in Penn
sylvania who has been holding down
the 88me public office for sixty-eight
years. He may be said to know a good
thing when he sees it.
There is In New York a surgeon who
claims that he can cure appendicitis
without the use of the knife, if this
1B true some man may yet have appen
dlcitis and live even though the doctors
And him out.
The chewing gum trust is actually
organized with a capital of $9,000,000.
This is a trust, let us hope, which will
treble prices, for the higher the prices
the smaller the quantity of the stuff
•that will be used.
VThe air bites shrewdly," wrote
Shakspeore. With all his prescience,
he did not dream of the liquid air,
which, If It actually touch the flesh,
may "bite" so savagely that months
may be required for the healing.
A contemporary says Mark Twain
should be ashamed of himself if it took
l\im eight days to make his latest pun,
holding up the fact that It only took
six days to make the earth. It is but
justice to Mr.' Clemens to say that he
has never compared himself to the
The case of the Western young mail
who has begun suit for damages be
cause he was mistaken for a burglar
and badly beaten teaches a valuable
lesson. Even when courting it is well
to go boldly up to the front door and
ring the bell instead of slipping around
to the side of the house and tapping on
a window. It may not be so romantic,
but It is a whole lot safer.
Is there any sphere into which Amer
ican enterprise hesitates to enter if it
can but obtain the open sesame of the
gates? If it were not for the success
that usually follows it one would be
tempted to think it synonymous with
that thing that "rushes in where an
gels fear to tread." Its latest achieve
ment is to put a modern elevator down
to the catacombs of Rome and to light
the catacombs with 2,700 incandescent
In New York prize lights are toler
ated, but the American governor gener
al of Cuba sternly suppresses lotteries.
..-In England Sunday newspapers arous
ed a wave of public indignation and
.protest, but the institution of the bar
*mald, which would not be permitted
bj the police of any American city, is
a delight to the ale-tipping subjects of
her most gracious majesty. No won
der the Latiu mind is bewildered in
vtrying to fathom the moral ethics of
^.tbe Anglo-Saxon.
a- When General Miles asserts that the
^automobile will largely displace horses
'in aimy operations iu the near future
we trust he doesn't mean that officers
of the general staff are to be deprived
saof their chargers on the field of battle.
.Fancy the generals aud colonels gal
loping along on automobiles! Aud
•what, theu, would become of all our
/equestrian statues, those noble heroes
mounted on brouze horses, having one
•foot .pawing the air, while their tails
and manes are waved by the wind? It
won't be the same thing at all to repre
sent a military hero sitting on.an auto
mobile, either in marble or bronze.
Along with Goethe's dying cry for
"more light" must go thunderingdown
the ages the cry of the Kaiser for
"more soap." Wheu a delegation from
the medical congress called upon the
latter he listened attentively to an ac
count of their proceedings and asked
many questions bearing upon the work.
Then In conversation, after the formal
.reception was ended, he remarked with
characteristic impulsiveness, "Soap,
more soap! That's the weapon to check
disease." Technically the Kaiser is
right. Saponification Is civilization.
General Wood proceeded upon that the
ory in Santiago and proved it. Con
tagious diseases, scientists tell us, are
dirt diseases. Eradicate the dirt and
you arrest contagion and its conse
quent disruption of society. It all de
pends upon your definition of soap. If
the ordinary combination of oils and
alkali are considered the crying need
-of the world Is more soap, as the soap
trust will readily agree. If by tho term
is meant a political lubricant we have
entirely too much soap already.
Germany was the star performer at
tbe Hague when she not only blocked
the Czar's scheme of disarmament in
a very effective manner, but also an
nounced her conversion to the Anglo
.American arbitration plans. Those
prophets were right who declared that
the KaJser was meditating a move that
should put him At the center of the
stage and demonstrate that hp had a
very large part in the play. That he
has consented to the principle of a per
manent arbitration tribunal is wel
come news. His country is both a
great and a growing power, whose in
fluence should be made to tell for all
the object^ of the peace conference
that are practical aud praiseworthy,
and the permanent tribunal Is one of
tlipse. It has been criticised because
It Is said that the questions that will
come before it are not such as to pro
voke war, but the establishment of the
principle is likely to have far-reaching
effects. Once the nations have begun
the practice of appealing to the court
its value in the case of larger Interna
tional problems Is sure to be recog
nized and a wider application of the
principle will follow. The triumph for
arbitration in the concession of Ger
many is particularly gratifying to this
country, to whose efforts It is primarily
due. Our Government and our dele
gates deserve congratulations on the
eminently practical way in which they
formulated and advocated one of llio
few great and feasible schemes of the
The passlou for cheapness and the
greed for gain have proved too strong
for the American conscience. Alto
gether too many manufactories are
turning out goods which pretend to be
one thing and are another. This is seen
in furniture, in architecture, in patent
medicines, in drugs, in clothing. In jew
elry, In food—to name at random a few
typical branches of Industry. It is well
that Emerson and Carlyle, Holmes and
Rnskln and William Morris, have
ceased to rage against the hollowness
of a veneered civilization. What would
they say to the vulgar, stone-faced
buildings with their flimsy walls and
imitatlou woodwork? How would
they endure the varnished rubbish that
finds place lu so many homes, and the
lt)-oent books that will fall to pieces in
half a lifetime, and the plated Jewelry,
and sweat-shop clothing, and the mon
strosities of advertising, and watered
milk and watered stock, and other
abominations? Emerson's sarcasm
would have to be re-enforced Carlyle
would tear his hair and hunt for new
anathemas. It is fundamentally a vice
of the mind that leads to such universal
deception. The man that Is content
with appearance is the man who keeps
up the market for shams. The woman
who prefers cheap gold plate to real
silver in her ornaments because "sll
ver is so common" makes a good cus
tomer. The builder who is willing to
put up bad walls on a bad foundation
and cover them up with respectable
finish and furnishings In order to make
a little more on a contract Is a partner
in the crime. The druggist who mixes
alcohol with some powerful opiate or
nerve stimulant and sells it for ten
times its cost to people who know no
better than to buy unlabeled poison Is
another sinner. The grocer who sells
coffee consisting of blighted berries
glazed with metallic compounds, and
canned peas treated with copper to
make them green, and jellies "made
from the gelatlue obtained from the
skins and cores of apples,boiled,strain
ed and mixed with glucose, with the
addition of tartaric and in some cases
sulphuric acid" is an accomplice of the
wretch who sold him the goods. The
dairyman who milks his pump as well
as his cow has long been a standing
joke but his boric and salicylic acids
which he introduces into unsuspecting
human stomachs are* no joke. They
prepare the way for the patent medi
cine man and the fake healer. One
sham makes another.
Pearl Hart Helps to Hold Up a Stage
in Arizona.
Pearl Hart, the woman bandit, has
mapped out a new line of endeavor for
her sex by holding up a stage between
Globe and Florence, Ariz. She planned
the affair herself, and with the aid of
a male companion carried It out.
The distauce between Globe and
Florence Is sixty-live miles and the
country is very wild, being sparsely in
habited by prospectors and hunters. It
was midway between the places that
the stage was held up. The stage was
lumbering along through the hills with
nothing of unusual interest to disturb
the monotony of stage travel, when
two persons attired in mountain dress
suddenly appeared from behind a
clump of bushes. With revolvers
cocked and held with steady aim, they
gave the old-time frontier order to
"stand and deliver."
The driver pulled up his horses with
a tug that nearly set them on their
haunches, and before the'three passen
gers, each of whom was armed, real
ized the situation, they were covered
by the weapons of the bandits and
commanded to line up for inspection.
Pearl relieved the party of $450 in cash,
Jewelry and revolvers, and then order
ed the driver to proceed. A sheriff's
posse was soon afterward formed aud
pursuit given to the criminals. They
were captured and placed in the Jail.
Oldest Inhabitant of Athene.
An account of the oldest iuhabitaut
of Athens occurs in a letter of recent
date, written In that city and printed
in a London paper. He is Major Apos
IOIOR Mavrogenis, and he has just kept
his 100th birthday. Of I.aemiian stock,
he was born in Taros and went as a
youth to study medicine in Italy. The
war of Independence took him homo
again, but not till just after Byron's
death, and he fought as a volunteer in
several battles. The military lazaretto
In Salamis was then put under ills
charge, and for many years he super
intended tho civil smallpox hospital in
Athens, becoming an authority on that
disease. He has seeu the whole modern
city rise from the ruins of the old. for
wheu he settled there In 1887, the Pira
eus consisted of a mere duster of hov
els and taverns, while the capital itself
could only show a couple of dirty strag
gling alleys meandering amidst tumble
down houses and disfigured churches.
I)r. Mavrogenis Is still strong and
To Measure Devotion.
The measure of a woman's devotion
Is the extent to which she will make
herself uncomfortable for you rhe
measure of a man's Is the effort he will
make to have you as comfortable as he
proposes to be himself.
William ,7. Bryan recently wrote an
article iu which he treated various
questions of the (lay—trusts, annexa
tion of the Philippines, the income tax,
the currency, etc. In this article he
"Standard Oil and the water of life
do not mix.
'If a man says love God and hateth
his brother ho is a liar, for he that lov
eth not his brother, who ine hath seen,
how can he love God, whom he hath
not seen.'
"Thus does John in his first epistle
denounce those who pretend to love
the Heavenly Father while they hate
the earthly brother.
"Christ condensed the ten command
ments into two when lie said:
'"Thou shalt love the Lord thy God
with all thy heart, and with all thy soul
and with all thy mind.' This is the first
and great commandmeut. And the
second is like unto It, "Thou shalt love
thy neighbor as thyself.'
"The first defines man's duty toward
the Almighty the second his duty to
ward his fellow men. The fatherhood
of God and the brotherhood of man are
parts of the same gospel and cannot be
"There is a wide zoue between the
affirmative benevolence which religion
commands and the rectitude which
Government compels.
The nbjcct of Tnxution.
"The object of this article, however,
Is not to point out ways in which the
Christian may aid his brother, but
The questions, What money is
sound? and What dollar makes the
nearest, approach to honesty? may af
ford ground for dispute, but ihere
should be no dissent from the proposi
tion that the best dollar, no matter
what system secures ir, is the dollar
which is most stable in its purchasing
power. Absolute stability, if attain
able, would give us an absolutely hon
est dollar, but such a dollar has never
yet been devised.
'In money, as lu other matters, we
strive for perfection, kuowlng that it
cannot be fully attained. Every fluc
tuation in the purchasing power of the
dollar injures someone. If a dollar
rises in purchasing power it benefits
those who own money and those who
hold contracts payable iu dollars, but
it injures those who owe money and
those who produce wealth.
"A dollar which falls in purchasing
power produces ilie opposite effect. To
increase the number of dollars called
for in a coutract would not be tolerated
for a moment to increase the purchas
ing power of tho dollar, however, has
exactly the same effect. The purchas
ing power of a dollar may ho changed
by legislation. For instance, other
things being equal, legislation which
lessens the volume of standard money
Increases the value of each dollar,
ri'cnulcnt McKlnley Quoted,
This idea was forcibly set forth by
Mr. McKlnley In a speech made in
Toledo, Ohio* In 1891. Speaking of Mr.
Cleveland's hostility to silver he said:
He was determined to contract the cir
culating medium and demonetize one
of the coins of commerce, limit the vol
ume of money among the people, make
money scarce, and. therefore, dear. He
would have iucreased ihe value of
mouey and diminished the value of
everything else, money the master,
everything else the servant.'
"If legislation intended to make
money scarce aud* therefore dear
makes money the master, aud every
thing else the servant, cau Christians
Ignore the moral question Involved?
"What is the attitude of the Chris
tian toward the trust?
"Cau he be a monopolist? Can he
run a corner in loaves aud fishes with
out breaking the golden rule?
"Will Staudard Oil and the water of
life mix? If a trust magnate cau pur
chase religious respectability by liberal
contributions to church expenditures,
what proportion of his Ill-gotten gains
should be surrendered in order to
atone for the violation of laws, human
and divine? No church would extend
the hand of fellowship to a physical
giant who occupied a mountain pass
ami enforced tribute from all who fell
into his hands.
"A monopoly does not differ greatly
from the giant in method and may be
infinitely more potent for evil. Monop
oly Is bondage it unbridles greed and
furnishes to avarice a destructive
weapon. Human nature has not chang
ed much since the days of Pharaoh the
industrial monarch is as tyrannical as
the political monarch. Can the spirit
of the meek and lowly Nazareue be dis
cerned in those who water stock, issue
bonds in excess of the value of the
plant, drive rivals Into bankruptcy by
trust methods and then prey upon so
ciety at large?
"Conditions have become so alarm
ing that church organizations are be
ginning to sound a note of warning.
"The forcible annexation of the Phil
ippine Islands is defended by some on
the ground that our nation is perform
ing a religious duty. Without stop
piug to elaborate the fact that a large
number of the Filipinos ire already
members of one branch of the Chris
tian church, It is worth while to inquire
whether ^yars of conquest are in line
with Christian precepts.
"Kev. .Tames L. Barton, Secretary of
the American Board of Foreign Mis
sions, denies that au American protec
torate over non-Christian countries
will aid our missionaries.
"There are some who think that des
tiny leads us away from the declara
tion of independence, away from the
Constitution and away from the tra
ditions of the past. There are some
ampawjn Material.
A UATiilOii Itl'DIO 1JA.ME.
"The overthrow of the present administration i» honed for by the insurceut
lenders."—Gen. Otis' dispatch.
—Denver News.
rather to indicate a few of the ways in
which he may be doing injustice to
him. The subject of taxation is an ever
present one. It is an admitted proposi
tion that each citizen should contribute
to the support of his Government in
proportion to the protection enjoyed by
him and the benefits received.
"If, because a bad system of taxation
or because of faulty administration of
a good system, taxes are collected in
Bueb a way that some pay more than
their share and others less, Injustice
is done to those overburdened and par
tiality shown lo those too lightly taxed.
"If the unjust law is the haudiwork
of those who profit by it and is enact
ed because of the advantage which it
brings to its authors, how shall we de
scribe the moral character of the act?
The wrong cousists in the fact that
money is taken from one person with
out an equivalent being returned by
the Government and given to another
without a consideration being demand
ed, the method being immaterial.
"The person who robs by force or
fraud is no more guilty from a moral
standpoint than the man who purpose
ly secures legislation which transfers
to the shoulders of others the public
burden which he himself ought to bear.
"The advocates of au Income tax be
lieve that taxation involves a moral as
well as a political question, and. be
lieving In equality before the law, they
favor au amendment to the Constitu
tion specifically authorizing an income
tax. Can the opponents of such an
icndment place their opposition upon
moral grounds?
'Honest differences of opinion as to
the merits of any proposed liuancial
policy are to be expected, but there
ought to be no differences of opinion
as to the ideal policy, toward the se
curing of which every effort should be
who even think that our nation is com
manded to go forth with the Bible In
one hand and the musket in the other,
prepared to read the former to those
who escape the latter.
"When we are told that religious
duty requires us to deprive remote
races of the opportunity for self-gov
ernment we have a right to inquire
whether our instructors have been
careful to observe their religious duties
at home.
"We cannot expect philanthropy aud
benevolence to Inspire imperialists iu
their foreign policy if wrong, injustice
and special privileges have been the
fruits of their domestic policies.
"If they have sacrificed others for
their own benefit here, are they lJkely
to make sacrifices for the benefit of
others abroad?
"Lincoln was ouce asked whether
he thought the Lord was on his side,
and he replied that he was anxious to
be on the Lord's side. We cannot
change eternal principles to suit our
own convenience or to advance our
own plans, but we can strive with sin
gleness of purpose to know the truth,
And when we find that which we be
lieve to be the truth we can adhere
to it.
"Let us not mistake temptation for
opportunity.. The sight of new terri
tory may be alluriug, the glory of an
empire may be fascinating, but the
price demanded is too great.
"W. J. BRYAN."
"In for It.*'
It is estimated that the war tax will
yield for the year about $100,000,000.
That much more was taken from the
pockets of the people during the year
than would have been taken but for
war. And although that much more
was taken, and although the receipts
under the Diugley law were much
greater than they were the year be
fore, the expenditures were $100,000,
000 more than the total receipts. And
there is every prospect that \\-o shall
run still further behind next year. We
seem to be "in for it." The adminis
tration has got the country into a war
with S,000,000 people in a tropical
country, where the cost of carrying on
war in both blood and treasure is enor
mous. It has got the country luto a
war that could have been avoided as
well as not—nay, far better than not.—
Chicago Chronicle.
Thin Year'* Battle Ground,
Ohio will be the great battle grotind.
Tho Kcpubllcan "insurgents" are as
numerous, as active aud determined
there as iu Pennsylvania, and Ilanua
is as obnoxious as Is (jua.v to the better
class of citizens. The "big boss" lias
demonstrated that lie owns the party,
and those selt-respeoting Republicans
who believe that the honor of the State
and the nation demands his eflacemeut
are ready to support Hie Democratic
ticket as the only means to that end.
The prospect is a most promising one
for the Ohio Democracy, and It need
not be surprising if Jtcpuhlican defeat
In the President's own Slate Is a result
of the coming campaign. -Concord (N.
H.) People and Patriot.
Hi» Own War.
The Spanish war was a righteous
war—a war for humanity. It was the
people's war and was forced upon the
unwilling administration. The Philip
pines' war is Mr. McKinley's own un
American war of conquest, backed by
no patriotic American sentiment and
encouraged only in Wall street.—
Wheeling Register.
LckIhUiUoii by T'awnbroker.
When the love of liberty is eradicated
front the human heart and parents no
longer are solicitous for the welfare of
their offspring, then, aud not till then,
will an intelligent people consent that
all legislation upon the mouey question
shall be dictated by the pawnbrokers
and usurers.—National Watchman.
Poultry Keeping.
The Langshan fowl, as its name
would signify, is of Chinese origin.
Langshan is In the northwest of China,
end has long been noted for Its fine
fowls. Some years ago these fowls
were imported into this continent and
Immediately became popular. They
are large bodied, of heavy, solid build,
and wholly black in color. The legs are
short and feathered to the toes. They
lay light brownish colored eggs, rather
under sized, as compared with the
largest are extremely hardy, with-
standing extreme cold easily are excel
lent mothers, and are easy to control.
Their flesh is very white and clear, al
most semi-transparent, and tender and
sweet in flavor. If this breed were bet
ter known It would doubtless become
Very popular. The hen is a very good
nurse, and Is large enough to rear fif
teen in a brood with ease.
Farm Telephone.
1 have a line connecting my residence
%lth tenant house, distance as run over
one and one-half miles, says a writer in
the Farmer's Advocate one-half this
distance I simply connect with ordinary
barb wire fence, part of balance of
way with a barb wire running loosely
over an old rail fence, the balance
through woods aud across roads and
gateways on a No. 12 wire nailed to
trees, etc., not an lusulator or bracket
on the line. Simply stapled to posts,
trees, etc. The phone is similar to
Blake, but cost me some less. Have
had line In dally use over fourteen
months and not a cent for repair, save
renewing battery material occasional
ly. Has never failed to work, no mat
ter bow hard the weather, save for a
short time, when one battery froze up.
We bad to take it off, and then found
that we had yet a pretty fair service
with battery on one end only. Would
not do without it for ten times the cost.
For Dlppiiijr f-heep.
The illustration, reproduced from the
Country Gentleman, shows a contri
vance for dipping sheep which is made
as follows: A two-inch pine plank,
held together by bolts across the ends,
outside joints put together with white
lead. One end is Inclined, so that the
sheep may be drawn upon the draining
table, B, which has stats upon the top,
so as to permit the fold to run back
into the tub. This b6X is half filled
with dipping fluid. Two men turn a
sheep upon its back, lift it by its legB
and head and submerge its body. A
third mau should stand ou the opposite
end of the box to assist in keeping the
sheep under for a minute or so while
the wool is soaked to the skin. The
animal is then drawn upon the drain
ing table, and the wool pressed by hand
to force out as much fluid as can read
ily be. The sheep is then lifted to the
ground. Meantime, one of the two men
first named has another sheep readv
for Its turn.
Fruits for Home Use
Fruits sometimes sell at a low price
and do not pay, but the same nmv iw
said of all crops. The farmer, how
ever, is usually not a fruit grower (ex
cept of apples and strawberries, rasp
berries aud blackberries are never cul
tivated. Whether grown for market or
not, such fruits should be produced on
every farm by way of variety and for
home use. The luxuries can be pro
duced more easily by farmers than can
the regular crops of grain. It takes
two or three acres of wheat to buy the
produce that can be derived from a
quarter of an acre of small fruits and
Application of Fertiliser*.
Better results are obtained with fer
tilisers when rains are plentiful, for
the reasou that the amount of water re
quired to dissolve fertilizers is large
wheu the applications are heavy. It
may at times be noticed that small
quantities of fertilizer were as bene
ficial as larger quantities ou other plots
and on the same kind of crop. This re
sult Is due to the fact that a portion of
the fertilizer was not dissolved on
those plots where heavy applications
were made, but the proportion remain
ing in the soli will be of service the suc
ceeding season.
tcciirc (looil Milker*,
There arc comparatively few places
where the milking Is now done by
women and children. Their hands are
not strong enough to do the work ef
fectively, Mill slow milker tires the
cow so that she Is apt to hold up the
Inst inilk, which Is richest. This dries
the cow off. It is the interest of the
farmer to hire only men who lire used
lo milking, who are kind to all animals,
nml especially when they are milking.
Whoever heals eow. or even speaks
so loudly to her as to frighten her, les
sens her product in tlie milk pall.
Color of Growing Corn,
No farmer likes to see corn yellow
before its time, which Is when the
ripened cars are gathered into the crib.
If corn is yellow wheu it coiues up It
shows that the soli Is delirium in avail
able nitrogen. Tills often happens on
land that is naturally fertile when the
soil lias been made cold by heavy rains.
Part of the effect of commercial tertil
l*er» on corn ia due to the fermentation
which they create. This warm* ths
•oil and supplies It with some available
nitrogen. Cultivation helps to change
the color of corn for the same reason.
It lets warm air luto the soil, and this
warmth sets Into fermentation all the
organic matter It contains. When
there has been a heavy rain compacting
the surface tho cultivator going
through a corn tleld will show Its ef
fects in a few hours by the darker
green color of the corn where It has
done Its work.
Crowded Grain Uoei Not Nlint.
The reason why grain does not al
ways rust In moist, warm weather Is
becausc, as usually sown, the plants
crowd each other so that none get an
over supply of the plant food which
such weather develops. In our hot
summers, even wheu dry, it would not
do to hoe the small grains like wheat,
as Is done by English farmers. The
hoeing would not make any more
plants, and it does increase the supply
of nitrogen in the soil. The American
substitute for hoeing small grain is to
roll or harrow It while it is young
enough to tiller. This checks the
growth of leaves already formed, at
the same time mellowing the soli and
cnuslng new shoots to put forth. This
will on rich lanil make a rank growth
that will have strong straw and will
not rust. If, however, the soil be de
ficient In mineral fertility the heads of
the grain will not fill as they should
do, and this often occurs when me soil
has plenty of nitrogenous fertilizers,
causing a rank growth of strav
Decrease In Rumble Bees.
Wherever a bumblebee Is seen in a
room his loud buzzing, added to the
knowledge of the fact that It Is really
dangerous if It comes to close quarters,
gives everybody a desire to kill it and
put it where It will do no harm. Yet
really It would be better In most cases
If a door or window were opened and
the bumblebee alowed to fly away.
Early In spring the bumblebees that
are flying around about houses are In
search of places to make their nests.
So many are killed, however, that In
the long-settled parts of the country
the bumblebee 1b much scarcer than It
used to be. They are the only bees
that can reach down Into the blossoms
of red clover, and their work In honey
gathering fertilizes the blossom so that
It can produce seed. The bumblebee
therefore ought to be encouraged In
stead of being destroyed.
The Modern Milking ftoolr
The cow cannot kick over the milk
pall where this invention is used, says
an exchange.' Kcsldes offering a se
curity for the milk it also affords a seat'
for the milker. The idea, which Is
clearly shown In the cut, consists of an
ordinary oblong four-legged bench of
sufficient size to permit an opening In
its top to receive the bucket. This
opening has slanting walls, so as to
hold the vessel at an angle to facilitate
the milking operation.
Outwitting the Wlreworma.
This is bow on» farmer got ahead of
wire worms. Several years ago he
broke up an old meadow and planted It
to corn, but the wlreworms destroyed
all the young plants. He replanted,
but to no avail, and could not get a
stand that year. The nest year be
planted the field again, but the corn
was ruined. The third year, by the
advice of an old farmer, be let the
ground remain unbroken until the last
of May, then plowed deeply aud cross
harrowed. He then put on common
salt, sowing it broadcast, as he would
have sown grass seed, at the rate of
two-thirds of a barrel per acre. He
agaiu cross-harrowed and planted the
corn, and never raised a better crop
than grew upou the salted ground the
first year and the one following.
Antn Killing Plum 'I ree.
For a plum tree that Is about to be
killed by large-nnts use the following
freely: Paris green or london purple,
1 ounce fresh slacked lime, 10 ounces
water, twelve gallons. Make a paste
of the parls green aud lime by mixing
them together thoroughly with a small
amount of water. Then add the twelve
gallons of water, mix and strain the
solution. Apply to every part of the
tree and'leaves in a tine spray. A regu
lar spraylug machine should be used,
but a common syringe will do by climb
ing up into the tree or by using a lad
der to reach the top branches. It Is
likely that one application will be suffi
cient, but if rains follow repeat the
Alfilfa for Stock Feed.
All through the arid States of the
West the alfalfa clover succeeds better
thau our common red varieties. It has
the advantage also of remaining iu the
ground several years when It is once
fairly rooted. The alfalfa roots go
down much deeper than red clover
roots, and in this way keep green in
dry weather that curls the red clover,
^et the alfalfa undoubtedly evaporates
more moisture than red clover, as it
makes a larger growth.
Farm .Notes,
Although timothy hay is preferred
for horses aud clover for cows, yet
clover hay that has been cut just as the
heads were begiunlug to turn brown,
and which has been well curcd, is much
more nutritious than timothy, and the
horses will show a preference for It.
Uadly cured clover hay, however, Is
distasteful to horses more than to
Should the melous be slow lu grow
ing apply a small quautlty of nitrate of
soda around each liill aud chop it in
with the hoe. For beans use a mixture
of one pint nitrate of soda and two
parts muriate of potash. One of the
best modes of forcing cabbages to grow
is to hoe thein after each rain or culti
vate so as to have the soil loose aud
the ground clear of weeds and grass.
The effect of clearing away the for
ests Is damaging to crops, not that the
presence of forests causes rainfall, but
because they regulate the flow of
water. There is less evaporation near
forests, and the water^does not flow
away so rapidly uor cause streams to
overflow at some periods, while dry at
others. The trees serve as wind
breaks, thus preventing the drying of
the soil by warm winds during periods
of drought
Brave Engineer Who Atoned for Hi*
Error by a Fiery Death.
Men who are ignorant of fear are
rare*- The bravest are those who,
knowing the danger, do not flinch when
duty calls. The following act of hero
ism in the case of a railroad engineer
is told In the Century Magazine.
August Sieg, the engineer in question,
employed by the Pennsylvania Rail
road, met death by flre to save the pas
sengers behind him.
The train, composed of ten crowded
passenger coaches, had Just left Jersey
City and was passing through the
"Bergen Cut," when smoke suddenly
blew in through the open door of the
smoking-car, and a moment Afterward
the engineer and fireman scrambled in
over the tender.
The smoke cleared for an Instant,
And showed a roaring flre in the open
furnace and flames streaming back
from the cab. A sudden burst of flame
from the furnace had set the cab on
fire and forceu the engineer and the
fireman to beat a retreat.
But in deserting the cab without first
doing something to check the speed of
the train, they had Imperiled the lives
of all the passengers for the flajneB
were spreading back so fiercely that It
was only a question of time when the
whole train would be on flre. To leap
from It would mean death or maiming,
for it was rushing along at full speed.
People had crowded into the smoker.
Doubtless Sleg heard their mutterlngs.
It required only a few minutes for him
to realize the situation. He sprang
through the smoking-car door, and a
moment later had disappeared amid
the flames beyond.
Presently it was felt that the train's
speed was slacking, and soon, with a
lurch and a bump, it came to a full
stop near the bridge over the Hacken
The passengers rushed out. With
the sudden stoppage of tho draft
caused by the rush of the train, the
flames from the cab rose straight into
the air. The head and shoulders of a
man were seen protruding from the
water-tank on the tender. It was Sieg,
his face disfigured, his hands burned,
his body blistered. He was taken to a
hospital, but his burns proved fatal.
In retreating before that first fierce
burst of flame Sieg had been guilty of
a grave error but who will say that
he failed to retrieve it like a hero?
6pan|»h Officials Accused of Applying
li nmbicrewo.
The inquisition exists in Spaiu to
day. Here is a picture of an up-to-date
thumb-screw taken from some Span
ish officials who are now on trial, ac
cused of torturing prisoners In this
way. A gendarme, Corporal Botas,
and a sergeant were arrested at Bar-
celoua for this offense. Witnesses ac
cused them of squeezing the fingers of
anarchists with a thumbscrew. One
of the victims Is among the accusers.
The Governor of Barceloua, who is a
general In the army, is taking an active
part in the proceedings. A railway
porter of San Martin, who had this in
strument applied to blni, has lost the
use of his hands and arms.
A. II. Minting, of London, ascends
and descends a spiral on the front
wheel of a bicycle.
A Rare Find.
"A rare find in the shape of a uioa's
egg Iuib been made in a mining dis
trict in Central Otago. There was a fall
of earth In a dredging claim, and pres
ently the huge egg was seen floating
uninjured in the water. The discovery
Is the more Interesting from the fact
that this is the second perfect uioa's
egg that has ever beeu found. The
only other perfect specimen was un
earthed by a man while digging in the
alluvial soil at the Kalkoura Moun
tains In the early '00s. This egg, which
was nine inches In length aud seven
inches In breadth, was taken to Eng
land and sold for 100 guiueas. Some
idea of the size of these eggs may be
gleaued from the fact that a man's hat
makes an excellent egg-cup for them.
Facts About Our Calendar.
No century beglus on Wednesday,
Friday or Sunday. The same calen
dars can be used every twenty years.
October always begins on the same day
of the week as January, April as July,
September as December. February,
March aud November beglu ou the
same days. May, June and August al
ways begin on different days from each
other and every other month iu the
year. The first and last days of the
year are always the same. These rules
do not apply to leap year, when com
parison is made between days before
and after Feb. 29.
Don't get discouraged because you
can't embroider. There is always a
much greater demand for plain sew
The man who stakes his happiness
•a a maid always makes a miss-take.
What was tile English pound worth'
previous to 187:!, anil has it remained sta
ble lii its rate of exchange since?—O. lti1
The question is not quite clettr. If
the English pound Is compared with It-'
Self Its value Is just the same ds It wad
previous to 1878, and so It will lilways
be, because everything Is at all time*
equai to Itself, tf the pound sterling 18
compared with gold bullion, Its valud
has remained practically unchanged
because the English lni^ provide* ibit
a pound sterling (thnt is a Sovereign)
Shall contain just so many gHittig bt
gold, and any one possessing tile gold
may have It coined at that rate. More
bver, to ruard against loss by delay 111
bolhage, the law requires the Bank of
England to take all the gold tilat may
be offered at £317s.,0d. au ounce, which
Is within one and a half pence of the
mint value. So, It is Impossible for
there to be any substantial difference
between the vnlue of an ounce of gold
bullion and an ounce of gold In the
form of coin. If the pouud sterling be
compared with the money of other
countries, it varies Just as such other
money varies.
In the course of exchange between
England and America sometimes the
pound sterling calls for $4.90, and some
times several cents less. If gold Is
scarce In England and an American
wants to send a bill of exchange to
London for a certain number of pounds
sterling, be must pay more for It. That
is, he pays a high rate. It gold In that
country Is abundant he can get his bill
more cheaply—the exchange Is low.
The gold In the p&ind sterling Is just
equal to $4.80% at the American mint
but In commercial exchanges It Is'
sometimes worth a little more and
sometimes a little less, depending upon
the condition of the money market in:
both countries. But In all such cases
the variation Is in both moneys, be
cause It Is simply an exchange of one
for the other. In one case It takes more
dollars to equal a pound sterling, or
fewer pounds to equal a given number
of dollars. In the other, it takes fewer
dollar' to equal a pound, or more
pounds to equal a certain number of
dollars. But all this Is simply a matter
of commercial exchange. If English,
sovereigns are delivered at the Ameri
can inlut the gold which they contain
Is worth Just the same as the same1
weight of any other gold. If American
eagles are delivered at the English
mint, the gold which they contain Is
worth the same as the same weight of
any other gold, because gold Is equal
to gold, and that Is all there Is of It.
If the pound sterling is compared with
commodities and property, then It Is
just about twice as valuable as it was
In 1873. That Is to say, It will buy
about twice, as much, or, In other
words, prices have fallen, roughly
speaking, one-half.—Exchange.
Trne Monev Bstla.
No discussion of the bottom facts
and principles of the money question'
can be thorough and complete without
a reference to the Bank of Venice. This
wns the longest and most severely
tried, and also the most successful and
satisfactory financial Bystem known In
history. Colwell discusses the Bank of
Venice very fully. I ask attention to:
the following, statements from that
able author:
"All historians agree that the Bank of
Venice was the first national or state
Institution of Its kind in modern ages.
The causes of Its creation are to be
found In the history of the republic, Its
situation, the character of Its people,
its Industries and Its commercial rela
tions with other nations. In these tur-'
bulent times, and heralded by such
god-mothers as war, pestilence and rev
olution, the first banking Institution of
the modern world found existence.
The finances of the republic were ex
hausted by tills series of calamities—
the doge. In 1171, according to some au
thors, and In 1157, according to others
—probably at both dates—was obliged
to have recourse to a forced loan, ex
acted from the most opulent cltlfeens,
each lieing required to contribute ac
cording to his ability. The reimburse
ment of these loans to the government
In all probability soon ceased to be
thought desirable. Every creditor was
reimbursed when lie transferred Ills
clvlm on the books of the banks. The
Bank of Venice performed In functions
for over five hundred years, with a
uniformity of success and Immunity
from ceusure or complaint which no
other currency has enjoyed for a tithe
of that period. During that time of
vast commerce and immense public ex
penditure the republic had incessant
trouble with their own and foreign
coinage, and very many stringent regu
lations were made and enforced to cure'
evils and prevent abuses, but we have
no record of abuses on the part of the
bank, or of Injuries Inflicted upon it by
the people."
As Americans, we may learn a les
son from the Bank of Venice, and im
prove upon the system. We may admit."
the deposit of gold and silver In the
treasury, as Venice did, aud instead of
placing it to the credit of the depositor
we can issue him a legal tender (Jov-r
eminent note. That note should read:
"Receivable In Ihe revenues of the Gov
ernment, and lawful money.In all pay
ments." The deposits and the issuing'
of the notes In the proper denomlna-fe'sV
tions and amounts should end the V'''''1*
transaction. There need be no money
held In the vaults of the Government
for redemption purposes, and the old
style of transfers ou the books of the
bank may be omitted.—The Koncon
formist. Afj
Don't IIi Deceived.
One can hardly take up a newspaper
nowadays without fludlng more or less'
space In It occupied by articles, written «,i'
In ji boastful strain, giving captivating
accounts of the wonderful productions^ '-Q
of our gold mines. Yes. great rivers
of gold arc pouring in upon the people."'
These streams arc growing larger all' i',
the time. Why, next year we will see Wr
oceans of gold coming. Then liaw"!/1-^
prosperity will flap her wings and'
crow. AVe will have gold for every
thing. There will lie so much of It that"'.-J'
greenbacks would not find any one will
lug to pick them out of the dirt. And
as for silver, pshaw! that will be worse.,,
than It was in the days of "Solomon,"
"nothing counted of." However, wise 'j1
men cannot, be easily deceived. zy
Roof Gardens.
Private roof gardens are becoming'
an Institution in New York. At a hand
some residence oa across street Is one
of these gardens on the roof of an ex- 1?
tension. There Is a high wire fence,
around the roof, uot too near the edge,
and inside are little chair swings for
the use of the childreu of the family.
In the natural process of ethical sto-%.|
lotion a humbug becomes a Jailbird. 4"^

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