THR FHIBIDI.Y VISITOR. |,
To homes of poverty she went, ij
Just as a friend,
Upon Love's errand humbly bent,
That she might lend
Some of the fnith, the hope, and cheer
Which blest her life,
To those who need to come more near
The peace through strife.
She took no purse, no worldly goods
She was a frleud.
She gayo but words, from loving
Which lieartward tend.
She spoke of simple things, and rcal
Those which change not
If plenty crowns or great needs seal
Our human lot.
Great meed of trust, and lasting zeal
For what Is good,
She took tile poor, and gave rich meal
Of strengthening food.
She clasped a' hand, to fill a heart
With precious store
She gave but hunger for that part,
Not less, but more
Than all the things for which men long'
Or toll to get—
The love of being, pure and strong.
And though she met
With scorn from those who listened
Wishing but bread.
Her simple word brightened their lot,
Whom thus she fed.
—Legtle W. Spragiie In Christian Begls
THE BROKEN ENGAGEMENT.
By Hel«m Forrr.t Grave*.
When Mary Clarlmont's engagement
Was proclaimed to the world, there en
sued a general expression of surprise.
People generally are surprised at
matrltnonlalengagetnents, There Is al
ways some cogent reason why things
should have been adjusted otherwise—
-why John «1iould have married Joan
and Peter should prefer Betsey. No
body over yet was married to suit
But In Mary Clarlmont's case it did
really seem as If the course of true love
had interfered seriously with the cur
rent of common sense and prudence.
Miss Clarlmont was only one-and
tweiity, a tall, Imperial beauty, with,
dewy black eyes, a skin as fresh as
damask roses, and dark-brown hair,
coiled in shiniug bands at the back of'
her head. Moreover, Miss Clarlmont
had a "career" before her. She had
Just graduated from Mcdfleld Medical
University, and taken out her diplo
ma as an M. D.
"And only to think of it," said Aunt
Joi bursting into tears of vexation and.
disappointment, "that she must needs
go and ruin all her prospects by getting
engaged to Harry Marlow, down in
"It docs seem:
strange, Aunt Jo, when
I sit down and think over It," said Doe
tor Mary, laughing and blushing. "Six
months ago, my profession was all the
world to me. I neither wished nor
enred for anything outside Its limits.
Tlio future wns all mapped out before
mo, without let or hindrance and
"Humph!" growled Aunt Jo. "Any
brainless idiot can get married, and
keep a man's house and meud his
shirts for him, but ypu were made for
something higher and more dignified,
"Dftir Aunt Jo,-' said she, "I shall
.not let niy sword and shield rust, be-
Harryhasonly ills own tal-
pntsito advance him in the,world, ^and
It will be nt least a year before we
shall be ready to inarry. In the mean
time, I shall accept the post of visit
ing physician to the Aldcnbury Alms
house, and practice my profession in
Aldenbnry, Just the same as If there
were no engagement!"
"I wish to goodness there wasn't,"
said Aunt Jo. "I tell you what, Mary,
I don't fancy that smiling, smooth
tougued young man of yours, and I
ioelor Mary Clarlmont kept her
"I am sorry, Aunt Jo," she said,
ileasantly. "But I hope that you will
eventually change your mind."
"I used to keep a tliread-nnd-needle
store wlien I was a young woman," re
marked Aunt Jo, drllv, "and I always
could tell the ring of a counterfeit half
dollar when a customer laid it on the
counter. I could then, and I can now—
and I tell you whnt, Mary, there's base
metal about Harry Marlow!"
loctor Mary bit her lip.
"Perhaps. We will not discuss the
subject further, Auut Jo," she said,
with quiet dignity, and the old lady
said no more.
"Aunt Jo is wrong!" persisted the
pretty young M. D. to.herself.
"Mary is making a fool of herself!"
thought Aunt Jo.
Aldcnbury -was a pretty manufactur
ing village, with a.main street shaded
by umbrageous maple trees, a "west
end," where people who had ronde
their fortunes lived comfortably in
roomy old houses, surrounded by vel
vet lawns and terraced gardens, and
irii~**e»st~end where people fought
desperately, and not always successful
ly, to keep soul and body together on
the merest plttauce.
And a little way out of the village,
the almshouse, built and endowed by
a certain smuggling sea-captain, whose
conscience bad stricken him during his
latter days, raised Its gray-stone gables
to the sky, and made a picturesque
back-ground to the landscape.
Doctor Mary Clarlmont made some
thing of a sensation at Aldenbury. Up
to this time, all the resident M. D.'s
had been snulfy old gentlemen, with
wigs, or pert young ones, with eye
A beautiful young lady, who wrote
prescriptions and compounded pills
and lotions, was a novelty in the town,
and by no nienns a disagreeable one.
People rather liked the Idea,' once they
had convinced themselves that the
lady doctor thoroughly understood her
self and her patients.
And the poor old people at the alms
house grew to love Doctor Mary, and
listen with eager ears for the sound of
her carriage wheels over the blue
gravel drive which led up to the por
It Avas a brilliant December day
when the young physician stood in the
neatly-carpeted reception-room, draw
ing on her fur gloves, previous to enter
ing the neat phaeton once again, while
she reiterated to the white-capped
maid some direction respecting old
Ann Mudgett's rheumastism, when the
tnatrou hurried In.
1 beg your pardon. Doctor Clarl
mont," said she, "but I clean forgot
the new old woman!"
"The new old woman!" repeated Doc
tor Mary, with a smile.
"That Is," explained Mrs. Cunning
ham, "she only came last night—a
^"quiet old soul, half blind and quite bad
.with the asthma. Perhaps you'd bet
•ter Just see her before you go. She
brought a card of admlsslou from'Doe
tofMertou, the New York'clergyman,
who Is one of our directors, you know.
And she seems a decent body enough."
So Doctor Mary went cheerfully Into
the little brick-paved room, with Its
white pallet-bed, cushioned rocking
chair and neatly draped casement,
where sat a poor little shriveled up
woman, wrapped in a faded shawl.
She looked timidly up -ns Doctor
Mary came lu, from under the borders
of her cap.
"I'm a poor body, miss," said she,
"and I'm sensible I'm making a deal
of trouble in the world. But the Lord
don't always take us, miss, when we'd
like to go."
"This Is the doctor," said Mrs. Cun
The little woman would have risen
up to make a feeble courtesy, but Doc
tor Mary motioned her to keep her
seat, and asked:
"What is your name?"
"Louise Marlow, miss."
"Marlow? That is an unusual HUIUVt
isn't It?" said Mary Clarlmont, coloring
lu spite of her self.
"We're English, miss," said the old
woman, struggling bravely with her
asthma. "There ain't many of us in
this country. I've a son, miss. In the
law business, ns any mother might be
"A son!" echoed Mrs. Cunningham
"and you in the nlmshouse?"
"Not that it's his fault, ma'am," the
old creature made lmste to explain.
"My son Is to be married to a fine,
proud young lady, as is flt for any
prince In all the land, and of course
he can't be expected to burden him
self with a helpless old woman like
me. He says I'm to write and let him
know how I get along, and if I'm sick
or anything, he'll try to see me. I
sewed carpets until the asthma got
hold of me, and supported myself com
fortably. But of course I couldn't Iny
up anything for a rainy day,, who
could? And Henry couldn't help me,
for he's getting ready to btf married,
poor lad! So I went to Doctor Mor
ton and asked him, did he know of any
decent place "where an old woman like
me could end her days in peace. And
he gave me a card to come here, and
some money to pay my traveling ex
penses—God bless him!—and here I
Mary Clarlmont had listened quietly
to the garrulous lady, but the color had
varied in her checks more than once
as she stood there.
"Is your son's nnme Harry Marlow?"
she said, slowly and thoughtfully.
"Yes, miss, at your service," said the
old woman, with a duck of her white
"Is lie like this?" asked Doctor Mary,
taklug photograph from her pocket.
The old woman, with trembling
hands, fitted on her iron-bowed specta
cles, and looked nt the picture, uttering
a little cry of recognition.
"Sure, miss, it's his own self," she
cried. "You are acquainted with him,
"Somewhat," sold Doctor Mary, com
posedly. as she returned the photo
graph to Its place. "And now I will
leave you something to relieve this
difficulty in breathing."
But the old crone eyed her wistfully.
"Perhaps you know the young lady
my son Is to marry?" she observed.
"Yes," said Doctor Mary, writing
something in her prescription-book.
"I have seen her."
"Perhaps, Miss," faltered the old wo
man, "you would give her my humble
duty, and tell Iter I would Just like to
look at her for once and see whnt she
Is like. There's no fear of my trou
bling her, miss, for I mean to end my
days here. But I would like to see her
Just once. And if-It wouldn't be aslc
iug-too much,- miss, would you please
write to ray son, and tell where I am
for I'm no scholar myself, and I'm
his mother, after all."
"I will write to him," said Doctor
Mary, quietly, and so she went away.
"I never see a lady doctor afore."
said old Mrs. Marlow, with along sigh.
But she's a pretty creetur,' and It
seems good to have her around. I
hope she'll come again soon."
"You may be very sure of that," said
the matron, brusquely. "Doctor Clarl
mont ain't one to neglect poor people
because they are poor."
That evening Aunt Jo, frying crul
lers over the kltclien-fire was sur
prised by a visit from her niece, who
£ime in, all wrapped iu furs, with
cheeks crimsoned with the frosty air.
"Bless me! This ain't never you?"
said Aunt Jo, peeping over the rims of
'I drove over to see you, Aunt Jo,"
said Mary, "to tell you that you were
right. The metal wns counterfeit."
'Eli?" said Aunt Jo, mechanically
ladling out the brown, curly crullers,
although she did not look at what she
"I have written to Harry Marlow
canceling our engagement," said Doc
tor Mary, calmly, albeit her voice fal
tered a little. "The man who will
heartlessly let Ills old mother go Into
an almshouse sooner tlinn take the
trouble to maintain her, can be no fit
husband for any woman!"
And then she sat down .by the fire,
and told Aunt Jo everything for
crabbed, crusty old Aunt Jo had been
like a mother to her, and her heart was
full to overflowing.
When Mary had ceased speaking,
Aunt Jo nodded bedhead.
"You have, done well and wisely,"
Old Mrs. Marlow died that winter, Ip
Aldenbnry Almshouse, with Iier head
on Doctor Mary Clarlmont's arm, and
never knew that her garrulous Confes
sions had deprived her son of his prom
And Mary says, quietly and resolute
ly, thnt her profession must bfc hus
band and home to her, henceforward.
Just what it ought to be," says
Aunt Jo. "No woman ever yet suc
ceeded in doing two things at once."—
L»t of (he TmMmmulaiiK.
A very Interesting addition has just
been made to the exhibited anthropo
logical collection In the Natural His
tory Aluseum. It Is a perfect skele
ton of an nboriglnal Tasmania]). Only
four complete skeletons of this extinct
race are known to exist, and, owing
to the custom of burning the dead
which prevailed among them, it ir
very doubtful whether any others will
now be recovered. The last male of
the race died In March,. I860, and In
June, 1870, there died the last wom^n,
Truganimi, or Lalla Bookb, as she
was afterwards called. She was ab
fiouii'.'ly the las* survivor of the race,
and this fact lends additional interest
to the possession by the museum of
the authentic busts of her and her
husband, modelled by Mr. Murray of
Hobart Town.—London Globe.
A U.e for Them.
Weary Walker—"Lady, would ycr
please give me a few crullers like dose
got last, week?"
Mrs. Newed—"Yes, poor fellow. Here
are three of them for you."
Weary Walker—"Can't you make It
four, mum? Me and me partner wants
ter play quoits."—Philadelphia Beeord.
And tlie Rain Came Down.
The rancher gazed on his sun-parched
fields with a frown on his rough,
And wished be conld niter real wicked
talk to properly fit the case,
And he moped around with despondent
air, his spirit all dead to pride,
For gone were his dreams of the harvest
cash rolling in as a golden tide.
But the tree toads started prophetic
songs, and the peafowl uttered its
And the goosebone told him its silent
tale, and the clouds bunched up In
And the rains camc down In a soaking
flood and his fields turned green
And now you would tlilnk that he owns
the earth, with every blamed
planet in sight!—Denver Post.
Da.h Chanced to Crank Chnrna.
There ore a large number of butter
makers who will use only tha old-fash
ioned dash churn, believing thnt it
gives the best results, quality and
quantity of butter considered. The
great fault of the dash churn Is the la
bor of operating it, so much of the
exerted force of the operator being lost
on account of no machinery to utilize
Is as in the crank churn. In Figs,
and 2, dash churns are converted Into
crank churns. Ii
the device shown
In Pig. 1 au o'd
buggy wheel can
he used for the fly
wheel. All the iron
work, such as the
crank shaft, bear
ings, pitman, etc.,
can be made by
any blacksmith at
a small expense.
The framework any
farmer will be able to make himself.
The two posts used in the first device
need not be very large of heavy, but
Just wide enough to permit the wheel
to turn inside of the two supports on
which the bearings rest. In the second
figure an Iron fly-wheel such as Is
found on an old cider press Is used. It
Is adapted to a small churn.—J. G. A.,
In American Agriculturist.
Kconomjr with Fallen Apples,
There Is much waste lu the common
practice of turning hogs Into orchards
to pick up fruit and make that their
exclusive diet The hog will soon learn
to eat only the ripened fruit, leaving
that which is wormy. This fruit can
be sold or dried, and if forced to do It
the hog will eat the wormy fruit be
fore the worm escapes. But to make
this really economical some grain and
milk should be given to hogs In addi
tion to their fruit diet. This will make
the young pigs grow and will strength
en their digestion for the exclusive corn
feeding that will come wben they are
put up to be fattened.
Enlargement of Old Barn*.
It is quite it common practice to build
low, shed-roofed additions to the sides
of barns wben It is desired to Becure
more room. This gives the desired ad
dition of ground floor space, but does
not secure added Btorage roof that
could be secured as well as not, and at
almost no added cost, were the addi-
tlons made according to the plan sug
gested in the cut.. Here the roof Is ex
tended down over the addition without
a break, making a better-looking build
ing and one much more serviceable
than by the common plan. The space
in the tops of the additions opens Into
the scaffolds, or the second floor space
of the old barn, and gives so much
more added storage capacity.
Weed* Among Bean*.
After beans have blossomed It is not
best to work among them, especially if
the weather and soil be wet, and there
should be no cultivation while the
leaves are wet with rains or dew.
Hence the early cultivation of beans
Bhould be thorough, so as to allow
them to ripen before the weeds smother
them. It Is not best to plant beans on
land that Is very rich In nitrogenous
plant food, because such land Is al
ways very weedy. Boll of moderate
fertility with a dressing of phosphate
and potash will make a good grain
crop, while on the richer land without
tbe mineral fertilizer, there will be only
a large growth of haulm and leaves.
Protect the Barn Bwallowa.
These birds, which were formerly
very numerous about farm buildings
are great destroyers of Insects. In
some parts of England they were de
pended upon by hop growers to destroy
hop flies. They subsist wholly upon
Insects, which they catch on the wing,
and are fond of all kinds of gnats,
moths, beetles and many other kinds.
Daring recent years the swallow has
been driven away from Its home by
the English sparrow, a fact to be. re
gretted.—Orange Judd Farmer..
Cucumbers for Pickles.
Pickled cucumbers are sold by count,
and the small ones are generally pre
ferred. Hence close picking and fre
quent picking, so as to prevent any
from growing too large, Is necessary to
secure large crops. Sometimes, how
ever. a stray cucumber will bide under
the leaveB until it has almost ripened
its seeds. It Is astonishing how this
lessens the yield of the vine. Yet It 1*
not to be wondered at, for the perfec
tion of seed In almost all plants ex
hausts their vitality very rapidly. The
cucumber vines should be handled
carefully so as not to loosen the roots
which some of them send Into the soil
from the Joints. These are great helns
to the vine. If the vine Is turned up
to see what Is under It some of these
side rootlets will be destroyed.
Cabbage Worm Insecticide.
Pests of the cabbage family are best
controlled by tho use of the following
insecticide: Pulverized reslu, five
pouuds concentrated lye, one pound
Ash oil, one pint water, five gallons.
Make this into a stock solution by plac
ing the oil, resin and one gallon of hot
water in an Iron kettle, heating until
the resin Ig softened. After this add
tbe concentrated lye carefully and stir
tbe mixture thoroughly. Add four
more gallons of water and boll the
whole mass until tbe mixture will unite
with cold water, making a clear, am
ber-colored mixture. This mixture
should mnko five gallons of stock solu
tion. When this Is used, F. A, Slrrlne,
of the Geneva experiment station, ad
vises preparing It by combining one
gallon of tbe stock solution with six
teen gallons of water, three gallons
milk of lime and one-quarter pound of
Paris green. The water, resin and milk
of lime are combined, after which the
Paris green Is added. In every case
where this mixture Is properly applied
good results were obtained.
Some plants, to thrive as they should,
require much more water than others,
and on this account, if the best growth
is maintained through the summer,
more or less watering will be neces
sary. But If watering is necessary, if
any considerable amount of benefit Is
secured, It Is very essential that It be
thorough. One or two thorough soak
lags of the soil a week around the roots
will be of much more real benefit to the
growing plants than a dally sprinkling
on the surface. One of the best plans
of watering a larger proportion of
plants Is to work the soil into a good
tilth, drawing the earth away from the
plant to some extent then put on water
sufficient to thoroughly wet the soil
and throw over this a thin layer of fine
soil. This acts as a mulch and lessens
evaporation, and a large amount of
benefit Is derived and the work needn't
be repeated so often. In nearly all
cases where watering is commenced it
will have to be kept up until there Is a
good rnin.—Farmer's Voice.
The natives of Foula, one of the Shet
land Islands, make a business of rear
iug skau gulls In order to rid tho Island
of the eagles that commit so many
depredations. The magnificent red
sandstone cliffs that skirt tbe north
western const became a favorite haunt
of the eagles, and In this Inaccessible
spot they Increased so rapidly that
they became a terror to the farmers
and fishermen who dwell on this iso
lated spot. The skau gulls are also
strong nnd fierce, and the Inveterate
foe of the eagle. In battle the gulls
are nearly always victorious, and so
the Inhabitants of Foula hit upon the
novel plnu of feeding and caring for
skau gulls, which, though formidable
to their feathered enemies, arts very
peaceable and docile when brought In
contact with man. 7
Property of W. S. Lister, Middle
church, Man. Winner of first prize In
aged cow class at the Winnipeg Indus
Virginia Hams and Bacon.
B. W. Jones, of Surry County, Va.,
in a long article on the above Bubject,
recapitulates the essential points as
1. To have really good bacon, we
must start with tbe pig, and feed for
flesh and muscle, and not alone for
fnt. (2) Spring pigs killed In Decem
ber tV January make the cheapest
pork. (3) Very large hogs are not the
best for first-class bacon. (4) Salt the
meat with dry salt, and not In brine.
(5) From four to six weeks is long
enough for meat to lie in salt (0) To
prevent skippers, apply borax to the
meat, when It is washed to be hung up.
(7) Smoke to a bright ginger-bread col
or, with onk or hickory wood. (8) The
smokehouse Is the best and proper
place for keeping bacon during sum
mer. (9) The smokehouse should be
cool and dark, and kept clean. (10) Be
ware of imitation bacon.
Homcsteading In Nebraska.
In the vicinity of Beatrice, Nel)., on
a great farm, of 800 acres, lives Dan
iel Freeman, who was the first man
to take up a claim under the United
States homestead law. The law went
Into effect on Jan. 1, 1863. On New
Year's eve a ball was given at Brown
ville, Neb., then the headquarters of
the land office, as the public lands of
the then Territory of Nebraska were
tho first to be thrown open to settle
ment, Just after midnight young Free
man and James Bedford, the assistant
register of tbe land office, went to the
office of the latter, where Mr. Freeman
filed his claim on 100 acres of fertile
land. Since Mr, Freeman filed his
claim on a homestead, 637,389,422 acres
have been taken up under the home
When to Set Out Strawberries.
When tbo conditions will admit Au
gust is one of tbe best montbs in which
to set out strawberry plants. If a good,
vigorous growth can be secured nt this
time a fair crop of fruit may be se
cured next spring. As wltb all crops,
the soil Bhould be prepared In good
tilth and care taken In setting out the
plants In order that a good growth
may be secured. On this account It
rarely pays to attempt to grow the
plants if the soil Is very dry, as there
Is not a sufficient supply of moisture.
Then If the soil la dry, more work Is
necessary to secure a fine tilth. But
with the soli In a good tilth and suffi
cient moisture In the soil to Induce a
good growth, setting In August will
give good results.
Clearing Fence Corners,
After haying and harvest have been
finished, it Is well to go around the
fields and cut down weeds next to tbe
fence that the mower and reaper could
not reach. Since farmers have got out
of the habit of swinging the scythe,
fence corners grow up with shrubs and
weeds that no good farmers would
allow, and which soon grow away from
the fence and take tho fertility from
crops for some distance Into tho field.
Enough weeds aro allowed to go to
seed In some fence corners to seed the
ENCOURAGING TO DEMOCRACY.
One of the most encouraging signs
for the Democracy Is the general inter
est taken at this early date In the dis
cussion of tlie party platform to be
formulated by the uatlonul convention
of next year, aud In the question as to
who shall be the candidate for the
Presidency. If (lie chauces of victory
In tho election were not good the pub
lic would uot concern Itself as It does
about these matters.
Tbe conferences that are being held
by the various State leaders are also
good auguries for party succcss next
year. They show that the men to
whom the voters look for guidance
fully realize their responsibilities, and
nre anxious to meet them, so that Re
publican misrule will be overthrown.
In this general discussion about both
Its platform and its Presidential candi
date next year the Democratic party
has also the opportunity to ascertain
what the voters who will decide the
election wish. There Is a strong senti
ment against the McKinley second term
trust syndicate even in the Hcpublicnn
party, aud it is not Improbable that If
Mark Hannn nnd his friends aud asso
ciates make themselves too conspicu
ous, there will be trouble In the ranks
of such magnitude that their defeat
will be surely brought about.
The drift of discussion also shows
that the Imperial expansion policy, in
which there nre millions of dollars for
favored contractors and speculators.
Is decidedly unpopular, and thnt hun
dreds of thousands of votes can be
galued by the Democracy if It will
stand courageously for Justice for the
Filipinos and for the safe-guarding of
As for the money question, opinion
still seems to be divided with the Re
publicans anxious to keep It at the
front during next year's contest. This
should serve ns a warning to the De
mocracy, and.lt will doubtless do so ijo
the men who nre earnestly anxious to
relieve the country of the Incubus of
MfcKinleyism and all thnt it Implies.
When it comes to tho discussion
among Democrats of the candidate
who is to lead tho national ticket next
year there Is really very little differ
ence of opinion, although, of course,
thero nre "favorite sons." They are
not as numerous as Is usually tlie case,
however, and it Is clear that the nom
inee of the convention of 1000 will be
supported most loyally by the rank nnd
file of the party nnd this fact alone Is
a strong augury of victory.
The free and open discussion now
fping 011 within the Democratic party
is the best help possible to the achiev
ing of success next year. It clears
away the cobwebs from the brains of
the people, aud makes them see more
clearly, which means that they will re
pudiate at the polls the conglomeration
of evil called McKiulpylsm.—New
Those who favor the Imperial policy
of the Republican administration en
deavor to make it acceptable to the
people under the guise of expansion.
But expnnslou is one thing nnd Im
perialism Is an entirely different thing.
Legitimate expansion as Illustrated by
the territory acquired under Jefferson,
Monroe, Polk aud Tierce added about
two-thirds of the area of tbe Union and
supports over 20,000,000 people, but
Imperialism gives to this country a
tropical archipelago, peopled with 10,
000,000 savages, at a cost of $20,000,000
aud a terrible war. Under the circum
stances it is not to be wondered at that
conservative Republicans, such as
Boutwell and Burrows, Bee dauger In
imperialism, nor Is it a matter for sur
prise that the majority of the people
are opposed to such a measure.
Senator Burrows has been made the
target of abuse by administration or
gans, but he stands manfully to his
guns nnd replies to his critics as fol
lows: "I only stated In the interview
what have been my convictions from
the first. So far the warfare has raged
50 miles north of Manila, and only a
few miles to the east. There are thou
sands of miles yet to subdue, and fully
10,000,000 people to subjugate, be
lieve In terminating the difficulty as
soon ns possible, and before many more
lives have been needlessly wnsted. 1
have said nothing that deserves cen
sure. I do not object to legitimate ex
It will be observed that Senator Bur
rows draws a distinction between ex
pansion and Imperialism, and tbis dis
tinction Is worthy of careful consid
eration. No patriotic citizen objects to
the legitimate expansion of the United
States, but all patriots will oppose the
abrogation of fundamental principles
and the establishing of monarchical
methods In this great republic.
It Is a significant fact that the war
with Spain has already proved respon
sible for tbe filing of 17,000 pension
claims. From this fact one can read
ily Infer that the Philippine war Is
going to prove a most costly enterprise.
But it Is stated with much approval
that Henry Clay Evans, Commissioner
of Pensions, In his annual report an
nounces that the number of pensioners
on the national list has decreased some
2,000 over that recorded last year.
Perhaps this decrease may be traced
In spme degree to the fnct that sixty
three pension attorneys were disbar
red, ten suspended and two dropped
during the year. The total number of
attorneys dropped to date is 1,103. And
yet 37,000 new pensions were granted.
Undoubtedly many of these were
fraudulent claims, for at this late date
since the ending of the war between
the States It does not seem reasonable
to believe that all of these 37,000 pen
sioners had valid claims.
There Is no disposition on the part of
the people to refuse aid to deserving
survivors of the wars, but tho very
fact that nearly 2,000 pension attor
neys have been disbarred shows that
fraud aud rapacity are largely respon
sible for tho tremendous burden which
a pension list of $150,000,000 a year
Throwing Over the Jonahs.
It has becomo quite the reiguing fad
with President McKinley to throw
overboard tho Jonahs of his present ad
ministration la preparation for a suc
cessful course after the second term
In the Whlto House. Eagan was the
first to go. and shortly after him fol
lowed Alger. Now It is whispered that
Vice President Hobart will be gently
dropped over tbe side of the Repub
lican ship when tho nomination of a
Vice President Is taken Into considera
Now. Hobart has not proved an ex
ception to the general rule, and has
been as Impersonal and as Inconspicu
ous as most Vice Presidents. But Ho
bart comes from New Jersey and Is
not only affiliated with trusts, but rep
resents a State which Is the breeding
ground of the trusts. It will be the
policy of tlie Republican pnrty to get
up a sham battle with the trusts in
1000, and It won't do to have the can
didate for second place on the ticket
a great captain in the army of the
trusts. But the rejection ot Hobart
will have little effect upon the people.
Indeed, the hypocritical arraignment
of trusts will be discountenanced and
the actions of the administration dur
ing McKlnlcy's first term will speak
louder than platform declarations in
No action taken by the Hanna, Elk
Ins, McIClnley politicians can fool the
people as to the attitude of the ad
ministration toward trusts. McKinley
was elected by the trusts In 189C. He
has been tho friend of the trusts all
through his term of office, and tbis
show of hostility will simply prove a
subject for ridicule by tho people when
It Is made evident at the Republican
President McKiniey's administration
is only a little more than two years old,
aud yet only three ot the original mem
bers of his Cabinet are In office. They
are Gage, of the Treasury Long, of the
Navy and Wilson, of the Agricultural
Department. One Cabinet position has
been changed twice. First Sherman re
signed, and was followed by W. M.
Day, and Day resigned and was suc
ceeded by Ambassador Hay. Mr. Mc
Kiniey's administration has not been a
smooth one. As when he wns Governor
of Ohio, most of bis troubles have
come from his inability to Judge ot the
character and fitness of men. It Is said
by those who are quite close to the
President that he still refuses to be
lieve the stories of the unfairness, not
to say downright trickery, of Senator
Hanna in political affairs, and adheres
to iilm against the advice of many of
bis old friends.—Columbus Press-Post.
strikes nnd Anarchy.
The State militia had hardly depart
ed from Cleveland, Oblo, before an
other street car was dynamited. Strik
ers wonder why the general public do
not more generally sustain them, yet
they have their answer in the fact that
the general public is opposed to vio
lence. Violence was attempted In
Brooklyn and the strike failed. Vio
lence has been prevalent In Cleveland
and the strike will fall. Force begets
force, and violence ns a weapon leads
to violence as a defense. .The general
public Is opposed to both uses ot vio
lence and the overthrowing of law and
Ilewer Keeps Mum.
As Admiral Dewey approaches home
waters the liars are buzzing about him
endeavoring to make him deny some
thing or trip over some of their clumsy
contrivances. But the old sea-dog has
cruised among the heathen too long to
be upset by the bogus newspaper re
porter and I10 pays no more attention
to their buzz than a grizzly In the
Rockies docs to a swarm of gnats.—
A Natural Choice.
Exposing the Imperialistic policy of
McKinley In his Philippine war, show
ing the animus back of tlie Republican
hatred tor Germany, denouncing the
money power for its heartless greed
and Its upholding of the tyrannical
gold standard, and showing how the
bondage to the trusts may be thrown
off, William J. Bryan will be tbe peo
ple's choice.—Newark Advocate.
DETERMINING ONE'S CALLING.
It Does Not Come Ready Labeled Nor
Does It Often Come Unsought,
"Nature does not give to the ordinary
mortal a specific label of his calling,
but Implants certain tendencies which
are not so positive as suggestive," Is
the position taken by Carrie E. Garrett
lu a thoughtful article entitled "A Song
of Work," In tho Woman's Home Com
panion. "Sometimes the latent force
lies asleep for years until something
happens to call it forth. And then, as a
rule, it Is merely a bent, a bias, which
leads a man oh, step by step, gives him
as much encouragement ns he needs,
but does not In its early stages assume
the form ot a positive vocation. It
seems to be at first largely a matter of
faith, and thus the youug disciple finds
It hard to explain to others the inward
urging which he feels toward some par
ticular vocation and perhaps he Is
obliged to bear some criticism for bis
reluctant attitude toward other, per
haps more lucrative, callings. Even he
himself will at times feel a sense of
Impotence and despair and hove fears
thnt he is on a false .trial. But again
the suggestion—the whispers of a
man's true vocation will be heard, and
lu spite of himself he picks up Ms
thread aud presses onward.
"If people would seek for their chil
dren not that which seems best or most
expedient for them to do, but that
which they can do best, we should not
have so many Jaded, Joyless workers.
Some unfortunate children are predes
tined to perpetuate the 'firm,' Just as
If they were bees or silkworms born to
the family calling. If John's father Is
an established bird-fancier, John Is ex
pected to be a blrd-fnncler, too, though
he may secretly aspire to medicine or
cabinet-making. It is said that on the
death of Canova, the Italian sculptor,
an Englishman asked his brother If he
meant to 'carry on the business.' Then
the old bugbear 'gentility' often creeps
In (even In democratic America), and
dooms to such polite callings as school
teaching, bookkeeping, stenography,
and other pen-and-ink crafts, many
girls with cunning fingers and a quick
eye for color who were divinely ap
pointed to be milliners."
Something Had Happened.
Mrs. Rockingham—I tblnk Mr. Wood
by proposed to Grace last night.
Mrs. Rockingham—Two or three
times to-day she has not caught me up
oil things that I had started to say. She
has not acted at ail as if she knew
more about tbe world and its ways
than I, aud she hasn't been disposed to
sit around and let me wait on her.
Mr. Rockingham—Well, you may be
wrong in your guess, but it is evident
that a great change of some kind has
taken place in her sweet qroung life.—
Au Insult in China.
In China to salute any one by taking
off one's bat Is a deliberate Insult.
IOWA HOTS IN BLUE.
ANNUAL (ENCAMPMENT AT
8lx Hundred Foldiers Take Up tbe
Regular Routine of Army Life—Gov
ernor Bhaw Visits the Camp-Be*
•lew in His Honor,
It was a great day in Burlington when
the several coiupnuics of the Fiftieth
regiment, Iown National Guard, assem
bled at Camp Liucolu for their auauitl
encampment. At intervals nearly all
Say the "tramp, tramp, tramp" of the
soldier boys resounded on tbe brick pave
ment, and through the heavy dust as
the companies silently marched to the
Madison avcuue grounds. Within a
short time after the rem* guard had ar
rived from the west and marched to
the grounds, the appearance of the regi
ment differed but little from a camp that
had been established for months, with
the soldiers just returning from a long
march or drill.
At the different depots crowds assem
bled to witness the arrival of the sol
diers. General Kyers and staff and Col.
Caughlan and staff acted as a reception
committee, escorting the various compa
nies to the camp on horseback. The
troops were agreeably surprised upon
their arrival at the grounds, to lind not
only the tents up, but trenches dug nnd
The first company to arrive was D, of
Washington, with a full roster of forty
two men and three officers. Capt. Brook
hart was in couimaud, with First Lieu
tenant Glasgow and Second Lieutenant
Miller. The boys were in henry march
ing order, with blanket rolls over one
•boulder and muskets and canteens on
the other. Campaign hats, blue trousers,
with leggings and blouses, completed the
attire. Company I, of Iowa City com
pany B, of Davenport, and company C,
of Muscatine, followed a little later.
Other trains brought in the rest: Com
pany K, of Grinned L, of Newton A,
of Keokuk 1«\ of Fort Madison E, of
Ceaterville II, of Chariton G, of Ot
tumwa, nnd M, of Fairfield.
The Fiftieth got down to active work
immediately. In the afternoon they
were straightenlug up at camp and at 0
o'clock that eveniug A parade was given.
The hard work of active service be
gau Thursday morning, the camp awak
eniug at reveille at 5:15, nnd nt once
starting on duty. Mess at 0 o'clock with
potatoes, coffee and bacon refreshed the
boys for the work of the ^ay, though
a few delicacies not exactly on the pro*
gram helped considerably. At 8 o'clock,
guard mount, the most interesting of the
camp ceremonies occurred. Immediately
after guard mount there was a bustle of
preparation throughout the camp as the
first call for drill sounded. At o'clock
the regiment was formed in front of reg
imental headquarters, Col. Caughlan tak
ing command. The evolutions of the
regiment were viewed with interest by
several hundred spectators. As a rule
the companies are well drilled, but the
four hours of dally practice was of great
On Friday the camp was the gather
ing place of a number of prominent Iowa
Guard officers and veterans of the Span
ish war. There were General James
Hush Lincoln, of Ames Major Oltn
stead, of Des Moines General Prime, of
Chfcago Colonel Jacksnu, of Muscatine
Colonel Lambert, of Newton, and Lieu
tenant Colonel John Mofilt, of Tipton.
They were entertained by General Byers
nnd Colonel Caughlan. General Byers
had a review Saturday and General
Prime on Sunday afternoon.
Monday was Governor's day and more
beautiful weather could not have been
wished. The Governor und his staff,
consisting of Colonel A. V. Shaw,
Colonel C. 13. Putnam, Colonel J. K.
Thompson, Colonel George C. Henry and
Colonel William Larrabee, arrived Sun
day night and were met by a detail of
officers. A visit to the camp was made
in the morning, where the guard was
turned out to receive the distinguished
party. The Governor aud his stuff ^nd
a number of promiuent Burlington. citi
zens were entertained at dinner by Colo
nel Caughlan at regimental headquarters
at 12:30, after which an inspection of
the camp grounds was made by the
party. Governor Shaw and his com
panions were highly pleased with the sit
uation of the camp. The presence of
the Governor was a boon to the men of
the regiment, as the greater portion of
the drills was dispensed with. The
event of the day was the review tendered
in honor of Governor Shaw at 4 p. m.
Fully 7,000 people assembled about tbe
parade grounds to witness the ceremony,
which was elaborate nnd beautiful, it
was an immense success iu spite of the
lieat of the sun, which must have been
'trying on the men as well as the review
ing party. The usual dress parade took
place at 0:30, followed by a concert by
the Fiftieth Regiment band in front of
regimental headquarters. Afterward
the Governor and staff attended a rep
resentation of the battle of San Juan,
in which a portion of the Fiftieth regi
State Item* of Interest*
The C. It. & N. will locate two
towns between Armstroug aud Estuer*
Rev. A. Chase of LeGrand has accept
ed a call from the Christian Church at
Four hundred and four car loads of po
tatoes were shipped out of Prairie City
Oskaloosa may purchase the water
jworks system there, and if so it will com
plete the plant.
While working on tbe new bridge at
^Armstrong a plonk fell on a man's head,
(crushing his skulK
Frank Joseph of Dubuque died sudden
ly in his chair in a hotel at Fredericks
burg. Heart disease is the supposed
R. E. Train of Dows caught his foot
in a plank and fell, striking his chin with
such force as to break his jaw.
The 4-year-old son of Carl Schnffer of
Cottage fell off a windmill, striking his
back on a tank,, seriously injuring him.
Lightning struck the home of Will
Woolford, near Conesville, and was de
stroyed by fire. Loss about $500, Insur
George Weaver, son of Judge Weaver
of Iowa Falls, and Miss Bessie Anderson
of Fort Dodge surprised their friends by
getting married. Weaver is aged 21 and
Miss Anderson is 19.
Lncky to Get It Anyway.
"We bought a lawn mower at the
"Well, that was all right, wasn't it?
"All right! Maria says It is our old
one which they borrowed and never re
turned."—Detroit Free Press.
A Natural Inference*
"The world is mine!" exclaimed
Monte Crlsto just before tbe curtain
"Say!" yelled a Spaniard from the
gallery. "Are you the feller they call
'Uncle Sam?' "—Chicago News.
From a Masculine Standpoint.
"It's queer," said the young widow,
"that poor, dear John never said a
word to me about remarrying. I really
can't understand it"
"I don't see anything so very remark
nble about that," rejoined her bachelor
uncle. "I suppose you are not tbe one
he thought it waB his duty to warn."
Ilia Onlj Chaucc.
"Henry, why do you smoke contln
uaJly from morning until night?"
"It's the only time 1 get 1 sleep
£rwu night until
Iron Money, but Made of Paper.
Iron money furnishes tbp subjoet of
an Interesting cbapter In-tbe monetary
history of tbe United States. This po
cullar currency differed from the Iron
money which Lyturgus gave the Spar
tans In that its substanco was paper.
Another difference Is that tbo-Iron
money of tbe Spartans wns designed
to prevent trade from Its very incon
veniences, while the iron money which
was Issued by the mining companies
of the upper peninsula was designed^
to foster trade by furnishing'a' Mn
venlent circulating medium to use1 in
plnce of real currency which. In the
early days, when the region was Iso
lated, was nest to Impossible to se
cure In winter.
The iron money of the United States
wns confined to- tbe upper. peninsula
of Michigan, nnd was In use for nbiut
fifteen years following 1S55. In those
days there wns no express at all In
winter, und only two months In tbo
Bummer, wben bonts could run. Tbe
charge on getting currency up by boat
was about 1 per cent, almost prohib
itive. This led tbe big corporations
which were mining Iron in the district
to Issue what became kuoivu as Iron
money. Tbe bills were rcnlly drafts
signed by tbe ngents of the companies
and payable in New York or'CIeveland
on demand. Tbe only way tbey dif
fered from drafts written to-dny Is that
tbe amount was not written lu, but
was printed In larger type than tlie
context In the center of tbe bill. There
were also figures In the corners repre
senting the amount. Tbe bills bore a
general resemblance to money. They
were a good deal like tbe sblnplasters
Issued later by. the Confederacy, only
that tbey were not ns well printed.
The latter were printed from engraved
plates on special paper, while the Iron
money Issued by tbe milling companies
was printed from type on paper of reg
In spite of this certainly useful func
tion the Government in 1874 drove Iron
money out of circulation. But this
was not such a hardship as It would
have been a few years previous. There
was no Iron money issued after 1872,
though until the Government sent an
agent there continued to be large qunn
titles of It In circulation. The Issue
was stopped In 1872 because the rail
road had then penetrated the country,
real currency could be obtained niid
Iron money's reason for existence
Colonel Gavett, who was In 1874 a
special agent of the Trensury Depart
ment, wns sent to Marquette, Mich.,'
from Washington to find the volume
of circulation Iron money had enjoyed
nnd to assess and collect a retroactive
tax of 10 per cent on each bill for
every time it had been paid out,, gome
of the mines had put millions of this
money Into circulation. The New York
mine, of Isbpemlng, In which Samuel
J. I'llden/two years later a candidate
for the Presidency, was the heaviest
stockholder, and the Calumet and Hec
la copper mine, of Calumet, had issued
the largest amounts'of It. Bankers In
the region were bit even harder than
the Issuers of the currency, for they
bandied the notes of nil companies.
Peter White, wlio was then and still
Is in the banking baslness at Mar
Qiiette, liad a tax'6f J1,200,000 assessed
against him by Gavett. Gavett was
given an ley reception, nnd his request
to examine the books of tho corpora
tions was uniformly denied.
The necessity of .paying their share
In a cash tax of $10,000,000 would cer
talnly have put some of tbo companies
out of business. They owe tbelr sal
ration to a relief bill passed by Con
gress. This was vigorously opposed
by J. J. Knox, Comptroller of the Cur
rency. While tbe rellef bill saved Tll
den's company, among others, from on
excessive levy, It was one oCtbecauses
of his undoing In 1870, when tbo cor
poration money question was raised as
a campaign Issue against ,blm.
Gavett's arrival at Isbpemlng pre
cipitated a veritable panic. People got
rid of Iron money as rapidly as they
could, and what they couldn't change
Into good currency they buried In tho
ground. A number of citizens who had
accumulated nice little bank accounts
saw them melt to almost nothing.
Gratitude is an expectation of further
Grammatically speaking, a kiss Is a
The cheerful Idiot and the practical
joker are probably full couslus.
Mnnlfest destiny Is usually regulated
by the sort of a wife a fellow has.
A recently built organ run by elec
tricity contains 04,500 miles ot wire.
To .what deep gulfs a single deviation
from tho track of human duties leads.—
The Archbishop of Canterbury Is paid
$10,000 a year more than President Mc
A proverb among the poor has it that
the rich more often reckon pence than
Gossips can't really belittle a great
man, and with a small one tbe process
I hardly know so true a mark of a
little mind as the servile Imitation of
If there Is any person whom you dis
like, that is the one of whom you should
A woman can buy more bundles for
little money than anybody else on
earth. Washlugtou Democrat.
In 18S0 tbe Erie Canal carried to tide
water 1,480,000 tons of vegetable food
In 1897 It carried only 744,000 tons.
A great deal may be said about tho
advantages of always telling the truth.
Can anything be said on tbe other side?
Tbe aeollnu harp was the Invention,
It is believed, of Atbanuslus Klrcber,
who lived In. the seventeenth century.
We always have more faith in a su
perstition that has a suggestion of
wealth lu It than one that, presages
According to tho Washington Times
tbe Kev. Sam Jones' income for several
years has been between $25,000 and
J. P. Bryant, of Bardwell, Ky,, Is said
to be the owner ot tho largest straw
berry patch iu tho world. It covers
The thing tl at appeals most strongly
to a woman who was crazy to movo
Into tho country Is that she can run
into town.—Philadelphia Times.
The popular Idea of a woman who
goes to lots ot trouble Is one who "sets
the table'1' for the Suuday supper, In
stead of couipellijig lier family to eat
oil tbe pautry shelves.—Berlin (Md.)
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