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BROHSOH ft CASE, Publishers. MANCHESTER, IOWA. The newly discovered Eros Is a little lore of a planet Should the evil of a use of money ever be healed In politics It won't hap pen through the ordinary heeler. A doctor admits that he kills incur able patients. He's a wise doctor If that is the only ltiud he ever kills. The candy trust may be good thing for the confectioners, but It will be rough on the doctors and dentists. The census of Cuba will necessitate considerable more work than It would had Weyler remained In charge of the Island, Why should remark be made about Mark Twain residing In New Jersey? He'd be a funny man if ho didn't live somewhere. Many of those who 'talk of boycott would like to see the French Exposi tion, but they can't shut their eyes to the Dreyfus case. It Is estimated that New York bur glars secured booty worth $3,500,000 last year. They are not paying any taxes on it either. In our view of life It Is well to re member that the Man With the Hoe Isn't always the most miserable. It's often the man who hires him. •V Occasionally we find a case where man's friends:sugort him for office because It's easier,"Slid cheaper than supporting him In sora'c otUer way. Comment is made that the dancing masters have ordained that the waltz shall be danced differently. Why shouldn't they take stepB to uiodify fashlons also? The government^ Is to manufacture Its own smokeless powder hereafter, and of course It Is to be expected that It will be more smokeless than that Df any other nation on earth. William Waldorf Astor Is reported to have rejected a poem written for his magazine by Rudyard Kipling. Mr. Astor must have reasons for believing that Kipling Is not to be made a lord after all. A common practical joke Is to pull a chair away from a person who Is about to sit down "Practical murder" Is the more accurate phrase, for death ir lifelong spinal disease may follow the' cruel act The world's production of gold last year amounted In value to nearly 1295,000,000. That Is an enormous sum, yet It Is a mere trifle In compari son with the value of other products tar less glittering. Thc'output of the wheat fields makes that of the gold mines seem poor Indeed. It Is said that there Is no range long enough to test the new British guns. At this rate of progress it won't be long before the nations can make war in each other without going out of their respective domains—It only re mains now to perfect a projectile that will go round a corner. "Automobile" Is Indeed a mongrel word, half Greek, half Latin, but hav ing come Into general use, it has gain ed nine points of the law, and may be looked upon as a.fixture In the lan guage. The disposition to shorten it to "auto" Is nearly as vulgar as the legradation of bicycle to "bike/' Tennessee, Arkansas and all other Bouthern States have developed natu ral resources for the manufacture of a. great variety of commodities for which they are dependent on Northern States. "More business, less politics," will tend to the abolition of all such needless and costly Independence. The waste of atmosphere Is the sub |eet of an article by George J. Varney In the Chautauquan. It Is to be hoped, he says,, that all unnecessary pollution Df the atmosphere and consuu^tlon of Its life-giving principle will soon be avoided and that the forests, which conserve our water power and restore oxygen to the atmospliere, will receive that careful protection and nurture which their Importance demands. A Frenchman once classified Ameri cans In Europe as "millionaires, snobs snd tourists. The millionaires spent their money freely and sometimes sac rificed their daughters for titles. The snobs were ashamed of their cnvn country, and eager to be known as the conpanlons of princes, dukes and earls. The tourists were a mob of alght-seers, out of whom money was to be made at every turn." A satirical grouping, based upon sufficient truth to some what disturb national pride. Life holds no greater pleasure than Is the expenditure of energy in that productive work the doing of which Is a delight, to which one gives self wholly that carries with It no sense of weariness until Its ending to which one goes with joy, and from Which one goes with reluctance. Earth holds no happier man or woman than one who •o works, and no man or woman ever (eels this pleasure or works thus de lightedly who Is not doing the thing tor which nature has best endowed him or her with capacity. When task and talent are In tune life's sweetest chords are touched when not in tunc they give out only jarring, rasping dis cord. There Is a sublimation In such work that leaves below It all that Is sordid. Fortune or fame may follow, but only as the Incident, not the end for thought of compensation or of men's applause is dwarfed by the mere gratification of doing that which one is conscious Is the best one can do. The Salt Lake City judge who as sessed a confessed poiygamist a $100 tine, which, by the way, was promptly paid, was probably within the law when be ranked the act of polygumy as a misdemeanor only. It would be pertinent to inquire, however, how long It would take to rid the new State of Utah of polygamy, root and branch, .when those who break the statute are let off with fines. Most of the Mor nioji.s who are wealthy enough to take an additional wife would not feel the tax of a moderately heavy fine. There Is something wroug when the laws which were enacted before Utah could be admitted as a State are thus prac tically nullified. The present scarcity of servant ginls, which Is the subject of frequent and somewhat exaggerated comment in the newspapers, must Impress the thought fill itudest of bousotiQld (WflMmto with two facts: First, housekeeping as a science Is fin- behind the Industrial procession second, there is something radically wrong In the relations exist Ing between housekeepers and domes' tic servants. As a matter of fact, housekeeping Is the one business that Is not fully abreast of modern econom ical progress. It is In many of Its de partments crude and unscientific. In vention has furnished a few labor-sav ing appliances, It Is true, but house keeping has not yet been divested of Its drudgery. It clings to traditions and old-fashioned notions. The sci ence of cookery has advauced, but of what value arc the new culinary Ideas and discoveries If no one can be em ployed to put them Into practical use in a home? Why does a girl leave the domestic service of a comfortable home at good wages to work In a store or a factory for wages thut are scarcely sufficient to pay her board? For two reasons: Because In the store or fac tory she Is not called a "servant," and because Bhe works only ten hours a day and six days out of the week, which means to her "Industrial Inde pendence." It Is very clear to anyone who views housekeeping from the standpoint of a cold business proposi tion that the solution of the domestic service problem lies in a readjustment of the relations between the head of the domestic establishment and the housemaid. A f. more years of de privation and hardship may be neces sary to convince housekeepers of this fact. It is believed by many that the time Is coming when the housemaid will be. employed on the same baBls that girls and metr are employed In the stores that they will report for work at a certain hour In the morning and quit at a certain hour In the evening, sustaining to the household only the relations of an employe and forming no part of the domestic circle. The employe •will no longer be called a "servant"—a name that should be obso lete In free America—but will be on a social equality with all other classes of wage-earners, resting under no stig ma of servitude. Whether It Is com ing to this or not it cannot be denied that no progress toward a solution of the problem can be made that does not start with a correct ascertainment of the reasons that impel a girl to leave domestic service to accept employment In other lines of Industry. ''jj CIGARS FROIM THE PHILIPPINES. Cheap Grades Are Being Brought Here by Returning Soldiers. Time was, before the dusky little Cubans began their tost efforts to throw off the Spanish yoke, that a Ha vana cigar with a Manila wrapper was one of the choicest weeds that an ex quisite could place between his lips In the way of a smoker. As Havana fill ers became scarce, owing to the Insur rection, other tobacco was substituted for your "15-centers" and the Manila wrappers also went to the boards to a large extent. Then Gen. Charles King came back from Manila with a private stock of Manila-made cigars, pure and undefil ed. They were done up each In its suit of shining tin foil to preserve the moisture. Gen. King extolled their virtues, and passed them around among his friends. They did not like the flavor at the start, but the cigars had a faculty of growing Into favor, even after Gen. King had given out lie Information that they were "2-cent ers" away over there In Manila. Now the Information comes from Dresden that the German smokers are getting up next to the pUre Manilas, and that they are Bold In that city for 0 pfen nigs, or'about 1% cents each. When Gen. King's attention was call ed to the price at which the Manila ci gars were selling In Dresden he. ex pressed no surprise. "I wrote a letter to the Sentinel in which I stated that good cigars in Manila sold at 1 cent each," said Gen. King. "I can con ceive how they can be sold at Dresden for 1V4 cents each, notwithstanding the cost of transportation and the fact that the manufacturer has to make his profit. For*2V4 cents 1 obtained as good a cigar as 1 care to smoke as good, in my opinion, as the 15-cent ci gar here In Milwaukee. You may not be able to detect the delicate flavor of the Vuelta Avajo of Cuba In It, but you are' getting an honest, well-made and unadulterated weed. "The army officers at first did not take kindly to the Manila cigars, but they soon grew to like them. The only reason we see so little of the Manila cigars In this country is that it costs just r.s much to import a cheap Ma nila cigar as It does to import the more expensive Havands, the customs du ties being levied by the pounds and not by the cost price of the article. In this way a 2-cent Manila becomes a 15-cent cigar when it reaches New York or Chicago or Milwaukee and people will probably prefer a good Key West for some time to come."—Mil waukee Sentinel. Intricacies of the Ijflnguagc. "Zee Amerlcaine language ees one zat ees aslly comprebendez, I don't zlnk," said the French boarder to the young man who never eats veal. "You seem Inclined to kick about It." "Oul. I am notations making of zq leetle oddities zat I encounter In ze vat -you call orthography." "Yes?" "Oul. You spell s-h-o-e?" "We do." "And blue, b-l-u-e?" "Exactly." "And shoeing s-h-o-e-i-n-g?" "Well, what of It?" "And bluing, b-l-u-l-n-g?" "Well, haven't we a right to?" "Oui. But why are you so economi cal as to smuggle out de leetle In blu ing and make him so conspicuous In shoeing? Ah! Zat Is where I has got you!" An Arctic Bill ot* Pare. The Arctic region Is no place for epi cures. The men who explored Franz Josef Laud under the command of F. G. Jacksoh were by no means dainty In their tastes, but their leader tells us, in his diary, that during the long win ters, when the birds had" migrated to the south, monotonous was not the word to describe the bill of fare. We arc none of us In love with wal rus meat. It Is very tough, coarse and dark in color, and has a distinct flavor of iodine. Every day I am having all the blood of the animals killed kept and frozen. Every day a pound or so of the frozen blood Is chipped out with an axe and added to our soup. The fat of the walrus we find peculiarly un pleasant. I should like to place either walrus or bear, cooked a l'Arctlc, before a Loudon club man, and be privileged to watch his expression and hear bis re marks. Whistle on Ekb Cooker. A new English invention for boiling eggs consists of a little canister which cau be placed In a pan, which is fitted with a basket to hold half a dozen eggs at a time. As soon as the eggs are properly cooked the apparatus whistles loudly and continues to whistle until token out ot the pun. PROFIT AND LOSS. When the administration gets ready to make a report to the people as to the profit and loss of the policy of imperial ism, how will the account stand? Cer tainly not in favor of a policy which burdens the nation with taxes and gives no adequate return. In 1890 the national receipts were $403,080,982 and the expenditures $318, 040,710, and the army and navy cost the Government $60,589,044. How docs the account stand for the present fiscal year? The receipts were $515,960,620 and the expenditures $605,072,179, of which $293,785,359 went for the army and navy. While McKlnley's administration has increased taxes and raised the revenue In every possible way, the deficit this year amounts to $89,111,559. Taxes have been Increased 27 per cent, by the Ke|-llilU-au administration, and the expenditure has doubled since 1890. Not only this, but the interest-bearing debt of the Government has grown from $600,000,000 to $1,182,149,050. Now, what has McKinley to show for this enormous Increase in debt and taxes? The war with Spain ended more than a year ago. Tills nation Is supposed to be at peace wlt]i all other nations, yet war expenses go on at an Increased Wt»v» What the FluMeans. President McKlnley says the flag will not mean one thing In the Philip pines and another thing in the United States. Well, that sounds all right, but what does the flag mean In Hn wailV It means that slavery flourishes under the stars and stripes. The sugar barons have Instituted a feudal imperialism in Hawaii and the laws they have made are upheld by the Su preme Court. Rabbi M. S. Levi, of San Francisco, who has just returned from Hawaii, confirms this statement as follows: "Slavery and Involuntary servitude of the most degrading type exist In the Hawaiian Islands to-day as a means for the enforcement of contracts made by laborers to work on the sugar and coffee plantations. Thirty-six Ga llclans, subjects of the Austrian Em pire, are now confined in Oaliu prison, Honolulu, because, they refused to longer comply with the onerous condi tions Imposed on them by their own ers. They were convicted of 'desert ing contract service,' and were sen tenced- to Indefinite Imprisonment. They can gain release only by buying their way out of prison or going back to the cane fields." What does the flag mean In the Phil ippines? It means government with out the consent of the governed, taxa tion without representation nnd a war of Imperialistic conquest. What does the flag mean In the Sulu Islands? It means that slaves there can secure their freedom by paying $20 to their masters. Lacking tills, the slaves re main subject to the tyranny which ended In the United States when Lin coln Issued his emancipation procla mation. Truly, President McKinley was more poctlc than truthful when he gave that rhetorical recital as to what the flag. means.—Exchange. Hope Only in the Democracy* Never before since the dawn of the republic have greater dangers beset its integrity. Moneyed greed, combined and entrenched under the protection of the Republican party, Is fast marching toward the overthrow of the commer cial and political freedom of the masses. An oligarchy of wealth Is lay ing siege to the underlying principles of government by the people. Militar ism is raising its mailed band to strike down the basic enunciations of the dec laration of Independence, that all men are born free and equal, and that the power to govern resides In the consent of the governed. The Republican party Is in league with the allied enemies to sacred principles and traditions that have successfully withstood foreign wars and domestic shocks for more than a century. To the Democratic party the nation looks for emancipa tion from the evils which threaten its perpetuity, and for continuance In the faith and practices of the fathers. Vlie Democratic party must rise to Its op portunity. It must show a united and unbroken front to its foes and the foes of the country. Let It throw away feud and selfishness, and with harmony and unity on Its banners courageously march to the rescue of the American people from the perils that threaten.— St. Louis Republic. Mark's Kn*y Game. Of course Senator Hnnna does not expect to explain why, under the Mc Ktnleyadniiul»w»tlwii truvt* Jwve btw permitted to become tremendously ag gressive and why no effort at all has been made to enforce the Federal law against them. Senator Hanna Is satis fied to luanuever merely. He does not seem to think sincerity a fnctor of any Importance. The public, he assumes, will be entirely satisfied 'with platform promises, and while denunciation In choice English will be made against trusts in id combines, the party can look with confidence to contributions Of a money kind from the aggregations thus denounced.—Chicago Chronicle. Too Vnch for Kcetl. "Whatever may happen," significant ly says ex-Speaker Reed In his letter, printed tills morning, to Ills old con stituency. "I am'sure the First Maine District will always be ti'ue to the prin ciples vf liberty, self-government and the rights of man." This, read between the lines, is an effective "side-winder" for the McKlnley administration, which, iu its Philippine dcbauch, has shamelessly betrayed all three of these fundamental principles of American government. Taken In connection with Mr. Reed's late utterances on the Phil ippine situation, reported "In the New York Tribune (Imperialist), these words of the Maine statesman are doubly significant. But they are by no means the only high significant ENQAQEHENT FOR ONE NIUHT ONLY! Hnnna mid McKinley (on the inside)—You ian't holler down our rniu' barrel. •-Columbus PS-ess-PoBt scale. It will be difficult for McKlnley to make "his profit and loss account bal ance. The'people of the United States are patriotic', but they are not Imperial ists, and tliey will not long approve of a policy which costs much more than it comes to.—Chicago Democrat. words contained In the latter. "Of fice/' continues Mr. Reed, "merely as 'a "ribbon to stick in* your coat,' is worth nobody's consideration but of fice, as opportunity, is worth all con. slderatlon." Mr. Reed, being opposed to the McKlnley Philippine policy of subjugation, laid down his high office as Speaker and retired from Congress —it was said at the time for 'the puiv pose of money-making, but as gener ally believed, chiefly because the Re -publlcan administration had committed Itself to a policy' which he held to be opposed to "the principles of liberty, self-governmeu nnd the rights of man."—Grand Rapids Democrat Advanced, Even for Jingo. The copperhead of the present day Is under the delusion that the princi ples of the declaration of independence apply to savages and half-civilized men, and therefore apply to the Fili pinos, who are utterly Incapable of self-government. When Jefferson wrote the declaration of independence he was writing about civilized men capa ble of self-government. He had no thought of slaves or savages. The best way to civilize savages Is to sub jugate them. That was God's way In the days of Joshua, and it is the only sensible way at the present time.— Braddock (Pa.) Herald. Publicity for the "rint*. As the trust corporations are the crea tures of the State, it is the right and duty of the State to compel them to publish the condition of their finances and business. The knowledge concern lug the financial condition of many an overcapitalized trust to be obtained: from compulsory publicity would cause its collapse without the necessity of other legislation ou the part of the State or the general government What Is wanted Is light to reveal the secrets of trade conspiracies against the .pub llc.—Philadelphia Record. Alger a Patlictlc Spectacle. Alger allowed himself to be crowded out of the Cabinet on account of his Senatorial ambitions. Now he has quit the Senatorial raoe. It would be a hard-hearted person who would not' feel pity for, this man, who went Into office little more than two yenrs ago with magnificent opportunities nnd bright prospects, who Is now out of politics with all his ambitions shatter ed. Whether be is a victim of his own lust for power or of the Intrigues of the Washington bureaucrats does not matter. He presents a pathetic specta cle.—Pittsburg Dispatch. CllnsinK to O'd Doctrine. At the risk of being charged with lack of "patriotism" a large number of people continue to assert that the doc trine of the consent of the governed lies at the bottom of the government, which Is democratic In spirit. In a des potism, or In any government resting on force alone, consent Is not nsked. But when, until the present, has doc trine of consent been challenged In America?—Des Moines Leader. !n1y a tarter." The Chinese government has lodged at Washington a dignified but very earnest protest against Gen. Otis' order extending the Chinese exclusion a$t to the Philippines. This is a mere sug gestion of the International entangle ments Into which the policy of benevo lent assimilation by bullets and mili tary orderB Is likely to bring this hith erto untroubled country of ours.—New York World. Don't get the Idea Into your head that matrimony and poker are affgrawted evlli, MONEY IN KEEPING GOATS. They live on Next to Nothing nnd Are a Fource of Good Profit, Uncle Samuel's Department of AgrU culture. In seeking out new fields of husbandry for the,American farmer, has completed a curious and Interest ing Investigation into the possibilities of an Industry highly profitable abroad, but Ignored In this country—that of goat raising for skins, fleece, milk, cheese and by-products. In a report the Department offers this slighted in dustry as a means by which the farm er can increase his prosperity and In cidentally enrich his soil without cost. The department says that the condi tions of climate, land and labor In most of the States of the Union afford almost unlimited natural facilities for young MALe Goats months Fieeet the successful prosecution of this In dustry. We use In o&r manufactures a con-, stantly Increasing amount of goat skins, but we produce comparatively none ourselves. Last year over 32,000 tons, or 65,000,000 pounds, of goat skins was brought in, chiefly at New York, and the average price In New York was 40 cents a pound, or a total valu of $26,000,000. At four pounds to the skin, the average weight of dry skins, It requires the slaughter of 16,226,700 goats and kids to yield the skins Im ported last year. This represents live flocks of foreign goats aggregating from 25,000,000 to 30,000,000 for our present supply of marketable goat skins alone. If all the goats In this country were kept solely to supply skins for market they would fall to supply even an Insignificant fraction of the present demand. The total number of goats In the United States Is only about 500,000, and one-lialf of these are In Texas. One-half of tlie total number alBO are of Angora fleece-bearing stock, con fined chiefly to Texas, Oregon, New Mexico, California, Colorado and Ne vada. Few, If any, goats In the Unit ed States are raised for their skins. The cost of keeping goats is less than for any other animal. They graze up on coarse herbs that are not eaten by any other stock, such as lronweed, dock, mullein, briars, buds and broken sprouts. The ease with which all breeds of goats can be kept fits them* for many mountainous portions of our country where sheep cannot be sus tained to advantage, while their ability FeMALe GOATS 5 KONTHwTJSce and disposition to defend themselves against dogs give to them another great advantage over sheep. They are free from all diseases to which sheep are liable, are hardy and prolific, nnd experience has proven that they are adaptable to all parts of the United States. The feed of one cow will keep twelve goats. Cows must have certain food or they will not thrive. Goats will eat anything, almost, and still do well, and they have this great advan tage a!$o that their milk is not in any way affected by their diet. The goat, is a reliable and lifelong botanical scavenger, and can be de pended upon to destroy the many un desirable products of cultivated and. fallow lands—the abundant and per sistent weedy vegetation which so In cessantly besets the cultivated crops. Over 42 per cent of the land in farms In the United States Is unimproved, amounting to over 205,000,000 acres, against 375,000,000 acres Improved. Thus Is presented a vast field for se lection of favored localities In every part of the country, nnd much of the field especially Invites the primitive occupation of herding, which precedes and prepares the way for agriculture, with'Inestimable benefit to the soil. In the aggregate, millions of acres of land, at present poor, rough, rocky and busby, distributed through nearly all the States, call for subjugation and en richment through nnlmal occupation, preferably of the goat. They will fur nish In abundance such forage as la suitable and preferable for goats. And under such conditions whatever profit can be derived from herding goats will come near being a total profit. Wher ever foul land Is regularly pastured by goal# for a few years It becomes clean, weedless and busbless, and being even ly fertilized by them also, It usually runs naturally Into nutritious grasses. Gone Into Retirement. Within the last forty or fifty years novels have undergone an extraordi nary change, partlcularlyln their hero ines. This change In novels and their heroines is due, in a great measure, to the change in women themselves. These have ceased to be the romantic, sentimental, artificial beings they were even thirty years ago, and their reflex In fiction has been discontinued, The heroine of the period Is not satis fled to look pretty and obey the fixed rules of etiquette nor Is the actual woman so satisfied, cither. The act ual woman wants to be somebody, to do something, to take some part In life and she Is and does, even If surround ed by luxury and bulwarked by Influ ential friends. Many of the novels of the old type were weakening, if not demoralizing. Not so with the later novels, those of the present especially. The better kind are Intellectual, en couraging, 'stimulating, In a good sense, and teach vnluable lessors of life. 'L' Quaint Epitaph In Wales. In a churchyard In Flintshire an epi-. taph In memory of Hugh Hughes, high sheriff In 1743, says of that worthy functionary that In private life "his manner was constantly to attend the public worship as by law established, heartily to declare against the upstart sect of the brainsick Calvtnistlc Meth odist that would linvc taken men off from It timely to compose differences between neighbors ere they became exasperated. By which behavior he wad valued when living nnd when •lead much lamented." As soon ob a man saves up a few dol •tirs, be begins to lie about 111 a ances tor*, TRICKS TRIMMING. NEW ONES USED ON HOUSE GOWNS. Flat Trimming* Afford Excellent Chance for Vnriety and They Are Many Times Ke-cn forced by Elabor ate Stitching. New York correspondence: RIGHT colors In clotli nre ordered for bouse gowns as a change from the deli cate shades that have recently been the rule. Red, a favorite all summer and fall for outing gowns, is made up in cash mere, camera hair and light broadcloths for home dresses, and is very pretty. Sim plicity. ot outline reigns in all gowns for the house, and the simplicity of princess line Is especially In favor. Shown here is a stylish house dress of scarlet cash mere dotted with black silk. The gown was laid in pleats from the edge of the short zouave bodice. Between the pleats white silk was covered with black lace, and white silk rovers to the zouave turn ed back to show a crossway pleated front. The zouave was of the cashmere. Every thing about such a dress tends to empha size height andslenderness. Criticism of the present liking for flat trimmings Is occasional, and usually takes the form of declaring that it gives no chance for variety. The facts are quite the contrary. Flat trimmings afford an excellent chiinco for individuality, aud if a woman only chooses wisely her gown will not be chargeable with sameness. While fashion indorses a-plenty of sorta of flat trimmings, it also provides a fine re-enforcement for any of them in the permission to use stitching freely. Stitch* ing means much more than it used to, and now includes many ornamental treat ments. Among them is threading with narrow ribbon, which is especially pretty for simple hoiise dresses. Basket-weave soft wool materials lend themselves charmingly to such finish. In the next illustration is a gown of apple green bas ket cloth dotted with lavender and threaded over-and-over stitch In rows, narrow lavender velvet being used. A belt of lavender ribbon gave the final touch. The same Idea carried out in a warm golden browu and bright green threading would be pretty. Skirts with a shaped piece or round Blue silk showed through Irish lace In yoke aud collar. The dress offered no strikingly new feature, but no last year's gown would sport so long a train, and no gray of last season would have the soft pinkish tinge of this one. Directolre fashions keep pushing for ward. Each season finds women delight ed with some example of that period, yet no season pledges fashionables to all its characteristics. Now that long cloaks are to be so popular the directolre cut supplies a very handsome model, which may be either cloth or silk, and In black, gray, mode, brown or white. It is pic tured here. The boxy high collar at the back and the fluff of directolre frills in front always please those women who first look to throat finish, as so many women do. Then such a stunning many lapped shoulder cape squares off the shoulders in a way that many admire. A belted directolre coat In black taffeta lined with some bright color and finished RKV1VED FROM THE LAST CENTURY. with frill, scarf and triple cape will be a useful calling and carriage garment, and in some cases will be made boned like a bodice. For a slender figure the sweeping uubelted cloak is more graceful. Copyright, 1800. Rubber In Getting Scarce. ... The popularity of bicycling has cre ated a great demand for rubber, and as a consequence the commodity is be coming scarce and the need of Economy In its use is imperative. It may not be generally known that the India rub ber dolls, nnlmaU and other toys used by children in many cases began their commercial existence in the form of bicycle tires. All our India rubber toys come from Germany, and several en* \w\ NEW TBIOK8 IN ORNAMENTING CLOTH GOWNS. flounce set ou at the foot remain among the graceful ones. They meet the de mand for oversklrt outline and at the same time accomplish the close fit to the knees or below, with the designed foot flare from there down.- The finest of new model dresses are arranged in this way. One of them is sketched here. It was cloth In two shades of greeu. The rouud foot-flounce of hunter's green cloth was headed by a scrolled strap, the cloth of the skirt above being stenciled in. oak leaves to show apple green silk lining, and the apple green silk yoke was lattic ed over with hunter's green velvet rib bon. Such a dress with a rough light green felt knotted with dark green velvet will make a charming fall calling gown, and will serve later within doors. There Is little likelihood of a return to changeable silks and cloths, but there is a strong current fancy for dotting with color, or for goods of dull shade shot with a brilliantly contrasting color. Scarlet nnd other shades of red are most often employed for the dash, though now nnd then a bright scarlet or warm dark red la shot with black, blue or brown. From GRAY BUT PLAINLY NKW. the use of this class of goods comes a new fancy in trimming. It is illustrated by the third dress of this picture, whose material was golden browu cloth shot with yellow silk. Bunds of burnt yellow cloth trimmed it as indicated. Their dis posal was not especially uow, but the color scheme was an innovation and an attractive one. Bodices are often elaborately laid with straps to simulate a short etoh or zouave, and though the collar itself is then likely to be perfectly plain nnd of choker va riety some elaboration of scarf is usual. The device pictured here is one easily re produced. It was merely a black satin handkerchief tied in sailor knot, the poiut of tlie handkerchief hanging at the back. The ends may fall to the waist in front and a black handkerchief may be used even when black does not appear else where in the costume. Gray cloth has survived the vogue of early spring and of all summer and re appears In delicate shades for reception, cnlliug and church gowns. No color seouis to lend itself 60 well to the sheath fit, aud while none of the newest of these dresses discloses radically new fashions, there still nre sure ways of telling easily the new gray gown from the old. Take the one pictured here in the third sketch, for instance. Its gray broadcloth was laid in a series of folds about the bust line, others outlining a cuirass bodice passing about the hips, aud lower skirt W4 tMtori tad tamoutoiH nlltf, terprlslug English shippers have found that the shipment of old, worn-out tires to the German factories Is a very prof itable business. During the past two years tons of old rubber, that used for merly to be thrown away or remade Into cheap doormats, have been ship ped to Germany, and sent back trans formed Into elaborate and gaudy squeaking dolls, elephants, and other toys. Though rubber Is, used for a wider variety of articles than any other mate rial, more rubber was used last year In the manufacture of bicycle tires than for any other purpose, and the demand for rubber is now permanently in ex cess of the supply. More than 800,000 pairs of tires were made in England during the last season, and It is Impos sible to make them of any but the very best rubber. ••aved from Lois. Some time ago a man having two hundred and sixty dollars In fresh gov ernment notes put the roll of money Into the pocket of his nightshirt upon going to bed. He went off the next morning without thinking of what he had done, and his wife sent the gar ment that day, with other articles, to a steam laundry. Before the man realized It, his money was being churned In the great wash tng-macliine, nnd it had already been soaked In soap-suds. The bills were found reduced almost to pulp, and yet the experts In the redemption division of the Treasury at Washington, where they were sent, could pick out enough pieces, bit by bit, to be sure of their number and denominations. They then gave the man new bills In place of those which had been so near ly destroyed, for this Is one of the duties of the redemption division.— Youth's Companion. The Size of the Ocean, The Pacific covers 08,000,000 square miles, the Atlantic 30,000,000, and the Indian Ocean, Arctic and Antarctic 42,000,000. To stow away the contents of the Pacific it would be necessary to All a tank one mile long, one mile wide and one mile deep every day for 440 years. Put In figures, the Pacific holds in weight 084,000,000,000,000,000,000 tons. The Atlantic averages a depth of not. quite tiliree miles. Its waters weigh 325,000,000,000,000,000 tons, and a taukto contain It would have each of its sides 430 miles long. The figures of tlie other oceans are In the same star tling proportions. Peculiar Lnwn Mower. A gentleman living In a suburban town brought a lawn mower home one evening, anil the next morning was out early testing It. His little 4-year-old daughter hearing the noise ran to the window to Investigate, and, after gaz iug at It In astonishment for a moment, exclaimed: "Oh, mamma, papa's tut tln' ze gwass wlz your tarpet sweeper!" Mr. Gladstone's price for a review wns $1,000. Ituskln's sixty-four books bring him In $20,000 a year. People are becoming very tired of the men wbo ar« aottitu^ but patriotic a An Unanswerable Pamphlet, In all the literature of the crime o4 1873, nothing is worth as much a si Branson C. Kecler's pamphlet, Qxln&i as It does, the fact that a Unlteff States Senator, John Sherman, In act Ing as Rothschild's agent in perpe trating the crime, used tactics sucb as put him on a level with three-card monte dealer. 'I have been trying to gather physical strength enough and to get time enough to point out that pretended silver papers are telling us that the tariff Is the mother of the trusts! Why, then, did we not have trusts before complete demonetization and In the long life of tariffs that Is behind us? Those papers want to keep us from attacking the real enemy. World prices depend on the amount of gold nnd silver coin In circulation, Mr. Keeler has stated the question «o clearly that I will not repent It I will, however, as many times before, quote Gouge, who Iu 1835 snld. In sub stance, "Rculove the cause don't fight effects." Trusts are not alone business affairs they are a political conspiracy for disfranchising the- farmer. The manufacturer was one of the first and greatest sufferers from demonetliar tlon. He should and did naturally op pose It. But the Rothschild ring said, "Do as we do combine and rob." Now this Is the situation The factory own ers must get In a trust and "hold up" the consumers, and vote the Repub Ucan (un-Republlcan) ticket. The la borers, by working for and voting with the trusts, "get rid of their crown of thorns and crucifixion. (Those thrown out by consolidation get In the road, tall from car trucks and are run over or die of hunger And exposure.) Large sales and wide distributions of trust stocks bring In more voters from self interest. The farmer must raise and sell twice as much as before to pay the high -prices, and the railroads charge hi the same rates per hundred or ton, and so we have "largely increased rall- road earnings," sign of "prosperity." As the German farmer on the Rhine, who has a picture of the noble, the soldier and all the other "six condi tions" living on him, and says, "Now, God, have mercy on me If I must sup port thsso six," so may our farmers say.* In Washington's farewell addre he warned against party slavery, but though common sense alone would drive every farmer out of the nn-Re publlean trust-making party, party slavery will keep some of them in. 'iTusts will raise the prices of every thing the farmer buys, and demonetl zatlon lower the price of everything he °"Ms. Every railroad employe, every trust-factory employe, all the bank slave merchants, all the trust-stock owners will vote the un-Republlcan ticket But the farmers could down them all if they wonld unite. "Unite or Die" our revolutionary fathers chose for tlielr motto. The un-Republlcan party in its platforms declares against trusts. It is also in favor of remone tiling sliver. McKlnley was elected on the latter platform. Unanswerable Mr. Keeler has only one vote.—George Wilson. "Value** Of Monejr. The lawful debt paying valne of coined money always has and always will have a powerful effect intending tp maintain the approximate equality^ but never can maintain the precise equality In the exchangeable value of money, made of gold or silver, when put under the hammer test or In th* melting pot As an advocate for the restoration of silver at the existing coinage ratio of 10 to 1,1 firmly hold to the opinion that when we restore tlie full legal tender power to our silver dollar, Its valne as bullion will rise and gold will fall. The existing commercial value of these two metals Is now very far from being a fair test of the proper coinage ratio, while In 1792 It was a fair test This is mainly on account of silver having been so extensively outlawed by so large a portion of the commercial world for the past, twenty-five years. Tlie assertion so frequently made that silver has fallen .In exchangeable value, when compnred with gold, on account of the relative annual over production of silver, Is false, as can be readily seen by a reference to the- of ficial aud universally accepted statis tics of the relative production of these metals In the world during the past 100 years. Many of the commercial nation of the world would, In all probability, soon fol low our example, and the wide and mis chievous chasms now separating the two metals would be bridged by our financial leadership. Some difference will always exist as the history of coinage has always shown, but It will not be so mischievous as to cause a disastrous fall in prices as our present system has done. it Is a mathematical question con cerning which there can be no fair dis pute. The comparatively great sta bility in the relative exchangeable value of our coined money from 1792 to 1874, was secured simply because the United States permitted tbls legal tender value to remain 'as a sacred and potent regulator, given to us by our forefathers, and happily we also had the cooperation of almost the entire commercial world, as our -mints, as well as theirs, were open to the coin age of both metals on equal terms. When Congress commenced to tam per with this full legal tender function of stiver in 1873, by making the gold dollnr alone "the unit of value" and stopped the further coinage of full legal tender silver, and on June 22, 1874, demonetized all of our existing full-weight sliver coins as debt payers, except to the exteut of $5, the mis chief wns then commenced, and. has never been entirely corrected.—John A. Grler. In General* It guards against dampened conrage to keep your powder dry. Don't wait until the last minute and try to enter heaven on the strength of your epitaph. The man who doesn't consider him-' self a specialist nowadays mnst be very modest. Ellas Howe, the Inventor of the sew ing machine, realized over $2,000,000 from bis Inventions. There Is a tradition In many parts of. Europe that when a serpent's sight grows dim with age he eats fennel, and thus regnlns his vision. Harvcylzed steel armor has become synonymous with the Inventor's name, and It brlng& an annual Income of huge proportions to its discoverer. It Is continued temperance which sus tains tlie body for the longest period of time, and which most surely pre «erve* It frw from slckneis.—W. Hun* W«.