BBOHSOV ft GABH,iPaMiahan.
The o)icn door lu China gives tlie
dowager empress a chill.
Messenger pigeons being used In war
Is quite a contrast to Noah's dore busi
It used to be the strong brain that
told In college work. Now It is the
husky right leg.
There are different ways of hauling
people over the coals. One is when
the dealers run up prices.
In Kansas they are making sausages
of rabbits. However, hairs In sausage
are not altogether a novelty.
Considering the marked falling off in
marriages Instead of wedding marches
It looks like popularizing "Tlie King of
few women have yet attained to the
degree of wisdom that Inspires them
to save up their rainy day skirts for a
Scientists say that in future ages all
people will be brunettes. We suppose
this will be due to the passing of the
Another college student has died from
the effects of hassing. When will stu
dents learn that brutality Is a crime
except on tlie, foot-ball field?
The "automobile face" is said to be
worse than tlie "bicycle face." The
wearer looks as-If lie had suddenly
been 'aroused''from a nlgbtmareless
Tlie Chicago man who speared a
waiter through the lungs with an um
brella, made a )vrong use of tlie article.
The umbrella was designed to sited
water, not blood.
It will always be a puzzle to think
ers that If 800 shots are fired for every
person killed In war, why there Is such
a. big percentage of loss from acci
dental shooting In the hunting season.
It la reported that Great Britain
wants to buy the .Galapagos Islands.
This must be a mistake. If Great
Britain wanted them she would first
to get them by sending surveyors
Hetty Green says.no way has ever
been-loTCntad-to prevent people from
throwing away their money. It Is gen
erally understood, however, that no
rach Invention »would be of the slight
est use to Hetty.
The Queen of Holland Is reported to
be engaged to Emperor William's old
est boy, but It isn't likely that they
will be married if the young lady finds
out that such a union would be agree
able to her ministers.
The 10 per cent, a week syndicates
offer a brilliant opportunity to get
something for nothing, but, unfortun
ately for the credulous investor, the
Opportunity is afforded only to the men
who run the syndicates.
Gov. Bradley of Alaska asks that the
,_*crfltory be granted statehood and an
appropriation of $110,000 for a peni
tentiary. With such Improvements the
Governor apgafff to bellev^that even
In Alaska almost all the comforts of
home may be obtained.
A New York woman arrested for
keeping chickens In her rooms sup
posed they were no worse than the
squawking parrots and barking dogs
of the other rooms of an apartment
house. Why should there be so much
difference of opinion as'to pets?
Think of a promoter In the Intelli
gent city of New York inducing people
to give up their money by promising
them 620 per cent, a year! Evidently,
If you want to hoodwink people, you
want to hoodwink them well. If he
had only promised a return of 6 or 10
per cent he would, In all probability,
have secured few victims. There Is
an Immense amount of attraction In a
The head of .a large corporation says
that he Is tired of having letters in
volving thousands of dollars delayed
.because his stenographer's feelings
•were hurt by a reproof for tardiness.
The remark sheds light on the fact that
.many corporations are supplanting
women by men employes. Too many
women have yet to learn that business
la business, not sentiment, and that
places are held. If not always won, by
business qualifications alone.
The humorist's assertion that talk Is
cheap, women half price, seems In the
whirligig of time to have brought iu
Its own revenges. At the recent In
ternational Council of Congregatlonal
•ists, every speaker exceeded the time
allotted him, thus encroaching upon
•the privileges of his successor. At a
subsequent meeting of a State Feder
ation of Women's Clubs, only a single
speaker overstepped the limit of time,
and the exception was a man!
The necessity for some cliauge In
foot-ball rules may be seen when It Is
noted that In proportion to men en
gaged In action there were more casu
alties reported last'fall from the cam
paign on the gridiron than from the
war being waged lu the Philippine
Islands. Twenty-two men engage In
a foot-ball game and the contest wages
for an hour and a half. The casual
ties in killed, wounded and disabled
will average 20 per cent., which,- we
-believe, Is very much greater than have
marked the-fierce and bloody battles
of the world's history. True, a man Is
not killed In every game, but the death
list, nevertheless, Is far too heavy.
As for broken limbs and noses and
ribs and collarbones, these are but in
cidents to the sport
There are other BUI Anthonys. Brave
men who have faced dangers In flood
and field, but tind the everyday strug
gle of life more menacing, more trying
than facing shot and shell. And there
.• are many men and women who have
HI? nothing more heroic than to "keep
t_ ,'J.ji the procession" until now, but
who reel" discouraged and are not sure
of the future. To all such It may be
said that, however safe and easy our
VilWsterlty may find the path of life. In
Ifyiys -to come when perhaps justice
order reign, the cobdltlons to-day
glvea splendid opportunity for charac
ter-forming. feto this cause we should
deem ourselves fortunate that we live
in :m icge of stress and strife. For this
nwun we should set ourselves stead
f**Uy to our tank!!, liQtyftvef
hard. Mark Tapley, one of Dickens'
cleverest creations, accepted every
hardship and trial as an opportunity
for gaining credit to himself for cheer
fulness and helpfulness. That is the
spirit in which we can succeed. This
Is the Ideal which we can carry with
us In dally life and conquer.
Our new Department of Agriculture,
which, when first authorized by Con
gress, was regarded by many as likely
to prove more costly and ornamental
than useful or pro
11 table, is gradually
justifying its creation. While tlie ex
periments In agriculture carried on un
der Its supervision may not have been
of great practical value to the average
American farmer, the Information It
collects and furnishes to the public in
Its monthly bulletins and annual re
ports Is worth many times the cost of
collection and publication. It is well
known that we raise cotton, wheat,
corn, oats, various fruits and meat
products to supply the deficiencies of
the rest of the world, but It is not so
well-known that we Import $200,000,000
worth annually of the agricultural and
forest products of other countries. Tile
annual report of the Department of
Agriculture for the present year pre
sents this fact In clear and unmistaka
ble figures, and the mere statement In
dicates that there Is still a vast profit
able and unoccupied field waiting for
the American farmer. The bulk of
these Imported products, which include
coffee, sugar, India rubber and a dozen
varieties of fruit are chiefly grown In
tfopical countries. With our recent ac
quisitions iu the West Indies, Philip
pines and the Sandwich Islands we are
prepared to engage in the production
-of all these articles and the $200,000,
000 prize Is certainly worth striving
for. As a prerequisite to success In
tills llue tlie American people should
cultivate a little more pride and faith
iu American products. We arc Im
porting and using very inferior Amer
ican wine, which Is exported first to be
furnished with a foreign label when
we could get a much better article at
home If we were willing to be known
as consumers of home-made wines.
There Is little doubt that we can pro
duce figs, dates, prunes and other
fruits which we now largely Import
Oranges of the best we already grow
In Florida and California, and with
our new West India acquisitions all
our tropical fruits can easily be of the
home grown varieties. And why
should we not be able to supply our
own wants In the shape of coffee and
tea and the sugar to sweeten both
within a«very few years? The fault
of the American farmer to date has
been his Inclination to confine himself
to the cultivation of a few staple crops,
with which lie often overstocks the
markets. There should be greater dir.
versify In his farming, and the reports
of the Department of Agriculture point
out very definitely the field In which
this diversity can be profitably exer
cised. American farmers cannot study
these reports too carefully for their
WEAPONS OF ANIMALS.
Claws, Teeth, Hnm.and Hoofs All Come
Handy at Times.
Many animals, Including both those
that kill and those that are killed, are
endowedwlthspeclalmeans of offenslTe
and defensive combat. The latter are
often furnished with weapons of effec
tive value, such as the horns of cattle
and goats and the hoofs of horses, seys
the Philadelphia Times.
Even someof the largest animals,
which are not carnivorous and may be
said to have no enemies, possess special
organs that they can use for Inflicting
wounds. Such are the tusks of the
elephant the horn of the rhinoceros
and tlie antlers of the moose. Their
primary purpose, however. Is to aid In
procuring food and In cleaving a way
through forest and Jungle.
With beasts and birds of prey weap
ons of attack are Indispensable.
Amoug tlie most highly developed are
the retractile claws of the cat family,
the cutting and tearing feeth of the wolf
family and the talons of eagles and
hawks, liven iu lower forms of life we
tind highly specialized weapons, chief
among which are the fangs of venom
ous serpents and the stings of bees,
wasps and hornets, rendered far more
effective by the presence of a powerful
and s-metimes deadly poison.
While noting the liberal endowment
of creatures that prey up:.u animals,
we must not lose sight of the fact that
certain vegetarians are also well equip
ped with weapons of combat. The
males of the bovine and the goat tribes
In the wild state use these weapons
largely in their combats with rivals of
their own species, while the females
employ them chiefly In defense of their
The bull fights with the head down,
often with the eyes closed and the
horns, being usually short and nearly
straight, can lie used only one at a time,
aided by tlie toss of the powerful neck.
The horns of the cow in all the com
moner breds are turned somewhat for
ward so as to be of the utmost service,
and the faithful mother fights for her
calf against dog or wild beast with her
head raised and eyes wide open.
A stag brought to bay sometimes
presents his antlers to the hunter. With
some species these branching horns are
shed at certain seasons, and during
their renewed growth are for a time
soft and useless as weapons. They gain
strength and toughness at the season
when rivalry and battles between the
males are ill order, and it is, therefore,
natural to Infer that the autlers are
Intended chiefly for this purpose.
Against many foes however, man In
cluded, the deer family find their best
weapons In their hoofs, with which
they strike and cut as with knives,
sometimes killing dogs, wounding hunt
ers and at other times cutting colled
rattlesnakes into pieces. iffpf
Advice i'roiii tlin Gallery.
Of the Dublin gallery boys a famous
baritone, iu his reminiscences, tells
some facetious tales—one of "Faust"
In which he played Valentine.
After the duel, Martha, who rushed
In at the head of the crowd, raised his
head and held him In her arms, during
the first part of the sceue, aud cried out,
In evident alarm:
"Oh, whut shall 1 do?"
There was a deathlike stillness In the
houBe, wblcli was Interrupted by a
voice from tlife gallery calling out:
"Unbutton his weskltl"—London
hp.uii ir *s a Charlt-ible People.
The Spanish are among the most
charitable people on earth. Without a
poor tax, Spanish communities of 50,
000 self-supporters feed a popular
population of 5,000 or more.
Because she didu't want shotgun
wheu she was a little girl, mother
UBU't understand why lier son wonts a
shQtguu. This Is mi'iisprjug pthej' peo
ple 1» your half bush«l.
President McKlnley has undoubtedly
been guilty of criminal aggression In
his assumption of war making power
In the Philippines. Iu December, 1898,
the Presideut instructed Gen. Otis to
enter upon a war of conquest and sub
jugation. This was before the pence
treaty with Spain was signed.
Referring to this fact, Francis A.
Brooks, a well-known Boston lawyer,
"But the crowning offense of Presi
dent McKlnley in this matter Is the use
made by hlni of the treaty-making
power as the means of acquiring from
Spain dominion and ^control by the
United States over the political condi
tion of a remote people against lliclr
will, and by employing the army and
navy to accomplish that end. We sup
pose that the treaty-making power wns
conferred on the President by the con
stitution In the Interest of peace, and
that It is a gross abuse aud perversion
of that power to employ or avail of it
as an excuse for subjecting an unwill
ing people to the dominion of the Unit
ed States, as is now being done by the
President McKlnley has taken upon
himself a fearful responsibility. A re
sponsibility ungrnnted by the constitu
tion and unapproved by the people.
There would have been no war In the
Philippines if McKlnley had offered the
same terms there which were granted
to the Cubans. Upon MeKlnley's con
science must rest the burden of caus
ing the (lentil of thousands of Ameri
can soldiers and the expenditure of
hundreds of julllious of the people's
It Is vaiu for the President to claim
in his message to Congress that he has
simply been engaged in maintaining tlie
authority of our government. He has
made war without authority, aud Con
gress, with which body the war-mak
ing power rests, should recognize this
fact and demand an accounting. But
should Congress fail to do this, owing
to the fact that It Is now a creature of
the Republican administration, the peo
ple will not fall to make such a de
mand and the result of the Presidential
election of 1000 will lie to deprive Mc
Klnley of any further power to usurp
authority and to court criminal aggres
Farmers and the TrUBts.
Do the farmers realize that the Re
publican party proposes to keep the
trusts in power? Realizing tliis, do they
not also realize that they are taxed by
the trusts much more heavily than by
the Government, and that to vote the
Republican ticket Is to vote a contin
uance and an Increase of tills tax?
Take the matter of steel nails. Last
year before the trust was fully organ
ized the farmer sold his wheat for 65
cents a bushel and bought a keg of
nails, needed on tlie farm, for $1.65.
How Is it this year, when the Republi
can party has encouraged, fostered and
protected the nail-trust? The farmer
sells his wheat tor' 02 cents a bushel
and pays $3.85 for a keg of nails. Some
how or another: tills farmer has been
cheated out of ttjgee bushels and a half
of wheat. Whoald it? The Republi
can part}', which upholds the nail truBt.
Another Illustration of just how these
lovely Republican trusts work Is given
by the Cincinnati Enquirer as follows:
"The workingman, earning $0 a week,
who last year put a tin roof on his front
porch, paid $2.45 for the box of tin, and
had $6.55 left out of his week's wages.
This year when lie put a trust tiu roof
on his back porch he had to pay $4.85
for the box of tin and had $4.15 left out
of his week's earnings. That man has
no doubt discovered who stole the
With these facts iu view, what arc
the farmers and the worklngmen going
to do about the matter? It would seem
the course of wisdom for them to vote
against the Republican party, which Is
taxing them to the very limit of en
durance. They know that they can
hope for nothing but a continuance of
this taxation as long as the Republican
party remains in power. Will tliey con
tinue to aid the oppressors anil to place
the yoke on their own necks?
Kileuima of the Protectionists,
There are "things working together
for good iu our tariff system. We are
pleading with the strongest for the
the open-door policy. Can we justly
prohibit trade at home which we de
mnnd abroad? We are seeking a world
market for our manufactured product.
Will our people submit to paying more
for any of these products at home than
they are sold for abroad? We are
competing successfully with the so
called "pauper labor" of the world.
Will we at home believe It Is longer
necessary to protect ourselves against
it at home? We are aroused by the
exlsteuce of I rusts we are determined
to control or destroy them. Can we do
either when, aud so far as, they un
protected by our tariff laws?
We have for these many years paid
bounties to all sorts of private enter
prises, Indirectly and lu unknown
amounts. Tills tax was paid by tlie
consumers In proportion to their neces
sities, and not In ratio to their ability.
We are now asked to pay a bounty di
rectly to ship owners out of the com
mon treasury. Will the people stand
It? The beneficiaries of the old sys
tem are grown bold and ask from the
treasury as a right what they have
before taken Indirectly from the indi
viduals. All these things and more
are driving tlie system of protection to
tlie wall. McKlnley did not eyen men
tion It iu his message. Protectionists
are driven to a dilemma from which
they cannot estape. The territorial
expansion has forced them to it Trade
expansion would have done It, any
way. They cannot advocate either ex
pansion and hold to protection at
Seamen Denounce Ship Subsidies.
The action of the National Seamen's
Union, at the annual convention In Chi
cago, on Saturday, may cost the Hanna
Payne ship subsidy bill the votes of
some members of Congress who bad
been won to lis support on the suppo
sition that it would be popular among
the seamen, as well as among the Inter
ested ship owners and shipbuilders. One
of the strongest claims made for the bill
Is tliut It will tend to build up the mer
chant marine of the United States, and
so give employment to a great number
of American seamen. Special efforts
have been made to secure the support
of the labor Interests for the measure
on that ground. That element of th«
labor clasii most directly Interested, the
se&men„«?annot be brought to look at 11
In this light. At the national conven
tion a resolution was adopted severely
eopdetjiaiug tbe scheme and declaring
it "vicious, uncalled for, and of oo ben
eflt to labor In this country." President
McKlnley strongly recommended the
principle of the bill in his recent mes
sage because it would bring "more work
and wages to our countrymen." He
will be paiued to learn that the class of
"our countrymen" he supposed would
be most particularly benefited with
"more work and wages" emphatically
deny his proposition and reject his pet
measure as "vicious."—Cleveland Plain
How "Opening the Mills" Has Worked*
McKlnley hit upou a happy phrase
three years ago, designed to keep the
attention of the voters away froiu his
attitude ou the silver question, it was
to the effect tlmt it would be better to
open the mills rather than to open the
For a while after MeKlnley's election
the process of opening the mills went
on—not due in any wny to his election,,
but beenuse the Uulted States was par
ticipating in the world-wide recovery
from seven years of lean picking.
As soon as possible McKiuley pushed
through Congress a bill for higher tar-,
iff protection, the trusts spruug up In
a nlglit and the process of shutting
down the mills wns begun and Is In
operation to this day. Scorce a day
passes in which some trust does not
shut down a few mills for the sake of
limiting the output, creating an Inade
quate supply, aud thus giving excuse
for high prices and increasing prices.
Consolidation of office forces, reduction
of number of traveling men, economy
In rents, reduction of advertising, and
many other means have been employed
by the trusts to mnke more money with
less expense than formerly.—Helena
(Mont.) Independent V*?.'
"I'll take care of you, grandma!"—St
Polygamous Utah Office-Holders.
A full disclosure will revenl that Mr.
Roberts aftm all had sufficient reason
to belteve that, his plural wives would
not bar him from Congress. The State
of Utah Is full of polygamous office
holders aud Presideut McKlnley has,
over tlie protest of citizens, selected
polygainlsts for important Federal of
fices. All this was known to Roberts,,
and why should he alone be barred?—?1
WOULDN'T FORFEIT GOOD NAME
Mistake of a Woman that Helped a
Church Out of Difficulty.
The mistake a lady recently made
caused her husband to pay $450 more
than he had expected, but resulted in
a large increase In the fund being
raised to pay off a debt on a local
church. The lady Is the wife of one
of the best known coal men In this vi
cinity, and at the time she made tlie
mistake she And lier husband were at
a meeting of the church, of which they
are members, in a near-by town.
The meeting had been called to raise
funds to pay off a pressing debt
"against the church. The minister made
au appeal to the congregation for
money and appointed a committee to
take around paper for subscription.'
As the member of the committee came
near the coal man he said In a whisper
to his wife:
"Put your, name down for fifty."
The wife wrote her name and placed
the figures opposite, and when the
paper reached the minister he looked
over the congregation and, with a
smile, said: "I am delighted to see that
Sister Smith has so nobly responded
to the call I made and to the needs of
the church. She has put her name
down for $500, and it is the largest sub
scription on the paper. I know many
of you are worth more than the lady
who lias so nobly shown her love for
the church, and I hope you will strive
to emulate her uoble conduct. To give
you a chance I will again pass around
the subscription paper, and I hope none
of you will fall behind our generous sis
Willie the paper was being again
passed arouud the husband of the lady
became very anxious, and, turning to
his wife, he said: "How much did you
"Well," said the wife, "I iu tended to
put down $50, but I guess 1 put one
cipher too much, but for goodness* sake
don't let them know that I don't know
how to write $50."
He did not and paid the $500, and
when tlie subscription paper was re
turned the second time the subscrip
tions had been largely increased.—Pitts
Rigid Tnfct lor Matrimony.
Both In the northern and western isl
ands of Scotland the uatlves have some
peculiar customs unfamiliar to the
dwellers of the mainland. One of
these, known aB the "marriage test," Is
practiced In the Island of St. Kllda,
where the populallun barely exceeds a
hundred. The desire amolig the Island
ers to Increase this number does not
seem to be exceptionally strong, and
every man before be is deemed suitable
for a husband has to perform an evolu
tion with no little bodily risk. The St.
Kildans are, of course, adept rock
climbers, and the aspirant for matri
mony is therefore subjected to the test
of balancing himself on one leg on a
narrow ledge overhanging a precipice,
bending Ills body at the same time In
order to hold the foot of his other leg In
the hands. If found lacking In courage
the maiden withdraws her betrothal,
and should the man fall over the ledge,
It is presumed that, iu his case, he will
Choice of Victims.
New drummer—I can sell a big bill,of
goods to any man on earth.
Proprietor—That's all right,'-*''but
don't exert yourself to sell goods to any
man who hasn't got money.
Coffee was not fcnowa to the Qmlc*
POTTER PALMER, OF CHICAGO.
He Is Much More than the Husband
of a Famous Woman.
The newspaper reading world knows
much abont Mrs. Potter Palmer, of
Chlcngo. She sprang before tbe public
eye ns the president of the Woman's
Board of Managers of the World's Fair.
More recently, her successful manage
ment of the love affairs of Count Can
tacuzene and Miss Julia Grant her
niece, has kept alive the public Interest
lu tills forceful and attractive woman.
Like Mary Ellen Lease, she eclipsed
her husband, of whom little ever ap
pears In print. And yet Potter Palmer
Is a great business man, one of the real
makers of Chicago and a power In the
financial world—one of those silent
forces, which contribute so much to
tbe world's progress.
Potter Palmer was a young man
when he located in Chicago fifty years
ago. He invested a tew thousand dol
lars In a dry goods store and soon had
the cream of the city trade. His sur
plus cash went Into real estate and the
soil wns fertile. He was a wealthy
man wheu, at the close of the war, he
took Into partnership with him Mar
shall Field aud Levi Lelter. State
street now Chicago's leading thor
oughfare, was then a narrow, dirty
lane. Lake street was the commercial
center. Potter Palmer proposed to
make State street the commercial cen
ter. Men ridiculed him, but he went
over to tbe despised street, bought a
mile of frontage and commenced buildt.
Ing commercial palaces. His firm oc
cupied the first and other firms quick
ly took others. When the fire of 1871
came, Potter Palmer owued thirty-two
buildlugs on Slate street. All were de
stroyed. He borrowed $3,000,000 and
rebuilt them, better and stronger than
.before. Then he looked about for a
spot where he might build a home.
What Is now the inngnlficent boulevard
known as the North Shore drive was
then a heap of sand. Hero he built and
sold adjoining property to the best
class of people. The boulevard Is the
result Then he built the Palmer
.House, Chicago's finest hostelry In his
day, which It Is npw said he will tear
down In the near future nnd erect In Its
stead a commercial palace.
These are a few of the Ihlngs he has
done for Chicago. He has never de
sired political honors, never sought
them. He might have won honors In
this field, but (hey were not to his lik
ing. He has preferred to be the simple
business gentleman, eager for the wel
fare of his city, building always for the
public weal as well as his own .good.
His later years are spent In the midst
of artistic surroundings of bis ex
quisite home. There has always been
In bis nature that vein of sentiment
which never desired that Chicago
should be of the material only. Parks,
boulevards, art treasures, music have
to him always seemed as much a legiti
mate part of the being of the city as
mercantile establishments and steam
roadB. He has enriched Chicago in
this direction also.
A GREAT BOER LEADER.
Gen. Cronje, Who Opposed the British
at Modder Kiver.
While Geu. .loubert, commander-ln
chief of the Boer forces, Is tbe tactician,
Gen. Cronje, who commanded the Boers
at the Modder River, is the burly figbter
of the Transvaal army. Of the two
Cronje is the more representative Boer.
.Toubert, possibly from his French an
cestry, Is a man of a certain polish,
and can be Indirect when policy re
quires. Cronje Is blunt aud always to
the point. His craft is that of the hunt-
er, and thinly disguises tbe force that
awaits only the opportunity.
Gen. Cronje Is greatly admired by
the Boers. They think Joubert Is a
wonderful tactician and organizer, but
they love Cronje, tbe silent man, of sud
den and violent action. He Is no man's
friend. His steel-gray eyes peer out
from under huge, bushy brows. He
never speaks unless necessary, and
then In the fewest words. He never
asks a favor. When time for action
coiues he acts, and that with the force
of fate, and with no consideration for
himself or his men.
Cronje Is a soldier and uothiug else.
He hates form. He hates politics,
though a born leader of men. He was
strongly urged to oppose Kruger for the
Presidency In 1898, but he would not.
He will have none of any rule but that
of the rifle. He despises cities. He Is a
man of the velt.
It was Cronje who rounded up tbe
Jameson raiders and, Bays a writer,
"his maneuvering on that occasion was
that of a Cromwell. So far as my mem
ory carries, Cronje was not even specif
ically thanked by the Volksraad for his
great service to the state. He was a
burgher: it was bis duty-to repel the
Invader: he repelled him—and there the
"They would have censured him had
lie failed tbey refrained from comment
when he succeeded.
"Cronje, riding back to Pretoria, had
no guard of honor to receive blm, no
great civic .function to fete him, no
sword of honor to adorn him. He was
plain Peasant Cronje, returning, heavy
beafted. from his wounded son's pallet
In Krugersdorp Hospital, somewhat
weary In the bones from those long
hours In the steaming saddle, nowise
iplated, nowise altered from hla every
'tglac* tbea Cronje Uu t'»c«ly«4 4 mm
in the Executive Council, and Is no*
a personage with a substantial state
salary but the man Is In no waj
changed. He Is as individual as Kru
ger, strong in the faith'of his own gen.
eralshlp as Joubert"
Some that Influence Mostly All Sort*
Dr. Samuel Johnson would never
enter a room left foot foremost the
bravo Marshal Saxe screamed In terror
at the sight of a cat Peter the Great
was not equal to crossing a bridge
when he came to It unlesB to do so was
absolutely uecessary Byron shared
with less famous people than be the
dislike to having the salt at table spill
ed between blm and bis neighbor. A
Bneeze is with half the nations of the
world nothing to be sneezed at To ex
claim "God blesB you" when any one
sneezes In your presence is a relic of
what the Roman did before us, and be
fore him tlie Greek. Mohammed gives
directions of tbe same kind to bis fol
lowers, aud the Hindu of to-day utters
his pious ejaculation after the sneeze
by way of prayer or good wish on be
half of the victim.
Many people will avoid going under a
ladder If they can get around It The
belief that If you put on your stocking
the wrong side out it is lucky Is very
general, or was until tbe schoolmaster
returned from abroad and I myself
remember an old woman who was con
vinced that turning her stocking Inside
out saved her from being lost when the
fairies, one pitch-dark night bad mis
led lier on a trackless EugllBli moor.
What Is to take the place of a lucky
horseshoe when we all ride In automo
biles? There Is no room for the Im
agination In them. Some new mascot
will have to be discovered. Charms of
one kind or another are carried by peo
ple that have a pious contempt for hea
then superstitious a small potato, for
example, to avert rheumatism, or a
chestnut The late journalist George
Augustus Sala, never traveled without
carrying with him, as a lucky card, an
ace of spades. Somehow it failed to
save him from his creditors. But
creditors are notoriously deficient in
imagination. If Shy
lock had remem
bered this wheu he drew up his bond
"The Merchant of Venice" would never
have been written.—Rochester Post
Nobody Claim vd the Watch.
"Great Scott! but that's a fine watch,"
caine from 11 chorus. "Wliere'd you
ever get It?"
"Stole It," answered Its possessor,
calmly. "Von don't believe me, do
you?" be went on. "Well, I'll tell you
how It happened. I was on a western
district which enjoyed the reputation
of being the toughest one covered by
tbe house. T~had some time to kill and
so went into one of the gambling joints.
It isn't necessary to go iuto details as
to what happened. As luck would have
It there were a half dozen others In the
place besides myself who might he con
sidered as possible victims. When the
time came the lights were put out sud
denly and then we had Tough house'
for about ten minutes. In tbe mdldle
of It I felt somebody grab my watch
and reached out after him. 1 caught
someone and felt that he was just put
ting a watch In his trousers pocket
I gave his wrist a hard wrench and got
tbe tlmeplecc. Then I broke away.
When I got to the light I found the
watch was this one. And as 1 never
heard from the owner I have It to
compensate for the loss of mine."
After which the waiter hurried over
in response to six different signals.—
Influenza Cause I by Ozone.
On one occasion tlie present writer
walked to the edge of Lake Michigan
when a strong wind was blowing right
from tbe lake. The bodily condition
was as near perfect as could be, and yet
In less than Ave minutes tnere was
every evidence of having caught an ex
tremely hard cold. The severe Influenza
continued until, on walking away, in
less than 500 feet It disappeared as If
by magic. It Is very certain that the
temperature had nothing to do with
this, nor the wind, but the Influenza
was directly due to the abundant ozone
in the air. By Inquiry It was learned
that hundreds of residents who bad
lived upon tbe Immediate edge of the
lake bad been obliged to move back
three or four miles lu order to relieve
themselves from such experiences.
Physicians readily admit that It Is not
always possible to say .why one "catch
es" cold It certainly cannot always be
because of undue exposure or change in
temperature, but probably also to
changes In the electric condition of the
air. Facts of this kind should lead to
the extremest cautlou In studying any
supposed relation between the weather
and health.—Popular Science.
Society for Buck-U riling
In a neighboring Long Island village
tbe young men have a new privilege.
On paying ten cents a week they can
have their socks darned by the belles
of tbe village, who have organized
themselves Into the "Giddy Girls' Darn
ing Club." One of tbe young ladles no
ticed a hole in the hose of a young man
who was paying her a social visit the
other night, and, on comparing notes,
it was found that many of the other
girls of tbe village had been Impressed
by tbe fact tbat the beaux of tbe place
needed help In keeping tbeir socks In
order. Tbe young man wbo was ad
mitted to the privileges of the club
must not be In tbe habit of smoking,
drinking, playing cards, or doing any
thing real naughty. All be has to dd
then 1b to pay ten cents a week and
wear his socks into as many holes as
pleases him.—New York Cor, Pittsburg
If you want to please the men,
Daughter mine 7
Learn a little bit of art,
Some good poetry by heart,
Languages to wit impart,
Music fine.. ...
Know the proper way to dress,
How to comfort and caress.
Dance a little, gossip less.
If you want to please the men,
Study how to make a cake,
Learn to stew and boil and bake.
Say you cook for cooking's sake.
Be a housewife, all the rest
Counts but little, truth confessed.
Such girls always marry best
—What to Eat.
She—To think that you once declared
that you would love me as long as you
lived! And now, hardly a year mar
ried, and you care nothing at all about
me! lie—But you see when I told you
I would love you as long as I lived I
wasn't feeling very well, and I really
didn't think I'would live long.—Boston
Some girls are so particular that the
only way you can bold their handsels to
•bake bands with them.
Were It not for tbe blimoMguoruacs
•MM ptoplt would alwaj» b* uaMppf)
Acme Chsrac l«n«llca of the Famous
American Labor Iieader.
Samuel Gompers, the American labor
leader. Is as conservative as the Bnglish
leader. Burns, Is radical. Where, the
latter says strike, Gompers Bays arbi
trate. "I cannot," lie once said, "much
a* I bate oppression, endure the sight
The nation owes a bigger debt of grat
itude to Somuel Gompers, president o'
the American Federation of Labor, thaX
most people Imagine. Had it not beet,
for the rock-llkc firmness with which,
for nearly a fortnight, this man stood
against a conttnent-wlde strike of sym
pathy with the Pullman men, there
might have been an uprising of organ
ized labor, compared with which tbe
strikes and riots that really did occur
would have been mere child's play.
Mr. Gompers' diplomacy was not less
striking than his wisdom. He at no
time said that he would not advlBe a
strike. He simply, by delaying action,
gave his followers time to think. When
they bad thought tbey saw the master
fulness of bis course. Mr. Gompers
proved himself to be a general worthy
of leading so great an organization as
Samuel Gompers Is an American by
adoptiou. He is of German descent, as
his name Indicates, though of English
birth. Thirty-eight years ago he was
apprenticed to a shoemaker In London.
Then he was a lad of 10, with no bright
er prospects, no greater advantages
than those of ten thousand other ap
prentice hoys of the world's metropolis.
To-day he Is tbe executive bead of tbe
most extensive combination of labor
unions in the world. In this capacity
he wields a constant power by the side
of which that of other labor leaders Is
The lad did not like tlie shoemaker's
trade, and, his release being secured,
he learned to make cigars, becoming
proficient by the time he was 13. Then,
with his father's family, he came to
America. Down to the time he began
to work In the shoe shops, he attended
dav school regularly. After that he
continued Ills studies at a night school,
where he applied himself so eagerly as
to excite tbe especial attention of his
Upon bis arrival In America he joined
a New York clgarmakers' union, and
his gift of common sense and his power
to express Ills thoughts logically and
clearly quickly made him a prominent
member. Later he was repeatedly sent
as delegate to the International union.
When David B. Hill was Governor,
he wished to make Mr. Gompers a mem
ber of the State Board of Arbitration at
a salary of $3,000. The tender was
"If I should accept a political ap
pointment," said Mr. Gompers, "my
usefulness In labor organizations would
be entirely and permanently destroyed."
In 1882 Mr. Gompers was made presi
dent of the American Federation of La
bor, and now holds tlmt office. His sal
ary Is but $1,000 a year, less tban lie
could earn at his trade in good times,
and a far smaller stim than could be
commanded by a man of bis unusual
natural abilities and self-won acquire
ments In the business world.'
A Matrimonial Lottery.
Every three mouths in the province
of Smolensk, Russia, husbands and
wives are chosen by the chance draw
ing of a lottery ticket. The tickets cost
1 ruble (00 cents) each. There Is only
one prize to be drawn, and It consists
of the entire sum yielded by the sale
of the tickets, amounting to 6,000 ru
bles ($3,000), together with a woman
described ns being of noble blood. The
tickets are sold only to men, and the
lucky winner of the prize will have to
marry the damsel If he takes the 5,000
rubles. If, however, he be already
married he Is at liberty to turn over
tbe money and the woman to any friend
whom he may wish to put Iti for such
a good thing. If the winner should be
willing to marry, but Is not found to
be to tbe damsel's taste, then they are
to be excused from matrimony and per
mitted to divide tlie rubles.
When H'nry Irvine Was Hissdil.
"I was hissed every night for a week
when I was playing the provinces about
thirty-five yearsago,"sald Henry Irving
to a writer iu Alnslce\s, "I was given an
engagement as leading man in a very
small theater, and before I made my
bow to tbe nudienco I learned tbat tbe
man wbose place I had tuken was very
popular In the vicinity, and that tho
people strongly disapproved of tbe way
In which tbe management bad fofced
blm to retire, so that when I made my
appearance the audience showed their
dlsapproval of the manager by strongly
hissing tlie successor to their favorite,
and they kept It up for a week. It was
a very unhappy week for me."
The Same to Him.
"How much for a photograph?" he
queried, as he entered the room at the
head of tbe stairs.
"My dear sir, you have made a mis
take," replied the occupant of the office.
"This Is a dental parlor, while the pho
tographer Is next door."
"Oh, you pull teeth?"
"Fifty cents apiece,"
"Well, go ahead aiid yank out one or
two. It's about the same to me."
The Am-riran Bird.
The turkey was first discovered in
America, and brought to England In
the early part of the sixteenth century.
Since then It has boeu acclimatized In
nearly all parts of the wovld. .// u.
A Shrewd Move.
Cora—Wbat sense can you see in the
game of golf?
Merritt—The gense is displayed by
tbe players lu having a boy to carry tbe
big bundle of sticks for them.—Judge.
Why 1 hey Wear the Fez.
From an interpretation of a passage
In tbe Koran Moslems are forbidden to
have shades to their eyes. henep t)ie
tbience of the peak Lotf) ffom tbe ty1
Tbe Government has arranged fei
the payment of a part of tbe national
debt In order to relieve the money
stringency. The proposal to boy upv
$50,1)00,000 of outstanding bondB, thus
putting that much more money In cir
culation, If not a confession that under
our present currency system (we will:
not say currency laws, as we have no
law on flie subject which any states
man is wise enough to define). Indeed,
is It not a.frank avowal tbat tbe com
mercial Interests of this country are.
continually menaced for lack of sulll
eient funds with which to do business?
In other words, does It uot vindicate
the quantitative theory and those
statesmen of broad and liberal views,
Including George Hoar, James G.
Blaine, James A. Garfield and others, i,
who so long nnd so tenaciously beld
out for bimetallism?
The New York News docs uot at this
period, It says, propose to discuss gen
erally and elaborately the benefits of
a double standard "without regard to
the nctlon of any other nation." If
there is anything In party platforms,
however, or In the recent utterances of
public men. Including William McKIn
ley himself, tbe strictly gold standard
population of America consists of E. L.
Godkln and Carl Schurz, one of whom
has just voluntarily retired from act
ive participation In affairs, and the
other of whom possesses a mind so
kaleidoscopic tbat there is no telling
where he will stand this time next year.,
If McKlnley were sincere, If his party.
followers were In earnest in the pre
tension that It desires bimetallism un
der International agreement now Is.
tbe time such an agreement could be
forced with comparatively little diffi
culty. During tbe fiscal year ending
June 30 last our exports of manufac
tures were greater tban our exports of
breadstuffs. We advanced to the first
rank as a manufacturing nation, com
peting with the "pauper-paid labor of
Europe" and demonstrating that activ
ity in trade depends not upon hlgb
tariffs but upon superiority of work
manshlp ni)d the adaptability of goods
to the uses of any people. This is hard
on the Dlngley law, to be sure, but tbe
trade balance It gives us proves'be-.%
yond question tbat we are masters of
the situation when It comes to dictat
ing a monetary standard.
And this Is not all. England Is to
day In desperate straits for gold, was
In desperate straits before the mines
at Johannesburg were shut down. A.—
usual 'source of supply amounting' to
$100,000,00 a year is cut off and the
Bank of England has been for weeks
laboring zealously In every possible
way to start a gold movement from
tbls side. But even that tremendous
If the Flft^'-sixth Congress has the'
good of tbe people at heart, it will take.
advantage of tbe sltuatlou and bring
financial glant.cannot overcome natur
al law. With exportation of Ameri
can manufactures amounting to $1,
000,000 a day, and with tbe crop move
ment to Europe under way. the ten
dency of gold will be to not only stay
here, but to come here from other cen
A German statesman of front rank,
as quoted by New York dnlly papers,,
said positively that unless the agrarian
element of his country permitted a
broader and more liberal policy of In
ternational trade, the Empire would
have to abandon the gold standard. It
Is well known that European powers
of less Influence, like Austria, Italy,
Spain and tbe Netherlands, would wel
come bimetallism If It were made gen
eral. France and Russia are the only
two nations In a position to hold out
should a commission like that, which
Senator Wolcott headed In 1897 go
abroad as a dictator of terms and not
as a solicitor of alms.
all Europe to terms. Tbe time was
never as propitious before, and It may
never be so propitious again.
Naturally enough the New York
Board of Trade wants Congress to es
tablish the gold standard. Wall street
Is the center of the money power In
tills country and what Wall street
wants Is a monopoly.
Now. what is proposed? Simply that
the $1,300,000,000 worth of national ob
ligations be made payable iu gold. This
Is repudiation of the coutract. made
with the people that these obligations
should be paid In coin. To this tlie
faith of tbe government is plighted.
But Wall street wants tho contract
broken, wants the payment luade In
gold, wants the people to shoulder an
extra burden, wants to. fatten ou the
labor of the masses. And what Wall
street wants the Rcpubllcau party Is
bound to supply.
Repudiation Is au ugly word, but Mc
Klnley aud his backers will not balk
at It. Perhaps tbey will uot pass gold
legislation. Perhaps the Republican
politicians are shrewd euough to see
that such action would result In Me
Klnley's rejection by the people at the
polls In 1000, but repudiation is what
the Republicans advocate and It Is:
what tbey will perpetrate If McKlnley
For this reason. If foe no other, Mc
Klnley should be defeated. The pledge
of this government should not be
broken. It should bo made to keep
faith with the people.
AU "oris. :r-
TigSt clothes ami Indigestion cause
The Gerniauy ariuy contains 10,000
Good Friday was called Long Friday
by the Saxons.
Nnthiug costs Jess uor Is cheaper than
the compliments of civility.—Cervantes.
If you have learned to "know thy
self" then you are uot apt to give thy
Maurice, the son of the first "Prince
of Orange," showed himself a born sol
dier at 15.
Hunt wrote some of bis critical essays
at 15, and later in life declare^ them to-'
be his best.
When a horse thief's fate hinges on
the decision of a self-appointed Jury
he Is pretty sure to swing.
If we fasten our attention on what
we have, rather thau on wbat we lack,
a very little wealth Is sufficient,—V.
The business portion of St. Peters
burg was seriously damaged by flre la
1862, tbe property lost exceeding $5,
Russian battle songs are written In
minor keys, and Instead of being brll
liantly martial are sad, telling of tbs"??i
lu 18(15 Caristadt, in Sweden, wasSV
destroyed by lire, and it was noted as a
singular clrenm^taQii* that all the build
ing" in Hit' town wore otinsumed 'except:
the, i:*h"p pn:,ice.
juu .the Jtilu -rwerstff
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