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House for .Winter Brooders. -j
The plan here given has been found well adapted to the use of winter-brood ing hens. It consists of a partly under ground basement, over which a double sloping root Is placed with glass on the •outh side. By protecting the lower part of the house, which Is built up of stone concrete—or If of wood, the walls are doubled and the sash doubled, HOUSE FOB W1NTKR BROODU.lt!. the ground. This kind of a house Is In use on several large poultry farms dur ing the winters. Cow Peaa. Cow peas may stand until the first pods get full grown, but not rlpe. This ts especially necessary if they are to be .fed to young stock of any kind. At this 'stage they have the bone, muscle, hair and wool elements in them, and not too much Tat. We wish we could impress feeders that fatty foods like corn and beans and peas when ripe are positively hurtful to growing stock. A little corn or fat-making feed Is needed In cold weather to keep up animal heat. Hun dreds of thousands of pigs, colts and young cattle are annually stunted and dwarfed by a food where the fat Is out of all proportion to the bone and muscle making part of the feed. The margin Is so small now we must look Into these details, the observance or neglect of which may turn the scales to a failure Instead of a success. To ex press It another way, growing animals must have a protein feed, and fattening animals food rich In fats. To those.who want to feed fattenlngstock, milch cows, brood sows and breeding ewes let beans and peas get to that stage we call fod der. Let the seeds get Into a hard dough. At this stage pea pods will be gin to turn'yellow and dead leaves at the base of the stem turn yellow. The beans must -be thoroughly Held cured and the seeds get dry and hard, for the reason that In 100 pounds of soy bean seed there Is only a small fraction less than seventeen pounds of oil or fatty matter. If they are bulked damp they will heat and mold. Peas are not so rich In fat and will stand bulking sooner. Out with mowing machine for hay. Peas are bard to pitch off the wagon. We take a hay knife and cut the load the long way, and cross cut it two or three times, when they are as easily handled as common bay.—Farmer's Advocate. Feeding Crops at Home. Edward Atkinson has advised the farmers to compress their cornstalks Into bales for market as they do their hay. A writer In the New York Trib une suggests that they had better com press their hay, stalks and grain Into milk and market them in that form. But cannot that be Improved upon? Why not compress the milk Into butter and cheese, and the balance of the fod der and grain Into beef, pork and mut ton, or good, well-trained young horses Then they would be selling less of the fertility of the farm, and more of their labor and skill, and paying less tribute 'to the railroads and other transporta tion companies. When It takes the price of a bushel of grain or of two bushels as it did a few years ago to pay for carrying another bushel to the con sumer, or when the farmer can get for his hay but one-half what the consumer has to pay, be should look about to see how'he can compress his products Into packages of less weight and bulk, that he may receive more of the proceeds for it, and the railroads less. And when be finds that of every dollar he receives for products one-half must go to restore t* thS'SOll that which the crop has taken he should look to see If he can- Hot manage to retain at home some of the nl^ogen, potash and phosphoric aeld that be is sending away, and which he replaces from .ne mines of Ohlle, Germany and South Carolina. Porto Rico Guano. 1 It la reported that samples of Porto Illcan guano, or something called by that name, have been sent to this conn try with a view of selling It here for fer tilising. It is said to show an analysis of about 17 per cent, of Insoluble phos phoric add, nearly 2ft per cent. potaBh and less than 1 per cent, of nitrogen. This would be 340 pounds of Insoluble phosphoric acid, valued by experiment stations at. 2 cents a pound, or $0.40 Mew Machinery and Toon.. Jit Is certain, says an exchange, that lion and steel cost more tjinn they did year apo, tb$t WQfes bare ad vanced, while the larger crops of this year, having supplied Western farmers with inoney, will make the demand better for agricultural machinery and tools. Prices are likely to advance ac cordingly, and those who will need them next spring will do well to do their buying early. Those who have those which served their purpose welL this year should house them, clean and repair them to try to make them just as good as new. Instead of neglecting them only to flnd next year that the weather has rendered them unservice able. There Is no economy In using a poor or a worn-out tool or machine, but we think more rust out, or rot out, than are worn out, and the purchase of new ones to replace them Is a considerable tax upon the farmers whose lack of care allows them to do so. Avitli an "air space of four Inches between, artificial heat will not be needed, except perhaps for a few of the coldest days and nights in the winter. For these, sufficient warmth uiay be secured by "means of an oil stove or a panful of red hot wood or coal set on the floor. The shutters shown on the front will make a good protection during stormy weath er when the winds are blowing cold. In the front Is a small entrance door which Is kept .closed when not In use, and the main door Is on the further end oppo site the ventilator In the front gable. The house faces the south and the lower part is five feet deep from the level of Cure of Tools. V' There ought to be a society for the' prevention of cruel and abusive use of farming tools and machinery. When we see mowing machines and reaorrs sheltered In winter under apple trees, plows and harrows in fence corners, and other tools Just where the owner left them when he used them last, we feel Indignant, says the American Cul tivator. We know that It helps to make trade good for the manufacturer, and gives employment to many men who must supply new tools in place of those rusted and broken, but we know that before the new ones are bought many a bone will work harder on these ma chines than he would have needed to If they had been properly cared for, and men and boys must work harder as well and do less effective work. Some tools we know are not sheltered because the owner has not roof enough to cover all that he owns, but In more cases It Is but the result of carelessness. Tlils Is one of the leaks on the farm that prevent the stream of prosperity from Ailing the farmer's pockets and building up his bank account. Try to have them all housed before winter, and before spring comes have them overhauled and cleaned. Iron work oiled, wood painted and every part in working order to be gin with the next season. Northern-Grown Corn. We are not prepared to assert that yellow corn Is more valuable for feed ing purposes than white corn, but we believe that Northern yellow corn Is better than Southern white corn of the same year's harvest. It may be because of more thorough ripening, but we think the fact has been proven both by analysis and by feeding tests. This baB been used as an argument to persuade Northern farmers to grow their own corn, which we. think they can afford to do, even If It Is not better than South ern, If the farmer has light, warm land, easily cultivated, and plenty of help tn work It at a fair rate of wages, or course the gardener near a large city can grow crops more profitable, and he could not afford to grow field corn on land that is assessed at a valuation of $1,000 or $2,000 per acre, nor to employ labor at $2 a day to work It. To pay such taxes and labor cost he needs eith er two or three crops a year from his land, or a crop that will yield $500 or more per acre.—American Cultivator. Whitewash for Dairy Walls. Farm and Home of London, England, gives the following recipe for a white wash, which If well put on would serve on dairy walls or even Inside the house: Soak a quarter of a pound of glue over night In tepid water. The next day put It Into a Un vessel with a quart of water, set the vessel Inside a kettle of water over the fire, keep It there till It bolls, and then stir un til the glue Is completely dissolved. Next put from six to eight pounds of Paris white into another vessel, add hot water, and stir until It has the ap pearance of milk of lime. Add the sizing, stir well, and apply In the ordi nary way while still warm. Except on very dark walls a single coat Is suffi cient. It Is nearly equal in brllltancy to zinc white (a far more expensive ar ticle). Paris white Is sulphate of baryta, and may be obtained at all Blindfolding an Animal. Breechy cattle are often forced to car ry a heavy board blinder upon their heads—the weight and chafing of this being an unneces sary piece of cruel ty. Use a bit of canvas cut and fit ted In the manner shown In the cut, with rings to slip over the horns and a strap to fasten beneath the Jaw. Let the rings slip on the horns far enough so the cloth will not easily come off.— American Agriculturist. Fl» Culture In the Bontb. A new experiment In California Is the culture of the Smyrna tig, and Secre tary of Agriculture Wilson Is spid to believe that this will be another Indus try for successful development In the South, resulting, perhaps, In millions of dollars annually. Figs have been culti vated on a small scale In Georgia for many years, and have been found to thrive In the open even as far north as the Shenandoah Valley In Virginia. Doubtless the Smyrna fig Is superior to the varieties that have already been grown In the South. How to Grow Pumpkins. Pumpkins are usually grown In the corn field, under the supposition that It Is economical to grow them In that manner, but the. land does not respond to two crops as favorably as to one. The proper way to grow pumpkins Is to pre pare a piece of ground for them and grow them as a special crop, apart from corn. They can then be better culti vated and will produce a greater weight than when grown In the corn field. As a food In winter In connection with grain, pumpkins are excellent, especial ly for cattle. a -ton. The 48 pounds of potash at 4ft cents would he |2.16, and 20 pounds ^nitrogen at 1514 cents would be $8.10. This would show a possible valuation of about $11.50 per ton at old rates, but we think prices now area little lower. We doubt, too, If it can be taken out so free from soil or other poorer material that a cargo would analyze as high as the samples sent, and it would scarcely pay the cost of Importation unless sold high er than $12 a ton when bagged. Farm ers would do better to grow nitrogen in clover, cow peas or other nitrogenous crops, jind buy potash as muriate and phosp|pric acid in aod phosphate. In whlchi'lt Is soluble. Oat-hundred pounds of murjate of potash oontalns 50 to 52 Sounds or more than In a ton of the Porto Rlcan deposit, and a ton of acid phosphate should ha»e«ibout 260 pounds of soluble phosphorlo *:ld, worth about 6 cents a pound, or more than twice ae much as the 840 pounds of Insoluble material.—Exchange. Insenultr of Ants. A naturalist found that black ants were devouring the skins of some bird specimens on a table, so he made tar cir cles on four pieces of paper, and put one under each leg of the table. Ants will not cross tar. Pretty soon he found the ants busily at work again, and, looking at the tar circles, found each one was bridged by bits of sand, which the clever ants had brought in from the street. Protecting Apple Trees from Rabbits Put an old cloth mitten on'one hand take a box of axle grease In the other hand. Then take a little grease on the mitten and rub up and down the tree till you get a little nil over as high as the rabbits can reach. l)o not put too much on, Just a Utile all over. Dou't be afraid to use It for fear of Uurtlug ths trees, OF INTEREST IN IOWA A DIARY OF NOTEWORTHY HAP PENINGS. P: lUitioi* Steel Company Prospecting Anions tl*c Iron Ore Beds-Murder for 45 Cents Freight Cars in a 8mash-Up-Iynamite Plot. It is reported that.agents of the Illinois Steel Company are negotiating with the owners of the great iron ore deposits in Allamakee County, lookiug to the pur chase of the mines. These have been opened this fail, and experts say a body of 10,000,000 tons of high grade uon-Bcs seraer ore is in sight, with every indica tion that it extends much farther than the examinations have gone. The Illi nois Steel Company wants to ship the ore to its smelters to mix with the Mesaba ore, with which it makes a valuable com bination for Bessemer purposes. Murdered for a Small Debt. Henry Broker, a farmer, two miles north of Glenwood, died from a gunshot wound inflicted by a neighbor, John Mar tin. The two men had quarreled over the trifling sura of 45 ccuts, shortly af ter which they met in a Held near Bro ker's house. Martiu was armed with a shotgun, and during an altercation he fired at Broker, who was grasping both barrels of the gun. The discharge tore off Broker's right hand, and several of the shot penetrated his body, causing wounds which soon resulted in death. Martin immediately rode to Glenwood and surrendered himself to the sheriff. Six Years for Manslaughter. At Logan Judge Wakefield* sentenced Arch Wood to the peultentiary for six years and fined him $1 011 the charge of manslaughter. Wood is a young man who lives near Dunlap, and iu company with John Mitchell and Evan Mite, on the evening of April 11 last, assaulted and brutally hammered and kicked to a state of insensibility an old gentleman by the name of Chevalier, who after wards died from the effects of the in juries. Plot to Murder a Family, Unknown parties, who presumably sought revenge for some fancied or real wrong, placed two pounds of dynamite under the front door of the home of At torney W. L. ,Cron at Cedar Rapids, and fired the fuse attached. Carelessness in attaching the detonating cap to the fuse* is all that prevented the house being blown to atoms and Mr. Oron and his family from being killed. There is no clew. Bad Freight Wreck.1 A disastrous freight wreck occurred on the Chicago and Northwestern road at Colo. Three engines and sixteen freight cars were demolished, but fortunately no one was fatally injured, although several trainmen were badly bruised getting off. The wreck occurred where the trains were able to use the sidetrack for pass ing, so that traffic was only interrupted a short time. Fight Over Nickel-Flipping. James and Charles Wayne, brothers Patrick McDonough and Peter Gilmore, railroad workmen, had a fight over flip ping a nickel for the drinks at Schleswig. Gilmore'a throat was cut' from the back of the neck to the chin and his face from the e*r to the mouth. McDonough was stabbed In the abdomen. The Waynes fled. Kicked to Death. Walter Hobart, aged 21, whose home is in Missouri, nnd who had been -work ing near Paris, was thrown from his bug gy while on his way home from church, dragged more than ft mile by the lines which had become entangled about his neck, and kicked to death by the horse. Brief 8tate Happenings* The Methodists at Decorah are having plans prepared for the remodeling of their church. Dr. J. C. Waterman has been appoint ed a pension examining surgeon at Coun cil Bluffs. The foundation for the soldiers' monu ment in the cemetery at Belle Plalne is now completed. It is believed that the brewery consent petition in Des Moines will fall short about 80 per cent. The City Council at Tama has decided to light the residence part of the city with incandescent lights. The postofflce building lease at Iowa City has been renewed for five years at a rental of $1,000 per annum. A jewelry store at Colo was entered by burglars and a quantity of jewelry and other valuables taken. Thieves entered the home of Mr. and Mrs. L. Reedy at Garwiu and stole $10 in cash and a gold watch. Apple growers of southwestern Iowa report heavy losses through sweating and subsequent rotting of apples. Alf'J. Moore, an Adams County mac, has been appointed postofflce inspector, vice W. G. D. Mercer, resigned. Wm. Brownfield, at Washington, is suing the Rock Island for $20,000 dam ages for injuries received in wreck. Ernest Kirman, working on John Ke he's farm near Waterloo, had his arm torn off at the elbow in a corn shredder. Twenty-five button machines have been shipped to the Fort Madison penitentiary for the button factory which is to be es tablished there. The jury In the case of Fireman Brownfield vs. the Rock Island company, at Washington, brought in a verdict in favor of the defendant. At Des Mointo'Charles A. Spiegel was sentenced to eight years in the peniten tiary for arson. He confessed that his real name was Charles Cohn. Samuel Sinhett, a prominent and wealthy resident of Muscatine, died at the age of 82. He had been a leader in Iowa greenback and Populist parties. Sterling Rickey, a young man of Mon trose, was killed by, the accidental dis charge of a shotgun while hunting The petition for the establishment of saloons in Keokuk County bears more than the required 05 per cent of signa tures. The remaining assets of the defunct Cass County Bank nt Atlantic were sold at public auction, but realized almost nothing. Francis E. Kiney, charged with the murder of Allie Penrod nt Galva last September, was found guifty of murder in the second degree. Ex-Gov. Drake has handed in a good sized check to go toward the building of an auditorium for Drake University at Des Moines. A stranger giving the uame of Charles Flint was picked up on the streets at Dubuque and taken to the hospital, where he died In a short time. Wm. Duggan of Dubuque, who some time ago drove into an open ditch and sustained severe internal iujuries, is uow suing that' city for $0,000 damages. Five boys confined in the jail nt Coun cil Bluffs escaped by climbing through the transom of the outer door, after breaking open the door of the room in which they were placed. More natural gas wells have been opened with a fine flow southwest of Muscatine. A company has been formed for deep well digging. There is line prospect of an abundant supply. William J. Teague of Fort Madison, who was arrested at Richmond, Ind., on the charge of forgery, admitted his guilt and was bound over to the next term of court iQ the sum of $2,000. Teague comes of a respectable family. One night about throe weeks ago sec tion men discovered some bridge piling aud posts lylug across the Northwestern tracks. *ast of State Center just before a passenger train caaie along and remov tfcem in time to avoid an accideqf. C. A. Kenyon has been appointed post* master at Lamont. Chicken thieving is still prevaleat throughout the State. The C. S. P. S. Society of Iowa Ulty la bullding a $0,000 school. The electric light plant at Madrid fill be in operation iu a few days. The reports of smallpox iu Clay Cotnty are wholly without foundation. Mrs. C. Kinseth, un aged lady of Bode, %ad a limb broken in a runaway. The new Swedish Evangelical mission church at Burlingtou has been dedicated. A citizen of Waterloo has been assess ed $8.85 for noii-payment of dog license. The annual railroad report for Iowa shows au increase iu business of $3,000, 000. The Lisbon Telephone Company has in* corporated with a capital -stock of $10, 000. Warren Hodges, a farmer near Coun cil Bluffs, had his uose bitten off by a horse. The lown river at Iowa Falls has juBt been restocked with a large supply of game fish. The lodge of the Legion of Honor at Waterloo has celebrated its twentieth an niversary. A Chicago live stock firm paid out In one week $1,450 for poultry in a littlt Iowa town. The Masonic lodges of Ames dedicated their new lodge room with a reception and banquet. Davenport has confirmed the franchise of the People's Light Company at a spe cialfclection. Burglars entered the home of A. Mil* ler of Des Moines and stole silverware valued at $150. A. Kearney of Emerson dropped dead at his home there. Paralysis of the heart was the cause. A new town named Clutier, on the Iowa, Minuesota and Northern, was founded recently. A cattle dealer of Marne received $40, 000 for a herd-of cattle which is to be shipped to England. The sixth stucco mill in Iowa has just beeu incorporated at Fort Dodge with a capital of $200,000. One thousand petitions are in circula tion at Des Moines, fighting against the saloons of that city. T?he town of Hartley voted $4,000 to buy depot grounds for the proposed new railroad from Gowrie. O. Oissey, an old-time resident of Fay ette, has been taken to an asylum, having become crazed by religion. The Iowa Automatic Fire Alarm- Com pany has been incorporated at Newton with $50,000 capital stock. Burglars entered Ring's jewelry store at Logan and stole watches, chains and riugs valued at about $125. John Stark, a 13-year-old boy of Wat erloo, was run over and instantly killed by au Illinois Central train. Samuel J. Kratzer of Mllroy, Pa., blew out the gas at the Graefe House at Dea Moines and was asphyxiated. Adolph, the eldest son of Peter Ross man, living near Lone Tree, was run into by a train and instantly killed. Taxation has been reduced in Dubuque County in consequence of the revenue derived from the saloon mulct. There is a movement among the mili tary organizations of Des Moines to erect an armory to cost about $10,000. Miss Eva E. Bonney of Omaha has been appointed clerk in the Des Moines pension agency at $600 per year. Jack O'Leary, a switchman on the Northwestern, fell off a box car at Coun cil Bluffs and was severely bruised. The freight wreck near Coin recently was caused by» a flange on one of the wheeU breaking, derailing five cars. The Mercy hospital at Dubuque will be remodeled and a uew addition built in the spring, at a cost of about $25,000. The auditorium at Des Moines is to be fitted up at once for a theater and negotiations are pending for the fixtures. The report of the Henry County Fair Association shows a balance in the treas ury of $422.69 to commence oh next year. About $7,000 has been raised to liqui date the indebtedness against the Y. M. C. A. at Keokuk. About $11,000 is need ed. Frank Barnum of Barnum claims to be the champion corn huskor of the State of Iowa. He husked 525 bushels iu five days. Harry Eckwright of Des Moines hat sued that city for $15,000 damages for injuries sustained by falling while cross ing an alley. A burglar entered the residence of E. Leytze in Waterloo at 7 o'clock in the evening and escaped wit4i a purse con taining $25. Mrs. Mary Donahue, aged 50, of Des Moines, was knocked down by two large dogs which were fighting, and sustained a severe injury to her hip. Judge Shirns in Des Moiues, threatened to peremptorily discharge the Federal Court grand jury for their delay in pre senting their final report, and fifteen minutes afterwards it was filed. Deputy Sheriff Thomas Walsh was shot and instantly killed by George Wil liams at the country home of the latter nenr Crcston. Walsh, iu company with J. W. Fuller, made a visit to the home of Williams to serve attachment papers. Williams went to town with them and partially settled the matter. Later Walsh nnd Fuller returned to Williams' farm and Williams met them with shot gun and ordered them from the'premises. Fuller stopped, but Walsh advanced, try ing to calm the 'augry farmer. Wheu within ten feet Williams fired, the load entering Walsh's temple. Death was in stantaneous. Williams had a neighbor drive him to town, where he surrendered himself. Excitement Increased so rapidly that the prisoner was shipped to Osceola for safe keeping. Walsh was a populai young man, 23 years old. James Martin, a young man teaching school two miles north of Carpenter, com mitted suicide by sending a bullet through his brain.- No causa is assigned. His parents live at Osage. F. O. Ingram, a general merchant nt Mount Ayr, assigned. The liabilities are placed at'$80,000 and assets $30,000. The creditors are mainly Chicago and Des Moines wholesulo houses. The suit for $10,000 dumages brought by Mrs. Cogswell of Marshalltown against the street railway company, of that city, because of her husband's acci dental death, has beeu dismissed. Christian Scientists at Fort .Dodge have refused to have th*ir^children vac*, clnated and public officials are perplexed! A new industry is proposed at Des Moines*to manufacture gas and sell to the different industries at not more than 40 cents per thousand feet. The disbursements by the State Treas urer for the institutions that are under the board of control for the month of November amount to $112,431.26. John S. Woolson, Federal judge of the southern district of Iowa, died at his home in Des Moines of a complication of stomach troubles from which he had been suffering for two years. He was 57 years old. Albert Lumback, aged 50, disappeared from his home in Burlington recently, and fears are entertained that he has destroyed himself. Capt. J. Wall of Muscatine was caught in revolving shafting and carried round and thrown to the floor. His clothing was torn off him, bnt he escaped with only severe body bruises. Charles Day jind Miss Anna Mollby were hfarried in the smallpox hospital at Corning. Miss Maltby was there under quarantine, the disease having appeared in her family. Neither of the contracting parties was sick. They had fixed a date for thekcerempny ami declined to post* pons It* fearing tlfr traditions) iji luck, UNITE TO CONQUER. There is every evidence that in the campaign of 1000 all the elements op posed to the administration of public affairs by McKluley will uuite and form one solid Democratic column, to oppo sition. Leaving the money question en tirely out of the account, the two great issues of anti-trust ami antl-iinperial ism will serve us a common ground on which the antl-McKluley hosts cau rally. But the money question is not dead by auy means. Former Congressman Towne, the able leader of the silver Republican party, In speaking of this matter, says: "If Congress this winter in response to the demand of the President destroys the bond-paying value of silver, calls in 9ilver certificates and reissues gold paying certificates, the silver question will be a leading issue in the next pres idential campaign. Such action on the part of Congress would furnish an en tirely dlffereut proposition from that which confronted the people in the last campaign. The Republican party won because of the fear of the ratio of 10 to 1. The adoption of the Gage and Me Klnley financial plan by Congress would mean the contraction of the cur rency of the country and the people would be confronted with a fact, not a theory, in the battle of standards. The silver question is uot dead In American political affairs." Without uuited action on the part of all those who desire the overthrow of the Republican party nothing can be accomplished. This fact had ample il lustration in the recent election in Ohio. With a popular majority of 50,000 against him, Nash, the Republican can didate for Governor, was elected. This story will be repeated in 1900 if the same policy of personal selfishuess is followed by those who ought to sink personal ambition for the common good. There is but one motto for those who wish to rescue the republic from the dangers which threaten it, and that is: "Unite to couquer."—Chicago Demo crat Next Year's Issues. McKinle.v reuouiiuation for the Pres idency is a foregoue conclusion. The Republican party appears to be devoted" to him and his ways to such an extent that no otlflt candidate can get himself seriously discussed. Thomas B. Reed, of Maiue, saw this some months ago and resigned his place In Congress and betook himself to New York City for the practice of his profession. He saw clearly that there is no chance Just now for the gratification of his ambition and he coucluded that he had better make all the money possible until the politi cal situation becomes more favorable to his candidacy. With McKluley as the nominee Hanna will, of course, be the maker of the platform and the manager of the cam paign. This meaus that a certain num ber of Democrats are to be humbugged again orf'the money question into vot ing the Republican ticket. The "sound currency" cry Is to be taken up once more. The mismanagement of the war with Spain, the Alger scandal, the in competence of Otis, the establishment of military dictatorship in Cuba, Porto Rico and the Philippines, the fostering of thieving trusts under the New Jer sey man whom they put Into the Attor ney General's office, are things to be ig nored, and the "scare" of 1896 Is to be worked over. Under these circumstances what ought the Democrats 10 do? There should be uo doubt about the answer. Those things that the Republicans want to avoid should be brought to the front. If the failure to govern the new island acquisitions properly, the scandalous incompetence displayed I11 the War De partment, the favoritism shown to mon opolistic corporations aud the general lack of ability in the conduct of affairs are brought to the front, as they should be, the verdict at the polls next year Is not at all doubtful.—New York News. Republican Losses. Republicans realize that they are los ing ground with the people. No less an authority than Former Speaker Reed admits this fact. In his recent speech before the New York bankers, Reed said: "Two years ago the candidate iu Ohio who represented the gold standard re ceived 526,000 votes and all his oppo nents received 480,000. That was 40,000 majority. This year the Republican candidate had but 49,000 plurality, while a third candidate had 100,000 votes." The fact that there was a majority of 50,000 votes in the President's own State against the administration policy has frightened Reed. With a great pop ular protest against the gold standard, Reed thinks that the only safety for millionaires is to force gold legislation through the next Congress. This is a remarkable confession of weakness. In It there Is comfort for Democracy. There is promise or victory at the na tional electiou of 1900. With William J. Bryan as standard bearer, with united ranks, with opposition to imperialism, trusts aud monometallism the Democra cy can march 011 to success. Let the Democrats begiu now to or gaulze. Let them hasten to unite the factions In the party. With great Issues before them let mluor differences be ig nored and a solid front be presented to the foes of the people. New Book by Harvey. W. II. Ilarvey is writing a sequel to "Coin," and the chairman of every Democratic county committee In the country has received a letter signed by Chairtoau J. G. Johnson, of the Execu tive Committee, asking him to get hold of a goad book agent in his county to push the sale of "Coin's" new book, which, writes Mr. Johuson, "Will he as good if not better than 'Coin's Fi nancial School.' The first chapters of "Money, Trusts and Imperialism" are in type,"and they show that Mr. Ilarvey is closely follow ing the style which made "Coin" a mar velous seller iu 1895 and 1890. "Coin's Financial School" was the text-book of the free silver orators in 1890. During the height of Its boom over 15.000 books were sold In one day. Mr. Harvey hopes that his new book will be the Democratic bible next year. The orig inal "Coin" was a private venture. The new book will have the backing and in dorsement of the Democratic Executive Committee. President as a Pardoner. President JJcKlule.v's abuse of the pardoning power calls forth complaints from leading papers of his own party. The criticism rests on good ground, llo has broken the record. Duriug the lit tie more tljau two years be lias Own in office he has granted 349 pardons and 129 commutations of sentence, which equals the total number granted by President Cleveland in four years, and surpasses the number granted by any of his predecessors for a like period. The charge has been made that political in fluence is potent in securing executive clemency, and it has strong backing. Of the whole number of eases (478) in which the President has exercised his power, 24 of the crlmiuals were bank wreckers, embezzlers or concerned in frauds against national banks, 90 were dishonest postmasters or others con victed of offenses against the postal ser vice, and 47 were counterfeiters or con cerned in crimes against the currency of the United States. The unusual clemency for 90 dishonest postal offi cials was certainly not shown In the interest of an efficient' postal service or for the benefit of the public.—Pittsburg Post. Those "Colonics." American imperialists are prone to assert that the colonial system of Great Britain is worthy of Imitation by this country. But they forget that Eng land has been at war almost constantly for the last huudred years. These wars have becJn largely with Insurgents in British colonies and have become so frequeut as to attract but little afcteni tlon. India has been a most expensive in vestment for Englaud, and yet the wealth of India compared with that of the Philippines Is so much greater that the Philippines are actually insignifi cant. In the West Indies England Is espe cially unfortunate. The investment there Is a loslug venture and no doubt were not natioual prkle engaged Great Britain would be glad to get rid of the islands. In Jamaica there are 800,000 negroes and less than 10,000 whites. It Is not safe for the white people to travel about the island alone. They must go in companies and well armed at that. Just as soon as the negroes find a leader there will be a revolt and the hr.ndful of whites will be murder ed. For every negro killed in war, three white soldiers would be sacrific ed and leforo long the island of Ja maica will have to be abandoned by the British. What better fortune can Americans expect in the Philippines? There are 10,000,000 natives on this archipelago, the climate is fatal to white men, there are no inducements for farmers to go there and the result is pretty sure to be a repetition of those which have fol lowed English occupation of Jamaica. —Chicago Democrat. "Gen. Wheatou captured Aguinaldo's iufaut sou."—News item. Trust Ruin. The two glass works, around which Hazelhurst, Pa., a town of 1,800 peo ple, was built, went iuto the trust and have been abandoned, and the place is in the most distressed coudition. Six huudred worklug men have been thrown out of employment, the mer chants are bankrupt aud property Is al most worthless In the market. Still Mark Uauna. thinks the trust a good thing.—Bellaire Herald-Tribune. Cunncd Goods Cost More Now. The ludiaua State Cauners' Associa tion bears witness to the extortion of the tin plate trust, paper trust aud lum ber trust. It announces that owing to the increased cost of cans, labels and cases the cost of canning is increased 17M* cents per dozen caus, and the sell ing price of the goods will be Increased accordingly.—Indianapolis Sentinel. In Republican Philudelphiu. John Wamunaker is convinced that some mechanical device is ueeded to promote a fair electiou aud an honest couut in Philadelphia. A scaffold op erated by a conscientious vigilance committee might do the business.— Milwaukee Seutiuel. Worked from Washington. The administration organs talk about "Cuba's drift toward annexation." A little investigation will reveal the fact that the "drift" is the result of some very strong financial propellers worked from Washington.—Omaha World-Her ald. Don't Be Huuty. People who refuse to go to Parison account of the Dreyfus case might pause and reflect that uo uatiou has yet boycotted us on account of the Glid ing of the roast beef board of iuquiry.— Pittsburg Dispatch. A Boom in Courtship. Talking of mercenary marriages, love-making has been going ou so briskly in the Choctaw nation that nearly six thousand white meu have won Choctaw brides and the land and money that accompany them. The Choctaw girls are rather pretty and some are highly educated. Those who are not fullbloods refuse to uiarry In dians, hence there is a great demand for whites. Choctaw girls marry at ihe ago of 17. Because of the five hun dred and tlfty acres of land (equal amount bciug giveu to their husbands) uo trouble Is experienced In iludlng a suitable companion. Their complex ion is dear white. As a rule, the eyes aud hair are black, although some are perfect Monde*. They are of a kind aud loving disposition, and are said by the white men who have tried it to make excellent wives. To avoid tramps and degenerates marrying these girls, the Choctaw laws provide that all white men, before they, can be admitted to the tribe, must produce recommendation of good character from the county judge of th$ Cpuoty where they lust voided- REV. DR. STORRS RETIRES. His Father and Ue Served 115 Years in the Ministry. Rev. Dr. Richard Salter Storrs, pas tor of the Church of the Pilgrims, Brooklyn, has resigned after fifty-three years spent iu its service. The church was organized only a short time before Dr. Storrs was made pastor and he nev er had an assistant, and the vacations he took, which were few, hls-pulplt was supplied by neighborly rectors. The church Is a large and fashionable one and Dr. Storrs was a fine pulpit speak er. His father, also Richard Salter Storrs, was pastor of the Congregation al church In Braintree, Mass., sixty two vears. so that the combined pastor- RttV. DK. U. S. STORRS, ate of father and son was llo years. Dr. Storrs is 78 years 01a ana was born in Braintree. He graduated from Auiherst College lu 1839, taught for a time In Morris Acedemy aijd begun to study law with Rufus Clioate. He finally gave this up to enter the min istry. He took the course at Audover Theological Seminary and was ordained in 1845. The next year he begau his long pastorate in Brooklyn. Falling health led to his resignation. For thirty years he divided with Henry Ward Beecher the honors of theological elo quence In Brooklyn. Harvard Univer sity, Princeton University and Unlou College have conferred on him the title of doctor of laws, and Columbia Uni versity that of doctor of philosophy. SAFE IN THE TRENCHES Karth works Arc Better Protection than Walls of Masonry. Experience has shown, says the Chi cago Tribune, that soldiers are safer in trendies protected by earthworks, such as surround the beleaguered city of LadysmUh, than If they were behind walls of solid uiasoury. Sitting in his trench, a soldier can smoke and read in perfect security while a storm of bul lets may be passing overhead. Nor will rifle bullets penetrate an earthwork to any distauce. Bullets from a Lee-Met ford rifie will penetrate further than those from a Mauser, while those from a Mauser will go further than those fired from a Martini. Shots from Max ims or other rapid-fire guns are similar ly Ineffective against earthworks. The only way in which soldiers cau be dis- ir toilers SAFE IN HIS TRKXCir. lodged from such a position is by the use of heavy artillery, and even In that case the tiring must be extremely ac curate, so that the shells will burst Im mediately above the trenches. This, of course, requires not only extremely accurate marksmanship but the ex penditure of a great quantity 9? am munition. jj THE PARNELL HOMESTEAD. Irish Lender's Home that Tnmniuiiy Will Free front Debt. Charles Stewart PurneU's old home stead in County Wlcklow, Irelaud. which Taiumauy will save to the-Irish people by lifting the $10,000 mortgage that now threatens it, is associated with the late statesman's most happy hours and most ambitious youth. The house about which so much solicitude has I'AUXKI.LS OI.t IIOMKM'KAI). been exhibited in Ireland aud America is a fine old residence of a type that is common iu the Emerald Isle. It was built on the estate at Avoudale, Wick low, which was bequeathed by a friend to John Parnell in the last century, de scending from him through his younger sou, William, to John Henry, the father of Charles Stewart. The patriot's mother became the mistress of the house when her husband took her to Avondale in 1831. She had been Miss Delia Tudor Stewart, daughter of Ad miral Charles Stewart, of the United States navy. Young Charles was sent away from his aueestral walls when he was a boy, but it was within- them that his American mother gave the po litical beut to his miud that distin guished hiui ever after. The house is well built and stately, aud might have been deemed even lordly in former days. How Duchess of Marlborough Lives. The duchess' time Is uot as much given up to society as had been that of soxue of her predecessors. She is devot ed to charitable works, and the villag ers uever tire of repeating tales of her grace's goodness. No oue form of charity commands her attention more thau another, unless it may be her work among the children of the Blenheim teuantry, and those of the ueighboriug villages. Many are the "treats" and picnics they receive at her expense. Ou Sunday the duke and the duchess usually atteud the little Woodstock church, one of the oldest and most his torical buildings in the village. Oc casionally they attend service lu their own chapel In the palace, where (he chaplain preaches from an alabaster puplit. Under the marble floor of jhta chapel are buried all the Dukes and Duchesses of Marlborough.—Aiuslee's. Sugir Depend* on Light. It has been determined that light is au important factor Iu sugar produc tion, recent Investigations showing that the sugar contents of tlie plant are de pendent on the amount of direct sun light recnived- Manipulating Money. It has remained for the United States to furnish an example, since 1860, of an unmistakable attempt on the part of the creditor classes to manipulate the cur rency with the premeditated purpose, through a contraction of themoneyvol ume, to lucrease the value of credits at the expense of their debtors. When the New York Associated Banks induced the United States Sen ate to mutilate the bill for the green backs their purpose was cunning and Intelligent. The result of that mutila tion was that our Government currency was sent on its mission of patriotism maimed and crippled at its birth. Its defects furnished the opportunity for gambling speculators. The amendment these bankers In duced the Senate to make, limiting the legal tender standard by the words "ex cept duties ou imports and the Interest on the public debt," was about to be concurred in by the house. Mr. Stevens said: "I have melaucholy forebodings that we are about to consummate a cunning ly devised scheme which will carry great injury and great loss to all class es of people except one. It makes two classes of money—oue for the banks and the other for the people." The purpose of this provision was disclosed In a report by John Sherman, as chairman of the Fiuance Committee, on Dec. 12,1807, lu which he said: "It became necessary to depreciate the notes (greenbacks) in order to create a market for the bonds." With our national debt increased by this rascally avarice, aud with a large amount of private debts as a result of the war, with an increased amount of stocks and "liouds resulting from the impetus given to corporate organiza tions, they began the uext step in the scheme for robbery. No language can properly character ize the iniquity of the conduct of the New York Associated Banks. It was a conspiracy so enormous In its conception and consequences that there is no crime in criminal statutes that does not become inslguificant when compared with it. Having inflated debts to the utmost limit by every power and privilege known to corporate organizations, the next step was to decrease the supply of the meaus by which the debts could be paid. At the close of the war there were few debts not payable in lawful money. Gold and silver coin and Government currency were 'standards of payment." In 1808 Senator Morton, of Indiana, In the Uuited States Senate, said: "When It is asserted that the Govern ment is bound to pay the five-twenty bonds In coin, I say it is an express vio lation of nt least four statutes. We should do foul injustice to the Govern ment and to the people of the United States, after we have sold these bonds 011 au average for not over 00 cents on the dollar, now to propose to make a new coutract for the benefit of the bond holder." Other great leaders who used to be re garded as authority by the Republican party uttered similar words.—A. J. Van Vorhis. Farmhouse Fuel. 1 seldom fail to keep a year's supply of wood 011 hand, and we always have seasoned wood under cover, writes W. H. Jenkins, in Practical Farmer. I have been able to get my wood with, I thiuk, the least expenditure of labor In the following way: I go to the woods before the suow comes and cut the wood ready to load on the sleigh. The logs that are above six or eight inches In diameter are drawn to a convenient place to load them, and placed on skids. The smaller wood Is cut and thrown In piles near a road. I use the first sleigh ing to draWhe wood to some place near the wood-hfl^^ We use horse-power and a drag or cWss-cut saw for sawing the wood in stove lengths, and make a short job of it, as we can saw ten to twenty cords In a day. During the win ter we split the wood ready for the stove, but allow it to partly season out of doors, before puttiug it in the wood house. I have learned not to put green wood in the wood-bouse unless the house is an open oue for it will mold and spoil for burning. My wood-house is so built that there Is a door that opens into the kitchen uear the range, which makes the wood very convenient to get at. I get the year's wood supply all piled in the wood-house before It Is time to begin farming in the spring, then give the subject no more attention until the next winter. My farm work is not interrupted or delayed by cutting wood iu the summer. "Protection.'* A colored man was arraigned before a magistrate charged with carrying deadly weapons. A razor was found In the defendant's pocket, and so when he was brought to the bar of justice the case agaiust him seemed very strong, says Short Stories. To the surprise of the Judge and every one else in the court room he pleaded "not guilty." "How can you account for the razor belug found in your possession?" The defendant grinned aud said: "I'll try an' 'splain dat, Jedge." "I'd like to hear you," said the Judge. "Did any oue threaten your life?" "No. sali dey warut nobody t'reat' nln* mah life, sah." "Then, why did you carry it?" "I done toted hit roun', sah, for pur» tecshun, sah." "For protection, eh? Why, you just admitted that your life „was In no dan ger." "Yo' doan' unVrstaif me Jedge I'll try an' 'lucldate tings, sail. Down ter de house where I'se a-boardin', sah, dey is a powahful lot of low-down coons, w'at jes' wouldn't stop at takln* tings w'at doan' belong ter detn, so I jes* put hit in mah pocket fur purteeshun, sah— purtecsliun oh de razaii, sah." Hertpe lor »lnking a A local sportsmau, who has the re putation of being a very bad shot, re cently invited some of his friends to dine with him.. Before dluuer lie showed them a target painted ou the barn door, with a bullet in the bull's eye. This he claimcd to have shot at 1,000 yards' distauce. As uobody be lieved him. he ottered to bet the price of an oyster supper ou it. On oue of his guests accepting the wager lie produced two witnesses whose veracity could not be questioned, to prove his assertion. As they both said that he had doue what he claimed he won the bet. At dinner the loser of the wager asked how his host had mauaged to fire such an excellent shot. The host answered: "I shot the bullet at the door at a distance of 1,000 yards, and then I painted the target around It." Toil and pleasure, iu their uature opposites, are yet liuked together in a kind of accessary connection.—Llvy.