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BEOITSOy ft CARR, PuHiihers. MANCHESTER, IOWA. An Ohio farmer Is credited with rob bing a bunko man. AYlmt did be get? Apparently one good form of life In surance In this country is not to live In .Kentucky. Rattier a pleasant fall leading to a hard winter than an Icy winter lead ing to a hard fall. Carnegie says poverty Is a young man's best capital. At first sight It certainly looks like poor reasoning. An Illinois veteran had a bullet In bis brain twelve years. He was never 1 spoken of as an empty-lieaded man. "Those who expect to succeed In war," says London Truth, "must pay the butcher's bill." What a ghastly :truth. New-Yorkers eat about three tons of chocolate a week from the slot ma chine alone. That's better than chew ing gum. A local serenndcr wns struck by the fair one's wash-boiler and later arrest ed. Courtship Is not the unalloyed de light it used to be. Even If trust promoters -were ostra cized It would do no good. They'd get together. They always get together what they can't get alone. "Bye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for band, foot for foot," says the Bible, and in the case of a man who cruelly whips a crippled boy It would not be too much to add "Lash for lash."' They arrested a man in New York the other day for tickling his wife until she had hysterics. After this what ex cuse will any Now York man have for trying to be pleasant around the bouse? Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt says she believes a woman will be elected Presi dent of the United States before the end of the twentieth century. Now is the time for our girls to get on the right side by being born in log houses. A Brisbane, Australia, paper of re cent date contains the following adver tisement: "Wanted—A man to look after one horse and a few cows and pigs. One who can Impart the rudi ments of French, singing, and the piano to children preferred." It strange that there should be a place in the civil ized world where people must go to the trouble of advertising for such a man I as that family wants. The papers In the East are laughing at some eccentric genius who is con centrating his epergles on an effort to write a novel without "a woman In it." The- difficulty to be surmounted looks to be considerable, for it is hard to con ceive of any part of the game of life with which, women are not* more or less Intimately connected at this pres ent period of progress. When the story Is written the chances are long that it will not be worth reading. The,cheerful, even facetious, citizens of_CljTSTand who have formed an ap "penclIcItlB clnb are strictly np to dqte. We presume it is the intention of the dub .members, to wear ,CQ?u.p|pjiously a surgeon's certificate that tiiey have al ready undergone an operation for the fashionable disease in order to prevent mistakes in future emergencies. But the precedent thus established may prove to be embarrassing to the noble army of Esculapians who are always ready to relieve our miseries for a sor did equivalent If it becomes the fad for afflicted ones to thus make common cause we may soon have a startling suc cession of grip clubs nnd even tooth ache clubs, not to mention the Patri otic Order of Rheumatics. An Eastern Journal, devoted to hy giene and physical culture, highly rec ommends peanuts as a school luncheon for boys and girls. It sets forth their great value as food, being both whole some and nutritious, and also good for the blood, when properly masticated. In addition to these properties, unlike other nuts, they may be eaten at the end of a hearty meal without overtax ing digestion. The attachment between the child and the plebeian peanut has long been notorious, and now that a health Journal has recommended it for the school lunch there will undoubtedly be a speedy clamor in every household for.lts liberal provision, and the school houses of the land will be pervaded with Its decided odor. Jyst at this time, however, comes the depressing news that the peanut crop is short, and prices are rapidly advancing. It Is not unlikely when the news of its health fulnesB gets abroad that a peanut trust will be formed and the unassuming ground nut will poon be such an 'object of luxury that Its use may be confined to the attendants of the fashionable and wealthy private schools. The cynical non-church attendant finds in the new nnd approved method of taking stock of souls a kind of in voicing of celestial goods, and believes that, JuBt as a recently published re ligious appeal took the novel form of an insurance policy, with a promise of "low rates" and: "heavenly premiums," so all churches have come to adopt the ways of the mercantile world. These scoffers declare that salvation must be bought by the pound, and that you cannot get first-class godliness without paying first-claps prices. But to count the members of one's flock, to desire to know the actual elements of a con stituency, is certainly natural and de slrable, and no one will be disposed to question the fact that a church with expenses and a salaried minister must be conducted on business principles. It is perhaps the floating congregation, the religious tramps, that give the com mercial air to a church. For these so often assume the attitude of the shop per, of oue who is "sampling" or "Just looking," and who, though pleased and Inspired, never chooses to become a constant patron. These no doubt gain much, and churches as a rule are gen erous and charitable to such nomads. To actually Blft these from the perma nent elements would be a step towards the comprehension of the true attitude of society towards the church, and might lead to a better understanding on both sides. In an address before the Irish Liter ary Society on "John Phllpot Curran," Lord Russell of Klllowen, the Chief Justice, declared the value of oratory to a lawyer is overrated. He asserted that It Is an important vehicle for argu ment and for the enunciation and en forcement of great principles. "But," he said, "there a tendency to run to seed In this regard, and to look upon flu ency of speech as If It were oratory." Gifts of speech could never attain to their real momentum and power until founded upon a substratum of care fully acquired knowledge and upon solid argument. The opinion of the Lord Chief Justice is that of most men who lmve considered the subject. The art of oratorical flights Is, in the opin ion of the Chicago Tribune, less prac ticed, not BO much because men are less able to mnke such speeches, but because they lmve lost their value. Tlicy are of slight use before juries and of no use with Judges. There Is a pop ular disposition to distrust the man who makes too great a display of his gifts of speech wben he makes an ad dress. The public, being more en lightened, has come to weigh argu ments more carefully. When the ora tor Is able to appeal to the passion of the moment he is sometimes influen tial, but there his power ends. This Is why the leaders of the bar to-day are not great orators, but rather men with the carefully acquired knowledge which they are able to present loglcallv to the Judge or jury they would con vlnce. The American author can no longer complain of neglect, according to the statistics furnished by the Bookman, which publishes a monthly list of the books most generally in demand as shown by the reports of news dealers. These reports prove that In November, 1895, the five most popular books were all by foreign authors. A year later two Americans had found their way into the list. The same condition pre vailed in 1807, showing that the Ameri can authors were able to hold their own. In 1808 the leading sales em braced three works by American au thors, Kipling's "Day's Work" and Weyman's "Castle Inn" alone repre senting the English authors. The final triumph came in 1800, when the five books with the greatest sale were all of American authorship. These are "Richard Carvel," "Janice Meredith," "David Harum," "AVhen Knighthood Was in Flower" nnd "Via Crucls," It Is especially noteworthy that of these five books three are on Ainerlcnn sub jects. In which the keenest interest is now being taken. One of the healthi est signs of the times Is that each book which Is Included In the list Is whole some, clean and untainted with that French renlism which was so much In demnnd a few years ago. Books of that character no longer find an enor mous snle In the United States. The public sentiment demands something of ,a different character. Whether the time has come for a distinctive Ameri can literature is problematical, but no one can deny that with the close of the century we are laying a substantial foundation for it Under the advice of the best and most courageous of the friends of the In dian, an act for the allotment of their tribal lands in severalty to the Indians, under certain conditions, was passed by Congress in 18&f. Since that time many of the tribes have apportioned their lands to their Individual members, and have given up the tribal life. As the Indians to whom lands were so al lotted were forbidden to sell or other wise alienate their land under twenty years, and as steps were taken to start them as farmers, it was supposed that the measure would do more to civilize and make them self-supporting, under existing conditions, than anything else has done. Fifteen years have gone by since, the first allotment of lands, and the public men who wore the authors and most earnest advocates of the sev eralty law have lately expressed deep discouragement with the result Al though the Indians cannot yet sell, they can and do lease their allotted lands to white men. There are reservations In the West where practically all the farms are rented to white men, while their owners and their families retire to unasslgned parts of the reservation and live In the old wild way. Mean time the vices of the white men are communicated to them more readily than ever before, and they are without' the tribal government and the restraint of strong men of their own race which often went with It. As a whole, the condition of the Indinns is undoubtedly Improving, but there are some cases In which, under the allotment system, they have actually retrograded. The fact Is now apparent that It Is difficult to make a self-supporting farmer of the Indian In one generation. The Indian still needs safeguards against corrup tion, and above all he needs practical and simple Instruction, nt his home, In the few Industrial occupations which he may be able to follow. Non-Ruminant Animals Lose Hair. A curious plant, known to botanists as the Leucaena glauca Benth., Is the wild tamarind or jumbal plant of the riverside and waste places of tropical America, and very strange are Its ef fects upon the non-ruminant animals that feed upon its young shoots, leaves, pods and seeds. It causes horses to lose the hair from their manes and talis, has a similar effect upon mules and donkeys, and reduces pigs to com plete nakedness. Horses are said to re cover when fed exclusively on corn and grass, but the new hair Is of different color and texture from the old, so that the animal Is never quite the same as It was. One animal, after feeding on the plant, lost Its hoofs and had to be kept In slings until they grew and hard ened again. Ruminant animals are not thus affected, and the growth of the plant is actually encouraged in the Bahamas as a fodder plant for cattle, sheep and gonts. The difference in its action upon ruminants and non-rumln ants Is probably due to the changes ef fected upon It In the chewing of the cud. A Queer Lockup. The photograph of this most curious prison was taken at a small village called Septentrlon, In Mexico. There was a gold mining camp there, and the miners who got drunk and disorderly were confined in the rock, in which a large room had been blasted. It con tains about sixty men on Saturday nights. No first-class housekeeper has less than a dozes, ways of using up bread crusts. Many a tenderfoot has been fleeced in the woolly West TfjeNetjg |ou)& Saoocxo(aocaDCxocxx^ At Fort Dodge three men with a team and wagon went to a lime nnd brick fac tory, which is not in operation, and load ing all the irou machinery that conld be handled drove to foundry and sold it for old iron. M. M. Tabor and Robert Elder were arrested charged with the crime. Elder was bound over and Tabor secured a continuance. The robbery "was the boldest that ever occurred there. The machinery taken was valued at $100. Found Guilty on Serious Charge. The jury iu the Charles Essex case at Chariton returned a verdict of guilty. Es sex was charged with an attempt to wreck Burlington fast mail No. 8 on the night of Nov. 23. The case attracted widespread interest nnd the court was filled at every session. Essex has always borne a good reputation. When it was announced the prisoner broke down com pletely and wept for several hours. Clinton's Great Ice Harvest.' Clinton lias broken all previous records this year in the matter of amount of ice harvested. The quality is also good, the ice being from twelve to sixteeu inches in thickness and perfectly, clear. All of the ice houses are full nnd indications arc that prices will be low there next summer. In the amount of ice harvested the Northwestern Railway Company takes the lead, having put up 7,500 tons. Pedagogue's Good Fortune* Miss Kate Sullivan, who has had charge of the Waverly high school for the past eight years, has resigned her position because of her appointment as executrix of the large estate of her deceased uncic, Michael Sullivan, lute of British Colum bia. It is reported that Miss Sullivan inherits $30,000 from her uncle's estate and she has started for British Colum bia to take charge of affairs there. Bonds Were in Demand. At a special meeting of the Board of Supervisors at Mason City the $75,000 3V6 per cent court house bonds were dis posed of to the three Mason City banks. Several representatives of outside bond houses were present, but tlie highest bid from any of them called for a $700 com mission for handling them, a Chicago firm making this offer. Gets Maximum Sentence. At Dos Moines Tom Hargis, convicted of assault with inteut to commit murder, has been sentenced to ten yearB in the penitentiary. His sentence is the heavi est that can be imposed under the statue. He was convicted of shooting Ed Pillow through the lungs in a row in a restau rant about six weeks ago. Sustained Fatal Injuries. August Dahlgren, an. employe of the Illinois Centrnl road, was run over by a freight car in the yards nt Fort Dodge and will probably die. He was lying on his back screwing a bolt above, when the switch engine bumped into the car, caus ing the wheel to run up against his brfy» mangling him fearfully. Rural Delivery at Sprlngrille. An order has been issued for the estab lishment of rural delivery service at Springville March 15. The length of route is to be twenty miles and the area covered twenty-one miles and population served 775. Lemuel E. Smith has been appointed carrier. Baby Burned to Death. At Ladora an 18-months-old child of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Bales was burned to death. The children were, left alone for a few mluutes, nnd upon the return of Mrs. Bains the baby's clothing was ablaze. The little one in some manner had tipped over the kerosene can, satu rating its clothing with oil. Stabbing Affray at Fort Dodge. A stabbing affray occurred in the Mitchell restaurant at Fort Dodge. A dispute between Howard Hess, a dis charged employe, and James Thompson, the present employe, resulted in a fight. Thompson was badly stabbed by Hess. Brief State Happening*. Sigouvney wants more school houses. A skimming station is projected at Manila. Asa Knapp of Dubuque is dead, aged 83 years. Charlton will build a new school build ing this year. Fairfield supports it's public library by a two-mill tnx. Council Bluffs will do considerable paving this year. A mail pouch was stolen from the de pot at Arion and rifled. Cusliing is raising money to be used in the erection of a new town hall." John Burnett of Colfax was nearly choked to death on piece of ment. The Milwaukee will erect steel bridges over Deep creek near Preston at once. Burlington has been sued by Loren Herrill for $2,000 damages for injuries. John Franklin of Adel was drugged and robbed by parties with whom he was driving. Rev. Salter of Burlington has preached to the same congregation for fifty-five years. B. F. Bailey of Waterloo was severely burned by the explosion of the tank in a peanut roaster. B. B. Bliss, a capitalist of Iowa Falls, has let the contract for fifty miles of railroad at Everett, Wash. The infant of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ad kins of Fairfield was found dead in bed. It had evidently strangled durlug the night. The skeleton of a mastodon has been unearthed at Rome by the railroad grad ers. A Toung Men's Anti-Cigarette and Purity League has been organized at Chariton. W. E. Tomllnson, superintendent of the Marshall County poor farm, was thrown from a wagon and sustained a broken collar bone. R. M. Haines, Jr., of Grlnnell, has been tendered and has accepted the position of private secretary to Hon. John F. Lacey, member of Congress frqm the Sixth dis trict. Dr. D. Powell Johnson, for fifty years practicing physician of Muscatine, is dea4» after an illness of two weeks. The canning factory at Garrison has so far purchased seven cars of cans and six cars of box lumber for its next sea son's pack. William Gleason, a foreman of the bridge gnng on the Northwestern, had a stick of dynamite explode in his face at Mason City. His eyes are both out and his face is terribly lacerated. Sister Mary Bernard, one of the found ers of the Order of Sisters of Charity, died in Dubuque at the mother house, Mount Carmel. She had been in the or der over fifty years and was 00 years old. Money is being raised at Greenfield to defray the expenses of finding the sup posed body of Mabel Schofield. Ella Edliugtou of Muscatine has sued the B., C. R. & N. Railroad for $10,000 damages for injuries sustained while playing around a turntable. Lulu, 8-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. O. W. Anderson of Marshalltown, fell Into a pail of boiling water and died from the effects of the scalding. The Rev. William Campbell Gunn, for twenty years chaplain of the Fort Madi son penitentiary, with the exception of •ix years served in the same capacity at •namosa, Iowa, is dead. He was GO years old. Iowa County derives a revenue of about $12,500 from saloons. F. E. Perry has been commissioned postmaster at Bidwcll. U. S. Pope of Lewis committed sui cide by shooting himself. Work will soon be commenced on a water system at Hudson. A free rural mail delivery route Is be ing established at Keystone. Two hundred licenses to wed were is sued last year in Tama County. The Iowa Central will erect a round house at Algona In the spring. The attempt to locate a normal school at Knoxvllle has been defeated. The postofllee at German Valley has been discontinued mail to Titonka. Fire of unknown origin at Trenton de stroyed a restaurant nnd two shops. The Sons of Veterans at Des Moines hnvc formed a new social organization. Burlington has petitioned Congress to enlarge the Federal building in that city. Andrew McLeod has been appointed postmaster at Moingona, vice Boone, re signed. I Several barbers at Council Bluffs have been nrrested for keeping open shops on Suudny. The next biennial meeting of the Iowa State Court of Honor will be held in Des Moines in 1002. Rev. J. H. White of Osceola has ac cepted the call from the Christian Church at Shenandoah. The circulation of the Odebolt library last year was 5,748, although It contains only 1,008 volumes. A postofllee has been established at Webb, and William C. Gannaway ap pointed postmaster. Mr. and Mrs. N. I. Brown of Albion have just celebrated the fiftieth anniver sary of their wedding. A quantity of liquor was seized at the depot nt Senrsboro few days'ago, con demned and destroyed. Mrs. Slaughter-Case of Grinuell has died of peritonitis, brought about by fall ing on an icy sidewalk. The death rate in Muscatine is alarm ing, and has never been so great before unless during some plague. William Andrews of Clinton, a night switchman, was run down and killed by a switch engine in the yards there. The Board of Education at Lime Springs has been asked to call nn elec tion to vote on a new school building. The preliminaries for the formation of an independent school district at Crystal Lake are meeting with some opposition. Clarence A. Schultc of Knoxvllle has been appointed a teacher in the Fort Berthold Indian school at North Dakota. Over $2,000 has been raised at Daven port for the entertainment of the State encampment of the G. A. R. in that city. The suburban railway company of Council Bluffs, between that city and Omaha, has filed mortgage for $600, 000. Mary Franklin of Council Bluffs, after a married life of thirty years, asks a di vorce, alleging habitual drunkenness and threats. It is proposed in Marshalltown to levy a 1 mill tax for the purpose of establish ing and maintaining a system-of parks in that city. The 2-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Schuldt of Moville was fatally burned while playing with a pine stock in a stove. The W. B. Balled Lumber Company's yard qt Albia was consumed by a suppos ed incendiary fire. Loss $10,000, insur ance $5,200. Articles of incorporation have been filed with the Secretary of State by the Fort Dodge Beet Sugar Company, with a cap ital of $40,000. The teamsters hauling coal at the Des Moiues mines have made a demand on the operators for an advance iu wages of 10 cents per ton. James H. Woolm, nu old soldier who lived near Richland, was found dead in a field near his home there. Heart fail ure was the cause. The city library trustees at Des Moines have tendered room rent free to the Loyal Legion, Grand Army posts and Woman's Relief Corps. The little daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. M. Higley of Ocheyedan was severe ly burned about the hands and head through playing with matches. Albert B. Hughes, while en route from Burlington to Fremont, Neb.t committted suicide at Council Bluffs by shooting him self. He was temporarily deranged. According to statistics received by the State dairy commissioner there were 79, 022 pounds of oleomargarine shipped into Iowa during the year ending June 30, 1809. Two spans of the new railroad bridge over the Mississippi river nt Dubuque have been completed and the piling is now in for the third. Work is being pros ecuted with all possible expedition. Two years ago C. T. Dike, at Clear Lake, rescued Miss Bonnie Elder of Ma son City from drowning, nnd the other night she became his wife. Mr. Dike is resident engineer for the Northwestern. Waterloo is to be made headquarters for Dr. John Alexander Dowie's disciples of Zion for Iowa. An immense tuber* nacle is to be built with seating capacity in its main audience room for 2,500 peo ple. Mrs. Lizzie Bailey brought suit against the city of Centervillc, claiming damages for injuries received In falling on a de fective sidewalk. The jury awarded her the sum of $900. Last Christmas William Huff of West Union, aged 05 years, disappeared from home after a trivial quarrel with his son-in-law and had not since been heard from. The other night his body was found In a cave a few miles east of the city. The indications were that death had come peacefully and from natural causes and a post mortem examination revealed no evidences of violence. Icy walks in Grlnnell have caused fiv or six women of that city to fall within the past few weeks, resulting In a broken arm in each instance. Rev. Johnson, pastor of the Christian Church at Union City, has made arrange ments for the building of a new house of worship at Kent. This little town is ex periencing a remarkable boom. Four well-defined cases of smallpox, discovered by the city health physician, have occasioned great excitement and alarm at Fort Dodge. Two persons have been sick with the disease for two weeks and many outsiders were ^exposed. A child from one family has been attending school regularly. T. H. Oxley, teacher in district No. 10, Washington township, has been ex pelled on the charge of excessively whip-, ping the young son of Charles Travis* The adjudication of the case required a great deal of time, as there were sev eral trials, the couuty superintendent up holding the decision of the local board. Mrs. Frank Markel, wife of a Chicago and Northwestern Railroad man of Clin ton, committed suicide by jumping into the cistern at the family home. Some three years ago a daughter committed suicide by jumping from the railroad bridge Into the Mississippi river, and it is feared that this has worked on her mind until &he became deranged CARRIED OFF THE BRIDE. Strange Misadventure that Befell a Chinee Dam.el. The way of Oriental brides would scarcely suit their Occidental sisters. In China a bride usually rides Iu a rich ly embroidered red sedan chair, decor ated with flowers, and hired for the occasion. Not long ago In Canton city a man hired a chair to carry his bride to his homestead in the suburbs. The dis tance was great and the hour late. When the four chair coolies and the lan tern bearers arrived at their destlna tlombe chair containing the bride was deposited outside the doorway to await the auspicious hour selected for open ing the door to admit the bride and tlib coolies adjourned to an opium den and, as they had traveled a long way and were tired, they soon fell asleep. How long they dozed they knew not, but on awakening they returned and found the bridal chair outside the doorway. They came to the not unnatural conclu sion that the bride had already entered the household and that the chair was left there for them to take back to the city. Since they had all received their pay In advance they did not stop to mako further inquiries, but hurried home with the chair, put It In a loft, and, rolling themselves up in their beds, slept the sleep of the just. In the meantime the bridegroom heard the bridal party arrive, but had to await the stroke of the auspicious hour before welcoming the bride. At last the can dles were lit, Incense sticks were light ed, the new rice and viands for enter taining the bride were served, the parents-in-law put on their best suits and so did the bridegroom and, with much pomp and ceremony, the door was thrown wide open but as far as the lanterns' light would reach, lo! there w„as not a trace of the bridal chair or bride, nor a single soul to be seen. Great was their consternation, and It became greater still as they con cluded that bandits must have kid naped the bride and would hold her for ransom. The district officer was aroused, the case was reported to the village justice of the peace and search parties were sent out In every direction. The bridegroom, though distracted, had Georgia Lawyers Handed Over Their Gnus with 81ngular Unanimity, Georgia has a stringent law forbid ding its citizens to carry pistols on pain of forfeiting the weapons end paying a flue of $50 or being imprisoned for thirty days. Shortly after the passage of thlB enactment Judge Lester was holding court in a. little town, when suddenly he suspended the trial of a case by ordering the sheriff to lock the doors of the courthouse. "Gentlemen," Bald the Judge when the doorp were closed, "I have just seen a pistol on a man In this room and I cannot reconcile It to my sense of duty to let such a violation of this law pass unnoticed. I ought perhaps to go be fore the grand jury and indict him, but if that man will walk up to this stand and lay his pistol and a tine of $1 down here I will let him off this time." The Judge paused, and a lawyer sit ting just before him got up, slipped his hand Into a hip pocket, drew out a neat Ivory-handled six-shooter and laid it with a dollar down upon the stand. "This is all right," said the Judge, "but you are not the man I saw with the pistol." Upon this another lawyer arose and laid down a Colt's revolver and a dollar bill before the Judge, who repeated his former observation. The process went on until nineteen pistils of all kinds and sizes and shapes lay upon the stand, together wltb nineteen dollars by their side. The Judge laughed as be complimented the nineteen delinquents upon being men of business, but added that the man whom he bad seen with the pistol had not come up and, glanc ing at the far side of the court, he con tinued: "I will give bim one minute to accept my proposition, nnd if he falls I will hand him over to the sheriff." Immediately two men from the back of the court rose and began to move to ward the Judge's stand. Once they stopped to look at each other, and then, coming slowly forward, laid dowu their pistols and their dollars. As tbey turned their backs the Judge said: "This man with the black whiskers is the one that I originally Baw."—New York Press. Reading Blanuaorlpu. It would be a revelation to the young writers who complain that every word of their stories Is not read, to see bow fast an experienced and conscien tious editor can, at times, go through a big pile of essays, stories or poems. The title Is often enough, and ho would Bay, "We don't want an article on that subject." The next article begins wltb a page or two of commonplace Intro duction, and that Is thrown aside in half a minute's inspection, without turning more than the next page. The next Is written In the first person, and peppered with "I's.," "We don't wnnt that egotistical stuff." The first verse of this poem has false meter and Is tossed aside. The next begins in school girl style, with "dove" and "love It is not read through. Of the next the editor reads ten lines. It Is simply a dull description of a stream In a forest —not wanted. The next poem begins In a freBh way, seems to be constructed according to the rules, is pretty good, ft Is put one side to see If other better poems will crowd It out The next to a story. The first page Is promising, but the second shows a coarse strain, and the reading stops there. Another story follows. The beginning Is not promising, but a glance at the middle and end shows a marked improvement, and It Is laid aside for a more critical examination. In half an hour twenty articles are passed upon, nnd with suf ficient good judgment, for a minute to a manuscript Is often more than It needs. A Rhinoceros at targe. A rhinoceros that can dance Is not, like a dnuclug'bear, a familiar sight. Naturally such a rhinoceros created a sensation when, while being unloaded from a railroad car at Philadelphia, It escaped Into the street. Tile beast was sent to the Zoological Garden and arrived in good health and spirits. Twenty employes of the ex press company stood about to prevent Its getting away, but when the animal started they all fled down Seventeenth street. The rhinoceros went to Market street, the men after It, thence to Sixteenth and back to Filbert. In the short jour ney it passed probably a hundred peo ple, and put them all to flight. An Ital ian, grinding out a merry tune on his organ, got a shock that lie will not soon forget. The beast has been with a circus and can dance nnd do a cake walk. At Sixteenth and Filbert streets It heard the sound of the music, and began to dance. The Italian did not know what brought the crowd, but he kept on turn ing his crank until suddenly there was a roar of laughter, and he turned to find the beast standing still, solemnly looking at him. With a terrific yell, he dropped the crank and ran. The ani mal was caught and put back Into the cage with little difficulty. Everybody Play* the Gnitar. In Portugal men play upon the guitar as naturally as Yankees whistle. The peasants are universally given to the instrument, chiefly as an accompani ment to the voice. In towns and vil lages the artisans are often expert A DISCOVERY OP THE BRIDE. sense enough to ruah to the city and make Inquiries of the chair bearers. The coolies were dumfounded and ex plained what they had done. Together they climbed to the loft, opened the door of the chair and found the demure looking bride, long imprisoned and half starved, but still appearing to her best advantage In her beautiful bridal gown. The bride appeared to have known that she was being carried backward and forward, but could not protest, because It Is the custom for brides not to open their lips till the marriage ceremony is performed. Hence all the trouble. ALL WERE SELF-CONVICTED. guitar players and walk in groups to and from their work, enlivening the journey with music and song. The car penter who comes to your house to exe cute a small job brings his guitar with his tools and the blacksmith Is a far better performer on the guitar than the anvil. When Portuguese day laborer or workman has finished bis long day's toll he does not hie hiin to a wine shop to squander the few ceuts he has earned he docs not eveu lean against a post and smoke, nor whittle a stick while swapping yarns with bis fellows. If he did not bring his guitar with him he goes straight home and gets It, rests and comforts himself with the music while supper is being prepared. After ward he spends the evening singing doggerel songs to a struinplng accom paniment, tilted back In a chair against his own house wall or on the doorstep of a neighbor. Virginia'* Natural Bridge. The famous natural bridge of Vir ginia Is situated in Rockbridge County and spans the mountain chasm In which flows the-little stream called Cedar creek, the bed of which is more than two hundred feet below the surface of the plain. The middle or the arch is forty-five feet In perpendicular thick ness, which Increases to sixty feet at its Juncture with the vast abutments. It Is sixty feet wide, and Its span is almost ninety feet. Across the top is a public road. For many years the name of Washington, cut In the rock forming one of the abutments when the Father of his Country was a SQUELCHED A MUTINY ANECDOTE OF "BOBS" THE BRIT ISH COMMANDER. Harall Mea.nrea Were Necessary Jnat at That Time, and He Ordered an Kngliah Soldier 8hot for Inaubordin atlon—It Toole Place in India. "Gen. Lord Roberts of Kandahar, Kipling's 'Bobs Babadur,' was the last English general to order the execution of a private soldier for Insubordina tion," said a visitor to Washington, who has seen service under lier Majes ty's flag. "It was away back in the '70s but the incident Is still very clear In the memory of old soldiers, and has been handed down with every possible ex aggeration for the delectatlou of the 'reerultle,'. who listens to the barrack room tales, told for the express purpose of striking terror and horror lo his un hardened heart. "The story is revivified now. It con tributes something to illustrate the man who Is beloved and feared by/rank nnd file, and notwithstanding Ills deter mined and exacting discipline, is con ceded to be England's ranking soldier among good soldiers. "The Indian contingent has always been a ticklish department to handle. Roberts did more than any one man to bring tliern to a realization of what dis cipline really means. To-day, thanks to lilm, there Is less grumbling, less un easiness, and less cbanie of revolt than ever there has been since first tbe na tive wore the uulXorui, and even now extreme measures are necessary. "But Roberts, ouce upon a time about the year 1878, found himself threatened with a serious situation. The native troops were uneasy. The English sol diers, too, In the case of several regi ments that had been kept overtime on Indian service, were kicking loud and strong. The mouthing of the men of the English regiments wns a bad ex ample to the natives. It disorganized everything, and the punishments were made severe, upon offenders who gave opportunity. But Insubordination was rife. It needed but a little spark to kindle the whole command Into a blaze, in which many lives must have been sacrificed and Hie prestige of the com manding officer lost. "One day a drunken private was In solent to a corporal of one of the regi ments. The 'non-com.' ordered the man to the guard house. A lance-corporal of the room called out a file of men. One of these refused to act as escort. He had slept Iu the next bed to the prisoner for years, he protested. They were army 'bed chums.' He, too, was made a prisoner, nnd the charge of In subordination and refusal to obey or ders entered against him. It was a high crime. A general court martial was ordered, the man was sentenced to be shot, and the sentence was approved by Gen. Roberts. "Before the .assembled regiments at Calcutta he was taken out and died Ig nomlnlously with his face to the wall. "It was a terrible and effective les son. The spirit of insubordination was dead, but the department issued, an or der, religiously observed since then, to the effect that where others are avail able, a 'bed chum' cannot be ordered to act-as escort." COUNTESS VON BRUENINQ. American Woman Who la Admired by the Old World Aristocracy* An American woman, Conntess Adolf von Brucnlng, Is well known In the social circles In which European nobil ity moves because of ber marriage to her husbnnd, the Count, but to the American people her name Is familiar chiefly because of the touching devotion of her divorced husband, Gordon Mac Kay, of Boston and Washington. The C'ouutess' life has been most romantic. She was the daughter of Mr. MacKay's housekeeper and had grown from child hood to mature beauty under his eyes. Although twice her age, Mr. MacKay paid her devoted attention, and she finally became his bride. Everything that wealth could provide wns lavished upon the young wife nud for a time theirs wns a trappy home. But a season lad, stood high above all others but In 1818 a student of Washington College, Vir ginia, Piper by name, climbed from the foot to the top of the rock, and placed his name above that of Washington. A Story of Bismarck. Bismarck was for some time an of ficial reporter for one of the courts of justice. Upon one occasion, when questioning a witness, the latter made an impudent retort, whereupon the em bryo Chancellor exclaimed, angrily: "If you are not more respectful, I shall kick you out of the room!" "Young man," said the Judge, interrupting the proceedings, "I would have you under stand that this Is a dignified court of justice, and that If there Is any kicking to be done the court will do it!" "Ah, you see," said Bismarck to the witness, "If you are not more respectful to me, the court will kick you out of the room. So be careful, very careful, sir!" Testing the Olaannesa or Air. Prof. Dewar has recently devised a pale blue liquid. The other sample was made by condensing the air of the lecture-room In which tbe audience was assembled, and was an opaque, blackish fluid, re sembling soup In appearance. "Polly Con." An old lady lately asked President Hadley of Yale—he tells the story him self—what be was teaching. To bis re ply, "Economics," she said, thought fully: "Ob, you teach tbe students to be economical. That Is good. When I was a young lady tbey never learned to be economical until they got married." The True Condition. Brlggs—Do you believe that the world Is divided Into two classes—those who borrow and tbose who lend? Griggs—No, sir! My experience Is that two other classes are much more prevalent—those who want to borrow and tbose who won't lend.—Pittsburg Dispatch. COUNTESS ADOLF VOX BRUKNING. of court life evidently gave Mrs. Mac Kay new Ideas, for she made a pro nounced sensation by her beauty and was loth to return to her native land. Mr. MacKay's life was always busy and It came about that while he worked the fascinating daughter of his former housekeeper sumptuously entertained Washington society. Finally Mrs. Mac Kay began suit for divorce and. In 1880, was granted a decree with $25,000 year ly as alimony, tbe possession of two beautiful homes and also the custody of their two sons. Mr. MacKay made no defense and by many was considered too magnanimous because of bis quiet acceptance of the decree. Six years later Count von Bruenlng, then a secretary of the German em bassy at Washington, came Into Mrs. MacKay's life. After two years tbey became engaged. The marriage took place In Washington the latter part of last April, the Count and Countess sail ing at once to Constantinople, where the former was Btatloued as a member of the German embassy. Tbe Count and Countess nre now living In Berlin, where the beauty and charm of the ac complished American are greatly ad mired. a new method of testing the contamina tion of air. A short time ago lie exhib ited before the Royal Institution two samples of liquid air in glass tubes one was made from air which bad been1 washed to purify It from dust, soot, carbonic add and other Impurities. This, when condensed, was As a wedding gift to the CountesB. Mr. MacKay presented her a check for $1,000,000. He Btlll devotes himself to business and has amassed an enormous fortune. Great Salt bake Drying Up. According to the Irrigation Age, tbe waters of tbe Great Salt Lake in Utah have receded a mile within tbe past year, and some persons think that within the coming century this won derful body of water may be complete ly dried up. The cause of the lowering of the water Is ascribed to tbe rapid extension of Irrigation ditches, whlcb draw their supply from the streams emptying Into tbe lake. There Is now a "salt desert" not far from tbe lake, which was once covered with water. The salt deposit on tbe floor of the lake itself is believed to IOWA LEGISLATURE. Neither branch of the Legislature held a session on Thursday. A large number of the members went in a body to Iowa City to attend the third convocation oC the State University. The only feature of Importance In Fri day's legislative sessions was the confirm- ation of Judge G. S. Robinson of Sioux City as a member of the State board of control. The Senate'passed the bill glv ing cities of the first class having a pop ulation of over 25,000 the privilege of levying a three-mill tax for park pur poses, and an additional one-mill for the, foiir years subsequent to the year 1900. The Senate passed the bill by Wallace re pealing that section of the code which re quires hedge fences to be trimmed to. five feet every two years, and leaves the question discretionary with county trus tees. The House bill by Myers legal ising the resolutions and proceedings of the Council and Mayor of the incorporat ed town of Milford, Dickinson County, Iowa, was also passed by the upper body. The hunter's license bill was taken up aud discussed, but for lack of time was not acted upon. The House passed the bill by Lyman to allow savings banks to make loans on farm lands to two thirds instead of half the actual value of the laud. The only other bill to pass the House was the one by IClrkwood to transfer Harrison County from the Fourth to the Fifteenth judicial district! aud to provide au additional judge for the latter. The House killed the Eiker bill after first voting down a substitute to increase the amount of personal earn ings to be exempted $8 to $10. Only live votes were cast In favor of the bill. Little was accomplished by the Senate at Its Saturday session. The resolution giving the Secretary of State authority to sell the session laws was passed. Af ter spending the greater part of the morn ing In a laborious attempt to get together a quorum, the House introduced three*" new bills, indulged in soino_ refreshing levity and at the expiration of twenty minutes stood adjourned. There were ouly five members present and from these the chalrmeu of committees could not get together the required number for com mittee meetings. Bhort State Item*. Burglars are getting In their work at Muscatine. The building prospects are bright this year for Holsteln. Considerable building will be done this year at Woodbine. Dysart Is to have a national bank with a capital of $50,000. A new $25,000 school has just been completed at liockford. A new $0,000 school house has been voted for at New Virginia. The Board of Supervisors at' Iowa City have accepted the new jail. A stock company is being organized at Dysart to operate the creamery. J. W. Gilger, an old resident of Colo( dropped dead In the postofllee there. The lumber yard project at' Persia is now meeting with much encouragement. A mad bull which got loose made things lively at a stock sale at Manila recently. A farmer in the vicinity of Fontanelle lost several head of cattle, by black leg. The dates for the Cass County fair have been fixed.for the second week iu September. The First National Bank of Dubuque has let the contract for a new bank building. Three hundred cedar trees have been purchased to beautify the cemetery at Chariton. Henry Price, a pionee%of Brooklyn, dropped dead at bis home there from heart disease. Fire at Des Moines damaged the dry goods stock of E. O. Wolf to the extent of $2,000. Mrs. E. S. Cortright of New Hartford slipped and fell, breaking an arm near the elbow. The Iowa, Minnesota and Northern Railroad has filed a mortgage In Toledo for $3,900,000. August Walline, well-to-do farmer living near Rowan, whs gored to death by a vicious bull. The saloon men at Marshalltowu have secured a suftlelent number of signatures to their petition. Harry Barber of Iowa Falls has dis appeared from his home and no trace of him can be found. The expenditures in Keokuk in ten months have exceeded the appropriations for the entire fiscal year. Jesse Thompsou was sentenced at Council Bluffs to three years in the penl tentlury for burglary. A theater company has filed articles of incorporation at Burlington with, a capital stock of $65,000. Rural mail delivery routes will be es tablished March 15 at St. Anthony and at Salem. Dubuque wants to have her marshal aud engineer appointed instead of elect ed by the people. As a result of the revival meetings at Bedford over three hundred people have united with the various churches. Joseph, tho 10-year-old son of W. C. Pollock of Denlson, was kicked on the head by a horse and for time it was thought" the injury would prove fatal. G. II. Thorley of Atlantic has recov ered a quautity of the cutlery recently stolen from him. It was discovered in a pawn shop in Des Moines. Harold Cullen of Dubuque has sued that city for $.),000 .damages for injuries sustained by falling over au obstruction on a street there. An effort is being: made at Creston to raise suffleieut funds to purchase the old fair grounds so that town may have au agricultural fair. Young's iee house «t Clinton was de stroyed by fire and the firemen all suf fered from the intense cold, one man hav ing both feet frostbitten. Persia is to have a lumber yard es tablished in her midst. Searsboro officers seized a quantity of liquor at tbe depot a few days ago and destroyed It. Bert Billings, formerly of What Cheer, is dead of injuries sustained iu a street car accideut at Leavenworth, Kan. Chas. Platner of Prairie City had' a uarrow escape from death by a runaway team. He was dragged several blocks. Adrlau Hanson of Milford had an arm shot away by the accidental discharge of a shotgun which he bad in his buggy. A college student was ordered to throw up his hands at Le Graude, but betook himself to flight and escaped. John Woods, residing near Newburg was badly iujured by a fall from his wag on which was standing at' an elevator. The engineer and fireman on a work train ou the Davcuporf, Rock Islaud and Northern felt abridge giving under them on Duck creek and jumped iuto the rag ing waters. They were uninjured. Fort Dodge people interested in the raislug of sugar beets nre urging the pas sage of the bill providing for the non taxation of lauds and properties used for their culture and the manufacture of su gar. The Brighton State Bank has lucreas etUls capital stock from $25,000 to $50,- The Hawkeyc Cycling Club has decid ed to build an eliptical dirt track at Bur hngton. N.eiklrk' residing near Glitlden, was killed by a vicious horse and a collar bone and two ribs broken. Buby Taylor of Ciarksville fell from to'thThead." be of ness. great thick Ved 6Cri0US Edmund Dumas, a Dubuque lad, found Ldny,»amLtC cartridge. Not knowing ft* identity, he drove a nail Into it, with th. result that portions of both hands werj Wown away.