BRONSON & CASB, Publishers.
Tax-dodglhg on the pan of rich meu
ilso means that physically they are apt
to Btoop pretty low.
In France yellow Journalism has at
tained its highest degree of success.
And just look at France!
The people of the United States con
sume 185.000,000 pounds of plug tobac
co every year—most of It borrowed.
Perhaps the reason why women are
not photographed Ln China is that they
can't look pleasant with pinched feet.
They call the Indian Poor Lo, but be
sold over a million dollars' worth of
land to the government the other day.
"What Is France without a crisis?"
would make a suitable inscription for
au up-to-date wall motto over In Paris.
It Is claimed that the Sultan of Sulti
treats his wives well. The main trou
ble seems to be that It's such a whole
The great demand for labor in the
West sharply defines the tramp's labor
policy. He is willing to work a farmer,
but not work -his field.
Suggesting that the camcra be used
on mobs and lynching parties is not a
bad one. It could not well .help hav
ing at least a negative effect.
Those peopTe who bring great wealth
back from the Klondike nearly always
manage to get lost as soon as they ar
rive at San Francisco or Seattle.
If the golf shoulder and the silk
skirt waist and the bicycle knee, back
and face should ever hold an awful ren
dezvous ln one human frame, what a
carnival they could have.
The eucalyptus tree, which grows ten
feet In a year, makes valuable wood,
gives the bees honey that has import
ant medicinal properties and prevents
malaria, should be planted ln many
other places than Cuba If It Is all that
It Is said to be. We may expect to hear
of the eucalyptus trust sooner or later.
A clergyman has been trying an ex
periment similar to that tried by Wal
ter Wyckoff, author of "The Work
ers." The clergyman's Idea was to find
out why the laboring man does not go
to cnurch as a rule. lie says he found
out on the first prayer meeting night
after be began to work ln a factory,
lor he tumbled Into bed and to sleep
and forgot what day it was.
Probably the most colossal mistake
ln recent criminal annals was made
by a New York burglar the other day:
He went Intro a dressmaking establish
ment ln broad daylight, where twenty
women were working and tried to
plunder the premises. As a simple
matter of course and a natural conse
quence the women fell upon him with
hat pins, Jabbed him till he closely
resembled a porous plaster and handed
him over to a policeman. The records
In even a city like Chicago teem with
captures of foolish burglars by women
single handed. What fate'could be ex
pected for the man who deliberately
Invaded a house filled with twenty
women, every one of the twenty hav
ing her hat pin handy?
A girl ln a New England factory
wrote her name several months ago on
a bolt of cotton. Recently she-received
a letter from a woman in Arizona say
ing that the cloth had been bought by
the Government, and was being cut up
for garments la an Apache Indian
school. It Is but a.few years ago that
the Apaches thought more of taking
scalps than of schools ln which shlrt
maklng Is done. While the mill girl's
act elicited this striking comparison, It
was an act to be unhesitatingly con
demned. A girl's name so represents
herself that to have it lightly bandied
about In writing, or In public convey
ances, or ln the mouths of strangers,
reflects meretriciously upon her char
acter. Had the bolt of cotton fallen
Into unscruplous bands, the letter sent
from Arizona might have been any
thing but pleasing to the thoughtless
Woman Is steadily making her way ln
the business and professional world*
and has become so large a factor that
many sociologists are -alarmed at the
situation. The young woman is crowd
ing out the young man In many ave
nues of activity. The Government ser
vice Is no exception. The bureau of
ethnology at Washington has two wom
en ethnologists. The lobster and crab
expert of the Smithsonian Institution
a woman the most respected author
ity on mammals In the National Muse
um Is a woman so Is the most skilled
entomologist, -and the chief librarian
of public documents. The Bureau of
American Republics, not long since,
wanted translators and Instituted ex
aminations in order to got the best.
Two slips of girls won the prize and are
now getting $2,400 a year. Besides
these, many clerical positions are filled
by women to the satisfaction of the
chiefs of their departments. Get a
move on you, young man, or your sister
will distance you In the race of life.
Science seems determined to abolish
the time-honored sign of an entente
cordlale between lovers. At the pres
ent rate the kiss will soon survive only
In novels. Marlon Crawford's latest
serial tells how the hero kissed the
heroine on her mouth, eyes and hair,
but science distinctly disapproves of
each Individual kiss. Having forbid
den the ordinary form of osculatory
salute It now raises the danger signal
as to kissing on the eyes. A young
married woman of Bresluu who went
to a hospital for treatment of inflam
mation of the eyes has been informed
that her sight has been permanently
Impaired by bacteria from the lips of
her husband, who was unconsciously
harboring ln his system the microbes
that cause Inflammation of the luugs.
Thus is affection robbed of one more
point of attack. Pretty young women
still appear to be willing martyrs. In
curring the danger without a murmur,
but science evidently thinks It litis
mission lh saving them from the rav
ages of the osculatory microbe.
The people have small sympathy
with rogues hence the comparative in
difference with which they have seen
the practice grow up among policemen
freely using their revolvers when
"bring to" an escaping sus
pect. But a great many Innocent peo
ple, when threatened with arrest, es
pecially when found In what they
compromising, though per
haps easily explainable, situations lose
the life of a valuable citizen. Even If
none but rogues run away, however, It
Is not for«tlio policeman to-put life in
peril by the use Of his revolver. The
only circumstances where Its use is
Justified are those where the police
man's own life or, that of another Is In
immediate peril from, a nitlinu whose
arrest Is sought. The peril must not
be merely fancied or constructive, but
actual and deadly. Otherwise the offi
cer is amenable as much as a private
citizen for :lny loss of life which may
follow the use of bis weapou. The
sooner these facts shall be brought
liomc to tile understanding of police
men everywhere the better It will be.
If the unemployed rich and the un
employed poor would only unite and
form a trust, what wonderful results
for good would follow. Mr. Glndstoue
Is quoted as saying: "The laborer has
liis legitimate, his necessary, his hon
orable and houored place ill God's cre
ation but In ail God's creation there Is
no place appointed for the idle wealthy
uian." Of all nationalities it is hardest
for the American to be id'e. His active
brain and his native energy force him
to activity, and while the wealthy class
of Europeans have learned how to en
joy a life of pleasure without ennui, the
American has not yet acquired this art.
From sheer mental restlessness, he goes
on heaping up riches, never asking who
shall gather them. To be sure, there
are scores of exceptions to this rule, as
the most costly aud complete universi
ties, schools, colleges, hospitals, libra
ries and art museums of this country
amply bear witness yet in many cases
even thesiTgenerous donors still have
a surplus greater than they or their
heirs can ever use. What is wealth? A
few huudreds of thousands can supply
every human desire for comfort and
luxury- Then why devote life, heart
and soul to the accumulation of for
tunes which will never be put to prac
tical use? Is such a course in any way
different from that pursued by the
in'eer whose chief occupation and dear
est pleasure lies iu counting Ills hoard?
Frederic Harrison, a few years ago,
called attention to the public services
of the rich men of Athens in Its golden
days, by providing games and feasts,
rearing temples, baths and aqueducts
and furnishing to Its people, social, lit
erary and esthetic enjoyment, thus
crowning their city with the light of an
undying glory. It is said that munici
palities seldom succeed In a movement
for public adornment. To be effectual
the work must be undertaken and car
ried on by private Individuals. Let the
unemployed rich, who have clear heads
to plan, unite with the unemployed
poor, who have willing hands to exe
cute, and' what a perfect combination
we shall have for' rearing enduring
works of beneficence.
EYES OF SOME GREAT LEADERS.
Optic.il Comparison of Kaiser, Kitch
cncrt Chamberlain, nbo-l' 8.
The eye as indicating a man's mental
powers has been rcceiv:ng a great deal
of attention lately. It Is a fact that all
the great men of recent times havebeen
endowed with what is callfed the ('mag
"The penetrative eye" Is invariably a
characteristic of the man born to exer
cise Immense influence over his fellows.
Look where you will among the ranks
of modern men who wield great power,
one feature of their personality im
presses the beholder above all others—
the bright, keen, geuerally "knowing'
eye that, with a glance, rcckons one to
the last gramme of merit and soeuis to
pierce one's very thoughts.
You can't bamboozle an eye like that
you cau't throw figurative dust In it
with brag or "bounce It would just
look at you and its X-rays would pene-
ItllODB.v KYlt. KITGUKHUB'S EYE.
Irate the cloak of sham and show you
In your true worth.
Such an eye Is possessed by Mr.
Rhodes. "But let me look at him," he
oucc remarked of an influentlally
backed applicant for an appointment
under him. Mr. Rhodes trusts his eye
where he would doubt the word of
Lord Kitchener has an eye as keen
as his own sword blade. A young sub
altern kuown to the writer once had
occasion to particularly notice that eye,
"and I'd rather face the flash of guns
than go through the experience again,"
the culprit declared.
Everybody lias heard of Mr. Cham
berlaln's eye—and his eyeglass. There
Is something very "deep" and mysteri
ous in the appearance of that famous
right optic. A clever man, Indeed, Is he
who could fathom Mr. Chamberlain's
meaning by studying his eyes. In bis
ease, they are not "the windows of
the soul"—he never allows theui to
"give him away" to that exteut. But
when occasion requires that same eye
can flash In a way that Is positively
disconcerting. A radical M. P. had a
CIIAHUKHLAIN'S KYIS KAISKlt's KYK.
rather lively encounter with Mi*. Cham
berlain in the early part of the present
session and in telling the story the rad
ical M. I1.—who is of a rather timorous
disposition—declared that "Chamber
lain's glance of ind'.guatlon fairly bit
me." Tills Is an eloquent tribute to
the Birmingham member's eye power.
A writer tells how on one occasion lie
saw the Kaiser riding at the head of his
favorite and magnificent guards along
Uuter den Linden, Berlin. The Em
peror's face was a study. Hard, re
morseless, terribly determined, It was a
face that one could never forget. Aud
the eyes—those wonderful eyes—glit
tered ln it like burnished steel. He
would be a brave man who dared to
say "No" to the Kaiser.
I'uyin it Debt.
Some years ago au affray among the
miners of the West resulted In murder,
and Senator Thurston, believing the
accused to have been innocent In inten
tion, took up his case aud greatly miti
gated the lad's punishment. Six months
afterward a man, armed to the teeth,
appeared In Thurston's ofliee.
"Be you Squire Thurston?"
"Be you the man that defended Jack
Bailey at court?"
The Senator, thinking his last hour
was come, again answered, "Yes."
"Well, I'm Jack Bailey's pardner,
and I've come to pay you. 1 haven't
got any money, but I'm a man of hon
or. Anybody in town you (Mu't like?"
As the Senator st&lllngly disclaimed
any thirst for booty or blood, the caller
Insisted Incredulously, "Put on your
hat, squire, and Just walk down the
street. See anybody you don't like,
throw up your thumb and I'll pop him."
r:' .nvi •.
bullet la pursuit may sometime* cost
COST AND PROPHET.
As a cold business proposition the
conquest of the Philippines does not
present ail alluring prospect. There
can be no doubt that the insurrection
can fie crushed' by tills Government.
But at what cost? Experience is a safe
guide, aud tlfe experience which this
country has had with the red men
ought to teach something as to the
experience which may be expected
with the brown men.
For a hundred years there has been
a running fight In the United States
with the Indians. The expense has
been enormous :tnd the loss of life la
mentable, but the conflict was inevita
ble aud necessary for the establishing
of peace and prosperity within our own
boundaries. Such is not the case, how
ever, in the Philippines. What the re
sult will lie Is easy to judge.
In discussing this questiou the Pitts
burg Tost says: "One hundred thou
sand soldiers will be needed ill the
Philippines before President McKln
ley can carry out his policy of con
quest. Then after the last oC the poor
iblneks have been pounded Into submis
sion, a great standing army will be
necessary to maintain what was gained
at the cost of hundreds of lives and
millions of dollars. The Philippines
will Indeed have to be a rich country
to produce the cash that will be requir
That is simply the business point of
view. When the case Is examined
from the higher ground of justlce-and
honor the judgment of all patriotic
citizens must be pronounced against
this McKinley policy of imperialism.
Bryan nn.l the Trusts.
William J. Bryan lias given the New
Jersey Democrats some good advice
concerning the trusts. It Is to be hoped
that this advice will be taken and It
may be said that It is of such a char
acter as to be of general appreciation.
In brief, this advice tendered by Mr.
Bryan Is as follows:
He advocates a graduated Income
tax, ln which every citizen shall con
tribute to the support of the tjtate ac
cording to ills means' and not according
to his necessities. He advocates the
elect ion of Senators by the people and
not, by designation of the party In
power. He asks for legislation against
trusts nnd for the vesting In Congress
of plenary powers to deal with corpo
rations doing business outside theJState
In'which they arc organized. He fav
ors'An act requiring corporations to file
articles of incorporation with the Inter
state commerce commission, with strict
limitations to prevent monopoly.
New Jersey is the hotbed for the
growth of trusts. Formed in this State,
these giant combines spread their
branches all over the nation. It is fit
ting that a warfare on trusts should
begin In New Jersey. With a gradu
a ted Income tax the trusts would be
forced to pay their Just share of gov
ernmental expenses. With plenary
power in Congress to deal with trusts,
the rights of the people would be pro
tected. With Senators elected by pop
ular vote the corrupting of Legislatures
by trusts would be made Impossible.
VcKinley and Hrj'iiu.
It seems to be admitted pretty gen
erally that the Democrat and Republi
can candidates for ..the presidency ln
1000 will be the same men who strug
gled for that honor In 1890. William
J. Bryan and William McKinley will
doubtless be pitted against each other,
and the forces which fought for both
are organizing for the fray.
There can be no doubt that the more
popular man of the two is William J.
Bryan. He Is a man of opinions and
has no characteristics of the trimmer.
On the other hand, William McKinley
Is a man of policy. He trims his sallfe
to catch popular breezes and, as is al
ways the case with a trimmer, fails ln
the object which he wishes to obtain.
Bryan Is wise, prudent and conserva
tive. Moreover, be is honest and fears
nothing. McKinley is not wise he
lacks prudence, substituting for that
sterling quality au abundant timidity.
What passes for conservatism iu Mc
Kinley Is really a lack of firm convic
tion, and the maintaining of a strong
.Inertia when activity Is demanded.
It the people are allowed to' have
their way, William J. Bryan will be
elected President In 1000. But the same
course of intimidation, bribery and cor
ruption followed in 1890 by the Repub
licans will be followed In 1900 and the
people must be prepared to combat
and vanquish these malignant forces.—
Chicago Democrat. i,
Mr. McKinley cannot afford to be
otherwise than optimistic. It is his
war. He embarked the country ln it
without consulting either Congress or
the people. The acquisition of the
Philippines was his Idea. He insisted
through his docile afeents and brokers
In Paris upon the surrender of the
Philippines by Spain as the condition
upon which lie would agree to make
peace with the latter country, although
nothing of the kind was stipulated or
even hinted at in the protocol. Rather
than miss what he must have
thought at the time was a fine bargain
lie agreed to pay Spain $20,000,000 for
her title, such as it was, and to take
the chance of licking the Filipinos Into
submission. How many millions in ad
dition to the $2T,000,000 paid to Spain
have since been expended In the vain
effort to protect the Spanish title by
war and bloodshed the American peo
ple do not know.—Baltimore Sun.
Must Go After Them Hard*
It Is simply a waste of energy to la
bor with the monopolies. They are Im
pervious to anything like sentiment.
The only way to reach them Is to re
peal the laws that enable tliem to vic
timize a helpless people. A few Re
publican papers have been frank
enough to admit this and to voice a de
mand for action along this line. But
the "friends of the people" seem to
have something else to think of just
now than the liberation of the people
from the thralldom of the extortioners.
A United nomocracy.
There Is but one sort of Democracy,
and that is founded on fundamental
principles as old as Thomas Jefferson
nncf as Inflexible as his own unyielding
will. Neither tariff schedules nor fiscal
policy can affect, much less destroy,
the faitli of those who accept the teach
ings of Jefferson. Democracy Is truth.
This truth Is self-evident. It embodies,
among others, the belief that all men
are created equal that Governments
derive their just powers from the con
sent of the governed that "the majority
It is gratifying to record the fact that
a united party Is returnlug to old land
marks that the estrangements of 1890
are being forgotten and that all the
faithful have come to a realization of
the fact that the worst Democrat, If
representative in character and caliber,
is safer than tile best Republican, how
ever well-meaning the latter may be.
This because of what the Democrat
stands for because he represents the
keeper of the keys of American liberty.
—New York News.
Not lontt nt the Present Rate.
If It Is "treachery" for freedom to
oppose and run counter to a foreign
policy, hatched in a cabinet meeting,
and in no part or parcel Indorsed by the
people, how long will It le before
"treason" will consist In opposing a
domestic policy of that party? ftow
long will it be before all who presume
to vote against the Republican candi
dates will be rounded up, driven Into
transports, and hustled off to some
Devil's Island, set apart for "traitors?"
Jnpat.'i itc'iw irii Step,
The news that the Japanese Govern
ment will make religion a subject of
strict state supervision, coupled with
the fact that practically all foreign offi
cials have been weeded out of the
country, seems to Indicate that Japan
Is taking steps back toward that re
markable condition of chauvinism and
Isolation that was its chief character
istic before the opening of the treaty
ports. Since 1S07 Japan has been on
the decline. She began it by adopting
the gold standard.—Ex.
C'nn't I'otli 1 Might.
If, as the President truly says, the
war with Spain ended "with the ex
change of ratifications in April," what
becomes of the Tory contention that
the fighting in the Philippines is a con
tinuation of the war with Spain, and
that the expenses of maintaining the
army now in the Philippines may be
met by Issuing bonds authorized for
paying the cost of the Spanish war?—
Grand Rapids Democrat.
Only ffny to Get I'cuce,
McKinley outlined the policy of the
Government in the Philippines It was
"peace first and then such a govern
ment of the people under the stars and
stripes as 1b for their highest well be
ing." Of course peace is not to be
sought except with the shotgun, and
we are to be sole judges as to what is
best, for their well being.—Manchester
It was not so long ago that the ''cen
sored" dispatches claimed that eleven
regiments could be recruited from the
discharged volunteers In the Phil
ippines. This claim has been gradually
whittled down until It Is now conceded
doubtful If as many full companies
can be re-enlisted.—Grand Rapids
fitxe cf' Our Conquest.
Only three square Inches on a,two
foot map of Luzon has been conquered
by the American troops. The military
authorities might advantageously adopt
the policy of the gentleman who de
manded a foot every time he received
an inch.—San Francisco Call.
1 Don't Consort with Liberty.
If we arc going to raise the torch of
liberty ln the Orient we ought not to
tolerate slavery, polygamy and head
hunting, and pay subsidies to mon
archs who Include those items In their
system of government.—Denver News.
Tolls the Knell of. Boyalty.
The great bell of St. Paul's was not
tolled for Prince Henry of Battenberg,
because he was not in the line of de
scent from any English sovereign. This
honor Is paid to only a member of the
royal family who could under any con
ceivable circumstances succeed to the
throne, though It may be doubted
whether the bell would toll for a royal
Infant not In the direct line of succes
sion. Tills rule does not apply to the
consort of. the sovereign, or the- heir
apparent or of a prince or princess on
the steps of the throne. The booming
of the great bell of St. Paul's waft the
first intimation which the citizens of
London received of the death of the
prince consort, which occurred at 11
o'clock on the night of Saturday, Dec.
Outside the royal family the only per
sons for whom the bell Is tolled are the
archbishop of Canterbury, the bishop
of London, the dean of St. Paul's and
the lord mayor of London dying Iu his
year of ofliee. The bell tolled Is not
Great Paul, bui the old great bell on
which the hours are struck. On the oc
currence of a death in the royal family
the home secretary at once communi
cates with the lord mayor, desiring him
to convey the news to the dean at St.
Paul's, with a request that the great
bell may be tolled. The bell is then
tolled at Intervals of a minute for an
hour. The last occasion was on the
death of the Duke of Clarence, on Jan.
14, 1892. The duke died at 9:15 a. in.,
and the bell was tolled from 11 till 12.
At the funeral of the late Canon Llddon
in September, 1890, Great Paul, which
Is much the deeper and sonorous bell of
the two, was made uvllable, as by the
rules the old great bell could not be
From Feulmore Cooper and other au
thorities we have gained the Impres
sion that the Indian is a stolid, severe
Individual, with no sense of tbe white
man's humor, but one red brother
showed himself quite a civilized joker
the other day ln tbe United States
CRIME OF THE AGES.
at St. Paul. He was a witness ln a hot
ly contested case, and a lawyer was
after him ln the most approved style to
cast discredit on his testimony. After
apparently frightening the Indian with
the awful consequences which would
follow the slightest deviation from the
truth, the lawyer solemnly sold:
"Now, sir, I want you to tell me the
exact truth, without any shuttling or
evasion. I want you to look me square
In the eye aud tell me how you get
The Indian looked straight at the law
yer and, with that grave air familiar to
all acquainted ivlth tliered man, simply
The court room roared, and the law
yer let the witness go.
A House Madu or Paper.
A paper house with sixteen rooms
has been erected by a Russian gentle
man at his country .Beat. The bouse
was constructed In New York by an
American engineer,_and cost 80,000 rou
bles. Its architect declares that It will
last longer than a stone building.
DREYFUS CASE THE DARKEST
DRAMA IN 'HISTORY.
A storr of Tragic IncidentFoal In
trine, Vile -Treachery, Suffering
Innocence and Triumphant Vil
The story" of Alfred Dreyfus, a cap
tain in the French uiiuivi'j', wuu Was
reconvicted on the charge of selling
state secrets to the German Govern
ment, is one of the most remarkable
In tbe history of the world. It Is a story
full of dramatic and tragic Incidents, of
foul Intrigue and vile .treachery, of
forgery, assasslnatiou, suicide and al
most every species of crime and wicked
ness known to desperate and degener
ate men. That dreadful drama that has
so dishonorably affected a nation has
overthrown live French cabinets, has
driven three men to suicide, others to
exile and many to undying sbame and
infamy. Nor is the end yet. Truth,
Justice, the sympathy and moral -sup
port of the unprejudiced in e.ery land
are on the side of Dreyfus, and the day
will eventually come when the French
nation will declare the Innocence of the
man whom It has twice condemned.
Alfred Dreyfus Is an Alsatian Jew.
He received a military training at the
Ecole Polytechnlque, Paris, and In 1878
was appointed to a sub-lieutennncy. He
made a specialty of the artillery serv
ice and bis rise was rapid. In 1889 he
was a captain in the army in 1893 he
was attached to the general staff—the
first Hebrew to hold that position. He
was married, the father of two. chil
dren, and the future seemed roseate.
Bnt Dreyfus was a Jew—a crime in
France. Hounding Jews In that opera
bouffe of a republic Is a pastime and
In that year—1894—spies of the
French secret service department re
covered a letter from the office of the
German embassy ln Paris which seem
ed to Indicate that some Frenchman
was carrying secret Information to that
office. The letter contained the sen
tence: "This dog of a Is really
getting too greedy." In September,
1894, tbe spies brought to light another
document known as the bordereau. It
whs In the nature of a memorandum
naming five military secrets which the
writer offered to convey to the un
named person be was addressing. It
was turned over to the miserable Mer
cier, French Minister of War, and he
summoned experts who pronounced it
to be the work of Dreyfus. 'Major
du Paty de Clam, one of the most exe
crable scoundrels who have figured In
the whole national drama, was given
the bordereau for further Investigation.
He summoned Dreyfus before blm. The
Investigation was secret, and the Infa
mous Paty de Clam pronounced Drey
fus guilty, apd added that tbe latter
had made a full confession. Dreyfus
was arrested and incarcerated in the
Chercbe Midi military prison.
the First Conviction.
In December, 1894, Dreyfus was put
on trial before a court-martial.' The
trial was a farce. It is now known
that not a particle of credible proof was
adduced against him. Caslmlr-Perier,
then President of France, left it on rec
ord that only one incriminating docu
ment was laid before the judges, and
that document was a forgery. The prin
cipal witnesses against the prisoner
were Colonels Henry, Esterhazy and
Paty de Clam. Dreyfus was convicted.
His conviction was necessary to shield
others Just as his second conviction
was decreed 'upon for reasons of state.
Jan. 0, 1895, Dreyfus was publicly de
graded, his sword being broken and bis
uniform defaced. The. Parisian mob
shouted "Down with tbe Jews!" and
"Live the army!" and a little later the
prisoner was taken to Devil's Island,
off the coast of French Guiana, to suf
fer imprisonment for life.
Working for the Prisoner.
The case of Dreyfus apparently was
closed. The conspirators who bad con
denmncd him were strong and power
ful. It was unpopular and unsafe to
speak a word in favor of the prisoner
or of tbe proscribed race to which he
But tbe case was not closed. The
heroic wife of the prisoner, lime.
Luclle Dreyfus, remalued, to fight for
the honor of her husbaud, In whom she
believed, aud well and loyally did she
wage her battle against entrenched
wrong aud injustice and hate. Friends
rallied around her, and In the press and
legislative halls the case of Dreyfus
was kept ever to the front
In June, 1895, Col. George PIcquart be
came head of the secret Intelligence of
the war office. Documents came Into
his bands thut convinced him that
Esterhazy bad written the bordereau
and that Dreyfus was Innocent. He
communicated this belief to Generals
Bolsdeffre and Goose. But Esterhazy
stood high in their regard, and PIcquart
was sent on a perilous mixtion to Afri
ca In the hope that he would never re
turn. This was in the fall of 1890.
Otbers, however, followed along the
lines of PIcquart In his Investigation.
Scheurer-Kestner asserted, the linn,
cence of Dreyfus, and Mathleu Drey
fus, brother of the prisoner, openly ac
cused Esterhazy as the author of the
bordereau. The agitation was so strong
that In January, 1898, the war office
ordered a whitewash courtruiartlal for
Esterhazy. PIcquart was recalled to
testify. Esterhazy was acquitted ac
cording to program, and then PIcquart
was arrested on a trumped-up charge
of forgery and sent to prison. The war
office was still In the ascendant, while
the lonely prisoner on Devil's Island
was eating out his heart hi suffering
The Zola Kpisode.
Then came the novelist, Emile Zola,
who In an open letter charged Ester
hazy, Henry and the chiefs of the war
office with conslpracy to ruin Dreyfus.
This brought upon his head the wrath
of the army chiefs and he was tried for
slander and found guilty. He appealed,
was again convicted and fled from
France. M. Labor! was bis counsel.
France at this time was In a state of
the utmost disorder. There were fre
quent riots. The cabinet of M. Mellne
fell, to be succeeded by that of M.
Brisson, and the general political fab
ric seemed on the verge of breaking up.
At this juncture—July, 1898—War
Minister Cavalgnac asserted his belief
In Dreyfus' guilt, and his speech to this
effect In the Chamber of Deputies was
ordered posted throughout France. He
produced a document at the time that
he said bad convinced him of Dreyfus'
It was retorted that the document
was a forgery aud was committed by
Col. Henry. The latter soon afterward
admitted his guilt and then committed
suicide. Previous to this Lemerder
Picard, who figured In the scandal,
committed suicide, and last spring,
Lorlmler, Col. Henry's former clerk,
After the Henry fiasco Cavalgnac re
signed as Minister of War. Gen. Zur-
HISTORICAL CONFRONTATION OF HENRY AND PICQUART.
a passion. Schemers curry favor by It
In the estimation of the baser elements,
and France has a superabundance of
the former. Then Dreyfus was brill
iant and studious. TheBe qualities gen
eratedienvy, and so. In 1894, when cer
tain high-born and accomplished ras
cals wanted a victim upon whom to
cast the odium of their malodorous
lives, what more natural than to select
the despised and envied .Tew—Dreyfus?
clli-ifr inte ccret«.
linden succeeded him, and be soon re
signed because be was opposed to a
revision of tbe Dreyfus ease. A month
later still another War Minister, Gen.
Chauolne. tvent down and out for the
same reason, and after blm the whole
cabinet. Francois de Pressense was
expelled from the Legion of Honor be
cause be raised his voice for Dreyfus,
and others suffered social ostracism
and political death for like offenses.'
There were accusations and recrimina
tions, threats of riot and rebellion, and
other resignations from high offices, all
because of the exile away off on the
coast of Guiana.
New Trial Ordered.
This was the situation at the opening
of the present year. Then the testi
mony of Dreyfus, taken on Devil's Isl
and, was presented before the Court of
Cassation, which was considering tbe
granting of a new trial to Dreyfus.
Events then crowded on one another.
Paty de Clam was arrested In Paris
and Imprisoned. .Esterhazy, who had
fled to London, confessed that he was
the author of the bordereau. In June
the Court of Cassation ordered it new
trial for Dreyfus and referred the case
to the Rennes court-martial. July 1
Capt. Dreyfus arrived at Rennes, and
Aug. 7 the second court-martial began.
The details of tbe trial, famous and
Infamous alike, and the outrageous
conviction of the prisoner are familiar
to all. The fight made for their client
by M. Laborl and M. Demange and the
prejudiced nnd unfair rulings of the
court-martlal's president, Col. Jouaust,
will live, the one a record of honor, the
other a record of shame. It was not
Dreyfus so. much as France that was
on trial at RenneB, and France convict
ed herself of an Infamy as deep, an In
justice as black and a dishonor as great
as ever stained the life of a nation. But
one thought can come to a person con
sidering tbe present result of the drama:
"A government that cannot do justice
to the humblest of Us citizens has no
justification to exist."
HE GOT WELL,
Anil the Despised Little German Band
ttaVed His Lire.
It was a sad scene. The old man lay
on his bed, and by blm sat the faithful
wife, holding his worn hand In bers,
and forcing back the tears to greet his
wondering look with a smile. But he
felt the cold hand falling ou him, and
he turned bis weary eyes up to her pale,
"Jennie, dear, 1 am going."
"Oh, no, John—not yet—not yet."
"Yes, dear wire," and he closed his
eyes "the end Is near. The world grows
dark about me. There Is a mist around
me gathering thicker and thicker, and
there, as through a cloud, I hear the
music of angel*—sweet aud sad."
"No, no, John, dear that Isn't an
gels that's the brass band at the-cor
"What!" said the dying man. "Have
those scoundrels dared to come here
when they know I'm dying? Give me
my bootjack. I'll let 'em sec."
And, lu a towering rage, the old man
jumped from his bed, and, before his
wife could think, he bad opened the
window and shied the bootjack at the
"Pve hit that fat leader iu tbe neck!"
And he went back to bed and got
It Is estimated tbat the consumption
of beer ln the entire world amounts to
$1,080,000,000 per annum.
To agree with everybody Is as bad ai
not to agree with anybody.
A REMARKABLE KNOWLEDGE.
It Is Fow sae4 by an Iowa Girl ol
Only Two Years.
Viola Olerlch Is the name of tbe most
remarkable child ln tbe State of Iowa,
If not in the world. She is only two
years and one month old, yet she Is
possessed of the gravity of a woman,
and, Indeed, her face is tbe face of a
mature, Intellectual woman. Viola,
When Viola was one year and eleven
months and twenty-five days old $lin
passed an examination before,two com
petent teachers. At that time the child
knew not less than 3,000 substantives.
It Is probable that the vocabulary of
this baby was at that time much larger
than that of tbe ordlnacy man, Her
lather says that Viola knows more
nouns than the average adult knows
-words. The unusual precocity of the
child was nurtured and developed by
the parents, nnd when she once began
to learn she learned so rapidly that
her natural guardluns were scarce able
to keep pace'with her.
Records of tbe child's work were
kept by her parents and are very Inter
esting. There is first a scrapbook in
which are pasted the pictures of 1,100
various objects. Viola'can tell the
name of any of these objects by look
tug at the picture. In a separate book
Is kept a. record of tbe names of tbe
objects tbe pictures of which are past
ed In tbe scrapbook. Viola calls the
scrapbook the "picture book." She
readily recojgulzes all tbe pictures in
the book, and cannot only do this bnt
Is also able to read a number of simple
Her education has been conducted on
the "sentence method," or the syn
thetic rather than tbe analytical sys
tem of teaching. The results have
been most marvelous. The child can
understand things which do not come
Into the mind ordinarily until tbe age
of fifteen or sixteen has been reached.
Mr. Olerlch'a theory of teaching Is
what be calls the "natural method." It
rosts on three principles, which be de
icrlbes as follows:
1. To awaken a keen Interest for ed
ucational work by the use of attractive
apparatus—playthlngB for the child.
2. To treat the child at all times
with tbe greatest of kindness and
8. All the educational works of the
child should be au Interesting game of
play--pjjrely voluntary. No element of
coercion or even undue solicitation
should ever be resorted to.
"The secret of such wonderful suc
cess ln the use of the natural method
of Instruction," says Mr. Olerich, "lies
In the fact tbat great Interest means
undivided attention, and close atten
tion means retention. Kind treatment
nnd voluntary learning continually In
crease the delight for further Inquiry.
With all her precocity, Viola has never
-'studied' a lesson In her life. She has
only 'played,' and she always wants
to play longer."
LADY YARDE-BULLER INSANE.
Famous California Beauty Is Placed
Under Care of Gnardian.
Lady Yarde-Buller, concerned ln
many remarkable episodes lu Europe
and California, has been adjudged In
sane, and a guardian appointed for her
person and estate. She has run through
a fortune In fifteen years and has gain
ed notoriety by her eccentric behavior.
Those who have been thrown Into con
tact with her during the last few
months testified that Lady Yarde-Bul
Ier's addiction to alcohol had Increased
so much that she Is incompetent to
manage her affairs. She spent her
money recklessly 'and went so far as to
actually throw It away pn the streets.
While her actual Income is only about
¥400 or $500 a month she had been
spending $000.' Lady Yarde-Bullcr's
career has been checkered. She was
spoiled by ber father, who was very
wealthy, and when in her teens tried
to elope ln Japan with' young Majorl
banks, afterward Lord Twecdmouth.
Then she wedded an Englishman
named Blair, wbo was killed lu South
Africa. Soon aft£r bis death she mar
ried Yarde-Buller, a Scotchman, who
taught her how to drink. They quar
reled and be sued for a divorce, alleging
that she showed too much partiality for
the society of Valentine Gadsden, a
The Average' Englishman,
A writer In an English magazine de
clares tbat tbe real average English
man is a worklugmau earning $0 a
week, wearing no collar, knowing noth
ing of tootti-brusbes and handkerchiefs,
and getting shaved only on Sunday. Ho
does not buy books, and reads nothing
but sporting papers.
Least Interesting Country.
An English traveler declares tbat the
least Interesting country In the world
to visit Is Corea.
If a woman males a second mistake
at playing cardB, other women begin
to wonder bow each a church mntnher
can be such a cheat'
With the utility of money as a rnedl-,
urn of exchange substituted by the
qualities aud other accidents common
to ordinary products, money becomes
subject to tbe same fluctuations ln val
ue. Thus, It may be cornered like other
products. Indeed, tbe establishment of
gold as the sole standard Is the practi
cal cornering of the entire money mar
ket of the United States, and wben that
staudard shall have become universal
the greatest "corner" on earth will
have been created. We know, from sad
experience how wheat, corn, pork, etc.,
when cornered, rise lu price to the det
riment of tbe consumers.
No longer than a few months ago a
penny was added to the poor man's
loaf because tbe wheat production was
controlled by a few gambling specula
tors. The remedy, and tbe only cure lu
such cases, is tbe hurrying to market
of large quantities of "free" wheat to
"break" the corner. Nobody objects
to this mode of circumventing the de
signs of speculators In food products
ou the contrary, it 'Is esteemed a bless
ing tbat tbe country can produce an
accretion to the supply to defeat those
Iniquitous designs. We even attack the
throne of heaven with petitions for rain
to produce an abundance.
the way, Is a very pretty child and
gives promise of developing Into a
beautiful young woman. She Is the
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ole
rlch. Her father was recently super
intendent of tbe public schools of Lake
City, but he gave up the post for the
purpose of devoting himself to the
work of writing a treatise on educa
But what is there to break the gigan
tic corner In gold—the absolute control
and concentration of our entire stock of
money? Do we Implore the divine as
sistance to release us from the yoke of
the money power? Not at all. The ma
jority of the voters of the country In
1896 ratified tbat corner, agreed that
the clutch of the money power was
pleasant and agreeable. The whole
Republican administration, the present
government of this great producing
country Is not only averse to Interfer
ing with It, but Is aiding Its perpetua
tion with all of Its power and Influence,
and Is, moreover, pledged to increase It
and make It unassailable. Here Is a
curious condition of things.
A government of the people that dls
oountenaces a corner in breadstuff as
something so unrlgbteous tbat It will
lend Its money to defeat It, while at
the same time It is pledged to maintain
a most Iniquitous corner In the money
necessary to buy that breadstuff! Nay,
more, It considers It dishonest to inter
fere with It, and denounces as "anarch
ists" those who attempt to break It.—
O. H. Robinson.
Somewhat of a Corner.
A Republican newspaper says that
the reasons we have not had large Im
portations of gold Is that Europe Blnce
Jan. 1, 1898, has returned to us $375,
000,000 in our securities. Enrope has
retained her gold by parting with our
stocks and bonds, yet during all tbat
time tbe money market over there has
been tight and they have clung to their
gold like mlsprs. The'artlcle further
says this will have to stop now, as they
have no more of our securities to sell,
and that balances will hereafter have
to be paid to us In gold. If that be so,
where will they get the gold? Will not
the scramble for the ltffle gold in sight
raise the price of money and reduce
tbe price of commodities'? Will It not
produce a panic in Europe, and will
not that panic react on America? Will
not all the nations be contending for
our gold, and will hot gold advance in-"
stead of wheat? The settlement of the
money question Is almost in sight. In
stead of coming to us In an increased
coinage and the lssufe of Government
paper by the quiet process of wise leg
islation It will come In breaking banks,
ruined merchants and widespread des
olation. But however It comeB the peo
ple will haje more money and the de
structive method may bring the quick
est returns. An educational campaign
by ordinary methods Is slow, but ca
lamity is a swift and thorough teacher,
and Hs lesson Is never forgotten. Tbe
common people have only reached the
kindergarten of finances, but tbe gold
bugs will advance them to the univer
sity so quick that they will finish their
education with aching heads and empty
A Babbit's Stupidity.
"I saw a curious Incident not long
ago which seems to show tbat the rab
bit, like other wild creatures, has room
ln Its brain for only one Idea at a time,"
says a lover of animals. "I was walk
ing up a lane, with three dogs trotting
ln front A smart little fox terrier and
a fat black cocker spaniel led tbe way
•lde by side, and another very fat
cocker waddled after them, about ten
paces ln the rear. A rabbit bolted out
of the hedge Just after tbe two dogs
had passed, and, coming face to face
with the very fat cocker, wheeled and
dashed up the lane, passing the other
two dogs so closely that tbe fox terrier
raced alongside poor bunny for half a
dozen yards and caught him. The curi
ous part of the business was that the
rabbit, when bolting from the dog be
hind, almost ran Into the two dogs In
front, and, plainly, did not see them at
all till It had passed them and the fox
terrier gave chase. I suppose Its
thoughts and energies were centered
•on escape from the roly-poly dog,
which, had the rabbit only known It.
could have caught a swallow on the
wing us Boon as Its frightened self."
Costly Book No One Beads.
Over 100 volumes of the Rebellion
Records have been published by the
government, at a cost of $2,000,000. A
public library lu town near Boston
has a full set, and the librarian says In
his report: "When Hehry B. Pierce
was alive he used to look at some of
them once In a while, but now there is
only one man who ever calls for any
of the set. He seems to be greatly In
terested In tbe battles In which his
father fought. We can hardly afford
the space for the Rebellion Records
much longer."—Boston Journal.
Help Out the "Infants.**
The orphan Islands of the sea which
our very benevolent and tender heart
ed Uncle Samuel Is picking up and add
ing to his otherwise numerous and very
expensive household are giving him
lots of annoyance aud putting him to a
heap of expense. But you know the
Infant Industries of this country must
have room for trade, therefore bend
your back, aud sweat and pay your
taxes and say nothing, then you will
prove your loyalty and be a "dear good
Potato Crop First.
Ot all the staple crops of tbe world
tbe potato takes the first place, the an
nual crop being more tban 4,000,000,000
bushels, against 2,500,000,000 bushels
of wheat and 2,000,000,000 bushels of
corn. Of the total potato crop Europe
produces fully seven-eights, and on&i
half times as much as her wheat, and
all the cereal^ together are but 50 pee
xml | txt