BEOITSOy ft CARR, PuHiihers.
An Ohio farmer Is credited with rob
bing a bunko man. AYlmt did be get?
Apparently one good form of life In
surance In this country is not to live In
Rattier a pleasant fall leading to a
hard winter than an Icy winter lead
ing to a hard fall.
Carnegie says poverty Is a young
man's best capital. At first sight It
certainly looks like poor reasoning.
An Illinois veteran had a bullet In bis
brain twelve years. He was never
spoken of as an empty-lieaded man.
"Those who expect to succeed In
war," says London Truth, "must pay
the butcher's bill." What a ghastly
New-Yorkers eat about three tons of
chocolate a week from the slot ma
chine alone. That's better than chew
A local serenndcr wns struck by the
fair one's wash-boiler and later arrest
ed. Courtship Is not the unalloyed de
light it used to be.
Even If trust promoters -were ostra
cized It would do no good. They'd get
together. They always get together
what they can't get alone.
"Bye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand
for band, foot for foot," says the Bible,
and in the case of a man who cruelly
whips a crippled boy It would not be
too much to add "Lash for lash."'
They arrested a man in New York
the other day for tickling his wife until
she had hysterics. After this what ex
cuse will any Now York man have for
trying to be pleasant around the bouse?
Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt says she
believes a woman will be elected Presi
dent of the United States before the
end of the twentieth century. Now is
the time for our girls to get on the
right side by being born in log houses.
A Brisbane, Australia, paper of re
cent date contains the following adver
tisement: "Wanted—A man to look
after one horse and a few cows and
pigs. One who can Impart the rudi
ments of French, singing, and the piano
to children preferred." It strange
that there should be a place in the civil
ized world where people must go to the
trouble of advertising for such a man
I as that family wants.
The papers In the East are laughing
at some eccentric genius who is con
centrating his epergles on an effort to
write a novel without
woman In it."
The- difficulty to be surmounted looks
to be considerable, for it is hard to con
ceive of any part of the game of life
with which, women are not* more or
less Intimately connected at this pres
ent period of progress. When the story
Is written the chances are long that it
will not be worth reading.
The,cheerful, even facetious, citizens
of_CljTSTand who have formed an ap
"penclIcItlB clnb are strictly np to dqte.
We presume it is the intention of the
dub .members, to wear ,CQ?u.p|pjiously a
surgeon's certificate that tiiey have al
ready undergone an operation for the
fashionable disease in order to prevent
mistakes in future emergencies. But
the precedent thus established may
prove to be embarrassing to the noble
army of Esculapians who are always
ready to relieve our miseries for a sor
did equivalent If it becomes the fad
for afflicted ones to thus make common
cause we may soon have a startling suc
cession of grip clubs nnd even tooth
ache clubs, not to mention the Patri
otic Order of Rheumatics.
An Eastern Journal, devoted to hy
giene and physical culture, highly rec
ommends peanuts as a school luncheon
for boys and girls. It sets forth their
great value as food, being both whole
some and nutritious, and also good for
the blood, when properly masticated.
In addition to these properties, unlike
other nuts, they may be eaten at the
end of a hearty meal without overtax
ing digestion. The attachment between
the child and the plebeian peanut has
long been notorious, and now that a
health Journal has recommended it for
the school lunch there will undoubtedly
be a speedy clamor in every household
for.lts liberal provision, and the school
houses of the land will be pervaded
with Its decided odor. Jyst at this
time, however, comes the depressing
news that the peanut crop is short, and
prices are rapidly advancing. It Is not
unlikely when the news of its health
fulnesB gets abroad that a peanut trust
will be formed and the unassuming
ground nut will poon be such an 'object
of luxury that Its use may be confined
to the attendants of the fashionable and
wealthy private schools.
The cynical non-church attendant
finds in the new nnd approved method
of taking stock of souls a kind of in
voicing of celestial goods, and believes
that, JuBt as a recently published re
ligious appeal took the novel form of
an insurance policy, with a promise of
"low rates" and: "heavenly premiums,"
so all churches have come to adopt the
ways of the mercantile world. These
scoffers declare that salvation must be
bought by the pound, and that you
cannot get first-class godliness without
paying first-claps prices. But to count
the members of one's flock, to desire to
know the actual elements of a con
stituency, is certainly natural and de
slrable, and no one will be disposed to
question the fact that a church with
expenses and a salaried minister must
be conducted on business principles. It
is perhaps the floating congregation,
the religious tramps, that give the com
mercial air to a church. For these so
often assume the attitude of the shop
per, of oue who is "sampling" or "Just
looking," and who, though pleased and
Inspired, never chooses to become a
constant patron. These no doubt gain
much, and churches as a rule are gen
erous and charitable to such nomads.
To actually Blft these from the perma
nent elements would be a step towards
the comprehension of the true attitude
of society towards the church, and
might lead to a better understanding
on both sides.
In an address before the Irish Liter
ary Society on "John Phllpot Curran,"
Lord Russell of Klllowen, the Chief
Justice, declared the value of oratory
to a lawyer is overrated. He asserted
that It Is an important vehicle for argu
ment and for the enunciation and en
forcement of great principles. "But,"
said, "there a tendency to run to
seed In this regard, and to look upon flu
ency of speech as If It were oratory."
Gifts of speech could never attain to
their real momentum and power until
founded upon a substratum of care
fully acquired knowledge and upon
solid argument. The opinion of the
Lord Chief Justice is that of most men
who lmve considered the subject. The
art of oratorical flights Is, in the opin
ion of the Chicago Tribune, less prac
ticed, not BO much because men are
less able to mnke such speeches, but
because they lmve lost their value.
Tlicy are of slight use before juries and
of no use with Judges. There Is a pop
ular disposition to distrust the man
who makes too great a display of his
gifts of speech wben he makes an ad
dress. The public, being more en
lightened, has come to weigh argu
ments more carefully. When the ora
tor Is able to appeal to the passion of
the moment he is sometimes influen
tial, but there his power ends. This Is
why the leaders of the bar to-day are
not great orators, but rather men with
the carefully acquired knowledge
which they are able to present loglcallv
to the Judge or jury they would con
The American author can no longer
complain of neglect, according to the
statistics furnished by the Bookman,
which publishes a monthly list of the
books most generally in demand as
shown by the reports of news dealers.
These reports prove that In November,
1895, the five most popular books were
all by foreign authors. A year later
two Americans had found their way
into the list. The same condition pre
vailed in 1807, showing that the Ameri
can authors were able to hold their
own. In 1808 the leading sales em
braced three works by American au
thors, Kipling's "Day's Work" and
Weyman's "Castle Inn" alone repre
senting the English authors. The final
triumph came in 1800, when the five
books with the greatest sale were all
of American authorship. These are
"Richard Carvel," "Janice Meredith,"
"David Harum," "AVhen Knighthood
Was in Flower" nnd "Via Crucls," It
Is especially noteworthy that of these
five books three are on Ainerlcnn sub
jects. In which the keenest interest is
now being taken. One of the healthi
est signs of the times Is that each book
which Is Included In the list Is whole
some, clean and untainted with that
French renlism which was so much In
demnnd a few years ago. Books of
that character no longer find an enor
mous snle In the United States. The
public sentiment demands something of
,a different character. Whether the
time has come for a distinctive Ameri
can literature is problematical, but no
one can deny that with the close of the
century we are laying a substantial
foundation for it
Under the advice of the best and most
courageous of the friends of the In
dian, an act for the allotment of their
tribal lands in severalty to the Indians,
under certain conditions, was passed
by Congress in 18&f. Since that time
many of the tribes have apportioned
their lands to their Individual members,
and have given up the tribal life. As
the Indians to whom lands were so al
lotted were forbidden to sell or other
wise alienate their land under twenty
years, and as steps were taken to start
them as farmers, it was supposed that
the measure would do more to civilize
and make them self-supporting, under
existing conditions, than anything else
has done. Fifteen years have gone by
since, the first allotment of lands, and
the public men who wore the authors
and most earnest advocates of the sev
eralty law have lately expressed deep
discouragement with the result Al
though the Indians cannot yet sell, they
can and do lease their allotted lands
to white men. There are reservations
In the West where practically all the
farms are rented to white men, while
their owners and their families retire
to unasslgned parts of the reservation
and live In the old wild way. Mean
time the vices of the white men are
communicated to them more readily
than ever before, and they are without'
the tribal government and the restraint
of strong men of their own race which
often went with It. As a whole, the
condition of the Indinns is undoubtedly
Improving, but there are some cases In
which, under the allotment system,
they have actually retrograded. The
fact Is now apparent that It Is difficult
to make a self-supporting farmer of the
Indian In one generation. The Indian
still needs safeguards against corrup
tion, and above all he needs practical
and simple Instruction, nt his home, In
the few Industrial occupations which
he may be able to follow.
Non-Ruminant Animals Lose Hair.
A curious plant, known to botanists
as the Leucaena glauca Benth., Is the
wild tamarind or jumbal plant of the
riverside and waste places of tropical
America, and very strange are Its ef
fects upon the non-ruminant animals
that feed upon its young shoots, leaves,
pods and seeds. It causes horses to
lose the hair from their manes and
talis, has a similar effect upon mules
and donkeys, and reduces pigs to com
plete nakedness. Horses are said to re
cover when fed exclusively on corn and
grass, but the new hair Is of different
color and texture from the old, so that
the animal Is never quite the same as
It was. One animal, after feeding on
the plant, lost Its hoofs and had to be
kept In slings until they grew and hard
ened again. Ruminant animals are
not thus affected, and the growth of
the plant is actually encouraged in the
Bahamas as a fodder plant for cattle,
sheep and gonts. The difference in its
action upon ruminants and non-rumln
ants Is probably due to the changes ef
fected upon It In the chewing of the
A Queer Lockup.
The photograph of this most curious
prison was taken at a small village
called Septentrlon, In Mexico. There
was a gold mining camp there, and the
miners who got drunk and disorderly
were confined in the rock, in which a
large room had been blasted. It con
tains about sixty men on Saturday
No first-class housekeeper has less
than a dozes, ways of using up bread
Many a tenderfoot has been fleeced in
the woolly West
At Fort Dodge three men with a team
and wagon went to a lime nnd brick fac
tory, which is not in operation, and load
ing all the irou machinery that conld be
handled drove to foundry and sold it
for old iron. M. M. Tabor and Robert
Elder were arrested charged with the
crime. Elder was bound over and Tabor
secured a continuance. The robbery "was
the boldest that ever occurred there. The
machinery taken was valued at $100.
Found Guilty on Serious Charge.
The jury iu the Charles Essex case at
Chariton returned a verdict of guilty. Es
sex was charged with an attempt to
wreck Burlington fast mail No. 8 on the
night of Nov. 23. The case attracted
widespread interest nnd the court was
filled at every session. Essex has always
borne a good reputation. When it was
announced the prisoner broke down com
pletely and wept for several hours.
Clinton's Great Ice Harvest.'
Clinton lias broken all previous records
this year in the matter of amount of ice
harvested. The quality is also good, the
ice being from twelve to sixteeu inches
in thickness and perfectly, clear. All of
the ice houses are full nnd indications
arc that prices will be low there next
summer. In the amount of ice harvested
the Northwestern Railway Company
takes the lead, having put up 7,500 tons.
Pedagogue's Good Fortune*
Miss Kate Sullivan, who has had
charge of the Waverly high school for the
past eight years, has resigned her position
because of her appointment as executrix
of the large estate of her deceased uncic,
Michael Sullivan, lute of British Colum
bia. It is reported that Miss Sullivan
inherits $30,000 from her uncle's estate
and she has started for British Colum
bia to take charge of affairs there.
Bonds Were in Demand.
At a special meeting of the Board of
Supervisors at Mason City the $75,000
3V6 per cent court house bonds were dis
posed of to the three Mason City banks.
Several representatives of outside bond
houses were present, but tlie highest bid
from any of them called for a $700 com
mission for handling them, a Chicago
firm making this offer.
Gets Maximum Sentence.
At Dos Moines Tom Hargis, convicted
of assault with inteut to commit murder,
has been sentenced to ten yearB in the
penitentiary. His sentence is the heavi
est that can be imposed under the statue.
He was convicted of shooting Ed Pillow
through the lungs in a row in a restau
rant about six weeks ago.
Sustained Fatal Injuries.
August Dahlgren, an. employe of the
Illinois Centrnl road, was run over by a
freight car in the yards nt Fort Dodge
and will probably die. He was lying on
his back screwing a bolt above, when the
switch engine bumped into the car, caus
ing the wheel to run up against his brfy»
mangling him fearfully.
Rural Delivery at Sprlngrille.
An order has been issued for the estab
lishment of rural delivery service at
Springville March 15. The length of
route is to be twenty miles and the area
covered twenty-one miles and population
served 775. Lemuel E. Smith has been
Baby Burned to Death.
At Ladora an 18-months-old child of
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Bales was burned to
death. The children were, left alone for
a few mluutes, nnd upon the return of
Mrs. Bains the baby's clothing was
ablaze. The little one in some manner
had tipped over the kerosene can, satu
rating its clothing with oil.
Stabbing Affray at Fort Dodge.
A stabbing affray occurred in the
Mitchell restaurant at Fort Dodge. A
dispute between Howard Hess, a dis
charged employe, and James Thompson,
the present employe, resulted in a fight.
Thompson was badly stabbed by Hess.
Brief State Happening*.
Sigouvney wants more school houses.
A skimming station is projected at
Asa Knapp of Dubuque is dead, aged
Charlton will build a new school build
ing this year.
Fairfield supports it's public library by
a two-mill tnx.
Council Bluffs will do considerable
paving this year.
A mail pouch was stolen from the de
pot at Arion and rifled.
Cusliing is raising money to be used in
the erection of a new town hall."
John Burnett of Colfax was nearly
choked to death on piece of ment.
The Milwaukee will erect steel bridges
over Deep creek near Preston at once.
Burlington has been sued by Loren
Herrill for $2,000 damages for injuries.
John Franklin of Adel was drugged
and robbed by parties with whom he was
Rev. Salter of Burlington has preached
to the same congregation for fifty-five
B. F. Bailey of Waterloo was severely
burned by the explosion of the tank in a
B. B. Bliss, a capitalist of Iowa Falls,
has let the contract for fifty miles of
railroad at Everett, Wash.
The infant of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ad
kins of Fairfield was found dead in bed.
It had evidently strangled durlug the
The skeleton of a mastodon has been
unearthed at Rome by the railroad grad
A Toung Men's Anti-Cigarette and
Purity League has been organized at
W. E. Tomllnson, superintendent of the
Marshall County poor farm, was thrown
from a wagon and sustained a broken
R. M. Haines, Jr., of Grlnnell, has been
tendered and has accepted the position of
private secretary to Hon. John F. Lacey,
member of Congress frqm the Sixth dis
Dr. D. Powell Johnson, for fifty years
practicing physician of Muscatine, is
dea4» after an illness of two weeks.
The canning factory at Garrison has
so far purchased seven cars of cans and
six cars of box lumber for its next sea
William Gleason, a foreman of the
bridge gnng on the Northwestern, had a
stick of dynamite explode in his face at
Mason City. His eyes are both out and
his face is terribly lacerated.
Sister Mary Bernard, one of the found
ers of the Order of Sisters of Charity,
died in Dubuque at the mother house,
Mount Carmel. She had been in the or
der over fifty years and was 00 years old.
Money is being raised at Greenfield to
defray the expenses of finding the sup
posed body of Mabel Schofield.
Ella Edliugtou of Muscatine has sued
the B., C. R. & N. Railroad for $10,000
damages for injuries sustained while
playing around a turntable.
Lulu, 8-year-old daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. O. W. Anderson of Marshalltown,
fell Into a pail of boiling water and died
from the effects of the scalding.
The Rev. William Campbell Gunn, for
twenty years chaplain of the Fort Madi
son penitentiary, with the exception of
•ix years served in the same capacity at
•namosa, Iowa, is dead. He was GO
Iowa County derives a revenue of about
$12,500 from saloons.
F. E. Perry has been commissioned
postmaster at Bidwcll.
U. S. Pope of Lewis committed sui
cide by shooting himself.
Work will soon be commenced on a
water system at Hudson.
A free rural mail delivery route Is be
ing established at Keystone.
Two hundred licenses to wed were is
sued last year in Tama County.
The Iowa Central will erect a round
house at Algona In the spring.
The attempt to locate a normal school
at Knoxvllle has been defeated.
The postofllee at German Valley has
been discontinued mail to Titonka.
Fire of unknown origin at Trenton de
stroyed a restaurant nnd two shops.
The Sons of Veterans at Des Moines
hnvc formed a new social organization.
Burlington has petitioned Congress to
enlarge the Federal building in that city.
Andrew McLeod has been appointed
postmaster at Moingona, vice Boone, re
I Several barbers at Council Bluffs have
been nrrested for keeping open shops on
The next biennial meeting of the Iowa
State Court of Honor will be held in Des
Moines in 1002.
Rev. J. H. White of Osceola has ac
cepted the call from the Christian Church
The circulation of the Odebolt library
last year was 5,748, although It contains
only 1,008 volumes.
A postofllee has been established at
Webb, and William C. Gannaway ap
Mr. and Mrs. N. I. Brown of Albion
have just celebrated the fiftieth anniver
sary of their wedding.
A quantity of liquor was seized at the
depot nt Senrsboro few days'ago, con
demned and destroyed.
Mrs. Slaughter-Case of Grinuell has
died of peritonitis, brought about by fall
ing on an icy sidewalk.
The death rate in Muscatine is alarm
ing, and has never been so great before
unless during some plague.
William Andrews of Clinton, a night
switchman, was run down and killed by a
switch engine in the yards there.
The Board of Education at Lime
Springs has been asked to call nn elec
tion to vote on a new school building.
The preliminaries for the formation of
an independent school district at Crystal
Lake are meeting with some opposition.
Clarence A. Schultc of Knoxvllle has
been appointed a teacher in the Fort
Berthold Indian school at North Dakota.
Over $2,000 has been raised at Daven
port for the entertainment of the State
encampment of the G. A. R. in that city.
The suburban railway company of
Council Bluffs, between that city and
Omaha, has filed mortgage for $600,
Mary Franklin of Council Bluffs, after
a married life of thirty years, asks a di
vorce, alleging habitual drunkenness and
It is proposed in Marshalltown to levy
a 1 mill tax for the purpose of establish
ing and maintaining a system-of parks in
The 2-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs.
Fred Schuldt of Moville was fatally
burned while playing with a pine stock
in a stove.
The W. B. Balled Lumber Company's
yard qt Albia was consumed by a suppos
ed incendiary fire. Loss $10,000, insur
Articles of incorporation have been filed
with the Secretary of State by the Fort
Dodge Beet Sugar Company, with a cap
ital of $40,000.
The teamsters hauling coal at the Des
Moiues mines have made a demand on
the operators for an advance iu wages of
10 cents per ton.
James H. Woolm, nu old soldier who
lived near Richland, was found dead in
a field near his home there. Heart fail
ure was the cause.
The city library trustees at Des Moines
have tendered room rent free to the
Loyal Legion, Grand Army posts and
Woman's Relief Corps.
The little daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
C. M. Higley of Ocheyedan was severe
ly burned about the hands and head
through playing with matches.
Albert B. Hughes, while en route from
Burlington to Fremont, Neb.t committted
suicide at Council Bluffs by shooting him
self. He was temporarily deranged.
According to statistics received by the
State dairy commissioner there were 79,
022 pounds of oleomargarine shipped into
Iowa during the year ending June 30,
Two spans of the new railroad bridge
over the Mississippi river nt Dubuque
have been completed and the piling is
now in for the third. Work is being pros
ecuted with all possible expedition.
Two years ago C. T. Dike, at Clear
Lake, rescued Miss Bonnie Elder of Ma
son City from drowning, nnd the other
night she became his wife. Mr. Dike is
resident engineer for the Northwestern.
Waterloo is to be made headquarters
for Dr. John Alexander Dowie's disciples
of Zion for Iowa. An immense tuber*
nacle is to be built with seating capacity
in its main audience room for 2,500 peo
Mrs. Lizzie Bailey brought suit against
the city of Centervillc, claiming damages
for injuries received In falling on a de
fective sidewalk. The jury awarded her
the sum of $900.
Last Christmas William Huff of West
Union, aged 05 years, disappeared from
home after a trivial quarrel with his
son-in-law and had not since been heard
from. The other night his body was
found In a cave a few miles east of the
city. The indications were that death
had come peacefully and from natural
causes and a post mortem examination
revealed no evidences of violence.
Icy walks in Grlnnell have caused fiv
or six women of that city to fall within
the past few weeks, resulting In a broken
arm in each instance.
Rev. Johnson, pastor of the Christian
Church at Union City, has made arrange
ments for the building of a new house of
worship at Kent. This little town is ex
periencing a remarkable boom.
Four well-defined cases of smallpox,
discovered by the city health physician,
have occasioned great excitement and
alarm at Fort Dodge. Two persons have
been sick with the disease for two weeks
and many outsiders were ^exposed. A
child from one family has been attending
T. H. Oxley, teacher in district No.
10, Washington township, has been ex
pelled on the charge of excessively whip-,
ping the young son of Charles Travis*
The adjudication of the case required a
great deal of time, as there were sev
eral trials, the couuty superintendent up
holding the decision of the local board.
Mrs. Frank Markel, wife of a Chicago
and Northwestern Railroad man of Clin
ton, committed suicide by jumping into
the cistern at the family home. Some
three years ago a daughter committed
suicide by jumping from the railroad
bridge Into the Mississippi river, and it
is feared that this has worked on her
mind until &he became deranged
CARRIED OFF THE BRIDE.
Strange Misadventure that Befell a
The way of Oriental brides would
scarcely suit their Occidental sisters.
In China a bride usually rides Iu a rich
ly embroidered red sedan chair, decor
ated with flowers, and hired for the
Not long ago In Canton city a man
hired a chair to carry his bride to his
homestead in the suburbs. The dis
tance was great and the hour late.
When the four chair coolies and the lan
tern bearers arrived at their destlna
tlombe chair containing the bride was
deposited outside the doorway to await
the auspicious hour selected for open
ing the door to admit the bride and tlib
coolies adjourned to an opium den and,
as they had traveled a long way and
were tired, they soon fell asleep. How
long they dozed they knew not, but on
awakening they returned and found
the bridal chair outside the doorway.
They came to the not unnatural conclu
sion that the bride had already entered
the household and that the chair was
left there for them to take back to the
city. Since they had all received their
pay In advance they did not stop to
mako further inquiries, but hurried
home with the chair, put It In a loft,
and, rolling themselves up in their beds,
slept the sleep of the just. In the
meantime the bridegroom heard the
bridal party arrive, but had to await
the stroke of the auspicious hour before
welcoming the bride. At last the can
dles were lit, Incense sticks were light
ed, the new rice and viands for enter
taining the bride were served, the
parents-in-law put on their best suits
and so did the bridegroom and, with
much pomp and ceremony, the door
was thrown wide open but as far as
the lanterns' light would reach, lo!
there w„as not a trace of the bridal
chair or bride, nor a single soul to be
seen. Great was their consternation,
and It became greater still as they con
cluded that bandits must have kid
naped the bride and would hold her for
ransom. The district officer was
aroused, the case was reported to the
village justice of the peace and search
parties were sent out In every direction.
The bridegroom, though distracted, had
Georgia Lawyers Handed Over Their
Gnus with 81ngular Unanimity,
Georgia has a stringent law forbid
ding its citizens to carry pistols on pain
of forfeiting the weapons end paying
a flue of $50 or being imprisoned for
thirty days. Shortly after the passage
of thlB enactment Judge Lester was
holding court in a. little town, when
suddenly he suspended the trial of a
case by ordering the sheriff to lock the
doors of the courthouse.
"Gentlemen," Bald the Judge when
the doorp were closed, "I have just seen
a pistol on a man In this room and I
cannot reconcile It to my sense of duty
to let such a violation of this law pass
unnoticed. I ought perhaps to go be
fore the grand jury and indict him, but
if that man will walk up to this stand
and lay his pistol and a tine of $1 down
here I will let him off this time."
The Judge paused, and a lawyer sit
ting just before him got up, slipped his
hand Into a hip pocket, drew out a
neat Ivory-handled six-shooter and laid
it with a dollar down upon the stand.
"This is all right," said the Judge,
"but you are not the man I saw with
Upon this another lawyer arose and
laid down a Colt's revolver and a dollar
bill before the Judge, who repeated his
former observation. The process went
on until nineteen pistils of all kinds
and sizes and shapes lay upon the
stand, together wltb nineteen dollars by
their side. The Judge laughed as be
complimented the nineteen delinquents
upon being men of business, but added
that the man whom he bad seen with
the pistol had not come up and, glanc
ing at the far side of the court, he con
"I will give bim one minute to accept
my proposition, nnd if he falls I will
hand him over to the sheriff."
Immediately two men from the back
of the court rose and began to move to
ward the Judge's stand. Once they
stopped to look at each other, and then,
coming slowly forward, laid dowu
their pistols and their dollars. As tbey
turned their backs the Judge said:
"This man with the black whiskers
is the one that I originally Baw."—New
It would be a revelation to the
young writers who complain that every
word of their stories Is not read, to see
bow fast an experienced and conscien
tious editor can, at times, go through
a big pile of essays, stories or poems.
The title Is often enough, and ho would
Bay, "We don't want an article on that
subject." The next article begins wltb
a page or two of commonplace Intro
duction, and that Is thrown aside in
half a minute's inspection, without
turning more than the next page. The
next Is written In the first person, and
peppered with "I's.," "We don't wnnt
that egotistical stuff." The first verse
of this poem has false meter and Is
tossed aside. The next begins in school
girl style, with "dove" and "love It is
not read through. Of the next the
editor reads ten lines. It Is simply a
dull description of a stream In a forest
—not wanted. The next poem begins
In a freBh way, seems to be constructed
according to the rules, is pretty good,
ft Is put one side to see If other better
poems will crowd It out The next to
a story. The first page Is promising,
but the second shows a coarse strain,
and the reading stops there. Another
story follows. The beginning Is not
promising, but a glance at the middle
and end shows a marked improvement,
and It Is laid aside for a more critical
examination. In half an hour twenty
articles are passed upon, nnd with suf
ficient good judgment, for a minute to
a manuscript Is often more than It
A Rhinoceros at targe.
A rhinoceros that can dance Is not,
like a dnuclug'bear, a familiar sight.
Naturally such a rhinoceros created a
sensation when, while being unloaded
from a railroad car at Philadelphia, It
escaped Into the street.
Tile beast was sent to the Zoological
Garden and arrived in good health and
spirits. Twenty employes of the ex
press company stood about to prevent
Its getting away, but when the animal
started they all fled down Seventeenth
The rhinoceros went to Market street,
the men after It, thence to Sixteenth
and back to Filbert. In the short jour
ney it passed probably a hundred peo
ple, and put them all to flight. An Ital
ian, grinding out a merry tune on his
organ, got a shock that lie will not soon
The beast has been with a circus
and can dance nnd do a cake walk. At
Sixteenth and Filbert streets It heard
the sound of the music, and began to
The Italian did not know what
brought the crowd, but he kept on turn
ing his crank until suddenly there was
a roar of laughter, and he turned to
find the beast standing still, solemnly
looking at him. With a terrific yell, he
dropped the crank and ran. The ani
mal was caught and put back Into the
cage with little difficulty.
Everybody Play* the Gnitar.
In Portugal men play upon the guitar
as naturally as Yankees whistle. The
peasants are universally given to the
instrument, chiefly as an accompani
ment to the voice. In towns and vil
lages the artisans are often expert
DISCOVERY OP THE BRIDE.
sense enough to ruah to the city and
make Inquiries of the chair bearers.
The coolies were dumfounded and ex
plained what they had done. Together
they climbed to the loft, opened the
door of the chair and found the demure
looking bride, long imprisoned and half
starved, but still appearing to her best
advantage In her beautiful bridal
gown. The bride appeared to have
known that she was being carried
backward and forward, but could not
protest, because It Is the custom for
brides not to open their lips till the
marriage ceremony is performed.
Hence all the trouble.
ALL WERE SELF-CONVICTED.
guitar players and walk in groups to
and from their work, enlivening the
journey with music and song. The car
penter who comes to your house to exe
cute a small job brings his guitar with
his tools and the blacksmith Is a far
better performer on the guitar than the
When Portuguese day laborer or
workman has finished bis long day's
toll he does not hie hiin to a wine shop
to squander the few ceuts he has
earned he docs not eveu lean against
a post and smoke, nor whittle a stick
while swapping yarns with bis fellows.
If he did not bring his guitar with him
he goes straight home and gets It, rests
and comforts himself with the music
while supper is being prepared. After
ward he spends the evening singing
doggerel songs to a struinplng accom
paniment, tilted back In a chair against
his own house wall or on the doorstep
of a neighbor.
Virginia'* Natural Bridge.
The famous natural bridge of Vir
ginia Is situated in Rockbridge County
and spans the mountain chasm In which
flows the-little stream called Cedar
creek, the bed of which is more than
two hundred feet below the surface of
the plain. The middle or the arch is
forty-five feet In perpendicular thick
ness, which Increases to sixty feet at
its Juncture with the vast abutments.
It Is sixty feet wide, and Its span is
almost ninety feet. Across the top is
a public road. For many years the
name of Washington, cut In the rock
forming one of the abutments when
the Father of his Country was
SQUELCHED A MUTINY
ANECDOTE OF "BOBS" THE BRIT
Harall Mea.nrea Were Necessary Jnat
at That Time, and He Ordered an
Kngliah Soldier 8hot for Inaubordin
atlon—It Toole Place in India.
"Gen. Lord Roberts of Kandahar,
Kipling's 'Bobs Babadur,' was the last
English general to order the execution
of a private soldier for Insubordina
tion," said a visitor to Washington,
who has seen service under lier Majes
"It was away back in the '70s but
the incident Is still very clear In the
memory of old soldiers, and has been
handed down with every possible ex
aggeration for the delectatlou of the
'reerultle,'. who listens to the barrack
room tales, told for the express purpose
of striking terror and horror lo his un
"The story is revivified now. It con
tributes something to illustrate the
man who Is beloved and feared by/rank
nnd file, and notwithstanding Ills deter
mined and exacting discipline, is con
ceded to be England's ranking soldier
among good soldiers.
"The Indian contingent has always
been a ticklish department to handle.
Roberts did more than any one man to
bring tliern to a realization of what dis
cipline really means. To-day, thanks
to lilm, there Is less grumbling, less un
easiness, and less cbanie of revolt than
ever there has been since first tbe na
tive wore the uulXorui, and even now
extreme measures are necessary.
"But Roberts, ouce upon a time about
the year 1878, found himself threatened
with a serious situation. The native
troops were uneasy. The English sol
diers, too, In the case of several regi
ments that had been kept overtime on
Indian service, were kicking loud and
strong. The mouthing of the men of
the English regiments wns a bad ex
ample to the natives. It disorganized
everything, and the punishments were
made severe, upon offenders who gave
opportunity. But Insubordination was
rife. It needed but a little spark to
kindle the whole command Into a blaze,
in which many lives must have been
sacrificed and Hie prestige of the com
manding officer lost.
"One day a drunken private was In
solent to a corporal of one of the regi
ments. The 'non-com.' ordered the man
to the guard house. A lance-corporal
of the room called out a file of men.
One of these refused to act as escort.
He had slept Iu the next bed to the
prisoner for years, he protested. They
were army 'bed chums.' He, too, was
made a prisoner, nnd the charge of In
subordination and refusal to obey or
ders entered against him. It was a
high crime. A general court martial
was ordered, the man was sentenced to
be shot, and the sentence was approved
by Gen. Roberts.
"Before the .assembled regiments at
Calcutta he was taken out and died Ig
nomlnlously with his face to the wall.
"It was a terrible and effective les
son. The spirit of insubordination was
dead, but the department issued, an or
der, religiously observed since then, to
the effect that where others are avail
able, a 'bed chum' cannot be ordered
to act-as escort."
COUNTESS VON BRUENINQ.
American Woman Who la Admired by
the Old World Aristocracy*
An American woman, Conntess Adolf
von Brucnlng, Is well known In the
social circles In which European nobil
ity moves because of ber marriage to
her husbnnd, the Count, but to the
American people her name Is familiar
chiefly because of the touching devotion
of her divorced husband, Gordon Mac
Kay, of Boston and Washington. The
C'ouutess' life has been most romantic.
She was the daughter of Mr. MacKay's
housekeeper and had grown from child
hood to mature beauty under his eyes.
Although twice her age, Mr. MacKay
paid her devoted attention, and she
finally became his bride. Everything
that wealth could provide wns lavished
upon the young wife nud for a time
theirs wns a trappy home. But a season
stood high above all others but In 1818
student of Washington College, Vir
ginia, Piper by name, climbed from the
foot to the top of the rock, and placed
his name above that of Washington.
A Story of Bismarck.
Bismarck was for some time an of
ficial reporter for one of the courts of
justice. Upon one occasion, when
questioning a witness, the latter made
an impudent retort, whereupon the em
bryo Chancellor exclaimed, angrily:
"If you are not more respectful, I shall
kick you out of the room!" "Young
man," said the Judge, interrupting the
proceedings, "I would have you under
stand that this Is a dignified court of
justice, and that If there Is any kicking
to be done the court will do it!" "Ah,
you see," said Bismarck to the witness,
"If you are not more respectful to me,
the court will kick you out of the room.
So be careful, very careful, sir!"
Testing the Olaannesa or Air.
Prof. Dewar has recently devised
liquid. The other sample was made by
condensing the air of the lecture-room
In which tbe audience was assembled,
and was an opaque, blackish fluid, re
sembling soup In appearance.
An old lady lately asked President
Hadley of Yale—he tells the story him
self—what be was teaching. To bis re
ply, "Economics," she said, thought
"Ob, you teach tbe students to be
economical. That Is good. When I
was a young lady tbey never learned to
be economical until they got married."
The True Condition.
Brlggs—Do you believe that the world
Is divided Into two classes—those who
borrow and tbose who lend?
Griggs—No, sir! My experience Is
that two other classes are much more
prevalent—those who want to borrow
and tbose who won't lend.—Pittsburg
COUNTESS ADOLF VOX BRUKNING.
of court life evidently gave Mrs. Mac
Kay new Ideas, for she made a pro
nounced sensation by her beauty and
was loth to return to her native land.
Mr. MacKay's life was always busy
and It came about that while he worked
the fascinating daughter of his former
housekeeper sumptuously entertained
Washington society. Finally Mrs. Mac
Kay began suit for divorce and. In 1880,
was granted a decree with $25,000 year
ly as alimony, tbe possession of two
beautiful homes and also the custody of
their two sons. Mr. MacKay made no
defense and by many was considered
too magnanimous because of bis quiet
acceptance of the decree.
Six years later Count von Bruenlng,
then a secretary of the German em
bassy at Washington, came Into Mrs.
MacKay's life. After two years tbey
became engaged. The marriage took
place In Washington the latter part of
last April, the Count and Countess sail
ing at once to Constantinople, where
the former was Btatloued as a member
of the German embassy. Tbe Count
and Countess nre now living In Berlin,
where the beauty and charm of the ac
complished American are greatly ad
new method of testing the contamina
tion of air. A short time ago lie exhib
ited before the Royal Institution two
samples of liquid air in glass tubes
one was made from air which bad been1
washed to purify It from dust, soot,
carbonic add and other Impurities.
This, when condensed, was
As a wedding gift to the CountesB.
Mr. MacKay presented her a check for
$1,000,000. He Btlll devotes himself to
business and has amassed an enormous
Great Salt bake Drying Up.
According to the Irrigation Age, tbe
waters of tbe Great Salt Lake in Utah
have receded a mile within tbe past
year, and some persons think that
within the coming century this won
derful body of water may be complete
ly dried up. The cause of the lowering
of the water Is ascribed to tbe rapid
extension of Irrigation ditches, whlcb
draw their supply from the streams
emptying Into tbe lake. There Is now a
"salt desert" not far from tbe lake,
which was once covered with water.
The salt deposit on tbe floor of the lake
itself is believed
Neither branch of the Legislature held
a session on Thursday. A large number
of the members went in a body to Iowa
City to attend the third convocation oC
the State University.
The only feature of Importance In Fri
day's legislative sessions was the confirm-
ation of Judge G. S. Robinson of Sioux
City as a member of the State board of
control. The Senate'passed the bill glv
ing cities of the first class having a pop
ulation of over 25,000 the privilege of
levying a three-mill tax for park pur
poses, and an additional one-mill for the,
foiir years subsequent to the year 1900.
The Senate passed the bill by Wallace re
pealing that section of the code which re
quires hedge fences to be trimmed to.
five feet every two years, and leaves the
question discretionary with county trus
tees. The House bill by Myers legal
ising the resolutions and proceedings of
the Council and Mayor of the incorporat
ed town of Milford, Dickinson County,
Iowa, was also passed by the upper
body. The hunter's license bill was taken
up aud discussed, but for lack of time
was not acted upon. The House passed
the bill by Lyman to allow savings banks
to make loans on farm lands to two
thirds instead of half the actual value of
the laud. The only other bill to pass the
House was the one by IClrkwood to
transfer Harrison County from the
Fourth to the Fifteenth judicial district!
aud to provide au additional judge for
the latter. The House killed the Eiker
bill after first voting down a substitute
to increase the amount of personal earn
ings to be exempted $8 to $10. Only
live votes were cast In favor of the bill.
Little was accomplished by the Senate
at Its Saturday session. The resolution
giving the Secretary of State authority
to sell the session laws was passed. Af
ter spending the greater part of the morn
ing In a laborious attempt to get together
a quorum, the House introduced three*"
new bills, indulged in soino_ refreshing
levity and at the expiration of twenty
minutes stood adjourned. There were
ouly five members present and from these
the chalrmeu of committees could not get
together the required number for com
Bhort State Item*.
Burglars are getting In their work at
The building prospects are bright this
year for Holsteln.
Considerable building will be done this
year at Woodbine.
Dysart Is to have a national bank with
a capital of $50,000.
A new $25,000 school has just been
completed at liockford.
A new $0,000 school house has been
voted for at New Virginia.
The Board of Supervisors at' Iowa City
have accepted the new jail.
A stock company is being organized at
Dysart to operate the creamery.
J. W. Gilger, an old resident of Colo(
dropped dead In the postofllee there.
The lumber yard project at' Persia is
now meeting with much encouragement.
A mad bull which got loose made things
lively at a stock sale at Manila recently.
A farmer in the vicinity of Fontanelle
lost several head of cattle, by black leg.
The dates for the Cass County fair
have been fixed.for the second week iu
The First National Bank of Dubuque
has let the contract for a new bank
Three hundred cedar trees have been
purchased to beautify the cemetery at
Henry Price, a pionee%of Brooklyn,
dropped dead at bis home there from
Fire at Des Moines damaged the dry
goods stock of E. O. Wolf to the extent
Mrs. E. S. Cortright of New Hartford
slipped and fell, breaking an arm near
The Iowa, Minnesota and Northern
Railroad has filed a mortgage In Toledo
August Walline, well-to-do farmer
living near Rowan, whs gored to death
by a vicious bull.
The saloon men at Marshalltowu have
secured a suftlelent number of signatures
to their petition.
Harry Barber of Iowa Falls has dis
appeared from his home and no trace of
him can be found.
The expenditures in Keokuk in ten
months have exceeded the appropriations
for the entire fiscal year.
Jesse Thompsou was sentenced at
Council Bluffs to three years in the penl
tentlury for burglary.
A theater company has filed articles
of incorporation at Burlington with, a
capital stock of $65,000.
Rural mail delivery routes will be es
tablished March 15 at St. Anthony and
Dubuque wants to have her marshal
aud engineer appointed instead of elect
ed by the people.
As a result of the revival meetings at
Bedford over three hundred people have
united with the various churches.
Joseph, tho 10-year-old son of W. C.
Pollock of Denlson, was kicked on the
head by a horse and for time it was
thought" the injury would prove fatal.
G. II. Thorley of Atlantic has recov
ered a quautity of the cutlery recently
stolen from him. It was discovered in a
pawn shop in Des Moines.
Harold Cullen of Dubuque has sued
that city for $.),000 .damages for injuries
sustained by falling over au obstruction
on a street there.
An effort is being: made at Creston to
raise suffleieut funds to purchase the old
fair grounds so that town may have au
Young's iee house «t Clinton was de
stroyed by fire and the firemen all suf
fered from the intense cold, one man hav
ing both feet frostbitten.
Persia is to have a lumber yard es
tablished in her midst.
Searsboro officers seized a quantity of
liquor at tbe depot a few days ago and
Bert Billings, formerly of What Cheer,
is dead of injuries sustained iu a street
car accideut at Leavenworth, Kan.
Chas. Platner of Prairie City had' a
uarrow escape from death by a runaway
team. He was dragged several blocks.
Adrlau Hanson of Milford had an arm
shot away by the accidental discharge
of a shotgun which he bad in his buggy.
A college student was ordered to throw
up his hands at Le Graude, but betook
himself to flight and escaped.
John Woods, residing near Newburg
was badly iujured by a fall from his wag
on which was standing at' an elevator.
The engineer and fireman on a work
train ou the Davcuporf, Rock Islaud and
Northern felt abridge giving under them
on Duck creek and jumped iuto the rag
ing waters. They were uninjured.
Fort Dodge people interested in the
raislug of sugar beets nre urging the pas
sage of the bill providing for the non
taxation of lauds and properties used for
their culture and the manufacture of su
The Brighton State Bank has lucreas
etUls capital stock from $25,000 to $50,-
The Hawkeyc Cycling Club has decid
ed to build an eliptical dirt track at Bur
residing near Glitlden, was
killed by a vicious horse and a collar
bone and two ribs broken.
Buby Taylor of Ciarksville fell from
Edmund Dumas, a Dubuque lad, found
Ldny,»amLtC cartridge. Not knowing ft*
identity, he drove a nail Into it, with th.
result that portions of both hands werj
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