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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, December 27, 1899, Image 3

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i^thi honors that the country
wered upon her bravest son
A' as one tips a servant
I some menial work well done?
oe hero of Manila
orthy of no better pay
in the mean and captious snarling,
chat Is crushing him to-day?
Dewey's glory nothing
gilded ball and chain?
bills price the loss of freedom?
Moat Its cost be manhood slain?
—J Q. Madison, In New York Sun.
Walker Harrington
Captain Jim went to Lot's Corners
t^ataortljr after the great Panther Mine
opened. Tbeplacc was hardly a
town at
all It consisted of a company
hundred houses of the
pattern arranged about the ter
of a scraggly spur of railroad
WlW the Puinpklff Vine, which in
•tmntod itself through a narrow pass
hllls. The only evidence of
about it was the red school-
ilM»n»e, where Captain Jim drilled ah
awkward squad. There the
«M soldier Instructed such of the coal
Wlliers' sons
who were not old enough
b« hopper boy a or gate tenders.
Captain Jim
had been graduated
to tbe
slxtlee from a little hUltop
college. His most successful en-
'.tttftlie waa leading a company at the
T^IWtte' s( the Wilderness. The war
-.(•cwte-^hear testimony "to a gallant
heroic charge" led by Captain
gprtescue, Of Company C, One
'Hundred and —th regiment Ohio vol-
The gentle occupation of lead-
soidiers to fields of carnage cannot
hat- forever, so Captain Jim, at the
of the
turned to storekeep-
y,'lng, surveying and various other occu
patlons, and dually ended up as a
.. "The boys seem to be getting ugly,"
the old soldier remarked to his land
lady, as he blew along whiff of smoke
the celling.
The Captain was sitting in the parlor
Widow Kerrigan, who kept the
boarding house at Lot's Corners.
Harris, the superintendent of
fte mine, who had Jnst come In, looked
old captain for a moment and
•rHghted a
said Harris, "we are going to
machines. Machines don't get
fnli of
bed whiskey and they don't go
*trIkes. It's all very well for you
to talk
about wives and children and a
Mid winter. Wp gave those fellows
Mr .warning,
and we don't propose to
stand any
more foolishness. Good
mock military salute
old soldier, left the room.
Jim pored until midnight
his "Caesar's Commentaries,"
reading anew the battles of the Roman
with flying columns of
Huns and
Visigoths. He sat looking
lato the embers of the fire, picturing
struggles of Caesar and Orgetorlx.
-.The screech of a whistle dowirthe
}r winding
course of the Pumpkin Vine
him to starf to his feet He
of driver wheels over
the ill-baUasted
railroad. A moment
he stood in boots and In long
overcoat. He flung open the door
hastened toward the tittle station.
Th* dry
snow crunched beneatn his
The wintry gust sent flinty white
against bis. face and nearly
his slouch hat from Its moor-
ings. Outllned against the frosted hlll-
alde was
the giant hopper, ji gaunt and
skeleton. About it Captain
Jim could
see figures moving to and
and once he thought he saw the
of a lighted match.
trouble coming," he said,
half aloud, "and when these ignorant
foreigners break loose it's terrible."
Down the
track he saw an eye of lire.
^That's no
ordinary Pumpkin Vine
muttered the old captain
."they, send
down all their broken down
locomotives to a'plnce like this that's
a special from Columbus, and speclals,
to, tby thinking, are always a sign of
bloodshed around this part of the coun-
,• *.
i- The.
locomotive, with rumbling.
wheels and
a screech of escaping
camp, abreast of the station.
.From the
ends of
with rifles
three cars behind
descended a,hundred
blue coated mei.
flung over their shoulders.
were guards from a Western de-
agency—former street cat con'
doctors, truckmen and tbe like—who
are sent to the Hocking Valley when
•Wr the miners show signs bf Insur
"You're come none too soon," said
vthe young superintendent, as he ad
vanced to meet the leader of the
.' l»f a Corners was awake.. The sound
of a
horn echoed among the hills, From
ramshackle bouse.' there .came
a.man from, some dwellings
three or
four. Groups formed at! varl-
.'corners, and oyer tbe snow-there
crept little companies. Those who
walked in the centre of the knots of
carried oil cans and fagots of
klQdling wood. A deputy sheriff, who
base of the hopper, saw
aproachlng host and fired his re
volver Into. the air. He was caught,
bound,: and.
hurled head first Into a
.drift. Another^.deputy, .rather
flre'upon thfsmlners, dropped hl»
and ran .as fast as his legs could
him. Half a dozen railroad
three or four chunks of coal
whined past his head. The crack of
rifle and the ping of a bullet hastened
Ida steps toward the station, where tbe
•guards were slowly forming.
"They're going to Are the hopper!" he
yelled, as be stumbled and fell at the
(s superintendent's feet
A Quick word of command, a shoul
dering of guns and a column of armed
men were going at double quick over
-the snow. Ahead-of tlfeiu they saw a
'-.tall, gaunt figure. The long hair was
Jtying 4ti the. wind. One hand was
l. stuck in the.breastvf an old army coat.
At the sound of marching feet the Cap
tain hastened his pace, grabbing with
bis left hand an Imaginary sword, as
•... If to keep It from tripping him as he
"Out of the way there, Cap!" cried
the young superintendent. "Are you
.claan daft?"!
.Captain Jim reached the hopper a
hundred yards in advance of tbe guard.
About the base of tbe structure men
were piling wood and shavings and
splashing the rubbish with oil. Tow.
ering above all the rest was a broad
sbojildsred Hungarian, who bad light
watefi. Captain Jlra had
ened him "Attlla the Hun," and the
name stuck to him. The man was a
natural leader. He was one of the
kind who make strikes possible.
"Drop that, Attlla!' yelled the old
Attlla motioned Captain Jim away.
"You be friend," he said. "No be
here. Go!"
The Captain turned about He saw
a hundred leveled rifles.
"Superintendent!" he cried, "let me
talk to these fellows."
The miners stood with hands upon
ready revolvers.
"See here, you fellows," continued
Captain Jim, "I'm an old soldier, and
I know what I am talking about. 1^
you fire that hopper you'll bo punished
for it if It takes all the troops In the
country to do it Take my advice and
quit the game."
Nobody could tell liow It happened.
There came a shot, from somewhere.
Captain Jim threw up his hands and
fell In the snow. A stream of blood
dyed the trampled drift. The old sol
dier placed one hand above his heart
with the other he pointed toward the
torch held by the leader of the strik
ers. The Hun threw the firebrand to
the ground and trampled it beneath his
feet until the last spark had left it
The strikers dropped their guns in the
snow. They surrounded the form of
the old soldier.
Attlla, the Hun, lifted up the white
head upon his knee.
"Not UB," whispered the Hun, "not
The young superintendent rushed
"I call these men to witness," he
cried, "that no shot was fired by us."
Six men carried the old Captain to
the Widow Kerrigan's. They were
guards afnd strikers, three of each.
"Don't take on so, boys!" Captain
Jim whispered, as they raised him up.
"It was nobody's fault Any old sol
dier knows that ysy can't always ac
count for a weapon. Harris, go. up to
morrow morning to the school and say
good-bye for me to the youngsters.
Tell them that hone of their dads was
to blame."
Captain Jim clasped Harris's right
hand, and with bis left gripped the
oil-smeared fingers of Attlla.
"Make It up, men!" he said.
With the two grasping each other's
hands over his breast Captain James
Portescue' was mustered out of the ar
my of earth. In the little graveyard
at Iiofs Corners is a monument bear
ing beneath crossed swords the inscrip
tion, "Captain Jim." As long as that
memorial stands the whirr of tbe ma
chine shall not lie heard In the Panther
.Wlno.—New York Heinid.
Pecallsr Souls Uttered by IshsMUits ei
Fish that utter sounds are by no
means rare, but they are not often
seen or heard by those not in the fish
ing business. Some years ago, In the
Gulf of Mexieo, a Small, highly col
ored fish known as the haemulon was
hauled up. The moment It appeared
above tbe surface it opened its mouth
and began to grunt and groan so loud
ly that the attention of the entire par
ty was attracted to it The sounds
could be heard from one end. to the
other of the sixty-ton schooner. One
Of the fishermen held the fish In
amazement a few moments, nnd then
was so convinced that It was talking
and begging for liberty that It was
tossed overboard.
•The gizzard shad utters a note that
can oe heard some dlstance. and the
eel is said to make a noise that comes
nearer'to being musical than any oth
er made by a fish. The loudest sound
ever known to be uttered "by a fish'
came from a small dogfish, or shark,
on the New England coast The fish
ermen were hauling, tbem in by the,
dozen and as each fish came out of the
it uttered a loud croak, and Icept l| up
as though' in great agony, so that
when several of these fishes were on
deck the air was full of barking' or
The drumfishis one of the few fiBhes
whose sounds are heard while they
are in the water.. The late Spencer F.
Baird of the Smithsonian Institution:
made some Interesting experiments
with them, and in a report described
the strange sounds that came up from
the bottom. He had the Impression
that tbe fish were directly on the bot
tom of the vessel and were striking It,
but this was found to le a mistake.
This fish were in a school some feet be
low the surface, and in all probability
were making the sounds by striking
their pharyngeal teeth together. The
sounds produced by these fish have a
singular effect upon superstitious sea
jnen, who see omenB in the- weird
Any one who has Blept In a small
boat with his ears a few Inches from
the water has heard strange crackling
sounds sometimes. They appeared
like a series of cracks or electric
shocks, but what creatures produce
the nolse no one seems to know.
One of tlie most-remarkable of all
the sound-producing fishes Is found In
China.seas, and an account of its ac
tions has been given by -Lieut''White
of the British nnvy. He was engaged
in some special work at the entrance
of a river and came to anchor, one
night In shallpw water. Presently
strange sounds began to be heard com
ing up from the bottom. They were
described as resembling the clauglng
of bells and the beating of drums.
The men were demoralised, and at
tributed the noises to spirits, It being
said that a crew of pjrateB had gone
down there, but the officers were con
vinced that the noise was. caused by
some sea animals, aud investigation
showed tbnt It came from a school of
fish that made the sounds by flapping
their teeth together.
C«M Produced to 0r4er.
In the line of refrigeration ou tiitf
rail the newest and'cleverest Invention
Is a car that by the motion of its own
wheels compresses ^ammonia gas to a
liquid which. In expanding again
through pipes, produces the cold re
quired -to. preserve the perishable pro
ducts transported in the vehicle.
What the newly discovered liquid air
may accomplish In the branch, of en
terprise here discussed lio mail Oau
say, though astonishing tliiugs are pre
dicted for It, but already cold In this
Intensely concentrated form is on the
market nnd may be brought by--thc
gallon. Very possibly, In the uear fut
ure, carts muy go from door to door in
cities with cans of cold—i. e.,. liquid air
put up in suitable tins—depositing full
receptacles each morning for the day's
supply, and- taking away the "emp
ties." A little of the stuff in the fam
ily refrigerator will keep tlie provfc
(lions sweet, while what remains
:. ACow Btall.
The cut shows a number of features
that go to make an excellent cow stall
sloping partitions to keep the hay In the
crib and sloping partitions between
each cow, a chain hitch that Is attached
to both sides of the stall giving the cow
freedom of movement, but not too much
freedom, and, lastly, a raised piece of
plank that the cow steps over in order
to eat, but must step back across when
desirous of lying down. Trial of this
plan shows that It does much toward
keeping the cows clean, as It brings
them back to tbe manure gutter when
lying down. Go the rounds the last
thing at night and remove any drop
pings that may hare fallen upon the
platform. This will insure a dry bed
during the nlglit. Tbe arrangement of
the chain fastening in the way suggest
ed Is the nearest approach possible to
tbe stiff stanchion In controlling the
movement of the cattle, while doing
away with tbe most serious faults of
the stanchion, while It Is but an In
stant's work to hook It about an ani
mal's neck and to unhook It. Another
plan would be to leave a neck chain al­
ways about the animal's neck, with a
•snap at the under part to attach to the
crosswise chain when tbe animal Is
brought Into the stall. The neck chain
then serves a good purpose when lead
ing tbe stock ont to water, or when
moving the animals about for other pur
ooses.—New York Tribune. v'f[::
Pulling Fence Post*.
Take the hind wheels and coupling
pole of a farm wagon and a chain with
a ring, or, better, a large hook at one
end. Fasten the chain to the pole In
front of tbe axle In such a manner that
when iris passed back over the axle
and bolster the ring or hook will about
touch the ground—a lltle longer or
shorter, according to the size of the
posts to be pulled up.
Now back the axle against the post,
raise the coupling pole toward the post,
against which It may lean, place the
chain like a noose around tbe post, slip
ping It down until tight. Next bring the
pole forward and to the ground. This
will,raise tbe post nearly a foot and
generally fully loosen it. If tbe post Is
very deeply set or hard'to pull out It
may be necessary to repeat the process,
slipping tbe noose farther down. Baqk
to the next post and repeat.—Orange
Jtidd Farmer.
The Farm Horse.
\Ve do not like the very large horse
for the farm, where he must be used for
all purposes, to drive to mill, to meet
ing and to market, as well as to pull the
plow, the farm machinery ancTtbe loads
that arc to }e moved about the farm.
The horse of 1,500 pounds eats about
twice as much as the one of 1,000
pounds, and while the large draught
horse may be cheaper for the truckman
It will be better to have the light horse
or two light horses on the farm, even If
It Is necesaary to load a little lighter at
times. There are a few draught horses
of 1,SOO pounds or heavier whose legs
are strong enough to last wben they are
put to heavy work, but many of thein
will hot endure, and they give out about
as quickly on the farm as on tbe pave
ments. One trouble with the large farm
horse is that he eats too much bay, and
the farmer Is often only too willing to
give it to him. More horses are Injured
by overfeeding with hay than with
grain. ^''r'"
with the Idea that their starch can be
converted into fat. But only 20 per
cent, of the potato la starch, the other
80 being nothing but water. Even
wben cooked the. potato, absorbs as
much water as It loses, and Is much too
bulky In the small stomach of.a hog to
serve as Its principal feed. Beyond the
small amount required to keep the
bowels open, potatoes are no advantage
to the hog, and for this a. few-beet^
which the hog will eat wlt'h greedlne^
are greatly to be preferred.
Curing Meat on the Farm.
Kill your hogs early In the morning
and let them hang till after dinner, then
cut tliem up. As fast as you cut the
hams aud shoulders up salt them well
and lay them out on boards to cool.
Leave them there about forty-eight
hours, then commence packing In a
large tank or barrels. Put hams in
first, skin side down, pack In tight. The
shoulders go In next and the side meat
on top. Weight down with large rocks
and then you are ready for the brine.
Use about eighty pounds of salt, four
ounces of saltpeter and six pounds of
brown sugar to 1,000 pounds of meat
Take what water you think you will
need to cover the meat, put In the salt
and saltpeter, and bring to a boiling
heat skim, and then let It cool before
putting over the meat Let' the meat
remain In the brine about three weeks,
then hang It In the smokehouse. Let It
bang two or three days before building
smoke under It. Use hickory wood for
smoking. Smoke till the rind has alight
chestnut color.
Now, as to dry salt. To each green
ham of eighteen or twenty pounds, one
dessertspoonful of saltpeter, one-fourth
pound of brown sugar, applied well to
the fleshy side of the ham, and about
the hock cover the fleshy side with fine
salt, half an Inch thick, and pack away
In tnbs—to remain four or five weeks,
according to size. Before Bmoklng, rub
off any salt that remains on the meat
and then cover with ground pepper,
about the bone and hock. Hang up and
drain twenty-four to thirty-six bourn
before smoking. Smoke the same as
the brine meat.—Kansas Farmer.
Good Plowing.
What used to be called good plowing,
the turning a furrow over smoothly and
leaving the upturned surface perfectly
level, is not thought as Important now
as It was wben we were young. The
plowing match at agricultural exhibi
tions does not draw the crowd It once
did, even when there Is no counter at
traction of trotting boraes, bicycle
match or base-ball game to draw the.
people away. The Improvements In har
rows, horseshoes and cultivators enable
the farmer to pulverize his soli, as It
could not have been done by the plow,
and to leave It level If be wishes,
though It may have beer but poorly
plowed. And many of the farmers are
beginning to think that the best plow
ing Is what our fathers would have
called a poor job, the furrow set on edge
Instead of turned over, and then worked
mellow afterward. The land so han
dled gives a better crop than that
which has been turned upside down.
Broom Corn.
The people who are obliged to pay
about twice as much for a new broom
this winter as they did a year ago will
probably put the blame on the trusts or
combinations, but we do not see any
grumbling letters In the papers from
farmers who'are getting eight to nine
cents a pound for their broom corn
tops, instead of selling them for four
to four and a half cents a pound. few
who sold too early do not feel happy,
but the price went up so quickly tbat a
large share of the crop was in the
growers' ,hands. *.We are glad to know
that the farmers profit and we hope
they will also profit by It so far as not
to plant so much broom corn next year
as to throw tbe market down below a
rate that will repay the grower.—
American Cultivator.
Warm Shelter*
The heaviest tax a farmer pays IB the
one he Inflicts upon hlmseK by econ
omizing In room in the stables./ He
keeps too many animals In proportion
to space, and they do not thrive. In
connection with this Is tbe tax paid in
food by keeping stock in quarters that
are not. warm. In tbe winter season
the animal Is warmed by the food, and
the greater the exposure to cold the
more food required. Warm shelter saves
food and also preventB the chilling of
young.-animals and th% checking of
their growth at an early age. O'
Wheat Straw for Feed.
Oy.' '.
Rye 'as a Special Winter Crop,
A crop of rye on the land Is beneficial
even If It Is never harvested. When rye
Is seeded down in the fall It necessitates
the destruction of many young weeds,
and as the rye takes possession of the
land it destrpys all young weeds that
appear later. If used as a green crop
for cattle In late fall and early spring,
It makes sufficient growth after the
stock has been removed to provide a
green manurlal crop for corn, thus add
ing to the top-soli plant food gathered
from tbe sub-eoll and made available.
Bye also covers the soil In winter and
protects it, assisting to prevent loss of
the fertilizing elements, and, as It Is
liardy, It can eudure tbe coldest win
ters. As a wood destroyer It excels'all
late crops, doeB not exhaust the land
when grown aB a green manurlal crop,
occupies the land at a season of the
year wben many other crops can not
be grown, and costs less In proportion
to advantages derived therefrom than
anything else grown on the farm.
Profitable Small Fruit*.
Some of the small fruits that offer In
ducements tor growing them are entire
ly neglected. When tbe market Is well
supplied with some kinds it may be
lacking In others. The currant and
goseberry are examples. With carloads
of strawberries, blackberries aild rasp
berries reaching the markets, currants
and gooseberries come In small lots, aud
sell almost on sight. Tbeee fruits may
require a little more care than some
kinds, but It Is the labor tbat gives the
price, and tbe grower should produce
anything tbat pays well for labor.
be utilized for cooling the air of the
bouse, a.spoonful being deposited here
aud there ill a saucer.
The official .figure as to tbe 'consumx
tlon of coal In Groat Pl'ltaia for 1898
1» 167,000,000 tons,--
Potatoes for Fattening Hogs.
Whenever potatoes ore very cheap
farmers ore apt to try to get something
out of them by feeding tbem to stock.
Every year there Is a certain proportion
of potatoes too small or too scabby to
be marketable, and some of these are
^l|»ly to be given to the (ateolog bogs
Wheat straw alone Is not considerel
valuable as food, but If cut and ted
with grain It may be given wltb ad
vantage, to steers. It Is not advisable
to change the food of cows for one that'
Is deficient In quality to that wHIch
they may be receiving. Wheat straw
contains about 27 per cent of sugar,
starch, etc., 3 per cent, of mineral mat
ter, nearly 4 per cent, of albuminoids
and between 2 and 8 per cent, of fat.
Cows will sometimes eat It at the stack
from choice, even when well supplied
with other foods.
Educated Farmers. V^Y: '4
Tbe large number of young men who
leave the agricultural colleges of the
States and1 the exitra number taking
'tehort courses'' In agriculture sooner
or later Influence the present metbods
of farming and stock raising. Some of
the State colleges have
and pupils are also given instruction In
veterinary surgery. In addition to be
ing taught farming from a scientific
point, the pupils of each college are
drilled and, instructed by army officers
appointed by the United States govern
Cow Peas for Hogs.
Hogs are very partial to cow peas,
and s'uoh food is excellent for them.
They first eat the pods, and where there
are 110 pods to be had they eat the
leaves, following with the stems. Wheu
the vines are gone they will, if the
ground permits, eat the roots by root
ing for them. In this manner the hogs
will feed themselves and manure the
ground at the same time. Where there
Is a field that can be used In that man
ner a crop of cow peas should pay well.
Improving Cattle Herd.
Every farmer sometimes has a good
cow—one above the average—In bis
herd, and he doiss not fall to .notice her
superiority. When such Is the case the
cow should.be a standard by' which to
gauge all others. The object should be
•to have no cows that do not equal the
'best one. Sell off tbe inferior ones as
fast as calves from tbe superior cow
will replace them. Use-pure-bred sires
and do not attempt to throve the herd
by buying elsewhere. Vqk
Mange in swine Is caus&liiy filth and
unnatural conditions. It Is'due.to a mi
nute paraBite, which burrows under the
skin. It can not be easily enred, but If
the animals are thoroughly scrubbed on
a Warm day, using carbolic acid soap,
then,well rinsed, and when dry thor
oughly anointed with a mixture of four,
parts lard and one part kerosene, two or
three times, aud given oleiip quartet*.
Diau|« wtlj disappear.
From tbe first week's proceedings of
tbls CongreES the Inference Is clenr that
the'session will be devoted almost en
tirely to bringing about partisan legis
lation under the White House lash.
The Republican Senators nnd Repre
sentatives are to be kept I11 line by the
administration for the measures that It
wants passed, and nothing Is to be
brought up that Is not wanted.
This means that the Imperial Idea
which has grown to enormous propor
tions In the Presidential mind Is to over
shadow the entire Congress. Xlclvln
lcy's wishes are to be regarded as or
ders by Senators and Representatives,
and but for tlie looks of the thing the
laws might as well be Issued from the
executive mansion In the shape of
The first unmistakable sign of the dis
position of Congress to obey the White
House decrees was"given when It was
decided on the part of the House to ill
low scarcely any debate worthy of the
name on the currency bill. This gives
additional privileges worth hundreds
of mlllionsof dollars to the money trust,
yet It Is to be Jammed through regard
less of the protests of the minority
simply because the President wants It
Tbe same course will doubtless be
adopted toward the ship bounty bill,
which will take more hundreds of mil
lions out of the treasury* and townrd
the Paciflccable subsidy measure,
Is good also for a very large part of the
people's substance. In fact, every ex
travagant scheme for the expenditure
of money will have the right of way In
thlB Congress because the President
wills It so.
There will be no chance, however, for
any measure curbing or setting limits to
the Presidential authority In the uew
island possessions. Mr. McKlnley In
tends to retain a free hand there. As
commander-in-chief of the army and
uavy he can rule Cubans, Porto Rlcans,
Filipinos and the others In true Imperial
fashion, and he wants no Congressional
interference with the doings- of cither
himself or the military satraps whom
he has set o?er the natives.
Clearly, the United States Is about
In the same poslllon the Roman republic
was in Just before the establishment of
the empire,. The legislative body sitting
at that time in the ancient city, the Sen
ate, still retained the function of pass
ing the laws, but the laws themselves
were dictated In tbe palace of Caesar,
Just as the measures which Congress
is ordered to pass are drawn up-at the
White House.—New York News.
That Gold Standard Bill.
That great Republican bill to "re
form" the currency proposes to estab
lish the gold standard, to pay the bonds
In.gold, to Impound tlie greenbacks and
ultimately to give tbe banks a mono
poly of the paper money circulation.
If Congress passes this measure and
It becomes a law through McKlnley's
signature tliere will'be a most magnifi
cent political Issue for 1900. The mask
will have been torn from the face of
the money power nnd the Republican
Pflrty with William McKlnley, Mark
Hiuina & Co., will go down to a most
spectacular defeat. But If Congress re
fuses to pass this bill tbe gold advo
cates will be enraged and political war
fare will be declared In the ranks of
the Republican party.
The'promoters of this bill may not
know It, but they have opened a verit
able Pandora's box of troubles with
no consolatory hope at the bottom. Is
there anything the matter with the
Government bonds? Are people wor
ried about their security? Is the cred
it of the nation suffering because these
bonds are payable lu coin instead of
gold? Is anybody anxious to part with
his bonds at a discount? It not, why
all this row about gold payment? Sim
ply to get a chance for the money pow
er to snatch the money creating author
ity from tbe Government and place It
In the bands of private Individuals.
Let the Republicans pass the bill If
they dare.- Politically its introduction
Is a mistake. Its passage would be a
disaster to the very party which hopes
to gain by It.—Chicago Democrat.
."Prosperity" Closing Mills.
When ."prosperity" results In closing
mills, the people who have worked In
these mills, the merchants who have
lost customers through tbe lockout and
the people at large'who must pay high
er priceB for commodities because of a
forced scarcity are not aBle.to.seewhere
the prosperity benefits them.
These remarks are suggested by the
fact that while the tin plate manufac
turers are basking In prosperity and
taxing tbe coustimers with exorbitant
prices, they have contemporaneously
closetLfilghty of their mills. While the
material which goes to-make up a hun
dred-pound box of tin plate has fallen
22 cents, tbe price has been shoved up
to $4.05, Which Is ?1 a box more than It
Is wortli'ln England.
With open competltlpn tin plate In the
United States, would not bring more
than $3.05 a. box, and would probably
fall to $3 within a short time after this
Competition had been Inaugurated.
Moreover, the demand for tin plate,
stimulated by a reasonable price, would
cause the opening of the closed mills to
create the necessary supply and pros
perity for the laborers and the mer
chants would result.
It Is plain enough that In this case
the protective tariff Is tlie matter of
the tin piate trust, and if the protection
were removed competition would fol
low with all its accompanying benefits.
-No special law would be needed to curb
the rapacity of this trust as the natural
law of supply and demand would be re
stored and beneficially operative.
Getting Heady for Another Flop.
Republican politicians and newspa
pers are Incriminating and recrimina
ting one ^another over the financial
plank of the St. Louis platform. When
roguee fall out, etc. A little truth has
already emerged from under the bushel
of fustian and fiction.
They all acknowledge that William
McKlnley was a wabblcr ou the cur
rency until driven to an equivocating
gold plank by tbe pressure of "circum
stances" before aud when -the St. Louis
convention met. That William McKln
ley will wabble again on tbe financial
plank of the next Republican conven
tion Is equally certain. That William
McKlnley is by nature a wabblcr on all
questions Is now known not merely to
all Americans, but to nil living people
of the civilized world. 'That William
McKlnley's iniud Is a putty lump upon
which the largest or most vociferous
and best pursed portion of his party
may engrave auy plauk tliey please
upon any question Ir out of debute.
.the Uepulilk-amj uow
ing to have been responsible for the St
Louis equivocal gold plank were wab
blers also. That tbey nre preparing to
wabble again, should wabbling seem
expedient. Is manifest—Chicago Chron
To Perpetuate the National Debt.
One of the features of the currency
bill which Allison, a fornjer rampant
blmetalllst Henderson, a former bl
metalllst not so rampant William Mc
Klnley, formerly, now and always an
opportunist, et al.,' propose to foist upon
the American people is this:. The Secre
tary of the Treasury will be directed
to establish a permanent gold reserve
equal to 25 per cent, of the total of
reenbacks aud treasury notes out
standing. and to maintain this reserve
"If necessary," by Issuing 3 per cent,
gold bonds.
I11 other words the Joint commlttce,
after drafting Its bill, confesses a lack
of faith lu It. With only 25 per cent,
of primary money with which to redeem
outstanding paper, the possibility of a
depleted reserve, due to manipulation,
Is owned up to and guarded against.
How? Not by simply saying that the
Secretary may at his discretion cease
to pay out gold—as the Bank of Eng
land does—when the reserve Is menaced
by a raid. It authorizes him to go In
debt to the usurers and Increase the
bonded obligations of tbe country. ThlB
section js drawn solely In the Interest
of national banks and it means that the
public debt Is to be perpetuated for
their benefit. Another sinister feature
is the reduction of Interest on national
bank circulation. But that will make
another story^New York News.
Rapid Drift to Imperialism.
The Influences which dominate the
Republican organization are such that
the free men of the West can no longer
tolerate it. The men and the influ
ences which controlled the St Louis
convention became convinced when the
voters ratified tlieir action at the polls
that the people were ready to indorse
the class system in America. Imperial^
Ism was the next step, and the war
with Spain furnished a pretext for it.
Such progress would not have been
made In a decade had not the opportu
nity presented Itself with the defeat of
Montejo at Manila to inflame the pub
lic with the lust for empire. So confi
dent is Wail street of its power that
its spokesmen openly advocate an alli
ance with England and argue the ad
vantage of an aggressive eastern pol
Republican politicians who appreci
ate the hold which this Influence has
on the party openly defend the trusts,
and Republican newspapers for the
same reason seek to show that trusts
arc a necessity and benefit to the peo
ple. The most ultra-silver partisan in
1800 did not believe the conditions
would so change In four short years
that any considerable number of the
American people would be talking of
large standing armies, an advocacy of
trusts and an aggressive eastern policy.
—Kansas City Times.
War's Many Burdens.
The fact that the cost of war is not
all borne by the belligerents and that
disturbances In the most remote parts
of tbe world have Injurious effects in
unlooked-for quarters has been strik
ingly Illustrated In tbe enormous in
crease in tbe price In cordage and co
caine.' The Insurrection In the Philip
pines and the consequent interference
with the exportation of manlla and
sisal has sent the price of those fibers
up rapidly and a further Increase Is
threatened. This has Imposed a heavy
burden on the shipping and farming
Interests, the cost of rope nnd binding
twine annually consumed In the Unit
ed States having been Increased many
millions of dollars.
The Internal disturbances of Peru
have so Interfered with the Industry
of gathering and preparing the leaves
of the coca plant, from which cocaine
is prepared, tbat the cost of the drug
In the United States has more than
doubled. The American may poke fun
at the proclivity of people in far-off
lands to enjoy themselves lu insurrec
tions and revolutions, but be has to
pay for the fun.—Cleveland Plain
Reid Reviews Ohio Election.
Still rages the resentment of White
law Held against our noble execuTTveT
and tbough his shafts are ostensibly
aimed at Mr. Hanna It Is perfectly plain
that tbey are really directed against the
anointed one in the White House. Mr.
Reid looks with dismal apprehension
upon the situation in Ohio. Unlike such
cheerful optimists as Messrs. Grosvenor
and Dick, he sees no triumphs in a
minority of 45,000 votes, and though he
speaks of "bessism" as the cause he
evldchtly entertains other views. He
predicts','at any rate, that unless there
shall be a mjirked change In sentiment
In tbe meantime Ohio will be lost to the
Republicans In 1000, and though we
may doubt Mr. Reid's professed sorrow
at the prospect we cannot dispute his
facts. The vote two weeks ago Indi
cates a Democratic majority in 1900
and Mr. Reid is Justified In bis prepara
tions to wear full mourning when the
Ohio returns are in. It Is not for us to
Inquire whether his Inky cloak will
cover an aching heart or a chastened
spirit quite reconciled to fate.—Chi
cago Chronicle.
For "Assimilating" Cuba.
The United States has now been in
control of Cuba, under a military gov
ernment, for nearly a year since the
evacuation by the Spanish was finshed.
A high military authority said some
months ago that the "pacification" of
the Island—which was our sole alleged
purpose In going to war with Spain
was as complete os It could ever be.
Yet Instead of taking the first step to
ward "leaving the government and con
trol of tlie Island to Its own people," as
Congress solemnly pledged the nation
to do wheu peace was restored, the
President is considering and It Is said
will recommend to Congress "civil gov
ernment under military control" for an
Indefinite period. General Ludlow pre
pared the way for this policy of his
eomniander-in-ehlef by saying the other
day thai the time for giving Cuba con
trol of lier own affairs Is still "far off."
—New York World.
To Make Money Master.'
The Republican currency bill Is sim
ply and plainly designed to make
money denrer and vvhatever money will
buy—the products of earth, muscle and
brain—chsaper, and to give the nation
al banks a still greater lever by which
they may control the volume of the
country's money.—Wheeling Register.
If blood will tell, |ierbuys that is why
giurdev \Y){| out,
Double Tragedy Caused by Quarrel
Over Property—Stockmen to Resist
Tuberculin Test—Serious Failure at
Muscatine—Beggar Becomes
Joseph Hutcliins, a farmer living two
miles east of Adel, killed his wife ami
then killed himself. Mr. aud Mrs. Hntch
ins had not been living together for some
time. The other morning Mr. Hutchins
went to see his wife, sayiug he wished
to talk with her about disposing of their
property. Mr. Hardison, the neighbor
with whom Mrs. Hutchins was staying,
left Mr. and Mrs. Hutchins ulone. Upon
his return to the house he found Mr*.
Hutchins lying dead just outside the
house. She had been beaten with a heavy
stick, having one arm broken, ths other
badly bruised, and her head covered
with bruises. She had evidently tried to
escape from the room, aud been beaten
into insensibility after reaching tbe door.
After she fell Mr. Hutchins finished his
bloody work with a knife, stubbing her
twice in the stomach, four times in the
neck and cutting her face. He then weut
to his own house, laid down aud placing
the muzzle of a guu under his chiu, tired
it with his toe, blowing off the entire
front part of his head. His death was
evidently instantaneous. The parties were
both Americans^ were past 150 years of
age, and had been married for more than
forty years.
Diseased Cattle Are Killed*
The twenty-three tuberculous cattle
found in a herd of thirty-eight head at
the Soldiers' Orphans' Home a few days
ago were slaughtered at Davenport. They
passed ten head for beef aud condemned
thirteen. Among the latter were two or
three animals in an udvunccd stage of
tuberculosis. The health of the* more
than 400 children at tnc home had not
been affected, but the tuberculin test was
applied to the herd because of the sus
pected presence of the disease. Dnirynien
of this and neighboring States claim that
the remarkably good health of the -*00
children at the home proves that the tu
berculin test causes great' loss to dairy*
men and results in no gain to the com
munity. They say they will resist the
teBt with shotguns if it is forced upon
From Penury to Wealth.
M. L. Stout, wlitf has been a beggar in
Denver for two years, was found in the
county jail by his brother, George C.
Stout of Des Moines, and was taken to
the Iowa capita! to claim an estate val
ued at $50,000. Stout Is known as the
hermit of the People's Theater, and for
a year he has lived alone in a shack in
the ruins of that burned building. He
was sent to jail as a vagrant in order to
provide him winter lodgings. A friend
In Denver heard of his arrest, and told
the family in Des Moines. Stout'g re
turn will cause the distribution of his
father's estate, which has been undivid
ed because a share was left the Denver
hermit, who had been missing from Des
Moines for twelve years aud was mourn
ed as dead.
Ingraham Failure Is Serious.
The failure of A. O. Ingraham of Mus
catine, the largest merchant in that part
of Iowa, is developing sensational fea
tures. It is now stated by the creditors'
representatives that the liabilities are
fully $120,000 nnd total asset's not over
$30,000. In tlie three weeks before tbe
failure Ingraham deeded away a store
at Shannon City, another at Allendale,
Mo., besides lands and buildings which
he held. The creditors announce Nthey
will undertake to set aside the convey
ances. The store has required protection
of officers to prevent people who had sold
produce to Ingraham from going in
and helping themselves to stock.
Iowa's Official Count.
The official count of the votes on Gov
ernor and Lieutenant Governor at the
last election was completed by tbe Sec
retary of State, as follows: Governor—
Republican, 230,543 Democratic, 183,
326 Prohibition, 7,600 Populist, 1,694
Socialist-Labor, 763 United Christian,
483. Lieutenant Governor—Republican,
230,004 Democratic, 107,770 Prohibi
tion, 7,662 Populist, 1,747 Socialist-La
bor, 785 United Christian, 403. Gov.
Shaw's (Rep.) plurality, 56,217 majority,
Brief State Happening*
A daily mail route has been established
at Hohen2ollern.
A movement is on foot at Audubon to
build an armory.
More, natural gas wells have been open
ed up near Muscatine.
The B„ C. R. and N. is completing
new stock yards at Clarion.
The Iowa Masons' Benevolent Society
at Oskaloosa has disbanded.
There are fifty-eight pupils enrolled at
the normal school at Woodbine.
The Presbyterians at Winfield have de
cided to erect a new $10,000 church.
Herds of swine in the vicinity of Gil
man have been depleted by some disease.
An eight-stall round house is to be
erected by the C., B. & Q. at Des Moines.
The lumber shed of Thomas Bros, at
Sheffield has been destroyed by fire.
Cause unknown.
Anew sidetrack to the Orphans' home
at Davenport has been laid on the ground
recently acquired by condemnation for
that purpose.
Several Des Moines people had consid
erable-sums invested in the Franklin
syndicate in New York, which dosed its
doors recently.
The police at Burlington have a female
traiqp on their hands who refuses to give
her right name and tells contradictory
stories of her life.
The old Union Church north of Berwick
has been moved into that town and will
be occupied by the Congregatlonalists,
who have purchased it.
Fred BeaI,Hhe man who attempted to
steal a tray of diamonds at Des Moines
recently, has been convicted.
The merchandise house of A. O. In
gram at Mount Ayr has been closed by
creditors, and the business is now in the
hands of two trustees.
Harley Barnhill, aged 29, of Des
Moines, a brakeman on the Chicago
Great Western, fell under the wheels of
a car and lost his left foot.
An extra train on the Chicago Great
Western was wrecked near Valeria by
the overturning of a way car" and eight
men injured, but none fatally.
The saloonkeepers of Iowa City have
^organized for the enforcement of the
strongest provisions in the mulct law.,
Federal Judge Shiras has sustained the
decision that in a bankruptcy case a la
bor lien has priority over a landlord's
claim for rent.
The State Auditor has given out that
agricultural societies can't draw the $200
allowed by the State, if beer is allowed
to be sold on or near the grounds during
the progress of the fair.
Some time ago a. team was stolen from
Thomas Smith of Martinsburg, and they
were discovered tied to a tree in a lonely
wood near Webster. One horse was dead
from starvation and the other nearly so.
A civil service examination will be held
at Creston Jan. 6 for the position of clerk
and carrier in the postoffice at that place.
The Mayor of Des Moines has vetoed
three ordinances which were passed by
the Council during his absence from the
Frauk Foster of Waterloo was loading
some shells for his gun, when one explod
ed and a piece of metal struck him on the
head, fracturing his skull.
Louis Huru, a wealthy fanner of Bre
men County, residing near Stick Creek,
while ascending an enclosed windmill had
his clothing caught by the revolvlug shaft
and twbted so tightly around him that he
choked to deatb.
The Swedish Lutherans at Creston win
build a church next season.
Company of the Fortyuinth Iowa
has been mustered in at Toledo.
Kanawha has decided to indefinitely
postpone the matter of incorporating.
Waterloo, according to the census taken
by the Courier has a population of 11,982.
Marsballtown has let the contract for
a new town clock to cost about $2,600.
Several school principals met in Des
Moines and formed a State organisation.
The Church of Christ at Fort Dodge
has dedicated its new house of worship.
There were twenty-eight cases of con
tagious disease last month in Davenport.
The Swedish- Lutherans at Burlington
have celebrated their fortieth anniver
The new Home for the Aged at Des
Moines will be ready for occupancy
Jan. 1.
A postoffice has been established at Is-.,
may, and Julius Leisson appointed post--:
The Fifty-first Iowa regimental band
is tonring the State making one-night en
Two new towns have been located and
named on the C. & N. W. north and eaBt
of Iteinbeck.
The Des Mo'ines Gas Company will ex
pend $12,000 in improving its plant the
coming yenr.
A. A. Cooper of Grinnell stepped off
a high sidewalk and fell, breaking his left
arm in two places.
The executive committee of the Anti
Trust League of Iowa reports a member
ship of over 7,000.
J. B. Monroe, an old resident of Agen
cy, dropped dead at his home. Heart
disease was the cause.
Thieves entered the home of Ernest R.
Gates, a farmer living near Ladora, and
stole $350 from a bureau.
Lawrence Willis of Perry fell off a
train while crossing a bridge near Ford
and was instantly killed.
The next annuul .meeting of the Sher
iffs' Association will be held in Des
Moines in December, 1900.
The postoffice at-Marathon and Morn
ing Sun will be raised from fourth-class
to presidential offices Jan.
Eastern capitalists are said to be con
templating removing a glass plant from
Pennsylvania to Des Moines.
Charley Spiegel, the furrier of Des
Moines, has been sentenced to eight years
lu the penitentiary for arson.
Ed Lutz of Fort Madison suffered a
lacerated arm and a severe scalp wound
by the bursting of his shotgun.
Horse thieves stole a horse and buggy
valued at $180 from Elmer Winters, a
young farm hand at Green Mountain.
"Boss" Hill, a negro of Des Moines,
shot and slightly wounded William Chad
dock in a quarrel after a game of cards.
Bush and Wilson, the two crippled
pickpockets at Marshalltown, were each
sentenced to one year in the penitentiary.
John H. Martop shot and killed Henry
Broker near Glenwood while quarreling
about some furniture. He gave himself
The Cram -general store at Fort Dodge,
together with contents,- was totally de
stroyed by fire. Origin unknown partly
Harry Means of Keokuk, who fell and
broke his neck four months ago, is still
living and has just passed through a siege
of pneumonia.
A new disease has broken out among
Iowa cattle, known as the cornstalk epi
demic, which has proved fatal in sev
eral instances.
Arthur Brydon of Des Moines was held
up by two toughs and badly beaten, but
having no money they secured nothing
for their trouble.
-Rural mall delivery service has been
established at Waterloo. It will cover an
area of twenty-six square miles, with a
population of 504.
TJie chief of police at Des Moines says
that he has an insufficient force to prop
erly guard Jlfe and property in view of
the increasing crime.
Joe Flynn, a well-known commission
cattleman of Neola, was dragged by his
horse for a considerable distance, sustain
ing three broken ribs.
The postoffice at Jewell will be advanc
ed from a fourth-class4 to a presidential
office Jan. 1 and with it the postmaster's
salary raised to $1,200.
The Lake Manawa and Manhattan
Beach Railway Company, with a capital
stock of half a million dollars, has filed
articles of incorporation.
William Kearney of Linden, the car
penter who was thrown to the ground by
scaffolding breaking at Humboldt, has
succumbed to his injunes.
A suit was brought against the Illi
nois Central in Dubuque for obstructing
a crossing in violation of the city ordi
nance. The damage claimed- was $5.
The duplicate collections of the Nation
al Museum have b&'n overhauled and a
collection of Indian baskets, jars, trays,
etc., have been sent to the Iowa histori
cal department.
A railway has been opened from Clin
ton to LeClaire, and trains are running
into the latter place for the first time,
although it is one of the oldest towns on
the upper Mississippi, river.
Two years ago a certain Frank Trach
ofsky bought a farm of Frank Gerob,
near Riverside, and disappeared on the
night before election. It was supposed
that he had been murdered near Mont
pelier for his money. A body was found
in the Mississippi supposed to be his. At
another time a body was feported to have
been found under a dead cow buried near
Riverside, aud was thought to be hiB.
Different detectives have made investi
gations on the subject. The other day
Trachofsky appeared at the home of his
sister at Buffalo and brought joy to her
breast. He has been in Illinois and In
diana. It Is not known why he had
disappeared so mysteriously and remain
ed away so long.
Baxter Miles, a colored miner of Os
kaloosa, qged 40, fell on the road near
Pekay and was frozen to death.
Rev. Wrilliam Elliott, a Baptist clergy
man, well known in Iowa for the last
thirty years, is dead at the home of his
daughter in San Francisco. He was 80
years of age and had been ill for several
The 2-year-old daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Hayworth of Des Moines was play
ing with matches, when one ignited, set
ting her clothes on fire, and she was fa
tally burned before assistance reached
The State Historical Society will have
rooms in the new collegiate building now
being erected at the State
Patrick Boyle, a brakeman in the em
ploy of the Iowa Central, received in
juries at Grinnell while engaged In
switching that resulted in his death with
in a few hours.
Pickpockets on a Southport avenue car
in Chicago robbed Frederick Faulkheim
er, a merchant' of Ely, of $39 in cash
and of two drafts calling for $300 each.
The pickpockets failed to get $100 which
Faulkheimer had In his boothcel, so after
reporting his loss to the police he went
ou home.
The doors of the Pottawattamie Coun*
ty Mercantile Association at Neola have
been closed temporarily on account of
trouble among the directors.
A burglar entered a room occupied by
two students at Iowa City. He was dis
covered by one of them and a desperate
struggle ensued, but he tore himself away
and escaped.
At Dubuque Judge. Shiras, in the case
of Daniel Langan against the Palatine
Insurance Company and other companies,
Involving a trolley for $5,000, ordered the
company' to pay the face of the policy.
The company alleged that its liability
ceased *when its off£r to replace the burn
e4 house ^as not Accepted by Langaa.

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