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ALWAYS TELL MOTHER.
Aiways toll mother. She's willing to bear. I^illiog to listen to tales of despair. Tell her when trials and troubles assail Seek her for comfort when sorrows pre- VMl.V Take mother's hand when temptations entice Ask her for. counsel seek,,mother's ad- Vice." Always tell ipotkcr. In mother confide Foster no secrets from mother to hide. Train your thoughts nobly, nor let your HPB sneak Words that would kindle a blush on her cheek. Motherstands ready her aid to impart, Open to mother the door of your heart. Aiways tell mother. Your joys let ber share Lift from her shoulders their burdens of care Brighten her pathway be gentle and kind Strengthen the ties of affection that bind. Tell her you love her look up in her face Tell her no other can take mother's place. Always tell mother. When dangers be tide. Mother, if need be, will, die by your side. Though you be sunken in sin and dis grace, Mother will face. Others may shun you, but mother, your friend. Stands, ever ready, to shield and defend. Mother's devotion is always the same. 8oftly, with reverence, breathe mother's name. •. tX.V —Leslie's Woeklv. never turn from you her THE KINQ )HE bright spring sunshine was r»he pouring 1n at the window, fleck-, to his word's!- lng with gold the hair of a young girl who stood gazing at a photograph In a heart-shaped silver frame, which held the place of honor on tbe mantel piece.,-. Her. thoughts were evidently far'a way from her surroundings, as failed to hear footsteps approach ing, and was only recalled to herself by the maid announcing "Captain Stewart." A flusli of burning color swept over Elsie's, face, and quick as tbougbt she snatched the heart-shaped frame from Its place, and holding It In her left hand, advanced to meet a tall, fair man, whose pale face showed signs of recent illness, and wbo carried bis right arm In a sling. "Why, Jack!" she said, "I had no Idea .you were In London did tbe doctors give you permission to travel?" Her pretty face was still flushed, and after answering her questions as to bis health, Jack Stewart felt a difficulty In returning to their old friendly footing there was a subtle difference In ber manner to blm that made blm vaguely uneasy. go It was more by way of conversa tion tban a desire for Information tbat Jack asked, laughingly: "And who Is the 'King of Hearts' now? Roberts, Kitchener or Buller?" Then as his glance fell on the- vacant place on the mantel-piece, be started and said, more seriously: 'Tbe King of Hearts' not In bis ac customed place! What is the meaning of this, Elsie?" Once more a blush swept from brow to chin, and Elsie, averting tier eyes, remained silent. Then It was that caught sight of the frame In ber left hand. "Why, you have It theryi" be said In astonishment. "May I not see your new hero?" Then, Elsie remaining si lent, with his free band, gently took tbe frame from her unresisting clasp, apd without.looking at It, laid It face downward on a table near, and, resum ing bis sent by ber side, looked at her with troubled eyes. But three short months had passed since he had sat In tbat room, and bad learned from tierllps that tbougb she did not love him, she loved no one else and he bad started off to South Africa with his regiment, buoyed up with hopes of ultimately gaining her love. A month ago be bad been Invalided home, and as soon as his doctors bad pronounced It safe for blm to trSvel be hadjcom^ straight to EHsl'e, only to find she had a secret from him that bade fair to lessen his hopes. From child hood Elsie bad been a hero-worshiper of the most ardent kind, and had a col lection of her heroes' photographs tbat would fill a good-sized album. On ber fifteenth birthday Jack bad given her a beart-sbaped photo frame, which was destined to contain her hero of the mo ment, wbo was laughingly dubbed by Jack tbe "King of Hearts." Many and various were tbe faces be had seen In that frame, but now he feared tbat tbe real king bad come, who would not only retain undisputed possession of the photo frnme, but would also reign In Elsie's heart. With a visible effort Jack Stewart roused himself from his painful thoughts, and turning to Elsie said: "As I may not see your new hero, perhaps you will tell me about him?" "Anything you ask me, except his name," she replied, meeting his gaze for the first time. "He Is a soldier, of course?" "Yes," she answered quietly. "Good-looking." "Very good-looking," she said earn estly, but with averted face. Jack, feeling'his fears confirmed by ber tone, went on huirledly: "Well, we have got'this far, at any rate he is physically perfect." "I did not quite say that," she said, looking mischievously at blm. "No doubt you mean that. What about his character. Do you know (ilm wnr wnp THE MELANCHOLY DAYS OF SCHOOL. Nvu It was almost a command, so he, with evident reluctance, took up tbe frame and looked at tbe face within It. "Elsie!" nnd that one word contained a mingling of relief, wonder and, above all, Joy. For It was bis own face that looked up at blm out of the heart-shaped frame.—The Penny Pictorial Magazine. SWELL INDIAN GIRL. Ml.. Tookah Turner, a Highly Accotn pllihcd Quarter-Breed Cherokee. The most beautiful.Indian girl In the West, according to photographers, is Miss Tookah Turner. She is a quarter- Gc —London Illustrated News, "J 1 CJHrLDREN ItENEW ACQUAINTANCE WITH THEIIt TEACHER "I bare known liim a long wblle," she answered demurely. "And I have not even beard of him," be exclaimed In astonishment. "But It Is only lately tbat he—that I "That you have started a mutunl ad miration society," be Interrupted, rath er bitterly. "Not quite that, Jack," she rejoined, giving him a queer little smile. "But what else would you like to know about him I" Her former embarrassment bad lefTBvsivand she was quietly attentive "Is he renowned .for his brains, or for oravery only?" "His Intellectual faculties .are quite above the average she returned, Cash ing a merry look'^t him. He wub puzzled'by her manner, and "Continued rather lamely: "It is bis bravery then, tbat has gained him your, favor?" "H# Is tbe truest, bravestand best man In the world," she answered, with earnest, shining eyes. "Elsie!" It was almost a cry. He rose from his seat and turned away from her. "What Is It, Jack?" she asked and going over to him she made him look at her. Something In bis face frighteued her, and she said again: "What Is It?" ,'"Oh, nothing," he answered "only I conclude this to be your way of telling me that all is over between us.", "Tbat depends on you, Jacit," she said softly. "I wish It did," he answered sadly, but Incredulously. "But It does. Jack. Look at that pho tograph." breed Cherokee girl, and lives at Mus kogee, I. T. Her father Is a wealthy merchant. He is a white man, while her mother Is a Cherokee Indian. Miss Turner is highly accomplished, having graduated from several colleges and schools of. music and art. She is con sidered the swellest dresser of any of the girls of the Cherokee tribe, and that MISS TOOKAn TURNER. Is saying, a great deal. Some of her clothes are made In Paris. She has a tine collection of diamonds and jewelry. Miss Turner has none of the features of au Indian, and one would not be lieve she was part Cherokee unless told o( the fact. She Is proud of ber an cestors, but It Is likely she will marry a white man, as most of tills class of gir!s do. Favorite Food Ibr Animals. Sea Hons, seals, walruses and pell cans are fed on flsb when In captivity monkeys, young Hons nnd hippopotnml drink milk—a full-grown hippopota mus will absorb fifteen quarts of milk in a day. Polar bears live on bread monkeys like fruit. Tbougb men do a share of tlie world's creditable deeds, when' it is said of them "Just like a man," nothing com plimentary Is Intended. Money uses Its wings occasionally to tuke flyer In the stock markets. THE CHINESE "BOXER" IN HIS WAR PAINT. A AROUND A BIG STATE INTERESTING ITEMS OF LATE IOWA NEWS. Tower W Mystery Bald to Be Solved. Bank Robbers Frightened Away— Agtnt Forced to Open 8afe-Jall De livery Discovered Jnst in Time* The great mystery which surrounded the daring robbery of the Northwestern mall train between Chicago and Clinton last fall is at last cleared up. Tlie Des Moines man so long suspicioned has been relieved of all suspicion. The work wan done by three men wbo approached Tow er W on bicycles and made their escape the same way, loaded down with $8,8(J0 in coin and currency. They separated, one going to Wisconsin, one coming to Iowa and the other proceeding to a small town in southern Illinois, and each com mitted a daylight robbery for the pur pose of being arrested and being sent to the peniteutiary for a short time. They hoped in this way to completely bury themselves from the world and escape de tection until all danger of pursuit was over, after which they could enjoy their wealth in peace. Attempt to Hob Bank at Claire* Amateur bank robbers created great ex citement in the village of Claire by at tempting to rob the State Bank of Claire. They secured entrance to the bank and sought to blow open the vault by punch ing out a rivet in the dial on the vault door. The crevices were filled -with pow erful explosives nnd touched off. The re sult surprised the roblers as much as the people of Claire. The dial ami a" portion of the vault door were blown through the front window of the bank and across 70-foot street and through the window of a hotel. The noise awakened every one in town and frightened the robbers, who made good their escape, but without a penny of the expected booty. Frustrated Jail Delivery. What came uear being a jail delivery was discovered at Atluntic. For a week or so it has been noticed that the prison ers made an unusual amouut of noise and this became so noticeable as to be come suspicious. The officers made in vestigation and found several steel bars sawed off and a tunnel sturted under the corridor floor. On further investigation several case knives and files were discov ered and taken away from tbe prisoners and the prisoners all locked in their cells. In a few hours more the eleven prisoners would have beeu at liberty. Railway Safe Rifled. Four masked robbers rifled the safe in the Minneapolis and St. Louis depot at Fort Dodge. Roy Tomlinson, the agent, was compelled to open the safe at the point of a pistol and was afterwards tak en up the track and locked in a box car. Tlie robbery was not discovered uutii the arrival of a train from the north about, an hour later, when an alarm wag given' and the agent was released. The rob bers secured only (25 in money and a watch. Pleads Gnllty to Assault. C. H. Bliss, the man who assaulted Mrs. May Rolf, nee Hale, with a hatchet on the evening of July 28, at Sweet's Siding, was indicted by the grand jury for assault with intent to commit mur der. Ho was brought into court to an swer and pleaded guilty. Mrs. Uolf lias nearly recovered from the effects of her wounds. Bliss was sentenced to teu years in the penitentiary. Fall of Circns Beats Causes-Panic* XOuring the performance at a horse BhVjw in Oskaloosa a stand of seats conr taining eleven hundred people fell with a crash. A panic ensued and scoros of people were hurt, seven seriously so, but no deaths will result. The seats were panic was cievej^'clS^Str^tfr^^* ..^e tor of tho performance nud seriou ble averted. Railroad Project Revived* The Des Moines and Iowa Falls Rail way project is being revived again and there appears to be some prospect that the road will bo built. The apparent col lapse of the Duluth nnd New Orleans has given a new impetus to the line. E. S. Ellsworth Is at the head of the project. State Items of Interest* There are a number of cases of typhoid fever in Burlington. The proposed M. W. A. lodge at Pan ama has beeu abandoned. Tho new sewerage system at Moute* zuraa will soon be iu operatiou. The Maize livery barn at Dunlup, re cently burned, Is being rebuilt. A creamery capitalized at $1,500 hai been Instituted at Diagonal. Waterloo contemplates establishing a market place in the near future. A little fellow in Clinton was run down by a lady on a bicycle and his leg broken In two places. A painter at Davenport came in con tact with a live wire and received 2,000 volts. He will recover. The soldiers' reunion at Macedonia was a great success, about 8,000 people at tending the closing day. Mike Miller of Glenwood has sued that place for $500 damages to his property through change of grade. Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Record of Glenwood have just celebrated their six* tieth wedding anniversary. A thief entered the residence of H. T. Ehlers In Council Bluffs nnd stole $42 from a drawer of a bureau. The body of Henry Lauer, aged 05, of Iowa City, was taken to the crematorium at Davenport and incinerated. A young lady named Lyman of Ames accidentally' ran the blade of a pqir of Bcissors in her eye, destroying the sight. Joe Spencc, a lad of Clemans, was kicked on the forehead by a horse and the skull laid bare, but he will recover. An election will be held in Iowa Coun ty to vote for or against the purchasing of land for the establishment of a poor farm. Two large safes in the People's Fur niture store in Des Moines were blown open by burglars, who only secured 3 cents for their trouble. Robert Soward, who was convicted in 1896 at Independence for assault and robbery and sentenced to fifteen years' imprisonment, has been pardoned. The Institution for feeble-minded chil dren at Glenwood has secured a 6,000 pound gun from the government for or nament^ purposes. Henry H. Hormes, a young business man at Iowa Falls, has succumbed to blood poisoning, which started in a car buncle on his lip. The Rock Island road has an engineers' corps at work near Brighton running lines, with a view to eliminating curves and cutting down grades. The 10-months-old babe of Mr. and Mrs. G.a L. Keefer of Muchakinock was shot in the right foot by his little brother who was playing with a shotgun, nnd am putation was necessary. Tbe quarterly bank report of the State shows 210 State banks and 236 savings banks, an increase of two State and ten savings banks since the last report. Surveys are uow being made for the sewage disposal plant at Marshalltown, and stakes will be set for the twelve fil ter beds to be constructed at once. There was a small wreck on the Greal Western at Waterloo, one freight train colliding with the rear end of another, but none of the crews were injured. The director of the census announced the population of Dubuque as 80,207. Compared with 80,211 in 1800 the figures show 0^ incrwift la toa yeftfB of 19.7Q per Ct&tf Waterloo is to have a new poatofflce building. Martin Shup of Peoria dropped dead while hitching his horse. The Citizens' Hank at Dallas Center has commenced business. The Christian Science Church at Red Onk hue been disbuuded. The Christian and M. H. Churches at Elliott arc to be enlarged. The new Fanton elevator In Belle Plaine is now in operation. It is estimated that ninety-four tons of mail crosses this State dally. Tho expenses of the smallpox cases in Mahaska County are enormous. The school enrollment at Iowa City is 1,210, as against 1,185 last year.. A. savings bank with a capital of $12, 000 has been incorporated at Rose Hill. There is a possibility of a new bank being established soon at College Springs. A rural mail delivery route is soon to be established at Oxford, and another at K'uloua. Fifty thousand dollars has been raised for the endowment of Penn College at Oskuioosa. IS. M. Pierce, a carpenter of Waterloo, was robbed of $4-12 while sleepiug in a park there. There is some talk at Denison of a company being organized to build a race track there. The contracts have been let for the building of the new Illinois Central shops in Waterloo. The Rock Island Railroad htiB just completed two now steel bridges east and west of Avoca. The canning factory at Shenandoah put up about a million and a quarter cans this season. A sneak thief recently entered the res idence of B. Johnson in Trenton and stole $200. No clew. Blackhawk County will vote on the question of a new court house at the coming election. Tho pinkeye, which has been prevalent among horses in Davenport for some time, has abated. The Nutwood Driving Association at Dubuque has dissolved and the track will be abandoued. Thieves entered the residence of Frank Buttcrfield iu DeWitt and stole articles valued at about. $C0. The annual report of the State Dairy Commissioner shows an increase of eigh ty-niue new creameries. R. J. Allen of Mason City, a brakeman on the Milwaukee, fell off a train and had both arms broken. Thomas Rok, near Salem, had about* 1,000 pounds of wool stolen from his barn recently. No clue. The big sea wall at Cliuton is partly completed and other river front improve ments are well under way. The G. A. It. post at Coon Rapids is buildiug a fine hall, the foundation of which has been completed. A temperance campaign has been start ed In Des Moines and $1,000 has been raised to prosecute the fight. Abb. Mallicoat, living east of Wyom ing, was killed by a windmill pump fall ing upon him and crushing his skull. Miss Margaret Tittemore of Marshall town is somewhere on the Pacific bound for Tien-tsin to marry Lieut. Warren Dean of the Sixth United States cavalry. She is accompanied by Mrs. Teresa Deun, formerly a Chicago newspaper writer and mother of the young^Heutenant, who has been fightiug the Boxers. Miss Titte more is one of the belles of Iowa and is a sister of J. N. Tittemore, general freight agent of the Iowa Central Rail way. Fort Dodge physicians are puzzled over the case of Martin Swanson, car repair er of the Illinois Central Railway, whose body passed under the wheels of half a train. Swanson was at work under the caboose when a switch euglne backed a long train of cars upou him. He tried to escape, but was caught under the fore he his right hip and diagonally across body, but not a single boue was broken^ nor did he sustain any internal injuries that can be ascertained. A few skin abrasions and the dark line where the wheels passed across this seemingly rub ber man are the only evideuce of the re markable accident. A farmer living west of Metz discov ered the body of a young mau lying under the west end of the iron bridge of the Rock Island road one mile west of Metz. The coroner was notified and an inquest was had. In the pocket of deceased wa6 a small memorandum book which gave his name as Roy C. Blackburn, and stat ed that J. C. Blackburn of Nepouset, 111., was to be notified in case of his death or of accident. The young man had been in Cripple Creek, Colo., and evidently was beating his way on an east-bound freight train and had been hanging out too far from tli^car nnd had been struck by 'some part of the bridge, as his head was completely crushed. The trial of M. G. Lee for insaiity came to a sudden end at Davenport. Mr. Lee Is one of the leading saints in the heaven" of the Brethren in Christ at Barry, 111. His children had sought to have a guardian appointed for him, for fear the peculiar sect with its headquar ters at Barry would get control of his fortune, but when the testimony of their Bide was all in Judge Wolfe decided that the old man was competent to look after his own business and dismissed the case. Some of bis peculiarities as brought out in the testimony consisted In having his wife baptized in a river covered with floating Ice in spending much time figur ing the date of the second coming of Christ, which he placed in 1001 in con sidering everyone, including even his rela tives, who were not of the Barry sect to be "children of the devil" and to refuse to take part in elections because he con sidered rulers to be appointed of the Lord. The treasurer at Fairfield will pay off five court bouse bonds and two poor house bonds this fall. Frank Smith, employed in a quarry near Graf, was rqn over by a dump cart and suffered a compound fracture of one limb. The Supervisors of Blackhawk County have ordered a new bridge across the Ce dar at Cedar Falls.. Cost uot to exceed $20,000. A man named Alberts at Pocahontas had his eyes blown out bjTtbe premature explosion of a stick of dynamite while blasting rock. Tho 15-year-old son of Thomas J. Wright, near Ogden, had Ibis leg torn by a horse stepping on him. Gangrene set in and amputation was necessary. While threshing on the large farm of H. Faust, west of Waucoma, sparks from the engine of a steam thresher Btarted a fire which burned the thresher, two large barns, the grain, flax and hay, from a four hundred acre farm. Two tramps robbed the store of H. A. Chnrch in GUman in a bold manner. They entered the store and while one of them engaged the clerk in conversation the other abstracted a number of pairs of pantaloons and other 'articles and made off with them. Mrs. Bridget Ford of Dubuque hag sued the C.» M. & St. P. for $10,000 damages for the death of her 10-year-old sou, who, was run down and killed by one of the. company's engines. In stepping from in front of an east bound motor in Council Bluffs Mrs. Mary Fox, an elderly woman, stepped in front of a west-bound motor and was killed in stantly, being horribly mangled. The body of Mrs. Andrew Johnson of Mason City was found hanging to the rafters in the wash shed adjoining her home. The unfortunate woman had been the victim of a tumor, which had so racked her body wlt^ pain that h&4 lwt tar mion Handling Corn Shocks. The report of tbe Kansas State Bontl of Agriculture* says where hand labor is plenty tbe standard price for cutting corn by band is 5 cents per shock, four teen by fourteen hills square, without board, or 80 cents per acre, as there are sixteen shocks of this size per acre. Corn should always be cut on bright, clear days, or ou such a day as is good to cure hay in. Two men should work together, and the shocks should be started on a jack, which is nmdo by put ting two legs, well braced together, near one end of a 10-foot scantling, and having an auger hole near the upper end fo^* a broom handle. As soon as four armfuls are set up against the jack the shock should be loosely tried with a stalk and the jack removed. As soou as the shocks have thoroughly cured, say two weeks after cutting, those that are to be stored in the barn should be baled under G,000 pounds pressure nnd tied up with a wire (common hay-baliug wire, one wire will tie up two shocks), and those that are to be fed frotn tho field can be pulled up tight with rope and pulley and tied with binding twine the twine should be saturated with coal oil to prevent mice and Insects from destroying It. Eminent professors have agreed that it only takes one and a half inches of rainfall to wash all traces of digestible matter out of a shock of al falfa, and corn shocks are also affected, but not to so great a degree. They have also agreed that well-cured corn fodder, put under a good roof without having had any rain on it, is in every respect Just the same as ensilage, except the water content, and it is only necessary to cut it and add water to secure food identical to ensilage without the cost of a silo, with its short life, and also without the 20 to 25 per cent waste that mold causes In the corners of the silo.— Prairie Farmer. Productive Wyandottcs. The accompanying illustration shows a pen of three Wyandotte pullets which laid last year 472 eggs and reared 31 chicks. The food consumed cost $2.02. The hens were kept In a yard by them selves and had a run on a fenced yard covered with good grass which was kept short by the frequent use of a lawn mower, as it was used as a drying ground for household linen. The fowls were fed ou corn, and chopped waste FBN OF THREE WYANDOTTB8. Eggs laid in year, 472 food consumed, $2.02 chicks reared, 31. meat from the kitchen, with soft bones oroken in a steel mill. The bones were *oft and were chopped with the meat. A smnll stream ran through the plot The hens were early chicks of the pre vious year, and laid a few eggs in No vember of that year. They have never mixed with the other fowls and have beeu confined to their yard the whole time. The three hens weigh tweniy el&ht and a half pounds. lion Cholera Problem The hog cholcra problem is ever pres ent nnd It is not Improbable tne time will come when tills, disease cau be suc cessfully treated or at least held within bounds, says the Orange Judd Farmer. The so-called new treatment for hog cholera, that of feeding the meat from swine dying of cholera to healthy pigs, is the subject of tbe latest bulletin sent out by tlie agriculture experiment sta tion at Purdue University, Indiana. The claim made was that feeding this diseased flesh produced a mild form of the disease and pigs thus fed would hereafter be free from cholera. Tills theory was advanced several years ago and caused considerable comment. Di rector I'lumb, however, concludes the method of treatment not entirely a suc cess, according to tlie testimony at bis command. The experiment station does not Indorse tills method of treatment and distinctly so states. "Hog cholera Is a contagious disease, and when once It secures a foothold in a herd, usually runs its course, and after much fatality becomes more or less extinct, especially where serious attempts are made to stamp out the disease. Thus far no certain remedy, based on an extended trial, has been brought out. The In diana experiment station will indorse no hog cholera remedy now on the mar ket, and the most we can recommend Is absolute cleanliness about the pig yards and lots and the liberal use of disinfectants." Value of Wet Land. 'Don't worry because you have a wet piece of land on your farm," says J. S. Trigg, of Iowa. "The chances are that it Is by all odds the most valuable tract of land on the farm. Study bow it may be most economically and advantage ously drained, nnd then tackle it. The richest lands In Europe are the reclaim ed farms wrested from the bottom of the North Sea In Holland. The redeem ed peat bogs of Minnesota give fields of Inexhaustible fertility. The muskrtit bogs of Iowa wiir grow eighty bushels of corn to tbe acrc when drained. The wet lands of the Northwest, upon which a settler would have starved to death In an early day, now ditched and reclaim ed, are richer and more productive than those of the historic delta of the Nile. Give us bogs before gravel knolls, wet flats before limestone ridges, a black gumbo before a light loam. "Wet lands nre Invariably good grass lands. Where grnss will grow Btock will thrive, and stock means money for the man who rniseB it." Bonking Corn for Fcedfnir. Prof. Henry, In Feeds and Feeding, tells of an experiment made at tbe Rapijm tattoo in wltfci* or* lot ffteers ate 1,105 pounds o* dry corn and 554 pounds of fodder to make 100 pounds of gain, and anotner lot having corn soaked until it began to soften gained 100 pounds on 038 pounds ot corn and 512 pounds of fodder. Here was a saving of 1(17 pounds of torn and 42 pounds of fodder. At another trial With steers in pasture and hogs fol lowing them to eat the corn in the drop pings, steers and swine gained 100 pounds on 701 pounds of dry corn, while where corn was soaked for an other lot they got the same gain from 752 pounds, a saving of 39 pounds of corn by soaking. In a test lately made at the West Virginia Station with two lots of pigs, one on soaked coru and the other on com meal wet to a mash, 3.85 pounds of corn made as mirjli gain as 4.70 pounds of meal, or a saving of 85 pounds of meal to 10 pounds of pork. In a German experiment with sheep those fed on dry corn made more gain than those that had soaked corn. We should expect it to I profitable to soak corn for hogs or cattle, but not for sheep or hens. Kconomical Feed Barn* Here Is a convenient and economical feed barn. Above the triangular hop per, which extends the length of the building, Is a floor with traps, through which feed can be placed in the hopper nnd evenly distributed throughout its length. There is a door, closed in the cut, by means of which the hopper cau be fed from tho wagon. The hopper opens into a trough, from which the cattle feed as the grain descends. The projecting roof affords all the protec tion needed for cattle Iu southern lati tudes. For cotton seed the throat of the hopper should be six inches wide, with three inches between the opening and bottom of trough. For corn or oats a three-inch strip can be placed central- LA.BOR-8AVINO PERT) DARN. ly under the throat to prevent too free flow of grain. The Inclined walls of the hopper should be supported at in tervals with 2 by 4 pieces extending from-trough to rafters. Shelter in All Pennon.* No matter what the season of the year may be fowls should not be exposed, says the Farm and Fireside. If they are strong and healthy they will with stand many changes, and It well fed and well guarded from the elements will pass over the critical periods with small loss. But no one owning valu able fowls will risk their safety by ex posure to the vicissitudes of the weath er at any season. Leg-weakness comes directly from exposure to severe cold or continued dampness. There is sel dom any remedy that touches this weakness when once thoroughly estab lished. It more frequently occurs with fowls that have not come to maturity before the cold weather sets In. Tlie growth Is at once retarded, tlie fowl dwarfed, and the muscles and tendons hardened. The fowl Is then a sure vic tim for roup. Sometimes, if tlie weath er is dry and warm, or the fowls are allowed a dry, sunny cover under glass during the day, it mny be conquered. They may be fed on strong food, such as wheat nud animal and vegetable ma terials, with a few drops of tincture of .iron administered to them iu tho driuk -""Wch^should be supplied. Smaller We believe that no small pan farmers are "land poor," not in the sense that the term is often used, that tliey have much land that does not pro duce enough to pay the taxes and In terest ou the value, though some of them are eveu that badly off, but many have much more laud than they can cultivate as it should be, and more than they can keep up near to its proper pro ductive^ condition. They may use most oT It In some way, and think they get an income from it, but a large share of those who really make mouey at farm ing make it upon but a small part of the farm. A few acres of meadow near the barns, the orchard and the garden are profitable. For the rest, If they sola It or rented it to some oue who would put fertilizer nnd labor on It and produce as much on oue acre as Is now produced on three, it would be more profitable to the present owner, and to the buyer or renter. More small farms, more intensive farming, nnd closer look ing aftor the best possible results from small acres are what we need.—Ameri can Cultivator. Hessian Fly Solved. The Hessian fly problem has been solved, according to newspaper re ports. A farmer in the central part of Missouri thinks he has discovered how to koep the fly out of his wheat at a moderate expense. Just as wheat was coming up last fall, he scattered com mon salt over half a field, leaving the other half without auy. He used about a bushel of salt to the acrc. He says it worked like a charm. Tho part of the field salted has a good stand of wheat, entirely free from fly, while the other half Is badly damaged. Another man says be prevented damage from fly by «owlng a barrel of air slacked lime on fifteen acreB as soon as the wheat came up, repeating the process at Interval? of a few days. Blancliios Celery. In the market garden all sorts of schemes have to be followed to save labor In blanching the plant—the art of reuioviug the natural bitter quality. At times the plants are set close together so as to partially shade one another, and finally boards are set upright against the plant In the rows. At other times albino varieties are employed that seem blanched because they develop no green or chlorophyllous -matter In their structure. But the bitter taste remaius, To have good celery the process of earthing up must be continuous. It requires a very rich soil, and if plenty of water can be given so much tbe bet ter, says Meehau's Monthly. Border Leicester Ram*. Three-Shear. Bred by and the prop erty of Matthew Templeton, Sandy knowe, Kelso, Scotland. First at thf Edinburgh show champion at Gal^r stilels this year. FIRE ON THE VELDT. SCENE OF TERROR ON SOUTH AFRICAN PLAINS. Flames Race Through the Tall Grass, Destroying Homes of White*, Natives and Dutnb Beasts—Wreck and Deso lation AU that Is Left Behind. Far away ou our left flank the enemy hold the heights and watch us moving outward, while between them and us, stretching.mile after mile In a line with our column, ripples a line of scarlet flame, for the foe has fired the veldt to starve the transit mules, horses and oxen. Like a sword unsheathed In the sunlight, the flames sparkle amid the grass, which grows kuee deep right to the kopje's very Hps. Birds rise on the wing with harsh, resonant cries, flutter a while above their ravished home, then wheel in midair and seek more peaceful pastures. Hares spring up before the crackling flames quite reach their forms and, like gray streaks In a soldier's beard, flash sud denly into view and as suddenly dis appear again. Here and there a grace ful springbok dashes through the smoke, with head thrown back and graceful limbs extended, bis glossy, mottled hide looking doubly beautiful backed by that red streak of fire. The wind catches the quivering crimsoto streak and for a while the ilhnies race, as I have seen wild horses neck to neck rush through'tlie saltbush plains at the sound of the stockman's whip." Then, as the wind drops, the flames curl care lessly around tlie wealth of growing fodder, biting the grass low down and wrapping it in a mantle of black and red as flame and smoke commingle. Here and there a pool of water, hid den from view until the fire fiend strip ped the veldt land bare, leaps to life like a silver shield in tbe grim setting of the bare and blackened plain. Small mobs of cattle stand stupidly snuffing the smoke-laden air until the breath pf the blaze awakens them to a sense of peril then with horns lowered like bayonets at tlie charge, with tails stiff and" straight behind them as leveled lances, they leap onward, over or through everything in front of them, bellowing frantically their brute beaBt protest against the red ruin of war. The flames roll on, they reach the stone walls of a cattle pen and leap it as a hunter takes a brush fence in his stride, onward still until a Kaffir kraal is reached. The soft-tipped billows kiss tlie uncouth mud walls and for a mo ment transfigure them with a nameless beauty that precedes ruin. Only a mo ment or two and then the resistless de stroyer flaunts Its pennons amid the reed-thatclied roofs,- the sparks leap up, the black smoke curls toward the sky, while on the neighboring hills the negro -women with their babes In their arms wail woefully, for those rude huts, with all their barbarous trappings,* meant home—aye, home and happiness to them. The flames roll on ward, now in two long lines, for the Kaffir encampment had sundered them and now they look, with their beau tifully rounded curves, sweeping so gracefully out Into the unknown. All that they leave behind is desolation, only blackened walls, simmering car casses, weeping women and wailing children. Away on our right flank we can just make out the skeletons of what a few hours before had been a cluster of smiling farm houses. They do not smile now they grin horribly In the sunlight, grin as the fleshless skulls of dead men grin ou a battlefield after those sextons of tlie veldt—the gray hooded, curved-beaked vultures—have screamed their final farewell to the charnel-houses of war, noble war, splendid war, pastime of potentates cs. invented in hell and pat London '^^'"^^^^ia^iil^sorrow.— PRINCE ALFRED. Duke of Saxc'Cuburjt and Gotha» Who Died Receutly. Prince AV3 ed Ernest Albert, Duke of Saxe-Goburg and Gotlia, who died receutly, was the younger brother of. the Prince of Wales. He was borii at Windsor Castle ou Aug. 0, 1844, was prepared for tlie navy and entered that service us a cadet in 1858. He served at various foreign stations and became fond of his profession of sailor. In 1802 tho Prince was offered the throne of Greece, but decliued. In that same year he was created Duke of Edln- P1UKCE AliFRED. burgh, Earl of Kent and Earl of Ulster. An attempt was made on March* 12, 1808, in New South Wales to assassin ate him. The assassin, 0*Farrell, was executed the following April. Iu 1874 the Prince was married to the Grand Duchess Marie Alexauurovna, the only daughter of Czar Alexander II. The ceremony took place at St. Petersburg with great pomp. In 1893 the Prince, on the dentil of the Duke of Saxe-Co burg and Gotlia, succeeded to the'duchy and took the oath of loyalty In the presence of Emperor William. He held the rank of general In the German army. The children of the Duke are: Princess Mnrie, born Oct. 20,1875 Vic toria, bom Nov. 25, 1876 Alexandra, born Sept. 1, 1878, and Beatrice, born April 20, 1884. All except Beatrice are married. Expenses of the Sultan. The yearly expenses of tho Sultan have been estimated at no less a sum than $30,000,000. Of this $7,500,000 alone is spent on the clothing of the women and $400,000 on the Sultan's own wardrobe. Nearly $7,500,000 is swallowed up by presents, $5,000,000 goes for pocket money and still anoth er $5,000,000 for the table. It seems in credible that so much money can pos sibly be spent in a year by one man, but when it is remembered that some 1,500 people live within the palace walls—live luxuriously and dress ex pensively at tlie cost of the civil list —It appears little inoro conM,rt*L'usl* ble.