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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, September 20, 1899, Image 6

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tljc JDcmacrrtt,
BRONSON & CARS, Publishers.
MANCHESTER. IOWA.
At last accounts Mr. Astor's pedigree
continued to refuse to stay inflated.
An exchange nslss If there are too
many clergymen. Not of the right
kind.
Many people are carried away by cer
tain songs, but for a moving air the
hurricane lias the record.
The woman with the prettiest hand
and most expensive rings' Is the great
est devotee of porcli fancy work.
At any rate, the big advance In the
price of diamonds won't result In the
masses being pinched for the necessi
ties of life. v-w..,
The Kaiser has offered to paint Some
pictures for Queen Victoria. The Queen
ought to reciprocate by letting Mr. Aus
tin write some poetry for the Kaiser.
Sarah Bernhardt announces that she
never Intends to get old. She neglects,
however, to explain whether she is
Vising goat lymph or some hewer dis
covery.
Susan B. Anthony should lose no time
in making a campaign In Cuba In the
interest of women's rights. Cooking
and washing on the island are now
monopliized by men.
A child died recently of hydrophobia,
though It had never,^o far as known,
been bitten by any dogi If this case is
genuine, it might logically increase the
patronage of Pasteur Institutes.
A woman has been deelared Insane
because she persisted in puncturing her
husband's bicycle tire with her hat pin.
Women take great' chances when they
try to keep their husbands at borne.
that Chicago has a famine to ser
vants Is a result of the girls seeking
other occupations. They think there
are better ways of rising In the world
than lighting the range with kerosene.
Excessive cycling Is making physical
wrecks of its devotees. Breaking rec
ords Is paid for by broken health, and
the honor Is costly at the price. It is
one of the unhealthy characteristics of
American restlessness to take up a
good thing and push it to disastrous
extremes.
Once in three years there is a nation
al convention of/the deaf and dumb.
The session of 1880 was held during
July in St. Paul. The silent proceed
ings moved the Spectators almost to
awe. After "a heated contest," the
officers were elected by a literal "show
of hands." A reporter calls it "one of
the oddest things to see a man sitting
lit a corner soliloquizing on ills Augers."
Young Cornelius Vanderblit has de
signed a new kind of locomotive, which
upon being tried proves to be quite an
improvement over the railroad engines
now In use. Mr. Vanderblit \vns disin
herited because he married against the
wishes of his parents, BO he got a job in
the mechanical department of the New
York Central Itnlirond and went to
work Iqr a Hying. His experience
shows .that it might be a good thing If
mors rich men would give their unfor
tunate boys a chance.
In Rugby, England, a few weeks ago,
the Archbishop of Canterbury unveiled
•statue1 of Thomas HUgbes, the.author
of "Tom Brown at Itugby" and "Tom
Brown at Oxford," two books which
have given a most wholesome delight to
many thousands of young people on
both sides of the Atlantic, anil which
are sure to be rend for a long time to
come. The London Spectator says that
"he, more than any other man, made
the modern schoolboy. He took
away from good counsel Its flavor of
prigglubness, from piety its taint of
sanctimoniousness, from the virtues
their color of separateuess and self
righteou8nes8. lie convinced school
boys that it was possible to be manly
and truthful and pure, and even relig
ious, and yet remain healthy school
boys still."
Connecticut has a food adulteration
law under the provisions of which the
presence of any antiseptic or preserva
tive not evident and not known to the
purchaser or consumer marks tiie arti
cle as adulterated and unlit for sale.
The State maintains au experimental
station for analyses of suspected food
products, whence information of cases
of adulteration Is promptly sent to the
proper prosecuting officers. This sim
ple machinery has proved quite effect
ive 111 limiting the vagaries of food
sophisticators in Connecticut, since the
publicity given to the analyses of the
experimental stntlon usually results In
driving the depreciated article out of
the market. In a recent Instance the
State chemists found "pure fruit jelly"
to consist solely of "starch paste sweet
ened with glucose, artificially flavored,
colored with coal tar dye and preserved
with salicylic acid." This is excellent
public work which should be under
taken on an enlarged and liberal scale
In every populous State In the Union.
In all countries, In modern times at
least, It has been the chief .boast of
army officers that to be an officer was
to be a gentleman and a man of honor.
In other high qualities, whether moral
or Intellectual, he might be sadly defl
clelnt, but his sense of honor must be
keen and must be maintained In all
circumstances. The standard form of
words employed in .the condemnation
of military men is that which convicts
them of "conduct unbecoming an offi
cer and a gentleman." It is pitiful to
observe to what a pass the standard
of the officer and the gentleman has
come in the French army. The prepos
terous demands of an Insane milita
rism, the absurd claims of a perverted
patriotism aud the poisonous luflueuuee
ut a degrading superstition which pass
es by the name of anti-Semitism, seem
to have combined to stifle all the nat
ural promptings of honor, as well as
of sense and of justice, In a body of
lueu from whom It would be natural to
expect at least a reasonable share of
these qualities. Indeed, It Is so difficult
to realize the perverted condition of
mind in military circles In France, that
It Is only when one is reminded of It
by some specific recital that one be
comes fully aware of its existence.
It is Interesting to cbssrre that an
Eastern paper has taken up the work
of reviving'the Malt'ausiaa" principle,
•and is asserting with muejj-vigor that
'-'population iouds to increase faster
thaa" the means of subsistence." The
-ex&ct value aud signiflcaiica
of this rule
iiaVo been s6' plainly illustrated lit the
since Jftlijbus. eiatoVjiitejf it
that tiiey can Ih stated lu a.fow words.
Wiiera the,means ot subsijtcnco aro In
vxsess of lie oilsUus ponyi&tioo Uie
tendency is for population to Increase
the faster. Where the means of sub
sistence are only adequate to the exist
ing population the Increase of popula
tion cannot be faster because the ex
cess of population will perish for lack
of subsistence. Tills has been proved
signally in more than one way during
the century of which Malthus saw the
beginning. America and Australia,
having means of subsistence with civ
ilized Industry for vast populations,
have seen an Immense growth of popu
lation. In Europe, when he wrote, pop
ulation seemed to be at a standstill be
canse the means of subsistence were
110 more than enough for the existing
population. But the principle worked
out in a different way than its nuthor
supposed. For the great inventions and
devices of the century multiplied the
means of subsistence so as to permit a
great Increase of population In Europe
as well as in the unsettled portions of
the globe.
The old adage, "take care of the cents
and the dollars will take care of them
selves," finds peculiar Illustration in
the coinage operations of the United
States Government. The cvery-day
bronze one-cent piece, made of 95 parts
of copper to parts of tin and zinc,
costs the government about one-tenth
of a cent. Uncle Sam's total profit in
the onercent and the tive-cent pieces
coined last year was more than a mill
ion dollars. The Treasury Department
coins just enough one-cent pieces to
meet the demands of trade. In the fis
cal year which ended June 30 these
demands were extraordinary, a condi
tion probably due to reviving business,
the gradual introduction of "pennies"
Into Pacific coast cities,^aud the prev
alence of "pDuny-in-the-slot" machines.
.These mechanical devices keep a great
many one-cent pieces out of circulation,
and so Increase the demand upon the
Treasury for new ones. Various mi
nor coins have from time to time been
Issued. The copper half-cent piece was
current from 1702 to 1857, although
only a small number were coiued. The
two-cent piece, authorized in 1804, was
coined until 1873, and mny still be seen
occasionally in circulation. The coin
age of the silver three-cent piece was
discontinued In 1873, and the nickel
three-cent piece In 1890. Whenever
one of these coins finds its way into the
Treasury, It Is not reissued. Of the
minor coins the government now makes
It a policy to keep In circulation only
the one-cent and the five-cent piece.
WON FIRST PRIZE.
Handsome Baby Boy WhoCaptured'ihe
lllne Kibbonat a (•nratoua fellow,
Richard Stockton .Tannopoulo, aged 2
yearn and 10 mouths, the handsome
baby boy of Mr. and Mrs. J. C. .Tanno
poulo, residing at the West End Hotel,
was declared the prettiest baby at the
beauty show held recently in Saratoga,
N. Y., where Mrs. Jannopoulo is spend
ing the summer. The happy father
went into ecstacles upon' receiving the
news In a letter from his wife, and she
explains that she was completely sur
prised herself, as she did not know
ltichard Stockton was even entered.
It seems that Aunt Nellie, the child's
colored nurse, dkl some deep-dyed plot
ting:^) cast all other babies and nurses
at Saratoga in the shade.
Nellie heard about the baby show and
listened with envy to the other nurses'
accounts of how many pretty babies
BABY .1 ANXOl'OUI.O.
were to be on exhibition. Fearing Mrs.
Jannopoulo would object, Nellie clinch
ed the matter by taking her Idol down
to the big building on the sly aud set
him before the judges. "It was about
4 o'clock when Nellie returned," writes
.Mrs. .Tannopoulo, "with little Richard
pulling tit a big blue ribbon pinned to
his dress. "He's done took de prise,"
she said, with a happy smile, and then
the whole story came out.
AMERICAN SAYINGS.
"Thought* that Breathe end Words
that Burn."
Give me liberty, or give me death!—
Patrick Henry.
We must ail hang together, or as
suredly we shall all hang separately.—
Benjamlu Franklin.
These are the times that try men's
souls.—Thomas Paine.
My only regret Is that 1 have but one
life give for my country.—Nathan
Hale.
'Tis our true policy to steer clear of
permanent alliances with any portion
of the foreign world.—George Wash
ington.
Millions for defense, but not one cent
for tribute.—Charles C. Plnckney.
To the memory of the man, first in
war, first In peace and first In the
hearts of his countrymen.—Henry Lee.
Don't give up the ship!—James Law
rence.
We have met the enemy, and they are
ours.—Oliver H. Perry.
Our country! In her intercourse with
foreign nations, may she always be In
the right but our country, right or
wrong.—Stephen Decatur.
I would rather be right than be Presi
dent.—Henry Clay.
If any one attempts to haul down the
American flag, shoot hlin on the spot.—
John A. Dix.
Hold the fort! I am coming!—W. T.
Sherman.
With malice toward none, with char
ity for all.—Abraham Lincoln.
Let us have pea.ee!—Ulysses S. Grant.
Don't swear—shoot.—Leonnrd Wood.
Don't cheer! the, poor devils are dy
ing.
-John W. I'hillp.
He Wasted His Breath.
I happened into one of the railway
stations yesterday morning, aud while
I was waiting for a train to come in, I
sat down beside a grave aud dignified
little girl of perhaps 4 or 5. Presently
man in the uniform of the railway,
company cnuie In and bawled out a
long list of perfectly unintelligible
names. The little eirl looked at him
•disapprovingly. Then sbs looked up
"Ain't that a awful silly way for a
great big man to talk?'' she said.
Verily, out of the months of babes
and sucklings couieth whilom.—Wash
ington Post.
Teetof Frebli ISsc©.* w-
To test tlie freezes* of egg#, drop
th'eiu into deep Oi»U of water, and If
the small ends come to the top they are
frcsj».
EVOLUTION OP EXPOSITIONS.
How the Great World's Fairs of To-day Have Grown from a Little
Display of China In Paris a Century Ago.
S early as 1797 the Marquis
d'Aveze, having received the ap
pointment as commisloner of the
Royal Manufactures of the Gobelins,
of Sevres, and of the Savounerle, found
that the turbulent limes of the revolu
tion had so discouraged the industrial
arts that the skilled workmen of these
places were reduced to starvation,
while the store rooms were filled with
the choicest productions of their art.
This condition gave him the idea of
holding an exhibition where tapestries,
china and carpets could be gathered
together aud a great sale held.
The then unused chateau of St. Cloud
was taken for this purpose, but on the
day of the opening decree of the di
rectory banishing the nobility was Is
sued, nud lie was compelled to quit
France, and return the following year,
and, on the failure of his first attempt,
originate another exhibition, which
proved very successful. This was held
at tlie Chateau de Orsa.v, where the
house and grounds wire tilled with
beautiful and useful stud's aud wares
of all varieties.
The success of this undertaking
caused the government to take up the
idea, and the first official exposition
was held on the Champ de Mars, where
a "Temple of Industry" had been erect
ed for the purpose. At this exposition
was inaugurated the jury system of
awards. So successful did It prove that
EXHIBITION, FI.OI1ENCK, 1801.
the government resolved to hold an
nual exhibitions of like character, but
the disturbed condition of tlie country
prevented a repetition until the year
1801. The third exposition, held iu
1802, saw the origination of the Societo
d'Eucourngement, -which has been a
powerful aid to French manufacture.
On this occasion there .were 000 prize
competitors. It was at this exposition
that cotton lace and silk thread were
first shown and a prize was awarded
for the manufactures of iron by means
of coke.
No further efforts were successful un
til 111 1811), when another exposition
was held, after which those of 1823
and 1S27 occurred with vnrylng suc
cess. In 1844 the tenth aud last expo
sition during the reign of Louis Phil
ippe saw 3,DliO exhibitors participating.
Another exposition on a grand scale
was that of 1849. Nearly 5,000 exhib
itors were represented and 3,738 prizes
were awarded. The exhibition coutln
ued for sixty days, aud jts results were
so beneficial that other nations began
to realize Its importance to trade.
Three other countries had previously
given expositions of a more or less local
nature. Such were those that hnd been
held In Russia, Denmark, and Aus
tria, and many of great Importance
had been held in Belgium.
In the British dominions expositions
had been held both iu Manchester and
Leeds, and one in Dublin as early as
1827. It remalued for England to pro
mote tlie first actual International in
dustrial exposition—that of J851. At
the first meeting of the commissioners
It was decided to rely wnolly upon vol
untary contributions, and when an ap
peal was made a fund ot $1,500,000
•was soon raised. One single contribu
tor headed the list with the large
amount of $250,000. Designs for the
building were submitted by architects
of all nations. A plan suggested by
Sir Joseph Paxton was the one chosen,
but to Mr. Fox, of the firm of Fox &Hen
derson, Is due the credit of having orig
inated that new style of architecture
which was afterward dubbed the "Fer
ro Vitreous" style, he having worked
out nud made possible Sir Joseph's
suggestion. Thus originated the first
bum.ix ltxHinmoy, 1S515.
"Crystal Palace." The total cost of the
building -was $S50,000. This show
proved a success, Before tlie opening
$200,000 had already been received,for
season tickets, and during the six
months It remained open the average
number of doily visitors was 43,030.
At Its close there remained, a balance
of $750,000 above all expeuses.
The year 1S5" saw two Crystal Pal
ace shows In operation. That of New
York was organized by a Tew Influen
tial citizens of wealth as a stock com
pany, with the end in view of bringing
the manufactured goods of the Old
World here to be placed 111 comparison
with those of tlie New. The other
show of-the year was thai liekl in Dub
lin. This, too, while very successful
as an exhibition, did not attract the
Intel-national Interest It merited, uor
did it lu a financial way prove a suc
cess.
The next great exposition was that
of Paris, held In 1855. Preparations
for this exposition were begun as early
as 1853, but up to February, 1854, little
progress had been made. So slow did
tlie work progress that, the exposi
tion, which was to have opened on tlie
1st of Mny, was delayed until the loth
of that month. The main building, the
the Palais de l'lndustrie, was not built
as a temporary structure, as such
buildings had previously been, but was
intended to remain as a permanent
building for exposition purposes. In
SOME GREAT EXPOSITION BUILDINQS OF THE PAST.
all, the floor space of this great exposi
tion reached the total of twenty-nine
acres. The exhibitors numbered some
21,000, of which number France con
tributed one-half. This exposition
which differed from all previous ones
in the great variety of Its objects and
extent of productions, was closed in
person by the Emperor with great
pomp and ceremony on Nov. 15, 1855.
In 1857 Manchester held her "Fine
Art and Manufactures Exhibition."
He"'.. In a fireproof building, with
a floor space, including galleries
of 171,000 square feet, was gathered'
one of the most remarkable collections
of art works that had ever reposed
under one roof. In 1801 United Italy
held nu exhibition of some importance
at Florence, the displays of -which
were classified under the heads Indus
trial, line arts, agricultural and horti
cultural.
The next exposition of universal in
terest was that held In Loudon, "The
Exhibition of Art Works of Ail Na
tions,' of 1802. The total area under
roof was OSS,000 square feet, a greater
space than that occupied by any pre
vious exposition. The total cost WHS
$2,li0,000, or about $2.18 per square
foot of floor space.. This exposition,
while It mny be said "played even,"
was not a great success financially.
The year 1807 saw the "Universal Ex
position of Paris." It being the design
to make It universal in the scope of the
articles displayed, as well as the na
tions participating, au invitation was
extended to the workers of the world.
5?
and formal Invitations were Issued to
the foreign governments. The roofed
area was thirty-six and three-tenths
acres. The exhibits were so arranged
that each nation occupied a separate
and distinct division. The exposition
was formally opened on the 1st of
April. 1807, with the most, gorgeous'
ceremony. The American exhibit was
by far the finest we hnd ever made
abroad, the war of the rebellion having
Interfered with any pretentious display
being made iu I^oudon In 1S02. It Is
estimated that the total number of vis
itors to this great show exceeded 4,
000,000. Tlie total cost of the buildings
was ?2,350,005, or $143 per square foot
covered. It closed with a net profit of
sr,(i2,(i5l. dividends being declared of
$553,200. The remaining amount wns
devoted to public works.
Expositions were held In Moscow
nud Copennageu in 1S72, but were more
national ill character, confined as they
were to (lie products of the country
173 which they were held.
A decree issued by the Austrian Em
peror, May 24, 1870, announced that
"under the august patronage of his im
perial and royal majesty, the Em
peror. au international exhibition
would be held in Vienna in 1S73." I'o
this end an appropriation by the gov
ernment of $11,000,000 was made, aud
later, as the worlj progressed, an addi
tional appropriation of $3,000,000 mote
was found necessary. Universal Inter
est was shown In this great undertak
ing, the foreign governments selecting
from among their most eminent men
their representative commissioners. An
Idea of the magnitude or this great
show may be gleaned from the fact
that there were lu all 2,1502 awards
made, the total number of exhibitors
being about 7,000. Tlie total cost of
buildings and accessories was $7,850,
000. Receipts from visitors, $1,283,
048.78. This with the additions to rev
enue from concessions and snle of
buildings, was far from enough to
cover the great expense Incurred, the
deficit being met by the government.
The Centennial International Exposi
tion of Philadelphia, in 1870, which
gave such an Impetus to art in Amer
ica, as well as all succeeding exposi
tions at home nud abroad, Is remem
bered too well by all to come within
tlie scope of this article.
Wnlru* Whiskers.
"Of all the curious nrtlcdes of com
merce that you have ever mentioned In
print I have never seen one more
strange than a 'line' I regularly send
to China, to the Brazils, aud in very
lnrge quantities to Russia."
The speaker was a "foreign mer
chant," and he was addressing a con
tributor who has made a- specialty of
paragraphs dealing, with out-of-the
wa.v occupations.
"The article I refer to are toothpicks
that are made from walrus whiskers.
Vast quantities of the stiff, thick whis
kers of the walrus are shipped, from
Alaska chiefly, to myself, and to some
others In England. Those who send
them pull them out one by one with
special tweezers, and after the whis
kers have been trimmed and stiffened
here they are made up into bundles and
sent abroad.
"The higher class Chinese seem to
use no other kind of toothpicks, and
the more wealthy of the Russians al
ways use them at their clubs and ho
tels. I send out some thousands of
bundles yearly, and though to the buy
er they are much dearer, as well as
more ornamental, they leave plenty of
profit to the dealer. They have begun
to creep into strong favor at West End
clubs, and last year I executed some
scores of English orders."
•:•'yProtected Spiders.
At the Royal Observatory nt Green
wich the visitor may peer Into a tube
of a veteran telescope twenty-five.feet
long, much in use some 175 years ago,
but nowlnlmbited by several colonies
of spiders. These creatures find such
irresistible attraction in its roominess,
coolness and darkness that, when some
years since an assistant endeavored to
bring about their removal by the cus
tomary methods, they sturdily refused
to move. Eviction fnillng, the astron
omers made the spiders pay for their
lodgings In the form of goods supplied.
For years nu'extremely fine fabric had
been wanted to stretch ncross the eye
pieces of telescopes devoted to lra-nslt
reading. One day a scientific eye light
ed on the spiders. The day following
they were raided, and now they live
and weave under official protection.
Victorian Autojraph!,
The Duchess of St. Aibans owns
what is probably the most Interesting
collection of Victorian autographs In
the world. Besides the royal family
and the nobility represented, there are
words especially contributed by Tenny
son,"Browning, Gladstone, John Bright,
and Chamberlain, and verses written
exclusively for the duchess by the best
known verse makers of the day.
A Nice Diitinotion.
The other patrons of a fashionable
restaurant felt sure the two at the cor
ner table were father and son and were
from the rural districts. Their table
manners were sueli that any polite Jury
would have brought lu a verdict of
justifiable homicide had the bead wait
er fallen upon the two as they sat side
by side at the little table, whose snowy
cloth they were sadly disfiguring. Vig
orously they wielded knife and fork
very little fork, but much knife. At
last the way in which the son spread
his elbows interfered with the free play
of the father and brought about aloud
rebuke from the old man.
"Look a-here, Jefferson," said the fa
ther, sternly, "draw In them elbows
and eat In a narrer circle. Ain't your
mar ever told you it warn't polite to
shove others with your elbows when
you dine out. It's powerful bad man
ners to make your old father cut hi«
mouth at the table."
Conuroto Wisdom.
This is worth more than one reading:
He that knows not, and knows not
that lie kuows not, is a fool shun him.
He that knows not, and knows that
he kuows not, Is simple tench him.
He that knows, and knows not that
he knows, Is asleep wake him.
lie that knows, aud kuows that he
kuows, is a wise man seek him.
8ou(h African Gold Exports.
Consul Macrum (Pretoria, Transvaal
republic), writes that the average ex
port of gold from the ports of South
Africa amount now to about $2,092,595
each week.
Cheap Silk.
In Madagascar s!lk is the only fabric
used in the ^manufacture of clothing.
It Is clieiyjeiCthan llncu In Ireland.
The only filing as common as good
advice, is trouble.
X-
DEMOCRAT VOTES NOT SCARCE.
It Is to the luterest, of course, of the
Republicans to keep alive the belief
that tlie'Democrats were so badly beat
en the last Presidential election that
their chances of success next year are
very slight. As a matter of fact, how
ever, there was not a remarkable differ
ence between the two parties In the
total popular vote.
McKiuley led Bryan by almost an
even 000,000, but If the Republicans
hnd polled 150,000 votes less than they
did they would have been In a minority,
for the total opposition cast within
300,000 of theirs throughout the Union.
The change of oue vote In twenty
from McKlnley to Bryan would have
made the latter President, and if the
133,000 ballots that were cast by the
disgruntled Democrats for Palmer had
remained with the regular party nom
inee a change of only about one In thir
ty would have been necessary to put
him in the lead.
It Is not trne, either, as the Republi
cans have claimed, that tlie vote for
Bryan fell off from what was expected
on the strength of the Democratic vote
of previous years. Bryan lu 1896 re-,
celved nearly hBlf a million more votes
than did Cleveland In 1892. The Dem
ocracy did not gain as much during
the four years' Interval as the Republi
cans did, but, all things considered,
they held their own pretty well, even
among those who grew to manhood be
tween these two elections.
Tlie Democratic party kept itself iu
quite good shape under very adverse
circumstances, and It has recuperated
wonderfully siuce then. In New York
State, where McKlnley three years ago
had a plurality of 208,000 over Bryan,
the Republicans last year could muster
'only a beggarly 18,000 for their candi
date for Governor, who had the advant
age of a brilliant Spanish war record
and a strong personal attraction for a
large portion of the Independent voters.
Other States have done almost as
well as New York since 189C, and there
Is nothing whatever about the political
outlook to dishearten any Democrat.
On the contrary, the promise of victory
Is bright, and is becoming mgre roseate
all the time.—New York News.
it the Stands For.
"The flog," declared President Mc
Klnley, In his speech at Ocean Grove,
"does not stand for one thing In'the
United States aud another thing in
Porto Rico and the Philippines."
Let us see whether It does or not.
The Thirteenth Amendment to the
Constitution of the United States pro
vides that "neither slavery nor invol
untary servitude, except as punish
ment for crime, shall exist within the.
United States or any place subject to
their jurisdiction."
The flag on American soil proper
symbolizes this spirit of universal lib
erty- to a remarkable degree. Only in
exceptional cases, where a corporation
owned judge issues injunctions against
strikers quitting work, is tlitjre such
thing among us as Involuntary servi
tude.
But our brethren the Mora's of the
Stilu group, are not so fortunate/ al-'
though they live under the same-flag,'
and their Sultau, for a consideration,
has agreed not to "haul It down."
Among thein, a prominent writer who
has just visited the Sultanate declares
girls of 15 are valued at five bushels
of rice. Another magazine contributor,
John Foreman, Informs us that "slav
ery exists in tlie most ample sense."
We should think it does, when, iu ad
dition to slavery being hereditary, pris
oners of war, iusolvent debtors and
captives secured through piratical ex
peditions become bondmen.
Wlietherthese prisoners of war, book
ed for sale to the "Dutch planters of
Borneo," will In future be captured un
der the flag which "does not menu one
thing In the United States and another
in Porto Rico and the Pliliipines," the
President does not moke quite clear,
McLean's Nomination.
John It. McLean, editor of the Cincin
nati Enquirer, lias been nominated by
tlie Ohio State Democratic convention
for Governor, and he will doubtless be
elected, lu speaking of the prospects
Mr. McLean says:
"Ohio Is good fighting grouud this
year. The people are In revolt against
Hanna, for his tyranny aud brutality
against McKlnley, for ills subversion of
the principle on which American inde
pendence was founded, and against the
Republican party, for its paudei'lug to
the Influences that arc hostile to every
luterest of tlie people. I can see my
way clear now to predict a victory for
Democracy in November. All I ask is
the'earnest, loyal, sincere support of all
Democrats."
This is encouraglug and honest talk,
and Is In line with the general trpnd
of opinion lu Ohio. McLean stands on
a true Dcmoc-rat'c platform, reaffirming
the Chicago document from start to fin
ish, favoring free silver, denouncing
trusts, aud Indoralug William J. Bryan
as candidate for President In 1B00. Tlie
outlook Iu Ohio is bright for the Dem
ocrats. McLean Is a tighter and a
shrewd political organizer. He pos
sesses ample means, edits a great news
paper and goes In to win.—Chicago
Democrat.
l-'rjran on Trusts.
Thus succinctly did Mr. Bryan put
the trust question lu ills Chicago ad
dress: "On the trust question I sug
gest the following propositions for your
consideration: First. The trust Is a
menace to the welfare of the people of
the United States, because it creates a
monopoly and gives It to the few lu con
trol of the monopoly almost unlimited
power, over the lives nud happiness of
Ihe consumers, employes nud producers
ot raw material. Second. The Presi
dent appoints the Attorney General,
who will enforce nutl-trust laws. Third.
TJie Attorney General can. recommend
sulllcleiit laws, If present laws are ill
sulllelent. Fourth. The Attorney Gen
eral can recommend an amendment to
the Constitution, if the present Consti
tution makes It impossible to extin
guish the trusts. Fifth. The Republi
can party Is powerless to extinguish the
trusts so long as the trusts furnish
money to continue the Republican par
ty In power."—Phllllpsburg (N. J.)
News.
McKiuley on the War.
At Pittsburg President McKlnley
made a speech to the returned Penn
sylvania volunteers and their friends
in which he toolj occaslou to say that
tho war in the Philippines was entirely
just and would jbe continued until the
Insurgents capltqfated. Under tbe'clr
cumstanco?", it difficult to see how
the President could have said anything
else, for tliu situation demanded some
espresiou of opinion, no matter how
nftcli the facts might be made to suf
fer.
McKiuley asserts that the Philip
pines belong to the Uulted States by
right of conquest. If that Is the case,
what prompted this goverament to pay
Spain $2O.O0O,OOO for the Islands? In
either eveut, whnt right had the ad
ministration to impose a government
upon 10,000,000 people who don't want
toacceptltand who are fighting against
it? But McKlnley,can not be logical
in discussing the Philippine question.
He wishes to erect an argument that
will justify his course of conduct, but
the facts are against him. Therefore,
his only course Is to Ignore and distort
llie facts. There can be no doubt that
the Republean administration has blun
dered badly In this Imperialistic eain
palgu. The people are opposed to it,
and President McKiuley is at his wit's
end In a vain attempt to bolster up
his position by bndly constructed and
fallacious arguments.
Porter Pnys Purope le Prosperous.
Robert P. Porter, whose relations to
the McKlnley system of prosperity are
substantially those of a phonograph to
a business office, snys that Europe Is
also very prosperous. This talkiug ma
chine is now lu London, and bis opinion
ot European commercial and indus
trial matters Is thought to be so Im
portant that It is transmitted by spe
cial cable to the Ainerlcan.press. Mr.
Porter says that he has visited all the
countries of Europe except Spain and
Portugal and that he has met flush
times wherever ho has been. Mr, Por
ter "was struck witlwthe air of gen
eral prosperity." WorR1Is plentiful and
there Is nowhere an appearance of
want. In the continental cities, In
cluding Paris, Berlin, Vienna and Am
sterdam, vast numbers of buildings
are under construction. The demand
for Iron work Is greater than European
manufacturers can supply, which Is
the reason why contracts are awarded
to American manufacturers. Europeans
arc buying large quantities of Ameri
can machinery, with which they manu
facture-articles- that come in compe
tition all over the world with similar
articles of American -manufacture.
They purchase their tools of us and
then undersell us on our products.—
Exchange.
Prices Raised bv Trusts.
Trusts apologists must explain away
several facts before they can ask con
sumers to believe their reiterated claim
that trusts are good for the country.
To-day the average cost Of tlie necessa
ries of life is 15, per cent, higher than It
was twelve months ago. Salt, which
before the salt trust was formed, sold
for 83 cents a barrel, now sells at $1.50.
Carpets are 20 per ceut. higher than
they were, before the carpet trust was
organized. Practically all the mills In
England are controlled by a trust. Print
cloths of every kind are selling for
three-quarters of a cent more per yard
than they were a year ago. The aver
age Increase in the price of their prod
ucts made by the irou, steel and copper
trusts is 40 per cent. The anthracite
coal region is under trust control. This
trust ordered an advance of 25 per cent,
about a mouth ago, aud since then It
has put ou an addition 5-cents per ton.—
St. Louis Republic.
Altseld on Hero Worship.
Compared with the mighty civil war,
the late Cuban war scarcely rises to
the dignity of a skirmish, yet the he
roes of the late -war seem to be more
numerous than all the heroes, Union
or Confederates, of the civil war. We
are not hero worshipers, uor, on the
other liaud, are we devoted to the for
tunes of any one man. ,Wo view this
whole situation calmly, and even cold
ly. Wo rate men not by the clothes
they wear, but by the principles they
stand for, and by the services they
render their country. And viewed
from this standpoint, never before in
the history of any country or any peo
ple, wns the cause of freedom, the
cause of a great people, so herolcally
and so ably maintained iu all its integ
rity as it lias been during the last three
years by William .T. Bryan. And when
we say this, we are not indulging in
hero worship, but are simply recogniz
ing a great fact.—John P. Altgeld.
fouth'a Military Apathy.
There is no disposition In the South
to desert the flag when It Is In danger,
still when war Is not national but par
tisan in 11s character and management,
the South feels under uo obligation to
assist lu pulling Mr. McKlnley out of
the hole. It Is no want of patriotism
disclosed by the situation, but the quiet
resentment, so long ns the country Is In
uo danger, of the former scurvy treat
ment or Southern volunteers by the ad
mlulstratlon.—Houston Post.
No Need of Government-Help.
1 ex-Senator Warner Miller is so con
fident the Nicaragua caual can be built
for $100,000,005, aud that It will pay
dividends on Hint Investment, why does
he not borrow the money, ns he says
he can do, and build the caual? This
would be decidedly more profitable
than fighting the transcontinental rail
road lobby in Congress, which he af
firms Is the only opposition to the plan
of getting the government to Invest in
the ditch.—Omaha Bee.
Almost a Quarrel.
11.—l-lxcu.se me, sir. but that open
window is very aunoyiug.
*0. (pleasantly)—I'm sorry, sir, but I'm
afraid you'll have to put up with It.
B.—I wish yon would close It, sir.
I should like to accommodate you,
but 1 can't.
B.—Do you refuse to cjose, the win
dow, sir?
(.'.—1 certainly do.
K.—If you don't close it I will.
C.-Vou won't.
B.—If 1 come over there 1 will.
('. I'll give you odds you won't.
B.—I'll ask you once more, sir will
you close that window?
C.—No, sir, I will not.
B. (getting on his feet)—Then I will,
sir.
(.'.—1 would like to see you do it.
B. (placlug ills hands on the window)
—I'll show you whether I will or not,
sir.
C. las D. tugs away at window)—Why
don't you close it?
B. {getting red In the face)—It ap
pears to be stuck.
C.—Of course it is. I tried to close
it before you cams In.—Fruitman's
Guide.
Kneel era.
"They say our pitcher wuz hammer,
ed to-day, Larry."
"Yls, but Tv'ae got avou, tMacy.-"
"HvwV"
Wao haupmcrcd th* umpire*"
The OaldbiiK—A Study in KntomolonT
The gold bug's existence seems co
eval with man's, and although it has
not always been known by Its present
name, its methods of operating have re
mained unchanged, and are marked
with great caution and exceeding cun
ning. Wo have evidence of its active
presence as remote ns when "pottage"
was a medium of exchange and birth
rights were extorted from hungry, fam
ishing men. Its natural liabltal is In
tho commercial centers of the tforld,
but Its poisoned effluvium vltales tlie
channels of trade to the outermost cir
cles of the earth. While Its favorite
diet—upon which It "feeds fnt"—is real
estato mortgages and government
bonds. It readily devours corporation
bonds of all kinds, and it may be said
to bo omnivorous so far as well-secured
interest-bearing gold redemption paper
is concerned. In general appearance,
it closely resembles the human family,
so closely Indeed ns to lend to the opin
ion that it Is Idcutlcnl with man but
after the most thorough Investigation
and' careful research, oven the rays
tail to discover the. slightest rudiments
of that "Divine compassion" thnt be
speak the soul lu common humanity,
and hence It Is reasonable and very
pcltisant to think it belongs to an eu
tlrely different species.
One of Its fixed habits is to always
demand tlie "pound of flesh" if it be so
"nominated in the bond," and another
Is tj see to it thnt It nlways be so "nom
inated." So wonderful Is Its ability to
fix conditions right for its operations
by corrupting legislative and judicial
departments of state as to lead to tho
belief that it is endowed by hypnotic
power akin to that of tho traditional
serpent who "charms" his prey before
devouring It. Of late it has been rav
aging the industrial Interests of the
United States to a most alarming ex
tent and the people are preparing for a
general and concerted onslaught upon
It on the third of next November, when,
by a most thorough administration of
the popular free silver 10 to 1 remedy,
It Is. believed that the pest will be ex
terminated, or at least reduced from
Its present "pernicious activity" to a
state of "Innocuous desuetude."—An
gellne Allison.
Minds Are Confused.
There Js great confusion in the minds
of many people between a bimetallic
standard' of value and a bimetallic cir
cuIatlL'g medium. Many people think
that yon cannot have a bimetallic stan
dard of value unless In' each country
gold nud silver circulate side by side.
It is quite Immaterial and unimportant,
ns far as measuring values Is con
cerned, whether gold and silver circu
late iu each nntion. You can have a
bimetallic standard of value without
silver circulating in a gold standard
country or gold circulating In a silver
standard country.
If one-half of the nations of the world
in commercial importance were to
adopt the single gold standard and not
permit silver coin to circulate in those
countries, nnd if the other one-half of
the nations in commercial Importance
were to adopt a single silver standard
and not permit gold coin to circulate fn.
those countries, the wprld nevertheless
would be upon a blmctalllc'staudiird of
value, because there would be an equal
demand created upon au equal quantity
of metals, which would produce nil
equal price. You cau readily see that,
though the silver did not circulate lu
the gold countries, it would lie doing
service In another part of the world as
primary moucy, and consequently
would be relieving the strain upon gold,
just as much as if It circulated side by
side with the gold In that gold stand
ard country.—J. F. Shafroth.
In General.
Don't lie—It is ignoble.
Salt in whitewash makes it stick.
There are 5,COO bicycle-makers lu Chi
cago.
looks
You cau not tell by a*man's
how much he owes.
California produces about one-third
of the nlmouds consumed In the United
States.
FIsli lies are Innqceut, but they get
people iu the habit of thinking that
everything Is "flsh."
Butter, If eaten moderately, -vlll not
provMiurtful. The system needs oils
and pure butter furnishes these.
Most of the pianos and organs In tho
South African republic are iiought
from Germany, but some nre from Eng
land and the United States.
The five largest Belgian cities nre
Brussels, with 551,011 Inhabitants Ant
werp, with 271,281 Luttlch, 107,305
Ghent, 101,125 Brughes,
"50,900.
Our manners and customs go for
more in life than our qualities. The
price we pay for our civilization ls-tlio
fine yet impossible differentiation of
these.—Howeli.
Mrs. Joubert, wife of the commander
of the Transvaal forces, accompanies
her- husband In the field, and herself
has gained a considerable knowledge
of military matters.
Captain Slgsbee, late of the Maine, Is
the lnveutor of a deep-sea sounding
machine, for which he got medals from
Prussia and England. He also invent
ed mi ingenious parallel ruler for me
chanical drawing.
The highest price paid for a novel is
$200,000, which was handed over to Al
phonse Daudet for his "Sappho."
Zola's first fourteen books netted him
$220,000, nud in tweuty years ho has
made nt least $375,000.
Postage stamps may be reproduced
oucc more In England In stamp albums
and catalogues by a recent order of the
British Board of Internal Revenue.
They must be printed In black nud not
be like enough to the originals to cntiso
deception.
If men wound you with Injuries, meet
them with patience hasty words ran
kle the wound, soft language dresses It,
forgiveness cures it, nnd oblivion takes
away the scur. It is more noble by
silence to avoid au Injury thun by ar
gument to overcome it.—Beaumont.
Time wasted ou little duties Is not
often considered. A mill-owner not
long ago Issued the order that the girls
In his employ should not wear laced
shoes. The reason he gave was that
each one's boot became untied nt least
five times a day, nnd took at least five
seconds to retle. When these twenty
five seconds were multiplied by S00—
tfce number cf girls in his employ—the
loss of time was, ho said, too serious to
submit to. Another mill-owner, talk
lug over this case, said that he had for
bidden visitors, because each of his
"Jiauds" turned her head to look at
them. Computing twenty visitors a
d^y a
ad two seconds for tho head-turn
l»gf of each of his (TOO employes, made
over 6ix hours daily wasted In that
gesture.

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