House for .Winter Brooders. -j
The plan here given has been found
well adapted to the use of winter-brood
ing hens. It consists of a partly under
ground basement, over which a double
sloping root Is placed with glass on the
•outh side. By protecting the lower
part of the house, which Is built up of
stone concrete—or If of wood, the walls
are doubled and the sash doubled,
HOUSE FOB W1NTKR BROODU.lt!.
the ground. This kind of a house Is In
use on several large poultry farms dur
ing the winters.
Cow peas may stand until the first
pods get full grown, but not rlpe. This
ts especially necessary if they are to be
.fed to young stock of any kind. At this
'stage they have the bone, muscle, hair
and wool elements in them, and not too
much Tat. We wish we could impress
feeders that fatty foods like corn and
beans and peas when ripe are positively
hurtful to growing stock. A little corn
or fat-making feed Is needed In cold
weather to keep up animal heat. Hun
dreds of thousands of pigs, colts and
young cattle are annually stunted and
dwarfed by a food where the fat Is out
of all proportion to the bone and muscle
making part of the feed.
The margin Is so small now we must
look Into these details, the observance
or neglect of which may turn the scales
to a failure Instead of a success. To ex
press It another way, growing animals
must have a protein feed, and fattening
animals food rich In fats. To those.who
want to feed fattenlngstock, milch cows,
brood sows and breeding ewes let beans
and peas get to that stage we call fod
der. Let the seeds get Into a hard
dough. At this stage pea pods will be
gin to turn'yellow and dead leaves at
the base of the stem turn yellow. The
beans must -be thoroughly Held cured
and the seeds get dry and hard, for the
reason that In 100 pounds of soy bean
seed there Is only a small fraction less
than seventeen pounds of oil or fatty
matter. If they are bulked damp they
will heat and mold. Peas are not so
rich In fat and will stand bulking
Out with mowing machine for hay.
Peas are bard to pitch off the wagon.
We take a hay knife and cut the load
the long way, and cross cut it two or
three times, when they are as easily
handled as common bay.—Farmer's
Feeding Crops at Home.
Edward Atkinson has advised the
farmers to compress their cornstalks
Into bales for market as they do their
hay. A writer In the New York Trib
une suggests that they had better com
press their hay, stalks and grain Into
milk and market them in that form.
But cannot that be Improved upon?
Why not compress the milk Into butter
and cheese, and the balance of the fod
der and grain Into beef, pork and mut
ton, or good, well-trained young horses
Then they would be selling less of the
fertility of the farm, and more of their
labor and skill, and paying less tribute
'to the railroads and other transporta
tion companies. When It takes the price
of a bushel of grain or of two bushels
as it did a few years ago to pay for
carrying another bushel to the con
sumer, or when the farmer can get for
his hay but one-half what the consumer
has to pay, be should look about to see
how'he can compress his products Into
packages of less weight and bulk, that
he may receive more of the proceeds for
it, and the railroads less. And when be
finds that of every dollar he receives for
products one-half must go to restore
t* thS'SOll that which the crop has taken
he should look to see If he can-
Hot manage to retain at home some of
the nl^ogen, potash and phosphoric
aeld that be is sending away, and which
he replaces from .ne mines of Ohlle,
Germany and South Carolina.
Porto Rico Guano.
It la reported that samples of Porto
Illcan guano, or something called by
that name, have been sent to this conn
try with a view of selling It here for fer
tilising. It is said to show an analysis
of about 17 per cent, of Insoluble phos
phoric add, nearly 2ft per cent. potaBh
and less than 1 per cent, of nitrogen.
This would be 340 pounds of Insoluble
phosphoric acid, valued by experiment
stations at. 2 cents a pound, or $0.40
Mew Machinery and Toon..
Jit Is certain, says an exchange, that
and steel cost more tjinn they did
year apo, tb$t WQfes bare ad
vanced, while the larger crops of this
year, having supplied Western farmers
with inoney, will make the demand
better for agricultural machinery and
tools. Prices are likely to advance ac
cordingly, and those who will need
them next spring will do well to do
their buying early. Those who have
those which served their purpose welL
this year should house them, clean and
repair them to try to make them just
as good as new. Instead of neglecting
them only to flnd next year that the
weather has rendered them unservice
able. There Is no economy In using a
poor or a worn-out tool or machine, but
we think more rust out, or rot out, than
are worn out, and the purchase of new
ones to replace them Is a considerable
tax upon the farmers whose lack of
care allows them to do so.
an "air space of four Inches between,
artificial heat will not be needed, except
perhaps for a few of the coldest days
and nights in the winter. For these,
sufficient warmth uiay be secured by
"means of an oil stove or a panful of red
hot wood or coal set on the floor. The
shutters shown on the front will make
a good protection during stormy weath
er when the winds are blowing cold. In
the front Is a small entrance door which
Is kept .closed when not In use, and the
main door Is on the further end oppo
site the ventilator In the front gable.
The house faces the south and the lower
part is five feet deep from the level of
Cure of Tools. V'
There ought to be a society for the'
prevention of cruel and abusive use of
farming tools and machinery. When
we see mowing machines and reaorrs
sheltered In winter under apple trees,
plows and harrows in fence corners,
and other tools Just where the owner
left them when he used them last, we
feel Indignant, says the American Cul
tivator. We know that It helps to make
trade good for the manufacturer, and
gives employment to many men who
must supply new tools in place of those
rusted and broken, but we know that
before the new ones are bought many a
bone will work harder on these ma
chines than he would have needed to If
they had been properly cared for, and
men and boys must work harder as well
and do less effective work. Some tools
we know are not sheltered because the
owner has not roof enough to cover all
that he owns, but In more cases It Is but
the result of carelessness. Tlils Is one
of the leaks on the farm that prevent
the stream of prosperity from Ailing
the farmer's pockets and building up his
bank account. Try to have them all
housed before winter, and before spring
comes have them overhauled and
cleaned. Iron work oiled, wood painted
and every part in working order to be
gin with the next season.
We are not prepared to assert that
yellow corn Is more valuable for feed
ing purposes than white corn, but we
believe that Northern yellow corn Is
better than Southern white corn of the
same year's harvest. It may be because
of more thorough ripening, but we
think the fact has been proven both by
analysis and by feeding tests. This baB
been used as an argument to persuade
Northern farmers to grow their own
corn, which we. think they can afford to
do, even If It Is not better than South
ern, If the farmer has light, warm land,
easily cultivated, and plenty of help tn
work It at a fair rate of wages, or
course the gardener near a large city
can grow crops more profitable, and he
could not afford to grow field corn on
land that is assessed at a valuation of
$1,000 or $2,000 per acre, nor to employ
labor at $2 a day to work It. To pay
such taxes and labor cost he needs eith
er two or three crops a year from his
land, or a crop that will yield $500 or
more per acre.—American Cultivator.
Whitewash for Dairy Walls.
Farm and Home of London, England,
gives the following recipe for a white
wash, which If well put on would serve
on dairy walls or even Inside the
house: Soak a quarter of a pound of
glue over night In tepid water. The
next day put It Into a Un vessel with
a quart of water, set the vessel Inside
a kettle of water over the fire, keep
It there till It bolls, and then stir un
til the glue Is completely dissolved.
Next put from six to eight pounds of
Paris white into another vessel, add
hot water, and stir until It has the ap
pearance of milk of lime. Add the
sizing, stir well, and apply In the ordi
nary way while still warm. Except on
very dark walls a single coat Is suffi
cient. It Is nearly equal in brllltancy
to zinc white (a far more expensive ar
ticle). Paris white Is sulphate of
baryta, and may be obtained at all
Blindfolding an Animal.
Breechy cattle are often forced to car
ry a heavy board blinder upon their
heads—the weight and chafing of this
being an unneces
sary piece of cruel
ty. Use a bit of
canvas cut and fit
ted In the manner
shown In the cut,
with rings to slip
over the horns and
a strap to fasten beneath the Jaw. Let
the rings slip on the horns far enough
so the cloth will not easily come off.—
Fl» Culture In the Bontb.
A new experiment In California Is the
culture of the Smyrna tig, and Secre
tary of Agriculture Wilson Is spid to
believe that this will be another Indus
try for successful development In the
South, resulting, perhaps, In millions of
dollars annually. Figs have been culti
vated on a small scale In Georgia for
many years, and have been found to
thrive In the open even as far north as
the Shenandoah Valley In Virginia.
Doubtless the Smyrna fig Is superior
to the varieties that have already been
grown In the South.
How to Grow Pumpkins.
Pumpkins are usually grown In the
corn field, under the supposition that It
Is economical to grow them In that
manner, but the. land does not respond
to two crops as favorably as to one. The
proper way to grow pumpkins Is to pre
pare a piece of ground for them and
grow them as a special crop, apart from
corn. They can then be better culti
vated and will produce a greater weight
than when grown In the corn field. As
a food In winter In connection with
grain, pumpkins are excellent, especial
ly for cattle.
-ton. The 48 pounds of potash at 4ft
cents would he |2.16, and 20 pounds
^nitrogen at 1514 cents would be $8.10.
This would show a possible valuation of
about $11.50 per ton at old rates, but we
think prices now area little lower. We
doubt, too, If it can be taken out so free
from soil or other poorer material that
a cargo would analyze as high as the
samples sent, and it would scarcely pay
the cost of Importation unless sold high
er than $12 a ton when bagged. Farm
ers would do better to grow nitrogen in
clover, cow peas or other nitrogenous
crops, jind buy potash as muriate and
phosp|pric acid in aod phosphate. In
whlchi'lt Is soluble. Oat-hundred pounds
of murjate of potash oontalns 50 to 52
Sounds or more than In a ton of the
Porto Rlcan deposit, and a ton of acid
phosphate should ha»e«ibout 260 pounds
of soluble phosphorlo *:ld, worth about
6 cents a pound, or more than twice ae
much as the 840 pounds of Insoluble
Insenultr of Ants.
A naturalist found that black ants
were devouring the skins of some bird
specimens on a table, so he made tar cir
cles on four pieces of paper, and put
one under each leg of the table. Ants
will not cross tar. Pretty soon he found
the ants busily at work again, and,
looking at the tar circles, found each
one was bridged by bits of sand, which
the clever ants had brought in from the
Protecting Apple Trees from Rabbits
Put an old cloth mitten on'one hand
take a box of axle grease In the other
hand. Then take a little grease on the
mitten and rub up and down the tree
till you get a little nil over as high as
the rabbits can reach. l)o not put too
much on, Just a Utile all over. Dou't
be afraid to use It for fear of Uurtlug
OF INTEREST IN IOWA
A DIARY OF NOTEWORTHY HAP
lUitioi* Steel Company Prospecting
Anions tl*c Iron Ore Beds-Murder
for 45 Cents Freight Cars in a
It is reported that.agents of the Illinois
Steel Company are negotiating with the
owners of the great iron ore deposits in
Allamakee County, lookiug to the pur
chase of the mines. These have been
opened this fail, and experts say a body
of 10,000,000 tons of high grade uon-Bcs
seraer ore is in sight, with every indica
tion that it extends much farther than
the examinations have gone. The Illi
nois Steel Company wants to ship the ore
to its smelters to mix with the Mesaba
ore, with which it makes a valuable com
bination for Bessemer purposes.
Murdered for a Small Debt.
Henry Broker, a farmer, two miles
north of Glenwood, died from a gunshot
wound inflicted by a neighbor, John Mar
tin. The two men had quarreled over
the trifling sura of 45 ccuts, shortly af
ter which they met in a Held near Bro
ker's house. Martiu was armed with a
shotgun, and during an altercation he
fired at Broker, who was grasping both
barrels of the gun. The discharge tore
off Broker's right hand, and several of
the shot penetrated his body, causing
wounds which soon resulted in death.
Martin immediately rode to Glenwood
and surrendered himself to the sheriff.
Six Years for Manslaughter.
At Logan Judge Wakefield* sentenced
Arch Wood to the peultentiary for six
years and fined him $1 011 the charge of
manslaughter. Wood is a young man
who lives near Dunlap, and iu company
with John Mitchell and Evan Mite, on
the evening of April 11 last, assaulted
and brutally hammered and kicked to a
state of insensibility an old gentleman
by the name of Chevalier, who after
wards died from the effects of the in
Plot to Murder a Family,
Unknown parties, who presumably
sought revenge for some fancied or real
wrong, placed two pounds of dynamite
under the front door of the home of At
torney W. L. ,Cron at Cedar Rapids, and
fired the fuse attached. Carelessness in
attaching the detonating cap to the fuse*
is all that prevented the house being
blown to atoms and Mr. Oron and his
family from being killed. There is no
Bad Freight Wreck.1
A disastrous freight wreck occurred on
the Chicago and Northwestern road at
Colo. Three engines and sixteen freight
cars were demolished, but fortunately no
one was fatally injured, although several
trainmen were badly bruised getting off.
The wreck occurred where the trains
were able to use the sidetrack for pass
ing, so that traffic was only interrupted
a short time.
Fight Over Nickel-Flipping.
James and Charles Wayne, brothers
Patrick McDonough and Peter Gilmore,
railroad workmen, had a fight over flip
ping a nickel for the drinks at Schleswig.
Gilmore'a throat was cut' from the back
of the neck to the chin and his face from
the e*r to the mouth. McDonough was
stabbed In the abdomen. The Waynes
Kicked to Death.
Walter Hobart, aged 21, whose home
is in Missouri, nnd who had been -work
ing near Paris, was thrown from his bug
gy while on his way home from church,
dragged more than ft mile by the lines
which had become entangled about his
neck, and kicked to death by the horse.
Brief 8tate Happenings*
The Methodists at Decorah are having
plans prepared for the remodeling of their
Dr. J. C. Waterman has been appoint
ed a pension examining surgeon at Coun
The foundation for the soldiers' monu
ment in the cemetery at Belle Plalne is
It is believed that the brewery consent
petition in Des Moines will fall short
about 80 per cent.
The City Council at Tama has decided
to light the residence part of the city
with incandescent lights.
The postofflce building lease at Iowa
City has been renewed for five years at a
rental of $1,000 per annum.
A jewelry store at Colo was entered
by burglars and a quantity of jewelry
and other valuables taken.
Thieves entered the home of Mr. and
Mrs. L. Reedy at Garwiu and stole $10
in cash and a gold watch.
Apple growers of southwestern Iowa
report heavy losses through sweating and
subsequent rotting of apples.
Alf'J. Moore, an Adams County mac,
has been appointed postofflce inspector,
vice W. G. D. Mercer, resigned.
Wm. Brownfield, at Washington, is
suing the Rock Island for $20,000 dam
ages for injuries received in wreck.
Ernest Kirman, working on John Ke
he's farm near Waterloo, had his arm
torn off at the elbow in a corn shredder.
Twenty-five button machines have been
shipped to the Fort Madison penitentiary
for the button factory which is to be es
The jury In the case of Fireman
Brownfield vs. the Rock Island company,
at Washington, brought in a verdict in
favor of the defendant.
At Des Mointo'Charles A. Spiegel was
sentenced to eight years in the peniten
tiary for arson. He confessed that his
real name was Charles Cohn.
Samuel Sinhett, a prominent and
wealthy resident of Muscatine, died at
the age of 82. He had been a leader in
Iowa greenback and Populist parties.
Sterling Rickey, a young man of Mon
trose, was killed by, the accidental dis
charge of a shotgun while hunting
The petition for the establishment of
saloons in Keokuk County bears more
than the required 05 per cent of signa
The remaining assets of the defunct
Cass County Bank nt Atlantic were sold
at public auction, but realized almost
Francis E. Kiney, charged with the
murder of Allie Penrod nt Galva last
September, was found guifty of murder
in the second degree.
Ex-Gov. Drake has handed in a good
sized check to go toward the building of
an auditorium for Drake University at
A stranger giving the uame of Charles
Flint was picked up on the streets at
Dubuque and taken to the hospital, where
he died In a short time.
Wm. Duggan of Dubuque, who some
time ago drove into an open ditch and
sustained severe internal iujuries, is uow
suing that' city for $0,000 damages.
Five boys confined in the jail nt Coun
cil Bluffs escaped by climbing through
the transom of the outer door, after
breaking open the door of the room in
which they were placed.
More natural gas wells have been
opened with a fine flow southwest of
Muscatine. A company has been formed
for deep well digging. There is line
prospect of an abundant supply.
William J. Teague of Fort Madison,
who was arrested at Richmond, Ind., on
the charge of forgery, admitted his guilt
and was bound over to the next term of
court iQ the sum of $2,000. Teague comes
of a respectable family.
One night about throe weeks ago sec
tion men discovered some bridge piling
aud posts lylug across the Northwestern
tracks. *ast of State Center just before
a passenger train caaie along and remov
tfcem in time to avoid an accideqf.
C. A. Kenyon has been appointed post*
master at Lamont.
Chicken thieving is still prevaleat
throughout the State.
The C. S. P. S. Society of Iowa Ulty
la bullding a $0,000 school.
The electric light plant at Madrid fill
be in operation iu a few days.
The reports of smallpox iu Clay Cotnty
are wholly without foundation.
Mrs. C. Kinseth, un aged lady of Bode,
%ad a limb broken in a runaway.
The new Swedish Evangelical mission
church at Burlingtou has been dedicated.
A citizen of Waterloo has been assess
ed $8.85 for noii-payment of dog license.
The annual railroad report for Iowa
shows au increase iu business of $3,000,
The Lisbon Telephone Company has in*
corporated with a capital -stock of $10,
Warren Hodges, a farmer near Coun
cil Bluffs, had his uose bitten off by a
The lown river at Iowa Falls has juBt
been restocked with a large supply of
The lodge of the Legion of Honor at
Waterloo has celebrated its twentieth an
A Chicago live stock firm paid out In
one week $1,450 for poultry in a littlt
The Masonic lodges of Ames dedicated
their new lodge room with a reception
Davenport has confirmed the franchise
of the People's Light Company at a spe
Burglars entered the home of A. Mil*
ler of Des Moines and stole silverware
valued at $150.
A. Kearney of Emerson dropped dead
at his home there. Paralysis of the heart
was the cause.
A new town named Clutier, on the
Iowa, Minuesota and Northern, was
A cattle dealer of Marne received $40,
000 for a herd-of cattle which is to be
shipped to England.
The sixth stucco mill in Iowa has just
beeu incorporated at Fort Dodge with a
capital of $200,000.
One thousand petitions are in circula
tion at Des Moines, fighting against the
saloons of that city.
T?he town of Hartley voted $4,000 to
buy depot grounds for the proposed new
railroad from Gowrie.
O. Oissey, an old-time resident of Fay
ette, has been taken to an asylum, having
become crazed by religion.
The Iowa Automatic Fire Alarm- Com
pany has been incorporated at Newton
with $50,000 capital stock.
Burglars entered Ring's jewelry store
at Logan and stole watches, chains and
riugs valued at about $125.
John Stark, a 13-year-old boy of Wat
erloo, was run over and instantly killed
by au Illinois Central train.
Samuel J. Kratzer of Mllroy, Pa., blew
out the gas at the Graefe House at Dea
Moines and was asphyxiated.
Adolph, the eldest son of Peter Ross
man, living near Lone Tree, was run into
by a train and instantly killed.
Taxation has been reduced in Dubuque
County in consequence of the revenue
derived from the saloon mulct.
There is a movement among the mili
tary organizations of Des Moines to erect
an armory to cost about $10,000.
Miss Eva E. Bonney of Omaha has
been appointed clerk in the Des Moines
pension agency at $600 per year.
Jack O'Leary, a switchman on the
Northwestern, fell off a box car at Coun
cil Bluffs and was severely bruised.
The freight wreck near Coin recently
was caused by» a flange on one of the
wheeU breaking, derailing five cars.
The Mercy hospital at Dubuque will be
remodeled and a uew addition built in
the spring, at a cost of about $25,000.
The auditorium at Des Moines is to
be fitted up at once for a theater and
negotiations are pending for the fixtures.
The report of the Henry County Fair
Association shows a balance in the treas
ury of $422.69 to commence oh next year.
About $7,000 has been raised to liqui
date the indebtedness against the Y. M.
C. A. at Keokuk. About $11,000 is need
Frank Barnum of Barnum claims to
be the champion corn huskor of the State
of Iowa. He husked 525 bushels iu five
Harry Eckwright of Des Moines hat
sued that city for $15,000 damages for
injuries sustained by falling while cross
ing an alley.
A burglar entered the residence of E.
Leytze in Waterloo at 7 o'clock in the
evening and escaped wit4i a purse con
Mrs. Mary Donahue, aged 50, of Des
Moines, was knocked down by two large
dogs which were fighting, and sustained a
severe injury to her hip.
Judge Shirns in Des Moiues, threatened
to peremptorily discharge the Federal
Court grand jury for their delay in pre
senting their final report, and fifteen
minutes afterwards it was filed.
Deputy Sheriff Thomas Walsh was
shot and instantly killed by George Wil
liams at the country home of the latter
nenr Crcston. Walsh, iu company with
J. W. Fuller, made a visit to the home
of Williams to serve attachment papers.
Williams went to town with them and
partially settled the matter. Later
Walsh nnd Fuller returned to Williams'
farm and Williams met them with shot
gun and ordered them from the'premises.
Fuller stopped, but Walsh advanced, try
ing to calm the 'augry farmer. Wheu
within ten feet Williams fired, the load
entering Walsh's temple. Death was in
stantaneous. Williams had a neighbor
drive him to town, where he surrendered
himself. Excitement Increased so rapidly
that the prisoner was shipped to Osceola
for safe keeping. Walsh was a populai
young man, 23 years old.
James Martin, a young man teaching
school two miles north of Carpenter, com
mitted suicide by sending a bullet through
his brain.- No causa is assigned. His
parents live at Osage.
F. O. Ingram, a general merchant nt
Mount Ayr, assigned. The liabilities are
placed at'$80,000 and assets $30,000. The
creditors are mainly Chicago and Des
Moines wholesulo houses.
The suit for $10,000 dumages brought
by Mrs. Cogswell of Marshalltown
against the street railway company, of
that city, because of her husband's acci
dental death, has beeu dismissed.
Christian Scientists at Fort .Dodge
have refused to have th*ir^children vac*,
clnated and public officials are perplexed!
A new industry is proposed at Des
Moines*to manufacture gas and sell to
the different industries at not more than
40 cents per thousand feet.
The disbursements by the State Treas
urer for the institutions that are under
the board of control for the month of
November amount to $112,431.26.
John S. Woolson, Federal judge of the
southern district of Iowa, died at his
home in Des Moines of a complication of
stomach troubles from which he had been
suffering for two years. He was 57 years
Albert Lumback, aged 50, disappeared
from his home in Burlington recently,
and fears are entertained that he has
Capt. J. Wall of Muscatine was caught
in revolving shafting and carried round
and thrown to the floor. His clothing
was torn off him, bnt he escaped with
only severe body bruises.
Charles Day jind Miss Anna Mollby
were hfarried in the smallpox hospital at
Corning. Miss Maltby was there under
quarantine, the disease having appeared
in her family. Neither of the contracting
parties was sick. They had fixed a date
for thekcerempny ami declined to post*
pons It* fearing tlfr traditions) iji luck,
UNITE TO CONQUER.
There is every evidence that in the
campaign of 1000 all the elements op
posed to the administration of public
affairs by McKluley will uuite and form
one solid Democratic column, to oppo
sition. Leaving the money question en
tirely out of the account, the two great
issues of anti-trust ami antl-iinperial
ism will serve us a common ground on
which the antl-McKluley hosts cau
But the money question is not dead by
auy means. Former Congressman
Towne, the able leader of the silver
Republican party, In speaking of this
"If Congress this winter in response
to the demand of the President destroys
the bond-paying value of silver, calls in
9ilver certificates and reissues gold
paying certificates, the silver question
will be a leading issue in the next pres
idential campaign. Such action on the
part of Congress would furnish an en
tirely dlffereut proposition from that
which confronted the people in the last
campaign. The Republican party won
because of the fear of the ratio of 10 to
1. The adoption of the Gage and Me
Klnley financial plan by Congress
would mean the contraction of the cur
rency of the country and the people
would be confronted with a fact, not a
theory, in the battle of standards. The
silver question is uot dead In American
Without uuited action on the part of
all those who desire the overthrow of
the Republican party nothing can be
accomplished. This fact had ample il
lustration in the recent election in Ohio.
With a popular majority of 50,000
against him, Nash, the Republican can
didate for Governor, was elected. This
story will be repeated in 1900 if the
same policy of personal selfishuess is
followed by those who ought to sink
personal ambition for the common
There is but one motto for those who
wish to rescue the republic from the
dangers which threaten it, and that is:
"Unite to couquer."—Chicago Demo
Next Year's Issues.
McKinle.v reuouiiuation for the Pres
idency is a foregoue conclusion. The
Republican party appears to be devoted"
to him and his ways to such an extent
that no otlflt candidate can get himself
seriously discussed. Thomas B. Reed,
of Maiue, saw this some months ago
and resigned his place In Congress and
betook himself to New York City for the
practice of his profession. He saw
clearly that there is no chance Just now
for the gratification of his ambition and
he coucluded that he had better make
all the money possible until the politi
cal situation becomes more favorable to
With McKluley as the nominee Hanna
will, of course, be the maker of the
platform and the manager of the cam
paign. This meaus that a certain num
ber of Democrats are to be humbugged
again orf'the money question into vot
ing the Republican ticket. The "sound
currency" cry Is to be taken up once
more. The mismanagement of the war
with Spain, the Alger scandal, the in
competence of Otis, the establishment
of military dictatorship in Cuba, Porto
Rico and the Philippines, the fostering
of thieving trusts under the New Jer
sey man whom they put Into the Attor
ney General's office, are things to be ig
nored, and the "scare" of 1896 Is to be
Under these circumstances what
ought the Democrats 10 do? There
should be uo doubt about the answer.
Those things that the Republicans want
to avoid should be brought to the front.
If the failure to govern the new island
acquisitions properly, the scandalous
incompetence displayed I11 the War De
partment, the favoritism shown to mon
opolistic corporations aud the general
lack of ability in the conduct of affairs
are brought to the front, as they should
be, the verdict at the polls next year
Is not at all doubtful.—New York News.
Republicans realize that they are los
ing ground with the people. No less
an authority than Former Speaker Reed
admits this fact. In his recent speech
before the New York bankers, Reed
"Two years ago the candidate iu Ohio
who represented the gold standard re
ceived 526,000 votes and all his oppo
nents received 480,000. That was 40,000
majority. This year the Republican
candidate had but 49,000 plurality,
while a third candidate had 100,000
The fact that there was a majority of
50,000 votes in the President's own
State against the administration policy
has frightened Reed. With a great pop
ular protest against the gold standard,
Reed thinks that the only safety for
millionaires is to force gold legislation
through the next Congress. This is a
remarkable confession of weakness. In
It there Is comfort for Democracy.
There is promise or victory at the na
tional electiou of 1900. With William J.
Bryan as standard bearer, with united
ranks, with opposition to imperialism,
trusts aud monometallism the Democra
cy can march 011 to success.
Let the Democrats begiu now to or
gaulze. Let them hasten to unite the
factions In the party. With great Issues
before them let mluor differences be ig
nored and a solid front be presented to
the foes of the people.
New Book by Harvey.
W. II. Ilarvey is writing a sequel to
"Coin," and the chairman of every
Democratic county committee In the
country has received a letter signed by
Chairtoau J. G. Johnson, of the Execu
tive Committee, asking him to get hold
of a goad book agent in his county to
push the sale of "Coin's" new book,
which, writes Mr. Johuson, "Will he
as good if not better than 'Coin's Fi
The first chapters of "Money, Trusts
and Imperialism" are in type,"and they
show that Mr. Ilarvey is closely follow
ing the style which made "Coin" a mar
velous seller iu 1895 and 1890. "Coin's
Financial School" was the text-book of
the free silver orators in 1890. During
the height of Its boom over 15.000 books
were sold In one day. Mr. Harvey
hopes that his new book will be the
Democratic bible next year. The orig
inal "Coin" was a private venture. The
new book will have the backing and in
dorsement of the Democratic Executive
President as a Pardoner.
President JJcKlule.v's abuse of the
pardoning power calls forth complaints
from leading papers of his own party.
The criticism rests on good ground, llo
has broken the record. Duriug the lit
tie more tljau two years be lias Own in
office he has granted 349 pardons and
129 commutations of sentence, which
equals the total number granted by
President Cleveland in four years, and
surpasses the number granted by any of
his predecessors for a like period. The
charge has been made that political in
fluence is potent in securing executive
clemency, and it has strong backing.
Of the whole number of eases (478) in
which the President has exercised his
power, 24 of the crlmiuals were bank
wreckers, embezzlers or concerned in
frauds against national banks, 90 were
dishonest postmasters or others con
victed of offenses against the postal ser
vice, and 47 were counterfeiters or con
cerned in crimes against the currency
of the United States. The unusual
clemency for 90 dishonest postal offi
cials was certainly not shown In the
interest of an efficient' postal service or
for the benefit of the public.—Pittsburg
American imperialists are prone to
assert that the colonial system of
Great Britain is worthy of Imitation by
this country. But they forget that Eng
land has been at war almost constantly
for the last huudred years. These wars
have becJn largely with Insurgents in
British colonies and have become so
frequeut as to attract but little afcteni
India has been a most expensive in
vestment for Englaud, and yet the
wealth of India compared with that of
the Philippines Is so much greater that
the Philippines are actually insignifi
In the West Indies England Is espe
cially unfortunate. The investment
there Is a loslug venture and no doubt
were not natioual prkle engaged Great
Britain would be glad to get rid of the
islands. In Jamaica there are 800,000
negroes and less than 10,000 whites.
It Is not safe for the white people to
travel about the island alone. They
must go in companies and well armed
at that. Just as soon as the negroes
find a leader there will be a revolt and
the hr.ndful of whites will be murder
ed. For every negro killed in war,
three white soldiers would be sacrific
ed and leforo long the island of Ja
maica will have to be abandoned by
What better fortune can Americans
expect in the Philippines? There are
10,000,000 natives on this archipelago,
the climate is fatal to white men, there
are no inducements for farmers to go
there and the result is pretty sure to
be a repetition of those which have fol
lowed English occupation of Jamaica.
"Gen. Wheatou captured Aguinaldo's
iufaut sou."—News item.
The two glass works, around which
Hazelhurst, Pa., a town of 1,800 peo
ple, was built, went iuto the trust and
have been abandoned, and the place is
in the most distressed coudition. Six
huudred worklug men have been
thrown out of employment, the mer
chants are bankrupt aud property Is al
most worthless In the market. Still
Mark Uauna. thinks the trust a good
Cunncd Goods Cost More Now.
The ludiaua State Cauners' Associa
tion bears witness to the extortion of
the tin plate trust, paper trust aud lum
ber trust. It announces that owing to
the increased cost of cans, labels and
cases the cost of canning is increased
17M* cents per dozen caus, and the sell
ing price of the goods will be Increased
In Republican Philudelphiu.
John Wamunaker is convinced that
some mechanical device is ueeded to
promote a fair electiou aud an honest
couut in Philadelphia. A scaffold op
erated by a conscientious vigilance
committee might do the business.—
Worked from Washington.
The administration organs talk about
"Cuba's drift toward annexation." A
little investigation will reveal the fact
that the "drift" is the result of some
very strong financial propellers worked
from Washington.—Omaha World-Her
Don't Be Huuty.
People who refuse to go to Parison
account of the Dreyfus case might
pause and reflect that uo uatiou has
yet boycotted us on account of the Glid
ing of the roast beef board of iuquiry.—
A Boom in Courtship.
Talking of mercenary marriages,
love-making has been going ou so
briskly in the Choctaw nation that
nearly six thousand white meu have
won Choctaw brides and the land and
money that accompany them. The
Choctaw girls are rather pretty and
some are highly educated. Those who
are not fullbloods refuse to uiarry In
dians, hence there is a great demand
for whites. Choctaw girls marry at
ihe ago of 17. Because of the five hun
dred and tlfty acres of land (equal
amount bciug giveu to their husbands)
uo trouble Is experienced In iludlng a
suitable companion. Their complex
ion is dear white. As a rule, the eyes
aud hair are black, although some are
perfect Monde*. They are of a kind
aud loving disposition, and are said
by the white men who have tried it to
make excellent wives. To avoid
tramps and degenerates marrying
these girls, the Choctaw laws provide
that all white men, before they, can
be admitted to the tribe, must produce
recommendation of good character
from the county judge of th$ Cpuoty
where they lust voided-
REV. DR. STORRS RETIRES.
His Father and Ue Served 115 Years
in the Ministry.
Rev. Dr. Richard Salter Storrs, pas
tor of the Church of the Pilgrims,
Brooklyn, has resigned after fifty-three
years spent iu its service. The church
was organized only a short time before
Dr. Storrs was made pastor and he nev
er had an assistant, and the vacations
he took, which were few, hls-pulplt was
supplied by neighborly rectors. The
church Is a large and fashionable one
and Dr. Storrs was a fine pulpit speak
er. His father, also Richard Salter
Storrs, was pastor of the Congregation
al church In Braintree, Mass., sixty
two vears. so that the combined pastor-
RttV. DK. U. S. STORRS,
ate of father and son was llo years.
Dr. Storrs is 78 years 01a ana was
born in Braintree. He graduated from
Auiherst College lu 1839, taught for a
time In Morris Acedemy aijd begun to
study law with Rufus Clioate. He
finally gave this up to enter the min
istry. He took the course at Audover
Theological Seminary and was ordained
in 1845. The next year he begau his
long pastorate in Brooklyn. Falling
health led to his resignation. For thirty
years he divided with Henry Ward
Beecher the honors of theological elo
quence In Brooklyn. Harvard Univer
sity, Princeton University and Unlou
College have conferred on him the title
of doctor of laws, and Columbia Uni
versity that of doctor of philosophy.
SAFE IN THE TRENCHES
Karth works Arc Better Protection than
Walls of Masonry.
Experience has shown, says the Chi
cago Tribune, that soldiers are safer in
trendies protected by earthworks, such
as surround the beleaguered city of
LadysmUh, than If they were behind
walls of solid uiasoury. Sitting in his
trench, a soldier can smoke and read in
perfect security while a storm of bul
lets may be passing overhead. Nor will
rifle bullets penetrate an earthwork to
any distauce. Bullets from a Lee-Met
ford rifie will penetrate further than
those from a Mauser, while those from
a Mauser will go further than those
fired from a Martini. Shots from Max
ims or other rapid-fire guns are similar
ly Ineffective against earthworks. The
only way in which soldiers cau be dis-
SAFE IN HIS TRKXCir.
lodged from such a position is by the
use of heavy artillery, and even In that
case the tiring must be extremely ac
curate, so that the shells will burst Im
mediately above the trenches. This,
of course, requires not only extremely
accurate marksmanship but the ex
penditure of a great quantity 9? am
THE PARNELL HOMESTEAD.
Irish Lender's Home that Tnmniuiiy
Will Free front Debt.
Charles Stewart PurneU's old home
stead in County Wlcklow, Irelaud.
which Taiumauy will save to the-Irish
people by lifting the $10,000 mortgage
that now threatens it, is associated with
the late statesman's most happy hours
and most ambitious youth. The house
about which so much solicitude has
I'AUXKI.LS OI.t IIOMKM'KAI).
been exhibited in Ireland aud America
is a fine old residence of a type that is
common iu the Emerald Isle. It was
built on the estate at Avoudale, Wick
low, which was bequeathed by a friend
to John Parnell in the last century, de
scending from him through his younger
sou, William, to John Henry, the father
of Charles Stewart. The patriot's
mother became the mistress of the
house when her husband took her to
Avondale in 1831. She had been Miss
Delia Tudor Stewart, daughter of Ad
miral Charles Stewart, of the United
States navy. Young Charles was sent
away from his aueestral walls when
he was a boy, but it was within- them
that his American mother gave the po
litical beut to his miud that distin
guished hiui ever after. The house is
well built and stately, aud might have
been deemed even lordly in former
How Duchess of Marlborough Lives.
The duchess' time Is uot as much
given up to society as had been that of
soxue of her predecessors. She is devot
ed to charitable works, and the villag
ers uever tire of repeating tales of her
grace's goodness. No oue form of
charity commands her attention more
thau another, unless it may be her
work among the children of the
Blenheim teuantry, and those of the
ueighboriug villages. Many are the
"treats" and picnics they receive at
Ou Sunday the duke and the duchess
usually atteud the little Woodstock
church, one of the oldest and most his
torical buildings in the village. Oc
casionally they attend service lu their
own chapel In the palace, where (he
chaplain preaches from an alabaster
puplit. Under the marble floor of jhta
chapel are buried all the Dukes and
Duchesses of Marlborough.—Aiuslee's.
Sugir Depend* on Light.
It has been determined that light is
au important factor Iu sugar produc
tion, recent Investigations showing that
the sugar contents of tlie plant are de
pendent on the amount of direct sun
It has remained for the United States
to furnish an example, since 1860, of an
unmistakable attempt on the part of the
creditor classes to manipulate the cur
rency with the premeditated purpose,
through a contraction of themoneyvol
ume, to lucrease the value of credits at
the expense of their debtors.
When the New York Associated
Banks induced the United States Sen
ate to mutilate the bill for the green
backs their purpose was cunning and
Intelligent. The result of that mutila
tion was that our Government currency
was sent on its mission of patriotism
maimed and crippled at its birth. Its
defects furnished the opportunity for
The amendment these bankers In
duced the Senate to make, limiting the
legal tender standard by the words "ex
cept duties ou imports and the Interest
on the public debt," was about to be
concurred in by the house. Mr. Stevens
"I have melaucholy forebodings that
we are about to consummate a cunning
ly devised scheme which will carry
great injury and great loss to all class
es of people except one. It makes two
classes of money—oue for the banks
and the other for the people."
The purpose of this provision was
disclosed In a report by John Sherman,
as chairman of the Fiuance Committee,
on Dec. 12,1807, lu which he said:
"It became necessary to depreciate
the notes (greenbacks) in order to create
a market for the bonds."
With our national debt increased by
this rascally avarice, aud with a large
amount of private debts as a result of
the war, with an increased amount of
stocks and "liouds resulting from the
impetus given to corporate organiza
tions, they began the uext step in the
scheme for robbery.
No language can properly character
ize the iniquity of the conduct of the
New York Associated Banks.
It was a conspiracy so enormous In
its conception and consequences that
there is no crime in criminal statutes
that does not become inslguificant when
compared with it.
Having inflated debts to the utmost
limit by every power and privilege
known to corporate organizations, the
next step was to decrease the supply of
the meaus by which the debts could be
At the close of the war there were
few debts not payable in lawful money.
Gold and silver coin and Government
currency were 'standards of payment."
In 1808 Senator Morton, of Indiana, In
the Uuited States Senate, said:
"When It is asserted that the Govern
ment is bound to pay the five-twenty
bonds In coin, I say it is an express vio
lation of nt least four statutes. We
should do foul injustice to the Govern
ment and to the people of the United
States, after we have sold these bonds
011 au average for not over 00 cents on
the dollar, now to propose to make a
new coutract for the benefit of the bond
Other great leaders who used to be re
garded as authority by the Republican
party uttered similar words.—A. J. Van
1 seldom fail to keep a year's supply
of wood 011 hand, and we always have
seasoned wood under cover, writes W.
H. Jenkins, in Practical Farmer. I
have been able to get my wood with, I
thiuk, the least expenditure of labor In
the following way: I go to the woods
before the suow comes and cut the
wood ready to load on the sleigh. The
logs that are above six or eight inches
In diameter are drawn to a convenient
place to load them, and placed on skids.
The smaller wood Is cut and thrown In
piles near a road. I use the first sleigh
ing to draWhe wood to some place near
the wood-hfl^^ We use horse-power
and a drag or cWss-cut saw for sawing
the wood in stove lengths, and make a
short job of it, as we can saw ten to
twenty cords In a day. During the win
ter we split the wood ready for the
stove, but allow it to partly season out
of doors, before puttiug it in the wood
house. I have learned not to put green
wood in the wood-bouse unless the
house is an open oue for it will mold
and spoil for burning. My wood-house
is so built that there Is a door that
opens into the kitchen uear the range,
which makes the wood very convenient
to get at. I get the year's wood supply
all piled in the wood-house before It Is
time to begin farming in the spring,
then give the subject no more attention
until the next winter. My farm work is
not interrupted or delayed by cutting
wood iu the summer.
A colored man was arraigned before
a magistrate charged with carrying
deadly weapons. A razor was found In
the defendant's pocket, and so when he
was brought to the bar of justice the
case agaiust him seemed very strong,
says Short Stories. To the surprise of
the Judge and every one else in the
court room he pleaded "not guilty."
"How can you account for the razor
belug found in your possession?"
The defendant grinned aud said: "I'll
try an' 'splain dat, Jedge."
"I'd like to hear you," said the Judge.
"Did any oue threaten your life?"
"No. sali dey warut nobody t'reat'
nln* mah life, sah."
"Then, why did you carry it?"
"I done toted hit roun', sah, for pur»
"For protection, eh? Why, you just
admitted that your life „was In no dan
"Yo' doan' unVrstaif me Jedge I'll
try an' 'lucldate tings, sail. Down ter
de house where I'se a-boardin', sah, dey
is a powahful lot of low-down coons,
w'at jes' wouldn't stop at takln* tings
w'at doan' belong ter detn, so I jes* put
hit in mah pocket fur purteeshun, sah—
purtecsliun oh de razaii, sah."
Hertpe lor »lnking a
A local sportsmau, who has the re
putation of being a very bad shot, re
cently invited some of his friends to
dine with him.. Before dluuer lie
showed them a target painted ou the
barn door, with a bullet in the bull's
eye. This he claimcd to have shot at
1,000 yards' distauce. As uobody be
lieved him. he ottered to bet the price
of an oyster supper ou it.
On oue of his guests accepting the
wager lie produced two witnesses
whose veracity could not be questioned,
to prove his assertion. As they both
said that he had doue what he claimed
he won the bet. At dinner the loser
of the wager asked how his host had
mauaged to fire such an excellent shot.
The host answered: "I shot the bullet
at the door at a distance of 1,000 yards,
and then I painted the target around It."
Toil and pleasure, iu their uature
opposites, are yet liuked together in
a kind of accessary connection.—Llvy.
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