lu-'j WEI.I, WITH THE SHIP,
As the ship speeds beneath the silent
O'er the vast expanse of the moon
AMI one lies quiet listening dream
How sweet It Is to hear the watch
"All's well—the lights are burning
And then to sleep In safety ttoro' the
When Hie ship fights her gallant,
Amid the sounds of tempest and of
'Tls sweet to hear the watchman's
As one Jles sleepless, longing for the
"Airs well—the lights are burning
Ah, what a comfort Jn the stormy
Three lamps there are—Faith, Hope
Whjch we may light to' keep our
souls from harm,
In our long soyaglng through storm
And sweet It is, while on life's restless
To hear the watcher, Conscience, In
Whisper: "All's well,—the lights are
Mary Hi. Simms, In New Orleans
THE LUMP OF COAL.
A Narlac Efiied* That Tkrtlte.
The cattle-boat' Goshawk's midday
lights had shown her to be in latitude
12 degrees .34 minutes south by 80 de
grees42 minutes west longitude,
which meant that she was coming up
to thgt dangerous collection of reefs
•and rocks known as the Abrolhos
Shoals. The chart which covered
them was from a French purvey In
1861, and as any amount of unrecord
•., ed changes might have been wrought
-since then by that minute mason of
the deep, the coral Insect Captain
sv OrlmBhaw was very much on the qui
vlve so long as his ship was in the
neighborhood. For, being a wise mas
•. ter-marlner, he depended but little on
either1' the chart or the Abrolhos
But If the captain did uot fancy this
particular patch of the sea for reas
ons relating to navigation, the third
engineer did for purposes of bis own.
In short, he hoped to earn the ship's
insurance money and a couple of hun
died ponuds for himself somewhere in
•t the vicinity. It was an excellent lo
callty for a plausible atory about the
Goshawk running on some uncharted
shoal and sinking as she backed into
deep water. 80 when he was relieved
of his half watch at 6 o'clock by the
chief engineer, he went straight to the
engine-room mess table for his tea,
carefully forgetting his blue jacket
where it hung on a rail on the for
ward side of the engine-room bulk
head. Having partaken hastily and
sparingly of the bad tea and potato
hash supplied, he turned into his own
... room, locked the door, and arranged
a pair of trousers to bang so that one
of the legs might cover the keyhole.
Then be knelt, though not exactly In
prayer, beside his sea chest, and pro
ceeded to unpack it till atJength he
... y^.reacheda small, wooden box with a
sliding top.* At first sight it did not
appear why his hand should tremble a
little as he pulled the lid aside aud
drew from .Its well-wadded cradle a
very commqn-place lump of coal.
It was exactly like any other piece
of coal about the slae of a large fist
say the mate's—and it had all the Jetty
sparkle and shine of the newly broken
article. The only difference between
It and the other lumps In the bunkers
was that $200,000 worth and a few
men'* lives lay in its nascent possibil
On closer Inspection, however, It re
vealed one little peculiarity, a little
square projection such as any lady or
gentleman who does not use a stem
winder may see in his watch any night
of the week. Tom Tudor's own watch
key, which he now tried upon it to
see If everything was in proper work
ing order, fitted It exactly as a matter
"Another hour and It will be pretty
nearly dark. That will be my time,"
.• be thought to Himself with anything
but a fiendish chuckle. As yet he was
considerably removed from the villain
teres atque rotundUB of a sanguinary
fiction. Of a truth he was conscious
at the moment of a curious sickness,
a tickling in his stomach which not
even the recent potato stew could ac
count for. No, it was the thought of
:. the coming appalling moment of flairie
and death—and the captain's dnugh
ter. Curse the captain's daughter!
TObsn he had entered Into this nefarl-'
.ejus contract with certain unnamable
people at home, he had hot counted
on this disturbing element That he,
hard-hearted and hard-beaded scoun
drel as he was, should feel this im
mense tenderness for a pretty ailing
girl, away with her father for a voy
age on account of her health, was an
aberration beyond all calculation. Was
it love? It worried and pricked him,
and It awakened old unwelcome
chords In the atrophied sense of fit
ness which had been his conscience.
Yes, It was love, and—bless Alice, the
"If she hadn't been so hard on me
last night I could never have done It,"
ran his.thoughts, waking a fierce ten
derness In his sallow, handsome face.
"A touch of her hand and the Gos
hawk would hare stemmed the
Thames Blver again! Suppose the
ship sank in a couple of minutes, be
fore they bad time to lower the boats!
There are sharks about! I don't mind
sending an old fireman or a trimmer
to hotter furnaceB. But the flop of the
brutes ronnd her sweet body! It's
horrible. I can't do it after all!"
He bent his forehead against the
raised lid of bis trunk. "But I'm talk
ing meeting house rot' The cursed
thing is calculated to give the ship
half an honr.. there'll be lots of time
tor everybody to get clear except the
poor fellows who get blown to atoms
from the stokehole. Then the weath
er's quiet and we're right,n the track
of ships—certain to be picked up with
in forty-eight hours."
He dandled-the black mass on his
"Five turns of the key, and then five
minutes Defore the explosion, every
turn a minute! If I push the job
through I'll never tackle another. By
tbe powers I wish we were all safe In
He replaced the grim handful of
doom In Its cradle again, replaced It
in its box, and went up to the windy
deck. The heat below laid a fiery
(Mild on b|s throat and brain.
A slice of yonng moon, with a few
attendant stars, slowly climbed Into
luminance against the last ardors of
the sunset as he leaned moodily
against the deckhouse.
How the miserly hour caught up its
golden coin of minutes and fied!
"Time-time, tlnje-time, time, time,"
sang the watch bell monstrously soon.
"It's got to be done!" he muttered
between his set teeth, as he stepped
unsteadily out of the moonlight along
the engine-room passage, once more
unpacked the fatal lump, turned the
key five flmes, aud with a flying
heart descended the steam ladder to
the engine-room, the bomb ticking In
the loose breast of his shirt as he
"Hullo, Tudor. Forgot youf Jacket?"
sang out the chief, as be stooped over
the rails and tried the heat of his bear
"Aye," replied the third engineer, as
In the fierce tunnel of light from one
of the open furnaces the nude stokers,
and a trimmer piling forward the coal
to them from behind, seemed like
gnomes of some Eastern legend. Poor
chaps! A chatter like the sound of a
sewing-machine from the thing In his
breast Beemed to chant their requiem.
He slipped the black thing of evil
below an end of one of the boilers,
caught up his jacket and ran on deck.
Under the shadow of one of the after
lifeboats he stood, sick with terrible
expectancy, awaiting the end with his
Then a little figure in white came
forward out of the darkness of the
poopdeck. It was the captain's daugh
"Is that you, Mr. Tudor?" she said,
"Tea," be replied hoarsely. Three
minutes and a half gone.
"I want to tell you how sorry I am
for being nasty with you last night I
—I didn't mean It."
"Alice, Alice! Quick, for pity's sake.
Can you love me even a little? Quick,
"What's all this hurry about, Mr.
Tndor? Put that watch in your pock
et What a question!"
But' In Her face he saw something
sweeter than the silver moonlight
which revealed It Four minutes
and a haTft
With a bound be was in the passage
again, slipped noiselessly past the
chief, who did 'not sec hiin, his back
being turned, caught up the accursed
tiling under his jacket, and like a flash
tore up to the deck again.
With all his strength he threw the
Lump of Coal far Into the dimpling
sea, and sank on the deck, the per
spiration running from every pore.
Then with a terrific rattling thunder
an Immense flower of fire arose out of
the deep, a great, sudden billow
snatched at the ship, JiCaved her aloft
like a cork, and raced whttely away
Into the moonlit distances. Then all
was still, save for the fretting and
fuming of the sea as it slowly settled
The whole ship's company came
peering on deck In a dazed state of
alarm. The captain sprang on the
bridge beside the mate and shouted
some orders unheeded.'
But nobody except the girl in white
noticed, the broken man lying prone in
the shadow of the deckhouse.'
Like a sudden hideous revelation the
explanation came to her. His wild
eyes, his sudden question, the watch
In his hand, his mad, headlong race be
lpw, all /yas clear now.
Unnoticed In the general panic, she
crossed the deck to him. He was lying
face down, on the cold Iron plates of
the deck. She touched him on the
shoulder and he looked up with a
"I know it all, Tom," she said brok
enly. "May God help us both."
"God help us? You help me, Alice!"
Tour love could save me yet, per-
"I loved you all along. But after
Presently she spoke again.
"Now get up and go below. This
must never be suspected, even by my.
father. It will be safe with me. I
still love you enough for that" He
kiBsed the skirt of her dress and press
ed her hand like a benediction on his
When Captain GriniRliaw reported
the phenomenal seismic disturbance
he had encountered in the neighbor
hood of the Abrolhos Reef, it created
a considerable sensation In the scien
tific world. And from the records of
the registry In a certain church, with
in, hearing of Bow Bells, there is the
best of reason for supposing that Alice
Grlmshaw's love persisted and was al
lowed the best opportunities for saving
the soul of the third engineer.
New Ofleaw'i Water Ballast.
"The report that the cruiser New
Orleans is dangerously topheavy,"
said an old sea 'captain now In the
government short service, "seems to
have grown out of the fact that her
water ballast was a trifle light The
remedy is simply letting In more wa
ter, and the incident Is chiefly valua
ble as showing the Immense- superi
ority of American-built ships. Water
ballast on a modern war vessel is a
good joke. Ballasting is a corrective
measure intended to overcome too
much buoyancy. If a ship is properly
constructed it oughtn't to be over
buoyant aud oughtn't to need ballast
of any kind. The presence of such a
thing Is. conclusive evidence that the
designer made a mistake in his calcu
lations. Every inch of nu armed
cruiser should be occupied by some
thing useful, and the space taken up
by the water tanks Is dead waste. The
New Orleans, as you will remember,
was built by the Arinstorngs for the
Brazilian service, and while she Is a
Ane craft, she is distinctly Inferior
technically to those constructed in this
country. None of the American-made
ships carries a pint of water-ballast."
—New Orleans Times-Democrat.
Tense of Bwarltr.
"Eudora," said Mr Cumrox, "I have
been several times annoyed by the way
you see fit to worry about my gram
"It's awful," said his wife. "You use
commas where they don't belong and
you forget all about your periods.
You'll lose all your friends."
"Eudora. let me remind you thai I
have money enough to float any
scheme I take a fancy to. A man may
lose on his punctuation,' but when he
enjoys my facilities for capitalization
lie Is bound to have, friends that he
couldu't lose If be tried."—Washington
"So you think they'll send Oom Paul
an ultimatum," said one diplomat
"I shouldn't be surprised," answer
ed the other. It's a great deal safer
than tending soldiers."—'Wasblnjfton
FOB THE PARIS FAIR
UNCLE SAM'S HEADQUARTERS
AT THE BIQ SHOW.
Architectural Style Resembles That
of the National Capitol—Washing
ton and McKlnleyBtatnes Repose Side
toy Bide—Description of the Building*
The United States national pavilion
at the Paris exposition will be one of
the most ornamental buildings on the
grounds. The accompanying picture
Is the first accurate representation of
It for the "faked" pictures which have
appeared In some of the papers gave
no adequate Idea of anything save Its
general contour, which has long been
known. It Is on the Quay d'Orsay on
the left bank of the Seine among the
buildings of the great powers, and Is
one of the best locations at the exposl-
The Interior decorations of the build
ing are In charge of an art commission
composed of George B. Post, Charles
A. Coolldge, John B. Cauldwell, C. F.
McKlm, John La Farge,' Daniel C.
French, Howard Russell Butler,
Charles L. Hutchinson, Henry Van
Brunt, Halsey G: Ives, R. S. Peabody
and Henry Walters—a galaxy of ar
tistic and archlfeotural experts whose
Intention Is to make It the finest ex
ample of decorative art which the
United States has thus far produced
In any. exposition.
NEW CENTER OF POPULATION.
Census of IOOO Will Find It Near East
ern Illinois Line.
What will be the center of popula
tion of the United States In 1000, as re
vealed by the coming census. In 1890
it was a rural spot a few miles south
of Greensburg, Ind., within the retail
commercial radius of Cincinnati. What
point will mark the center of popula
tion next year?
The entire distance which It has
traveled In 100 years, since the taking
of tbe first census. Is 505 miles. The
average rate of Its western movement
has been 50.5 miles each ten years. At
that rate the center of population In
1900 will be at the Intersection of the
89th parallel of latitude and the 87th
degree of longitude, at a point about
three miles southwest of Bloomfield,
Greene County, Indiana, twenty-five
or thirty miles east of tbe Illinois State
The exact location of this point can
not be determined until after the cen
sus of 1900 has been taken. Many are
of the opinion that the western move
ment will be less than heretofore, and
some even aeciare that the Bast has
outstripped the West during the past
ten years In the matter of Increase of
population, and that the center will
not move as far weBt as 50.5 miles.
Government officials who are informed
concerning matters relative to popula
tion believe that the center will remain
In' Indiana, and that Its location will
be somewhere In the vicinity of Terre
In 1850 the center of population of
the United States was at a point al
most due south from Parkersburg, W.
Va. Ten years later It moved over to
the southeastern border of' «*. •and
for thirty years remained In thnt State.
In 1870 It was near Cliilllcothe. In
1880 It dropped down almost to the
center of Cincinnati. Ten years later
it had crossed into Indiana, and will
probably remain there until Illinois
shall claim It in ffce twentieth cenlnry.
It Is noticeable that this center has al
ways followed closely the thirty-ninth
parallel of latitude. It Is a further
fact CUrlous enough, that the majority
UNITED STATES BO ILDING FOK PARIS
tion. The plan Is square with a large
central dome and rotunda, which will
be used as a general meeting place of
Americans during the exposition
Three sides of the rotunda have rooms
13 by 36 opening out of It That on the
left of the main entrance will be used
as a lounglng-room for gentlemen, that
on the right for ladles and that In the
middle as a parlor for both ladles and
gentlemen. The second story will be
given to the States, where people who
so desire can rest and register their
names. The third story will be re
served for the private offices of the
commissioner general and staff. The
fourth floor will be given to the States
and used In a similar manner to the
The bnilding Is 85 by90 feet and 160
feet high from the lower level. There
will be two electric American elevat
ors. The style of the exterior of the
building Is classic, and while different
In design from any of the buildings at
the Chicago fafr yet the feeling there
prevalent has been kept and will be In
marked contrast to the present French
buildings, which are not so architect
ural In treatment The main entrance
Is under a large portico which spans
the esplanade, and under this every
visitor who walks to the other national
buildings will be obliged to pass. In
the center arch of this portico, facing
the Blver Seine, will be French's
statue of Washington, while'a bust of
President McElnley Will occupy a
niche over the door. In the front of
the bnilding on the river bank will be
a boat landing which will be highly
ornamented as a classic barge. All the
boats of the American line which con
nect with the American trolley system
at Vlncennes will make a landing at
of the large cities of the United Rtates,
as well aB of Northern Europe, are
either on or reasonably close to the
In determining the center of popu
lation of any country, the population Is
first distributed by "square degrees,"
as the area Included between consecu
tive parallels and meridians has been
designated. A £olnt Is then assumed
tentatively as the center, and correc
tions in latitude and longitude to this
tentative position are computed." In
1800 the center was assumed to be'the
intersection of tbe thirty-ninth paral
lel with the clghty-Blxth ueridian
west of Greenwich. The population of
each square degree was assumed to lie
located at the center of that square de
gree, except In cases where it was
.manifest that this assumption would
be untrue, as, for example, where 'a
part of tbe Bquare degree was occu
pied by the sea or other large body of
water, or where It contained a city of
considerable magnitude wblch was lo
cated away from the center. In these
cases the position of the center of the
population of the square degree was es
timated as nearly as possible.
STYLISH EFFECTS IN FAbL illLLINERY.
"The whole world Is after |onr mos
ey, or the things you bate bought with
your money. It Is the trying to keep
them, that makes them seem so pre
"I live to broaden and enjoy my own
life, believing that In so doing I do
what Is best for every one. If I had
run after birds only to write about
them, I should never have written any
thing that any one else would have
cared to read. I must write from sym
pathy and love, that Is, from enjoy
ment, or lot at all."
Spelling Is not the only difficulty to
be encountered by the beginner on a
typewriter. Any one who Is learning
to use the machine will appreciate the
following, from Pearson's Weekly:
"How do you like your new type
writer?" Inquired the agent
"It's grand," was the Immediate re
ply. "I wonder how I ever got along
"Well, would you mind giving me a
little testimonial to that effect?"
"Certainly not Do It gladly." So he
rolled up his sleeves, and In an Incredi
bly short time pounded ont this:
"After Uslrig the amtomatig Back
action a type writ er for thre emonthan
Over. I unhessttattlngly pronounce
It prono ce it to be al even more than
th Manufacture Claim? for It Dur
icg the time been In our possession e. 1.
th ree monthsl id has more than paid
for itfelf In the saving of time
an dlabor. John $ Glbbs."
"There you are, sir."
"Thanks," said the agent and moved
Justice In the West.
"Heard a couple of good ones on this
trip," announced one of Detroit's trav
eling men. "At a little town In Okla
homa court was In session, and I drop
ped In while waiting for the train. The
prosecution had taken the testimony
of a stationary engineer, and the at
torney for the defense took hold.
•Where were you the day this thing
happened?* he inquired.
'Runntn' a Injun.'
'What tribe did he belong to?1'
"The day before a case bad been
tried in which a man had climbed to
the top of a freight car laid up on a
siding. He had no business there, but
loosened the brake. The car started
down grade, gained speed rapidly for
five miles, and then turned a somer
sault over an embankment His col
lar bone was broken and' he got a ver
dict for $500 because a smart lawyer
convinced the jury that the railroad
was guilty of contributory negligence."
—Detroit Free Press.
Couldn't Fool Her.
She was evidently new at house
keeping and marketing, but carried
herself with an air Intended to Im
press people with the opinion that she
knew all about It and wasn't going
to be Imposed upon. It was at the
Bonsecours market before a fish stall.
"Lobster, madam? Oh, yes!" said
the dealer, with, deference. "Very nice
ones this morning. Here Is a first
class one, madam," he said, exhibiting
one In Its shell of glistening emerald.
The alert .customer tossed her head
"Ob, no! You can't fool me with
any of your green, unripe lobsters! I
want a red one!"—-Montreal Star.
Mrs. Rockefeller's Hobby.
Mrs. William Rockefeller's hobby is
for carnations, one of the greenhouses
at her country place at Scarborongh
on-the-jaudson being devoted exclu
sively to thelr: culture. She has re
cently received 200 Malmalson carna
tions from France, having paid $2,000
for -the plants. She Is said to spend
thousaadsof dollars every year for the
plants she Imports for her pleasure.
To Hake Glassware Shine.
Tumblers and wine glasses should
be washed In hot water and rinsed In
cold, and should be drted with a clean
cloth as soon as possible, and when
perfectly dry robbed with tissue pa
per. For cruets, decanters, etc., tear
bp some clean newspapers Into pieces
about as big as 10-cent pieces, put in
to bottles, half-filled with warm water
CENTER OF POPULATION MOVES WESTWARD.
Railways and Immigration have been
the great factors In pushing tlie center
of population westward. Another mat
ter which affected It was the acquisi
tion of Texas and the Gadsden pur
chase. In calculating the center of
population Alaska and our more re
cent .acquisitions are not included.
A NATURE-LOVER'S WEALTH.
Desire for Wealth-Bought T.uxnrlea
nn'Krror of Mind.
The following extract from an Inter
view with John Burroughs, recently
published in Success, contains things
thnt are well thinking about
"I consider tbe desire which most
persons have for the luxuries that
money can buy an error of mind. It
means nothing except a lack of higher
tastes. Such wants are not necessary
wants, nor honorable wants. If you
cannot get wealth with a noble pur
pose, It Is better to abandon It and get
"Peace of mind is one of the best
things to seek—and finer tastes and
feelings. The man who gets these, and
maintains himself comfortably, Is
much more admirable and successful
than the man who gets money and neg
lects these. The realm of power has
no fascination for me. I would rather
have my secluBlon and peace of mind.
"This log hut with Its bare floors, Is
sufficient. I am set down among the
beauties of nature, and In no danger
of losing the riches that are scattered
all about No one will take my walks
or my brook away from me. Flowers,
birds and animals are plentifully pro
vided. I have enough to eat and to
wear, and time to see how beautiful
tbe world Is, and to enjoy It
give bottles a rotary motion. When
clean, decant and a little practice
throws out the paper. They will be
as bright as new. To clean glasses—
wine glnsses especially—which have
become discolored on edges, use cigar
ashes, friction and a damp cloth.
In a recent lecture on electricity Pro
fessor Ellbu Thomson related how Bos
ton physicians had been able, with an
X-ray tube, to detect the presence of
the microbes of pneumonia in the lungs
before any symptoms of that disease
were felt by the patient, or were even
perceptible by ordinary pathological
President Kruger, according to a
story In the National i.aview, has bis
own opinion about office-holders.
Two of the president's young rela
tions applied to him for office. He con
sidered awhile.* and said, "I can do
nothing the high offices of the state
are in flrm hands, and for little clerk
ships you are too stupid."
When a man hears that a boy has
been drowned he fears It may be his
boy, the same as he fears it may be his
house when he hears afire bell.
After all, there Is nothing a woman
enjoys so much as widowhood, provid
ing her husband's life Insurance was
Be thankful for what you have and
console yourself with the thought that
what you have not would render you
miserable If you had It
After people have bad a great deal of
love, they wonder why more poetry la
not written about peace.
A widow doesn't feel entirely bereft
so long as she has enongh money In
tbe bank to buy a cow.
A man always wonders "what his
wife wlU say after the company has
It Is a good Idea to trust very few
people those who are not dishonest
may be careless.
People begin to "watch" a widow
within three nwnths after her but-
THEY NEED NOT WORRY.
Republican newspapers are devoting
a good deal of time and space these
days in trying to show that the Demo
cratic party Is splitting up into a dozen
factions. The wish Is father to the
thought, says tlie Kansas City Times.
There Is some "back talk" in the Dem
ocratic ranks, just as there always has
been and always will be. That Is be
cause they are free and independent
men, and that is why they always will
be. Btft when it comes to doing politi
cal business with the Republican par
ty they get right into line under ti
common banner and tight for a com
mon cause. The idea of the Republi
can press is, of course, to make their
rank and lUe believe that the party will
have a walkover next year and thus
encourage them to stand fast—not run.
Now, there is pleasure iu admitting
that all Democrats do not think alike
on aU questions. Thinking people do
their own thinking. That is the rea
son why loud talkiug is occasionally
heard in the Democratic camp, but
there Is just one voice when the bugle
sounds. Of course the Republicans are
mystified when they see how self-as
sertlve and Independent Democrats
are, but that is because they have a
man to do their thinking for them.
Mark Hanna, hating had such gre..
success in his campaign of money in
1890, is now engaged In Belling out his
business enterprises preparatory to de
voting all of his time to politics. Per
haps Mark Hanna thinks that a ca
pacity for spending money In a politi
cal contest is all that is necessary for
success, and that in 1804, he, the great
briber of the couutry, may be able to
purchase for himself the Presidential
But the people of this country make
a distinction between a bargain hunt
ing political hack aud a man who has
won popular esteem through long and
able public service. That McKinley
owes his present position to the ex
penditure of vast sums of money is ad
mitted even by the Republicans them
selves, who are now boasting of the
wealth which Is to be poured out In
an attempt to re-elect him. But Mc
Kinley had been a prominent factor
in politics for many years, was anima
tor of such plausible address that he
had.caused multitudes to regard him
as a statesman.
Mark Hanna possesses none of these
popular characteristics. He is a crude,
boorish, offensive creature who "con
ciliates with an ax," and whose flaunt
ing of money in the faces of the people
Is an Insult and a challenge for defeat.
Kvidence of I.eader«hlp.
The essence of strong and successful
leadership is displayed in such results
as followed Mr. Bryan's visit to Chi
cago. He once more shows himself to
be a chieftain who confronts and van
quishes what others would avoid or
temporize with. It is such men who
compel, rather than court, success.
The vexing problems which personal
ambition is nlways raising to jeopar
dize party ascendancy, are minimized
when such a leader lays his strong, de
cisive hand upon them.—Chattanooga,
It Worries Them,
The Republican newspapers profess
to be greatly worried that Bryan ac
cepts pay from those who Invite him
to travel about the country nnd make
speeches. The Republicans have so
long been In the liablt of having the
trusts and monopolies' pay the expenses
of their statesmen that they have come
to regnrd that as the only proper thing
to do.—Cleveland Recorder.
Where la the Gain
If Mr. Hoot Is to be a colonial secre
tary simply, nnd the administration
of the war department is to be left
mostly to Adjutant General Corbin, It
is pretty hard to see just where we
have gained by Alger's resignation.—
tand by Monroeism.
Any departure from our traditional
course, which Europe could seize upon
as an nbaudouiiient to MonroelBm
would lk» pruvely qetrifaental to our
peace and prosperity. In the present
feverish attitude of some of our states
men with respect to territorial ag
grandizement aud (he partition of
weak and helpless people among the
strong of tlie earth, it is well that in
telligent and conservative citizens
should point out tlie increasing neces
sity of holding to the essential prin
ciples under which the republic has
developed. -Philadelphia Ledger.
As Repnblicnu fees It.
All is not harmony aud rose-wreathed
peace in the Republican camp. Im
perialism is uot accepted joyously and
unanimously by either the rank or file
of the grand old party. Former Sec
retary Boutwell, long a trusted leader
in the Republican party, has the
temerity to institute a comparison be
tween McKinley and Jefferson Davis
favorable, strauge to say,, to the latter.
In a recent letter which has been given
to tlie press, Bputwell says:
There lias been no such departure from
American hleas aud principles in all our
history, not even by Jefferson Davis, as
is now in progress under the lead of the
President. Jefferson Davis did not eon
template the destruction of the republic
he only contemplated its division. Pres
ident McKinley is transforming this re
public into an empire, and the permanent
establishment of our authority in the
A GENTLE HINT.
Mark Hanna is their thinker Just now,
and they are the doers. When he
smiles they all smile, and when he
groans they all groan, and when
he cries "copperhead," "traitor,"
and the like 'they set up tbe snine
kind of a yell. Democrats have
strings to them which tie them
to the principles of the party, while
the strings which are seen on Repub
licans have Boss Hanna at tthe other
end of them, and when he pulls they
Jump. To Hanna tbe Republican party
is an aggregation of wheels'and cogs,
with himself as the chief crank manip
ulator. So also may he be said to be
the Republican press censor, and he
obliges the party's organs to run
things In the matter of telling the truth
just about as Otis runs things In the
Philippines. Meanwhile they need not
worry about the Democratic party. It
will be in evidence at the right time.
Philippine Islands is the consummation
of the undertaking.
Had a Democrat made such a com
parison as this, the cry of "treason"
would have been raised by administra
tion newspapers. Under the circum
stances, however, the organs devoted
to McKinley remain silent. Evidently
they deem discretion to be the better
part of valor nnd ignore the bitter at
Boutwell ought to be considered pret
ty good authority In regard to Repub
lican politics. He has been a Repub
lican Congressman, Senator and Sec
retary of the Treasury. Democrats
w^ill not care to add to the anguish of
Republican Imperialists by insisting on
an administration reply to Boutwell's
Where la a Better Man?
Those in the old Democracy who
want to put down William J. Bryan
would better flnd a man to equal hir
his clearness of statement, courage
aud convictions, and'disinterestedness
of motives, to say nothing as to the
ability to advocate and to illuminate
public questions. The Eagle is not in
love with the man's principles, but ev
ery American should be proud of his
abilities and of his character.—Brook
Cause of Philippine Trouble.
The plain truth Is that the deplora
ble situation in the Philippines is whol
ly due'to Mr. McKinley's unauthorized,
un-American and unfortunate procla
mation of sovereignty and demnnd for
submission, and to the weakness, the
wobbling and the perverse fatnity
which have characterized his conduct
of the war. Any attempt to place the
blame elsewhere will be as futile as It
is foolish.—New York World.
till Tack a War Secretary.
Sir. Root is just as unfit for the place
as Alger was, though his unfitness is
different in kind. The man wanted nt
tills critical juncture at the head of
tlie war department is a great admin
istrator or a man familiar with mili
tary affairs and requirements, or, bet
ter still, a man who combines both
these qualifications.—New York World.
The Farmer Catches It,
While the prices of agricultural prod
ucts have gone down from the figures
of a year or two ago, the prices for
trust products, the necessities of farm
life, have largely Increased. This cuts
the farmer both ways. He pays more
for what he requires and gets less for
what he produces.—Pittsburg Post.
Irish nve Had Knnn?h.
That the Irish societies should or
ganize for the purpose of opposing im
perialism nnd English alliance is not
at all strauge. The Irish hnve had a
taste of both—and have found it bitter
enough.—Grand Rapids .Democrat.
Eurlul Will Come lnter.
Of course, it can be said that the ad
ministration is well planted, now that
it has taken Root.—Kansas City Times,
lHepatchea that Never Came*
Iu the Philippines the sword la
mightier than the pen.—Chicago Jqw-
What does the American Bankers'
Association propose to do for the Amer
ican people? Their New Orleans re
port (1801) declares: "The govern
ment not being a producer cannot issue
a sound currency." Yet the first sixty
millions of greenbacks were always at
par the globe around nnd never were
unsound. Then the Atlanta report
(1895) solemnly affirms: "The value of
every coin that was ever made has de
pended upon lie weight of pure metal
in It" The well-known fact that the
trade dollar has nlne-huudredths more
pure silver in it than the standard sll
ver dollar aud was worth as money
twenty cents less, answers that falBe
hood. And to-day the silver dollar
will buy nearly twice its weight In 1
pure silver in the open market.
Not satisfied with these treasonable:
utterances this American Bankers' As
sociation must needs assail the green
back decision ot the United States Su
preme Court, rendered by a full bench,
eight out of uiue justices concurring.
is a palpable
falsehood: "Under tbe Uotlon of law
established by the Supreme Court, men
are compelled by force of law to ac
cept the promise of a dollar as a sub
stitute for a true dollar." These arch
conspirators throw off the mask In the
thus: "In order
to accomplish this, first of all silver
purchase must cease', without this it is
absolutely useless to Institute other re
forms. Then our legal tenders, the
greenback and treasury notes, must
be retired. This brings us to the ques
tion, whnt shall till the gap thus ere
ated? There is but oue answer. The
present tendency In all the great na
tions of the world is toward the bank
currency. Bank currency Is what we,
too, must depend upon." The national
banks boldly propose to usurp the con
stitutional functions of the Federal
government nnd every sunn and paper
that lends them aid and sympathy In
their plottlngs is equally guilty, says
M. V. Butler in the Mississippi Valley
Democrat. The Detroit report (1887).
after denouncing all government In
terference, adds: "The function of
government is to govern. The legitl
'mate function of banks Is to Issue cur
rency, receive deposits, buy paper and
These "sound money harpies" in their
Qhlcago report, 1893, claim that their
national bank blackbacks, with from
twenty to thirty per cent, more than
their face value of government debt be-.
hind them, are over-secure, while stiver
and greenbacks, with the constitutional
power and wealth of the nation behind
them, are unsafe. If we had free sll
ver, 16 to 1, unlimited coinage and al
lowed the national banks to manlpn
late the currency, In a short time the
country would he in the soup worse
The Chicago report (1893), speaking
for the revolutionists, explains "The
Bame agency (an official organ) would
be their best method of Influencing leg
islation. It was an avowed object of the
association to struggle for the repeal
of certain tax laws. In this they were
successful. They influenced legislative
opinion. It is comparatively easy for
them to gain the ear and confidence of
the administrative officers of the na
tional government Some of their
members are high Federal offlelals.
The treasury department stands al
ways with Its ear towards the man
agera of the financial Institutions of
the conntry. But it is not so easy for
them to win the confidence and ap-1
proval of the legislative brancliea of
government A great, deal of effort"
must be put forth to gain the attention
of Congress." This national banking
octopns has become a very vampire of
oppression that is slowly but surely
»uf the life-blood of the republic,
poii Jng and paralyzing the patriot
Ism -nd Integrity of the nation. Its
baneful Influence Is everywhere recog
nized. seen and felt.
It becoming very evident that tbe
Republican currency tinkers are not
going to make a strong fight for Con
gressional action favorable to the sin
gle gold standard.
With their usual duplicity the Repub
lican politicians will palter In a double
sense. Their masters—the money
kings—dfemand gold as the standard,
but there are other masters to be con
sidered and the 6,600,000 voters who
cast their ballots for bimetallism In
1896 give the money tinkers pause.
William J. Bryan, in his speech de
livered recently at the Auditorium,
treated with keen sarcasm the double
dealing of the hypocritical Republi
cans. Among other things, he said:
The fight iu 1896 was won on the
money question. It was the money
question expressed in a specific manner
that afforded us the means of distinguish
ing the believer in bimetallism from the
believer in the sold standard. And If
they tell you to-day that events have vin
dicated the gold standard, yon can an
swer them, first, that when Mr. McKin
ley sent a commission ail the way to
Europe to get rid of tbe gold standard
he admitted that we were right In 1886
when we said the gold standard was not
Some of you may be so prejudiced that
you cannot do justice to Mr. McKinley,
but I am so fair-minded that I can give
him credit for sincerity when he appoint
ed three distinguished men and sent them
all the way to Europe to cry out In ev
ery market pl'tce: "Help, help the Amer
ican people out of the hole that the gold
standard put thorn into/'
Not only can you polut to the fact that
the commission weut to Europe as an
evidence that the gold stuudard was not
then satisfactory, but you can point to
the failure of the commission as an evi
dence that independent action is abso
lutely necessary to secure success.
But it is just the sort of thing so
ably satirized by Mr. Bryan that the
Republicans are again contemplating.:.
Pauper Wage* in America.
Comes now George K. Holmes of the
Agricultural Department and submits
statistics showing that the average
per capita wages of farm laborers in
the United States are $225 per annum,
or about 62 cents per day, without
board. This official admission of pn"
per wages in the United States Is liable
to make trouble for Mr. Holmes. Un
der the new civil service system the
Secretary of Agriculture will probably
discover that some man with more
political discretion can do bis work
It Mdn't Work.
Weary—Madame, I haven't had any
thing to eat for three days.
Mrs. Hardup—You're doln' pretty
well, but I've Just been readln' abont
a man who fasted fer four weeks, and
worked every day at that.—Cleveland
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