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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, February 28, 1900, Image 3

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TO-DAY'S POSSIBILITIES'.
1 may not, when the
bud
goes down.
Have added to my store
Of worldly goods or gained renown
Through gallantry or lor«.
I may not,, while I strive to-day,
Move onward to the goal—
The gleaming goal so far away—
On which I've set my soul.
But I can show a kindness to
Some one who stands without,
And I can praise some toiler who
V. Is toiling on In doubt.
•nd when the sun goes down 1 still
May be a better man
No matter what the fates may will—
Than when the day began.
j-Chicago Times-Herald.
Finding the Diamonds.
Iwas
her system that made Mrs.
Robinson what sbe was. If a lie got
loose anywhere near she was up nnd
after It with anything she could lay her
hands on.
She showed you that lying didn't pay
when she was concerned. A lie turned
Into a serpent as soon as It got out of
your mouth, and you were glad to get
behind another.
Not to say that her system hadn't Its
drawbacks, Every system has. And
the naked truth Is sometimes as awful a
thing—ten times more awful than any
lie yon can think of nt the time.
Wheh.Susan Jones came, however,
Mrs. Robinson had her work cut out.
The girl lied like an eel—there
waB no
catching hold ot her.
At flrat she just chirped out lies as
light-hearted as a bird. "Fleas'm, It
•were the cat," or anything that came
uppermost. But the cat had a way of
proving an alibi that astonished Susan.
So Susan got as cautious as charity,
and It would have done your heart good
to see the two at It For Mrs. Robln
aen had no sooner got the ferret of
tenth Into one hole than Susan was out
and In at another.
Anyone elee would have got sick and
disgusted, but Mrs. Robinson didn't.
"For," said she, "the girl has her
good points, and I'll make a woman of
her."
And she succeeded, for Susan got
worn out by the sheer uselessness of
tbe thing, and at last shut down In dis
gust. After that the girl did not depart
from the truth for six months, and then
•he let off the awfulest lie Mrs. Kobln
aon had ever heard In her born doys.
At least Mrs. Robinson thought It was.
It happened* like this. One morning
'when Susan was In the coal cellar she
found a lady's ring that dazzled your
eyes and took your breath away.
"It's one of them S-cent things as you
can buy In any tinker's shop," she said
to herself. "Just a lot o' rubbishy
(las. I don't believe It's worth both
ering about
Sbe took It to her mistress, however.
Urs. Robinson gavo a cry when she
•aw the ring and started up with her
mouth open. "It looks like one of the
rings mentioned In my grandmother's
Inventory," she said. "I shouldn't won
der If It belongs to the lost set of dia
monds."
Mrs. Robinson was a widow and lived
•with her brother John. Few men could
"I
KBVIB TOUCHED IT, MA'u."
look wiser than Mr. John when he tried.
.His spectacles made him look like Sol
omon. When he came home ~lie put
--them on and raked out the Inventory,
and placed bis forefinger on an exact
.^description of the ring. It was valued
at |300.
After they bad all wondered awhile
they put on last year's clothes, got can
•-aiea and went Into the cellar, but
though they Blilfted the coals about for
'hours they got nothing but their faces
blacked. Mr. John's was the blackest.
When she had got herself washed
and dusted Mrs. Robinson put tbe ring
on and wore It till night, but before re
'tiring to rest she put It on her toilet
table In case It got lost In bed.
In the morning the ring was gone.
Snsan took a red face as soon as her
mistress came down stairs. Mrs. Rob-
i-lnson
jugt stood still and looked at her
for a moment, and then sbe said
"Susan, what have you done with the
ring?"
"I never touched It, ma'am," was
.-Susan's reply, and tbe girl sat right
down on her chest and burst Into tears.
"Then what are you crying for?" In
quired Iter mistress.
But Susan sobbed on and said noth
ing.
"I'll give you an hour to make up yout
jnind about it," "said Mrs. Robinson.
"You're not to do any work for that
time."
f-. Susan sat on the chest the whole sixty
"BB WAS INSIDE WORKING A
STONE
minutes and cried herself out. Mrs.
Robinson came down at the end of that
time and found her still glued to the lid.
{'Now, Susan, I want the solemn
truth."
"yes'm."
1
"Where's the ring?"
"Mr. John took It, ma'am."
"My brother?"
"yes'm."
Wise as he was, Mr. John was struck
to a help when his sister mentioned the
matter. "What—wha—what?" he
,\gasped. "The girl Is stone mad. I nev-
—J-'fit
heard such a thing In my life. I
-never did."
"I guessed as much," replied his sis
,,.-S-tsr. VSbe Is slttlng.on her chest, look
ing as giiilty as a red herring."
"What Is to be done?"
ilnt'u't call lu the policy. Tk«
ma
girl has been making progress, and the
prison would put an end to all that I
believe she will give us tbe ring yet.
But It would be wrong to keep her here.
Sbe shall pack up to-day and leave to
morrow morning."
And Susan got notice accordingly.
"I knew you wouldn't believe me,"
said the girl, gulping down a sob.
"Then why did you tell me such a
thing?"
"Because It's true."
"Don't say any more. I don't want to
hear It. I don't suppose you will ex
pect any wages."
Susan turned ghastly pale. "I must
have them," she gasped. "My mother
needs the money to pay her rent. If
she doesn't get It they will turn her out
into the street, and she's not strong."
"She doesn't intend to try to sell the
ring—at least not yet," thought Mrs.
Robinson. "If I give her her wages she
won't need to do It, and she'll send It
back."
As the old lady lay awake In the mid
dle of the night, the door was cautious
ly pushed open and Susan came In si
lently.
"Mrs. Robinson, are you awake?"
The question came In a terrified whis
per. Susan's eyes were Btarlng out of
her head, and her teeth were chatter
ing.
"Whnt Is the matter, Susan?"
"Master has gone up to the garret
with a candle. I think there is some
thing wrong."
Mrs. Robinson came hastily over her
bed and followed Susan noiselessly
along the passage. A glimmer of light
shone through the banisters above.
Mrs. Robinson saw that her brother
was coming downstairs, staring
straight ahead with his eyes dilated.
He approached as stately as a wax
figure, and almost brushed against
them. The light of the candle fell full
on their white, upturned faces, as he
passed, but he took no notice of them.
Down the next flight of stairs he
went, his sister and Susan following,
for they wanted to see what he was go-
w# row
He next took an iron box out of the
hole he had made, applied a key to it,
raised the lid, and took some small
article out.
Then he replaced everything as It had
been before, and, carefully obliterating
all traces of bis operations, left the
cellar.
As he passed his sister and Susan
they saw that he carried the lost ring
between the forefinger and thumb of
his left hand.
He then made his way toward his
sister's room, into which he disappeared
for a few seconds. Coming out again
he mounted the stairs in the direction
of the garret.
"It's no use following him," said Mrs.
Robinson. "I know the key he naed
and can get It In the morning."
Mr. John was coming down the garret
Btalrs again, and tbey both beld their
breath In anxiety.
He came all right till he got about
half-way down, and then, whether one
of his heels Interviewed a tack or some
thing, no one will ever know, but all at
once his legs shot out In front of him
and he went sailing down the stairs,
missing one step more at every bump.
With the supernatural dexterity
which' characterizes the somnambulist,
he managed to keep the candle In all the
time, and now set it down in the lobby
with a clank right end up.
Mr. John rose with his face quite seri
ous, and without rubbing himself or
anything, went along the passage and
disappeared Into his own bedroom.
"It is evidently not the first time he
has walked In bis sleep," said the old
lady. "He must have visited the box
before. That Is how tbe ring came to
be found. It must have dropped on the
floor. To think that I never had the
slightest suspicion? Susan, can you
ever forgive me?"
"Yes'm."
"There, you see the ring on the toilet
table, just-where I left It tbe night It
went amlsslng," remarked Mrs. Robin
son, as they entered her bedroom. "Tbe
lost diamonds' are In the box which Is
bidden in the wall. I saw tbem. Get
to bed, and we'll see them In the morn
ing."
And they did see them, and a wonder
ful set of diamonds they were. A beau
tiful, dazzling, shimmering necklace,
and bracelets, and rings, all as set forth
In the Inventory.
"It was really you who found them,"
said Mrs. Robinson to Susan, "and I'll
bave them valued, and you'll get your
legal reward and more. I'll pay your
mother's rent as long as sbe lives."—
London Weekly Telegraph.
It Was Cruel.
She was really very timid.
And was be quite sure it would not
hurt ber?
It was so annoying to bo suddenly
frightened.
A dead open and Bbut brace game of
security from barm?
How nlcel No, she did not under
stand exactly, but as sbe bad never,
never seen a real, live, red bat, she
might take just one peep, just a peep,
Into the cute little box be bad In bis
hand.
IN
TH2C
WALL."
Would tbe bat really wink its twin
kling, batty, beady bugles at ber, aqd
squeak a little squeaky squirt of a
squeak! How funny be was.
Mercy! Don't open the box yet
Give her time to prepare herself.
Yes, he conld hold her hand as an as
surance of bis presence, and support.
If necessary.
No squeezing, though,
rr'
:i
V:
Now, open the lid so carefully that
the little bat cannot fly out and tear
her fluffy fiufflets.
And Bbe was sold as a Greek slave
In the market place of the streets of
Cairo by a brickbat
If a woman looks well 1 pa wrapper,
that settles It sbe lg peff?pt lady,
and gooA-lPokioF-
OISTANCES IN SOUTH AFRICA*
They Often Appear to Be Somewhat!
Confnsing,
The question of distances in South
Africa appears to be somewhat confus
ing. The figures hero given are taken
from official sources and may be relied
upon. The distances In which the most
Interest is taken are those between
Cape Town, Durban, and Port Eliza
beth, the main BrltlBb bases on the
seacoast, and tbe towns of Ladysmitb,
Klmberley and Mafeklng. In each case
Is also printed, for purposes ot com
parison, the name of some town or city
which lies at about the same distance
from Chicago.
The distance from Cape Town to
Klmberley by railroad Is 047 miles.
From Chicago to Minneapolis Is only
421 miles, wblle. continuing the Jour
ney, it is but 618 miles to Watertown,
S. D. From Cape Town to Mafeklng
Is 870 miles, which is forty-two miles
less than the distance from Chicago to
New York. If the English, moving
from Cape Town, should start to'cap
ture the capital of tbe South African
Republic they would be obliged to trav
el 1,040 miles to reach Pretoria, which
Is practically equivalent to the distance
between Chicago and Denver, 1,083
miles, and Is 118 miles further than
from Chicago to New Orleans. In a
movement from Cape Town to Bloem
fonteln, the capital of the Orange Free
State, 7S0 miles would bave to be cov
ered, which Is more~than equal to the
distance from Chicago to Des Moines,
Iowa, and return.
From Durban, the chief sea port of
tbe English colony of Natal, It Is 180
miles by rail to Ladysmlth, while from
Chicago to Springfield, tbe capital of
the State, Is 185 miles. If an expedition
against the capital of tbe Transvaal re
public should be started from Durban
It woula be obliged to cover 511 miles
to reach Pretoria. From Chicago to
Omaha would be a shorter journey by
nineteen miles.
Port Elizabeth Is another sea port
with railroad connections which might
UZABtT/f
MAP SHOWING DISTANCES IN SOUTH AFRICA.
lng to do. They lost sight of him at the
foot of the stairs, but soon beard tbe
door of tbe coal cellar creaking on Its
hinges. Stealing toward it they peered
through. He was Inside working a
stone In the wall, which in a few mo
ments he dislodged and set down on the
floor.
be used as a baBe for military opera
tions. From Port Elizabeth to Pretoria
is 740 miles and to Bloemfonteln Is 450
miles. Comparative distances arc from
Chicago to Baltimore, 801 miles, and
from Chicago to Kansas City, 488 miles.
From Delagoa Bay, In Portuguese terri
tory, the port from which the Boers
have received their supplies and muni
tions, to Pretoria Is 894 miles, thirty
miles further than from Chicago to
Cairo, 111.
When, soon after Oct. 10, 1899. the
date of the Boer ultimatum, the forces
of the:Transvaal moved down Into Na
tal from their headquarters at Johan
nesburg, they advanced 252 miles be
fore they met with the British at Olen
ooe. Then, after the fighting at Dun
dee, which Is on a spur of the main
railroad, they made a further advance
of forty-two miles to Ladysmlth.
Thence, still following the railroad,
they moved Bouth sixteen miles and
succeeded In destroying the railroad
bridge at Colenso over the Tugeln
River, thus cutting the line of commu
nication with Durban, 173 miles away.
—Chicago Tribune.
English Solitler's Emergency
A Hero or the Mines.
In Rossmore mine. In Pennsylvania,
there is a celebrated mining mule. Old
Dpke, by name. Old Duke has been
there for thirty years and has saved
many llvos. He has an Instinct for fire
damp—the deadliest of all dangers that
threaten miners—which Is marvelous.
Nothing elso makes him uneasy. But
once he sniffs the fire damp he bolts
for tbe lift. This gives the alarm, and
the men follow In his path.
They are not born In pits and caves,
these mules whose lives are passed be
neath the earth. But they are used In
mining, and from the day when they
first enter the mine they never leave
their underground quarters until acci
dent, old age or lameness renders them
unfit for further work.
He Rose to the Occasion.
There was a bit of fence opposite
Rowley's drug store In Kan., and
as It proved convenient to loungers It
was broken down more than once. The
owner, after putting It in order a sec
ond time, fastened a barbi'd wire on the
top. There was fun for the clerks for
a while watching those who, when Just
about to sit down, suddenly concluded
that business called them elsewhere.
One day a farmer In from the country
lounged up to the fence, and, without
noticing the barber wire, drew himself
up and sat down squarely. He didn't
jump, he didn't swear he merely got up
and remarked coolly: "I think I've'
dwelt on that point long enough."—
Harper's Bazar.
Muoh the temp.
Johnnie—Paw, what Is a "paradox?"
Paw—Well, a paradox, my son, Is
something that Is self-contradictory—
something that doesn't seem to agree
with the facts which permit It to exist.
Johnnie—Oh, I thought it meant a
pair of doctors.
Pa—Well, I guess It does.—Baltimore
American.
One-Hair Farmers.
Nearly 50 per cent, of tbe people of
Franc* and Germany are engaged In
farming pursuits.
Tbe Individual wlm frequently goes
(ear l» sciUi||u .mie |0 pay the rtaf
A
Rations
What tare known as "emergency ra
tions" ore contained In little tin cases
somewbere about the size of a small
brandy flask. One-half the case con
tains four ounces of pemmtcan. and the
other half four ounces of cocoa paste.
Every man In the field carries one of
these In his haversack, and, whatever
happens, to tbe regular commissariat,
he has got upon his back enough to live
upon for six and thirty hours. The
peminlcan Is lean meat, dried and
ground to powder and compressed Into
a block, and, like the cocoa paste, may
be eaten as It Is or dissolved In hot
water. It comes Into the depot In tierces
of 1,000 pounds each, and every tierce
vis divided into 4,000 rations. It will
keep almost Indefinitely so that wher
ever tbe British soldier goes on active
service, he Is well provided.—London
Chronicle.
Thin 8eeding.
A correspondent of the New York
Tribune writes that having been In
formed by one whom be knew to be a
good farmer that he had planted wheat
sixteen inches between tbe rows and
three Inches apart in the rows, one
grain in a place, and had harvested
eighty-four bushels to the acre, he
planted a small plot to wheat on Sept.
22, 1898, on hard clay soil that was
manured In the spring and planted to
strawberries. Tbe planting was nix
Inches apart In the row between tbe
strawberry rows. Two rows he planted
one grain to the hill one row two grains
to the hill. He gave the wheat one
cultivation on April 24. The average
number of heads to the hill In the rows
planted one grain to the bill was eight
een large heads. The largest aumber
of heads to a single gtaln was thirty,
which gave a yield of 2,097 grains. The
row with the two grains to the hill gave
an average of nineteen heads to tbe
hill. The greatest yield was thirty-six
beads to tbe hill, which gave a yield of
2,035 grains—sixty-two less than the
one grain hill. The yield was at the
rate of IOC bushels to the acre, provid
ing the planting was twelve by six
inches. I planted a small plot to oats
on the same kind of soil to the hill, and
cultivated four times. Tbe yield was at
the rate of 175 bushels to the acre, pro
viding the planting was done twelve by
six Inches. He has raised as many as
forty-five large heads from a single
grain, when planted six by six Inches
apart one grain In a bill, and In 1897
he had two hills of rye, one of which
yielded 120 heads and the other 127
beads, each grown from a single grain.
The plants bave more room for their
roots and are abundantly and constant
ly fed at such distances while In close
seeding they have periods of starvation.
Southern Cotton Factories.
Commissioner Patten, of North Caro
lina, told the Houlslana Sugar Planters'
Association that the establishment of
cotton factories In Ills State was not
only advancing the price of cotton
there, as the home factories would pay
from onc-forirth to one-half per cent,
more than English agents could ufTord
to pay for it to ship abroad, and giving
employment to laborers there, but It Is
creating a greater demand for other
farm products, chickens, eggs, butter,
vegetables and fruits, and thus leading
to a more dlvensltted farming. They
have now from 170 to 175 cotton fac
tories, and will probably spin tbe entire
product of the State this year, about
450,000 bales. They employ white la
bor altogether as yet, but a factory Is
being built mostly by capital subscribed
by negroes, which is to employ a negro
manager and be run by negro labor.
Mr. Culver, of Alabama, said many of
the cotton mills In bis State were doub
ling their capacity, and thus far Japan
has taken their entire product, but they
anticipate also a large trade In China
when tbey are ready to meet the de
mand there.
Shire Mare.
The Shire inare Barrow Lnssle 28852,
the property of Mr. B. Hutchinson,
Eckington, near Pershore, England, is
DABROW LASSIK.
a celebrated specimen of the breed.
She was got by Yalcsman of Wllllng
ton 14913, dam Ma.rstou Princess by
Albert Edward 5407. She has had a
distinguished career lu the sliowynrd,
having been first nt the Royal at Bir
mingham, as well as winning many
other first nnd special prizes.
Poultry Pointers.
Flocks of poultry nre sometimes un
profitable because the laying hens arc
compelled to support those that pro
duce nothing. If the young pullets are
hatched early In tbe year and kept In
a growing condition they should begin
laying by November. But It seems that
with many flocks ouly a few begin
laying so early In tbe winter season.
Tills Is due to not culling out the flock
and disposing of those that have not
made suitable growth with tbe others.
When hatching early pullets only, eggs
from selected hens should be used, so
as to Improve the laying qualities of
the members of the flock.
8clence of Feeding.
In a warm cllmato fruit Is sufficient
to sustain life, but up In the Arctic
relglona...oll and fat are essential. In
the feeding of live stock the tempera
ture of tbe atmosphere should always
be considered. Hundreds of farmers
feed the same ratiou tbe year round.
So much coru or oats Is given whether
the stasou Is winter or summer. The
animals may cat all that is allowed, but
they become fat In summer aud do not
gain In winter. During severely cold
weather a large proportion of ^graln
should be given, especially of corn,
while the supply of hay should not be
reduced..
Wanning Food for Stock.
Most of the advantages of cooking
food, and especially of food containing
much water, come from feeding It
warm. If grain of any kind is fed, it
will do more good if ground and fed
dry than If cooked. Heat expands all
substances that contain starch. If fed
dry, the animal eats more than It sup
poses It is eating. The expansion oc
curs In the stomach, and the animal,
If a ruminant, lies down to chew Its
cud and Indulge lu the long sleep that
Insures good health and good digestion.
If horses are fed too much, it often
causes colic. ?-,-i
Blieei on the Varui.
Millions of dollars' worth of material
is wasted every year on the farms of
this couutry that might be saved by
using sheep during the summer
mouths. The large growth ou pastures
and fields of weeds and other unsal*
able vegetation will provide an abun
dance for sheep, as tbey will consume
many plants that the cows aud other
stock reject.
When Horses Go to 81eep.
It is not generally' known that at
least four out of every ten horses do not
He down to sleep. The horse that sleepy
in a. standing posit Ion rests ou leg at
time, depepdjn^ ou the other three tq
sustain the weight of hie body. The
habit is a very dangerous one. Only a
short time since a fine horse in the sta
bles of a big manufacturing concern
went to sleep while standing in hit?
stall and fell heavily to the floor, break
ing one of bis legs. A great many
horses are permanently Injured as a re
sult of accidents of this nature, avft
there is no way of curing them of the
habit.
The Strawberry.
When it is considered bow easy it Is
to grow the strawberry and whnt a
delicious and healthful article of food
it is, the wonder is that it is not more
generally grown.
A plat of ground 40x20 feet will hold
500 plants, set in rows one foot apart
in row, with two feet walking between
each series of the rows. This plat set
In early, medium and late varieties,
will supply an aVerage family lavishly
with this exceedingly delightful and
wholesome fruit during the strawberry
season of four weeks or more.
The cost, counting the purchase of
plants, need hardly amount to 1 cent
a quart. Even this might be covered,
or much more than covered, by the
sale of surplus berries. Fresh, well
ripened berries of tbe large Improved
varieties rarely go begging anywhere,
but sell readily at fair prices, often at
high prices.—Exchange.
Cows Wear Spectacles,
Cattle with spectacles are to be seen
on the Russfau steppes. The steppes
are covered with snow more than six
mouths of the
year. The cows
is
tufts of grass
which crop above
the snow, and the
rays of the sun
on the snow are
so dazzling as to
cause blinduess.
To obviate this calamity it occurred
to a kind-hearted man to protect the
cows' eyes in the same way as those
of human beings, and he manufactur
ed smoke-colored spectacles which
could be safeiy worn by cattle. Those
spectacles were a great success, ntul
are now worn by upward of 40,GOO
bead of cattle, which no longer suffer
from the snow-blindness which once
caused such suffering among them.
How Corn Should Be Planted.
For five years I have traveled exten
sively in Nebraska, with my special at
tention directed to listed corn, says W.
L. Wllklns, lu the Nebraska Farmer.
I have traveled not as a public philan
thropist, but as a selfish business man,
and as the proper planting and care of
listed corn tends to promote my own
interests, I have watched the question
with as much care as I am capable of
exerdslug, and every experience con
vinces me that while difference in loca
tion or ground may change the rule,
generally corn Is planted too close to
gether in the hills, but not in the rown.
Coru planted not over 3 feet 4 inchea
in the rows, and with not more thaa
two kernels in the hill, and those p.t
least 15 inches apart, yields the great
est amount to tbe acre.
Farmers whose early education In
farming established habits of planting
corn in wide straight rows, not because
the corn needed It, but to enable them
to cross cultivate with two horses, have
been slow to realize the waste of ground
aud time thus made necessary.
There Is no disguising the fact that
corn listed not over 40 inches wide, ant
with one kernel in a place aud from 12
to 15 inches apart, properly cultivated,
will thereby utilize the moisture in a
dry season in making corn iustead of
stalks aoid will yield more com to the
acre than is possible to grow any other
way.
Oleomargarine Sales.
Recent frequent convictions of per
sons in New York State found with
oleomargarine in their possession are
taken to indicate that traffic In that
commodity continues in the face of the
laws of the State Board of Agriculture.
Some Idea of the extent of the oleo
margarine trade may be gained from
the statistics Just published at Wash
ington, which give the quantity made
and sold during the fiscal year ending
.Tuly 1, 80,495,028 pounds, an increase of
25,100,001 pounds over tbe previous
year. This is in spite of the fact that
the "anti-color" law exists in thirty
four States. It Is on the point of color
that the legality of oleomargarine sale
hangs. In Its natural state, that of a
pearly white, there is no law against it.
Fattening Cattle.
A fat steer of 1,000 pounds weight Is
said to bave in It 500 pouuds of water,
about twenty-five pounds of nitrogen,
eighteen pouuds of phosphoric acid and
two pounds of potash. To buy this
nitrogen to return to the soil would cost
about $3.50, and tbe phosphoric acid
would cost about $1. In selllug such
an animal raised on the farm and farm
products about $4.50 worth of fertiliz
iug material is taken. If bran, linseed
meal or other grain is bought to feed it,
more than this would probably be
added to the farm, and it would be
growiug richer, while if the hay and
grain It consumed had been sold off the
farm, It would have been robbed of
much more.
Tile Draining'
Tile draiu should be put from five to
six feet below tbe surface, not only to
prevent any danger of freezing, but to
prevent them from being choked up by
grass roots, which would soon fill theiu
at a depth of two to three feet^from the
surface. Deepening tbe drainage also
deepens the soil, and makes the land
dry earlier in the spring, resist drought
better and available for many crops
which would not grow if the water was
within three feet of the surface.
Planting Peanuts.
It is not necessary to take the hulls
off peanuts in planting. They will grow
very well If soaked to soften the hulls
before planting, or if the hulls are clip
ped so as to allow the moisture to peue
trate to the seed. Growers commonly
shell the nuts before planting, taking
care that the red skin of tbe nuts is uot
damaged.—Practical Farmer.
FattenluK Geese.
The villagers of Gingshelm, in Al
sace, make about 20,000 marks a year
by fattentyig geese, which they buy for
about $1 or $1.25 each. After they
have eaten 50 cents worth of corn thejr
are ready for the market, and arc sold
at a profit of 35 cents to 50 cents. The
livers sometimes weigh as much as two
pounds.
Although the Princess of Wales 1b al
ways spoken of as Danish, she spent
ipost of hci* early life in Germany, near
Frankfort, aud (ierinau aud uot DjuiWJi
was Uor mwber tongue.
WHITHER ARE WE DRIFTING?
That we are on the slioais of adver
sity Is made plain by the New Orleans
Times-Democrat. It punctures the bub
ble of prosperity aud gives a resume of
the causes which arc bringing the na
tion to certain ruin.
"The present industrial status in the
United States is a striking illustratiou
of the aphorism that 'things arc not
whnt they seem for, as a- matter of
fact, the magnates of the trusts are
taking advantage of the prosperity that
followed in the wake of the higher
prices of grain In the Letter year to
rivet the fetters of producer aud con
sumer alike. In truth, the eutire or
ganism of our economic and political
life Is undergoing a metamorphosis
which will not be apparent to the gen
eral eye, until the cycle of events shall
have once more made the masses of a
Critical temper. The average mail has
neither Inclination nor leisure for phil
osophical investigation. From empti
ness of stomach, as a rule, comes the
fullness of heart, out of which the
mouth speaketb.
"In every direction one sees certain
tendencies at work. In the first place,
the control of capital is passing iuto
fewer and fewer hands. Giant cor
porations seek to establish monopolies
In various lines of trade. With eacli
sunset the individual is of lighter
weight In the balances of life, tbe will
of tbe multimillionaire being thrown
Into the opposite scale, after the his
toric fashion of the sword of Brennus.
Doctrines of absolutism nre boldly
preached which would not have' been
endured, a decade ago. It is contended,
indeed, that the average American
stands in direst wont of a guardian,
and that the trusts respond to the need,
as the scabbard protects tbe blade
from the rust. Russell Sage maintains
the thesis, in its baldest form, but the
monopoly's real weapons of precision
are forged lu the silence of academic
retreats."
Democratic Success.
Tbe Washington Times thus disturbs
the brilliant dreams of Imperialism in
dulged In by the Republican ostrich,
which hides its head in the bushes and
thinks it conceals Its whole ungainly
body:
"Mr. William J. Bryan will take Ills
seat lu tbe White House ou March 4,
1001, standing on a platform which will
mean laws rehabilitating silver In its
legal tender power nt the ratio of six
teen to one, the destruction of trusts,
and a total collapse of the expansion
movement
'The evidence in support of these
statements is contained In the following
truths which we beg to present for
President McKlnley's most distin
guished consideration:
"(1) The vast majority of the Ameri
can people, Democrats and Republicans
alike, believe in national expansion,
but not in imperialism.
"(2) The American people believe In
putting an cud to all monopolies and
trusts In restraint of trade.
"(8) The American people demand
that the triple alliance which now ex
ists, with every prospect of Its rapid
enlargement, between the national
banks, the trusts, and the Secretary of
the Treasury shall be dissolved.
"(4) The American people, Including
Democrats in the South not more than
Republicans In the New England, Mid
dle, and Western States, resent the
thought of any attempt on the part of
the Federal Government to Interfere
with the rights of the citizens of the
various States absolutely to control
their local affairs."
Concealing the Evidence.
Secretary Gage Informs the Senate
that if a reply to the famous Hepburn
letter was ever made no trace of it can
be found on the files of the depart
ment, and It Is bis belief that no writ
ten or verbal answer ever was made.
This Is no doubt the case, and yet Mr
Gage made a very substantial Indirect
reply when he proceeded thereafter to
load dowu the City Bank with treas
ury-deposit favors. After being re
minded by Mr. Hepburn that the
names In the directory of the City
Bank would show what claims to
treasury consideration the bank had
upon the administration party, Mr.
Gage would have done better to drop
the bank from his list of special de
positories and fiscal ageuts of the gov
ernment once and for all. His failure
to do so only serves to create a public
suspicion that there must have been a
good deal of basis to tbe claims refer
red to by Hepburn.—Springfield Re:
publican.
Turn on tbe Light.
There seems to be no relenting lu the
purpose of the Republican majority In
the House and Senate to protect Secre
tary Gage from that full and searching
Inquiry which Ills suspicious conncctlon
^Vlth the Standard Oil bank demands.
Every possible method of delay or of
hushing It up has been resorted to, un
til the people of tbe whole country must
be convinced that there Is behind the
correspondence which the secretary has
already made public something of a na
ture that would be ruinous to the ad
ministration If exposed.
Looking at the matter from a purely
political standpoint, Democrats might
properly be satisfied with the situation.
Nothing is more dangerous to a po
litical party than a reputation for se
crecy and concealment. But partisan
ship aside, It Is necessary that the na
tion should know exactly to what ex
tent Mr. John D. Rockefeller and bis
associates in that monster corporation
do control the treasury, and It Is to be
hoped that the Democrats in both
House and Senate will abate nothing
of their efforts to force full publicity.
Uanna DemnndfcPay from Banks.
I must impress upon you the exceed
ing importance of the immediate fur
nishing of money. The Democrats are
already at work. We are employing
men to counteract their influence. Only
by the utmost assiduity can the truly
prosperous condition of the United
States be made continually apparent.
Now is the time for the merchants
and manufacturers and bankers of the
country to get their armor on.—Mark
Hanna to Philadelphia convention
committee, Jan. 13, 1800.
Would Do Auythiiitf.
The Republicans would vote against
the Ten Comamudiuents and the Lord's
prayer if they were presented by a
Democrat or if they were made an Issue
by Democrats. At a meeting of the so
ciety known as the Sons of the Revolu
tion beld at Cincinnati tbe Republicans
happened to have a majority of the
members present, and when that In
defatigable Democrat, Col. W. A. Tay
lor, presented a resolution reaffirming
that part of the Declaration of Inde
pendence which declares that all men
nre created free aud equal and possess
certain Inalienable rights, life, liberty
and the pursuit of happiness, etc., the
Republicans present actually voted
down the resolution'by laying It on the
table.—Champaign (Ohio) Democrat
Nicaragua Canal.
Democrats in Congress should oppose
the Republican scberoc to make tbe
Nicaragua canal a means of weakening
iustead of strengthening the power of
tills country. By binding the United
States not to fortify the canal be
comes a menace and not protection.
The New York Journal puts the caBe
concisely and strongly when it says:
"A Nicaragua oanal open to our war
ships and closcd to those of our ene
mies would double our naval strength.
A Nlenragua canal that would let the
fleets of Europe through to attack
either coast of the United States at
their pleasure would double the
strength of our enemies."
As a matter of fact the Republicans
wish to surender all the strategic bene
fits of the canal to the powers of
Europe aud especially to England. If
Nlenragua Is willing to give this coun
try the right to construct the canal and
at the same time to fortify It, no Euro
pean nation has any right to interfere.
It is euougli for this country to grant
foreign powers the use of the canal In
times of peace. It Is criminal folly to~
spend millions of dollars to put this na
tion in the power of great foreign na
vies in times of war. The canal should
be free to the ships of other nations for
all commercial purposes, but It should
be fortified and held Inviolate for tbe
use of our own navy In times of war.
Total Depravity.
Willie the administration is mum
bling vague threats of the terrible
things it will do to American citizens
if they don't stop daring to think and
the newspaper lackeys howl that the
people who protest against war are
the only ones to blame for It—these
troubled gentlemen arc forgetting the
chief offender. Tliey want to get after
the Declaration of Independence, nnd
"proceed against" It, aud exclude it
from tlie mails, and let us know what
a seditious, copper-bead, traitorous
document It Is. And then the consti
tution, which is about as wicked. For
these two old-fashioned papers have
doue more to "encourage the Filipi
nos" than all the antl-lmperlal speech
es of to-day—Just as they inspired
Mexico, Central America, Peru, Chile
and all the other mainland colonies to
revolt from Spain just as they to-day
inspire the people who protest against
a war of conquest. These wicked
manifestos of human rigbts should be
suppressed! They make trouble, at
home and abroad—for those wbo vio
late them. Let us wipe them out and
tie to Commerce and Chances for
American Capital!—Wilmington (Del.)
Justice.
Hut her Embarrassing.
lu the midst of Republican prosper
ity It Is rather embarrassing for them
to contemplate a strike of 40,000 mi
ners, who have for months been beg
ging the coal operators of Pennsylva
nia to grant them llviug wages. The
coal operators are too busy making
profits for the trust interests and have
refused to even confer with the miners.
The men have a national organization
and have about concluded that If it is
a question of starving anyhow tbey
may as well go on a strike and see
how that extreme measure will appeal
to those who are reaping the profits
from their labor.—Sioux Falls Press.
Apologizing for Trusts.
It Is amusing to see the administra
tion organs apologizing for the trusts
with one breath aud kicking against
the extortionate price—at an advance
of from 40 to 00 per cent.—charged for
print paper by the paper trust. A
trust is a good thing so long as It con
fines its squeezing attentions to some
other fellow.—Los Angeles Herald.
l'urty of Law aud Order.
The Democratic party is the party of
law, order, patriotism and genuine
morality, as Its couduct In 1870, when
the Republicans stole the Presidency,
and In plenty of other emergencies has
shown. The Republican party also be
lieves in law, order, patriotism and
morality, as virtues which others
should cultivate.—Albany Argus.
Makes a Hot Issue.
The anarchy and assassination which
prevail In our suffering sister com
monwealth are the evidences of what
Republican rule Is In the South. We
don't believe our States will need any
other Issue during the coming Presi
dential election.—Knoxviile, Tenn.,
Sentinel.
Government by Force.'^i
Government by force and by assas
sination Is being tried in this country
earlier than had been expected by even
those of us who contend that govern
ment by force lu the Philippines will
result lu government by force in this
country.—Jopllu (Mo.) Globe. gg|J
Sail
it Means Something.
Instructions that come directly from
the people are the most to be desired.
When tbe people meet In mass conven
tions aud send lustructed delegates to
a convention It means something.—Ol
ney (III.) Times.
—.—
A
Political Acrobat.
William McKlnley's record on the
currency question shows he lias the
most acrobatic mind that ever in
dulged in political somersaulting.—
Kansas City Times.
McKiuley in 1898.
"I speak not of forcible annexation,
for that cannot be thought of. That by
our code of morality would be criminal
aggression. WILLIAM M'KlNLEJf."
Message to Congress, April.11, 1808.
vjl It Would, Though,
It'was In one of the Majestic Building
elevators. It was filled, was the car,
aud as It happened no one wanted to
alight below the twelfth floor.
As the lift shot upward a man of ru
ral appearance exclaimed, „as he felt
his stomach sinking into bis boots:
"Whoopee! Gosh, ef this here thing
busted It 'w'd be 1, w'u'dti't It?"
And a fat man shot him a glance and
replied, soto voce: "We never talk of
such things here."
And when the car stopped the other's
stomach Jumped up \yl$h an accom
panying "Ugh" to where it belonged
according to the law cf physiology,-*
Defrolt Free Press.
A REMARKABLE FINANCIER:
A Chicago Man Whose Liabilities
Amount to Over 95,000,000.
A Chicago man remarkable In the
world of finance is Francis P. Owlngs.
He is remarkable not for his vast
wealth, but for the enormous debta he
amassed, his liabilities amounting to
exactly $6,564,917. Tbe fact that he
owes this huge sum makes the situation
more notable tban If he had accumn
lated the amount In the same period, a
decade. While It Is, to the majority, a
hard matter to become rich. It Is grant
ed that It Is easier of accomplishment
than to get so deeply In debt as has
Owlngs.
The story ot the man who deals In
debts so splendidly and who bas failed:
on the most magnificent scale yet
known is a part of Chicago's history. ,,
Francis P. Owlngs Is the man who or!g?
FBANCirP. OWINOS.
lnated the Idea of using the ntnety-nlne
year lease as a basis for building opera
tions. He invented tbe process and put
up at least thirty buildings In the busi
ness district of the city. For ten years
the theory which he originated con
trolled real estate values In the down
town district and led to .the erection of
three-quarters of the skyscrapers In
Chicago. Owlngs started practically
without a dollar, but his dealings In the
business world brought him so prom
inently before the public a success
ful promoter that he can, as soon as his
affairs In bankruptcy courts are set
tled, secure unlimited capital for anew
start.
It was he who brought to the West
the Idea of building skyscrapers. Ar
chitects refused, owing to wind pres
sure and to the quicksand formation
upon which downtown buildings rested,
to be responsible for damages In case
the buildings were wrecked, but Ow
lngs accepted the responsibility and
they were successfully erected.
Owing to unfortunate circumstances,
Owlngs was obliged to fall and, while
others have profited by his business sa
gacity and become rich, lie Is to-day
acting as clerk in a broker's office. That
his career will end In bankruptcy court
Is uot thought possible, as he has shown
himself to be a financier of the first
order nnd one of the most remarkable
men tlie West has ever known.
MAIL WAGONS OF ODD DESIGN.
Five Queer-Looking Vehicles Pur
chased by PostoHice Collectors.
Five mail collection wagons of a style
never before seen In Kausas City bave
been bought by the mall collectors of
the Kansas City postofflce. These mall
carts are very small and queer-looking.
There Is a high box In front for the let
ters and a low platform behind for the
driver. Box and platform are covered
U.S.MAIL
ONE OK THE NEW MAIL WAGON8.
with a narrow cover. The collector
may sit on a stool behind tbe mall box.
When he jumps from a cart to open
a street box tbe stool, by the operation
of a spring, drops out of the way.
Tbe men wbo collect tbe mall receive
tbe same salaries as letter-carriers,
witb an additional $300 a year for buy
ing horses and wagons for collecting
mall. These new wagons cost $7B each.
Candy for the Soldiera.
Caudy of good quality, consisting ot
mixed chocolate creams, lemon drops,
cocoanut maroons and acidulated fruit
drops, bas been added to the regular
ration of the American soldier. One
New York firm has shipped more tban
fifty Tons of confectionery during the
past year for tbe troops In the Philip
pines, Cuba and Porto Rico. The use
of candy as an army ration originated
In some experiments on tbe diet of the
troops conducted by the German gov
ernment ten years ago. They showed
that the addition of candy and choco
late to tbe regular ration greatly Im
proved tbe health and endurance of tbe
troops using It Since that time the
German government bas Issued cakes
of chocolate aud a limited amount of
other confectionery. Tbe Queen for
warded five hundred thousand pounds
of chocolate In half-pound packages as
a Christmas treat for tbe troops in the
Transvaal. American jnm manufactur
ers are considering a movement to add
jam to the army ration, it having been
found wholesome for the British army.'
Opal anil Bad Luolc.
The superstition associating opals
with baleful influence is all tbe talk of
Hagerstown. Katberlne Relmsbue, a
young society woman, became engaged,
and ber fiance presented her with an
opal ring. She was superstitious, but
fiually accepted the ring. Her uneasi
ness grew into fear that the Btone por
tended some calamity. Her lover of
ferd to exchange the ring for another,
but she declared the mischief was al
ready wrought. Shortly after receiving
tbe ring she was sitting before an open
fire warming her hands. Suddenly the
stone burst Within a month after the
bursting of tbe opal her lover died sud
denly.—Indianapolis special to Chicago
Tribune.
An engineering Triumph.
Que of tbe latest triumphs in tbe en
gineering world consists In the con
struction, shipment by steamer, and
subsequent transfer to railway trans
portation of a steamer ot 4,200 tons'
displacement, which was finally put
nfioat In Lake Baikal, Siberia, not less
than 5,000 miles from St. Petersburg.
Acetyl'ne-Gas Signal*.
From Corfe castle to Bournemouth
West Cliff English military men. have
passed acetylene gas signals, a distance
of twelve miles—the message being
clear to tbe naked eye.
The sultur for a girl's liuud ought tg
suit her,
I

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