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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, November 22, 1899, Image 4

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Jnst a little every (lay,
That's the way!
Seeds In darkness, Rwell and grow,
liny blades push through the snow.
Never nny flower of Mny
Leaps to blossom In a burnt
Slowly—slowly, nt the first,
That's the way!
Just a little every day.
I Just a little every day,
That's the why!
Children learn to rend and wiite
Bit by bit and mite liy mite
Never any one, I sny,
Leaps to knowledge and Its power
Slowly—slowly—hour by uour,
That's the way! '.-••••
Just a little-every day.
—Ellft Wheeler Wilcox.
"I've always brought you up to ex
pect that I would do something for
you, Kupert, and I will—but I confess
I am disappointed. As my heir you
would have a right to aspire to almost
any marriage ."lint the daugh
ter of a country rector, one of seven
children, nobody in particular, no
"She's the most beautiful creature
you ever saw."
"Of course," said Sir Spenthorne Car
nac drily. "That goes without say
"Walt till you see her, Uncle Spen."
"I'm beginning to be quite flred with
curiosity. If she's all you say, my boy,
I wonder what she saw in you!" The
tall old man,
the Iron gray hair
and long mustache, shading a well cut,
expressive mouth, smiled as he looked
down at his nephew. "If I-were a
woman I should prefer some one over
Ave foot six."
"All women don't worship thews and
sinews," said Rupert Carnac Impatient
"Lucky for you they don't, my boy.
Well, you really think the beauty caros
for you? You don't imagine that the
fact of your being my heir has any
thing to do with It?"
Rupert smiled a fatuous smile, which
made bis uncle long to shake him.
"•You think yourself very worldwlse,
Uncle Spoil, and all that, don't you
know but you're on the wrong tack
this time. I told them nothing about
my prospects, and If Merlel has ac
cepted me I presume it's for myself."
"H'm—the daughter of a country
parson, seven brothers and sisters, etc.
However, I will see the girl for
myself. And so that she should not be
on her good behavior—rich uncle and
all that, don't you know—I'll go down
to Systed and stay at the Inn. There's
a trout stream, and I'll be supposed to
be attracted by the fishing.. Nobody
need find out who I really am and I
can easily: inake acquaintance with the
"Yes, tt you go to church he will
probably call."
Sir Spenthorne Carnac intimated that
he 'was prepared to make even that
sacrifice In the Interests of his nephew.
And as the two men separated on the
steps of the Naval and Military, the
stalwart old'Boldler could not help once
more wondering what the deuce the
girl (If she. was all Rupert said) could
have seen In the little chap.
"Certainly, sir, you can have the
rooms, and the fishing Is especially
good Just now."
"Well, that just suits me. Can I
have some dinner?"
"Yes, sir certainly, sir. Er—what
name did you say?"
"Thank you, sir."
As the landlady left the room Sir
Spenthorne Carnac walked up to the
diamond paned windows of the little
Inn parlor, and looked across the road
to where stood a small white bouse,
the abode, he knew, from his nephew's
description, of the rector. Presently
down the dusty road came a girl
dressed In white, a tall and finely pro
portioned figure, clad in plain serge,
with a sailor lint. The wny the girl
carried her head Impressed Sir Spen
"By Jove, I suppose that's one of
Lord Lauder's daughters," he said to
himself. "I know they live some
where hereabout Now, if Rupert had
fancied a girl like that
The girl was coming up the garden
path, and Sir-Spenthorne caught sight
of great brown eyes, chestnut hair, and
a complexion like a wild rose.
"Yes, Miss Merlel, dear?"
"Can you let us have some eggs?"
"Only a few, Miss Merlel. We've got
a gentleman come here for the fishing,
and I'll be wanting them for him. He's
a real gentleman."
Sir Spenthorne smiled In his long
gray mustache at this description of
himself. "Who was that?" he asked
of Mrs. Bartlett after the departure
ft the young lady.
"That's Miss Merlel Ray, the daugh
ter of the rector."
"A great favorite In the village, 1
"Miss Merlel, sir—we call her the
Bay of sunshine, bless her?"
The good woman enlarged for some
time on Miss Merlel's perfections, and
was perhaps, surprised at the extraor
dinary patience with which her guest
listened to her long story.
"I wonder this charming young lady
has not married," said Sir Spenthorne.
"\yell, now, sir," said Mrs. Bartlett
confidentially, "there Is a young man
—he be a bit undersized, to be sure—
but Mr. Rny would be glad to sfee one
of his daughters married—he has seven
children, you must know, anil gals are
not Just so easy to sottle nowadays.
And -It Is said In the village
that Miss Merlel she's doing it to
please her pa, and muke room for her
younger sisters. But here's your din
ner, sir."
Sir Spenthorne walked up and down
before the door of the Inn smoking, re
flecting on Rupert and ills love affairs.
It certainly was astonishing to see the
sort of men women will marry—aston
ishing! On the other side of the road
there presently appeared the tall fig
ure of a clergyman. Sir Spenthorne
went across, and, taking off his hat,
Inquired if the rector could advlBe him
as to the best sort of fly to use on the
river, as be was a stranger In Systed.
The Rev. Thomas Ray, himself a de
votee of the gentle sport, took In with
a swift glance the tall upright figure,
the deep blue eyeB and the well cut,
powerful face of his Interlocutor.
"What a handsome fellow!" he
thought, "even now"—for the age of
the stranger could not be less than
fifty. "1 should be delighted to tell yitu
anything In my
he said aloud,
down the road togctner between the
sweet June hedges.
This walk was the beginning of a
quickly, ripening friendship. Merlel
showed the way to the best pools. Sir
Spenthorne Invented the most wonder
ful picnics and al fresco teas for the
children. When he wasn't by the riv
er he was at the rector's house, and
perpetually in the company of Meriel.
Sir Spenthorne had never married, be
cause years and years ago a girl had
jilted him, and yet his heart was as
full of reverence for women as a boy's.
Never had he come across one who ful
filled his whole Ideal of womanhood
until he met Merlel. He hardly real
ized which wny things were drifting—
was not Meriel engaged to Rupert,
and was not he, Sir Spenthorne, the
rich, elderly uncle, who had come to
make all things smooth for them?
As he returned to his Inn one evening
after a delightful expedition in the
woods with Merlel and half a dozen
young brothers and sisters he found a
telegram waiting for htm:
"Am coming down to-morrow—get
ting anxious. RUPERT."
Sir Spenthorne felt his heart sud
denly grow cold. Good henven! What
folly was this? Why should he mind
his nephew coming down? he asked
himself. Impatiently—but in his heart
of lienrts Sir Spenthorne know the rea
son why.
He put the telegram In his pocket
and walked across the road to the rec
tor's house. The small servant showed
him in. "Mr. Spens" was quite a
friend of t^e family.
Merlel was alone, filling a china bowl
with June roses. Her face was flushed,
and there were traces of tears on her
"What Is it?" asked "Mr. Spens,"
taking her hnnd.
"Nothing—and you are crying?"
"I'm a fool," cried Merlel passionate
ly. "It's nothing there is a man, who
wants to marry me—father wishes It
and I've snld 'yes,' and he's coming
down to-morrow that's all."
"But," said "Mr. Spens" gently,
"don't you Uke him?"
Merlel turned a scared face to him.
"I didn't mind him—at first," she
"Well—nothing." The girl turned to
the window and looked out Into the
shadowy evening.
"Tell me," said "Mr. Spens" with a
sudden thrill In his voice—"tell me all
about it."
"There's nothing to tell. He was a
nice little man, and he asked father,
and father said if he died there would
be nothing for us,and It would comfort
him to know one of his daughters was
provided for. And- though father
looks well and strong, It seems he has
something wrong with his heart, and
he might die at any time—and so I
said yes."
"I see," said "Mr. Spens" quietly.
But why Is it more tragic now than
But Merlel wouldn't answer him,
and kept her head obstinately turned
away, and "Mr. Spens" rose.
'I sec It's no use asking you to con
fide In me," he said at last Then
Merlel turned on him.
'Oh, go, go!" she cried. And Sir
Spenthorne, turning, left the room
without another word.
"My God!" be said to himself as he
walked .across the road to the Inn, "I
believe she might have liked me, old
fellow as I am."
"What an awful thlng!"^
"Yes, It's a desperate business. I
have telegraphed to the young fellow
she's engaged to."
'Have you told him It's smallpox?"
'Look here, Ray, there's something
I want to tell you. I am Rupert Cnr
nac's uncle. I wanted to see the girl
he was going to marry to have the op
portunity of Judging her, and I had
made up my mind to make things right
for them."
'Heaven knows If there will be any
'right,'" said the poor rector, too dis
tracted to give much heed to Sir Spen
thorne's words. "Ah! thank goodness,
there Is Rupert."
A fly drove up to the door of the inn,
and Rupert, looking somewhat flurried,
got out
"Of course, I came at once," he said,
In an embarrassed toner "but I hope
Merlel does not expect to see me.
Smallpox is an awfully Infectious
My dnughter does not even know
that I have sent for you," said, the rec
tor, stlffy. "I thought It right to do so
—she is very ill." His voice broke, and
he turned impatiently away. He had
urged his daughter to accept Rupert
Carnne, and he did not quite like the
light in which Rupert was showing
himself. Sir Spenthorne said nothing,
but his Ilps^tlghtened, and there was a
look on his face the reverse of compli
mentary to bis nephew.
During the weeks that followed
young Rupert was very much bored,
and only the fear of his uncle kept him
in Systed. Sir Spenthorne rather
avoided his nephew, and was, besides,
too desperately anxious to care for
anybody's society. The terrible illness
dragged Its weary length along, but nt
last a day came when the doctors pro
nounced Merlel to be out of danger,
and snld that she might see Rupert.
When the young mnn was admitted
into the darkened room and caught
sight of the swollen face and blurred
features dimly seen In the uncertain
light, he tried In vain to conceal his
•It's horrible, Isn't it?" she asked,
wistfully. "No one could love me
Rupert was silent from embarrass
You know you are quite free, Ru
pert." Merlel raised herself on her el
bow and looked into her lover's face.
The change which Illness had wrought
In hers appaliedhim.
•'You are free, Rupert, she repeated.
"No, no," said Rupert weakly.
"Yes, yes," said Merlel, cheerfully.
Take your freedom, Rupert. You
know you are thankful in your heart."
Rupert stood looking awkwardly
down at her.
'Uncle Spen will be furious," he said
at last. "He thinks the world and all
of you."
"Uncle Spen!"
"Yes, my uncle, Sir Spenthorne Car
nac. You only knew him as 'Mr.
Spens.' The fuct Is, he had beard of
our engagement, and wanted to take
stock of you without letting you guess
who he really was. I'm afraid he'll
pitch Into me about this."
A slow smile broke over Merlel's
"I think I can make your peace with
him," she said.
"Is it true, Merlel, is it true that all
Is at an end between you and Rupert?
Tell me, my darling, Is there—|g there
a ctyHtc* tor
Sir Spentliorno Carnac was kneollnj
beside Merlel's sofa, her thin wasted
hand In his. The girl looked up.
"You want to marry me, now my
looks are all gone?"
"I love you—I want you—and I don'l
care about anything else!"
But a few months after, when,
thanks to a clever German specialist,
young Lady Carnac had lost all traces
of her illness, and Sir Spenthorne was
Inordinately proud of bis beautiful
wife, Rupert declared that he bad been
abomlnately treated, and that Lady
Carnne was the most mercenary and
deceitful of women.
Richness of the Dlsnond Fields Almost Be
yon* Comprehesilos.
The figures representing the wealth
of the ICImberley diamonds are so
vast as to be hardly within the com
prehension of the mind.
In two years after the formation of
the De Beers Company by Cecil
Rhodes In 1888 it had paid $8,000,000 In
20 per cent, dividends and $4,400,000 In
Interest on the original $40,00vi,uu0
capital, making a total of $12,400,000,
or $0,200,000 per year.
Since then the output has greatly in
creased, so that the annual product is
about $20,000,000. The total produc
tion In the eleven years since the con
solidation Is not far from $200,000,000.
This official output, however, by no
means represents the total product of
the niine. The De Beers Company Is
nothing more than a vast diamond
trust, which regulates the output of the
mines. There is no intention on the
part of the De Beers Company to make
diamonds so plentiful that they -will
become cheap. On the other hand, the
price of diamonds has been steadily
advanced by the trust until it is now
far In excess of what It was at the time
the De Beers combination was formed.
The company meanwhile has been
stocking nway great stores of dia
monds until It has a reserve fund of
this nature probably amounting to
scores of millions of dollars.
Of course It is Impossible to esti
mate accurately the value of the De
Beers mines, practically all of which
arc at Ivimberley. Attempts to do so
bave been made and the figures have
ranged all the way from $1,000,000,000
to $1,500,000,000.
In 1890 there were 1,300 Europeans
and 5,700 natives employed In the
mines. There are now 1,800 Euro
peans and 0,500 natives or Kaffir ne
groes. The miners get from $25 to $30
per week and the day laborers' wnges
range from $4.15 to $5 per week.
The Klmberley mines cover more
than twenty-six acres, and are sunk
to a depth of from 450 to 500 feet with
shafts running ^own from this level
ton doth of from 500 to 1,200 feet
Hone Sense.
It Is peculiarly appropriate that some
cold facts about the horse be laid be
fore the public at the present time.
These will substantiate the assertion
that the liorse Is an animnl of extraor
dinary little sense—using the word as
synonymous with judgment. It Is quite
natural that the horse should bave a
nature so unbalanced mentally
evolved, as he Is, from an ancestor who
was one of the most timid of wild ani
mals, possessing no weapons of offense
or defense, aud therefore finding his
only safety in flight. He had ever to
be on the alert, with his keen senses
of perception ever tense ready to urge
him Into a mad gallop at the slightest
movement or rustling of a leaf, which
perhaps might betray the neighbor
hood of some lurking beast of prey
about to spring upon him and tear his
life out with lacerating claws or teeth.
It Is no wonder therefore thnt at any
unaccustomed sight, noise, touch, or
motion, the horse of to-day, in spite of
countless centuries of training in the
service of mnn, under the ancestral
impulse that dominates his most in
tensely nervous organization, should
still be seized with an ungovernable
terror that expresses itself In a mad.
onwnrd rush whose frightful power Is
fraught with destruction for every
thing about him.—Automobile Maga
Africans the Locomotive.
The children of the desert were filled
with awe when first the silence of the
primeval solitude was broken by the
puffing of the steam engine. Down at
the other end of the Cape to Cairo line
the simple Matabele, when first con
fronted by a locomotive, wore certain
that the strange machine was worked
by the labor of an indefinite number of
oxen, which they assumed were shut
up inside. Hence, when the engine
stopped, they gathered in curolus
crowds watting to see the door open
and the oxen come out,- nor could they
for many days be persuaded that the
power of the locomotive could come
other than from the strength' of the
ox. ,The Arabs of the Soudan, more
Imaginative tlinn the Matabele, saw In
the fire horses of the railway one of the
Djlnns olthe Arabian Nights, harness
ed by the magic of the Infidel In the
long trains of cars. The steam engine
was to them a living, sentient being.
Of which belief there Is curious evi
dence In the fact that on one occasion
a Sheik made an Impassioned remon
strance againBt the cruelty of makinc
so small an engine draw so huge
train.—Windsor Magazine.
A Novel Itece.
Anglo-Indians are passionately fond
of sports, and have originated somo
clever and unusual outdoor entertain
ments. Not long ago a race was got
up In which a camel, an elephant, a
horse, a bicycle and an automobile cart
were the entries. The camel and the
elephant were ridden by their keepers
and the horse, bicycle and automobile
were managed by experts. The course
was three miles, and the race was a
handicap, the elephant and camel being
given half a mile and the automobile
an eighth of a' mile. The elephant won
the race, the bicycle and the autonm
blle finishing second and third.
He 0«ve His Consent.
It was at a society wedding. 1,r
clergyman after proclaiming the bantu
of matrimony between the'' young cou
ple concluded by saying "If there be
any objections they can now be stated."
A fashionable youth, an old admirer
of the Intended bride, noticing the eyes
of a portion of the congregation fixed
upon him, rose up and exclaimed: "I
have no objections for my own part,"
and then quietly resumed his seat ns if
he had attended to a mere formality.
Crusty Curmudgeon's Last Retort.
"Oh! Good morning!" cheerily cried
the Good-Natured Man, "I hope I see
you well."
"If you don't" the Crusty Curmud
geon tartly retorted, "you'd better con
sult an oculist."-^CatholV Standard
and Timet,
llandy Chicken Roost.
In many poultry houses the manner
In which the roosts are placed In posi
tion is a source of annoyance when
time comeB to clean out the house. In
order to avoid the dlfilcuity of getting
around under the roosts, b, they should
be placed crosswise a frame made of
about 2x4-lnch material, six feet wide
and nearly as long as the building In
which they are to be placed. Hang the
frame, a, at one side to the wall by
heavy strap or T-hlnges and support
the other side by props, d, placed under
It or a couple of pieces of stout wire
rope, c, hung from the roof. The
roosts can then be let down out of the
way when the house Is being cleaned,
and they also can be scraped off and
washed with lime, either with a brush
or spray pump. If both house and
roosts are whitewashed frequently the
filth will be lessened. A spray pump
Is excellent to use for this whitewash*
Ing process.—American Agriculturist.
Gathering Cow Peas*
My method of gathering them Is a
long wny ahead of the common way of
hand picking. Take a heavy chain and
fasten on a No. 20 Oliver chilled plow,
or any other heavy plow. In same man
ner as you would If wishing to turn
under a tall growth. Buckie hip straps
on harness so short ns to bold plow out
of ground. Take wheel and jointer off
of plow let row come between team
and plow, just skim enough surface to
cut pea stalks off. The stalks will be
caught by the chain and dragged until
enough gathera to raise chain, then they
will drop out under chain and chain
will then gather another bunch in like
manner. Size of bunches will be regu
lated by weight of chain. If gathered
in this way early in the morning while
they are tough none will shatter. Thin
fix Is superior to any patented pea liar?
vester I have yet seeu. 1 gathered my
last year's crop !n this manner with
great success.—P. B. Meyer.
Has Come to Stay.
Iturai free delivery is now in success
ful operation in every State and terri-"
tory In the Union, and the $800,000 ap
propriated for the current year has been
nearly all expended. Quoting Special
Agent A. B. Smith, In charge of this
branch of the Postal Department: "One
remarkable fact In connection with the
service is that not a single complaint in
misdoing or failure to perform duty has
been lodged at the department against
any of the carriers. The service has
been discontinued in but two or three
Instances, and then against the earnest
protest of patrons." An offset to the
expense of the delivery Is the abolition
of some very small poatofflces, which
are no longer needed where the carrier
makes his rounds. Rural delivery has
come to stay.
For an Amateur Carpenter.'
The honesty of hand-made furniture
Is always attractive, particularly if it
Is made without glue In the good, old
fashioned style, with wooden bolts to
hold the supports together. The ac
companying design for a bench Is artis
tic in its simplicity and might easily
be copied by any amateur carpenter.
The ends are cut In a pattern out of a
thick board, as In Fig. 2, and are held
together by a beveled bar, wblch, pass
ing through the supports, Is firmly held
in place by wooden pins, as shown in
Fig. 1. A simple contrivance, but noth
ing could be stronger.
To Control the Potato Scab.'
"Another year's experience confirms
my statement made a year ago that one
can control potato scab by the use of
a rye sod, If this Is done in the right
way. This Is the fifth year of an ex
periment on two acres of land that bad
become so Infested with scab that a
decent crop of potatoes could not be
grown. Five successive crops of pota
toes have been grown in this land, turn
ing a rye sod under ench spring, and
the seed used a portion of the time has
not been wholly free from scab and has
been untreated with any solution to kill
the germs, but the crop Is .above the
average In smoothness. The seed last
spring, coming from Northern Ohio, had
more scab thou, seemed safe, but so far
as examination of the hills now indi
cates, the crop will be all right. If the
rye can be turned during a hot spell
In the spring. It makes the soli a little
acid, and that Is fatal to the scab germs.
Two years of that treatment practically
cleaned the field."—Alva Agu, In Ohio
German Kapc.
The new forage plant—German rape
—which has been praised so highly for
stock is now known to be one of the
best and cheapest "garden crops that
can be used for "greens," being su
perior to kale in rapidity of growth and
yield of leaves, it enn also be used for
successive cropB, as the seed may be
sown from early spring until quite late
lu summer. It belongs to the kale fam
ily, and when seeded thickly In rows
ft pwduwi epwlj. t*nder stijjkif u4
gro^s wbfEfcVW ^P^ito/PSrodi«efl..L
It is really a valuable acquisition to the, I
list of garden plants, as well as being
a profitable crop for field culture.
Fighting HorCholera*
If the hog cholera should break out
on our farm, then all the pigs that have
been exposed to It should be confined In
email lots so as not to spread the dls»
ease on the farm. The pig that has the
cholera should be confined (n a pen to
itself, and It should be sprayed three or
four times each day with chloro-naph
tlioleum, twenty parts water to one of
the chloro, and the floor of the pen
should be white with slacked lime, and
If the pig dies* If It can be done, haul
some logs and wood and b'urn It In the
pen where it died, but If not, be sure
that every cholera germ Is killed on the
way from the pen to the place where
the pig Is burned. By using such vigor
ous measures we have succeeded in
stamping the cholera out several times
on our farm.—-James Riley, In Farmers'
To Destroy rabl,,,. Worms.
Pests of the cabbnge family are best
controlled by the use of the following
insecticide: Pulverized resin, 5 pounds
concentrated lye, 1 pound fish oil, 1
pint water 5 gallons. Make this Into
a stock solution by placing the oil,
resin and one gallon of hot water in
an Iron kettle, heating until the resin
Is softened. After this add the concen
trated lyecarefully and stir the mixture
thoroughly. Add four more gallons of
water and boil the whole mass until
the mixture will unite with cold water,
making a clear, amber-colored mixture.
Tills mixture should make five gallons
of stock solution. When this Is used,
F. A. Sirrine, of the Geneva Experi
ment Station, advises preparing it by
combining one gallon of the stock solu
tion with sixteen gallons of water,
three gallons of milk of lime and one
fourth pound of Paris green. The wa
ter, resin and milk of lime is added. In
'•very case where this mixture is prop
erly applied good results were obtained.
—American Agriculturist
Try Winter Oats.
I would advise farmers who live
where the spring Is backward to try
sowing some fall oats. We have been
raising this variety of oats now for six
years and are In every way satisfied
with them. Sow them the same time
as wheat putting on two bushels to the
acre. They ripen earlier and jtre much
heavier than the spring variety. Of
course one lias to pay more for winter
oats than the spring oats, yet when a
good start Is secured they ore invalu
able to the farmer and' are without
question the best oats to raise.—J. W.
Stevens. '"v"v
How to Make a Snare.
Take a cord rope ton or fifteen feet
long, make noose in one end, tie the
other end to spring pole, drive stubs in
the ground In a circle, twelve inches In
diameter make long trigger, say fif
teen Inches, cut notch four inches from
end and another notcli near the same
end. Make short trigger four or five
inches long slope both ends. Tie rope
back three feet from noose end to mW
l!e of short trigger, draw down spring
pole, let noose around circle of stubs,
set as you would trap, by having notch
In top of one stub for short trigger.
Shorthorn Heifer.
The 2-year-okl Shorthorn heifer, Bap
ton Vanity, is a roan, bred and owned
by Mr. J. Deane Willis, Bapton Manor
Wiltshire, England. She Ib very large
for her age, being wide and deep In
front. She was first at the Bhow of the
Bath and West Society at Cardiff.
Poultry 5 nuect Killers.
The lard and sulphur mixture has to
be used on young-chicks with discre
tion. Iusect powder, especially buhacb,
Is far safer and will surely kill every
louse with, which It comes In contact.
Tobacco dust freely scattered through
the feathers of the old bird, as for In
stance when sitting, and a few days
before the eggs are expected to hatch,
will clear the lice out In a hurry. Some
times I use tobacco dust In place of the
Insect powder. If applied freely, it
will also kill these lice. For chicken
mites, use the clear kerosene, soaking
perches, nests and cracks and crevices
very thoroughly, and It Is a sure cure
every time.
Animal Food for Young Turkeys.
As long as the supply of insect food
lasts the young turkeys will make rap
Id growth, but as soon as you notice
the grass disappearing and Insects less
abundant, begin feeding a small quan
tity of meat to the young turkeys at
night so as to promote and continue
the growth. Xou should not aim to get
them very fat Whnt you should de
sire Is to secure as large frames and
bone as possible, so as to have some
where to crowd on the meat and fat
later on. Hence do not allow them to
cease growing, but push them until
ready for market putting them up for
the purpose of being fattened about ten
days before selling.—Exchange.
Uood Ton I try nr^*ds.
Among the hardy breeds of poultry
that thrive well lu winter may be men
tioned the Brahmas, Cochins, Plymouth
Rocks and Wyondottes. Some breeds
may excel them as layers In summer,
but In the winter season they will prove
as profitable as any from the fact that
they are very heavily feathered and
have combs thnt are not excessively
lar|e, which enables them to endure
severely cold weather. The ^breeds
named are of large size and are also
excellent market fowls, having yellow
skin and legs.
Borctw in Apple Trees.
If the'treeu have already been infest
ed the borers must be taken out with a
sharp knife or killed In their holes by
Inserting a sharp wire. After the trees
have been treed from them, prevent
their further attacks by scrubbing the
trunks once or twice a year witl)
strong soapsuds. If the trunks are cov
ered with rough bark, remove this by
scraping. It is very difficult to rid an
orchard of borers after they are once
Hhtftle*. Fnrmlug.
Now that frost has come It will be
noticed that the corn is yet Btanding In
some fields, not having been cut at the
proper time. Such corn is a dead loss
to the farmer, so far as the fodder Is
concerned, and reduces the profit of the
crop. It Is such farmers who abandon
their farms because "farming doesn't
pay," and they go into debt or mort
gage their farms because they do not
know how to manage their business.
A mirror was once simply something
to be wondered nt. The first looklng
•giass undoubtedly routed great wtgp
•Hbwejrt. ..'
DWICIS oou'i asAO
When the Whiu' House syndicate,
trading on a lucky deal in bankrupt
notes, made the war with Spain a pre
text for Imperialism the Uulted States
had an army of 27,000 meu aud a navy
whose combined cost was $54,000,000
a year.
Lock at the difference now. This re*
public is uow maintaining six military
governments, tfhe revenues of the
captured territory are not sufficiently
rich as yet to defray the cost, aud much
of It is takeu from the pockets of the
taxpayer. Cuba, Porto ltlco, the Phil
ippines, Hawaii, Alaska and Guam are
all under the control of the military.
Civil government has been wholly elim
inated in the six possessions, and the
bayonet and the sword are the llual ar
biters. Save in the Philippines, there
has beeu no opeu attempts to dispute
bayonet government. But the inhabit
ants of the six military-ruled territories
have appealed to Congress for relief
from-the burden. The sltuatiou in
?orto Rico is especially intolerable, for
the natives of that Island, who met
with flags and acclaim the American
army of occupation, are ruled with an
iron hand more uubending than that of
the Spauiards we chased into the sea.
For purposes of his own the Presi
dent has made no attempt to have civil
government established In Porto Rico.
Under the guise of controlling through
the military arm until Cougress would
have time to net, the administration
has beeu perpetrating a series of sys
tematic robberies in connection with
the form of government it proposes to
establish there. The administration
proposes uo immediate change in the
form of government for Cuba. Until
forced to give up this tempting plum,
the War Department will maintain a
military despotism there. Profitable
fields for speculation for the War De
partment's pets are made available by
continued bayonet rule in Cuba. The
rich revenues of the island are used
without question from a higher author
ity. Until Congress actually takes a
band and asserts its unquestioned right
to terminate the War Department's
tenure, there will be millions spent in
Questionable wnys.—Verdict.
Wuy It* Clear for Bryan.
The election result in Nebraska will
have a tendency to deter any other
Democrat from making an attempt to
compete with W. J. Bryan for the
Democratic Presidential nomination
next year. There Is no other candi
date for the nomination in sight nor is
It probable that any other candidate
will appear. On a broad platform of
Democratic time-honored principles—
on a platform like that on which Tilden
or Cleveland stood, with the issue of
antl-imperiallsui added—he would lead
ft united party to the polls. His elation
over his success in Nebraska is natural
and amply displayed. He sees no rival
for the leadership in his own party.
This triumph he has gained by great
labor and it is not disputed.
There seems now to be no possible
doubt as to who will be the opposing
candidates next year for President.
The campaign of 1890 will be repro
duced, with the results' to be deter
mined by the votes. Save that Mary
land may now be counted In the Demo
cratic column the battlefield of 1000
will be substantially that of 1890 the
standard bearers will be the same, but
the Issues will be different.—Chicago
Rather Paradoxical*
At the outbreak of the British-Boer
war we find devout Englishmen, as
usual, prostrating themselves before
their altars, and appealing to their god
of battles to bless their cause. The
Boers perform the same service. As
they are both supposedly Christian na
tions, it follows that they are both ap
pealing to the same divinity, both
claiming the support of the same om
nipotence. But as even a divinity could
not give the victory to both sides simul
taneously it follows that one party or
the other is certain to be disappointed.
After the issue shall have been deter
mined the world will probably fall back
to its materialistic theory, that God is
on the side of the strongest battailous
and those of the greatest staying pow
ers.—Los Angeles Herald. ..
A Republican Query.
Republican papers, with customary'
Republican idiocy, are asking: "Sup
pose the Filipiuos are subjugated be
fore the next Presidential election,
where, then, will be your Issue?" It
will be here. If In the next year those
harried Asiatics are overborne by su
perior numbers, the murder and rob
bery of tbein will not be in any less
wrong. It is the duty of the Demo
cratic party to see that this country is
governed along the Hues of justice and
rlght,'and the Democratic party, back
ed by decent Republicans, will so see.—
The Iconoclast.
Pure Cant*
McKlnley talks about "churches and
schools," about American patriotism,
about peace, about our reasons "for
profound thanksgiving" and yet as a
consequence of his personal policy, or
lack of policy, the power of the United
States is being exerted to compel the
submission of a people who have never
owed us submission, in violation of the
very principles for which our Ameri
can forefathers fought in King
George's day. To talk about peace at
such a time ns this Is the cant of a
whining hypocrite.—Buffalo Enquirer.
Destiny Doing It All.
It would not be at all surprising to
find the administration represented by
a big fleet and an army of 40,000 men
somewhere on the coast of China some
fine morning. It would be there quite
unexpectedly and providentially, we
may depend. It would reverently rec
ognize the fact, of course* that duty
determined its destiny or destiny de
termined its duty to seize and benevo
lently assimilate a large section of
China, with 50,000,000 inhabitants,
more or less.—Chicago Chronicle.
A Pointed Question.
The President's commissioner says to
interfere with this Institution of slav
ery would bring on "a bloody and
wholly unnecessary war." Perhaps so.
But was It necessary to bring under
American jurisdiction slave territory,
lu the first plnce? Was It necessary
to add to American dominions territory
which c6uld not be held in peace with
out trampling upon the 13th amend
ment, that sacred heritage of the most
awful sacrifices lu the nation's blood
and treasure?—Springfield Republican.
TUe War of Syndicate.
The AinpHeau branch of the Anglo
•merlcu} Qblnft pevelopment Oew-
pnny is the power that is behind the
President in his war upon the Filipi
nos. They do not want peace in the
Philippines. They want war. They
want war for two reasons. One that
the army and navy of America may be
at a convenient distauce from China to
further their schemes In that quarter
of the globe and second, as an excuse
to raise a great army that can be used
in their interests iu the United States
when the occasion requires it.—Wash
ington National Watchman. N
Hawaiian "Americans
The expected has happened. A na
tive Hawaiian has been permitted to
laud In New York, arriving by way of
London, on the ground that he is an
American citizen. This is exactly what
Democrats have long asserted would
be the result of annexing Hawaii.
There are 25,000 Chinaman In Hawaii,
and as soon as they understand that
the Island is part of this country they
will begin to swarm over to the Pacific
coast. Pauper labor will be imported
to the States to compete with the work
ingmen who are now employed at star
vation wages and the results are too
distressing to contemplate.
But that is not the worst of it. With
the Philippines a part of this nation,
the lowest-priced laborers in the world
will be brought here. Of this there
can be no doubt, for capital Is ever
anxious to "reduce the expenses of pro
duction" and the starvation wages paid
foreign coal miners In the East prove
this assertion. If the imperialists could
get their visions of glory out of tliiir
heaus and come down to a serious con
sideration of the results which must
follow their ruinous policy some hope
might be had of the Republican party.
But such a thing is out of the question
and the only snlvatldh for the people
lies In the Democratic party.
More Honorable Part.
It Is easier and plcasanter to applaud
the gallantry of American soldiers and
to swell with pride over the resources
of our country, but It is the duty of
Americans who are not blind to justice
to take the harder part of opposing the
exercise of our national strength in a
bad cause. American imperialists are
quick to see this point when it is illus
trated away from home. The American
press is almost a unit in condemning
Great Britain for the Transvaal situa
tion and in applauding Sir Vernon Har
court, Mr. Morley and the body of jus
tlce-lovlng Englishmen who withstand
the disingenuous appeal to their patriot.
Ism and show themeselves patriots by
trying to put their country in the^right
—Buffalo Enquirer. ''V
Are Hotli TVronjj and Afraid.
Now, why is it that all the imperial
ists from McKiulejr down—or up—with
one accord seek to make people believe
that nothing whatever was possible in
the case of the Philippines except
either to subjugate them or else "sail
away like a sated pirate" and leave the
Inhabitants to "domestic anarchy aud
foreign spoliation?" There can be only
one reason. They are afraid to let the
people know the truth. They are afraid
to let the people know that by adopting
the Cuban alternative all this costly
and bloody war of ^subjugation might
have been avoided without either do
mestic anarchy or foreign spoliation.—
Chicago Chronicle.
No Wonder.
In Germany every man must serve
In the army from 18 to 25. .Tust think
what it menns. Seven of the best years
of life taken at a time when the char
acter is being formed aud the founda
tion being laid for a life career. No
wonder that the German-Americans
are opposed to the President's policy,
for it will certainly bring us to- the
same conditions as that which exists in
Germany.—Toledo Commercial.
Ah in the Philippines.
There is a salutary, lesson to be
drawn by Americans from the Trans
vaal war. The power of a great nation
is being used to murder the people, dev
astate their homes aud spread jarnage
and desolation lu South Africa to en
hance the fortunes of a few powerful
men in England who are able to influ
ence action of the government
Washington National Watchman.
Only One Wny to "Call" Him.
An exchange has observed that Mr.
Hanna's Indorsement of trusts has
demoralized the Republican leaders and
that he will have to be "called oft."
Who will call him? Mr. Hanna Is boss
and has sole possession of the club.
The only way to rench him Is through
the ballot.—Cincinnati Enquirer.
Slsns of Being Rattled.
The Globe-Democrat is very much
afraid that Mr. Bryan will hearten
Agulnnldo. But what is the matter
with our gifted Republican admlnlstraT
tiou? Doesn't It propose to smash
Agulnnldo before Mr. Bryan is nomi
nated? Really, the organs are becom
ing Incoherent.—Atlanta Constitution.
The Conrt and the Boss Don't Agree.
Mark Ilanna Is likely to denounce the
Illinois Supreme Court it has plainly
declared a trust to be In operation In
that State and that It is illegal. Mark
says there is not a trust in the country.
—Manchester Union.
A Few Centuries.
How long will It uiKe a farmer to
acquire a competency under a system
that constantly depreciates the price
of what he lias to sell and ns constantly
Increases the price of whnt he has to
buy?— Omaba World-Herald.
American Girls in Germany.
A woman traveling through a moun
tainous part of Germany recently came
upon a small party of youug women
pedestrians who hud just started out
oil a day's journey, ench of whom car
ried a long nlpeiistock with long black
streamers flying from the uplifted end.
The floating pennons Indicated mourn
ing or woe of some kind, but the joy
ous demeanor of the sightseers did not
carry out the impression. On coming
nearer the observer noticed that the
streamers were black stockings. Every
evening the walkers arriving at a stop
ping place for the night did a small
amount of laundry work, and as the
stockings never seemed to get perfect
ly dry, each morning saw the damsels
starting out with black stockings flont
lng on the breezes. Of course, they
were American girls. S'i
Krupp's Iron.
Krupp buys froip an eighth to a tenth
of all the Iron ore aud pig iron im
ported into Germany from foreign
lands, and this gigantic enterprise i«
the largest producer In the German em
ji(i JfnmnnCf
(N fiURORE.a!VHI.V//
It Wouldn't Have Worked In Ameri
ca, bat in the Little Nice Hotel It
Carried Every thins Before It-Aa
anrance of a Yankee ToarUt*
"Here at home bluff doesn't count tot
much," said a globe trotter, "but I'm
telling you that a good, stiff bluff, with
a cheeky American behind it, is worth
a lot of money In Europe. When I got
around to Nice last year the best hotels
were crowded and 1 had to take up
with a small room. On the saiqe floor
was a Qerman who was occupying a
suite, though not spending much mon
ey or putting on any great style. One
day there was a great row. The land
lord had asked him as a particular fa
vor to vacate for a new-comer, and, of
course, the man didn't propose to be
turned out. The landlord coaxed and
argued, and the German growled and
muttered, aud I followed them down to
the office to see how It would come out.
At the desk was an American I had
run across in Venice—a buyer for a
Chicago dry-goods house. \»iien the
landlord aud the German began to
gabble In chorus the buyer pulled a
blank check from his pocket and reach
ed for a pen and said:
'All this talk is of no use. I want
rooms here. I will buy the hotel and
select my suite. Sir, what is your cash
price for this hotel?"
'You would buy the hotel!' exclaim
ed the landlord, as be threw up his
hands in surprise.
'Grounds and all, and I want It to
day. How much—a million—three or
four? And what name shall I fill In
on the check?'
"Say, now," laughed the tourist, "but
you ought to have seen that thing
work! The German had determined to
be ugly about it, but when he bumped
up against a man who had as soon pay
four millions as one for what he fan
cied he felt awed and humbled and
ready to quit. The landlord figured
that to turn away such a Croesus
would ruin his house, aud it wasn't
half an hour before the bluffer was
installed In the suite and the German
was chucked out lieto a dog hole on the
top floor. And that wasn't all, mind
you. When they sent the buyer a bill
based on his supposed millions he got
up and threatened to buy up the town
and start six soap factories to running,
and they cut every item in two and
begged his pardon to boot. I don't be
lieve that chap had $1,000 in his name,
but he just walked over everything and
everybody for two weeks, and it was
current gossip that he owned the whole
of Chicago and a good share of St.
Louis and Cincinnati. Nothing but
cold bluff which wouldn't bave taken
him into an American dance hall as a
dead-head, but it was equal to a let
ter of credit for $1,000,000 over thert."
—Seattle Times.
Waa One of the Bravest Soldier-* Who
livsr Wore the Tllne.
Death mustered out of the service in
the country in Gen. Guy V. Henry one
of the bravest soldiers and most pic
turesque clinracters who ever wore the
blue. General Henry more than any
other army officer, perhaps, filled the
romance writer's idea of a "beau
sabreur." During his long army career
he was almost constantly with the
cavalry, and he was always at the fore
front of a charge. At Cold Harbor he
led a brigade across an open bullet
swept field. Midway of the charge he
was wounded and his horse was killed.
He mounted nnother horse and led on.
His second steed was killed just as, in
obedience to Henry's spur, it rose to
jump over the enemy's entrenchment
The rider fell wounded within the
lines of the foe. For this Congress
gave him a medal of honor. General
Henry fought the Apaches In the early
'70s, and a few years later was shot
through the head In a battle with the
Sioux. He recovered, and later on took
the field again ngainst the same Indl
nns. As Lieutenant Colonel, General
Henry wns In command of the Ninth
Cavalry in the field ngainst the Sioux
In 1890. His black troopers Idolized
him. One day under his leadership
they had made a forced march of fifty
miles from beyond the White River.
They had eaten only a little bread and
a cup of coffee each. Word came that
the Seventh Cavalry was surrounded.
Henry looked at his jaded men and
asked his junior officers to sound the
temper of the troopers. Would they
follow him to the relief of the Seventh?
When the colored men found out that
Heury wished them to follow they
sprang to their saddles and rode after
him ns though, ns some one expressed
it, tlicy were going to a ball. Henry
nnd his men rode altogether nbout
eighty miles that day, and the Seventh
was saved. General Henry wore the
army's medal of honor for conspicuous
gallantry. He never held any bureau
position. He was fighting soldier
pure aud simple, being better ac
quainted with the frontier camp than
with the streets of the city of Wash
I atest In tho "Fathometer."
Of the Inventing of long-felt cycling
wants there seems to be no end. The
latest of these Is an Instrument by
which it is easy to record automatical
ly not only the distance traveled by a
bicycle, but also the various directions
followed during the journey and the
hills ascended nnd descended. The rec
ord of directions Is obtained by means
at a compass. The needle Is suspend
ed nt the top of the "pathometer," as
apparatus is called, directly above
[he tape on which the records are
Heaps of Gold In New York.
Bigger heaps of gold than ever were
burled by Captain Ivldd or carried by
pirates on the Spanish main arc hauled
around New York City every week,
says the Scientific American, to and
from banks and wharve8 In common
place trucks.

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