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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, November 08, 1899, Image 6

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democrat.
BROHBOH tc CABB, Pufcliihers.
MANCHESTER, IOWA.
It is stated tliat tlic big cigar trust
la now an accomplished fact. Put
that In your lpe and smoke it.
In addition to the horseless carriage
and all that class of improvements we
now have the windless yacht race.
Whatever the future of arbitration
may be Venezuela will have less ground
than ever for believing in Its efficacy.
They are very rich men who are back
of yacht racing, and yet it's evident
when It comes to some things even they
can't raise the wind.
Students of hygiene now recommend
that salt be rubbed on the head. This
would appear an unusually appropriate
usage in some cases.
Forming a society for sick and Indi
gent pugilists means coming to their
aid when they drop out and not when
they are merely put out.
It Is unethical and unprofessional
for a physician to have a big card in
the newspaper, but he can have as big
a sign over his office door as he likes.
An Eastern medical society Is very
enthusiastic over goat's lymph as a cure
for Insanity. The ordinary Individual
will be disposed to try goat'B milk a
while In preference.
Electricity Is now said to be stored In
capsules and taken inwardly. As a
form of light nourishment It would
seem to have advantages over the can
dle Idea of the Russians.
It has taken the Cubans just nine
months to acquire the great American
habit of striking. No one seems to
know how long It will take them to ac
quire the still greater American habit
of hustling.
The "smart boy" stock Is below par
nowadays. Admiral Dewey barely got
through the naval academy at the foot
of the class. And Capt Carter, in pris
on for embezzlement, passed Weat
Point with the highest honors ever
given to a cadet.
Rudyard Kipling's house up in Brat
tleboro Is for sale, which is taken as
an Indication that he has finally given
up blB purpose of residing In America.
Still. the great ^lory of Vermont will
abide with her. She will still be the
native State of the great admiral.
Oysters of fine flavor, and sometimes
growing to the length of one foot, are
found at Yezo, one of the northern isl
ands of Japan. Looking to the future
food supply, fifty barrels of these bi
valves will be planted in the tidewaters
of Oregon and Washington, by a private
company, acting on a hint from the Na
tional Fish Commission. Let the Pa
cific coast get ready to smack its lips In
the twentieth century. But think of
ordering one oyster for two persons I
"Perfectly" and "awfully" are two of
the hardest worked, and worst UBed
words in the English language. They
are applied hundreds of times every day.
to things that are far from perfect, and
that inspire no feeling of awe. If peo
ple will use strong terms on weak occa
sions, and exp)olt their superlatives
when even sub-positive degrees of com
parison would cover the ground, what
resources of speech will be left to de
scribe real excellence and sublimity, or
real wrongs and tragedies?
The pardon of Captain Dreyfus by
the French government undoubtedly
brought to a definite close, so far as ju
dicial proceedings are concerned, all
action on the part of the unfortunate
Jew, or on the part of his friends. Nei
ther Is any case pending, and probably
no case can be made up, which will per
mit the taking of further Bworn evi
dence touching the guilt or innocence
of the accused man. He has legally
been pronounced guilty but by the
pardon he is morally pronounced not
guilty. The "extenuating circum
stances" found by the court martial
contradicted the formal verdict of the
court for there can be no circumstances
that extenuate treason. The govern
ment completes the contradiction by
pardoning the man. If he were guilty
his offence was so great that a pardon
could not be merited. With amoral vin
dication Dreyfus must be content. The
civilized world believes him innocent.
In charging the Grand Jury of New
ark, N. J., which had before it two
cases Involving the crime of man
slaughter In connection with fatal bi
cycle collisions, Justice Depue stated
propositions of general Interest. After
defining criminal negligence to be such.
In the management or in the speed of
the wheel, as shows a reckless disre
gard of human life, he pointed out that
the plea of contributory negligence as
a defense has no application to cams
of this kjnd. Thht is reserved for etvil
actions. "No matter," said the Judge,
"how careless the man who Is Injured
may be, If from the result of the Ill
Juries death ensues, if the jurors find
upom the case disclosed that the person
by whose act that death was caused
was guilty of criminal negligence, an
Indictment may be found, because the
object of the law Is to protect human
life and safety." The ijecond point
made by the New Jersey judge Is that
the bicyclist cannot avoid responsibil
ity by the claim that be rang his bell,
blew his whistle or In any other way
signaled his approach. Compliance
with tie ordinance requiring such sig
nal Is no excuse for fast or otherwise
reckless riding In crowded streets.
Count Leo Tolstoi says that the way
to end war is for men to refuse to
fight. There being no one to fight,
there could be no fighting. That is a
proposition that,admits of no dispute.
On the same principle the way to end
all labor troubles would be for men
to stop working. It also applies to the
correction of the divorce evil, men to
stop marrying. It solves the perplex
ing servant girl' question by the sug
gestion, don't have servants. The
money question can best be settled by
not having any money. According to
the Tolstoi plan, all government ques
tions that cause excessive wakefulness
can be easily avoided, i. e., don't have
any government. But men have a pur
pose In working and war is not with
out Its purpose that no other means
could accomplish. Marriage is a nec
essity to be used and not abused for
the preservation of the social system
and so is war. Money serves a pur
pose and so does war, and so long as
those purposes are necessary to be
served, so long will money and war
be necessities. The need of govern
ment la ufldeplable, notwithstanding
'"••rim"'
tlmt it Is frequently attempted to deny
its need and war Is at times as essen
tial as government. The Tolstoi mil
lennium hns arrived several centuries
ahead of time.
The Treasury Depurtment is prepar
ing to issue several millions of notes,.
$1, $2 and $5 in denomination, and all
of a new and more artistic pattern
than the present Issues. The notes,
however, will not be constructed sole
ly from an artistic point of view—
the qualities of durableness and diffi
culty of being counterfeited always
being kept In view. As to the new de
signs the Boston Transcript gives this
description: "About*CO per cent of the
Burface of the new bills on both sides
will be left blank—firstly, In order to
show the fibers of the paper better,
and secondly, because this arrange
ment brings out the engraved designs
more vividly and clearly. One trouble
with the 'art notes' is that tlieir de
signs confuse the eye, making it ac
tually more easy. for a counterfeit to
pass. The paper money about to be
Issued, on the other hnnd, is almost
severely plain. An eagle with out
spread wings Is the principal orna
ment of the face of the $1 silver cer
tificate, a portrait of Lincoln being en
graved beneath It. The figure '1' and
the treasury seal are in bright blue
and both seal and denominational
number will be of tills color on all of
the new certificates, se that the latter
ma'y be distinguished at a glance from
United States notes and bank notes.
The $2 certificate has a head of Wash
ington." The Idea the engraving ex
perts have .had In mind In preparing
designs for the new notes Is that they
(nay be made handsome by a few scat
tered fragments of design very elabo
rate anddlfficult to counterfeit. Hence
the new bills will have comparatively
simple patterns on their backs, but the
geometrical lathe worlf will be very or
nate and elaborate in its traceries In
order to prevent counterfeiting.
MISS ANTHONY RETIRES.
She Relinquishes Presidency of Suf
frage Societies,
The great champion of woman suf
frage has at last met an enemy she can
not conquer. She will be 80 years old
in February, and, because of her great
age, has announced her retirement
from the position of President of the
National Asoclaition of Woman Suf
frage Societies, with which she hag
been connected either as President or
Vice President since 1869.
Susan B. Anthony began to teach a
country school at the age of 15, receiv
ing as pay $1.50 a week and "board
round." For fifteen years she remained
SUSAN n. ANTHONY.
a teacher, doing much to make the pro
fession recognized as equal in import
ance and dignity with the other liberal
professions. Then she took up the
work of tmperanee, and for two years
devoted all her energies to it. .• Then
she became convinced that without the
ballot womain was powerless to change
present conditions. Since then she has
been the one leader in that cause.
From 1856 until the final abolition of
slavery she was prominent as an aboli
tionist For ten years between 1870
and 1880 she spoke five or six nights
every week In the interest of woman
suffrage. As a partial result of her
efforts women are now allowed to vote
on questions Involving the public
schools in many States, while in Color
ado,-Idaho, Utah and Wyoming they
bnve an equal right \vItji the men to the
suffrage on all questions.
TELLTALE CROSS OF TAILOR
Chalk Mark an His Coat Got Him in
Trouble with ICverybody.
There is a story of an envious tailor
current with the French peasantry. He
fancied that his neighbor, who received
a pension for the loss of an arm incur
red while fighting for his country, was
better off than himself. Both men went
to pay their rent on the same day, says
the Youth's Companion.
"That's a lucky .man," said the tailor
to the landlord. "He gets well paid for
his arm."
"But who would "be willli\g to part
with an arm, even if he were paid for
it?" said the landlord.
"I would," declared the tailor.
"You!" cried the landlord. "Why,
man, you wouldn't be willing to bear
anything of the sort no matter how
much you were paid far It."
"I wish some one would try me."
"Now, see here," said the landlord,
who had studied human nature, "I'll
tell you what If you'll wear even so
much as a chalk mark on your back I'll
remit your rent as long as you wear It
on your coat so It can be seen, the con
dition being that you tell no one why
it is there."
"Agreed," said the tailor. "That's an
easy way to pay rent!"
So the chalk mark In the form of a
cross was made on the back of his coat,
and the delighted tailor sallied forth
upon the street.
Strangers and acquaintances balled
him to tell him of the mark on his
back. Jokes were made at his ex
pense, children laughed and pointed at
him, and his wife annoyed him with
questions, and witfb conjugal familiar
ity told him he was a fool. The usually
amiable man grew surly and morose
he shunned men, women and children,
and frequented back strets. Before
the week was up the tailor found him
self embroiled Jo a quarrel with his
best friend, his wife had threatened to
leave Ms house, and he considered him
self miserable and ill-used.
Finally, one nlglit he took off his
coat and rubbed out the chalk mark
and said: "There! I would not wear
that cross on my back another week
no, not if I could have all the money
there is in Paris!"
*." ,Belief tor Insomnia.
A Swiss physician, Dr. Otto Naegell,
declares that the best way to overcome
Insomnia Is to Imitate the breathing of
a man who Is asleep, and to mnke the
head undergo the various movements
to one side and the other which one
occasionally makes while falling asleep
In a sitting posture.
Originality often consists of the abil
ity to woj* old things off on a new au
dience.
JJ
Covered h:cp Ynrtl,
For the safety of a small flock of
sheep a covered yard is essential. It
need not be costly, but It should be well
protected from the weather and have a
dry floor. It Is made most conveniently
a»an addition to a barn, so that a door
may open into it from the barn floor.
There may be a storage above for feed
which will make It necessary to have
the shed fourteen or sixteen feet in
height. A shed twenty feet square will
afford room enough for a flock of forty
sheep It will give sixty feet of feeding
room or a foot and a half for each
sheep, wbich is ample. The upper part
may be floored over and will give room
for storing feed, or-for a larger flock
it will be found very useful for lamb
ing shed. The front of the yard is half
open, which Is most desirable for
sheep, as they need fresh air and are
able to withstand ruucli cold if they are
kept dry. If it Is possible It Is desira
ble to have the open side on the south.
COVERED SHEEP YABB.
The shed will need a feed rack all
around, on three sides, and there may
be short racks on each side of the door
way, adding something to the rack
room. i-i'..-v
?onr Apples for Cow*.
We have" seen cows running In a
pasture where there were seedling ap
ple trees whose fruit was only fit for
elder, and scarcely for that, and when
the apples were large enough to attract
the attention of the cows we always
noticed a falling off In the milk yield.
We have seen similar results when a
cow broke Into the orchard and nte too
heavily of the fruit that had fallen off.
We ascribed, this at first to the fact
that green, hard apples did not digest
well, and while they might not pro
duce a colic In the cow as they would
in the small boy, they would do her
more injury than good. Later we no
ticed that the cows in a pasture where
there were apple trees did not feed on
grass, but were inclined to spend their
time In seeking for apples which they
seemed to like better. Nor would they
eat hay or corn fodder when they came
to the barn. Their teeth were made
sore by the acid of the apples. Later
on we tried the experiment of feeding
elder apples to them at the barn, glv
ing but few at first and increasing
gradually, 'preferring sweet apples
when we had them, and avoiding the
very hard and sour ones, and we found
that a cow would cat a peck of apples
twice a day, and they seemed to do her
as much good and to be relished as
well by her as the same milount of po
tatoes or other roots. We think cider
apples, nearly ripe and mellow, are
worth more to feed to cows than they
can be sold for at the cider mill, If
they are fed In small amounts at first
and not too liberally at any time.—
American Cultivator.
Roc'cy Ford Mnskmelons.
The name of the. Rocky Ford musk
melon of Colorado has become familiar
throughout the country within about
two years past. The melon is said to
be of an Improved netted gem variety.
To growers who have not seen the mel
on Itself the Illustration will give an
Idea of Its appearance, which, as the
Rural New Yorker remarks, would
alone indicate good quality. The thlck-
JIOCKV FOKD MKI.OXS.
ness of the flesh Is unusual. There Is
little waste In such melons aB these.
Coburn Advises to Hold Corn.
Secretary Coburn, of the Kansas
State Board of Agriculture, advises
farmers to hold and crib their corn. The
big crops in the West will mnke prices
low when the crop starts moving, but
tlie shortage lu the East Is bound to
make a strong market later. He says:
"There has uever been a season of un
usual production and low prices for
corn which wits not In the near future
followed by one of comparative scarci
ty, with prices correspondingly high,
and there is no sufficient reason for be
lieving this, so far, unvarying rule Is
likely to be changed for the present
occasion."
The Farmer's Reputation.
Low prices for products do not com
pel farmers to sell at market rates.
Each farmer has a reputation, or
should make one for himself. A repu
tation for supplying the market with a
choice article creates confidence in the
consumers, and they will pay more
than the ruling market prices because
they know they will not be Imposed
upon. If two farmers should send but
ler of the same quality to market, the
one with a reputation would receive a
higher price than the other. Each
farmer should work on his own lines
and endeavor to get bis produce Into
market of better quality than Upmar
ket affords.
To rind the I.ive We ftfii of Cattle.
Measure the girth around the breast,
Just behind the shoulder blade, and the
length of the back from the tall to the
fore part of the shoulder blade. Multi
ply the girth by the length, and if the
girth Is less than three feet multiply
the product by eleven, nnd the result
will be tlie number of pounds. If be
tween three and five feet, multiply by
sixteen if between five and seven feet,
multiply by twenty-three if between
seven and nine feet, multiply by thlr
t.v-one If between nine and eleven feet,
multiply by forty.
wi c: Cider 1 very Iny.
One of the luxuries that the farmer
may enjoy every day In the year, or
so long as apples ran be kept. Is a
drink of freshly made sweet cider.
With a small grinding machine to
crush the apples ami a hand press to
press out the juice, enough cider may
he made in two or three hours to keep
a week, or about the time It will keep
sweet. Tlie utiteriitenieii Juice of the
M?ple$ is an e.\ee leiit 'Jrluk, Most of
"VffWV*
the sweet elder sold in' stores is kept
sweet by-putting lu it salicylic acid,
which is very injurious to the stomach.
Some city people buy apples to be
made Into cider for their own use from
time to time, wJUIe the apples can be
kept In condition. But the farmer can
do tills much better tlinn the city man.
To the latter the apple pomace left
after the bagasse hns been pressed is
worthless refuse. The farmer can po.ir
wnter over the pressed bagasse, and
after leaving it a few hours can press
from it a liquid that will be better vin
egar than he can buy.' He can also
mix grain menl with the bagasse after
Its last pressing, and thus make excel
lent addition to the feed of winter-kept
hogs, of growing cattle not giving
milk, and even of horses. All are fond
of It when it is mixed with grain meal,
if too much Is not given. Thus the
apple pomace, that where cider is
made lu large quantities is wasted^,
will all be utilized. A one-horse steam
power will do the work, and can also
be used in doing many more things on
the farm that are performed laborious
ly by hand lnhpr or are left undone
because they Involve too muchVork.
Cow Peas in the Orchard.
Growers of peaches are using cow
peas In the orchards. The vines shade
the land and may be turned under
when the pods are nearly ripe, or may
remain as a mulch iu winter. It la
more profitable to use the vines f^r
food for cattle, but at the same time,
if a mulchls required, it Is well to
grow the mulch, especially when a
leguminous plant answers so well. One
advantage in growing the cow pea Is
Jthat it is almost a sure crop, and lime
or wood asbes may be used as a fertil
izer with It. The peach orchard will
In no manner be Injured by growing
the cow pea as long as the land Is giv-.
en the benefit of the crop from the ma
nure or by plowing under.
ts
Killing Lice on HQ?S.
To get rid of lice on swine the first
thing to do Is to clean the nest and
burn It, says the National Stockman.
Then mix together by agitating a pint
of kerosene, a half pint of Boft',soap
and two gallons of warm soft water,
and with an old scrub broom or a spray
pump thoroughly clean the place where
the nest was and the sides, or use a
whitewash made from fresh slaked
lime. Xow we will go for the lice on'
the swine. The best of all preparations,
for this Is some of the carbolic sbeep
dips. .The. next Is to use a kerosene,
emulsion, and apply with a broom or
brush to all parts of the body.
A Movable Fence.
The Illustration, from the American
Agriculturist, shows a panel of a fence
that can be moved with great ease. The
Mov*nr,K TENCH.
boards of each panel overlap, at one
end, the next panel.- A gradually curv
ing corner should be made with this'
fence, since at right angles a slight
opening would be left.
So ked Corn vs. orn Meal*
Some of the experiments nt the sta
tions hi the Western States, where tlie
use of com for fattening purposes Is the
all important question, seem to indicate
that soaking corn until It is swollen and
germinating gives nearly or quite as
good results, for hogs at least, as does
the same weight of corn meal. As It
has been tried the results In favor of
the corn meal have not been enough to
payvthe toll or price charged for grind
ing the corn. More thorough experi
ments nre needed to decide the ques
tion, however, and It may depend large
ly upon the cost of grinding. As'they
appear now, a man cannot afford to car
ry his corn five miles to be ground, If
It is ground for~nothing, or to pay a
heavy toll if he can have It ground at
home. But further investigation may
show that something will depend upon
the condition of the corn, time of soak
ing or otl»ar points.
Salt and Water.
Sheep naturally crave salt, as do all
other animals, wild or domestic, so far
as we know their habits. Whether the
salt has any other duty to do In the ani
mal economy than to assist the diges
tion we do not know, but It is a well
known fact that grassing animals seem
to need It more than carnivorous ani
mals, and especially seem to need it
when their food has a large proportion
of woody fiber, more than they do when
htfving a succulent food, like green
grass, roots and ensilage. But with salt
they need wjiter. Sheep drink but little
at a time, yet In winter, feeding upon
dry liny, they drink very often. The
water should be pure and clean. Stag
nant water Is often one of the causes
that brlug on stomach worms, which
kill many Iambs, and If not fatal to old.
er sheep, will keep them weak and'In
poor condition.
ltains preidii'B I'otnto Rot.
Whenever much rain falls before the
potato crop Is dug there is always more
or less roftlng of the tubers. Most Of
the new varieties set near the surface.
When digging those where the rains
have wet down to them will usually be
found badly rotted, while those that
have set lower down will be found en
tirely sound. Most ail of our new pota
toes, are bunched in the hill and when
rot attacks one It spreads very rapidly
If the weather is warm and moist. For
this- reason potatoes should be got out
early before heavy rains come, which
will carry the spores of disease down to
the bottom of the hill, if Hie land Is well
drained, and none otlieis should be ussd
to grow potatoes on. Deep planting Is
much better than shallow, as It will
cause fewer potatoes to set near the
surface.
he truwbfrry I e:l.
Old strawberry beds may be burned
over as soon as the leaves die off, and
by so doing many of the seeds will be
consumed. The bed should then be
mulched by covering with manure or
straw, but the mulch i)eed not be ap
plied until cold, weather conies. If the
old bed Is full of weeds It will not
yield satisfactorily next year, and to
bum It over will be an Improvement in
many respects.
lluililin:r n(i
Load your wagon with rnlls and drive
where you ivaut to build our fence and
pull the rails ofl' the liiud end of the
wagon, and lay your first mils between
the traces that your wagon makes. This
gives Von enough worm to your fence,
and better than sighting on ataJsee.
me do
Sfc4
IN BED WIThfcRATTLESNAkES.
A Belgian Naturalist's Nisht In the
Toltec Ruins of Qnetnadti.
"When I was collecting specimens of
plants and animals In Zacatecas," said
the noted Dr. Maximilian Schumann,
"I had an experience with rattlesnakes
which came near being the death of
me."
The doctor Is the Belgian explorer
and naturalist who went through Afri
ca, and In telling of his adventures he
•aid
"I had gone a day's Journey on horse
back from the city of Zacntecas to the
southeast to examine some old Toltec
ruins there. These nre known as the
Quemada ruins. They are very exten
sive. I got there late at. night. I had
shot a couple of doe on the way and
had thrown them across my pack ani
mal.
"On my arrival within the ruins I lit
afire to get my supper, after which I
spread my blanket and lay down. In
the morning when I woke up I threw
my hand outside of the blanket and It
almost touched a big, poisonous rattle
snake. I escaped by the merest chance.
Looking toward my feet, what was my
astonishment to see rattlesnakes all
over tlie blankets. There were no less
than six of them besides the one that
missed my band.
"The reptiles were not the crotalus
horridus, or diamond crotalus, known
in California, but the crotalus mllarius,
found In the hot regions. They are
very poisonous. When I had itt my flre
in the evening I could not see the
snakes, which, I presume, bad crept
along the walls.
"The altitude of Zacatecas and the
old ruins is between 7,000 and 8,000
feet and It gets quite cold at night. My
flre was what undoubtedly attracted
them. When they got out toward It
they found my bed, and, discerning the
warm blankets, crawled up on them
and went to sleep. I have always
thought It was almost miraculous that
I escaped being bitten. As I did not
want the snakes, having already all I
wontedrl killed them and nailed tbem
all to the adobe wall, with my card on
each.
"The lizards and other reptiles which
I got there I salted away in casks and
forwarded to Europe. It Is a general
belief among the Indians, 'notably
among the Cr&ks, Cherokees and
Ohoctaws In Indian territory, where I
was for a time, that if one is bitten by
a rattlesnake all be has to do to prevent
fatality Is to eat the snake. But I never
discovered any virtue In this. The best
remedy is to Immediately bind a thong
above the wound, so that the poison
cannot circulate blgber. Then cut an
incision below, the wound and squeeze
out as much blood as possible. Then,
If to the wound Is made an application
of potash orany alkali, there Is almost
no danger.
"I got the best collection of reptiles
from Mexico and forwarded them to
Europe that has ever been seen here.
The rattlesnakes were so plentiful that
they could be seen by thousands and
thousands."—San Francisco Call.
ALL ARE IN THE CEMETERY.
Clever Pevtce of a C1I'CIR.I Woman to
8ecnre a F'at.
Out at the Queen Anne flats there Is
an Ironclad rule that no family with
children shall be permitted to take a
lease of an apartment. This rule and
the situation of the building militate
against the filling of the flats, but tbe
agent succeeded in making a fair
showing, none the less. One day
.while wondering If he would receive
any more applications before tbe rush
season was ended a large, portly and
red-faced woman dressed In black en
tered the office.
She wanted a flat and had inspected
the premises. She fancied the tbird
of a certain row and was willing to
make an advance right then. The
terms were agreed upon and the pa
pers drawn up, when the agent said:
"We cannot permit any children In
thoBe flats. Have-you any?"
The woman sobbed aloud. She coyly
admitted to having had seven, but said
between her gasps "They are all now
In the cemetery, sir."
The agent was sympathetic and con
soling. The papers were signed, the
keys delivered and the new tenant de
parted, wiping her eyes, whi'.e her
shoulders heaved with woe. Tbe next
time the agent went there for rent he
was met by a bunch of children who
clambered the stairs with bim and
seemed very much at home. He went
to the fiat on tbe third floor and was
admitted.
"Are these your children, ma'am?"
he asked of tbe portly tenant.
"Seven are, sir," was the reply.
"But you told me all of yours were
dead."
"Indeed I did not, sir. What I said
was that they were In the cemetery,
and they were. Their father was out
of a Job and he took tbem out to tbe
cemetery on a picnic."—Chicago Ohron
lcle.
Extinguished.
It was a'tram car and he was a fear
fully and wonderfully got-up masher.
Over his "pince-nez" be eyed tbe other
passengers haughtily, and they In turn
looked at him with the amused, Indul
gent smile with which the public usu
ally regard the genius. Presently a
soldier of the Seaforth Highlanders en
tered and took his seat beside the mash
er. A stalwart, soldierly looking fel
low, he soon became the cynosure of
all eyes. The masher looked at blm for
a moment, then siding up to him he said
condescendingly:
"I say—er—Mr. Soldier, I've got —er
a brother who Is a soldier, don't you
I low?"
"Is that a fac'?" said the soldier, tak
ing a comprehensive look at bis ques
tioner, "weel, thnt's klnna queer tae.
Ye see, I've got a brother who's a con
founded Idiot, so we're aboot even, I'm
tblnkln'."
For a moment the dude looked as If
he had swallowed something that dis
agreed with him, then he sank back In
Ills seat and thought It over for the re
mainder of the Journey.—London Spare
Moments.
Queer British War Vctsel.
Theh most singular vessel in the
world Is the Polyphemus of the British
navy. It Is simply a long steel tube,
deeply burled In the water, the deck
rlBing only four feet above the sea. It
carries no injiyts or sails and is used ai
a ram and torpedo-boat.
Vour Chanoe of Lifu..
The French statistician, Dr. Llvrler,
says that half of all human beings die
before 17, that only one person In 10,
000 lives to be 100 years old and that
only one person out of every 1,000 lives
to be 00.
Long—I'm getting too stout for com
fort, but am unable to find a remedy.
Short—It Is said that nothing-reduces
surplus flesh like worry. Long—But
I have nothing to worry me. Short
Well, just to help you, I'm willing to
let you lend me ten dollars.—Cliletii-o
News.
That man never lived who wasn't
sorry he wrote a certain letter.
I
PROVIDENCE AND THE FLAG.
President MeKlnlcy is overworking
Providence nnd the flag. In forty-six
speeches delivered by the Chief Ex
ecutive in his swing around- tlie circle
he had used the word "Providence'.' ex
actly 104 tlnus.
But while "Providence" is a good,
large, mouth-filling word, it lias not
been quite so popular with the Presi
dent as the phrase "the flag." This,
McKlnley had used when -he reached
the conclusion of Ills forty-sixth speech
Ju8t 170 times. In Dakota the other
day.tbe President said: "In the Provi
dence of God, who works in mysterious
wnys, this great archipelago was put
Into our lap." Tills Is a reverential way
of looking at it, perhaps, but it is to be
observed that Providence didn't send
that check for $20,000,000 to Spain to
pay the bill tor tlie. inp-filllijg archi
pelago.
Doubtless the President would like to
make "Providence" responsible for the
whole Philippine business, the loss of
lives, the vnst expenditure of money,
the flglitlug and the folly which are to
come.
Commenting on this shuffle on the
part of Mclvinley, the New York World
says: "Disguised as 'Providence,' Mr.
McKlnley bought the Philippine war
from Spain. Dlsgu's^d as 'the flag,' be
has been and Is 'assimilating' Filipinos,
with the soil of their native land. Dis
guised as 'Patriotism,' He Is shouting
for the confounding of all traitors who
dare to murmur against liis perform
ances as 'Providence' or his deeds ns
'The Flag.'
But d'sguls^s, to be effective, must
not be discovered, and, unfortunately
for the President, his masquerading is
of the most evident charactcr.—Chicago
Democrat.
Paying War xpenaes.
When this country hns the extra ex
pense of currying on a war, the only
way to meet that enlarged obligation is
to increase the taxes on articles of con
sumption. England hns a better and
more effccllve method. With a revenue
from income taxes of $100,000,000 a
year in times of peace, a slight Increase
of the revenue tax Is all that Is needed
to meet luei'tasrd governmental ex
penditures. The trouble with the na
tion in this country Is that taxes on
consumption yield small revenue to the
government compared with the great
revenue which It brings to the trusts.
Take tin plate, for example. JIo reve
nue comes to the government from the
tariff on tin plate, but the trust has in
creased its prices 85 per.cent. As a rev
enue producer, the Dlngley tariff bos
proved a failure and, as Havemeyer
says, the protective tariff is the mother
of truBts.
Here nre a few statistics about the
tin plate trust: Under cover of tlie
tariff the trust has enormously ad
vanced prices. To limit the supply and
maintain artificially high prices the
trust has shut down thirty-four tin
plate mills in the Xorthprn and Eastern
States. By thls-means and by an ad
vance In prices on the American prod
uct the trust reaps a proflt^of $1,050,000
per year, whieh is dejofud to stock divi
dends, watered on eonunon stock to tjie
extent of 100 per cent. and. on .preferred
stock to the extent of 40 per cent, on
real values. The trust Is capitalized at
$50,000,000-$20.000,000 preferred and
$30,000,000 common stock. With a cap
italization of $50,000,000, the actual
value of the trust's p'-ant is between
ten and twelve millions.
Thus It Is apparent that the tariff
helps not the government/ but tbe
trusts, and tbat when large expenses
have to be met the consumer mnst be
taxed while the trusts go unmolested.
What McKlnley Issue Means.
"Anti-adminlstratlon newspapers and
orators occasionally exploit the word
'McKlnleylsm,' but always without con-,
veylng any definite meaning to tbe peo
ple," says a Republican contemporary.
To be definite, "Mcliluleylsm" Is the
synthesis of nil that "we have out
grown the Constitution" means and im
plies. This tbe people understand very
clenrly if our contemporary does not.
McKlnleylsm represents and stands for
a political movement to set aside the
Constitution and Declaration of Inde
pendence because the country has "out
grown" both of them, which necessi
tates the adoption of a new line for the
conduct of the concernB of the nation
wbich shall transfer the individual sov
ereignty of the people to tbe authorities
at Washington, and change it from a
government of and by the people to a
government for the people by those in
authority at the capital of the nation.—
Kansas City Times.
Another Kind of Liberty,
If the Filipinos nre governed by us
against their will und under military
force, as they must be If governed at
all, they will be In a state of vassalage
—which Is defined as "political inde
pendence." They will be subjects, not
citizens vassals, not equals. The "lib
erty" of which Mr. McKlnley speaks Is
not the liberty for wbich the Filipinos
we enjoy. It is not the liberty which
our De'claratlon of Independence in
cluded among tbe "unalienable rights"
of "all men." No people is free which
is compelled to recognize the "sover
eignty," however "benign," of another
-nation.—New York World.
Patrln! ism for AvKrntidlzement.
In one of his speeches last week Pres
ident McKlnley proclaimed that "this
Is tbe epocli of patriotism." It would
be Interesting to learn when, If ever, In
past times, In this. country, the spirit
of patriotism was lower than at pres
ent. In the gush of speech Mr. McKln
ley hns Inadvertently disparaged the
whole-glorious past of the American
people In attempting to distinguish this
as pecullnrly the age of patriotism.
There are cynlCB who insist that in the
patriotism of this epoch there is a very
large admixture of ambition, cant and
self-interest.—Philadelphia Record.:
Alwnys a Mystery.
It will always be a mystery to many
why the President, who was in posses
sion of the facts recited by Attorney
General Griggs in bis review of the
Carter case, allowed the embezzler to
wear the uniform of a regular officer
In tbe United States army, wear side
arms, draw full pay, exercise authority
over honest men and subalterns, and
force his presence upon other officers of
the army, 'when he knew his offense
and bad the evidence before blm.—Salt
Lake Herald. x.
Tied by the Philippine Crime.
President McKlnley cannot interfere,
by offer of arbitration, between Great
Britain and the Transvaal. He cannot
put $iqi$£|f Ip t^ie attitude of deptaring
the conquest of coveted territory by
Great Britain, while engaging this
country in a war of conquest iVx like
aggrandizement. -He cannot affect hor
ror at the shooting of Boers in South
Africa for the purposes of establishing
the suzerainty of Great Britain over
that republic, while killing Filipinos in
Luzon for the purpose of establishing
the sovereignty of the United States
over tlie Philippines. AU tbls follows
ruling the Declaration of Independence
out o^court.—Pittsburg Post.
''Beneficent Slavery."
''Beneficent slavery," pipes Peace
Commissioner Schurman on his return
from the Philippines, relative to that
peculiar Institution In the Sulu Islands.
He has the nerve to claim that It Is
different from his plain, ordinary chat
_tol slavery which brought on the civil
war. He chortles cheerfully that the
Sulu slaves are to be permitted to buy
their own freedom If they want to.
Why disturb snch a convenient system?
It is like the complacent argument of
arrogant wealth, "that every American
farmer and workman can become a
millionaire." Tbls remarkable state
ment of President Scburman's has
opened the eyes of many people to the
meaning of Imperialism. If slavery is
"beneficent" iu the Philippines and con
tract labor Is "necessary" in the
Hawaiian Islands, the argument should
be good for their re-establishment In
the-United States. If the Constitution
can be openly violated In our newly ac
quired possessions, why not in this
country? The negroes are already un
easy over Scburman's suave defense.
tt-McKlniey loses the negro vote in tbe
Northern StateB, as well as that of the
antl-tmperlallsts nnd tiipse Republicans
who still object to slavery, he wl!I make
rather a sorry showing In the next
presidential election.
For a Unlver«al Grab.
If the Republicans are going into the
expansion business, this Is the sensi
ble course for them to pursue. They
cannot afford to make a distinction be
tween any two of the territories. Their
purpose Is to turn the war we had with
Spain "for humanity's sake" into a war
of conquest, and tbe best thing they
can do is to burn all bridges behind
them and grab everything In sight. It
becomes more and more apparent that
It is to be a grab game, and Mr. MeKln
ley's. speech can be construed no other
way than being an order to the Repub
lican party to march in and take all.
The Democrats now ought to know
what they have got to fight.—Chattan
ooga News.
Only One Class Profits. ..
So far as can be seen, the only per
sons „who receive any benefit from tlie
government's announcement that It
will pay the interest on bonds a year In
advance, are the bankers and stock
speculators who can lend out all they
get at 0 per cent., though they pay no
more than 2 per cent, themselves for
any money they borrow.—Brooklyn Cit
izen.
The Unanimous Choice.
New York State, may now be counted
as squarely for Mr. Bryan, nnd this fact
settles the question of his renominatton,
knocks the Admiral Dewey presidential
boom, which has been fostered by false
and anytlVlng-to-beat-Bryan friends of
the naval hero, higher than Kilderoy's
kite, and shows that the Democracy of
the entire nation is united In Bupport of
the principles for whieh 1 Mr. Bryan,
more than any other member of the
party, stands to-day.—Buffalo Times.
Kills Our.Own Institutions.
The right of one government to con
trol another in the slightest degree car
ries with It the right to control it to the
highest degree. If -^e admit the Jus
tice of the theory that we have the
right to regulate the affairs of the Fili
pinos we at once break down the bar
riers we have ourselves built In defense
of republican principles.—Toledo Com
mercial.
A Natural Fruit.
Entangled In the meshes of Its fateful
Philippine policy, the McKlnley admin
istration dareB not utter a word of pro
test against the spoliation by Great
Britain, without the shadow of right, of
the two little putch republics of South
Africa. Such is one of the "first fruits"
of imperialism.—Grand Rapids Demo
crat.
It Would Be Tamely.
It is possible that, when the attempt
is made to unseat Congressman Rob
erts, of Utah, because of bis three
wives, explanations may be demanded
of the official recognition ly the United
States government of polygamy and hu
man slavery in tbe Sulu Islands.—
Springfield Republican.
I^et Imperialists Answer,' -i
Her Majesty is the nominal head of a
uation'compared with which the Dutch
republic Is physically a pygmy. But
who that loves mercy, truth, Justice
and liberty would not rather pray the
arefighting. It is not the liberty whleirK1'"! ot battles to save "Oom" Paul than
Britain's queen?—Chicago
to save
Chronicle.
Continuous Performance.
General Otis' forces gained their
2768th victory over the Filipinos yes
terday. The Filipions came back again
after the victory, as usual, and will be
defeated again this afternoon also to
moiTow.—Chicago News.
Facts Asalnst Buncombe.'
All the cry about "opening tbe mills
Instead of the mints" in 1806, does not
prevent tbe trusts closing tbe millB In
1800, while the administration' further
serveB the trusts for keeping the mints
closed.—Mansfield Shield.
Shamrock.
Ireland's national emblem, the sham
rock, grows In many parts of the Uni
ted States. It is Incidentally the same
ns that which flourishes on the soil of
Erin. A good many people confuse
the shamrock with clover, which it re
sembles, considerably, but the sham
rock can alwnys lie told from the other
by its small, yellow blossoms, exactly
like a strawberry bloom. This blossom
puts forth five little yellow leaves. Now
tlie blossom of the clover is either red
or white, and It is larger and shaped
differently. The shamrock has -three
leaves, which, hi most Instances, aire
perfect In their heart tfiape, though not
always so, and It grows luxuriantly In
limestone regions.
Wherr the Trouble ies.
"Yes," lie said, as he got up to kindle
the kitchen flre, "love's young dream li
all right BO far as it goes, but the trou
ble ls It is only a dream."—Chicago
Post
8UVen Dollars.
It Is rather embarrassing to tbe gold
advocates tbat the finance reports cooi
tain the statement that tbe'demand fo^r
silver dollars at the treasury In Wash
ington Is so great tbe Government Is
unable to meet It. There Is plenty of
gold In the treasury, bu{ tbe people
don't want gold. They demand silver,
and the administration, wbich Is doing
all can to establish the gold standard,
Is forced to confess Its tnabHtty to sup
ply enough silver dollars to meet the
demand. AnjLyet with this object les
son before them the gold advocates are
still plotting to cast aside silver alto
gether and force the yation to adopt a
single gold standard.
More than tbls,,these gold maniacs
wont to cancel the greenbacks and to
make all coin bonds payable In gold.
As a matter of fact, these money "re
formers" are not laboring to benefit tbe
people, but are working to establish a
money trust. -What they .want Is to
substitute a non-tnterest-paylng debt
for obligations bearing Interest and to
change tbe contract of a thousand
mHUon dollars' worth of outstanding
bonds from coin to gold to make bond
holders richer. And this Is called "re
forming the currency." Perhaps tbe
people may tSe fooled by Republican
false pretenses In 1900 as they were to
1886, but the probabilities are that they
will not be so easily cajoled. Much
has happened to enlighten voters as to
the treachery of Republican politicians
since the election of McKlnley. Their
eyes are opened, and the money trust
will not succeed in Its evil purposes.—
Chicago Democrat.
A Creditor Nation.
According to the goldbugs, the great?
mess of tbls nation can consist only In
Its becoming a great pawnbroklng es
tablishment In partnership with Eng
land. We are a long way off from be
lng a creditor nation, and as long as we
are a producing nation we can never
become one. There Is nothing strange
about this, for the producer has always
been at tbe mercy of tbe middleman,
who Is always a non-producer. It Is not
supposable that England could have
reached ber present financial domina
tion of the world had she been a pro
ducing nation like the United States,
for she would then have been unable to
manipulate the markets of the world
in acardance with her money standard.
We have fallen not only tinder ber
financial domination, but we are at
tempting to adopt her financial policy,
and this can mean only a contest be
tween capital and labor, brought about
by our condition as a producing nation.
We are concentrating money and mak
ing It possible for capital to control our
products and Incidentally fix tbe price
and quantity of tbe wages due labor.
It is the ugly bird befouling Its own
nest. We are not only not becoming a
creditor nation^ but we are becoming
a nation composed of Individual debt
ors, who will soon find it Impossible to
pay even the Interest on their Indebted
ness.—C. H. Robinson.
m-
Silver in Ktirope. -iv'1
It would be the Irony of fate If, by
the time Congress assembles, Europe
should be In the throes pf a financial
crisis caused entirely by its adherence
for a quarter of a century only to the
gold standard, and the demonstrated ..
Inadequacy of the supply of that metal.
It would be a strange commentary on
the financial lunacy of alleged states
men and economists and financiers, If
at the same time by act of Coi^ress
the United States was trying to place
Itself within the coils of the gold
standard, Europe should be trying to
escape from its fatal embrace and call
ing tke white metal to its aid. Yet this
very thing Is possible, and is made so
by this "wolfish" struggle for the yel
low metal that Is now going on among
Eurojjean banks and nations.—Denver
News.
Concoalu Longer.
As tbe people can. no longer be m1«
led, the Republican party Is now ready
to' throw aside the mask and declare
unreservedly for the gold standard.
That It will hold on to the -protective
tariff Bystem need surprise no one. This
Is, done at the dictation of tbe trusts,
which flourish under the system of pro
tection. They must not be offended,
as they fill the campaign chest when
ever called upon to do so. Tbat they
In ttira drain the resources of the peo
ple is a matter which seems to concern
no one in power.—Denver Post.
The Wbrfd's Shipping in 180Q.
The shipping of the world, accord
ing to Lloyd's Register, foots up 27,
678,528 tons, of which the United
Kingdom and her colonies owned 13,
888,508 tons, or more than one-half.
The Marine Review summarizes the
statement by the following table,
which, it soys, shows tlie relative Im
portance of the different countries own
ing more than 100,000 tons as regards
merchant shipping:
United Kingdom 12,020,024
Colonies 1,061,584
Total British tonnage 13,988,508
United States 2,465,387
Germany 1 2,458,384
Norway 1,694,230
Prance 1,242,001
Italy 875?»1
Russia 048,527
Spain 608,885
Sweden ...
Japan
Denmark 5111
Holland 455lfl09
Austrin-Hungary 380,414
Greece 238,643
Brazil 173,967
Belgium 151,842
£»r,k'y 146,553
Gbi'i 107,495
Portugal 103,758
Total other countries 13,385 916
A Modern Instanoe.
The wonderful advance made In the
science of farming during the last few
years is one of the best examples of
American progresslveness. A little In
cident recounted by the Ashtabula
(Ohio) Sentinel Is characteristic.
One evening, a short time ago, a so
ciety in Jefferson needed a gallon of
cream. The committee called up by
telephone the proprietors of a milk
farm two miles north of the town, and
asked if they could furulsh it. Tbe re
ply was that they could as soon as
milking was done. In thirty minutes
from tbe time the call was made the
cream was delivered.
The milk had been drawn from tbe
cow, put Into a separator, the cream ex
tracted and sent to town by a man on a
bicycle.
A few years ago the committee would
hare had to send a boy lu the afternoon,
"yesterday's milk'" would have had to
be skimmed, and if the boy bad not
treed too many chipmunks on tbe way,
he ullgbt have got Intf1'
festival. ,/

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